Формування та прискорення пучків у високочастотних джерелах електронів: Автореф. дис… канд. фіз.-мат. наук / В.В. Митроченко, Нац. наук. центр ‘Харк

IAOe?IIAEUeIEE IAOEIAEE OeAIO? OA?E?ANUeEEE O?CEEI-OAOI?*IEE ?INOEOOO

Ieo?i/aiei A?eoi? Aieiaeeie?iae/

OAeE 621.384.6

Oi?ioaaiiy oa I?enei?aiiy io/e?a o aeniei/anoioieo aeaea?aeao
aeaeo?ii?a

01.04.20 – o?ceea io/e?a ca?yaeaeaieo /anoeiie

aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio iaoeiaiio oeaio?? «Oa?e?anueeee
o?ceei-oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo».

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee Eooi?? Aieiaeeie? Aa?aiiae/. Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee eiiieaen
«I?enei?thaa/» IIOe OOO?, ia/aeueiee eaai?aoi???.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? o?c.-iao. iaoe, i?ioani? Iaaaea ?ai?ue ?aaiiae/. ?inoeooo
ieaciiai? aeaeo?ii?ee oa iiaeo iaoiae?a i?enei?aiiy IIOe OOO?,
ia/aeueiee eaai?aoi???

eaiaeeaeao o?c. – iao. iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee *i?iee
Aaeaioei Aaneeueiae/. Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoth/ee
eaai?aoi???th.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Iaoeiaee o?ceei-oaoiieia?/iee oeaio? I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe oa IAI Oe?a?ie,
i. Oa?e?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «19» aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 15 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.845.01 a IIOe OOO? ca aae?anith:
i. Oa?e?a, aoe. Aeaaeai?/ia, 1.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? IIOe OOO? ca
aae?anith: i. Oa?e?a, aoe. Aeaaeai?/ia, 1

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «17» aa?aniy 1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

aeieoi? o?c.-iao. iaoe
Aecaoeeee I.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

No/ani? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy a ??ciiiai?oieo iaeanoyo o?ceee
aeiaaathoue ye?nieo aeaeo?iiieo io/e?a, ui canoiniaothoueny a
aenia?eiaioao. Aeaoaeueiee aiae?c oaiaeaioe?e ?icaeoeo iaoiae?a no/anii?
aenia?eiaioaeueii? o?ceee oa i?enei?thaaeueii? oaoi?ee iieaco?
aaaeeea?noue iie?ioaiiy yeino? io/ea ia aeoiae? e?i?eieo i?enei?thaa/?a
aeaeo?ii?a (EIA), ui aeei?enoiaothoueny ye aeey i?iaaaeaiiy
ooiaeaiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, oae ? aeey ?aae?caoe?? i?eeeaaeieo
i?ia?ai.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Oa?aeoa?enoeee io/ea ia aeoiae? EIA a cia/i?e i???
aecia/athoueny ye?noth ?iaeaeoi?a – nenoaie i?eeaae?a, ui oi?io?
aeaeo?iiiee io/ie a aeaeyae? iine?aeiaiino? caonoe?a c iaeeie
iiacaeiaaei?ie oa iiia?a/ieie ?ici??aie. Inoaii?i /anii ?icaeaathoueny
noaie iiaoaeiae ?iaeaeoi?ieo nenoai, a yeeo io?eiaiiy ? oi?ioaaiiy io/ea
a?aeaoaa?oueny a iaeiiio aeniei/anoioiiio aeaiaio?, yeee iaea?aeaa iacao
aeniei/anoioia aeaeo?iiia aa?iaoa (A* aa?iaoa). Caaaeyee aenie?e yeino?
io/ea aeniei/anoioi? aa?iaoe ciaeoee canoinoaaiiy a i?enei?thaa/ao
eaca??a ia a?eueieo aeaeo?iiao, ?iaeaeoi?ao a iaeiie/oaaeuei? e?eueoey
neio?io?ii?a, ieaio?oueny ?oi? aeei?enoaiiy a i?enei?thaa/ao ianooiii?
?aia?aoe??, cie?aia, a e?i?eieo eieaeaea?ao. ?acii c oei, aeine?aeaeaiiy
o?ce/ieo i?ioean?a iia’ycaieo c oi?ioaaiiyi oa i?enei?aiiyi io/ea a A*
aa?iaoao aeaeae? a?ae caaa?oaiiy. Aiie ? ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy a
aaaaoueio aaaeo/eo aeine?aeieo oeaio?ao ie?o. A ca’yceo c ?icoe?aiiyi
iaeanoae aeei?enoaiiy i?enei?thaa/?a aeaeo?ii?a a i?eeeaaeieo oe?eyo
iniaeeaa cia/aiiy iaaoaathoue aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?ic?iaea A* aa?iao c
oa?iiai?n?eieie eaoiaeaie, ui ? i?inoeie oa eiiiaeoieie. Aiie ia
aeiaaathoue aei?iaiai aeiaeaoeiaiai iaeaaeiaiiy. Canoinoaaiiy oaeeo
?iaeaeoi?ieo nenoai aeicaiey? cia/ii ni?inoeoe eiino?oeoe?th
i?enei?thaa/a i?e caa?aaeaii? aeniei? yeino? io/ea. Iacaaaeath/e ia
aaeeeo e?euee?noue ioae?eaoe?e i?enay/aieo aeaiiio iai?yio, aein? aaaaoi
ieoaiue iaaeinoaoiuei iiaii aeine?aeaeai?, iai?eeeaae, oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy
na?aaeiueiai no?oio oaeeo ?iaeaeoi??a. A oeueiio ca’yceo aeine?aeaeaiiy,
iai?aaeai? ia noai?aiiy ?iaeaeoi?ieo nenoai ia aac? aeniei/anoioieo
oa?iiai?n?eieo aeaeo?iiieo aa?iao, ye aeey i?aoeec?eieo i?enei?thaa/?a,
oae ? aeey i?enei?thaa/?a oe?ieiai canoinoaaiiy ? aeooaeueieie.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
?ic?iaee, ?acoeueoaoe yeeo iaaaaeai? a aeai?e aeena?oaoe??, aeeiioaaeeny
a ?aieao I?ia?aie ?ia?o ii aoiii?e iaooe? ? oaoi?oe? IIOe OOO? ia
ia??iae 1992 – 2000 ??., caoaa?aeaeaii? I?iiaoi?iiii ? IAI Oe?a?ie
23.03. 1993 ?., aeiaiai?o ? 80/89-35 i?i iaoeiai – aeine?aeio ?iaioo
«Oai?aoe/i?, aenia?eiaioaeuei? ? aeine?aeii-eiino?oeoi?nuee? ?iaioe ii
noai?aiith e?i?eiiai i?enei?thaa/a aeaeo?ii?a ?iaeaeoi?a oaoiieia?/iiai
aeaea?aea NA-NEI-600», i?iaeoo AEIO Oe?a?ie ? 09.02. 01/014-92, i?iaeo?a
? 2.4/673 ? ? 2.5. 1/39 Aea?aeaaiiai oiiaeo ooiaeaiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoith i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue aoei
io?eiaiiy iiaeo ciaiue i?i o?ce/i? i?ioeane, ui i?io?eathoue a
aeniei/anoioieo aa?iaoao c oa?iiai?n?eiei eaoiaeii ? noai?aiiy iaoeiai
iaa?oioiaaieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e aeey ?ic?iaee ia ?o iniia? ?iaeaeoi?ieo
nenoaie c aenieith ye?noth io/ea, ye i?aoeec?eieo i?enei?thaa/?a, oae ?
i?enei?thaa/?a oe?ieiai canoinoaaiiy. Aeey aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe aoei
iaiao?aeii i?iaanoe oai?aoe/ia ? aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy
iniaeeainoae aeeiai?ee aeaeo?ii?a a A* aa?iaoao c oa?iiai?n?eiei
eaoiaeii, aea/eoe aieea ?iciiae?eo aeaeo?e/iiai iiey ia in? aa?iao ia
oa?aeoa?enoeee io/ea, aeine?aeeoe aoaeo aiiaa?aeoaaiiy eaoiaea
cai?ioieie aeaeo?iiaie, ae?iaeoe oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy na?aaeiueiai no?oio
oaeeo aa?iao, ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeee aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
iano?ithaaiiy ?aciiainieo nenoai aa?iao.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Ia iniia? oai?aoe/ieo ?
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue io?eiai? iia? aeai? i?i o?ce/i?
i?ioeane a A* aa?iaoao c oa?iiai?n?eiei eaoiaeii.

Aia?oa ia iniia? /eneiaiai iiaeaethaaiiy aeeiai?ee aeaeo?ii?a aea/ai?
caeiiii??iino? aieeao oi?ie ?iciiae?eo iiey ia in? ?aciiaoi?ii? nenoaie
A* aa?iaoe c oa?iiai?n?eiei eaoiaeii ia oa?aeoa?enoeee io/ea aeaeo?ii?a,
ye ia aeoiae? aa?iaoe, oae ? oiai, ui iiiaaea? ia eaoiae.

Io?eiai? iia? aeai? i?i ianoaoe?iia?i? oaiia?aoo?i? i?ioeane a
oa?iiai?n?eieo eaoiaeao A* aa?iao, aia?oa aenia?eiaioaeueii
aeine?aeaeaii ci?io oaiia?aoo?e iiaa?oi? eaoiaea i?ae /an ?iioeueno
no?oio.

Aia?oa aeine?aeaeai? aeaeo?iaeeiai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee oa oa?aeoa?enoeee
io/ea aeaio?aciiaoi?ii? oa?iiai?n?eii? A* aa?iaoe c aeaeo?e/iei oeiii
ca’yceo i?ae ?aciiaoi?aie.

Nie?ath/enue ia i?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei ?ic?iaeaii eiioeaioe?th
noai?aiiy ?iaeaeoi??a ia iniia? aaaaoi?aciiaoi?ieo oa?iiai?n?eieo
aa?iao, aeoiaey/e c yei? cai?iiiiiaaia aa?iaoa c aaeeeei na?aaei?i
no?oiii io/ea, ui iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia a yeino? ?iaeaeoi?a
oaoiieia?/iiai i?enei?thaa/a aeaeo?ii?a.

?ic?iaeaia iiaa iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy ?aciiainii? /anoioe IA*
?aciiaoi??a, aeaioiaeaia ? aei?iaoaaia a?aeiia?aeia aia?aoo?a.

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny ianooii? ?acoeueoaoe ? iieiaeaiiy:

1. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao ?iciiae?eo iiey ia in? ?aciiainieo
nenoaie aeniei/anoioieo aa?iao c oa?iiai?n?eiei eaoiaeii ia aeeiai?eo
/anoeiie, ui aeicaiey? aeae?aoe iaiao?aeio aaiiao??th ?aciiainii?
nenoaie aeey io?eiaiiy iaiao?aeieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeaeo?iiiiai io/ea.

2. ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooie?a ? aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
ianoaoe?iia?ieo oaiia?aoo?ieo i?ioean?a a oa?iiai?n?eieo eaoiaeao
aeniei/anoioieo aa?iao, a oiio /ene? oaiia?aoo?e iiaa?oi? eaoiaea ca /an
?iioeueno no?oio, ui aeicaiey? noi?ioethaaoe ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey
noai?aiiy aeniei/anoioieo aa?iao c? na?aaei?i no?oiii io/ea a nioi?
i?e?iaiia?.

3. ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooieo ?aciiainii? nenoaie, aeeiai?ee /anoeiie ?
oa?aeoa?enoee io/ea ia aeoiae? aaaaoi?aciiaoi?ii? aeniei/anoioii?
aa?iaoe c? na?aaei?i no?oiii io/ea 0.5 iA, ui iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia a
yeino? ?iaeaeoi?a oaoiieia?/iiai i?enei?thaa/a aeaeo?ii?a.

4. ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooie?a, iiaeaethaaiiy aeeiai?ee /anoeiie ?
aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeniei/anoioieo aa?iao c
??ciiiai?oieie ?aciiainieie nenoaiaie, ui caaacia/eee noai?aiiy aeaea?ae
aeaeo?ii?a i?enei?thaa/?a EIA-60 ? E?E.

5. I?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy aeey ?ic?aooieo aeeiai?ee /anoeiie a
aeniei/anoioieo aeaeo?iiieo aa?iaoao.

6. Iaoiaeeeo ? aia?aoo?o aeey aaoiiaoe/iiai aecia/aiiy aeanii? /anoioe
IA* ?aciiaoi??a, ui aeicaiey? aei??thaaoe ?? ci?ie c iioeaeith 1.210-7.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaiiai a
aeena?oaoe?? aiae?co oa aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacothoue
iiaeeea?noue ? ia?niaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy A* aa?iao c oa?iiai?n?eiei
eaoiaeii a e?i?eieo i?enei?thaa/ao aeaeo?ii?a. Iaea?eueo aoaeoeaii oe?
i?eno?i? iiaeooue aooe canoiniaai? a i?enei?thaa/ao c iaeei ai?oainii
i?e ?iioeueniiio no?oi? a nioi? i?e?aiia? ? o?eaaeino? ?iioeueno a
e?eueea i?e?inaeoiae. Ine?eueee oae? i?enei?thaa/? oe?iei
canoiniaothoueny ye aeey ae??oaiiy naiino?eieo i?eeeaaeieo ?
aeine?aeieoeueeeo caaea/, oae ? a yeino? ?iaeaeoi??a i?enei?thaa/?a ia
aenie? aia?a??, oi ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iathoue aaeeea i?aeoe/ia
cia/aiiy.

?yae io?eiaieo a oiae? aeeiiaiiy aeena?oaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a aaea ao?eaii
a ae?th/eo i?enei?thaa/ao. Cie?aia, oni?oii aenieoaoothoueny ?iaeaeoi?e
i?enei?thaa/?a EIA-60 [I] (IIOe OOO?, i. Iineaa, ?in?y) ? E?E [II] (IIOe
OOO?). ?acoeueoaoe, io?eiai? i?e aeeiiaii? aeena?oaoe??, aoee
aeei?enoai? aeey iie?ioaiiy ia?aiao??a Iae?inueeiai eaca?a ia a?eueieo
aeaeo?iiao (?inoeooo o?ceee aenieeo aia?a?e, Iae?i, EI?). ?ic?iaeaia
aaoi?ii i?ia?aia ?ic?aooieo iniiaieo oa?aeoa?enoee io/ea ia aeoiae?
aeniei/anoioieo aa?iao ? iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy ?aciiainieo /anoio
aeei?enoiaothoueny i?e ?ic?aooieao, aeine?aeaeaii? ? iano?ieoe?
?aciiainieo nenoai ?iaeaeoi??a ? i?enei?thaaeueieo naeoe?e, a IIOe OOO?.
Cai?iiiiiaaia aaoi?ii eiino?oeoe?y oa?iiai?n?eii? aeniei/anoioii?
aa?iaoe c aenieei na?aaei?i no?oiii aoaea ?aae?ciaaia i?e aeeiiaii?
i?iaeoo Aea?aeaaiiai oiiaeo ooiaeaiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue 2.5.1/39
“?ic?iaea ? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?iaeaeoi?ieo nenoai e?i?eieo i?enei?thaa/?a
aeaeo?ii?a aeey ooiaeaiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ? iia?oi?o oaoiieia?e”.
Io?eiai? a aeena?oaoe?? aeai? oaeiae aoaeooue aeei?enoai? i?e ?ic?iaoe?
iiaeo ? iiaea?i?caoe?? ?nioth/eo ?iaeaeoi?ieo nenoai ia aac?
aeniei/anoioieo aeaeo?iiieo aa?iao. Cie?aia: i?e ?ic?iaoe? e?i?eiiai
i?enei?thaa/a–?iaeaeoi?a a aeaea?aei neio?io?iiiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy
AeNA-800; i?e iiaea?i?caoe?? ?iaeaeoi?ii? /anoeie i?enei?thaa/a
EIA-2000; i?e noai?aii? iiaeo e?i?eieo i?enei?thaa/?a oaoiieia?/iiai
i?ecia/aiiy. Iia? aeai? i?i o?ce/i? i?ioeane, ui i?io?eathoue a A*
aa?iaoao, aeeeaaeai? a aeena?oaoe??, iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e
?ica’ycaii? naii ocaiaeaeaii? caaea/?, ui iieno? aeeiai?eo /anoeiie a
aeniei/anoioieo aa?iaoao. Oaeei /eiii, aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?ic?iaee,
aeeiiai? a ?aieao aeaii? aeena?oaoe??, aeicaieythoue i?iaiaeeoe
ooiaeaiaioaeuei? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?ic?iaeyoe no/ani?
oaoiieia?/i? i?enei?thaa/? aeey ?aae?caoe?? iia?oi?o ?aae?aoe?eieo
oaoiieia?e. Aiie iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a IIOe OOO?, Oa?e?anueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao?, ?OAA (Iae?i, EI?), Noaioi?aenueeiio
oi?aa?neoao? (NOA), oi?aa?neoao? Aaiaea?a?eoa (NOA) oa ?ioeo
i?enei?thaaeueieo oeaio?ao.

Aeinoia??i?noue ? iaa?oiooaaiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aaco?oueny ia
aiae?c? iioeaie aei???a ? /eneiaeo ?ic?aooie?a, iiaiaeaeaiino?
?ic?aooieiaeo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?acoeueoao?a, c?noaaeaii? io?eiaieo
?acoeueoao?a c ?acoeueoaoaie ?ioeo aaoi??a. Aeinoia??i?noue
?acoeueoao?a ?ic?aooie?a caaacia/o?oueny canoinoaaiiyi ia?aa??aieo ?
a?aeiieo i?ia?ai, ?oiueith a?aeiia?aei?noth ?acoeueoaoai aenia?eiaio?a.
Aeinoia??i?noue aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?acoeueoao?a caaacia/o?oueny
canoinoaaiiyi a?aeiieo ? oanoiaaieo iaoiaeee aei???a, iia??aieo cania?a
aei???a.

Iniaenoee aeeaae aaoi?a. Caeiaoaa/ai iniaenoi ?ic?iaeaia i?ia?aiia
caaacia/aiiy aeey iiaeaethaaiiy aeeiai?ee /anoeiie a A* aa?iaoao,
cie?aia, noai?ai? i?ia?aia edint, aeiaeaoeiaa i?ia?aia aeey noai?aiiy
ao?aeiiai ianeao iae?i/anoeiie ai?oiaaieo c oa?iiai?n?eiiai eaoiaea c
o?aooaaiiyi aoaeoo Oiooee aeey i?ia?aie PARMELA [III], a oaeiae i?ia?aia
ia?iaee ?acoeueoao?a ?ic?aooieo c aeiiiiiaith PARMELA, ui aeicaiey?
ciaoiaeeoe oe?eio oaciaiai ? aia?aaoe/iiai niaeo??a ia aeoiae? aa?iaoe ?
?yae ?ioeo oa?aeoa?enoee. Ia iniia? ?ic?iaeaiiai i?ia?aiiiai
caaacia/aiiy aaoi?ii aeeiiai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiai?ee aeaeo?ii?a a A*
aa?iaoao c oa?iiai?n?eiei eaoiaeii [3, 7, 10, 11, 13].

Aaoi? i?eeiaa aaciina?aaeith aeoeaio o/anoue a ?ic?iaoe?, noai?aii? ?
aenia?eiaioaeueiiio aeine?aeaeaii? A* aa?iao i?enei?thaa/?a EIA-60 ? E?E
[1, 2, 4, 5, 8, 9, 11, 12], cie?aia, iei iniaenoi ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ?
aia?aoo?a aaoiiaoe/iiai aecia/aiiy ?aciiainii? /anoioe ?aciiainieo
nenoai, iano?i?i? ?aciiaoi?i? nenoaie aa?iao, ia/eneai? oa aei??yi? ?o
aeaeo?iaeeiai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee, aeine?aeaeaia aeeiai?ea oaiia?aoo?e
oa?iiai?n?eiiai eaoiaea, a oiio /ene? ca /an ?iioeueno no?oio. Ia iniia?
i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaia eiioeaioe?y
oa?iiaeaeo?iiii? A* aa?iaoe c aaeeeei na?aaei?i no?oiii [14,6].

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe, io?eiai? a oiae?
aeeiiaiiy aeena?oaoe??, aeiiia?aeaeeny ia OII Ananithci?i nai?ia?? c
i?enei?thaa/?a ca?yaeaeaieo /anoeiie, o?aaaiue 1991 ?. Oa?e?a [5]; IEEE
Particle Accelerator Conference, May 6 — 9, 1991; 14o?e Ia?aae? c
i?enei?thaa/?a ca?yaeaeaieo /anoeiie, I?ioa?ii, 1994 ?. [11]; 14
Oa?e?anueeiio nai?ia?? c e?i?eieo i?enei?thaa/?a ca?yaeaeaieo /anoeiie
1995 ?. [7 – 9]; Fifth European Particle Accelerator Conference, 10 – 14
June 1996 Sitgec (Barcelona) [12,13]; 1997 Particle Accelerator
Conference, 12 – 16 May 1997 Vancouver (Canada) [14]; 15 I?aeia?iaei?i
nai?ia?? c e?i?eiei i?enei?thaa/?a ca?yaeaeaieo /anoeiie, 16 — 21
aa?aniy 1997 ?. Aeoooa [6,10].

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe, io?eiai? a oiae? aeeiiaiiy aeena?oaoe??,
iioae?eiaai? a 14 ?iaioao, c ieo 4 a i?ia?aeieo oaoiaeo aeo?iaeao:
«I?eai?u e oaoieea yenia?eiaioa» [1,2]; «?aaeeioaoieea e yeaeo?iieea»
[3]; «Aii?inu aoiiiie iaoee e oaoieee» [4]. ?io? – a i?aoeyo
I?aeia?iaeieo eiioa?aioe?e ? nai?ia??a c i?enei?thaa/?a [5 – 14].

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, /ioe?ueio
?icae?e?a, cae?i/aiiy ? aeiaeaoe?a. Ianya iniiaiiai oaenoo aeena?oaoe??
125 noi??iie. Aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue 54 ?enoiee, /anoeia c yeeo caeia? 14
ie?aieo noi??iie, nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae c 85 iaeiaioaaiue, aeaa
aeiaeaoee ia 12 noi??ieao.

ei?ioeee ci?no ?iaioe

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie a iaeano? aeine?aeaeaiue,
aaciina?aaeiuei iia’ycaieo c oaiith aeena?oaoe??, noi?ioeueiaaia iaoa
?iaioe, iaoeiaa iiaecia oa i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue iaea?aeaieo
?acoeueoao?a. Oai aea i?eaaaeai? a?aeiiino? i?i ai?iaaoe?th ?iaioe.

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? ?iaioe ia i?aenoaa? e?oa?aoo?iiai iaeyaeo iieacaia
iaiao?aei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue ? iaa?oioiaaii ?o iai?yi.

A ae?oa?i ?icae?e? ?icaeyiooi oai?aoe/i? oa aenia?eiaioaeuei? iaoiaee
aeine?aeaeaiiy o?ce/ieo i?ioean?a a A* aa?iaoao c oa?iiai?n?eiei
eaoiaeii. sse?nii iienaii i?ioeane, ye? i?io?eathoue a oaeeo aa?iaoao,
iieacaii, ui aiie neeueii caa’ycai? i?ae niaith caaaeyee caeaaeiino?
no?oio ai?n?? c eaoiaea a?ae iai?oaeaiino? aeaeo?e/iiai iiey oa
oaiia?aoo?e eaoiaea.

Aeae? ?icaeyiooi ??aiyiiy ?ooo aeaeo?ii?a a A* iieyo, ni?iuaiiy, ye?
iiaeia aeiionoeoe i?e iiaeaethaaii? aeeiai?ee /anoeiie a A* aa?iaoao c
oa?iiai?n?eiei eaoiaeii. Iieacaii, ui aeey oeiiaeo oiia a oa?iiai?n?eieo
A* aa?iaoao – ?iioeueniee no?oi a?ey 1 A oa iai?oaeai?noue aeaeo?e/iiai
iiey ia in? a nioi? e?eiaieueo ia naioeiao?, aieeaii i?inoi?iaiai
ca?yaeo ia ai?oain io/ea iiaeia ciaoooaaoe, oiio ui ai?oiaai? c eaoiaea
aeaeo?iie oaeaeei i?enei?ththoueny. Iniiaiee aeeaae a oi?ioaaiiy
ai?oaina io/ea aea? iaaeaeniei/anoioia no?oeoo?a i?enei?thaaeueiiai
iiey. Oaeiae iieacaii, ui aeey iiaeaethaaiiy caeaaeiino? no?oio ai?n?? c
eaoiaea a?ae iai?oaeaiino? aeaeo?e/iiai iiey o?aaa aeei?enoiaoaaoe caeii
??/a?aeniia Aeaoiaia c o?aooaaiiyi aoaeoo Oioee. Aeey a?aooaaiiy aoaeoo
«iaaaioaaeaiiy no?oiii» ia aiie?ooaeo iai?oaeaiino? iiey a ?aciiaini?e
nenoai? aa?iaoe aoa canoiniaaiee iaoiae, ui a?oioo?oueny ia aaeain?
iiooaeiino? IA* aeaea?aea, a?aeaeoi? iiooaeiino? a?ae ?aciiainii?
nenoaie, ?icn?yii? iiooaeiino? a no?ieao ?aciiaoi?ii? nenoaie oa
iiooaeiino? io/ea. Caeaaei?noue iiooaeiino? io/ea a?ae aiie?ooaee iiey
iiaea aooe ciaeaeaia nie?ath/enue ia ?acoeueoaoe iiaeaethaaiiy aeeiai?ee
aeaeo?ii?a. Aeey oaeiai iiaeaethaaiiy aoea ?ic?iaeaia i?ia?aia EDINT, ui
?ioaa?oaaea ??aiyiiy ?ooo aeaeo?ii?a a aen?aeueii — neiao?e/iiio
i?einueiaiio aeaeo?iiaai?oiiio iie?. Oey i?ia?aia oaeiae aeicaiey?
iiaeaethaaoe aeeiai?eo i?e iayaiino? iiia?a/iiai iino?eiiai iaai?oiiai
iiey. Aeey a?aooaaiiy iniaeeainoae aeeiai?ee aeaeo?ii?a a A* aa?iaoao c
oa?iiai?n?eiei eaoiaeii i?e iiaeaethaaii? ca aeiiiiiaith a?aeiii? a
na?o? i?ia?aie PARMELA aoei ?ic?iaeaii aeiaeaoeia? i?ia?aie. Iaeia c ieo
aiooaaea ao?aeiee ianea /anoeiie, ui aaia?oaaany c a?aooaaiiyi caeiio
ai?n?? eaoiaea, a ae?oaa aeicaieyea ciaoiaeeoe ?ioaa?aeuei?
oa?aeoa?enoeee aeo?aeiiai io/ea a?eueo aaeaioiaaieie aeey A* aa?iao c
oa?iiai?n?eiei eaoiaeii iaoiaeaie, i?ae oea ?iaeoue a?ao?/ia i?ia?aia,
ui iinoaaey?oueny ?acii c i?ia?aiith PARMELA. Ia?aa??ea i?ia?ai
iieacaea, ui iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooie?a ca aeiiiiiaith EDINT i
PARMELA iiaiaeaeothoueny i?ae niaith a iaaeao 10%.

Aeae? ?icaeyiooi iaoiaee aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy A* aa?iao –
aei??thaaiiy aeaeo?iaeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ?aciiainieo nenoai,
aei??thaaiiy oa?aeoa?enoee io/ea. Ioe?iai? iioeaee aei??thaaiue.
Cie?aia, ?icaeyiooi iaoiaeeee ciaoiaeaeaiiy iioeaee aei??thaaiiy
iaoiaeii iaeiai ?aciiainiiai cao?aiiy iai?oaeaiino? iiey a
aaaaoi?aciiaoi?ieo nenoaiao ca ?aooiie eiai ia?a?iciiae?eo.
Cai?iiiiiaaii aeey oeueiai aeei?enoiaoaaoe a?aeiio i?ia?aio SUPERFISH
[IV], yea ciaoiaeeoue iiey oa ?aciiaini? /anoioe aen?aeueii-neiao?e/ieo
?aciiaoi??a.

Aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaeo?iaeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ?aciiainieo nenoai
aa?iao aoei noai?aii noaiae IA* aei???a. I?e i?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiue
ia?yaeo c aeei?enoaiiyi noaiaea?oii? aia?aoo?e ? iaoiaeee
canoiniaoaaeeny ? i?ea?iaeuei?, ?ic?iaeai? aaoi?ii iaoiaeeee oa
aia?aoo?a, cie?aia, iaoiaeeea oa i?eeaae aaoiiaoe/iiai ciaoiaeaeaiiy
?aciiainieo /anoio ?aciiaoi??a. Iaoiaeeea aaco?oueny ia aiae?c?
niaeo?aeueieo neeaaeiaeo iaeiath/i? /anoioiiiiaeoeueiaaiiai neaiaeo, ui
i?ieoia /a?ac ?aciiaoi?. sseui na?aaeiy /anoioa oaeiai neaiaeo
ni?aiaaea? c aeaniith /anoioith ?aciiaoi?a, oi ia?oa aa?iii?ea
iiaeoethth/iai neaiaeo aei??aith? ioeth, a ia /anoioao aeua ? ieae/a
?aciiaino ?? oaca a?ae??ciy?oueny ia 180. Oea aeicaiey? aeei?enoaoe
iaaaoeaiee cai?ioi?e ca’ycie aeey iano?ieee i?iieneiaiai IA* aaia?aoi?a
ia /anoioo ?aciiaoi?a. Oeae iaoiae a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae a?aeiieo oei, ui
neaiae iioeaee, yeee ea?o? /anoioith IA* aaia?aoi?a, aeae?ey?oueny ia
iecuee?e /anoio?, ui cia/ii ni?iuo? aeaioiaeaiiy ianoaiaea?oii?
aia?aoo?e ? caaacia/o? aenieo oi/i?noue. Aei?iaiaoaaiiy iieacaee, ui
a?aeiinia na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/ia a?aeoeeaiiy /anoioe aaia?aoi?a a?ae
?aciiainii? ia ia?aaeuo? 1.210-7. Oea aeicaiey? canoiniaoaaoe o?ea c
iaeei oi?ioaeoi?ii (iai?eeeaae, 7,710-21 Ani2/A) i?e aei??thaaii?
iai?oaeaiino? iiey iaoiaeii iaeiai ?aciiainiiai cao?aiiy.

E??i i?eeaaeo aeey aaoiiaoe/iiai ciaoiaeaeaiiy ?aciiainieo /anoio aei
neeaaeo noaiaeo aoiaeyoue aei??thaa/ ??cieoe? oac oa a?aeiioaiiy ??ai?a
neaiae?a OE2-33, IA* aaia?aoi? ?A4-5, /anoioii?? *3-66, iaa??
aoaithaoi??a oa iai?aaeaieo a?aeaaeoaeoaa/?a. Noaiae caaacia/o? ianooii?
oi/iino? aei???a:

— eiao?oe??io noiy/i? oaee? (ENO) ia a??oa 5% i?e ENO>1.2;

— iaiaaaioaaeaio aeia?ioi?noue ?aciiainieo iaeao?a ia a??oa 1 – 2%;

— iaiaaaioaaeaio aeia?ioi?noue ?aciiaoi??a, ca’ycaieo c oaeeaaiaeii ia
a??oa 5%.

Aei neeaaeo noaiaeo aoiaeeoue ?ic?iaeaiee eiiieaen aaoiiaoe/iiai
ciaoiaeaeaiiy ?aciiainieo /anoio aeey aei??thaaiiy aeanieo /anoio
?aciiaoi??a.

Aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy aa?iao ia aaeeeiio ??ai? IA* iiooaeiino? aoei
noai?aii niaoe?aeueiee noaiae, ui aeicaiey? i?iaiaeeoe ?o eiiieaeni?
aei?iaiaoaaiiy ? aeine?aeaeaiiy iniiaieo oa?aeoa?enoee io/ea (no?oi,
aia?aaoe/iee niaeo?, ai?oain, i?inoi?iaee ?iciiae?e). Oeae noaiae iiaea
oni?oii aeei?enoiaoaaoenue i?e noai?aii? ?iaeaeoi?ieo i?eeaae?a ?
i?enei?thaa/?a c aia?a??th aeaeo?ii?a aei 1.5 IaA.

O?ao?e ?icae?e i?enay/aii aeine?aeaeaiith aeeiai?ee aeaeo?ii?a a A*
aa?iaoao c oa?iiai?n?eiei eaoiaeii. Aieea ?iciiae?eo aeaeo?e/iiai iiey
ia in? aa?iaoe, ui ci?ithaaany i?e ci?i? aaiiao??? ?aciiaoi?a, ia
aeeiai?eo aeaeo?ii?a, aea/aany oai?aoe/ii, oeyoii /eneiaiai
iiaeaethaaiiy. Ca iniiao aoei acyoi oeee?iae?e/iee ?aciiaoi?. Eiai
aaiiao??y ci?ithaaeany a ?aeii? eaoiaea oeyoii noai?aiiy i?eeaoiaeiiai
eiiona c ??ciith aeeaeiith. Oaeiae ci?ithaaeany aeiaaeeia oeee?iae?e/ii?
/anoeie oa ?aae?on aeo?aeiiai ioai?o. ?acoeueoaoe iiaeaethaaiiy
i?eaaaeaii a aac?ici??iiio aeaeyae?, ui aeicaiey? aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?o
aeey aiae?co aeeiai?ee aeaeo?ii?a a A* aa?iaoao, ?ic?aoiaaieo aeey ?ioi?
aeiaaeeie oaee?.

C aiae?co io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeo?eathoue ianooii? aeniiaee. Aeey
iaea?aeaiiy iaeiai ai?oaino o?aaa caaacia/oaaoe cia/io oieonoth/o ae?th
ia aeaeo?iie a i?eeaoiaei?e iaeano?. Aeey oeueiai iaiao?aeii oi?ioaaoe
?iciiae?e iiey c eiai cia/aiiyi a?ey eaoiaeo 65% a?ae iaeneiaeueiiai ia
in? oa iioeiaeueii aeae?aoe aeiaaeeio ?aciiaoi?a. Aeey iai?oaeaiue
aeaeo?e/iiai iiey ia in?, ui oa?aeoa?i? aeey iaeii?aciiaoi?ieo A* aa?iao
c oa?iiai?n?eiei eaoiaeii, a?aenoaiue a?ae eaoiaea aei i?noey ia in?,
aea iiea neeaaea? 5% a?ae iaeneiaeueiiai, iiaeiia aei??aithaaoe
/aoaa?o?e /anoei? aeiaaeeie oaee? . I?e oeueiio iiaeia aeinyaoe
ii?iae?ciaaiiai ai?oaino 0.09 i?aae.

Aaaeeeaith oa?aeoa?enoeeith oa?iiai?n?eii? A* aa?iaoe ? iiooaei?noue
iioieo cai?ioieo aeaeo?ii?a, ui aiiaa?aeothoue eaoiae. Aoei
aeine?aeaeaii aieea ?iciiae?eo aeaeo?e/iiai iiey ia in? ia iiooaei?noue
cai?ioieo aeaeo?ii?a. Iieacaii, ui aeai?ii aaiiao??? iaeii?aciiaoi?ii?
aa?iaoe iiaeia ciaioeoe oeth iiooaei?noue a 1.5 ?ace. Aiae?c
?acoeueoao?a iiaeaethaaiiy aeeiai?ee aeaeo?ii?a iieacaa, ui i?e
eiino?othaaii? A* aa?iaoe iaiao?aeii ?oe ia eiii?ii?n i?ae oiiaaie
io?eiaiiy i?i?iaeueiiai ai?oaino io/ea ? io?eiaiiy i?i?iaeueii?
iiooaeiino? iioieo cai?ioieo aeaeo?ii?a, ai oe? oiiae noia?a/aoue iaeei
iaeiiio.

I?iaaaeai? ?ic?aooiee ci?ie oaiia?aoo?e iiaa?oi? aa??e i?eaeaaiai
(Ba-Ni) ? aaenaaa?eae eaioaiiaiai (LaB6) eaoiae?a a A* aa?iaoao i?ae
aieeaii iioieo cai?ioieo aeaeo?ii?a iieacaee, ui aaee/eia oe??? ci?ie
iiaea neeaaeaoe aeanyoee a?aaeon?a ca /an ?iioeueno c o?eaae?noth a
e?eueea i?e?inaeoiae. I?e??no oaiia?aoo?e caeaaeeoue ye a?ae iaoa??aeo
eaoiaea, oae ? a?ae oa?aeoa?enoee iioieo aeaeo?ii?a. ?ic?aooiee
iieacothoue, ui aaenaaa?eae eaioaiiaee eaoiae ia? iaioee i?e??no
oaiia?aoo?e, i?ae aa??e i?eaeaaee. Oea iia’ycaii c a?eueoith aeeaeiith
i?iieeiaiiy aeaeo?ii?a a eaoiae. E??i oiai, a?eueoa ?iai/a oaiia?aoo?a
aaenaaa?eae eaioaiiaiai eaoiaea ciaioo? aieea i?e?inoo oaiia?aoo?e ia
no?oi ai?n??. ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooie?a iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e
aeai?? oeio eaoiaea ? ?ic?aooieo ?aciiainieo nenoai A* aa?iao. ?o
iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe i?e ?ic?iaoe? a?eueo neeaaeieo i?ia?ai,
i?ecia/aieo aeey ?ica’ycoaaiiy naiiocaiaeaeaii? caaea/? aeeiai?ee
/anoeiie a A* aa?iaoao c oa?iiai?n?eiei eaoiaeii.

Iiooaei?noue iioieo cai?ioieo aeaeo?ii?a, ui aiiaa?aeothoue eaoiae,
iiaeia ciaioeoe canoiniaoth/e iiia?a/ia iaai?oia iiea. I?iaaaeaii
?ic?aooiee caeaaeiino? oe??? iiooaeiino? a?ae aaee/eie oa eiio?ao?aoe??
iaai?oiiai iiey, yea iio?i aoea aeei?enoaia aeey iie?ioaiiy
oa?aeoa?enoee io/ea ia aeoiae? Iae?inueeiai eaca?a ia a?eueieo
aeaeo?iiao. Ne?ae caoaaaeeoe, ui i?e canoinoaaii? iiia?a/iiai iaai?oiiai
iiey io/ie ci?uo?oueny c in? nenoaie, oiio iaiao?aeii canoiniaoaaoe
uiiaeiaioa aeaa ei?aeoi?e iieiaeaiiy io/ea. Oea i?ecaiaeeoue aei
oneeaaeiaiiy ?iaeaeoi?a oa iia??oaiith oa?aeoa?enoee io/ea.

Aea/aiiy iaeii?aciiaoi?ieo oa?iiai?n?eieo A* aa?iao iieacaei, ui aiie
iathoue oe?ie? oaciaee oa aia?aaoe/i? niaeo?e (oeiia? cia/aiiy oeeo
aaee/ei neeaaea? 60 oa 50% a?aeiia?aeii). A ca’yceo c oeei aoei
i?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeeeaino? canoinoaaiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo
?aciiaoi??a aeey iaea?aeaiiy a?eueo ca?oiiaaiiai io/ea, yeee iiaeia
aoei a aoaeoeaii i?enei?thaaoe a no?oeoo?? c oaciaith oaeaee?noth, ui
aei??aith? oaeaeeino? na?oea. C oe??th iaoith aoei i?iaaaeaii
aeine?aeaeaiiy caeaaeiino? oa?aeoa?enoee io/ea ia aeoiae?
aeaio?aciiaoi?ii? oa?iiai?n?eii? aa?iaoe a?ae oace aeeueioo aieiae
caonoeo a ae?oaee ?aciiaoi?. Iieacaii, ui ci?ia oace aieeaa?, a
iniiaiiio, ia aia?aaoe/iee ?iceeae. Oaciaa aeiaaeeia, i?e oeueiio,
ci?ith?oueny iaei ? neeaaea? i?eaeecii 50. Aiae?coth/e i?iaaaeai?
aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei ?ic?iaeaii eiioeaioe?th noai?aiiy ?iaeaeoi??a ia
iniia? aaaaoi?aciiaoi?ieo oa?iiai?n?eieo aa?iao. Iniiai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
eiioeaioe?? iieyaathoue a ianooiiiio.

1. Iai?oaeai?noue iiey, i?e ye?e aeaeo?iie iaae?athoue aia?a?th a?ey
1 IaA ia ?aciiaoi?, ? caaaeeeith, i?eeiath/e aei oaaae aaee/eio
i?inoi?iaiai ca?yaeo, yea oa?aeoa?ia aeey oaeeo aa?iao.

2. Ia?oee ?aciiaoi? iiaeiai aooe ei?ioeei, c aeinoaoiueith
iai?oaeai?noth iiey, uia caaacia/eoe i?ioiaeaeaiiy ia ao?ae ae?oaiai
?aciiaoi?a cia/ii? e?eueeino? aeaeo?ii?a, ai?oiaaieo c eaoiaea.

3. A ae?oaiio ?aciiaoi?? ia iiaeiii a?aeaoaaoenue aaeeea i?enei?aiiy,
uia caaacia/eoe iiaeeea?noue a?oioaaiiy aeaeo?ii?a.

4. Iniiaia i?enei?aiiy iiaeiii a?aeaoaaoenue a iine?aeoth/eo
?aciiaoi?ao.

Aeoiaey/e c oe??? eiioeaioe?? aoea ?ic?aoiaaia aa?iaoa 10-ni ae?aiaciio,
ui neeaaea?oueny c o?ueio i?enei?thaaeueieo ?aciiaoi??a. Ca’ycie i?ae
?aciiaoi?aie caaacia/o?oueny /a?ac oeaio?aeueiee ioa?? aeey i?ieueioo
io/ea ? ?aciiaoi?e ca’yceo c ioeueiaei iieai. Aa?iaoa caaacia/o? i?e
no?oi? 0.5 A aia?a?th aeaeo?ii?a 900 eaA, oaciao aeiaaeeio caonoe?a ?
oe?eio aia?aaoe/iiai niaeo?o 43 ? 34% a?aeiia?aeii, ii?iae?ciaaiee
ai?oain 11 iii?aae.

Aacoth/enue ia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoaoao iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui
ciaioaiiy iiooaeiino? cai?ioieo aeaeo?ii?a oeyoii aeai?o ?iciiae?eo iiey
ia in? ? canoinoaaiiy aaenaaa?eae-eaioaiiaiai eaoiaea ? aoaeoeaiei
iaoiaeii ai?ioueae c aieeaii aoaeoo cai?ioiiai aiiaa?aeoaaiiy ia
oa?aeoa?enoeee io/ea. Oae cai?iiiiiaaia aaaaoi?aciiaoi?ia A* aa?iaoa ia?
?iciiae?e aeaeo?e/iiai iiey ia in?, ui aeicaiey? ?noioii ciaioeoe
iiooaei?noue iioieo cai?ioieo aeaeo?ii?a. I?e ?iioeueniiio no?oi? ia
aeoiae? 0.5 A aaee/eia oe??? iiooaeiino? neeaaea 21 eAo, a a ?ac?
aeei?enoaiiy e?eueoeaaiai eaoiaea – 13 eAo. Oaeei /eiii, na?aaei?e no?oi
io/ea iiaea aooe aeiaaaeaiee aei 0.5 iA (?iioeueniee no?oi 0.5 A,
/anoioa iiaoi?aiiy ?iioeuen?a 300 Aoe, o?eaae?noue ?iioeuen?a 3.3 ien).
Oiio oey aa?iaoa iiaea aooe canoiniaaia ye ?iaeaeoi? oaoiieia?/iiai
i?enei?thaa/a.

Aacoth/enue ia i?iaaaeaiiio aea/ai? aeeiai?ee aeaeo?ii?a a
oa?iiai?n?eieo A* aa?iaoao aoee aecia/ai? aeo?aei? aeai? aeey ?ic?iaee
?iaeaeoi??a i?enei?thaa/?a EIA-60 oa E?E. A iiaeaeueoiio oe? ?iaeaeoi?e
aoee aeei?enoai? aeey aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oi?ioaaiiy oa
i?enei?aiiy aeaeo?ii?a a A* aa?iaoao c ??cieie oeiaie ?aciiainii?
nenoaie. A i?enei?thaa/? EIA-60 aoei cai?iiiiiaaii canoinoaaoe
iaeii?aciiaoi?io aa?iaoo. Aeey ia? aoee ?ic?aoiaai? oa?aeoa?enoeee io/ea
oa ?o caeaaei?noue a?ae iai?oaeaiino? aeaeo?e/iiai iiey ia in?, ui aeaei
ciiao, cie?aia, ciaeoe caeaaei?noue iaeneiaeueii? aia?a?? aeaeo?ii?a ia
aeoiae? a?ae aeo?aeiiai no?oio aeey ?yaeo iiooaeiinoae IA* aeeaeaiiy
(«iaaaioaaeoaaeueia» oa?aeoa?enoeea).

Aeey caaeiaieaiiy aeiia, ye? aoee iinoaaeai? aei ?iaeaeoi?a
i?enei?thaa/a E?E, iaiao?aeii canoinoaaoe aeaio?aciiaoi?io A* aa?iaoo.
Io/ie c ?? aeoiaeo o?aaa ?iaeaeooaaoe aaciina?aaeiuei a i?enei?thaaeueio
naeoe?th c oaciaith oaeaee?noth, ui aei??aith? oaeaeeino? na?oea. E??i
oiai, aeey caaacia/aiiy ?iaioe i?enei?thaa/a a oe?ie?i ae?aiacii?
o?eaaeinoae ?iioeueno no?oio, iaiao?aeia oi?aa?naeueia aa?iaoa, ui iiaea
ae i?aoethaaoe a ?aaeeiao oa?iiaeaeo?iiii? oa oioiaeaeo?iiii? ai?n??
eaoiaea. Ana oea aoei a?aoiaaia i?e aeai?? ?aciiainii? nenoaie aa?iaoe.
Aeey ci?ie ?aaeei?a ?iaioe aa?iaoe aoei ia?aaeaa/aii ci?io ?iciiae?eo
iiey ia in? ca ?aooiie ci?ie /anoioe ?aciiaoi??a ca aeiiiiiaith
niaoe?aeueieo ieoiaea??a. Aoei ?ic?aoiaaii oa?aeoa?enoeee io/ea, ?o
caeaaeiino? a?ae ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iai?oaeaiino? iiey a ?aciiaoi?ao ?
iaeneiaeueii? iai?oaeaiino? iiey ia in?, «iaaaioaaeoaaeueia»
oa?aeoa?enoeea.

Ia/eneai? oa?aeoa?enoeee A* aa?iao aeey i?enei?thaa/?a EIA-60 ? E?E
iiai?noth caaeiaieueiythoue aeiiaai aei ?iaeaeoi??a oeeo i?enei?thaa/?a.

*aoaa?oee ?icae?e i?enay/aii aenia?eiaioaeueiiio aeine?aeaeaiith
oa?iiai?n?eieo A* aa?iao c ??cieie oeiaie ?aciiainieo nenoai.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaeaeenue c e?eueeio aoai?a, a naia: aeaioiaeaiiy oa
iano?ieea ?aciiainieo nenoai iaeii?aciiaoi?ii? aa?iaoe i?enei?thaa/a
EIA-60 oa aeaio?aciiaoi?ii? aa?iaoe i?enei?thaa/a E?E, aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeaeo?iaeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee aa?iao ia iaeiio ??ai? iiooaeiino?,
aei?iaiaoaaiiy aa?iao ia aaeeeiio ??ai? iiooaeiino?, aeine?aeaeaiiy
oa?aeoa?enoee io/ea oa aoaeoo cai?ioiiai aiiaa?aeoaaiiy.

I?e aeaioiaeai? ?aciiainieo nenoai aa?iao canoiniaoaaeeny iaeaooaaiiy oa
iaoiae iine?aeiaiiai i?eaeeaeaiiy c aei??thaaiiyi aeaeo?iaeeiai?/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee ia eiaeiiio e?ieo oa ciaoiaeaeaiiyi aeaieo aeey ianooiiiai
e?ieo. Ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaiiai aiae?co iioeaie aei??o ?iciiae?eo iiey
a aeaio?aciiaoi?i?e aa?iao? aoee aea?ai? oiiae, ui caaacia/othoue
iaeneiaeueio oi/i?noue aei???a. Aei??thaaiiy iieacaee, ui ?iai/a
/anoioa, eiao?oe??ioe ca’yceo c oaeeaaiaeii, ?iciiae?ee iiey ia in?
?aciiainieo nenoai aa?iao, eiao?oe??io ca’yceo ?aciiaoi??a
aeaio?aciiaoi?ii? aa?iaoe a?aeiia?aeathoue caaeaiei. ?acoeueoaoe aei???a
ciaoiaeyoueny a aeia??e a?aeiia?aeiino? c ?ic?aooieiaeie aeaieie.
Iai?eeeaae, ?ic?aooieiaa ? aei??yia cia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioa ui, aecia/a?
iai?oaeai?noue iiey a ?aciiaini?e nenoai?, aeey iaeii?aciiaoi?ii?
aa?iaoe ni?aiaaeathoue a iaaeao 2%, a aeey aeaio?aciiaoi?ii? aa?iaoe oe?
aaee/eie ni?aiaaeathoue a iaaeao 3 – 5%, a caeaaeiino? a?ae
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iie?a a ?aciiaoi?ao. Iaea?aeai? i?e a oiae? iano?ieee
caeaaeiino?, cie?aia, caeaaei?noue eiao?oe??ioo ca’yceo oa /anoioe
?aciiainii? nenoaie a?ae aaiiao?e/ieo ?ici???a aeaiaioa ca’yceo
oaeeaaiaeo c ?aciiaoi?ii iiaeooue aooe ? aoee aeei?enoai? a iiaeaeueoiio
i?e noai?aii? ?iaeaeoi?a i?enei?thaa/a EIO [V]. Aeai?, io?eiai? a oiae?
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaeo?iaeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeaio?aciiaoi?ii? A*
aa?iaoe, aeicaieythoue iia?aoeaii oi?ioaaoe iaiao?aeia i?e i?iaaaeaii?
aenia?eiaio?a ia i?enei?thaa/? E?E ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iie?a a ?aciiaoi?ao.

Aei?iaiaoaaiiy oa aeine?aeaeaiiy A* aa?iao ia aaeeeiio ??ai? IA*
iiooaeiino? i?iaiaeeeeny ia niaoe?aeueieo noaiaeao oa a neeaae?
i?enei?thaa/?a. I?iaaaeai? eiiieaeni? aei?iaiaoaaiiy noai?aieo A* aa?iao
i?e cia/ieo iai?oaeaiinoyo aeaeo?e/iiai iiey (aei 56 IA/i) iieacaee, ui
aea?ai? eiino?oeoe?? ?aciiaoi??a, aeiiii?aeieo aeaiaio?a ? oaoiieia?y
?oiueiai aeaioiaeaiiy caaacia/othoue aenieo aeaeo?e/io i?oei?noue,
aeicaieyth/e iaea?aeoaaoe io/ee c aia?a??th /anoeiie ii?yaeeo 106 aA. A
oiae? i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaio?a c io/eii aoee aei??yi? eiai iniiai?
oa?aeoa?enoeee ia aeoiae? aa?iao. I?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy caeaaeiino?
no?oio ? aia?a?? io/ea a?ae iiooaeiino? IA* aeeaeaiiy ? no?oio
?icaea?aiiy eaoiaea, iieacaii aieea aoaeoo «iaaaioaaeaiiy no?oiii» ia
oa?aeoa?enoeee io/ea. Aei??yiee yi?oain io/ea. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe
iiaiaeaeothoueny c ?ic?aooieiaeie aeaieie. Cie?aia, aia?a?y /anoeiie ia
aeoiae? iaeii?aciiaoi?ii? A* aa?iaoe i?enei?thaa/a EIA-60 a iaeneioi?
?iciiae?eo i?e aeo?aeiiio no?oi? 1 A ? iiooaeiino? IA* aeeaeaiiy 1 IAo
neeaaeaea 400 eaA i?e ?ic?aooieiaiio cia/aii? – 420 eaA. I?iaaaeai?
aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy oa?aeoa?enoee io/ea iieacaee, ui
iaeii?aciiaoi?ia A* aa?iaoa i?enei?thaa/a EIA-60 ? aeaio?aciiaoi?ia A*
aa?iaoa i?enei?thaa/a E?E iiai?noth caaeiaieueiythoue iinoaaeaiei i?e
?oi?e ?ic?iaoe? aeiiaai.

I?iaaaeaii aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy aoaeoo cai?ioiiai
aiiaa?aeoaaiiy A* aa?iao c Ba-Ni ? LaB6 eaoiaeaie. Aenia?eiaioe c LaB6
eaoiaeii i?iaiaeeeeny ia aei?iaiaoaaeuei?i noaiae? a eaai?aoi??? eaca?a
ia a?eueieo aeaeo?iiao Iae?inueeiai ?inoeoooo o?ceee aenieeo aia?a?e
(EI?). Aea/aii caeaaeiino? ci?ie oaiia?aoo?e eaoiaea i?ae aieeaii iioieo
cai?ioieo aeaeo?ii?a a?ae /anoioe iiaoi?aiiy ?iioeuen?a ? iai?oaeaiino?
iiia?a/iiai iaai?oiiai iiey. Aeine?aeaeaii i?e??no oaiia?aoo?e iiaa?oi?
eaoiaea ca /an ?iioeueno no?oio. Iieacaii, ui aac canoinoaaiiy
aeiaeaoeiaeo cania?a cieaeaiiy iiooaeiino? iioieo cai?ioieo aeaeo?ii?a
ia eaoiae ci?ia oaiia?aoo?e eaoiaea ca /an ?iioeueno neeaaea? aeanyoee
a?aaeon?a. Ci?ia na?aaeiuei? oaiia?aoo?e eaoiaea aeinyaa? noa a?aaeon?a,
ui iaiaaeo? /anoioo iiaoi?aiiy ?iioeuen?a aaee/eiith 12.5 – 25 Aoe.
?acoeueoaoe aei???a iiaiaeaeothoueny c ?ic?aooieiaeie aeaieie.

I?iaaaeai? aenia?eiaioe i?aeoaa?aeeee i?aaeeuei?noue i?aeoiae?a ?
iaoiae?a, ye? aoee canoiniaai? aeey ?ic?aooie?a oa?aeoa?enoee
?aciiainieo nenoai aa?iao oa io/ea aeaeo?ii?a, iieacaee iiaeeea?noue ?
ia?niaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy A* aa?iao c oa?iiai?n?eiei eaoiaeii a
e?i?eieo i?enei?thaa/ao aeaeo?ii?a.

A aeniiaeao noi?ioeueiaaii iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe oa iieiaeaiiy ii ?iaio?.

aeniiaee

A aeena?oaoe?? ia iniia? i?iaaaeaieo oai?aoe/ieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue io?eiai? iia? aeai? i?i o?ce/i? i?ioeane ? i?ioeane
oi?ioaaiiy io/ea a A* aa?iaoao c oa?iiai?n?ei?i eaoiaeii. Iniiai?
?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe caiaeyoueny aei ianooiiiai.

1. Nie?ath/enue ia ?acoeueoaoao /eneiaiai iiaeaethaaiiy aeeiai?ee
aeaeo?ii?a, aea/ai? caeiiii??iino? aieeao oi?ie ?iciiae?eo iiey ia in?
?aciiaoi?ii? nenoaie A* aa?iaoe c oa?iiai?n?eiei eaoiaeii ia
oa?aeoa?enoeee aeaeo?ii?a, ui aeinyaathoue aeoiaeo aa?iaoe ? oeo, ui
iiiaaeathoue ia eaoiae. Iieacaii, ui aeey io?eiaiiy i?i?iaeueiiai
ai?oaino iaiao?aeii canoiniaoaaoe cia/iee oieonoth/ee aieea ia aeaeo?iie
a i?eeaoiaei?e iaeano?, oi?ioth/e ?iciiae?e iiey c eiai cia/aiiyi o
eaoiaea i?eaeecii 65% a?ae iaeneiaeueiiai cia/aiiy ia in?, ? iioeiaeueii
aeae?ath/e aeiaaeeio ?aciiaoi?a. A?aenoaiue a?ae eaoiaea aei i?noey ia
in?, aea aaee/eia iiey ??aia 5% iaeneiaeueiiai cia/aiiy, neeaaea?
i?eaeecii 0.25. I?e oeueiio iiaeia io?eiaoe cia/aiiy ii?iae?ciaaiiai
ai?oaino io/ea 0.09 i?aae. Oiiae io?eiaiiy i?i?iaeueiiai ai?oaino io/ea
? io?eiaiiy i?i?iaeueii? iiooaeiino? iioieo cai?ioieo aeaeo?ii?a
noia?a/aoue iaeei iaeiiio, oiio i?e eiino?othaaii? A* aa?iaoe c
oa?iiai?n?eiei eaoiaeii iaiao?aeii ?oe ia eiii?ii?n aeoiaey/e c
eiie?aoieo aeiia ia oa?aeoa?enoeee io/ea.

2. I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy aoaeoo cai?ioiiai aiiaa?aeoaaiiy eaoiaea,
io?eiai? aeai? i?i ianoaoe?iia?i? oaiia?aoo?i? i?ioeane a oa?iiai?n?eieo
eaoiaeao. Iieacaii, ui aaee/eia ?iioeuenii? iiooaeiino?, ui
aeae?ey?oueny a eaoiae? i?ae aieeaii cai?ioieo aeaeo?ii?a, iiaea
neeaaeaoe 60 – 200 eAo, a caeaaeiino? a?ae eiie?aoieo oiia. Ioe?iaiee
?iioeueniee ?ic?a??a Ba-Ni ? LaB6 eaoiae?a i?ae aieeaii cai?ioieo
aeaeo?ii?a. Iieacaii, ui a?i iiaea neeaaeaoe aeanyoee a?aaeon?a.
Aei??yia ci?ia oaiia?aoo?e iiaa?oi? LaB6 eaoiaea ca /an ?iioeueno
no?oio. ?acoeueoaoe aei???a aeia?a iiaiaeaeothoueny c ?acoeueoaoaie
?ic?aooie?a. Aeoiaey/e c io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a, iiaeia c?iaeoe
aeniiaie, ui ciaioaiiy iiooaeiino? cai?ioieo aeaeo?ii?a ui aeo/athoue ia
eaoiae oeyoii aeai?o ?iciiae?eo iiey ? canoinoaaiiy LaB6 eaoiaea ?
aoaeoeaieie caniaaie ai?ioueae c aieeaii cai?ioieo aeaeo?ii?a ia
oa?aeoa?enoeee io/ea. Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai, aoea cai?iiiiiaaia
eiino?oeoe?y aaaaoi?aciiaoi?ii? aeniei/anoioii? aa?iaoe c na?aaei?i
no?oiii io/ea 0.5 iA (o?eaae?noue ?iioeuen?a no?oio 3.3 ien, /anoioa
iiaoi?aiiy 300 Aoe), iaeneiaeueiith aia?a??th aeaeo?ii?a 0.9 IaA, ui
iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia a yeino? ?iaeaeoi?a oaoiieia?/iiai i?enei?thaa/a
aeaeo?ii?a.

3. A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?ic?iaeai?, noai?ai? ?
oni?oii aenieoaoothoueny a iei?oi?e /an aeniei/anoioi? aa?iaoe
i?enei?thaa/?a EIA-60 oa E?E. Oa?aeoa?enoeee io/ea aa?iao i?eaaaeaii
ieae/a:

Iaeii?aciiaoi?ia aa?iaoa i?enei?thaa/a EIA-60:

?iioeueniee no?oi ia aeoiae? – 1.1 A;

Aia?a?y aeaeo?ii?a – a?ae 100 aei 750 eaA;

Ii?iae?ciaaiee ai?oain – 10 iii?aae.

Aeaio?aciiaoi?ia aa?iaoa i?enei?thaa/a E?E:

Aeo?aeiee no?oi – 1.5 A;

Aia?a?y io/ea – 600 eaA;

Ii?iae?ciaaiee ai?oain – 16 iii?aae.

Oa?aeoa?enoeee aa?iao aeia?a iiaiaeaeothoueny c ?ic?aooieiaeie aeaieie.

4. Aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaeo?iaeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ?aciiainieo
nenoai aa?iao aoea ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy ?aciiainii? /anoioe
IA* ?aciiaoi??a, aeaioiaeaia ? aei?iaoaaia a?aeiia?aeia aia?aoo?a.
Aei??thaaeueiee eiiieaen, ui ?aae?co? oeth iaoiaeeeo, aeicaiey?
aei??thaaoe ?aciiainio /anoioo c aeiaaeeiaith a?aeiiniith iioeaeith
1.210-7.

Iaa?oiooaaiiy ? aeinoia??i?noue io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aaco?oueny ia
aiae?c? iioeaie aei???a ? /eneiaeo ?ic?aooie?a, iiaiaeaeaiino?
?ic?aooieiaeo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?acoeueoao?a, c?noaaeaii? io?eiaieo
?acoeueoao?a c ?acoeueoaoaie ?ioeo aaoi??a. Aeinoia??i?noue ?acoeueoao?a
?ic?aooie?a caaacia/o?oueny canoinoaaiiyi oanoiaaieo ? a?aeiieo i?ia?ai.
Aeinoia??i?noue aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?acoeueoao?a caaacia/o?oueny
canoinoaaiiyi a?aeiieo ? oanoiaaieo iaoiaeee aei???a, iia??aieo cania?a
aei???a.

?ic?iaeai? aeniei/anoioi? aa?iaoe oni?oii aeei?enoiaothoueny a neeaae?
i?enei?thaa/?a EIA-60 ? E?E. Cai?iiiiiaaia aaaaoi?aciiaoi?ia
aeniei/anoioia aa?iaoa c aenieei na?aaei?i no?oiii aoaea ?aae?ciaaia a
oiae? aeeiiaiiy i?iaeoo Aea?aeaaiiai oiiaeo ooiaeaiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue 2.5. 1/39 “?ic?iaea ? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?iaeaeoi?ieo nenoai
e?i?eieo i?enei?thaa/?a aeaeo?ii?a aeey ooiaeaiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue
? iia?oi?o oaoiieia?e”. Iaoiaeeee ? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeaeo?iaeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ?aciiainieo nenoai aoee aeei?enoai? i?e
?ic?iaoe? ? noai?aii? ?iaeaeoi?a oaoiieia?/iiai i?enei?thaa/a EIO. Aiie
oaeiae iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e ?ic?iaoe? ?iaeaeoi??a, ye?
aeeth/athoue a naaa ?aciiaoi?i? nenoaie. Aei??thaaeueiee eiiieaen c
aaoiiaoe/iei ciaoiaeaeaiiyi ?aciiainii? /anoioe aeei?enoiao?oueny a IIOe
OOO? aeey iano?ieee aeaiaio?a i?enei?thaaeueieo naeoe?e a ?aciiaoi?ieo
iaeaoao.

nienie oeeoiaaii? a aaoi?aoa?ao? e?oa?aoo?e

I. Aeiaaiy A.I., AEeaei A.O., Eieea?ia Y.I. e ae?. Yenia?eiaioaeueiia
enneaaeiaaiea ia?aiao?ia io/ea eiiiaeoiiai 60 IyA onei?eoaey yeaeo?iiia
//Aii?inu aoiiiie iaoee e oaoieee, na?. ssaea?ii-oece/aneea
enneaaeiaaiey (oai?ey e yenia?eiaio). –1991. –Aui. 3(21). – N. 3 — 9.

II. Aizatsky N.I., Biller E.Z., Dovbnya A.N. et al. Operating
performances and current status of the laser injector complex (LIC) //
Proc. of the XVIII International Linear Accelerator Conference. -Geneva
(Switzerland). –1996. –?. 116-118.

III. Young L.M. PARMELA . –Los Alamos: 1996. –93 c. (i?ai?eio / Los
Alamos National Laboratory, LA-UR-96-1835).

IV. Billen J.H. and Young L.M. POISSON/SUPERFISH on PC
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–1993. –P. 790 – 792.

V. Aizatsky N.I., Akchurin Yu.I., Gurin V.A. et. al. KUT-industrial
technological accelerator // O?oaeu 14 niaauaiey ii onei?eoaeyi
ca?yaeaiiuo /anoeoe. –O.4. –I?ioaeii. –1994. –C. 259-263.

nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??

1. Aecaoeeee I.E., Aeeea? A.C., Aeiaaiy A..I., Eooie? A.A.,
Ieo?i/aiei A.A. Auniei/anoioiay iooea aeey eeiaeiiai onei?eoaey
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2. Eooie? A.A., Ieo?i/aiei A.A. Iaoiaeeea aaoiiaoe/aneiai ii?aaeaeaiey
nianoaaiiie /anoiou ?aciiaoi?a //I?eai?u e oaoieea yenia?eiaioa. – 1998.
— ?2. –N. 67 – 70

3. Aecaoeeee I.E., Aaii A.A., Aeiaaiy A.I., Eooie? A.A., Ieo?i/aiei
A.A., Ia?aaeiaei N.A., Ianoaoeeiia?iua oaiia?aoo?iua i?ioeannu a
oa?iiyienneiiiuo eaoiaeao auniei/anoioiuo iooae //?aaeeioaoieea e
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4. Aeiaaiy A.I., AEeaei A.O., Eieea?ia Y.I., Eooie? A.A., Ieo?i/aiei
A.A., *a?iuoia A.A., Noaiei Ae.E., Oo? TH.Ae. Yenia?eiaioaeueiia
enneaaeiaaiea ia?aiao?ia io/ea eiiiaeoiiai 60 IyA onei?eoaey yeaeo?iiia
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5. Aeaieaeia I.A., Aeaiei A.N., Aeiaaiy A.I., Eooie? A.A., Iaeueie/aiei
A.A., Ieo?i/aiei A.A., Iiiio A.A., Naeaciaa A.A., Noaiei Ae.E.,
Oo? TH.Ae. Auniei/anoioiay yeaeo?iiiay iooea n aa?ee-ieeaeaaui ieneaeiui
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enneaaeiaaiey (oai?ey e yenia?eiaio) –1992. –Aui. 4(25). –N. 80 – 83.

6. Ieo?i/aiei A.A. Oa?iiyienneiiiay auniei/anoioiay iooea n aunieie
/anoioie iiaoi?aiey eiioeuenia oiea // Aii?inu aoiiiie iaoee e oaoieee,
na?. ssaea?ii- oece/aneea enneaaeiaaiey. –1997. –Aui. 2,3 (30,31). –N.
195 – 197.

7. Eooie? A.A., Ieo?i/aiei A.A. ?acoeueoaou /eneaiiiai iiaeaee?iaaiey
aeeiaieee /anoeoe a aeaoo?aciiaoi?iie auniei/anoioiie iooea // Aii?inu
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8. Aecaoeeee I.E., Eooie? A.A., Ieo?i/aiei A.A. ?acoeueoaou ?an/aoa
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9. Aecaoeeee I.E., Aeeea? A.C., Aeiaaiy A..I., Eooie? A.A., Ieo?i/aiei
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aoiiiie iaoee e oaoieee, na?. ssaea?ii- oece/aneea enneaaeiaaiey (oai?ey
e yenia?eiaio). –1997. –Aui. 1(28). –N. 43 – 47.

10. Eooie? A.A., Ieo?i/aiei A.A. Enneaaeiaaiea aeeiaieee yeaeo?iiia a
auniei/anoioiuo iooeao //Aii?inu aoiiiie iaoee e oaoieee, na?. ssaea?ii-
oece/aneea enneaaeiaaiey. –1997. –Aui. 2,3 (29,30). –N. 96 – 98.

11. Kushnir V.A., Wang-Gang, Mitrochenko V.V. Reducing the back
bombarding effect in a thermionic RF-gun // O?oaeu 14 niaauaiey ii
onei?eoaeyi ca?yaeaiiuo /anoeoe. –O3. –I?ioaeii. –1994. –N. 97 – 102.

12. Aizatsky N.I., Biller E.Z., Dovbnya A.N., Kushnir V.A., Mitrochenko
V.V. Two-cell RF gun for a high-brightness linac // Proc. of fifth
European Particle Accelerator Conference. Vol. 2. –Sitges (Barcelona,
Spain). –1996. –P. 1553 –1555.

13. Kushnir V.A., Mitrochenko V.V. Simulation of beam performances of
the two-cell RF gun // Proc. of fifth European Particle Accelerator
Conference. Vol. 2. –Sitges (Barcelona, Spain). –1996. –P. 1414 – 1416.

14. Mitrochenko V.V. Thermionic RF Gun with High Duty Factor // Proc. of
the 17th Particle Accelerator Conference. – Vol. 3. – Vancouver
(Canada). –1997. – P. 2817 — 2819.

Aiioaoe?y

Ieo?i/aiei A.A. Oi?ioaaiiy oa i?enei?aiiy io/e?a o aeniei/anoioieo
aeaea?aeao aeaeo?ii?a. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe
ii niaoe?aeueiino? 01.04.20. – o?ceea io/e?a ca?yaeaeaieo /anoeiie. –
Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaoeiaee oeaio? «Oa?e?anueeee o?ceei-oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo»,
Oa?e?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aeine?aeaeaiith i?ioean?a oi?ioaaiiy oa
i?enei?aiiy io/e?a a aeniei/anoioieo aeaea?aeao aeaeo?ii?a c
oa?iiai?n?eiei eaoiaeii (aeae? A* aa?iaoao). Ia iniia? iaoaiaoe/iiai
iiaeaethaaiiy oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?icaeyiooi aniaeoe
iaea?aeaiiy io/e?a aeaeo?ii?a c i?aoeec?eieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie.
Cai?iiiiiaaia eiioeaioe?y iiaoaeiae aaaaoi?aciiaoi?ieo A* aa?iao oa
?ic?aoiaaia ia ?? iniia? A* aa?iaoa c aaeeeei na?aaei?i no?oiii.
Aeine?aeaeaii aoaeo cai?ioiiai aiiaa?aeoaaiiy oa iaoiaee eiai ciaioaiiy,
aea/aii ianoaoe?iia?i? i?ioeane a oa?iiai?n?eieo eaoiaeao. I?iaaaeaii
aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy noai?aieo iaeii?aciiaoi?ii? oa
aeaio?aciiaoi?ii? A* aa?iao – ?iaeaeoi??a ae?th/eo i?enei?thaa/?a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: A* aa?iaoa, ?iaeaeoi? aeaeo?ii?a, eaoiae.

Aiiioaoeey

Ieo?i/aiei A.A. Oi?ie?iaaiea e onei?aiea io/eia a auniei/anoioiuo
enoi/ieeao yeaeo?iiia. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeceei-iaoaiaoe/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 01.04.20. – oeceea io/eia ca?yaeaiiuo /anoeoe. –
Iaoeeiiaeueiue iao/iue oeaio? «Oa?ueeianeee oeceei-oaoie/aneee
einoeooo», Oa?ueeia, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth i?ioeannia oi?ie?iaaiey e
onei?aiey io/eia a auniei/anoioiuo enoi/ieeao yeaeo?iiia n
oa?iiyienneiiiui eaoiaeii (aeaeueoa A* iooee). A iineaaeiaa a?aiy
?acaeaathony noaiu iino?iaiey eiaeaeoi?iuo nenoai eeiaeiuo onei?eoaeae
yeaeo?iiia, a eioi?uo iieo/aiea e oi?ie?iaaiea io/ea i?ienoiaeeo a
iaeiii auniei/anoioiii yeaiaioa, iieo/eaoai iacaaiea auniei/anoioiay
yeaeo?iiiay iooea. A yoeo iooeao enoi/iee yeaeo?iiia (a ?anniio?aiiii
neo/aa – oa?iiyienneiiiue eaoiae) ?aniieiaeai iaiin?aaenoaaiii a
auniei/anoioiii ?aciiaoi?a n aunieie iai?yaeaiiinoueth yeaeo?e/aneiai
iiey. A ioee/ea io o?aaeeoeeiiiuo eiaeaeoi?ia, auniei/anoioiua
enoi/ieee yeaeo?iiia yaeythony eiiiaeoiuie ia o?aaothueie a?iiicaeeiai
aunieiaieueoiiai iai?oaeiaaiey. Iie iicaieytho iaiin?aaenoaaiii ia
auoiaea iooee iieo/aoue ieioiua yeaeo?iiiua naonoee n iaeui yieooainii e
aeinoaoi/ii aunieie yia?aeae /anoeoe io/ea. A aeenna?oaoeee ?anniio?aiu
oai?aoe/aneea e yenia?eiaioaeueiua iaoiaeu enneaaeiaaiey oece/aneeo
i?ioeannia a A* iooeao n oa?iiyienneiiiui eaoiaeii. Iienaiu i?ioeannu,
eioi?ua i?ioaeatho a oaeeo iooeao, iieacaii, /oi iie neeueii naycaiu
iaaeaeo niaie aeaaiaea?y caaeneiinoe oiea yiennee n eaoiaea io
iai?yaeaiiinoe yeaeo?e/aneiai iiey e oaiia?aoo?u eaoiaea. ?anniio?aiu
o?aaiaiey aeaeaeaiey yeaeo?iiia a A* iieyo, oi?iuaiey, eioi?ia iiaeii
aeiionoeoue i?e iiaeaee?iaaiee aeeiaieee /anoeoe a A* iooeao n
oa?iiyienneiiiui eaoiaeii. Iieacaii, /oi aeey oeie/iuo oneiaee a
oa?iiyienneiiiuo A* iooeao — eiioeueniue oie ieiei 1 A e iai?yaeaiiinoue
yeaeo?e/aneiai iiey ia ine a nioie eeeiaieueo ia naioeiao?, aeeyieai
i?ino?ainoaaiiiai ca?yaea ia yieooain io/ea iiaeii i?aiaa?a/ue, oae eae
yieoe?iaaiiua n eaoiaea yeaeo?iiu auno?i onei?ythony. Iniiaiie aeeaae a
oi?ie?iaaiea yieooaina io/ea aeaao naa?oauniei/anoioiay no?oeoo?a
onei?ythuaai iiey. Oaeaea iieacaii, /oi aeey iiaeaee?iaaiey caaeneiinoe
oiea yiennee n eaoiaea io iai?yaeaiiinoe yeaeo?e/aneiai iiey ioaeii
eniieueciaaoue caeii ?e/a?aeniia – Aeaoiaia n o/aoii yooaeoa Oiooee.
Aeey o/aoa yooaeoa «iiaea?ocee oieii» ia aiieeooaeo iai?yaeaiiinoe iiey
a ?aciiainiie nenoaia iooee i?eiaiai iaoiae, iniiaaiiue ia aaeaina
iiuiinoe NA* enoi/ieea, io?aaeaiiie iiuiinoe io ?aciiainiie nenoaiu,
?annayiiie iiuiinoe a noaieao ?aciiaoi?iie nenoaiu e iiuiinoe io/ea.
Caaeneiinoue iiuiinoe io/ea io aiieeooaeu iiey auea iaeaeaia, iie?aynue
ia ?acoeueoaou iiaeaee?iaaiey aeeiaieee yeaeo?iiia. Aeey oaeiai
iiaeaee?iaaiey auea ?ac?aaioaia i?ia?aiia EDINT, eioi?ay eioaa?e?iaaea
o?aaiaiey aeaeaeaiey yeaeo?iiia a aeneaeueii-neiiao?e/iii i?einaaii
yeaeo?iiaaieoiii iiea. Yoa i?ia?aiia oaeaea iicaieyao iiaeaee?iaaoue
aeeiaieeo i?e iaee/ee iiia?a/iiai iinoiyiiiai iaaieoiiai iiey. Aeey
o/aoa iniaaiiinoae aeeiaieee yeaeo?iiia a A* iooeao n oa?iiyienneiiiui
eaoiaeii i?e iiaeaee?iaaiee n iiiiuueth ecaanoiie a ie?a i?ia?aiiu
PARMELA auee ?ac?aaioaiu aeiiieieoaeueiua i?ia?aiiu. Iooai
iaoaiaoe/aneiai iiaeaee?iaaiey aeeiaieee yeaeo?iiia ii?aaeaeaii
iioeiaeueiia ?ani?aaeaeaiea onei?ythuaai iiey ia ine iaeii?aciiaoi?iie
A* iooee. Ia iniiaa iaoaiaoe/aneiai iiaeaee?iaaiey e yenia?eiaioaeueiuo
enneaaeiaaiee ?anniio?aiu aniaeou iieo/aiey io/eia yeaeo?iiia n
i?aoeeceiiiuie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie. I?aaeeiaeaia eiioeaioeey iino?iaiey
iiiai?aciiaoi?iuo A* iooae e ?ann/eoaia ia aa iniiaa A* iooea n aieueoei
n?aaeiei oieii.

A aeenna?oaoeee i?eaaaeaiu ?acoeueoaou yenia?eiaioaeueiiai enneaaeiaaiey
yeaeo?iiaaieoiuo oa?aeoa?enoee ?aciiainiuo nenoai A* iooae ?acee/iuo
oeiia. ?ac?aaioaiu iaoiaeu iano?ieee oaeeo nenoai n oeaeueth iieo/aiey
caaeaiiiai ?ani?aaeaeaiey yeaeo?e/aneiai iiey ia ine. I?aaeeiaeaia e
nicaeaia nenoaia i?aoeeceiiiiai ecia?aiey nianoaaiiuo /anoio
?aciiaoi?ia. Enneaaeiaai yooaeo ia?aoiie aiiaa?aee?iaee e iaoiaeu aai
oiaiueoaiey, eco/aiu ianoaoeeiia?iua i?ioeannu a oa?iiyienneiiiuo
eaoiaeao. Aia?aua i?iaaaeaiu ecia?aiey i?e?inoa oaiia?aoo?u iiaa?oiinoe
eaoiaea a oa/aiea eiioeuena oiea. I?iaaaeaiu yenia?eiaioaeueiua
enneaaeiaaiey nicaeaiiuo iaeii?aciiaoi?iie e aeaoo?aciiaoi?iie A* iooae
— eiaeaeoi?ia aeaenoaothueo onei?eoaeae. Eco/aiu iniiaiua caeiiiia?iinoe
eciaiaiey iniiaiuo oa?aeoa?enoee io/ea a caaeneiinoe io ia?aiao?ia A*
ieoaiey e oaiia?aoo?u eaoiaea. ?acoeueoaou yenia?eiaioaeueiuo
enneaaeiaaiee oi?ioi niaeanothony n ?an/aoiuie aeaiiuie.

?acoeueoaou i?iaaaeaiiiai a aeenna?oaoeee aiaeeca e yenia?eiaioaeueiiai
enneaaeiaaiey iieacuaatho aiciiaeiinoue e ia?niaeoeaiinoue i?eiaiaiey A*
iooae n oa?iiyienneiiiui eaoiaeii a eeiaeiuo onei?eoaeyo yeaeo?iiia, eae
aeey ooiaeaiaioaeueiuo enneaaeiaaiee, oae e aeey ?aoaiey i?eeeaaeiuo
caaea/.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: A* iooea, eiaeaeoi? yeaeo?iiia, eaoiae

Abstract

Mitrochenko V.V. Forming and accelerating of beams in radio-frequency
sources of electrons. – Manuscript.

Thesis on competition of a degree of the candidate of physical and
mathematical sciences on a speciality 01.04.20. — physics of beams of
charged partinles. — National Science Center the Kharkov Institute of
Physics and Technology, Kharkov, 1999.

The thesis is devoted to a research of processes of forming and
acceleration of beams in radio-frequency sources of electrons with a
thermionic cathode (further RF guns). Aspects of obtainting of electron
beams with precision performances have been considered on the basis of
computer simulation and experimental researches. The concept of
composition of multicavity RF guns was offered and the gun with a large
average current was designed on its basis. The effect of back
bombardment and methods of its decreasing as wall as non-stationary
processes in thermionic cathodes were investigated . The experimental
researches of created the single-cavity and the two-cavity RF guns —
injectors of the acting accelerators were carried out.

Key words: RF gun, electron injector, cathode.

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