Фото- та термоіндуковані явища у потрійних халькогенідних сегнетонапівпровідниках з неспівмірними фазами: Автореф. дис… д-ра фіз.-мат. наук / Ю.П. Г

IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO O?CEEE IAI?AI?IA?AeIEE?A

AIEIEIAIA TH??E IAAEIAE*

OAeE 621.315.592

OIOI– OA OA?II?IAeOEIAAI? ssAEUA O IIO??EIEO

OAEUeEIAAI?AeIEO NAAIAOIIAI?AI?IA?AeIEEAO

C IANI?AI??IEIE OACAIE

01.04.10 – o?ceea iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a ? ae?aeaeo?ee?a

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? o?ceee iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a Iaoe?iiaeueii?
aeaaeai??

iaoe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio

Aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe Ia/oe?i Aieiaeeie? Oaaei?iae/,

?inoeooo o?ceee iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a IAI Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/
a?aeae?eii

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

Aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, I?ieiiaiei ?ai? Aaneeueiae/,

?inoeooo o?ceee iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a IAI Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eii;

Aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iiia?aiei Eaii?ae
Aieiaeeie?iae/, Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?i. Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e;

Aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? ?a?ainueeee Ieeiea
Aeieo?iae/,

*a?i?aaoeueeee Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?i. TH??y Oaaeueeiae/a,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo o?ceee IAI Oe?a?ie, i.Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “29” aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 1415 ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.199.02 ?inoeoooo o?ceee
iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a IAI Oe?a?ie, i.Ee?a,

03028, i?iniaeo Iaoee, 45.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo o?ceee
iai?ai?ia?ae-iee?a IAI Oe?a?ie, i.Ee?a, 03028, i?iniaeo Iaoee, 45.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “23” aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
?uaiei N.N.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoai?ci?a o?ce/ieo i?ioean?a, ui
a?aeaoaathoueny o e?enoaeao i?ae /an no?oeoo?ieo oaciaeo ia?aoai?aiue,
caeeoa?oueny iaeiei c i?ia?aeieo iai?yie?a ?icaeoeo o?ceee oaa?aeiai
o?ea. Inoaii?i /anii iaaieiii c?inoa? oaaaa aei ia?aoiae?a, iia’ycaieo c
ooai?aiiyi iani?ai??ieo oac (INO) – iiaeoeueiaaieo no?oeoo?, a yeeo
ia??iae oaee? ci?uaiue aoii?a, ui a?aeaoaathoueny aiane?aeie no?oeoo?ii?
ia?aaoaeiae neiao?e/ii? oace, ? iani?ai??iei c ia??iaeii e?enoae?/ii?
a?aoee. Iaiao?aei?noue iiaoaeiae oai??? oaciaeo ia?aoiae?a o ?aaeueieo
e?enoaeao c INO iio?aao? aeeaieiai ?icoi?iiy i?e?iaee oa iaoai?ci?a
aeieeiaiiy ? o?ainoi?iaoe?? c oaiia?aoo?ith ?o e?enoae?/ii? no?oeoo?e.
Oea, o naith /a?ao, aeeeeea? iio?aao o i?iaaaeaii? aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, ni?yiiaaieo ia aeyaeaiiy iniaeeainoae iiaaae?iee
o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae oaeeo e?enoae?a ia o?eueee o oaiia?aoo?iiio
?ioa?aae? ?nioaaiiy iani?ai??ii? oace, aea ? ca eiai iaaeaie.
?acoeueoaoe ia?oeo aeine?aeaeaiue, i?iaaaeaieo o oeueiio iai?yieo,
aeyaeee ?nioaaiiy noeoiiino? iiaeo aoaeo?a (aiiiaeueiee oaiia?aoo?iee
a?noa?acen, aeieeiaiiy iaoanoaa?eueiiai oaioe/iiai noaio, aoaeo
oa?i?/ii? iai’yo? oiui), ye? coiiaeai? aieeaii aeaoaeo?a no?oeoo?e.
Cie?aia, ?yae iniaeeainoae iacae/aeii? iiaaae?iee o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae
e?enoae?a o iani?ai??i?e oac? iiynith?oueny a ?aieao aca?iiae??
iiaeoeueiaaii? no?oeoo?e c nenoaiith ia??iaee/ii ?icoaoiaaieo oi/eiaeo
aeaoaeo?a. Aeieeiaiiy oaei? nenoaie iaoiiaeaia ciaioaiiyi aaee/eie
aia?a?? aeoeaaoe?? aeaoaeo?a o i?noeyo iaeiaioeo ci?uaiue oaee?
iiaeoeyoe?? no?oeoo?e. Aiane?aeie oeueiai aeieea? i?inoi?iaa
iaiaeii??aei?noue eiioeaio?aoe?? aeaoaeo?a – “oaeey aonoeie aeaoaeo?a”,
ia??iae yei? ca oiiae oa?iiaeeiai?/ii? ??aiiaaae ni?aiaaea? c ia??iaeii
iiaeoeyoe?? no?oeoo?e. Aieea nenoaie aeaoaeo?a ia no?oeoo?io ia?aaoaeiao
e?enoae?/ii? a?aoee noa? iaea?eueo a?ae/ooiei i?e ci?i? oaiia?aoo?e,
iniaeeai a oiiaao, ca yeeo “oaeey aonoeie aeaoaeo?a” caaaeyee
?ia?oe?eiino? i?ioean?a aeeooc?? ia anoeaa? ia?aaoaeiaoaaoeny o
a?aeiia?aeiino? c? ci?iaie no?oeoo?e e?enoaeo. Ca oaeeo oiia
iiaeoeueiaaia nenoaia aeaoaeo?a aoaea aenooiaoe ye i?ii?iaoth/ee oeaio?,
yeee cao?eio? ci?ie iiaeoeyoe?? no?oeoo?e, aiane?aeie /iai i?e iaaieo
oiiaao iiaea niinoa??aaoeny iaa?oue ?oeioaaiiy a?aoee iiaeoeyoe??
no?oeoo?e. Ioaea, aea/aiiy i?ioean?a ia?aaoaeiae e?enoae?/ii? no?oeoo?e,
ui a?aeaoaathoueny o e?enoaeao c INO i?e oaeaee?e aai ia??iaee/i?e ci?i?
oaiia?aoo?e, ? iaei??th c aeooaeueieo oa aaaeeeaeo caaea/ o?ceee oaciaeo
ia?aoiae?a.

Ia’?eoe aeine?aeaeaiue – e?enoaee Ag3AsS3 (i?onoeo), TlGaSe2 oa TlInS2
oe?eaa? oaeiae c oi/ee ci?o i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy, ine?eueee aiie
ciaoiaeyoue oe?iea canoinoaaiiy o i?eeaaeao iae?i?eii? iioeee,
?io?a/a?aiiiai i?eeaaeiaoaeoaaiiy, oaiceiao??? oa aeonoiaeaeo?ii?ee.
Cie?aia, ia ?o iniia? noai?aii oaeaee?ni? naeaeoeai? i?eeia/? eaca?iiai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy iioe/ii? oa aeeaeiuei? ?io?a/a?aiii? (?*) /anoeie
niaeo?o, ia?aiao?e/i? ia?aoai?thaa/? ?*-aei?ii?ithaaiiy, oaiciaeao/eee
oa e?i?? cao?eiee, ye? ea?othoueny aeaeo?e/iei iieai. A?eueo oe?ieiio
i?aeoe/iiio canoinoaaiith cacia/aieo e?enoae?a iaaiith i??ith
caaaaeathoue iaiai?ioi? ci?ie ?o o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae, ui aeieeathoue
i?ae /an aenieoaoaoe?? i?eeaae?a ca ?aooiie ae?? ??ciiiai?oieo ciai?oieo
/eiiee?a, oaeeo, ye oaeaeea aai ia??iaee/ia ci?ia oaiia?aoo?e,
aeaeo?iiaai?oia aei?ii?ithaaiiy, iaoai?/i? aeaoi?iaoe??, aeaeo?e/ia
iiea, oiui. Oiio aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeiieo oa aeyaeaiiy iiaeo o?ce/ieo
yaeu, ?iaeoeiaaieo /e noeioeueiaaieo cacia/aieie ciai?oieie /eiieeaie,
iathoue ia o?eueee caaaeueiio?ce/iee ?ioa?an, aea e aaaeeea? c oi/ee
ci?o ?ic?iaee ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e aeey iie?ioaiiy aenieoaoaoe?eieo
oa?aeoa?enoee i?eeaae?a, aeaiaioiith aacith yeeo ? cacia/ai? e?enoaee.
Ioaea, aea?aia oaia aeine?aeaeaiue ? aeooaeueiith ye o iaoeiaiio, oae ?
o i?eeeaaeiiio a?aeiioaii?.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa
a?aeiia?aea? iaoeiaiio iai?yieo “ Aeine?aeaeaiiy eiiaeainiaaiiai noaio
?a/iaeie o ia??aiiaaaeieo oa aeno?aiaeueieo oiiaao” oa iniiaiei iaoeiaei
iai?yieai ae?yeueiino? ?inoeoooo o?ceee iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a IAI Oe?a?ie,
cae??ieaiiei eiai Noaoooii, ? aeeiioaaeany o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei oai:

1. “Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiai?ee ia??aiiaaaeieo aeaoaeo?a, ui iaiaaeothoue
ooieoe?iiaeuei? ia?aiao?e iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo iaoa??ae?a ? no?oeoo? o
i?ioean? ?o i?e?iaeiuei? ? noeioeueiaaii? aeaoi?iaoe??” –
?icii?yaeaeaiiy I?aceae?? AI ONN? a?ae 29.03.1991 ?. ? 321;

2. “Aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iiaeaethaaiiy ia??aiiaaaeieo aeaeo?iiieo i?ioean?a
ianiia?aiino ? no?oeoo?ii-oaciaeo ia?aoai?aiue ia iiaa?oi?
iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a oa o oa?oaaoeo no?oeoo?ao. ?ic?iaea ia ?o iniia? iiaeo
i?eeaae?a ? oaoiieia?e” – Iinoaiiaa Ath?i A?aeae?eaiiy o?ceee oa
ano?iiii?? IAI Oe?a?ie a?ae 20.12.1994 ?. ? 9;

3. “?ic?iaea o?ceei-o?i?/ieo iniia oaoiieia?e noai?aiiy ?
ooieoe?iiaeueii? ae?aaiinoeee e?enoae?a ? no?oeoo? aeey ?a?no?aoe?? ?
ia?aoai?aiiy aia?a?? ?*–aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia iniia? iai?ai?iaiaeieeiaeo
niieoe ? aocueeiu?eeiieo oaa?aeeo ?ic/ei?a” – Iinoaiiaa Ath?i
A?aeae?eaiiy o?ceee oa ano?iiii?? IAI Oe?a?ie a?ae 20.12.1994 ?. ? 9.

Iaoa oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue. Aeyaeaiiy iiaeo yaeu oa aeine?aeaeaiiy
o?ce/ieo iaoai?ci?a no?oeoo?ieo ia?aoai?aiue, ui aeieeathoue o iio??eieo
oaeueeiaai?aeieo naaiaoiiai?ai?ia?aeieeao c iani?ai??ieie oacaie
(Ag3AsS3, TlGaSe2, TlInS2) i?ae aieeaii aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy iioe/iiai ae?aiaciio oa oaeaeei? aai ia??iaee/ii? ci?ie
oaiia?aoo?e; aecia/aiiy oiia aeieeiaiiy i?ae ae??th ciai?oieo /eiiee?a
ia??aiiaaaeieo i?ioean?a, ui i?eaiaeyoue aei ?noioieo ci?i aeaeo?e/ieo,
aeonoe/ieo oa iioe/ieo aeanoeainoae ia’?eo?a aeine?aeaeaiue.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe iaiao?aeii aoei ?ica’ycaoe oae?
caaea/?:

— aecia/eoe oa aeine?aeeoe o?ce/i? i?ioeane, ui a?aeaoaathoueny o
e?enoae?/i?e a?aooe? e?enoae?a Ag3AsS3 i?e ii?ii?iaii? na?oeii;

— i?iiiaeaethaaoe aieea a?aie/ieo oei?a ?icoii?yaeeoaaiiy eao?iiii?
i?aea?aoee e?enoae?a Ag3AsS3 ia ?ioaineai?noue ?aioaai?anueeeo
aeeo?aeoe?eieo iaeneioi?a, ui niinoa??aathoueny aenia?eiaioaeueii;

— aecia/eoe iniiai? iniaeeaino? i?ioeano oa iaoai?cie no?oeoo?ii?
ia?aaoaeiae e?enoae?/ii? a?aoee i?onoeoo, ui a?aeaoaa?oueny i?e ci?i?
oaiia?aoo?e a ?ioa?aae? O= 100 300 E;

— anoaiiaeoe oiiae aeieeiaiiy oa i?e?iaeo oioiethi?ianoeaioe?? e?enoae?a
Ag3AsS3;

— aecia/eoe i?ioeane, ui coiiaeththoue iniaeeaino? iiaaae?iee
ae?aeaeo?e/ieo oa aeonoe/ieo aeanoeainoae i?onoeoo i?e oaeaee?e ci?i?
oaiia?aoo?e (dT/dt 1 E/oa);

— anoaiiaeoe aieea ii?oieia?? c?ace?a TlInS2 ia aeeiai?eo e?enoae?/ii?
a?aoee a ?ioa?aae? oaiia?aoo? O= 100 300 E;

— aecia/eoe iaoai?cie o?ce/ieo i?ioean?a, ui iaoiiaeththoue
o?ainoi?iaoe?th c oaiia?aoo?ith iani?ai??ii? oace o e?enoaeao TlInS2;

— aeine?aeeoe i?ioeane, ui a?aeaoaathoueny a e?enoaeao TlGaSe2
aiane?aeie ia??iaee/ii? ci?ie oaiia?aoo?e;

— aecia/eoe iaoai?ci oa?iii?eai?/aiiy oaciaiai ia?aoai?aiiy, ui
a?aeaoaa?oueny o e?enoaeao TlGaSe2 iiaeeco oaiia?aoo?e O= 246 E;

— anoaiiaeoe aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy iaoiaeo aeonoe/ii? ai?n?? aeey
aea/aiiy oaciaeo ia?aoiae?a, iia’ycaieo c aeieeiaiiyi iani?ai??ieo
iiaeoeueiaaieo no?oeoo?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia. A ?acoeueoao? eiiieaenieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?
oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeaeo?e/ieo, aeonoe/ieo, iioe/ieo ia?aiao??a
oa e?enoae?/ii? no?oeoo?e naaiaoiaeaeo?e/ieo e?enoae?a Ag3AsS3, TlGaSe2
oa TlInS2, aeey yeeo oa?aeoa?iei ? iayai?noue iani?ai??ii? oace o
iaaiiio ?ioa?aae? oaiia?aoo?, aia?oa io?eiaii oae? iaoeia? ?ocoeueoaoe:

1. Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e oaiia?aoo?? O 300 E i?ae ae??th
aeaeo?iiaai?oieo oaeeue iioe/iiai ae?aiaciio a?aeaoaa?oueny no?oeoo?ia
ia?aaoaeiaa eao?iiii? i?aea?aoee e?enoae?a i?onoeoo, yea i?ecaiaeeoue
aei aeoiaeo aoii?a n??aea a iaeano? no?oeoo?ieo iaiaeii??aeiinoae. Oeae
i?ioean a?aeaoaa?oueny ia?aaaaeiei /eiii o e?aiaaeioiaeo ni??aeyo (AgS).

2. Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?aeaeuaiiy oaiia?aoo?e caoaiiaieo e?enoae?a
Ag3AsS3, ii/eiath/e c O 150 E, i?ecaiaeeoue aei ia?aaaaeiiai
?icoii?yaeeoaaiiy i?aaiaaeioiaeo ni??aeae (AgS) aiane?aeie oaieiai?
i?a?aoe?? ?ii?a Ag+. O aeiaaeeo ii?ii?iaiiy c?ace?a iiiio?iiaoe/iei
na?oeii c aeiaaeeiith oaee? = 630 ii aai iie?o?iiaoe/iei na?oeii i?e
oaiia?aoo?? O 150 E ii/eia?oueny i?ioean i?eoaeae/aiiai
oa?ii?icoii?yaeeoaaiiy ye i?aai-, oae ? e?aiaaeioiaeo ni??aeae (AgS).

3. Aenia?eiaioaeueii ca?a?no?iaaii oioiethi?ianoeaioe?th e?enoae?a
Ag3AsS3 ? anoaiiaeaii, ui ?? i?e?iaea iaoiiaeaia aei?ii?ithaaeueieie
ia?aoiaeaie c aia?aaoe/ieo ??aiae o caai?iiai?e cii?, coiiaeaieo aoiiaie
n??aea.

4. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ia??iaee/ia ci?ia oaiia?aoo?e e?enoae?a TlInS2
?noioiuei aieeaa? ia aaee/eio oaeeueiaiai aaeoi?a iani?ai??ii?
iiaeoeueiaaii? no?oeoo?e ? i?ecaiaeeoue aei iinooiiai? o?anoi?iaoe??
inoaiuei? o oaioe/io no?oeoo?o.

5. Aeyaeaii ? aeine?aeaeaii iiaee aoaeo – oa?iii?eai?/aiiy oaciaeo
ia?aoiae?a a e?enoaeao TlGaSe2, yeee iieyaa? o cieeiaii? OI aiane?aeie
ia??iaee/ii? ci?ie oaiia?aoo?e o iaaiiio ?ioa?aae?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Na?aae iniiaieo
?acoeueoao?a, ui iathoue aaaeeeaa i?eeeaaeia cia/aiiy aeey
iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaiai iaoa??aeiciaanoaa ? i?eeaaeiaoaeoaaiiy, ne?ae
cacia/eoe oae?:

1. Ina?oeaiiy i?e e?iiaoi?e oaiia?aoo?? e?enoae?a Ag3AsS3 oaieiaei
aei?ii?ithaaiiyi, iaeneioio niaeo?a yeiai a?aeiia?aea? aeiaaeeia oaee?
max= 938 ii, i?eaiaeeoue aei aeoiaeo aoii?a n??aea a iaeano? no?oeoo?ieo
iaiaeii??aeiinoae oa ia iiaa?oith e?enoae?o?a, ui coiiaeth? iaiai?ioi?
ci?ie o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae i?onoeoo.

2. Ci?ia oaiia?aoo?e c?ace?a c? cia/iith oaeaeeinoth (dT/dt 1 E/oa) ia
a?aei?io a?ae eaac?noaoe?iia?iiai ?aaeeio a ?ioa?aae? O = 100 220 E
i?ecaiaeeoue aei ?noioieo iaa?aeoai?thaaieo ci?i aeonoe/ieo oa
ae?aeaeo?e/ieo aeanoeainoae e?enoae?a Ag3AsS3. Aeyaeai? aoaeoe
iaeeaaeathoue ?noioi? iaiaaeaiiy ia oiiae i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy
e?enoae?a i?onoeoo.

3. Aoaeo oioino?oeoo?ii? iai’yo? a Ag3AsS3 niinoa??aa?oueny ia o?eueee
iiaeeco oaiia?aoo?e aeieeiaiiy niiioaiii? iiey?ecaoe?? (O 28 E), a ?
i?e cia/ii aeuee oaiia?aoo?? O 150 E.

4. Aeey e?enoae?a i?onoeoo aia?oa aenia?eiaioaeueii ca?a?no?iaaii
oioiethi?ianoeaioe?th – yaeua, yea ? iaeiei c iaea?eueo ?ioi?iaoeaieo
i?e aeine?aeaeaiiyo oa?aeoa?enoee aeaoaeo?a o iai?ai?ia?aeieeiaeo
niieoeao. Aecia/aii oiiae caoaeaeaiiy oa oaiia?aoo?iee ?ioa?aae
?nioaaiiy oioiethi?ianoeaioe?? a?ae o?ueio iniiaieo e?enoaeia?ao?/ieo
c??c?a Ag3AsS3.

5. Ia??iaee/ia ci?ia oaiia?aoo?e a ?ioa?aae? O = 100 295 E
i?ecaiaeeoue aei oa?iii?eai?/aiiy oaciaiai ia?aoiaeo, yeee
a?aeaoaa?oueny o e?enoaeao TlGaSe2 i?e oaiia?aoo?? O 246 E, oa aei
?aeaenaoe?eieo i?ioean?a ci?ie no?oeoo?e e?enoae?a TlInS2. Aecia/aii
i?i?iaeueiee /an ia?aaoaaiiy e?enoae?a TlInS2 oa TlGaSe2 i?e e?iiaoi?e
oaiia?aoo??, iaiao?aeiee aeey a?aeiiaeaiiy ?o o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae.

6. A ?ioa?aae? oaiia?aoo? O = 295 420 E aecia/aii cia/aiiy /anoio i?e
aei??thaaiiyo ia yeeo aeaeo?ii?ia?aeiino? e?enoae?a i?onoeoo iiaeii
ciaoooaaoe aianeii i?eaeaeo?iaeieo cii a ?iiaaeain nenoaie
“aeaeo?iae(Ag)–e?enoae (Ag3AsS3)–aeaeo?iae (Ag)”.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe, ui aeeeaaeaii
o aeena?oaoe??, aeiiia?aeaeeny oa iaaiai?thaaeeny ia oaeeo
eiioa?aioe?yo:

XIII Ananithc. eiio. ii aeonoiyeaeo?iieea (*a?iiaoeu, 1986), XI
Ananithc. eiio. ii oeceea naaiaoiyeaeo?eeia (*a?iiaoeu, 1987), XIV
Ananithc. eiio. ii aeonoiyeaeo?iieea (Eeoeiaa, 1989), ?aaeiiaeueiay
eiioa?aioeey “Aeeiaie/aneea caaea/e iaoaieee nieioiie n?aaeu”
(E?aniiaea?, 1990), XV Ananithc. eiio. ii aeonoiyeaeo?iieea (Eaieia?aae,
1991), V Ananithc. oeiea-naieia? ii oeceea naaiaoiyeanoeeia (Oaeai?iae,
1991), IX Oaieioece/aneay eiioa?aioeey NIA (Iaoa/eaea, 1992),
?aaeiiaeueiay eiioa?aioeey “Aeeiaie/aneea caaea/e iaoaieee nieioiie
n?aaeu” (E?aniiaea?, 1992), XI?? Ananithc. eiio. ii oeceea
naaiaoiyeaeo?eeia (Oaa?ue, 1992), 6th Conf. “Acoustoelectronics 93”
(Varna, Bulgaria, 1993), Intern. Symp. on Surface Waves in Solids and
Layered Structures (Moscow–St.Petersburg, Russia, 1994), 14-th Intern.
Conf. On Utilithation of Ultrasonic methods in Condensed Matter.–
(Zilina, Slovak Republic, 1995), XIV Ana?in. eiio. ii oeceea
naaiaoiyeaeo?eeia (Eaaiiai, ?inney, 1995), O??? Iaoe?iiaeueia.
oeiea–nai?ia? c i?aeia?iaeiith o/anoth “Niaeo?ineii?y iieaeoe oa
e?enoae?a” (Noie, Oe?a?ia, 1997), Intern. Symp. on Acoustoelectronics,
Frequency Control and Signal Generation; Surface Waves in Solids and
Layered Structures.– (St.Petersburg, Russia, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii a 38 iaoeiaeo
?iaioao, ia?ae?e yeeo i?noeoueny o e?ioe? aaoi?aoa?aoo (4 noaoo? –
iaeiiin?ai?).

Iniaenoee aianie. O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? ocaaaeueiaii ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue, aeeiiaieo aaoi?ii naiino?eii [17–20], a oaeiae ?acii c?
ni?aaaoi?aie [1–16, 21–38]. O ni?eueieo ?iaioao aaoi?o iaeaaeaoue: aea??
oaiaoeee oa ia’?eo?a aeine?aeaeaiue, iinoaiiaea eiie?aoieo
aenia?eiaioaeueieo oa oai?aoe/ieo caaea/, aea?? canoiniaaieo
aenia?eiaioaeueieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiue, aeeiiaiiy aai aaniina?aaei?
ea??aieoeoi aei??thaaiiyie, ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y oa oai?aoe/ia ocaaaeueiaiiy
iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a, iaienaiiy iaoeiaeo noaoae. O ?iaioao [16, 20]
aaoi?ii i?iaaaeaii aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?icoii?yaeeoaaiiy
eao?iiii? i?a?aoee e?enoae?a i?onoeoo ? cai?iiiiiaaii a?aeiia?aei?
iiaeae?. Cia/ia /anoeia ?acoeueoao?a, iaaaaeaieo o aeena?oaoe??,
aeiiia?aeaeany aaoi?ii iniaenoi ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo oa nai?ia?ao.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio,
5 ?icae?e?a (eiaeiee c yeeo ii/eia?oueny c noenei? iaeyaeiai?
/anoeie), caaaeueieo aeniiae?a oa nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae o
e?eueeino? 331 iaeiaioaaiiy. Caaaeueiee ianya aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
neeaaea? 261 noi??ieo, o oiio /ene? 72 ?enoiea oa 19 oaaeeoeue.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe,
noi?ioeueiaaii iniiaio iaoo oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue, aecia/aii iaoeiao
iiaecio ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a, iaa?oioiaaii
aeinoia??i?noue io?eiaieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?acoeueoao?a, iaaaaeaii
?ioi?iaoe?th i?i ai?iaaoe?th ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue, a oaeiae
no?oeoo?o aeena?oaoe?? oa iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a o ?iaioe, ye?
iioae?eiaaii ?acii c? ni?aaaoi?aie.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? iia?aeiiey?oueny i?i ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
oioi?iaeoeiaaieo yaeu oa oa?ii?icoii?yaeeoaaiiy eao?iiii? i?aea?aoee
e?enoae?a i?onoeoo (Ag3AsS3).

Aeyaeaii, ui ina?oeaiiy iie?e?enoae?/ieo c?ace?a Ag3AsS3 oaieiaei
aei?ii?ithaaiiyi, iaeneioio niaeo?a yeiai a?aeiia?aea? aeiaaeeia oaee?
max= 938 ii, i?eaiaeeoue aei ci?ie ?ioaa?aeueii? ?ioaineaiino? ?yaeo
no?oeoo?ieo ?aioaai?anueeeo iaeneioi?a oa iiyae ia aeeo?aeoia?aiiao
iiaeo ?aoeaen?a. I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c iieacaa, ui aeiaeaoeia? ?aoeaene
a?aeiia?aeathoue ooai?aiith i?ae ae??th na?oea oace e?enoae?/iiai
n??aea. Iai?eeeaae, ia ?en. 1 iieacaii o?aaiaioe aeeo?aeoia?ai i?onoeoo
i?ney ii?ii?ithaaiiy ia i?ioyc? ??ciiai /ano. sse aeaeii, ii?yae c?
no?oeoo?iei iaeneioiii i?onoeoo (31.2) i?ney 120 aiaeei ii?ii?ithaaiiy
ca?a?no?iaaii iiaee ?aoeaen, yeee a?aeiia?aea? iaea?eueo ?ioaineaiiio
iaeneioio (111) e?enoae?/iiai n??aea. I?e ca?eueoaii? /ano
ii?ii?ithaaiiy ?ioaineai?noue ?aoeaeno (111) c?inoa? ? i?ney 170 aiaeei
iaa?oue ia?aaeuo? ?ioaineai?noue ?aoeaeno (31.2) i?onoeoo. ?aoaeueiee
aiae?c aeeo?aeoia?aii, io?eiaieo i?ney o?eaaeiai ii?ii?ithaaiiy, ia
aeyaea iiyae ?aoeaen?a ?ioeo oac, ui na?ae/eoue i?i a?aenooi?noue
oioio?i?/ieo ?aaeoe?e ?iciaaeo e?enoae?a Ag3AsS3.

?en. 1. O?aaiaioe aeeo?aeoia?ai i?onoeoo i?ney ii?ii?ithaaiiy
iie?o?iiaoe/iei na?oeii ia i?ioyc? ??ciiai /ano (aiaeeie):

1 – 20, 2 – 60 , 3 – 120, 4 – 170 (Fe K–aei?ii?iaiiy).

Aenia?eiaioaeuei? ?acoeueoaoe i?iaiae?ciaaii c canoinoaaiiyi
cai?iiiiiaaieo ??cieo oei?a ?icoii?yaeeoaaiiy eao?iiii? i?aea?aoee, ye?
a?aoiaothoue iniaeeaino? no?oeoo?e i?onoeoo. Niaoeeo?ea inoaiiuei?
iieyaa? o iayaiino? e?ai- oa i?aaiaaeioiaeo ni??aeae (AgS), ye?
ooai?ththoue aea? aca?iii?iieeath/? eao?iii? i?aea?aoee, ia iia’ycai?
i?ae niaith. Aeey eiaeii? c ni??aeae (AgS), in? yeeo ia?aeaeuei?
iioe/i?e in? N, caeiyo? ?iiaie Ag+ iiceoe?? /a?aothoueny c aaeaioieie.
Oiio a aeaiaioa?i?e aaenaaiiaeuei?e eii??oe? e?enoae?a i?onoeoo c 36
iiceoe?e ?iiaie Ag+ caeiyo? o?eueee 18. No?oeoo?io aiie?ooaeo S(q)
e?enoae?a Ag3AsS3 iiaeia iiaeaoe o aeaeyae? noie no?oeoo?ieo aiie?ooae
o?ueio a?aeiia?aeieo i?aea?aoie:

S(q) = SAg(q) + SAs(q) + SS(q), (1)

aea SAs(q) = fAs(q) BAs(q) wmetafile8? ??ue????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
 a???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy ??O?? ???&?
?MathType??????uAth?????? SS(q) = fS(q) BS(q) wmetafile8?
??y???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
???????  a???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy ??O?? ???&?
?MathType??????uAth??????No?oeoo?io aiie?ooaeo i?aea?aoee n??aea
cai?iiiiiaaii ?icaeyaeaoe o aeaeyae? 4 aeiaeaie?a, eiaeiee c yeeo
oa?aeoa?eco? canaeai?noue /ioe?ueio oei?a iiceoe?e:

SAg(q)=fAg(q) BAg(q) [ PAwmetafile8? ??ae????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
 ????&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyyA??O?? ???&?
?MathType??????uAth??????+ PVAwmetafile8? ??ae????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
a????&??yyyy?????Ayyy¤yyyA??„?? ???&?
?MathType??????uAth??????O oi?ioeao aeei?anoaii oae? iicia/aiiy:
fi(q) – aoiiia ooieoe?y ?icn?yiiy aoii?a ?-ni?oo; q – aaeoi? ?icn?yiiy;
Bi(q) = exp (–Mi) – oaeoi? Aeaaay-Aaeea?a aeey aoii?a ?-ni?oo; A –
iniiai?, VA – aaeaioi? iiceoe?? o e?aiaaeioiaeo, B oa VB – a?aeiia?aei?
iiceoe?? o i?aaiaaeioiaeo ni??aeyo; R(A)j, R(B)j, R(VA)j, R(VB)j,
R(As)j, R(S)j – aaeoi?e e?enoaeia?ao?/ieo iiceoe?e a?aeiia?aeieo
i?aea?aoie; Pi=ni/9, aea ni –na?aaeiy e?euee?noue aoii?a n??aea a
i-i?aea?aooe?.

Ine?eueee ?ioaineai?noue aeeo?aeoe?eiiai iaeneioia I(q) S(q)2, oi
aiae?c ?ic?aoiaaieo ca iaaaaeaieie oi?ioeaie caeaaeiinoae S(q)2= f(P)
aeicaieea ioe?ieoe aieea oiai /e ?ioiai oeio ?icoii?yaeeoaaiiy
i?aea?aoee n??aea ia ?ioaineai?noue no?oeoo?ieo iaeneioi?a c ??cieie
?iaeaenaie (hkl). Aoei ?icaeyiooi 12 iiaeeeaeo a?aie/ieo oei?a
?icoii?yaeeoaaiiy eao?iiii? i?aea?aoee e?enoae?a i?onoeoo. ?ic?aooiee
iieacaee, ui aenia?eiaioaeuei? ?acoeueoaoe iiaeia iiynieoe, yeui
aaaaeaoe, ui aeii?iothuei ? i?ioean ?icoii?yaeeoaaiiy i?aenenoaie ?ii?a
Ag+ o e?aiaaeioiaeo ni??aeyo c iiaeaeueoei aeoiaeii aoii?a n??aea a
iaeano? no?oeoo?ieo iaiaeii??aeiinoae oa ia iiaa?oith e?enoae?o?a.

Aeyaeaii, ui aeey /ioe?ueio no?oeoo?ieo iaeneioi?a caoaiiaieo c?ace?a
Ag3AsS3, a naia, (23.2), (20.2), (31.2) oa (12.2), ?niothoue aeaa
oaiia?aoo?i? ?ioa?aaee, o iaaeao yeeo oa?aeoa? caeaaeiino? ?o
?ioaineaiinoae a?ae oaiia?aoo?e i?eioeeiiai ??ciee: i?e i?aeaeuaii?
oaiia?aoo?e a?ae O = 100 E aei O = 140160 E ?ioaineai?noue ?aoeaen?a
ciaioo?oueny (ii?iaeueia caeaaei?noue), a i?e a?eueo aenieeo
oaiia?aoo?ao (aei O = 300 E), iaaiaee, ca?eueoo?oueny (aiiiaeueia
caeaaei?noue). I?i iayai?noue iaaieo no?oeoo?ieo ci?i, ui
a?aeaoaathoueny o e?enoae?/i?e a?aooe? i?onoeoo i?e O 150 E, na?ae/aoue
oaeiae aiiiae?? aeonoe/ieo aeanoeainoae, cie?aia, cia/iee iaeneioi ia
oaiia?aoo?i?e caeaaeiino? ?ioaineaiino? aeonoe/ii? ai?n?? iiaeeco O=150
E. Iieacaii, ui cacia/ai? iniaeeaino? o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae e?enoae?a
Ag3AsS3 iiaeia iiynieoe oa?i?/iei ?icoii?yaeeoaaiiyi ia?aaaaeiei /eiii
o??? /anoeie eao?iiii? i?aea?aoee, yea ooai?aia i?aaiaaeioiaeie
ni??aeyie (AgS).

Aeyaeaii, ui ina?oeaiiy c?ace?a i?onoeoo na?oeii c aeiaaeeiith oaee?
=0.63 iei aai iie?o?iiaoe/iei na?oeii i?eioeeiiai ci?ith? oa?aeoa?
oaiia?aoo?ieo caeaaeiinoae /ioe?ueio cacia/aieo aeeo?aeoe?eieo
iaeneioi?a. Aeey ieo, ye ? aeey on?o ?ioeo aeine?aeaeaieo ?aoeaen?a, a
?ioa?aae? oaiia?aoo? O = 100 300 E niinoa??aa?oueny eeane/ia ciaioaiiy
?ioainea-iinoae i?e ca?eueoaii? oaiia?aoo?e. Iaeii/anii iieacaii, ui
ina?oeaiiy e?enoae?a Ag3AsS3 i?ecaiaeeoue aei iiyae aiiiae?e ia
oaiia?aoo?ieo caeaaeiinoyo oaeaeeino? iicaeiaaei?o oeueo?acaoeiaeo
oaeeue (OCO), ui iioe?thaaeeny ocaeiaae o?ueio iniiaieo
e?enoaeia?ao?/ieo iai?yie?a. Iaea?eueo cia/io aiiiae?th o aeaeyae?
no?eaea ca?a?no?iaaii aeey OCO, yea iioe?thaaeany ocaeiaae iioe/ii? in?
N. Io?eiai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? ?acoeueoaoe iia’ycothoueny c
oioi?iaeoeiaaiei i?ioeanii i?enei?aiiiai ?icoii?yaeeoaaiiy on???
i?aea?aoee i?onoeoo, yeee ii/eia?oueny i?e O 150 E.

Aeey e?enoae?a Ag3AsS3 aia?oa ca?a?no?iaaii oioiethi?ianoeaioe?th (OE).
Iieacaii, ui ii?ii?ithaaiiy i?e O=7 E na?oeii c aeiaaeeiith oaee? =510
ii aoaeue-yeiai c o?ueio iniiaieo e?enoaeia?ao?/ieo c??c?a i?onoeoo
i?eaiaeeoue aei aeieeiaiiy OE iacaeaaeii a?ae iiey?ecaoe?? na?oea. Aeey
niaeo??a OE oa?aeoa?ia nooo?aa ai?cio?ii?y oa iayai?noue aeae?eueeio
nioa, e?euee?noue, ?ioaineai?noue oa aia?aaoe/ia iieiaeaiiy yeeo
ci?ith?oueny c oaiia?aoo?ith. Cie?aia, niaeo? OE a?ae O-c??co e?enoae?a
Ag3AsS3 i?e O=7 E neeaaea?oueny c aeaio nioa: iniiaii?, iaeneioi yei?
i?eiaaea? ia aeiaaeeio oaee? 1=583 ii, oa nioae ?? oiiiiiiai iiaoi?aiiy,
yea iia’ycaia c aei?ii?ithaaiiyi iioe/iiai oiiiia c aia?a??th ETO= 0.045
aA. Iieacaii, ui i?e?iaea OE iia’ycaia c aei?ii?ithaaeueieie ia?aoiaeaie
c aeii?oeiaiaiai ??aiy, iaoiiaeaiiiai aoiiaie n??aea. Oaiia?aoo?ia
aan?iiy OE a?aeaoaa?oueny oeyoii aeeeth/aiiy cacia/aiiai ??aiy c
i?ioeano aei?ii?ithaaiiy caaaeyee no?eaeiiiae?ai?e ci?i? oe?eie
caai?iiaiii? ciie, yea ia? i?noea i?ae /an naaiaoiaeaeo?e/iiai oaciaiai
ia?aoiaeo i?e On 28 E.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? i?aaenoaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeyaeaiiai
oa?ii?iaeoeiaaiiai aoaeoo, yeee iieyaa? o aeieeiaii? i?e oaeaee?e ci?i?
oaiia?aoo?e (dT/dt 1 E/oa) i?eiiiae?aieo aiiiae?e ia oaiia?aoo?ieo
caeaaeiinoyo aeonoe/ieo oa ae?aeaeo?e/ieo aeanoeainoae e?enoae?a
i?onoeoo.

Aeyaeaii, ui ia oaiia?aoo?i?e caeaaeiino? ?ioaineaiino? aeonoe/ii?
ai?n?? N(T) e?enoae?a Ag3AsS3 (N – e?euee?noue aeonoe/ieo ?iioeuen?a ca
iaeeieoeth /ano) ie??i iaea?eueo ?ioaineaiiai iaeneioia i?e O= 150 E,
yeee a?aeiia?aea? ii/aoeo i?eoaeae/aiiai oa?ii?icoii?yaeeoaaiiy
eao?iiii? i?aea?aoee ? a?aeoai?th?oueny i?e on?o cia/aiiyo dT/dt (a
iaaeao 0.5 10.0 E/oa), i?e dT/dt 1 E/oa c’yaeythoueny iia? iaeneioie.
Aaee/eie, e?euee?noue oa oaiia?aoo?ia iieiaeaiiy inoaii?o
a?ae??ciythoueny aeey ??cieo c?ace?a, aeaioiaeaieo iaa?oue c iaeiiai
ceeaeo. Oeiia? caeaaeiino? N(T) aeey e?enoae?a Ag3AsS3 i?e aeaio ??cieo
cia/aiiyo oaeaeeino? ci?ie oaiia?aoo?e dT/dt iaaaaeaii ia ?en. 2.

Iieacaii, ui aeey i?e?a, ye? i?e dT/dt 1 E/oa aeieeathoue ia
oaiia?aoo?ieo caeaaeiinoyo ae?aeaeo?e/ii? i?iieeiino? e?enoae?a
i?onoeoo, ui aei??th?oueny ?iiiniei iaoiaeii, oa?aeoa?iei ? ?ici??iee
aoaeo. Oae, iinooiiaa iaoai?/ia noiioaiiy oiaueie c?acea i?onoeoo
i?ecaiaeeoue aei ci?ie aaee/ei, e?eueeino? oa oaiia?aoo?iiai iieiaeaiiy
i?e?a, a i?e aeaye?e i?i?iaeuei?e oiauei? c?acea i?ee ia caeaaeiinoyo
N(O) acaaae? cieeathoue. I?e oeueiio naia caeaaei?noue iaaoaa? aeaeyaeo,
yeee ? oa?aeoa?iei aeey iia?eueii? ci?ie oaiia?aoo?e (dT/dt 1 E/oa).
Aeyaeaii, ui i?e noae?e aaee/ei? dT/dt ciaioaiiy aei??thaaeueii? /anoioe
oaeiae i?ecaiaeeoue aei cieeiaiiy i?e?a ia caeaaeiino? N(O). Iai?eeeaae,
ia ?en. 3 iaaaaeaii oaiia?aoo?i? caeaaeiino? ?iiino? c?acea i?onoeoo i?e
??cieo /anoioao oa iaci?ii?e aaee/ei? oaeaeeino? ci?ie oaiia?aoo?e.
Noeoii?noue io?eiaieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo na?ae/eoue i?i
?aciiainiee oa?aeoa? i?e?a ae?aeaeo?e/ii? i?iieeiino?.

Aeine?aeaeaii iniaeeaino? aeieeiaiiy i?e?a ?iiino? i?e ??cieo ii/aoeiaeo
oiiaao oa aieea ia ?o oa?aeoa?enoeee ina?oeaiiy c?ace?a
aeaeo?iiaai?oieie oaeeyie iioe/iiai ae?aiaciio. Aeyaeaii, ui i?eai?/aiiy
i?e?a iiaeia aeinyaoe oeyoii ina?oeaiiy e?enoae?a iie?o?iiaoe/iei
na?oeii a?ae eaiie ?icaea?thaaiiy aai iiiio?iiaoe/iei na?oeii c
aeiaaeeiith oaee? =0.63 iei.

Iieacaii, ui aiiiaeueia iiaaae?iea aeonoe/ieo oa ae?aeaeo?e/ieo
aeanoeainoae e?enoae?a Ag3AsS3 i?e dT/dt 1 E/oa iaoiiaeaia oa?i?/ii
ia??aiiaaaeieie i?ioeanaie. I?iaiae?ciaaii iiaeeea? iaoai?cie oaeeo
i?ioean?a. I?e?iaea aeyaeaiiai aoaeoo iia’yco?oueny c oa?i?/iith
i?a?aoe??th ?ii?a n??aea, yea i?e cia/ieo oaeaeeinoyo ci?ie oaiia?aoo?e
i?eaiaeeoue aei aeieeiaiiy i?inoi?iai? iaiaeii??aeiino? e?enoae?a
i?onoeoo.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? iia?aeiiey?oueny i?i ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
o?ce/ieo i?ioean?a o e?enoaeao TlInS2–oae?e-?iae??aiai aeenoeueo?aeo, ui
iaoiiaeai? ia?aaoaeiaith e?enoae?/ii? a?aoee i?e ci?i? oaiia?aoo?e a
?ioa?aae? O = 100 300 E.

Ca?a?no?iaai? iniaeeaino? oaiia?aoo?ii? iiaaae?iee ae?aeaeo?e/ii?
i?iieeiino? oa eiao?oe??ioa iiaeeiaiiy iicaeiaaei?o oeueo?acaoeiaeo
oaeeue a e?enoaeao ??cieo oaoiieia?/ieo ia?o?e na?ae/aoue i?i ?nioaaiiy
aeaio ??cieo iiaeeo?eaoe?e e?enoae?a TlInS2, ye? a?ae??ciythoueny
aeeiai?eith oaciaeo ia?aoai?aiue. Cie?aia, naaiaoiaeaeo?e/iee oaciaee
ia?ao?ae (OI) a?aeaoaa?oueny o ieo i?e ??cieo oaiia?aoo?ao : On =195 E
(oei ?) oa On =202 E (oei ??). Aiae?c oaiia?aoo?ieo caeaaeiinoae
eiao?oe??ioa iiaeeiaiiy OCO aeyaea, ui cacia/ai? OI iaiao?aeii iienoaaoe
ca aeiiiiiaith ??cieo ia?aiao??a ii?yaeeo. ?aioaaiiaeeo?aeoiiao?e/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy e?enoae?a iaio oei?a iieacaee, ui ?o aeaiaioa?i? eii??ee
iathoue iaeiaeiaa cia/aiiy ia?aiao?a n=14.92 . A oie aea /an aaee/eie
?ioaa?aeueieo ?ioaineaiinoae caai?iia-

?en. 2. Oaiia?aoo?i? caeaaeiino? ?ioaineaiino? AA c?acea i?onoeoo
Z-c??co i?e ??cieo dT/dt: 1 – 0.5 E/oa, 2 – 5.0 E/oa.

?en. 3. Oaiia?aoo?i? caeaaeiino? a?aeiinii? ci?ie ?iiino? c?acea
i?onoeoo Z-c??co oiaueiith h = 1.81 ii i?e dT/dt = 8.0 E/oa (iaa??a) ia
??cieo /anoioao (IAoe.): 1 – 0.5; 2 – 1.1; 3 – 0.1

ieo ?aoeaen?a oeio (00l) c iaia?ieie l aeey ieo ?noioiuei
a?ae??ciythoueny. Oaea iniaeea?noue oa?oaaoeo e?enoae?a, aei yeeo
iaeaaeeoue oae?e-?iae??aee aeenoeueo?ae, ? iaei??th c oeiiaeo iciae
iie?oei??, iaoiiaeaiii? ??ciith iine?aeiai?noth iaeoaaiiy oa??a.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeo?aeoe?? ?aioaai?anueeiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy a?ae ieiueie
niaeiino? (001) e?enoae?a TlInS2 i?e ??cieo oaiia?aoo?ao (O = 100 300
E) aeyaeee, ui aeey e?enoae?a oeio ?? i?ioean ia?aaoaeiae no?oeoo?e c
oaiia?aoo?ith nooo?ai a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae iaaaaeaiiai o e?oa?aoo?? ?
oa?aeoa?iiai aeey e?enoae?a oeio ?. Oae, iaaeno?oeoo?i? aeeo?aeoe?ei?
iaeneioie oeio (00.l ), ye? aaciina?aaeiuei na?ae/aoue i?i iayai?noue
iani?ai??ii? oace, aoei ca?a?no?iaaii a ?ioa?aae? oaiia?aoo? O= 147 216
E. ?acoeueoaoe aiae?co aeeo?aeoia?ai aeicaieythoue c?iaeoe i?eiouaiy i?i
aeieeiaiiy i?e ci?i? oaiia?aoo?e i?inoi?iai? iaiaeii??aeiino? e?enoae?a
TlInS2, yea iaoiiaeaia ?nioaaiiyi ae?eyiie, o iaaeao yeeo iiaeoeueiaai?
no?oeoo?e oa?aeoa?ecothoueny ??cieie ca aaee/eiith ia?aiao?aie
iani?ai??iino?.

Aeyaeaii, ui o cacia/aieo e?enoaeao i?e iaaieo oaiia?aoo?ao
ni?a?niothoue aeae?eueea iani?ai??ieo oac c ??cieie ia??iaeaie
iiaeoeyoe??. Oae, ia ?en. 4 iaaaaeaii o?aaiaio aeeo?aeoia?aie iiaeeco
?aoeaeno (007) i?e O=176 E. E??i ?aoeaen?a (iicia/aieo NO), ui
na?ae/aoue i?i ca?eueoaiiy a/aoaa?i ia?aiao?a n, ia aeeo?aeoia?ai?
i?enooi? aea? ia?e neiao?e/ii ?icoaoiaaieo iaeneioi?a, ye?
a?aeiia?aeathoue aeaii iani?ai??iei oacai c ??cieie ia??iaeaie
iiaeoeyoe?? no?oeoo?e.

Aeine?aeaeaii oaiia?aoo?i? caeaaeiino? ia?aiao??a iani?ai??iino?.
Ii??aiyiiy io?eiaieo aeaieo ii ci?i? c oaiia?aoo?ith e?enoae?/ii?
no?oeoo?e oa ae?aeaeo?e/ieo aeanoeainoae iieaco?, ui naaiaoiaeaeo?e/iee
OI ia i?ecaiaeeoue aei cieeiaiiy iani?ai??ii? iiaeoeueiaaii? no?oeoo?e,
a noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny eeoa o?ainoi?iaoe??th ?? oaeeueiaiai aaeoi?a.

Iieacaii, ui ia??iaee/ia ci?ia oaiia?aoo?e a ?ioa?aae? O = 100 300 E
i?eaiaeeoue aei ca?eueoaiiy aeiaaeeie oaee? iiaeoeyoe?? oa iinooiiaiai
ia?aoai?aiiy iani?ai??ii? oace o oaioe/io oaco, yea oyaey? niaith
noeoii?noue aeiaaiia??iaee/ieo iiaeoeueiaaieo no?oeoo? c ??cieie
ia?aiao?aie iani?ai??iino?, cia/aiiy yeeo ci?iththoueny c oaiia?aoo?ith.
Aeyaeaii, ui aeey a?aeiiaeaiiy o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae e?enoae?a TlInS2
iaiao?aeiith ? ?o aeo?eiea o oai?ya? i?e e?iiaoi?e oaiia?aoo?? ia
i?ioyc? 96 aiaeei.

Aenia?eiaioaeuei? ?acoeueoaoe i?iaiae?ciaaii c oi/ee ci?o iiaeae? “oaee?
aonoeie aeaoaeo?a“. Iieacaii, ui ooai?aiiy oaioe/ii? no?oeoo?e iiaea
a?aeaoaaoeny aiane?aeie aca?iiae?? iani?ai??ii? oaee? iiaeoeyoe??
no?oeoo?e c nenoaiith oi/eiaeo aeaoaeo?a. Oa?aeoa? oaei? aca?iiae??
caeaaeeoue a?ae oaeaeeino? aeeooc?? aeaoaeo?a, i?oaeieo aeanoeainoae
a?aoee iiaeoeyoe??, iniaeeainoae oaiia?aoo?ii? caeaaeiino? oaee?
iiaeoeyoe?? no?oeoo?e, a, ioaea, a?ae oaeaeeino? oa ia??iaee/iino? ci?ie
oaiia?aoo?e c?acea.

?en. 4. O?aaiaio aeeo?aeoia?aie iiaeeco ?aoeaeno (007) e?enoaeo TlInS2
i?e oaiia?aoo?? O= 176 E i?ae /an ia?oiai ioieiaeaeaiiy. INO-1 oa INO-2
– ?aoeaene, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue iani?ai??iei oacai, a NO – ?aoeaene, ui
na?ae/aoue i?i ca?eueoaiiy a/aoaa?i ia?aiao?a n aeaiaioa?ii? eii??ee.

Ca?a?no?iaaii cia/io ai?cio?ii?th iiaeeiaiiy OCO o e?enoaeao TlInS2.
Aeey iicaeiaaei?o oaeeue, ui iioe?thaaeeny ia?iaiaeeeoey?ii aei oa??a,
iaeneioie iiaeeiaiiy, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue naaiaoiaeaeo?e/iiio OI oa
ia?aoai?aiiyi “neiao?e/ia–iani?ai??ia–ni?ai??ia oaca” aeineoue cia/i? ca
aaee/eiith ( 80 aea/ni). A oie aea /an, a?aeiia?aei? iaeneioie ia
oaiia?aoo?ieo caeaaeiinoyo iicaeiaaei?o OCO, ye? iioe?thaaeeny o aeaio
aca?iii ia?iaiaeeeoey?ieo iai?yieao, ui eaaeaoue o ieiuei? oa??a,
iathoue cia/ii iaioo aaee/eio ( 3 aea/ni). Aeey inoaiiueiai oeio oaeeue
ca?a?no?iaaii iaeneioi iiaeeiaiiy iiaeeco oaiia?aoo?e O = 105 E. Oeae
oaeo na?ae/eoue ia ei?enoue ?nioaaiiy o e?enoaeao TlInS2 ua iaeiiai OI,
i?i aeyaeaiiy yeiai iia?aeiieyeiny ?ai?oa o ?iaioao ?ioeo aaoi??a.

Ca?a?no?iaaii iiyao cia/ieo neaiae?a aeonoe/ii? ai?n?? (AA) i?e OI
“iani?ai??ia–ni?ai??ia oaca”. Aeyaeaii, ui ?ioaineai?noue aeonoe/ii?
ai?n?? i?e cacia/aiiio OI cia/ii ia?aaeuo? a?aeiia?aei? cia/aiiy,
ca?a?no?iaai? i?e aeaio ?ioeo OI. Oae, i?e naaiaoiaeaeo?e/iiio OI
?ioaineai?noue AA neeaaea? 10, a i?e ooai?aii? iani?ai??ii? oace 14 a?ae
aaee/eie a?aeiia?aeii? aiiiae??, yeo ca?a?no?iaaii i?e ia?aoiae? o
ni?ai??io oaco. Aeyaeai? iniaeeaino? na?ae/aoue i?i ia?niaeoeai?noue
canoinoaaiiy iaoiaeo AA aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy lock-in ia?aoiae?a.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? i?aaenoaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
iniaeeainoae oaciaeo ia?aoai?aiue o oa?oaaoeo e?enoaeao TlGaSe2 –
oae?e-aae??aiai aeenaeai?aeo, a ?ioa?aae? oaiia?aoo? O = 80 370 E, i?e
oeueiio iniaeeao oaaao i?eae?eaii aea/aiith iniaeeainoae aia?oa
aeyaeaiiai aoaeoo “oa?iii?eai?/aiiy” oaciaeo ia?aoiae?a.

Aeine?aeaeaii ci?ie c oaiia?aoo?ith ae?aeaeo?e/ieo aeanoeainoae TlGaSe2
ocaeiaae oa ia?iaiaeeeoey?ii aei ieiueie oa??a. Aeey iaio iai?yie?a i?e
oaiia?aoo?? On 122 E aia?oa ca?a?no?iaaii no?eaeiiiae?ai? ci?ie
ae?aeaeo?e/ii? i?iieeiino? . Aeyaeaii oaeiae ?? ?noioith ai?cio?ii?th:
no?eaie aaee/eie (neeaaeiaa, yea ia?aeaeueia ieiuei? oa??a), cia/ii
ia?aaeuo? a?aeiia?aei? ci?ie aaee/eie . Iieacaii, ui aeey oaiia?aoo?ii?
caeaaeiino? (O) a ?ioa?aae? O – On 40 E aeeiio?oueny caeii
Eth??–Aaenna. Ioaea, aenia?eiaioaeuei? ?acoeueoaoe na?ae/aoue i?i
iayai?noue o e?enoaeao TlGaSe2 i?e On 122 E naaiaoiaeaeo?e/iiai OI,
yeee i?eaiaeeoue aei aeieeiaiiy niiioaiii? iiey?ecaoe??, aaeoi? yei?
eaaeeoue (ye ? a ?ciii?oieo e?enoaeao TlInS2) o ieiuei? oa??a. Aecia/aia
aaee/eia noaei? Eth??–Aaenna (N 3 103 E) ? oa?aeoa?iith aeey oaciaeo
ia?aoai?aiue oeio “ii?yaeie–iaii?yaeie”.

Iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe ciaoiaeeeeny o iaaiiio i?ioe??//? c e?oa?aoo?ieie
aeaieie, ca?aeii aei yeeo naaiaoioaca o e?enoaeao TlGaSe2 ?nio? o?eueee
i?e O 107 E. Aeinoia??i?noue iaaaaeaieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?acoeueoao?a
aoei i?ci?oa i?aeoaa?aeaeaii iacaeaaeiei /eiii. Cie?aia, i?i oea
iaeiicia/ii na?ae/eoue aeyaeaiiy aeey e?enoae?a TlGaSe2 a ?ioa?aae?
oaiia?aoo? O = 107 123 E iaoaeue ae?aeaeo?e/iiai a?noa?aceno.

I?e O 107 E ca?a?no?iaaii cia/iee no?eaie eiao?oe??ioa iiaeeiaiiy ()
iicaeiaaei?o OCO, ui iioe?thaaeeny ocaeiaae inaaaeioao?aaiiaeueii? in?,
yea ia?iaiaeeeoey?ia aei ieiueie oa??a. Oae, aeey OCO c /anoioith 30
IAoe aaee/eia no?eaea neeaaea? 150 aea/ni. I?e iioe?aii? iicaeiaaei?o
OCO o ieiuei? oa??a i?yeeo ci?i o ?o iiaeeiaiiy iiaeeco cacia/aii?
oaiia?aoo?e ca?a?no?iaaii ia aoei. Aeyaeai? iniaeeaino? aeonoe/ieo
aeanoeainoae e?enoae?a TlGaSe2 iia’ycothoueny c? ci?iith aaee/eie nee
ca’yceo i?ae oa?aie, ui a?aeaoaa?oueny i?e O 107 E. I?e cacia/ai?e
oaiia?aoo?? iniiai? no?oeoo?i? iaeeieoe? – oao?aaae?e GaSe4, ye?
eaaeaoue o ieiuei? oa?o, ia caciathoue cia/ii? aeaoi?iaoe??. Oe?
?acoeueoaoe ocaiaeaeothoueny c aeaieie aeine?aeaeaiue e?i?eiiai
eiao?oe??ioa oaieiaiai ?icoe?aiiy oa i?oaeieo aeanoeainoae e?enoae?a
oae?e–aae??aiai aeenaeai?aeo.

Aeyaeaii, ui ?acoeueoaoe ia?oeo aei??thaaiue ci?ie c oaiia?aoo?ith
ae?aeaeo?e/ieo oa aeonoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee TlGaSe2 o cia/i?e i???
a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae oaeeo, ye? aoei io?eiaii i?ae /an iiaoi?ieo, aea
aac iiia?aaeiuei? aeo?eiee c?ace?a i?e e?iiaoi?e oaiia?aoo?? ia i?ioyc?
cia/iiai /ano. Iieacaii, ui a?aeoai?thaai? aeai? iiaeia io?eiaoe i?ney
aeae?eueeio oeeee?a “ioieiaeaeaiiy–iaa??a” c?ace?a TlGaSe2. O ca’yceo c
oeei aoei aeine?aeaeaii aieea ia??iaee/ii? ci?ie oaiia?aoo?e ia o?ce/i?
aeanoeaino? e?enoae?a TlGaSe2. Aeyaeaii iiaee oa?ii?iaeoeiaaiee aoaeo –
“oa?iii?eai?/aiiy” OI, yeee iieyaa? o oiio, ui ia??iaee/ia ci?ia
oaiia?aoo?e o iaaiiio ?ioa?aae? i?ecaiaeeoue aei cieeiaiiy aeayeeo OI.
Cie?aia, oa?iioeeeethaaiiy a ?ioa?aae? oaiia?aoo? O = 200 293 E
i?ecaiaeeoue aei i?eai?/aiiy a TlGaSe2 OI, yeee a?aeaoaa?oueny i?e O
246 E ? ca e?oa?aoo?ieie aeaieie iia’ycaiee c aeieeiaiiyi iani?ai??ii?
oace. I?i oea na?ae/eoue oie oaeo, ui iaeneioie ia oaiia?aoo?ieo
caeaaeiinoyo ae?aeaeo?e/ieo, aeonoe/ieo oa iioe/ieo aeanoeainoae
e?enoae?a TlGaSe2, ye? ca?a?no?iaaii iiaeeco O 246 E i?e ia?oiio
oeeee? “ioieiaeaeaiiy–iaa??a”, ia aoei aeyaeaii i?ae /an ae?oaiai oa
on?o ianooiieo iaia?a?aieo oa?iioeeee?a. Iieacaii, ui i?ney
a?aeiia?aeii? aeo?eiee o oai?ya? i?e e?iiaoi?e oaiia?aoo?? o?ce/i?
aeanoeaino? c?ace?a a?aeiiaethaaeeny ? i?ae /an iiaiai ii/aoeiaiai
oa?iioeeeeo cacia/ai? aiiiae?? o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae ciiao ?a?no?oaaeeny
i?e O 246 E. Niaoe?aeueii i?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee
aecia/eoe i?i?iaeueiee /an, iaiao?aeiee aeey a?aeiiaeaiiy ii/aoeiaeo
o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae e?enoae?a TlGaSe2, oeae /an aei??aith? t = 17
aiaeei. Aoaeo “oa?iii?eai?-/aiiy” OI iia’yco?oueny c aeieeiaiiyi i?e
oa?iioeeeethaaii? aeayeeo iaoanoaa?eueieo ooai?aiue, ui iia?eueii
?aeaenothoue c /anii.

Aeey c’ynoaaiiy i?e?iaee aeyaeaiiai aoaeoo aoei i?iaaaeaii
?aioaaiino?oeoo?i? aeine?aeaeaiiy e?enoae?a TlGaSe2 i?e ia??iaee/i?e
ci?i? oaiia?aoo?e. Iaci?ii?noue oi?ie e?eai? ea/aiiy i?e O= 293 E i?ney
iaiaeii?aciaiai oa?iioeeeethaaiiy na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui aoaeo
oa?iii?eai?/aiiy OI ia iaoiiaeaiee ci?iith noaaei/ii? no?oeoo?e
aeine?aeaeaiieo e?enoae?a. ?acoeueoaoe ii??aiyiiy ni?aa?aeiioaiue i?ae
aaee/eiaie ?ioaa?aeueieo ?ioaineaiinoae aeicaieaieo oa caai?iiaieo
?aoeaen?a oeio (00l) aei oa i?ney ioieiaeaeaiiy c?ace?a aeicaieythoue
oaeiae noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui ia??iaee/ia ci?ia oaiia?aoo?e ia i?eaiaeeoue
aei ci?ie /enea aeaoaeo?a iaeoaaiiy oa??a ocaeiaae in? N.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaiiai aeeo?aeoe?eiiai niaeo?a e?enoae?a TlGaSe2 i?e
??cieo oaiia?aoo?ao aeyaeee, ui aeey aeey ?aoeaen?a (221) oa
(13wmetafile8? ??§????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?`???&??yyyy?????Ayyy®yyy ??®?? ???&? ?MathType?? ?
???u?????????»????-?????Z?@????Z? ???u@th??????

O i’yoiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith
??cieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo iaoiae?a aeaeo?ii?ia?aeiino? e?enoae?a
i?onoeoo, yea i?e O 295 E iaoiiaeaia oa?i?/ii aeoeaiaaieie ?iiaie
n??aea.

?en. 5. Aiaeia?aoe ?iiaaeaino (a) oa aaei?ooaino (a) c?acea Ag3AsS3

Z-c??co i?e oaiia?aoo?? O = 293 E. Oeeo?e a?ey aenia?eiaioaeueieo oi/ie
– /anoioa o e?eiaa?oeao.

A ?ioa?aae? oaiia?aoo? O= 295 440 E aeey c?ace?a i?onoeoo o?ueio
iniiaieo e?enoaeia?ao?/ieo c??c?a aeine?aeaeaii oaiia?aoo?i? oa /anoioi?
(= 2102 3107 Aoe) caeaaeiino? eiiieaeniiai iii?o nenoaie
“aeaeo?iae–e?enoae(Ag3AsS3)–aeaeo?iae“. I?iaaaeaiee ca iaoiaeii
Netheoa?na aiae?c aiaeia?ao?a ?iiaaeaino (?en. 5a) oa aaei?ooaino (?en.
5a) cacia/aii? nenoaie, io?eiaieo i?e ??cieo oaiia?aoo?ao, aeicaieea
aecia/eoe oaiia?aoo?ii–/anoioi? oiiae, iaiao?aei? aeey aei??thaaiiy
ae?enii? ia’?iii? aeaeo?ii?ia?aeiino? i?onoeoa, yea i?e oaiia?aoo?ao O
295 E iaeaea iiai?noth ( 99 ) iaoiiaeaia ?iiiei eiiiiiaioii. Cie?aia,
c’yniaaii, ui i?e c?inoaii? oaiia?aoo?e c?ace?a a?ae O1= 295 E aei O2=
420 E iaiao?aeiei ? i?aeaeuaiiy aei??thaaeueii? /anoioe a?ae 1= 1 eAoe
aei 2= 200 eAoe. Iieacaii, ui cai?ia aeieoth/eo a?ao?oiaeo aeaeo?iae?a
iai?ioieie n??aieie nooo?ai cieaeo? cia/aiiy e?eoe/ii? /anoioe, aeua ca
yeo aianeii i?eaeaeo?iaeieo cii a ?iiaaeain aeine?aeaeoaaii? nenoaie
iiaeii ciaoooaaoe.

Aeyaeaii, ui i?e oaiia?aoo?? O=295 E a ?ioa?aae? /anoio = 0.1 30.0
IAoe aeaeo?ii?ia?aei?noue e?enoae?a Ag3AsS3 ci?ith?oueny c /anoioith ca
caeiiii ?ii/a?a n, aea n = 0.05 aeey /anoio 106 Aoe oa n = 0.2 aeey
/anoio 106 Aoe. Iieacaii, ui ia /anoioao = 18 30 IAoe aaceiioaeoiee
iaoiae aei??thaaiiy aeaeo?ii?ia?aeiino?, yeee aaco?oueny ia
aeine?aeaeaii? iniaeeainoae aeonoi?iiii? aca?iiae??, aeicaiey? aecia/aoe
cia/aiiy aeniei/anoioii? aeaeo?ii?ia?aeiino? e?enoae?a i?onoeoo c
oi/i?noth aei 5 .

AENIIAEE

1. Ina?oeaiiy c?ace?a i?onoeoo (Ag3AsS3) i?e e?iiaoi?e oaiia?aoo??
oaieiaei aei?ii?ithaaiiyi, iaeneioio niaeo?a yeiai a?aeiia?aea?
aeiaaeeia oaee? max = 938 ii, i?ecaiaeeoue aei ia?aaaaeiiai
?icoii?yaeeoaaiiy ?ii?a Ag+ o??? /anoeie eao?iiii? i?aea?aoee, ui
ooai?aia e?aiaaeioiaeie ni??aeyie (AgS). Aeaiee i?ioean
noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny aeoiaeii aoii?a n??aea a iaeano? no?oeoo?ieo
iaiaeii??aeiinoae oa ia iiaa?oith e?enoae?o?a, aiane?aeie /iai
a?aeaoaa?oueny ooai?aiiy oace e?enoae?/iiai n??aea.

2. I?aeaeuaiiy oaiia?aoo?e caoaiiaieo e?enoae?a Ag3AsS3, ii/eiath/e c O
150 E, i?eaiaeeoue aei oa?i?/ii? i?a?aoe?? ?ii?a n??aea c iniiaieo
e?enoaeia?ao?/ieo iiceoe?e o aaeaioi? aieiaiei /eiii o i?aaiaaeioiaeo
ni??aeyo (AgS). O aeiaaeeo c?ace?a, ina?oeaieo iiiio?iiaoe/iei na?oeii c
aeiaaeeiith oaee? = 0.63 iei, i?e oaiia?aoo?? O 150 E ii/eia?oueny
i?ioean i?enei?aiiiai oa?ii?icoii?yaeeoaaiiy on??? eao?iiii? i?aea?aoee
i?onoeoo (oiaoi ye i?aai-, oae e e?aiaaeioiaeo ni??aeae (AgS)).

3. Aia?oa aenia?eiaioaeueii ca?a?no?iaaii oioiethi?ianoeaioe?th
e?enoae?a Ag3AsS3. Aeyaeaii, ui i?e oaiia?aoo?? O = 7 E caoaeaeaiiy
oioiethi?ianoeaioe?? a?aeaoaa?oueny i?ae ae??th na?oea c aeiaaeeiith
oaee? = 510 ii iacaeaaeii a?ae iiey?ecaoe??. Aeey niaeo??a
oioiethi?ianoeaioe?? oa?aeoa?ieie ? nooo?aa o?ainoi?iaoe?y c
oaiia?aoo?ith oa iii?oia ai?cio?ii?y. Oaiia?aoo?ia aan?iiy
oioiethi?ianoeaioe?? a?ae iiaa?oi? i?onoeoo, yea ia?iaiaeeeoey?ia
iioe/i?e in? N, a?aeaoaa?oueny i?e oaiia?aoo?? O 47 E, a a?ae aeaio
?ioeo iniiaieo e?enoaeia?ao?/ieo c??c?a i?e a?eueo ieceee oaiia?aoo??
O 30 E.

4. Oaeaeea ci?ia oaiia?aoo?e (dT/dt 1 E/oa) ?iaeoeo? a e?enoaeao
i?onoeoo oa?i?/ii ia??aiiaaaei? i?ioeane, ye? i?ecaiaeyoue aei ii?ooaiiy
?o i?inoi?iai? iaeii??aeiino? oa aiiiaeueii? iiaaae?iee aeaeo?io?ce/ieo
aeanoeainoae a ?ioa?aae? oaiia?aoo? O = 100 220 E.

5. A e?enoaeao TlInS2 iani?ai??ia oaca c oaeeueiaei aaeoi?ii qinc= (0,
0, c*) aeieea? i?e oaiia?aoo?? Oi 216 E, a ca?eueoaiiy a/aoaa?i
ia?aiao?a n e?enoae?/ii? a?aoee a?aeaoaa?oueny i?e aeaui ieae/?e
oaiia?aoo?? O 207 E. Iani?ai??ia oa ni?ai??ia oaca, yea
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny oaeeueiaei aaeoi?ii qn= 0.25c* ?niothoue iaeii/anii o
oe?ieiio ?ioa?aae? oaiia?aoo?, ui ia?aaeuo? 60 E.

6. Naaiaoiaeaeo?e/iee oaciaee ia?ao?ae a e?enoaeao TlInS2 ia
i?ecaiaeeoue aei cieeiaiiy iani?ai??ii? iiaeoeueiaaii? no?oeoo?e, a
noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ci?iith ia?aiao?a iani?ai??iino?. O naaiaoioac? i?e
iaaieo oaiia?aoo?ao a e?enoaeao oae?e-?iae??aiai aeenoeueo?aeo
ni?a?niothoue aea? iani?ai??iino?, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny ??cieie
aeiaaeeiaie oaeeue iiaeoeyoe??.

7. Aiane?aeie ia??iaee/ii? ci?ie oaiia?aoo?e e?enoae?a TlInS2
a?aeaoaa?oueny ca?eueoaiiy aeiaaeeie oaee? iiaeoeyoe?? oa iinooiiaa
o?ainoi?iaoe?y iani?ai??ii? oace o oaioe/io no?oeoo?o. Inoaiiy yaey?
niaith noeoii?noue aeiaaiia??iaee/ieo iiaeoeueiaaieo no?oeoo? c ??cieie
ia?aiao?aie iani?ai??iino?, ui ci?iththoueny c oaiia?aoo?ith. Aeyaeaiee
aoaeo iiynith?oueny aca?iiae??th oaee? iiaeoeyoe?? c aeaniith nenoaiith
aeaoaeo?a e?enoae?/ii? no?oeoo?e.

8. I?e oaiia?aoo?? On = 122 E a e?enoaeao TlGaSe2 a?aeaoaa?oueny
naaiaoiaeaeo?e/iee oaciaee ia?ao?ae, a aeieeath/a i?e oeueiio niiioaiia
iiey?ecaoe?y oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aaeoi?ii iiey?ecaoe??, yeee ni?yiiaaiee
ia?iaiaeeeoey?ii aei iioe/ii? in? N. Iayai?noue ioeueoeie?eaoe??
aeaiaioa?ii? eii??ee i?e O 120 E na?ae/eoue i?i iaeaaei?noue e?enoae?a
TlGaSe2 aei iaaeanieo naaiaoiaeaeo?ee?a.

9. Aia?oa aeyaeaii iiaee oa?ii?iaeoeiaaiee aoaeo – oa?iii?eai?/aiiy
oaciaeo ia?aoiae?a, yeee iieyaa? a oiio, ui ia??iaee/ia ci?ia
oaiia?aoo?e e?enoae?a TlGaSe2 a ?ioa?aae? O = 200 293 E i?ecaiaeeoue
aei i?eai?/aiiy oaciaiai ia?aoiaeo, yeee a?aeaoaa?oueny i?e O 246 E
i?ae /an ia?oiai oeeeeo ioieiaeaeaiiy–iaa??a. Aeieeiaiiy i?e
oa?iioeeeethaaii? aeiaai?aeaenoth/eo iaoanoaa?eueieo ooai?aiue,
a?aeiia?aeaeueieo ca aeyaeaiee aoaeo, ia iia’ycaii c? ca?eueoaiiyi
e?eueeino? aeaoaeo?a iaeoaaiiy oa??a oa ci?iith noaaei/ii? no?oeoo?e
e?enoae?a TlGaSe2, a iiaea aooe aeeeeeaii i?a?aoe??th aoii?a oae?th c
iniiaieo e?enoaeia?ao?/ieo iiceoe?e o oao?aaae?e/i? ii?iaeieie.

Aeinoia??i?noue io?eiaieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?acoeueoao?a
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny: aeei?enoaiiyi no/anii? aeine?aeieoeueei? aia?aoo?e
c aaoiiaoe/iith ?a?no?aoe??th oa eiii’thoa?iith ia?iaeith ?acoeueoao?a
aei???a o?ce/ieo aaee/ei (?aioaai?anueeee aeeo?aeoiiao? Ae?II–4-07,
aaaaoieaiaeueiee aiae?caoi? NTA–1024 oa ?io?); eiiieaeni?noth
i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue; aca?iiith ocaiaeaeaii?noth c ?acoeueoaoaie
?ioeo aenia?eiaioaeueieo oa oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue; ?ioa?i?aoaoe??th
aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?acoeueoao?a c aeei?enoaiiyi no/anieo
caaaeueiiaeciaieo iiaeaeae oa oyaeaiue; oe?ieith ai?iaaoe??th iaoa??ae?a
?iaioe ia i?aeia?iaeieo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo; aenieei i?aeia?iaeiei
?aeoeiaii oa impact-/eiieeii iaoeiaeo aeaeaiue, o yeeo iioae?eiaaii
iniiai? ?iaioe c oaie aeena?oaoe?? (“Oeceea oaa?aeiai oaea”, “Ecaanoey
?AI”, “Oeceea ieceeo oaiia?aoo?”, “Oe?a?inueeee o?ce/iee aeo?iae”).

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii a ?iaioao:.

1. Aaeyaa A.Ae., Ai?iaie I.A., Aieieiaia TH.I., Ia/oeei A.O. Eco/aiea
no?oeoo?u e?enoaeeia i?onoeoa e ie?a?ae?eoa a eioa?aaea oaiia?aoo? 120
440 E.// OOAE. – 1985. O. 30, ? 10. – C.1500–1502.

2. Aaeyaa A.Ae., Aieieiaia TH.I., Ia/oeei A.O., Aooei A.E.,
?iiai E.TH. Aeonoiyeaeo?e/aneia acaeiiaeaenoaea a e?enoaeeao
ie?a?ae?eoa.// OOO. – 1986. O. 28, ? 1. – C.197–200.

3. Aaeyaa A.Ae., Aieieiaia TH.I., Aooei A.E., Ia/oeei A.O. Ia ecia?aiee
i?iaiaeeiinoe i?onoeoa ia ia?aiaiiii oiea.// OOAE. – 1986. O. 31, ? 4. –
C.594–596.

4. Aaeyaa A.Ae., Aieieiaia TH.I., Ia/oeei A.O., Ienaethe A.A. E aii?ino
i nouanoaiaaiee ?aciuouo oaciauo ia?aoiaeia a e?enoaeeao i?onoeoa e
ie?a?ae?eoa.// OOO. – 1986. O. 28, ? 8. – C.2539–2541.

5. Aaeyaa A.Ae., Aieieiaia TH.I., Ia/oeei A.O., Aooei A.E., Aiei-aae
I.E. Iniaaiiinoe iiaeiuaiey oeueo?acaoeiauo aiei a e?enoaeeao
i?onoeoa.// OOAE. – 1986. O. 31, ? 12. – C.1865–1868.

6. Aaeyaa A.Ae., Aieieiaia TH.I., Ia/oeei A.O., Aeeaoaa?aeeaa E.?.,
Iaiaaeia O.A. Iaia?oaeaiea iniaaiiinoae naaiaoiyeaeo?e/aneiai oaciaiai
ia?aoiaea a e?enoaeeao TlInS2.// OOAE. – 1988. O. 33, ? 4. –
C.582–584.

7. Aaeyaa A.Ae., Aieieiaia TH.I., Iaiaaeia O.A., Oa?eoia ss.I.
Aiecio?iiey iiaeiuaiey oeueo?acaoeiauo aiei a e?enoaeeao TlInS2.// OOAE.
– 1988. O. 33, ? 11. – C.1705–1707.

8. Aieieiaia TH.I., Oeei N.A., TH?/aiei E.A. Eco/aiea oaciauo ia?aoiaeia
a TlGaSe2 iaoiaeii iieaeoey?iuo ethieianoeaioiuo iaoie. // OOAE. – 1990.
O. 35, ? 11. – C. 1721–1724.

9. Aieieiaia TH.I., Naeeaiiia E.I. Aeonoe/aneay yienney i?e oaciauo
ia?aoiaeao neiiao?e/iay–iani?acia?iay–ni?acia?iay oacu.// OOO. – 1991.
O. 33, ? 1. – C.298–299.

10. Aaeyaa A.Ae., Aieieiaia TH.I., Aeoa?iaa E.N. I oaciauo i?aa?auaieyo
a e?enoaeeao TlGaSe2.// OOAE. – 1991. O. 36, ? 8. – C.1258 –1261.

11. Aieieiaia TH.I., Oeei N.A., TH?/aiei E.A. Oa?iioeeeei/oanoaeoaeueiue
oaciaue ia?aoiae a e?enoaeeao TlGaSe2.// OOO. – 1991. O. 33, ? 9. –
C.2781–2783.

12. Aieieiaia TH.I., Oeei N.A., TH?/aiei E.A. Oioiethieianoeaioeey
e?enoaeeia i?onoeoa.// OOO. – 1991. O. 33, ? 11. – C.3425–3427.

13. Aieieiaia TH.I., Ia?aa A.I., Naeeaiiia E.I., Ueaieue A.A.
Aeonoe/aneay yienney e yooaeou iaiyoe a e?enoaeeao TlGaSe2.// OOO. –
1992. O. 34, ? 1. – C.115–118.

14. Aieieiaia TH.I., Oeei N.A., TH?/aiei E.A. Ethieianoeaioiua naienoaa
i?onoeoa e aaeni?ae?iaaiiuo ia aai iiaa?oiinoe iieaeoe ?aaeiieia A a
iaeanoe oaciauo ia?aoiaeia.// Ecaanoey ?AI, na?. Oec. – 1992. O. 56, ?
10. – C.75–78.

15. Ai?iaie I.A., Aieieiaia TH.I. Iniaaiiinoe iiaaaeaiey no?oeoo?u
e?enoaeeia TlGaSe2 i?e ia?eiaee/aneii eciaiaiee oaiia?aoo?u.// OOO. –
1997. O. 39, ? 9. – C.1652–1653.

16. Ai?iaie I.A., Aieieiaia TH.I., Naeeaiiia E.I. Oa?ii?acoii?yaei/aiea
eaoeiiiie iiae?aoaoee i?onoeoa.// Oeceea ieceeo oaiia?aoo?. – 1999.
O.25, ? 7. – N.731–736.

17. Aieieiaia TH.I. I oioieiaeooee?iaaiiii oaciaii ia?aoiaea a
e?enoaeeao Ag3AsS3.// OOO. – 1999. O. 41, ? 4. – C.702–704.

18. Aieieiaia TH.I. I?i aieea oaeaeeino? ci?ie oaiia?aoo?e ia
ae?aeaeo?e/io i?iieei?noue e?enoae?a i?onoeoo oa i??a?a??eoo.// OOAE. –
1999. O. 44, ? 5. – C.622–624.

19. Aieieiaia TH.I. Oioi?iaeoeiaai? iniaeeaino? o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae
e?enoae?a Ag3AsS3.// OOAE. – 1999. O. 44, ? 7. – C.875–878.

20. Aieieiaia TH.I. ?iaeoeiaaia na?oeii ?icoii?yaeeoaaiiy eao?iiii?
i?aea?aoee e?enoae?a i?onoeoo.// OOAE. – 1999. O. 44, ? 8. –
C.1007–1010.

21. Aaeyaa A.Ae., Aieieiaia TH.I., Ia/oeei A.O., Ienaethe A.A.

I acaeiiaeaenoaee oeueo?acaoea n eiiaie i?iaiaeeiinoe a e?enoaeeao
i?onoeoa e ie?a?ae?eoa.// Oac. aeiee. XIII Ananithc. eiio. ii
aeonoiyeaeo?iieea. – *a?iiaoeu. – 1986. – N.32–33.

22. Aaeyaa A.Ae., Ai?iaie I.A., Aieieiaia TH.I., Ia/oeei A.O., Ienaethe
A.A. “?aciya/aiea” eaoeiiiie iiae?aoaoee e aiiiaeee oece/aneeo
ia?aiao?ia e?enoaeeia i?onoeoa.// Iao. XI Ananithciie eiio. ii oeceea
naaiaoiyeaeo?eeia. – *a?iiaoeu. – 1987. – O.1. – N.133.

23. Aaeyaa A.Ae., Aieieiaia TH.I., Aeeaoaa?aeeaa E., Iaiaaeia O.A.,
Oa?eoia ss.I. Enneaaeiaaiea oaciauo ia?aoiaeia a naaiaoiyeaeo?eea TlInS2
oeueo?acaoeiaui iaoiaeii.// Iao. XI Ananithciie eiio. ii oeceea
naaiaoiyeaeo?eeia. – *a?iiaoeu. – 1987. – O.2. – N.45.

24. Aaeyaa A.Ae., Aieieiaia TH.I., Aeoa?iaa E.N., Ia/oeei A.O.
Iiaeiuaiea oeueo?acaoea a e?enoaeeao TlInS2 e TlGaSe2.// Oac. Aeiee. XIV
Ananithc. eiio. ii aeonoiyeaeo?iieea. – Eeoeiaa. – 1989. – *.1. –
N.164–165.

25. Aieieiaia TH.I., Ia?aa A.I., Naeeaiiia E.I. Aeonoe/aneay yienney i?e
oaciauo ia?aoiaeao a neienoii iieoi?iaiaeieea TlInS2.// Iao. aeiee.
?aaeii. eiio. “Aeeiaie/aneea caaea/e iaoaieee nieioiie n?aaeu”. –
E?aniiaea?. – 1990. – N.62.

26. Aieieiaia TH.I., Oeei N.A., TH?/aiei E.A. Oa?iioeeeei/oanoaeoaeueiue
oaciaue ia?aoiae a e?enoaeeao.// Oeceea iieoi?iaiaeieeia, na. noaoae
Einoeoooa iieoi?iaiaeieeia AIO. – Eeaa: EI AI ONN?. – 1991. – N.59–62.

27. Aieieiaia TH.I., Ia?aa A.I., Naeeaiiia E.I. Aeonoe/aneay yienney i?e
oaciauo ia?aoiaeao a neienouo iieoi?iaiaeieeao.// Oac. aeiee. XV
Ananithc. eiio. ii aeonoiyeaeo?iieea. – Eaieia?aae. – 1991. – *.1. –
N.100.

28. Aieieiaia TH.I., Oeei N.A., TH?/aiei E.A. Acaeiinaycue eaaioiaiai
auoiaea ethieianoeaioeee iieaeoe aaeni?ae?iaaiiiai e?aneoaey n
ethieianoeaioeeae i?onoeoa.// Oac. aeieeaaeia V Ananithc. oeieu-naieia?a
ii oeceea naaiaoiyeanoeeia. – Oaeai?iae. – 1991. – N.89.

29. Aieieiaia TH.I., Ia?aa A.I., Naeeaiiia E.I. Aeonoe/aneay yienney i?e
oaciauo ia?aoiaeao a iieoi?iaiaeieeao oeia TlInS2.// Oac. aeieeaaeia IX
Oaieioec. eiio. NIA. – Iaoa/eaea. – 1992. – N.205.

30. Aieieiaia TH.I., Ia?aa A.I., Naeeaiiia E.I. Aeeyiea
oa?iioeeeee?iaaiey ia oaciaua ia?aoiaeu a neienoii iieoi?iaiaeieea.//
Iao. aeieeaaeia ?aaeiiaeueiie eiio. “Aeeiaie/aneea caaea/e iaoaieee
nieioiie n?aaeu”. – E?aniiaea?. – 1992. – N.52.

31. Ai?iaie I.A., Aieieiaia TH.I., Iae?aniaa E.I. Aeaoaeou no?oeoo?u e
oaciaua ia?aoiaeu a naaiaoiyeaeo?e/aneeo e?enoaeeao.// Oac. aeiee. XI??
Ananithc. eiio. ii oeceea naaiaoiyeaeo?eeia. – Oaa?ue. – 1992. O. 1. –
N.32.

32. Aieieiaia TH.I., Ia?aa A.I., Naeeaiiia E.I., ?iiai E.TH. Aeeyiea
oa?iioeeeee?iaaiey ia oaciaua ia?aoiaeu a naaiaoiyeaeo?eea TlGaSe2.//
Oac. aeiee. XI?? Ananithc. eiio. ii oeceea naaiaoiyeaeo?eeia. – Oaa?ue.
– 1992. O. 1. – N.36.

33. Gololobov Yu.P., Perga V.M., Salivonov I.N. Nondestractive Evolution
of Incommensurate Phase Appearence and Transformation.// Proc. of the
6th Conf. “Acoustoelectronics 93”. – Varna (Bulgaria) – 1993 – P.85.

34. Gololobov Yu.P., Perga V.M., Salivonov I.N., Bykhovchenko N.V. The
Acoustic Emission Study of Incommensurate Phase Transitions in Layered
Semiconductors TlGaSe2.// Proc. Intern. Symp. on Surface Waves in Solids
and Layered Structures.– Moscow–St.Petersburg (Russia) – 1994. – P.473.

35. Borovoy N.A., Gololobov Yu.P., Salivonov I.N. The Influence of
Periodical Temperature Fields on the Dynamics Transitions in
Semiconductor Crystals TlGaSe2.// Book of Abstracts 14-th Intern. Conf.
On Utilithation of Ultrasonic methods in Condensed Matter.– Zilina
(Slovak Republic) – 1995. – P.8.

36. Aiae?thuaiei A.I., Ai?iaie I.A., Aieieiaia TH.I. ?aioaaiino?oeoo?iua
enneaaeiaaiey yooaeoa oa?iiiiaeaaeaiey oaciauo ia?aoiaeia a
naaiaoiyeaeo?eea TlGaSe2.// Oac. aeieeaaeia XIV Ana?inneeneie eiio. ii
oeceea naaiaoiyeaeo?eeia.– Eaaiiai (?inney) – 1995. – N. 82.

37. Ai?iaie I.A., Aieieiaia TH.I., Naeeaiiia E.I. Aiiiaeee aeonoe/aneiai
e ?aioaaiianeiai eceo/aiey i?e oaciauo ia?aoiaeao a neienouo
iieoi?iaiaeieeao.// Iaoa??aee O??? Iaoe. oeiee–nai?ia?a c i?aeia?iaeiith
o/anoth “Niaeo?ineii?y iieaeoe oa e?enoae?a”.– Noie. – 1997. – N.95.

38. Gololobov Yu.P., Salivonov I.N. Acoustic Emission Method and
Application for the Phase Transitions in Ferroelectric and Superionic
Crystals Study.// Proc.1998 Intern. Symp. on Acoustoelectronics,
Frequency Control and Signal Generation; Surface Waves in Solids and
Layered Structures.– St.Petersburg (Russia) – 1998. –P.10.

AIIOAOe?ss

Aieieiaia TH.I. Oioi– oa oa?ii?iaeoeiaai? yaeua o iio??eieo
oaeueeiaai?aeieo naaiaoiiai?ai?ia?aeieeao c iani?ai??ieie oacaie. –
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a
o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/-ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 01.04.10 – o?ceea
iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a ? ae?aeaeo?e-e?a. – ?inoeooo o?ceee iai?ai?ia?aeiee?a
IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aeine?aeaeaiith iaoai?ci?a o?ce/ieo i?ioean?a,
ianaiia?aae, no?oeoo?ieo ia?aoai?aiue, ui a?aeaoaathoueny o
naaiaoiaeaeo?e/ieo e?enoaeao c iani?ai??ieie oacaie (TlInS2, TlGaSe2,
Ag3AsS3 – i?onoeo) i?ae ae??th aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai aei?ii?iaiiy iioe/iiai
ae?aiaciio oa ia??iaee/ii? aai oaeaeei? ci?ie oaiia?aoo?e. Aeyaeaii oa
aeine?aeaeaii ?yae iiaeo aoaeo?a: oa?iii?eai?/aiiy oaciaeo ia?aoiae?a
(TlGaSe2), o?ainoi?iaoe?th iani?ai??ii? oace o oaioe/io no?oeoo?o i?e
ia??iaee/i?e ci?i? oaiia?aoo?e (TlInS2), oioiethi?ianoeaioe?th i?onoeoo.
C’yniaaii iaoai?cie o?ce/ieo i?ioean?a, ui iaoiiaeththoue aeyaeai?
aoaeoe. Cai?iiiiiaaii oa iaa?oioiaaii iiaeaeue i?ioeano
?icoii?yaeeoaaiiy eao?iiii? i?aea?aoee e?enoae?a Ag3AsS3, yeee
a?aeaoaa?oueny i?ae ae??th na?oea aai ci?ie oaiia?aoo?e. C’yniaaii
i?e?iaeo aiiiaeueii? iiaaae?iee o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae i?onoeoo i?e
oaeaee?e ci?i? oaiia?aoo?e.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: TlInS2, TlGaSe2, Ag3AsS3, i?onoeo, aeonoe/ia ai?n?y,
iani?ai??ia oaca, ?icoii?yaeeoaaiiy, oaciaee ia?ao?ae,
naaiaoiiai?ai?ia?aeiee.

ABSTRACT

Gololobov Yu.P. Photo– and Thermoindused Phehomena in the Triple
Chalcogenidic Ferroelectrics-Semiconductors with Incommensurates Phases.
– Manusript.

Thesis for a doctor of sciences degree of physical-mathematical sciences
by speciality 01.04.10 – physics of semiconductors and insulators. –
Institute of Semiconductor Physics of the National Academy of Sciences
of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to study of the mechanisms of a physical
prosesses, first of all structural transformations, in the
ferroelectrics-semiconductors with incommensurates phases (TlInS2,
TlGaSe2, Ag3AsS3 – proustite) under the optical interval electromagnetic
radiation and temperature periodic or rapid changes action. A number of
a new effects, such as thermosuppression of phase transitions (TlGaSe2),
incommensurates phases transformation in chaotic one at temperature
periodic changes (TlInS2), proustite photoluminescence were discovered
and investigated. The mechanisms of a discovered physical prosesses were
found out. The models of the proustite cationic sublattice positional
disorder due to light or temperature changes have been proposed and
background. The nature of proustite physical properties anomalous
behavior at temperature rapid changes was found out.

Key words: TlInS2, TlGaSe2, Ag3AsS3, proustite, acoustic emission,
incommensurates phases, positional disorder, phase transition,
ferroelectrics-semiconductors.

AIIIOAOeEss

Aieieiaia TH.I. Oioi– e oa?iieiaeooee?iaaiiua yaeaiey a o?ieiuo
oaeueeiaaieaeiuo naaiaoiiieoi?iaiaeieeao c iani?acia?iuie oacaie. –
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a
oeceei-iaoaiaoe-/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 01.04.10 – oeceea
iieoi?iaiaeieeia e aeeyeaeo?eeia. – Einoeooo oeceee iieoi?iaiaeieeia IAI
Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999 a.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth oioi– e oa?iieiaeooee?iaaiiuo
yooaeoia, aicieeathueo a e?enoaeeao naaiaoiiieoi?iaiaeieeia n
iani?acia?iie oacie, iiae aeaenoaeai yeaeo?iiaaieoiiai eceo/aiey
iioe/aneiai aeeaiaciia, a oaeaea i?e ia?eiaee/aneii eee auno?ii
eciaiaiee oaiia?aoo?u. A ?acoeueoaoa eiiieaeniuo enneaaeiaaiee
aeonoe/aneeo, yeaeo?e/aneeo, iioe/aneeo naienoa e no?oeoo?u e?enoaeeia
TlInS2, TlGaSe2, Ag3AsS3 (i?onoeo) iaia?oaeai e aeaoaeueii enneaaeiaai
?yae iiauo oece/aneeo yooaeoia: oa?iiiiaeaaeaiea oaciauo ia?aoiaeia
(TlGaSe2), o?ainoi?iaoeey iani?acia?iie oacu a oaioe/aneoth no?oeoo?o
iiae aeaenoaeai ia?eiaee/aneiai eciaiaiey oaiia?aaoo?u (TlInS2),
oioiethieianoeaioeey e?enoaeia i?onoeoa.

Aeey e?enoaeia TlInS2 iaee/ea naoaeeeoiuo ?aoeaenia iani?acia?iie oacu
ca?aaeno?e?iaaii a eioa?aaea oaiia?aoo? O = 146 216 E. Iieacaii, /oi
naaiaoiyeaeo?e/aneee oaciaue ia?aoiae ia i?eaiaeeo e en/aciiaaieth
aeeeiiiia?eiaee/aneie iiaeoee?iaaiiie no?oeoo?u, a nii?iaiaeaeaaony
eeoue o?ainoi?iaoeeae ia?aiao?a iani?acia?iinoe. Iaia?oaeaii, /oi i?e
ii?aaeaeaiiuo oneiaeyo a naaiaoioaca e?enoaeeia TlInS2 iiaoo
ninouanoaiaaoue ianeieueei iani?acia?iuo oac oeia (00.l), eioi?ua
ioee/athony ia?eiaeii iiaeoeyoeee.

Iaia?oaeaii, /oi iiae aeaenoaeai naaoa i?e O = 300 E, a oaeaea i?e
eciaiaiee oaiia?aoo?u a eioa?aaea O = 100 300 E i?ienoiaeyo i?ioeannu
no?oeoo?iie ia?ano?ieee eaoeiiiie iiae?aoaoee e?enoaeeia i?onoeoa.
I?aaeeiaeai iaoiae ?an/aoa no?oeoo?iie aiieeooaeu e?enoaeeia Ag3AsS3,
eioi?ue iicaieyao o/eouaaoue aeeyiea ?acee/iuo oeiia ?acoii?yaei/aiey
eiiia Ag+ ii aaeaioiui e?enoaeeia?aoe/aneei iiceoeeyi ia ioiineoaeueioth
eioaineaiinoue ?aioaaiianeeo aeeo?aeoeeiiiuo iaeneioiia. ?anniio?aiu
?acee/iua i?aaeaeueiua oeiu ?acoii?yaei/aiey, eioi?ua o/eouaatho
aiciiaeiinoue iayeaeaaeaioiinoe yia?aee nayce eiiia na?aa?a a aeaoo
aeaeao nie?aeae (AgS), eioi?ua ia?acotho eaoeiiioth iiae?aoaoeo
i?onoeoa. N iiiiuueth eiiiuethoa?iiai iiaeaee?iaaiey i?iaaaeai aiaeec
aeeyiey a?aie/iuo oeiia ?acoii?yaei/aiey eaoeiiiie iiae?aoaoee i?onoeoa
ia aaee/eio eioaineaiinoe iaaethaeaaiuo ?aoeaenia.

Iieacaii, /oi a i?onoeoa iiae aeaenoaeai naaoa i?ienoiaeeo iea?aoeey
eiiia Ag+ a iaeanoe no?oeoo?iuo iaiaeii?iaeiinoae e ia iiaa?oiinoe
e?enoaeeeoia i?aeiouanoaaiiui ia?acii ec eaaiaeioiauo nie?aeae (AgS). A
naith i/a?aaeue, eciaiaiea oaiia?aoo?u, ia/eiay n O 150 E, i?eaiaeeo e
?acoii?yaei/aieth, aeaaiui ia?acii, i?aaiaeioiauo nie?aeae (AgS).
Niaianoiia aeaenoaea naaoa e oaiia?aoo?u aucuaaao onei?aiiia
oa?ii?acoii?yaei/aiea anae eaoeiiiie iiae?aoaoee i?onoeoa, eioi?ia
ia/eiaaony i?e O150 E. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi aiiiaeueiia iiaaaeaiea n
oaiia?aoo?ie aeonoe/aneeo e aeeyeaeo?e/aneeo naienoa e?enoaeeia Ag3AsS3
i?e auno?ii eciaiaiee oaiia?aoo?u (dT/dt 1 E/iei) iaoneiaeaii
oa?ie/anee ia?aaiiaaniuie i?ioeannaie, i?eaiaeyueie e ia?ooaieyi
i?ino?ainoaaiiie iaeii?iaeiinoe enneaaeoaiuo ia?acoeia. A eioa?aaea
oaiia?aoo? O = 295 440 E onoaiiaeaiu oaiia?aoo?ii-/anoioiua oneiaey,
i?e eioi?uo iiaeii i?aiaa?a/ue aeeaaeii i?eyeaeo?iaeiuo iaeanoae a
eiiaaeain nenoaiu “yeaeo?iae(Ag)–e?enoaee(Ag3AsS3)–yeaeo?iae(Ag)”.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: TlInS2, TlGaSe2, Ag3AsS3, i?onoeo, aeonoe/aneay
yienney, iani?acia?iay oaca, ?acoii?yaei/aiea, oaciaue ia?aoiae,
naaiaoiiieoi?iaiaeiee.

Добавить комментарий

Ваш e-mail не будет опубликован. Обязательные поля помечены *