Хвилі в твердих нелінійно пружних п’єзоактивних сумішах: Автореф. дис… канд. фіз.-мат. наук / І.М. Хотенко, НАН України. Ін-т гідромеханіки. — К., 1

IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE
OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO
A?Ae?IIAOAI?EE

OIOAIEI ??eia
Ieeiea?aia

OAeE 534.1

OAEE? A OAA?AeEO IAE?I?EII I?OAEIEO

I’?CIAEOEAIEO NOI?OAO

01.04.06 –
aeonoeea

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy
iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa
o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiienii.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? iaoai?ee ?i.N.I.Oeiioaiea
Iaoe?iiaeueii? aeaaeai??

iaoe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani?,

?OUEOeUeEEE ss?aia
ss?ineaaiae/,

?inoeooo iaoai?ee
?i.N.I.Oeiioaiea Iaoe?iiaeueii? aeaaeai??

iaoe Oe?a?ie, aieiaiee
iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani?,

NAEACIA ?ai? Oeiio?eiae/,

?inoeooo a?ae?iiaoai?ee
Iaoe?iiaeueii? aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie,

Caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo

aeieoi?
o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

NAA?I A?eoi? Ao??eiae/,

Iaoe?iiaeueiee oaoi?/iee
oi?aa?neoao Oe?a?ie “EI?”,

i?ioani?

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?i. Oa?ana
Oaa/aiea

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 30 aa?aniy 1999 ?ieo i 14 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.196.01 a ?inoeooo? a?ae?iiaoai?ee
IAI Oe?a?ie

ca aae?anith: 252057 , Ee?a, aoe.AEaeyaiaa 8/4.

Oae. 044-446-4313, oaen 044-446-4229.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
a?ae?iiaoai?ee IAI Oe?a?ie.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii 17 na?iiy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
E?EEUe N.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Caaaeueio iaoeiao i?iaeaio, o?aaiaio yei?
aeine?aeaeaii a aeena?oaoe??, iiaeia noi?ioethaaoe oaeei /eiii:

iioe?aiiy oa aca?iiae?y oaeeue a oaa?aeeo iaoa??aeao c i?e?ino?oeoo?ith.

Caaaeueiia?aeiii, ui: 1. aca?iiae?y iiaea aea/aoeny eeoa a ?aieao
iae?i?eieo oai?aoe/-ieo noai, iaeiae aeine?aeaeothoueny oe? noaie ia
iniia? ciaiiy e?i?eieo oai?aoe/ieo noai;

2. i?e?ino?oeoo?a iaoa??aeo nooo?ai aieeaa? ia oaeeueiao ea?oeio, oiio
iae?i?ei? oai-?aoe/i? noaie iiaeii? aooe i?e?ino?oeoo?ieie. Cae/aeii a
iaoai?oe? iaoa??ae?a oa aeonoeoe? aaaaea?oueny, ui oaee? iiaeii? aooe
i?oaeieie ? aeiaeaoeiai iiaeooue a?aoiaoaaoeny ua ye?nue aeanoeaino?
(oiaoi, oaee? iiaeooue aooe a’yceii?oaeieie, oa?iii?oaeieie /e
aeaeo?ii?oaeieie). Oey iaoeiaa i?iaeaia iia’yco? i?ae niaith iae?i?eio
aeonoeeo oa iae?i?ei? i?e?ino?oeoo?i? oai??? iaoai?ee iaoa??ae?a. Noai
i?iaeaie ia 1998 ??e iienaiee a iaeyaeiaeo noaooyo a i?aeia?iaeieo
iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao „I?eeeaaeiay iaoaieea — International Applied
Mechanics” , 1997, ?1(Oe?a?ia) oa „ Applied Mechanics Reviews”, 1999, ?2
(USA).

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa yaey? niaith o?aaiaio i?iaeaie o oiio ?icoi?ii?,
ui: 1. canoiniaaia eiie?aoia i?e?ino?oeoo?ia oai??y — oai??y aeaioacii?
noi?o?; 2. noi?o aaaaea?oueny i’?cii?oaeiith (i’ciaeoeaiith); 3.
iae?i?ei?noue ? eaaae?aoe/iith. 4. oaee? aaaaeathoueny ieineeie.

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaaaeaiiai a aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny aeaiia oaeoaie, ye?, acaaae? eaaeo/e, caaaeaee
aca?iii aeiiiaiththoue iaeei iaeiiai. Ia?oee iieyaa? o oiio, ui caaaeaia
aeua caaaeueia i?iaeaia iae?i?eii? aca?iiae?? oaeeue a iaoa??aeao ia?
naith aioo??oith eia?eo ?icaeoeo ? i?ney aea/aiiy /enoi e?i?eieo oaeeue
(a oae? oaee? aeine?aeaeai? aaea aeineoue iiaii) iiaeii? aea/aoeny ye
iae?i?ei? oaee?, oae ? aeiaeaoeiaee aieea ia oaeeueiao ea?oeio a
iaoa??ae? oaiia?aoo?iiai, aeaeo?e/iiai, iaai?oiiai oa ?ioeo iie?a.
Ae?oaee iia’ycaiee c oei, ui aeey aaeaeaaoiiai iieno o?aoueiai iieie?iiy
i’?ciaeoeaieo iaoa??ae?a — i’?ciii?ioe?a — aeieeea iaiao?aei?noue a
iiaoaeia? iae?i?eieo i?e?ino?oeoo?ieo oai??e i’?cii?oaeiiai
aeaoi?ioaaiiy iaoa??ae?a. Ioaea, aeieeea ye ae iio?aaa a oai?aoe/iiio
iien? ?nioth/eo ? aeoeaii canoiniaoaaieo a oaoi?oe? iaoa??ae?a.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa
aeeiioaaeany a ?aieao caaaeueii? i?iaeaie aea/aiiy eiiiiceoieo
iaoa??ae?a a ?inoeooo? iaoai?ee IAIO ?i. N.I. Oeiioaiea. A?aeae?e
aeeiai?ee iie?aa?aaaoieo na?aaeiaeu, a yeiio i?aoeththoue ye aeena?oaio,
oae ? iaoeiaee ea??aiee, aeeiio? iaoeiai-aeine?aeio ?iaioo 1.3.1.306 „
Iiaoaeiaa iaeeane/ieo iiaeaeae ? iaoiae?a ?ica’ycoaaiiy caaea/ aeeiai?ee
aeey nenoai o?e, aaaaoioacieo ??aeeeo oa oaa?aeeo na?aaeiaeu “ ( ?
aea?ae.?. 0198 v 002171 ). Aei oe??? ?iaioe aeeth/ai? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui
i?iaiaeyoueny a ?aieao aeaii? aeena?oaoe??.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aieiaiith iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
aoei canoi-noaaiiy oai??? oaa?aeeo aeaioacieo noi?oae aeey iieno
iioe?aiiy ieineeo aa?iii?/ieo oaeeue a i’?ciii?ioeao. I’?ciii?ioee
canoiniaothoueny aeey aaia?aoe?? oa i?eeiaiiy oeueo?acaoeiaeo oa
a?ia?caoeiaeo neaiae?a. Aieiaiith ?o iniaeea?noth a ii??aiyii? c?
cae/aeieie i’?ciea?ai?/ieie iaoa??aeaie ? caeaoi?noue nooo?ai ci?ithaaoe
ia?aiao?e oaee? ?, ia?o ca ana, cao?eioaaoe neaiae. Oiio i?ney
iiaoaeiae iniiaieo aeaiaio?a oai??? ? caieno iniiaieo oi?ioe, ye?
iienothoue iioe?aiiy ieineeo i’?ciaeaeo?e/ieo oaeeue, noiyea iaoa
ia?ana?ae/eoeny, ui oaa?ae? noi?o? i’?ciea?ai?ee c? naeioeai nooo?ai
ci?iththoue iniiai? ia?aiao?e ieinei? oaee?. I?iaaaeaia /eneiaa
iiaeaethaaiiy ia eiii’thoa?? i?aeoaa?aeeei aaeeeo a?aei?ii?noue i?ae
ieineeie oaeeyie a /eno?e i’?ciea?ai?oe? ? i’?ciii?ioeii. A?aei?ii?noue
iieyaa? a cieaeaii? aaee/ei oaciaeo oaeaeeinoae oaeeueiaeo iiae ?
cieaeaii? ??ai?a aia?a??, yeo oe? iiaee ia?aiinyoue. Ioaea, ? ae?oaa
iaoa aoea aeinyaiooa. O?aoueith iaoith aoea iiaoaeiaa iniiaieo ??aiyiue
eaaae?aoe/ii iae?i?eii? oai??? iioe?aiiy oaeeue a i’?ciii?ioeao.
?iaeeiny oea c oeo i??eoaaiue, ui eeoa a ?aieao iae?i?eiiai i?aeoiaeo
iiaeia ?icaeyiooe aca?iiae?th oaeeue. Oae ui o?aoth iaoo iiaeia ua
noi?ioethaaoe ye noai?aiiy ia?aaeoiia aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy aca?iiae??
i’?ciaeaeo?e/ieo ieineeo oaeeue a i’?ciii?ioeao.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iieyaa? a oiio, ui aia?oa:
picscalex100010009000003640000000100100000000000050000000b02000000000500
00000c020d000d000400000004010d00040000002e011800040000000201010005000000
090200000000050000000102ffffff00030000001e000b00000026060f000c00ffffffff
000000000000000010000000fb02f2ff0000000000009001000000020000000053796d62
6f6c0002040000002d0100000700000021050100c4000b0001000b00000026060f000c00
ffffffff0100000000000000040000002701ffff03000000000000000000000000000000
000000c07482c706783b010033c00000000000000000000000000000000000000000cano
iniaaia oai??y aeaioacii? oaa?aei? noi?o? aei iieno aeaoi?ioaaiiy
i’?ciii?ioe?a ? iiaoaeiaaia aaciaa nenoaia aeeoa?aioe?aeueieo ??aiyiue
oai??? aeaioacieo i’?cii?oaeieo noi?oae;
picscalex100010009000003640000000100100000000000050000000b02000000000500
00000c020d000d000400000004010d00040000002e011800040000000201010005000000
090200000000050000000102ffffff00030000001e000b00000026060f000c00ffffffff
000000000000000010000000fb02f2ff0000000000009001000000020000000053796d62
6f6c0002040000002d0100000700000021050100c4000b0001000b00000026060f000c00
ffffffff0100000000000000040000002701ffff03000000000000000000000000000000
000000509aa0931f11ff76ce8d460000000000000000000000000000000000000000
aeine?aeaeai? caaea/? i?i i?yiee (caaea/a Eaena-Iaeniia) ? iaa?iaiee
i’?ciaeaeo?e/i? aoaeoe;
picscalex100010009000003640000000100100000000000050000000b02000000000500
00000c020d000d000400000004010d00040000002e011800040000000201010005000000
090200000000050000000102ffffff00030000001e000b00000026060f000c00ffffffff
000000000000000010000000fb02f2ff0000000000009001000000020000000053796d62
6f6c0002040000002d0100000700000021050100c4000b0001000b00000026060f000c00
ffffffff0100000000000000040000002701ffff03000000000000000000000000000000
000000509aa0931f11ff76ce8d460000000000000000000000000000000000000000
iienai? iniaeeaino? iioe?aiiy ieineeo i’?cii?oaeieo oaeeue ? oai?aoe/ii
ia?aaeaa/aii aeiaeaoeiaee iaoai?ci nooo?ai? ci?ie oaeeueiaiai iiey
i’?ciii?ioeo a ii??aiyii? c? cae/aeiith i’?ciea?ai?eith;
picscalex100010009000003640000000100100000000000050000000b02000000000500
00000c020d000d000400000004010d00040000002e011800040000000201010005000000
090200000000050000000102ffffff00030000001e000b00000026060f000c00ffffffff
000000000000000010000000fb02f2ff0000000000009001000000020000000053796d62
6f6c0002040000002d0100000700000021050100c4000b0001000b00000026060f000c00
ffffffff0100000000000000040000002701ffff03000000000000000000000000000000
000000509aa0931f11ff76ce8d460000000000000000000000000000000000000000 ca
aeiiiiiaith eiii’thoa?iiai iiaeaethaaiiy aea/ai? caeaaeiino? iniiaieo
ia?aiao??a oaeeueiaiai iiey a?ae e?eueeino? iaiiaithaa/a — naeioeth ?
i?aeoaa?aeaeaii aieiaio iniaeea?noue i’?ciii?ioeo — nooo?ai ci?ithaaoe
oaeeueiaa iiea a noi?iio ciaioaiiy oaciai? oaeaeeino? neaiaeo;
picscalex100010009000003640000000100100000000000050000000b02000000000500
00000c020d000d000400000004010d00040000002e011800040000000201010005000000
090200000000050000000102ffffff00030000001e000b00000026060f000c00ffffffff
000000000000000010000000fb02f2ff0000000000009001000000020000000053796d62
6f6c0002040000002d0100000700000021050100c4000b0001000b00000026060f000c00
ffffffff0100000000000000040000002701ffff03000000000000000000000000000000
000000509aa0931f11ff76ce8d460000000000000000000000000000000000000000
aeey aeae?eueeio eiie?aoieo neeaae?a i’?ciii?ioeo ae?aooaai? iiai?
eiiieaeoe i?oaeieo, i’?ciaeaeo?e/ieo ? ae?aeaeo?e/ieo noaeeo aeaioacii?
oai??? noi?o?;
picscalex100010009000003640000000100100000000000050000000b02000000000500
00000c020d000d000400000004010d00040000002e011800040000000201010005000000
090200000000050000000102ffffff00030000001e000b00000026060f000c00ffffffff
000000000000000010000000fb02f2ff0000000000009001000000020000000053796d62
6f6c0002040000002d0100000700000021050100c4000b0001000b00000026060f000c00
ffffffff0100000000000000040000002701ffff03000000000000000000000000000000
000000509aa0931f11ff76ce8d460000000000000000000000000000000000000000
iiaoaeiaaia eaaae?aoe/ii iae?i?eia oai??y aeaioacii? i’?ciaeaeo?e/ii?
noi?o? ? io?eiai? aacia? iae?i?ei? ??aiyiiy iioe?aiiy ? aca?iiae??
ieineeo i’?cii?oaeieo oaeeue.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Ia iiaeia noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui
a aeena?oaoe?? iiaoaeiaaia oai??y. Iaeiae iiaeia noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui
aeaiaioe oai??? aeaioacii? i’?cii?oaeii? noi?o? iiaoaeiaai?.  E??i oiai,
?acoeueoaoe, io?eiai? i?e aeeiiaii? aee-na?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe,
aeicaieythoue ia?aaeaa/eoe ?yae oaeeueiaeo aoaeo?a, ye? aei oeueiai a
i’?ciiaoa??aeao ia niinoa??aaeeny. Oiio a aano?aeoiiio ?icoi?ii?
?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? ? i?aeoe/ieie. Iai?eeeaae, io?eiai? iiai?
eiiieaeoe o?ce/ieo noaeeo oai??? noi?o? aeey eiie?aoieo i’?ciii?ioe?a
aeathoue i?aeoe/io iiaeeea?noue aoaeue-eiio i?iaiaeeoe eiii’thoa?ia
iiaeaethaaiiy ?yaeo ?ioeo oaeeueiaeo caaea/ aeey i’?ciii?ioe?a. Aea
eiie?aoiiai niiaeeaa/a oai?aoe/ieo ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?? aeacaoe ia
iiaeia. Ia Oe?a?i? iioaioe?aeuei? niiaeeaa/? a?aenooi?, e?aea?ii a
aea/aii? i’?ciii?ioe?a ? O?aioe?y. Iaea?eueo a?aeiiei a/aiei a oe?e
iaeano? ? i?io. AEa?a? Iiaeai (eaai?aoi??y oi?aa?neoaoo I’??a ? Ia???
 Eth?? ?  Eii?n?? c aoiiii? aia?a??). Aeaye? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeeny ia i?aeia?iaeieo neiiic?oiao ? eiia?anao, ia yeeo aoa
i?enooi?e i?io. Iiaeai. Iaeiae, i?e ia’?aeiaii? coneeue eieaeoea?a, ye?
aeine?aeaeothoue i’?ciiaoa??aee a  Ee?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i. Oa?ana
Oaa/aiea, ?inoeoooao iaoai?ee oa a?ae?iiaoai?ee IAIO, Iaoe?iiaeueiiio
oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? Oe?a?ie “ Ee?anueeee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao ”
oa e?eueeio i?aai?caoe?e eieeoiueiai a?enueeiai-i?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno,
i’?ciii?ioee iiaeeeai aoaeooue iaoe ia Oe?a?i? i?aeoe/ia canoinoaaiiy.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Iieyaa? a ia?o ca ana a oai?aoe/iiio, aea
oaeiae ? a eiii’thoa?iiio aiae?c? ieineeo oaeeue a i’?cii?oaeieo
ii?ioeao, ooai?aieo ?c noi?o? i’?ciea?ai?ee oa naeioeth. Aeey oeueiai
aiae?co cai?iiiiiaaia iiaa oai?aoe/ia noaia aeaioacii? i’?cii?oaeii?
noi?o?, yea ? c?o/iith ye aeey aiae?oe/ieo, oae ? /enaeueieo
aeine?-aeaeaiue oaeeue a i’?ciii?ioeao.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. A iiaiiio ia’?i? aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa aeiii-a?aeaeany ? iaaiai?thaaeany ia nai?ia?ao a?aeae?eo
aeeiai?ee iie?aa?aaaoieo na?aaeiaeu ?in-oeoooo iaoai?ee IAI Oe?a?ie
(1998-1999); iaoeiaiio nai?ia?? ca iai?yieii „ Oai??y eieeaaiue“ i?e
?inoeooo? iaoai?ee IAI Oe?a?ie (1999); Iaoeiaiio nai?ia?? c oai???
iae?i?eieo oaeeue i?e ?inoeooo? a?ae?iiaoai?ee IAI Oe?a?ie (1999);
iaoeiaiio nai?ia?? c iaoai?ee iaoai?ei-iaoaiaoe/iiai oaeoeueoaoo
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea. Aaaeeea? ?acoeueoaoe c aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeeny ia 6-e oa 7-e I?aeia?iaeieo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?e c
iaoaiaoeee iai’yo? aeaaeai?ea I. E?aa/oea ( Ee?a, 1997, 1998); 5-e
i?ae-ia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “ Iiaeaethaaiiy ? aeine?aeaeaiiy no?eeino?
nenoai “ ( Ee?a, 1997); 18 I?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi? “Vibrations in
Physics” (Iiciaiue, Iieueua, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ii ?acoeueoaoao aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 9 iaoeiaeo
?ia?o. Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe a?aeia?aaeaii a 4 ioae?eaoe?yo a i?ia?aeieo
oaoiaeo iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao Oe-?a?ie [ 1-9]. ?io? 5 ioae?eaoe?? iii?uai?
a ca??ieeao aiiioaoe?e i?aeia?iaeieo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?e.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
/ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, ui
i?noeoue 137 iaeiaioaaiue. Caaaeueiee ianya ?iaioe 181 noi??iea, o oiio
/ene? 19 oaaeeoeue oa 27 ?enoie?a ia 38 noi??ieao, a oaeiae e?oa?aoo?a
ia 12 noi??ieao.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? aena?oeaii i?noea aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe a caaaeuei?e i?iaeai?
aeonoe/ieo oaeeue a no/anieo i’?ciaeaeo?e/ieo iaoa??aeao, iaa?oioiaaii
aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe??, aeeeaaeaii iaoo ?iaioe, noi?ioeueiaaii
iniiai? iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno, ?o i?aeoe/ia
cia/aiiy oa iiaecio.

Ia?oee ?icae?e i?noeoue iaiao?aeiee a iiaeaeueoiio iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e.
Aia?oa i?yiee i’?ciaeaeo?e/iee aoaeo aoa aenia?eiaioaeueii
niinoa?aaeaiee o?aioeocueeeie a/aieie a?aoaie I’??ii oa AEaeii  Eth?? a
1880 ?ioe?. Ieie aoee iienai? aeine?aee, a yeeo i?e ia-oai?/iiio noeneo
a iaaiiio iai?yieo o e?enoae?a eaa?oeo (a a iiaeaeueoeo aeine?aeao ? o
e?enoae?a naaiaoiai? nie? oa oo?iae?io) ia iiaa?oi? oeeo e?enoae?a
iiyaeyeeny aeaeo?e/i? ca?yaee ? aaee/eie ca?yae?a aoee i?iii?oe?eieie
i?eeeaaeaiiio oeneo. Ciyooy iaoai?/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy noi?iaiaeaeoaaeiny
cieeiaiiyi aeaeo?e/ieo ca?yae?a. Oea yaeua iacaaee i?yiei
i’?ciaeaeo?e/iei aoaeoii. A 1881 ?ioe? E?iiiai ia iniia?
oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo i??eoaaiue ia?aaeaa/ea oai?aoe/io iiaeeea?noue
?nioaaiiy iaa?iaiiai i’?ciaeaeo?e/iiai aoaeoo: iiiaaeath/e a aeaeoe/ia
iiea, i’?ciaeaeo?e/i? e?enoaee iiaeii? aeaoi?ioaaoeny. A oeueiio ae
?ioe? a?aoe  Eth?? i?aeoaa?aeeee aenia?eiaioaeueii ?nioaaiiy iaa?iaiiai
i’?ciaeaeo?e/iiai aoaeoo. I?ney oeueiai aeanyoee ?ie?a i’?ciaeaeo?e/iee
aoaeo o?aeooaaaany ye iaoeiaee eo?eic, a?i iaa?oue ia caaaeoaaany a
i?ae?o/ieeao c o?ceee ? ??aeei aoa i?aaeiaoii iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.
Oi/a a 1894 ?ioe? Iieeaeuen aeoaea aeieeaaeii i?iaiae?coaaa i’?ciaoaeo a
?yae? e?enoae?a. A cia/ii i?ci?oa (1928 ??e) Oieao caienaa ??aiyiiy, ye?
iio??ai? aeey e?euee?niiai iieno aeaoi?ioaaiiy i’?cie?enoae?a
aeia?eueiiai oeio.

Iaoeiaee ?ioa?an aei yaeua i’?ciaeaeo?eee iiyaeany a /ane ia?oi?
na?oiai? a?eie caaaeyee ?iaioai Eaiaeaaaia, a yeeo oea yaeua aoei
iieeaaeaia a iniiao i?eeaaeo aeey aecia/aiiy i?noeaciaoiaeaeaiiy
i?aeaiaeieo /iai?a. C no/anii? oi/ee ci?o, oea aoa iaei?ino?oee
aei?ii?ithaa/ ? iaeii/anii i?eeia/ aeonoe/ieo oaeeue aeey aeoeaii?
nenoaie o?enaoe?? a?ae-aeooy neaiaeo a?ae ei?iono /iaia. Iniiao i?eeaaeo
neeaaeaee i’?ciaeaeo?e/i? ieanoeiee, i?eioeei ?iaioe i?eeaaeo iacaaee
eieaoe??th, nai i?eeaae — ?aaea?ii. Caiaeii aoei ciaeaeaia ua iaeia
aaaeeeaa canoinoaaiiy aeey i’?ciaeaeo?e/ieo e?enoae?a. Aoee noai?ai? oae
caai? ?aciiaini? aeaiaioe. Aiie noaa?e?cothoue ? eiio?ieththoue /anoioo
a ?aae?ioaoi?/ieo i?eno?iyo. Ia ?o iniia? aoee noai?ai? aoaeiie /ano
aenieiai ??aiy noaa?eueiino?, ye? oaia? iaceaathoue eaa?oeaaeie
aiaeeiieeaie. Oe? ae nai? i’?ci?aciiaoi?e aeei?enoiaothoueny ye
aeaeo?e/i? o?eueo?e a ?aae?ica’yceo oa oaeaoiiiiio ca’yceo. Oaeei /eiii,
canoiniaothoueny aea? ??ci? aeanoeaino? i’?cie?enoae?a: caeaoi?noue
ia?aoai?thaaoe aia?a?th i?oaeieo aeaoi?iaoe?e a aeaeo?e/i? neaiaee ?
noaa?eueia ?aciiainia caeaoi?noue.

sse noaa?aeaeo?oueny a eeane/i?e iiiia?ao?? Aaeae???aa ? A?e?ineiai,
aei o?noaeanyoeo ?ie?a i?e aea/aii? i’?cie?enoae?a aieiaia oaaaa
i?eae?eyeany iiooeo iiaeo iaoa??ae?a ? aeine?aeaeaiith ?o aeanoeainoae,
aaeineiiaeaiith i’?ciaeaeo?e/ieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a oa ?aciiaoi??a. A
iaeano? aeonoeee i’?cie?enoaee canoiniaoaaeeny aeey caoaeaeaiiy ia’?iieo
oeueo?acaoeiaeo oaeeue ? aeey noai?aiiy oeueo?acaoeiaeo e?i?e cao?eiee
?aae?i/anoioiiai ae?aiaciio oaeeue. Aeine?aeaeaiiyie oaeeueiaeo
i?ioean?a ia oie /an ua oe?eaaeeeny iaei.

?nio? iaeiinoaeia na?aae niaoe?ae?no?a oi/ea ci?o, ui iiiia?ao??  Eaae?
oa Iaciia aioeee-eiiaaee/ii a?aeia?aaeathoue aeinyaiaiiy o?ceee
i’?ciiaoa??ae?a ia /an naiai iioae?eoaaiiy. A oea aoee 50-? ?iee.
Ianooiiei aioeeeeiiaaee/iei aeaeaiiyi a oe?e iaeano? aoei naieoiiia
aeaeaiiy i?ae ?aaeaeoe??th Iaciia ? Oa?noiia, iioae?eiaaia a
naieaeanyoeo ?ieao. Ie?aii ne?ae caaaeaoe iioae?eiaai? i?eaeecii a oeae
aea /an ooiaeaiaioaeuei? iiiia?ao?? Aeiciaia,  E?eo/? ? ssooa,  oea,
ssooa. Cia/iee aieea ia ?icaeoie iaoeiaeo i?iaeai, iia’ycaieo c
i’?ciaeaeo?e/ieie iaoa??aeaie, c?iaeee iiiia?ao?? 80-90-eo ?ie?a
Aaeae???aa ? A?e?ineiai, Aeue?eanaia ? ?oae?, A??i/aiea, Oe?oea ?
Ooeueae oa Iiaeaia.

I’?cii?oaei? oaee? i?aeoe/ii c naiiai ii/aoeo aoee i?aaeiaoii oaaae i?e
aea/aii? yaeua i’?ciaeaeo?eee. Iaeiae iaea?eueo oe?eani?yiiaaii, aeeaiei
? aeieeaaeii i?iaeaie iioe?aiiy i’?cii?oaeieo oaeeue iienai? a caaaeaieo
a iiia?aaeiueiio aacaoe? /ioe?ueio iiiia?ao?yo. Ii e?aei?e i???,
i?iaaaeai? a aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeaiiy iiai?noth ia?aaoaathoue i?ae
aieeaii i?aeoiae?a ? ?acoeueoao?a, aeeeaaeaieo a oeeo eieaao.

?aeeia iiai?noth i?enay/aia i’?cii?oaeiei oaeeyi eieaa Aaeae???aa ?
A?e?ineiai noaa?aeaeo?, ui a 60-80-? ?iee aeoeaii ?icaeaaeeny o?e
iai?yiee a aeine?aeaeaii? i’?cioaeeue:

1. iioe?aiiy ia’?iieo oeueo?acaoeiaeo oaeeue a ?aieao aeonoeee oa
aeonoiaeaeo?ii?ee i’?cie?enoae?a; 2. aca?iiae?y na?oeiaeo oaeeue c
ia’?iieie oeueo?acaoeiaeie (aeonoe/ieie) a ?aieao aeonoiiioeee;
3.iioe?aiiy iiaa?oiaaeo i?oaeieo oaeeue a i’?cie?enoaeao.

Ie?aii ua ne?ae a?aecia/eoe, ui a 80-eo ?ieao noi?ioaaany ua iaeei
iaoeiaee iai?yiie a aeine?aeaeaii? i’?cii?oaeieo oaeeue. A?i ia’?aeiaa
aaea a?aeii? ?acoeueoaoe o aea/aii? oae caaiiai aoi-neaiaeo c iiaei
iieie?iiyi — o?ao?i — i’?ciiaoa??ae?a. Oe? iaoa??aee iacaaee
i’?ciii?ioeaie ? naia aiie ? i?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy oe???
aeena?oaoe??.

Aeae? a ?icae?e? caa?iaii oaaao ia a?aaeaoe?th i’?ciiaoa??ae?a — o?e
iieie?iiy: i’?cie?enoaee, i’?ciea?ai?ea, i’?ciaeaeo?e/i? ii?ioee. A
e?ioe? i?ieiiaioiaaii noai aeine?aeaeaiue a iaeano? i?e?ino?oeoo?ii?
oai??? noi?oae .

Ae?oaee ?icae?e i?enay/aiee aeeeaaeo iaiao?aeieo aeaiaio?a
eiioeioaeueii? iaoai?ee ia-oa??ae?a. ?icae?e neeaaea?oueny c o?ueio
ia?aa?ao?a. A ia?oiio ia?aa?ao? iienaia oa?iiaee-iai?/ia i?ioeaaeo?a
iiaoaeiae oa iniauaiiy iaoa??aeueiiai eiioeiooio. Ooo eiiaioo?oueny
icia/aiiy iaoa??aeo ye oaa?aei? ?a/iaeie, ?icaeyaea?oueny noaia aea/aiiy
?aaeueieo o?e ca aeiiiiiaith iaoa??aeueiiai eiioeiooia. Aeae?
?icaeyaeathoueny iaiao?aei? aeaiaioe caaaeueii? oa?iiaeeiai?/ii? oai???
iaoa??aeueieo eiioeiooi?a, niin?a aaaaeaiiy iniiaieo oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo
ia?aiao??a a eeane/ieo iiaeaeyo, ? ia?aoo? iienothoueny
iaeiieiioeioaeuei? oa aaaaoieiioeioaeuei? iiaeae?.

Ae?oaee ia?aa?ao i?enay/aiee iaoa??aeai. Ia?o ca ana, ?icaeyaeathoueny
i’?ciaeaeo?e/i? iaoa??aee. Aaiaeeoueny eeaneo?eaoe?y oaa?aeeo iaoa??ae?a
ca iciaeith ?o aca?iiae?? c aeaeo?i-iaai?oiei iieai. Oiae? iieno?oueny
yaeua iiey?ecaoe?? ?a/iaeie ? eiiaioo?oueny icia/aiiy ae?aeaeo?eea ca
aeiiiiiaith iiiyooy iiey?ecaoe??. I?ney oeueiai ?icaeyaeathoueny yaeua
i’?ciaeaeo?eee ? eean i’?ciaeaeo?e/ieo iaoa??ae?a. Aeae? i?eaiaeeoueny
eeaneo?eaoe?y ? iiae?e iaoa??ae?a ia iiiie?enoae?/i?, iie?e?enoae?/i?,
aii?oii-e?enoae?/i? oa aii?oi? iaoa??aee. Caaaeath/e ia niaoeeo?eo
i’?ciaeaeo?e/ieo iaoa??ae?a, aeienothoueny iaiao?aei? aeey iiaoaeiae
oai??? i’?ciaeaeo?e/ieo noi?oae aeaiaioe e?enoaeia?ao??.

O o?aoueiio ia?aa?ao? aeeeaaeaia iae?i?eia eeane/ia oai??y aeaoi?ioaaiiy
i’?ciaeaeo-?e/ieo iaoa??ae?a. I?e iniauaii? iaoa??aeueiiai na?aaeiaeua,
yea a aeyaeyei aeanoeaino? i’?cii?oaeiino?, iio??aii acyoe aeaa
oa?iiaeeiai?/i? ia?aiao?e eeane/iiai i?oaeiiai na?aaeiaeua — oaici?
iai?oaeaiue  E??oaiooa
picscalex1000100090000038d0000000200150000000000050000000b02000000000500
00000c0210000e000400000004010d00040000002e011800040000000201010005000000
090200000000050000000102ffffff00030000001e000b00000026060f000c00ffffffff
000000000000000015000000fb02f2ff0000000000009001020000000000001054696d65
73204e657720526f6d616e000000040000002d010000070000002105010074000b000100
15000000fb02f7ff0000000000009001020000000000001054696d6573204e657720526f
6d616e000000040000002d01010004000000f00100000700000021050200696b0e000500
0b00000026060f000c00ffffffff0100000000000000040000002701ffff030000000000
000000000000000000000000000000760e6a00837efe011bc0f7d8506a019a0c1aaf1eff
760e0000000000000000000000000000000000000000 ? oaici? aeaoi?iaoe?e A??ia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.

Iaeiae a i’?ciaeoeaiiio na?aaeiaeu? e??i iaoai?/ieo oaici?ieo iie?a
iai?oaeaiue ? aeaoi?iaoe?e (? nii??aeiaiiai c iieai aeaoi?iaoe?e
aaeoi?iiai iiey iaoai?/ieo ci?uaiue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) ?n-

iothoue iiey aeaeo?iiaai?oii? i?e?iaee. Oiio aaiaeyoue ua aeae?eueea
oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo ia-?aiao??a, aeaa c yeeo ae??ciythoueny ? ooai?ththoue
oaae aii?yaeeiaaio ia?o — aaeoi? ia-i?oaeaiino? aeaeo?e/iiai iiey
picscalex100010009000003900000000200150000000000050000000b02000000000500
00000c020f000c000400000004010d00040000002e011800040000000201010005000000
090200000000050000000102ffffff00030000001e000b00000026060f000c00ffffffff
000000000000000011000000fb02f2ff0000000000009001000000a0000000104d542045
7874726100a0040000002d010000070000002105020020200f0000000700000021050200
72200200040015000000fb02f2ff0000000000009001020000000000001054696d657320
4e657720526f6d616e000000040000002d01010004000000f00100000700000021050200
45200e0002000b00000026060f000c00ffffffff0100000000000000040000002701ffff
03000000000000000000000000000000000000837efe011bc0f7d8506a019a0c1aaf1eff
760e0000000000000000000000000000000000000000 ? aaeoi? aeaeo?e/ii?
?iaeoeoe??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. Aeiaeaoeiai ua iio??aii
aaanoe aaeoi? iiaii? aeaeo?e/ii? iiey?ecaoe??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. Oaeei /eiii aaaaeai? 4
oa?iiaeeiai?/i? ia?aiao?e neeaaeathoue iniiao aeey iaaiiai
ocaaaeueiaiiy eeane/ii? oai??? i?oaeiino?. Aeae? oi?ioeththoueny
aaeainia? ??aiyiiy, iae?i?ei? oa e?i?ei? aecia/ath/? ??aiyiiy. Oiae?
oi?ioeth?oueny e?i?eia oai??y Oieooa ? ?icaeyaea?oueny iaaeeaeaiiy
aeaeo?inoaoeee, icia/athoueny i?yiee oa iaa?iaiee i’?ciaeaeo?e/iee
aoaeoe. Ie?aii iaaiai?th?oueny a?aeia?aaeaiiy neiao??? e?enoae?/iiai
iaoa??aeo a oaici?iiio caien? aecia/ath/eo ??aiyiue.

O?ao?e ?icae?e i?enay/aiee e?i?ei?e i?e?ino?oeoo?i?e oai???
aeaoi?ioaaiiy i’?ciaeaeo-?e/ieo ii?ioe?a, ieineei i’?cii?oaeiei oaeeyi,
aiae?co i?yiiai oa iaa?iaiiai i’?ci-aeaeo?e/ieo aoaeo?a. ?icae?e
neeaaeaiee c aeaio ia?aa?ao?a. A ia?oiio ia?aa?ao? aeeeaaeaia e?i?eia
i?e?ino?oeoo?ia oai??y aeaoi?ioaaiiy i’?ciaeaeo?e/ieo ii?ioe?a, iniiaaia
ia iiaeae? noi?o?. Ooo nii/aoeo ?icaeyaeathoueny i’?ciaeaeo?e/i?
ii?ioee, ?o neeaae oa aoaeiaa ?o ii/aoeiaeo eiiiiiaio?a, ia ye? caa?iaia
iniaeeaa oaaaa c iaeyaeo ia oi/i?noue oaoiieia?/ieo i?eeii?a ooai?aiiy
noi?oae. Oaoiieia?? iaaiai?ththoueny aeieeaaeii: aeaioiaeaiiy oeooe,
ci?ooaaiiy, niiniae a?aioethaaiiy, iaoiaee oi?ioaaiiy — oieiaeia
i?anoaaiiy, aa?y/a eeooy, aa?y/a i?anoaaiiy. I?eaiaeyoueny oioia?ao??
oe?o?a aeayeeo ea?ai?/ieo iaoa??ae?a, c?iaeai? ca aeiiiiiaith
aeaeo?iiiiai i?e?ineiia. Oioia?ao?? cana?ae/othoue ?nioaaiiy
a?aioeueiaaii? i?e?ino?oeoo?e. Aeae? iieno?oueny aea?? oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo
ia?aiao??a, oi?ioeththoueny iniiai? i?eiouaiiy oa ni?aa?aeiioaiiy.

I?eiouaiiy 1. I?aaenoaaieoeueeee ia’?i i?noeoue /anoeiee-a?aioee aeaio
oac — aeaio i’?-ciaeaeo?ee?a c a?aei?iieie iaoai?/ieie oa
i’?ciaeaeo?e/ieie aeanoeainoyie.

I?eiouaiiy 2. Ie?aia oaca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6f6c0002040000002d01000004000000f001010007000000210501003d000b002e001500
0000fb02f2ff0000000000009001000000000000001054696d6573204e657720526f6d61
6e000000040000002d01010004000000f0010000070000002105010031000b0038000700
0000210501003b000b003e00070000002105010032000b00430007000000210501002900
0b004b000b00000026060f000c00ffffffff0100000000000000040000002701ffff0300
00000000470000000000000072330000000000eb25908b76e64eff76f2680f046a000000
000000000000000000000000000000000000 oa?aeoa?eco?oueny nai?i eiiieaeoii
o?ce/ieo (oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo) ia?aiao??a — aaeoi?ii ci?uaiue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, oaici?aie iaoai?/ieo aeaoi?iaoe?e
picscalex100010009000003c40100000200150000000000050000000b02000000000500
00000c02130040000400000004010d00040000002e011800040000000201010005000000
090200000000050000000102ffffff00030000001e000b00000026060f000c00ffffffff
000000000000000010000000fb02f2ff0000000000009001020000020000000053796d62
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0100070000002105010020000e001a0007000000210501007b000e001d0010000000fb02
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020000020000000053796d626f6c0002040000002d01000004000000f001010007000000
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6d6573204e657720526f6d616e000000040000002d01010004000000f001000007000000
2105010029000700360015000000fb02f2ff000000000000900100000000000000105469
6d6573204e657720526f6d616e000000040000002d01000004000000f001010007000000
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2701ffff030000000000000000000001080000000000008d46ee50ff760a8b46fc8b0000
000000000000000000000001010000000000 ? iaoai?/ieo iai?oaeaiue
picscalex100010009000003c40100000200150000000000050000000b02000000000500
00000c02130045000400000004010d00040000002e011800040000000201010005000000
090200000000050000000102ffffff00030000001e000b00000026060f000c00ffffffff
000000000000000010000000fb02f2ff0000000000009001020000020000000053796d62
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2d01010004000000f00100000700000021050100280007000b0010000000fb02f7ff0000
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0100070000002105010020000e001c0007000000210501007b000e00200010000000fb02
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0000f0010000070000002105010073000e00250015000000fb02f7ff0000000000009001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, aaeoi?aie aeaeo?e/ii? ?iaeoeoe??
picscalex100010009000003f50100000200150000000000050000000b02000000000500
00000c02130047000400000004010d00040000002e011800040000000201010005000000
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000000000000000011000000fb02f2ff0000000000009001000000a0000000104d542045
7874726100a0040000002d01000007000000210502002020130000000700000021050200
72200200050015000000fb02f2ff0000000000009001020000000000001054696d657320
4e657720526f6d616e000000040000002d01010004000000f00100000700000021050200
44200e00020015000000fb02f7ff0000000000009001000000000000001054696d657320
4e657720526f6d616e000000040000002d01000004000000f00101000700000021050100
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fb02f7ff0000000000009001000000000000001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00
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fb02f2ff0000000000009001000000000000001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00
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6d6573204e657720526f6d616e000000040000002d01000004000000f001010007000000
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6d6573204e657720526f6d616e000000040000002d01010004000000f001000007000000
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6d6573204e657720526f6d616e000000040000002d01000004000000f001010007000000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 ? iai?oaeaiino? aeaeo?e/iiai iiey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fb02f2ff0000000000009001000000000000001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00
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210501007b000e00200015000000fb02f2ff000000000000900102000000000000105469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.

I?eiouaiiy 3. Eiaei?e oac? a?aeiia?aeathoue aea? aii?yaeeiaai? ia?e
oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo ia?a-iao??a
picscalex100010009000003440200000200150000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02c00260101200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffa4ffffff20100000640200000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000600010000000fb0216fd0c01000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002
040000002d01000008000000320afc01370001000000280010000000fb0216fd0c010000
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01000000280015000000fb0240fe0000000000009001000000000402001054696d657320
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b90b010000003b0008000000320a0002b607010000002c0008000000320a0002cc030100
00003b0010000000fb02e0fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d626f6c0002
040000002d01000004000000f001010008000000320a3701340e01000000610008000000
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5a0201000000610010000000fb0240fe0000000000009001010000020002001053796d62
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0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00007e040000002d01000004000000f001
010008000000320a7002b20d010000006d0008000000320a7302c509010000006b000800
0000320a70024e05020000006d6e08000000320a7302d40102000000696b15000000fb02
40fe0000000000009001010000000402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00007e
040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320a00026b0c01000000440008000000
320a00029f080100000045000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000
fb021400090000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d010000
04000000f001010003000000000000000000000000000000000000e28b46080346fc1e50
ff760000000000000000000000000000000000000000, aeey yeeo i?ci?oa
anoaiiaeththoueny caeaaeiino? o aeaeyae? e?i?eieo aecia/ath/eo ??aiyiue.

I?eiouaiiy 4. Aca?iiae?y i?ae oacaie ? e?i?eiith. C on?o aeae?a neeiai?
aca?iiae??? a?aoi-ao?oueny iaea?eueo nooo?aa — oae caaiee cnoaiee
iaoai?ci , ca?aeii c yeei neea aca?iiae?? i?ae i?enooi?ie a caaeai?e
oi/oe? oacaie i?yii i?iii?oe?eia a?aeiiniiio ci?uaiith oac a oi/oe?.
Aca?iiae?y i?ae iaoai?/iei oa aeaeo?e/iei iieyie iaio oac a?aoiao?oueny
ca aeiiiiiaith aecia/ath/eo ??aiyiue. Iaeiae nii/aoeo ne?ae aaanoe
iiiyooy iiey?ecaoe?? ? caaeaoe ca’ycie iiey?ecaoe?? c iai?oaeai?noth
aeaeo?e/iiai iiey — oeae ca’ycie aaaaea?oueny e?i?eiei ? ia?ao?aniei.
Iiey?ecaoe?y ie?aii? oace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26060f000c00ffffffff0100000000000000040000002701ffff030000000000ffffffff
ffffffffffffd88342000000000000000000000000f0000b01000000290008000000320a
3701e60901000000280000000000000a3701000301000000290000000000 .

I?eiouaiiy 5. Aioo??oiy aia?a?y caieno?oueny aeey noi?o? o oe?eiio ?
i?eeia?oueny eaaae?aoe/iith ooieoe??th nai?o ci?iieo.

Aeae? caieno?oueny aaciaa nenoaia ??aiyiue o aeaeyae? ??aiyiue ciooaii?
aeaeo?inoaoeee:

1. ??aiyiiy ?ooo aea /a?ac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 iicia/aia ia?oe?aeueia
aonoeia
picscalex100010009000003640000000100100000000000050000000b02000000000500
00000c020a000d000400000004010d00040000002e011800040000000201010005000000
090200000000050000000102ffffff00030000001e000b00000026060f000c00ffffffff
000000000000000010000000fb02f2ff0000000000009001020000020000000053796d62
6f6c0002040000002d01000007000000210501006100080001000b00000026060f000c00
ffffffff0100000000000000040000002701ffff03000000000000000000000180000000
0000000004000000f0010000070000000000000021050000610000000f0000000000-oac
e ? /a?ac
picscalex100010009000003880000000200150000000000050000000b02000000000500
00000c02110012000400000004010d00040000002e011800040000000201010005000000
090200000000050000000102ffffff00030000001e000b00000026060f000c00ffffffff
000000000000000010000000fb02f2ff0000000000009001020000020000000053796d62
6f6c0002040000002d010000070000002105010062000c00010015000000fb02f7ff0000
000000009001020000000000001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00000004000000
2d01010004000000f001000007000000210501006d000f000a000b00000026060f000c00
ffffffff0100000000000000040000002701ffff03000000000000000000000000000000
00000020526f00000000000000000002f7ff0000000000009001 — eiao?oe??ioe
cnoaii? aca?iiae??.

2. ??aiyiiy ciooaii? aeaeo?inoaoeee a ae?aeaeo?eeao ( oiaoi, /enoi
aeaeo?iiaai?oi? oaee? a?aenooi?, a ia?oe?aeuei? aaeoi?e aeaeo?e/ii?
?iaeoeoe??
picscalex100010009000003f70000000200150000000000050000000b02000000000500
00000c020f001b000400000004010d00040000002e011800040000000201010005000000
090200000000050000000102ffffff00030000001e000b00000026060f000c00ffffffff
000000000000000011000000fb02f2ff0000000000009001000000a0000000104d542045
7874726100a0040000002d010000070000002105020020200f0000000700000021050200
72200200050015000000fb02f2ff0000000000009001020000000000001054696d657320
4e657720526f6d616e000000040000002d01010004000000f00100000700000021050200
44200e00020015000000fb02f7ff0000000000009001000000000000001054696d657320
4e657720526f6d616e000000040000002d01000004000000f00101000700000021050100
280007000c0010000000fb02f7ff0000000000009001020000020000000053796d626f6c
0002040000002d01010004000000f0010000070000002105010061000700100015000000
fb02f7ff0000000000009001000000000000001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00
0000040000002d01000004000000f001010007000000210501002900070017000b000000
26060f000c00ffffffff0100000000000000040000002701ffff03000000000000000000
000000000000d06e48000000000000000000000015000005010074002100cc0015000000
fb02f7ff0000000000000000000000000000000000000000290000000000 oa
iai?oaeaiino? aeaeo?e/iiai iiey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, ye oaeiae
noaiaea?oii aaaaeai? aeaeo?e/i? iioaioe?aee
picscalex100010009000003cb0000000200150000000000050000000b02000000000500
00000c0213001a000400000004010d00040000002e011800040000000201010005000000
090200000000050000000102ffffff00030000001e000b00000026060f000c00ffffffff
000000000000000010000000fb02f2ff0000000000009001020000020000000053796d62
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01000700000021050100610007000f0015000000fb02f7ff000000000000900100000000
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000007000000210501002900070015000b00000026060f000c00ffffffff010000000000
0000040000002701ffff0300000000005469000000000000b077000000000000f41e0000
624600009e460000634700004c4800008d480000f548000000000000070000000b000000
260600000c00 iiaeooue caeaaeaoe a?ae /ano, aea o?eueee a aeonoe/iiio
ae?aiacii? /anoio ).

3. E eane/i? e?i?ei? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy Eio?.

4. E?i?ei? aecia/ath/? ??aiyiiy.

A io?eiaieo aecia/ath/eo ??aiyiiyo ? o?e a?oie o?ce/ieo noaeeo: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 — eiao?oe??ioe i?oaeiino?
i?e iino?eieo aeaeo?e/ieo iieyo, ye? ooai?ththoue o?e oaici?e /aoaa?oiai
?aiao;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 —
i’?ciaeaeo?e/i? eiao?oe??ioe i?e iaio iino?eieo iieyo, ye? ooai?ththoue
o?e oaici?e o?aoueiai ?aiao;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 — eiao?oe??ioe
ae?aeaeo?e/ii? i?iieeiino? i?e iino?eieo (ioeueiaeo) aeaoi?iaoe?yo, ye?
ooai?ththoue o?e oaici?e ae?oaiai ?aiao. Aeae? o?aaa aeei?enoaoe iaai?
aeanoeaino? neiao??? oaici??a ? aeynieoe e?euee?noue iacaeaaeieo
eiiiiiaio?a a caienaieo aeua o?ueio oeiao oaici??a. A iaei?ino?oiio
aeiaaeeo noi?o? c eoa?/iith neiao???th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 aoaea o?e eiiieaeoe, ye? ?acii
aeeth/aoeiooue 9 i?oaeieo noaeeo, 3 i’?ciaeaeo?e/i? noae? ? 3
ae?aeaeo?e/i? i?iieeiino?. A aeineoue iioe?aiiio aeiaaeeo noi?o? c
aaenaaiiaeueiith neiao???th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 ( o?ainaa?naeueii ?cio?iiia
neiao??y ) o?e eiiieaeoe ?acii aeeth/aoeiooue 15 i?oaeieo noaeeo, 9
i’?ciaeaeo?e/ieo noaeeo oa 6 ae?aeaeo?e/ieo i?iieeiinoae.

Niinoa?aaeaii, ui i’?ciea?ai?ee iiaiaeyoue naaa ye
o?ainaa?naeueii-?cio?iii? na?aaeiaeua. I?e oeueiio a?nue neiao???
na?aaeiaeua ni?aiaaea? c iai?yieii iiey iiia?aaeiuei? iiey?ecaoe??.
Noi?o c aeanoeainoyie ?iia?/ii? neiao???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 (i?oio?iiia
neiao??y) iienoaaoeiaoueny 27 i?oaeieie noaeeie, 9 i’?ciaeaeo?e/ieie
noaeeie oa 9 ae?aeaeo?e/ieie i?iieeiinoyie.

Aaciao nenoaio iiaeia caienaoe a?eueo eiiiaeoii o aeaeyae? o?ueio
a?oi ??aiyiue:

1. ??aiyiiy a ia’?i? i’?ciaeaeo?e/iiai o?ea

2. ??aiyiiy ia iiaa?oi? o?ea

(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>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 ?
eiiiiiaioaie aieiaiiai aaeoi?a ia?oe?aeueieo nee, caaeaieo ia iiaa?oi?
o?ea, oa ia?oe?aeuei? iiaa?oiaa? no?oie ).

3. ??aiyiiy aeey ia?oe?aeueieo aeaeo?e/ieo iioaioe?ae?a ciai? o?ea

Caienai? 8 ??aiyiue a?aeiinii 8 iaa?aeiieo ooieoe?e ( aeaa aaeoi?e
ia?oe?aeueieo ci?uaiue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 oa
aeaa ia?oe?aeuei? aeaeo?e/i? neaey?i? iioaioe?aee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 ) ? e?i?eieie ??aiyiiyie oaeeueiaiai ?ooo a aeaioaciiio
i’?ciaeaeo?e/iiio iaoa??ae?.

Aeae? aea/aeeny ieine? oaee? a i’?cii?oaeieo noi?oao. Ooo io?eiaii
nenoaio ??aiyiue, yea ? aiaeiaii eeane/iiai ??aiyiiy E??noiooaey

Eiaeia c oeeo ??aiyiue yaey? niaith aca?iica’ycai? nenoaie c oanoe
??aiyiue, a ?acii aiie ooai?ththoue oaae aca?iica’ycaio nenoaio c
aeaaiaaeoeyoe ??aiyiue. Aea no?oeoo?a ae?oai? nenoaie ? oaeith, ui anth
noeoiio nenoaio c aeaaiaaeoeyoe ??aiyiue iiaeia caanoe aei nenoaie c
oanoe ??aiyiue uiaei oaae oanoe iaa?aeiieo aiie?ooae (aiie?ooae
ia?oe?aeueieo aaeoi??a ci?uaiue). Oey nenoaia a?eueo i?eaeaoia aeey
eiiaiooaaiiy ? iiaoaeiae aiaeia?e ? aiia ? oaeith

Eiao?oe??ioe
picscalex1000100090000037e0200000200150000000000050000000b02000000000500
00000c02130050000400000004010d00040000002e011800040000000201010005000000
090200000000050000000102ffffff00030000001e000b00000026060f000c00ffffffff
000000000000000011000000fb02f2ff0000000000009001000000a0000000104d542045
7874726100a0040000002d01000007000000210502002020130000000700000021050200
29200300040015000000fb02f2ff0000000000009001020000000000001054696d657320
4e657720526f6d616e000000040000002d01010004000000f00100000700000021050200
43200e00010015000000fb02f7ff0000000000009001020000000000001054696d657320
4e657720526f6d616e000000040000002d01000004000000f00101000800000021050400
696b6c6d11000a0015000000fb02f7ff0000000000009001000000000000001054696d65
73204e657720526f6d616e000000040000002d01010004000000f0010000070000002105
0100280007000b0010000000fb02f7ff0000000000009001020000020000000053796d62
6f6c0002040000002d01000004000000f00101000700000021050100610007000f001500
0000fb02f7ff0000000000009001000000000000001054696d6573204e657720526f6d61
6e000000040000002d01010004000000f001000007000000210501002900070016001500
0000fb02f7ff0000000000009001020000000000001054696d6573204e657720526f6d61
6e000000040000002d01000004000000f001010007000000210501004500070019001500
0000fb02f2ff0000000000009001000000000000001054696d6573204e657720526f6d61
6e000000040000002d01010004000000f001000007000000210501002c000e0021001100
0000fb02f2ff0000000000009001000000a0000000104d5420457874726100a004000000
2d01000004000000f0010100070000002105020029200300290015000000fb02f2ff0000
000000009001020000000000001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00000004000000
2d01010004000000f0010000070000002105020043200e00260015000000fb02f7ff0000
000000009001020000000000001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00000004000000
2d01000004000000f00101000800000021050400696b6c6d11002f0015000000fb02f7ff
0000000000009001000000000000001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e0000000400
00002d01010004000000f0010000070000002105010028000700300010000000fb02f7ff
0000000000009001020000020000000053796d626f6c0002040000002d01000004000000
f0010100070000002105010061000700330010000000fb02f7ff00000000000090010000
00020000000053796d626f6c0002040000002d01010004000000f0010000070000002105
01002b0007003a0015000000fb02f7ff0000000000009001000000000000001054696d65
73204e657720526f6d616e000000040000002d01000004000000f0010100070000002105
0100320007004000070000002105010029000700450015000000fb02f7ff000000000000
9001020000000000001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e000000040000002d010100
04000000f001000007000000210501004500070049000b00000026060f000c00ffffffff
0100000000000000040000002701ffff0300000000000000000000657720000000000000
00009001020000020000000053796d626f6c000204000000000000001000000015000000
000000000000 ? iino?eieie. ?o aeaeyae (i?enooi?noue a ieo
i’?ciaeaeo?e/ieo eiao?oe??io?a oa eiao?oe??io?a ae?aeaeo?e/ii?
i?iieeiino?) na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui a caaaeueiiio aeiaaeeo an? oaee? a
aeaioacieo ae?aeaeo?eeao aoaeooue i’?ciaeaeo?e/ii ca’ycaieie. Ie?ai?
aeiaaeee iaca’ycaiino? oaeeue aoaeooue. Oaeiae iayai?noue eiao?oe??io?a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 ? aoiaeaeaiiy aei
ieo eiao?oe??io?a i?aeoaciai? neeiai? ca’ycaiino? na?ae/eoue i?i
aeenia?n?ei?noue an?o oei?a oaeeue.

O ae?oaiio ia?aa?ao? aeine?aeaeaii i?yiee ? iaa?iaiee i’?ciaeaeo?e/i?
aoaeoe. Nii/aoeo ?icaeyaea?oueny aeiiii?aeia (iaeii/anii aiia ?
aaciaith) caaea/a aeaeo?iiaai?oii? iioeee aeey ai?cio?iiii? oaa?aei?
i’?ciaeoeaii? noi?o?. Eaeaoueny i?i caaea/o ciaoiaeaeaiiy aeanieo
cia/aiue ? aeanieo aaeoi??a iioe/iiai aeaioaciiai na?aaeiaeua (caaea/o
Ooo?ia-E?oa?eey uiaei iioe/ieo aeanoeainoae ai?cio?iiii? noi?o?)

I?enooiy a ??aiyii? iao?eoey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 caaaeaee ?
neiao?e/iith ? aeiaeaoiuei icia/aiith. Aeey oaei? iao?eoe? caaaeaee
?niothoue i?oiaiiaeuei? iai?yiee iioe?aiiy ? oaeaeeino? oaeeue, ye?
aecia/athoueny /a?ac aeani? cia/aiiy ? aeani? aaeoi?e.

Aeania, a oeeo inoaii?o oi?ioethaaiiyo ? iieyaa? ?acoeueoao caaea/?
aeaeo?iiaai?oii? iioeee. ?nioaaiiy ae?enieo oaeaeeinoae ieineeo oaeeue a
eeane/i?e oai??? i?oaeiino? caaacia/o?oueny niaoe?aeueieie oiiaaie
(iai?eeeaae, oiiaaie ae?ioe/iino? aaciaiai ??aiyiiy).

I?yiee i’?ciaeaeo?e/iee aoaeo a i’?ciaeoeai?e noi?o? aea/a?oueny no?iai
? iine?aeiaii o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei eeane/ii? i?ioeaaeo?e Eaena-Iaeniia.
Ia?oei ? iniiaiei i?eiouaiiyi a oe?e i?ioeaaeo?? ? i?eiouaiiy, ui ?nio?
iaa?iaiee iia?aoi?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 ( oea i?eiouaiiy ia? oaea o?ce/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy:
aeaoi?iaoe?? iaoa??aeo ae?enii ni?e/eiythoue iiyao aeaeo?e/iiai iiey),
ca aeiiiiiaith yeiai ?ica’ycie caieno?oueny o aeaeyae?.

An? ianooii? e?iee iathoue iaoith ciaeoe yaia i?aaenoaaeaiiy
iia?aoi?ii? iao?eoe?
picscalex100010009000003640000000100100000000000050000000b02000000000500
00000c020d000d000400000004010d00040000002e011800040000000201010005000000
090200000000050000000102ffffff00030000001e000b00000026060f000c00ffffffff
000000000000000010000000fb02f2ff0000000000009001000000020000000053796d62
6f6c0002040000002d01000007000000210501004f000b0001000b00000026060f000c00
ffffffff0100000000000000040000002701ffff0300000000000000000000ffff010000
070000000400000002010100050000000000000004000000f0010000000000010000.

Nii/aoeo aeine?aeaeo?oueny iaeii??aeia nenoaia, yea ye?ac iieno? caaea/o
aeaeo?iiaai?oii? iioeee. Aeey oaei? caaea/? ?niothoue o?noue aeanieo
cia/aiue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,
ye? ooai?ththoue iao?eoe? oa o?e aeani? aaeoi?e. Iniaeea?noth
i?ioeaaeo?e ? aaaaeaiiy oae caaii?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?eee.
Iao?ea?aeueia i?ioeaaeo?a aea? a?aoo? ae?ac aeey iaa?iaiiai iia?aoi?a.

Aeey aeaeo?iiaai?oieo oaeeue aoaea aeeiioaaoeny oiiaa a?aenooiino?
iicaeiaaeieo oaeeue, oiaoi oi?iaeueii a iai?yieo iaeiiai c aeanieo
aaeoi??a eiao?oe??io caeiieaiiy aaciaaeii aaeeeee. Oe? ? ?io? i??eoaaiiy
aeicaieythoue ni?inoeoe e?ioeaaee ae?ac.

Io?eiaia oi?ioea aeicaiey? ioe?ieoe i?yiee i’?ciaeaeo?e/iee aoaeo ye
ye?nii, oae ?

e?euee?nii.

Oaeiae ie?aii aea/aany iaa?iaiee i’?ciaeaeo?e/iee aoaeo a i’?ciaeoeai?e
noi?o?. Ai-eiaiee aeniiaie iieyaa? a oiio, ui noi?o caa??aa?
aeanoea?noue iaa?iaiiai aoaeoo. A ?cio?iiieo /e aeecueeeo aei ieo
noi?oao caa??aa?oueny eeane/ia aeanoea?noue — yaeua i?iy-aey?oueny eeoa
ia iiia?a/ieo ai?eciioaeueii iiey?eciaaieo oaeeyo (noi?o ia? aea? iiaee
oaeeo oaeeue). Oacia? oaeaeeino? aeey iaio iiae oeeo oaeeue
ae?aoiaothoueny ca oi?ioeaie

Aeae? ia/enethaaeeny o?ce/i? noae? aeey ?aaeueieo i’?ciii?ioe?a, oiaoi
oaeeo noi?oae :

1-a oaca — i’?cii?oaeiee e?enoae; 2-a oaca — naeiaoeue. Aeey oeueiai
aoee aea? i?e/eie.

Ia?oith ne?ae aaaaeaoe a?eueo caaaeueio — iaea?eueo a?aceeaei i?noeai
an?o i?e?ino?oeoo?ieo oai??e ? eiiieaeoe o?ce/ieo noaeeo. Caeaa?eueoiai
?o i?inoi iaia?. Oiio aeey ?icaeiaii? ooo oai??? o?aaa iaoe oae?
eiiieaeoe acaaae?.Ae?oaith i?e/eiith aoa iai?? ia/eneeoe oacia?
oaeaeeino? aeey ??cieo neeaae?a noi?oae (a?ae aeoaea iaeiai ai?noo
naeioeth aei a?aie/ii iiaeeeaiai). Oea aeaei a ciiao i?iiiaeaethaaoe ia
eiii’thoa?? aieea iaiiaiaiiy naeioeai ia oaeeueiaa iiea a i’?ciii?ioeo.
Aoee io?eiai? eiiieaeoe noaeeo oai??? aeaioacii? noi?o? aeey o?ueio
oei?a i’?ciii?ioeo, eiee i’?ciea?ai?/ia oaca ooai?thaaeany c a?nai?aeo
aae?th, aa?iaiaoo a?niooo oa ea?ai?ee OeON-4. Noae? ia/enethaaeeny ca
aeinooiieie aaoi?o oi?ioeaie oa eiii’thoa?ieie i?ia?aiaie c oai???
eiiiiceoieo iaoa??ae?a.Nii/aoeo aoee iiaoaeiaai? eiii’thoa?i? a?ao?ee
caeaaeiino? an?o o?ce/ieo noaeeo, ye? aoiaeyoue a oi?ioeo aeey oaciaeo
oaeaeeinoae, a?ae ia’?iiiai ai?noo iaiiaithaa/a a ae?aiacii? a?ae 0.01
aei 0.5. Oe? a?ao?ee cia?aaeai? ia aeaaiaaeoeyoe ?enoieao. Aeey
a?eueoino? noaeeo caeaaei?noue ? e?i?eiith, iaeiae aeey iniiaieo
i?oaeieo noaeeo aiia iae?i?eia. Oe? caeaaeiino? ua caienai? o aeaeyae?
oaaeeoeue. Oaaeeoe? aeae? aeei?enoiaoaaeeny aeey io?eiaiiy eiii’thoa?ieo
a?ao?e?a caeaaeiino? oaciaeo oaeaeeinoae a?ae /anoioe — aeenia?n?eieo
e?eaeo. Iiaoaeiaai? a?ao?ee ye?nii ia a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae
aeenia?n?eieo e?eaeo, ye? aoaeoaaeeny aeey i?oaeieo aeaioacieo noi?oae:
1. Ieinea oaeey ?iciaaea?oueny ia aea? iiaee, ye? iaeaea? nooo?ai
aeenia?n?ei?. 2. Ae?oaa iiaea ? caaaeaee a?eueo oaeaeeith ? ia iecueeeo
/anoioao caie?a?oueny, ia?aoai?thth/enue aeey /anoio, iaioeo /anoioe
caie?aiiy, c a?aeo/i? neioni?aeaeueii? oaee? a aeniiiaioe?aeueii
caoooath/o oaeeth. 3. Neeueia aeenia?n?y niinoa??aa?oueny eeoa o ae?oa?e
iiae? a iaeano?, ui i?eeyaa? aei /anoioe caie?aiiy ni?aaa. 4. Ia?oa
iiaea ia? nooo?ai aeenia?n?eiee oa?aeoa? a iaeano? ce?aa ? ni?aaa a?ae
/anoioe caie?aiiy; oeae /anoioiee ae?aiacii aeaui a?eueoee a?ae
aeacaiiai aeua ae?aiaciio ae?oai? iiaee ? eiai a?aieoe? ni?a?ici??i? c
/anoioith caie?aiiy.

Aeae? io?eiai? oaaeeoe? caeaaeiino? oaciaeo oaeaeeinoae a?ae /anoioe
aeei?enoiaoaaeeny aeey iiaoaeiae i?inoi?iaeo eiii’thoa?ieo a?ao?e?a
caeaaeiino? aiie?ooaee ia?oi? oa ae?oai? iiae a?ae /ano oa i?inoi?iai?
eii?aeeiaoe. Oiaoi, aeae? aoaeoaaeeny a?ao?ee, ye? iieacothoue i?io?eue
oaee? a caeaaeiino? a?ae iniiaieo oaciaeo ci?iieo oaee?. Oae? a?ao?ee
iiaeii? iaoe aeaeyae „aio?a“, oiio ui oaeey neioni?aeaeueia. Iaeiae,
a?aei?ii?noue a?ao?e?a aeey ??cieo ia’?iieo ai?no?a iaiiaithaa/a
aeineoue aaeeea — i?e ia?aoiae? a?ae aeoaea iaeiai ai?noo aei iaeaea
a?aie/ii aaeeeiai a?ao?e iiaa?oa?oueny uiaei inae eii?aeeiao ia aaeeeee
eoo. Ieae/a iine?aeiaii cia?aaeai? a?ao?ee aeey oeueiai ae iaoa??aeo c
ia’?iiei ai?noii iaiiaithaa/a 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5. Aeey ieo oeae eoo
aei??aith? i?eaeecii o?eaeoeyoue a?aaeon?a.

*aoaa?oee ?icae?e i?noeoue iiaoaeiaai? aeaiaioe iae?i?eii?
i?e?ino?oeoo?ii? oai??? aea-oi?ioaaiiy i’?ciaeaeo?e/ieo ii?ioe?a. Iaoith
aoei aea/aiiy aca?iiae?? ieineeo i’?- cii?oaeieo oaeeue. Ia?oee ia?aa?ao
iieno? iiaoaeiao aaciai? iae?i?eii? nenoaie ??aiyiue, iniiaaii? ia
iiaeae? noi?o?. Aaco neeaaea? iiaoaeiaaia a iiia?aaei?o ?icae?eao
e?i?eia oai??y. Oi?ioeththoueny iniiai? i?eiouaiiy oa aacia? ia?aiao?e
? aoaeo?oueny eaaae?aoe/ii iae?i?eia oai??y.

Cao?eno?ii aieiai? a?aei?iiino? e?i?eii? oa iae?i?eii? oai??e. Ia?o ca
ana, a iae?i?ei?e oai??? ia?oe?aeuei? oaici?e aeaoi?iaoe?e A??ia ?
iae?i?eieie. Ae?oaa aaaeeeaa a?aei?ii?noue

noino?oueny aioo??oiuei? aia?a?? U. Oey aia?a?y, ye ? a e?i?ei?e
oai???, aaaaea?oueny ooieoe??th 5 oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo ci?iieo: aeaio
ia?oe?aeueieo oaici??a aeaoi?iaoe?e A??ia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,

aaeoi?a a?aeiiniiai ci?uaiiy oac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 oa aeaio aaeoi??a aeaeo?e/ii?
?iaeoeoe??
picscalex100010009000003f40000000200150000000000050000000b02000000000500
00000c0213001b000400000004010d00040000002e011800040000000201010005000000
090200000000050000000102ffffff00030000001e000b00000026060f000c00ffffffff
000000000000000015000000fb02f2ff0000000000009001020000000000001054696d65
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15000000fb02f7ff0000000000009001000000000000001054696d6573204e657720526f
6d616e000000040000002d01000004000000f00101000700000021050100280007000c00
10000000fb02f7ff0000000000009001020000020000000053796d626f6c000204000000
2d01010004000000f0010000070000002105010061000700100015000000fb02f7ff0000
000000009001000000000000001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00000004000000
2d01000004000000f001010007000000210501002900070017000b00000026060f000c00
ffffffff0100000000000000040000002701ffff03000000000000000000000000030000
000000ffffffffffffffffffffff0000000000ffffff00ffffff00ffffff00ffffff.
Iaeiae, i?e i?aaenoaaeaii? aioo??oiuei? aia?a?? /a?ac ?yae Oaeei?a
aaea a?aoiaoaaoeiooueny o?ao? iio?aei?, oiaoi aoaeoaaoeiaoueny
eaaae?aoe/ii iae?i?eia oai??y. O?aoy a?aei?ii?noue iieyaa? a oiio , ui
c aeaio ia?oe?aeueieo aii?yaeeiaaieo oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo ia? (oaici?
iai?oaeaiue E??oaiooa-I?iee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,
oaici? aeaoi?iaoe?e A??ia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)
(aaeoi? iai?oaeaiino? aeaeo?e/iiai iiey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,
aaeoi? aeaeo?e/ii? ?iaeoeoe??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)
ae?oaa ia?a ca’ycaia i?ae niaith e?i?eii, a iae?i?ei?noue i?eionea?oueny
eeoa aeey ia?oi? ia?e. Oiio a i?aaenoaaeaii? aioo??oiuei? aia?a?? o
aeaeyae? iiaiiai aeeoa?aioe?aeo c o?ueio eeoa iaeia caeaaei?noue ?
iae?i?eiith. Aei oe??? ae a?aei?iiino? a?aeianaii ? oie oaeo, ui
iae?i?eia oai??y aoaeo?oueny aeey ?cio?iiieo i’?ciii?ioe?a ? aioo??oiy
aia?a?y o oeueiio aeiaaeeo ? iaaiei ocaaaeueiaiiyi eeane/iiai
eaaae?aoe/ii iae?i?eiiai iioaioe?aeo Ia?iaaaia. Io?eiaia iiaia nenoaia
aeeoa?aioe?aeueieo ??aiyiue ? c?o/iith aeey aea/aiiy oaeeue a
i’?ciaeaeo?e/ieo ii?ioeao. *a?ac ?? a?ii?caee?noue aiia ooo ia
aeieno?oueny, ca no?oeoo?ith aiia iiae?aia ia e?i?eio ? a nai?e e?i?ei?e
/anoei? ni?aiaaea? c nenoaiith e?i?eii? oai???. Ae?oaee ia?aa?ao
i?enay/aiee ieineei iae?i?eiei i’?cii?oaeiei oaeeyi, iniaeeainoyi ?o
iioe?aiiy ? aca?iiae??. Aeey oaeeo oaeeue io?eiaia aaciaa nenoaia
??aiyiue.

Ia?o ca ana, ne?ae a?aecia/eoe, ui io?eiai? ??aiyiiy ocaiaeaeothoueny c
??aiyiiyie aeey ii-ia?a/ieo ?oo?a a eeane/i?e e?i?ei?e oai???
i’?ciaeaeo?e/iiai aeaoi?ioaaiiy, ye? aeei?e-noiaoaaa O??noai , a oaeiae
c io?eiaieie a aeena?oaoe?? ??aiyiiyie aeey ieineeo oaeeue e?i?eii?
oai??? aeey i’?ciii?ioe?a oa iae?i?eii? oai??? i?oaeii? noi?o?. Oaeiae
nooo?aith iniaeea?noth a iioe?aii? i’?ciaeaeo?e/ieo ieineeo oaeeue ? oa,
ui aieea aeaeo?e/ieo aeanoeainoae na?aaeiaeua ia oaee? a aeonoe/iiio
ae?aiacii? cae?enith?oueny eeoa ca ?aooiie aieeao ia iiia?a/io
ai?eciioaeueii iiey?eciaaio oaeeth. Iaeiae iae?i?ei?noue iiaeiia a
ia?a?iciiae?eeoe oeae aieea ia an? ?io? oaee?. A?aeiia?aeue, ye naia oea
a?aeaoaa?oueny, ia ? o?ea?aeueiith ? aiia noaia yniith, eiee aoaea
iiaoaeiaaia oai??y iae?i?eieo ieineeo oaeeue. Aeey aea/aiiy aca?iiae??
ieineeo aa?iii?/ieo cnoaieo i’?cii?oaeieo oaeeue aoee noi?ioeueiaai? o?e
noaiaea?oi? caaea/? aca?iiae?? ? a?aecia/ai? ?o iniaeeaino?. Oe?eaaeie
? ae?oaa oa o?aoy caaea/?. Nooo?aei iiaei aeaiaioii a oeeo caaea/ao ?
i?enooi?noue ia?oe?aeueieo aeaeo?e/ieo iie?a oa a?aeiia?aeieo oaeeue a
eiaei?e c aeaio oac iaoa??aeo. Aiane?aeie iae?i?eii? aca?iiae??
iicaeiaaeieo oaeeue c? caoaeaeaieie iiia?a/ieie ii/eiathoue aaia?oaaoeny
aea? „eeane/i? e?i?ei?” iiaee iicaeiaaeii? oaee? ia iniiai?e /anoio? oa
c e?i?eieie oaciaeie oaeaeeinoyie iicaeiaaeii? oaee? ? o?e „eeane/i?
iae?i?ei?” iiaee oe??? oaee? ia iiaeai?i?e /anoio? n neeaaeaieie
oaciaeie oaeaeeinoyie iiia?a/ii? oaee?

Oaeei /eiii, a aeaioaciiio i’?ciaeaeo?e/iiio na?aaeiaeu? caoaeaeaiiy
iiia?a/ieo ei-eeaaiue i?ecaiaeeoue aei aaia?aoe?? aeaio e?i?eieo iiae
iiia?a/ieo oaeeue ci?uaiiy oa aeaio e?i?eieo iiae aeaeo?e/ieo oaeeue ?
iaeii/anii? aaia?aoe?? i’yoe iicaeiaaeieo oaeeue ci?uaiiy — aeaio
e?i?eieo iiae oa o?ueio iae?i?eieo neeaaeaieo iiae — ? oaae i’yoe
aeaeo?e/ieo oaeeue. Oacia? oaeaeeino? aeaeo?e/ieo oaeeue
a?aeiia?aeathoue oaeaeeinoyi oaeeue ci?uaiiy.

Aeniiaee i?noyoue a ia?o?e nai?e /anoei? ?icoe?aia oi?ioethaaiiy
iniiaieo ?acoeueoao?a, io?eiaieo a aeena?oaoe??. A ae?oa?e /anoei?
nenoaiaoeciaai? aeniiaee, ye? ae-ieeaathoue c aiae?co ?acoeueoao?a
aeena?oaoe??.

I . Oaeei /eiii, a iiaeai?e ia caoeno aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?
cai?iiiiiaaia iiaa, yea ?ai?oa ia aea/aeany ? ia i?iiiioaaeany,
oai?aoe/ia noaia aeey aea/aiiy i’?ciaeoeaieo ii?ioe?a. Oey noaia
iniiaaia ia i?e?ino?oeoo?i?e iiaeae? aeaioacii? i’?cii?oaeii? noi?o? ?
i?enoiniaaia aei aea/aiiy oaeeueiaeo i?ioean?a. I?iaaaeaia
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeth/a?:

1.Iiaoaeiao aaciai? nenoaie ??aiyiue e?i?eii? oai??? aeaioacii?
i’?cii?oaeii? noi?o? ? aea/ai-iy ye oai?aoe/ii, oae ? ca aeiiiiiaith
eiii’thoa?iiai iiaeaethaaiiy noaiaea?oieo aeey i’?ci-

aeonoeee caaea/. 2. Iiaoaeiao aaciai? nenoaie ??aiyiue iae?i?eii? oai???
aeaioacii? i’?cii?oae-ii? noi?o? ? aea/aiiy eeane/ii? caaea/?
iae?i?eii? aeonoeee i?i aca?iiae?th ieineeo i’?cii-?oaeieo oaeeue. 3.
Oai?aoe/ia cana?ae/aiiy iiaeo iaoai?/ieo aoaeo?a, iia’ycaieo c aieeaii
ia oaeeueiaa iiea i’?ciii?ioeo ai?noo iaiiaithaa/a ? i?e?ino?oeoo?e
iaoa??aeo acaaae?.

II. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe oae?:

A. Aia?oa canoiniaaia oai??y aeaioacii? oaa?aei? noi?o? aei iieno
aeaoi?ioaaiiy i’?ci-ii?ioe?a ? iiaoaeiaaia aaciaa nenoaia
aeeoa?aioe?aeueieo ??aiyiue oai??? aeaioacieo i’?ci-i?oaeieo noi?oae;
A. Aeine?aeaeai? caaea/? i?i i?yiee (caaea/a Eaena-Iaeniia) ?
iaa?iaiee i’?ciaeaeo?e/i? aoaeoe; A. Iienai? iniaeeaino? iioe?aiiy
ieineeo i’?cii?oaeieo oaeeue ? oai?aoe/ii ia?aaeaa/aii aeiaeaoeiaee
iaoai?ci nooo?ai? ci?ie oaeeueiaiai iiey i’?ciii?ioeo a ii??aiyii? c?
cae/aeiith i’?ciea?ai?eith; A. Ca aeiiiiiaith eiii’thoa?iiai
iiaeaethaaiiy aea/ai? caeaaeiino? iniiaieo ia?aiao??a oaeeueiaiai iiey
a?ae ai?noo iaiiaithaa/a ? i?aeoaa?aeaeaii aieiaio iniaeea?noue
i’?ciii?ioeo — nooo?ai ci?ithaaoe oaeeueiaa iiea a noi?iio ciaioaiiy
oaciai? oaeaeeino? neaiaeo; . Aeey aeae?eueeio eiie?aoieo neeaae?a
i’?ciii?ioeo ae?aooaai? iiai? eiiieaeoe i?oaeieo, i’?ciaeaeo?e/ieo ?
ae?aeaeo?e/ieo noaeeo aeaioacii? oai??? noi?o?; Ae. Iiaoaeiaaia
eaaae?aoe/ii ia e?i?eia oai??y aeaioacii? i’?ciaeaeo?e/ii? noi?o? ?
io?eiai? aacia? iae?i?ei? ??aiyiiy, ye? ocaaaeueiththoue eeane/i?
??aiyiiy iae?i?eii? aeonoeee; A. ?ica’ycai? noaiaea?oi? caaea/? i?i
iioe?aiiy ? aca?iiae?th ieineeo i’?cii?oaeieo oaeeue.

III. C io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a iiaeia c?iaeoe oae? aeniiaee:

1. Canoinoaaiiy oai??? oaa?aeeo aeaioacieo noi?oae aeey iieno iioe?aiiy
ieineeo aa?ii-i?/ieo oaeeue a i’?ciii?ioeao aeaei ciiao iienaoe ?yae
iiaeo oaeeueiaeo aoaeo?a. Iai?eeeaae, iiyao iiaeo iiae. 2.
Cai?iiiiiaaia iiaeaeue iieno? ?yae a?aeiieo aeanoeainoae i’?ciii?ioe?a.
Iai?eeeaae, caeaoi?noue a ii??aiyii? c? cae/aeieie i’?ciea?ai?/ieie
iaoa??aeaie nooo?ai ci?ithaaoe ia?aiao?e oaee? ?, ia?o ca ana,
cao?eioaaoe neaiae. Iieacaii, ui oaa?ae? noi?o? i’?ciea?ai?ee c?
naeioeai nooo?ai ci?iththoue iniiai? ia?aiao?e ieinei? oaee?.
I?iaaaeaia /eneiaa iiaeaethaaiiy ia eiii’thoa?? i?aeoaa?aeeei aaeeeo
a?aei?ii?noue i?ae ieineeie oaeeyie a /eno?e i’?ciea?ai?oe? ?
i’?ciii?ioeii. Aiia iieyaa? a cieaeaii? aaee/ei oaciaeo oaeaeeinoae
oaeeueiaeo iiae ? cieaeaii? ??ai?a aia?a??, yeo oe? iiaee ia?aiinyoue.
3. Io?eiai? iiai? eiiieaeoe o?ce/ieo noaeeo oai??? noi?o? aeey
eiie?aoieo i’?ciii?ioe?a aeathoue i?aeoe/io iiaeeea?noue aoaeue-eiio
i?iaiaeeoe eiii’thoa?ia iiaeaethaaiiy ?yaeo ?ioeo oaeeueiaeo caaea/ aeey
i’?ciii?ioe?a. 4. Neaaea iae?i?ei?noue i’?ciii?ioe?a i?ecaiaeeoue aei
nooo?aiai i?iyao aca?iiae?? oaeeue. I?enooi?noue ia?oe?aeueieo
aeaeo?e/ieo iie?a oa a?aeiia?aeieo oaeeue a eiaei?e c aeaio oac
iaoa??aeo aieeaa? ia anth ea?oeio oaeeueiaiai iiey. Iai?eeeaae,
aiane?aeie iae?i?eii? aca?iiae?? iicaeiaaeieo iai’?cii?oaeieo oaeeue c?
caoaeaeaieie i’?cii?oaeieie iiia?a/ieie aaia?othoueny aea? „eeane/i?
e?i?ei?” i?oaei? iiaee iicaeiaaeii? oaee? ia iniiai?e /anoio? oa c
e?i?eieie oaciaeie oaeaeeinoyie iicaeiaaeii? oaee? ? o?e „eeane/i?
iae?i?ei?” ? aaea ia /enoi i?oaei? iiaee oe??? oaee? ia iiaeai?i?e
/anoio? c? neeaaeaieie oaciaeie oaeaeeinoyie iiia?a/ii? oaee?.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??

1. ?oueoeueeee ss.ss., Oioaiei ?.I. E?i?ei? oaee? a aeaioacieo
i’?ciaeaeo?eeao.

// Aeii.IAI Oe?a?ie.- 1995.- ? 3.- N. 41-43.

2. ?oueoeeee ss.ss., Oioaiei E.I. I iaeeiaeiuo aieiao a aeaoooacieo
iueaciii?ioeao.

// I?eeeaaeiay iaoaieea. — 1998.- 33, ? 8. — N. 49-57.

3. ?oueoeueeee ss.ss., Oioaiei ?.I. I?i iiaoaeiao eaaae?aoe/ii
iae?i?eii? oai??? iioe-

?aiiy oaeeue a aeaioacieo i’?ciaeaeo?e/ieo ii?ioeao. // Aeii. IAI
Oe?a?ie.- 1998.

— ? 9.- N. 61-67.

4. ?oueoeueeee ss.ss., Oioaiei ?.I. Iae?i?ei? ieine? aa?iii?/i? oaee? a
aeaioacieo i’?ci-

aeaeo?e/ieo ii?ioeao. // Aeii. IAI Oe?a?ie.- 1998.- ? 10.- N.
60-66.

5. Oioaiei ?.I. Iaeia caaea/a aeaeo?iiaai?oii? iioeee aeey
ai?cio?iiii? oaa?aei? i’?ci-

aeoeaii? noi?o?. // Thesis of Conference Reports of Intern.
Conference «Modelling and

Investigation of System Stability», Kiev, T.Shevchenko University,
1997. — P.146.

6. Oioaiei ?.I. Iiaa nenoaia oaeeueiaeo ??aiyiue, yea aeieea? a
i?e?ino?oeoo?i?e

oai??? i’?ciaeaeo?e/ieo ii?ioe?a. // Oace aeiiia?aeae 6
i?aeia?iaei. eiio. iaiyo? aeaae.

I. E?aa/oea,  Ee?a, Iaoe.oaoi. oi?a. Oe?a?ie “EI?”, 1997. — N. 416.

7. Oioaiei ?.I. Iae?i?ei? ieine? aa?iii?/i? oaee? a aeaioacieo
i’?ciaeaeo?e/ieo ii-

?ioeao. // Oace aeiiia?aeae 7 i?aeia?iaei. eiio. iaiyo? aeaae.
I. E?aa/oea,  Ee?a, Iaoe.

oaoi. oi?a.Oe?a?ie „EI?“, 1998. — N. 515.

8. Eiaaeaiei A.I., ?oueoeeee ss.ss., Oioaiei E.I. Iiaeaee?iaaiea
ieineeo aiei a iueaci-

ii?ioeao. // Thesis of Conference Reports of Intern. Conference
«Modelling and

Investigation of System Stability», Kiev, T.Shevchenko University,
1999. — P.38.

9. Rushchitsky J.J., Khotenko I.M. Nonlinear plane waves in
piezoelectric powders.

// Annotations of lectures of XVIIIth Symposium «Vibrations in
Physical Systems»,

Poland, Poznan,1998. — P. 230-231.

Aiioaoe?y

Oioaiei ?.I. Oaee? a oaa?aeeo iae?i?eii i?oaeieo i’?ciaeoeaieo
noi?oao. — ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai
nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth
01.04.06 — aeonoeea. — ?inoeooo a?ae?iiaoai?ee IAI Oe?a?ie,  Ee?a,
1999.

Canoiniaaia oai??y aeaioacii? oaa?aei? noi?o? aei iieno
aeaoi?ioaaiiy i’?ciii?ioe?a ? iiaoaeiaaia aaciaa nenoaia
aeeoa?aioe?aeueieo ??aiyiue oai??? aeaioacieo i’?cii?oaeieo noi?oae.
Aeine?aeaeai? caaea/? i?i i?yiee (caaea/a Eaena-Iaeniia) ? iaa?iaiee
i’?ciaeae-o?e/i? aoaeoe. Iienai? iniaeeaino? iioe?aiiy ieineeo
i’?cii?oaeieo oaeeue ? oai?aoe/ii ia?aaeaa/aii aeiaeaoeiaee iaoai?ci
nooo?ai? ci?ie oaeeueiaiai iiey i’?ciii?ioeo a ii??aiyii? c? cae/aeiith
i’?ciea?ai?eith. Iiaoaeiaaia eaaae?aoe/ii iae?i?eia oai??y aeaioacii?
i’?ciaeaeo?e/ii? noi?o? ? io?eiai? aacia? iae?i?ei? ??aiyiiy iioe?aiiy ?
aca?iiae?? ieineeo i’?cii?oaeieo oaeeue.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: I’?ciaeoeai? ii?ioee, aeaioaci? oaa?ae? noi?o?, ieine?
oaee?, i?yiee ? iaa?iaiee i’?ciaeaeo?e/i? aoaeoe, iae?i?ei? i’?cii?oaei?
oaee?, aca?iiae?y oaeeue.

Abstract

Khotenko I.M. Waves in solid nonlinear elastic piezoactive
mixtures. — Manuscript.

Thesis for a Scientific Degree of the Candidate of Physical and
Mathematical Sciences by a speciality 01.04.06 — acoustics. — Institute
of Hydromechanics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv,
1999.

The theory of a two-phase solid mixture is used for the describing
of the piezopowders deformation. The basic system of differential
equations of the theory of two-phase piezoelastic mixtures is
constructed. Problems of the direct (Lax-Nelson problem) and inverse
piezoelectric effects are investigated. Features of the propagation of
plane piezoelastic waves are described and the complementary mechanism
of an essential change of the wave field of piezopowders in comparison
with usual piezoceramics is theoretically predicted. The quad-ratic
nonlinear theory of two-phase piezoelectric mixtures is developed and
basic nonlinear equations of the propagation and interaction of plane
piezoelastic waves are obtained.

Key words: Piezoactive powders, two-phase solid mixtures, plane waves,
direct and inverse piezoelectric effects, nonlinear
piezoelastic waves, interaction of waves.

Aiiioaoeey

Oioaiei E.I. Aieiu a oaa?aeuo iaeeiaeii oi?oaeo iueaciaeoeaiuo
nianyo.- ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie
noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeceei-iaoaiaoe/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe
01.04.06 — aeonoeea.-Einoeooo aeae?iiaoaieee IAI Oe?aeiu,  Eeaa, 1999.

I?eiaiaia oai?ey aeaoooaciie oaa?aeie niane aeey iienaiey
aeaoi?ie?iaaiiy iueaci-ii?ioeia e iino?iaia aaciaay nenoaia
aeeoa?aioeeaeueiuo o?aaiaiee oai?ee aeaoooaciuo iueacioi?oaeo nianae.
Enneaaeiaaiu caaea/e i i?yiii (caaea/a Eyena-Iyeniia) e ia?aoiii
iueaciyeaeo?e/aneeo yooaeoao. Iienaiu iniaaiiinoe ?ani?ino?aiaiiy
ieineeo iueacioi?oaeo aiei e oai?aoe/anee i?aaeaeaeai aeiiieieoaeueiue
iaoaieci nouanoaaiiiai eciaiaiey aieiiaiai iiey iueaciii?ioea a
n?aaiaiee n iau/iie iueaciea?aieeie.

Yoio iaoaieci aucaai nouanoaiaaieai iee?ino?oeoo?u e ninoieo a
iiyaeaiee iiauo iiae e ia?a?ani?aaeaeaiee yia?aee aiei iaaeaeo
oaeaiaiiui eiee/anoaii aiei. Yoei naiui nieaeaaony eioaineaiinoue
eaaeaeie ioaeaeueiie aieiu. I?e iiiiue eiiiuethoa?iiai iiaeaee?iaaiiy
eco/aiu caaeneiinoe iniiaiuo ia?aiao?ia aieiiaiai iiey io eiee/anoaa
iaiieieoaey — naeioea e iiaeoaa?aeaeaia aeaaiay iniaaiiinoue
iueaciii?ioea — nouanoaaiii eciaiyoue aieiiaia iiea a noi?iio
oiaiueoaiey oaciaie nei?inoe neaiaea. Aeey ianeieueeeo eiie?aoiuo
ninoaaia i’?ciii?ioea au/eneaiu iieiua eiiieaeou oi?oaeo
iueaciyeaeo?e/aneeo e aeeyeaeo?e/aneeo iinoiyiiuo aeaoooaciie oai?ee
niane. Iino?iaia eaaae?aoe/ii iaeeiaeiay oai?ey aeaoooaciie
iueaciyeaeo?e/aneie niane e iieo/aiu aaciaua iaeeiaeiua o?aaiaiey
?ani?ino?aiaiey e acaeiiaeaenoaey ieineeo iueacioi?oaeo aiei.
?anniio?aiu o?e noaiaea?oiua a iaeeiaeiie aeonoeea caaea/e i
aicaoaeaeaiee e acaeiiaeaenoaee i?iaeieueiuo e iiia?a/iuo ieineeo aiei.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: Iueaciaeoeaiua ii?ioee, aeaoooaciua oaa?aeua niane,
ieineea aieiu, i?yiie e ia?aoiue iueaciyeaeo?e/aneea yooaeou, iaeeiaeiua
iueacioi?oaea aieiu, acaeiiaeaenoaea aiei.

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