Еротичний роман у віршах Наталі Лівицької-Холодної: Автореф. дис… канд. філол. наук / О.С. Легка, Львів. держ. ун-т ім. І.Франка. — Л., 1999. — 17 с

EUeA?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO ?iai? ?AAIA O?AIEA

EAAEA I?ENss NOAI?NEAA?AIA

OAeE 82 — 1 (477) + 883

A?IOE*IEE ?IIAI O A??OAO

IAOAE? E?AEOeUeEI?-OIEIAeII?

10.01. 01. — oe?a?inueea e?oa?aoo?a

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

EUeA?A — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e ?iai? aeaaeai?ea
Ieoaeea Aiciyea Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? ?aaia
O?aiea

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

I?uaiei Eaii?ea ?aai?aia,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e

?iai? aeaaeai?ea Ieoaeea Aiciyea

Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? ?aaiaO?aiea

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

Ooiiue A?eai??e Iaeneiiae/,

canooiiee aee?aeoi?a ?inoeoooo e?oa?aoo?e

?i. O.Oaa/aiea IAI Oe?a?ie

eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aoca? Caiii Iao?iae/,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e iaoiaeeee oa ?noi???

ia?iaeieo ooaeiaei?o i?iiene?a Ae?iaiaeoeueeiai

iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. ?.O?aiea

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea,

eaoaae?a ?noi??? oe?a?inueei?
e?oa?aoo?e

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «17» aa?aciy 1999 ?. i __ aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 35.051.06 c o?eieia?/ieo iaoe i?e
Euea?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea ca aae?anith: 290001, i.
Euea?a, aoe. Oi?aa?neoaonueea, 1.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a Iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe?
Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea (i. Euea?a,
aoe. Ae?aaiiaiiaa, 5).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «15» ethoiai 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Oa?eae C.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. Eoeueoo?a eiaeii? iaoe?? oi?io? na?e
a?ioe/iee eiae. Iaeiae ia nueiaiaei? oeae eiae aeaoi?ioaaany, ci?ieeiny
?icoi?iiy anoaoeee a?ioe/iiai. Oiio iaiao?aeiei aeaea?oueny iiaa?iaiiy
a?ioeee aei nenoaie aa?oinoae ethaenueeiai aoooy, i?inoaaeaiiy eiai
aeyao a ni?aaaeiueiio ienoaoeoa? neiaa. Oey aeoiea i?aeneeth?oueny ua e
oei, ui caaaeii o iaoa?eeiaiio e?oa?aoo?iciaanoa? iiiyooy «a?ioe/ia
iiac?y» i?aeoe/ii iaieiaeiny, caiaeeeiny aei iaiio??aiiai ?
caai?iiaiiai. A ai?a?aoe?ei?e iiac?? 20-30-eo ?ie?a ia?aaaaeaee
?noi??inionuee? ? iao??ioe/i? iioeae, o i?e i?aai?/ii ii?aeioaaeany
aenieiienoaoeueea oi?ia c /?oeith iaoe?iiaeueiith ?aea?th. Naaoi
a?ioe/ia ni?yioaaiiy o oai?/ino? oi/a e i?iyaeyeiny, ana ae ia aoei
aeooaeueiei.

Ii?aeueii-aoe/i? iiaeyaee, i?e an?e ?o o?aaeeoe?eiino?, ci?ii?. Aiie
aeeoa?aioe?ththoueny o ia?aiao?ao iaoe?iiaeueii? iaioaeueiino?
ia?iae?a, a oaeiae o iaai?e i??? i?ioiaeyoue aaiethoe?th neio?iiii – ca
iaaieie ?noi?e/ieie aiioaie. Iei? ie, ye ? aanue oeea?e?ciaaiee na?o,
aeiionea?ii iiaeeea?noue e?oa?aoo?iciaa/iai aiae?co a?ioeee o ooaeiaei?o
oaenoao, /iai ua iaaeaaii ia aeiioneaea ?aaeyinueea iaoea i?i
e?oa?aoo?o.

Iiaoe/io oai?/?noue I.E?aeoeueei?-Oieiaeii? aa?oi ?icaeyaeaoe ye
noi?iiaaio naiiaooith nenoaio, ui a?aeiiaeth? iiaiioo e?oa?aoo?iiai
i?ioeano, naiai /ano iani?aaaaeeeai ii?ooaio. O?aaeeoe?eii ethaiaio
e??eeo oai?youe ia?aaaaeii o iieiaeiio a?oe?. Oi?eaeuei?noue oai?/iai
oaiiiaio I.E?aeoeueei?-Oieiaeii? iieyaa? ianaiia?aae o oiio, ui aia?oa
ia eeoa a iaoe?iiaeuei?e e?oa?aoo??, aea e o na?oia?e, iiaoana
ooaeiaeiuei inieneth? ?ioeiii-a?ioe/iee na?o ae?iee ai?iaeiaae iaeaea
a?n?iaeanyoe ?ie?a.

Na?aae no/anieo ioae?eaoe?e e?eoe/ii-aiae?oe/iiai oa?aeoa?o, eio??
aaciina?aaeiuei oi?eathoueny aiae?co iiac?? I.E?aeoeueei?-Oieiaeii?,
iiaeaii iacaaoe noaoo? A.?oa/aea, ?.O?ca?a, TH.Oa?aoa, ?.Ei?iaeoeueeiai,
N.Ai?aeeinueeiai, E.Iinaiaeca, I.Oa?iaanueeiai, O.Naeeae,
I.?eueieoeueeiai, E.I?uaiei, A.?eue?ai?. Eiaeai ?c iacaaieo aaoi??a
?icaeyaea? oai?/?noue iiaoane a iniiaiiio iaeiianiaeoii, iaieiath/e
?iiae? oaeo ?eno iiac?? ye i?e?iaeii i?eoaiaiiee ?e a?ioeci, iicaaaeaiee
ii?iia?ao?/ii-aoeueaa?iiai aeaiaioo. Aeine?aeaeoaaia i?iaeaia, ioaea,
aeiaaa? aeaoaeueii? aeine?aeieoeueei? oaaae.

Caeiiii??iei ? oa, ui aiae?c yaeua a?ioecio niiioeo? caio?eoeny a
na?aaeiaeua i?iaeai o?einionueeiai ?aooieo — ethaia?, nia?o?,
naiioiino?, ii-iiaiio inieneeoe ?o, aeoiaey/e ?c iniaeeainoae
iiaoe/iiai ieneaiiy I.E?aeoeueei?-Oieiaeii?. O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?
a?ioe/i? iiac?? o?aeoothoueny ye niin?a aoooy aaoi?ee, iinooiiaa
aoooy-ia?aoai?aiiy iaoa??aeueii-o?ce/ii? aia?aaoeee a aeooiaio.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?y
aeeiiaia o Euea?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i. ?aaia O?aiea ia
eaoaae?? oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e ?i. aeaae. I.Aiciyea. Iaeiei ?c
i??i?eoaoieo caaaeaiue eaoaae?e ? aeine?aeaeaiiy «a?eeo ieyi» o
e?oa?aoo?iiio i?ioean? iaoa?eeiai? Oe?a?ie e ai???aoe??. O ?one? oaeeo
caaaeaiue ? noai?aia aeaia ?iaioa.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iiaoe/i? oaenoe ca??ie I.E?aeoeueei?-Oieiaeii?
«Aiaiiue ? iii?e», «N?i e?oa?», «Ia a?ai?», «Ia?aeioeiiea», «Inoaiiy
ae?y».

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy ?iaioe. Aieiaia iaoa aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe —
aeine?aeaeaiiy oe?e?nii? ea?oeie na?oo ?ioeiii-a?ioe/ii? iiac??
I.E?aeoeueei?-Oieiaeii? ye iniaeeaiai oaiiiaio ia oe? caaaeueiiai
e?oa?aoo?iiai i?ioeano. C iath iia’yco?ii ?yae eiie?aoieo caaaeaiue:

aecia/aiiy i?noey ca??ee a?ioe/ii? iiac?? I.E?aeoeueei?-Oieiaeii?
«Aiaiiue ? iii?e» o eiioaeno? e?oa?aoo?iiai i?ioeano ia o?eueee
ae?anii?e, aea e iaoa?eeiai? Oe?a?ie;

aena?oeaiiy na?oo iiac?? I.E?aeoeueei?-Oieiaeii? o ?one? nai???aeii?
o?einionueei? eiioeaioe?? ethaia? (ia iniia? i?ci?oeo ca??ie «Ia a?ai?»,
«Ia?aeioeiiea», «Inoaiiy ae?y»);

inieneaiiy iiaoeee cia/ouino? — niaoeeo?/ii? ?ene iiac??
I.E?aeoeueei?-Oieiaeii?;

aiae?c iiaoe/iiai ?icoi?iiy naiioiino? ye iniaeeaiai /aniai-i?inoi?iaiai
eiioeiooio; iio?aeooaaiiy eaoaai??aeueieo iaae naiioiino? ie?aiith
o?einionueeith nenoaiith. Oaaaa cina?aaeaeo?oueny ia oae ia oi?iaeueiiio
aniaeo? iiac??, ye ia ?ioaeaeooaeueii-ineoieia?/iiio, anoaoe/iiio;

aecia/aiiy iniaeeainoae ia?aciiai na?oo aaoi?ee;

c’ynoaaiiy ?en nii??aeiaiino? oai?/ino? I.E?aeoeueei?-Oieiaeii? c ?ioeie
iiaoe/ieie oaiiiaiaie;

iiooe iiaoe/ieo ia?aeaeae c iiae?aieie yaeuaie a ?ioeo neia’yinueeeo
e?oa?aoo?ao;

c’ynoaaiiy ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iiaea?io ? o?aaeeoe?? o oai?/ino?
I.E?aeoeueei?-Oieiaeii?.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeena?oaoe?? ? aaaiiee oai?aoe/iee iaoa??ae ?c
i?aoeue oe?a?inueeeo ?noi?ee?a oa oai?aoee?a e?oa?aoo?e: ?.O?aiea,
I.A?ooaanueeiai, I.Iioaai?, Ae.*eaeaanueeiai, N.?o?aiiaa, I.?aoaia,
A.Iaa?ioeueeiai, E.Ooeaeiaa, A.Iaea?iaa, O.Iia?aaaiieea, TH.Oa?aoa,
E.I?uaiei, A.Oaa/oea, I.?eueieoeueeiai, O.Naeeae, N.Ai?aeeinueeiai,
A.Ni?eyinueei?, C.Aoca?a, ?.Eioae?aoey, I.Einoaiei, I.Eiaeaea,
A.?oa/aea, ?.Iaeaithea, N.Iaaee/ei, O.Aoiaei?iai?, I.?enaea, A.Oea/aiea,
I.Eanei-Eooethe; iieuenueeiai aeine?aeieea — E.?iae?inueeiai;
aiae?enueeeo e?oa?aoo?iciaaoe?a — Ae.E??a?, Aeaa?aea Eacaina Aiy;
oe?a?inueeeo o?einio?a ? aoiiineoieia?a — A.Neiai?iaee, I.TH?eaae/a; oa
ca?oa?aeieo — O.I?oeoa, A.O?iia, O.I?oaae-?-Aanaoa, A.A.O.Aaaaey,
A.Oiiaiaaoa?a; ?in?enueeeo eoeueoo?ieia?a — ?.Eiia, I.?th?eeiaa;
aieaa?nueeiai — E.Aanee?aa; iieuenueeiai— C.E?aa-Noa?iae/a oa ?i.
?iaeyoueny c?noaaeaiiy c ii?aeueii-aoe/ieie iinooeaoaie A?ae??.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa a oe?a?inueeiio
e?oa?aoo?iciaanoa? cae?eniaii ni?iao ??oioiaiiai inieneaiiy a?ioe/ii?
iiac?? I.E?aeoeueei?-Oieiaeii? ye nai???aeiiai, caeiiii??iiai,
oe?e?niiai yaeua oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e. O aeena?oaoe?? oaae
aeine?aeaeo?oueny oaaoeiaaiee aeiiaaeaaia iaoa??ae, yeee o eiioaeno?
no/aniiai e?oa?aoo?iiai i?ioeano iaaoaa? iniaeeai? aaae. Aia?oa
?ice?eaathoueny i?iaeaie o?einio?? eioaiiy ? o?aaaae?? naiioiino?,
aecia/a?oueny ?o aca?iicoiiaeai?noue ? aca?iiia?ao?aei?noue.

Oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe. Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiiy
iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? o nooae?yo c ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e,
i?e iaienaii? iiiia?ao?/ieo i?aoeue i?i ?icaeoie e?oa?aoo?iiai i?ioeano
OO noie?ooy, a eaeoe?eieo eo?nao ? niaoeeo?nao aeey
nooaeaio?a-o?eieia?a. ?iaioa ?icoe?th? oyaeaiiy i?i i?ea?iaeuei?noue
oai?/ino? I.E?aeoeueei?-Oieiaeii? o eiioaeno? oe?a?inueei? iiac?? OO
noie?ooy.

Ai?iaaoe?y aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe ii?eethaeiaii o
aeiiia?aeyo oa iia?aeiieaiiyo, aeaieioaieo ia oaeeo iaoeiaeo oi?oiao:
I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? «?aai O?aiei — ienueiaiiee,
ieneeoaeue, a?iiaaeyiei» (Aei 140-??//y a?ae aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy (Euea?a,
1996)); Ca?oi?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/ai?e iai’yo? i?ioani?a
O.Eiia?eioey (Euea?a, 1997); I?aeia?iaei?e neaa?noe/i?e eiioa?aioe??,
i?enay/ai?e 75-?e ??/ieoe? a?ae aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy E.O?ioeiiae/a (Euea?a,
1998); I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? «Oa?e?a 30 — 40-eo ?ie?a OO
noie?ooy. E?oa?aoo?a. ?noi??y. Ienoaoeoai», i?enay/ai?e 85-e?ooth
i?ioani?a TH.Aieea-Aeioeia (Oa?e?a, 1998); iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? IOO
«I?iaeaie e?oa?aoo?iciaanoaa: iinoao? oa eiioeaioe??» (Euea?a, 1998);
I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? «Oe?a?inueea o?eieia?y: oeiee,
iinoao?, i?iaeaie», i?enay/ai?e 150-??//th canioaaiiy eaoaae?e
oe?a?inueei? neiaaniino? (Euea?a, 1998). Noaooy «Iaoaey Aiae???aia
E?aeoeueea-Oieiaeia» iiaeaia aei «Neiaieea oe?a?inueei? e?oa?aoo?e»
(Iueth-Ei?e).

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (186 iiceoe?e) oa
aeiaeaoeo. Aeeeaaeaia ia 215 noi??ieao (c ieo — 196 noi??iie iniiaiiai
oaenoo).

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O Anooi? ia??oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie, c’yniaaii noai ?? aea/aiiy,
aecia/aii iaoo, caaaeaiiy ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?ice?eoi eiai
iaoeiao iiaecio. Aena?oeth?oueny oaeiae ca’ycie aeena?oaoe?? c iaoeiaeie
i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie eaoaae?e; iiaeathoueny ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
i?aeoe/iiai canoinoaaiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. E??i oiai, o anooi?
aea?oueny caaaeueiee iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e, yea noino?oueny aeaii? oaie:
caaaeueiioai?aoe/ii?, o?einionueei?, niaoe?aeueii?.

O Ia?oiio ?icae?e? — «Iiaaoi?noai iiaoeee a?ioe/iiai o ca??oe?
I.E?aeoeueei?-Oieiaeii? «Aiaiiue ? iii?e» — c’yniao?oueny i?noea ca??ee
I.E?aeoeueei?-Oieiaeii? «Aiaiiue ? iii?e» o oiai/aniiio e?oa?aoo?iiio
i?ioean? iaoa?eeiai? Oe?a?ie e ae?anii?e, aecia/a?oueny ??
nai???aei?noue ? eiei?eoi?noue. Oea iniaeeaee oei e??eee — a?ioe/ia, c
iaoeeii aei ineoieia?caoe?? ii/ooo?a e??e/ii? aa?i?i?. Ia??oioiao?ii
caeiiii??i?noue ?? iiyae. Aiaeii/an, cacia/a?oueny, ui ethaiaii-a?ioe/ia
e?i?y a oe?a?inuee?e iiac?? ii/anoe ?icaeaaeany o oai?/ino? I.Ieany,
A.Ia/ianueeiai, I.Ea?iainueeiai, A.Ninth?e, I.?eeuenueeiai, E.Iinaiaeca,
I.Noaoaiiae/a, I.Eyoo?einueei?, I.Oae?ae, A.-?.Aioiie/a, A.Aiaeinueeiai;
?? ca?iaeaeaiiy nyaa? aeeaiei? aeaaieie, noieoniaai?noue a?ioe/iiai
iioeao niinoa??aa?ii a ie?aieo aeaiaioao oieueeei?o (i?ni?, oaioe?).

Ii/aoie OO noie?ooy iciaiaiiaaiee iiyaith ??cieo iao?aaeeoe?eieo
e?oa?aoo?ieo iai?yi?a, eiaeai c yeeo oae /e ?iaeoa caa?oaany aei
i?iaeaie a?ioecio, ii-nai?io o?aeooth/e eiai. Ia aeeaii, ioaea, ui iiyaa
ca??ee «Aiaiiue ? iii?e» aeeeeeaea aeineoue iaiaeiicia/io ioe?ieo
e?eoee?a (E.Iinaiaec, I.?oaeieoeueeee, I.Aiaoeoae, N.Ai?aeeinueeee). Oea
aoa na?aeee «aeaoo» ooaeiaeiuei ioi?ieaieo a?aaeaiue ? iiaee a?ae?oo
iiaoe/iiai aa/aiiy, ia neiaaiee ?aieaie iaaeioe?eueieo iaiaaeaiue. Iaaea
i?ae a?ioe/iei ? ii?iia?ao?/iei aeaiaioii o iiaoe/i?e oeaiei? aoea /?oei
i?iaaaeaia. Anoaoeciaaiee a?ioe/iee aeaiaio caeaoiee aeeeeeaoe o /eoa/a
o?eueee iiceoeai? aiioe??, ?, yeui a?i iineeth? ethaeeiiciaa/ee
iioaioe?ae oai?o, — oi a?i ? ooaeiaeiuei aei?aaaeaiei ? eiai ne?ae
aaaaeaoe aeioe?eueiei.

E??e/ia a?ioeea aeneiaeth? cia/io /anoeio ii/ooo?a aoaeue-yei?
?iaeea?aeoaeueiino?, ? oiio aea? ciiao noi?ioaaoe iaai? o?einionuee?
iiaeyaee ia aeeooy acaaae? ? ia eioaiiy ye iniiao aoooy cie?aia.

Caniiaiee oai??? ineoiaiae?co C.O?aeae cacia/aa: ethaiaia aeeooy ae?iee
/anoeiai aiane?aeie eiiaaioe?iiaeueii? iioaeiino? e iaa?aeaa?oino?
ae?iie caaeeaeaia ua a iai?iieeio i?oueio. A?aeooiaooth/enue a?ae oe???
aeoiee, aena?oeth?ii ?ioeiiee na?o ae?iee oeyoii aiae?co iiaoe/ieo
oaeno?a. Aeniiao?ii, ui noeoii?noue on?o ca??ie I.E?aeoeueei?-Oieiaeii?
(«Aiaiiue ? iii?e», «N?i e?oa?», «Ia a?ai?», «Ia?aeioeiiea», «Inoaiiy
ae?y») oi?io? ?iiai — ?iiai c aeeooy ae?iee. Oiiaia iacaa — a?ioe/iee
?iiai o a??oao. Ca??ea «Aiaiiue ? iii?e» — eiai ii/aoie. Oeeee?caoe?y
(ca??ea neeaaea?oueny c o?ueio oeeee?a: «Aa?a?i-c?eey», «*a?aiia ?
/i?ia», «Iii?e») oiiaeeeaeth? a?eueo aaeaeaaoii ao?eeoe aaoi?nueeo
?aeath.

O oeeee? «Aa?a?i-c?eey» ii/oooy i?iaeoothoueny aaeea n?iaeieo noinoie?a
(«Iaoe, eioaiea, nano?a, / A??ia ae?oaeeia oaiy…»). AE?iea oiniaeth?
i?e?iaeo ye Iaoe, Ae?oaeeia, ?aeay. Iiaoana oe?eeiaeoi a?aeaea?oueny
iaooiaiith, ia?inoath/iio cai?ooaiith. Iiac?? a?aeaeaathoue ??ci? oeie
noaaeaiiy ae?iee aei /ieia?ea: ? ianieiaeo caiiei uanoyi, ? aenie?
ieaoii?/i? ia?aaeeaaiiy, ye? o a?aeiia?aeue ii?iaeaeothoue aaaeaiiy
noaoe a??iith noiooieoeath aeeooy, ?, ?acii c oei, aeeyaieuenueea
i?aaiaiiy ?icaeaaoe na?oey ioae/ei, a?aeaa?o? a?ioe/i? oaioac??.
I?aaeiaoii oyae I.E?aeoeueei?-Oieiaeii? o ca??oe? «Aiaiiue ? iii?e» ? a
iniiaiiio ?? aeania aii??e/ia «y», ana o a??oao c?aaeoeiaaii aei
iniaeno?niiai ia?aaeeaaiiy. Noee?noe/ii iiac?? iieiaei? iiaoee
oyae?thoue aei oai?/ino? I.Ieany. Eiaeai a??o ca??ee — i?iaeiaaeaiiy
?iiaio, ui aea? ciiao aiai?eoe i?i oaiaoe/io eiioeaioe?ei?noue ca??ee.
Oea ia?aaaaeii ei?ioe? e??e/i? iiac??, aac i?inoi?iaeo iiyniaiue.

Ae?oaee oeeee ca??ee «*a?aiia ? /i?ia» aeaiiino?o? a?ae/aeaeooio
a?ioe/io ai?ioueao e??e/ii? aa?i?i?, ni?iaieiaaio c?aaeith eioaiiai.
Oeae ieano iiac?e iniaeeai iieaciaee o ieai? ?icoi?iiy a?ioecio e??eee
I.E?aeoeueei?-Oieiaeii?. E??e/ia aa?i?iy ?iiaio iinoa? o aeaio
?iinoanyo, ye? aeaiaeyoueny c ?iiaioe/iiai ?icaeai?iiy iniae ia
«ni?aaaeith ae?ieo» ? «e?oa?aoo?io o?ao?o» (aaiia). Aeine?aeaeoth/e
«a?ia?ao?th» ae?ii/iai aaii??ecio, ?icaeyaea?ii a?ioeci aaoi?ee ye
yaeua, ui aeoioeth? a nia? iaoe?iiaeueia aeaea?aei, e?oa?aoo?io
o?aaeeoe?th ? aieeae ?a?iiaenueei? iiac?? (??eueea, Aiaeea?, Aa?eai).

O oeeee? «*a?aiia ? /i?ia» I.E?aeoeuee?e-Oieiaei?e iaea?eueoa ?iiiio?
aeni?an?ii?noe/ia iaia?a ienueia: «*i?iee iiaeyae oa?e ai?aeee ?
ce?niee, / Oe ia oi/ao i?eeiyoe ethaia. / Oa aea?ia, y aaaetheith
noenio, / ss a?cueio c oaiai na?oey anth e?ia». Aai ae: «A iaia noeiy
aoea /a?aiia, / A onoa caoea?ee otheueiaiii, / ? ia ieo aoea e?ia
nieiia, / oaiy e?ia, c oai?o ono, eioaiee». «Aaii» i?oaeo? ca?i?th
o?eanieo i?eiaae o caiaee?e a?? nee. Can?a a?ia?aie?caoe?? aeiiiiaaa? o
ia?aa?eueoaii caeaoi?iiaaiiio aeaeyae? ciaoa??ae?coaaoe ia?ac
aioo??oiueiai ineoieia?/iiai noaio ethaeeie ( a aeaiiio aeiaaeeo aenoaco
— ?acoeueoaoo ae?? iaiiaiiaaii? ethaia?-aei?noieino?). Oeeee «*a?aiia ?
/i?ia» ? iaeiei ?c i?iya?a iioe?aiiai ia ii/aoeo OO noie?ooy neioaco
ienoaoeoa. Eie?? aecaiey?oueny a?ae i?aaeiaoiino?, aeinyaa? nai??
naiino?eii? cia/ouino?. Iiaoana ai?ei ithaino? ii/ooo?a? noaie
eieuei?iaeie ?ii?an?yie. Iniaeeai ae?acii oea aeyaey?oueny, eiee aaoi?ea
?iaeoue ni?iao neioaco ethaia? ? iaiaaeno? (?icaeaath/e o?aaeeoe??
O.Aiaeea?a). Ia?ac ?? (e??e/ii? aa?i?i?) neiaie?ciaaiee /a?aiiith
aa?aith, eiai — /i?iith. Oe? eieuei?ia? ai?oaoe iaae?eai? aia?a??th
aaeeeiai aiioe?eiiai aieeao.

Oeeee «*a?aiia ? /i?ia» caaa?oo? iiac?y «Noaiiaa eacea» — aiioaic
aeni?aneaiiai cao/aiiy. Ooo iinoa? iioea noeo?eiino? oe?a?inueeiai noaio
(aieea ?iiaioe/ii? o?aaeeoe??). A ia?ac? oaoa?eia — eioaiaoeue. O
I.E?aeoeueei?-Oieiaeii? ?aaeueia ?noi?e/ia iiae?y ia?aoai?th?oueny o i?o
(ca?nii ae, ia eaeaoueny i?i ?noi??inionuee? iioeae) c iaoith
a?aeia?aaeaiiy ii/ooo?ai? ea?ae?ia?aie a?ioe/ieo aiioe?e («Aoaea e?ia ia
ii?o onoao, / Aoaea ?icia/ i’yieee, aacneeee, / ? ye oeaeee iiaooi?e
ioao, / ?icai?oaoeia i?eno?anoue e?eea» (81). Ae?thoue aeaa ei?aeyoeai?
aeaiaioe: ethaia ye aeeooy ? ethaia ye oeyo aei nia?o?. O?aaeeoe?eii,
A?in ? iioyaii aei aeeooy, eioaiiy ? naenoaeueiiai aaeiaieaiiy.
Aiaeii/an, a?i — oea ai?ioueaa, ui aaaea aei cieuaiiy, ii?iaeaeo?
aa?an?th, ?, oei naiei, ia?aoiaeeoue o Oaiaoin. Ia iaoo aeoieo,
I.E?aeoeueea-Oieiaeia iaa?oue ?iaeoue ni?iao a?ioecaoe?? Oaiaoina.

Aiae?c iiac?e oeeeeo «Iii?e» aeaiiino?o? iaenoa?i?noue aaoi?ee o
a?aeoai?aii? aaniethoii iiey?ieo ii/ooo?aeo noai?a: i?eno?anoue
iinooia?oueny i?noeai i?aeiino?. Ia?ac aa?iy noaoe/ii-noiiee, a?i
ia?aoai?th?oueny a ia?ac-i??th, iaaoaa? aeaeyaeo oiiaii? noaie, ui
neoaeeoue caniaii aeey ae?aaeaiiy ii/ooo?a. Eioaiiy niaeth? ia iii?e
iaeaeae?eaoi?o? ii/oooy ethaeeie. I?e?iaeia aeinoaiaii?noue e??e/iiai
ia?aaeeaaiiy i?ci?oa ii?iaeeoue /?oeo ineoieia?/io ?aoeaen?th c
aeeaeiiith ?ioo?oeai?noth. Aaeaeaaoii a?aeoai?ththoueny ??ci? noaie
aeoo? a on?e iiiaioaeuei?e oa?aeoa?iino? ?oiueiai aeieeiaiiy. Caaaeii
oeeee «Iii?e» uiaei ci?noo eiio?anoo? c oeeeeii «*a?aiia ? /i?ia».
A?ioe/iee ?iiai ia caaa?oo?oueny: aiioe?eiee oaea?, aeecueeee aei oieo,
ui eiai /eoa/ ia?aaeeaa? i?ae /an ni?eeoaaiiy c iiac?yie iiia?aaeiueiai
oeeeeo, i?ieoiaoe ai?iaaoe?th, noa? aeaiaioii ieioeiai. Aiae?co?ii
ni?iao aaoi?ee iiaeieaoe a?eue, inyaiooe eaoa?nen oeyoii inieneaiiy
ia?niiaeueii? ia?niaeoeae. A?aeoai?aiiy iaeoiioeo ithain?a aiioe?eiiai
noaio e??e/ii? aa?i?i? ni?e/eiy? a?aaeaoe?th a?ae i?inoiai e??ecio aei
?ioaeaeooae?caoe?? aooo?aeo ?aae?e. Caa?oa?ii i?e oeueiio oaaao ia
noeeueia? iniaeeaino? iiac?? I.E?aeoeueei?-Oieiaeii?: aaoi?ea —
iai?iiaioee, a eaeii?/i?noth ? no?ia?noth aeneiao aiia ?iee?io? aei
iaieeaneee. On? a??o? oeeeeo «Iii?e» iinoaeuea?/i?, a?aecia/athoueny
iioeaii ooae ca ao?a/aiei ?a?i.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? eiinoaoo?oueny aeoiea, ui eiaeai ?c o?ueio oeeee?a
ca??ee noaiiaeoue niaith ie?aiee aoai o i?ioean? ?icaeoeo a?ioe/iiai
?iiaio o a??oao I.E?aeoeueei?-Oieiaeii?. I?e oeueiio eiaeai aoai oi?io?
naith iiaeaeue noinoie?a i?ae e??e/ieie noa’?eoaie: a?ae iiaii? aa?iii??
?ioeiieo ii/oaaiue («Aa?a?i-c?eey») /a?ac ?o aeniaaeaiiy iacae/ieie
naenoaeueieie aia?oe?yie («*a?aiia ? /i?ia») aei aiioe?eiiai
oie?ioai?aiiy ?c caio?aiiyi o na?o ia?niiaeueiiai aoooy («Iii?e»).

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? — «O?einio?y eioaiiy» — aeine?aeaeo?oueny iiaeaeueoa
oai?/?noue I.E?aeoeueei?-Oieiaeii? (ca??ee «Ia a?ai?», «Ia?aeioeiiea»,
«Inoaiiy ae?y»). ?aae?ciaaii iaiaaaiiy iieacaoe ii/oooy e??e/ii? aa?i?i?
o ?icaeoeo — a?ae /ano iieiaeino? aei iioeeiai a?eo. Niinoa?aaeaiiy iaae
c??eei ia??iaeii oai?/ino? iiaoane, i?e?iaiae?c iiaoe/ieo oaeno?a aea?
i?aenoaae oaa?aeeoe, ui o?einio?y eioaiiy aaoi?ee a?aeoai?th? i?ioean
noaiiaeaiiy iaiiaoi?iiai aeooiaiiai oa ?ioaeaeooaeueiiai na?oo
iniaenoino? ye iniiao ?? naiinoaa?aeaeaiiy. Iaaieioo?oueny, ui i?ae
iiiyooyi «o?einio?? eioaiiy» ?icoi??ii ae?iaeaio nenoaio iiaeyae?a ia
eiie?aoia ii/oooy. ? oey nenoaia iiaeyae?a aeneiaeaia aaoi?ii
iiina?aaeeiaaii, /a?ac ooaeiaei? neiai.

Iiaoe/ia oai?/?noue I.E?aeoeueei?-Oieiaeii? aeoiaeeoue ia oie ??aaiue,
eiee eaeaoueny i?i ni?iao inieneeoe nain ? aa?o?ni?noue aeeooy,
naiioe?ii?noue eioaiiy. Oea ieiueia aoooy c o?ainoeaiaeaioiei aei??ii, o
ye?e ethaeeia, ca neiaaie O.I?oaae-?-Aanaoa, «aeoiaeeoue ca aeani? iaae?
? i?eeo/a?oueny aei /iainue iicaiaaeiiai».

Aeoia?oueny, neiaie?/i? iacae i?ci?oeo ca??ie ? iiaa naiaioe/ia
iaiiaiaiiy oaeno?a, ye? aoiaeyoue aei ieo, — aeieac oiai, ui iiaoana,
oai?y/e aeanio e??e/io ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?noue, i?aeiineoueny ia oie
nooi?iue, aea i?i o?eaniee a?e eioaiiy a?aeaa?oi ?

a?eueii aaea ?iceacaii, a aeooiaiee aeiaaa? nooo?aiai ae?aaeaiiy. O
a??oao, iaienaieo o c??eiio a?oe?, eioaiiy — a iniiaiiio ethaia-niiiei,
ethaia-niiae?aaiiy. Oea e??eea iinoaeuea??. ?ioeii? ca??yiiy c??ei?
ae?iee niiaiai? oi o?einionueei? ?aoeaen?? i?i aeeooy e ethaeeio, oi
caa?iaiiyi aei Aiaa, inyaiaiiyi a?/iino?, ia eaaeo/e aaea i?i iino?eio
aeoieo-iio?aao caa?oaoeny aei ??aeieo aeaea?ae, o?oeoeny caaaeeaie i?i
e?ae aeeoeinoaa. Aiie, c?aooith, iaaoaathoue ethaeeiiciaa/iai oa?aeoa?o.
Aaoi?ea c?iaeea aaeaeo ni?iao — a noa?ino? ia?aaeeoe iieiae?noue.
Iaci?iiei aieiaiei ?oo??i aeeooy e??e/ii? aa?i?i? ? ethaia c on??th ??
niaeo?aeueiith ??ciiaa?ai?noth: a?ae ae?acii i?aaenoaaeaii? /ooo?ai
o?eanii? i?aaeiaoiino? ?c caio?aiiyi o noa?e a?ioe/ii? aia?a?? aei
ona?aeiieaiiy neioeueoaiiino? ii/oooy. Ioae ? eioaiaoeue, ui aoa
aieiaiei ni?a?iciiaieeii o ca??oe? «Aiaiiue ? iii?e», aaea a ianooiieo
ca??eao c?eia? a ia?ac? yiaiea, yeee «noiya ca iiith e?ae aei?iae ?
ii?o/ iaia oeoi eoia». A?aeiaoiaeyoueny aeaiaioe i?noeee. Ca?aeoe
ii/eia?oueny neiaie?/ia e?i?y «aeeooy — nia?oue». Ca?aeoe — caeiiii??ia
caa?iaiiy aei Aiaa: e??e/ia aa?i?iy aeoai?th? oyaiiai i?noe/iiai
eioaioey, aei yeiai iaaeeceoeny aaaeei, a?ae yeiai aiia iino?eii
aeenoaioe?th?oueny. ?ioeiiee na?o iiac?? I.E?aeoeueei?-Oieiaeii?
aeeth/aiee o nenoaio A?/iino?. Oaiaoin ia ia?aiaaa? A?ina. Aiaeyoe?y aei
ia?oii?e/eie aoooy noeioeth? ?iaioo aeoo?, ni?yiiaaio ia iiooe
o?einionueeiai ?aeaaeo, ia a?aeiaeaeaiiy aeanii? ie?ai?oiino? a
oi?aa?noi?:

?icieia?oueny na?oea ia o?e o?anoe, ia o?e ioee.

Ia?oa — oi neaaa, ui eyaea i?ae /oae? aaaiaoe,

Ae?oaa — i?e ??ae o /oaeiio ii?? — ii? aioee.

A o?aoy — ieoaiiy aac a?aeiia?ae? — aea Oe? (162)

A?ioe/iee ?iiai, a i?aeaaeeie yeiai iieeaaeaii aeeaieo o?einio?th
eioaiiy, ia?aaoaa? ia o?e noaae?? ?icaeoeo, eiee aeine?aeaeaiiy
«aiaoii?? o?ea» aaciiai?ioii ci?ith?oueny i?ciaiiyi «aiaoii?? aeoo?».
C??ea iiaoea iaea?eueoa ai?oueny ao?aoeoe ca’ycie c ?iaeii,
inoa??aa?oueny oe?iiino? naiiai ?iaeo. Oiiaii aeae?ey?ii o o?einio??
eioaiiy ieoeo n?i’y — ?iaeeia — ??ae, ui aeniiao?oueny c? nai??
ia?oii?e/eie — a?/iiai ii/oooy ethaia?. Iioea naiicina?aaeaeaiino?
aeeeoo? a?aeiia?aeiee ia?aciee na?o, eio?ee ia? aeani? ineoieia?/i?
aei??e ?, cae/aeii, nai? cia?aaeaeuei? caniae. Aaaeeeao ?ieue o
I.E?aeoeueei?-Oieiaeii? a?ae?a?a? ooaeiaeiy aeaoaeue, ca yeith ia??aeei
oiaa?oueny neeaaeiee eiiieaen ii/ooo?a («caaeyiue o ionoeo eeoeue»,
«?eaeaoe iaeei a n???noue aei?a», «cieioaa?noue aei?a eo/a?yaeo», «aeooa
aieaea?oueny ia oaeeyo ?eaeaiue»).

?iiae? niinoa??aa?ii oai?aiiy nai???aeiiai nth??aae?noe/iiai eieaaeo.
C??e?noue aeyaey?oueny /anoi o aaaeei i?eoiaoaai?e aiioe?ei?e
?icaaeainiaaiino?, aaoi? ?nio? o a??oao iaiiaae o aeaio iniaao: e?oiy
ae?iea — iieiaea a?aeueia (a??o «I?/ i?ae ?aaia Eoiaea»). «ss» ? «oe» —
iaeia iniaa, ?, aiaeii/an, aea? ?iinoan? ?icaeai?ii? aeoo? iiaoane.
Iaeia ?iinoanue /a?ac niiiei ua ?ac ia?aaeeaa? eioaiiy, a ?ioa
iaiaaa?oueny caeieaoe naiioi?noue, i?ecoieieoe /an, uia iia??eoe o
aaceiia/i?noue naiai aoooy. Oaea oaioaniaai?e/ia o?ainoi?iaoe?y
«?ioi?io?» i?i yaeua nieaao a I.E?aeoeueei?-Oieiaeii? aeaio oei?a
oai?/ino?: a?c?iia?nueeiai ? ineoieia?/iiai. Iino?eia ni?aa?a iiaoe/iiai
e aiiaoe/iiai o aeiai?? oi?iaeueieo cania?a oa neioaene/ieo eiino?oeoe?e
— niaoeeo?/ia ?ena iiac?? I.E?aeoeueei?-Oieiaeii?, iieaciee iiai?
iiaoeee cia/ouino? c oaoi?eith aeaicia/iino?, ia?icoeo?iaaiino?, c
a?aeaa?oith a?aeiiaith a?ae ?ice?eooy i?yiiai naino. Iiaaoi?noai
iiaoane, ia iaoo aeoieo, iieyaa? ianaiia?aae o iiaiio i?aeoiae? aei
neiaa oa iaeneiaeueiiio aeyaeaii? an?o ieano?a ? a?aeo?ie?a eiai
naiaioeee.

?, ia?aoo?, o?einio?y eioaiiy I.E?aeoeueei?-Oieiaeii? ia?aoiaeeoue o
o?einio?th naiiai aeeooy, a ye?e ethaia i?iaieioo?oueny i?ic??iiyi, ui
a?aee?eaa? oeyo aei Anana?oo. Ioaea, a?ioe/iee ?iiai iiaoane ia
caaa?oo?oueny, a ?icaeaa?oueny; naiioi?noue ? noa??noue iiaeeaeththoue
eiai nooue, aee?aooth/e neeaaeio «a?oaieia?th» ?ioeiieo ?iioeuen?a oa
aiioe?e.

Iniaeeaei o ?icaeoeo ae?? a?ioe/iiai ?iiaio o a??oao
I.E?aeoeueei?-Oieiaeii? ? aoai naiioe. O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe??
— «O?aaaae?y naiioiino?» — ?icaeyaea?oueny o?aa?ci naiioiino?. O iie?
ci?o aeine?aeaeaiiy — o?eaaeee i?ii?aeie aeeooy aaoi?ee (iaeaea 50
?ie?a), i?ioyaii yeiai oi?ioaaeeny ? ?icaeaaeeny ?? aeoiee oa iiaeyaee.
Eaoaai??y naiioiino? aiae?co?oueny o ?one? ?icoi?iiy ?? ye iniaeeaiai
/aniai-i?inoi?iaiai eiioeiooio; a ?? eaoaai??aeuei? iaae? iio?aeoiaai?
ye ie?aia o?einionueea nenoaia.

Aeeeth/ii /a?ac ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-noa’?eoeaia ni?eeiyooy, i?aeoe/ii ia
ocaeaaeiaia a?ae yeeoinue ciai?oi?o /eiiee?a, aeaoaeiao?oueny iiaoe/ia
eiioeaioe?y na?oo e??e/ii? aa?i?i? ?, aieiaia, ?? i?e?iaoooy a iueiio.
Noanoaioe?y ae?ii/iai ?noaa ye iaiao?aeia neeaaeiaa onueiai caiiiai
?noaa i?enooiy a iiac?? I.E?aeoeueei?-Oieiaeii?, ? aiia a ?? iniaenoiio
na?o? i?e?iaeia ? aeeaa, aea? iiaeeea?noue ?nioaaoe a neia?
aaaaoia?aiiei aoooyi.

Iae?ii?iaeaia, aeianaia o caaieiaie ?icae?eo, ?ice?eaa?oueny oeyoii
aiae?co ?yaeo oiiaii aeae?eaieo aniaeo?a-i?i?i?iaeai.

1. Naiioi?noue — ona?aeiieaia iaiao?aei?noue. Noai?thth/e oiiae aeey
aaaeei? ineoieia?/ii? e?ece, naiioi?noue iiaea aiaeii/an iini?eyoe ??
oieeiaiith («Aeaaineiaaiia oa nei?aioa, / Aeaaineiaaii? neueice o?, / Ui
ianiiae?aaii ? iioae / I?ieethoueny a oeo? e naiio?» (121)). Noaiiaeua
naiioiuei? ae?iee — ia aacaie?niee i?ioean, aeeeoiaaiee, i?ioa,
aeooaaiith iaiao?aei?noth ? aaaeaiiyi i?ciaoe aeanio nooue. Oiio ci?no
iiaoe/iiai ia?aaeeaaiiy — o caaino?aiiio a?ae/ooo? «?iaioe» no?oeoo?
aeoo?, nea?iaaieo ia a?aeoai?aiiy y-aoooy o ana-aooo?. Ne?ae aeacaoe, ui
ia?aaeeaaiiy e??e/ii? aa?i?i? ?iiae? i?aeiinyoue ?? ia aenioo yeiainue
ii?aeueii-aeooiaiiai ia?aao?eaiiy, eiee onoa i?iiiaeythoue: «? aanie
iai? oe ia i?eaaaeoe, / ia aaioaae niieith c??eeo e?o» (134). Aoai
naiioiino? oi?io? a?aeiia?aeio o?einio?th — i?ciaiiy naiai aeooo, o. ca.
«o?einio?th na?oey». Aeaia iiiyooy aeei?enoiao?ii ia a ?icoi?ii? yei?nue
ianooaaii? oai?aoe/ii? oi?ioee. Neiainiieoeo oeth aaeeaa?ii o aoae/iio
nain?: ia iicia/aiiy o?eaaeiai ia??iaeo a aeeoo?
I.E?aeoeueei?-Oieiaeii?, ui ia ??ai? iiaoe/iiio iinoa? ye ?aoaeueia
aeiooeoaaiiy o aeaniiio ?noa? iaeaeueo i?iya?a aeooiaiiai aoooy. O
«o?einio?? na?oey» naia oaeiai ?aooieo iiaoea aecia? aeeaeiieie ia oaeoe
na?aeiiino?, a ia?aaeeaaiiy, ye? caei??iai? o noa?? iana?aeiiiai. Iioea
naiioe ye ona?aeiieaii? iaiao?aeiino? o iiac?? coiiaeth? i?i?inoaiiy
aeooo naiioai?aiiy aaoi?nueei? iniaenoino?, noai?th? oiiae aeey
aena?/oaaiiy iiaeo aeeoo?aeo cia/eiinoae.

3. 2. Naiioi?noue — ia?aiiaa. Iioea naiioiino? ye ia?aiiae a?aeaeaa?
aeooiai? oa ineoieia?/i? i?iaeaie oai?/i? iaoo?e, i?iaeaie aeooiaii?
noaa?aiiino? «y» ? ia? o?einionueeo oa ineoieia?/io iioeaaoe?th. Naiioa
iinoa? uaneeaith iiaeeea?noth aeey ca?eueiaiiy a?ae aeiaaeeiaiai oa
ae??a’yceiaiai caaeey iinooiueiai. Aec??aa? oie aeooaaiee noai, eiee
eaeaoueny i?i ethaia aeooiaio, ui eaaeeoue a iniia? ?aeiino? ethaeeie ?
anaeainueeiai Aiaiaoooy («Naiioi?noue — oea aaciaaei?noue, oea aiey, /
oea iieeee aacnia?oy, ia caaoooy» (149)). Naiioi?noue — naiiaeinoaoiy
aaee/eia, iicaaaeaia ethaenueei? aecenoaioe??. Cacia/eii, i?iaeaio
ie?ai?oiino? ethaeeie I.E?aeoeueea-Oieiaeia ae??oo?, aeoiaey/e c? noaio
naiioiino?: «Naiioa — oi ai?ae?noue aeooa». O ai?iouea? ii/ooo?a aa?a
ai?o a??a o aeooiai? ni?iiiae. Ii/oooy naiioe /e ia neiii?i aei iiiyooy
c??ei? anaioiiii? ethaia?, neiaie aa?iii?? i?ae o?eaniei ? aeooaaiei
ia/aeaie o ethaeei?.

3. 3. Naiioi?noue — aeaea?aei iacai?iiai aieth, aeeoo?aa ii?acea.
Iiac?e, a yeeo iinoa? iioea naiioiino? ye ii?acee, o
I.E?aeoeueei?-Oieiaeii? cia/ii a?eueoa, i?ae oeo, ye? iiaeathoue eiai
iioei?noe/ia o?aeooaaiiy. E??e/ia aa?i?iy ia?aaoaa? o noai? noa?iaoe??:
«I Aiaea! *ii ia iieoi’yi?noue nia?oe, / eeo a??eioo o?eaaiiy aeaa
iai??» (129). Aaciina?aaeiy aiioe?eia e?eca coiiaeth? ia?aia? nieao?iiy
ineoiaiae?oe/iiai ienueia («Oeoa aeieo/eeai a?eieoue,… / ua o?eueee
ieoue — / ? ?iccyaeoueny iaua aiaeaa?eey» (161)). Noai naiioe
?icoe?ith?ii ye iaaieth a nia?. Inieneaiiy Ethaia? ? Nia?o?
a?aeaoaa?oueny o iaaeao iana?aaoe?? o?einionueei? i?iaeaiaoe/iino?
y-aoooy. C??ea iiaoea aeinyaa? aeeaeie ii?aeiaiiy anacaaaeueiiai
o?einionueeiai e oi?eaeueiiai iniaeno?niiai ia/ae o iiaoe/i?e iaoo??,
aeaiaey/e ui?aco ia ia?aaei?e ieai aeii?ioth/ee o?aa?ci na?oini?eeiaiiy
?, a?aeiia?aeii, na?oioai?aiiy.

3. 4. Naiioi?noue — ia??iae o?einionueeeo ?aoeaen?e. Naiioa
eiiaioo?oueny ye noai inieneaiiy, ye aeoeaia ai?iaaoe?y ethaeeie ia
aeanio i?ciaaai?noue. A?i ?icoe?th? aioo??oiuei-ineoieia?/iee i?ino??
e??e/iiai «y» i?e ia?aoiae? a ?aoeaen?th, /a?ac naiii?ciaiiy.
Aeine?aeaeo?ii i?e?iaeo eiioe?eoo a aeoo? e??e/ii? aa?i?i?, aeaco?ii ia
?? aeaiye?noue: aa?iii?y — aeenaa?iii?y. Ie??i oiai, ?icaeyaea?ii
a?ae/oooy a?inoaiiy o aeania aoooy, ui eiai /?oei aeneiaeth?
I.E?aeoeueea-Oieiaeia: «… Oae aeia?a aooe ia /e?inue — nai?i aoooyi»
(191), ? iniaeeaee noai i?enooiino?. Ea?ioanaioe?y o?einionueeeo
?aoeaen?e iiaoane — o?aaaae?y naiioiuei? aeoo?.

3. 5. Naiioi?noue — o?ainoeaiaeaioii-aeooiaia ia?niaeoeaa. O oeueiio
i?ae?icae?e? c?iaeaia ni?iaa aiae?co noaio naiioiino? ye oeyoo aei Aiaa.
Naiioa ni?eyea caaino?aiith caeaaeiino? aeooo iiaoee a?ae Aiaa.
Aacia?a?aia aeooaaia ai?ioueaa e??e/ii? aa?i?i? o iiooeao aiaeanoaaiiiai
aeaeino a nia? ? iaae niaith caaa?oeeany ue?ith ethaia’th aei Oai?oey.
Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aea? iaii?eueiiai aioo??oiueiai ca’yceo naiicaaeeaeaiiy
/a?ac aiaii?ciaiiy ? aiaii?ciaiiy /a?ac aeooiaia naiicaaeeaeaiiy aea?
ciiao aiai?eoe i?i iaiaeii??aeiee, /anii ae?aeaeoe/iee oa?aeoa?
aaoi?nueeeo noinoie?a «iniaeno?noue — Aia». Caaaeii ?iciiae iiaoane c
Aiaii o eiioaeno? o?eaaeiai aoaio o?aa?/ii? naiioiino? o?aeoothoueny ye
ooaa?aeaeaiiy c??eino? e aeineiiaeino? aioo??oiueiai aeooiaiiai aeeooy.

Ioaea, o caaaeuei?e eiioeaioe?? ?icaeoeo a?ioe/iiai ?iiaio o a??oao
I.E?aeoeueei?-Oieiaeii? inieneaiiy oaeiai neeaaeiiai eiiieaeno ye
naiioi?noue, aeyaeeiny aaniethoii iaiao?aeiei. Oaeei /eiii iinoaa
oe?e?niee ia?ac iiaoane c aeii?ioaaiiyi o iueiio o?aa?/ii? iciaee
na?oini?eeiaiiy.

O «Aeniiaeao» neioaciaaii ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue. I?aee?aneth?oueny,
ui i?iiiiiaaia aeena?oaoe?eia i?aoey — oea ni?iaa eiiieaeniiai aiae?co
oai?/ino? I.E?aeoeueei?-Oieiaeii?, aeo?aeiei e?eoa???i aeey yeiai ?
i?enooi?noue a?ioe/iiai eaeoiioeao. O ?iaio? c?iaeaii ni?iao aecia/eoe
iaaeo i?ae a?ioe/iei ? ii?iia?ao?/iei aeaiaioii o iiaoe/i?e oeaiei?;
aeiaanoe, ui a?ioeea a iiaoane ineoieia?ciaaia: a?ioe/i? ii/oaaiiy
e??e/ii? aa?i?i? iinoathoue ye ?aoaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy ae?yeueiino?
ineo?ee. Aeaoaeueii i?iaiae?ciaaii iiac?? c??eiai ia??iaeo oai?/ino?
I.E?aeoeueei?-Oieiaeii?, ui aeaei i?aenoaae aiai?eoe i?i nai???aeio
o?einio?th ethaia?, a aeae? inieneeoe o?aaaae?th naiioiino? — iniaeeaiai
/aniai- oe?e?niee i?inoi?iaiai eiioeiooio. Oaeei /eiii, ?aae?ciaaii
iaiaaaiiy aeaa?oeoe ia?ac e??e/ii? aa?i?i? ?iiaio
I.E?aeoeueei?-Oieiaeii? ? iio?aeooaaoe oai?/?noue aaoi?ee ye oaeo, ui
cana?ae/eea iiaiii?aaiee ?icaeoie a?ioe/ii? e?i?? a oe?a?inuee?e iiac??.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii o ioae?eaoe?yo:

Naae ethaiae ii?? (i?iaeaia o?einio?? eioaiiy a iiac??
I.E?aeoeueei?-Oieiaeii?): Iaoeiaa aeaeaiiy. – Euea?a: ?aae. — aeae.
a?aeae?e Aeaeaaie/iai oeaio?o Euea?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. ?.O?aiea;
«Oai?en Eoae», 1998. – 48 n.

*a?aiia ? /i?ia (iiaaoi?noai iiaoeee a?ioe/iiai
I.E?aeoeueei?-Oieiaeii?): Iaoeiaa aeaeaiiy. – Euea?a: ?aae.-aeae.
a?aeae?e Aeaeaaie/iai oeaio?o Euea?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i ?.O?aiea;
«Oai?en Eoae», 1999. — 41 n.

I?iaeaia naiioiino? o oai?/ino? I.E?aeoeueei?-Oieiaeii?: Iaoeiaa
aeaeaiiy. – Euea?a: ?aae. — aeae. a?aeae?e Aeaeaaie/iai oeaio?o
Euea?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. ?.O?aiea; «Oai?en Eoae», 1999. – 42 n.

A?ioe/iee ?iiai o a??oao Iaoae? E?aeoeueei?-Oieiaeii? // Aeca?i. — 1995.
— ? 12. — N. 148 — 152.

I?iaeaia naiioiino? a ?ioeii?e e??eoe? Iaoae? E?aeoeueei?-Oieiaeii? oa
Aiie Aoiaoiai? // Iaoa??aee I?aeia?iaeii? neaa?noe/ii? eiioa?aioe??:
iai’yo? i?ioani?a E.O?ioeiiae/a. — Euea?a: E?oiien, 1998. — N. 169 —
174.

O?aieia? o?aaeeoe?? o ?icaeoeo aeai?o ?ioeiii? e??eee (i?i a?ioe/io
iiac?th I.E?aeoeueei?-Oieiaeii?) // ?aai O?aiei — ienueiaiiee,
ieneeoaeue, a?iiaaeyiei: Iaoa??aee I?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe??.
— Euea?a: Na?o, 1998. — N. 381 — 384.

Inieneaiiy naiioiino? ye oeyoo aei Aiaa a i?ci?e iiac?? Iaoae?
E?aeoeueei?-Oieiaeii? // Iaoa??aee I?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe??
«Oa?e?a 30 — 40-eo ?ie?a OO noie?ooy. E?oa?aoo?a. ?noi??y. Ienoaoeoai»:
aei tha?eath i?ioani?a TH.Aieea-Aeioeia. — Oa?e?a, 1998. — N. 112 — 116.

AIIOAOe?ss

Eaaea I.N. A?ioe/iee ?iiai o a??oao Iaoae? E?aeoeueei?-Oieiaeii?. —
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 10. 01. 01. — oe?a?inueea e?oa?aoo?a. —
Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?i. ?.O?aiea, Euea?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii eiiieaeniiio aiae?cia? oai?/ino?
I.E?aeoeueei?-Oieiaeii? (i?aaenoaaeaii? ca??eaie «Aiaiiue ? iii?e», «N?i
e?oa?», «Ia a?ai?», «Ia?aeioeiiea», «Inoaiiy ae?y»), aeo?aeiei e?eoa???i
aeey yeiai neoaeeoue i?enooi?noue a?ioe/iiai eaeoiioeao. C’yniao?oueny
??cieoey i?ae a?ioe/iei ? ii?iia?ao?/iei aeaiaioii o iiaoe/i?e oeaiei?,
oeoia/eoueny iiiyooy «a?ioe/iee ?iiai o a??oao». Ia iniia? iaoiaeo
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ooaeiaeiueiai oaenoo,

ineoieia?/iiai ? a?ia?ao?/iiai iaoiae?a ?icaeyaeathoueny i?iaeaie
o?einio?? eioaiiy ? o?aaaae?? naiioiino? o oai?/ino?
I.E?aeoeueei?-Oieiaeii? — oai?/ino?, ui cana?ae/eea iiaiii?aaiee
?icaeoie a?ioe/ii? e?i?? a oe?a?inuee?e iiac??.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: a?ioeea, o?einio?y eioaiiy, o?aaaae?y naiioiino?,
a?ioe/iee eaeoiioea, a?ioe/iee ?iiai o a??oao.

AIIIOAOeEss

Eaaea I.N. Y?ioe/aneee ?iiai a noeoao Iaoaee Eeaeoeeie-Oieiaeiie. —
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/(iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10. 01. 01. — oe?aeineay eeoa?aoo?a. —
Eueaianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao ei. E.O?aiei, Eueaia, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia eiiieaeniiio aiaeeco oai?/anoaa
I.Eeaeoeeie-Oieiaeiie (i?aaenoaaeaiiie nai?ieeaie «Iaiiue e iaiae»,
«Naiue aoea», «Ia a?aie», «Ia?aeioeiiea», «Iineaaeiaa aeaenoaea»),
enoiaeiui e?eoa?eai aeey eioi?iai neoaeeo i?enoonoaea y?ioe/aneiai
eaeoiioeaa. Auyniyaony ?acieoea iaaeaeo y?ioe/aneei e ii?iia?aoe/aneei
yeaiaioii a iiyoe/aneie oeaie, enoieeiauaaaony iiiyoea «y?ioe/aneee
?iiai a noeoao». Ia iniiaa iaoiaea eioa?i?aoaoeee ooaeiaeanoaaiiiai
oaenoa, ineoieiae/aneiai e aeia?aoe/aneiai iaoiaeia ?anniao?eaathony
i?iaeaiu oeeinioee ethaae e o?aaaaeee iaeeii/anoaa a oai?/anoaa
I.Eeaeoeeie-Oieiaeiie — oai?/anoaa, canaeaeaoaeuenoaiaaaoai iieiii?aaiia
?acaeoea y?ioe/aneie eeiee a oe?aeineie iiycee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: y?ioeea, oeeinioey ethaae, o?aaaaeey iaeeii/anoaa,
y?ioe/aneee eaeoiioea, y?ioe/aneee ?iiai a noeoao.

SUMMARY

Lehka O.S. The erotical novel in poetry of Natalia Livytska-Cholodna. –
Manuscript.

A thesis for a candidate degree of philological sciences on speciality
10. 01. 01. – ukrainian literature. – Lviv State University named after
Ivan Franko, Lviv, 1999.

The dissertation is dedicated to the complex analysis of the works by
N.Livytska-Cholodna (represented by her collection «Fire and asher»,
«Seven letters», «The rolling-stone», «On the edge», «The last action»);
and its starting point is the presence of the erotical main theme. The
difference between the erotical and pornographycal element in the poetry
is being elucidated, and the very essense of psychological erotic is
being defined.

It’s stated that N.Livytska-Cholodna’s collection «Fire and asher» (in
which the erotical theme is represented in the most voluminous way) was
the fresh «explosion» of the artisticaly designed expressions and a new
start of a poetical view, which wasn’t framed by unproved timitation, in
the context of that time (the 30-th — 40-th years of the 20-th century)
literary process not only that «diaspora», but also the continental
Ukraine. This collection proved the modernity of the author’s poetical
style — a good synthesis of neoclassical, neoromantical, expressionist
and surrealistical features.

All the aftercoming collections by this author is a kind of repeating of
that erotical theme, expressed, though, in other life-time period, its
new comprehension and expressing. The becoming up-to-date psychological
states and acts, which become clear in the consious of the lirical
heroine in the way of worries and later — reflections, gives us reasons
to speak about N.Livytska-Cholodna’s work as about step-by-step
formation phylosophical conception of love. The phylosophy of love is
being formed in the process of the story developing — the story from a
woman’s life. Conventionally, this story is called «the erotical novel
in poetry». The collection «Fire and asher» is the beginning of the
novel and its the most weighty stage. The chapter «Red and black» is
characterized by the special novelty and courage. By the means of
expresionism as the way of expressing of the poetical thought, erotism
of special kind is outlined here: the one, in which the literary
tradition and national source are compined and the influence of the
European poetry (Bodler, Verlen, Rilke) is left.

The mature period of the author’s work is represented by the collections
«On the edge», «The rolling-stone», «The last action». Love is conceived
as the highest spiritual substance, a special phylosophical category. An
extremely private sphere becomes the basis for impotant generalizations.
In the canvas of being the notions of life and death are being weaved.
Tanatos is absorbed by Eros. A phylosophical absorption into the private
world flour through time, leads us to comprehending of non-homogeneous
difficulty of micro- and macro existance.

It’s also indicated, that on the formal level the poet’s maturity is
showed in the technique of double-meaning, which is easily grasped,
frank refusal to expose the concealed meaning, in constant co-game of
poetical and non-poetical in choosing the syntacsis constructions. It’s
said about a new poetry of meaningness.

The completed image of the heroine of the novel by N.Livytska-Cholodna
is finished by the complicated ethic-psychological complex — lonelyness.
A number of problem is made clear (lonelyness as compehended necessity,
victory, life defeat, a period of phylosophical reflections, spiritual
perspective), which is united by the overall tragical background of
poetry about lonelyness.

The evolution of the world of the images can be followed: characters,
created in youth are transfered into some latest poetries, but their
meaning is completely different. The word lacks its auto-logics, becomes
polysemantic one. The features of originality of the author’s works
reveale by the analysis of other Ukrainian poetical phenomena (I.Franko,
Lesia Ukrainka, O.Teliha, E.Malanjuk, V.Pachovsky, P.Karmansky) and
separate representatives of other slavonic literatures.

The thought is suggested, that «shoking» novelty of the collection
«Fire and asher» with the sum of ambitious features of a woman’s «ego»
grows into voluminous consept — phylosophy of love, which receives its
conventional ending in the space of observation of phylosophical
problems of ego-existance at the stage of lonelyness. It’s stated that
the poetry by N.Livytska-Cholodna certified the full-right development
of the erotical line in Ukrainian poetry.

Key words: erotika, the phylosophy of love, pornographia, erotical
theme, the tragady of lonelyness, psychological erotic, erotical novel
in poetry, Eros, Tanatos.

Eei/ae A. A?ioeci o no/ani?e i?ic? ? ui ca iei aaa/a?oueny //
E?oa?aoo?ia Oe?a?ia. — 1993. — 1 eeiiy. — N. 4.

O?aeae C. I/a?ee ii ineoieiaee naenoaeueiinoe. — E.: Caei?iauea, 1990.
— N. 23.

E?aeoeueea-Oieiaeia I. Iiac??, noa?? ? iia?. — Iueth-Ei?e: Aeaeaiiy
Nithco oe?a?iie Aia?eee, 1986. — N. 72. Iieeeeath/enue ia oea aeaeaiiy,
o aeoaeeao aeaco?ii noi??ieo.

I?oaaa-?-Aanao O. Oaia iaoi? aeiae // I?oaaa-?-Aanao O. Aea?ai? oai?e.
— E.: Iniiae, 1994. — N. 334.

PAGE

PAGE 3

Добавить комментарий

Ваш e-mail не будет опубликован. Обязательные поля помечены *