Інтенсифікація процесу лазерного порошкового наплавлювання електромагнітним перемішуванням розплаву: Автореф. дис… канд. техн. наук / Зрайді Мунір,

IAOe?IIAEUeIEE OAOI?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO OE?A?IE

“EE?ANUeEEE IIE?OAOI?*IEE ?INOEOOO”

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

OAeE 621.375.826

C?AEAe? IOI??

( Ei?ieianoai Ia?ieei )

?IOAINEO?EAOe?ss I?IOeANO EACA?IIAI II?IOEIAIAI

IAIEAAETHAAIIss AEAEO?IIAAI?OIEI IA?AI?OOAAIIssI

?ICIEAAO.

N i a oe ? a e ue i ? n o ue: 05.03.07 — I?ioeane
o?ceei-oaoi?/ii? ia?iaee.

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a 1998

?iaioo aeeiiaii ia eaoaae?? eaca?ii? oaoiieia?? ,
eiino?othaaiiy

iaoei oa iaoa??aeiciaanoaa Iaoe?iiaeueiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

Oe?a?ie “ Ee?anueeee iie?oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo ”

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aieiaeei?? Na?a?eiae/ EIAAEAIEI,

IOOO «EI?», Caa.eaoaae?ith eaca?ii? oaoiieia??, eiino?othaaiiy iaoei

oa iaoa??aeiciaanoaa.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Ieoaeei Ay/aneaaiae/ A?EION,

IOOO «EI?’, Caa.eaoaae?ith caaaeueii? o?ceee oa o?ceee oaa?aeiai o?ea.

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, Aieiaeei?? ?aaiiae/ I??OIEE,

AAO «A?eueoiaee», Caa. eaai?aoi???th eaca?ii? oaoi?ee oa oaoiieia??.

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y:

?inoeooo iaaeoaa?aeeo iaoa??ae?a IAI Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e ? 18, i.Ee?a.

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny 15 ethoiai 1999 ?. i 15.00
aiaeei?, ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.26.002.15 i?e
Iaoe?iiaeueiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? Oe?a?ie “Ee?anueeee
iie?oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo” ca aae?anith: 252056,

i. Ee?a-56, i?. Ia?aiiae 37, ei?ion 19, aoaeeoi??y 417.

A?aeaoe ia aaoi?aoa?ao o aeaio i?ei??ieeao, caa??aiee
ia/aoeith, i?ineii

iaaeneeaoe ca aeacaiith aae?anith ia ?i’y a/aiiai nae?aoa?y
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe?
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai oaoi?/iiai

oi?aa?neoaoo “Ee?anueeee iie?oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo”.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 20 eenoiiaaea 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee,

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
AIEIAEI E.O.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. No/aniee ??aaiue ?icaeoeo oaoi?ee noaaeoue
i?aeaeuai? aeiiae aei yeino?, iaae?eiino? oa aeiaaia?/iino? aeaoaeae
iaoei oa ?ino?oiaio?a. Iaeiei ?c cania?a ??oaiiy oe??? i?iaeaie ?
?ic?iaea oa canoinoaaiiy aeniei-aoaeoeaieo oaoiieia?e a?aeiiaeaiiy
?ici???a oa iaaeaiiy iiaa?oiaaei oa?ai ae?ia?a iioeiaeueiiai eiiieaeno
aenieoaoaoe?eieo aeanoeainoae, ye? aacothoueny ia aeei?enoaii?
eiioeaio?iaaieo aeaea?ae aia?a??, a oiio /ene? ? eaca?iiai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy.

Aei oaia??oiueiai /ano oaoiieia?y eaca?iiai iaieaaeaiiy, ye o ian a
e?a?i?, oae ? ca ei?aeiiii, aecia/eea naaa, ye aoaeoeaiee can?a
ae??oaiiy oaoi?/ieo caaea/ i?iieneia?no?. Iaeiae oe?iea canoinoaaiiy
oe??? oaoiieia?? no?eio?oueny c eieueeio ianoaaei. A ia?oo /a?ao
iaaeinoaoiueith ye?noth iaieaaeaieo oa??a ( iayai?noth o??uei ),
iecueeith a?aeoai?thaai?noth ?acoeueoao?a ia?iaee. Oea iaoiiaeaii
a?aenooi?noth nenoaiaoeciaaieo aeaieo i?i ca’ycee ia?aiao??a
o?ceei-o?i?/ieo i?ioean?a i?e iaieaaethaaii? c oa?aeoa?enoeeaie
eaca?iiai i?iiaiy, oiia oa aeanoeainoae ia’?eoo ia?iaee, a oaeiae c
e?ioeaaei ?acoeueoaoii iaieaaeaiiy — ye?noth iaea?aeaieo oa??a.

Aiae?c no/aniiai noaio eaca?iiai iaieaaethaaiiy iieaco?, ui
iniiaiei iai?yieii iie?ioaiiy eiai yeino? ? i?aeaeuaiiy iaeii??aeiino?
no?oeoo?e ca ?aooiie ?ioaineo?eaoe?? a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo i?ioean?a o
?icieaa?, canoinoaaiiy i?enaaei/ieo iaoa??ae?a iioeiaeueiiai neeaaeo,
ye? iiaaeiaii c ?aaeeiaie ia?iaee caaacia/oaaee a oi?ioaaiiy a
iiaa?oiaaiio oa?? noeneoth/eo caeeoeiaeo iae?iiai?oaeaiue.

Ae??oaiiy oeeo ieoaiue aeicaieeoue iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii aecia/aoe
iioeiaeuei? ?aaeeie eaca?iiai aaciii?ioeiaiai iaieaaethaaiiy, iaea?aeaoe
aeo?aei? aeai? aeey ?ic?iaee i?iieneiaiai oaoiieia?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy.

Iaoa ?iaioe. I?aeaeuaiiy yeinoieo oa?aeoa?enoee iiaa?oiaaeo oa??a,
iaea?aeaieo eaca?iith ii?ioeiaith iaieaaeith ca ?aooiie iioeiaeueiiai
aeei?enoaiiy aeiaeaoeiai? aia?a?? aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey oa ?aaeei?a
ia?iaee.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe iaiao?aeii aoei ae??oeoe
ianooii? caaea/?:

1. Aeeiiaoe aiae?c i?ioeano eaca?iiai aaciii?ioeiaiai
iaieaaethaaiiy oa aecia/eoe oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy eiai aoaeoeaiino? oa
oa?aeoa?enoee yeino? iaieaaeaieo oa??a.

2. ?ic?iaeoe niin?a ?ioaineo?eaoe?? a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo i?ioean?a o
cii? eaca?iiai ieaaeaiiy i?enaaei/iiai ii?ioeo, yeee a?oioo?oueny ia
aieea? nee, noai?aieo aeiaeaoeiaei aeaeo?iiaai?oiei iieai.

3. Aecia/eoe iniiai? oaeoi?e oa ia?aiao?e i?ioeano eaca?iiai
iaieaaethaaiiy c aeaeo?iiaai?oiei ia?ai?ooaaiiyi, ?o aca?iica’ycee.

4. Oaeineiiaeeoe iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? oaieiaiai noaio oa
aeae?iaeeiai?/ieo i?ioean?a i?e eaca?iiio iaieaaethaaii? o?aooaaiiyi
ae?? aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey; ca ?o aeiiiiiaith aeine?aeeoe eiia?iiaaiee
i?ioean oa aecia/eoe i???ioiai? cia/aiiy oa?aeoa?enoee aeaeo?e/ii? aeoae
oa aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey.

5. ?ic?iaeoe aenia?eiaioaeueiee noaiae ia aac? aaciaiai NI2 oa
oaa?aei-o?eueiiai YAG:Nd eaca??a c oieonoth/ith nenoaiith oa aeaea?aeii
aeeaeaiiy aeaeo?e/ii? aeoae, i?eno?i?i aeey ooai?aiiy aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai
iiey.

6. Aeine?aeeoe oaoiieia?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee i?ioeano eaca?iiai
ii?ioeiaiai iaieaaethaaiiy, no?oeoo?o, oaciaee neeaae oa iai?oaeaiee
noai iaea?aeaieo iiaa?oiaaeo oa??a.

7. Aeeiiaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy o?eaieia?/ieo oa iaoai?/ieo
aeanoeainoae iaieaaeaieo oa??a; ?ic?iaeoe ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii
aeioe?eueiiio aeei?enoaiith ?ic?iaeaii? oaoiieiae? oa a?aeiia?aeiiai
iaeaaeiaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia. Aia?oa ?ic?iaeaii niin?a eaca?iiai aaciii?ioeiaiai
iaieaaethaaiiy c canoinoaaiiyi aeiaeaoeiai? aia?a?? ?eaeo?e/ii? aeoae oa
aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey, yeee o ii?aeiaii? c i?enaaei/ieie iaoa??aeaie
iioeiaeueiiai neeaaeo aeicaiey? iaea?aeoaaoe i?aeoe/ii aacaeaoaeoi? oa?e
c iaeii/aniei i?aeaeuaiiyi i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?ioeano. Eaca?ia ii?ioeiaa
iaieaaethaaiiy c aeaeo?iiaaieoiei ia?ai?ooaaiiyi (AII) iiaeaii, ye
oaoiieia?/ia nenoaia, ui aeicaiey? ia iniia? anoaiiaeaieo
aca?iica’yce?a i?ae oaoiieia?/ieie oaeoi?aie ? ia?aiao?aie
o?ceei-o?i?/ieo i?ioean?a i?iaiicoaaoe oa ea?oaaoe ye?nieie
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o ? aenieoaoaoe?eieie iieacieeaie
ae?ia?a. Cai?iiiiiaaii oaeineiiaeai? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? oaieiaiai noaio
oa a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo i?ioean?a i?e eaca?iiio iaieaaethaaii? c AII
?icieaao, ye? aeicaieythoue aeine?aeaeoaaoe oae? i?ioeane, aecia/aoe ?o
iniiai? ia?aiao?e oa aca?iica’ycee. Anoaiiaeai? caeiiii??iino?
oi?ioaaiiy iaieaaeaieo oa?ia, ?o i?e?ino?oeoo?e, ?iciiaeieo eaaoth/eo
aeaiaio?a i?e aeei?enoaii? ??cieo i?enaaei/ieo iaoa??ae?a ye
noaiaea?oieo, oae ? i?ea?iaeueieo eiiiiceoe?e oeio Fe-B-C, oa
oaoiieiae/ieo ia?aiao??a ? oiia ia?iaee. Aecia/ai? caeiiii??iino? aieeao
oieo ?eaeo?e/ii? aeoae, iiaeoeoe?? ?eaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey, o?i?/iiai
neeaaeo i?enaaei/ieo ii?ioe?a ? ?aaeei?a eaca?iiai ii?ii?ithaaiiy ia
iai?oaeaiee noai iaieaaeaieo oa??a, ia ciinino?ee?noue, cie?aia i?e
aenieeo oaiia?aoo?ao, i?oei?noue c/aieaiiy c iniiaith; iieacaia
iiaeeea?noue ea?oaaiiy oeeie aaaeeeaeie ?enieoaoaoe?eieie
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue: Iaea?aeai? a ?iaio? ?acoeueoaoe, a naia:
cai?iiiiiaaia oaoiieia?/ia noaia aaaaeaiiy aeiaeaoeiai? ?ia?a?? i?e
eaca?iiio aaciii?ioeiaiio iaieaaethaaii?, aecia/ai? aeiaiaciie
ci?ithaaiiy ?aaeei?a eaca?iiai ii?ii?ithaaiiy, no?oio ?eaeo?e/ii? aeoae,
?iaeoeoe?? aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey, aeaioiaeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? c?acee
niaoeiaeueii? oieonoth/i? nenoaie oa aeaea?aea aeeaeaiiy ? iniiaith
noai?aiiy i?iieneiaiai oaoiieia?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy, i?i?eooaaiiy iiaeo
oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a aeaioiaeaiiy ?aaeueieo ae?ia?a.

Oaeiae aiie iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoaieie i?e noai?aii? aaoiiaoeciaaii?
neoaie ea?oaaiiy i?ioeanii eaca?iiai iaieaaethaaiiy; i?e
oaeineiiaeaii? i?ioean?a eaca?ii? iiaa?oiaai? ia?iaee ca ?aooiie
canoinoaaiiy ?ioeo aeiaeaoeiaeo aeaea?ae aia?a?? (ieacie, oeueo?acaoeo);
i?e i?aai?caoe?? niaoe?ae?ciaaieo ia eaca?i?e ia?iaoe? ae?iaieoeoa; a
iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? nooaeaio?a iaoai?/ieo niaoe?aeueiinoae, a
i?aeoe/i?e ae?yeueiino? ani??aio?a, iaoeiaeo ni?a?ia?oiee?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. I?i iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeiny
ia iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo, nai?ia?ao, neiiic?oiao,
iaeaaaeeea?o? c yeeo: i?aeia?iaei? eiioa?aioe?? «ICALEO-97″ i.
Nai-Aee?ai, NOA,1997?.;»Iia? ?ic?iaee oa aeina?ae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
eaca?ii? oaoi?ee» i. Aeoooa,1995, 1996,1997 ?.?.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ii oai? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iioae?eiaaii 7
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c
anooio, i’yoe ?icaeieia, caaaeueieo aeniiae?a, nieneo e?oa?aoo?e c? 124
iaeiaioaaiue oa aeiaeaoeo. Aeeeaaeaia ia 177 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai
oaenoo,ai?uo? 81 iaethiie, 13 oaaeeoeue.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

Eaca?ia aaciii?ioeiaa iaieaaethaaiiy ? aoaeoeaiei niiniaii
i?aeaeuaiiy ciinino?eeino? oa a?aeiiaeaiiy aeaoaeae iaoei, ye?
i?aoeththoue a ??cieo oiiaao, iaa?oue aeno?aiaeueieo ( ae?? aa?aceaieo
oa aa?aneaieo na?aaeiaeu, iaaeaenieeo oene?a ? oaiia?aoo?, oeeee?/ieo
iaaaioaaeaiue ? oaea ?ioa).

?iaioaie ??cieo aeine?aeiee?a, ye? i?aoethaaee a oe?e aaeoc?,
i?io. A?eai?ueyioea A.A., Naoiiiaa A.I. (?iney), Nie?eaeiiiaa I.A.
(Aaea?onue), aeieoi?a Eii?aaea Aenaiaaoa (Ieia//eia), i?io. Aeeueyia
Noeia (Aiae?y) oa ?o o/i?a, iieacaii, ui eaca?ia aaciii?ioeiaa
iaieaaethaaiiy i?aeoe/ii ii anei iieacieeai ia?aaeuo? aeueoa?iaoeai?
niiniae. ? a ia?oo /a?ao, ii yeino? iaieaaeaiiai oa?o, i?oeiino? eiai
c/aieaiiy c iniiaith, aaee/eie caeeoeiaeo aeaoi?iaoe?e ae?ia?a ? oaea
?ioa. Eiai oaoiieia?/i? iiaeeeaino? yaeythoue niaith iniiao
aaca?aeoiaeii? oaoiieia?? iaeaooiueiai — ae?iuoaaiiy aioiaeo ae?ia?a,
oae caaiiai niiniao “Rapid Prototyping”.

Iaeiae, oey oaoiieia?y ia? ?yae i?iaeai. Iaeia ec yeeo ?
i?aeaeuaiiy o??u?iino?eeino? iaieaaeaieo oa??a.

Aeaoaeueiee aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaa,ui i?ioean
o??u?iiooai?aiiy i?e EAII ? aaaaoioaeoi?iei ? eiai o?aaa ?icaeyaeaoe
nenoaiii, aacoth/enue ia no?oeoo?ieo oa oaoiieia?/ieo i?e/eiao
ca?iaeaeaiey o??uei.

A?aei?/a?oueny, ui no?oeoo?ieie i?e/eiaie iiaeooue aooe: iaaea
??- oaa?aeiai ?ac/eio c aaoaeo?eith, iniaeeai o cii? nieaaethaaiiy c
iniiaith, aea ae?thoue iaeneiaeuei? ?inoyaioth/e caeeoeia?
iae?iiai?oaeaiiy; eiioeaio?aoi?u iai?oaeaiue o aeaeyae? ieneaeieo
ie?aie, ii?iaeiei, e?enoae?caoe?eieo o??uei, ia ?ic/eiaieo /anoei
ii?ioeo, aaeeeeo ea?a?ae?a aai ai?eae?a; aaeeea ?ica?aei?noue o
eiao?oe??ioao oaiia?aoo?iiai ?icoe?aiiy oaciaeo neeaaeiaeo iaoa??ae?a
iie?eooy ? iniiae. Oaoiieia?/ieie: ia??aiii??iee ?iciiae?e oaiia?aoo? o
cii? ?acieaao; ?aaeeie ia?iaee ia caaacia/othoue iiaiiai ?icieaaethaaiiy
aneo oaciaeo neeaaeiaeo, oi?ioaaiiy ieanoe/ieo oac; iaiioeiaeuei?
oaeaeeino? ioieiaeaeaiiy ?icieaao i?e e?enoae?coaaii?.

Aeey aeeeth/aiiy aai cieaeaiiy aieeao iaaaaeaieo i?e/ei ? ??ci?
niiniae: iiia?aaeia i?ae?a??aaiiy ae?ia?a; noai?aiiy aooa?ieo oa??a;
iiia?aaeia iiaeeo?eoaaiiy iiaa?oiaino?, ye? iaieaaeythoueny; neaioaaiiy
eaca?iiai i?iiaiy; aeei?enoaiiy aeey i?ae?a??aaiiy a?aeaeoiai eaca?iiai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy oa ?i. An? aiie oe?eaa?, aea ia ae??oothoue i?iaeaie a
oe?eiio. Oiio ui iiaeooue aeeeth/eoe ooai?aiiy o??u?i , aea i?e oeueiio
iai?eionoeii cieceoe ciinino?ee?noue, i?aeaeueoe caeeoeia? aeaoi?iaoe??.

I?e aeaeo?iaeoaiaiio caa?thaaii?, iaoaeo?a??, aeey i?aeaeuaiiy
yeino? caa?thaaiiy aai aeieaaeaiiai iaoaeo, canoiniao?oueny AII
?icieaao, yea iieacaei iaaeaenieo aoaeoeai?noue.

Ii?aeiaiiy eaca?iiai aaciii?ioeiaiai iaieaaethaaiiy ? AII ni?iiiaeia
nooo?ai ?icoe?eoe iiaeeeaino? ea?oaaiiy a?ae?iae?iai?eith ?acieaao,
no?oeoo?iooai?aiiyi iaieaaeaiiai oa?o,eiai ye?nieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie.

Ia iniia? aeeiiaiiai aiae?co aoeei noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo oa
caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue.

Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue ia niaoe?aeueii
iaeaaeiaieo noaiaeao, noai?aieo ia aac? iiooaeieo CO2 eaca??a
«Eiiaoa-2», PRS 3000 oa 4-o eii?aeeiaoiiai iai?ioeyoi?o I125, A
aeine?aeaeaiiyo aeiaeaoeiai aeei?enoiaoaaeenue eaca?e EOI-103, EOE 502.
Aeey eiio?ieth iiooaeiino? oa i?inoi?iai-/aniai? no?oeoo?e eaca?iiai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy canoiniaoaaeenue aei??thaa/? oeio ?NE-602, OE-4, EII-2
oa niaoe?aeueii ?ic?iaeai?. Iaoaeeia?ao?/i? oa iaoaeio?ce/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaaaeaii ia iioe/ieo i?e?ineiiao «Iaioio 21″, II?-2?»,
IIO-3, ?aioaai?anueeiio aeeo?aeoiiao?? «Ae?ii-3I», aeaeo?iiiio
i?e?ineii? «Super Probbe 733″ o??ie JEOL Caeeoeia? iai?oaeaiiy
aea/aeenue ?aioaai?anueeei sin2 iaoiaeii. Iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino?
iaieaaeaieo oa??a aea/aeenue ia iaoeiao oa?oy IAE-2, NIOe-2,
niaoe?aeueieo iaoeiao oi?oeaaiai oa?oy a oiiaao aenieeo oaiia?aoo?.
Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiioaaeenue ia aoaeaoeaaeo noaeyo-noaeue 45,
eaaiaaieo- 65A; nieaa? ia iniia? i?eaeth AEN6E.

Noaia ?ioaineo?eaoe?? eaca?iiai aaciii?ioeiaiai iaieaaethaaiiy
aeaeo?iiaai?oiei iieai iaaaaeaia ia ?en.1. I?ii?ae aeaio aeaeo?iae?a,
iaeei c yeeo ? niiei oieonoth/i? aieiaee, a ae?oaee — aeaoaeue, ca
aeiiiiiaith niaoeeaeueiiai aeaea?aea noai?th?oueny aeaeo?e/ia aeoaa.
Iaeii/anii, ca aeiiiiiaith eaoooee, ?icoaoiaai?e ia oieonoth/ee nenoai?
ooai?th?oueny aeaeo?iiaai?oia iiea. Iaai?oiee iio?e caieea?oueny /a?ac
aaiio ?icieaaeaiiai eaca?iei aei?ii?ithaaiiyi iaoaeo oa, aca?iiae?y c
aeaeo?e/iei no?oiii aeoae, noai?th? aeaeo?iiaoai?/io neeo, yea ae?? ia
?icieaaeaiee iaoae. Ci?ithy aaee/eio iaai?oii? ?iaeoeoe?? oa neeo
no?oio aeoae iiaeia ci?ithaaoe oaeaee?noue oa/e? ?icieaao, ?icoaooaaiiy
eiai a?aieoe?.

Iniiaieie ia?aiao?aie i?ioeano iaieaaethaaiiy, a?ae yeeo
caeaaeaoue ye?ni? oa aenieoaoaoe?ei? oa?aeoa?enoeee iaieaaeaieo oa??a, ?
oaiia?aoo?a ? /an iaa??aaiiy, oaeaee?noue ?ooo ?icieaao, oaeaee?noue
ioieiaeaeaiiy. Ea?oaaoe oeeie ia?aiao?aie iiaeia ca aeiiiiiaith ?yaeo
oaeoi??a, iia’ycaieo c eaca?iei i?iiaiai, aeaoaeueth, yea
ia?iaey?oueny, oa oiiaaie ii?ii?ithaaiiy ? a ia?oo /a?ao: iiooaei?noth
aei?ii?ithaaiiy oa eiai ?iciiae?eii, aeeaiao?ii ieyie oieonoaaiiy,
oaeaee?noth ia?iaee, aeo?a/aiiyi oa iai?yieii iiaea/e ii?ioeo, no?oiii
aeoae oa iaai?oiith ?iaeoeoe??th.

Aeey aecia/aiiy caeiiii??iinoae aieeao oeeo oaeoi??a oa ae?aiaciio
?o ci?ithaaiiy cae?enithaaeinue iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiaiy.
Iiaeaethaaiiy i?iaiaeeeinue o o?e aoaie. Nii/aoeo aoei ?icaeyiooi
eaca?ia iaa??aaiiy iaoaeo, iio?i — eiiiiceoe?? “iie?eooy-iniiaa”, iioei
— a?ae?iaeeiai?eo i?ioeano, o oiio /ene? c o?aooaaiiyi aieeao
aeaeo?e/ii? aeoae ? aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey. A yeino? iiaeae?
aeei?enoiaoaaeinue iae?i?eia ianoaoeeiia?ia aaaaoii??ia ??aiyiiy
oaieii?ia?aeiino? c a?aie/ieie oiiaaie ae?oaiai ?iaeo, ii/aoeiaeie
oiiaaie oa iayaiith noaiith aeae?eeiiy a?aieoeue oaciaiai ia?aoiaeo.

T T
T

C?(T) ?T) = ( ?(T) ) + ( ?(T) ) + ( ? (T) );

t x x y y
z z

T T T
T

z=0 = 0 x=0 = 0 ? (T) = R?(T) Wp (x,z,t)+ q = 0;

zz=zh x x=xh y
yy=yh

To = 25 C ; C?(T) = C?(T) + ?*Q?(T) (T-T?*);

C?(T),?(T),?(T),R?(T) — caeaaeiino? oaieii?noeino?, oaieii?ia?aeiino?
,u?eueiino? oa eiao?oe??ioo a?aeaeca?eaethaaiiy ia?iaeyaiiai
iaoa??aeo a?ae oaiia?aoo?e:

O — oaiia?aoo?a; t — /an ; X,Y,Z — i?inoi?ia? eii?aeeiaoe; — ooieoe?y
Ae??aea;

T*f ,Q*f — oaiia?aoo?a oa ne?eoa oaieioa oaciaiai ia?aoiaeo; hx,hy,hz —
?ici??e ae?iao; qae=1/I2; I- no?oi aeoae; — ieoiia aeaeo?e/ia
i?iaiaeei?noue.

*enoa noaeue + eaca?: ?=0; f=1; Noaeue c iie?eooyi + eaca?: ?=0;
f=1;2;

Noaeue c iie?eooyi + eaca? + aeoaa:?=0;f=1,2.wmetafile8?
??P????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? `@???&??yyyy?????Ay3/4y?

 ???&?
?MathType??`????&??yyyy??????????yyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy

Aeine?aeaeoaaeinue aieea u?eueiino? iiooaeiino? eaca?iiai
i?iiaiy ia ?ici??e ciie oa?i?/iiai aieeao, ??aaiue oaiia?aoo?,
oaeaee?noue oa?i?/ieo oeeee?a, oaeaee?noue ?ooo a?aieoe? oaciaeo
ia?aoiae?a.

Nenoaia ??aiyiue ae??ooaaeanue iaoiaeii e?ioeaaeo
aeaei?iiinoae c iayaiith noaiith ai?ieneiaoe?? iio?aeieo ?
ia??aiii??ieie e?ieaie ii i?inoi?iaei ? /aniaei eii?aeeiaoai.
Caeaaei?noue oaieio?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae oa eiao?oe??ioa
a?aeaeca?eaeth-aaiiy a?ae oaiia?aoo?e ?ioa?iiethaaeenue eoa?/ieie
nieaeiaie. Aeey eiiiiceoe?eiiai iaoa??aeo, yeee neeaaea?oueny c n
eiiiiiaio?a, oe? caeaaeiino? aecia/aeenue ii oi?ioeai aaeeoeaiino?.
?ic?aooieiaa noaia i?ioeano iaaaaeaia ia ?en. 2.

Aeey aecia/aiiy oaeaeeinoae oa/e? ?icieaao oa eiai a?aieoeue
aeei?enoiaoaaeinue ??aiyiiy aacia?a?aiino?, Iaauea-Noiena ? aia?a?? aeey
??aeeiiiai oa?o o aeaea?oia?e nenoai? eii?aeeiao ( i?e oiia? noaeino?
u?eueiino? oa aeeiai?/ii? a’yceino? ??aeeiiiai iaoaeo). Oe? ??aiyiiy
ooai?ththoue nenoaio a?aeiinii iaa?aeiieo V,P,T. A?aie/i? oiiae ia
ieaei?e iiaa?oi? (??aeeia-oaa?aea o?ei) a?aeiia?aeathoue i?eeeiaiith,
V(x,0,t)=0; ia iiaa?oi? — aecia/athoueny ??ai?noth nee a’yceinoe
(iuethoiiianueeiai oa?oy) ? iiaa?oiaaeo nee (iai?oaeaiiy nnoaaiiy
aei??aith? a?aae??ioo iiaa?oiaaiai iaoyae?iiy).

U
V

+
= 0 ;

x
y

U U U P
?U ?U

+ U + V = — + ( +
);

t x y
x x? y?

V V V P
?V ?V

+ U + V = — + ( +
);

t x x
x x? y?

T T
T

Nv = ( ae (T) ) + ( ae (T)
) + O ;

t t x
y y

U,V — i?i?eoe?y aaeoi?o oaeaeeino? ia eii?aeeiaoi? a?n?; ? — oene; O —
aeeneiaoeaia ooieoe?y; = / p — e?iaiaoe/ia a’yce?noue; F =
JxB; F -neea,yea ae?? ia ?icieaa;

J- u?euei?noue no?oio o ?icieaa?; A- iaai?oia ?iaeoeoe?y.

Aeaia nenoaia ??aiyiue ae??ooaaeanue iaoiaeii e?ioeaaeo a?aei?iiinoae.
I?e oeueiio aeey ioe?iee iaae aaiie ?icieaao, oaiia?aoo?
aeei?enoiaoaaeenue iaea?aeai? ?ai?o ??oaiiy ??aiyiiy oaieii?ia?aeiino?.

Aieea aeaeo?e/ii? aeoae (oaieiaee) ? ae?y aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey ia
?icieaa o?aoiaoaaeenue aaaaeaiiiyi aeiaeaoeiaeo eiiiiiaio?a.

Ia ?en.3 iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooieo ?iciiae?eo oaeaeeinoae
oa/e? ?icieaao oa eiai iaae c o?aooaaiiyi aieeao aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai
ia?ai?ooaaiiy.

Aeiaeaoeiaa i?aeaaaeaiiy o ciio ia?iaee aeaeo?e/ii? aeoae n AII
i?ecaiaeeoue aei i?aeaeuaiiy ye oaeaeeino? oa/?? ?icieaao aei 800 ni/n,
oae ? ?ici???a aaiie ?icieaao. I?e oa?aeoa?ieo ?ici??ao aaiie ?icieaao ,
ca /an eiai ?nioaaiiy a?i anoeaa? c?iaeoe 0,5-2 iaa?oaiiy. I?e oeueiio
ae?aiacii ci?iaiiy ia?aiao??a eaca?iiai iaieaaeaiiy ? oaeei:
iiooaei?noue eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy — 0,15 — 1,5 eAo; oaeaee?noue
iaieaaethaaiiy — 0.1 — 1,2 i/iei; aeeaiao? ieyie oieonoaaiiy — 0,4-4
ii; no?oi aeoae — 10 — 50 A; iaai?oia ?iaeoeoe?y — 5 — 40 mT.

Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue ia niaoe?aeueieo
eaca?ieo oaoiieia?/ieo eiiieaenao ia aac? aaciaeo NI2 ? oaa?aeio?eueieo
YAG:Nd eaca??a. Aeey i?aeaaaeaiiy aeaeo?e/ii? aeoae e noai?aiiy aoaeoo
aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai ia?ai?ooaaiiy aoei ?ic?iaeaii niaoe?aeueiee i?eno??e
oa a?aeiia?aeiee aeie aeeaeaiiy.

Aeine?aeaeoaaany aieea oiia ii?ii?ithaaiiy oa neeaaeo ii?ioeiaiai
iaoa??aeo ia ?ici??i? oa?aeoa?enoeee, i?e?ioaa?ae?noue oa i?e?ino?oeoo?o
iaieaaeaieo oa??a. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ia oiaueio iaieaaeaiiai oa?o oa
oe?eio ciie aca?iiiai eaaoaaiiy nooo?ai aieeaathoue oaoiieia?/ia noaia
ia?iaee, eoo iiaea/?, neeaae ? aeo?a/aiiy ii?ioeiaiai iaoa??aeo,
ae?aiao? ieyie oieonoaaiiy oa oaeaee?noue a?aeiiniiai ?ooo.
Iioeiaeueiith ? oaoiieia?/ia noaia iaieaaethaaiiy, eiee ii?ioeiaee
iaoa??ae iiaea?oueny o ne?ae eaca?iiai i?iiaiy. I?e oeueiio
aeinyaathoueny iaio? oiaueie iaieaaeaieo oa??a, aea aa?aioo?oueny
iaoaeo?a?eiee ca’ycie c iniiaith, aeniea iaeii??aei?noue no?oeoo?e.
Iioeiaeueiee eoo iiaea/? ni?aiaaea? c eooii iaoeeo aeioa/ii? aei
o?a?eoi??? ?ooo ?icieaao ? noaiiaeoue 45- 50. Aeeaiao? ieyie
oieonoaaiiy noaiiaeoue i?e iiooaeiino? aei?ii?ithaaiiy 500 -700 Ao —
2,0 — 2,5 ii, i?e 1200-1500 Ao — 3 — 4 ii.

Oaeaee?noue iaieaaethaaiiy oaeiae ia? aooe iioeiaeueiith. Iecuee?
oaeaeeino? cieaeothoue oiaueio iaieaaeaiiai oa?o, oiio ui iaaia /anoeia
ii?ioeo aeai?y?, aenie? — oiio ui oaiia?aoo?a iaa??aaiiy ii?ioeo
iaaeinoaoiy aeey iiaiiai eiai ?icieaaethaaiiy. Ii?ioeia? iaoa??aee, ye?
aeoaea a?ae??ciythoueny ii oaieio?ce/iei oa o?i?/iei aeanoeainoyi a?ae
iaoa??aeo iniiae, iai?eeeaae TiC,ooai?ththoue ia??aiii??i? ? iae? ii
oiauei? oa?e c ii?iaeieiaie, o??ueiaie. Oae? iaoa??aee o /enoiio
aeaeyae?, aac aeii?oie, ye? i?aeaeuothoue eiai oaeo/?noue o ??aeeiiiio
noai? oa cia/oaa?i?noue, a oaeiae ieanoe/i?noue aeey ?aeaenaoe??
iai?oaeaiue, canoiniaoaaoe iaiiaeia, oi/a i?e oeueiio ? aeinyaa?oueny
iaaecae/aeii aeniea oaa?ae?noue- aei 14000 Iia. ?io? iaieaai/i?
iaoa??aee, ye ia iniia? i?eaeth, oae ? ia iniia? cae?ca caaacia/othoue
iaioo oaa?ae?noue 8000 — 10000 Iia, yea i?aeoe/ii ia caeaaeeoue a?ae
oaeaeeino? iaieaaethaaiiy ? iaaaaaoi aeuo ye?noue iaieaaeaieo oa??a.
Aeine?aeaeoaaeenue oaeiae niaoe?aeuei? iaieaai/i? ii?ioee,

ye? iathoue aenieo oaa?ae?noue ? oaieino?ee?noue, A4N, OOI ,AOI. O
inoaii?o iniiaith ? ei?ic?iiiino?eea noaeue, a ci?oeithth/eie oacaie —
TiB2. CrB2,VC. Iaieai? oa?e ?c OOI ia aea?ii?oeiee nieaa AEN6E iathoue
iaio iaeii??aeio no?oeoo?o i?ae ?c A4N, aea aeuo oaa?ae?noue 7000-7500
IIa, i?ioe 6000-6500 IIa.

Iaieaaeaia iiaa?oiy yaey? niaith noeoii?noue aae?e?a, ye?
?icoaoiaai? c iaaiei aca?iiia?ae?eooyi. Aea/aiiy ?iciiae?eo oaa?aeino?,
iayaiino? caeeoeiaiai aonoai?oo oa eiioeaio?aoe?? aoaeeoey o ia?oaineo?
iieacaei ?o aenieo ??aiii??i?noue. Oea na?ae/eoue

?en.1. Noaia ?ioaineo?eaoe?? eaca?iiai ?en.2. ?ic?aooieiaa noaia
i?ioeano ea-

aaciii?ioeiaiai iaieaaethaaiiy ca?iiai iaieaaethaaiiy c
aeaeo?iiaa-aeaeo?iiaai?oiei iieai . i?oiei
ia?ai?ooaaiiyi

?en.3.?iciiae?e oaeaeeinoae oa/e? ?icieaao (a,a) oa ?ici???a aaiie
?icieaao

(a) i?e ??cieo niiniaao ia?iaee : a,2 — /enoi eaca?ia; a,1 —
eaca?ia c

AII — noaeue 65A, ?=180 Ao,d0 = 0,3 ii, Wp = 2,5.105 Ao/ni2,
V= 5 ii/n.

1- V=1,8 ii /c; 2- V=1,2 ii/c; 3- V=1,0 ii/c; 4 –V=0,8 ii/c; 5- V=0,4
ii/c;

6- V=0,1 ii/c.

i?i oa, ui i?e eaca?iiio iaieaaethaaii? c AII ciie ia?ae?eooy ia
yaeythoue niaith iaoaeo?a?ei? eiioeaio?aoi?e iai?oaeaiue, ii??aiyii c
cae/aeiith eacae?iith iiaa?oiaaith ci?oeithth/ith ia?iaeith. Oiio oae?
iie?eooy iiaeii? iaoe e?au? iaoaie/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee.

I?ioean o??ueiiooai?aiiy aaciina?aaeiuei iia’ycaiee c iai?oaeaiei noaiii
iaieaaeaieo oa??a. Inoaii?e aea/aany ?aioaai?anueeei iaoiaeii.
Aeine?aeaeoaaany ?iciiae?e caeeoeiaeo iai?oaeaiue o iaieaaeaieo oa?ao ?c
nieaao IA-N?3 oa niaoe?aeueiiai Fe-B-C nieaao. sse aeaeii ec ?en.
4 aeey nieaao IA-N?3 oa?aeoa?i?

ia?aaaaeii ?inoyaoth/e iai?oaeaiiy. O??ueie, ye? i?e oeueiio
niinoa??aathoueny, iathoue iaaio i???ioaoe?th, ui a?aeoeey?
e?enoae?caoe?eio i?e?iaeo ?o ooai?aiiy. Ia aoai? ooai?aiiy ia?oaineoii?
oace aiie oaeiae ia iiaeooue c’yaeyoenue oiio ui ia?oaineoi?
ia?aoai?aiiy aeeeeeathoue oi?ioaaiiy noeneoth/eo caeeoeiaeo iai?oaeaiue.
A iie?eooyo Fe-B-C oi?iothoueny noeneoth/e caeeoeia? iai?oaeaiiy —
o??ueie a?aenooi?. Oea iia’ycaii c aaeeeith ieanoe/i?noth iie?eooy,
ia?oaineoieie ia?aoai?thaaiiyie. Ieanoe/i?noue iaoiiaeaia ciaioaiiyi
ai??aeii? oace i?e o?e aea e?eueeino? ai?o, a?eueo ??aiii??iei ??
?iciiae?eii ii aeeaei? oa?o. Aeeth/aiiy aeaeo?e/ii? aeoae noooaai
ci?ith? oa?aeoa? iai?oaeaiiiai noaio a iaieaaeao Fe-B-C — ia iiaa?oi?
oi?io?oueny iai?oaeaiee noai, aeecueeee aei iaeii??aeiiai noeneoth/iai.
A iaieaaeao IA-N?3 ?inoyaoth/e iai?oaeaiiy c i?aeaeuaiiyi no?oio aeoae
noooaai ( o3 ?ace) ciaioothoueny ii aaee/ei?.

Aeeth/aiiy iaai?oiiai iiey ni?ey? ca?eueoaiith a?ae’?iieo caeeoeiaeo
iai?oaeaiue c c?inoaiiyi iaai?oii? ?iaeoeoe?? ( c -450 IIa i?e 10 iOe
aei -700 — i?e 40 iOe ) aeey nieaao Fe-B-C ? aeiaeieiith noeneoth/eo
iai?oaeaiue aeey IA-N?3.

Oaeei /eiii, no?oi aeoae ? iaai?oio ?iaeoeoe?th iiaeia
aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeey aoaeoeaiiai ea?oaaiiy iai?oaeaiiei noaiii
iaieaaeaieo oa??a.

Aea/aany aieea ?aaeei?a eaca?iiai iaieaaethaaiiy ia e?euee?noue
o??uei, ye? ooai?ththoueny o cii? iaieaaee. E?euee?noue o??uei
caeaaeeoue a?ae u?eueiino? iiooaeiino? eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy,
oaeaeeino? iaieaaee. *ei a?eueoa ueeuei?noue iiooaeiino?, a oea icia/a?
ca?eueoaiiy a?aae??ioo oaiia?aoo?, oei a?eueo? iai?oaeaiiy, oei a?eueoa
e?euee?noue o??uei. Caeaaeiino? e?eueeino? o??uei a?ae oaeaeeino?
iaieaaee a?eueo neeaaei?, aiie iathoue iaeneioie. I?e/iio, c
i?aeaeuaiiyi ueeueiino? iiooaeiino? eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy iaeneioi
e?eeino? o??uei ci?uo?oueny a iai?yieo c?inoaiiy oaeaeeino? iaieaaee.
I?e iecueeeo oaeae

einoyo c?inoa? ia?ai?ooaaiiy iaoa??ae?a iie?eooy ? iniiae, cieaeothoueny
oaeaeeino? ioieiaeaeaiiy ? , ye ?acoeueoao — ciaioaiiy e?eueeino?
o??uei. I?e i?aeaeuaieo oaeaeeinoyo ia?iaee , a no?oeoo?? ca?eueoo?oueny
e?euee?noue ieanoe/ii? — oace, ??cei cieaeo?oueny ?ioaineai?noue
ia?ai?ooaaiiy iaoa??ae?a.

Aeaeo?e/ia aeoaa i?e nee? no?oio aei 18A i?aeoe/ii ia aieeaa ia
e?euee?noue o??uei. Aea i?e a?eueoeo cia/aiiyo no?oio, ?o e?euee?noue
noooaai ciaioo?oueny (?en.5a). oaeo

?en.4. ?iciiae?e caeeoeiaeo iae?iiai?oaeaiue ii aeeaei? iaieaaeaiiai
oa?o

i?e ??cieo cia/aiiyo no?oio aeaeo?e/ii? aeoae(a) oa iaai?oii?
?iaeoeoe??(a):

1,3- x , 2,4- y; ?= 1,5 eAo; V = 4 ii/n; -*- Fe-B-C, -o-
IA-N?3.

?en.5. E?euee?noue o??uei ia iaeeieoeth aeiaaeeie aaiie ?icieaao o
caeaaeiino? a?ae aaee/eie no?oio aeoae (a) oa iaai?oii? ?iaeoeoe??, i?e
?ae=42A (a): 1- IA-N?3; 2- Fe-B-C.

?en.6. A?aeiinia ciinino?ee?noue iaieaaeaieo oa??a ?c IA-N?3 i?e ??cieo
oiiaao ia?iaee: 1 — eaca?ia iaieaaea; 2 — eaca?ia iaieaaea c AII,
?ae=42A;A=0 mT; 3- ?ae=42A;A=15 mT; 4 — ?ae=42A; A=30mO ; 5-
?ae=42A;A=60mO; 6- aoaeaoeaaa noaeue (45%N).

iaai?oiiai ia?ai?ooaaiiy ii/eia? aieeaaoe iae?euee?noue o??uei i?e
iaaieoi?e ?iaeoeoe?? a?eueoa e?eoe/ii? , 30 mT (?en.5a).

Eaca?iay iaieaaea c AII ii??aiyii c /enoi eaca?iith, ieaciiaith aai OA*
cia/ii i?aeaeuo? ciinino?ee?noue iaieaaeaieo iie?eoue (?en6). I?e
eaca?iiio iaieaaethaaii? ca ?aooiie iaaeaenieeo oaeaeeinoae
e?enoae?caoe??, ooai?aiiy aeoaea ia?ane/aieo ?ic/ei?a ciaioothoueny
e?euee?noue caeoeiaeo e?enoae?a, ?o ?ici??e. Iie?eooy ii no?oeoo??
ci?uo?oueny a iai?yieo aaoaeoe/iiai. Iiaa?oiaa? oa?e i?ney eaca?ii?
iaieaaee ia a?aei?io a?ae OA* ia iathoue e?eoeiai ciiooaaiiy, iathoue
a?eueoo

aenieioaiia?aoo?io ciinino?ee?noue. ?acoeueoaoe aei?iaoaaiue na?ae/aoue,
ui ii?ioeia? iaoa??aee ia iniia? cae?ca i?ney eaca?iiai iaieaaethaaiiy
iathoue e?aue o??aioaoi?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee, i?ae naiioethnoth/e nieaae
ia iniia? i?eaeth, ye a oiiaao nooiai, oae ? a?aie/iiai oa?oy.

I?aeaeuaiiy aea?ino?eeino? eaca?ieo iaieaaie iia’ycaii c ciaioaiiyi
aaoa?iaaiiino? ?o no?oeoo?e, a iane?aeie ooai?aiiy ia?ane/aieo
?ic/ei?a. Ii ciinino?eeino? iaieaaeai? oa?e caeaaeaoue a?ae oeio
ii?ioeiaiai iaoa??aeo ? ?icoaoiaothoueny o oae?e iine?aeiaiino?: OOI —
OI — AO.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?oeiino? c/aieaiiy iie?eooue ? iaieaaeaieo oa??a c
iniiaith , oo?ooiaei iaoiaeii, aeyaeee cia/i? ia?aaaae ?ic?iaeaiiai
iaoiaeo iaieaaethaaiiy.

Oaeei /eiii, iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui cai?iiiiiaaiee
iaoiae yaey? niaith aenieiaoaeoeaiee niin?a i?aeaeuaiiy ye?nieo
oa?aeoa?enoee iiaa?oiaaeo oa??a, iaea?aeaieo eaca?iith iaieaaeith.

INIIAI? AENIIAEE

1.?ic?iaeaii niin?a ?ioaineo?eaoe?? eaca?iiai ii?ioeiaiai iaieaaethaaiiy
aeei?enoaiiyi aeiaeaoeiai? aia?aee aeaeo?e/ii? aeoae oa
aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey, yeee caaacia/o?, ii??aiyii c o?aaeeoe?eiei
i?ioeanii, i?aeaeuaiiy ia 30-40% aaiiao?e/ieo ?ici???a iaieaaeaieo
oa??a, iaea?aeaiiy oa??a c aenieith iaeii??aei?noth no?oeoo?e, ye?
iathoue i?aeaeuaio ia 50-95 % ciinino?ee?noue oa ia 100-150%
o??u?iino?ee?noue, aenieo i?oei?noue c/aieaiiy c iniiaith, 390-400 IIa.

2.Anoaiiaeaii, ui iniiaieie ia?aiao?aie ea?oaaiiy i?ioeannii eaca?iiai
ii?ioeiaiai iaieaaethaaiiy c AII ?: iiooaei?noue eaca?iiai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy

( 0,18- 1,5 eAo) , ae?aiao? ieyie oieonoaaiiy ( 0,5 -3,0 ii),
oaeaee?noue iaieaaee (0,2-1.2 i/iei), no?oi aeaeo?e/ii? aeoae (18-42A),
aaee/eia iaaieoii? ?iaeoeoe?? (20-60 mT), aeo?a/aiiy ii?ioeo ( 0.1- 0.6
a/n), eoo iiaea/e ii?ioeo- (45-50).

3.Cai?iiiiiaaia oaeineiiaeaia c o?aooaaiiyi aia?a?? aeaeo?e/ii? aeoae oa
aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey, iae?iaeia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue i?ioeano
eaca?iiai ii?ioeiaiai iaieaaeaiiy c AII, yea aeicaiey? i?iaiaeeoe
ioe?ieo ?aci???a iaieaaeaieo oa??a, oaeaeeinoae oa/?? ?icieaaeaiiai
iaoaeo.

4.Iieacaii, ui i?aeaaaeaiiy aia?a?? aeaeo?e/ii? aeoae ii?aeiaii c ae??th
aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey i?ecaiaeeoue aei i?aeaeuaiiy ye aeeaeie, oae ?
oe?eie ?icii

anthaeaeaiiy a?aieoe? ?icieaao, noooaaiio ca?eueoaiith oaeaeeino? oa/??
?icieaaeaiiai iaoaeo.

5.Aeiaaaeaii, ui aeine?aeaeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? ii?ioeia? iaoa??aee ia
iniia? cae?ca nenoaie Fe-B-C ? OOI ia o?eueee ia iinooiathoueny, a
iaa?oue ia?aaeuothoue ii ciinino?eeino? oa o??u?iino?eeino?
naiioethnoth/? nieaae ia i?eaeaa?e iniia? oeio IAN?. I?e oeueiio
iieacaii, ui iaee?aueie aeey eaca?iiai iaieaaethaaiiy c AII iathoue aooe
oae? ii?ioeia? iaoa??aee, eio?? i?noyoue iioeiaeueio e?euee?noue
ai??ae?a ?

caeeoeiaee aonoai?o, yeee caaacia/o? ieanoe/i?noue iao?eoe?.

6.Aeei?enoaiiy aia?a?? aeaeo?e/ii? aeoae, ca ?aooiie ci?ithaaiiy neee
no?oio, aeicaiey? ea?oaaoe aaee/eiith, ciaeii oa oa?aeoa?ii ?iciiae?eo
caeeoeiaeo iae?iiai?oaeaiue o iaieaaeaieo oa?ao. I?e no?oi? aeoae a?ae
12A aei 42 A a iiaa?oiaaiio oa?? iaieaaie Fe-B-C oi?iothoueny
noeneoth/e caeeoeia? iai?oaeaiey aaee/eiith 300 — 450 IIa. O iie?uooyo
oeio IA-N?3 aeaeo?e/ia aeoaa cieaeo? ??aaiue ?inoyaoth/eo iai?oaeaiue c
+400-450 aei +150-200 IIa.

7.Aeaeo?iiaai?oia iiea o noeoiiino? c aeaeo?e/iith aeoaith oaeiae
noooaai ci?ith? iai?oaeaiee noai iaieaaeaiiai oa?o — i?aeaeuo? ??aaiue
noeneoth/eo iai?oaeaiue o iaieaaeao Fe-B-C c -450 i?e A=10 mT aei -700
Iia i?e A=40mT, a iaieaaeao IA-N?3 n +150 Iia i?e A=0 aei -150 i?e A=30
mT.

8.O??u?iino?ee?noue iaieaaeaieo oa??a aecia/a?oueny a?aeiiniith
eiioeaio?aoe??th ai??ae?a ? caeeoeiaiai aonoai?oo, ??aiai iai?oaeaiue oa
ieanoe/i?noth iao?e/ii? oace oa iiaea aooe i?aeaeuaia o 1,5-2 ?ace
canoinoaaiiyi no?oio aeaeo?e/ii? aeoae c neeith a?eueoa 20A ?
iaai?oiiai iiey n ?iaeoeoe??th a iaaeao 35-45 mT.

9.Iiaa?oiaa? oa?e, iaea?aeai? eaca?iei iaieaaethaaiiyi c AII, iathoue
iaeneiaeueio ciinino?ee?noue i?e iioeiaeueieo cia/aiiyo no?oio aeoae ?
iaai?oii? ?iaeoeoe?? Id=42A,B=30mT; i?e ciiooaaii? a?aenooi? e?eoea
?oeioaaiiy oa c/?iethaaiiy c iaoa??aeii eiio?o?ea, cieaeo?oueny
eiao?oe??io oa?oy c 0.6-0.7 aei 0.3-0,4; iathoue i?aeaeuaio i?oei?noue
c/aieaiiy c iniiaith — 390-400IIa.

10. Aeey ?aae?caoe?? i?ioeano eaca?iiai ii?ioeiaiai iaieaaethaaiiy c AII
?ic?iaeaii oaoiieia?/ia iaeaaeiaiiy, a oiio /ene?, oieonoth/o nenoaio
aeey i?aeaaaeaiiy a ciio ae?? eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy aeaeo?e/ii?
aeoae oa aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey, a oaeiae a?aeiia?aeia aeaea?aei
aeeaeaiiy.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii o ianooiieo
?iaioao:

1.Gas-powder laser cladding with electromagnetic agitation./V. S.
Kovalenko, A. N.

Lutay,N.I.Anjakin, Zraidi Munir. ICALEO”97, San Diego, USA,volume
83,part2,

p.21-26.

2.Eaca?ia iaieaaeaiiy c aeaeo?iiaai?oiei ia?ai?ooaaiiyi./A.N. Eiaaeaiei,
A.I. Eooae,I.?.Aiye?i,C?aeaee Ioi??, Aeni?an-Iiaeie, Iaoea, oaoi?ea,
ae?iaieoeoai.N11-12,1998, n.37-38.

3.Eiaaeaiei A.N., C?aeaee Ioi??. Aeaea?aei aeeaeaiiy aeaeo?e/ii? aeoae
aeey eaca?iiai iaieaaeaiiy c aeaeo?iiaai?oiei ia?ai?ooaaiiyi.
Aeni?an-Iiaeie, Iaoea, oaoi?ea, ae?iaieoeoai.N11-12,n, 38-40.

4.Eiaaeaiei A.N.,C?aeaee Ioi??. A?aeiiaeaiiy ciioaieo aeaoaeae ca
aeiiiiiaith eaca?ii? iaieaaee- iaeei ?c oeyo?a aei ae??oaiiy aeieia?/ieo
oa aeiiii?/ieo
i?iaeai.Aeni?an-Iiaeie,Iaoea,oaoi?ea,ae?iaieoeoai.N13-14,1998,n.24 -25.

5.Eiaaeaiei A.N.,Eooae A.I.,C?aeaee Ioie?. Aeeyiea oaoiieiaee eaca?iie
iaieaaee ia no?oeoo?o e eciininoieeinoue iie?uoee. Oacenu
iaaeaeoia?iaeiue eiioa?aioeee, 26-28 naioya?y , a.Aeoooa, 1995 a.

6.O?aueiinoieeinoue eaca?iuo ii?ioeiauo iaieaaie./ A.N.Eiaaeaiei,A.I.
Eooae,C?aeaee Ioie?,A.O.Na?aeeoia,TH.A.Eeth/ieeia. Oacenu
iaaeaeoia?iaeiue eiioa?aioeee ,17-19 naioya?y, a,Aeoooa, 1996 a.

7.Eaca?iay ii?ioeiaay iaieaaea n aeaeo?iiaaieoiui ia?aiaoeaaieai./
A.N.Eiaaeaiei, A.I.Eooae, I.E.Aiyeei, C?aeaee Ioie?. Oacenu
iaaeaeoia?iaeiue eiioa?aioeee ,27-29 iay, a,Aeoooa, 1997 a.

AIIOAOe?ss

C?aeae? Ioi??.?ioaineo?eaoe?y i?ioeano eaca?iiai ii?ioeiaiai
iaieaaethaaiiy aeaeo?iiaai?oiei ia?ai?ooaaiiyi ?icieaao. ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.03.07 -”I?ioeane o?ceei-oaoi?/ii? ia?iaee”.
Iaoe?iiaeueiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao Oe?a?ie “ Ee?anueeee iie?oaoi?/iee
?inoeooo ”. Ee?a , 1998 ?.

O aeena?oaoe?? caoeua?oueny niin?a eaca?iiai aaciii?ioeiaiai
iaieaaethaaiiy c canoinoaaiiyi aeiaeaoeiai? aia?a?? ?eaeo?e/ii? aeoae oa
aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey, yeee o ii?aeiaii? c i?enaaei/ieie iaoa??aeaie
iioeiaeueiiai neeaaeo aeicaiey? iaea?aeoaaoe i?aeoe/ii aacaeaoaeoi? oa?e
c iaeii/aniei i?aeaeuaiiyi i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?ioeano. Cai?iiiiiaai?
oaeineiiaeai? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? oaieiaiai noaio oa a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo
i?ioean?a i?e eaca?iiio iaieaaethaaii? c ?eaeo?iiaai?oiei ia?ai?ooaaiiyi
?icieaao. Anoaiiaeai? caeiiii??iino? oi?ioaaiiy iaieaaeaieo oa?ea i?e
aeei?enoaii? ??cieo i?enaaei/ieo iaoa??ae?a. ia?aiao??a ? oiia ia?iaee.
Aecia/ai? caeiiii??iino? aieeao oiea aeoae, ?iaeoeoe??
?eaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey, neeaaeo ii?ioe?a ? ?aaeei?a ia?iaee ia
iai?oaeaiee noai iaieaaeaieo oa??a, ciinino?ee?noue, i?oei?noue
c/aieaiiy c iniiaith. ?ic?iaeaii ? aeaioiaeaii aenia?eiaioaeuei? c?acee
a?aeiia?aeiiai oaoiieia?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy.

Eeth/aa? neiaa: eaca?ia iaieaaea, ii?ioeia? iaoa??aee,aeaeo?e/ia
aeoaa, aeaeo?iiaai?oia iiea, o??u?iino?ee?noue,
oaa?ae?noue,ciinino?ee?noue.

AIIIOAOeEss

C?aeaee Ioie?. Eioaineoeeaoeey i?ioeanna eaca?iie ii?ioeiaie
iaieaaee yeaeo?iiaaieoiui ia?aiaoeaaieai ?anieaaa. ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.03.07 — “I?ioeannu
oeceei-oaoie/aneie ia?aaioee”. Iaoeeiiaeueiue oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao
Oe?aeiu “Eeaaneee iieeoaoie/aneee einoeooo”. Eeaa, 1998 a.

A aeenna?oaoeee caueuaaony niinia eaca?iie aaciii?ioeiaie iaieaaee n
i?eiaiaieai aeiiieieoaeueiie ?ia?aee ?eaeo?e/aneie aeoae e
?eaeo?iiaaieoiiai iiey, eioi?ue i?e eniieueciaaiee i?enaaei/iuo
iaoa?eaeia iioeiaeueiiai ninoaaa iicaieyao iieo/aoue i?aeoe/anee
aacaeaoaeoiua iaieaaeaiiua neie i?e iaeiia?aiaiiii iiauoaiee
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe i?ioeanna. I?aaeeiaeaiu oniaa?oainoaiaaiiua
iaoaiaoe/aneea iiaeaee oaieiaiai ninoiyiey e aeae?iaeeiaie/aneeo
i?ioeannia i?e eaca?iie iaieaaea n yeaeo?iiaoaie/aneei ia?aiaoeaaieai
?anieaaa. I?eaaaeaiu caeiiiia?iinoe oi?ie?iaaiey iaieaaeaiiuo neiaa i?e
eniieueciaaiee ?acee/iuo i?enaaei/iuo iaoa?eaeia, oaoiieiae/aneeo
ia?aiao?ia e oneiaee ia?aaioee. Ii?aaeaeaiu caeiiiia?iinoe aeeyiey oiea
aeoae, eiaeoeoeee yeaeo?iiaaieoiiai iiey, ninoaaa ii?ioeia e ?aaeeiia
ia?aaioee ia iai?yaeaiiia ninoiyiea iaieaaeaiiuo neiaa,
eciininoieeinoue, i?i/iinoue noeaieaiey n iniiaie. ?ac?aaioaiu e
ecaioiaeaiu yenia?eiaioaeueiua ia?acoeu niioaaonoaothuaai
oaoiieiae/aneiai iai?oaeiaaiey.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eaca?iay iaieaaea, ii?ioeiaua iaoa?eaeu,
yeaeo?e/aneay aeoaa, yeaeo?iiaaieoiia iiea, o?aueiinoieeinoue,
oaa?aeinoue, eciininoieeinoue.

SAMMARY

Zraidi mounir. Intensification of laser powder deposition process by
electromagnetic agitation of melt. The manuscript.

The dissertation for defence of a scientific degree of the
candidate of engineering science on a speciality 05.03.07 — » Processes
of physic-technical processing «. National technical university of
Ukraine » Kiev polytechnic institute «. Kiev, 1998.

In the dissertation the approach of gas and powder deposition together
with of electrical arc and electromagnetic field energy is defended
which is by use of additive materials of optimum structure allows to
receive practically fused layers without defects at simultaneous
increase of productivity of process. The advanced mathematical models of
a thermal condition and hydrodynamic processes are offered at laser
deposition with electromechanical agitation of melt. The laws of
formation of fused layers are given at use of various additive
materials, technological parameters and conditions of processing. The
laws of influence of an arc current, induction of an electromagnetic
field, structure of powders and modes of processing on the intense
condition of fused layers, wear resistance, strength of coupling with a
basis are determined. Experimental samples of the appropriate process
equipment are developed and made.

Key words: laser deposition, powder materials, electrical arc,
electromagnetic field, cracking resistance, hardness, wear resistance.

Caeiaoaa/
C?aeaee Ioie?

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