Формально-семантичні особливості композитів VN-структури у сучасній італійській мові: Автореф. дис… канд. філол. наук / Д.В. Харчіладзе, Київ. ун-т

16

Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

OA?*?EAAeCA AeA??ss AIEIAeEIE??AIA

OAeE 805.0-3

OI?IAEUeII-NAIAIOE*I? INIAEEAINO? EIIIICEO?A VN-NO?OEOO?E O NO*ANI?E
?OAE?ENUeE?E IIA?

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 10.02.05 — ?iiainuee? iiae

AAOI?AOA?AO

Aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiienii

?iaioo aeeiiaii ia eaoaae?? caaaeueiiai iiaiciaanoaa oa eeane/ii?
o?eieia?? Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? I?e?o?ia
Oaii?eea Ieaen??aia, Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea,
i?ioani? eaoaae?e caaaeueiiai iiaiciaanoaa oa eeane/ii? o?eieia??.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe — aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aiae??aa Ia??y
Iaenei?aia,

Ee?anueeee aea?aeaaiee e?iaa?noe/iee oi?aa?neoao, i?ioani? eaoaae?e
o?aioeocueei? o?eieia??.

Eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio AEaeae Aaneeue sseiae/, aeioeaio
Oeaio?o iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue ? aeeeaaeaiiy ?iicaiieo iia IAI Oe?a?ie.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? ?aaia
O?aiea.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «27» o?aaiy 1999 ?ieo i 12.00 ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.001.11 o Ee?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao?
?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (i.Ee?a, aoeueaa? Oaa/aiea, 14, aoae.55).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a Iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (i.Ee?a, aoe.Aieiaeeie?nueea, 58,
e.10).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «22» aa?aciy 1999 ?ieo

O/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?aaee ae.o?eie.i, aeioeaio A.Ae.A?eiaa

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Eiiiiceoe ye iniaeeaee oei e?iaa?noe/iiai ciaea i?aaenoaaeai? o
eaene/ieo nenoaiao oeiieia?/ii ??cieo iia, ui ? aeyaii ae?? caeiio
naiaioe/ii? eiii?an?? neioaene/ieo iaeeieoeue. Oea aeicaiey? ?icaeyaeaoe
?iaiia neiaineeaaeaiiy ye iaeio c iiaieo oi?aa?nae?e, ui a?aecia/a?oueny
a /eneaiieo i?aoeyo c aea?eaaoieia?? oa iiiianoeee.

E?iaa?noe/i? o?aaeeoe?? iieno neeaaeieo ne?a aoei caeeaaeaii ua
a?aiaoeeith Iai?i?, a ye?e i?aaenoaaeaia ia?oa eeaneo?eaoe?y eiiiiceo?a
o naine?eo?, ui iineoaeeea iniiaith aea?eaaoieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue
??cieo iia ? aein? ia ao?aoeea nai?? aeooaeueiino?. Eiiiiceoia eaeneea
aoea i?aaeiaoii ? ia?eoii oai?aoe/ieo ? i?eeeaaeieo aeine?aeaeaiue o
caaaeuei?e ? /anoeia?e e?iaa?noeoe?. Oey ae?eyiea neiaioai?aiiy oa
iiiianoeee ?icaoaeiaoaaeany i?aoeyie a?aeiieo e?iaa?no?a — sseia? A.,
Eaiaiia A., I?eueei??i? A., A?eaoeueeiai A.I., Iaoey A., Aaiaai?noa A.,
Ia?/aiaea A., Aea?aeaii I., Iiia E., I?ao? A., ?aioe? E., Oaeaa/e/a I.,
Aeieoe?ea I., A?oothiiai? I.Ae., I?e?o?ii? O. I., Eoa?yeiai? I.N.,
Eiaaeeea ?. ?., Eeeiaiei I. O. oa ?i.

O ??ci? ia??iaee ?icaeoeo e?iaa?noeee neiaioai?aiiy ?icaeyaeaeiny o
oieon? aeooaeueieo ?aeae: ye iaeia c iiaieo oi?aa?nae?e; ye oeiieia?/ia
yaeua iia, cie?aia ?iiainueeeo; ye ??ciiaeae iii?iaoeaii? ae?yeueiino?
ethaeeie; ye aeya ineo?/ii? oa eiai?oeaii? ae?yeueiino? ethaeeie; ye
o?aaiaio ii?iaeaeoth/i? a?aiaoeee; ye eaene/ia ii?oieia?y; ye o?aaiaio
eaene/ii? nenoaie ie?aieo iia (a ae?ao?ii?? oa neio?ii??).

Ieoaiiy iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy eiiiiceo?a caaaeaee noiyei ia?aeaeueii c
ae??oaiiyi eiie?aoieo caaaeaiue ?o iieno — naiaioe/ieo, no?oeoo?ieo,
ineoie?iaa?noe/ieo oiui.

No/ania aea?eaaoieia?y yaey? niaith ?icaoaeiaaio aaaaoianiaeoio oai??th
iieno iioeaiaaii? eaeneee, a oiio /ene? e eiiiiceoii?, aieiae?? oe?ieei
a?naiaeii iaoiaee/ieo i?eeii?a ?? aiae?co. Caaaeath/e ia oa, ui
neiaioa?? ye ie?aia e?iaa?noe/ia oai??y noi?ioaaany ii??aiyii iaaeaaii
(30-40 ?.?. OO no.), ne?ae a?aecia/eoe, ui ? a caaaeuei?e oai???, ? a
aea?eaaoieia?? ie?aieo iia ? a?oi iia ?nio? /eiaei ia ae??oaieo ? ia
aeine?aeaeaieo i?iaeai. Aiie aeieeathoue iinooiiai — ye ?acoeueoao
eiioeaiooaeueiiai, aniaeoiiai ?icaeoeo oai??? neiaioai?o; i?ae aieeaii
caeiaooe?a o noi?aeieo oai??yo — neioaenen?, ii?oieia??, ii?oiiieia??;
ye eiiieaen aeine?aeieoeueeeo caaaeaiue, coiiaeaieo iiaeie iaoiaeaie
aiae?co iiaiiai iaoa??aeo.

No/ani? iaoeia? ia?aaeeaie, cie?aia ii?iaeaeoth/a a?aiaoeea,
?icaeaathoue e?iaa?noe/io oai??th ia nenoaiii-no?oeoo?ieo
iaoiaeieia?/ieo canaaeao, ca?aeii c yeeie iiaa ?icoi??oueny ye iaoai?ci,
ui caaacia/o? nai?ie caniaaie iino?ei? ca’ycee ? ia?aoiaee i?ae ieaiii
ci?noo ? ieaiii ae?aaeaiiy.

Iien iiaieo iaeeieoeue /a?ac i?aaeea ?o ii?iaeaeaiiy aeicaiey?
ia?eoeaoaaoe aeeaeii? naiaioe/i? ?ene iaeeieoeue, ia?aeoe ia ye?nii iia?
i?eioeeie e?iaa?noe/iiai aiae?co, ci?ieoe o?aaeeoe?eiee iiaeyae ia
eaeneeo ye ei?ion ia?aaoey?iiai, iiaeieaoe aioeiii?th a?aiaoeea /
eaeneea, iia’ycaoe iien eaeneee c ?aeayie eiino?othaaiiy iaeeieoeue, ui
ocaiaeaeo?oueny c ?icoi?iiyi iiae ye ae?th/i? nenoaie.

I?aaeiaoii aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aoa eiiieaen i?iaeai, iia’ycaieo c
aaiacenii, no?oeoo?ii-oeiieia?/iith niaoeeo?eith oa iiiian?ieia?/iith
aaiethoe??th iiaeaeae neiaioai?o eiiiiceo?a VN-no?oeoo?e a no/ani?e
?oae?enuee?e iia?. ?iiainuee? iiae a oeueiio ieai? ? oe?eaaei oaiiiaiii
aeey aea?eaaoieia?a, ine?eueee ?o aaiaca c eaoei?, no?oeoo?ia
ia?aaoaeiaa ii?oieia?? ?iai? oa ao?eaooeaieo neioaene/ieo eiino?oeoe?e
aeicaieythoue a?oioiaii aeine?aeeoe no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/i? i?ioeane
neiaioai?o ia iaoa??ae? nii??aeiaieo neiaiee?a.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee eiiiiceoe-VN, ?o neioaene/i? oa??i? aace,
o?ainoi?iaoe?? iii?iae?caoe??, iiiian?ieia?/i? no?oeoo?e, naiaioe/i?,
oi?iaeuei? oa ooieoe?iiaeuei? ?o iniaeeaino? a ?oae?enuee?e iia?.

A aniaeo? cacia/aii? i?iaeaiaoeee oa i?eioeei?a iieno aeeaeiii?
no?oeoo?e e?iaa?noe/ieo iaeeieoeue aoei cae?eniaii aeine?aeaeaiiy
?oae?enueeeo eiiiiceo?a, iioeaiaaieo neioaene/iith no?oeoo?ith V+N, ui
coiiaeth? aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy – noai?aiiy
eiiieaeniiai iieno oi?iaeueii-naiaioe/ieo oa iiiian?ieia?/ieo
iniaeeainoae eiiiiceo?a VN-no?oeoo?e o no/ani?e ?oae?enuee?e iia?. O
ca’yceo c oeei iaiao?aeii aoei ae??oeoe oae? caaaeaiiy:

1) ?icaeyiooe aaiaco ?iaiiiai neiaineeaaeaiiy ?oae?enueei? iiae a
eiioaeno? ?ioeo ?iiainueeeo iia;

2) ?icaeyiooe iiai? oaeoi?e, ye? coiiaeee aaiethoe?th nenoaie ?iaiiiai
neiaineeaaeaiiy a ?iiainueeeo iiaao;

3) aecia/eoe a oe?eiio nenoaio eiiiiceo?a ?oae?enueei? iiae, anoaiiaeoe
i?noea eiiiiceo?a-VN a ?? no?oeoo??;

4) aecia/eoe oei ? no?oeoo?o aaeaeaaoiiai neiaioa??iiai i?aaeea aeey
iieno ii?iaeaeaiiy eiiiiceo?a-VN;

5) aeine?aeeoe iiiian?ieia?/i? oa e?iaa?noe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee
ae??ne?aiiai oa ?iaiiiai eiiiiiaioa eiiiiceo?a-VN aiaei- oa
aecioeaio?e/ii? no?oeoo?e;

6) iienaoe i?aaeeeaoe, ye? aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey ooai?aiiy
eiiiiceo?a-VN aiaei- oa aecioeaio?e/ii? no?oeoo?e;

7) aecia/eoe iiiian?ieia?/i? oeie eiiiiceo?a- VN o no/ani?e ?oae?enuee?e
iia?;

8) aeine?aeeoe ooieoe?iiaeuei? oa neiii?i?/i? a?aeiioaiiy eiiiiceo?a-VN
a eaene/i?e nenoai? no/anii? ?oae?enueei? iiae.

Iaoa??aeii aeine?aeaeaiiy neoaeea caaaeueiee ei?ion eiiiiceo?a
VN-no?oeoo?e, a?ae?a?aieo ?c neiaiee?a N. Aaoaeuey Grande dizionario
della lingua italiana (1961), Lo Zingarelli Vocabolario della lingua
italiana (1996), O. Iaeaoeoe?, Aeae. Oieaia Dizionario della lingua
italiana (1992), yeee iae?/oaaa 1544 iaeeieoe?, noai?ai? ia iniia? 72
ae??ne?aieo aac. C iaoith iioei?caoe?? aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeaaaeaiiy ia
eeoa no?oeoo?ieo, a e e?euee?nieo caeiiii??iinoae eiiiiceo?a iaoa??ae
aoa i?aai?ciaaiee o oaeee niin?a. C oeeo aac aoei a?ae?a?aii 20
iaea?eueo i?iaeoeoeaieo, e?euee?noue eiiiiceo?a c yeeie noaiiaeoue 20 ?
a?eueoa. A?ae?a?ai? 20 ae??ne?aieo aac aeathoue 1047 eiiiiceo?a, ui
noaiiaeoue 66 % a?ae caaaeueiiai ei?iono.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Noi?ioeueiaaiee o aeena?oaoe??
eiiieaen caaaeaiue, ni?yiiaaiee ia ??ciianiaeoia aeine?aeaeaiiy ei?iono
eiiiiceo?a- VN, canoiniaoaai? aeey ?o ae??oaiiy iaoiaee oa aiae?oe/i?
i?ioeaaeo?e na?ae/aoue i?i iaoeiao iiaecio ?iaioe.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy coiiaeth?oueny
i???ioaoe??th ia iia? iaoeia? ia?aaeeaie e?iaa?noeee, cie?aia ia
o?ainoi?iaoe?ei? a?aiaoeee, ye? ua o?eueee ii/eiathoue canoiniaoaaoeny
aeey iieno neiaioa??iiai iaoai?cio iia. Oia?oa i?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy
noaee naiaioe/ia niaoeeo?eaoe?y ae??ne?a oa ?iaiiee?a, aeei?enoiaoaaieo
o oa??i?e aac? eiiiiceo?a, a oaeiae oei?caoe?y i?aaeeeao?a, oa?aeoa?ieo
aeey oeeo iaeeieoeue a ?oae?enuee?e iia?. Cae?eniaiee iien eiiiiceo?a o
oa?i?iao iiiian?ieia?? ocaiaeaeo?oueny c iaa?no?aeueieie oai?aoe/ieie
caaaeaiiyie a oea?ei? neiaineeaaeaiiy. ??ciianiaeoi? eeaneo?eaoe??
eiiiiceo?a-VN aeicaieeee anoaiiaeoe, yeiai oeio eaeneea aaiaeeoueny a
?oae?enueeee neiaiee ia iniia? o?ainoi?iaoe?? iii?iae?caoe??, yeeie
ooieoe?iiaeueieie ? naiaioe/ieie iniaeeainoyie aiia oa?aeoa?eco?oueny,
yeeo ci?i caciaea a i?ioean? aaiethoe?? ?oae?enueei? iiae.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iiaycaia c i?eeeaaeieie caaaeaiiyie
nenoaiaoecaoe?? eaene/iiai oiiaeo, aeey aeeiiaiiy yeeo aeine?aeaeaii
??ciiiai?oi? ia?aiao?e eiiiiceo?a-VN – iiiian?ieia?/i?, no?oeoo?i?,
naiaioe/i?, ooieoe?iiaeuei?. Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe iiaeia
aeei?enoiaoaaoe oaeiae o aeeaeaeoe/i?e i?aeoeoe?.

I?iaaaeaia eiiieaenia aeine?aeaeaiiy eiiiiceo?a-VN a ?oae?enuee?e iia?
aeicaiey? aeianoe ia caoeno oae? iieiaeaiiy:

1. ?iaii? eiiiiceoe a ?iiainueeeo iiaao ? caeiiii??iei ?acoeueoaoii
aaiethoe?? nenoaie neiaioai?o eaoeinueei? iiae.

2. ?oae?enuee? eiiiiceoe aeaiiino?othoue ?iiainuee? oi?aa?nae??: a)
oaiaeaioe?th aei iii?iae?caoe??; a) neiaiii?yaeie o aeo?aei?e
neioaene/i?e aac?; a) i?aaeea ioi?ieaiiy ?iai?.

3. Neeaaei? neiaa iathoue naith ii?oieia?th, yea ? noeoii?noth
neiaioa??ieo i?aaee aeaaaeaiiy iae?i?eieo no?oeoo?. Iien i?ioeano
ii?iaeaeaiiy eiiiiceo?a /a?ac i?aaeei aaaea aei a?aee?eooy aeeaeiii?
no?oeoo?e neiaa, a oaeiae aei a?aee?eooy eaene/ii? ii?oieia??.

4. Neiaioa??ia i?aaeei ii?iaeaeaiiy eiiiiceoieo iii?iaoe?e aeeth/a?
iiiian?ieia?/iee ? e?iaa?noe/iee iiaeoe?, na?aae yeeo i??i?eoaoiei ?
iiiian?ieia?/iee.

5. Oi?aa?aaoe?y oa??ii? neioaene/ii? aace a?aeaoaa?oueny ia iniia?
iiiian?ieia?/iiai caieoo oa i?aaee aeaaaeaiiy iiiian?ieia?/ii? no?oeoo?e
eiiiiceoa-VN, a ye?e ?ieue iiiian?ieia?/iiai aaceno aeeiio? ae??neiai
(V), iiiian?ieia?/ii? iciaee – ?iaiiee (N), oeiiaei i?aaeeeaoii ?
i?aaeeeao-aeane?eioe?y.

6. Iii?iaoeai? i?ioeane aecia/athoueny aioo??oiueith oi?iith eiiiiceoa,
yea ia? ??ciee oa?aeoa? oiioeaiaaiino? aeo?aeiith neioaene/iith aacith,
ui iicia/a?oueny ia naiaioe/i?e no?oeoo?? iaeeieoeue, i?aai?ciaaieo ye
aiaeioeaio?e/i? aai aecioeaio?e/i? eiino?oeoe??.

7. Ia?aeaeueii c oeiieia?/ieie ?iiainueeeie ?enaie — neiaiii?yaeeii
eiiiiiaio?a o aeo?aei?e aac? ? eiiiiceo?, i?aaeeaie ioi?ieaiiy ?iai? —
?oae?enuee? eiiiiceoe-VN aeaiiino?othoue naiaioe/io ? oi?iaeueio
niaoeeo?eaoe?th, coiiaeaio a?aeai?ii eaene/ieo aac V oa N oa i?aaeeaie
o?ainoi?iaoe?? oeeo aac o eiiiiceo.

8. Eiiiiceoe VN-no?oeoo?e a i?ioean? aaiethoe?? ci?ieee naith
iiiian?ieia?/io aeii?iaioo — iaceaaiiy i??caeu / i??caenuee oa ethaeae c
iaaaoeaiith eiiioaoe??th — ? a OO no. ia oii? iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai
i?ia?ano noaee oeiiaith iiaeaeeth aeey oa?i?i?a ? i?ioan?iiae?ci?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa iaaiai?thaaeany ia can?aeaii? eaoaae?e
caaaeueiiai iiaiciaanoaa oa eeane/ii? o?eieia?? o?eieia?/iiai
oaeoeueoaoo Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea. Iniiai?
iieiaeaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeeaaeaii a
aeiiia?aeyo ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo ? nai?ia?ao:

1. I?aeia?iaeia iaoeiaa eiioa?aioe?y iaiyo? i?ioani?a A.I.A?eaoeueeiai
(1911-1995) “Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy no/anii? o?eieia??”. — E., 1996; oaia –
«Aeooaeuei?noue iiaeae? “ ae??neiai + ?iaiiee ” o no/anieo ?oae?enueeeo
eiiiiceoao» // Oace aeiiia?aeae.

2. E?iaa?noe/iee nai?ia? Oei?aio?enueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. – Oei?aioe?y,
1997. «Composti nominali con elemento verbale nell’ italiano di oggi» .

C oaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii aea? noaoo? ? a?ioo?o. ?o ia?ae?e
iiaea?oueny a e?ioe? ?aoa?aoo.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae.

Ianya aeena?oaoe?? a noi??ieao – 150 n.

Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae neeaaea?oueny ?c 162 iaeiaioaaiue.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue ia?aii? oaie, aecia/athoueny
iaoa, caaaeaiiy, iaoiaeieia?/i? oa iaoiaee/i? canaaee aeine?aeaeaiiy,
?icaeyaeathoueny iaoeiaa iiaecia, oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy
iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a, aeaea?aeueia aaca aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

O 1-io ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? «Oa?aeoa?enoeea nenoaie ?iaiiiai
neiaineeaaeaiiy a eaoeinuee?e ? ?iiainueeeo iiaao» ?icaeyaeathoueny
ieoaiiy aaiaceno ? noaiiaeaiiy nenoaie ?iaiiiai neiaineeaaeaiiy
?iiainueeeo iia, ui ? iaiao?aeiei iaoiaeieia?/iei ? e?iaa?noe/iei
i?aea?oioyi aeine?aeaeaiiy ?oae?enueeeo eiiiiceo?a-VN.

?iaiia neiaineeaaeaiiy ? i?aai?/iith neeaaeiaith /anoeiith neiaioai?/eo
i?aenenoai iia ia??ai? c ao?enaoe??th, ui aeiaaaeaii /eneaiieie
aeine?aeaeaiiyie a aaeoc? ?iaei?a?iiaenueeeo iia. Cae/aeii, ieoiia aaaa
oeueiai niiniao neiaioai?o iaioa ii??aiyii c ao?enaeueieie, aea o ??cieo
iiaao, o ??ci? ia??iaee oa oiiae ?o ?icaeoeo oey i?iii?oe?y iiaea
ci?ithaaoeny. Oae, a?aeiii, ui eaoeinueea iiaa ii??aiyii c a?aoeueeith,
naine?eoii oa aa?iainueeeie iiaaie aeyaeyea a?eueoo noeeuei?noue aei
ao?enaeueii? aea?eaaoe??. Oea aoei aeiaaaeaii, cie?aia, noaoenoe/iei
aiae?cii eiiiiceo?a, c?iaeaiei A. I?eeiea ia aac? aeai?ie c i?iciaeo
oai??a eaoeinueei?, o?aioeocueei?, aiae?enueei?, o?inueei?,
aeaaiueia?aoeueei?, oaaaenueei?, i?iaoeueei? oa aeaaiuei?iae?enueei?
iia. Eaoeinueea iiaa ia oeueiio oii? ca ?ai?acaioaoeai?noth eiiiiceo?a
caeia? inoaii? i?noea, iaeiae I?eeiea a?aecia/a? iii?oia c?inoaiiy
eiiiiceo?a o i?ci?e eaoei? ii??aiyii c eeane/iith. Niinoa?aaeaiiy
aeine?aeiee?a eaoeinueei? iiae (?.Ii?aa, I.Aa??ii,) aeiaaee, ui a nai?e
iiai?e nenoai? ia ?nioaaei i?yeeo iaiaaeaiue uiaei i?iaeoeoaaiiy
eiiiiceo?a, i?e/eio iaiiioey?iino? oeueiai oeio ne?a ne?ae ooeaoe a
aeayeeo no?oeoo?ieo oa noee?noe/ieo oaeoi?ao ooieoe?iioaaiiy eaoeinueei?
iiae, cie?aia a iayaiino? a aeaaiueieaoeinuee?e iia? neieiie oa
aieaeueii? neaaeino?, ui iiaei no?eioaaoe aeei?enoaiiy aeaai?o oi?iaio?a
o oai?aii? eiiiiceo?a, a oaeiae o e?oa?aoo?iiio io?eci? eeane/ii? eaoeie
oa i?ci?oiio, i?ae o a?aoeuee?e iia?, ?icaeoeo iiac??, yea ia aeoieo
aeine?aeiee?a, ni?ey? aeieeiaiith eiiiiceoii? eaeneee.
Aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiee aiae?c oaeoi?o aieeao iiac?? ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue
eiiiiceo?a o eaoeinuee?e iia?, i?iaaaeaiee ia aac? e?oiieo e?oa?aoo?ieo
oi?i – na?aaeiuei-aeniei? iiac??, iecueei? iiac?? oa i?ice [?.Ii?aa], –
iieacaa, ui aaeeaaiiy eiiiiceo?a o iiac?? oa i?ic? a?ae??ciy?oueny ia
e?euee?nii, a ye?nii, niaeo?ii neiaioa??ieo iiaeaeae. Iecueea
i?iaeoeoeai?noue iiaeaeae ooai?aiiy eiiiiceo?a a eaoeinuee?e iia? ia
icia/aea a?aenooiino? /?oeeo neiaioa??ieo i?aaee aeey ?o i?iaeoeoaaiiy.
Oe? i?aaeea aoiaeyoue o nenoaio iiae ? ? aioo??oi?i ?? /eiieeii, ui
caaacia/o? eiino?oeoeaio iiaeeea?noue oai?aiiy neeaaeieo ne?a.

Eaoeinueea iiaa iaea ?icaaeoaeaio nenoaio ?iaiiiai neiaineeaaeaiiy. Ia
aac? eaoeinueeeo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae iiaeia aeae?eeoe oae? oeie
?iaiieo eiiiiceo?a [?.Ii?aa]:

[ [Y]N/A + [ [X]V + Suf ]N/A ]N/A agricola

[ [Y]N + [ [X]V + a ]N ]N (eiiiiceo c Suf = a) caelicola, fidicina,
Troiugena

[ [Y]N + [ [X]V + o/a ]A ]A (eiiiiceo c Suf = o / a) aestifer,
causidicus, damnificus

[ [Y]N + [ [X]V + ]N ]N (eiiiiceo c Suf = ) artifex, princeps, tibicen

[ [Y]N + [ [X]V + nt ]N ]N (eiiiiceo c Suf = nt) armipotens,
frugiferens, vinipollens

[ [Y]N + [ [X]V + t ]N ]N (eiiiiceo c Suf = t) sacerdos, locuples,
mansues

[ [Y]N + [ [X]V + tor ]N ]N (eiiiiceo c Suf = tor) vitisator, vindemitor

[ [Y]N + [ [X]V + Suf 1]N ]N + Suf 2 ]A fullonius, meretricius, patrius

[ [Y]N + [ [X]V +io ]N ] armilustrium, gelicidium, litigium, sacrificium

[ [Y]A + [ [X]N + io ]N ]N aequinoctium, bipalium, quadrivium

[ [Y]A + [ [X]N ]A ]A albicapillus, falsiparens, omnicolor, primaevus

[ [Y]A + [ [X]N + i ]A ]A albiceris, bilinguis, citiremis, vagipennis

[ [Y]N + [ [X]N ]A ]A auricomus, aeripes, loripes

[ [Y]A + [X]N ]N angiportum, meridies, semihora

[ [Y]A + [X]A ]A mediterraneus, semidoctus

[ [Y]N + [X]N ]N coprificus, trisaeclisenex

— THENOAIICEOE

— A?AOeECIE

Nenoaia ?iaiiiai neiaineeaaeaiiy eaoeinueei? iiae no?oeoo?ii, ia ??ai?
eaoaai??e ne?a o oa??ieo aacao, i?aeoe/ii aac ci?i a?aeia?aaeaia ? a
?iiainueeeo iiaao:

(1) [ ]N + [ ]N [ [ ]N [ ]N ]N ?o. capostazione ‘ia/aeueiee noaioe??’

(2) [ ]N + [ ]A [ [ ]N [ ]A ]N ?o. camposanto ‘eeaaeiaeua’

(3) [ ]A + [ ]N [ [ ]A [ ]N ]N ?o. altopiano ‘aeni/?iue’

(4) [ ]V + [ ]N [ [ ]V [ ]N ]N/A ?o. lavapiatti ‘iaoeia aeey ieeee
iinoaeo’

(5) [ ]V + [ ]V [ [ ]V [ ]V ]N ?o. saliscendi ‘canoa, eeyiea’

(6) [ ]p + [ ]N [ [ ]p [ ]N ]N ?o. senzatetto aacaeiiiee,
aaci?eooeueiee

(7) [ ]A + [ ]A [ [ ]A [ ]A ]A ?o. agrodolce eenei-nieiaeeee

Oa??i? aace aeey eiiiiceo?a a?aecia/athoueny oi?aa?naeueiei oa?aeoa?ii,
ia ui caa?oaee oaaao aeine?aeieee oeiieia?/ii ??cieo nenoai neiaioai?o
(A.Aaiaai?no, ?.Noaaeue, A.Ia?/aiae, I.O.Eeeiaiei oa ?i.). Ii?oieia?/ia
ae ioi?ieaiiy ? neioaene/ia eiiiiceoe?y, a oaeiae naiaioeea neiaioa??ieo
eaoaai??e, ae?aaeaia ?iaiieie eiiiiceoaie, caeaaeaoue a?ae oeiieia?/ieo
? nenoaiieo ?en eiie?aoieo iia.

Ii?oieia?/ia ia?aaoaeiaa ?iiainueeiai ?iai?, ao?aoa iei a?aei?ieiai?
ia?aaeeaie iicia/eeany e ia neiaioai?? eiiiiceo?a, ci?ieea oa?aeoa?
o?ainoi?iaoe?eieo i?aaee, ye? a?aoiaoaaee iiao ii?oieia?th ? nenoaio
neiaioa??ieo oi?iaio?a i?e ii?iaeaeaii? eiiiiceo?a. Neioaene/ia
eiiiiceoe?y ?iiainueeiai neeaaeiiai ?iai? a?aeia?aceea iiaee ii?yaeie
ne?a o ?iiainueeeo iiaao, aea iicia/oth/a ciaoiaeeoueny a iinoiiceoe??
aei iicia/oaaiiai.

Neiaieee ?iiainueeeo iia caa?aaee /anoeio eaoeinueeeo eiiiiceo?a
iniaeeai na?aae oiiii?i?/ieo iaca (o?. Neuville, Neuchtel, ?o. Belmonte,
Belfiore), iaeiae iaa?oue i?ciueieaoeinuee? eiiiiceoe oeio signifer
‘i?aii?iiinaoeue’ ia noaee neiaioa??ieie iiaeaeyie o ?iiainueeeo iiaao
c a?aecia/aieo i?e/ei; aeaye? ae c ieo ao?aoeee iioeaaoe?eio aaco ?
ni?eeiathoueny ye i?ino? neiaa: ii?. eao.iudex c ?ii.: ?o. giudice, o?.
juge, ?ni. juer, ii?o. juiz, ?oi. jude; eao. aurifex c ?ii.: ?o. orefice
(orafo), ii?o. ourives ? iiae.

Aaaeeeaei ? oeiiaei aeey ?iiainueei? nenoaie neiaineeaaeaiiy noaa oei
eiiiiceo?a c ae??ne?aiei aeaiaioii. Iaa?aeiiee a a?oa?/i?e eaoei?, a?i
iaaoa cia/iiai iioe?aiiy a on?o ?iiainueeeo iiaao. Ae??ne?aiee aeaiaio
oeeo eiiiiceo?a o?aeoo?oueny iaiaeiicia/ii: a) ye oi?ia ?iia?aoeaa 2-i?
iniae iaeieie o?aiceoeaiiai ae??neiaa; a) ye oi?ia 3-i? iniae iaeieie
?iaeeeaoeaa o?aiceoeaiiai ae??neiaa. Eiiiiceoe oaei? no?oeoo?e ?nioaaee
a a?aoeuee?e iia?, iai?., phereoikos ei/?aiee, ui iineoue ca niaith
ae?i. O i?ci?e eaoei? oaae aeieeathoue neiaa ca oaeith iiaeaeeth, iai?.,
tosabarba ia?oea? (aoea. oie, ui no?eaea ai?iaeo) (VIII no.), vinceluna
‘aoea. oie, ui ia?aiaaa? i?nyoeue’ (VIII no.) ? iiae.

?icaeoie oaeeo eiiiiceo?a noeioethaaany ooai?aiiyi ne?a oeio i??caenuee,
a oaeiae i??caeu: Bevilacqua, Calcaterra, Tagliaferro, Vinciguerra; o?.
Boileau, Taillefer. Ca aiaeia??th aei i??caeu / i??caenuee
ooai?ththoueny eiiiiceoe nomina agentis: ?o. accalappiacani niaa/iee
(oie, ui caeia?oueny a?aeeiaii niaae), beccamorti iiaeeueiee, falegname
noiey?, lustrascarpe /enoeeueiee acoooy, spazzacamino naaeio?on; a
oaeiae eiiiiceoe iaei?aoeaiiai cia/aiiy ?o. attaccabrighe caa?yea,
i?e/aia, azzeccagarbugli e?oo?e, mangiacristiani aeaaeia, ca?icoi?ea
ethaeeia, yea an?i caa?iaeo?, a?eueoa ia neiaao, mettiscandali
neaiaeae?no, rubapaghe ia?iaa ? iiae. Ia?aoo?, ia i?ci?o aoaiao (19-20
no.) oeae oei eiiiiceo?a iaaoa cia/ii? i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?e noai?aii?
iii?iaoe?e aeey aia?ao?a, ?ino?oiaio?a, acaaae?, — iaoeiai? oa
i?ioan?eii? eaeneee: iai?., ?o. accendigas caiaeueie/ea (aeey aaciai?
ieeoe), apriscatole eiina?aiee i?ae, asciugacapelli oai, aspirapolvere
ieeinin, contagocce i?iaoea, lanciamissili ?aeaoia ioneiaa onoaiiaea,
portapacchi aaaaaeiee ? iiae. ?niothoue oaeiae ? oiiii?ie, ooai?ai? ca
oe??th iiaeaeeth: ?o. Bagnacavallo, Battipaglia, Miravalle, Serravalle ?
iiae.

Eiiiiceoe, ooai?ai? ia aac? V + N, iioe?ai? a on?o no/anieo ?iiainueeeo
iiaao:

o?aioeocuee?e: coupe-papier i?ae aeey ?ic??coaaiiy iaia??a, eiea,
garde-fou ia?aiao, porte-plume ?o/ea (aeey ia?a);

?niainuee?e: adobasillas, cuentagotas, lavacaras, quebrantahuesos;

ii?ooaaeuenuee?e: beijaflor, limpa-chamines;

?oioinuee?e: papa-lapte, pierdevara, zgirie-nori oa ?i.

Iiaeaeue eiiiiceo?a c o?aiceoeaiei ae??ne?aiei aeaiaioii iiaeia aaaaeaoe
iaei??th c iaei?iaeoeoeai?oeo a ?iaiiiio neiaineeaaeaii?. Aiia iioe?aia
? a ia?iiainueeeo iiaao, iai?., i?i. i??caeua Bintenesel oie, ui ayaea
inea, i?i. oiiii?i Schauinstal, aiae. pick-pocket eeoaiueeiaee ceiae?e,
aiae. pick-thank i?aeeaaociee, na?a. palikua iae?e, razbibruga oia?,
svrzimantija i?i-?icno?eaa, oe?. E?ooeaon, Iaieeaiaea ? iiae.

Na?aae ?iaiieo eiiiiceo?a ?iiainueeeo iia cana?ae/ai? e ?io?, iaio
i?iaeoeoeai? iiaeae?:

a) c ae??ne?aiei aeaiaioii caeaa?eueoiai o oi?i? ?iia?aoeaa oeio ?o.
fuggi fuggi noeo?eia aoa/a, corri corri a?aaieia, iaoooiy ? iiae., aea
iiaoi?aiiyi ae??neiaa ae?aaea?oueny ?ioaineo?eaoe?y ae??. Neeaaeiaeie
eiiiiiaioaie iiaeooue aooe ??ci? ae??neiaa, /anoi c aioii?i?/iei
cia/aiiyi: iai?., ?o. andirivieni oiae?iiy ooaee-nthaee, o?.
va-et-vient, ?ni. vaiven; ?o. dormiveglia ae??iioa, iai?anii, ?ni.
duermevela ? iiae. Eiiiiceoe oaeiai oeio ae?aaeathoue cia/aiiy eieeaaiiy
ae??/noaio i?ae e?aei?ie oi/eaie. ??aeei a oeueiio oei? ae??ne?aiee
aeaiaio aaeeaa?oueny ia o oi?i? ?iia?aoeaa, iai?., o?. va-et-vient, ?oi.
tace-face;

a) c i?ao?eni?aeii o ?ie? ia?oiai aeaiaioa eiiiiceo?a: ?o. sanzapatria
ethaeeia, ui ia ia? a?o/ecie, o?. sans-culitte naietheio (aoea. aac
ooai?a), sans-souci aacoo?aioia ethaeeia, ?ni. sinrason
iani?aaaaeeea?noue, cene, sinsabor iiea?aiiy;

a) eiiiiceoe, noi?iiaai? ia aac? a?eueo neeaaeieo neioaene/ieo
ooai?aiue. Oe? eiiiiceoe ? ia iiaa?oiaaiio ??ai? iathoue no?oeoo?o o?ac:
iai?., ?o. nontiscordardime iacaaoaeea, ethae-iaia, o?. decrochez-moi-ca
eaaea eaoi?oieea, ?ni. correveydile ee?oea? (corre + ve + y + dille),
bazmerreir aeacaiue (baz + me + reir, aoeaaeueii ?icni?oe iaia).

Iacaaaeath/e ia iiae?aio neioaene/io i?e?iaeo naiai iioiaeaeaiiy (A.
Aaiaai?no aeo/ii iacaaa ?iaiia neiaineeaaeaiiy i?e?ineioaenenii),
eiiiiceoe a ??cieo iiaao aeaiiino?othoue cia/i? ?icoiaeaeaiiy
oi?iaeueii-naiaioe/iiai oa?aeoa?o. sse ? ?io? niiniae neiaioai?o, —
ao?enaeuei?, eiiaa?n?ei? — neiaineeaaeaiiy ia?eia? iaai? naiaioe/i?
noa?e ? naia a ieo aeyaey? naith niaoeeo?eo ? i?iaeoeoeai?noue.

Noaoenoe/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy iio?aeieo ne?a [E.sseia?i? oa A.Oi?ioii] ia
aac? /ioe?ueio ?oae?enueeeo neiaiee?a, ye? aeoiaeeee o ia??iae c 1908 ii
1989 ??e, (Dizionario moderno di Alfredo Panzini, 2-a aeae. 1908 ?.,
Appendice aei 8-ai aeae. Dizionario moderno ca ?aae. Bruno Migliorini
(1942 ?.), Appendice aei 10-ai aeae. Dizionario moderno ca ?aae. Bruno
Migliorini (= Parole nuove, 1963 ?.) ? Dizionario di parole nuove
1964-1987 ?. ca ?aae. M. Cortelazzo U. Cardinale) iieacaei, ui ??ci?
oeie eiiiiceo?a (aeania ?oae?enuee?, c eeane/iei aeaiaioii ?
i?ao?eni?aeaie) iin?aeathoue ae?oaa i?ney noo?enao?a i?noea, ui
aeicaiey? aecia/eoe oaiaeaioe?? oa aaaii?noue eiiiiceoiiai neiaioai?o a
no/ani?e ?oae?enuee?e iia? ia oii? ?ioeo niinia?a aea?eaaoe??. Na?aae
naiaioe/ieo oei?a ne?a, ye? o?aaeeoe?eii iiiiaiththoueny o ??cieo iiaao
ca ?aooiie neiaioai?o: 1) nomina agentis; 2) nomina actionis; 3) nomina
instrumenti; 4) nomina loci, – eiiiiceoe c ae??ne?aiei aeaiaioii
i?aeoe/ii aeo?nieee a a?oi? nomina instrumenti noo?enaoe.

Ca iiaeaeeth [V + N] [ [V] [N] ]N , a ye?e aeei?enoiao?oueny 285
ae??ne?aieo iniia, o neiaiee ?oae?enueei? iiae ai?iaaaeaeo?oueny:
oa?i?iieia?/ia eaeneea — a?ieia?/ia, iaaee/ia, e?iaa?noe/ia oa ?i.;
i?ioan?eia — a?enueeiaa, oeaoeueea, ii?nueea, e?nieoeueea,
aea?aaiia?iaia, iaoaeiia?iaia oa ?i.; oaeiae ooai?th?oueny cia/ia
e?euee?noue nomina actionis ia iicia/aiiy ethaeae ca i?ioan??th, ui
a?aeia?aaea? iiaee c??c nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ono?ith noni?euenoaa.
E?eaa i?iaeoeoeaiino? oeeo eiiiiceo?a iino?eii c?inoa?, aiie ?
iaa?ae?iiith /anoeiith ?oae?enueeiai neiaieea.

?iaiia neiaineeaaeaiiy ye caaaeueiii?eeiyoa oi?ia i?ciaaaeueii?
ae?yeueiino? ethaeeie noa? a?eueo i?iaeoeoeaiei o ?iiainueeeo iiaao
ii??aiyii c eaoeinueeith. Oi/a ?iiainuee? neiaieee i?noyoue eiiiiceoi?
caiice/aiiy c eaoeinueei? oa a?aoeueei? iia, a?eueo aaaeeeaei ?
iayai?noue o ieo aeaniiai iaoai?cio ooai?aiiy neeaaeieo iii?iaoe?e.
Aeei?enoiaoth/e aiaeia?/iee oiiae oa??ieo aac, ?iiainuee? neiaioa??i?
nenoaie ae?iaeee ?ioo oaoi?eo o?ainoi?iaoe?e, ui iiaycaii c ?noioiith
ia?aaoaeiaith ii?oieia?? ?iiainueeiai ?iai?, a oaeiae iiaei ii?yaeeii
ne?a o neioaene/ieo eiino?oeoe?yo. A?aecia/ai? ?ene ? aaaeeeaeie ia eeoa
o neiaioai??, aiie aoiaeyoue aei /enea ?iiainueeeo oi?aa?nae?e.

Aeoea?caoe?y a ?iiainueeeo iiaao eiiiiceoiiai neiaioai?aiiy iiaea
?icaeyaeaoeny ye iaeia ?c neeaaeiaeo /anoei ?iaiiiai oeio ?iiainueei?
o?ace, – noanoaioeaiiai noeeth, ui ? iaei??th c ?iiainueeeo oi?aa?nae?e.
Noanoaioeaiee noeeue, ienaa O.Aaee?, ae?aaea?oueny ianaiia?aae o
o?ainiiioaaii? ae??ne?aieo no?oeoo? a ?iaii?, a iane/aiino? ?a/aiiy
aeaaa?aaoeaaie. Oaeei /eiii, i?aaeea ii?iaeaeaiiy ?iaiieo eiiiiceo?a c
ae??ne?aieie aacaie ia??ai? c ?ioeie caniaaie oi?ioaaiiy noanoaioeaiiai
noeeth noai?ththoue oei ?iiainueeeo oaeno?a c iaiaaeaiei oaeeaaiiyi
i?ae?yaeieo ?a/aiue, ?c ca?eueoaiiyi /anoioe ae??i?eeiaoiee?a,
a?aeae??ne?aieo ?iaiiee?a, aa?oiae?aeueieo ooai?aiue o iiaa?oiaa?e
no?oeoo?? ?a/aiiy. Neiaioai?aiiy eiiiiceo?a noa? iaa?ae?iiith /anoeiith
noanoaioeaiiai noeeth.

O 2-io ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? «Oai?aiiy eiiiiceo?a ye o?aaiaio eaene/ii?
ii?oieia??» ?icaeyaea?oueny niaoeeo?ea neiaioa??iiai i?aaeea aeey iieno
eiiiiceo?a o na?oe? eiioeaioe?e aaia?aoeaii? a?aiaoeee (Oiinueeee,
A?iiioo, Oaeea, Neae?ca) oa iiiian?ieia?/ii? oai??? neiaioai?o
(Eoa?yeiaa, Aeieoe?e, Oainaeio).

Eaeneea a ?? no/aniiio ?icoi?ii? ia ? eeoa ei?ionii aeaiiai, a aeeth/a?
oaeiae i?aaeea, a?aiaoeeo. ?ioeie neiaaie, a eaeneoe? ? naiy a?aiaoeea,
? ?? o?aaa a?aee?eoe. Eiaeia eaenaia ? neeaaeiei neiaieii, ooai?aiei ia
aac? neioaco oiiieia?? ? neioaeneno ( i a n e i o a a i a o e e e ! —
?ic?. iaoa). A?aeo?ae eaeneee a?ae i?aaee neioaaiaoe/iiai eiino?othaaiiy
a iai?yieo aei i?aaee iae?i?eieo no?oeoo? ? iaoiaeieia?/iei i?eioeeiii
iiaeaethaaiiy neiaieea a no/aniiio iiaiciaanoa?.

I?iaiaey/e aiaeia?th i?ae eaeneeith ? neioaenenii, a?aecia/eii, ui
e?iaa?noe/i? iaoai?cie, ye? ae?thoue o oeeo i?aenenoaiao, ??ci?, ioaea,
? i?aaeea ?o iieno oaeiae ?noioii a?ae??ciythoueny, ye a?ae??ciythoueny
nai? iaeeieoe? oa ?o i?aai?caoe?y a oeeo i?aenenoaiao. I?aaeea iieno
eaeneee, i?e?iaeii, oa?aeoa?ecothoueny a?eueoith e?euee?noth iaiaaeaiue,
iaeiae oea ia aeeeth/a? oiai, ui ? a eaeneoe? /a?ac i?aaeei iiaeia
i?eeoe aei a?aee?eooy i?eoiaaieo, aeeaeiieo ?aaoey?iinoae. Oai??y iieno
eaeneee a oaeiio aniaeo? ae?noaea iacao eaene/ii? ii?oieia?? [Neae?ca],
yea aeeth/a?: a) i?aaeea neiaioai?o; a) i?aaeea neiaici?ie; a)
ii?oiiieia?/i? i?aaeea.

I?aaeea neiaioai?o aeicaieythoue anoaiiaeoe an? iiaeeea? oeie ne?a ye
i?inoi?, oae ? eiiiiceoii? aoaeiae, a oaeiae iienaoe ?o no?oeoo?o, ui
noaiiaeoue aeineoue neeaaeio i?iaeaio, ine?eueee i?aaeea a eaeneoe?
iiaycai? c aaaaoueia iaiaaeaiiyie caaaeueiiai ? /anoeiaiai oa?aeoa?o.

I?aaeea neiaioai?o neeaaeathoueny c aeaio /anoei – oi?iaeueii? ?
naiaioe/ii?, oiaoi iathoue iiaeoeueio aoaeiao. O oi?iaeuei?e /anoei?
iienothoueny a?aiaoe/i? eaoaai??? aeaiaio?a neiaioai?/iai aeoo, a
naiaioe/i?e – ?ice?eaa?oueny oa?aeoa? a?aeiioaiue i?ae oa??iith aacith ?
neiaioa??iei oi?iaioii.

A iaio iiaeoeyo ae?thoue iaiaaeaiiy, aeanoea? neiaioai?/ei nenoaiai
aaaaoueio iia: oiiieia?/i?, ii?oioaeoe/i? ? naiaioe/i?. Aenie?oeeoiee
iien oeeo oei?a iaiaaeaiue oaeiae iiaeiai aoiaeeoe o neiaioa??ia
i?aaeei.

Ii??aiyeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy no?oeoo?e i?aaee aeey iieno ii?iaeaeaiiy
i?inoeo ao?enaeueieo aea?eaao?a ? i?aaee aeey iieno eiiiiceo?a aoiaeeei
a caaaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??. Aoaeue-yea i?aaeei, yea canoiniao?oueny ye
?ino?oiaioa??e aeey ?ice?eooy aeeaeiii? e?iaa?noe/ii? nooiino?
iaeeieoeue, iiaeiii a?aeia?aaeaoe niaoeeo?eo oeeo iaeeieoeue.
Neiaioai?aiiy eiiiiceo?a ia? nai? iniaeeaino? ii??aiyii c ao?enaoe??th,
ui coiiaeaii i?e?iaeith oeeo ne?a. I?e aecia/aii? neeaaeiiai neiaa ne?ae
iaoe ia oaac? e?eueea aniaeo?a ?, a?aeiia?aeii, e?eueea a?oi iciae, ca
yeeie neeaaeia neiai aeae?ey?oueny c-iii?ae a) ao?enaeueieo aea?eaao?a,
a) o?acaieia?ci?a ? a) a?eueieo neioaene/ieo niieoe.

Neeaaeia neiai ia? a?aei?iio a?ae ao?enao?a aaco — oea, ye i?aaeei,
neioaene/ia iaeeieoey, yea a i?ioean? aea?eaaoe?? ia?aoai?th?oueny ia
neiai, oi?aa?ao?oueny. I?ae neioaene/iith aacith ? neiaii-eiiiiceoii,
i?e?iaeii, aeieea? aeenoaioe?y: oea aaea aea? ??ciino?oeoo?i? iaeeieoe?
c ??cieie ooieoe?yie a nenoai? iiae.

O naiaioeoe? aeo?aeii? aace ? a eiiiiceo? i?noyoueny ??ci? ia?aaeoiiae
aeey ??cieo no?aoaa?e oaeeaaiiy oeeo iaeeieoeue. “Neeaaeia neiai ? eiai
aiae?oe/iee aiaeia ii-??ciiio /eaiothoue neooaoe?th ? a?aeia?aaeathoue
??cia aa/aiiy iiaoeai o??? naii? neooaoe??. Neeaaeia neiai aeicaiey?
oieeiooe eiie?aoii? ?aoa?aioe?? aei iicia/oaaiiai ia?eoa ?
caaeiaieueieoeny aeac?aeith ia eean oaeeo ia?eo?a.” [Eoa?yeiaa I.N.].
Neiai ocaaaeueith?, neioaenen /eaio?, o ieo ??ci?
aeaiioaoeaii-i?aaiaoe/i? oe?e? ?, a?aeiia?aeii, ooieoe?? o iia?.

Neiaioa??i? i?aaeea iieno eiiiiceo?a iiaeii? aeyaeoe ??ci? niiniae
oi?aa?aaoe?? neioaene/ii? eiino?oeoe??, aeyaeoe i?e oeueiio oeiia?
iaiaaeaiiy ia neiaioa??io iia?aoe?th, ui aeanoue ciiao ?ice?eoe
aioo??oi? iaoai?cie neiaineeaaeaiiy.

Cae/aeii, ia an? ia?aoai?aiiy, cae?enithaai? o oa??i?e aac?, iiaeooue
aooe ae?aaeai? neiaioa??iei i?aaeeii. Oae, o i?aaee? iaiiaeeeai
oi?iaeueii a?aeia?aceoe ?aoa?aioe?ei? ci?ie, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny i?e
o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeo?aeii? neioaene/ii? eiino?oeoe?? o neiai. Iaeiae
caaaeath/e ia aaaii?noue iciaee ?aoa?aioe?eii? ni?yiiaaiino?,
a?aecia/a?ii, ui i?e neiaioai?aii? eiiiiceo?a a?aeaoaathoueny
ianaiia?aae oe? ci?ie, a i?ioean? yeeo iiaiicia/i? iaeeieoe?
neioaene/ii? eiino?oeoe?? ao?a/athoue naith ?aoa?aioe?eio naiino?ei?noue
? ia?aoai?ththoueny ia iaeeieoe?-iciaee.

Caaaeueia no?oeoo?a neiaioa??iiai i?aaeea, yea i?noeoue oi?iaeueiee ?
naiaioe/iee iiaeoe?, a oaeiae iaai? iaiaaeaiiy, ?aeeia ? aeey ao?enao?a
? aeey eiiiiceo?a. Iaeiae i?e neiaioai?aii? i?inoeo ? neeaaeieo
iaeeieoeue iiae ??ciith ? ieoiia aaaa oeeo iiaeoe?a. Aeey ao?enao?a, ia
iaoo aeoieo, ?ieue oi?iaeueieo /eiiee?a i?e ooai?aii? iio?aeiiai neiaa
aaaii?oa, i?ae aeey neeaaeieo ne?a. A ao?enaoao ie ia?ii ni?aao c
ii?oaiiei oaii, ia yeiio, e??i ii?oiiieia?/ieo /a?aoaaiue, iiaeooue
cyaeoeny yaeua ?ioa?oa?aioe??, on?/aiiy, ?ioa?o?enaoe??. I?e/iio, ye
iieacothoue ?acoeueoaoe aea?eaaoieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue oeaeoeaieo iia,
ooai?aiiy ??cieo oei?a ao?enao?a ??aeei “ia iaoyaeaia” yaeuaie
ii?oaiiiai oaa. [Niaie?aa I.A., Eeeiaiei I.O.].

I?e neiaioai?aii? eiiiiceoa noanoaioe?aeueia oi?ia aeo?aeii? aace,
i?e?iaeii, ci?ith?oueny. Ianaiia?aae o eiiiiceo? cieeathoue on?
iieacieee neioaene/ieo cayce?a, a oaeiae a?oeee?, niieo/ieee,
i?eeiaiieee, yeui aiie ? o aeo?aei?e neioaene/i?e eiino?oeoe??. Iai?.,

1. L’oggetto per portare le carte > che porta le carte > il portacarte
iaiea aeey iaia??a, aoea. ui i?noeoue iaia?e.

2. L’uomo che gabba la gente > chi gabba la gente > il gabbagente
a?aooi, aoea. ui iaiaith? ia?iae.

O eiiiiceo? iiaea ci?ieoeny aeo?aeiee ii?yaeie aeaiaio?a, iiaeooue
aeieeiooe e?ioeaa? ii?oaie aeey ioi?ieaiiy eaoaai??aeueieo
(/anoeiiiiaieo) iciae neiaa. Ia ii?oaiiiio oa? i?ae niieo/oaaieie
iniiaaie iiaea cyaeoeny ?ioa?o?en. ?ieiee i?aainoi?iiiy iniiaa
ioi?iey?oueny noo?enii, yeee aeeiio? ?ieue iiiian?ieia?/iiai aacena.
Iai?., aiae. having blue eyes > blue-eyed neiueiieee, aea -ed oi?io? a
ae??i?eeiaoieeo naiaioeeo ao?eaooa.

Iaeiae i??i?eoaoieie o neiaineeaaeaii? ? iciaee naiaioe/i? — eaene/i?
cia/aiiy ne?a ? naiaioeea i?aaeeeaoieo a?aeiioaiue i?ae ieie, ia ui
aeacoaaeiny aaaaoueia aeine?aeieeaie eiiiiceo?a [Aaiaai?no, Oainaeio,
Aeieoe?e].

Ine?eueee neiaioa??ia iia?aoe?y aeey ooai?aiiy eiiiiceoa a?aeaoaa?oueny
iaae aeaiia iiaiicia/ieie neiaaie, a ia iaae iniiaith (??aeoa — neiaii)
? neiaioa??iith ii?oaiith, a oaeiae caaaeath/e ia oa, ui i?e oeueiio ia
ia?oee ieai aenooia? naiaioe/iee iiaeoeue, neiaioa??ia i?aaeei iieno
ii?iaeaeaiiy eiiiiceoa iaaoaa? ?ioiai aeaeyaeo. Ia aeoieo ?yaeo
aeine?aeiee?a neiaioai?o eiiiiceo?a [Aaiaai?no, Aeieoe?e, Eoa?yeiaa],
niaoeeo?ea ooai?aiiy neeaaeieo ne?a iiaea aooe a?aeia?aaeaia c
aeiiiiiaith i?aaee oaei? no?oeoo?e: a) iiiian?ieia?/iee aacen; a)
iiiian?ieia?/ia iciaea ? a) iiiian?ieia?/iee i?aaeeeao-caycea.

Oaeei /eiii, neiaioa??ia i?aaeei aeey eiiiiceo?a iaaoaa? ae?aciiai
iiiian?ieia?/iiai ni?yioaaiiy, eiai iiaeia ioioiaeieoe c aeaaaeaiiyi
iiiian?ieia?/ii? no?oeoo?e (IN) eiiiiceoa, ui ia? oaeee aeaeyae: IN
eiiiiceoa = iiiian?ieia?/ia iciaea + iiiian?ieia?/iee aacen + i?aaeeeao.

Iiiian?ieia?/iee aacen — oea eaoaai??aeueiee (/anoeiiiiaiee)
eeaneo?eaoi?, yeee iiaea i?noeoeny: a) ana?aaeei? eiiiiceoa
(aiaeioeaio?e/i? eiino?oeoe??: A + A ??ciiaeae A aai ??ciiaeae A ).

Iai?., portaacqua < portare iineoe + acqua aiaea - 1. i?iaeaaaoeue aiaee; 2. (nii?o.) /eai eiiaiaee aaeiaiiuee?a, ui noaaeeoue ca iinoa/aiiyi aiaeith; guastafeste < guastare inoaaoe + ii. festa nayoi - 1. oie, ui ino? an?i iano??e; ao?eoi; 2. oa, ui ?oeio? ieaie; lavapavimenti < lavare ieoe + ii. pavimento i?aeeiaa - aeaeo?iiiaooiaee i?eeaae aeey ieeee i?aeeia; a) aai ca eiai iaaeaie (aecioeaio?e/i? eiino?oeoe??: A + A i? A, i? A ): saltamontagne < saltare no?eaaoe + ii. montagna ai?a - aeuei?i?no (aoea. ui no?eaa? ii ai?ao); tirabaci < tirare i?eaaaethaaoe + ii. bacio iioe?eoiie - eo/a? (ia eia?, uioe?) (aoea. ui i?eaaaeth? iioe?eoiee); portapianparole < portare ianoe, aeiiineoe + piano oeoi + ii. parola neiai - iie?oeaenueeee oieaoi, o?ea? (aoea. ui oeoi aeiiineoue neiaa). ??aeoa ?ieue aaceno o eiiiiceoao, ooai?aieo niiniaii iniiaineeaaeaiiy, aeeiio? noo?enaeueia ii?oaia: iai?.: oe?. ?oaaoe ae?iaa > ae?ia /i/ ?oa
+ — .

O ?iiainueeeo iiaao o eiiiiceoao aiaeioeaio?e/ii? eiino?oeoe?? aacen, ye
i?aaeei, oi?io?oueny ca ?aooiie e?ainoi?iiiuei? iaeeieoe? (??ciiaeae A).
Iai?., o?. coupe-papier i?ae aeey ?ic??coaaiiy eiea, iaia?o, ii?o.
limpa-chamins naaeio?on, ?o. aspirapolvere ieeinin.

O aa?iainueeeo iiaao, iiaao neaiaeeiaanueeiai a?aaeo, neiayinueeeo iiaao
aacen /ano?oa i?noeoueny o i?aa?e /anoei? eiiiiceoa. Iai?., oe?. aeniea
ai?a > aenieia??iee; aiae. driver of the car > car-driver oioa?
aaoiiia?ey.

?ieue iiiian?ieia?/ii? iciaee o eiiiiceoao /ano?oa aeeiiothoue
iiaiicia/i? neiaa c aeo?aeii? aace, ye?, a?aeiia?aeii, ci?ieee nai?
eaene/i? ooieoe??.

Iia?aoe?? iaae eaene/ieie eiiiiiaioaie eiiiiceoa a?aecia/athoueny ?yaeii
iniaeeainoae, ui coiiaeaii eaeneei-a?aiaoe/iith niaoeeo?eith
iioeaaoi??a, a oaeiae a?aeiioaiiyi i?ae an?ia neeaaeiaeie
iiiian?ieia?/ii? no?oeoo?e neiaa. Aenie?oeeoiee iien IN nie?a?oueny ia
ia?eo?aco — ?aeiino?oeoe?th iioeaoth/i? neioaene/ii? iaeeieoe?
(neiainiieo/aiiy aai ?a/aiiy). Iai?.,

?o.: L’uomo (animale) che ama mangiare la carne > chi ama mangiare
(mangia) la carne > il mangiacarne — oie, ooi iaaea? ia?aaaao iyno;
iyni?ae; (?c aea?a. a?aeo?ieii) iyni?aeiee (i?i oaa?eio);

?in.: *aeiaae, ia?aaicyuee aiaeo > oio, eoi aiceo aiaeo > aiaeiaic;

oe?.: Eiiaoa, ui ?noue ioo > oie, ooi ?noue ioo > iooi?aeea.

Iaeiae aeyaeaiiy neioaene/iiai iioeaaoi?a /a?ac ia?eo?ace ia caaaeaee ?
iiaeeeaei, iniaeeai aeey eiiiiceo?a aecioeaio?e/ii? eiino?oeoe??, aea
eaene/ia cia/aiiy eiiiiceo?a ? anioe?aoeaiei. Iai?., che porta gli
elettrodi > portaelettrodi < portare i?noeoe + ii. elettrodo aeaeo?iae - 1. ?cieyoe?eia iii?a, iaiao. aeey caoenoo eaia?e aeaeo?ie?co; 2. i?eno??e aeey i?aeo?eioaaiiy aeaeo?iae?a (aoea. ui i?noeoue aeaeo?iaee); che para il naso > il paranaso < parare caoeuaoe + naso i?n - 1. caoeno a?ae oe?eaaeo (aoea. ui caoeua? i?n (aai a?ae iina)), Oea na?ae/eoue, ui aaeaeaaoiee aiae?c aeeaeiii? no?oeoo?e eiiiiceo?a iaiiaeeeaee aac o?aooaaiiy ?o aioo??oiuei? oi?ie (AO). Oai??y aioo??oiuei? oi?ie noaea iaoiaeieia?/iith /anoeiith aea?eaaoieia??. C ??cieo eiioeaioe?e AO - aia?aaoe/ia (A.Aoiaieueaeo), aoiiineoieia?/ia (O.Ooaeioaeue, A.Aoiaeo), aoeiieiai-ineoieia?/ia (I.Iioaaiy), eia?ei-o?einionueea (A.Oiao), aiinaieia?/ia (Aaenaa?aa?) - eiioeaioe?y I.Iioaai? ae?noaea iaea?eueoiai ?icaeoeo a i?aoeyo a?o/eciyieo aea?eaaoieia?a. AO “ye iaeaeeae/a aoeiieia?/ia cia/aiiy neiaa” (I. Iioaaiy) iiaea aooe i?yii aai anioe?aoeaii a?aeia?aaeaia o eaene/iiio cia/aii? iio?aeiiai neiaa, ui aeicaiey? ?icaeyaeaoe ?? ye can?a ae?aaeaiiy ci?noo, a?aeia?aaeaiiai eaene/iei cia/aiiyi. Caeaaeii a?ae AO eaene/ia cia/aiiy iio?aeiiai neiaa caeeaeo?oueny ?c cia/aiiyi AO, a?aenooia? a?ae iueiai aai ae?aaea? eiai iiina?aaeeiaaii, aeooae?coth/e ca anioe?aoe?yie ae?oai?yaei? iciaee aeaiioao?a. A?aeiia?aeii, eiiiiceoe ca AO iiae?eythoueny ia aea? a?oie - a) o eaene/iiio cia/aii? yeeo “i?yii” a?aeia?aaeaiee aoeiieia?/iee ci?no iioeaoth/eo ne?a; a) eaene/ia cia/aiiy yeeo ? ?acoeueoaoii ??cieo anioe?aoe?e, ye? aeieeee ia aac? cia/aiue iioeaoth/eo ne?a. Iai?., a) cavaforme < cavare aeeo/aoe, aeeiaoe + ii. forma oi?ia - ?ino?oiaio aeey aeeiaiiy ?c acoooy aea?aayii? oi?ie; a) cavalocchio < cavare aeo??uaoe + occhio iei - 1. (ae?ae.) aaaea, eiiee; 2. ia/aniee aaeaieao; 3. (cano.) iiaeaaeeeaee, noai?ee cae?a/ iiaeaoe?a (anioe?th?oueny c 1-ei cia/aiiyi (eiiee)). Ae??oaeueio ?ieue o noai?aii? eiiiiceo?a a?ae?a?a? iiiian?ieia?/iee i?aaeeeao-caycea, yeee, ca aaeaeei aeneiaii I.N. Eoa?yeiai?, anoaiiaeth? “eoo ci?o i?e noaeaeaii? i?i i?aaeiao, iacaaiee neeaaeiei neiaii”. Oaeei /eiii, ia iiiian?ieia?/iiio ??ai? i?aaeeii iienothoueny o?e aeaiaioe no?oeoo?e eiiiiceoa: iiiian?ieia?/iee aacen, iiiian?ieia?/ia iciaea ? i?aaeeeao-caycea. Ia eiie?aoii-e?iaa?noe/iiio – oi?iaeuei? ? naiaioe/i? iia?aoe?? iaae oa??iith aacith eiiiiceoa. Iaeiei ?c caaaeaiue aeena?oaoe?? aoei aeaaaeaiiy no?oeoo?iaaieo ? e?iaa?noe/ii niaoeeo?eiaaieo neiaioa??ieo i?aaee. Ia?aaeaa/aeiny, ui oaeee niin?a aiae?co iaoa??aeo aeicaieeoue ?ice?eoe aioo??oi?e iaoai?ci ooai?aiiy neeaaeieo ne?a c ae??ne?aiei aeaiaioii a ?oae?enuee?e iia?. Ine?eueee neiaioai?aiiy eiiiiceo?a cae?enith?oueny a ??cieo ieiueiao iaae aeaiia iiaiicia/ieie aeaiaioaie, i?ioean aeaaaeaiiy oeiiaeo neiaioa??ieo i?aaee ?icaeyaeaany iiaoaiii, iienoaaeany ?ieue ? o?ainoi?iaoe?? eiaeiiai aeaiaioa aeo?aeii? aace V + N i?e ia?aoai?aii? ?o ia eiiiiiaioe eiiiiceoa. Oea aeaei iiaeeea?noue anoaiiaeoe, ye? iaeeieoe? iii?iaoe?? a?aee o/anoue o ii?iaeaeaii? aeine?aeaeoaaieo eiiiiceo?a, aeania, ui oi?aa?aoaaeiny, “cai?oaeiny” a neeaaeia neiai. Eiiiiceoe aoee i?iaiae?ciaai? ca oaeith noaiith: - iiiian?ieia?/ia oa e?iaa?noe/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea ae??ne?a (V) oa??ii? aace oa ?? a?aeia?aaeaiiy o eiiiiceoao; - iiiian?ieia?/ia oa e?iaa?noe/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaiiee?a (N) oa??ii? aace oa ?? a?aeia?aaeaiiy o eiiiiceoao; - i?aaeeeaoe-caycee, ye? aeei?enoiaothoueny i?e ooai?aii? eiiiiceo?a VN-no?oeoo?e. Iienia? eiiiiceo?a-VN ca oeacaiith noaiith i?enay/aii 3-?e ?icae?e aeena?oaoe?? "Iiiian?ieia?/i? oa e?iaa?noe/i? iniaeeaino? neiaioai?aiiy eiiiiceo?a VN-no?oeoo?e a ?oae?enuee?e iia?". ?iaiieee, iioeaiaai? neioaene/iith eiino?oeoe??th V + N, noaiiaeyoue aeaa i?eioeeiiai ??ci? eeane, aecia/ai? oa?aeoa?ii aioo??oiuei? oi?ie eiiiiceoa - eean aiaeioeaio?e/ieo oa aecioeaio?e/ieo iaeeieoeue. A ?oae?enuee?e iia? ia oe?e oi?iaoeai?e aac? ooai?ththoueny ia?aaaaeii aiaeioeaio?e/i? eiiiiceoe (69% aeine?aeaeaiiai ei?iono), a eaene/iiio cia/aii? yeeo ae??neiaa oa ?iaiieee i?enooi? ye iiiian?ieia?/iee aacen oa iiiian?ieia?/ia iciaea ? yea i?yii ? aaciina?aaeiuei ae?aaea? aioo??oith oi?io neeaaeiiai neiaa. A aecioeaio?e/ieo eiiiiceoao (31% ei?iono) aioo??oiy oi?ia ? anioe?eiaaiith, “aeiaia??iith”, ui ni?e/eith? cia/io naiaioe/io a?aenoaiue i?ae aeo?aeiith aacith ? neiaii-?acoeueoaoii: ia?oa iano?eueee ci?ith?oueny, ui i?enooi?noue ?? a eiiiiceo? iiaeia aeyaeoe o?eueee /a?ac oeoia/aiiy neeaaeiiai ?iaiieea /anoi ?c caeo/aiiyi iae?iaa?noe/ii? ?ioi?iaoe??. Iaeiae ne?ae a?aecia/eoe, ui na?aae aecioeaio?e/ieo neeaaeieo ?iaiiee?a-VN ia?aaaaeathoue oae?, ui ?o eaene/ia cia/aiiy ? aioo??oiy oi?ia ?icoaoiaothoueny o ni?aa?aeiinieo naiaioe/ieo ieiueiao, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ni?eueieie naiaie, anoaiiaethaaieie /a?ac oeoia/aiiy: parabotte (parare caoeuaoe + ii. botta oaea?) - oie, ooi aa?a ia naaa a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca ae?? ?ioeo in?a, o oeoia/aii? - oie, ooi iiaea caoenoeoe eiainue. Eiiiiceo?a oeio battisuocera (battere aeoe + suocera naae?ooa) - aieioea (aoea. oie, ui a? naae?ooo) - iacia/ia e?euee?noue. O?ainoi?iaoe?ei? i?aaeea iii?iae?caoe?? eiino?oeoe?? V + N, aoaeo/e ?iiainueeith oi?aa?nae??th, aeyaeythoue ia naiaioe/iiio ??ai? niaoeeo?eo ?iaiiiai neiaineeaaeaiiy a eiaei?e eiie?aoi?e iia?. Aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoa??aeo a aniaeo? naiaioe/iiai a?aeai?o o oa??ieo aacao oa eiai a?aeia?aaeaiiy /a?ac o?ainoi?iaoe?eia i?aaeei o eiiiiceo? aeaei iiaeeea?noue anoaiiaeoe aeeaeii? oa?aeoa?enoeee i?ioeano neiaineeaaeaiiy, ia aeine?aeaeai? a ?oae?enuee?e aea?eaaoieia??. sse?nii-e?euee?niee aiae?c ae??ne?aieo oa ?iaiieeiaeo aac ? ae??ne?aieo oa ?iaiieeiaeo eiiiiiaio?a eiiiiceo?a o oa?i?iao naiaioe/ieo iciae cana?ae/ea, ui: a) o aeo?aeieo aacao ye aiaeioeaio?e/ieo, oae ? aecioeaio?e/ieo eiiiiceo?a ?oae?enueea iiaa aeei?enoiao? ae??neiaa ia?aaaaeii ?c naiaioeeith ae?? (78%; 96%), ??aeoa - ?c naiaioeeith a?aeiioaiiy (24%; 4%) ? i?aeoe/ii ia aeei?enoiao? ae??ne?a ia iicia/aiiy noaio; a) i?e ia?aoai?aii? ae??ne?aii? aace ia eiiiiiaio eiiiiceoa a aiaeioeaio?e/ieo no?oeoo?ao naiaioe/ia niaoeeo?eaoe?y ae??neiaa, ye i?aaeei, caa??aa?oueny. Iai?., ? o aeo?aei?e aac? contare le banconote ? a eiiiiceo? contabanconote - e?/eeueiee aaieiio?a ae??neiai contare e?/eoe ? iacaith ae??; o eiiiiceo? coprioggetti - neeyia ieanoeia, yea ioi?iiy? i?aia?ao, ?icoaoiaaiee o i?e?ineii? (aoea. ui cae?eaa? i?aaeiaoe), – naiaioe/ia niaoeeo?eaoe?y ae??ne?aii? aace ? ae??ne?aiiai eiiiiiaioa ye iacae a?aeiioaiiy oaeiae ? iaeiaeiaith. Uiaei aecioeaio?e/ieo eiiiiceo?a - oa?aeoa? naiaioe/iiai ia?aoai?aiiy ae??ne?aii? aace ca oeie naieie i?eioeeiaie i?inoaaeeoe iaiiaeeeai; a) ae??ne?ai? aace portare, parare, guardare, coprire i levare o niieo/aii? c ?iaiieeiaeie eiiiiiaioaie o aeine?aeaeoaaiiio iaoa??ae? aeei?enoiaothoueny iaeneiaeueii /anoi - ia ?o iniia? noai?aii 62% aiaeioeaio?e/ieo eiiiiceo?a. Ae??ne?ai? aace mangiare, portare, rompere, saltare ? iaea?eueo /anoioieie a aecioeaio?e/ieo eiiiiceoao - oe? aace aeei?enoai? o 59 % iaeeieoeue oe??? a?oie; a) i?e neiaioai?aii? eiiiiceo?a-VN ?oae?enueea iiaa iaaea? ia?aaaao aaciaei ?iaiieeai “iaeo?aeueii?” naiaioeee, ianiaoeeo?eiaaiei ye aano?aeoi?, ca??i?, ?a/iaeii? oa iacae ?noio ( 65 %). Naiaioe/ii niaoeeo?eiaai? ?iaiieee-aace ?icoaoiaothoueny o oae?e iine?aeiaiino?: iacae ?a/iaeie (21%), iacae ca??ieo iiiyoue (3%), iacae ?noio (6%) ? iacae aano?aeoieo iiiyoue (5%). I?e o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeo?aeii? aace ia aiaeioeaio?e/iee eiiiiceo naiaioe/ia niaoeeo?eaoe?y ?iaiiee?a ci?ith?oueny a oaeee niin?a: ye ? o aeo?aeieo, na?aae ?iaiiee?a-eiiiiceo?a ia?aaaaeathoue iacae eiie?aoieo i?aaeiao?a ? iiiyoue (79%); ia ae?oaiio i?noe? - eiiiiceoe ia iicia/aiiy ?noio (20% ); eiiiiceo?a ?c naiaioeeith ca??iino?, ?a/iaeiiino? oa aano?aeoiino? 1%. Aecioeaio?e/i? eiiiiceoe aeaiiino?othoue ii??aiyii c aiaeioeaio?e/ieie ?io? naiaioe/i? i??i?eoaoe. Na?aae ieo ia?aaaaeathoue iacae ?noio (51%) (batticoda - o?yniaocea; passacarte - ath?ie?ao; portafuoco - ai?oao I?iiaoay ? iiae.); ia ae?oaiio i?noe? - iacae aano?aeoieo iiiyoue (26%) (coprifuoco - eiiaiaeaionueea aiaeeia; saltafosso - ianoea (ii?aeueia) ? iiae. ); naiaioe/ii ianiaoeeo?eiaaieo iaca (23%) (passavento - eaithoii; battilocchio - ae?ii/ee eaiaethoie ? iiae.); ae) o eiiiiceoao-VN ?oae?enueea iiaa aeei?enoiao? i?aaeeeaoe-aeane?eioe??, caaaeyee /iio iicia/oaaia i?aeaiaeeoueny i?ae iaaiee eean iaca ? aeae?ey?oueny c iueiai ca a?aeiia?aeiith iciaeith. Iiiian?ieia?/iee i?aaeeeao ? ?iie?oeeoiith nooi?noth, ui aeyaey?oueny a oiae? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? - ia?eo?ace, yeith noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ia?aoai?aiiy neioaene/ii? iaeeieoe? ia neiai. Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaei, ui a eiiiiceoao aiaeioeaio?e/ii? no?oeoo?e oa aecioeaio?e/ieo aeei?enoiaothoueny , a iniiaiiio, o? nai? i?aaeeeaoe-aeane?eioe??, ye? a?ae??ciythoueny ca oa?aeoa?ii aca?iiae?? c aacenii ? iciaeith - a aecioeaio?e/ieo ?iaiieeao oe? i?aaeeeaoe iathoue ae?acii anioe?aoeaiee oa?aeoa?, ui a?aeia?aaeaii a ?o aeao?i?oe?yo. O eiiiiceoao-VN anoaiiaeaii oaeee niaeo? i?aaeeeao?a: - O oa?aeoa?eco?oueny O ca iciaeith ?aaoey?ia ae?y iaae i?aaeiaoii, ui aeacaii o iioeaoth/?e aac? (aai anioe?eiaaiith ia iniia? oiai, ui aeacaii o iioeaoth/?e aac?) : cavapietre < cavare aeoyaaoe + ii. pietra eai?iue - ?ia?oiee ea???o (aoea. oie, ui aeoyaa? eai?iiy); guardadonna < guardare o ci. caeiaoeny + donna ae?iea - (cano.) iiaeoooa (aoea. oa, ui aeeaeoueny ca ae?ieith); - O oa?aeoa?eco?oueny O ca iciaeith oeiiaa iiaaae?iea, coiiaeaia ae??th iaae i?aaeiaoii, ui aeacaii o iioeaoth/?e aac? (aai anioe?eiaaiith ia iniia? oiai, ui aeacaii o iioeaoth/?e aac?) : cacciaballe < cacciare o ci. ?iciianthaeaeoaaoe + ii. balla iaaoaaeueueia - ethaeeia, ui i?eaeoio? ? ?iciia?aea? iaaoaaeueueio; contabocconi < contare e?/eoe + ii. boccone oiaoie - (cano.) cacae??nia ethaeeia, (aoea. yea e?/eoue eiaeai oiaoie); - O oa?aeoa?eco?oueny O ca iciaeith oeiiaa ?ena, aecia/aia ae??th iaae i?aaeiaoii, ui aeacaii o iioeaoth/?e aac? (aai anioe?eiaaiith ia iniia? oiai, ui aeacaii o iioeaoth/?e aac?): batticuore < battere aeoe, aaea?yoe + cuore na?oea - na?oeaaeooy; bucaneve < bucare i?ieieioe + neve ni?a - (aio.) i?aeni?aeiee, (aoea. ui i?ieieth? ni?a); - O oa?aeoa?eco?oueny O ca iciaeith i?ecia/aiee aeey aeeiiaiiy ae?? iaae i?aaeiaoii, ui aeacaii o iioeaoth/?e aac? (aai anioe?eiaaiith ia iniia? oiai, ui aeacaii o iioeaoth/?e aac?) : cavatuberi < cavare oyaoe, aeaeiaoaaoe + ii. tubero ei??iue, aoeueaa - eiiaaei aeey cae?aiiy ei?iaieiae?a; guardainfante < guardare noa?aaoe + infante aeeoeia - (cano.) ia?o/ aeey i?aeo?eioaaiiy ni?aeieoe?. Ianooii? i?aaeeeaoe aeei?enoai? eeoa a aiaeioeaio?e/ieo eiiiiceoao: - O oa?aeoa?eco?oueny O ca iciaeith can?a aeeiiaiiy ae?? iaae i?aaeiaoii, ui aeacaii o iioeaoth/?e aac? : fermasangue < fermare coieiyoe + sangue e?ia - can?a aeey coieiaiiy e?iaioa/?; - O oa?aeoa?eco?oueny O ca iciaeith noiaeee ia i?aaeiao, ?ene yeiai aecia/athoueny ae??th iaae ?ioei i?aaeiaoii, ui aeacaii o iioeaoth/?e aac? : portafinestra < portare o ci. ai?uoaaoe + finestra a?eii - nooe?euei? neeyi? aeaa?? aaeeiio (oa?ane). Oa?aeoa? aca?iiae?? aeaiaio?a iiiian?ieia?/ii? no?oeoo?e - aaceno, iciaee ? i?aaeeeaoa – a aiaei- oa aecioeaio?e/ieo eiiiiceoao aeicaiey? aecia/eoe ??ci? iiiian?ieia?/i? oeie ?iaiiee?a-VN a ?oae?enuee?e iia?. Na?aae iaca iaoei, aia?ao?a, i?eeaae?a, ?ino?oiaio?a, oaoi?/ieo i?eno?i?a, nii?oae, iaca ethaeae ca ?iaeii ?oiuei? i?ioan?eii? caeiyoino?, a oaeiae ca ineo?/ieie ?enaie, oeiiaith iiaaae?ieith, a iniiaiiio, ia?aaaaeathoue ?iaiieee aiaeioeaio?e/ii? no?oeoo?e. Aecioeaio?e/i? eiiiiceoe ianeoaiaothoue ?ioo iiiian?ieia?/io noa?o: ooo ia?aaaaeathoue iacae ethaeae c iaaaoeaieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie, iacae oei?e ? oaoie. Iiiian?ieia?/ia oei?caoe?y eiiiiceo?a iia'ycaia oaeiae c ?o ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie. O i?ioean? aaiethoe?? ?oae?enueei? iiae eiiiiceoe-VN ci?ieee naith iiiian?ieia?/io i?e?iaeo - a?ae iaca i??caeu / i??caenuee aei oa?i?iieia?/ieo ? i?ioan?eieo iaca, ia ui aeaco?oueny o ?yae? i?aoeue c aea?eaaoieia?? [A. I?ao?; A. Oi?ioii]. Aiae?c ?aia?ie, c yeeie aeine?aeaeoaai? eiiiiceoe iiaeathoueny a eaeneeia?ao?/ieo i?aoeyo [Lo Zingarelli, Bataglia, Palazzi-Folena], aeicaieea aeyaeoe aeaye? ooieoe?iiaeuei? ?ene oa iiiian?ieia?/i? oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo oe??? eaeneee. Oae, 17% aeine?aeaeoaaieo eiiiiceo?a o neiaieeao iiaeathoueny c ?aia?eaie canoa??ea, eieaeia, ??aeei aaeeaaia, ui na?ae/eoue i?i ?o ia?eoa??eia i?noea o no/aniiio ?oae?enueeiio eaeneeii?. O oe?e a?oi? ia?aaaaeathoue iacae ethaeae c iaaaoeaiith eiiioaoe??th oa iacae ethaeae ca i?ioan??th c iiceoeaiith eiiioaoe??th (44%); ?aooa – iacae iiaooiaeo i?aaeiao?a, ?ino?oiaio?a, ethaeae ? ?aae?e, iiaycaieo c a?enueeiaith noa?ith, oa ?i. Na?aae i?e/ei canoa??aaiiy eiiiiceo?a iiaeia iacaaoe a) i?aeaeuaio aeni?aneai?noue o eaene/iiio cia/aii? eiiiiceoa; a) a?oa?caoe?th ?aae?e, iacaaieo eiiiiceoii; a) oaiaeaioe?th aei ?ioa?iaoe?iiae?caoe?? oa?i?iieia??, ui i?eaaei aei cai?ie aeania ?oae?enueeeo oa?i?i?a-eiiiiceo?a oa?i?iaie c eeane/iei aeaiaioii. Eiiiiceoe c aeoeaiiai oiiaeo no/anii? ?oae?enueei? iiae (83%) aeaiiino?othoue iia? iiiian?ieia?/i? i??i?eoaoe, i?i ui na?ae/aoue /eneaii? “i?ioan?ei?” ?aia?ee o neiaieeao. Aeine?aeaeoaaiee iaoa??ae aeicaieea aeae?eeoe oae? iniiai? noa?e ooeoe?iioaaiiy oeeo eiiiiceo?a: a?enueeiaa ni?aaa; ii?nueea ni?aaa; cae?cie/ia ni?aaa; n?euenueea ainiiaea?noai (n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueea ae?iaieoeoai); iaoaeo?a?y; oaenoeeueia i?iieneia?noue; iaia?iaa i?iieneia?noue; neeiae?iaia i?iieneia?noue; iaoai?ea; aeaeo?ioaoi?ea; aeiiaoi? ainiiaea?noai (iiaoo); nii?o. O oeeo noa?ao iaea?eueo iioe?aieie ? iacae iaoei, oaoi?/ieo i?eno?i?a, onoaoeoaaiiy. Naia oea ? aecia/eei aeey eiiiiceo?a-VN iiao iiiian?ieia?/io aeii?iaioo. Ianooiio a?oio noaiiaeyoue eiiiiceoi? iacae ethaeae c iaaaoeaiith eiiioaoe??th, ui ? ?noi?e/iith aeii?iaioith oe??? eaeneee, yea ia aoea ao?a/aia, aea aeaui iiaeeo?eoaaeany a iiaeo oiiaao ooieoe?iioaaiiy - eiiiiceoaie /anoi iaceaathoueny iai?anoeaei?, “ae??ai?” i?ioan?? (lavacenci - 1. ?ia?oiee i?aeuei?; 2. ethaeeia c iecueeei nioe?aeueiei ??aiai ? iiae.). O?aaeeoe?eii eiiiiceoe-VN aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey iaceaaiiy iiaooiaeo i?aaeiao?a (copriteiera - /ioie ia caaa?iee /aeiee ? iiae.). ?aia?ee i?e iacaao oei?e ? oaoie na?ae/aoue, ui na?aae ieo iaeaea 50% ? iacaaie ae?aeaeoieie, ?iciiaieie (cacciafebbre (?ici.), battisuocera (ae?ae.) - aieioea ? iiae.). Aeey ?iaiieo eiiiiceo?a-VN oa?aeoa?ia yaeua neiii?i??, ye na?ae/eoue iaoa??ae ? aeai? neiaiee?a N. Aaoaeuey Grande dizionario della lingua italiana, Lo Zingarelli Vocabolario della lingua italiana , O. Iaeaoeoe?, Aeae. Oieaia Dizionario della lingua italiana. Aeine?aeaeoaai? eiiiiceoe aoiaeyoue o 267 neiii?i?/ieo a?oi, ui ia?aeiothoue a?ae 2 aei 11 ne?a. Naiaioe/ia caeeaeaiiy niinoa??aa?oueny i?ae eiiiiceoaie, a oaeiae i?ae eiiiiceoaie ? ia-eiiiiceoiith eaeneeith - i?inoeie neiaaie aai eaeneeae?ciaaieie neiainiieo/aiiyie. Oae? a?aeiioaiiy na?aae eiiiiceoii? eaeneee iiaeooue aeieeaoe aiane?aeie: a) no?oeoo?ii? ? naiaioe/ii? iiae?aiino? o iioeaaoe?ei?e aac? V + N: segnacarte, segnalibro, segnapagina - caeeaaeea a eieao; attaccapanni, portapanni - a?oaeea ? iiae. Oeae oei neiii?i?? iioe?aiee o aeine?aeaeoaaiiio ei?ion?; a) iayaiino? o iia? caaaeueiiaaeeaaii? / ae?aeaeoii? aai iaoeiai? / ?iciiaii? iacae oiai naiiai iiiyooy: guardalepre (ae?ae.), succiacapre, portaquaglie, coprimulgo - (ciie.) ae?aiethaa ? iiae.; a) a?aeiioaiiy aei oiai naiiai aeaiioaoa, iacaaaeath/e ia ??ciee oa?aeoa? ooai?aiiy ne?a, ??cio ?o aioo??oith oi?io. A oaeee niin?a ooai?eeeny neiii?i?/i? a?oie c eiiiiceo?a, noo?enao?a oa no?eeeo neiainiieo/aiue: cavalocchio, azzecagarbugli, leguleio, mangiacarte - e?oo?e, ath?ie?ao, ia/aniee aaeaieao. Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaei, ui iaea?eueoo oaiaeaioe?th aei neiii?i?caoe?? aeyaeythoue eiiiiceoe-VN - iacae ethaeae c iaaaoeaiith eiiioaoe??th: mangiaricotte, persona debole, persona inetta, persona sciocca - neaaea, ?ia?oia, ia?icoiia ethaeeia. Oaeeo neiii?i?/ieo a?oi aeae?eaii 43, i?e/iio aiie ? iaea?eueo eaene/ii iaiiaiaieie - 5-11 ne?a. Oaiaeaioe?th aei neiii?i?caoe?? aeaiiino?othoue eiiiiceoe-oa?i?ie ? i?ioan?iiae?cie: iacae iaoei, oaoi?/iiai onoaoeoaaiiy oiui: montacarichi, montamateriali - aaioaaeiee e?oo, i?aeeiiiee; fermadeviatoio, fermascambio - caieea/ no??eee - 16 a?oi; oa?i?ie o noa?ao oei?e ? oaoie (14 a?oi), a oaeiae neiii?i?/i? ?yaee ne?a ia iicia/aiiy iiaooiaeo i?aaeiao?a (37 a?oi). Oa?i?ie-aeoaeaoe aeieeathoue c oeo naieo i?e/ei: a) aiane?aeie iioeaaoe?? neiii?i?/ieie ae??neiaaie aai ?iaiieeaie: beccafico, mangiafico, pappafico - (ciie.) neaaea; a) aiane?aeie ia?aeaeueiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeania ?oae?enueeiai eiiiiceoa ? noo?enaoa c eeane/iei aeaiaioii: pesavino, alcoolimetro - nie?oiiao?; a) aiane?aeie ia?aeaeueiiai oaeeaaiiy oa?i?ia-eiiiiceoa ? oa?i?ia-neiainiieo/aiiy ia iicia/aiiy oiai naiiai iiiyooy: chiappapesci, martin pescatore - (ciie.) ceii?iaeie; mangiabotte, biscia d’acqua - (ciie.) aoae cae/aeiee ? iiae. Oaeei /eiii, eiiiiceoe aienothoueny o no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/i? a?aeiioaiiy eaene/ii? nenoaie ?oae?enueei? iiae ia??ai? c on?ia ?ioeie iaeeieoeyie oe??? nenoaie. O aeniiaeao i?aaenoaaeaii oai?aoe/ia ocaaaeueiaiiy oa ioe?iee ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Eiiieaenia aeine?aeaeaiiy eiiiiceo?a VN-no?oeoo?e aeicaieeei i?aaenoaaeoe ?o oi?iaeueii-naiaioe/i? ?ene a) ye iaai? iiai? oi?aa?nae??; a) ye aaiaoe/ii oniaaeeiaai?; a) oeiieia?/ii coiiaeai? ?iiainueeith nenoaiith; a) ye aeania ?oae?enuee?, iienai? o?ainoi?iaoe?eieie i?aaeeaie, ye? aeicaieeee ia?eoeaoaaoe iiiian?ieia?/io oa aeania e?iaa?noe/io no?oeoo?o oeeo iaeeieoeue. Eiiiiceoe-VN cana?ae/ai? o ??cieo iiiian?ieia?/ieo noa?ao no/anii? ?oae?enueei? iiae, nueiaiaei? oea ua e iaeia c i?iaeoeoeaieo iiaeaeae ooai?aiiy iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? oa i?ioan?eii? eaeneee. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo: 1. Aeooaeuei?noue iiaeae? “ ae??neiai + ?iaiiee ” o no/anieo ?oae?enueeeo eiiiiceoao // I?aeia?iaeia iaoeiaa eiioa?aioe?y iaiyo? i?ioani?a A. I. A?eaoeueeiai (1911-1995) “Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy no/anii? o?eieia??”. Oace aeiiia?aeae. - E., 1996. – N. 98. 2. Neiii?i?y na?aae ?oae?enueeeo eiiiiceo?a VN-no?oeoo?e // Iiaa oa ?noi??y: ia??iaee/iee ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue.- E., 1998.- Aei. 43. - N. 3 - 8. 3. Aaiethoe?y iiiian?ieia?/ieo oei?a eiiiiceo?a-VN a ?oae?enuee?e iia? // Iiai? ? eiioeaiooaeuei? ea?oeie na?oo: eiai?oeai? aniaeoe. - E., 1998.- N. 136 -147. 4. Iiiian?ieia?/ia no?oeoo?a eiiiiceo?a-VN a ?oae?enuee?e iia?.- E.: Aeae. Ee?a. oi?aa?., 1998. - 63 n. Oa?/?eaaeca Ae.A. Oi?iaeueii-naiaioe/i? iniaeeaino? eiiiiceo?a VN-no?oeoo?e o no/ani?e ?oae?enuee?e iia?. -?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 10.02.05 – ?iiainuee? iiae. - Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, Ee?a, 1999. Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia eiiieaeniiio aeine?aeaeaiith oi?iaeueii-naiaioe/ieo oa iiiian?ieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae eiiiiceo?a VN-no?oeoo?e o no/ani?e ?oae?enuee?e iia?. ?iaiia neiaineeaaeaiiy ?oae?enueei? iiae ?icaeyaea?oueny a aaiaoe/ieo ca’yceao c aiaeia?/iith i?aenenoaiith eaoei?, a oaeiae ye no?oeoo?ii-oeiieia?/ia yaeua a eiioaeno? ?iiainueeeo iia. Aeine?aeaeaii iniaeeaino? i?aaee ii?iaeaeaiiy eiiiiceoii? eaeneee, ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo iiaeaethaaiiy aeeaeiii? no?oeoo?e neeaaeieo iii?iaoe?e. Iienaii naiaioe/io niaoeeo?eaoe?th iioeaoth/i? aace V+N oa ?? iio?aeieo ye oa?aeoa?i? iniaeeaino? ?oae?enueeiai ?iaiiiai neiaineeaaeaiiy. Eiiiiceoe aeine?aeaeai? a oa?i?iao ?o iiiian?ieia?/ii? no?oeoo?e: aacen + iciaea + i?aaeeeao. ?ic?iaeaii nenoaiaoecaoe?th i?aaeeeao?a, aeei?enoiaoaaieo i?e eiino?othaaii? eiiiiceo?a c ae??ne?aiei aeaiaioii. Anoaiiaeaii iiiian?ieia?/i? oeie eiiiiceo?a aiaei- oa aecioeaio?e/ii? no?oeoo?e. Eiiiiceoe - VN iienai? a aniaeo? ?o ooieoe?iiaeueieo oa neiii?i?/ieo a?aeiioaiue. Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?iaiia neiaineeaaeaiiy, eiiiiceo, o?ainoi?iaoe?y iii?iae?caoe??, neiaioa??ia i?aaeei, iiiian?ieia?/ia no?oeoo?a, aioo??oiy oi?ia, aecioeaio?e/i? oa aiaeioeaio?e/i? eiino?oeoe??. Oa?/eeaaeca Ae.A. Oi?iaeueii-naiaioe/aneea iniaaiiinoe eiiiiceoia VN-no?oeoo?u a nia?aiaiiii eoaeueyineii ycuea. -?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.02.05 – ?iiaineea ycuee. – Eeaaneee oieaa?neoao eiaie Oa?ana Oaa/aiei, Eeaa, 1999. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia eiiieaeniiio enneaaeiaaieth oi?iaeueii-naiaioe/aneeo e iiiianeieiae/aneeo iniaaiiinoae eiiiiceoia VN-no?oeoo?u a nia?aiaiiii eoaeueyineii ycuea. Eiaiiia neiaineiaeaiea eoaeueyineiai ycuea ?anniao?eaaaony a aaiaoe/aneeo naycyo n aiaeiae/iie iiaenenoaiie eaouie, a oaeaea eae no?oeoo?ii-oeiieiae/aneia yaeaiea a eiioaenoa ?iiaineeo ycueia. Aiaeece?othony yaeaiey a neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiuo nenoaiao ?iiaineeo ycueia, naycaiiua n ia?ano?ieeie ii?oieiaee ?iiaineiai eiaie, n iiaui ii?yaeeii neia a ao?eaooeaiuo neioaene/aneeo eiino?oeoeeyo. ?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea iiaeaee?iaaiey aeoaeiiie no?oeoo?u neiaeiuo iiieiaoeee, enneaaeiaaiu iniaaiiinoe i?aaee aa iienaiey a n?aaiaiee n i?aaeeaie ii?iaeaeaiey i?inouo neia. Iienaiu no?oeoo?iua iiaeoee i?aaeea oieaa?aaeecaoeee neioaene/aneie eiino?oeoeee, auaaaeai oei i?aaeea aeey eiiiiceoia-VN n oeacaieai iiiianeieiae/aneie, no?oeoo?iie e naiaioe/aneie ?iee ninoaaeythueo eiiiiiaioia e iniaaiiinoae i?aaeeeaoia. I?aaeeiaeaiiay iaoiaeeea yenieeeaoeee iiiianeieiae/aneie no?oeoo?u eiiiiceoia i?eaioe?iaaia ia aioo?aiithth oi?io iioeae?othueo aaeeieoe, a nayce n /ai neiaeiua nouanoaeoaeueiua iineaaeiaaoaeueii iienuaathony eae yiaei- e yecioeaio?e/aneea no?oeoo?u. ?ac?aaioaia nenoaiaoecaoeey eiiiiceoia a oa?ieiao iiiianeieiae/aneeo i?eciaeia, auyaeaiu iiiianeieiae/aneea i?ei?eoaou, naeaeaaoea yoio oei eiiiiceoia i?iaeoeoeaiie iiaeaeueth aeey nia?aiaiiie eoaeueyineie iao/iie e i?ioanneiiaeueiie oa?ieiieiaee. Iaeiei ec aniaeoia enneaaeiaaiey auea naiaioe/aneay niaoeeoeeaoeey yeaiaioia iioeae?othuae aacu V+N e aa i?iecaiaeiuo eae oa?aeoa?iua iniaaiiinoe eoaeueyineiai eiaiiiai neiaineiaeaiey. Eiiiiceou -VN iienaiu oae aea a aniaeoa eo ooieoeeiiaeueiuo e neiiieie/aneeo ioiioaiee. Eeth/aaua neiaa: eiaiiia neiaineiaeaiea, eiiiiceo, o?ainoi?iaoeey iiieiaeecaoeee, neiaiia?aciaaoaeueiia i?aaeei, iiiianeieiae/aneay no?oeoo?a, aioo?aiiyy oi?ia, yiaeioeaio?e/aneea e yecioeaio?e/aneea eiino?oeoeee. Kharchiladze D.V. Formal-semantic peculiarities of VN-composites in modern Italian. – Manuscript. Candidate’s Dissertation. Speciality 10.02.05 – Romance languages. – Kyiv Taras Shevchenko University, Kyiv, 1999. The dissertation is devoted to the comprehensive study of formal-semantic and onomastic peculiarities of the composites of VN-structure in modern Italian. Noun compounding in modern Italian is studied in genetic connection with analogous subsystem in Latin, as well as a structural typologic phenomenon in the context of Romance languages. The dissertation deals with the rulls of generation of composite lexis; methods of modelling of the deep structure of compound nominations were worked out. Semantic specification of the V+N-basis motivation and its derivatives is treated as a distinctive feature of the Italian noun compounding. Composites are analysed in terms of their onomastic structure: basis + distinctive feature + predicate. Predicates systematisation used in constructing composites with verbal element is proposed. Onomastic types of composites, both of endocentric and exocentric structure, were studied in the dissertation. Functional and synonymic relations of VN-composites are also described. Key words: noun compounding, composite, transformation of nominalization, word-building rule, onomastic structure, inner form, endocentric and exocentric constructions.

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