Енергозберігаюча електротехнологія і обладнання НВЧ сушіння вовни у сільськогосподарському виробництві: Автореф. дис… канд. техн. наук / Є.І. Андрій

OAA??ENUeEA AeA?AEAAIA AA?IOAOI?*IA AEAAeAI?ss

Aiae??e/oe ?aaai ?aaiiae/

OAeE 677.027.162.537.868.

AIA?AICAA??AATH*A AEAEO?IOAOIIEIA?ss ? IAEAAeIAIIss IA* NOO?IIss AIAIE O
N?EUeNUeEIAINIIAeA?NUeEIIO AE?IAIEOeOA?

05.20.02 — canoinoaaiiy aeaeo?ioaoiieia?e o n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio
ae?iaieoeoa?

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Iae?oiiieue — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? caaaeueii? aeaeo?ioaoi?ee Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa
(OAeOONA) I?i?noa?noaa aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

*a?aieia Ieaenaiae? Aeaieeiae/

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee

oi?aa?neoao n?euenueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e caaaeueii? aeaeo?ioaoi?ee.

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Aiaeioiaea Aieiaeeie? ?ee?/

Niaoe?aeueia eiino?oeoi?nueea ath?i

“Niaeo?” I?i?noa?noaa i?iieneiai?

iie?oeee Oe?a?ie, ia/aeueiee
a?aeae?eo.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao

Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie, i.Ee?a.

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 19 “ eenoiiaaea 1999 ?. i
aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
E18.819.01 i?e Oaa??enuee?e aea?aeaai?e aa?ioaoi?/i?e aeaaeai?? (332312,
Caii??cueea iaeanoue, i. Iae?oiiieue, i?. A.Oiaeueieoeueeiai, 18,
aoaeeoi??y 7.210).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Oaa??enueei?
aea?aeaaii? aa?ioaoi?/ii? aeaaeai?? (332312, Caii??cueea iaeanoue, i.
Iae?oiiieue, i?. A.Oiaeueieoeueeiai, 18, a?ae?ioaea OAeAOA).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “ 17 “ aeiaoiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee *a?eoi A.TH.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aiae?c ?iaioe oaenoeeueii? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie,
yea aeei?enoiao? aiaiyia aieieia ca inoaii? ?iee aeicaieea c?iaeoe
aeniiaie i?i oa, ui a iniia? niaaeo ae?iaieoeoaa eaaeeoue
iaeiieo?aioi?noue i?iaeoeoe?? ?c-ca iecueeiai oaoi?/iiai oa
oaoiieia?/iiai ??aiy ae?iaieoeoaa ia?aeiii? ia?iaee aiaie. Oaoi?/iee
??aaiue onoaoeoaaiiy, yea anoaiiaeaii ia oaa?eeao ia?aeiii? ia?iaee
aiaie (IIA), ia a?aeiia?aea? no/aniei aeiiaai, a iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy
Oe?a?ie aeey oe??? aaeoc? iaoei oa onoaoeoaaiiy ia aeaioiaey?. A ?in??,
Iieueu?, Aaeuea?? oa ?ioeo e?a?iao, ye? ? aieiaieie iinoa/aeueieeaie
onoaoeoaaiiy aeey oaa?ee ia?aeiii? ia?iaee aiaie, iaoeiai-oaoi?/iee
iioaioe?ae ci???ioiaaii, o aieiaiiio, ia noai?aiiy oaoi?ee aeey
o?aaeeoe?eieo oaoiieia?e, eio?? a?ae??ciythoue:

— aaeeea anoaiiaeaia iiooaei?noue, 100-150 eAo;

— aaeee? aaaa?eoii-iania? oa?aeoa?enoeee, iai?eeeaae, nooeeueia iaoeia
AN-8O, iath/e aaaa?eoe 21o3,8o2,7 i oa aaao aeanyoee oii, aeei?enoiao?
aeey noo?iiy ia?e 2-3 ea ia 1 ea nooi? aiaie;

— ciaioaiiy i?oeiino? oa ?ic?eaiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy aieieia ia 13-14 % ?
10 % a?aeiia?aeii;

— ao?aoe iane aieieia i?e noo?ii? aei 2 %;

— AeNOO a?aeiia?aea? anueiai 10 % ieoi? oa aenooaii? aiaie.

A?aoiaoth/e o?ceei-o?i?/i? aeanoeaino? aiaie, iiaeeeai i?eioneaoe, ui a
aaeoc? ia?aeiii? ia?iaee aiaie cieaeaiiy nia?aa?oino? i?iaeoeoo ?
iaea?aeaiiy aenieeo i?eaooe?a iiaeeeaa eeoa ia iniia? iiaeo oaoiieia?e
oa onoaoeoaaiiy c aeei?enoaiiyi i?oaeieo eieeaaiue oa aeaeo?iiaai?oieo
oaeeue.

A iniiao iiai? oaoiieia?/ii? eiioeaioe?? IIA iieeaaeaii aeniiaie i?i
?ioi?iaoe?eiee oa aia?aaoe/iee aieea aeaeo?iiaai?oii? ? aeonoe/ii?
i?e?iaee ia o?ceei-o?i?/i? aeanoeaino? aiaie, ?? caa?oaeiaiiy, aee? oa
i?iieaio aiaeo.

Aoaeoeai?noue ieooy, e?euee?noue oa ye?noue aiaiyiiai aee?o, i?oeiini?
aeanoeaino? aiaie, aaaaoi?aciaa aeei?enoaiiy ieeieo ?ic/ei?a caeaaeeoue
a?ae aeai?o /anoioe, aaee/eie iiooaeiino? oa aeniiceoe??
aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey.

sse iieacaii o ?iaioao [1-5], aeei?enoaiiy oaoiieia?? oa onoaoeoaaiiy
aeey IIA ia iniia? aeaeo?iiaai?oieo iie?a oa i?oaeieo eieeaaiue
aeicaiey?:

— ciaioeoe iaoa??aei?ii?noue ia 70 %;

— iaea?aeaoe aeiiii?th ae?iaie/eo ieiu ia 80 %;

— cieceoe aia?aiaeo?aoe o 4-5 ?ac?a;

— ciaioeoe aeo?aoe aiaee o 40 ?ac?a;

— aeeeth/eoe iaaaoeaiee aieea oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano ia iaaeieeoi?
na?aaeiaeua;

— nei?ioeoe ianeoaiaoth/ee ia?niiae ia 25-30 %;

— iiai?noth aaoiiaoecoaaoe i?ioean IIA;

— i?aeaeueoe i?iaeoeoeai?noue ii aee?o aei 80 %;

— i?iaanoe aeaceioaeoe?th aiaie aac niaoe?aeueieo cania?a;

— aeeeth/eoe ao?aoe aiaie i?e noo?ii?;

— ca?eueoeoe i?oei?noue aiaie ia 30-70 %.

?ic?iaea oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy i?eioeeiiai iiai? oaoiieia?? oa onoaoeoaaiiy
aeey ia?aeiii? ia?iaee aiaie aeicaiey? cia/ii cieceoe aeo?aoe ia
i?iieaeo oa noo?iiy 1 ea aiaie oa caaacia/eoe eiieo?aioiini?iiiaei?noue
ae?ia?a c aiaie ia aioo??oiueiio oa ciai?oiueiio ?eieao.

Iaeiae aeei?enoaiiy iaaeaeniei/anoioii? (IA*) aia?a?? aeey noo?iiy oa
ia?iaee aiaie iia’ycaia c cia/ieie o?oaeiiuaie ye oai?aoe/iiai, oae ?
eiino?oeoeaiiai oa?aeoa?o oa iio?aao? eiioeaio?aoe?? aenieiai iaoeiaiai
iioaioe?aeo ? niaoe?ae?ciaaiiai ae?iaieoeoaa.

Iaiao?aei?noue o ?ic?iaoe? i?eno?i?a oa oaoiieia?e IA*-noo?iiy aiaie
iaoiiaeei i?iaeaio, yea ae??oo?oueny a oe?e aeena?oaoe??:
“Aia?aicaa??aath/a aeaeo?ioaoiieia?y oa onoaoeoaaiiy IA* noo?iiy aiaie a
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio ae?iaieoeoa?”.

Cacycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa
aeeiioaaeany o a?aeiia?aeiino? c Aea?aeaaiith iaoeiai-oaoi?/iith
i?ia?aiith 3.12 “Aia?ai- oa ?ano?nicaa??aath/? oaoiieia?? a
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio ae?iaieoeoa?”, oaiaoeeith i?aeaoc?anueeeo
iaoeiaeo ? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo i?ia?ai ii i??i?eoaoiei iai?yiai ?icaeoeo
iaoee ? oaoi?ee (Iaeac i?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie ?37 a?ae 13.02.96,
i.2), oa ieaiii IAe? Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa.

Caaaeueiioe?a?inueeith iaoeiai-oaoi?/iith i?ia?aiith ia 1991-1995 ??.
“?acaeoea enneaaeiaaiee e eniieueciaaiea NA*-yia?aee a AIE no?aiu”.

Iinoaiiaith Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie a?ae 22.06.1994 ?. ? 429 “I
?aaeecaoeee i?ei?eoaoiuo iai?aaeaiee ?acaeoey iaoee e oaoieee (ioieo 3
”I?iecaiaenoai, ia?a?aaioea e nio?aiiinoue naeueneioicyenoaaiiie
i?iaeoeoeee”).

Iaoeiai-oaoi?/iith i?ia?aiith I?i?noa?noaa Aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno
Oe?a?ie a?ae 30.02.1998 1998 ?. ? 339 “Iao/ii-enneaaeiaaoaeueneea e
enneaaeiaaoaeuenei-eiino?oeoi?neea ?ac?aaioee”.

Ieaiaie IAe? ? AeE? OAeOONA: “Enneaaeiaaiea aeeyiey yeaeo?iiaaieoiuo
iieae ia aeieiae/aneea iauaeou ia aaca nicaeaiiuo niaoeeaeece?iaaiiuo
noaiaeia”, “?ac?aaioea e nicaeaiea oaoie/aneeo n?aaenoa aeey
enneaaeiaaiey yeaeo?ioece/aneeo naienoa aeeaeeeo e oaa?aeuo iaoa?eaeia a
NA*-aeeaiaciia”, “?ac?aaioea iaoiaeia e n?aaenoa eiio?iey aicaeaenoaee
oece/aneeo oaeoi?ia ia aeieiae/aneea iauaeou” (oaia “YEIN”), “?ac?aaioea
oaoiieiae/aneie i/enoee e inaaoeaiey oa?noe”.

Oaoiieia?y oa iaeaaeiaiiy IA* noo?iiy aiaie aeei?enoai? a ?iiaaoe?eiiio
eiiieaeniiio iaoeiaiio i?iaeo? “I?aai?caoe?y ?ano?nicaa??aath/iai
ae?iaieoeoaa ia?aeiii? ia?iaee aiaie ia iniia? aeieia?/ii /enoi?
aaca?aeoiaeii? oaoiieia??, ia iath/i? na?oiaeo aiaeia?a c aeei?enoaiiyi
aeaeo?iiaai?oieo iie?a ? i?oaeieo eieeaaiue”, ?a?no? ? 001697, 1997 ?.,
?inoeooo oaa?eiieoeoaa noaiiaeo ?aeii?a ?i.I.O.?aaiiaa, Aneai?y-Iiaa,
Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao n?euenueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa.

I?iaeo i?aeo?eiaii Oe?a?inueeith aeaaeai??th aa?a?ieo iaoe,
I?i?noa?noaii Oe?a?ie c ni?aa iaoee oa oaoi?ee, I?i?noa?noaii
aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno Oe?a?ie.

Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ae??oaiiy oai?aoe/ieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo
i?iaeai ii noai?aiith iiai? aia?aicaa??aath/i? ? aeieia?/ii /enoi?
aeaeo?ioaoiieia?? ? i?eno?ith noo?iiy aiaie ia iniia? aeaeo?iiaai?oieo
iie?a IA* ae?aiaciio. Iinoaaeaia iaoa coiiaeea oae?

caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1.Oai?aoe/ii aeine?aeeoe i?ioean noo?iiy aieiai? aiaie AII IA*
ae?aiaciio.

2.Iaa?oiooaaoe iaoiaee ?ic?aooieo ae?aeaeo?e/ieo ia?aiao??a, i?eioeeie
iiaoaeiae aaoiiaoeciaaiiai i?eno?ith aeey aei??thaaiiy ae?aeaeo?e/ieo
ia?aiao??a nenoaie “aiaia-aiaea”.

3.I?iaanoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aeine?aeii-eiino?oeoi?nuee? ?iaioe ii
noai?aiith iaeaaeiaiiy aeey noo?iiy aieiai? aiaie.

4.Aeine?aeeoe aieea aeaeo?iiaai?oieo iie?a ia ye?ni? iieacieee aieieii
aiaie.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oai?aoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aacothoueny ia
/enaeueii-aiae?oe/ieo iaoiaeao aeaeo?iaeeiai?ee; iaoiaeao ?ic?aooieo IA*
aoce?a; oai??? ? ?ic?aooieao ?aae?ioaoi?/ieo i?eeaae?a; i?eioeeiao
iiaoaeiae i?e?ii?ioeani?ieo aei??thaaeueieo nenoai. Aeey aecia/aiiy
ae?aeaeo?e/ieo ia?aiao??a aieiai? aiaie aoei canoiniaaii ?aciiainiee
iaoiae. Iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioean?a ? ?ic?aooieiaa /anoeia aeine?aeaeaiue
i?iaiaeeeany ia IE ?AI oeyoii ?ic?iaee oa aeei?enoaiiy iiaeaethth/eo ?
?ic?aooieiaeo i?ia?ai.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

— noai?aii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue i?ioeano noo?iiy aiaie, yea iieno?oueny
nenoaiith aeeoa?aioe?eieo ??aiyiue, ? aeicaiey? anoaiiaeoe iiooaei?noue
aeaea?ae IA* aia?a??, ?aaeei ?iaioe, o?eaae?noue noo?iiy oa
eiino?oeoeai? ia?aiao?e eaia?e noo?iiy;

— ?ic?iaeaii iaoiae ?ic?aooieo ? i?eioeeie iiaoaeiae aaoiiaoeciaaiiai
i?eno?ith aeey aei??thaaiiy ae?aeaeo?e/ieo ia?aiao??a nenoaie
“aiaia-aiaea”;

— aia?oa aecia/aii ae?aeaeo?e/i? ia?aiao?e aieiai? aiaie o ae?aiacii?
ci?i oaiia?aoo? a?ae 25 0N aei 95 0N;

— aia?oa anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e noooe? aiaie IA* aia?a??th ?? i?oei?noue
oa ?ic?eaia iaaaioaaeaiiy ca?eueoo?oueny ia 30-70 %.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Ia iniia? oai?aoe/ieo ?
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?ic?iaeaii oaoiieia?/iee ?aaeei ?
i?eno??e noo?iiy aiaie. I?aeoe/ii iieacaii, ui aeei?enoaiiy IA* aia?a??
aeey noo?iiy aiaie aeicaiey? ciaioeoe anoaiiaeaio iiooaei?noue a 5-6
?ac?a, cieceoe aeo?aoe aia?a?? ia 1ea nooi? aiaie a 10 ?ac?a, ciaioeoe
ianya ? aaao i?eno?ith noo?iiy a 60-80 ?ac?a, aeeeth/eoe ao?aoe aiaie
i?e noo?ii?, aeeo/eoe iaaaoeaiee aieea oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano noo?iiy
ia iaaeieeoi? na?aaeiaeua, i?iaanoe aeaceioaeoe?th aiaie aac
niaoe?aeueieo cania?a, aaoiiaoecoaaoe i?ioean noo?iiy.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeei?enoai? o??iith “?aae?ae”. Aeiiii?/ia
aoaeoeai?noue neeaaea? 25 oen. a?eaai o ??e. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ia o??i?
“Ioaen” aeicaieeei nei?ioeoe aia?ainiiaeeaaiiy ia 40%, ae?iaie/? ieiu?
ia 70%. Aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a ae?iaieoeoai i?eno?ith
noo?iiy aiaie a oeaoo ?ON? “ Aneai?y-Iiaa” neeaaea? 30 oen. a?eaai ia
??e.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeena?oaioii iniaenoi:

1.?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue i?ioeano noo?iiy aieiai? aiaie, yea
aeicaiey? anoaiiaeoe iiooaei?noue aeaea?ae IA* aia?a??, ?aaeei ?iaioe,
o?eaae?noue nooee oa eiino?oeoeai? ia?aiao?e eaia?e noo?iiy.

2.?ic?iaeaii iaoiae ?ic?aooieo ? i?eioeeie iiaoaeiae aaoiiaoeciaaiiai
i?eno?ith aeey aei??thaaiiy ae?aeaeo??/ieo ia?aiao??a nenoaie
“aiaia-aiaea”.

3.Aia?oa aecia/aii ae?aeaeo?e/i? ia?aiao?e aieiai? aiaie o ae?aiacii?
ci?i oaiia?aoo?e a?ae 25 0N aei 95 0N.

Caaaeueia /anoea o/ano? a iioae?eiaaieo o ni?aaaoi?noa? ?iaioao
neeaaea? 50-80 %.

O ?iaio? [1] aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue ? i?iaaaeaii
oai?aoe/iee aiae?c i?ioeano IA* noo?iiy. Ia iniia? oai?aoe/iiai aiae?co
o ?iaio? [2] iaa?oioiaaii oaoiieia?/i? aeiiae aei i?ioeano IA* noo?iiy
aiaie. O ?iaio? [3] iaaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe ?ioaineo?eaoe?? i?ioean?a
iaea?aeaiiy aiaiyiiai aee?o ? ca?eueoaiiy i?oeiino? aiaie i?ae aieeaii
IA*-aei?ii?ithaaiiy. ?iaioa [4] i?enay/aia oai?aoe/iiio aiae?co aei???a
ae?aeaeo?e/ieo ia?aiao??a nenoaie “aiaia-aiaea”. Ia?aaaae IA*-noo?iiy
ia?aae eiiaaeoe?eiei ia i?aenoaa? a?o/eciyieo oa caei?aeiiieo
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue iaaaaeaii a ?iaio? [5].

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ? ?acoeueoaoe
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe noaaeai? ia:

— iaoeiai-ae?iaie/?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aaoiiaoece?iaaiiua onoaiiaee aeey
i?iiuaee e ioaaeeaaiey oa?noe ii aaciooiaeiie oaoiieiaee a oneiaeyo
naeueneioicyenoaaiiiai i?aaei?eyoey”, Oa?e?a, 1995 ?.;

— i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “NA*-oaoiieiaee a naeueneioicyenoaaiiii
i?iecaiaenoaa”, Oa?e?a, OAeOO?A, 1995 ?.;

— nai?ia?? “Aaoiiaoece?iaaiiay nenoaia IIO”, Oa?e?a, OAeOONA, 1996 ?.;

— i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iooe iiauoaiey eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe
iaoeaaiaenoaa a oneiaeyo ?uii/iuo ioiioaiee”, Aneai?y -Iiaa, 1997 ?.;

— nai?ia?? “I?eiaiaiea NA*-yia?aee aeey nooee aeaaeiie oa?noe”,Oa?e?a,
1997 ?.;

— iaoeiai-ae?iaie/?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?eiaiaiea yia?aee yeaeo?iiaaieoiiai
iiey aeey ia?a?aaioee oa?noe e aicaeaenoaey ia aeeaioiuo”, Aneai?y
-Iiaa, 1998 ?.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii a 5 ae?oeiaaieo
?iaioao.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c
anooio, 4 ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae,
aeiaeaoe?a. Aiia i?noeoue 151 noi?. iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, 29 ?enoie?a, 4
oaaeeoe?, nienie aeaea?ae ia?aoiao? 87 iaeiaioaaiue.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

Anooi. Canoinoaaiiy aia?a?? aeaeo?iiaai?oieo iie?a iaaeaeniei/anoioiiai
(IA*) ae?aiaciio aeiaaeei oaeeue aeey noo?iiy aieiai? aiaie aeicaieeei
?ic?iaeoe iiao aeaeo?ioaoiieia?th noo?iiy, iaa?oiooaaoe oaoiieia?/i? oa
eiino?oeoeai? ia?aiao?e eaia?? noo?iiy, ciaioeoe ?? aaaa?eoe oa aaao, o
ii??aiyii? c ?nioth/eie, i?aeaeueoe ye?noue aieieia, cia/ii ciaioeoe
aia?aiaeo?aoe.

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Aiae?c iaoiae?a oa i?eno?i?a aeey noo?iiy ? ia?iaee
aiaie IA*-aia?a??th” i?iaaaeaii aiae?c iaoiae?a oa i?eno?i?a aeey
noo?iiy ? ia?iaee iaoa?eae?a IA*-aia?a??th.

?icaeyiooi niiniae, ye? aeei?enoiaothoueny ia i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoaao
aeey noo?iiy aiaie. Iieacaii, ui i?e ia?aeii?e ia?iaoe? aiaie
aeei?enoiaothoue /ano?oa anueiai eiiaaeoeaia noo?iiy, aea c aiae?co
a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo iaoeiaeo ioae?eaoe?e ne?ae/eoue, ui ?nioth/ei
niiniaai oa i?eno?iyi noo?iiy aiaie i?enooi? oae? ?noioi? iaaeie?ee:

— aaeeea onoaiiaeaia iiooaei?noue 70-80 eAo;

— aeo?aoe ia?o ia 1 ea aenooeii? aiaie neeaaeathoue 2-3 ea;

— ao?aoe aeaeo?iaia?a?? ia 1 ea aenooeii? aiaie ia?aaeuothoue 0,4
eAo//;

— aaeee? aaaa?eoii-iania? oa?aeoa?enoeee.

Na?aae no/anieo niinia?a noo?iiy iniaeeao oaaao o?aaa i?eae?eeoe
aeei?enoaiith aia?a?? aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey aeniei/anoioiiai ae?aiaciio
aeiaaeei oaeeue oa oeueo?acaoeiaiai. Oeueo?acaoeiaa noo?iiy
aeei?enoiao?oueny i?e ?iaio? a caieiaiiio ia’?i? aacino?oieiieo
naenoe?a. Oeae aeae noo?iiy iio?aao? aeineoue aaeeeeo ?ioaineaiinoae
caoeo. Ii?iaiaa cia/aiiy ?ioaineaiino? caeaaeeoue a?ae o?ceei-o?i?/ieo,
aa?iae?iai?/ieo yeinoae na?aaeiaeua ? eiiiiiaioo, ui aenooo?oueny. Aeey
a?eueoino? iaoa??ae?a oeae ii??a eaaeeoue a iaaeao 140-150 aeA. Ca?aene
ne?ae/eoue, ui aeey oiai, uia aeeo/eoe iaeio o?aoeio aieiae (ii/aoeiaa
aieia?noue 300 %) i?e ?ioaineaiino? caoeo 140-150 aeA iaiao?aeii
aeo?eioaaoe iaoa??ae a caoeiaiio iie? o?eaaeinoth 3 oaeeeie. Oaea
aeei?enoaiiy caoeo i?eaiaeeoue aei aeanyoee?aoiiai cieaeaiiy aeo?ao
aeaeo?iaia?a?? (aeey ii??aiyiiy a?aeenue aeo?aoe aia?a?? i?e noo?ii?
ia?aa??oith ia?ith).

O inoaii?e /an aaeeeo oaaao i?eae?eythoue niiniao noo?iiy IA*-aia?a?th.
O i?ioean? IA* noo?iiy ia?aaea/a oaiea iaoa??aeo a?aeaoaa?oueny oeyoii
ii?ii?iaiiy eiai aia?a??th IA*. Aieiaa oa noanoaioe?y, ye? iiaeii?
aeia?thaaoenue, iiaeeiathoue aeaeo?iiaai?oio aia?a?th ii anueiio ia’?io
iaoa??aeo ? aeia?ththoueny. Oaeaee?noue noo?iiy i?e oeueiio ?noioii
c?inoa?.

IA* iaa??a ? /enoei iaoiaeii iaa??ao, oiio i?e eiai aeei?enoaii?
a?aenooi? aoaeue-ye? i?iaeoeoe cai?yiiy. O aeai?e aeaa? iaa?oioiaaia
aeooaeuei?noue ?ic?iaee i?eno?i?a ia aac? iiaeo oaoiieia?e IA* noo?iiy
aiaie. I?iaaaeaii aiae?c i?eno?i?a noo?iiy iaoa??ae?a ia iniia?
aeaeo?iiaai?oieo iie?a, ye? oe?iei aeei?enoiaothoueny o oa?/ia?e oa
aea?aaiia?iai?e i?iieneiaino?, n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?, iaaeeoeei? oa
a?ieia??.

Iaeiae a oaenoeeuei?e i?iieneiaino? oaoiieia?y IA*-iaa??ao aiaie ia
ciaeoea aeei?enoaiiy, ?acii c oei, onoiaiiy iaaeie?e?a, aeanoeaeo
eiiaaeoe?eiiio noo?iith, iiaeeeaa eeoa ia iniia? aeei?enoaiiy
aeaeo?iiaai?oieo iie?a IA* ae?aiaciio, aeei?enoaiiy yeeo c?iaeoue
iiaeeeaei:

— nei?ioeoe aia?aiaeo?aoe ia 60 %;

— ciaioeoe oaoiieia?/i? ieiue o 3-5 ?ac?a;

— iie?aueoe ye?ni? iieacieee aenoooaaii? aiaie;

— aeeeth/eoe ao?aoe aiaie i?e noo?ii?.

Aeey noai?aiiy nooeeueieo eaia? ia aac? iiai? aeaeo?ioaoiieia??
iaiao?aeii aeeiiaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aeine?aeii-eiino?oeoi?nuee? ?iaioe
ii noai?aiith i?eno?i?a IA*-noo?iiy aieiai? aiaie, aea/eoe aieea
aeaeo?iiaai?oieo iie?a ia ye?ni? iieacieee aieieii aiaie, ?ic?iaeoe
i?eno??e aeey aei??thaaiiy ae?aeaeo?e/ieo ia?aiao??a nenoaie
“aiaia-aiaea” ? aei??yoe ?o a ae?aiacii? oaiia?aoo? 25-95 0N. C aiae?co
iaoiae?a ? i?eno?i?a aei??thaaiue ae?aeaeo?e/ii? i?iieeiino? (AeI)
?a/iaei aeoiaeeoue, ui aeey aei??thaaiiy AeI nenoaie “aiaia-aiaea” o?aaa
aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?aciiainiee iaoiae ia iniia? a?noa?e/iiai ?aciiaoi?a.

A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Oai?aoe/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioeano noo?iiy
aieiai? aiaie i?ae ae??th IA*-iaa??ao” i?iaaaeaii oai?aoe/ia
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioeano noo?iiy aiaie i?ae aieeaii IA* iaa??ao. Noai?aii
iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue i?ioeano noo?iiy aiaie. Iaea?aeaii aiae?oe/ia
??oaiiy caaea/?, ui aeicaiey? iioei?coaaoe o?ae i?ioeano noo?iiy,
a?aoiaoth/e ia?aiao?e aiaie; iiooaei?noue oa /an iaa??ao, eiino?oeoeai?
iniaeeaino? eaia?e noo?iiy.

Eiino?oeoeai? ia?aiao?e eaia?e ?ic?aoiaai? oaeei /eiii, ui
iai?oaeai?noue aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey o an?o ?? oi/eao i?aeoe/ii
iaeiaeiaa, oiio oaiia?aoo?a a onueiio oa?o aiaie oaae aaaaea?oueny
iaeiaeiaith. Oa? aiaie o eaia?? ?icaeyaeaee ye ?cio?iiia na?aaeiaeua.
I?eioneaeiny, ui ia iaaeao oa?o aieiai? aiaie, yeee eiioaeoo? c?
no?ieaie eaia?e, iaia? cia/ieo oaiia?aoo?ieo a?aae??io?a. I?e aeieeiaii?
a eaia?? aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey, aieiaa aiaia ii/eia? iiaeeiaoe
aia?a?th, aiane?aeie ae?aeaeo?e/ieo ao?ao, yea aecia/a?oueny ca caeiiii
Aeaeioey-Eaioey:

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?MathType??P????u@th?????? f — /anoioa aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey, Aoe.

Aieiaa aiaia iiaeeia? aeaeo?iiaai?oio aia?a?th, ui i?eaiaeeoue aei
ca?eueoaiiy ?? oaiia?aoo?e ? aei iaaeeeoeo oeneo ia?e, a oea, o naith
/a?ao, aeeeeea? eiiaaeoe?eiee ia?aiin, iio?e yeiai aecia/a?oueny
??aiyiiyi Aea?n?:

wmetafile8? ??y??????????? ??????? ?„???
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??aiyiiy oaieii?ia?aeiino? iathoue aeaeyae:

— aeey aiaie:

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???u y?????? — ia?i??aeeiiiai na?aaeiaeua, ui ioi/o? ?? aieieia:

wmetafile8? ??aea wmetafile8? ?? wmetafile8?
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a???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¬yyy ??I?? ???&? ?MathType??P????u
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iiaa?oi? oa?o aieiai? aiaie aeieea? eiiaaeoe?eiee oaieiiai?i, yeee
i?aeii?yaeeiao?oueny caeiio I’thoiia. I?e aecia/aii? ii/aoeiaeo oiia
?iciiae?e oaiia?aoo?e o ii/aoeiaee iiiaio noo?iiy ii anueiio oa?o a?aany
??aiii??iei.

U?euei?noue iioieo aieiae, yea aeia?iaoaaeany,
i?aeii?yaeeiao?oueny aeniiiaioe?ei?e caeaaeiino? a?ae /ano. Ca?aeii c
iaaaaeaieie i??eoaaiiyie aoea noi?ioeueiaaia caaea/a, yea ? ?
iaoaiaoe/iith iiaeaeeth i?ioeano noo?iiy aiaie.

Ia i?aenoaa? aiae?oe/iiai ??oaiiy nenoaie

wmetafile8? ??>??????????? ??????? Ue???
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` ???&??yyyy?????Ay?y` ???&? ?MathType??
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????‘????I???¬!???¬y???u@th???????ica’ycaia caaea/a
? iaea?aeaii iaoaiaoe/io caeaaei?noue, ui iieno? i?ioean noo?iiy aieiai?
aiaie:

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Ca?aeii c oeei ae?acii ci?ithth/e cia/aiiy iiooaeiino? ii?ii?iaiiy a ae?aiacii? 5-12 iAo/ni3 ia /anoio? 2450 iAoe iiaeia ea?oaaoe i?ioeanii noo?iiy, i?enei?thth/e /e oiia?eueithth/e eiai. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie iaoaiaoe/ieo ae?ac?a ca aeiiiiiaith IE ?AI iaea?aeaii a?ao?/i? caeaaeiino?, ui iaaaaeai? ia ?en.1,2. Ia ?en.1 iaaaaeaia caeaaei?noue oaiia?aoo?e aieiai? aiaie, yea ii?ii?ith?oueny aeaeo?iiaai?oieie iieyie, a?ae /ano aieeao oa oiaueie oa?o c?acoey. Oiaueia oa?o aiaie ci?ith?oueny a?ae 0 aei 1,5i, /an aieeao aeaeo?iiaaieoii? aia?a?? - a?ae 0 aei 180n. Ia??aiii??iee ?iciiae?e oaiia?aoo?e aieiai? aiaie ii ia’?io iiynith?oueny oaeei /eiii. I?e iaa??a? IA* iieai aiaia ii/eia? ?ioaineaii aeia?thaaoenue ? a i?ioean? ia?iooai?aiiy cieaeo? oaiia?aoo?o aieieii aiaie. Aieiaa, ui aeia?iao?oueny, i?aei?ia?oueny e??cue ia’?i aei aa?oiuei? iaae? aiaie ? oai iaeiie/o?oueny. I?e ?ic?aooieao i?eeiaeiny, ui aa?oiy iaaea ia’?io i?aeoe/ii ca?aa?oueny c e?eoeith nooeeueii? eaia?e, oiaoi o aa?oi?e /anoei? ia’?io aenooaii? aiaie cae?a?oueny any ia?a ? oaeei /eiii i?aeo?eio? oaiia?aoo?o aeuo, i?ae ia a?eueo aeeaieeo oa?ao, ca?aee?ey ia?a ?ooa?oueny aei ai?e. Iaea?aeaiee ?acoeueoao na?ae/eoue i?i iaiao?aei?noue ?ioaineaii? aaaeoaoe?? iaa??oi? ia?e c nooeeueii? eaia?e c oaeaee?noth 0,1 i/n, a oaeiae i?i iaiao?aei?noue noai?aiiy a?aeiia?aeiiai caci?o i?ae e?eoeith nooeeueii? eaia?e oa aa?oiueith iaaeith aiaie, ui aenooo?oueny, aea cae?aeanue ae ia?a. A e?ioe? i?ioeano noo?iiy, eiee iniiaia iana aeia?thaaii? ??aeeie c eaia?e aea?aia, oaiia?aoo?a aiaie ii anueiio ia’?io noa? i?aeoe/ii iaeiaeiaith. C ?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaioo aeoiaeeoue, ui oea yaeua ianoa? /a?ac 2-3 oaeeeie i?ney iaaeoiaeaeaiiy aeaeo?iiaai?oii? aia?a?? a nooeeueio eaia?o. *enaeueiee aiae?c ae?aco (6) aeicaieea ciaeoe caeaaei?noue aieiaino? aiaie a?ae o?eaaeino? ii?ii?iaiiy ? aaee/eie u?eueiino? iiooaeiino? aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey, ?en.2. C iaaaaeaii? caeaaeiino? aeaeii, ui c ca?eueoaiiyi u?eueiino? iiooaeiino? ?ioaineai?noue i?ioeano noo?iiy ca?eueoo?oueny, aea aei 120 naeoiaee aieia?noue i?e ??cieo ??aiyo ii?ii?iaiiy i?eoiaeeoue aei iaeiiai e oiai ae cia/aiiy. Oeae ?acoeueoao a?aeiia?aea? ?icaeyiooiio aeua oaeoo ae??aithaaiiy oaiia?aoo?e ii anueiio ia’?io aiaie aei 120-? naeoiaee. E??i oiai, o?aaa a?aei?oeoe, ui /a?ac 30 naeoiae ia?aeiia cia/aiiy IA*-aia?a?? iiaeia ciaioeoe a 2-3 ?ace. A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “Aiae?c, ?ic?aooiie oa aei??thaaiiy aeaeo?io?ce/ieo ia?aiao??a aieiai? aiaie” ?icaeyaeaii ieoaiiy i?i ae?aeaeo?e/io i?iieeiai?noue nenoaie “aiaia-aiaea”. Aeey oiai, uia aea?aoe iioeiaeueiee oaoiieia?/iee ?aaeei noo?iiy aiaie oa ?ic?iaeoe eiino?oeoe?th eaia?e noo?iiy, iaiao?aeii aoei i?iaanoe ye oai?aoe/iee ?ic?aooiie ae?aeaeo?e/ieo ia?aiao??a nenoaie “aiaia-aiaea”, oae ? noai?eoe aaoiiaoeciaaiee i?eno??e aeey ?o aei??thaaiiy. Aeey ?ic?aooieo aeaeo?iaeeiai?/ieo ? eiino?oeoeaieo ia?aiao??a eaia?e noo?iiy ? aeey iioei?caoe?? oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano ia?aeiii? ia?iaee aiaie aaaeeeaei ? aea/aiiy ae?aeaeo?e/ieo aeanoeainoae aiaie a IA*-ae?aiacii? aeiaaeei oaeeue a caeaaeiino? a?ae oaiia?aoo?e, oae ye i?ioean IA*-noo?iiy aecia/a?oueny ?? ae?aeaeo?e/iith i?iieei?noth. Oiio aoei i?iaaaeaii aiae?c ae?aeaeo?e/ieo aeanoeainoae nenoaie “aiaia-aiaea”. Ia iniia? oai??? ioeueo?iieaeoey?ii? aaeni?aoe?? nenoaia “aiaia-aiaea” aoea i?aaenoaaeaia o aeaeyae? o?ueio eiiiiiaio?a: aiaia, ca’ycaia aiaea, ?ooiia aiaea, ia iniia? /iai aoei iaea?aeaii iaoaiaoe/iee ae?ac aeey aecia/aiiy aaee/ei wmetafile8? ??????????????? ??????? @??? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?A???&??yyyy?????Ayyy·yyy???·?? ???&? ?MathType??0????u@th?????? Aeey aei??o ae?aeaeo?e/ii? i?iieeiino? aieiai? aiaie aoei ?aeiiaiaeiaaii ?icaeyiooe ?aciiainiee iaoiae, ?aeay yeiai neeaaea?oueny a niinoa?aaeaii? ci?ie ?aciiainii? /anoioe oa aeia?ioiino? a?noa?e/iiai ?aciiaoi?a i?e ?icoaooaaii? a iueiio aieiai? aiaie. ?aciiaoi? ia? oeaio?aeueio oa oi?oeaa? /anoeie, ia?a??c yeeo ciaioo?oueny. I?e oeueiio oi?oeaa? /anoeie ?aciiaoi?o aoaeooue caiaaeiaeie aeey ae?th/eo a oeaio?aeuei?e /anoei? oaeeue. A?aenooi?noue a oi?oeaaeo /anoeiao, ii/eiath/e c aeayeiai ia?a??co, oaeeue aeicaiey? aeaioiaeoe ?aciiaoi? c a?aee?eoeie oi?oeyie, ui aea? iiaeeea?noue aaiaeeoe a ?aciiaoi? aieiao aiaio aac ?icae?aiiy eiino?oeoe?? ?aciiaoi?a. Caaea/a ?ic?aooieo AII neeaaea?oueny c ??oaiiy iaeii??aeiiai ??aiyiiy Aaeueiaieueoea aeey eiaeii? iaeano? ?aciiaoi?a: wmetafile8? ?????????????? ??????? aea wmetafile8? ??????????????? ??????? ,a??? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? a????&??yyyy?????Ayyy7???A???? ???&? ?MathType??`????u@th?????? wmetafile8? ??(??????????? ???????  wmetafile8? ??????????????? ??????? |??? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? `A???&??yyyy?????Ayyy·yyy????? ???&? ?MathType??`????u y?????? wmetafile8? ??????????????? ??????? ??a??? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?????&??yyyy?????Ayyy7???A??·?? ???&? ?MathType??0????u@th?????? AII a /anoeiaeo iaeanoyo, yea caaeiaieueiy? a?ai?/iei oiiaai caaea/?, aecia/a?oueny c oi/i?noth aei nieoiiino? aeia?eueieo iino?eieo oa coeaa?oueny ia iiaa?oi? ?icae?eo. A oeaio?aeuei?e /anoei? ?aciiaoi?a iicaeiaaeia oaeeueiaa /enei ? aaee/eiith iino?eiith ? ??oaiiy ??aiyiiy (7), caienaiiai o oeee?iae?e/i?e nenoai? eii?ae?iao, ooea?oueny o aeaeyae? aeiaooeo o?ueio neeaaeiaeo, eiaeia c yeeo ? ooieoe??th o?eueee iaeiiai a?aoiaioo: wmetafile8? ??w??????????? ??????? | ??? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? `????&??yyyy?????Ayyy·yyy@???? ???&? ?MathType??`????u@th??????aea wmetafile8? ????????????? ??????? ,???? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? aA???&??yyyy?????Ayyy7???????? ???&? ?MathType??`????u@th?????? O iaeanoyo, aea ia?a??c ciaioo?oueny, iicaeiaaeia oaeeueiaa /enei aoaea caeaaeaoe a?ae iicaeiaaeii? eii?aeeiaoe wmetafile8? ??™???????????? ??????? Ue?E???? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? `@???&??yyyy?????Ayyy7??????—?? ???&? ?MathType?? ????u@th?????? wmetafile8? ??v??????????? ??????? aeae??oo?oueny iaoiaeii i?e?aeiaiiai ??aiyiiy aeaeo: wmetafile8? ??h??????????? ??????? |p??? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? `????&??yyyy?????Ayyy·yyy@???? ???&? ?MathType??`????u@th??????aea wmetafile8? ??????????????? ??????? h1/4??? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @`???&??yyyy?????Ayyy*yyy ???? ???&? ?MathType??`????u@th?????? wmetafile8? ??s??????????? ??????? H3??? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @ ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy1/4yyya??ue?? ???&? ?MathType?? ???u?????????"????-?????°5 ???°i??? ???yI ???u?? ???????"????-????I???“????-?????“¦???i? ???i? ???i? ???°A ???°z???°y???°µ???JR???) Aea?aaoe wmetafile8? ??????????????? ??????? ho??? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @ ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy*yyya???? ???&? ?MathType??`????u@th?????? wmetafile8? ??&??????????? ??????? <4 ??? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ` -???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyya,???? ???&? ?MathType??A ???u?????????"????-?????p????p? ???u?????????"????-????bB???b¦???-?????3???V  ???u?? ???????"????-????V???e«???-?????e??????? ???AE???-????b®???bE!???-?????0‡ ???A ???-????A ???e???-?????e???‹???‹???e!???pue ???pO(???u@th??????aea wmetafile8? ??,??????????? ??????? ae? ??? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  @???&??yyyy?????Ayyyyyy???M?? ???&? ?MathType???? ???u?????????"????-????? wmetafile8? ??a???????????? ??????? |??? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? `@???&??yyyy?????Ayyy·yyy????? ???&? ?MathType??`????u@th?????? wmetafile8? ??G??????????? ??????? |h??? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? `@???&??yyyy?????Ayyy·yyy????? ???&? ?MathType??`????u@th?????? wmetafile8? ????????????? ???????  ???? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?a???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¦yyy ??¦?? ???&? ?MathType???? ???u?????????"????-?????°—???°ae??? ???uG ???u?? ???????"????-????G???“????-?????“¤???b????b ????b? ???u@th?????? wmetafile8? ??a???????????? ??????? |??? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? `????&??yyyy?????Ayyy·yyyA???? ???&? ?MathType??`????u@th?????? wmetafile8? ??????????????? ??????? ?????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?A???&??yyyy?????Ayyy7??????·?? ???&? ?MathType??0????u@th?????? Ia AII i?iaaaeaii ?ic?aooiie aaiiao?e/ieo ?ici???a oa aeia?ioiino? ?aciiaoi?a. Ia iniia? a?noa?e/iiai ?aciiaoi?a iaea?aeaii ?ic?aooieia? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeey ae?aeaeo?e/ieo ia?aiao??a nenoaie “aiaia-aiaea” oa ?ic?iaeaia aaoiiaoeciaaia nenoaia, yea caaacia/o? oi/i?noue aei??thaaiue 1 % aeey wmetafile8? ??????????????? ??????? @??? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?A???&??yyyy?????Ayyy·yyy???·?? ???&? ?MathType??0????u@th?????? A nenoai?, yea ?icaeyaea?oueny, /anoioa eaa?oeiaiai aaia?aoi?a ca aeiiiiiaith iiiiiaeoaa/a oa nenoaie /anoioii? aaoii?aeno?ieee (*AI) ia?aoai?th?oueny aei /anoioe ?aciiaoi?a. Ia iniia? niaeo?aeueii-oaciaiai iaoiaeo ?icaeyiooi i?ioiaeaeaiiy i?iiiaeoeueiaaiiai ii oac? IA*-neaiaeo /a?ac ?aciiainio nenoaio. I?ney ae??oaiiy ??aiyiue iaea?aeaii ae?ace aeey oace iiaeoeueiaaiiai neaiaeo, yeee ooieoe?iiaeueii ca’ycaiee c aeia?ioi?noth ?aciiaoi?a: wmetafile8? ????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? a@???&??yyyy?????Ayyy3/4yyy?????? ???&? ?MathType??A? ???u?????????"????-??????H????????% ????????v????p???u?th??????aea wmetafile8? ??A???????????? ??????? |”??? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ` ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy·yyya???? ???&? ?MathType??`????u@th?????? wmetafile8? ??????????????? ??????? ,???? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? aA???&??yyyy?????Ayyy7???????? ???&? ?MathType??`????u@th?????? wmetafile8? ??G??????????? ???????   ??? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? a` ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy ?? wmetafile8? ??A???????????? ??????? |@??? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? `????&??yyyy?????Ayyy·yyyA???? ???&? ?MathType??`????u y?????? Iaea?aeai? ae?ace aeei?enoaii i?e ?ic?iaoe? aaoiiaoeciaaii? nenoaie aei??thaaiiy AeI aieiai? aiaie a ae?aiacii? oaiia?aoo?. Aenia?eiaioaeueii iieacaii, ui i?e ci?i? oaiia?aoo?e a?ae 25 0N aei 95 0N aaee/eia wmetafile8? ??????????????? ??????? @??? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?A???&??yyyy?????Ayyy·yyy???·?? ???&? ?MathType??0????u@th?????? Onoaiiaeaii, ui aeey aiaie c aieia?noth 30 % aaee/eia wmetafile8? ??????????????? ??????? @@??? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?????&??yyyy?????Ayyy·yyyA??·?? ???&? ?MathType??0????u@th?????? Aaee/eia ae?aeaeo?e/ieo ao?ao wmetafile8? ??????????????? ??????? @@??? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?????&??yyyy?????Ayyy·yyyA??·?? ???&? ?MathType??0????u@th?????? A /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? “?acoeueoaoe ?ic?iaee i?eno?i?a ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue IA*-noo?iiy aiaie” iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?iaee oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue IA*-noo?iiy aiaie. Aecia/aii iniiai? iai?yiee aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue. I?aaenoaaeaii iien eiino?oeoe?? i?eeaaeo aeey noo?iiy aiaie ? i?eioeei ?iaioe IA* eaia?e noo?iiy. Iaea?aeaii ?ic?aooieia? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy, ye? aeicaieythoue aea?aoe iioeiaeuei? ?ici??e eoa?/ieo oa i?yiieooieo ?aciiaoi??a. ?ic?iaeaia aiia?aoo?a aeicaiey? i?iaanoe noo?iiy ye a aacia?a?aiiio, oae ? a oeeee?/iiio ?aaeeiao ?iaioe iaaiao?ii?a c ?ioa?aaeii 10 n. C iaoith noai?aiiy ??aiii??iiai aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey o ?iai/?e eaia?? aei ia? oaaaeaii ni??aeuei? oeee?iae?e/i? aioaie. Cai?iiiiiaaii i?eioeei ?ic?aooieo aioaiiiai i?eno?ith. Aaiiao??y aioai aea?aia oaeith, uia caaacia/eoe i?i?iaeueiee ENO ia a?eueoa /ei 1,2 c aieo aeie?a iaaiao?ii?a i?e i?i?iaeueiiio iaaaioaaeaii? eaia?e. ?icoaooaaiiy ? aaiiao??y aioai caaacia/o? ??aiii??i?noue IA* iiey a ia’?i? ?iai/i? eaia?e a a?aieoeyo 0,7. Ii i??? aeneoaiiy aiaie a i?e ciaioothoueny ao?aoe ? a?aeiia?aeii c?inoa? ENO, ui iaaaoeaii aieeaa? ia ?iaioo iaaiao?ii?a. Oiio ia ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny aeiaaa ?iaioa aeaea?aea i?e aieiaino? aiaie iaio i?ae 10 %. ?ici??e iaa??aaeueii? eaia?e caeaaeaoue a?ae ia’?io iaaaioaaeaii? aiaie ? e?eueeino? aeae?a eieeaaiue, caoaeaeaieo a i?e. Aeey noo?iiy aiaie aaaeaiei ? aaaaoiaeaeiaee ?aaeei ?iaioe. Noaa?euei?noue ? ??aiii??i?noue iaa??ao o ia?oo /a?ao caeaaeaoue a?ae oiai, ye aaaaoi aeae?a eieeaaiue caoaeaeo?oueny a ?aciiaoi??. I?e ?ic?aooieo aaaaoiaeaeiaiai ?aciiaoi?a o?aaa a?aoiaoaaoe aea? aieiai? aeiiae. Ii-ia?oa, ca’ycie i?ae aeaea?aeii ? ?aciiaoi?ii iiaeiai aooe iino?eiei aeey naieo ??cieo iaaaioaaeaiue, ye? a?ae??ciythoueny nai?ie ae?aeaeo?e/ieie aeanoeainoyie, eio?? ci?iththoueny ?c ci?iith oaiia?aoo?e. Ii-ae?oaa, i?noey iaeneiaeueiiai ia?aoai?aiiy aia?a?? iiaeii? aooe ??aiii??ii ?iciiae?eai? ii ia’?io aiaie. Iaoith aenia?eiaioo ? aecia/aiiy caeaaeiino? /ano noo?iiy a?ae ia?aiao??a ?aaeeio oa ii/aoeiai? iane aeie? aieiae o aiai?, a oaeiae ciaeaeaiiy ia?aiao??a, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue iaeiaiueoiio /ano noo?iiy i?e oiia? caa??aaiiy yeino? aenooaii? aiaie. Ia?aiao?e ?aaeeio noo?iiy ? ii/aoeiao aieia?noue ci?ithaaee: aonoeio iiooaeiino? IA*-aia?a?? a?ae 0,005 aei 0,01 Ao/ni3, aieia?noue – a?ae 10 aei 40 %. ?aaeei ?iaioe iaaiao?ii?a aacia?a?aiee oa oeeee?/iee. C aiae?co iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a ne?ae/eoue, ui i?ioean ?ioaineaiino? noo?iiy caeaaeeoue, ye a?ae aaee/eie aieiaioo?eiaiiy, oae ? a?ae aaee/eie ia’?iii? aonoeie IA*-aia?a??. Aeey nei?i/aiiy /ano noo?iiy oa aeo?ao aeaeo?iaia?a?? iaiao?aeii aeio?eioaaoenue oiai, uia ca aeiiiiiaith iaoai?/ieo cania?a a?aeaeeio aeiaanoe aieia?noue aiaie aei 30-40 %. Aeei?enoaiiy oeeee?/iiai noo?iiy aeicaiey? i?e oeo aea aeo?aoao /ano ia noo?iiy, ui ? i?e aacia?a?aiiio ?aaeei?, ciaioeoe aeo?aoe aia?a?? a o?e ?ace. Aeey aecia/aiiy i??e aieeao IA*-aia?a?? ia aeanoeaino? oa no?oeoo?o aiaie i?e noo?ii? aoei aeei?enoiaaii niaeo?aeueiee aiae?c. Ci?iaiiy o a?eeiaeo iieaeoeao aiaie ?a?no?oaaeenue iaoiaeii ?io?ae?anii? niaeo?ineii?? ia IR-niaeo?ioioiiao?? oeia “Specord M80” (Aa?iai?y). Aei??thaaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue o aeaio ae?aiaciiao aeiaaeeie oaeeue – 3700-2700 ni-1, aea c’yaeythoueny eieeaaiiy ca’yce?a I-I (a?ae?ieneeueieo a?oi), N-I (ai?aeieo a?oi), N-I (iaoeeueieo ? iaoeeaiiaeo a?oi) ? 1700-1200 ni-1, aea ?a?no?oaaeeny eieeaaiiy N-I ? N-N ai?aeii? ? ea?aii?eueii? a?oi. I?iae aoee io?eiai? cae??aeaiiyi aiaie oa ?? i?anoaaiiyi o oaaeaoee c aacaiaeiei a?ii?aeii eae?y. Caeiaoo? niaeo?aeuei? e?ea? ia?iaethaaeenue ca aeiiiiiaith i?ia?aiiiai iaeaoo “Spectral Data Lab” oa ii?ie?oaaeenue ia iaeiaeiao ieiueio. Aeey aiae?co aoei acyoi 4 i?iae i?aoiiei? aiaie, aea? c yeeo eiio?ieuei?: iaeia i?ney ieooy, a ae?oaa – caa?oaeiaia. Aea? a?oie i?ia, i?iieoa oa caa?oaeiaia, ia?iaethaaeenue IA*-aia?a??th ia i?ioyc? 3-o oaeeei ia /anoio? 2,45 AAoe c ia’?iiith aonoeiith iiooaeiino? 0,01 Ao/ni2. C iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a ne?ae/eoue, ui aeey ia?iaeaii? IA*-aia?a??th aiaie, iii?oii iecueei/anoioia ci?uaiiy oe?iei? nioae aiaei?iaeica’ycaii? a?ae?ieneeueii? a?oie, ui na?ae/eoue i?i aeieeiaiiy o aiai? aeiiii?aeieo eiiiiiaio?a, ye? ooai?ththoue i?oei? aiaei?iaei? ca’ycee c a?ae?ieneeueieie a?oiaie ai?iieeneio a?eea. Ii?ii?iaii? c?acee iathoue cia/ia iiaeeiaii? a iaeano?, aea ?ici?uothoue eieeaaiiy NI3, NI2, NI a?oi, ui oa?aeoa?ii aeey ao???a aee?ieo eeneio. A i?iieo?e aeai? a oe?e iaeano? iiaeeiaiiy iii?oii ieae/a, e??i oiai, niinoa??aa?oueny ?ioaineaiee iaeneioi a?eueii? ea?aieneeueii? a?oie, ui na?ae/eoue i?i iayai?noue aaeeei? e?eueeino? aeanoa??o?oee?iaaieo eeneioieo inoaie?a. A?eueo iecueeo ?ioaineai?noue nioae aaeaioieo eieeaaiue NI2-a?oi a ii?ii?iaieo c?aceao, ii??aiyii c eiio?ieai, o?aaa a?aeianoe aei aeano?oeoe?? a?eeiaeo iieaeoe aiaie. Ci?iaiiy inoaii?o i?eaiaeeoue aei ?ic?eao noa?eo oa iiya? iiaeo aiaei?iaeieo ca’yce?a ?, ye ne?aenoai, aei ci?ie nooiaiy ca’yceo aea?ieneeueieo a?oi. Aiae?c iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieaco?, ui i?e ia?iaoe? aiaie IA*-aia?a??th ?? i?oei?noue ca?eueoo?oueny ia 4-5 nI/Oaen, a ?ic?eaia iaaaioaaeaiiy- ia 400-500 nI. AENIIAEE Ia i?aenoaa? aeeiiaii? ?iaioe iaea?aeai? oae? aeniiaee: 1. ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue i?ioeano noo?iiy aieiai? aiaie, yea iieno?oueny nenoaiith aeeoa?aioe?eieo ??aiyiue, ??oaiiy yeeo aeicaiey? aeine?aeaeoaaoe i?ioean noo?iiy aiaie; anoaiiaeoe: iiooaei?noue IA*-aia?a??, o?eaae?noue /ano noo?iiy, ?aaeeie ?iaioe aeaea?ae aia?a??, eiino?oeoeai? ia?aiao?e eaia?e noo?iiy. 2. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ia??aiii??iee ?iciiae?e oaiia?aoo? ii ianyao aieiai? aiaie (80°N ia aa?oi?e iaae? ? 65°N ia ieaei?e) iio?aao? aaaeoaoe?th aa?y/i? ia?e ?c nooeeueii? eaia?e c oaeaee?noth 0,1 i3/n. 3. Iieacaii, ui o?eaae?noue /ano iaa??ao aiaie aei 80°N c aieia?noth 70% neeaaea? 20-30n i?e ci?i? u?eueiino? iiooaeiino? a?ae 12 iAo/ni3 aei 5 iAo/ni3, ? i?e iiaeaeueo?iio noo?ii? ia i?ioyc? 100n iiooaei?noue iiaeia ciaioeoe a 2/3 ?aco. 4. Ia iniia? a?noa??/iiai ?aciiaoi?o iaea?aeaii iniiai? ?ic?aooieia? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeey aecia/aiiy ae?aeaeo?e/ieo ia?aiao??a aiaie, ui aeicaieeei oai?aoe/ii aecia/eoe aaee/eie ec ? ecc o iaaeao ci?ie aieiaino? a?ae 10 aei 40 % i?e oaiia?aoo?? 25 °N. 5. I?e ?ic?aooieo aecia/aii, ui ae?aeaeo?e/i? ia?aiao?e nenoaie “aiaia-aiaea” i?e oaiia?aoo?? 250N ia /anoio? 2,45 AAoe i?e aieiaino? 10-40% neeaaea? ec=5-8, ecc=0,4-1,6. 6. ?ic?iaeaii aaoiiaoeciaaiee i?eno??e aeey aei??thaaiiy ae?aeaeo?e/ieo ia?aiao??a nenoaie “aiaia-aiaea”, yeee caaacia/o? oi/i?noue aei??thaaiue 1 % aeey ec ? 5 % aeey ecc. 7. Aecia/aii ae?aeaeo?e/i? ia?aiao?e aieiai? aiaie a ae?aiacii? ci?ie oaiia?aoo?e a?ae 250n aei 95 0N. 8. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeei?enoaiiy IA* noo?iiy aiaie aeicaiey? i?aeaeueoe a?aeiinio i?oei?noue aieieia ia 4 - 5nI/Oaen ? ?ic?eaia iaaaioaaeaiiy ia 400 - 500nI. 9. Aeei?enoaiiy IA*-oaoiieia?? a onoaoeoaaii? aeey noo?iiy aiaie aeicaieeei: - cieceoe aeo?aoe aeaeo?iaia?a?? ia 1 ea nooi? aiaie a 3 ?ace; - ciaioeoe ia’?i oa aaao i?eno?ith noo?iiy a 80 ?ac?a; - ciaioeoe anoaiiaeaio iiooaei?noue a 2-3 ?ace; - e?ea?aeoaaoe iaaaoeaio ae?th oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano noo?iiy ia ioi/oth/a na?aaeiaeua. NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? 1. *a?aieia A.Ae., Aiae?ae/oe A.E. Oai?aoe/aneee aiaeec i?ioeanna NA*-nooee aeaaeiie oa?noe // Ieoaiiy aeaeo?eo?eaoe?? n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa: Ca. iaoe.i?.-Oa?e?a: OAeOONA.- 1998.- N.97-100. 2. *a?aieia A.Ae., Naa?aoi TH.O., Aiae?ae/oe A.E. Eniieueciaaiea NA* yia?aee aeey nooee aeaaeiie oa?noe // Aanoiee iaoee e oaoieee.Auione.- 3. Oa?ueeia: Oa?ueeianeee aeii iaoee e oaoieee.- 1999.- N.47-48. 3. *a?aieia A.Ae., Aaiueeaae/ A.A., Eo/ei E.O., Aiae?ae/oe A.E. e ae?. Onoaiiaea aeey i?iiuaee oa?noe // I?aea?aeii/ee oaiaoe/iee iaoeiaee ca??iee “A?a/a?noai” . - Ee?a: Aa?a?ia iaoea.- 1998.- N.89-97. 4. Aiae?ae/oe A.E., E?aa/aiei I.A. ?an/aou ecia?aiey aeeyeaeo?e/aneeo ia?aiao?ia oa?noe n eniieueciaaieai NA*-iaeo/aiey // Oe?aeineee iao?ieiae/aneee aeo?iae.- Oa?ueeia: III “Iao?ieiaey”.- 1999.- ?1.- N.37-42. 5. Cioiaa C.E., Aiae?ae/oe A.E. Oaoiieiae/aneea i?aaeiinueee eniieueciaaiey NA* yia?aee aeey nooee oa?noe // A?niee Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Ca??ea iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. Aeione 47.-Oa?e?a: OAeIO.- 1999.- N.58-60. AIIOAOe?ss Aiae??e/oe ?.?. Aia?aicaa??aath/a aeaeo?ioaoiieia?y ? iaeaaeiaiiy IA* noo?iiy aiaie o n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio ae?iaieoeoa?.- ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.20.02 - canoinoaaiiy aeaeo?ioaoiieia?e o n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio ae?iaieoeoa?.- Oaa??enueea aea?aeaaia aa?ioaoi?/ia aeaaeai?y, Iae?oiiieue, 1999. Aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue aeine?aeaeaiiy a aaeoc? canoinoaaiiy aeaeo?iiaai?oieo iie?a IA* ae?aiaciio a oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioeanao n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa. Iaoith ?iaioe ? ae??oaiiy oai?aoe/ieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo i?iaeai ii noai?aiith iiai? aia?aicaa??aath/i? oa aeieia?/ii /enoi? aeaeo?ioaoiieia?? ? i?eno?i?a noo?iiy aiaie ii iniia? ?eaeo?iiaai?oieo iie?a IA* ae?aiaciio. A ?iaio? iaea?aeai? ianooii? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe: - noai?aii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue i?ioeano noo?iiy aiaie, yea iieno?oueny nenoaiith aeeoa?aioe?eieo ??aiyiue ? aeicaiey? anoaiiaeoe iiooaei?noue aeaea?ae IA* aia?a??, ?aaeei ?iaioe, o?eaae?noue noo?iiy oa eiino?oeoeai? ia?aiao?e eaia?e noo?iiy; - ?ic?iaeaii iaoiae ?ic?aooieo ? i?eioeeie iiaoaeiae aaoiiaoeciaaiiiai i?eno?ith aeey aei??thaaiiy ae?aeaeo?e/ieo ia?aiao??a nenoaie “aiaia-aiaea”; - aia?oa aecia/aii ae?aeaeo?e/i? ia?aiao?e aieiai? aiaie o ae?aiacii? ci?i oaiia?aoo? a?ae 25 0N aei 95 0N; - aia?oa anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e noo?ii? aiaie IA* aia?a??th ?? i?oei?noue oa ?ic?eaia iaaaioaaeaiiy ca?eueoo?oueny ia 30-70%. Eeth/ia? neiaa: aeaeo?iiaai?oia iiea, iaaeaeniei/anoioia aia?a?y, noo?iiy aiaie, ae?aeaeo?e/i? ia?aiao?e, aieia?noue. THE SUMMARY Andreichuk E. I. The energy-saving electrotechnologies and equipment UHF drying wool in the agricultural production.- Manuscript. Thesis on cosearching a teaching degrees of candidate of technical sciences on professions 05.20.02 - An using the electrotechnologies in the agricultural production.- Tavria State Academy, Melitopol, 1999. Protected work , which is kept studies in the field of using the electromagnetic floors UHF-range in technological processes of agricultural production. Take Aim work is a decision of theoretical and experimental problems on creation new energy-saving and ecological clean electrotechnology and devices of drying wool on the base of electromagnetic floors UHF-range. In work received following scientific results: - created mathematical model of drying wool, which is described by the differential equation system. Tinned decision allows to install: power UHF-energy, time of drying, state of working sources of energy, constructive parameters of camera of drying; - designed method of calculation and principles of building of automatic device for the measurement of dialectric parameters of system “wool-water”; - for the first time determined dialectric parameters of humid wool within the range of changing moisture from 30% before 70%; - for the first time installed that when drying wool UHF-energy its toughness and anti-tearing property are increasing to 30-70%. Key words: electromagnetic field, superhigh-frequency energy, drying wool, dialectric parameters, moisture. AIIIOAOeEss Aiae?ae/oe A. E. Yia?ainaa?aaathuay yeaeo?ioaoiieiaey e iai?oaeiaaiea NA* nooee oa?noe a naeueneioicyenoaaiiii i?iecaiaenoaa.- ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.20.02 - I?eiaiaiea yeaeo?ioaoiieiaee a naeueneioicyenoaaiiii i?iecaiaenoaa. Oaa?e/aneay ainoaea?noaaiiay aa?ioaoie/aneay aeaaeaiey, Iaeeoiiieue, 1999. Aeenna?oaoeey niaea?aeeo enneaaeiaaiey a iaeanoe i?eiaiaiey yeaeo?iiaaieoiuo iieae NA*-aeeaiaciia a oaoiieiae/aneeo i?ioeannao naeueneioicyenoaaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa. Oeaeueth ?aaiou yaeyaony ?aoaiea oai?aoe/aneeo e yenia?eiaioaeueiuo i?iaeai ii nicaeaieth iiaie yia?ainaa?aaathuae e yeieiae/anee /enoie yeaeo?ioaoiieiaee e ono?ienoa nooee oa?noe ia iniiaa yeaeo?iiaaieoiuo iieae NA*-aeeaiaciia. A ?aaioa iieo/aiu neaaeothuea iao/iua ?acoeueoaou: - nicaeaia iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue nooee oa?noe, eioi?ay iienuaaaony nenoaiie aeeooa?aioeeaeueiuo o?aaiaiee. Iieo/aiiia ?aoaiea iicaieyao onoaiiaeoue: iiuiinoue NA*-yia?aee, a?aiy nooee, ?aaeei ?aaiou enoi/ieeia yia?aee, eiino?oeoeaiua ia?aiao?u eaia?u nooee; - ?ac?aaioaiu iaoiae ?an/aoa e i?eioeeiu iino?iaiey aaoiiaoece?iaaiiiai ono?ienoaa aeey ecia?aiey aeeyeaeo?e/aneeo ia?aiao?ia nenoaiu “oa?noue-aiaea”; - aia?aua ii?aaeaeaiu aeeyeaeo?e/aneea ia?aiao?u aeaaeiie oa?noe a aeeaiaciia eciaiaiee oaiia?aoo? io 25 0N aei 95 0N; - aia?aua onoaiiaeaii, /oi i?e nooea oa?noe NA*-yia?aeae aa i?i/iinoue e ?ac?uaiay iaa?ocea oaaee/eaaaony ia 30-70 %. I?iaaaeai aiaeec iaoiaeia e ono?ienoa aeey nooee e ia?aaioee oa?noe NA* yia?aeae. Iieacaii, /oi aua?aiiay oaia yaeyaony aeooaeueiie. Oai?aoe/anee iainiiaai i?ioeann nooee oa?noe. Iieo/aiiia ?aoaiea caaea/e i nooea aeaaeiie oa?noe iicaieyao enneaaeiaaoue i?ioeann nooee oa?noe n ia/aeueiie aeaaeiinoueth 70% i?e eciaiaiee iauaiiie ieioiinoe NA* yia?aee a aeeaiaciia io 5-12 iAo/ni3 ia /anoioa 2450 iAoe. N iiiiuueth IYAI i?iecaaaeai ?an/ao caaeneiinoe oaiia?aoo?u aeaaeiie oa?noe, iaeo/aaiie yeaeo?iiaaieoiuie iieyie, io aeeeoaeueiinoe aicaeaenoaey e aeoaeiu ia?acoea. Aeaiu i?aeoe/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee, auiieiaiea eioi?uo iicaieeo iioeiece?iaaoue oa/aiea i?ioeanna nooee. A ?aaioa i?iaaaeai aiaeec aeeyeaeo?e/aneeo naienoa nenoaiu “oa?noue-aiaea”. Iieo/aii iaoaiaoe/aneia au?aaeaiea aeey ii?aaeaeaiey aaee/ei ec e ecc a caaeaiiuo i?aaeaeao ecia?aiey aeaaeiinoe. ?ac?aaioaia aaoiiaoece?iaaiiay nenoaia ecia?aiey aeeyeaeo?e/aneeo ia?aiao?ia aeaaeiie oa?noe. Yenia?eiaioaeueii ii?aaeaeaiu aeeyeaeo?e/aneea ia?aiao?u nenoaiu “oa?noue-aiaea”. I?aaenoaaeaiu ?acoeueoaou ?ac?aaioee ono?ienoa ii NA* nooea oa?noe e i?iaaaeaiu yenia?eiaioaeueiua enneaaeiaaiey ii ii?aaeaeaieth caaeneiinoe a?aiaie nooee oa?noe io ia?aiao?ia ?aaeeia e ia/aeueiie ianniaie aeiee aeaae a oa?noe, ia iniiaaiee /aai aua?aii iioeiaeueiia a?aiy nooee, iaania/eaathuaa nio?aiiinoue ea/anoaa aunooaiiiai iaoa?eaea. ?acoeueoaou i?iaaaeaiiuo yenia?eiaioaeueiuo enneaaeiaaiee i?aaenoaaeaiu a aeaea a?aoeeia e oaaeeoe. Ia oe?ia “Ioaen” auee i?iaaaeaiu eniuoaiey ono?ienoaa NA* nooee oa?noe, /oi iicaieeei nie?aoeoue yia?aiiio?aaeaiea ia 40%, i?iecaiaenoaaiiua ieiuaaee ia 70%, i?iaanoe aeaceioaeoeeth aieieia aac i?eiyoey niaoeeaeueiuo ia?. Ono?ienoai aiaae?aii a einoeoooa AEN? “Aneaiey-Iiaa” Oaoieei-yeiiiie/aneea ?an/aou iieacaee, /oi aiaeiaie yeiiiie/aneee yooaeo io eniieueciaaiey ?ac?aaioaiiuo oaoiieiaee e ono?ienoaa NA* nooee oa?noe ninoaaeo ii/oe 500.000 a?eaaiue. Eeth/aaua neiaa: yeaeo?iiaaieoiia iiea, naa?oauniei/anoioiay aia?aey, nooea oa?noe, aeeyeaeo?e/aneea ia?aiao?u, aeaaeiinoue.

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