Форми і методи державного регулювання цін: Автореф. дис… канд. екон. наук / Д.М. Гладких, Н.-д. екон. ін-т Мін-ва економіки України. — К., 1999. — 1

Iaoeiai — aeine?aeiee aeiiii?/iee ?inoeooo

I?i?noa?noaa aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie

OAeE 338.5

Aeaaeeeo Aeieo?i Ieoaeeiae/

OI?IE ? IAOIAeE

AeA?AEAAIIAI ?AAOETHAAIIss Oe?I

niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.02.03

“I?aai?caoe?y oi?aae?iiy, ieaioaaiiy ?

?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?eith”

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaoeiai — aeine?aeiiio aeiiii?/iiio ?inoeooo?
(IAeA?) I?i?noa?noaa aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie (i.Ee?a).

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe Aaceethe Aioii?ia
Aanee?aia, IAeA? I?i?noa?noaa aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie, ia/aeueiee a?aeae?eo
iaoiaeieia?? ?aaoethaaiiy ? i?iaiicoaaiiy oe?i

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

Aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iaee?i TH??e ?aaiiae/, A?enueeiaee
?inoeooo Iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, i?ioani?
eaoaae?e a?enueeiai? aeiiii?ee;

Eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe Aaae/ Ethaeieea Ieeiea?aia, IAeA?
I?iaeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoth/a a?aeae?eii o?iainiai?, athaeaeaoii? oa
iiaeaoeiai? iie?oeee.

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y — Oa?iii?euenueea Aeaaeai?y ia?iaeiiai
ainiiaea?noaa, eaoaae?a i?iaiicoaaiiy ? aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
aeiiii?eith (i.Oa?iii?eue).

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 17 ” /a?aiy 1999 ?ieo i 14-00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.26.801.01 ii caoenoo
aeena?oaoe?e ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
Iaoeiai — aeine?aeiiai aeiiii?/iiai ?inoeoooo I?i?noa?noaa aeiiii?ee
Oe?a?ie oa Iaoeiai — aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo nioe?aeueii — aeiiii?/ieo
i?iaeai i?noa Ee?aa (252601, INI, Ee?a — 103, aoeueaa? Ae?oaeae
ia?iae?a, 28, 5-e iiaa?o, cae can?aeaiue).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe? IAeA?
I?i?noa?noaa aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 12 ” o?aaiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
A.A.Aaceethe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Ne?eueee ?niothoue oiaa?ii-a?ioia? a?aeiineie,
no?eueee ae /ano ?nio? yaeua ?ioeyoe??. Ia c?inoaiiy oe?i i?ae /an a?ei,
iaa?iaeath oa aiane?aeie ciaioaiiy aaae aei?iaioe?iiiai iaoaeo a iiiaoao
(?noi?e/iee aiaeia no/anii? aeiaeaoeiai? a?ioiai? ai?n??) nea?aeeeenue
niiaeeaa/? ua a Noa?iaeaaiueiio ?ei? oa A?aoe??. Oiio oe?eeii i?e?iaeii,
ui ieoaiiy oe?iiooaipaiiy, cpinoaiiy oe?i oa, iniaeeai, iaoiaeeee
aeapaeaaiiai paaoethaaiiy oeeie ipioeanaie ? ae?ae aeooaeueieie a oiiaao
aeiiii?/ii? epece, ui ?? iapaaeeaa? oe?a?inueea noni?euenoai.

Caeaaeii a?ae /ano oa i?noey aeiiii?/ia iie?oeea aeapaeaae
eieeaaeany a?ae iaaopo/aiiy aei oioaeueiiai eiiopieth iaae i?ioeanii
oe?iiooaipaiiy. Ioaea, aea?aeaaia ?aaoethaaiiy oe?i iieyaa? a
iiooeao iaaiiai iioeiaeueiiai a aeaiee /an a aeai?e e?a?i? iaoai?cio
aieeao ia oe?iiooai?thth/? oaeoi?e c iaoith aeinyaiaiiy iaaieo
eiie?aoieo ?acoeueoao?a (iaiaaeaiiy oaii?a ?ioeyoe??, i?aeo?eiea
nioe?aeueii iacaoeuaieo a?iiaaeyi, caoeno a?o/eciyiiai ae?iaieea a?ae
?iicaiii? eiieo?aioe?? aai, iaaiaee, noai?aiiy aeey iueiai eiieo?aioieo
oiia oiui).

O a?aeiia?aeiino? c ia?aieie oe?eyie aea?aeaaiiai oe?iiaiai
?aaoethaaiiy oao?aoeyie i?iiiiothoueny ??ciiiai?oi? oa, ye i?aaeei,
noia?a/eea? oeyoe ?o aeinyaiaiiy. Ioaea, iacaaaeath/e ia ?nioaaiiy
aaeeeiai eiea oao?aoe?a ? aaeeei? e?eueeino? iaoeiaeo i?aoeue c ieoaiue
aea?aeaaiiai oe?iiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy, aeaia i?iaeaia caeeoa?oueny aino?i
aeeneon?eiith, ui i?aeaeuo? ?ioa?an aei ia? oa cia/ou?noue e?ioeaaeo
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Oaoiaa e?oa?aoo?a ca aeaiith oaiith a?aeia?aaea? ye eeane/i?
noia?a/eea? oi/ee ci?o ia ?ieue aea?aeaae a i?ioean? ?aaoethaaiiy
aeiiii?eith (Ae.Eaein, I.O??aeiai), oae ? no/ani? i?aeoiaee aei oeueiai
ieoaiiy. Cie?aia, aaaiiee aianie o aea/aiiy i?iaeaie aea?aeaaiiai
?aaoethaaiiy oe?i aianee iaoeia? i?aoe? Aaae/ E.I, Aaceethe A.A., Aieeea
A.O., Aeaeai??aa N., ?n?iiaa N., Ceaoe?ia A., Eiiioiai? C.I., E?ooueei
O., Eaoeena I., Ieeoeuenueeiai E.?., Iiniai? I.A., Iaee?ia TH.?.,
Ia?ithea A., I?aeaeoaiiai ?., ?onaeiai? ?.A., Nae?iaeaeaiiaa ?.E.,
No?eiaa A., Oeiio??aa A., *oaoiiaa ?., sseiae?aa ?.A. oa ?ioeo. Naia
noia?a/eea?noue ? iaiaeiicia/i?noue ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie aea?aeaaiiai
oe?iiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy ca ??cieo iae?iaeiiii?/ieo ianoaaei iaoiiaeee
aea?? oaie aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Oaia
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iia’ycaia c oaiaoeeith ? ieaiaie iaoeiai —
aeine?aeieo ?ia?o Iaoeiai — aeine?aeiiai aeiiii?/iiai ?inoeoooo
I?i?noa?noaa aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie ia 1996 — 2000 ??., cie?aia, c oaiith ?
21-97: “Aeine?aeaeaiiy oaeoi??a aieeao o?iueiai? aeiiii?ee ia noai
?icaeoeo ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa” oa oaiith ? 4-98: “Aiae?c
aeiiii?/iiai noaio Oe?a?ie c ?ic?iaeith iaoeiaeo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii
cae??ieaiith iiceoeaieo c?ooaiue ?c ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie iaoai?ci?a
iiaeieaiiy iaaaoeaieo oaiaeaioe?e aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo”.

Iaoa e caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiaiith iaoith aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?ic?iaea iiaeo aeaiaio?a iaoai?cio iiina?aaeeiaaiiai
aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy oe?i, ui caaacia/othoue ae?th ?aaoethth/iai ?
noeioethth/iai iiiaeaoeoaaiiy oa aeinyaiaiiy caaeainiaaiino?
aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo, ia iniia? yeeo a?aeaoaa?oueny ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y
aeaiaio?a oe?iiai? no?oeoo?e ? iioei?caoe?y ?eieiai? eii’thieoo?e ca
?aooiie ?icoe?aiiy a?o/eciyiiai ae?iaieoeoaa oiaa??a ? iineoa.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? ?ica’ycai?
ianooii? caaaeaiiy:

— aea/ai? oai?aoe/i? iniiae iaoai?cio oe?iiooai?aiiy ia ??cieo oeiao
?eie?a;

— ocaaaeueiai? eeane/i? e no/ani? oai???, ui aeine?aeaeothoue iaoai?ci
aeieeiaiiy e ?icaeoeo ?ioeyoe??;

— ?icaeyioo? ?nioth/? oi?ie oe?iiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy, iiaoaeiaaia ?o
nenoaiaoecaoe?y ca?aeii aeei?enoaiiy ie?aieo ?aaoethth/eo iaoiae?a;

— aecia/ai? iane?aeee canoinoaaiiy ie?aieo iaoiae?a oe?iiaiai
?aaoethaaiiy a ??cieo ?eieiaeo iiaeaeyo;

— i?iaiae?ciaai? ?nioth/? iaoiaee oe?iiooai?aiiy ia ??ai? i?aei?e?inoaa
a Oe?a?i? e aecia/ai? aeii?ioth/? na?aae ieo;

— aecia/aii no?oeoo?o oe?ie ie?aieo oiaa??a ? iineoa a Oe?a?i? oa /anoeo
iiaeaoeiai? neeaaeiai? a i?e;

— i?iaiae?ciaaii ia?aaeoiiae, iniaeeaino? ? iane?aeee ?ioeyoe?eiiai
i?ioeano a Oe?a?i?;

— aeine?aeaeaii no/aniee iaoai?ci aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy oe?i a
Oe?a?i?;

— aecia/aii iioeiaeuei? a no/anieo iae?iaeiiii?/ieo oiiaao iaoiaee
aieeao ia oi?ioaaiiy oe?iiai? no?oeoo?e oiaa??a ? iineoa;

— iaa?oioiaai? eiioeaiooaeuei? canaaee iiaoaeiae iaoai?cio aea?aeaaiiai
?aaoethaaiiy i?ioeano oe?iiooai?aiiy;

— aecia/ai? iai?yie ?aoi?ioaaiiy iiaeaoeiai? nenoaie;

— iaa?oioiaaii no?aoaa?/io iaiao?aei?noue aeinyaiaiiy caaeainiaaiino?
aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo ca ?aooiie noeioethaaiiy a?o/eciyiiai oiaa?iiai
ae?iaieoeoaa ? a?aeiia?aeiiai ?icoe?aiiy aace iiiaeaoeoaaiiy a no/anieo
iae?iaeiiii?/ieo oiiaao Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa?:

— o nenoaiaoecaoe?? oi?i ? iaoiae?a oe?iiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy, ui aeicaiey?
a caeaaeiino? a?ae iaoe ?aaoethaaiiy ia?aoe iaiao?aeiee ?ino?oiaioa??e
eiai cae?eniaiiy;

— a iaa?oiooaaii? iiceoeaieo ? iaaaoeaieo iane?aee?a canoinoaaiiy
ie?aieo ?aaoethth/eo iaoiae?a a ??cieo iiaeaeyo ?eieo, ye? aeicaieeee
c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i iaaeioe?euei?noue aeei?enoaiiy ye aaei?i?no?aoeaieo
iaoiae?a oe?iiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy, oae ? iaoiae?a ?eieiai? naii?aaoeyoe??
a no/anieo iae?iaeiiii?/ieo oiiaao Oe?a?ie ye oaeeo, ui coiiaeththoue
?icaeoie iaaaoeaieo oaiaeaioe?e a aeiiii?oe?: iaae?iiy ianya?a
ae?iaieoeoaa, c?inoaiiy aeo?ao aeiiii?/ieo noa’?eo?a, i?aeaeuaiiy oe?i
oiui;

— o aecia/aii? aaae ae?th/eo aeaiaio?a oe?iiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy, ui
iieyaathoue o iaaaeaeaaoiino? aeey noi?iiaaiiai a Oe?a?i? oeio ?eieo
?aaoethth/eo caoiae?a, ui ni?eythoue iioe?aiith aeo?aoiiai
oe?iiooai?aiiy, iiaeeaeaiith aeenia?eoaoo oe?i, ?o c?inoaiith ia iniia?
iaooeeueiiai nei?i/aiiy ieaoini?iiiaeiiai iiieoo;

— o oi?ioaaii? ia?ae?eo iaoiae?a, aoaeoeaieo aeey aeei?enoaiiy a
ia?ao?aei?e ?eieia?e iiaeae? c aeii?ioaaiiyi iiiiiieueii? iiaaae?iee
a?eueoino? aeiiii?/ieo noa’?eo?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia onoiaiiy
aeenia?eoaoiino? oiia ?o ?icaeoeo ? noai?aiiy eiieo?aioiiai na?aaeiaeua;

— o aecia/aii? na?aae eiiieaeno iaoiae?a aieeao ia oe?ie i??i?eoaoiiai
aeaiaioo iiina?aaeeiaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy — iiai? nenoaie iiiaeaoeoaaiiy,
ui caaacia/o? ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?th oe?iiai? no?oeoo?e, i?aeaeuaiiy
noeoiiiai ieaoini?iiiaeiiai iiieoo, noeioethaaiiy eai?oaeiooai?aiiy a
aaeocyo iaoa??aeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa ? ? iaiao?aeiith ia?aaeoiiaith
aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy;

— o oi?ioaaii? eiioeaioe?? noaa?e?caoe?? oe?iiai? aeeiai?ee, ui
neeaaea?oueny ?c iaoiae?a iiaeaoeiai — athaeaeaoiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?
iieyaa? o ciaioaii? iiaeaoeiaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ia ca?ia?oio ieaoo ? eiai
ia?eoaoiino? i?ae i?aei?e?inoaaie ??cieo aaeocae aeiiii?ee, i?ae
iaeicaaacia/aieie ? caiiaeieie aa?noaaie ianaeaiiy, a oaeiae o c?inoaii?
noeoiiiai ieaoini?iiiaeiiai iiieoo, caaacia/aii? athaeaeaoii?
caaeainiaaiino? ca ?aooiie noeioethaaiiy a?o/eciyiiai
oiaa?iae?iaieoeoaa;

— a ?ic?iaoe? ie?aieo aeaiaio?a iiai? iiaeaoeiai? nenoaie, ui ni?yiiaaia
ia iineeaiiy ?aaoethth/i? ? noeioethth/i? ooieoe?e iiiaeaoeoaaiiy, ?
aeai?eoi?a ia/eneaiiy iniiaieo iiaeaoe?a, ui ?? ooai?ththoue. Cie?aia
i?iiiiothoueny:

1. iiaeioiaeiee iiaeaoie c o?ce/ieo in?a, ?ici?? yeiai caeaaeeoue a?ae
ii?iaoeaii? na?aaeiuei? ca?ia?oii? ieaoe a e?a?i? ? eieeaa?oueny a
iaaeao a?ae 0% aei 40% ia?aoiaaii? ca?ia?oii? ieaoe i?aoe?aieea;
iaiiiaeaoeiaaiee i?i?ioi ca?aeii aeaii? iaoiaeeee aei??aith?
i?i?iaeuei?e ca?ia?oi?e ieao?, na?aaeiy noaaea iiaeaoeo (aeey
ii?iaoeaii? na?aaeiuei? ca?ia?oii? ieaoe) neeaaea? 10%;

2. iiaeaoie ia oiiae ca?ia?oii? ieaoe, noaaea yeiai eieeaa?oueny a
?ioa?aae? a?ae 18% aei 30% oiiaeo ca?ia?oii? ieaoe i?aei?e?inoaa ?
ca?eueoo?oueny a?aeiia?aeii aei c?inoaiiy ?ici??o oiiaeo ca?ia?oii?
ieaoe, caaacia/oth/e i?ia?aneai?noue iiiaeaoeoaaiiy niiaeeaaiiy a
oe?eiio ? ia?a?iciiae?e iiaeaoeiaiai oyaa?y c iaeicaaacia/aieo a?iiaaeyi
ia caiiaeieo; na?aaeiy noaaea iiaeaoeo (aeey i?aei?e?inoa, oiiae
ca?ia?oii? ieaoe yeeo a na?aaeiueiio ia iaeiiai i?aoe?aieea ia ia?aaeuo?
ii?iaoeaio na?aaeith ca?ia?oio ieaoo) noaiiaeoue 20%;

3. iiaeaoie ia aeiaeaio aa?o?noue, ca aeiiiiiaith yeiai a?aeaoaa?oueny
i?ia?aneaia iiiaeaoeoaaiiy i?eaooeo ye neeaaeiai? /anoeie aeiaeaii?
aa?oino? ? iiina?aaeeiaaia ?aaoethaaiiy oe?i; ?ici?? oeueiai iiaeaoeo
neeaaea? a?ae 25% aei 44%, a aacith ia/eneaiiy ? ?aae?caoe?ei?
iaaeoiaeaeaiiy i?aei?e?inoaa ca i?ionii i?yieo iaoa??aeueieo aeo?ao.

Ipaeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? e
iaa?oiooaaii? iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei iiaeo aeaiaio?a iaoai?cio
aea?aeaaiiai oe?iiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy a Oe?a?i?. Ie?ai? iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe
aooe aeei?enoai? i?e neeaaeaii? aeiiia?aeii? caienee o I?i?noa?noai
aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie “I?i caeiiii??iino? ? iane?aeee ?icaeoeo ?ioeyoe?eieo
i?ioean?a oa oeyoe iiaeieaiiy aeieeoeo i?ioe??/ue”.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa ? naiino?eii
aeeiiaiei iaoeiaei aeine?aeaeaiiyi. An? ?ic?iaee ? i?iiiceoe??, ui
i?noeoue ?iaioa, aeeiiai? iniaenoi aaoi?ii.

Ai?iaaoe?y ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai?
iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeeny ia Anaoe?a?inuee?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Aeiiii?/i? ?aoi?ie a Oe?a?i?: iiceoe?y iieiae?” (Ee?a,
1998), ui i?iaiaeeeany ni?eueii Iaoe?iiaeueiei Aaieii Oe?a?ie,
Ee?anueeei oi?aa?neoaoii ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea oa I?aeia?iaeiei oeaio?ii
ia?niaeoeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue, a oaeiae ciaeoee nai? a?aeia?aaeaiiy a
uieaa?oaeueieo iaeyaeao o iaaeao eiiieaenii? oaie IAeA? I?iaeiiii?ee:
“?ic?iaea iaoeiai — iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei oaeoi?iiai aiae?co
oa i?aeaioiaea uieaa?oaeueieo iaeyae?a, iaoai?ci?a iiia?aaeaeaiiy
iaaaoeaieo oaiaeaioe?e aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo” ca 1997 — 1998 ??.

Ioae?eaoe?? ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie
aeine?aeaeaiiy o oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo iioae?eiaaii 20 iniaenoi aeeiiaieo
?ia?o caaaeueiei ianyaii 7,6 ae?oeiaaieo a?eoo?a.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa
neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae.

?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 148 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, aeeth/a?
31 oaaeeoeth, 9 ?enoie?a, 28 oi?ioe, nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ?c 93
iaeiaioaaiue.

Ei?ioeee ci?no aeena?oaoe??. O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny
aeooaeuei?noue , aecia/aiiy iaoe, caaaeaiue, i?aaeiaoo ? ia’?eoo
aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaoeiaa iiaecia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe??.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyioo? oai?aoe/i? iniiae i?ioeano
oe?iiooai?aiiy, iaoai?cio aeieeiaiiy e ?icaeoeo ?ioeyoe?? oa
aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy oe?ie i?ioeanaie ia ??cieo oeiao ?eie?a.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaiee aiae?c ?nioth/i? nenoaie
oe?iiooai?aiiy, i?e/ei ? iniaeeainoae ?icaeoeo ?ioeyoe??, a oaeiae
ia?aaaa ? iaaeie?e?a no/aniiai iaoai?cio aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy oe?i
a Oe?a?i?.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? aeeeaaeaii eiioeaioe?th iiaoaeiae iaoai?cio
aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy oe?i a no/anieo iae?iaeiiii?/ieo oiiaao
Oe?a?ie, ui aeeth/a? aeaiaioe iiina?aaeeiaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy.
Iaa?oioiaaii i?iiiceoe?? uiaei ?aoi?ioaaiiy iiaeaoeiai — athaeaeaoii?
nenoaie ye iaeiiai c aieiaieo /eiiee?a oe?iiooai?aiiy.

O aeniiaeao ocaaaeueiaii ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy oa
nenoaiaoeciaaii iniiai? aeniiaee ? i?iiiceoe?? uiaei iiaoaeiae iaoai?cio
aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy oe?i a Oe?a?i?.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe

?nioth/ee a Oe?a?i? iaoai?ci aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy oe?i
i?aoeth?, a oe?eiio, iacaaeia?eueii, ui iaoiiaeth? cia/i? oaiie
?ioeyoe?? ? caaino?aiiy nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo i?iaeai a inoaii? ?iee.

Na?aae aecia/aeueieo /eiiee?a ?ioeyoe?? a Oe?a?i? ne?ae aeae?eeoe
ianooii?:

· iiiiiie?ci aai iiiiiieueia iiaaae?iea a?eueoino? aeiiii?/ieo
noa’?eo?a;

· aeii?ioaaiiy aeo?aoiiai niiniao oi?ioaaiiy oe?ie;

· cieaeaiiy ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa;

· cia/iee ?ici?? aeao?oeeoo caaaeaiiai aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo, ui
iie?eaaany aai ai?n?eiei oeyoii, aai ca ?aooiie c?inoaiiy aea?aeaaiiai
ai?ao, aai oeyoii nei?i/aiiy nioe?aeueieo aeo?ao aea?aeaae;

· ca?eueoaiiy noaaie a?aenioe?a ii aioo??oi?o oa ciai?oi?o aea?aeaaieo
iiceeao ? aeo?ao ia ianeoaiaoaaiiy aea?aeaaiiai ai?ao a no?oeoo?? aeo?ao
aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo;

· iaaei??ia ? ia??aiii??ia iiaeaoeiaa iaaaioaaeaiiy ia aeiiii?/ieo
noa’?eo?a.

A ?iaio? ?icaeyaeathoueny aea? oi?ie iiaeeeaiai aieeao ia oe?iiao
aeeiai?eo, a naia ?eieiaa naii?aaoeyoe?y, ui ?aae?co?oueny ia iniia?
aeinyaiaiiy ??aiiaaae i?ae ieaoini?iiiaeiei iiieoii ? i?iiiceoe??th
oiaa?o /e iineoae oa noa’?eoeaia ?aaoethaaiiy oe?i, ui a?aeaoaa?oueny o
aeaeyae? ye na?aeiieo oe?eani?yiiaaieo caoiae?a c aieo aea?aeaaieo
i?aai?a, oae ? noeo?eieo ae?e ie?aieo i?aaenoaaiee?a caeiiiaeaa/i? e
aeeiiaa/i? aeaaee, ni?yiiaaieo ia caoeno ?ioa?an?a ie?aieo nioe?aeueieo
a?oi aai aaeocae aeiiii?ee (ie?aieo i?aei?e?inoa).

Aea?aeaaia ?aaoethaaiiy oe?i ?aae?co?oueny o oi?iao:

· aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai (i?yiiai) ?aaoethaaiiy;

· iiina?aaeeiaaiiai (iai?yiiai) ?aaoethaaiiy /a?ac aieea ia iiieo ?
i?iiiceoe?th.

??ciei oi?iai oe?iiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy aeanoeaa aeei?enoaiiy
a?aeiia?aeieo ?aaoethth/eo iaoiae?a. Oaae.1 ?ethno?o? iane?aeee
aeei?enoaiiy iaeiaeiaeo ?aaoethth/eo iaoiae?a o ??cieo ?eieiaeo iiaeaeyo
? aeiaiaeeoue oaco i?i oa, ui canoinoaaiiy iaeiaeiaeo ?aaoethth/eo
caoiae?a a ??cieo iae?iaeiiii?/ieo oiiaao i?ecaiaeeoue aei i?eioeeiiai
i?ioeeaaeieo iane?aee?a.

Iai?eeeaae, iie?eooy aeao?oeeoo aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo iiaeeeai o
a?aeiia?aeiino? c ??cieie oeyoaie: ai?n?eiei, ca ?aooiie ciai?oi?o aai
aioo??oi?o iicee, oeyoii iaiaaeaiiy aea?aeaaieo aeo?ao, ca ?aooiie
noeioethaaiiy a?o/eciyiiai oiaa?iiai ae?iaieoeoaa, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei
c?inoaiiy iiaeaoeiaeo iaaeoiaeaeaiue.

Aeei?enoaiiy aioo??oi?o iicee c iaoith iie?eooy iioi/iiai
athaeaeaoiiai aeao?oeeoo ? c?inoaiiy aea?aeaaieo ?iaanoeoe?e, ui
iaoiiaeth? noeioethaaiiy noeoiiiai ieaoini?iiiaeiiai iiieoo, a
eiieo?aioi?e ?eieia?e aeiiii?oe? i?ecaiaeeoue aei iiceoeaieo iane?aee?a
(i?eeeaae “aaeeei? aeai?an??” 1929 — 1933 ?ie?a).

Oaaeeoey 1

Iane?aeee aeei?enoaiiy ie?aieo iaoiae?a oe?iiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy

?aaoethth/? iaoiaeeIiaeae? ?eieo c aeii?ioaaiiyi iiiiiie?cioIiaeae?
?eieo c aeii?ioaaiiyi eiieo?aioe??iiceoeai? iane?aeeeiaaaoeai?
iane?aeeeiiceoeai? iane?aeeeiaaaoeai? iane?aeeei?aeo?eiea aaethoiiai
eo?no iaoe?iiaeueii? a?ioiai? iaeeieoe?noaa?euei? oe?ie ?i-ii?oieo
oiaa??a, iiaeieaiiy ineoi-eia?/iiai oaeoi?o ?ioeyoe??, noeioeth-aaiiy
caiuaaeaeaiue oa ?iaanoeoe?e

?oeiaoe?y iaeiieo?aioiiai a?o/eciyiiai ae?iaieoeoaanoaa?euei? oe?ie
?i-ii?oieo oiaa??a, iiaeieaiiy ineoi-eia?/iiai oaeoi?o ?ioeyoe??,
noeioeth-aaiiy caiuaaeaeaiue oa ?iaanoeoe?e

c?inoaiiy a?aeiinii aeaoaaiai ?iii?ooaeaaaeueaaoe?y iaoe?iiaeueii?
a?ioiai? iaeeieoe?noeioethaaiiy aenii?oo, oei/aniaa iiaeaaaeaiiy
ae?iaieoeoaac?inoaiiy oe?i ?i-ii?oieo oiaa??a, cieaeaiiy ianyao
caiuaaeaeaiue, ao?a-oa aeia??e ?iaanoi??anoeioethaaiiy aenii?oo,
oei/aniaa iiaeaaaeaiiy ae?iaieoeoaac?inoaiiy oe?i ?i-ii?oieo oiaa??a,
cieaeaiiy ianyao caiuaaeaeaiue, ao?a-oa aeia??e ?iaanoi??ae?aa?ae?caoe?y
ciai?oiuei-aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiineioe?iiaa eiieo?aioe?y i?ae ?iicaiieie oa
a?o/eciyieie i?aei?e?inoaaieiaae?iiy iaeiieo-?aioiini?iiiaeii-ai
ae?iaieoeoaa, ?ioeyoe?y aeo?aooaiaeaioe?y cieaeaiiy oe?i

? aeo?ao ae?iaieoeoaa

c?inoaiiy a?aeiinii aeaoaaiai ?iii?oo

i?ioaeoe?ii?cioei/aniaa noaa?e?-caoe?y ianya?a ae-?iaieoeoaa,
iaia-aeaiiy aac?ia?ooyc?inoaiiy aeo?ao, noaaoeyoe?y, cieaeaiiy
aenii?oonei?i/aiiy a?aeiinii aeaoaaiai ?iii?ooiaiaaeaiiy a?aeiinii
aeaoaai? i?iiiceoe?? oiaa??a aeey niiaeeaa/?a

noeioethaai-iy c?inoaiiy aeioiae?ac?inoaiiy ieaoi-ni?iiiaeiiai ii-ieoo,
oei/aniaa ca?eueoaiiy ianyao ?aae?caoe??

?ioeyoe?y iiieoo,

iaae?iiy ae?iaieoeoaac?inoaiiy ieaoini?iiiaeiiai iiieoo, noeioethaaiiy
ae?iaieoeoaa

?ioeyoe?y iiieoo

iaiaaeaiiy aeioiae?a

oei/aniaa iiaeieaiiy

?ioeyoe?? iiieooiaiaaeaiiy ieaoi-ni?iiiaeiiai iiieoo, ?oeiaoe?y
ae?iaieoeoaa, ?ioeyoe?y aeo?ao

iiaeieaiiy

?ioeyoe?? iiieoo

iaiaaeaiiy ieaoini?iiiaeiiai iiieooiie?eooy athaeaeaoiiai aeao?oeeoo ca
?aooiie ai?n??nai?/ani?noue nioe?-aeueieo aeieao, oei/aniaa
noeio-ethaaiiy ae?ia-ieoeoaa oa aenii?oo?ioeyoe?y iiieoo,

cieaeaiiy ianyao caiuaaeaeaiue oa ?iaanoeoe?enai?/ani?noue nioe?-aeueieo
aeieao, oei/aniaa noeio-ethaaiiy ae?ia-ieoeoaa oa aenii?oo?ioeyoe?y
iiieoo,

cieaeaiiy ianyao caiuaaeaeaiue oa ?iaanoeoe?eiie?eooy athaeaeaoiiai
aeao?oeeoo ca

?aooiie iiceenai?/ani?noue nioe?aeueieo aeieao, iaiaaeaiiy

?ioeyoe?? iiieooc?inoaiiy aea?aeaaiiai ai?ao, a?aeeeaaeaia
?ioeyoe?yc?inoaiiy ae?ia-ieoeoaa ca ?aooiie noeioethaaiiy iiieoo

c?inoaiiy aea?aeaaiiai ai?aoaeinyaiaiiy caaeainiaa-iino? athaeaea-oo ca
?aooiie

nei?i/aiiy aeo?ao

iaiaaeaiiy aea?-aeaaiiai ai?ao, oei/aniaa iiaeieaiiy ?ioeyoe??nei?i/aiiy
aeioa-oe?e i?iieneiaino? oa nioe?aeueieo ae-ieao, iaae?iiy
ae-?iaieoeoaa, c?in-oaiiy aac?ia?ooyiaiaaeaiiy aea?-aeaaiiai ai?ao,
iiaeieaiiy ?ioey-oe??, c?inoaiiy

?iaanoeoe?e ? caeiyoino?

nei?i/aiiy aeioaoe?e i?iieneiaino? oa nioe?aeueieo aeieao C?inoaiiy
aea?aeaaiiai ai?ao c iaoith iie?eooy athaeaeaoiiai aeao?oeeoo a
aeiiii?oe? c aeii?ioaaiiyi iiiiiieueii? iiaaae?iee noa’?eo?a
ainiiaea?thaaiiy (i?eeeaae no/anii? oe?a?inueei? aeiiii?ee) i?ecaiaeeoue
eeoa aei caaino?aiiy athaeaeaoiiai aeao?oeeoo oa ?ioeo iaaaoeaieo
?acoeueoao?a.

Iaiaaeaiiy aea?aeaaieo aeaeaoe?a c iaoith aeinyaiaiiy
aacaeao?oeeoiino? aai iaa?oue i?io?oeeoo aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo, ui
aeei?enoiaoaaeiny o 1990 — 1997 ?ieao o aeayeeo e?a?iao Eaoeinueei?
Aia?eee oa I?aaeaiii — No?aeii? Ac??, noaei iiceoeaiei oaeoi?ii
c?inoaiiy AAI ? iaiaaeaiiy ??aiy ?ioeyoe?? a a?eueoino? c ieo a oeae
ia??iae.

Aeei?enoaiiy aiaeia?/ieo iaoiae?a a Oe?a?i? i?ecaaei, a ia?oo
/a?ao, aei nooo?aiai cieaeaiiy aeo?ao aea?aeaae ia iaoeo, ioi?iio
caei?ia’y, nioe?aeueiee caoeno oiui ? ?oeiaoe?? oeeo no?aoaa?/ieo noa?
?icaeoeo aoaeue-yei? aea?aeaae.

Ioaea, iaeiaeia? iaoiaee aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy oe?i a ??cieo
?eieiaeo iiaeaeyo i?aoeththoue ii-??ciiio. Oiio aea?? aoaeoeaieo
iaoiae?a oe?iiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy aecia/aeueiith i??ith caeaaeeoue a?ae
no/aniiai iae?iaeiiii?/iiai noaiiaeua aea?aeaae.

Ia ?en.1 cia?aaeaii nenoaio oi?i oe?iiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy ? aeanoeaeo
?i ?aaoethth/eo iaoiae?a.

?eieiaa naii?aaoeyoe?y ye oi?ia oe?iiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy o /enoiio
aeaeyae? ia ?nio? a aeiaei?e ?c no/anieo aeiiii?/ieo iiaeaeae, i?ioa
ie?ai? ?? neeaaeia? aeei?enoiaoaaeeny ??cieie aea?aeaaaie ia?aaaaeii a
ia??iae noaiiaeaiiy oiaa?iiai ae?iaieoeoaa ia ?aii?o aoaiao oi?ioaaiiy
?eieiaeo a?aeiinei.

Aaei?i?no?aoeaia ?aaoethaaiiy ? ianooiiith oi?iith aea?aeaaiiai
?aaoethaaiiy oe?i, ui aeei?enoiaoaaeany a Oe?a?i? ca /an?a ?nioaaiiy
N?N?. Ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui oey oi?ia, iii?e an? ?? iaaeie?ee,
caaacia/oaaea a?aeiinii noaa?eueiee ??aaiue oe?i ia i?ioyc? aaaaoueio
aeanyoee?oue. *e ia ?aeeiei iaaaoeaiei iane?aeeii ?? aeei?enoaiiy aoa
o?ii?/iee aeao?oeeo ie?aieo niiaeea/eo oiaa??a, ui iaoiiaethaaany ye
aaaeaie ieaioaaiiy, oae ?, a ia?oo /a?ao, i??i?eoaoaie aea?aeaae ia
eai?oaeueia aoae?aieoeoai, iai?iio ? ae?iaieoeoai a ia?oo /a?ao cania?a
ae?iaieoeoaa ca ?aooiie i?aaeiao?a niiaeeaaiiy. E?eca ia niiaeea/iio
?eieo ia ii/aoeo 90-o ?ie?a iaoiiaeea a?aeiiao a?ae iiaeaeueoiai
aeei?enoaiiy oe??? oi?ie aea?aeaaiiai oe?iiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy.

Aeii?ioth/a a no/ani?e Oe?a?i? oi?ia oe?iiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy ia?
oiiaio iacao “caoeno ?ioa?an?a ie?aieo nioe?aeueieo a?oi”, ui coiiaeaii,
a ia?oo /a?ao, a?aenooi?noth oe?eani?yiiaaiiai ? iii??eiaaiiai iaoai?cio
aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy oe?i ? iayai?noth ie?aieo iaaii?yaeeiaaieo ?
noia?a/eeaeo caoiae?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia aeinyaiaiiy iaaieo ?acoeueoao?a
i?ae aieeaii caoe?eaaeaieo nioe?aeueieo a?oi.

Oae, i?ae aieeaii IAO ? i?aei?e?inoa — ?iii?oa??a a inoaii? ?iee
i?iaiaeeoueny iie?oeea, ni?yiiaaia ia noaa?e?caoe?th eo?no
iaoe?iiaeueii? a?ioiai? iaeeieoe?. ?aae?caoe?y oe??? iie?oeee
a?aeaoaa?oueny ca ?aooiie oiia?eueiaiiy c?inoaiiy a?ioiai? iane,
nei?i/aiiy athaeaeaoieo aeo?ao ?, cie?aia, iaiaaeaiiy a?ioiaeo aeioiae?a
ianaeaiiy.

Ia?aeaeueii, i?ae aieeaii caoe?eaaeaieo iaoe?iiaeueieo
oiaa?iae?iaiee?a — iiiiiie?no?a (iai?eeeaae, Caii??cueeiai aaoicaaiaeo)
?aae?co?oueny i?ioaeoe?ii?nonueea iie?oeea, ni?yiiaaia ia iaiaaeaiiy
?iii?oo aaoiiia?e?a c iaoith noeioethaaiiy a?o/eciyiiai ?o ae?iaieoeoaa.

Aeuaiaaaaeai? caoiaee (ooo/ia iaiaaeaiiy aeioiae?a ianaeaiiy ?
i?ioaeoe?ii?ci ii a?aeiioaiith aei aaoiiia?eueii? i?iieneiaino?)
oi?iothoue aioaaii?noe/ia i?ioe??//y: iaiaaeaiiy aeioiae?a i?eai?/o?
ieaoini?iiiaeiee iiieo, ui iaoiiaeth? iaae?iiy a?o/eciyiiai ae?iaieoeoaa
? caiaeeoue iai?aaoeue i?ioaeoe?ii?nonuee? caoiaee a aaoiiia?euei?e
aaeoc?.

Iaeiei c aeii?ioth/eo a Oe?a?i? iaoiae?a aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
oe?i ? nei?i/aiiy athaeaeaoiiai aeao?oeeoo. Eiai ?aae?caoe?y
a?aeaoaa?oueny ca ?aooiie iaaei??iiai iiaeaoeiaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ia
aeiiii?/ieo noa’?eo?a, iaiaaeaiiy athaeaeaoieo aeioaoe?e i?aei?e?inoaai,
na?aeiii? cao?eiee nioe?aeueieo aeieao ianaeaiith, c?inoaiiy
ciai?oiueiai e aioo??oiueiai aea?aeaaiiai ai?ao.

Oe?ia aea?aeaaieo iicee a oiiaao iaci?iieo ia?aiao??a athaeaeaoo
noaa?eueii c?inoaea aei na?iiy 1998 ?ieo (oaae.2), eiee, aiane?aeie
iani?iiiaeiino? aea?aeaae aeeiioaaoe nai? ciaia’ycaiiy, a Oe?a?i?
a?aeaoeiny oaeoe/ia caii?iaeaiiy aioo??oiueiai ai?ao.

Oaaeeoey 2

Aeeiai?ea aeioiaeiino? IAAeI

ia i?ioyc? ae?oaiai eaa?oaeo 1998 ?ieo

Aeaoa aoeoe?iio30.04.9829.05.9830.06.98Oa?i?i ia?ao,
aei?a19127533836189294327362135266287364Aeioiaei?noue, % ??/ieo
45484849585556536966—

I?ei?oea. (-) aoeoe?ii ia a?aeaoany.

C?inoaiiy aeioiaeiino? iia?aoe?e ii e?aaeeooaaiith aeao?oeeoo
aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo noaei oaeiae iaaaoeaiei oaeoi?ii ?oeiaoe??
a?o/eciyiiai oiaa?iiai ae?iaieoeoaa ca ?aooiie a?aeoieo e?aaeeoieo
?ano?n?a eiia?oe?eieo aaie?a ?c ?aaeueiiai naeoi?o aeiiii?ee aei
niaeoeyoeaiiai ?eieo aea?aeaaieo ai?aiaeo ciaia’ycaiue.

Ianeoaiaoaaiiy aea?aeaaiiai ai?ao noa? ana a?eueo aaaiiith noaooath
athaeaeaoieo aeo?ao (athaeaeaoii 1998 ?ieo ia oea ia?aaeaa/aii 11,8%
an?o aeo?ao — a?eueoa, i?ae aeo?aoe ia ina?oo, ioi?iio caei?iay, iaoeo e
nii?o ?acii) ? aecia/aeueiei oaeoi?ii ?ioeyoe?? iaeaeeae/eo ?ie?a.

Aiae?c iioe?aieo a Oe?a?i? ?aaoethth/eo iaoiae?a aea? i?aenoaae
noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui aaeoi? ?aoi?ioaaiiy ?nioth/iai iaoai?cio oe?iiaiai
?aaoethaaiiy ia? aooe ni?yiiaaiee a iai?yieo aeei?enoaiiy iaoiae?a
iiina?aaeeiaaii? oi?ie aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy oe?i, ui
ia?aaeaa/athoue iaiaaeaiiy iiiiiieueii? iiaaae?iee i?aei?e?inoa ?
noai?aiiy aeey ieo eiieo?aioieo oiia, noeioethaaiiy ieaoini?iiiaeiiai
iiieoo ca ?aooiie c?inoaiiy aeioiae?a ianaeaiiy, cai?iaaaeaeaiiy nenoaie
noeioethth/iai iiiaeaoeoaaiiy oa canoinoaaiiy ?ioeo iiina?aaeeiaaieo
iaoiae?a aieeao ia i?ioean oe?iiooai?aiiy.

Oe?iiooai?aiiy ? aaaaoioaeoi?iei i?ioeani?ii, oiio iaae?
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? iaaeoi aocueeeie aeey iaa?oiooaaiiy a?aei?iiiai
a?ae ?nioth/iai iaoai?cio aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy oe?i, ui ia?aaeaa/a?
aeei?enoaiiy eiiieaeno aca?iiiia’ycaieo ?aaoethth/eo iaoiae?a. O ca’yceo
c oeei iaea?eueoo oaaao a ?iaio? i?eae?eaii neeaaeiaei
iiaeaoeiai-athaeaeaoiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ye iaeiiai c aieiaieo /eiiee?a
i?ioeano oe?iiooai?aiiy.

Iiaeie aeaiaioaie iaoai?cio aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy oe?i, ui
i?iiiiothoueny aaoi?ii, ?:

· iiaeaoeiaa ?aoi?ia, ui ia?aaeaa/a? aaaaeaiiy o?ueio i?yieo iiaeaoe?a
oa aoaeue — yeo e?euee?noue iai?yieo, noeoiia ieoiia aaaa yeeo ia
iiaeiia ia?aaeuoaaoe 10% iiaeaoeiaeo iaaeoiaeaeaiue;

· oi?ioaaiiy caaeainiaaiiai aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo ca ?aooiie
noeioethaaiiy a?o/eciyiiai oiaa?iiai ae?iaieoeoaa ? a?aeiia?aeiiai
?icoe?aiiy aace iiiaeaoeoaaiiy.

Aeai?eoi ?ic?aooieo iniiaieo iiaeaoe?a o iia?e iiaeaoeia?e nenoai?
iaaaaeaiee o oaaeeoe? 3.

Aiae?c i?aeoe/ieo iane?aee?a canoinoaaiiy cai?iiiiiaaii? iaoiaeeee
ia/eneaiiy iniiaieo iiaeaoe?a aoa i?iaaaeaiee o ??cieo naeoi?ao
oe?a?inueei? aeiiii?ee — ia oaaeiiio i?aei?e?inoa? oa a aaie?anuee?e
onoaiia?.

Aea?? naia oeeo i?aei?e?inoa aoa iaoiiaeaiee oei, ui eaaea
i?iieneia?noue (i?aaenoaaieeii yei? ? i?aei?e?inoai oaaeiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa) ? iaei??th c aaeocae oe?a?inueei? aeiiii?ee, ui
aeaiiino?othoue iaea?eueo? oaiie iaae?iiy ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa.
Aaie?anueea ae onoaiiaa, iaaiaee, ? i?aaenoaaieeii iaeiiai c iaaaaaoueio
a?aeiinii noaa?eueieo naeoi??a aeiiii?ee.

No?oeoo?a oe?ie oiaa??a ? iineoa ie?aieo i?aei?e?inoa, ui
oi?io?oueny aiane?aeie aeei?enoaiiy cai?iiiiiaaii? iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo
iniiaieo iiaeaoe?a o ii??aiyii? c ?nioth/ith i?aeoeeith iiiaeaoeoaaiiy
iaaaaeaia o oaaeeoe? 4.

Ca?aeii i?iaaaeaieo ?ic?aooie?a, aeei?enoaiiy iiai? iaoiaeeee
ia/eneaiiy iniiaieo iiaeaoe?a ia? caaacia/eoe ianooii? ci?ie a oe?iia?e
no?oeoo?? ?icaeyiooeo naeoi??a aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie:

· ieoiia aaaa “/enoi?” ca?ia?oii? ieaoe a oe?iia?e no?oeoo?? ye oaaeiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa, oae ? aaie?anueei? onoaiiae ia? c?inoe, ui ? oaeoi?ii
iaai?n?eiiai i?aeaeuaiiy ieaoini?iiiaeiiai iiieoo;

· ieoiia aaaa /enoiai i?eaooeo a oe?iia?e no?oeoo?? oaaeiiai
i?aei?e?inoaa ia? ca?eueoeoenue ia oii? a?aeiia?aeiiai ciaioaiiy oeueiai
iieacieea a aaie?anuee?e onoaiia?, ui a?aeiia?aea? i?eioeeio
ia?eoaoiino? iiiaeaoeoaaiiy;

· iiaeaoeiaa neeaaeiaa oe?iiai? no?oeoo?e oaaeiiai i?aei?e?inoaa ia?
cieceoenue ia?aeaeueii c? ca?eueoaiiyi iiaeaoeiaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ia
aaie?anueeo onoaiiao;

· ieoiia aaaa iaoa??aeueieo oa ?ioeo aeo?ao a ei?ioeino?ieiaiio /aniaiio
?ioa?aae? caeeoa?oueny iaci?iiith, i?ioa a aeiaaino?ieiaiio ia??iae?
i/?eoaaia c?inoaiiy ianya?a oiaa?iiai ae?iaieoeoaa ia? noaoe oaeoi?ii
cieaeaiiy iaoa??aeueieo aeo?ao o a?aeiia?aeiino? c aoaeoii ianooaao
ae?iaieoeoaa.

Oaaeeoey 3

Aeai?eoi ?ic?aooieo iniiaieo iiaeaoe?a

o iia?e iiaeaoeia?e nenoai?

Iacaa iiaeaoeo

Noaaee

Oi?ioee aeey ?ic?aooieo

Oiiai? iicia/aiiy

Iiaeioiaeiee iiaeaoie c o?ce/ieo in?a

0 — 40 %II = 15 C / Cn — 5,

yeui C Cn (1)

II = 2 C / Cn + 8,

yeui C Cn (2)II — ?ici?? noaaee iiaeioiaeiiai iiaeaoeo, %

C — ia?aoiaaia ca?ieaoa, a?i.

Cn — ii?iaoeaia na?aaeiueii?ny/ia ca?ieaoa, a?i.

Iiaeaoie ia oiiae ca?ia?oii? ieaoe i?aei?e?inoa

18 — 30%

IOCI=IOCI(a)/(1-Y)=

= 18 / (1 — Y) (3)

Y = II / OCI (4)

IOCI — ?ici?? noaaee IOCI, %

IOCI(a) — aaciaa noaaea IOCI = 18%

Y — ieoiia aaaa II a caaaeueiiio oiiae? ca?ia?oii? ieaoe ia
i?aei?e?inoa?, ae?aaeaia a /anoeao iaeeieoe?

II — noia II, ia?aoiaaia ia ca?ia?oio ieaoo i?aei?e?inoaa e ia?a?aoiaaia
aei athaeaeaoo, a?i.

OCI — oiiae ca?ia?oii? ieaoe (caaaeueia noia ca?ia?oii? ieaoe,
ia?aoiaaii? ia i?aei?e?inoa?), a?i.

Iiaeaoie ia aeiaeaio aa?o?noue

25 — 44% IAeA = 0,25 E (5)

IAeA=0,25(1+((1-0,25) Ae-OCI-IOCI)/Ae) (6)

IAeA=0,25EAe (7)

IAeA=0,25Ae(1+((1-

-0,25)Ae-OCI-

— IOCI)/Ae) (8)

IAeA=0,25(1,75Ae-

-OCI-IOCI) (9)

IAeA — noaaea iiaeaoeo ia aeiaeaio aa?o?noue, /anoie iae.

Ae — aeiaeaia aa?o?noue, a?i.

E — ?aaoethth/ee eiao?oe??io, iae.

IAeA — noia iiaeaoeo ia aeiaeaio aa?o?noue, a?i.

Oaaeeoey 4

No?oeoo?a oe?ie oaaeiiai ae?iaieoeoaa ? aaie?anueei? onoaiiae

a ?nioth/?e ? iia?e iiaeaoeia?e nenoai?

?nioth/a nenoaiaiiaa nenoaiaOaaeia
ae?iaieoeoaia?i.%a?i.%iaoa??ae83,3330,9%100,0037,1%IAeA ia
iaoa??ae16,676,2%0,000,0%?io? aeo?aoe29,1610,8%35,0013,0%IAeA ia ?io?
aeo?aoe5,842,2%0,000,0%ia?aoiaaia ca?ia?oia
ieaoa25,009,3%25,009,3%iiaeioiaeiee iiaeaoie i?e na?aaei?e
CI3,381,3%2,500,9%»/enoa» ca?ia?oia ieaoa21,638,0%22,508,3%ia?aooaaiiy
ia ca?ieaoo c i?aei?e?inoaa12,754,7%5,001,9%i?eaooie51,8319,2%—iiaeaoie
ia i?eaooie15,555,8%0,000,0%/enoee i?eaooie36,2813,5%43,3016,1%IAeA ia
ae?ia44,9216,7%61,1922,7%i?iaeaaeia
oe?ia269,49100,0%269,49100,0%aeiaeaia aa?o?noue—157,00-?aaoethth/ee
eiao?oe??io E—1,56-iiaeaoee, ui niea/o? i?aei?e?inoai ?
i?aoe?aieee76,5928,4%68,6925,5%iaoa??aeuei? oa ?io?
aeo?aoe135,0050,1%135,0050,1%»/enoa» ca?ia?oia
ieaoa21,638,0%22,508,3%/enoee
i?eaooie36,2813,5%43,3016,1%?ACII269,49100,0%269,49100,0%?nioth/a
nenoaiaiiaa nenoaiao?e?y AIIA «AAAEUe»oen.a?i.%oen.a?i.%niea/ai?
a?aenioee682,332,1%682,332,1%i?aiaea100,24,7%100,24,7%ainiiaea?nuee? oa
?io? aeo?aoe209,99,9%209,99,9%ia?aoiaaia ca?ia?oia
ieaoa212,810,0%212,810,0%iiaeioiaeiee iiaeaoie38,31,8%31,51,5%»/enoa»
ca?ia?oia ieaoa174,58,2%181,38,5%ia?aooaaiiy ia ca?ieaoo c
i?aei?e?inoaa101,74,8%44,72,1%IAeA0,00,0%430,020,3%iiaeaoie ia
i?eaooie244,711,5%0,00,0%/enoee i?eaooie570,926,9%442,620,9%oe?ia =
aaeiaee aeioiae ca ia??iae2122,5100,0%2122,5100,0%aeiaeaia
aa?o?noue—1130,1-?aaoethth/ee eiao?oe??io E—1,52-iiaeaoee, ui niea/o?
i?aei?e?inoai ? i?aoe?aieee384,718,1%506,223,9%iia?aoe?ei?,
ainiiaea?nuee? oa ?io? aeo?aoe992,446,8%992,446,8%»/enoa» ca?ia?oia
ieaoa174,58,2%181,38,5%/enoee
i?eaooie570,926,9%442,620,9%?ACII2122,5100,0%2122,5100,0%

Aeao?oeeo aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo Oe?a?ie inoaii?ie ?ieaie
iie?eaaany aai ca ?aooiie ai?n??, ui i?iaieoaaei ?ioeyoe?th iiieoo, aai
ca ?aooiie iicee, ui i?ecaiaeeei aei c?inoaiiy aea?aeaaiiai ai?ao ?
ia?aoai?thaaei iioi/io ?ioeyoe?th ia a?aeeeaaeaio, aai ca ?aooiie
nei?i/aiiy nioe?aeueieo aeo?ao athaeaeaoo.

Icaei?iaeaiiy oe?iiai? no?oeoo?e, ui ia? a?aeaooeny aiane?aeie
aeei?enoaiiy iiai? iaoiaeeee ia/eneaiiy iniiaieo iiaeaoe?a, ia? noaoe
ia?aaeoiiaith aeey ?ioiai oeyoo iie?eooy aeao?oeeoo, a naia ca?eueoaiiy
iiaeaoeiaeo iaaeoiaeaeaiue ca ?aooiie c?inoaiiy ianya?a a?o/eciyiiai
oiaa?iiai ae?iaieoeoaa. Cai?iiiiiaai? iia? aeaiaioe iiaeaoeiai? nenoaie
iathoue i?aeaeueoe iaai?n?eiei oeyoii noeoiiee ieaoini?iiiaeiee iiieo ?
/anoeo /enoiai i?eaooeo a aaeocyo iaoa??aeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa, ui ?
iaiao?aeiith ia?aaeoiiaith aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy.

Ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui iia? aeaiaioe iiaeaoeiai? nenoaie ia ni?yiiaai?
ia cieaeaiiy iiaeaoeiaeo iaaeoiaeaeaiue aea?aeaae, ui a?aeaoeiny a a
?ac? cieaeaiiy iiaeaoeiaeo noaaie a iaaeao ?nioth/i? iiaeaoeiai?
nenoaie. Cai?iiiiiaai? iia? aeaiaioe iiaeaoeiai? nenoaie ni?yiiaai? ia
iineeaiiy ?aaoethth/i? ? noeioethth/i? ooieoe?? iiaeaoe?a ia a?aei?io
a?ae ?nioth/i? nenoaie, ui aeeiio? ia?aaaaeii eeoa o?neaeueio ooieoe?th.

Aeniiaee ? i?iiiceoe??

1)Aiae?c i?e/ei ? iniaeeainoae ?icaeoeo ?ioeyoe?eiiai i?ioeano aea?
ciiao aeae?eeoe ianooii? aca?iiiia’ycai? /eiieee ?ioeyoe?? a Oe?a?i?:

· iiiiiie?ci aai iiiiiieueia iiaaae?iea a?eueoino? aeiiii?/ieo
noa’?eo?a;

· aeii?ioaaiiy aeo?aoiiai niiniao oi?ioaaiiy oe?ie;

· cieaeaiiy ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa;

· cia/iee ?ici?? aeao?oeeoo caaaeaiiai aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo, ui
iie?eaaany aai ai?n?eiei oeyoii, aai ca ?aooiie c?inoaiiy aea?aeaaiiai
ai?ao, aai oeyoii nei?i/aiiy nioe?aeueieo aeo?ao aea?aeaae;

· ca?eueoaiiy noaaie a?aenioe?a ii aioo??oi?o oa ciai?oi?o aea?aeaaieo
iiceeao ? aeo?ao ia ianeoaiaoaaiiy aea?aeaaiiai ai?ao a no?oeoo?? aeo?ao
aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo;

· iaaei??ia ? ia??aiii??ia iiaeaoeiaa iaaaioaaeaiiy ia aeiiii?eo.

2)Aea?aeaaia ?aaoethaaiiy oe?i ?aae?co?oueny o oi?iao:

· aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai (i?yiiai) ?aaoethaaiiy;

· iiina?aaeeiaaiiai (iai?yiiai) ?aaoethaaiiy.

Eiaeia c aeuaiaaaaeaieo oi?i ia?aaeaa/a? aeei?enoaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo
?aaoethth/eo iaoiae?a.

3) Iaeiaeia? iaoiaee aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy oe?i a ??cieo ?eieiaeo
iiaeaeyo i?aoeththoue ii-??ciiio. Oiio aea?? aea?aeaaith aoaeoeaieo
iaoiae?a oe?iiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy aecia/aeueiith i??ith caeaaeeoue a?ae
no/anii? ?eieiai? iiaeae?.

4) Nenoaia aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai oe?iiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy /an?a N?N?, iii?e
an? ?? iaaeie?ee, caaacia/oaaea a?aeiinii noaa?eueiee ??aaiue oe?i ia
i?ioyc? aaaaoueio aeanyoee?oue. E?eca ia niiaeea/iio ?eieo ia ii/aoeo
90-o ?ie?a iaoiiaeea a?aeiiao a?ae iiaeaeueoiai aeei?enoaiiy oe??? oi?ie
aea?aeaaiiai oe?iiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy.

5) Ioe?iea iaoiae?a aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy oe?i, ui
aeei?enoiaothoueny a Oe?a?i?, aeicaiey? c?iaeoe ianooii? caoaaaeaiiy:

a)aeei?enoaiiy iaoiae?a e?aaeeoii-a?ioiai? iie?oeee, ui ia?aaeaa/aee
iaiaaeaiiy oaii?a a?ioiai? ai?n??, i?aeo?eieo aaethoiiai eo?no
iaoe?iiaeueii? a?ioiai? iaeeieoe?, iinooiiaa cieaeaiiy iae?eiai? noaaee,
?icaeoie ?eieo aea?aeaaieo ai?aiaeo ciaia’ycaiue, iii?e an? ?o
iaaeie?ee, noaei aecia/aeueiei oaeoi?ii cieaeaiiy oaii?a ?ioeyoe?? ia
i?ioyc? 1995 — 1997 ?ie?a;

a)cia/ia nei?i/aiiy athaeaeaoiiai aeao?oeeoo o 1995 — 1996 ?ieao noaei
ianooiiei aioe?ioeyoe?eiei iaoiaeii aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy oe?i. Eiai
?aae?caoe?y a?aeaoaaeany ca ?aooiie iaaei??iiai iiaeaoeiaiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy ia aeiiii?/ieo noa’?eo?a, na?aeiii? cao?eiee nioe?aeueieo
aeieao ianaeaiith, iaiaaeaiiy athaeaeaoieo aeioaoe?e i?aei?e?inoaai,
c?inoaiiy ciai?oiueiai e aioo??oiueiai aea?aeaaiiai ai?ao. I?ioa o 1997
?ioe? athaeaeaoiee aeao?oeeo cia/ii c??n, ui iiynith?oueny no?eeith
oaiaeaioe??th aei cieaeaiiy ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa oa a?aeiia?aeiei
iaiaaeaiiyi aace iiiaeaoeoaaiiy, noaa?eueiei c?inoaiiyi aeo?ao ia
ianeoaiaoaaiiy aea?aeaaiiai ai?ao, ui ? iane?aeeii c?inoaiiy eiai
noeoiiiai ?ici??o.

6) Ona?aeiiethth/e no?aoaa?/iee oeyo Oe?a?ie aei eiieo?aioii? ?eieiai?
iiaeae?, ui ia?aaeaa/a? aeii?ioaaiiy iai?yieo iaoiae?a ?aaoethaaiiy,
aaeoi? ?aoi?ioaaiiy iaoai?cio oe?iiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy ia? aooe
ni?yiiaaiee a iai?yieo aeei?enoaiiy iiina?aaeeiaaieo iaoiae?a
aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy oe?i, ui ia?aaeaa/athoue iaiaaeaiiy
iiiiiieueii? iiaaae?iee i?aei?e?inoa ? noai?aiiy aeey ieo eiieo?aioieo
oiia, noeioethaaiiy ieaoini?iiiaeiiai iiieoo ca ?aooiie c?inoaiiy
aeioiae?a ianaeaiiy, cai?iaaaeaeaiiy nenoaie noeioethth/iai
iiiaeaoeoaaiiy oa canoinoaaiiy ?ioeo iiina?aaeeiaaieo iaoiae?a aieeao ia
i?ioean oe?iiooai?aiiy.

7) Iiaeie aeaiaioaie iaoai?cio aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy oe?i, ui
i?iiiiothoueny, ?:

· oi?ioaaiiy caaeainiaaiiai aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo ca ?aooiie
noeioethaaiiy a?o/eciyiiai oiaa?iiai ae?iaieoeoaa ? a?aeiia?aeiiai
?icoe?aiiy aace iiiaeaoeoaaiiy;

· iiaeaoeiaa ?aoi?ia, ui ia?aaeaa/a? aaaaeaiiy o?ueio i?yieo iiaeaoe?a
oa aoaeue — yeo e?euee?noue iai?yieo, noeoiia ieoiia aaaa yeeo ia
iiaeiia ia?aaeuoaaoe 10% iiaeaoeiaeo iaaeoiaeaeaiue. I?yi? iiaeaoee:

a)i?ia?aneaiee iiaeioiaeiee iiaeaoie c o?ce/ieo in?a, noaaea yeiai
eieeaa?oueny a iaaeao a?ae 0% aei 40% a caeaaeiino? a?ae ??aiy
na?aaeiuei? ca?ia?oii? ieaoe a e?a?i?;

a)i?ia?aneaiee iiaeaoie ia oiiae ca?ia?oii? ieaoe i?aei?e?inoaa, noaaea
yeiai iia’ycaia c na?aaei?i ??aiai ca?ia?oii? ieaoe i?aoe?aiee?a
i?aei?e?inoaa ? eieeaa?oueny a iaaeao a?ae 18% aei 30%;

a)iiaeaoie ia aeiaeaio aa?o?noue, ca aeiiiiiaith yeiai a?aeaoaa?oueny
i?ia?aneaia iiiaeaoeoaaiiy i?eaooeo ye neeaaeiai? aeiaeaii? aa?oino?.
Aacith ia/eneaiiy aeaiiai iiaeaoeo ? aeiaeaia aa?o?noue o eeane/iiio
cia/aii? oeueiai oa?i?io, oiaoi ?aae?caoe?ei? iaaeoiaeaeaiiy
i?aei?e?inoaa ca i?ionii i?yieo iaoa??aeueieo aeo?ao. Noaaea iiaeaoeo
eieeaa?oueny a iaaeao a?ae 25% aei 44%.

8) I?aeoe/ia aeeiiaiiy aeaieo i?iiiceoe?e aeanoue ciiao:

· aeinyaoe ??aiii??iiai iiaeaoeiaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy a ??cieo naeoi?ao
aeiiii?ee;

· noeioethaaoe i?ioean eai?oaeiooai?aiiy ia oii? cieaeaiiy iiaeaoeiaiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy a aaeocyo iaoa??aeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa;

· i?aeaeueoe /anoeo “/enoi?” ca?ia?oii? ieaoe a oe?iia?e no?oeoo??
oiaa??a ? iineoa;

· noeioethaaoe noeoiiee ieaoini?iiiaeiee iiieo, ca ?aooiie /iai

· noai?eoe ia?aaeoiiae aeey c?inoaiiy ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa ?
caaeainoaaiiy aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo — iaeiiai c aecia/aeueieo oaeoi??a
?ioeyoe?? a Oe?a?i?.

Ia?ae?e iioae?eiaaieo ?ia?o ii oai? aeena?oaoe??

1. Aeaaeeeo Ae.I. Aieea a?ioiai — e?aaeeoii? iie?oeee aea?aeaae ia
i?ioean noaa?e?caoe?? oe?i a Oe?a?i?//Ca??iee noaoae iieiaeeo o/aieo. —
Ee?a: Iaoeiai — aeine?aeiee aeiiii?/iee ?inoeooo I?i?noa?noaa aeiiii?ee
Oe?a?ie. — 1997. — aei. ? 3. — n.54 — 60.

2. Aeaaeeeo Ae.I. Aieea iiaeaoeiai? iie?oeee aea?aeaae ia aaniethoiee
??aaiue athaeaeaoieo iaaeoiaeaeaiue//Ca??iee noaoae iieiaeeo o/aieo. —
Ee?a: Iaoeiai — aeine?aeiee aeiiii?/iee ?inoeooo I?i?noa?noaa aeiiii?ee
Oe?a?ie. — 1997. — aei. ? 4. — n.23 — 28.

3. Aeaaeeeo Ae.I. Athaeaeaoiee aeao?oeeo ye aecia/aeueiee /eiiee
?ioeyoe?? a 1998 ?ioe?//Ca??iee noaoae iieiaeeo a/aieo. — Ee?a: Iaoeiai
— aeine?aeiee aeiiii?/iee ?inoeooo I?i?noa?noaa aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie. —
1998. — aei. ? 5. — n.78 — 84.

4. Aeaaeeeo Ae.I. sseith ia? aooe iiaeaoeiaa nenoaia a
Oe?a?i?//?aa?iiaeuei? ia?niaeoeae. — 1998. — ? 1(2). — n.20 — 24.

5. Aeaaeeeo Ae.I. Athaeaeaoiee aeao?oeeo ye oaeoi? ?ioeyoe??//Aeiiii?ea
Oe?a?ie. — 1998. — ? 11. — n.37 — 41.

6. Aeaaeeeo Ae.I. Eioeyoeey e aaiee: acaeiiia aeeyiea//Aecian — Eioi?i.
— 1998. — ? 1. — n.60 — 62.

7. Aeaaeeeo Ae.I. Aeiieie?othuea iaoiaeu oeaiiia?aciaaiey a
Oe?aeia//Aecian — Eioi?i. — 1998. — ? 7. — n.67 — 69.

8. Aeaaeeeo Ae.I. Ii?aaeaeythuea oaeoi?u eioeyoeee a 1998 aiaeo//Aecian
— Eioi?i. — 1998. — ? 10. — n.73 — 75.

9. Aeaaeeeo Ae.I. Aieea aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee aeioiae?a ia ??aaiue
oe?i//Aaie?anueea ni?aaa. — 1998. — ? 1. — n. 12 — 15.

10. Aeaaeeeo Ae.I. Aea?aeaaa ye noa’?eo oe?iiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy
//Aaie?anueea ni?aaa. — 1998. — ? 4. — n. 53 — 59.

11. Aeaaeeeo Ae.I. Iaoe?iiaeueiee aaie Oe?a?ie ye noa’?eo oe?iiaiai
?aaoethaaiiy //Aaie?anueea ni?aaa. — 1998. — ? 6. — n. 36 — 37.

12. Aeaaeeeo Ae.I. Aea?aeaaiee ai?a ye oaeoi? ?ioeyoe??//A?niee IAO. —
1998. — ? 7. — n.26 — 28.

13. Aeaaeeeo Ae.I. Iae?eiaa noaaea ? oe?ia e?aaeeoieo ?ano?n?a//A?niee
IAO. — 1998. — ? 8. — n.38-39.

14. Aeaaeeeo Ae.I. ?aoi?ioaaiiy a?o/eciyii? aeiiii?ee: iiceoe?y iieiae?
(iioaoee c eiioa?aioe??)//A?niee IAO. — 1998. — ? 9. — n.44.

15. Aeaaeeeo Ae.I. I??i?eoaoe e?aaeeoii? iie?oeee eiia?oe?eieo
aaie?a//A?niee IAO. — 1998. — ? 10. — n.39 — 41.

16. Aeaaeeeo Ae.I. I?aeaaie?anueeee ?eiie e?aaeeoieo ?ano?n?a: aeeiai?ea
oa iniiai? oaiaeaioe??//A?niee IAO. — 1998. — ? 12. — n.29 — 30.

17. Aeaaeeeo Ae.I. Caeo/ai? eiooe eiia?oe?eieo aaie?a: no?oeoo?a ?
aeeiai?ea c?inoaiiy//A?niee IAO. — 1999. — ? 1. — n.49 — 51.

18. Aeaaeeeo Ae.I. Oe?iiooai?thth/? oaeoi?e ?eieo e?aaeeoieo
?ano?n?a//A?niee IAO. — 1999. — ? 2. n. 35 — 38.

19. Aeaaeeeo Ae.I. Oe?iiaa no?oeoo?a aaie?anueeeo iineoa ? e?aaeeoieo
?ano?n?a a Oe?a?i?//A?niee IAO. — 1999. — ? 3. — n.50 — 51.

20. Aeaaeeeo Ae.I. A?ioia? aeioiaee ianaeaiiy ye oaeoi? ?eieo e?aaeeoieo
?ano?n?a//A?niee IAO. — 1999. — ? 4. — n.17-19.

Aiioaoe?y

Aeaaeeeo Ae.I. Oi?ie ? iaoiaee aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy oe?i. —
?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
aeiiii?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.02.03 — i?aai?caoe?y oi?aae?iiy,
ieaioaaiiy ? ?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?eith. Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee aeiiii?/iee
?inoeooo I?i?noa?noaa aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie. Ee?a, 1998.

?iaioa i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi iaoiaeeee aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
i?ioeanii oe?iiooai?aiiy a Oe?a?i?.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ciaeoee a?aeia?aaeaiiy a
i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yo ii aeei?enoaiith ie?aieo aeaiaio?a iaoai?cio
aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy oe?i, ui eaaeaoue o ieiuei?
iiaeaoeiai-athaeaeaoii? iie?oeee aea?aeaae.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: oe?iiooai?aiiy, ?ioeyoe?y, aea?aeaaia ?aaoethaaiiy
oe?i, iiiaeaoeoaaiiy.

Aiiioaoeey

Aeaaeeeo Ae.I. Oi?iu e iaoiaeu ainoaea?noaaiiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey
oeai. — ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.02.03 — i?aaiecaoeey
oi?aaeaiey, ieaie?iaaiey e ?aaoee?iaaiey yeiiiieeie.
Iao/ii-enneaaeiaaoaeueneee yeiiiie/aneee einoeooo Ieienoa?noaa yeiiiieee
Oe?aeiu. Eeaa, 1999.

A ?aaioa ?anniao?eaathony aeaa oi?iu aiciiaeiiai aeeyiey ia
oeaiiaoth aeeiaieeo, a eiaiii ?uii/iay naii?aaoeyoeey e noauaeoeaiia
?aaoee?iaaiea oeai, inouanoaeyaiia a aeaea eae oeaeaiai?aaeaiiuo ia? ni
noi?iiu ainoaea?noaaiiuo i?aaiia, oae e noeoeeiuo aeaenoaee ioaeaeueiuo
i?aaenoaaeoaeae caeiiiaeaoaeueiie e eniieieoaeueiie aeanoe, iai?aaeaiiuo
ia caueoo eioa?ania ioaeaeueiuo nioeeaeueiuo a?oii eee io?aneae
yeiiiieee.

Ainoaea?noaaiiia ?aaoee?iaaiea oeai ?aaeecoaony a oi?iao
aaeieieno?aoeaiiai (i?yiiai) ?aaoee?iaaiey iooai aee?aeoeaiiai
oeaiiia?aciaaiey eeai aeanoeiai ii?ie?iaaiey ioaeaeueiuo yeaiaioia a
?aieao oeaiiaie no?oeoo?u: iaoa?eaeueiuo cao?ao, ca?ieaou, i?eauee,
?aioaaaeueiinoe; iiin?aaeiaaiiiai (einaaiiiai) ?aaoee?iaaiey /a?ac
aeeyiea ia ni?in e i?aaeeiaeaiea. Eaaeaeay ec auoaiacaaiiuo oi?i
iia?e?oao ii?aaeaeaiiuie ?aaoee?othueie iaoiaeaie.

A ?aaioa ii?aaeaeai ia?a/aiue iaoiaeia, yooaeoeaiuo aeey
eniieueciaaiey a ia?aoiaeiie e ?uieo iiaeaee yeiiiieee, n o/aoii
aeiieie?iaaiey iiiiiieueiiai iiaaaeaiey aieueoeinoaa yeiiiie/aneeo
noauaeoia, e iayooaeoeaiinoue eniieueciaaiey ae?oaeo ?aaoee?othueo
iaoiaeia eae i?eaiaeyueo e iaaaoeaiui eiia/iui ?acoeueoaoai a oneiaeyo
aeaiiie iiaeaee.

Aeiieie?othuay a nia?aiaiiie Oe?aeia oi?ia oeaiiaiai ?aaoee?iaaiey
oa?aeoa?ecoaony ionoonoaeai oeaeaiai?aaeaiiiai e acaaoaiiiai iaoaiecia
ainoaea?noaaiiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey oeai e iaee/eai ioaeaeueiuo
iaoii?yaei/aiiuo e i?ioeai?a/eauo ia?, iai?aaeaiiuo ia aeinoeaeaiea
ii?aaeaeaiiuo ?acoeueoaoia iiae aicaeaenoaeai caeioa?aniaaiiuo
nioeeaeueiuo a?oii: eneonnoaaiiiai ia?aie/aiey aeioiaeia e
ieaoaaeaniiniaiiai ni?ina ianaeaiey, i?ioaeoeeiiecia ii ioiioaieth e
ioa/anoaaiiui iiiiiieeyi, ia?aie/aiey aiaoiae oi?aiaee, eiaae?iaaiey
eioa?ania ioaeaeueiuo yeiiiie/aneeo noauaeoia.

Aiaeec ?ani?ino?aiaiiuo a Oe?aeia ?aaoee?othueo iaoiaeia aeaao
iniiaaiey ooaa?aeaeaoue, /oi aaeoi? ?aoi?ie?iaaiey nouanoaothuaai
iaoaiecia oeaiiaiai ?aaoee?iaaiey aeieaeai auoue iai?aaeai a noi?iio
eniieueciaaiey iaoiaeia iiin?aaeiaaiiie oi?iu ainoaea?noaaiiiai
?aaoee?iaaiey oeai, eioi?ay i?aaeiieaaaao, a /anoiinoe, ia?aie/aiea
iiiiiieueiiai iiaaaeaiey i?aaei?eyoee e nicaeaiea aeey ieo eiieo?aioiuo
oneiaee oicyenoaiaaiey, noeioee?iaaiea ieaoaaeaniiniaiiai ni?ina ca n/ao
?inoa aeioiaeia ianaeaiey, aiaae?aiea nenoaiu noeioee?othuaai
iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey, a oaeaea eniieueciaaiea ae?oaeo iiin?aaeiaaiiuo
iaoiaeia aeeyiey ia i?ioeann oeaiiia?aciaaiey.

N?aaee ii?aaeaeythueo oaeoi?ia eioeyoeee a Oe?aeia ia i?ioyaeaiee
iineaaeieo eao iaeio ec aaaeoueo iiceoeee caieiaao aeaoeoeeo
ainoaea?noaaiiiai athaeaeaoa, eioi?ue iie?uaaeny ca n/ao
aeiiieieoaeueiie aeaiaaeiie yiennee eeai iooai ?inoa iauaia aioo?aiieo e
aiaoieo caeiia, a oaeaea ca n/ao nie?auaiey nioeeaeueiuo e ae?oaeo
no?aoaae/anee aaaeiuo aeey ainoaea?noaa ?anoiaeia (iaoea, ia?aciaaiea,
cae?aaiio?aiaiea).

Eiioeaioeey noaaeeecaoeee oeaiiaie aeeiaieee, noi?ioee?iaaiiay a
?aaioa, i?aaeiieaaaao eniieueciaaiea iaoiaeia iaeiaiai-athaeaeaoiiai
?aaoee?iaaiey e ninoieo a oiaiueoaiee iaeiaiaie iaa?ocee ia ca?aaioioth
ieaoo e aa au?aaieaaiee iaaeaeo ioaeaeueiuie naeoi?aie yeiiiieee,
nioeeaeueii iacaueuaiiuie e iaania/aiiuie neiyie ianaeaiey,
noeioee?iaaiee niaieoiiiai ieaoaaeaniiniaiiai ni?ina, aeinoeaeaiee
athaeaeaoiie naaeaine?iaaiiinoe ca n/ao noeioee?iaaiey ioa/anoaaiiiai
oiaa?iiai i?iecaiaenoaa.

A aeenna?oaoeee ?ac?aaioaiu iniiaiua yeaiaiou nenoaiu
?aaoee?othuaai e noeioee?othuaai iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey e iaoiaeeea ?an/aoa
iniiaiuo iaeiaia.

Ai?iaaoeey ?acoeueoaoia eniieueciaaiey i?aaeeiaeaiiie iaoiaeeee
?an/aoa iniiaiuo iaeiaia auea i?iaaaeaia ia oaaeiii i?aaei?eyoee e a
aaieianeii o/?aaeaeaiee. Auai? eiaiii yoeo i?aaei?eyoee aue iaoneiaeai
oai, /oi eaaeay i?iiuoeaiiinoue (i?aaenoaaeoaeai eioi?ie yaeyaony
oaaeiia i?aaei?eyoea) yaeyaony iaeiie ec iaeaieaa aeai?anneaiuo io?aneae
yeiiiieee Oe?aeiu. Aaieianeee aea naeoi? yaeyaony iaeiei ec iaiiiaeo
ioiineoaeueii noaaeeueiuo naeoi?ia yeiiiieee, /oi iaoneiaeaii, a ia?aoth
i/a?aaeue, ionoonoaeai ?ac?ooeoaeueiiai aeeyiey ia iaai iaeiaa ia
aeiaaaeaiioth noieiinoue a aai iuiaoiai aeaea.

I?iaaaeaiiue a ?aaioa aiaeec i?aeoe/aneeo ?acoeueoaoia
eniieueciaaiey i?aaeeiaeaiiuo iaoiaeia iiin?aaeiaaiiiai aeeyiey ia
i?ioeann oeaiiia?aciaaiey aeaao iniiaaiey ooaa?aeaeaoue, /oi eo
aiaae?aiea aeieaeii iaania/eoue ?ano?oeoo?ecaoeeth yeaiaioia oeaiiaie
no?oeoo?u, nieaeaiea iaeiaiaie iaa?ocee ia ca?aaioioth ieaoo, iiauoaiea
oaeaeueiiai aana “/enoie” ca?aaioiie ieaou a oeaiiaie no?oeoo?a, ?ino
niaieoiiiai ieaoaaeaniiniaiiai ni?ina, noeioee?iaaiea i?ioeanna
eaieoaeiia?aciaaiey i?aaei?eyoee noa?u iaoa?eaeueiiai i?iecaiaenoaa, /oi
a niaieoiiinoe nicaeaao iaiaoiaeeiua i?aaeiinueee aeey yeiiiie/aneiai
?inoa e aeinoeaeaiey naaeaine?iaaiiinoe ainoaea?noaaiiiai athaeaeaoa.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oeaiiia?aciaaiea, eioeyoeey, ainoaea?noaaiiia
?aaoee?iaaiea oeai, iaeiaiiaeiaeaiea.

Annotation

Gladkikh D.M. Forms and Methods of the State Price Regulation. —
Manuscript. Candidate of Economic Science Dissertation on the speciality
08.02.03 — organisation of management, planning and regulation of the
economy. Scientific-Research Economic Institute of the Ministry of the
Economy of Ukraine. Kyiv, 1999.

The paper considers methodological aspects of the state price
regulation in Ukraine. The main results of the paper are reflected in
practical recommendations for applying some elements of the state price
regulation mechanism in the sphere of the fiscal and budgetary policy of
the state.

Keywords: price formation (determination), state price regulation,
inflation, taxation.

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