Гігієно-фізіологічна оптимізація праці операторів ЕОМ з відеотерміналами: Автореф. дис… канд. мед. наук / О.А. Потапов, Ін-т медицини праці АМН Укра

?INOEOOO IAAeEOeEIE I?AOe? AII OE?A?IE

IIOAIIA IEAENAIAe? AIAOIE?EIAE*

OAeE 613.6:681:323

A?A??II-O?C?IEIA?*IA IIOEI?CAOe?ss I?AOe? IIA?AOI??A AII C
A?AeAIOA?I?IAEAIE

14.02.01 – a?a??ia

AAOI?AOA?AO

Aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Aeiiaoeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao?

?i. I.ai?ueeiai IIC Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Naooe?i A?eoi?
Na?a?eiae/, Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i.
I.Ai?ueeiai, IIC Oe?a?ie, i?ioani?.eaoaae?e a?a??ie

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? aeaaeai?e IAI oa
AII Oe?a?ie, Iaaaeao?eyi Ieaenaiae? Iaaianiae/, ?inoeooo iaaeeoeeie
i?aoe? AII Oe?a?ie caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eii o?c?ieia?? i?aoe?

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iaea?aiei Ieeiea Aaneeueiae/,
?inoeooo o?c?ieia?? ?i. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey IAI Oe?a?ie, i?ia?aeiee
iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiaee a?a??i?/iee oeaio?, IIC Oe?a?ie, i.Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 22 eenoiiaaea 1999?. i 1600 ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.554.01 a ?inoeooo? iaaeeoeeie i?aoe?
AII Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252033, aoe.Naenaaainueeiai, 75.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo iaaeeoeeie
i?aoe? AII Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252033, aoe.Naenaaainueeiai, 75.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “14” aa?aniy 1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

no.i.n., e.i.i.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. O oaia??oi?e /an oe?iea ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iathoue
aiaeaioa?iiiaee (AAeO) caniae aaiaeo-aeaiaeo iioi?iaoei? eiii’thoa?ieo
nenoai, ui caaaeaei oeieiai ?yaeo iaaee/ieo i?iaeai (Aie?ia I.O. e ae?.
1998; Mbaye I. et al., 1998; Thomson W.D., 1998). Iniaeeainoi i?aoei, ui
ae??ciythoue iia?aoi?ia AAeO, iia’ycaii c aiaeiiiiinoyie a /anooei
?icoiiaiai oa ia?aiai-aiioeieiiai eiiiiiaioia, nooiaiy aoyaiaiiy a
aeiyeueiinoue oeo /e iioeo i?aaiia i nenoai. Ooieoe?iiaeuei? c?ooaiiy oa
?iceaaeiaiiy ae?yeueiino? aiae?caoi??a, caoai?thaaiiy iii?ii-?ooiaiai
aia?aoo, ia?aiai?, na?oeaai-noaeeiii? oa ?ioeo nenoai i?aai?cio
?aeiiaiaeo?oueny aaaaeaoe ae?iaie/i iaoiiaeaieie (AIC, 1989; Iaaaeaoieyi
I.I. oa ii., 1997; Nakaishi H., Yamada Y., 1999). Iayai?noue o?ce/ieo
oaeoi??a iaoiiaeth? nai???aei?noue oa aeayeo niaoeeo?eo ae?iaie/iai
na?aaeiaeua. O ?acoeueoao? ethaeeia cacia? aieea eiiieaeno o?ce/ieo
oaeoi??a, ui iathoue ?yae iniaeeainoae, iia’ycaieo ye c
?iaeaia?ii-oaoi?/ieie aniaeoaie ae?iaieoeoaa, oae ? iane?aeeaie
aca?iiiai aieeao naieo oaeoi??a ia ie?ai? ?o ia?aiao?e. Aaee/eie
iieaciee?a oeeo oaeoi??a caeaaeaoue a?ae oaoi?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee AII oa
AAeO, a iioaineaiinoue ?o aieeao ia iia?aoi?ia aiae i?aai?caoe?? i?aoe?
oa ?iai/eo iinoeue, ieaioaaeueieo caoiaeia (Aeooeiaa A.E. e ae?., 1988;
Eaca?aiei I.A. e ae?., 1991; Aa?aiia A.A. e ae?., 1998; Na?aaoa ?.A. oa
?i., 1998; Sisto R. et al., 1999), oi/a ii?a aieeao iaeiicia/ii ua ia
aecia/aia.

O iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo?? ? /eiaei ?ia?o, i?enay/aieo aea/aiith i?aoe?
iia?aoi??a AII c AAeO. Oei ia iaioa aeneiaeth?oueny ocaaaeueiaia aeoiea
i?i oa, ui iaeaaaeeea?o? aniaeoe oe??? i?iaeaie ciaoiaeyoueny ia
ii/aoeiaeo aoaiao ?ic?iaeaiiy. sse ia?oi/a?aiaa i?aee?aneth?oueny
iaiieaaeeaa iaiao?aei?noue ioe?iee aieeao anueiai eiiieaeno oaeoi??a
ae?iaie/iai na?aaeiaeua e o?oaeiaiai i?ioeano ia ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai
i?aai?cio oa i?aoeacaeaoi?noue iia?aoi?ia AII (AIC, 1989; Iaaaeaoieyi
I.I. oa ii., 1997).

Ca aeaieie ?yaeo aeineiaeaeaiue (Knave B.G. et al., 1985; Eaca?aiei
I.A., 1992; Oa?aniaa E.A. e ae?., 1995; Ae?iaiei A.ss. oa ?i., 1998),
a?aeiiino? i?i aieea i?aoei ca AAeO noia?a/ii. Iaiaeiicia/iinoue aieeao
AAeO ia caei?ia’y iia’yco?oueny ic ?icieie iiaoaeiaii-oaoii/ieie ?o
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie (O?oo A.Ae., 1988; AIC, 1989). *a?ac oea,
aeyaey?oueny, aaaaoi yei iiai iiaeaei AAeO ia aiaeiiaiaeathoue
aiai?ii/iei oa a?aiiiii/iei aeiiaai (Aeooeiaa A.E. e ae?., 1988; AIC,
1989; Oaa/aiei A.E., Iauaiei N.A., 1996; Aeaie?/iaeyi A.A., 1997). Ioaea
aino?i noi?oue ieoaiiy anaai/iiai aea/aiiy oa eiiieaenii? ioeiiee oiia
i?aoei iia?aoi?ia AII c AAeO, ?ic?iaee iniia i?ioieaeoeee i?ioanieieo oa
i?ioanieii iaoiiaeaieo caoai?thaaiue.

Iacaaaeath/e ia noia?a/i?noue aeoiie i?i aieea ?iaioe c AAeO ?
na?aaeiaeua ia i?aai?ci, ca ei?aeiiii i?eeiyoi ?yae caeiiiaeaa/eo aeo?a
c ioi?iie caei?ia’y. ?iaioo ca aeeniea?i aianaii aei nieneo 40 iaea?eueo
oe?aeeeaeo ? iaaacia/ieo ?ia?o (?iiaiianeee E.I., Neaei?iaa I.A., 1991).
Ia?o? e?iee o aeaeaii? caeiiiaeaa/eo aeo?a c oeueiai ieoaiiy a aeayeeo
e?a?iao eieeoiueiai N?N? iiee ui ia ae??oeee i?iaeaie. I?i oea aiai?youe
o ioae?eaoe?yo (Eneaiaea?iaa E.A., Naoei I.I., 1998; Eo/ia A.?. e ae?.,
1998), aeneiaethth/e aeoieo i?i a?a??i?/io cia/ou?noue oa oe?aeeeaee
aieea ia i?aai?ci ia?o ca ana aeaeo?iiaai?oieo aei?ii?ithaaiue oa iie?a.
E??i oiai, aaaeeeaei o oeueiio ca’yceo oyaeythoueny a?aeiiino? (Aa?aiia
A.A. e ae?., 1998) i?i a?aei?ie a ?acoeueoaoao ioe?iee oao?aoe?a c
aenieei ??aiai eaae?o?eaoe?? oa oeie ioe?ieaie, ye? i?iaaaeaii c
aeei?enoaiiyi caaaeueieo o?ceei-oaoi?/ieo e?eoa???a, a oaeiae
iiaeeea?noue iani?eyoeeaiai aieeao ia ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai i?aoe? ca
AAeO, ye? iathoue na?oeo?eao yeino?.

Oaeei /eiii, oe?iea aeei?enoaiiy AAeO noaaeoue ?yae a?a??i?/ieo oa
a?aiiii?/ieo caieoaiue uiaei ?ic?iaeaiiy i?eioeei?a oa i?aai?caoe??
aacia/ii? aenieoaoaoe?? oeeo iiaeo oaoi?/ieo cania?a. ?o
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia ??oaiiy iniaeeai aeooaeueii ca?ac, eiee aeei?enoaiiy
eiii’thoa?ii? oaoi?ee oa oaoiieia?? oaeaeei iioe?th?oueny a a?eueoino?
e?a?i na?oo oa ? aaeueie ia?niaeoeaiei o iaeaooiueiio. A?aoiaoth/e
ia?niaeoeao iiaeaeueoiai oe?ieiai canoinoaaiiy AII c AAeO, aino?i
noi?oue ieoaiiy anaai/iiai aea/aiiy oa eiiieaenii? ioeiiee oiia i?aoei
iia?aoi?ia AII c AAeO, ?ic?iaee iniia i?ioieaeoeee i?ioanieieo oa
i?ioanieii iaoiiaeaieo caoai?thaaiue.

?iaioo caeieniaii aiaeiiaiaeii c oaiaoeeith IAe?: “Iaa?oiooaaoe oa
?ic?iaeoe ?aeiiaiaeaoei? c iioeiicaoei? oiia i?aoei
iia?aoi?ia AII.” (? aea?ae?a?no?aoei? 0195V000654). Oaio
aeena?oaoe?? caoaa?aeaeaii ia can?aeaii? A/aii? ?aaee Aeiiaoeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oiiaa?neoaoo ?i. I Ai?ueeiai 28 eaioiy 1994 ?.
i?ioieie ?4).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy: Aeaoe aiai?ii/io,
a?aiiiii/io oa oiciieiai/io ioeiieo i?aoei iia?aoi?ia, yei aeeiiothoue
i?ioanieio ?iaioo i?e aeei?enoaiii AII c AAeO, iaa?oiooaaoe oa ?ic?iaeoe
eiiieaen ?aeiiaiaeaoeie c icaei?iaeaiiy oiia i?aoei oa ei?aeoei?
i?aoeacaeaoiinoi.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe ae?iooaaeenue oaei caaea/i:

1. Aea/eoe iniaeeainoi i?aaiicaoei?, ciinoo, oa?aeoa?o oa oiia o?oaeiai?
aeiyeueiinoi iia?aoi?ia;

2. Aeaoe a?aiiiii/io ioeiieo ?iai/eo i?noeue (iaaeia oa iaeaaeiaiiy);

3. Onoaiiaeoe i?e/eie oi?ioaaiiy, ?iaaiue oa iioaineaiinoue oaeoi?ia
ae?iaie/iai na?aaeiaeua a eiii’thoa?ieo caeao;

4. Aeyaeoe caeiiiii?iinoi ciiiii? (1 ciiia) aeeiaiiee oiciieiai/ieo
ooieoeie oa i?aoeacaeaoiinoi;

5. Iaa?oiooaaoe oa ?ic?iaeoe eiiieaen ?aeiiaiaeaoeie c icaei?iaeaiiy
oiia i?aoei iia?aoi?ia oa ei?aeoei? i?aoeacaeaoiinoi.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Io?eiaii iia? aeai? i?i
ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai i?aai?cio iia?aoi??a AII i?e ?iaio? c
a?aeaioa?i?iaeaie. Anoaiiaeaii ae?acio aeeiai?/i?noue i?ioan?eii cia/ieo
ooieoe?e, ianoae?noue ? aneiao??th iieaciee?a aaiiaeeiai?ee oa ?o
caeaaei?noue a?ae aeaeo i?ioan?eii? i?aoe?, ianyao ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy oa o?eaaeino? aacia?a?aiiai ia?aaoaaiiy ca AII. Aeyaeai?
iniaeeaino? ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio iia’ycai? c eiioeaio?aoe??th o OeIN
ii /a?c? caoaeaeaiiy oa aaeueioaaiiy aiane?aeie iai?oaeaiiy iaoai?ci?a
oeaio?aeueiiai oa aaaaoaoeaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy, eoioeyoe?? aoiie oa
?icaeoeo ia?aaoiie.

Aia?oa anoaiiaeaii, ui a?a??i?/ia cia/ou?noue oiia ci?iai? i?aoe? ca AII
o ia?oo /a?ao aecia/a?oueny ye?nieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie ina?oeaiiy
(cie?aia eiai ia??aiii??iino?) a ??cieo ciiao ci?iaiai eiio?ieth.

Nooo?ai aeiiiaiaii iiaeie a?aeiiinoyie i?ioan?ia?aio iia?aoi??a AII c
AAeO, ui aeicaieeei io?eiaoe iiaio i?ioan?ia?ao?/io oa?aeoa?enoeeo ?o
i?aoe? oa a?eueo oi/io a?a??i?/io oa a?aiiii?/io ioe?ieo.

Ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai iia?aoi??a aecia/a?oueny eiiieaeniei aieeaii
oaeoi??a o?oaeiaiai i?ioeano e na?aaeiaeua, cia/i?noue yeeo iaiaeiaeiaa.
Oia?oa cacia/aii, ui ia iaeinoaaee?iaaieo iia?aoi??a aeii?ioth/ee aieea
/eiyoue oaeoi?e na?aaeiaeua, a ia iia?aoi??a ?c noaaeai a?eueo 5 ?ie?a —
oaeoi?e o?oaeiaiai i?ioeano.

Iniiaith aeey ?icoi?iiy i?e/ei oi?ioaaiiy i?ioan?eii iaoiiaeaii?
iaoieia?? ? i?ei?eoaoia ?ieue i?aai?caoe?eieo iniaeeainoae i?aoe? oa
oaeoi??a o?oaeiaiai i?ioeano a eiiieaen? oiia i?aoe?, ui aieeaathoue ia
iia?aoi??a. ?i iaeaaeeoue i?ia?aeia ?ieue o oi?ioaaii? ooieoe?iiaeueieo
ia?aiai?oaeaiue ? i?aaeiaoieia??.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. O ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaieo
ae?iaie/eo aeine?aeaeaiue ?ic?iaeaii oa ai?iaaaeaeaii eiiieaen caoiae?a
c iioei?caoe?? oiia i?aoe? iia?aoi??a AII c AAeO. ?o i?aeoe/ia
?aae?caoe?y aeicaieeea iie?auaoe ye?noue caiia?aeiiai oa iioi/iiai
nai?oa?iiai iaaeyaeo, aoaeoeai?noue iiia?aaei?o oa ia??iaee/ieo
iaaee/ieo iaeyae?a, noaea iniiaith aeey oaeineiiaeaiiy eiiieaenieo
ieai?a icaei?iaeaiiy oiia i?aoe?, ?aoe?iiae?caoe?? ?aaeei?a i?aoe? oa
a?aeii/eieo, i?aeaeuaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiino?.

Cie?aia ?ic?iaeaii:

— i?ioaniia?aoi/io oa?aeoa?enoeeo aeey i?iaaaeaiiy caiiaiaeiiai oa
iioi/iiai naiioa?iiai iaaeyaeo, a oaeiae ia?iiaee/ieo i?ioieaeoe/ieo
iaaee/ieo iaeyaeia;

— iciaee ?aiiuei? aeiaaiinoeee i?ioanieii iaoiiaeaieo caoai?thaaiue;

— iaoiaeeeo ei?aeoei? ooieoeiiiaeueiiai noaio;

— ?aaeei i?aoei oa aiaeii/eieo;

— eiiieaen ai?aa ae?iaie/i? aiiianoeee aeey i?aaiicaoei? aeoeaiiai
aiaeii/eieo iia?aoi?ia oa i?ioieaeoeee ia?aaoiie.

?acoeueoaoe aeineiaeaeaiue ai?iaaaeaeai? a i?aeoeeo eiea?ia
naiioa?ii-aiiaeaiiieiai/ieo noaioeie, a oaeiae aeei?enoiaothoueny
iia?aoi?aie AAeO. Aeoe ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?2194/03-1, ?2195/03-1 aiae
20.04.1998 ?.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? o oi?ioaaiii iaoe e iniiaieo
caaaeaiue ?iaioe, e?eoe/iiai aiae?co no/anieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo c
ieoaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy, ioe?iee oa iioei?caoe?? oiia i?aoe?, i?iaaaeaiii
ae?iaie/eo aeineiaeaeaiue, ia?iaoei, aiaeici oa ocaaaeueiaiii
iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia. O aeena?oaoe?? ia aeei?enoai? ?aea? oa
?ic?iaee, ui iaeaaeaoue ni?aaaoi?ai iioae?eiaaieo iaoeiaeo i?aoeue.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeineiaeaeaiue
ii?eethaeiaii ia iaoeiaie eiioa?aioei? “Aaeaioaoeiy o/iianueei? iieiaei
aei iaa/aeueieo caiyoue oa oice/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue” (*a?eane, 1993); 1
Iiaeia?iaeiiio neiiicioii “Aeaeaia oece/aneeo oaeoi?ia ie?oaeathuae e
i?iecaiaenoaaiiie n?aaeu” (Ee?a, 1993).

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iioaeieiaaii a 6 noaooyo o
iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao oa ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo ?ia?o, o 3 oacao aeiiia?aeae ia
eiioa?aioe??, c’?cae?, neiiic?oi?, o 2 iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yo.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. I?aoey neeaaea?oueny ic anooio,
iaeyaeo eioa?aoo?e, iieno ia’?eoia oa iaoiaeia aeineiaeaeaiiy,
?acoeueoaoia aeineiaeaeaiue, ocaaaeueiaiiy, aeniiaeia, aeiaeaoeia,
iieaae/eea eioa?aoo?e. Oaeno aeena?oaoei? aeeeaaeaii ia 195 noi?iieao
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, yeee iinoeoue 31 oaaeeoeth, 12 iethno?aoeie, 6
aeiaeaoeia. Aiaeiia?aoiy iinoeoue 195 aeaea?ae, c yeeo 139 iaeaaeaoue
aaoi?ai NIAe i 56 ca?oa?aeiei.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Ia’?eoe oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ae?iaie/i aeineiaeaeaiiy i?iaaaeaii
ia aaci ?ioi?iaoeieii-ia/enethaaeueiiai oeaio?o (IOe) Acianueeiai
ii?nueeiai ia?iieaanoaa a aeaio iniiaieo no?oeoo?ieo iiae?icaeieao.
Ia’?eoaie aeineiaeaeaiiy aenooiaee iia?aoi?e AII c AAeO, yei
i?aoeththoue ia aaiaei aeaieo o naeoi?? iiaeaioiaee iioi?iaoei? (NI), oa
a aeiaeiaiaiio ?aaeeii a iaoeiiiio cae? (IC). Oei aeaee aeiyeueiinoi
iinoyoue oni oa?aeoa?ii AAeO-caeaaeii ?ene, ye? iaeaieueo ae?acii
aieeaathoue ia i?aaiici.

Iiae /an niinoa?aaeaiue aea/aii ianya oaaaeaii? iioi?iaoei?, ??
?iciiaeieyiiy i?ioyaii ciiie, oeaeiy, iinyoey; eieueeinoue ?ooia aa?oiio
eiioeiaie; ianya iei?ooiaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy.

Oiiae ci?iai? i?aoei, a?aiiiii/ii iniaeeainoi, oa?aeoa?enoeee oice/ieo
oaeoi?ia na?aaeiaeua aecia/aii ia 23 iinoieieo i 7 iaiinoieieo ?iai/eo
iinoeyo.

?iaaiue inaioeaiiy aea/aii a ai?eciioaeueiie oa aa?oeeaeueiie ieiueiao a
ciiao ci?iaiai eiio?ieth c aeei?enoaiiyi etheniao?o TH-116.

C iaoith a?aiiiii/ii? ioeiiee aecia/aii i?aaiicaoeith oa ?icii?e
aeaiaioia ?iai/iai iinoey, ?o aca?ii?icoaooaaiiy, eiino?oeoeaii
iniaeeainoi, i?aoaoiieo, oeie AAeO, oa?aeoa?enoeee cia?aaeaiiy,
iniaeeainoi ia’?eoo ?iciiciaaaiiy oa oiio.

Aea/aii oice/ii oaeoi?e ae?iaie/iai na?aaeiaeua, yei iathoue iaeaieueoa
aiai?ii/ia cia/aiiy: ia?aiao?e iie?ieeiiaoo (oaiia?aoo?a, aieiainoue oa
?oo iiaio?y), ooi, aeaeo?iiaaiioii iiey (AII). Iai?oaeaiinoue AII
aecia/aii a 6 oi/eao o iaaeao ?iai/iai iinoey c o?aooaaiiyi i?inoi?iaiai
?icoaooaaiiy oiea iia?aoi?a.

Ciiiio aeeiaiieo ooieoeiiiaeueiiai noaio 40 aeiiie-iia?aoi?ia aea/aii ca
iieacieeaie i?ioanieii cia/ieo ooieoeie, i’yciai? neee oa aeo?eaaeinoi,
oei?yii-aaeueaaii/ii? ?aaeoei? (OA?), aaiiaeeiaiiee, oaeiae a?aoiaaii
noa’?eoeaii aiae/oooy.

Aea/aiiy eaoaioiiai ia?iiaeo oiiaii-?aoeaeoi?ieo ?aaeoeie ia
aeeoa?aioee?iai/ii ae?aoiaieee caeienithaaeiny c aeei?enoaiiyi i?eeaaeo
“Aeiaaiic-2AI” (Oiaineee A.ss., 1992). Aecia/aiiy oaeaeeinoi
ia?a?iaeaiiy iioi?iaoei? (OII) ?iaeeiny iaoiaeii ?ic?aooieo, c iaeieii
/ano aeeiiaiiy ei?aeoo?iiai oanoo oa eieueeinoi iiieeie. Ooieoei?
ia?aieeaiiy oaaae aea/aii c aeei?enoaiiyi oaaeeoei Ooeueoa-Ieaoiiiaa.
Aeineiaeaeaiiy ei?ioei/anii? ci?iai? oa neooiai? iai’yoi i?iaaaeaii
i?aae’yaeaiiyi ianoaaeoaaiei 12 neia. Ia caiai’yoaiiy aoei aiaeaaaeaii
15 n. Ia aiaeoai?aiiy — iaeia oaeeeia. Ianya iia?aoeaii? iai’yoi
?ic?aoiaaii o aiaenioeao.

Aieea eieaeueii-aeeiaii/ii? i’yciai? ?iaioe aea/aii /a?ac ii?iaiyiiy
ia?aae oa iineyciiiieo iieacieeia neee eenoi oa aeo?eaaeinoi aei
noaoe/ieo coneeue, aecia/aieo aeeiaiiiao?e/iei iaoiaeii.

Ciiiia aeeiaiiea iieacieea OA? aeineiaeaeaia c aeei?enoaiiyi i?eeaaeo
“Aeiaaiic-3AI” (Oiaineee A.ss., 1992).

I?e aea/aiii aeeiaiiee e?iaiiaiao i?ioyaii ?iai/iai /ano aecia/aeeny
iieacieee a?oa?iaeueiiai oeneo e?iai (AO) ca iaoiaeii Ei?ioeiaa, /anoioe
ioeueno iaeueiaoi?ii ia i?iiaiaaie a?oa?i?; ioeueniaiai oeneo e?iai,
nenoiei/iiai e oaeeeiiiai ianyao e?iai ?ic?aooieiaei iaoiaeii
(Ai?oeia N.E. e ae?., 1974; Aeoaeue E., 1997).

Ioeiieo noa’?eoeaieo aiae/oooia c?iaeaii ca oanoii aeiieoii NAI
(Aeineei A.A. e ae?., 1975), a oaeiae aieaoieie iaoiaeaie.

Caoai?thaaiinoue c oei/aniaith ao?aoith i?aoeacaeaoiinoi aea/aii ca
aeaieie caa?oaiinoi.

Aeey ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? iaoiae?a ei?aeoe?? i?aoeacaeaoiino?, ui
?ic?iaeaii, caeo/aii ua 30 iia?aoi??a ?ioeo IOe. O ieo aea/aii ci?ie
iieaciee?a ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio, yeee noi?ioaaany i?ae aieeaii i?aoe?
ca AAeO oa cai?iiiiiaaiiai eiiieaeno ai?aa.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy

Aeineiaeaeaiiy i ioeiiea i?aaiicaoei?, ciinoo oa oa?aeoa?o i?aoei o
aea/aieo no?oeoo?ieo iiae?icaeieao aeiaaee, ui iia?aoi?e aeeiiothoue
aaeeei ianyae ae?iaie/iai iaaaioaaeaiiy, yei iaiaeiaeiai
?iciiaeieythoueny i?ioyaii iinyoey oa ie?aieo eiai ia?iiaeia. Eieeaaiiy
iaaaioaaeaiiy ca iieacieeii uieueiinoi ?iai/iai /ano neeaaeathoue aiae
45.00.5 % o na?aaeeii iinyoey aei 99.50.1 % o ia?iiae aiooaaiiy
ocaaaeueiaieo oa caioieo iaoa?iaeia. Iaa’ycaiee ?eoi i?aoei i?e
aeaoioeeoi /ano oa iaia’yceiaiio ia?aaoaaiii a noaii aioiaiinoi aei aei?
aiey aeeth/aiiai AAeO oi?io? na?aaeiueiiiny/io uieueiinoue ?iai/iai /ano
84.94.8 % oa 69.68.5 % o iia?aoi?ia NI oa IC aiaeiiaiaeii.

Aeniea iioaineaiinoue i?aoei aac caeaaeiinoi aiae ianyao iaaaioaaeaiiy
ii?aeiaia ic noeoieiei iaaeoiaeaeaiiyi iioi?iaoei?, ui aeeeth/a?
?iaiiii?ia caiiaiaiiy ?iai/iai /ano. Iiaeeeainoue iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy
ae?iaie/eo caaaeaiue oi?io? iaa’ycaiee ?eoi i?aoei oa iineeth?
ia?aiai-aiioeieiee eiiiiiaio iaaaioaaeaiiy. Oae? iniaeeaino?
i?aai?caoe?? i?aoe? iiaeooue aooe i?e/eiith ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai no?ano
(Aiae?ia A.A. e ae?., 1998).

Eieueeinoue ciaeia, ui aaaaeaii ca aiaeeio aacia?a?aii? i?aoei, aeinyaa?
115002969 o iia?aoi?ia NI oa 68801466 o iia?aoi??a, ye? i?aoeththoue o
aeiaeiaiaiio ?aaeeii, ui neeaaea? 2-3 ciaee ca 1 n. Oea
noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny eieaeueii-aeeiaii/iith i’yciaith ?iaioith i?e
aeei?enoaiii eeaaiaoo?e oa iei?ooiaei iaaaioaaeaiiyi. Caaaeueiee ianya
inoaiiueiai i?e ia?aaaaeaiii iiaeyaeo a iaaeao ?yaeeo oa iieia ci?o
neeaaea? a niia?iaioieea NI 118413060 ia?aaaaeaiue iiaeyaeo i?ioyaii
aiaeeie aacia?a?aii? i?aoei i?e aaiae? oaenoiai? iioi?iaoei?, 122163154
i?e aaiae? oeeo?iai? iioi?iaoei?, a a iia?aoi?ia IC — 72521546 oa
75181603 aiaeiiaiaeii.

Iiae /an i?aoei iia?aoi?e ni?eeiathoue ?icii ca oa?aeoa?ii ci?iai
ia’?eoe. Cia?aaeaiiy ia ae?aii AAeO ia aiaeiiio aiae iaia?iai-aeaieiaeo
iini?a iioi?iaoei? oa eeaaiaoo?e AII ? niaoeeoi/iei. Aiaeiii, ui eiai
oa?aeoa?enoeee iiaeooue /eieoe aieea ia ?yae i?ioanieii cia/ieo ooieoeie
oa ni?eyoe iineeaiith ia?aiai-aiioeieiiai iai?oaeaiiy (Aeooeiaa A.E. e
ae?., 1993; Aieeia A.I., 1995).

I?e ioeiithaaiii yeinoi cia?aaeaiiy ia ae?aii (neiaiee caeaiiai eieuei?o
ia oaiiiio iiei) oa oiia eiai ni?eeiaiiy 37.2 % i?iaieaoiaaieo aeneiaeee
iacaaeiaieueiinoue ca ie?aieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie. ?o ia aeaooiao?
aiaenoaiue aei ae?aio oa iia’ycaia c oeei iaiaoiaeiinoue /anoi? ciiie
?iai/i? iice. Oni iia?aoi?e, yei no?aaeaeathoue ii?ooaiiyie ?ao?aeoei?,
aeaee iaaaoeaio ioeiieo /ioeinoi cia?aaeaiiy, eiai yne?aainoi,
eiio?anoiinoi, ?icii?ai aeaiaioia oaenoo. Aeneiaeaii aeoiee aieueo iiae
1/3 iia?aoi?ia iia’ycaii, ia iao iiaeyae, ia?o ca ana c aeenoaioei?th
niinoa?aaeaiiy iia?aoi?ii ia’?eoa ?iciiciaaaiiy. Ia ia?aaaaeiie
aieueoinoi ?iai/eo iinoeue (97.0 %) iicia/aii aiaenoaiue aei ae?aio
aeecueei 30 ni.

Niaoeeoiea i?aoei ca AAeO iia’ycaia c iaiaoiaeiinoth /anoiai e oaeaeeiai
ia?aaiaeo oa oienaoei? iiaeyaeo ia ae?aii, a oaeiae iioeo ia’?eoao
ci?iaiai eiio?ieth. *anoioa e o?eaaeinoue oienaoei? iiaeyaeo caeaaeaoue
aiae oa?aeoa?enoee oaenoo, ui iiaea?oueny. C aieueoith /?oe?noth oa
eaae?noth aeey /eoaiiy ?oeiienieo neiaieia o aeieoiaioao, ui
iaaeoiaeyoue o NI, iia’ycaii, iaaooue, aieueoee ianya caeieniaii?
i?aoei: 96.7 % aiae eieueeinoi ae?oeiaaieo neiaieia, oaaaeaieo
iia?aoi?aie NI (11498.92969.0), i 90.4 % — iia?aoi?aie IC
(6878.81466.6). E?ii oiai, iia?aoi?e NI i?aoeththoue ic cia/ii aieueoith
e?euee?noth ciaeia, ui aecia/a? aieueo aeniei aaeaioaoeieii oa
oaeaee?nii iiaeeeainoi.

*anoi ia?aaiaee iiaeyaeo (804.846.2 i?e aacia?a?aiiio, i?ioyaii aiaeeie,
aaiae? iioi?iaoei? a iia?aoi?ia NI i 847.736.9 — IC) aecia/athoue
aaaeeeainoue ooieoei? ia?aieeaiiy oaaae, ui aiaeaeaa?oueny ia noaii
ei?eiai? eaiee ci?iaiai aiaeicaoi?a. Aoaeoeaiinoue eiai ooieoeie o
oeueiio aeiaaeeo ca’ycaia c ia?aaaeaioaoei?th aei ?icieo oa?aeoa?enoee
cia?aaeaiiy oa ?iaiyi yne?aainoi, yei iaoiiaeaii aa?iaaaeueiinoth
eiaoioei?ioia aiaeaeooy (aiae 40 aei 85 %) ia’?eoia o ciiao
ci?iaiai eiio?ieth. E?ii oiai, ?iciiiaiioiinoue oa?aeoa?enoee ci?iaeo
ia’?eoia iiaea aeyaeyoenue ye no?aniaaiiee oaeoi? (Eeoaaa-Niue E.A.,
Aia?iaa Y.N., 1988).

Oienaoeiy iiaeyaeo ia ae?aii aieueo oa?aeoa?ia aeey aeiaeiaiaiai ?aaeeio
i?aoei e oi?iaaaeaeo?oueny ae?aciei iai?oaeaiiyi ooieoei? aieiaiai ci?o.
Oea iia’ycaii c iaioith ieiueiith ae?aio AAeO i aieueo no?ieaoei
eieuei?iaei oiiii a ii?iaiyiii c ai?eciioaeueiith ?iai/ith iiaa?oiath.

Aiaenooiinoue iacaaeiaieaiue oiiaaie inaioeaiiy ?iai/eo iinoeue
iia’ycaia c aeinoaoiuei aenieeie (400-1000 ee) aaee/eiaie caaaeueiiai
?iaiy inaioeaiiy i?e i?e?iaeiiio inaioeaiii, ?iaiiii?iei ?iciiaeieii
ethi?ianoeaioieo eaii i?e ooo/iiio, i aeei?enoaiiyi icaeiaeaiiai
iaoa?iaeo aieiai eieuei?o c aenieei eiaoioei?ioii aiaeaeooy. Iayaiinoue
ia oeueiio oiii aei 6-i? aiaeeie ?iai/iai ia?iiaeo noa’?eoeaieo iciae
ci?iai? aoiie, i?e na?aaeiueiio e neeueiiio i?yiiio ca’yceo
(rxy=0.590.19 — 0.850.10; p<0.01) naiae/eoue i?i iaaeinoaoi? caaacia/aiiy ni?eyoeeaeo oiia ci?iai? i?aoei. Aaaeeeaei oyaey?oueny ?icoaooaaiiy cii ci?iaiai eiio?ieth a 2 iaiaeiaeiai inaioeaieo ieiueiao oa eieueeinoue ia?aaaaeaiue iiaeyaeo. Iaaioue i?e aiaeiiaiaeiinoi aiai?ii/iei aeiiaai iieacieeia ?iaiiii?iinoi (aei 30.4 % ?iai/eo iinoeue) aoee aiaeiiie eiaoioei?ioia ia?iaiiii?iinoi aiae 0.3 aei 0.7. Oaea cia/ia ?icieoey aeicaiey? eiinoaooaaoe ia?iaiiii?iinoue ??ai?a ina?oeaiino? ia anio ianoaaeaieo ?iai/eo iinoeyo. Oiiae ci?iai? i?aoei a iaaiiio nooiaii caeaaeaoue aiae niaoeeoiee i?aaiicaoei? ?iai/iai iinoey. I?inoi?iaa aca?ii?icoaooaaiiy aeaiaioia iaeaaeiaiiy i oiea iia?aoi?a, iaaioue i?e iiaeeeainoi ?aaoethaaiiy ?icoaooaaiiy ooieoeiiiaeueieo aeieia AAeO, aeeeeea? iaiaoiaeiinoue ciiithaaiiy ?iai/i? iice iiae /an i?aoei. I?e aieaoiiio iieoi ia oea aeacaee ani ?aniiiaeaioe, aei oiai ae aieueo 37 % c ieo ae?aceee iacaaeiaieaiinoue oeei. Iac?o/iinoue naaaieueii ia?aii? iice ciooo? iia?aoi?ia o na?aaeiueiio aiae 6 aei 10 ?acia ca aiaeeio aeoeaii ei?aeooaaoe ?? ia?aiiuaiiyi aeaiaioia iaeaaeiaiiy ?iai/iai iinoey. A iia?aoi??a, ui i?aoeththoue ia aaiaei aeaieo, eieueeinoue ia?aiiuaiue eeaaiaoo?e i?ioyaii aiaeeie aacia?a?aii? i?aoei neeaea 3.80.3 i ?iai/iai e?inea - 2.30.3. A iia?aoi?ia IC ia?aiiuaiiy ?iai/iai e?inea a aeaa ?ace /anoioi - 5.60.3, ui iia’ycaii c aiaenooiinoth iiaeeeainoi ia?aiiuaiiy eeaaiaoo?e. I?e aaiaei iioi?iaoei? iaiaoiaeii iiai?ioe aieiae, ye i?aaeei a iaeei aie. Iia?aoi?e NI /eiyoue 459.625.2 iiai?ioia aieiae, i?ioyaii 1 aiaeeie aacia?a?aiiai aaiaeo aeaieo oaenoiaiai oa?aeoa?o, iia?aoi?e, ui i?aoeththoue o IC - 439.720.9. I?e iayaiinoi a neeaaei oaenoo oeeo?iai? iioi?iaoei? aiaeiiaiaeii 804.846.2 oa 847.736.9. Neiioiie ia?aiai?oaeaiiy iii?ii-?ooiaiai aia?aoo c’yaeythoueny e 5-6 aiaeeii i?aoei o 31-57 % iia?aoi?ia. Aieueo ?aiii iiyae a ia?aaiao ciiie aieth a i’ycao (5.90.4 a) i iaioa ?o iioe?aiinoue (51.4 %) a ii?iaiyiii c iiiiiiiyi ie?aieo /anoei oiea (aiaeiiaiaeii 6.10.3 a i 57.1 %) i?e iayaiinoi neeueiiai ei?aeyoeieiiai ca’yceo iiae oeeie iciaeaie (rxy=0.790.15; p<0.01) iiaeeeai ioeiithaaoe ye naiaeioeoai eieaeueieo ii?ooaiue iaiiiii-o?ioi/ieo i?ioeania. Iayaiinoue o 31.4 % iia?aoi?ia ia 7-e aiaeeii ?iai/iai ia?iiaeo i’yciaiai o?aioiiiy, ca’ycie c i’yciaeie aieyie (rxy=0.130.31; p>0.05) oa iiiiiiiyi (rxy= — 0.350.31; p>0.05), ia
iao iiaeyae, aeiaiaeeoue caeaaeiinoue iiyae oeueiai neiioiio aiae aieeao
no?aniaaiieo oaeoi?ia.

O i?ioeani aenieoaoaoei? AII c AAeO oi?io?oueny nai??iaeia ae?iaie/a
na?aaeiaeua ca ?aooiie oaeoi?ia, iioaineaiinoue yeeo ca caaaeueieie
ioeiieaie iaaaeeea, oaeiae i ca aeaieie AIIC (1989). Iaeaieueoa
aiai?ii/ia cia/aiiy a ii?iaiyiii c iioeie oaeoi?aie iathoue ia?aiao?e
iie?ieeiiaoo, ooi, AII.

Iaie anoaiiaeaii, ui oaiia?aoo?a iiaio?y, ia aeaeieueea a?aaeonia ieae/a
ii?iaoeaieo aaee/ei (16.80.2 — 17.70.2 oN), aieeaa? ia iia?aoi?ia
o?eaaeee /an, aei 6 — 7 aiaeei aacia?a?aii. Caaaeueiiaiaeiii, ui i?aoey
a oaeeo oiiaao i?eaiaeeoue aei iai?oaeaiiy oa?ii?aaoeyoei? iaaioue
iacaaaeath/e ia ci’yeooth/o aeith cieaeaii? (27.70.2 — 31.30.2 %)
aiaeiinii? aieiainoi iiaio?y i?e aiaenooiinoi eiai ?ooo. Aeei?enoaiiy ia
iaoaeaaeo iiaa?oiyo iaaeia oa eiino?oeoei? AII icaeiaeaieo
ieanoianiaoa?iaeia c aenieei eiaoioei?ioii oaieii?iaaaeaiiy oaeiae
aecia/a? ?aaeoei? i?aaiicio — 32.4 % i?iaieaoiaaieo aiaecia/eee
iinoieia, i?ioyaii ciiie, aiae/oooy oieiaeo.

A?aoiaoth/e iai?oaeaiinoue i?aoei, iiaeia eiinoaooaaoe, ui ?iaii caoeo
ia ?iai/eo iinoeyo iia?aoi?ia (62.70.3 — 64.30.2 aeAA i?e
iecueeina?aaeiuei/anoioieo oa?aeoa?enoeeao niaeo?o) ia?aaeuothoue ia
oieueee iioeiaeueii (ii NI 3223-85), aea e aeiionoeii (ii ANI 4559-88)
cia/aiiy ia 12-15 aeA. *a?ac oea o?eaaea, aacia?a?aia i?ioyaii eieueeio
aiaeei ia?aaoaaiiy iia?aoi?ia ia ?iai/iio iinoei, iniaeeai iiae /an
iaeneiaeueiiai ae?iaie/iai iaaaioaaeaiiy, aacoiiaii ? i?e/eiith
iiai?oaiiy ooieoeiiiaeueiiai noaio i?aaiicio. Iiaeoaa?aeaeo? oaeo
ioeiieo iieac 85.7 % iia?aoi?ia ia nooo?ai ia?aoeiaee aiae ooio, ye?
oo?oaeiththoue aeeiiaiiy i?ioanieieo ooieoeie.

Aea/aiiyi iai?oaeaiinoi AII, iaeaieueo cia/iiai ca caaaeueiith aeoieith
oaeoi?a, anoaiiaeaii cia/ii eieeaaiiy ?iaiia ia iecueeeo /anoioao ii
aeaeo?e/iie neeaaeiaie o ?icieo oi/eao ?iai/iai iinoey. ?iciao eieeaaiue
oaeiae o ciii ?icoaooaaiiy oiea iia?aoi?a neeaaeaa aiae 11.40.7 aei
45.43.5 A/i; aiae 6.31.8 aei 104.328.9 A/i; aiae 3.70.4 aei 59.05.8 A/i
ia ?iai/eo iinoeyo, ye? iaeaaeiaii iiiioi?aie oeio “Oa?oai”, “IAeN”,
“?iaio?ii” aiaeiiaiaeii. ?iaaiue iaaiioii? neeaaeiai? iaaeeaeaany aei
ioeueiaiai cia/aiiy, ye i aeaeo?e/ii? ia iioeo /anoioieo aeiaiaciiao, ui
aeicaiey? aaaaeaoe iai?oaeaiinoue oeeo neeaaeiaeo AII ?iaieie
i?e?iaeiiio oiio.

Aiaeiinii iaea iioaineaiinoue AII aeicaiey? i?eionoeoe, ui iiaeeeai
?aaeoei? i?aaiicio caeaaeaoue ia oieueee aiae aaniethoiiai ?iaiy, a
oaeiae aiae cia/ieo eieeaaiue iai?oaeaiinoi, iaeaieueo ae?acieo a iinoei
?icoaooaaiiy ooeoaa iia?aoi?a (ia aenioi 1.0 i aiae iiaeeiae).

Noiaeinoue oiciieiai/ieo aoaeoia aei? ooio oa AII iiaeaeuo? cia/iinoue
?o iaio, ineieueee aeicaiey? eiinoaooaaoe noiaoeith aai iioaioeithaaiiy
?o aei?. I?e oeueiio iaiaoiaeii iiiioeoe, ui aiieiai/ii aoaeoe e noai
i?ioanieii cia/ieo ooieoeie ie?aneththoueny ii?aeiaiith aei?th ye naieo
oaeoi?ia, oae i oa?aeoa?enoee o?oaeiaiai i?ioeano, caeaaeieo aiae oeio
i?aoe?, yea aeeiio?oueny, oa ianyao ae?iaie/iai iaaaioaaeaiiy, ui ii?yae
c aiaeiiiaie noaaeo i?aoei ca AAeO noaee e?eoa?iyie ii?iaiyiiy a?oi
iia?aoi?ia i?e aiaeici ?acoeueoaoia aeineiaeaeaiue.

Aeeiaiiea ci?iai-iioi?ii? ?aaeoei? oa?aeoa?ecoaaeany ae?aciith
iano?ee?noth a ia?aaiao ciiie ?c nei?i/aiiyi eaoaioiiai ia?iiaeo, yea
/ioei i?inoaaeoaaeiny a onio a?oiao, ui aoei i?iaiaeiciaaii. Aeinoia??i?
aiaeiiie iiae aei oa iineyciiiieie iieacieeaie neeaaeaee 13.8 — 62.6 in.

A iia?aoi?ia IC ca?a?no?iaaia aieueo ae?acia, iiae o a?oi?, c yeith ?o
ii?iaithaaee, aeeiaii/iinoue o ae?oaie iieiaeii ciiie ia oiii cia/iiai
cieaeaiiy aaee/ei iieacieea (aei 440.87.9 in a ii?iaiyiii c
ia?aae?iai/ei ?iaiai 479.811.7 in (p<0.05)). Oei ciiie, iiaeeeai, ? ianeiaeeii eiioeaio?aoei? ii /a?ci a ei?i aieiaiiai iiceo caoaeaeaiiy oa aaeueioaaiiy. Iaioa noieeinoue iieacieea a ae?oaie iieiaei? ciiie o iia?aoi?ia, ye? i?aoeththoue c aaeeeei ianyaii ae?iaie/iai iaaaioaaeaiiy oa aieueo aeinaiae/aieo, aeicaiey? aiai?eoe i?i cia/io caeaaeiinoue ooieoeiiiaeueiiai noaio i?aaiicio aiae iaa’ycaiiai aenieiai oaiio i?aoei, ui aeeiio?oueny i?ioyaii o?eaaeiai (aieueo 5 ?ieia) /ano. Ciiiia aeeiaiiea iieacieeia, ui aiaeaeaathoue noai i?ioeano ni?eeiyooy e ia?aianaiiy iioi?iaoei?, oa?aeoa?ecoaaeany ?iciini?yiiaaieie ciiiaie a a?oiao, ye? ii?iaithaaeeny. Ieae/ee ?iaaiue o iia?aoi?ia IC ia ii/aoeo e a na?aaeeii ciiie oa o i?aoethth/eo c aaeeeei ianyaii ae?iaie/iai iaaaioaaeaiiy a na?aaeeii oa eiioei caoieniaaii ia oiii ianoaeinoi aaea c ia?oeo aiaeei ?iaioe. Aiaeiiie iiae ie?aieie iiiaioaie niinoa?aaeaiue aeinyaaee 22.1 % ianyao ia?a?iaeaii? iioi?iaoei?, ui neeaaeaei 2.1 Aio/n. O ia?oi 5 aiaeei ciiie iiii/aii i?yio caeaaeiinoue OI? aiae noaaeo. ?ioaineaia a iaeaeinaiae/aiioeo iia?aoi?ia (c 8.90.4 aei 7.70.3 Aio/n, p<0.05) i ?aii? (5-6 aiaeeie) cieaeaiiy naiae/eoue i?i aeeaoi ciiie. I ana ae iaeiaioa aeeiaii/iinoue iieacieea oa eiai eiaoioei?ioia aa??aoe?? aeicaiey? aiai?eoe i?i iaeiini?yiiaaiinoue ?aaeoeie OeIN. A ie?aii iioa?aaee ?iai/iai /ano i?aeaeuaiiy OII noi?iaiaeaeoaaeiny caieueoaiiyi /ano e eieueeinoi iiieeie i?e ia?a?iaeaiii iioi?iaoei?. Oeae oaeo niinoa?iaaany a onio a?oiao, ye? aoei i?iaiaeiciaaii, e?ii iia?aoi?ia, ui i?aoeththoue o IC. Aieea o aeaiiio aeiaaeeo iaioi? caaaioaaeaiinoi ?iai/iai /ano oa ianyao ci?iai-iioi?iaoeieiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy iiaeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ?iciiaeieyiiyi aaee/ei iaio iieacieeia o a?oiao c ?iciei ?aaeeiii iaaaioaaeaiiy. Ae?acia aeeiaii/iinoue iieacieeia oaeaeeinoi oa /ano ia?a?iaeaiiy iioi?iaoei? c ia?oeo aiaeei ?iaioe a onio a?oiao, ye? aoei i?iaiaeiciaaii, iia’ycaia c iaiiaiei aiaeiiaeaiiyi aei ii/aoeo ciiie oei?? i?ioanieii cia/ii? ooieoei?. I?e aea/aiii ooieoei? ia?aieeaiiy oaaae aeyaeaii ?iciini?yiiaaii ciiie ca ?icieie ?? neeaaeiaeie. Ae?aciioi iiai?oaiiy a iia?aoi?ia NI, o a?oii c aaeeeei ianyaii ciiiiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy, a oaeiae o aieueo noaaee?iaaieo i?aoeiaieeia iia’ycaii ?c aieeaii ia ieo ae?aciioeo i?aaiicaoeieieo iniaeeainoae, iiiioiiiinoi, oice/ieo oaeoi?ia. Iieiioaiiy ie?aieo neeaaeiaeo ooieoei? a aieueoinoi a?oi, ye? aoei i?iaiaeiciaaii, i?e aaeeei? ?iciiiaiioiinoi iieacieeia, iaaooue, iaoiiaeaii aieeaii i?ioeano caoaeaeaiiy, ui oi?io?oueny a OeIN. Inoaii? iaa?yae ni?e/eiaii aieeaii oice/ieo oaeoi?ia, oae ye ia? iinoea o anio aiae?ciaaieo a?oiao i aecia/a?oueny ca aeeiaiieith anio aea/aieo ineoioiciieiai/ieo ooieoeie. Aiaenooiinoue iaaii? oaiaeaioei? a ciiiao ye aea/aieo ineoioiciieiai/ieo iieacieeia, oae i ?o eiaoioei?ioia aa??aoe?? naiae/eoue i?i ii?ooaiiy caaeainiaaiino? ia?aiaeo i?ioeania. I?e/eiith oeueiai ? iai?oaeaia ooieoeiiioaaiiy nenoai i?aaiicio a oiiaao iaeii/aniiai aieeao ?yaeo niaoeeoi/ieo aeey iia?aoi?ia AII c AAeO oaeoi?ia o?oaeiaiai i?ioeano e na?aaeiaeua. I?i aenieee nooiiiue ooieoeiiiaeueiiai iai?oaeaiiy OeIN naiae/aoue ciiie ianyao ei?ioei/anii? iai’yoi. Aaaeeeai iiiioeoe, ui ianya ci?iai? iai’yoi o a?oiao, ye? aoei i?iaiaeiciaaii, aeinoia??ii iaioa ianyao iai’yoi neooiai? (ia 4.5 - 12.2 %). Ia?aiai?oaeaiiy i?ioanieii cia/ii? ooieoei? iiaeoaa?aeaeo? oaeiae i ae?aciioa (ia 6.9 %) ?? cieaeaiiy. Ianooo?ai aiaeiiie ia iaio ?oeao iiae aaee/eiaie iieacieeia i’yciai? neee (1.7 - 2.9 ea aei ciiie, 2.4 - 5.0 ea iiney ciiie) i aeo?eaaeinoi aei noaoe/ieo coneeue (0.2 - 4.6 n aei ciiie, 0.4 - 2.0 n iiney ciiie) oa aieueo cia/ii ciiie ?o eiaoioei?ioia aa??aoe?? ia i?aaie ?ooei aecia/athoueny cia/iei ianyaii ? aenieith iioaineaiinoth i?aoei c eeaaiaoo?ith, a oaeiae aaia?aeicaoei?th aoiie. Aieea iioi?iaoeieiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy, no?ani?ia oa ii. ia oeaio?aeueio oa aaaaoaoeaio ia?aiao nenoaio noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny aaeaeaaoieie ciiiaie OA? (Eoeeeianeee A.A., Aieiaeeiaa A.I., 1993). Ciiiia eiai aeeiaiiea oa?aeoa?ecoaaeany ianoaeinoth e nooo?aeie aiaeiiiaie aaee/ei a onio a?oiao, ye? aoei i?iaiaeiciaaii, i?e iacia/iie ?icieoei ii/aoeiaeo (33.72.0 eIi - 35.52.6 eIi) i iineyciiiieo (32.21.7 eIi - 35.52.7 eIi) cia/aiue. Ianoieei, oaeeueiiiaeiaii ciiie a na?aaeeii oa a eiioei ?iai/iai ia?iiaeo a iia?aoi?ia NI oa a oeo, ui i?aoeththoue ic cia/iei ae?iaie/ei iaaaioaaeaiiyi, naiae/aoue i?i i?iaiaeio ?ieue oaeoi?ia o?oaeiaiai i?ioeano, ui iia’ycai? c aaiaeii aeaieo. Aaee/eie OA? i eiai noaeinoue iaa?iaii i?iii?oeieii noaaeo i?aoei ca AAeO. O a?oiao, aea aeiiiiothoue iia?aoi?e, ye? i?aoeththoue o aeiaeiaiaiio ?aaeeii, caoieniaaii cieaeaiiy OA? i ?icieoeth iiae ia?aae oa iineyciiiieie aaee/eiaie a iaaeao 1.0 - 1.5 eIi. A iioeo a?oiao - ia aieueo 0.5 eIi. Oiaoi, ca?a?no?iaaii iaaio noiaeinoue ia?aae oa iineyciiiiiai ooieoeiiiaeueiiai noaio o aeiaaeeo aieueo ae?aciiai aieeao iniaeeainoae aaiaeo iioi?iaoei?. Iieacieee aaiiaeeiaiiee iaee aieueo aeniei cia/aiiy ia i?aaie ?ooei a onio a?oiao, ye? aoei i?iaiaeiciaaii. Cie?aia aaee/eie AO ia?aaeuoaaee ?iaii 130/80 ii ?o. no. iaeaea a oni iiiaioe niinoa?aaeaiue, i?e aeinoia??ieo (p<0.05) a?aei?iao i?ae i?aaith oa e?aith ?oeaie. Aneiao?iy aeyaeyeanue oaeiae ?iciini?yiiaaieie ciiiaie ia iaio ?oeao. Ianoaeinoue aeeiaiiee i?ioyaii anueiai /ano ciiie aiaecia/aii a onio a?oiao, aea aieueo ae?acii aiaeiiie caoieniaaii iiae iia?aoi?aie, ui aeeiiothoue ?icii aeaee ?iaio oa ianyae ae?iaie/iai iaaaioaaeaiiy. Aieea oaeoi?ia o?oaeiaiai i?ioeano, i ia?o ca ana ia?aiai-aiioeieiiai iai?oaeaiiy, aeyaeyany iiaeneeaiiyi i nenoiei/iiai, i aeianoiei/iiai eiiiiiaioia na?oeaai? aeiyeueiinoi, ui ciaeoei aiaeia?aaeaiiy a ?iciiaeiei iniaeeainoae aaiiaeeiaiiee a a?oiao, ye? i?iaiaeiciaaii. Ae?acia ianoaeinoue nenoiei/iiai AO, aiaecia/aia aaea nii/aoeo ciiie, i?e aeinoiai?ieo (p<0.05) aiaeiiiao aaee/ei iieacieeia ia iaio ?oeao, a?aeia?aaea?, iaaooue aenieee nooiiiue iai?oaeaiiy iaoai?ci?a ?aaoeyoei? aaiiaeeiaiiee, ui i?iaiinoe/ii iani?eyoeeai, ineieueee ia? iinoea a ia?iiae iiii?iiai ae?iaie/iai iaaaioaaeaiiy. Aiaenooiinoue caeaaeiinoi aaee/ei AO aiae noaaeo ?iaioe ca AAeO, a oaeiae iaio ae?acii aiaeiiie iioeo iieacieeia aaiiaeeiaiiee naia iiae noaaeaaeie a?oiaie aeicaieythoue aiai?eoe i?i iacia/iee a ii?iaiyiii c iioeie oaeoi?aie aieea o?eaaeinoi i?ioanieii? ?iaioe ia ?aaoeyoeith aaiiaeeiaiiee. Iaea?eueo ae?aci? ??ciini?yiiaai? ci?ie iieaciee?a aaiiaeeiai?ee a iia?aoi??a c iaioei noaaeai, iaaii, iia’ycai? a ia?oo /a?ao ?c aieeaii o?ce/ieo oaeoi??a. Ii?yae c aneiao?i?th onio iieacieeia aaiiaeeiaiiee ia iaio ?oeao i i?iyaaie aiia?oaici? aeey /anoioe ioeueno oa?aeoa?ia aiaenooiinoue a?oiiaeo aiaeiii o iia?aoi?ia, a na?aaeii aaee/eie i?aeoe/ii ia aeoiaeeee ca iaaei 65-75 oae/oa. Iniaeeainoi ?iciiaeieo ianoaeinoi oaiaeaioeie iieacieea ca a?oiaie aeicaieythoue eiinoaooaaoe aieueo ae?aciee aieea oaeoi?ia o?oaeiaiai i?ioeano, iiae na?aaeiaeua, ui caeaaeaoue aiae ianyao iioi?iaoei?, yeo aaaaeaii a eiii’thoa?. Neiae iniaeeai aiaecia/eoe, ui o 45 % ianoaaeaieo iia?aoi?ia aoee aaaaoi-noaeeii? i?iyae aiia?oiii/iiai oeio. O iieiaeie c ieo (aeecueei 44 %) oea caoieniaaii a oni iiiaioe niinoa?aaeaiue, a iioeo aiia?oaiciy aeyaeyeany c iaioith no?ee?noth. Oi/a iciaee aiia?oaici?, ye? aiaecia/aii ca aeeiaiieith nenoiei/iiai i aeianoiei/iiai AO, oa?aeoa?ii aeey anio a?oi, ui i?iaiaeiciaaii, o 25 % iia?aoi?ia aoa aiia?oiii/iee oei aaaaoi-noaeeiieo ?aaeoeie, a o 30 % oa?aeoa? ciiithaaiue ia oyaey?oueny iiaeeeaei aecia/eoe /a?ac aeeiaii/iinoue iieacieeia i?ioyaii anueiai ?iai/iai ia?iiaeo. *a?ac aiaenooiinoue /ioeeo oaiaeaioeie o ciiiao iieacieeia aeeiaiiee e?iaiiaiao iaaeoi aaaeei aeaeieeoe i?iaiaeiee oaeoi?, yeee aecia/a? aieea ia aeiyeueiinoue na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie, ui ia aeeeth/a? caeaaeiinoue aeyaeaieo c?ooaiue aiae aei? oaeoi?ia o?oaeiaiai i?ioeano a ii?aeiaiii c na?aaeiaeuieie. I oei ia iaioa, ?iciiaeieyiiy aoaeoia aeeiaiiee e?iaiiaiao ii a?oiai, ye? aoei i?iaiaeiciaaii, naiae/eoue i?i aieueo nooo?aee aieea o?oaeiaiai i?ioeano. I?i oea oaeiae naiae/aoue aiae’?iii cia/aiiy aaaaoaoeaiiai iiaeaeno Ea?aei (- 15.85.2) a onio a?oiao, ye? aoei i?iaiaeiciaaii, ui iiaeeeai o aeiaaeeo ia?aaaaeaiiy a ?aaoeyoei? aaiiaeeiaiiee ia?aneiiaoe/iiai oiiono (Iiaiaeeeia A.I. e ae?., 1969). Aieea aea oice/ieo oaeoi?ia aeoeaico?, ye aiaeiii, neiiaoe/iee a?aeae?e aaaaoaoeaii? ia?aiai? nenoaie. Aeoaea aiae/ooii aiaeaeaa?oueny ia aaee/eiao AO ia?aiai-aiioeieia iai?oaeaiiy. Oiciieiai/ii ?aaeoei? ia?aiai? oa na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie, ye i?aaeei, eiiaiiiaaii, i i?e oeueiio ia? iinoea i neiiaoe/iee i ia?aneiiaoe/iee aoaeoe (A?ei/ei I.E., 1961; Iynieeia A.E., 1965; Eeeieia A.E., 1978), aianeiaeie /iai niinoa?iaathoueny aeenoiii/ii yaeua. Ia’?eoeaii ciiie ooieoeiiiaeueiiai noaio i?aaiicio noi?iaiaeaeoaaeeny cia/iei cieaeaiiyi a onio a?oiao, ye? aoei i?iaiaeiciaaii, iieacieeia naiiii/oooy, aeoeaiinoi, iano?ith (NAI) a na?aaeiueiio ia 0.8; 0.5; 0.4 aaee, aiaeiiaiaeii. Oi/iinoue naiiioeiiee iiaeoaa?aeaeo?oueny aaee/eiaie i ?iciiaeieii ca a?oiaie aaeia nooiaith ooiie (2.20.1 - 2.50.1). Aiae/oooy ooiie na?aaeiueiai nooiaith (ia ?iaii 2.70.2 aaeia i?e cai/iie aiaeiiaiaei) c’yaeyeiny /a?ac 5.80.2 aiaeeie a?ae ii/aoeo i?aoei. O oeae aiae?icie /ano, i?eaeecii ia 6-7 aiaeeii ciiie, aieueoinoue i?iaieaoiaaieo iiiioeee aeieeiaiiy iaeaieueo oa?aeoa?ieo i?e ?iaioi c AAeO aeeneiioi?oieo aiae/oooia. Iaiaoiaeii iiaee?aneeoe, ui iiiaae 40 % iia?aoi?ia iio?aaothoue o?eaaeiai, aieueo 12 aiaeei, aiaeiiaeaiiy iiney ?iai/i? ciiie, a 62.9 % aiaecia/athoue ii?ooaiiy nio. Oea ia oii? iniaeeainoae aeeiai?ee aeine?aeaeaieo ooieoe?e aeicaiey? aiai?eoe i?i iayai?noue iciae ia?aaoiie. Oaeei /eiii ooieoeiiiaeueiee noai i?aaiicio i?aoethth/eo c AAeO noi?iiaaii aieeaii eiiieaeno oaeoi?ia. Ei?aeyoe?eii-?aa?an?eiee aiae?c c aecia/aiiyi eiao?oe??io?a iiiaeeiii? ?aa?an?? (R = 0.3-0.6) ia aeyaea i?ia?aeii? ?ie? i? oaeoi??a o?oaeiaiai i?ioeano, i? ae?iaie/iai na?aaeiaeua. Aieea inoaiiio oyaey?oueny iaio nooo?aei /a?ac iaeo ?o iioaineaiinoue. I?i oea naiae/aoue iniaeeainoi aeeiaiiee ineoioiciieiai/ieo iieacieeia, a oaeiae ei?aeyoe?eiiai ca’yceo i?ae ooieoe?iiaeueiei noaiii aei oa i?ney ci?ie. Noiaeinoue aeeiaiiee aieueoinoi iieacieeia o a?oiao, ye? ?ic?iciththoueny ca noaaeai i?aoei, i?e aiaenooiinoi caeaaeiinoi aiae i?ioanieiiai noaaeo ae?aciinoi ciii, aeicaiey? i?eionoeoe aieea oaeoi?ia ia ?iaii, ui oo?oaeith? oi?ioaaiiy eiiiainaoi?ii-i?enoiniaoth/eo ?aaeoeie. Iniaeea?noth ooieoeiiiaeueiiai noaio (nooiiiue ae?aciinoi oa noaeinoue eiai) aeyaey?oueny iayaiinoue iciae eoioeyoei? aoaeoia aieeao eiiieaeno oaeoi?ia o?oaeiaiai i?ioeano oa ae?iaie/iai na?aaeiaeua ia i?aai?ci. Ianeiaeie oeueiai - ia?aiai?oaeaiiy ineoioiciieiai/ieo, a oiio /enei i?ioanieii cia/ieo ooieoeie. O?eaaea, i?ioyaii eieueeio aiaeei, ?iaioa c AAeO aecia/a? ie?aii iniaeeainoi ooieoeiiiaeueiiai noaio, aaaea aei iiaeaeuaiiy ?eceeo oi?ioaaiiy iaoieiai?. I?e aiaeici caoai?thaaiinoi c oei/aniaith ao?aoith i?aoeacaeaoiinoi aeyaeaii /ioei icia/aio caeaaeiinoue aiae noaaeo i?aoei ca AAeO eieueeinoi aeiaaeeia caoai?thaaiue i?aaiia aeeoaiiy, na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie, iii?ii-?ooiaiai aia?aoo, eii’thieoeaioia, iiia?aeiai e?eaeiaiai ?aaeeeoe?oo e inoaioiiae?ico, a oaeiae aiaeiiie a iioe?aiii iaa?icia iiae iniiaiith oa eiio?ieueiith a?oiaie. Ana oea c o?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae ooieoeiiiaeueiiai noaio iia?aoi?ia, iaaeinoaoiinoi /ano aeey iiaiioeiiiiai aiaeii/eieo oa iaaoaeoeaiinoi caoiaeia, ui aaeeaaeeny aeey i?ioieaeoeee i ai?ioueae c ia?aaoiieaiiyi, aeicaiey? eiinoaooaaoe iayaiinoue ca’yceo aeaieo caoai?thaaiue c oiiaaie i?aoei. Ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? ?ic?iaeaieo iaoiae?a ei?aeoe?? i?aoeacaeaoiino? (ianaaeo ?aoeaeniaaiieo cii eeoey oa oe?, eiiieaeno ai?aa) aeiaaea iayai?noue ci?i, ye? na?ae/aoue i?i iie?ioaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeicaieythoue noi?ioethaaoe iniiai? iai?yiee iioei?caoe?? i?aoe?, i?io?eaeoeee ooieoe?iiaeueiiai ia?aiai?oaeaiiy oa i?aeaeuaiiy i?ioan?eii? i?aoeacaeaoiino?. Aeey iie?ioaiiy i?aai?caoe?eieo iiiaio?a o?oaeiaiai i?ioeano iaiao?aeii ia?o ca ana caaacia/eoe ??aiii??ia ?iciiae?eyiiy ae?iaie/iai iaaaioaaeaiiy a ia?aa?ao ci?ie, oeaeiy, i?nyoey. A iaeii/an oea aeicaiey? aeinyaoe iineaaeaiiy iaaaoeaiiai aieeao ia iia?aoi??a eiiieaeno oaeoi??a o?oaeiaiai i?ioeano oa ae?iaie/iai na?aaeiaeua. Ei?aeoe?y a?aiiii?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee (ni?iuaiiy no?oeoo?e cii ci?iaiai eiio?ieth, ?icoaooaaiiy i?aoaoi?ee, ci?ie ?ici??ieo oa?aeoa?enoee iaeaaeiaiiy oa ?i.) ?iai/eo i?noeue, ye? iniauaii AAeO, caaacia/o? ciaioaiiy iani?eyoeeaiai aieeao oiia ci?iai? i?aoe?, iineaaeth? ae?aci?noue ia?aiai-aiioe?eiiai iai?oaeaiiy oa noaoe/ia iaaaioaaeaiiy ia i’yce. ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, ui ?ic?iaeaii, aeathoue oao?aoeyi ocaaaeueiai? e?eoa??? ioe?iee oiia i?aoe? oa noaio caei?ia’y iia?aoi??a AII c AAeO, a iaoiaee ei?aeoe?? ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio aeicaieythoue i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue e?eoaaeueii-icaei?iaethth/eo caoiae?a. Iniiaith i?ioieaeoeee caoai?thaaiue iia?aoi?ia AII c AAeO oyaey?oueny icaei?iaeaiiy oiia ?o i?aoei, aaeineiiaeaiiy aeyaeaiiy i?ioanieii iaoiiaeaii? iaoieiai? oa ei?aeoei? i?aoeacaeaoiinoi. AENIIAEE 1. I?iaiaeieie iniaeeainoyie i?aoei iia?aoi?ia ia/enethaaeueieo oeaio?ia ? ia??aiii??iee ?iciiaeie o ia?aaiao ciiie, oeaeiy, iinyoey iioi?iaoeieiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy oa aeeiiaiiy ?iaioe a iaa’ycaiiio ?eoii, ui aeeeeea? iai?oaeaiiy i?ioanieii cia/ieo oiciieiai/ieo ooieoeie - oaeaeeinoi oa /ano ia?a?iaeaiiy iioi?iaoei?, eiioeaio?aoei? oa ia?aieeaiiy oaaae, ei?ioei/anii? ci?iai? iai’yoi oa ia?aae/ania, c 5-6 aiaeeie ciiie cieaeaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiinoi. 2. ?iaioa iia?aoi?ia c aaiaeo iioi?iaoei? oa a aeiaeiaiaiio ?aaeeii caeienith?oueny i?e eieueeinoi aiae 6880 aei 11500 neaiaeia ca aiaeeio, ui i?e aenie?e uieueiino? ?iai/iai /ano 69.68.5 - 84.94.8 %, c iaeneiaeueiith aaee/eiith aei 99.5 %, aecia/a? aaeeeee ianya iei?ooiaiai oa eieaeueii-aeeiaii/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ia i’yce eenoi oa ia?aaeiei//y, a oaeiae iineeth? aieea ia iia?aoi?ia, iiiioiii?, caaaeueii? aiiiaeeiaii? oa aiiieiiaci?, oi?io? ia?aiai-aiioeieia iai?oaeaiiy. 3. A?a??i?/ia cia/ou?noue oiia ci?iai? i?aoei aecia/a?oueny ye?nieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie ina?oeaiiy a aeaio ieiueiao iiey ci?o, aa?oeeaeueii? oa ai?eciioaeueii?, iaiaoiaei?noth /anoiai (aiae 804.846.2 aei 848.736.9) i?ioyaii aiaeeie ia?aaaaeaiiy iiaeyaeo a iaaeao cii ci?iaiai eiio?ieth, oa iaaiaeiiaiaeiinoi ia 69.6 % ?iai/eo iinoeue ?iaiiii?iinoi inaioeaiiy aiai?ii/iei aeiiaai. 4. A?aiiii?/ii iniaeeainoi i?aoei ca AAeO oa oiiae ci?iai? i?aoei aecia/athoue ae?aciinoue iicii-oiii/iiai iai?oaeaiiy, yea ciooo? iia?aoi?ia aei 10 ?acia ca aiaeeio ei?aeooaaoe ?iai/o iico, ia?ai?uoaaoe eeaaiaoo?o oa ?iai/a e?inei, aeeiioaaoe iiai?ioe aieiae ia?aaaaeii a iaeio noi?iio aiae 439.720.9 aei 847.736.9 ?acia, ui ni?ey? oi?ioaaiith ia?aiai-ineoi/iiai oa aiioeieiiai iai?oaeaiiy. 5. Aieea eiiieaeno oaeoi?ia o?oaeiaiai i?ioeano oa na?aaeiaeua aeeeeea? iai?oaeaiiy oa ae?acio aeeiaii/iinoue i?ioanieii cia/ieo ooieoeie: aeinoiai?ii aiaeiiie aaee/ei OII iiae ie?aieie aiaeeiaie ciiie (aei 1.1 - 2.1 Aio/n); iineeaiiy caoaeaeoaaeueiiai i?ioeano a OeIN ia oiii ia?aae/aniiai (ii/eiath/e c na?aaeeie ciiie) cieaeaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiinoi, aeinoiai?ia nei?i/aiiy eaoaioiiai ia?iiaeo oiiaii-?aoeaeoi?ieo ?aaeoeie (ia 13.8-62.6 in), iieiioaiiy ie?aieo neeaaeiaeo ooieoei? ia?aieeaiiy oaaae. Iai?oaeaiiy iaoaiiciia aaaaoaoeaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy i?iyaeyeinue ianoaeinoth oa aneiao???th iieacieeia aaiiaeeiaiiee c i?iyaaie a?ia?oaic?? i?e aeinoiai?ii aieueo aenieeo cia/aiiyo ia i?aaie ?ooei. 6. Iniaeeainoi ci?iii? aeeiaiiee ooieoeiiiaeueiiai noaio ei?enooaa/ia AAeO oa?aeoa?ecothoueny ??ciini?yiiaaieie ci?iaie iieaciee?a, ye? aoei aeine?aeaeaii, ye i?ioyaii anueiai ?iai/iai ia??iaeo, oae ? a ie?ai? eiai ?ioa?aaee, oa naiae/aoue ca i?iaiaeio ?ieue oaeoi?ia o?oaeiaiai i?ioeano. Ae?oai?yaeiinoue oice/ieo oaeoi?ia iiaee?aneth?oueny oaeiae iaeei ?iaiai iioaineaiinoi ?o aei?. 7. O?eaaeee aieea i?iaiaeieo oaeoi?ia o?oaeiaiai i?ioeano e ae?iaie/iai na?aaeiaeua iaaaoeaii aieeaa? ia ?iaaiue oa no?oeoo?o caoai?thaaiinoi c oei/aniaith ao?aoith i?aoeacaeaoiinoi, aecia/a? caieueoaiiy /anoioe aeiaaeeia a caeaaeiino? a?ae noaaeo a iia?aoi??a AAeO a a?oiao i?ioanieii iaoiiaeaieo caoai?thaaiue, aino?eo ?ani??aoi?ieo caoai?thaaiue, caoai?thaaiue i?aai?a aeeoaiiy, na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie, iiia?aeiai-e?eaeiaiai ?aaeeeoe?oo oa inoaioiiae?ico, ui iio?aao? ?aiiuei? yeinii? aeiaaiinoeee oa i?ioieaeoeee ia?aaeoai?iaiaeo noaiia. 8. Aeaii i?i i?aai?caoe?ei? iniaeeaino? i?aoe? oa oaeoi?e o?oaeiaiai i?ioeano, yeinii oa?aeoa?enoeee inaioeaiiy a ciiao ci?iaiai eiio?ieth, aiai?ii/ii oa a?aiiii?/i? aeanoeaino? ?iai/eo iinoeue noai?ththoue iniiao i?ioaniia?aoi/ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee i?aoe? ca AAeO ia ia/enethaaeueieo oeaio?ao, caaacia/othoue ia’?eoeaia i?iaaaeaiiy naiioa?iiai iaaeyaeo, ?aiith aeiaaiinoeeo i?ioanieii iaoiiaeaieo caoai?thaaiue oa oeieani?yiiaaia i?iaaaeaiiy i?ioieaeoe/ieo iaaee/ieo iaeyae?a. 9. Iniiaith ia?aeiii? oa aoi?eiii? i?ioieaeoeee ooieoeiiiaeueiiai ia?aiai?oaeaiiy, ia?aae/anii? aoiie oa i?ioanieii iaoiiaeaii? iaoieiai? ? eiiieaenii ?aeiiaiaeaoei? c icaei?iaeaiiy oiia i?aoei oa ei?aeoei? i?aoeacaeaoiinoi, yei ?ic?iaeaii. NIENIE I?AOeUe, IIOAEIEIAAIEO CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOeI? 1. Iioaiia A.A, Naooeei A.N. Oneiaey i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai inaauaiey e ninoiyiea c?eoaeueiie ?aaioiniiniaiinoe iia?aoi?ia i?e ?aaioa n aeaeaioa?ieiaeaie // A?a/aaiia aeaei. - 1994. - ?9-12. - N. 124-127. 2. Naooeei A.N., Iioaiia A.A. Iniaaiiinoe ?aaiou ca aeaeaioa?ieiaeaie e eo aeeyiea ia i?aaieci // Aanoiee aeaeaiu e yieaeaieieiaee. - 1997. - O.1, ?1. - N. 50-55. 3. Naooeei A.N., Iioaiia A.A. Aeaeaie/aneay ioeaiea iniiaiuo oece/aneeo oaeoi?ia i?iecaiaenoaaiiie n?aaeu iiiauaiee n aeaeaioa?ieiaeaie // Aeiae?eey oa caei?ia’y. - 1998. - ?1(4). - N. 32-35. 4. Iioaiia A.A. Iniaaiiinoe aeeiaieee e?iaiia?auaiey o iia?aoi?ia aeaeaioa?ieiaeia n ?acee/iui noaaeai ?aaiou // Aanoiee aeaeaiu e yieaeaieieiaee. - 1998. - O.2, ?2. - N. 157-162. 5. Naooeei A.N., Iioaiia A.A. Aeaeaii-y?aiiiie/aneay ioeaiea ?aai/eo iano iia?aoi?ia YAI n aeaeaioa?ieiaeaie // A?a/aaiia aeaei. - 1998. - ?7. - N. 163-166. 6. Naooeei A.N., Iioaiia A.A. I?aaiecaoeeiiiua aniaeou o?oaea iia?aoi?ia, ?aaioathueo n aeaeaioa?ieiaeaie ia au/eneeoaeueiuo oeaio?ao // Iaoa?iaee thaieaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioei?, i?enay/aii? 75-?i//th eaoaae?e aiai?ie i aeieiai? ethaeeie “Aiai?ii/ii i?iaeaie ioi?iie caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy.” - Aeiii?iiao?ianuee: Iieia?aoino. - 1997. - N. 215-217. 7. Iioaiia A.A. Iniaaiiinoe ninoiyiey iieacaoaeae OeIN i?e ?aaioa ca aeaeaioa?ieiaeaie // Aaeaioaoeiy o/iianueei? iieiaei aei iaa/aeueieo caiyoue oa oice/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue. Oace aeiiiaiaeae iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe??. - *a?eane. - 1993. - N. 68. 8. Iioaiia A.A. Aicaeaenoaea oece/aneeo oaeoi?ia i?iecaiaenoaaiiie n?aaeu ia iia?aoi?ia YAI n aeaeaioa?ieiaeaie // Aeaeaia oece/aneeo oaeoi?ia ie?oaeathuae e i?iecaiaenoaaiiie n?aaeu. Oacenu aeieeaaeia 1 Iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai neiiiceoia. - Eeaa. - 1993. - N. 100. 9. Iioaiia A.A. Aeooaeueii caaea/i naiioa?iiai iaaeyaeo ca oiiaaie i?aoei iia?aoi?ia AII c aiaeaioa?iiiaeaie // I?ii?eoaoii i?iaeaie aiai?ii/ii? iaoee, iaaee/ii? aeieiai?, naiioa?ii? i?aeoeee oa ioi?iie caei?ia’y. Oace aeiiiaiaeae XIII c’?caeo aiai?iinoia Oe?a?ie. - *anoeia 2. - Ee?a. - 1995. - N. 282-283. 10. Naooeei A.N., Iioaiia A.A. Iaoiaeeea ei??aeoeee iineaniaiiiai ooieoeeiiaeueiiai ninoiyiey o iia?aoi?ia YAI c aeaeaioa?ieiaeaie. Iaoiaee/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee. - Aeiiaoee, 1995. - 8 n. 11. Naooeei A.N., Iioaiia A.A., Aeia?iaieueneay I.A. I?ioanneia?aoe/aneay ioeaiea o?oaea e i?ioeeaeoeea caaieaaaaiinoe iia?aoi?ia au/eneeoaeueiuo oeaio?ia, ?aaioathueo n aeaeaioa?ieiaeaie. Iaoiaee/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee. - Aeiiaoee, 1997. - 21 n.

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