Гідродинаміка та тепломасообмін у змішуючому конденсаторі з сітчастою насадкою: Автореф. дис… канд. техн. наук / В.В. Дубровська, Нац. техн. ун-т Ук

3

IAOe?IIAEUeIEE OAOI?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO OE?A?IE

«EE?ANUeEEE IIE?OAOI?*IEE ?INOEOOO»

AeOA?IANUeEA A?EOI??ss AANEE?AIA

OAeE 536.24

A?Ae?IAeEIAI?EA OA OAIEIIANIIAI?I O CI?OOTH*IIO EIIAeAINAOI?? C
N?O*ANOITH IANAAeEITH

05.14.05 — oai?aoe/ia oaieioaoi?ea

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a-1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? oai?aoe/ii? oa i?iieneiai? oaieioaoi?ee
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo Oe?a?ie «Ee?anueeee
iie?oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo», I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie (IOOO “EI?”)

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:
aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aeeeee Ieei- ea Ieaenaiae?iae/, IOOO
“EI?”, i?ioani? eaoa- ae?e

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi?
oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oaaeioe?i ?ai? Ieoaeeiae/, IOOO “EI?”, i?ioa-
ni? eaoaae?e

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Aaneeaiei Na?a?e Ieoaeeiae/,
Oe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e, aeioeaio
eaoaae?e

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y: ?inoeooo oaoi?/ii? oaieio?ceee IAI Oe?a?ie,
a?aeae?e oaieiianiiai?io a aeenia?nieo nenoaiao

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “_19 _” ea?oiy 1999 ?. i 16 aiaeei?
ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.26.002.09 a
Iaoe?iiaeueiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? Oe?a?ie «Ee?anueeee
iie?oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo» ca aae?anith: 252056, i.Ee?a, i?. Ia?aiiae 37,
ei?ion 5, aoaeeoi??y 406.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo Oe?a?ie “’Ee?anueeee iie?oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo”

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “_18__” aa?aciy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? A/aii? ?aaee
A.?.Eiiueoei

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Iaeiei c iaea?eueo ia?niaeoeaieo iai?yie?a
i?aeaeuaiiy eiao?oe?aioa ei?enii? ae?? ia?aoai?aiiy ia?aeiieo
aia?ai?ano?n?a a aeaeo?e/io aia?a?th aeciaii aeei?enoaiiy ia?iaaciaeo
onoaiiaie (IAO).Aoaeoeai?noue ?o ?iaioe a cia/i?e i??? caeaaeeoue a?ae
?aoe?iiaeueii? ooee?caoe?? oaieioe a?aeo?aeieo aac?a. I?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe oaieiooee?coth/iai eiioo?a IAO iiaea aooe aeinyaiooi
i?e aeei?enoaii? a yeino? oaieiiai?iiiai iaeaaeiaiiy eiioaeoieo
oaieiianiiai?iieo aia?ao?a. Iaea?eueo iioe?aieie na?aae ieo ? ci?ooth/?
aia?aoe ianaaeeiaiai oeio. Aenie? oaieiianiiai?ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee oeeo
aia?ao?a iaoiiaeee aeioe?euei?noue ?o canoinoaaiiy a oaieiooee?coth/iio
eiioo?? ia?iaacioo?a?iieo onoaiiaie (IAO), aea aiie aeeiiothoue ?ieue
eiiaeainaoi?a ia?e c ia?iaaciai? noi?o?. Aea ?o ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeeeaa
ia iniia? aeine?aeaeaiiy caeiiii??iinoae i?ioean?a oaieiianiiai?io oa
a?ae?iaeeiai?ee.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy a?ae?iaeeiai?ee oa/?? aaco oa ??aeeie ? oaieiianiiai?io
i?e eiioaeoi?e eiiaeainaoe?? ia?e c ia?iaaciai? noi?o? c aaeeeei ai?noii
aac?a, ui ia eiiaeainothoueny (?a > 0.3. ..0.7), aeeiiai? a aeineoue
iaiaaeaieo oiiaao ? noinothoueny niaoeeo?/ieo i?iaeai.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, oaiaie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeeiioaaeeny ia eaoaae?? oai?aoe/ii? oa i?iieneiai? oaieioaoi?ee
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo Oe?a?ie “EI?”. Iaoa??aee
aeena?oaoe?? ocaaaeueiththoue ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue, ye? aeeiiai? a
?aieao iniiaieo i?ia?ai.:

1. I?ia?aia aeine?aeaeaiue I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie c i?iaeaie “Aeieia?/ii
/enoa aia?aaoeea ? ?ano?ni-caa??aath/? oaoiieia??” ia 1990-1997 ??.

2. I?ia?aia aeine?aeaeaiue I?iiaoee ? oaoiieia?e ca iai?yieii
“?ano?nicaa?aaeaiiy”(oeo? 5.51).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa ?iaioe — anoaiiaeoe caeiiii??iino?
oaiei- ? ianiiai?io, a?ae?iaeeiai?ee oa/?? ??aeeie ? aaco a eiioaeoiiio
aia?ao? c n?o/anoith ianaaeeith oa ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo eiai ?ic?aooieo.

Aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe iio?aaoaaei ae??oaiiy ianooiieo caaea/:

1. ?ic?iaeoe aenia?eiaioaeuei? noaiaee aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy
a?ae?iaeeiai?ee ? oaieiianiiai?io o ci?ooth/iio aia?ao? c n?o/anoith
ianaaeeith.

2. Aenia?eiaioaeueii aeine?aeeoe a?ae?iaeeiai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee
ci?ooth/iai aia?aoo c n?o/anoith ianaaeeith.

3. Anoaiiaeoe a?aie/i? ?aaeeie ?iaioe ci?ooth/iai aia?aoo c n?o/anoith
ianaaeeith.

4. Aecia/eoe eiao?oe??ioe oaiei- ? iania?aeaea/? i?e eiisaeainaoe??
ia?e c ia?iaaciai? noi?o? c aaeeeei ai?noii aac?a, ui ia
eiiaeainothoueny.

5. Io?eiaoe ocaaaeueithth/? caeaaeiino? aeey ?ic?aooieo
a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ? oaieiianiiai?io o ci?ooth/iio aia?ao?
c n?o/anoith ianaaeeith.

6. ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo ci?ooth/iai aia?aoo c n?o/anoith
ianaaeeith.

Iaoeiao iiaecio aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe neeaaeathoue oae? iniiai?
?acoeueoaoe:

— aenia?eiaioaeueii aecia/aiee a?ae?aae?/iee ii?? n?o/anoeo ianaaeie;

— aia?oa anoaiiaeai? a?aie/i? ?aaeeie ?iaioe ci?ooth/iai aia?aoo c
n?o/anoith ianaaeeith;

— aenia?eiaioaeueii aecia/aia oo?eioth/a caeaoi?noue n?o/anoeo ianaaeie;

— aia?oa aenia?eiaioaeueii anoaiiaeai? caeiiii??iino? oaieiiania?aeaea/?
i?e eiiaeainaoe?? ia?e c ia?iaaciai? noi?o? c aaeeeei ai?noii aac?a, ui
ia eiiaeainothoueny;

— iaea?aeaii? ocaaaeueithth/? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeey ?ic?aooieo
a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee n?o/anoeo ianaaeie ? oaieiiania?aeaea/?
i?e eiiaeainaoe?? ia?e c ia?iaaciai? noi?o? o ci?ooth/iio
eiiaeainaoi??.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ai?iaaaeaeai? a
o/aiaee i?ioean Ee?anueeiai iie?oaoi?/iiai ?inoeoooo ?
aeei?enoiaothoueny a aeine?aeieoeuee?e ae?yeueiino? nooaeaio?a, a
eo?niaiio ? aeeieiiiiio i?iaeooaaii?.

?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeicaieeee iaea?aeaoe
ocaaaeueithth/? caeaaeiino? aeey ?ic?aooieo oaieiianiiai?io ?
a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee, ye? iieeaaeai? a iniiao iaoiaeeee
?ic?aooieo eiiaeainaoi?a ci?ooth/iai oeio.

?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeei?enoaii? i?e i?iaeooaaii? IAO
oeio «Aiaeie?e», ?ic?iaeaii? a IAI «Iaoi?iaeo».

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aeeeaaeai? ia 2?e
iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «A?ae?iaeeiai?ea, oaieiianiiai?ii?
i?ioeane a ??aeeiieo ie?aeao» ( Ao?aan,1989 ?.); ia II Ananithci?e
oeie?-nai?ia?? «No/ani? i?iaeaie oaiei- ? ianiiai?io a o?i?/i?e
oaoiieia??. Eieiii? aia?aoe ? o?i?/i? ?aaeoi?e» (i. Caai?ai?iae, 1990
?.); ia 8?e Ananithci?e eiioa?aioe?? «Aeaioaciee iio?e a aia?aaoe/ieo
iaoeiao ? aia?aoao ( i.Eai?ia?aae, 1990 ?.); ia O??? neiiiceoi? c oaiei
? ianiia?aiino ( Iieueua, 1992 ?.); ia III I?aeia?iaeiiio oi?oi? ii
oaiei- ? ianiiai?io (i.I?inuee, 1996 ?.); ia I?aeia?iaeiiio neiiiceoi?
ii o?ceoe? i?ioean?a oaieiia?aaea/? i?e eei?ii? ? eiiaeainaoe?? ( i.
Iineaa, 1997 ?.), ia nai?ia?? eaoaae?e oai?aoe/ii? ? i?iieneiai?
oaieioaoi?ee IOOO «EI?», 1998 ?.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iioae?eiaaii 7
iaoeiaeo noaooae.

No?oeoo?a ? ia’?i ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, 5
?icae?e?a, caaaeueieo aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e c 104
iaeiaioaaiue oa aeiaeaoe?a. Ci?no ?iaioe aeeeaaeaii ia 168

noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, a?aoiaoth/e 3 oaaeeoe? ? 48 ?enoie?a.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iieacaia aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe?? oa iaa?oioiaaia
iaiao?aei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue a?ae?iaeeiai?ee ?
oaieiianiiai?io o ci?ooth/iio eiiaeainaoi?? c n?o/anoith ianaaeeith.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaiee iaeyae ??cieo eiino?oeoe?e ianaaeeiaeo
aia?ao?a ? c?iaeaiee aeniiaie i?i ia?aaaao aeei?enoaiiy aia?aoo c
n?o/anoith ianaaeeith aeey ?aae?caoe?? i?ioeano eiiaeainaoe?? ia?e c
ia?iaaciai? noi?o? o oaieiooee?coth/eo eiioo?ao aia?aaoe/iiai
iaeaaeiaiiy.

Ia i?aenoaa? e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo ?icaeyiooi no/aniee noai ieoaiiy
aenia?eiaioaeueieo ? oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue i?ioean?a
a?ae?iaeeiai?ee ? oaieiianiiai?io i?e eiioaeoi?e eiiaeainaoe?? ia?e c
ia?iaaciai? noi?o?.

I?iaiae?ciaai? iayai? caeaaeiino? aeey aecia/aiiy a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo ?
oaieiianiiai?iieo oa?aeoa?enoee, a oaeiae iniiai? i?aeoiaee aei iieno
iaae a?aie/ieo ?aaeei?a i?e aeaioaci?e i?ioeoieia?e aca?iiae?? aaco oa
??aeeie.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui ?nioth/? ?ic?aooieia? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iathoue
i?ioe?a/iee oa?aeoa? ? noinothoueny ?ica’ycaiiy eiie?aoieo caaea/, oiio
ia iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoaii? aeey ?ic?aooieo a eiioaeoiiio aia?ao? c
n?o/anoith ianaaeeith.

Ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo noi?ioeueiaai? caaea/?
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? iienaia aenia?eiaioaeueia onoaiiaea, iaoiaeeee
i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee n?o/anoeo
ianaaeie ? caeiiii??iinoae oaieiianiia?aiino i?e eiiaeainaoe?? ia?e c
ia?iaaciai? noi?o? a ianaaeeiaiio aia?ao?; iaaaaeaia ioe?iea iioeaee
aenia?eiaio?a.

Iniiaiei aeaiaioii onoaiiaee ? iiaeaeue ci?ooth/iai eiiaeainaoi?a c
n?o/anoith ianaaeeith, ia?iaaia?oth/ee eiioo? c naia?aoe?eiith eaia?ith,
nenoaie iiaea/? aiaee, i?aeaioiaee ? iiaea/? iia?o?y oa
eiio?ieueii-aei??thaaeueia aia?aoo?a. C?iooaaiiy ianaaeee
cae?enithaaeiny ca aeiiiiiaith e?eueoeaaiai c?iooaa/a, eiino?oeoe?y
yeiai caaacia/oaaea noai?aiiy ??aiii??ii? ie?aee ??aeeie ia iiaa?oi?
n?o/anoi? ianaaeee.

Aeine?aei? ianaaeee aoee aeaioiaeai? c ia?aeaa?th/i? n?oee ? yaeyee
niaith oeee?iae?e/iee iaeao, yeee neeaaeaany c o?oa/anoeo eaiae?a
u?eueii oeeaaeaieo i?ae iaaaeeeei eooii aei aa?oeeae?, ui ooai?ththoue
eaiaee e?oaeiai ? o?eeooiiai iiia?a/iiai ia?a??co (?en.1). Aaee/eia
a?/ea o na?oe? o n?ooe? aoea ia?aia S =0.5ii, a eoo iaoeeo aeaiaio?a aei
aa?oeeae?- 80. Aaiiao?e/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee ianaaeie aeacai? o oaaeeoe? 1.

Aeine?aee i?iaiaeeeenue ia nenoai? iia?o?y-aiaea ? ia?iiia?o?yia noi?o
aiaea.

Oaaeeoey 1. Aaiiao?e/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee aeine?aeieo ianaaeie

i E?euee?noueAea?aaeaioieeAenioaCii/oaaieeo?oaie, oo.Ae?aiao?,
iianaaeee, iia?eiao?, i153.3 10-30.110.927124.3 10-30.110.79176.3
10-30.110.59738.9 10-30.110.424124.3 10-30.040.791124.3
10-30.080.791124.3 10-30.1550.791

Ia?iiia?o?yia noi?o ooai?thaaeanue oeyoii ci?ooaaiiy iia?o?y c aiaeyiith
ia?ith o ci?ooth/?e eaia?? ? iiaeaaaeanue o iiaeaeue eiiaeainaoi?a c
n?o/anoith ianaaeeith. Iaiao?aeiee ??aaiue e?eueeino? aac?a, ui ia
eiiaeainothoueny caaacia/oaaany ?aaoethaaiiyi aeo?aoaie ia?e ? iia?o?y.

Oaiia?aoo?a iia?o?y, ia?iiia?o?yii? noi?o? ? aiaee aecia/aeenue
oa?iiia?aie, ye? anoaiiaethaaeenue o oeaio?? iioieo.

Iaeneiaeueia iioeaea i?e aecia/aii? eiao?oe??io?a oaieia?aeaea/? ia
ia?aaeuoaaea 9,5%.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? aeeeaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee n?o/anoeo ianaaeie.

A i?ioean? aenia?eiaio?a aecia/aany ii?? nooeo ? c?iooaaieo n?o/anoeo
ianaaeie i?e c?iooaaii? ?o ?iai/eie ??aeeiaie a oiiaao i?ioeoi/iiai ?ooo
na?aaeiaeu. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue ia «oieiaei?e iiaeae?». A
yeino? ?iai/eo ??aeei aoee aeei?enoai? aiaea, aoeeiaee nie?o, ae?oea?ei
? 73% aiaeiee ?ic/ei ae?oea?eio.

A ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiue aeyaeaia caeaaei?noue a?ae?aae?/iiai iii?o
a?ae aonoeie c?iooaaiiy, aea?aaeaioiiai ae?aiao?o ianaaeee ? iiaa?oiaiai
iaoyao ??aeeie.

I?iaaaeai? niinoa?aaeaiiy ca ?aaeeiaie oa/?? aeey on?o aeine?aeaeoaaieo
??aeei iieacaee, ui ye ? o aeiaaeeo aeei?enoaiiy ianeiieo ianaaeie
a?aei?/aii ?nioaaiiy iniiaieo a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo ?aaeei?a. I?ioa, ?aaeei
i?aeaenaiiy ia aoa cao?eniaaiee. Oey iniaeea?noue aoea aeyaeaia ? a
?iaioao Noaoaiiaa i?e aeine?aeaeaii? n?o/anoeo ianaaeie ?ioi? aaiiao???.

Ia ?en. 2 iieacaii aieea aonoeie c?iooaaiiy ia a?ae?aae?/iee ii??
ianaaeee. Ia on?o a?ao?eao ? ceai (e?i?y I-?), yeee na?ae/eoue i?i
ia?ao?ae a?ae ie?aeiai? oa/?? aei ii/aoeo ?aaeeio caoeeiaiiy. I?noea
ceaio ni?aiaaea? c a?coaeueii a?aei?/aiieie yaeuaie, ye? oa?aeoa?i? aeey
ia?aoiaeo aei oeueiai ?aaeeio. I?ney ceaio a?aeaoaa?oueny ??cea
c?inoaiiy iii?o a i??o oiai, ye iaeiie/o?oueny ??aeeia a ianaaeoe? i?e
iino?ei?e oaeaeeino?. C ?enoieo oaeiae aeaeii, ui a?ae?aae?/iee ii??
ianaaeee ?c ca?eue-

oaiiyi aonoeie c?iooaaiiy c?inoa?, ui iia’ycaii ?c ciaioaiiyi
i?io?aeiiai ia?a??co eaiae?a /a?ac oo?eiaiiy ??aeeie ia ianaaeoe?,
aiane?aeie cii/oaaiiy iiaa?oi? aeaiaio?a ianaaeee.

C?noaaeaiiy aeine?aeieo aeaieo ieoiiiai iii?o nooeo ianaaeie ??cieo
oei?a i?eaaaeaia ia ?en. 3 iieacaei, ui aeine?aeaeoaaia ianaaeea ia?
ii?? cia/ii iaioee, i?ae n?o/anoa ianaaeea c o?aiaoe??aeaeieie eaiaeaie,
aio?iaaia ? c e?eueoeyie ?aoeaa.

Ia i?aenoaa? niaoe?aeueii ?ic?iaeaiiai aeai?eoio aecia/aiiy aac?icieo
e?eoa???a iiae?aiino?, ui aaco?oueny ia aeei?enoaii? oai?aie, aoei
iaea?aeaii ??aiyiiy caaaeueiiai oeio aeey aecia/aiiy a?ae?aae?/iiai
iii?o n?o/anoi? ianaaeee.

A ?acoeueoao? ai?ieneiaoe?? aeine?aeieo aeaieo aoei io?eiaii ??aiyiiy
aeey iaeano? no?eei? ?iaioe aia?aoo aeaeo:

Euc? = Eu noo[1 + 1,8 10-7 Re-1 Fr0,98 We-0,18 Ga1,34
(a/)-2,75

(ae/a)2,9 (I/da)-0,66 ,
(1)

aea Eu noo = 0,25 Re-0,27(I/da)-0,64
(2)

A?aoiaoth/e aaciina?aaei?e aieea e?eueeino? oo?eiaii? ??aeeie (EO?)
n?o/anoith ianaaeeith ia oa?aeoa?enoeee i?ioeano aca?iiae?? na?aaeiaeu ?
ia aoaeoeai?noue i?ioeano ianiia?aiino, a ?iaio? aoee i?iaaaeai?
a?aeiia?aei? aeine?aeaeaiiy ia n?o/ano?e ianaaeoe? ? aa?oeeaeuei?e
iiein?. A yeino? ?iai/eo ??aeei aeei?enoiaoaaeenue aiaea, nie?o ?
ae?oea?ei.

EO? aecia/aeanue aaaiaei niiniaii o a?aenooiino? iioieo aaco. Aeey
onoiaiiy aieeao e?ioeaaeo aoaeo?a aeine?aee i?iaiaeeeenue ia c?aceao
??cii? aeiaaeeie. A aenia?eiaioao aaciina?aaeiuei aei??thaaeanue iiaia
e?euee?noue oo?eiaii? ??aeeie oa ?? noaoe/ia neeaaeiaa.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui e?euee?noue oo?eiaii? ??aeeie caeaaeeoue a?ae o?ce/ieo
aeanoeainoae ??aeeie ? aonoeie c?iooaaiiy. EO? aeey ae?oea?eio cia/ii
a?eueoa, i?ae aeey aiaee ? nie?oo, ui iiynith?oueny aaeeeei cia/aiiyi
a’yceino? ae?oea?eio. Ca?eueoaiiy aonoeie c?iooaaiiy i?eaiaeeoue aei
c?inoaiiy aaee/eie EO?.

Ia i?aenoaa? aeaieo ii EO? ? aeei?enoiaoth/e ??oaiiy ??aiyiiy
Iaauea-Noiena aeey aecia/aiiy na?aaeiuei? oaeaeeino? ie?aee ??aeeie, yea
?ooa?oueny i?ae ae??th neee oyae?iiy, aoei iaea?aeaii ??aiyiiy aeey
aecia/aiiy na?aaeiuei? oaeaeeino? ie?aee ??aeeie ia ae?eyioe? n?o/anoi?
iieine.

Aiae?c iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeyaea aieea a’yceino? ??aeeie ia
aaee/eio oaeaeeino?.

C?noaaeaiiy na?aaei?o oaeaeeinoae ?ooo ??aeeie ii aeaaee?e ? oa?oao?e
iiaa?oiyo ??cieo aeae?a iieacaei aieea aaiiao??? oa?oaoino? ia ??
aaee/eio.

A ?acoeueoao? ia?iaee aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo aeey n?o/anoeo ianaaeie
? aeei?enoaiiy ?ic?i

aeaiiiai aeai?eoio aoea iaea?aeaia ocaaaeueithth/a caeaaei?noue aeey
aecia/aiiy iiaii? e?eueeino? oo?eiaii? ??aeeie, yea iaaaaeaia ia ?en4.

hi = 17,7 Re0,38 Ga-0,27 (3)

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaiee oai?aoe/iee aiae?c ?aaeei?a oa/??
ie?aee ??aeeie i?e i?ioeoa/?? aaco a iiiaeeiieiio eaiae? ianaaeee ?
?aaeoe?e nenoaie ia ciai?oi? iiae?aciaiiy ia iniia? a?ao?/ieo
caeaaeiinoae (oiaueie ie?aee a?ae oaeaeeino? aaco i?e ??cieo oaeaeeinoyo
oa/?? ??aeeie), yeee iieacaa ?nioaaiiy o?ueio ?aaeei?a aca?iiae??
??aeeie ? aaco, eiaeiiio c yeeo a?aeiia?aea? na?e oei e?eai?.

Aeey aecia/aiiy a?aieoeue no?eei? ?iaioe eiioaeoiiai aia?aoo c
n?o/anoith ianaaeeith oaeiae aoee i?iaaaeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei?
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Oi/ea caoeeiaiiy aia?aoo aecia/aeany ii ??ceiio c?inoaiith
a?ae?aae?/iiai iii?o ? aeieeiaiith i?iiiai oa?o ??aeeie c ?ioaineaiei
ia?ai?ooaaiiyi iaae aa?oi?i oi?oeai ianaaeee. I?e aeinyaiaii?
aecia/aiiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeo?ao aca?iiae?th/eo na?aaeiaeu ??aeeia,
yea iaeiie/o?oueny o ieaei?e /anoei? ianaaeee, i?aeoiieththoueny aacii
iaai?o ? aeieea? ?aaeei caoeeiaiiy.

I?e i?iaaaeaii? aenia?eiaio?a aoei aeine?aeaeaii aieea ia oaeaee?noue
caoeeiaiiy aia?aoo ne?aeoth/eo oaeoi??a: o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae ??aeeie,
aaiiao?e/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ianaaeie ? aeo?aoe ??aeeie.

Aieea o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae ??aeeie ia ii/aoie ?aaeeio caoeeiaiiy aeey
ianaaeee c de= 3.3 10 -3 i i?e c?iooaaii? ?? ?iai/eie ??aeeiaie,
iieacaiee ia ?en .5.C ?enoieo aeaeii, ui e?ea? ?icoaooaaeeny o ii?yaeeo
c?inoaiiy aaee/eie ?o iiaa?oiaiai iaoyao, aiane?aeie /iai i?e iaeiaeiaeo
aeo?aoao ??aeeie iaeiaioa oaeaee?noue caoeeiaiiy aeinyaa?oueny i?e
c?iooaaii? ianaaeee aoeeiaei nie?oii, e ia? iaeiaioee iiaa?oiaee iaoya.
Ciia, iaiaaeaia a?aeiia?aeiith e?i??th G=f(L) ? inyie eii?aeeiao
a?aeiia?aea? ?iai/ei ?aaeeiai ?iaioe aia?aoa.

Ia iniia? ?ic?iaeaiiai aeai?eoio aoee iaea?aeai? e?eoa??? iiae?aiino?,
ui iienothoue i?ioean caoeeiaiiy a eiioaeoiiio aia?ao? c n?o/anoith
ianaaeeith ? iaea?aeaii e?eoa??aeueia ??aiyiiy:

E = 5.7 Fr -0,49 We -0,49 Ga 0,02 (a/)0,65 (ae/a)0,04 (I/da)-0,06 ,
(4)

Ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaio?a iaaaaeaii ia ?en.6. sse aeaeii
c ?enoiea na?aaeia a?aeoeeaiiy oi/ie a?ao?eo ia ia?aaeuo? 8%.

A i?ioean? ia?iaee aenia?eiaio?a aei ianeao aeaieo aoee aeeth/aii?
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ?aaeei?a caoeeiaiiy ?ioeo aaoi??a o
aa?oeeaeueieo o?oaao i?e aeei?enoaii? ??cieo ?iai/eo na?aaeiaeu
(a?aee?eo? aaci??aeeii? nenoaie ? caieiaia aeaioacia nenoaia i?e ci?i?
oeneo).

A ?acoeueoao? iaoaiaoe/ii? ia?iaee iaea?aeaia caeaaei?noue, yea
iaaaaeaia ia ?en.7:s

K = 0,146 Fr—0,29 We -0,41 Ga 0,073 (a/)0,1 (ae/a)0,1 (5)

yea iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia aeey aecia/aiiy a?aie/ieo ?aaeei?a ?iaioe
eiioaeoiiai aia?aoo c n?o/anoeie ianaaeeaie ? aa?oeeaeueieo o?oa.

O i’yoiio ?icae?e? aeeeaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue oaieiianiiai?io i?e eiiaeainaoe?? ia?e c ia?iaaciai?
noi?o? a eiioaeoiiio aia?ao? c n?o/anoith ianaaeeith. .

A i?ioean? i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaio?a aecia/aeenue eiao?oe??ioe oaiei-?
iania?aeaea/? a?ae ia?iiia?o?yii? noi?o? aei ie?aee ??aeeie ? aieea ia
?o aaee/eio ne?aeoth/eo oaeoi??a: oaeaeeino? ?ooo ia?iiia?o?yii? noi?o?,
aonoeie c?iooaaiiy ??aeeie, aea?aaeaioiiai ae?aiao?o, aenioe ianaaeee ?
e?eueeino? aac?a, ui ia eiiaeainothoueny.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui ?c ca?eueoaiiyi oaeaeeino? ?ooo ia?iiia?o?yii? noi?o?,
?? aieiaiai?noo ? aonoeie, c?iooaaiiy c?inoathoue eiao?oe??ioe oaiei ?
iania?aeaea/? ? . ?c ca?eueoaiiyi aea?aaeaioiiai ae?aiao?a ianaaeee
niinoa??aa?oueny c?inoaiiy eiao?oe??ioa oaieia?aeaea/? .

Ine?eueee a ?ac? ianaaeeiaeo aia?ao?a aeioe?eueii iia?oaaoe
eiao?oe??ioaie oaieia?aeaea/? a?aeianaieie aei ia’?io, yeee caeia?
ianaaeea, oi i?e ia?iaoe? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo aecia/aeenue ?
ia’?ii? eiao?oe??ioe v .

Ia ?en.8 iaaaaeai? a?ao?ee caeaaeiino? ia’?iiiai eiao?oe??ioa
oaieia?aeaea/? v a?ae oaeaeeino? ia?iiia?o?yii? noi?o? i?e ??ciiio
cia/aii? e?eueeino? aac?a, ui ia eiiaeainothoueny a. C i?eaaaeaieo
a?ao?e?a aeaeii, ui v ca?eueoo?oueny i?e c?inoaii? oaeaeeino?
ia?iiia?o?yii? noi?o? o anueiio ae?aiacii? aeine?aeaeoaaieo ia?aiao??a.

Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy oaiia?aoo?e aac?a ia aeoiae? c aia?aoo
aeyaeee nooo?ao caeaaei?noue ?? a?ae eiao?oe??ioo c?iooaaiiy ( G?/Ga )
? aaee/eie aieiaiai?noo d. *ei ieae/a cia/aiiy d, oei aei a?eueo
iecueei? oaiia?aoo?e iiaeia ioieiaeeoe a?aeoiaeyu? aace i?e oiio ae
cia/aii? eiao?oe??ioa c?iooaaiiy. Ciaioaiiy aenioe ianaaeee i?eaiaeeoue
aei c?inoaiiy t oo .

Ia i?aenoaa? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue cai?iiiiiaai?
ocaaaeueithth/? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeey ?ic?aooieo na?aaei?o eiao?oe??io?a
oaiei- ? iania?aeaea/? aeaeo:
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(6)

Ia ?en. 9 iaaaaeaii ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaio?a aaoi?a ca
oi?ioeith (6), yea ia? iaeneiaeueia a?aeoeeaiiy + 20%. Caeaaei?noue
ni?aaaaeeeaa o ae?aiacii? ia?aiao??a: Rei =200…1000; Re? =13…430;
Pr = 1.02…0.82; ae =0.1…0.63; a = 0.34…0.7; H/da= 9…36.

Ii??aiyiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue ia’?iieo eiao?oe??io?a
oaieia?aeaea/? i?e eiiaeainaoe?? ia?e c ia?iiia?o?yii? noi?o? a
ianaaeeiaeo aia?aoao ??ciiai oeio iieacaei, ui ?ioaineai?noue i?ioeano
oaieia?aeaea/? a aia?aoao c n?o/anoeie ianaaeeaie aeua a 1.3 ?ace, i?ae
a aia?ao? c e?eueoeyie ?aoeaa.

AENIIAEE

1. Aia?oa i?iaaaeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy a?ae?aae?/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee eiioaeoiiai aia?aoo c n?o/anoeie ianaaeeaie a oiiaao
i?ioeoi/iiai ?ooo ??aeeie ? aaco. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ia aaee/eio
a?ae?aae?/iiai iii?o aieeaathoue: aonoeia c?iooaaiiy, aea?aaeaioiee
ae?aiao? ? aenioa ianaaeee, a oaeiae aeanoeaino? c?iooth/i? ??aeeie.

2. Aia?oa aecia/ai? a?aie/i? ?aaeeie ?iaioe aia?aoo. Anoaiiaeaii, ui
ii?iaeueia ?iaioa aia?aoo iaiaaeaia yaeuai “caoeeiaiiy” iia’ycaiiai c
ii?ooaiiyi no?eeino? ie?aee ??aeeie i?e ?? aca?iiae?? c aaciaei iioieii.
Aeyaeaii, ui ?aaeei caoeeiaiiy caeaaeeoue a?ae oaeaeeinoae ??aeeie ?
aaco, aaiiao?e/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ianaaeie ? iiaa?oiaiai iaoyao ??aeeie.

3. Ii??aiyiiy a?aie/ieo ?aaeei?a ?iaioe eiioaeoieo aia?ao?a ianaaeeiaiai
oeio iieacaei, ui aia?ao c n?o/anoith ianaaeeith i?aoeth? c a?eueoeie
a?aie/ieie oaeaeeinoyie, i?ae aia?aoe c ianeiieie ? aio?iaaieie
ianaaeeaie.

4. Aeine?aeiei oeyoii aecia/aia oo?eioth/a caeaoi?noue n?o/anoeo
ianaaeie a caeaaeiino? a?ae o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae ?iai/i? ??aeeie
.Aeyaeaii aieea a’yceino? ??aeeie ? aonoeie c?iooaaiiy ia e?euee?noue
oo?eiaii? ??aeeie.

5. Aia?oa aeeiiai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy ii aecia/aiith
na?aaei?o eiao?oe??io?a oaiei-? iania?aeaea/? i?e eiiaeainaoe?? ia?e c
ia?iaa-ciai? noi?o? c aaeeeei ai?noii aac?a, ui ia eiiaeainothoueny (?a
= 0.3… 0.7). Anoaiiaeaii, ui ?ioaineai?noue oaiei-? iania?aeaea/?
c?inoa? i?e ca?eueoaii? oaeaeeino? noi?o? ? aonoeie c?iooaaiiy, aea
ciaioo?oueny i?e ca?eueoaii? ai?noo iia?o?y o ia?iiia?o?yi?e noi?o?.
Ca?eueoaiiy aea?aaeaioiiai ae?aiao?o ianaaeee ? ciaioaiiy ?? aenioe
i?eaiaeeoue aei c?inoaiiy eiao?oe??ioa oaieia?aeaea/?.

6. Ii??aiyiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue ia’?iieo eiao?oe??io?a
oaieia?aeaea/? i?e eiiaeainaoe?? ia?e c ia?iiia?o?yii? noi?o? iieacaei,
ui ?ioaineai?noue oaieia?aeaea/? a aia?ao? c n?o/anoith ianaaeeith aeua
a 1.3 ?ace, i?ae a aia?ao? c e?eueoeyie ?aoeaa.

7. ?ic?iaeaiee aeai?eoi iaea?aeaiiy e?eoa???a iiae?aiino?
a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee c i?ia?aiiei caaacia/aiiyi.

8. Aia?oa cai?iiiiiaai? caeaaeiino? aeey ?ic?aooieo a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee oa oaieia?aeaea/? i?e eiioaeoi?e eiiaeainaoe? ia?e c
ia?iaa-ciai? noi?o? a aia?ao? ci?ooth/iai oeio..

9. Iaa?oioiaaii i?aeoe/ia canoinoaaiiy ci?ooth/eo eiiaeainaoi??a a
oaieiooee?caoe?eieo eiioo?ao aia?aaoe/ieo aa?aaao?a.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? a ne?aeoth/eo ?iaioao:

1. Aeeeee I. I., Eieineiaa I.TH., I?eyinueeee A. A., Aeoa?ianueea A. A
«A?ae?iaeeiai?ea ie?aeiai? oa/?? ??aeeie a ii?eno?e ianaaeoe?
eiioaeoiiai oaieiiai?iiiai aia?aoa. //36. Eei?iiy ?
eiiaeainaoe?y.-1990.-N.73-79.

2. Aeeeee I.I., Eieineiaa I.TH., I?eyinueeee A.A., Aeoa?ianueea A.A “I?i
a?aie/i? ?aaeeie ?iaioe eiioaeoieo ianaaeeiaeo oaieiianiiai?iieo
aia?ao?a // A?no? aoc?a. Aia?aaoeea.-1991.O1.-N.102-105.

3. Aeeeee I.I., Eieineiaa I.TH., ???eey? A.1., Aeoa?ianueea A.A.
«?ic?iaea ? aeine?aeaeaiiy eiiaeainaoi?a ci?ooth/iai oeio c ii?enoith
ianaaeeith» // I?iieneiaa oaieioaoi?ea .-1992 .-o. 14 .-O?-C .-N. 11-15.

4. N.A. Diky, N.Yu. Eiliskova, V.A. Ouz, V.V. Dubaivskaya “Heat and
Mass Transfer and Hydrodynamics of liquid Evaporation in contact
Apparatus with porous Packing.//Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science.-
1996. -t. 13. -? 2.-P.85-91.

5. Aeoa?ianueea A.A., Eieineiaa I.TH., I?eyinueeee A.A. » Iniaeeaino?
a?ae?iaeeiai?ee eiioaeoieo ianaaeeiaeo oaieiianiiai?iieo aia?ao?a.
I?iieneiaa oaiei oaoi?ea.-1996.-O4.-N. 69-73.

6. Aeoa?ianueea A.A., I?eyinueeee A.A., Eieineiaa I.TH., Oeey? A. 1.
«A?aie/i? oaeaeeino? na?aaeiaeu o i?ioeoa/?eieo aaci??aeeiieo nenoaiao».
I?iieneiaa oaieioaoi?ea.-1998.-o.20. -O 1.-N. 58-61.

7. Oeey? A.?.,Eieineiaa I.TH., Aeoa?ianueea A.A., I?eyinueeeeA.A.
Oaieiianiiai?i ? a?ae?iaeeiai?ea a eiioaeoiiio aia?ao? c u?eeiiei
i?aeaiaeii ia?iaaciai? noi?o? // I?iieneiaa
oaieioaoi?ea.-1998.-o.20.-?1. N.11-14.

Iniaenoee aianie a ?iaioao, iioae?eiaaieo o ni?aaaoi?noa?: [1,2,5,6] —
?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee aeine?aeaeaiiue, o/anoue o i?iaaaeai? aenia?eiaio?a ?
io?eiaiiy ocaaaeueithth/eo caeaaeiinoae; [3,4,4,7] — i?iaaaeaiiy
aenia?eiaio?a ?ia?iaea ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiue.

Aeoa?ianueea A?eoi??y Aanee?aia. A?ae?iaeeiai?ea ? oaieiianiiai?i o
ci?ooth/iio eiiaeainaoi?? c n?o/anoith ianaaeeith.-?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.14.05 — oai?aoe/ia oaieioaoi?ea —
Iaoe?iiaeueiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao Oe?a?ie «Ee?anueeee iie?oaoi?/iee
?inoeooo», Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue
i?ioean?a a?ae?iaeeiai?ee ? oaiei- ? ianiia?aiino i?e eiiaeainaoe?? ia?e
c ia?iaaciai? noi?o? o ci?ooth/iio eiiaeainaoi?? c n?o/anoith
ianaaeeith. Anoaiiaeaii aieea aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a ianaaeie ?
o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae ?iai/eo ??aeei ia a?ae?iaeeiai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee
ianaaeie.Cai?iiiiiaai? aii??e/i? caeaaeiino? aeey ?ic?aooieo
a?ae?aae?/iiai iii?o, oo?eioth/i? aeanoeaino? ??aeeie ? a?aie/ieo
?aaeei?a ?iaioe ci?ooth/iai eiiaeainaoi?a.

Ia iniia? aeine?aeaeaiiy na?aaei?o eiao?oe??io?a oaiei- ? iania?aeaea/?
aeyaeaii aieea aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a ianaaeie, oaeaeeino? ?ooo noi?o?
ia ?ioaineai?noue i?ioean?a oaiei- ? iania?aeaea/?. Cai?iiiiiaai?
aii??e/i? caeaaeiino? aeey ?ic?aooieo oeeo i?ioean?a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ia?iiia?o?yia noi?o, aonoeia c?ioaiiy, ci?ooth/ee
eiiaeainaoi?,n?o/anoa ianaaeea.

Aeoa?ianeay Aeeoi?ey Aaneeueaaia. Aeae?iaeeiaieea e oaieiianniiaiai a
niaoeaathuai eiiaeainaoi?a n nao/aoie ianaaeeie.-?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.14.05 — oai?aoe/aneay oaieioaoieea.-
Iaoeeiiaeueiue oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao Oe?aeiu “Eeaaneee iieeoaoie/aneee
einoeooo”, Eeaa,1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee i?aaenoaaeaiu ?acoeueoaou yenia?eiaioaeueiuo
enneaaeiaaiee aeae?iaeeiaieee oa/aiey aeeaeeinoe e aaca e i?ioeanna
oaieiianniiaiaia i?e eiiaeainaoeee ia?a ec ia?iaaciaie niane n aieueoei
niaea?aeaieai iaeiiaeaine?othueony aacia ( a >0.3….0.7) a niaoeaathuai
eiiaeainaoi?a n nao/aoie ianaaeeie.

Enneaaeiaaiey auee i?iaaaeaiu ia niaoeeaeueii ?ac?aaioaiiie onoaiiaea
iniiaiui yeaiaioii eioi?ie yaeyaony iiaeaeue niaoeaathuaai eiiaeainaoi?a
n ?aniieiaeaiiie a aai aioo?aiiae iieinoe nao/aoie ianaaeeie. Aeey
i?ioaiey ianaaeee eniieueciaaeny eieueoeaaie i?ineoaeue, eiino?oeoeey
eioi?iai iicaieyea nicaeaaaoue ?aaiiia?ioth ieaieo aeeaeeinoe ia
iiaa?oiinoe ianaaeee.

Iiuoiua ianaaeee auee ecaioiaeaiu ec ia?aeaaathuae naoee e i?aaenoaaeyee
niaie oeeeeiae?e/aneee iaeao, ninoiyuee ec o?oa/aouo eaiaeia ieioii
oeiaeaiiuo iiae iaaieueoei oaeii e aa?oeeaee, ia?acothueo eaiaeu
e?oaeiai e o?aoaieueiiai iiia?a/iiai na/aiey. Yenia?eiaiou i?iaiaeeeenue
ia nenoaiao aiaea-aicaeoo e ia?iaicaeooiay nianue-aiaea.

Ia?iaicaeooiay nianue ia?aciauaaeanue iooai niaoaiey aicaeooa n aiaeyiui
ia?ii a niaoeaathuae eaia?a e iiaeaaaeanue a eiiaeainaoi?. Iaiaoiaeeiue
o?iaaiue eiee/anoaa iaeiiaeaine?othueony aacia iaania/eaaeny
?aaoee?iaeie ?anoiaea ia?a e aicaeooa.

A i?ioeanna yenia?eiaioia ii?aaeaeaii nii?ioeaeaiea nooeo e i?ioaaiuo
nao/aouo ianaaeie i?e i?ioaiee eo ?aai/eie aeeaeeinoyie a oneiaeyo
i?ioeaioi/iiai aeaeaeaiey n?aae. A ea/anoaa ?aai/eo aeeaeeinoae auee
eniieueciaaiu aiaea, yoeeiaue nie?o, aeeoea?ei e 73% ?anoai? aeeoea?eia.
A ?acoeueoaoa enneaaeiaaiee auyaeaia caaeneiinoue aeae?aaee/aneiai
nii?ioeaeaiey io ieioiinoe i?ioaiey, yeaeaaeaioiiai aeeaiao?a ianaaeee e
oece/aneeo naienoa aeeaeeinoe.

Ia iniiaaiee niaoeeaeueii ?ac?aaioaiiai aeai?eoia ii?aaeaeaiey
aac?acia?iuo e?eoa?eaa iiaeiaey, aace?othuaainy ia eniieueciaaiee
I-oai?aiu, auei iieo/aii iaiauathuaa o?aaiaiea aeey ii?aaeaeaiey
aeae?aaee/aneiai nii?ioeaeaiey nao/anouo ianaaeie.

I?iaaaeaiu enneaaeiaaiey ii ii?aaeaeaieth oaea?aeeaathuae niiniaiinoe
aeeaeeinoe (EOAE) nao/aoie ianaaeee e aa?oeeaeueiie iieinu. Onoaiiaeaia
caaeneiinoue EOAE iooece/aneeo naienoa aeeaeeinoe e ieioiinoe i?ioaiey.
Iieo/aia iaiauathuay caaeneiinoue aeey ii?aaeaeaiey iieiiai eiee/anoaa
oaea?aeeaaaiie aeeaeeinoe.

I?eaaaeai oai?aoe/aneee aiaeec ?aaeeiia oa/aiey ieaiee aeeaeeinoe i?e
i?ioeaioi/iii oa/aiee aaca a iaeeii/iii eaiaea ianaaeee e ?aaeoeee
nenoaiu, eioi?ue iieacae ea/anoaaiioth ea?oeio ?aaiou nenoaiu.

Ii?aaeaeaiu i?aaeaeueiua ?aaeeiu ?aaiou niaoeaathuaai eiiaeainaoi?a n
nao/aoie ianaaeeie e auyaeaii aeeyiea oece/aneeo naienoa aeeaeeinoe,
aaiiao?e/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee ianaaeie e ieioiinoe i?ioaiey ia nei?inoue
caoeaauaaiey aiia?aoa. Ia iniiaaiee yenia?eiaioaeueiuo aeaiiuo iieo/aii
e?eoa?eaeueiia o?aaiaiea aeey ii?aaeaeaiey nei?inoe caoeaauaaiey
aiia?aoa.

Ia iniiaaiee yenia?eiaioaeueiuo enneaaeiaaiee oaieiianniiaiaia i?e
eiiaeainaoeee ia?a ec ia?iaaciaie niane n aieueoei niaea?aeaieai
iaeiiaeaine?othueony aacia ii?aaeaeaiu n?aaeiea eiyooeoeeaiou oaiei-e
ianniioaea/e. Auyaeaii aeeyiea aaiiao?e/aneeo ia?aiao?ia ianaaeie,
nei?inoe aeaeaeaiey niane e niaea?aeaiey iaeiiaeaine?othueony aacia a
niane ia eioaineaiinoue i?ioeannia oaieiianniioaea/e. Iieo/aiu
iaiauathuea caaeneiinoe aeey ?an/aoa oaieiianniioaea/e i?e eiioaeoiie
eiiaeainaoeee ia?a a aiia?aoa niaoeaathuaai oeia. ?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea
?an/aoa niaoeaathuaai eiiaeainaoi?a n nao/aoie ianaaeeie.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ia?iaicaeooiay nianue, ieioiinoue i?ioaiey,
niaoeaathuee eiiaeainaoi?, nao/aoay ianaaeea.

Dubrovskaya V. V. Hydrodynamics and Heat and Mass Transfer In the
mixing condenser with netting packing.- Manucript.

Thesis for the degree ol candidate of technical sciences by speciality
05.14.05 — theoretical principles of heat engineering. National
technical university of Ukraine «Kiev polytechnical institute^, Kiev,
1998.

The thesis contains the experimental investigations results of the
hydrodynamics and heat and mass transfer processes during the steam
condensation from the gas-steam mixture in the mixing condenser with
netting packing.

The influence of geometrical packing parameters and. physical properties
of working liquids on the hydrodynamics packing characteristics has
been established.

The empirical dependences for the calculation of hydraulic resistance,
hold-up ability of the liquid and limit working regimes of the mixing
condenser were suggested.

On the base of investigation average coefficient of heat and mass
transfer ascertained were: the influence of geometrical packing
parameters; mixture speed moving and contain of non-condensing gases
in the mixture on the Intensity of heat and mass transfer processes.

The empirical dependences to calculate these processes were offered.

Key words: air-steam mixture, irrigation density, mixing condenser,
netting packing/

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