Економічні проблеми земельних відносин у сільському господарстві (теорія, методологія, практика): Автореф. дис… д-ра екон. наук / М.М. Федоров, Ін-т

?inoeooo aa?a?ii? aeiiiiiee

Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeaii? aa?a?ieo iaoe

Oaaei?ia Ieeiea Ieeieaeiae/

OAeE 631.1:330.15

Aeiiii?/i? i?iaeaie

caiaeueieo a?aeiinei

o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?

(oai??y, iaoiaeieia?y, i?aeoeea)

Niaoeiaeueiinoue 08.07.02 — aeiiii?ea

n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa i AIE

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1998

Aeena?oaoei?th ? ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoeieia ?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? aa?a?ii? aeiiii?ee
Oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai?? aa?a?ieo iaoe.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, aeaaea-

iie OAAI

O?aaia/oe Aaeaioei Ieoaeeiae/, ?inoeooo

aeiiii?ee Iaoe?iiaeueii? aeaaeai?? iaoe
Oe?a?ie,

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo ?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo
AIE;

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, no. iaoeiaee ni?a-

?ia?oiee, /eai-ei?aniiiaeaio OAAI

Aeia?ye Aeieo?i Naiaiiae/, ?inoeooo caiea-

ono?ith OAAI, aeeiiaa/ee aee?aeoi?;

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Iin?the Ieeei Iiaeyiiae/, Iaoe?iiaeueiee

aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e

aeiiii?ee i?aei?e?inoa aa?a?iiai na?a?no.

I?iaiaeia onoaiiaa: Eueaianueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao,

eaoaae?a caiaeueiiai eaaeano?o.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 24 ” eenoiiaaea 1998?. i 14 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae26.350.01 ii caoenoo
aeena?oaoe?e ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a aeiiii?/ieo iaoe a
?inoeooo? aa?a?ii? aeiiii?ee OAAI (252127, i.Ee?a, aoe. Aa?i?a Iai?iie,
10, eiioa?aioe-cae, 3-e iiaa?o).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
aa?a?ii? aeiiii?ee, i.Ee?a, aoe. Aa?i?a Iai?iie, 10, 2-e iiaa?o.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 23 ” aeiaoiy 1998?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe,

i?ioani? Iaeie
I.E.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeueiinoue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aoiaeaeaiiy aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie a
?eieia? a?aeiineie coiiaeei iaiao?aei?noue aa?a?ieo ia?aoai?aiue ia
nae?. Ieaiiai-?iciiaeieue/a nenoaia, yea aoea iai?aiith a aeiiii?oe?
e?a?ie ai?iaeiaae o?eaaeiai ia??iaeo, a oaeiae aeeeth/ii aea?aeaaia
aeani?noue ia caieth aeyaeeenue iani?iiiaeieie caaacia/eoe ii?iaeueia
ooieoe?iioaaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa a oiiaao
ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieo.

Aieiaiei aaeueiii ia oeyoo ia?aaoaeiae n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
oi?ioaaiue noaea iaaeineiiae?noue caiaeueieo a?aeiinei. A on?o, aac
aeiyoeo, n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoaao caiey ia?aaoaaea ia o
aeaniino?, a a ni?eueiiio ei?enooaaii?. Ononi?eueiai? aoee e ?io? caniae
ae?iaieoeoaa /a?ac cai?iaaaeaeaiiy oae caaii? eieainiii-eiiia?aoeaii?
aeaniino?. Ana oea, e?iaoeue e?ioeai, i?ecaaei aei a?ae/oaeaiiy naeyieia
a?ae caie?, ui, a naith /a?ao, coiiaeei cieaeaiiy iioeaaoe?? i?aoe?, ??
i?iaeoeoeaiino?, a a i?aenoieo — niaae ae?iaieoeoaa. Aaeaea a?aeiii, ui
i?iaeoeoii i?aoe? iiaea aieiae?oe i ?icii?yaeaeaoeny eeoa oie, eiio
iaeaaeaoue caniae ae?iaieoeoaa. Ineieueee caiey, ye aieiaiee can?a
ae?iaieoeoaa, ia?aaoaaea o aeeeth/i?e aea?aeaai?e aeaniino?, oi e
?acoeueoaoaie i?aoe? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai oiaa?iae?iaieea
?icii?yaeaeaeany aea?aeaaa, a ia oiaa?iae?iaiee.

Oae? ianoaaeie aeeeeeaee iaiao?aei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie,
yea ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith aeiiii?/ii? ?aoi?ie i ca/?ia? aeeaeii?
i?ioeane ae?iaieoeoaa, aca?iiae?? i?e?iaee i ethaeeie, caaeiaieaiiy ??
aeeoo?aeo iio?aa.

Iaieioaia a aa?aci? 1991?. caiaeueia ?aoi?ia a Oe?a?ii aeiaaaea
?ic?iaee i?ia?aie, i?aai?caoe?eii? noaie i iaoai?cio ?? cae?eniaiiy oa
a?aeiia?aeiiai i?aaiaiai i iaoeiaiai caaacia/aiiy. Iaaiaeeeaaeiinoue
ae??oaiiy ieoaiue ?aoi?ioaaiiy caiaeueieo a?aeiinei aeeeeeaeanue
iaiao?aei?noth noai?aiiy oiia aeey ?icaeoeo aaaaoioeeaaeii? aeiiii?ee
oeyoii i?aai?caoe?? iiaeo i ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? ?nioth/eo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa a ainiiaea?nuee? no?oeoo?e
?eieiaiai oeio ia iia?e i?aaiicaoeieii-aeiiiii/iie iniia?, yea iieyaa? o
ii?aeiaii? ia?aaaa i?eaaoii? aeaniino? ia caieth oa ?io? caniae
ae?iaieoeoaa c eieaeoeaiith oi?iith i?aai?caoe?? i?aoe?.

Aeiaaaee naiai ae??oaiiy i ieoaiiy a?ioiai? ioe?iee
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue oa ieaoiino? ?o aeei?enoaiiy, aea ia
oie /an a Oe?a?ii ia aoei ?ic?iaeaii i? ii?iaoeaieo aeieoiaio?a c oeeo
ieoaiue, i? iaoiaeeee a?ioiai? ioe?iee caiaeue, i? iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy
noaaie caiaeueiiai iiaeaoeo.

Oaeei /eiii, aanue eiiieaen ieoaiue noiniaii ?aoi?ioaaiiy i ?icaeoeo
caiaeueieo a?aeiinei, a oaeiae aeiiii?/iiai ?o ?aaoethaaiiy a iiaeo
oiiaao ainiiaea?thaaiiy, ? iaaecae/aeii aeooaeueiei.

Iaaeinoaoiinoue oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieiai/ieo i iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo
?ic?iaie uiaei ?aoi?ioaaiiy caiaeueieo a?aeiinei, iio?aaa e?a?ie o
i?aaiaiio caaacia/aii? cae?eniaiiy caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie, iaiao?aei?noue
?ic?iaee i?aai?caoe?eii? noaie oa iaoai?cio ?aoi?ioaaiiy i aeiiii?/iiai
?aaoethaaiiy caiaeueieo a?aeiinei iaoiiaeee aea?? oaie aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe.

Noai aea/aiiy i?iaeaie. Caiaeuei? a?aeiineie, ye neeaaeiaa ae?iaie/eo
a?aeiinei, caaaeaee aoee a iie? ci?o iaoeiaoe?a, niaoe?ae?no?a i
i?aeoee?a. sse noni?euei? a?aeiineie, aiie oe?eaaeee o?einio?a,
?noi?ee?a, iie?oee?a, aea?aeaaieo ae?y/?a.

Aiaeic a?o/eciyiiai i ca?oa?aeiiai iaoeiaiai iaaeaaiiy c aeaii?
i?iaeaie iieacaa, ui aiia ? iaae/a?iiith i aeooaeueiith a aoaeue-yeee
ia??iae ?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa.

?icaeoeo caiaeueieo a?aeiinei a ?noi?e/iiio ieai? i?enay/ai?
aeine?aeaeaiiy I.A.O?iiiaa, I.A.Caeii/eianueeiai, A.I.Eeth/aanueeiai,
I.A.Eieaaiiaa, N.I.Aeoa?ianueeiai, I.I.Ia?oeia, A.I.Oaieeoeueeiai,
A.A.Eeoaaea, A.Ae.Eaiiaeea, C.I.Iaoenyeaae/a, ?.I.Iaoaeea oa ?ioeo
a/aieo. Aaoi?e aeine?aeaeoaaee caiaeuei? a?aeiineie ??cieo
noniieueii-aeiiii?/ieo oi?iaoe?e. Aiie a?aei?/aee, ui a iniia? ci?i
caiaeueieo a?aeiinei aeii?ioth/ith caaaeaee aoea aeani?noue ia caieth,
ye aieiaiee can?a ae?iaieoeoaa o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?.

Ia ii/aoeiaeo aoaiao ?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa caiaeuei? a?aeiineie
ci?ithaaeenue aaiethoe?eia. O i??o ?icaeoeo oeea?e?caoe?? a?aeaoaaany
i?enei?aiee ?o ?icaeoie oeyoii i?iaaaeaiiy caiaeueieo ?aoi?i.

Cia/iee aianie o ni?aao oaeineiiaeaiiy caiaeueieo a?aeiinei ia ??cieo
aoaiao ?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa c?iaeee I.A.Noieeiii,
I.?.Ooaai-Aa?aiianueeee, I.A.Iaea?ia, I.A.*ayiia, I.I.Aiaaeueaa?aeo i
?io?. ?o oai?aoe/ieie ?ic?iaeaie, a oaeiae i?aeoe/iith ?aae?caoe??th
aeeeaaeaieo ?aeae aeiaaaeaii, ui o?eueee a?eueiee naeyiei, yeee ia
cacia? aoaeue-yeiai i?eiono aai ooeneo /oaei? aie?, yeee aieiae??
caieath i nai aeae?a? niin?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy, ciiaea naaa i?iyaeoe
iiaiith i??ith ye ni?aaaei?e ainiiaea? ia caie?. Aei oeueiai naeyie
i?aaioee i?ioyaii an?o caiaeueieo ?aoi?i, ye? i?iaiaeeeenue ii/eiath/e c
a?aei?ie e??iiniiai i?aaa 1861 ?ieo.

Ieoaiiyi ?icaeoeo caiaeueieo a?aeiinei o ?aaeyinueeee ia??iae
i?enayoeee ?yae iaoeiaeo i?aoeue I.I.Ia?oei, I.I.Ieeiiia,
?.N.Ea?iaooiaa, I.O.Aaae?ii/aa, A.C.Oa?/aiei oa ?io?.

Aaeeea eiei ieoaiue, iia’ycaieo c oi?ioaaiiyi i ?icaeoeii caiaeueieo
a?aeiinei, ?icaeyaea?oueny o iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo no/anieo a/aieo
aeiiiiinoia-aa?a?ieeia: I.O.Naaeoea, A.ss.Ianaeue-Aanaeyea,
I.?.Aaeaeooeueeiai, A.A.TH?/eoeia, I.I.Iieuaiea, ?.?.Eoeiiiaa,
A.I.O?aaia/oea, E.ss.Iiaaeianueeiai, Ae.N.Aeia?yea, ?.A.?icoiiiai,
Ae.?.Aiaoeiae/a, I.I.Iinithea, I.E.Iaeiea, A.E.Ianoaaa?a,
I.A.Aoaooeueeiai, A.A.Aiae?ie/oea, I.A.Eiaana, A.Ae.Aooeoeyea,
A.E.Oeyia, ?.I.Aocaeaeiaa, A.I.E?eeaoeo, ?.A.Caaaeoiaa oa ?ioeo.
?acoeueoaoe ?o aeine?aeaeaiue iathoue cia/iee aieea ia oi?ioaaiiy
iaoeiai? aeoiee i ae?iaeaiiy iai?yi?a i?aeoe/ieo ae?e uiaei
oaeineiiaeaiiy caiaeueieo a?aeiinei. Oe? ieoaiiy caeeoathoueny
aeooaeueieie i nueiaiaei?.

Caaaeaiiy iieyaa? o aeine?aeaeaii? aeiiii?/ieo i?iaeai ?icaeoeo i
?aaoethaaiiy caiaeueieo a?aeiinei a iiaeo oiiaao, o aca?iica’yceo i
aca?iiae?? eaoaai??e, ui ?o oa?aeoa?ecothoue, cie?aia, aeaniino? ia
caieth, ?? aa?o?nii? ioe?iee i caiaeueii? ?aioe.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoeieia
?iaioa ca nai?i iai?yieii o?nii iia’ycaia c ieaiaie i oaiaoeeith
iaoeiai-aeineiaeieo ?ia?o a?aeae?eo caiaeueieo a?aeiinei ?inoeoooo
aa?a?ii? aeiiii?ee OAAI.

A aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? ciaeoee a?aeia?aaeaiiy iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe
aaaaoi??/ieo iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue aaoi?a c ieoaiue ?icaeoeo
caiaeueieo a?aeiinei, aeiiii?/ii? i a?ioiai? ioe?iee caiaeue oa ??
canoinoaaiiy, ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy i ioi?iie caiaeue,
aeiiii?/iiai noeioethaaiiy ainiiaea?thth/eo noa’?eo?a ca i?aeaeuaiiy
?iaeth/ino? a?oio?a, ye? aeeeaaeai? o iaoeiaeo ca?oao, cie?aia ca:
1991-1995??., ? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0194U0176604; 1994?. — ca caiiaeaiiyi
Aea?aeaaiiai eii?oaoo Oe?a?ie ii caiaeueieo ?ano?nao; 1996?. — ca
caiiaeaiiyi Iiiinoa?noaa aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie i Iiiinoa?noaa n?euenueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa i i?iaeiaieuenoaa Oe?a?ie; 1996?., ? aea?ae?a?no?aoe??
0196U004661; 1986-1990??., ? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 01.87.0085116; 1991?. —
ca caiiaeaiiyi ?inoeoooo “Oe?caii?iaeo”, 1990?., ? aea?ae?a?no?aoe??
01.89.0055931 — ca caiiaeaiiyi Aea?aeaa?ii?iio O?N?; 1981-1985??., ?
aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 01820080708; 1980?., ? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 78005922.

A ?iaio? oaeiae a?aeia?aaeai? ?ic?iaee aaoi?a c ieoaiue i?aaiaiai i
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iiai caaacia/aiiy caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie a Oe?a?ii oa
noiniaii iaoai?cio aeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy caiaeueieo a?aeiinei a
oiiaao oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee.

Iaoa i caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ocaaaeueiaiiy
oai??? i i?aeoeee oi?ioaaiiy i ?icaeoeo caiaeueieo a?aeiinei o
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?, aecia/aiiy ?o no/aniiai noaio oa oaiaeaioe?e
i ia oe?e iniia? ii?aoethaaiiy iai?yi?a oaeineiiaeaiiy oa aeiiii?/iiai
iaoai?cio ?aaoethaaiiy caiaeueieo a?aeiinei a oiiaao o?ainoi?ioaaiiy
?nioth/eo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa o a?eueo aoaeoeai?
ae?iaie/? no?oeoo?e ?eieiaiai oeio i ?icaeoeo aaaaoioeeaaeii? aeiiii?ee.

Aiaeiiaiaeii aei iaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy a ?iaio? iinoaaeai? oae? caaea/?:
?ice?eoe nooi?noue i aeaoe aecia/aiiy eaoaai??? caiaeueieo a?aeiinei o
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? oa i?iaiae?coaaoe ?o ?icaeoie a
inoi?eei-aeiiiii/iiio aniaeo?; aecia/eoe aeiiiiiei-i?aaiao iniiao
oi?ioaaiiy caiaeueieo a?aeiinei; aeine?aeeoe no/aniee noai oa
iaa?oiooaaoe iaoiaeieia?th i iai?yie oaeineiiaeaiiy caiaeueieo
a?aeiinei; ii?aoethaaoe i?iiiceoe?? uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy ?nioth/iai oa
noai?aiiy iiaiai ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaiai i iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iiai
caaacia/aiiy caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?; aecia/eoe
aoaie cae?eniaiiy caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie a Oe?a?ii; ?ic?iaeoe
i?aai?caoe?eio noaio cae?eniaiiy caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie; ii?aoethaaoe
iaoai?ci cae?eniaiiy caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie; ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo a?ioiai?
ioe?iee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo caiaeue i ii?yaeie ?? i?iaaaeaiiy;
aecia/eoe ii?yaeie i?iaaaeaiiy i iaoai?ci a?ioiai? ioe?iee
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo caiaeue; ii?aoethaaoe i?iiiceoe?? uiaei
iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy ?ici???a ieaoe ca aeei?enoaiiy caiaeue
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai i?ecia/aiiy; iaa?oiooaaoe iai?yie
oaeineiiaeaiiy aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio ?aaoethaaiiy caiaeueieo a?aeiinei
o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?; iaa?oiooaaoe iniiai? iieiaeaiiy
aeiiii?/iiai noeioethaaiiy aeaniee?a caie? i caieaei?enooaa/?a ca
?aoe?iiaeueia aeei?enoaiiy i ioi?iio caiaeue; ii?aoethaaoe
eiioeaiooaeuei? iniiae oi?ioaaiiy i ?icaeoeo ?eieo caiaeue
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai i?ecia/aiiy; ?ic?iaeoe i?iiiceoe?? uiaei
oaeineiiaeaiiy ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiai? aace caiaeueieo a?aeiinei o
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? noeoii?noue oai?aoe/ieo, iaoiaeieia?/ieo i
i?aeoe/ieo i?iaeai caiaeueieo a?aeiinei o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? a
ia??iae ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieo; i?aai?caoe?y i iaoai?ci cae?eniaiiy
caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie; iai?yie oaeineiiaeaiiy aeiiii?/iiai i i?aaiaiai
?aaoethaaiiy caiaeueieo a?aeiinei.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? caiaeuei? a?aeiineie o n?euenueeiio
ainiiaea?noa? ia ??cieo nooiaiyo ?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa i ??cieo ??aiyo
oi?aae?iiy ae?iaieoeoaii.

?ioi?iaoeieiith aacith aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? io?oe?ei?
noaoenoe/i? aeai? Aea?aeeiinoaoo Oe?a?ie, Aea?aeaaiiai eii?oaoo Oe?a?ie
ii caiaeueieo ?ano?nao, Iiiinoa?noaa aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno Oe?a?ie,
aaaaoi??/i? a?aeiiino? ??/ieo ca?o?a eieaeoeaieo i aea?aeaaieo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa, iia?aoeai? aeai? uiaei
cae?eniaiiy caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie a iaeanoyo Oe?a?ie. I?e iaienaii?
aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoai? iieiaeaiiy /eiiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie,
iinoaiia Eaaiiaoo Iiiino?ia Oe?a?ie oa iaeac?a Aea?aeeiicaio Oe?a?ie
noiniaii ?aaoethaaiiy caiaeueieo a?aeiinei o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?.

Iaoiaeieiaiy i iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oai?aoe/iith i iaoiaeieia?/iith
iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ae?aeaeoe/iee iaoiae i?ciaiiy i nenoaiiee
i?aeo?ae aei aea/aiiy noni?eueieo yaeu o ?o aca?iica’yceo, oai?aoe/i?
?ic?iaee a?o/eciyieo i ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo: aeiiiiinoia, ?noi?ee?a,
o?einio?a, th?eno?a c i?iaeaie oi?ioaaiiy i ?icaeoeo caiaeueieo
a?aeiinei a aa?a?i?e noa??, a oaeiae /eii? caeiiiaeaa/? oa ?io?
ii?iaoeai? aeoe, ui ?aaoeththoue caiaeuei? a?aeiineie a Oe?a?ii.

Aiaeiiaiaeii aei caaea/, iinoaaeaieo o aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?,
aeei?enoiaothoueny ??ci? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, cie?aia:
noaoenoeei-aeiiiii/iee, aeeth/ath/e aea??eiaee, iiiia?ao?/iee,
ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co, aano?aeoii-eiai/iee, a?ao?/iee,
iaoaiaoeei-noaoenoe/iee, aieaoiiai ianoaaeaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui ia iniia?
aeine?aeaeaiue, i?iaaaeaieo aaoi?ii:

— oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii i aeaii aecia/aiiy eaoaai??? caiaeueieo
a?aeiinei o iiaeo aeiiii?/ieo oiiaao n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
ae?iaieoeoaa;

— ii?aoeueiaaii iaoiaeieia?th ?aoi?ioaaiiy caiaeueieo a?aeiinei o
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?;

— aecia/ai? oa iaa?oioiaai? aoaie cae?eniaiiy caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie a
aa?a?i?e noa??;

— aia?oa cai?iiiiiaaii i?aai?caoe?eio noaio cae?eniaiiy caiaeueii?
?aoi?ie;

— ?ic?iaeaii iaoai?ci cae?eniaiiy caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie;

— oaeineiiaeaii iaoiaeeeo aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee caiaeue oa ?ic?iaeaii ia
?? iniia? iaoiaeeeo a?ioiai? ioe?iee caiaeue n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
i?ecia/aiiy, aecia/aii ii?yaeie i?iaaaeaiiy oa ii?aoeueiaaii iaoai?ci
cae?eniaiiy a?ioiai? ioe?iee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo caiaeue;

— ii?aoeueiaaii iaoiaeeeo iathaaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue,
ia?aaeaieo o eieaeoeaio aeani?noue n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeei
i?aei?e?inoaai i i?aai?caoe?yi;

— aecia/aii iaoiaeieia?/i? i iaoiaee/i? i?eioeeie oa iaa?oioiaaii
iai?yie oaeineiiaeaiiy aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio ?aaoethaaiiy caiaeueieo
a?aeiinei o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?;

— ?ic?iaeaii i?iiiceoe?? uiaei iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy ?ici???a ieaoe ca
aeei?enoaiiy caiaeue n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai i?ecia/aiiy;

— aia?oa cai?iiiiiaaii iniiai? iieiaeaiiy uiaei aeiiii?/iiai
noeioethaaiiy aeaniee?a caie? i caieaei?enooaa/?a ca ?aoe?iiaeueia
aeei?enoaiiy i ioi?iio caiaeue;

— ?ic?iaeaii eiioeaiooaeuei? iniiae oi?ioaaiiy i ?icaeoeo ?eieo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo caiaeue;

— ?ic?iaeaii i?iiiceoe?? aei ?yaeo i?iaeo?a caeii?a Oe?a?ie i Oeacia
I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiai? aace
caiaeueieo a?aeiinei o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue
iaoeiaeo ?ic?iaie c aeena?oaoe?? ciaeoea i?aeoe/ia canoinoaaiiy i?e
cae?eniaii? caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie a Oe?a?ii, cie?aia, i?e noai?aii?
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiai? aace, ?ic?iaoe? iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo iieiaeaiue c
ieoaiue caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie i iaoai?cio ?aaoethaaiiy caiaeueieo
a?aeiinei, iaoiaeeee aeiiii?/ii? i a?ioiai? ioe?iee
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo caiaeue, aecia/aiiy ?ici???a ieaoe ca caieth,
aeiiii?/iiai noeioethaaiiy aeaniee?a caie? i caieaei?enooaa/?a ca
?aoe?iiaeueia aeei?enoaiiy i ioi?iio caiaeue. Aeena?oaio ? ni?aaaoi?ii
?yaeo ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeo aeo?a i iaoiaeee, iniiaieie c yeeo ?: i?iaeoe
caeii?a Oe?a?ie: “I?i i?aiaeo caie?” (1995?.); “I?i aianaiiy ci?i i
aeiiiaiaiue aei Caeiio Oe?a?ie “I?i ieaoo ca caieth” (1996?.); “I?i
aianaiiy ci?i i aeiiiaiaiue aei Caiaeueiiai eiaeaeno Oe?a?ie (1995 i
1996??.); Aeae?ao Eaaiiaoo Iiiino?ia Oe?a?ie “I?i i?eaaoecaoe?th
caiaeueieo ae?eyiie” (1992?.); Oeace I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie: “I?i
iaa?aeeeaaei? caoiaee uiaei i?enei?aiiy caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie o noa??
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa” (1994?., ?666); “I?i ii?yaeie
iathaaiiy caiaeue, ia?aaeaieo o eieaeoeaio aeani?noue
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeei i?aei?e?inoaai i i?aai?caoe?yi” (1995?.,
?720); “I?i i?aai?caoe?ei? caoiaee uiaei cae?eniaiiy caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie
o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?” (1995?.); “Aea?aeaaia i?ia?aia caiaeueii?
?aoi?ie a Oe?a?ii” (1994?.); iaoiaeeea a?ioiai? ioe?iee caiaeue
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai i?ecia/aiiy oa ianaeaieo ioieo?a (1995?.);
iieiaeaiiy i?i ii?yaeie aaaeaiiy aea?aeaaiiai caiaeueiiai eaaeano?o
(1993?.); iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei iathaaiiy caiaeue, ia?aaeaieo
o eieaeoeaio aeani?noue n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeei i?aei?e?inoaai i
i?aai?caoe?yi (1996?.).

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue oa?eoee neeaaeiaith /anoeiith aei
eiioeaiooaeueieo iniia aa?a?ii? iie?oeee Oe?a?ie, ?yaeo iaoiaeee,
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e oa iaoiaee/ieo aeac?aie,
i?aeaioiaeaieo aeey ??cieo ??ai?a oi?aae?iiy n?euenueeei ainiiaea?noaii.

Ca o/anoth aeena?oaioa i?aeaioiaeaii ?yae i?iiiceoe?e Eaaiiaoo
Iiiino?ia Oe?a?ie, Aaeiiiino?aoei? I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie, Aa?oiaiie ?aae?
Oe?a?ie, a?eueo?noue c yeeo oa?eoea aei i?eeiyoeo ieie
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeo aeo?a.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a o aeine?aeaeoaaio i?iaeaio. Oai?aoe/ii
iaa?oioiaaii i aeaii aecia/aiiy eaoaai??? caiaeueieo a?aeiinei o
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? a oiiaao ?icaeoeo ??cieo oi?i aeaniino? i
ainiiaea?thaaiiy ia caie?. ?ic?iaeaii i?iiiceoe?? uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy
caiaeueiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa, ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiai? aace c ieoaiue
caiaeueieo a?aeiinei, aecia/aii aoaie, ?ic?iaeaii i?aai?caoe?eio noaio i
iaoai?ci cae?eniaiiy caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie a aa?a?i?e noa??, ii?aoeueiaaii
iaoiaeieia?th oa iaoiaeeeo a?ioiai? ioe?iee caiaeue
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai i?ecia/aiiy, iaoiaeeeo iiae?eo caiaeue
eieaeoeaii? aeaniino? ia caiaeuei? /anoee (ia?), iai?yie oaeineiiaeaiiy
caiaeueieo a?aeiinei oa aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio ?o ?aaoethaaiiy,
cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy ?ici???a ieaoe ca caieth, iniiai?
iieiaeaiiy uiaei aeiiii?/iiai noeioethaaiiy aeaniee?a caie? i
caieaei?enooaa/?a ca ?aoe?iiaeueia aeei?enoaiiy i ioi?iio caiaeue,
?ic?iaeaii eiioeaiooaeuei? iniiae oi?ioaaiiy i ?icaeoeo ?eieo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo caiaeue, i?iiiceoe?? uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiai? aace caiaeueieo a?aeiinei o n?euenueeiio
ainiiaea?noa?.

Ai?iaaoeiy ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? oai?aoe/i? i
iaoiaeieia?/i? iieiaeaiiy i aeniiaee oa i?aeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy ii aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? ai?iaiaai? ia iaoeiaeo,
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo, neiiic?oiao, ia?aaeao i nai?ia?ao,
cie?aia ia: eii?aeeiaoe?ei?e iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iie eiioa?aioe?? “Inai?iiy
?eieiaeo a?aeiinei a aa?ii?iieneiaiio ae?iaieoeoa? Oe?a?ie”, Ee?a, 1992
?.; ?anioae?eainuee?e iaoeiai-ae?iaie/ie eiioa?aioe?? “Oi?ioaaiiy,
?icaeoie oa ?ici??e oa?ia?nueeeo ainiiaea?noa a Oe?a?ii”, Ee?a, 1992?.;
I?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi? “Aeiiii?/i? ?aoi?ie o n?euenueeiio
ainiiaea?noa? a ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae aei ?eieo”, Ee?a, 1993?.;
I?aeaea?aeaaiiio iaoeiaiio nai?ia?? “No/ani? i?iaeaie ioi?iie i
a?aeoai?aiiy ?iaeth/ino? a?oio?a: aeieia?y, aeiiii?ea, i?aai”, Iaeana,
1994?.; ?anioae?eainuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iie eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie
caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie a Oe?a?ii”, Ee?a, 1994?.; I?aeia?iaei?e aeiiii?/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Ia?aoai?aiiy n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa a Oe?a?ii:
aeina?ae, ia?niaeoeae”, Ee?a, 1995?.; iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iie eiioa?aioe??
“Iniiai? iai?yie aa?a?ii? ?aoi?ie a Oe?a?ii”, Ee?a, 1995?.;
I?aeia?iaeiiio ?ioi?iaoe?eiiio nai?ia?? c ieoaiue oi?aae?iiy aa?ia?ciano
“I?eaaoecaoeiy. Aician oa o?iainiaa ieaioaaiiy. Ae?iaie/? ?ano?ne”,
Ee?a, i Oiaiue, 1996?.; iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iie eiioa?aioe?? “Aeooaeuei?
i?iaeaie ?aoi?ioaaiiy AIE Oe?a?ie”, Ee?a, 1996?.; Anaoe?a?inueeie
eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeo iathaaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo caiaeue”, Ee?a,
1996?.; i?aeia?iaeiiio nai?ia?? “Aa?a?ia ?aoi?ia a Oe?a?ii a
aeiaaeueiiio eiioaeno?”, Ee?a, 1997?.; iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iie eiioa?aioe??
aeanieeia-ea?iaieeia i?eaaoii-i?aiaeieo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
i?aei?e?inoa”, Ee?a, 1997?.; iaeanieo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo
c ieoaiue ?aoi?ioaaiiy a aa?ii?iieneiaiio eiiieaen? (1997-1998??., o
i?noao: ?iaiiio, AEeoiie?i, *a?iiaiai, Eueaiai, ?aaii-O?aieianueeo,
Aeiii?iiao?ianueeo, Caii?iaeaei, Iaeani, Oa?niii, Aiiieoei, Oa?eiai,
Noiao, Eoaainueeo, Eueaiai).

Ioaeieaoei? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Anueiai c aeine?aeaeoaaii?
i?iaeaie iioae?eiaaii naiino?eii oa o ni?aaaoi?noa? 110 iaoeiaeo i?aoeue
caaaeueiei ianyaii 112.0 ae.a. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
aena?oeai? o 60 iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo caaaeueiei ianyaii 40.8 ae.a., o o./. a
iiiia?ao?yo i a?ioo?ao 25.6 ae.a., c ieo iaeiiin?aia iiiia?ao?y 14.2
ae.a.

Ianya i no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 349 noi??ieao
eiii’thoa?iiai oaenoo, ?ethno?iaaia 28 oaaeeoeyie i 30 ?enoieaie. Aiia
aeeth/a? oaeiae nienie e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae c 225 iaeiaioaaiue i
aeiaeaoee.

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe.

Anooi.

?icaeie 1. Oai?aoe/i? canaaee caiaeueieo a?aeiinei. 1.1. Nooi?noue
caiaeueieo a?aeiinei. 1.2. ?noipeei-aeiiii?/i? aniaeoe ?icaeoeo
caiaeueieo a?aeiinei. 1.3. Caiaeuei? a?aeiineie ? ?aioa.

?icaeie 2. Aeaniinoue ia caieth ye iniiaa oi?ioaaiiy caiaeueieo
a?aeiinei. 2.1. Nooue ? oi?ie aeaniino? 2.2. Opainoipiaoe?y oi?i
aeaniino? ia caieth. 2.3. Nopoeoopi? ci?ie o oi?iao aeaniino? ia caieth.

?icaeie 3. Ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaa i iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ia caaacia/aiiy
caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie. 3.1. Iapaaeoiiae ?aoi?ioaaiiy caiaeueieo a?aeiinei.
3.2. Caaaeaiiy ? ci?no caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie. 3.3. Hipiaoeaii-ipaaiaa ?
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ia caaacia/aiiy caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie.

?icaeie 4. I?aaiicaoeieia noaia i no/aniee noai ?aoi?ioaaiiy caiaeueieo
a?aeiinei. 4.1. Caaaeuei? iaoeia? i?eioeeie ?aoi?ioaaiiy caiaeueieo
a?aeiinei. 4.2. ?icaeapaeaaeaiiy ? i?eaaoecaoe?y caiaeue. 4.3. Iathaaiiy
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue. 4.4. Haipyie ?aae?caoe?? a?iiaaeyiaie
i?aa aeaniino? ia caiaeueio /anoeo (iae). 4.5. No/aniee noai
?aoi?ioaaiiy caiaeueieo a?aeiinei. 4.6. Iiaeeea? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i?
oa aeieia?/i? iane?aeee ?aoi?ioaaiiy caiaeueieo a?aeiinei.

?icaeie 5. Iai?yie oaeineiiaeaiiy aeiiii?/iiai i i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy
caiaeueieo a?aeiinei. 5.1. Iaoiaeieia?/i? ? iaoiaee/i? i?eioeeie
?aaoethaaiiy caiaeueieo a?aeiinei. 5.2. Aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea caiaeue ye
ia’?eoeaia iniiaa ?ic?iaee iaoai?cio ?aaoethaaiiy caiaeueieo
a?aeiinei. 5.3. Apioiaa ioe?iea caiaeue a oaeineiiaeaii? iaoai?cio
aeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy caiaeueieo a?aeiinei 5.4. Cai?iaaaeaeaiiy
ieaoe ca aeei?enoaiiy caiaeue. 5.5. I?aiaea caiaeue ye can?a
?aaoethaaiiy caiaeueieo a?aeiinei. 5.6. Eiioeaiooaeuei? iniiae
oi?ioaaiiy ? ?icaeoeo ?eieo caiaeue. 5.7. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy
aeiiii?/iiai noeioethaaiiy noa’?eo?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy ca ?aoe?iiaeueia
aeei?enoaiiy i ioi?iio caiaeue. 5.8. Oaeineiiaeaiiy ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiai?
aace caiaeueieo a?aeiinei.

Aeniiaee.

Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae.

Aeiaeaoee.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe?EII? ?IAIOE

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? — “Oai?aoe/i? canaaee caiaeueieo a?aeiinei” —
?icaeyaea?oueny oai??y caiaeueieo a?aeiinei, ?ice?eaa?oueny ?o nooi?noue
i ca’ycie ?c caiaeueiith ?aioith. E?oapaoopi? aeaea?aea ia i?noyoue
iiaiiai (oe?e?niiai), oei a?eueoa iaeiicia/iiai, aecia/aiiy eaoaai???
«caiaeuei? a?aeiineie». O a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a ciaoiaeeii eiai o
eiioaeno? i?e ?icaeyae? ieoaiue aeaniino? ia caieth, ?aioieo a?aeiinei,
noni?eueii-aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei, ae?iaie/eo a?aeiinei, ieoaiue
caieaonopith ? caieaei?enooaaiiy, oi?aae?iiy caiaeueiei oiiaeii oiui.

Ioaea, ci?no iiiyooy caiaeueieo a?aeiinei ioiieth? oe?iea eiei ieoaiue
ye aeiiii?/iiai (ae?iaie/iai), oae ? i?aaiaiai oa?aeoa?o. Haaaaeei
iii?oeoe, ui a iniia? caiaeueieo a?aeiinei eaaeeoue eaoaai??y aeaniino?
ia caieth. Oiio c?icoi?ei, ui a?eueo?noue aeiiii?no?a — aeine?aeiee?a
o?nii iia’ycothoue ci?io ? ?icaeoie caiaeueieo a?aeiinei c? ci?iith ?
?icaeoeii noni?eueii-aeiiii?/ieo oi?iaoe?e. ?noi?e/ii ?ic??ciythoue
ia?a?niiiaueii?, ?aaiaeanieoeuee?, oaiaeaeuei?, eai?oae?noe/i?,
nioe?ae?noe/i?, iinonioe?ae?noe/i? caiaeuei? a?aeiineie, ye?
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iaaieie iniaeeainoyie. An? aiie, aei
iinonioe?ae?noe/ieo, aeia?a a?aeii? ?c e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae. Ui ae
noino?oueny inoaii?o, oi aeey ieo oa?aeoa?iei ? o?ainoi?iaoe?y o iai?yi?
i?eaaoecaoe?? caie?, aecia/aiiy /anoee eiaeiiai /eaia eieaeoeao o
ni?euei?e (eieaeoeai?e) aeaniino? caiaeueiiai oiiaeo, ?icaeoie
aaaaoioeeaaeii? aeiiii?ee ia iniia? ii?aeiaiiy ia?aaaa eieaeoeaii?
i?aai?caoe?? i?aoe? ? i?eaaoii? aeaniino? ia caieth oa ?io? caniae
ae?iaieoeoaa, iniaenoiai ?ioa?ano a i?aeaeuaii? i?iaeoeoeaiino?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?aoe?.

sse neeaaeiaa ae?iaie/eo a?aeiinei, caiaeuei? a?aeiineie, oae naii ye ?
ia?o?, i?aeii?yaeeiaothoueny ia’?eoeaiiio aeiiii?/iiio caeiio, ui
aeiaaa? iaia’yceiai? a?aeiia?aeiino? ae?iaie/eo a?aeiinei ??aith ?
oa?aeoa?o i?iaeoeoeaieo nee noni?euenoaa. O aeiaaeeo iaa?aeiia?aeiino? —
ae?iaie/? a?aeiineie noathoue aaeueiii ia oeyoo ?icaeoeo inoaii?o.

?noip?y a?aei?/a? oe?eee ?yae ia??iae?a, eiee caiaeuei? a?aeiineie ia
caaeiaieueiyee ??aiy i?iaeoeoeaieo nee ia nae?. Iniaeeai iii?oiei
caeeoeany iaeei c iaeaeiaoeo ? iaeoyae/eo ia??iae?a —
oaiaeaeueii-ep?iinieoeueeee niin?a ae?iaieoeoaa, yeee i?eca?a aei
iaieio/ino? i?iaaaeaiiy naeyinueei? ?aoi?ie 1861 ?ieo.

?acoeueoaoii oe??? ?aoi?ie aoea ia eeoa a?aei?ia e??iiniiai i?aaa, a e
ci?ia caiaeueieo a?aeiinei. Oi/ ? caeeoaany iicaaeiiii?/iee i?eion ?
caeaaei?noue naeyieia a?ae iii?ueea o aeaeyae? iaiueie ? ia?ieo, ana ae
oaee aia?oa c’yaeyany aeiiii?/iee ?ioa?an n?euenueeiai i?aoe?aieea aei
?acoeueoao?a nai?? i?aoe? ia caiaeueiiio iaae?e? o neeaae? iaueie.

Ha iaioee ne?ae a ?noi??? caiaeueieo a?aeiinei caeeoeea oae caaia
noieei?inueea ?aoi?ia ia nae?, yea i?iaiaeeeanue a ia??iae c 1907 ii
1917pp. Oeae ia??iae iiaeia ni?eeai iacaaoe ia??iaeii ?aaeeeaeueieo ci?i
o caiaeueieo a?aeiineiao. Aieiaiith ?aea?th noieei?inueei? caiaeueii?
?aoi?ie aoei oi?ioaaiiy ni?aaaeiueiai ainiiaea?y ia nae? ia iniia?
ia?aaea/? caiaeueiiai iaae?eo ?c ni?eueii? (iaueiii?) o i?eaaoio
aeani?noue eiaeiiai /eaia iaueie, yeee c ia? aeoiaeea. Ha aaeath/enue
aei iie?oe/ii? ioe?iee aeaii? ?aoi?ie, iiaeia eiinoaooaaoe, ui oea aoa
aecia/iee e?ie aei noaiiaeaiiy ainiiaea?y ia caie? ia iniia? iniaenoiai
?ioa?ano.

Ipioa iai??ai ?aoi?iaoi?a ia noaeeeiny iiaiioe?iii ao?eeoenue o aeeooy.
Iapaiiaea ?ioa ?aeay — ?aeay aea?aeaaii? (caaaeueiiia?iaeii?) aeaniino?
ia caieth o aeiaoi? 1917 ?ieo. Ha oe?e aeaniino? ai?iaeiaae o?eaaeiai
ia??iaeo oi?ioaaeenue caiaeuei? a?aeiineie, ye o i?aaiaiio, oae ? a
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiio, iie?oe/iiio ? ineoieia?/iiio aniaeoao, aae aei
?iciaaeo ?aaeyinueeiai Nithco.

Ha i?aenoaa? aea/aiiy e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae, a?o/eciyiiai ? ca?oa?aeiiai
caiaeueiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa, aeina?aeo i?iaaaeaiiy caiaeueieo ?aoi?i a
?in??, aoaoiio ?aaeyinueeiio Nithc? oa e?a?iao aeaeueiueiai ca?oa?aeaey,
a oaeiae a?aooaaiiy aeaniiai aeina?aeo ?aoi?ioaaiiy caiaeueieo a?aeiinei
? ia’?eoeaieo oiia, ye? neeaeeny a aa?a?iiio naeoi?? iaoi? aea?aeaae,
iaie aecia/aii, ui caiaeuei? a?aeiineie — oea noni?euei? a?aeiineie
uiaei aieiae?iiy, ei?enooaaiiy, ?icii?yaeaeaiiy ? oi?aae?iiy caieath ia
aea?aeaaiiio, ainiiaea?nueeiio ? aioo??oiueiainiiaea?nueeiio ??aiyo ye
ia’?eoii ainiiaea?thaaiiy ? caniaii ae?iaieoeoaa o n?euenueeiio
ainiiaea?noa?. Caaaeueia noaia caiaeueieo a?aeiinei i?aaenoaaeaia ?en.1.

Ha iao iiaeyae, oaea aecia/aiiy ?ice?eaa? iniiaiee ci?no caiaeueieo
a?aeiinei noa’?eo?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy ia caie? ? i???ioo? ia aea??
iai?yi?a ?aoi?ioaaiiy ? ?aaoethaaiiy caiaeueieo a?aeiinei a aa?a?i?e
noa?? ye oeyoii oaeineiiaeaiiy caiaeueiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa (ia?oi/a?aiai
Caiaeueiiai eiaeaeno Oepa?ie), oae ? aeiiii?/ieie iaoiaeaie.

?en. 1. Caaaeueia noaia caiaeueieo a?aeiinei

Caiaeuei? a?aeiineie cia/iith i??ith ? ?aioieie a?aeiineiaie.
Iiynith?oueny oea oei, ui caiaeueia ?aioa aenooia? ?aaoethth/ei oaeoi?ii
o caiaeueieo a?aeiineiao. Aiia ? aeiiii?/iith oi?iith ?aae?caoe?? i?aaa
aeaniino? ia caieth /a?ac i?aiaei? a?aeiineie, a?ae?a?a? aaaeeeao ?ieue
i?e oe?iiooai?aii?, ia?aoo? — oi?io? oe?io caie?, ui ? iaaecae/aeii
aaaeeeaei /eiieeii ia no/aniiio aoai? ?icaeoeo n?euenueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa — aoai? aoiaeaeaiiy a ?eiie.

Na?aae a/aieo-aeiiiiinoia aaaeooueny o?eaaei aeeneon?? c i?eaiaeo
?aioieo a?aeiinei. C’yniao?oueny aieiaia ieoaiiy — aieea ?aioe ia oe?io
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai i?iaeoeoo: ?aioa oi?io? oe?io ae?iaeaiiai
i?iaeoeoo, /e naia oe?ia aenooia? ?aioiooai?thth/ei oaeoi?ii. Aiae
A.Niioa aei Ae.?iea?aei /?oei? a?aeiia?ae? ia ciaoiaeeii. Oieueee o
Ae.?iea?aei ? iaeiicia/iei aeniiaie i?i oa, ui ia oiio oe?a aei?iaee, ui
aeiea/o?oueny ?aioa, a ?aioa aeiea/o?oueny oiio, ui oe?a aei?iaee.
Caiaene oe?eeii c?icoi?ei, ui ?aioa caeaaeeoue a?ae oe?ie, a ia iaaiaee.
Oeae aeniiaie aeoaea aaaeeeaee aeey ?icaeoeo aeiiii?ee ia no/aniiio
aoai?, eiee a?aeaoaa?oueny ia?ao?ae aei i?eaaoii? aeaniino? ia caieth i
ii/eiathoue ?icaeaaoenue i?aiaei? caiaeuei? a?aeiineie. Ni?inoiao?oueny
a?aoiaio i?ioe i?eaaoii? aeaniino?, yeee iieyaa? o oaa?aeaeaii?, ui
aeciaiiy ?aioe, a cia/eoue i cai?iaaaeaeaiiy i?aiaeii? ieaoe, iiaea
i?ecaanoe aei ??ceiai i?aeaeuaiiy oe?i ia n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeo
i?iaeoeoe?th. Uii?aaaea, aeoiaey/e c oai??? aaniethoii? ?aioe,
?ic?iaeaii? E.Ia?enii, ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui aaniethoia ?aioa caei?iae/o?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeee i?iaeoeo.

Ioaea, iaeiei c aaaeeeaeo caaaeaiue, ia iaoo aeoieo, ? oaeineiiaeaiiy
?aioieo a?aeiinei oeyoii ia?a?iciiae?eo aeeoa?aioe?aeueii? ?aioe, ui
ooai?th?oueny ia e?aueo i na?aaei?o caieyo, /a?ac cai?iaaaeaeaiiy
caiaeueiiai iiaeaoeo i i?aiaeii? ieaoe ca caieth caeaaeii a?ae a?ioiai?
ioe?iee caiaeue, yea ia/eneaia ia iniia? ?aioiiai aeioiaeo, aecia/aiiy
ii?ie i?eaooeo ia aaainiaaiee o n?euenueea ainiiaea?noai eai?oae,
aeeth/ath/e aa?o?noue (oe?io) caie?.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? — “Aeaniinoue ia caieth ye iniiaa oi?ioaaiiy
caiaeueieo a?aeiinei” — aeeeaaeaii nooue i oi?ie aeaniino? ia caieth, ?o
o?ainoi?iaoe?y i no?oeoo?i? ci?ie a no/anieo oiiaao. A aeiiii?/i?e
e?oa?aoo?? cono??/athoueny ??ci? iiiyooy aeaniino? acaaae?, ye
eaoaai???, ?, cie?aia, caiaeueii? aeaniino?. Haipeeeaae: aea?aeaaia,
caaaeueiiia?iaeia, eieainiii-eiiiapaoeaia, ni?eueia, noi?nia,
eieaeoeaia, ?iaeea?aeoaeueia, ni?eueia /anoeiaa, iniaenoa,
ipeaaoii-opoaeiaa, i?eaaoia oiui. Iaie a?aoiaioo?oueny
iaiaa?oioiaai?noue ?nioaaiiy eieaeoeaii? oi?ie aeaniino? ia caieth.

Caiaeii i?eeiyo?e Eiinoeoooe?? Oepa?ie cai?iaaaeaeaii i?eaaoio,
aea?aeaaio ? eiioiaeueio aeani?noue. Ioaea, Iniiaiei Caeiiii Oepa?ie ia
ia?aaeaa/aii eieaeoeaii? oi?ie aeaniino?. Oea e aeeeeeaei p?ciiiiethnia?
a?aoiaioe ?yaeo iaoeiaoe?a ? caeiiiaeaaoe?a ye ia i?aeo?eieo, oae ?
i?ioe ?nioaaiiy eieaeoeaii? oi?ie aeaniino? ia caieth. Aeeneon?y iiaea
i?iaeiaaeoaaoenue ne?eueee caaaiaeii, aea ci?ie aei caiaeueiiai
caeiiiaeaanoaa iathoue aooe aianai? a?aeiia?aeii aei Eiinoeoooe??
Oepa?ie — oea aen?iia.

Na?oiaee aeina?ae ainiiaea?thaaiiy ia caie? iieaco?, ui aea?aeaae ?c
ni?eueiith aeani?noth ia caieth, aei yeeo a?aeiineoueny ? Oepa?ia,
cia/ii a?aenoathoue o i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe? ye o caiea?ianoa?, oae ? a
oaa?eiieoeoa?. Ioaea, iiaoaeoaaoe ii?iaeueia aeeooy a noni?euenoa?
iiaeeeai eeoa ca oiia ci?ie a?aeiinei aeaniino? o iai?yi? oi?ioaaiiy a
aeiiii?/i?e nenoai? i?eaaoiiai aeanieea, ye iacaeaaeii? o?ao?e.
Ii?aeioth/e aeaniee ?ioa?an c ?ioa?anaie noni?euenoaa, ethaeeia-aeaniee
noai?th? na?e aeia?iaoo ? aeia?iaoo nai?? aea?aeaae.

Aeieeiaiiy iiaeo ainiiaea?nueeeo oi?ioaaiue ye o iaaeao ?nioth/eo
a?iiaaenueeeo, oae ? iiainoai?aieo, cie?aia naeyinueeeo (oa?ia?nueeeo)
ainiiaea?noa, niiioeaei caeiiiaeaa/o aeaaeo ? o?yae cae?enieoe
ni?eea?oee e?ie ia oeyoo aei ?icaea?aeaaeaiiy oa i?eaaoecaoe?? caie?,
aeciaiiy i?eaaoii? aeaniino? ia caieth.

C ii/aoeii caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie a Oe?a?ii niinoa??aa?oueny o?ainoi?iaoe?y
aea?aeaaii? aeaniino? ia caieth. C eiaeiei ?ieii ci?ie oi?i aeaniino? o
no?oeoo?? caiaeueiiai oiiaeo ia?inoaee. sseui ia 01.01.1992?. o
aea?aeaai?e aeaniino? ia?aaoaaa aanue caiaeueiee oiiae e?a?ie, oi ia
01.01.1998?. — 50.9%. ?aooa — ia?aaeaia o eieaeoeaio
aeani?noue iaaea?aeaaiei n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeei i?aei?e?inoaai
(44.0%) i i?eaaoio aeani?noue (5.1%).

Cia/i? ci?ie a?aeaoeeny o ia?a?iciiae?e? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
oa?aeue na?aae caieaaeaniee?a i caieaei?enooaa/?a (?en. 2 i 3).

?en. 2. ?iciiaeie nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaiaeue ii caieaei?enooaa/ao
oa caieaaeanieeao a Oe?a?ii ia 1.11.1990?.

?en. 3. ?iciiaeie nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaiaeue ii caieaei?enooaa/ao
oa caieaaeanieeao a Oe?a?ii ia 1.01.1998?.

Oae, ia 01.01.1998?. o aeaniino? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa
?o ia?aaoaaei 66.6%, o aeaniino? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eiiia?aoea?a
— 2.0; o aeaniino? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo aeoe?iia?ieo oiaa?enoa —
7.5; o aea?aeaaieo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa — 6.5; o
aeaniino? i ei?enooaaii? a?iiaaeyi (aac oa?ia??a) — 13.8; o aeaniino? i
ei?enooaaii? naeyinueeeo (oa?ia?nueeeo) ainiiaea?noa — 2.5; a ?ioeo
caieaaeaniee?a i caieaei?enooaa/?a — 2.9%.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? — “Ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaa i iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ia
caaacia/aiiy caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie” — ?icaeyaeathoueny ia?aaeoiiae
?aoi?ioaaiiy caiaeueieo a?aeiinei, caaaeaiiy i ci?no caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie
oa ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaa i iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ia caaacia/aiiy.

A?aeiii, ui iaoa e?a?ia ia? cia/iee ? aenieiye?niee oiiae
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue. A?eueoa o?aoeie c ieo — oea iniaeeai
oe?ii? i?iaeoeoeai? caie?. Ipioa ??aaiue n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
aeei?enoaiiy ?o cia/iith i??ith iinooia?oueny ?icaeiooei e?a?iai
na?oo. Aieiaiith i?e/eiith oeueiai, ia iao iiaeyae, ? iaaeineiiae?noue
caiaeueieo a?aeiinei, ui aeieeaathoue ?c oi?i aeaniino? ?
ainiiaea?thaaiiy.

Aiae?c aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy caiaeueieo ?ano?n?a ??cieie
ainiiaea?nueeeie oi?ioaaiiyie iieacaa, ui ?acoeueoao ciaoiaeeoueny o
i?yi?e caeaaeiino? a?ae a?aeiioaiiy aei caie?. Aeinyaoe o 1990?.
iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaieo ii?i aianaiiy i?aai?/ieo i i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea
i?ae iin?ae n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo?, ui caaacia/eei
iaea?aeaiiy aeineoue aenieeo i noaa?eueieo o?iaea?a
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo? (o na?aaeiueiio ca 1986-1990??. aoei
iaea?aeaii ii Oe?a?ii: ca?iiaeo (aac eoeo?oaece) — 36.7 oe/aa,
eoeo?oaece ia ca?ii — 33.6; oeoe?iaiai ao?yea — 288.6; niiyoieea — 17.2;
ea?oiie? — 126.4; eueiio-aeiaaoioey — 5.7 oe aieieia), a ianooii? ?iee c
??cieo i?e/ei niinoa??aa?oueny ??cea cieaeaiiy aianaiiy ye i?aai?/ieo,
oae i i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea. Ca inoaii? ?iee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee?
oiaa?iae?iaieee ia iiaa?oathoue caie? iaa?oue aeianai? c o?iaea?i
iiaeeai? ?a/iaeie. Cae/aeii, i?e oae?e oaiaeaioe?? aoaea
i?iaeiaaeoaaoenue cieaeaiiy o?iaeaeiino? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
eoeueoo?, oiio, ia iaoo aeoieo, ia?ii niiae?aaoenue i?i ??
noaa?e?caoe?th, a oei a?eueoa i?aeaeuaiiy.

Aeeeth/ia i?aai aea?aeaaii? aeaniino? ia caieth ai?iaeiaae o?eaaeiai
/ano i?ecaaei aei a?ae/oaeaiiy naeyieia a?ae caie?. Ca?aene — aaeaeoaea
noaaeaiiy ia eeoa aei oeueiai iniiaiiai caniao ae?iaieoeoaa, a e aei
?acoeueoao?a nai?? i?aoe?, yeeie a?i ia ?icii?yaeaeaany.
Caaaeueiia?aeiii, ui i?iaeoeoii i?aoe? iiaea aieiae?oe ?
?icii?yaeaeaoeny eeoa oie, eiio iaeaaeaoue caniae ae?iaieoeoaa. Oae?
ianoaaeie i?ecaaee aei ??ceiai cieaeaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe?, a
caiaeii — aei niaaeo ae?iaieoeoaa o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?.

Nenoaia caiaeueieo a?aeiinei, ui noi?ioaaeany a iao?e e?a?i? ia
aeeeth/i?e aea?aeaai?e aeaniino? ia caieth, noaea aaeueiii ia oeyoo
noai?aiiy oiia aeey a?eueiiai aeinooio aei caie? i?aoe? ? eai?oaeo,
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aaeocae, iia’ycaieo c aeei?enoaiiyi caiaeueieo
?ano?n?a. Ia’?eoeaii aeieeea iaiao?aei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy caiaeueii?
?aoi?ie, yea ca/?ia? aeeaeii? i?ioeane ae?iaieoeoaa, aca?iiae?? i?e?iaee
? ethaeeie, caaeiaieaiiy ?? aeeoo?aeo iio?aa.

Ip??ioaoe?y aeiiii?ee e?a?ie ia ?eieia? a?aeiineie aeiaaaea
?aaeeeaeueieo ci?i oi?i aeaniino? ia caieth ? oi?i ainiiaea?thaaiiy ia
i?e. A ca’yceo c oeei c aa?aciy 1991 ?ieo aanue caiaeueiee oiiae Oepa?ie
iaieioaii ia’?eoii caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie.

Caiaeueia ?aoi?ia ia?aaeaa/a? cai?iaaaeaeaiiy ??cieo oi?i aeaniino? ia
caieth oa iaaeaiiy aeanieeai i?aaa naiei ae??ooaaoe ieoaiiy uiaei
?icii?yaeaeaiiy iath: ainiiaea?thaaoe ia i?e naiiio, iaaeaaaoe ?? a
i?aiaeo, canoaao, ia?aaeaaaoe o niaaeueio, anooiaoe ?c caiaeueiith
ae?eyieith o iia? ainiiaea?nuee? oi?ioaaiiy oiui. Caiey ia? noaoe
eai?oaeii naeyieia, yeei a?i iiaea ?icii?yaeeoenue a i?ioean?
ainiiaea?thaaiiy, aeeth/ath/e iiaeeea?noue eiai canoaae aeey iaea?aeaiiy
e?aaeeo?a, ui ? aaaeeeaei oaeoi?ii aeiiii?/ii? noaa?eueiino?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa.

Caiaeueia ?aoi?ia — oea eiiieaen i?aaiaeo, aeiiii?/ieo, oaoi?/ieo ?
i?aai?caoe?eieo caoiae?a, cae?eniaiiy yeiai caaacia/o? oaeineiiaeaiiy
caiaeueieo a?aeiinei, ia?ao?ae aei iiaiai caiaeueiiai eaaeo, ui
a?aeiia?aea? oa?aeoa?o ?aaoeueiaaii?, nioe?aeueii i???ioiaaii? ?eieiai?
aeiiii?ee e?a?ie. Aiia ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith aeiiii?/ii? ?aoi?ie,
cae?enithaaii? a Oepa?i? o ca’yceo c ia?aoiaeii aeiiii?ee aea?aeaae aei
?eieiaeo a?aeiinei.

Iaoith caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie ? noai?aiiy oiia aeey ??aiii?aaiiai ?icaeoeo
??cieo oi?i aeaniino? ? ainiiaea?thaaiiy ia caie?, oi?ioaaiiy
aaaaoioeeaaeii? aeiiii?ee, ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy oa ioi?iie
caiaeue.

Caaaeaiiyi caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie ? ia?a?iciiae?e caiaeue c iaeii/aniith
ia?aaea/ath ?o o i?eaaoio oa eieaeoeaio aeani?noue, a oaeiae o
ei?enooaaiiy i?aei?e?inoaai, onoaiiaai ? i?aai?caoe?yi.

Aeey i?iaaaeaiiy caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie noai?aii a?aeiia?aeio i?aaiao aaco,
yea aeeth/a? oe?eee ?yae caeiiiaeaa/eo, ii?iaoeaieo,
?inopoeoeaii-iaoiaee/ieo aeo?a ? aeieoiaio?a, a i?aeaioiaoe? yeeo aaoi?
a?aa aaciina?aaeith o/anoue.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? — “I?aaiicaoeieia noaia i no/aniee noai
?aoi?ioaaiiy caiaeueieo a?aeiinei” — aeeeaaeai? caaaeuei? iaoeia?
i?eioeeie ?aoi?ioaaiiy caiaeueieo a?aeiinei, i?ioean ?icaea?aeaaeaiiy i
i?eaaoecaoe?? caiaeue, iathaaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue,
iai?yie ?aae?caoe?? a?iiaaeyiaie i?aa aeaniino? ia caiaeueio /anoeo
(iae), cae?eniaii aiae?c no/aniiai noaio ?aoi?ioaaiiy caiaeueieo
a?aeiinei, aecia/ai? iiaeeea? nioeiaeueii-aeiiiii/ii oa aeieia?/i?
iane?aeee caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie.

Iapaaeaa/a?oueny iiaoaiia cae?eniaiiy ?aoi?ie ia iniia? i?aaiaiai,
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iiai, eaae?iaiai, iaoap?aeueii-oaoi?/iiai oa o?iainiaiai
caaacia/aiiy, ?ic?iaea iaiao?aeieo ii?iaoeaieo aeo?a ?
ipaai?caoe?eii-iaoiaee/ieo aeieoiaio?a, ui ?aaeaiaioothoue i?ioean
?icaea?aeaaeaiiy oa i?eaaoecaoe?? caiaeue, noai?aiiy Caiaeueiiai aaieo c
ooieoe?yie aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?eieo caie?. Iaaieioo?oueny ia
iniaeeaino? ?aoi?ioaaiiy caiaeueieo a?aeiinei, yea iieyaa? a oiio, ui
i?e ia?a?iciiae?e? caiaeue iio??aii a?aoiaoaaoe ia?aeaeueia
ooieoe?iioaaiiy noa?eo ? iiaeo ainiiaea?nueeeo oi?ioaaiue. Iathoue aooe
noai?ai? oiiae aeey ?icaeoeo an?o oi?i ainiiaea?thaaiiy, iacaeaaeii a?ae
oi?ie aeaniino? ia caieth. Cia/ia oaaaa i?eae?ey?oueny ieoaiiyi
aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy caiaeueieo a?aeiinei ? oi?aae?iiy caiaeueieie
?ano?naie.

O ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae aa?a?ii? ?aoi?ie iniiaiith oi?iith
ainiiaea?thaaiiy caeeoathoueny a?iiaaenuee? ainiiaea?noaa — eieaeoeai?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee? i?aei?e?inoaa, ?aaeainie, ?io? aea?aeaai? e
i?aeainiiaea?nuee? i?aei?e?inoaa. Aiaeii/an a ieo iathoue
oaeineiiaethaaoenue oi?ie i?aai?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa o iai?yi? ii?aeiaiiy
iniaenoeo ? a?iiaaenueeeo ?ioa?an?a aecia/aiiyi aianeo eiaeiiai /eaia
eieaeoeao o oi?ioaaii? caaaeueiiai iaaeaaiiy. Eiaeai /eai eieaeoeaiiai
i?aei?e?inoaa ia? noaoe ni?aaeanieeii cania?a ae?iaieoeoaa, aeeth/ath/e
caieth, ? noai?aiiai i?iaeoeoo.

Ia aac? eieaeoeaieo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa ? ?aaeaini?a
iaaoaaoeiooue ?icaeoeo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee? eiiia?aoeae, ia’?aeiaiiy
(anioe?aoe??) iaeiaee?a, ainiiaea?nuee? oiaa?enoaa, ei?ii?aoe??,
naeyinuee? ni?eee, i?eaaoi? (ipeaaoii-ipaiaei?), ?io?
i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiai no?oeoo?e. Eiaeiiio a?iiaaeyieio iaaea?oueny
i?aai a?eueiiai aeai?o o?oaeiai? o/ano? o aoaeue-ye?e c ieo.

O aea?aeaai?e aeaniino? iio??aii caeeoeoe caie? ian?iieoeueeeo
ainiiaea?noa, ieai?iieo caaiae?a oa i?aei?e?inoa, e?iieo caaiae?a,
naeaeoe?eii-a?a?eaeieo oeaio??a, ni?oiaei?iaoaaeueieo noaioe?e oa
ae?eueieoeue, iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo i?aai?caoe?e, ieiaei-?icnaaeieoeueeeo
ainiiaea?noa.

Caiaeueia ?aoi?ia i?iaiaeeoueny ia aeaiie?aoe/ieo canaaeao ca o/anoth
ianaeaiiy, yea i?iaeeaa? ia aeai?e oa?eoi???. I?e oeueiio aeeeth/a?oueny
aoaeue-yea iaa’ycoaaiiy eieaeoeao /e a?iiaaeyieio niiniao
ainiiaea?thaaiiy.

A i?ioean? caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie noai?ththoueny oiiae aeey ??aiii?aaiiai
?icaeoeo an?o oi?i aeaniino? ? ainiiaea?thaaiiy ia caie?, oi?ioaaiiy
aaaaoioeeaaeii? aeiiii?ee ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy ? ioi?iie caiaeue
c aeio?eiaiiyi i?eioeei?a nioe?aeueii? ni?aaaaeeeaino?.

Ha i?aenoaa? noai?aii? caeiiiaeaa/i? aace, ?acoeueoao?a i?iaaaeaieo
iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue, ?aae?ciaaieo o iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo aeieoiaioao,
iaie ?ic?iaeaii i?aai?caoe?eio noaio caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie a Oepa?i? (?en.
4).

O aa?aci? oeueiai ?ieo ieioei n?i ?ie?a a?ae aeiy iaieioaiiy an?o
caiaeue Oepa?ie ia’?eoii caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie. Ca oe? ?iee o iao?e
aea?aeaa? aeeiiaii aaeeeo ?iaioo ii ?? cae?eniaiith. Ipieaeaii aeaa
aaaeeeo ? a?aeiia?aeaeueieo aoaie — ?icaea?aeaaeaiiy ? i?eaaoecaoe??
caiaeue.

Caaa?oaii ia?aaea/o caiaeue a?ae aea?aeaae o eieaeoeaio aeani?noue.
?icaea?aeaaeaii caie? o 10748 eieaeoeaieo oa ?ioeo iaaea?aeaaieo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoaao, ui neeaaea? 99.3 a?aenioea
a?ae caaaeueii? e?eueeino? noa’?eo?a eieaeoeaii? aeaniino?. O aeani?noue
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa aacieaoii ia?aaeaii 25.2 iei. aa
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue aai 60.1 a?aenioea ?o caaaeueii?
ieiu?. Noaipaii ?aca?aiee oiiae caiaeue caaaeueiith ieiuath 2.9 iei. aa,
ui noaiiaeoue 10.8 a?aenioea ieiu? picaeapaeaaeaieo caiaeue. O
?ic?aooieo ia iaeia i?aei?e?inoai, yeei ia?aaeaii caie? o aeani?noue,
oea neeaaea? 294 aa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue.

Aeipa/ii a?aei?oeoe, ui ?c caaaeueii? ieiu? ?aca?aiiai oiiaeo caiaeue
2.8 iei. aa aai 95.3 a?aenioea ia?aaoaa? o iino?eiiio ei?enooaaii?
iiia?aaei?o caieaei?enooaa/?a, 2.2 a?aenioea — iaaeaii a?iiaaeyiai aeey
aaaeaiiy iniaenoiai i?aeniaiiai ainiiaea?noaa, 0.3 — aeey
?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai aeeoeiaiai aoae?aieoeoaa ? 2.2 a?aenioea — aeey ?ioeo
oe?eae. Caoaaaeeii, ui a?iiaaeyiai, caeiyoei o nioe?aeuei?e noa?? c oeeo
caiaeue iaaeaii eeoa 0.9 a?aenioea.

?en. 4. I?aaiicaoeieia noaia cae?eniaiiy caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie

Aeanieeaie caiaeueieo na?oeo?eao?a noaee 5.9 iei. a?iiaaeyi. C /enea
a?iiaaeyi, ye? iaea?aeaee na?oeo?eaoe ia i?aai ia caiaeueio /anoeo
(iae), iiaaaeaee aeeoe c? nai?i caiaeueiei ia?i c
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa eeoa 50 oen. a?iiaaeyi aai 0.8
a?aenioea, c ieo iieiaeia aaea iaea?aeaee caiaeuei? /anoee (ia?) o
iaoo?? (ia i?noeaaino?), oiaoi caiaeuei? ae?eyiee, iina?ae/ai?
aea?aeaaieie aeoaie ia i?aai i?eaaoii? aeaniino? ia caieth.

Aeecueei 80 a?aenioe?a a?iiaaeyi Oepa?ie i?eaaoecoaaee caiaeuei?
ae?eyiee, iaaeai? ?i aeey aaaeaiiy iniaenoiai i?aeniaiiai ainiiaea?noaa,
ui noaiiaeoue 2.9 iei. aa aai 69 a?aenioe?a caaaeueii? ieiu? caiaeue,
yea ia?aaoaa? o ei?enooaaii? a?iiaaeyi. Noi?iiaaii caie? caiano, ia
/anoei? yeeo i?aai?ciaaii iiiaae 39 oeny/ naeyinueeeo (oa?ia?nueeeo)
ainiiaea?noa caaaeueiith ieiuath 1036.8 oen. aa
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue aai 26.0 aa ia iaeia ainiiaea?noai.

Ianooiiee aoai caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie iieyaa? o cina?aaeaeaii? ae?e ia ??ai?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa ? i?aai?caoe?e o iai?yi? ?o
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? ia iniia? ooaa?aeaeaiiy ? ?aae?caoe?? a?iiaaeyiaie
i?aa aeaniino? ia caieth, inai?iiy iaoai?cio aeiiii?/iiai ? i?aaiaiai
?aaoethaaiiy caiaeueieo a?aeiinei /a?ac i?aiaeo caiaeueieo ae?eyiie ?
caiaeueieo /anoie (ia?a), iinooiiaa aaaaeaiiy, c iaaieie iaiaaeaiiyie, a
aeiiii?/iee iai?io caiaeue n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai i?ecia/aiiy, o
oiio /ene? cae?eniaiiy canoaaieo iia?aoe?e c caieath aeey iaea?aeaiiy
aaie?anueeeo e?aaeeo?a, cai?iaaaeaeaiiy ii?yaeeo aeeth/aiiy aa?oino?
caie? aei ae?iaie/iai eai?oaeo an?ia noa’?eoaie i?aei?e?iieoeueei?
ae?yeueiino?. A Oe?a?ii aaea noai?aii ?yae iiaeo aa?ioi?ioaaiue ia aac?
eieaeoeaieo oa ?ioeo iaaea?aeaaieo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
i?aei?e?inoa, cie?aia, 1405 ainiiaea?nueeeo oiaa?enoa, 323 i?eaaoieo
(i?eaaoii-i?aiaeieo) i?aei?e?inoa, 134 n?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee?
eiiia?aoeae, 299 aa?io??i.

O i’yoiio ?icae?e? — “Iai?yie oaeineiiaeaiiy aeiiii?/iiai i i?aaiaiai
?aaoethaaiiy caiaeueieo a?aeiinei” — ?icaeyaeathoueny iaoiaeieia?/i? i
iaoiaee/i? i?eioeeie ?aaoethaaiiy caiaeueieo a?aeiinei, iaoiaeeea
aecia/aiiy a?ioiai? ioe?iee i ?? ?ieue a oaeineiiaeaii? iaoai?cio
aeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy caiaeueieo a?aeiinei, iniiai? i?eioeeie
aecia/aiiy i cai?iaaaeaeaiiy ieaoe ca caieth, i?aiaei? a?aeiineie,
eiioeaiooaeuei? iniiae oi?ioaaiiy i ?icaeoeo ?eieo caiaeue, i?eioeeie
aeiiii?/iiai noeioethaaiiy aeaniee?a caie? i caieaei?enooaa/?a ca
?aoe?iiaeueia aeei?enoaiiy i ioi?iio caiaeue, iai?yie oaeineiiaeaiiy
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiai? aace caiaeueieo a?aeiinei o n?euenueeiio
ainiiaea?noa?.

?aaoethaaiiy caiaeueieo a?aeiinei cae?enith?oueny ??cieie iaoiaeaie,
aieiaieie c yeeo ? aeiiii?/ia ? i?aaiaa. Aeiiii?/ia ?aaoethaaiiy — oea
oe?eani?yiiaaia ae?y ca aeiiiiiaith athaeaeaoii?, oe?iiai?, iiaeaoeiai?,
e?aaeeoii? oa ?ioi? aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee. Ep?i oeueiai, canoiniaothoue
i?aaiaa (caeiiiaeaa/a) ? aaei?i?no?aoeaia ?aaoethaaiiy a iaaeao /eiiiai
caeiiiaeaanoaa.

Aei nenoaie ?aaoeyoi??a caiaeueieo a?aeiinei ia?o ca ana ne?ae a?aeianoe
ci?io oi?i aeaniino? ia caieth, oaeineiiaeaiiy ipaai?caoe?eii-ipaaiaeo
oi?i ainiiaea?thaaiiy ? aioo??oiueiainiiaea?nueeeo aeiiii?/ieo
a?aeiinei, a?ioiao ioe?ieo (oe?io) caie?, iiiaeaoeoaaiiy caiaeue,
i?aiaeio ieaoo ca caieth.

Iniiaieie iaoiaeieia?/ieie ? iaoiaee/ieie i?eioeeiaie ?ic?iaee iaoai?cio
aeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy caiaeueieo a?aeiinei ?: aea?? e?eoa??th
ioe?ii/iiai iieacieea, yeee iieeaaea?oueny a iniiao aecia/aiiy a?ioiai?
ioe?iee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo caiaeue; ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee a?ioiai?
ioe?iee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue ia aac? ?o aeiiii?/ii?
ioe?iee; i?iaaaeaiiy a?ioiai? ioe?iee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo caiaeue
ii Oepa?i? a oe?eiio, iaeanoyo, n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
i?aei?e?inoaao; cae?eniaiiy aioo??oiueiainiiaea?nueei? a?ioiai? ioe?iee
ii n?aici?iao, ie?aieo iieyo n?aici?i oa caiaeueieo ae?eyieao; ?ic?iaea
i?aeoiae?a oa e?eoa???a uiaei aecia/aiiy ?ici???a caiaeueiiai iiaeaoeo,
aeio?eioth/enue ia’?eoeaiino? oa ni?aaaaeeeaiai iiiaeaoeoaaiiy caiaeue;
cai?iaaaeaeaiiy aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy caiaeueiiai iai?ioo oa
caeiiiaeaa/a a?aaoethaaiiy ?eieo caiaeue; cai?iaaaeaeaiiy aeiiii?/iiai
noeioethaaiiy aeaniee?a caie? ? caieaei?enooaa/?a ca ?aoe?iiaeueia
aeei?enoaiiy oa ioi?iio caiaeue; cai?iaaaeaeaiiy aeiiii?/ieo naieoe?e
ca ii?ooaiiy caeiiiaeaanoaa uiaei aeei?enoaiiy ? ioi?iie caiaeue.

Caipiaaaeaeaiiy aeiiii?/ieo ?aaoeyoi??a o caiaeueieo a?aeiineiao
ni?eyoeia i?aeaeuaiith aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy caiaeue ca ?aooiie
noai?aiiy aoi?eiiiai ?eieo caiaeueieo ae?eyiie ? caiaeue-ieo /anoie
(ia?a), ye? a?eueii iiaeooue ia?aaeaaaoenue a i?aiaeo e?auiio
ainiiaea?th, noaia iaae?eiith iniiaith o noai?aii? oe?e?nii? nenoaie ?o
ioi?iie. Oeei i?aaii ia?oi/a?aiai iiaeooue nei?enoaoenue /eaie
eieaeoeaieo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa iain?eiiai a?eo.

Noeioethth/ei oaeoi?ii uiaei i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy
caiaeue aoaea cai?iaaaeaeaiiy o iao?e e?a?i?, ca?aeii c Oeacii
Ipaceaeaioa Oepa?ie a?ae 18 /a?aiy 1998 ?ieo ?652/98 «Ipi o?eniaaiee
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeee iiaeaoie», c 1 n?/iy ianooiiiai ?ieo oaeiai
aeiiii?/iiai ?aaoeyoi?a, ye o?eniaaiee iiaeaoie ia caieth.

Aieiaiith ?aea?th cai?iaaaeaeaiiy aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio ?aaoethaaiiy
caiaeueieo a?aeiinei ? caaacia/aiiy iaeneiaeueiiai caa?aaeaiiy
noai?aiiai ?ai?oa e?oiiiai iaeiiaiai ? caiaeueiiai eiiieaen?a a i?ioean?
?aoi?ioaaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa ? ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??
ae?iaieoeoaa a ?ioa?anao n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oiaa?iae?iaiee?a ?
aea?aeaae.

Ia?aaoaeiaa aeiiii?ee e?a?ie o iai?yi? ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei aeeeeeaea
iaaaeueio iio?aao o a?ioia?e ioe?ioe? caiaeue. Aei inoaiiueiai /ano
caiey ia ioe?ithaaeanue, ui iaaaoeaii aieeaaei ia aeiiii?eo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa. Aa?oinoue aieiaiiai caniao
ae?iaieoeoaa o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?, yeei ? caiey, i?yeei /eiii ia
aeeth/aeanue o nia?aa?o?noue i?iaeoeoe?? ? i?eaooie ia iueiai ia
ia?aoiaoaaany. Aiane?aeie oeueiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee?
oiaa?iae?iaieee iaaeiio?eioaaee cia/i? noie eioo?a, ui aaeueioaaei
?icaeoie n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa ? nioe?aeueii? noa?e ia
nae?.

A?ioiaa ioe?iea iaiao?aeia aeey ?aaoethaaiiy caiaeueieo a?aeiinei i?e
ia?aaea/? caiaeue o aeani?noue, niaaeueio, i?aiaeo i?ae canoaao c iaoith
iaea?aeaiiy aaie?anueeiai e?aaeeoo, i?e aecia/aii? noaaie caiaeueiiai
iiaeaoeo, oe?iiooai?aii?, iae?eo noeoiii? aa?oino? iniiaieo cania?a
ae?iaieoeoaa, aecia/aii? ?ici??o aianeo i?e noai?aii? aeoe?iia?ieo
oiaa?enoa, ia’?aeiaiue, eiiia?aoea?a oiui.

A?ioiaa ioe?iea caiaeue aecia/a?oueny ?ici??ii ui??/ii iaea?aeoaaiiai
?aioiiai aeioiaeo c o?aooaaiiyi no?ieo eiai eai?oae?caoe??. Inoaii?e
caeaaeeoue a?ae ?ici??o i?ioeaioii? noaaee ca ei?enooaaiiy e?aaeeoii.
Iaie aecia/aii oa?i?i eai?oae?caoe?? a 33 ?iee, ui a?aeiia?aea? 3%-i?e
ieao? ca ei?enooaaiiy e?aaeeoii. Iecueea i?ioeaioia noaaea
coiiaeth?oueny oei, ui, ia a?aei?io a?ae ?ioeo cania?a ae?iaieoeoaa,
caiey ? iaea?eueo noaa?eueiei ia’?eoii aeeaaeaiiy eai?oaeo ?
caeeoa?oueny iino?eiith o noa?? ae?iaieoeoaa. Ne?ae a?aecia/eoe, ui ii
ie?aieo iniiaieo oiiaeao aii?oecaoe?ei? a?ae?aooaaiiy noaiiaeyoue 3-4%,
ui caaacia/o? ?o a?aeoai?aiiy i?ioyaii 25-33 ?ie?a.

A iniiao iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy a?ioiai? ioe?iee caiaeue iieeaaeaii
?aioiee aeioiae i?e ae?iuoaaii? ca?iiaeo eoeueoo?, ye? a no?oeoo??
iin?a?a caeiathoue iaea?eueoo /anoeo ? ae?iuothoueny i?aeoe/ii ia an?o
caieyo.

A?ioiaa ioe?iea caiaeue cae?enith?oueny iine?aeiaii ii: Oe?a?i?,
Aaoiiiii?e ?anioae?oe? E?ei ? iaeanoyo, aaei?i?no?aoeaieo ?aeiiao,
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoaao, ie?aieo caiaeueieo ae?eyieao.

Aeey aecia/aiiy a?ioiai? ioe?iee caiaeue ii Oe?a?i? ?ic?aoiao?oueny
aeeoa?aioe?aeueiee ?aioiee aeioiae c i?ieo caiaeue ca aeiiii?/iith
ioe?ieith ii ae?iaieoeoao ca?iiaeo eoeueoo? (o oeaioia?ao) ca oi?ioeith:

?aei =(O o Oe — C — C o Ei?) : Oe, (1)

aea ?aei — aeeoa?aioe?aeueiee ?aioiee aeioiae c 1 aa ??ee?, oe;

O — o?iaeaei?noue ca?iiaeo c 1 aa, oe;

Oe — oe?ia ?aae?caoe?? 1 oe ca?ia, a?i.;

C — ae?iaie/? cao?aoe ia 1 aa, a?i.;

Ei? — eiao?oe??io ii?ie ?aioaaaeueiino?.

E??i aeeoa?aioe?aeueiiai ?aioiiai aeioiaeo, o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?
ia an?o caieyo, iacaeaaeii a?ae ?o yeino? i iinoea?icoaooaaiiy,
noai?th?oueny aaniethoiee ?aioiee aeioiae, yeee ca iaoeie ?ic?aooieaie o
ia??iae ioe?iee caiaeue a?aeiia?aea? 1.6oe ca?ia.

Caaaeueiee ?aioiee aeioiae ia/eneth?oueny ye noia aeeoa?aioe?aeueiiai
oa aaniethoiiai ?aioieo aeioiae?a. Aeeoa?aioe?aeueiee ?aioiee aeioiae c
aaeoa?a caiaeue i?ae aaaaoi??/ieie ianaaeaeaiiyie, i?e?iaeieie
n?iiaeaoyie ? ianiaeuaie ?ic?aoiao?oueny ia iniia?
ni?aa?aeiioaiue aeeoa?aioe?aeueieo ?aioieo aeioiae?a oeeo oa?aeue ?
?aioiiai aeioiaeo ia i?ieo caieyo ca aeiiii?/iith ioe?ieith ii
ae?iaieoeoao ca?iiaeo eoeueoo?.

A?ioiaa ioe?iea i?ieo caiaeue, caiaeue i?ae aaaaoi??/ieie
ianaaeaeaiiyie, i?e?iaeieie n?iiaeaoyie ? ianiaeuaie ii Oe?a?i?
aecia/a?oueny ye aeiaooie ??/iiai ?aioiiai aeioiaeo ca aeiiii?/iith
ioe?ieith ii ae?iaieoeoao ca?iiaeo eoeueoo?, oe?ie ia ca?ii ? no?ieo
eiai eai?oae?caoe?? ca oi?ioeith:

Aic = ?caei o Oe o Ne, (2)

aea Aic — a?ioiaa ioe?iea 1 aa ??ee?, caiaeue i?ae aaaaoi??/ieie ia-

naaeaeaiiyie, i?e?iaeieie n?iiaeaoyie, ianiaeuaie ii

Oe?a?i?, a?i.;

?caei — caaaeueiee ?aioiee aeioiae ia ??ee?, caieyo i?ae aaaaoi-

??/ieie ianaaeaeaiiyie, i?e?iaeieie n?iiaeaoyie ? ianiae-

uaie ii Oe?a?ii, oe;

Oe — oe?ia oeaioia?a ca?ia, a?i.;

Ne — no?ie eai?oae?caoe?? ?aioiiai aeioiaeo (a ?ieao), yeee

anoaiiaeth?oueny ia ??ai? 33 ?ie?a.

Ia iniia? ia/eneaieo ?aioieo aeioiae?a ii a?aeiia?aeieo oa?aeaeyo i
?aa?iiao ?ic?aoiao?oueny a?ioiaa ioe?iea ?o ca oi?ioeith 2. Oey
aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y canoiniao?oueny aae aei a?ioiai? ioe?iee ii
i?aei?e?inoao.

A?ioiaa ioe?iea ie?aii? caiaeueii? ae?eyiee (oa?eoi???
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue, ui ciaoiaeyoueny o aeaniino? aai
ei?enooaaii? th?eaee/ieo oa o?ce/ieo in?a) aecia/a?oueny ia iniia? oeae
a?ioiai? ioe?iee aa?iae?iaie/eo a?oi a?oio?a.

Oeaee a?ioiai? ioe?iee aa?iae?iaie/eo a?oi a?oio?a ?ic?aoiaothoueny ca
oi?ioeith:

Aaa?

Aaa? = A ————- , (3)

A

aea Aaa? — a?ioiaa ioe?iea aa?iae?iaie/i? a?oie a?oio?a, a?i.;

A — a?ioiaa ioe?iea aaeoa?a a?aeiia?aeieo oa?aeue

ii n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio i?aei?e?inoao, a?i.;

Aaa? — aae aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee aa?iae?iaie/i? a?oie a?oio?a;

A — aae aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee 1 aa a?aeiia?aeieo oa?aeue ii

n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio i?aei?e?inoao.

Caaaeueia a?ioiaa ioe?iea ie?aii? caiaeueii? ae?eyiee aecia/a?oueny
noiith aeiaooe?a ieiu aa?iae?iaie/eo a?oi a?oio?a ia ?o a?ioia? ioe?iee.

Ne?ae caoaaaeeoe, ui ?ic?aooiie a?ioiai? ioe?iee ie?aii? caiaeueii?
ae?eyiee o iaoiaeeoe?, caoaa?aeaeai?e iinoaiiaith Eaa?iaoo I?i?nop?a
Oepa?ie a?ae 23 aa?aciy 1995p. ?213, cae?enith?oueny c aeei?enoaiiyi
aae?a aii?oaoo a?oio?a, a ia iieaciee?a aeiiii?/ii? ?o ioe?iee.
Aaaaea?ii, ui oaea cai?ia ? oei/aniaith, aei ooi/iaiiy iniiaieo
iieiaeaiue caaaeaii? iaoiaeeee.

O nenoai? caiaeueieo a?aeiinei aaaeeeao ?ieue a?ae?a?a? i?aiaea, ye
iaeia ?c oi?i ?aae?caoe?? i?aaa aeaniino? i aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy
caiaeue. Aiia aenooia? oaeiae iaeiei ?c ae??aeo ?aaoeyoi??a caiaeueieo
a?aeiinei i?e a?aenooiino? a?eueiiai ?eieo caiaeue. I?aiaea caie? ia?
aeeaie? ?noi?e/i? ei?ai?. A ??cieo e?a?iao na?oo aiia ?icaeaaeanue
ii-nai?io i oiio ia? iniaeeaino?, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iaaieie
o?aaeeoe?yie i i?aaiaei noaiii aea?aeaae. Iniiaieie a?aei?iiinoyie ?
no?iee i?aiaee, ?ici??e i oi?ie i?aiaeii? ieaoe ca caieth oa ?io?
?noioi? oiiae, ia?aaeaa/ai? aeiaiai?ii i?aiaee.

Iaeii?th c iaeaaaeeea?oeo ?noioieo oiia a aeiaiai?? i?aiaee, ye?
?aaoeththoue i?aiaei? caiaeuei? a?aeiineie, ? i?aiaeia ieaoa ca caieth.
?icii? i?aiaeii? ieaoe ca ei?enooaaiiy caieath o ??cieo e?a?iao cia/ii
eieeaa?oueny i neeaaeaa, iai?eeeaae, o NOA i?ioyaii o?eaaeiai
ia??iaeo a?ae 1 aei 3% ?eieiai? oe?ie i?aiaeiaaii? caie?. A a 1988?.
i?aiaeia ieaoa a ??cieo ooaoao eieeaaeanue a?ae 0.6 aei 10.5% ca i?i?
caie?, a ca ianiaeua — a?ae 0.9 aei 10.9% ?o ?eieiai? oe?ie. O O?aioei?
a e?ioe? 80-o ?ie?a na?aaeiy i?aiaeia ieaoa ca 1 aa ??ee? aei??aithaaea
600 o?aieai aai 600 ea ioaieoe?.

Iaeiei c ?ino?oiaio?a aecia/aiiy ?aeiiaiaeiaaieo ?ici???a i?aiaeii?
ieaoe ca caieth ? a?ioiaa ioe?iea caiaeue. A?aoiaoth/e na?oiaee
aeina?ae, aeina?ae iaoeo non?ae?a (?in?yi), a oaeiae iaeiie/aiee,
iaaiith i??ith, aeina?ae a?o/eciyieo i?aiaea??a i i?aiaeiaeaaoe?a, ia
iao iiaeyae, iiaeia i?iiiioaaoe ?ici?? i?aiaeii? ieaoe ca 1 aa
i?aiaeiaaieo caiaeue o iaaeao 2-3% a?ae a?ioiai? ioe?iee ??ee?, aea ia
a?eueoa iieiaeie ?aioiiai aeioiaeo ca ioe?ieith. I?e oe?i? ioaieoe? 3-ai
eeano 27 a?i. ca 1 oe i?aiaeia ieaoa neeaaeaoeia o na?aaeiueiio ii
Oe?a?ii a?ae 2.8 aei 4.1 oe ca 1 aa ia?aaeaii? a i?aiaeo caiaeueii?
ae?eyiee. I???ioiai? ?ici??e i?aiaeii? ieaoe, aeoiaey/e c aeiiii?/ieo
oiia, ui neeaeeny a iao?e aea?aeaa?, iiaeooue aooe ii iaeanoyo Oe?a?ie a
iaaeao aaee/ei, iaaaaeaieo o oaaeeoe?.

Ca?ac o iao?e aea?aeaa? neeaeeny ni?eyoeea? oiiae aeey ?icaeoeo
i?aiaeieo caiaeueieo a?aeiinei: aecia/eany aaeeeee caa?i caiaeueieo
aeaniee?a, ?icoe?y?oueny i?aaiaa iiea aeey i?aai?caoe?? ??cieo oi?i
ainiiaea?thaaiiy, iaaoaathoue ?icaeoeo ?eieia? a?aeiineie.

O ca’yceo c ?aoi?ioaaiiyi caiaeueieo a?aeiinei iaaecae/aeii aaaeeeaei ?
ieoaiiy ?eieo caiaeue. Aeoiaey/e c eiie?aoieo aeiiii?/ieo oiia, ui
neeaeeny a iao?e aea?aeaa?, /eiiiai caiaeueiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa,
iniaeeainoae oi?ioaaiiy na?aeiiino? noni?euenoaa, i?ae ?eieii caie?
ia?oi/a?aiai ie ?icoi??ii aecia/aiiy aa?oino? caie? ? aeciaiiy ??
eai?oaeii ia??ai? c ?ioeie caniaaie ae?iaieoeoaa ? ia?aiaeie eiooaie.
An? oaeoi?e ae?iaieoeoaa iathoue ooieoe?iioaaoe a ?aeeiiio ?eieiaiio
na?aaeiaeu?. A?aenooi?noue o iueiio aoaeue-yeiai c ieo i?ecaiaeeoue aei
ii?ooaiiy caeii?a ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee, a caiaeii ? aei ??
?icaaeainoaaiiy. A no/aniee ia??iae, eiee ?eiie caie? eeoa oi?io?oueny,
i?aeaeuo?oueny ?ieue aea?aeaae o ?aaoethaaii? oeei i?ioeanii. Ca
aea?aeaaith caeeoa?oueny i?aai iaiaaeaiue ia iai?io caiaeueieo ae?eyiie
o ?eieia?e noa??.

Ia ia?oeo aoaiao oe?eeii aei?aaaeaiei, ia iao iiaeyae, ? cai?iaaaeaeaiiy
aioo??oiueiainiiaea?nueeiai iai?ioo caiaeueieo ia?a oeyoii ia?aaea/? ?o
a i?aiaeo aoaeue-yeiio /eaio eieaeoeao aai naiiio i?aei?e?inoao,
noai?aiiy iiaeo ainiiaea?nueeeo oi?ioaaiue ia aac? i?eaaoii? aeaniino?
ia caiaeuei? ? iaeiia? ia?, ia?aaea/? o niaaeueio, ia?aoo?, i?iaeaaeo
i?aaa ia caiaeueiee iae /eaio i?aei?e?inoaa aai i?aei?e?inoao, o
a?aeiia?aeiino? c Oeacii I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie a?ae 21 ea?oiy 1998 ?ieo
“I?i caoeno i?aa aeaniee?a caiaeueieo /anoie (ia?a)”. Eiee ae aeanieee
caiaeueieo ae?eyiie aai caiaeueieo /anoie (ia?a) iinooiiai
aaeaioothoueny aei ?eieiaeo oiia ainiiaea?thaaiiy, a caiaeueia
caeiiiaeaanoai oaeineiiaethaaoeiaoueny, o iao?e aea?aeaa?
oi?ioaaoeiaoueny ni?aaaei?e ?eiie caiaeue.

C ia?aoiaeii aa?a?iiai naeoi?o aeiiii?ee aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei ua
a?eueoi? aeooaeueiino? iaaoaathoue ieoaiiy ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy
i ioi?iie caiaeue, yea ia? i?aeo?eioaaoenue aea?aeaaith /a?ac
cai?iaaaeaeaiiy aeiiii?/iiai noeioethaaiiy aeaniee?a caie? i
caieaei?enooaa/?a.

E?eoa??yie aeiiii?/iiai noeioethaaiiy aeaniee?a caie? i
caieaei?enooaa/?a ? a?aeoai?aiiy i i?aeaeuaiiy ?iaeth/ino? a?oio?a
a?aeiinii ?o aaciaiai ??aiy (ia iiiaio iaea?aeaiiy caiaeue o aeani?noue
aai ei?enooaaiiy, o oiio /ene? ia oiiaao i?aiaee), aeeiiaiiy caoiae?a,
ia?aaeaa/aieo i?iaeoii ioi?iie n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue.
Aeiiiii/ia noeioethaaiiy cae?enith?oueny oeyoii: iiaii? aai /anoeiai?
eiiiainaoe?? cao?ao ii ?aae?caoe?? caoiae?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia iie?ioaiiy
yeino? a?oio?a oa ioi?iio caiaeue; cieaeaiiy noaaie caiaeueiiai iiaeaoeo
ca caie?, ui ia?aaoaathoue o aeaniino? aai ei?enooaaii?, o oiio /ene? ia
oiiaao i?aiaee; oei/aniaiai ca?eueiaiiy noa’?eo?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy a?ae
ieaoe ca caiaeuei? ae?eyiee, ia yeeo cae?eniaii caoiaee ii iie?ioaiith
yeino? a?oio?a oa ioi?iie caiaeue ca aeaniee ?aooiie; ca?eueiaiiy
aeaniee?a caie? i caieaei?enooaa/?a a?ae ieaoe ca caiaeuei? ae?eyiee, ui
ia?aaoaathoue o noai? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai inai?iiy aai iie?ioaiiy
?o noaio ia ia??iae, ia?aaeaa/aiee a?aeiia?aeiei i?iaeoii; iaaeaiiy
i?eueaiaeo e?aaeeo?a, iiaiiai aai /anoeiaiai a?aeoeiaeoaaiiy i?ioeaio?a
ca e?aaeeo; iaaeaiiy oe?eueiaeo noaneae?e noa’?eoai ainiiaea?thaaiiy;
aaceiooiaii? ia?aaea/? oaoi?ee, aeia?ea, o?ainii?oieo cania?a oa ?ioeo
iaoa??aeueieo oe?iiinoae; /anoeiai? eiiiainaoe?? cieaeaiiy aeioiae?a o
?acoeueoao? eiina?aaoe?? a?iaeiaaieo oa caa?oaeiaieo caiaeueieo
ae?eyiie, ia c aeie noa’?eo?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy.

?ic?aooiie i?aiaeii? ieaoe ca 1 aa i?aiaeiaaii? caie?

caeaaeii a?ae a?ioiai? ioe?iee ??ee?

A?ioiaa I?aiaeia ieaoa

Iaeano? ioe?iea 1 aa o a?eaiyo

o oeaioia?ao *)

??ee?, a?i. i?e 2% i?e 3% i?e 2% i?e 3%

Aao. ?anioae. E?ei 4387 87.74 131.61 3.2 4.9

A?iieoeueea 3927 78.54 117.81 2.9 4.4

Aieeinueea 3555 71.10 106.65 2.6 4.0

Aei?i?iiao?ianueea 3862 77.24 115.86 2.9 4.3

Aeiiaoeueea 4138 82.76 124.14 3.1 4.6

AEeoiie?nueea 2444 48.88 73.32 1.8 2.7

Caea?iaonueea 3115 62.30 93.45 2.3 3.5

Caii??cueea 4018 80.36 120.54 3.0 4.5

?aaii-O?aie?anueea 3392 67.84 101.76 2.5 3.8

Ee?anueea 3796 75.92 113.88 2.8 4.2

E??iaia?aaenueea 3811 76.22 114.33 2.8 4.2

Eoaainueea 3149 62.98 94.47 2.3 3.5

Euea?anueea 3161 63.22 94.83 2.3 3.5

Ieeiea?anueea 3130 62.60 93.90 2.3 3.5

Iaeanueea 3338 66.76 100.14 2.5 3.7

Iieoaanueea 4121 82.42 123.63 3.1 4.6

??aiainueea 3729 74.58 111.87 2.8 4.1

Noinueea 3494 69.88 104.82 2.6 3.9

Oa?iii?euenueea 3768 75.36 113.04 2.8 4.2

Oa?e?anueea 3860 77.20 115.80 2.9 4.3

Oa?niinueea 4108 82.16 123.24 3.0 4.6

Oiaeueieoeueea 4096 81.92 122.88 3.0 4.6

*a?eanueea 4727 94.54 141.81 3.5 5.3

*a?i?aaoeueea 4038 80.76 121.14 3.0 4.5

*a?i?a?anueea 2900 58.00 87.00 2.1 3.2

Oe?a?ia 3734 74.68 112.02 2.8 4.1

*) Oe?ia 1 oe ioaieoe? neeaaea? 27 a?i.

Cai?iiiiiaai? iieiaeaiiy uiaei aeiiii?/iiai noeioethaaiiy noa’?eo?a
ainiiaea?thaaiiy ia caie? iiaeooue aooe ae??aei ?ino?oiaioii o ni?aa?
oaeineiiaeaiiy aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio ?aaoethaaiiy caiaeueieo a?aeiinei,
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy caiaeueieo ?ano?n?a o n?euenueeiio
ainiiaea?noa?.

AENIIAEE

1. Ia iaaieo aoaiao ?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa caiaeuei? a?aeiineie, ye
neeaaeiaa ae?iaie/eo a?aeiinei, iiaeooue aenooiaoe no?eioth/ei oaeoi?ii
o iiaeaeueoiio ?icaeoeo i?iaeoeoeaieo nee, oiae? aeieea? iio?aaa a ?o
oaeineiiaeaii? cai?iaaaeaeaiiyi iiaeo ii?i caiaeueiiai i?aaa oa
a?aeiia?aeiiai aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio ?aaoethaaiiy..

2. ?noi?e/iee aiae?c ?icaeoeo caiaeueieo a?aeiinei o n?euenueeiio
ainiiaea?noa? na?ae/eoue i?i iaeai/ia i?aaiaiiy naeyieia i?aoethaaoe ia
nai?e caie?. Ia?aeiiothoue o oeueiio an? caiaeuei? ?aoi?ie, ui
i?iaiaeeeenue ia?iaiaioii a ??ci? aiioe ethaenueeiai noni?euenoaa.
Aieiaiee o?ie, yeee ne?ae aeianoe c ieo, iieyaa? a oiio, uia o
?acoeueoao? iei?oi?o aa?a?ieo ia?aoai?aiue ia?aoo? iiaa?iooe naeyieio
noaoon ainiiaea?y ia caie?.

3. Caiaeuei? a?aeiineie o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? cia/iith i??ith ?
?aioieie a?aeiineiaie. Oiio i?e ?o oaeineiiaeaii? iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe
ae?th ia’?eoeaiiai caeiio caiaeueii? ?aioe, a?aee?eoiai
iniiaiiieiaeieeaie eeane/ii? iie?oe/ii? aeiiii??. A oiiaao ia?ao?aeii?
aeiiii?ee, eiee caiaeuei? a?aeiineie o?ainoi?iothoueny o ?eieiaa
na?aaeiaeua, ia?oi/a?aiaei ? i?aaeeueiee ia?a?iciiae?e
aeeoa?aioe?aeueii? ?aioe, ui ooai?th?oueny ia e?aueo i na?aaei?o caieyo,
/a?ac cai?iaaaeaeaiiy caiaeueiiai iiaeaoeo i i?aiaeii? ieaoe ca caieth
caeaaeii a?ae a?ioiai? ioe?iee caiaeue, yea ia/eneaia ia iniia? ?aioiiai
aeioiaeo. Ia?a?iciiaeie caiaeueii? ?aioe ia? aooe ia ei?enoue
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa. Ca?ac aea, eiee ii?ooo?oueny caeii oe?i
ae?iaieoeoaa, i?iaeiaaeo?oueny ia?aea/oaaiiy aeiaeaoeiai? aa?oino?, o
oiio /ene? i ?aioe, c n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa aei ?ioeo aaeocae
ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa.

4. Iniiaith oi?ioaaiiy i ?icaeoeo caiaeueieo a?aeiinei ? aeani?noue ia
caieth. Aaaaoiaieiaee aeina?ae ainiiaea?thaaiiy ia caie? na?ae/eoue, ui
naeyiei caaaeaee i?aaioa iaoe naith caieth, a ia ni?eueio, ui
iiynith?oueny iniaeeainoyie n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa, aea ethaeeia ia?
ni?aao c aeeaeie i?aai?ciaie. Iniaeeaith ? oaeiae ineoieia?y naeyieia,
yeee i a caaaeueiiio (eieaeoeaiiio) i?aaia iaoe naith /anoeo. O?eaaeee
ia??iae iiiiiieueii? aea?aeaaii? aeaniino? ia caieth i?eca?a aei
a?ae/oaeaiiy naeyieia a?ae caie?, ui coiiaeei ??cea cieaeaiiy iioeaaoe??
i?aoe? i ?? i?iaeoeoeaiino?.

5. I?aaiicaoeiy iiaeo ainiiaea?nueeeo oi?ioaaiue ia aac? ?nioth/eo
eieaeoeaieo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa i noai?aiiy
naeyinueeeo (oa?ia?nueeeo) ainiiaea?noa noaee iiooiaoii aei
?icaea?aeaaeaiiy oa i?eaaoecaoe?? caie?, oiaoi aei cae?eniaiiy
caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie a Oe?a?ii.

6. Caiaeueia ?aoi?ia aianea nooo?a? ci?ie a no?oeoo?o oi?i aeaniino? ia
caieth. Aiaeaoeany o?ainoi?iaoe?y aea?aeaaii? aeaniino? ia caieth o
eieaeoeaio i i?eaaoio. Ia ii/aoie 1998?. o aeaniino? aea?aeaaieo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa ?o caeeoeeinue o?eueee 6.5%,
oiae? ye o aeaniino? eieaeoeaieo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa
ia?aaoaa? 66.6, n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo aeoe?iia?ieo oiaa?enoa — 7.5,
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eiiia?aoea?a — 2%; o aeaniino? i ei?enooaaii?
a?iiaaeyi (aac oa?ia??a) — 13.8%; o aeaniino? i ei?enooaaii? naeyinueeeo
(oa?ia?nueeeo) ainiiaea?noa — 2.5; a ?ioeo caieaaeaniee?a i
caieaei?enooaa/?a — 2.9%.

7. Aeey i?iaaaeaiiy caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie noai?aii a?aeiia?aeio i?aaiao
aaco, yea aeeth/a? oe?eee ?yae caeiiiaeaa/eo, ?ioeo ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeo
oa iino?oeoeaii-iaoiaee/ieo aeo?a i aeieoiaio?a. I?aaiicaoeiy ?ia?o ii
caiaeuei?e ?aoi?i? cae?enith?oueny Aea?aeaaiei eii?oaoii Oe?a?ie ii
caiaeueieo ?ano?nao, ?anioaeieainueeei eii?oaoii Aaoiiiiii? ?anioaeiee
E?ei ii caiaeueieo ?ano?nao i ?aeeiiio eaaeano?o, iaeanieie oa
Naaanoiiieuenueeei i?nueeei oi?aae?iiyie, ?aeiiieie aiaeaeieaie
caiaeueieo ?ano?n?a.

8. Caiaeueia ?aoi?ia cae?enith?oueny a o?e aoaie, ye? aeeth/athoue:
?icaea?aeaaeaiiy caiaeue oa ?o i?eaaoecaoe?th; a?ioiao ioe?ieo caiaeue;
iathaaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue; aeaea/o a?iiaaeyiai —
/eaiai eieaeoeaieo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa na?oeo?eao?a
ia i?aai ia caiaeueio /anoeo (iae); ?aae?caoe?th a?iiaaeyiaie i?aaa ia
caiaeueio /anoeo (iae), ca ?o ?icnoaeii, o iaaeao /eiiiai
caeiiiaeaanoaa; ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?th eieaeoeaieo oa ?ioeo iaaea?aeaaieo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa; oi?ioaaiiy i ?icaeoie ?eieo
caiaeue oa eiai ?io?ano?oeoo?e; i?aai?caoe?th aea?aeaaiiai eiio?ieth ca
ooieoe?iioaaiiyi ?eieo caiaeue, ?o aeieia?/iei noaiii, ?aoe?iiaeueiei
aeei?enoaiiyi i ioi?iiith caiaeue.

9. Aeineiaeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui ?acoeueoaoe caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie iiaeooue
aooe iiceoeaieie eeoa ca oiia, eiee: ?aoi?ia i?iaiaeeoueny ia
aeia?ia?euei?e iniia?, aeaiie?aoe/iei oeyoii, ca o/anoth i a ?ioa?anao
naeyi; iaea?aeo? c aieo aea?aeaae i?aaiao, o?iainiao,
iaoa?iaeueii-oaoii/io, iie?oe/io, i?aai?caoe?eio i ii?aeueii-aoe/io
i?aeo?eieo; ia ii?ooo?oueny i?eioeei nioe?aeueii? ni?aaaaeeeaino? i
iaae?oa ?aoi?ie noai?th?oueny ni?eyoeeaee ineoieia?/iee ee?iao; ?aoi?ia
i?iaiaeeoueny a eiiieaen? c nioe?aeueieie ia?aoai?aiiyie ia nae?;
noai?ththoueny niaoe?aeuei? i?aaie — eii?oaoe, eii?n??, ?iai/? a?oie
oiui; naeyie aiaaiai? a noaa?eueiino? i iacai?ioiinoi aa?a?ii? iie?oeee
aea?aeaae, noaa?eueiino? caeiiiaeaa/i? aace.

10. Caiaeueia ?aoi?ia noai?th? ni?eyoeea? oiiae aeey nioe?aeueiiai
caoenoo n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy, a ia?oo /a?ao a?iiaaeyi iain?eiiai a?eo,
ye? iiaeooue iaea?aeoaaoe i?aiaeio ieaoo ca ia?aaeai? a i?aiaeo nai?
caiaeuei? /anoee (ia?).

11. Iniiaieie iai?yiaie oaeineiiaeaiiyie aeiiii?/iiai i i?aaiaiai
iaoai?cio ?aaoethaaiiy caiaeueieo a?aeiinei ?: cai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaoeiai
iaa?oioiaaii? ieaoe ca aeei?enoaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo caiaeue;
?icaeoie i?aiaeieo caiaeueieo a?aeiinei, iniaeeai /a?ac iaoai?ci
ia?aaea/? a i?aiaeo caiaeueieo /anoie (ia?a); aioo??oiueiainiiaea?nueeee
?oo caiaeueieo /anoie (ia?a) aei e?auiai ainiiaea?y; cai?iaaaeaeaiiy
aeiiii?/iiai noeioethaaiiy aeaniee?a caie? i caieaei?enooaa/?a ca
?aoe?iiaeueia aeei?enoaiiy i ioi?iio caiaeue; oaeineiiaeaiiy
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiai? aace caiaeueieo a?aeiinei o n?euenueeiio
ainiiaea?noa?.

Nienie iniiaieo ioae?eaoe?e ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??:

Iiiiapaoi?, ?icae?ee a iiiia?ao?yo, a?ioo?e

1. Oaaeipia I.I. Aeiiii?/i? i?iaeaie caiaeueieo a?aeiinei o
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?. — E.: IAA, 1998. — 263 n.

2. Oaaeipia I.I. ?aoipioaaiiy caiaeueieo i iaeiiaeo a?aeiinei aeaniino?
//Iiniaiee ii ?aoi?ioaaiith n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa ia?a?iaieo
i?aei?e?inoa. — E.: AIIIE, 1997. N.17-25; 28-30.

3. Oaaeipia I.I. Ieaoa ca caieth i oe?ia caie? //?icaeoie oi?i
ainiiaea?thaaiiy ia nae?. — E.: Opiaeae, 1993. — N.39-45.

4. Oaaeipia I.I., Ianaeue-Aanaeye A.ss. Hipiaoeaii-ipaaiaa iniiaa
?aoi?ioaaiiy caiaeueieo a?aeiinei // ?icaeoie oi?i ainiiaea?thaaiiy ia
nae?. — E.: Opiaeae, 1993. — N.28-33, o o./. aaoi?a n.28-31 (aaoi?ii
?ic?iaeaii i?iiiceoe?? aei iipiaoeaii-ipaaiaeo aeo?a c ieoaiue
caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie).

5. Ianaeue-Aanaeye A.ss., Oaaeipia I.I. Iathaaiiy caiaeue eieaeoeaieo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa // ?icaeoie oi?i ainiiaea?thaaiiy
ia nae?. -E.: Opiaeae, 1993. — N. 33 — 39, o o./. aaoi?a n.33-35
(aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaii i?eioeeie i iniiai? iieiaeaiiy iathaaiiy
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue ia iniia? aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee
caiaeue).

6. Oaaeipia H.H. Hiaue yoai caiaeueiie paoipiu a Oepaeia
//Ipaiapaciaaiea naeueneiai oicyenoaa a Oepaeia: iiuo, iapniaeoeau. —
E.: EAY, 1995.-N.54-58.

7. Oaaeipia I.I. Caiaeueia ?aoi?ia a Oepa?ii // Ipiaeaiu caiaeueiie
paoipiu a Oepaeia. — E.: NIIN, 1994.-N.5-6.

8. Oueiaeipia Heeieae. Ipiaeaie ia paoipiepaiaoi ia iicaieaieoa
ioiioaiey a Oepaeia // Hiaaoa piey ia aeupaeaaaoa a picaeoeaoi ia
naeneioi noiiainoai ia nopaieoa io oeaiopaeia e ecoi/ia Aapiia.- Nioey,
1996. — N.102-103.

9. Fedorov Nikolai. Some Problems of the Land Reform in Ukraine //The
New Role of the State in the Development of Agriculture in Central and
East European Countries. Prague,1995. — N. 18, 113-114.

10. Oaaeipia I.I. Caiaeuei? ?ano?ne i caiaeuei? a?aeiineie //Nieuenueea
ainiiaea?noai Oepa?ie o 1992 ?ioe? (aeiiiaiaeue-aiaeic). — E., 1992.-N.
48-54.

11. Oaaeipia I.I. Caiaeuei? ?ano?ne i ?aca?ae i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
?o aeei?enoaiiy // ?acapae i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? eieainiiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa. — E.: Opiaeae, 1983.- N.13-21.

12. Oaaeipia H.H. Ioeaiea ipiecaiaenoaaiiiai iioaioeeaea ia iniiaa
eaaeanopiauo ieiuaaeae //Hipiaoeaii-panopniue iaoiae ieaiepiaaiey
paaeecaoeee naeueoicipiaeoeoeee. — ?inoia-ia-Aeiio, ?inoianeia eieaeiia
ecaeaoaeuenoai, 1989.- N.92-98.

13. Oaaeipia H.H. Aiaeec ipiecaiaeeoaeueiinoe o?oaea e naaanoieiinoe
ipiaeoeoeee caieaaeaeey ia iniiaa yeiiiie/aneie ioeaiee caiee
//Yeiiiie/aneay ioeaiea caiee e aa eniieueciaaiea a ieaiepiaaiee
naeueneioicyenoaaiiiai ipiecaiaenoaa.- E.: Opiaeae, 1973.-N.107-113.

14. Oaaeipia H.H., ssiaopaiei A.A. Eaaeano? caiaeueiuo e aiaeiuo
panopnia Oepaeiu // Iaeeipaoeey ia Oepaeia.- E.: Opiaeae, 1985. —
N.195-200, o o./. aaoi?a n.195-198 (aaoi?ii iaa?oioiaai? iniaeeaino?
aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee c?iooaaieo caiaeue oa ?? canoinoaaiiy a aeiiii?/ieo
?ic?aooieao).

15. Oaaeipia H.H. Ipiaeaiu caiaeueiie paoipiu a Oepaeia //Aapapiua
paoipiu a nopaiao NHA, Oeaiopaeueiie e Ainoi/iie Aapiiu i?e iapaoiaea e
puii/iui ioiioaieyi — iao/ii-enneaaeiaaoaeueneea e iapaciaaoaeueiua
aniaeou: Aeiee. e aunooi. ia Iaaeaeoiap. neiiic. yeiiiienoia-aapapieeia,
Eeaa, 11-16 ieo. 1993 a. — E., 1994. — N.234-241.

16. Oaaei?ia I.I. Aeaniinoue ia caieth: nooue i oi?ie //Aean-iinoue o
n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?. — E.: O?iaeae, 1993. — N.241-244.

17. Oaaei?ia I.I. Yeiiiie/aneia ieiaei?iaeea ii/a //Yeiii-ie/aneee
neiaa?ue AIE. — E.: O?iaeae, 1986. — N.315-316.

18. Oaaei?ia I.I. Eaaeano? caiaeueiue //Yeiiiie/aneee neiaa?ue AIE. —
E.: O?iaeae, 1986. — N.73.

19. Oaaei?ia I.I., Ianaeue-Aanaeye A.ss. Caiaeuei? a?aeiineie
//Aeaniinoue o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?. — E.: O?iaeae, 1993. —
N.244-252, o o./. aaoi?a 244-245, 248-252 (aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeai? i?aaia?
iniiae ?aaoethaaiiy caiaeueieo a?aeiinei, i?eioeeie cai?iaaaeaeaiiy
ieaoe ca caieth i iaoiaeeeo ia/eneaiiy ii?iaoeaii? oe?ie caie?).

20. Oaaei?ia I.I. Caiaeueiay eiiiainaoeey //Yeiiiie/aneee neiaa?ue AIE.
— E.: O?iaeae, 1986. — N.59.

21. Oaaei?ia I.I., ?icoiiee ?.A. Caiaeueia ?aoi?ia: i?aaii-caoeieii i
i?aaia? aniaeoe //Aeaniinoue o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?. — E.:
O?iaeae, 1993. — N.252-260, o o./. aaoi?a 255, 257-260 (aaoi?ii
ii?aoeueiaaii ii?yaeie ?icaea?aeaaeaiiy i i?eaaoecaoe?? caiaeue oa
i?aaia? aniaeoe caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie).

22. Naaeoe I.O., Ianaeue-Aanaeye A.ss., Oaaeipia I.I. ?aoipio-aaiiy
caiaeueieo a?aeiinei, oi?i aeaniino? i ainiiaea?thaaiiy (iaoiaee/i?
iieiaeaiiy). Apioopa. — E.: IAA, 1995. — 36 n., o o./. aaoipa n.21-34
(aaoipii ?ic?iaeaii iaoai?ci iiaoaiiiai cae?eniaiiy caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie,
iaoiaee/i? i?eioeeie a?ioiai? ioe?iee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo caiaeue
ia iniia? aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee caiaeue ii ca?iiaeo eoeueoo?ao ca
aeeoa?aioe?aeueiei ?aioiei aeioiaeii).

Noaoo? a aeo?iaeao, iaoeiaeo ca??ieeao, oace aeiiia?aeae

23. Oaaeipia I.I. Caiaeueiie ?aoi?i? — aea?aeaaio i?ia?aio //
Aeiiiiiea AIE.-1995. — ?10. — N.33-35.

24. Oaaeipia I.I. Aeiiiii/ia ioe?iea caiaeue ye iniiaa aecia/aiiy ieaoe
ca ?o aeei?enoaiiy //Aeiiiiiea AIE. — 1997.- ?4-5. — N.33-37.

25. Oaaeipia I.I. Ieaoa ca caieth: nooue i iaoiaeeea ia/eneaiiy //
Aooaaeoapiy a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?.- 1998. — ?2.- N.64-65.

26. Oaaeipia I.I. Opainoipiaoeiy caiaeueieo a?aeiinei a aa?a?i?e noa??
//Aeiiiiiea AIE. — 1998. — ?4.- C.12-17.

27. Oaaei?ia I.I. Iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee ei?eaoaaiiy iieaciee?a
aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee caiaeue //Aeiiiiiea AIE. — 1998. — ?7.- C.28-34.

28. Oaaeipia I.I. Aeaiaaeiay ioeaiea caiaeue a i?iecaiaenoaaiiii
iioaioeeaea naeueneiai oicyenoaa //Yeiiiieea e ipaaiecaoeey naeueneiai
oicyenoaa. — E.: Opiaeae, 1988, aui.83.- N.54-56.

29. Oaaeipia I.I. Niaa?oainoaiaaiea ?aciauaiey iauaiia caeoiie
naeueneioicyenaaiiie i?iaeoeoeee ia iniiaa i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai
iioaioeeaea //Yeiiiieea e ipaaiecaoeey naeueneiai oicyenoaa. — E.:
Opiaeae, 1988, aui. 82. — N.101-103.

30. Oaaeipia I.I. Aiaeic aeei?enoaiiy iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a c
a?aooaaiiyi aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee caie? // Aeiiiiiea i i?aai?caoe?y
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa. — E.: Opiaeae, 1979, aei.61.- N.92-99.

31. Oaaeipia I.I. Ioeiiea ?acoeueoao?a i?aoe? a eieainiao c o?aooaaiiyi
yeino? caiaeue// Aeiiiiiea i i?aai?caoe?y n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa. —
E.: Opiaeae, 1978, aei. 56. — N. 76-81.

32. Oaaeipia I.I. Iiaenoiee i i?iaeaie caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie
//?aoipioaaiiy oa noai?aiiy oiia aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy a
aa?ii?iieneiaiio eiiieaen?: Iaoapiaee iaeanii? iaoeiai-ipaeoe/ii?
eiioa?aioe?? 27 n?/iy 1998 ?ieo, i. Oapeia. Oape?a: OAeAO, 1998.-
N.25-29.

33. Oaaeipia I.I. Aeiiii?/i? ia?aaeoiiae i i?aaiaa iniiaa caiaeueii?
?aoi?ie a Oepa?ii //Oipioaaiiy, ?icaeoie oa ?ici??e oa?ia?nueeeo
ainiiaea?noa a Oepa?ii: Iaoapiaee iaoeiai-aepiaie/i? eiioa?aioe??,
aeiaoaiue 1992 ?ieo. — E., 1994.-N. 28-31.

34. Oaaeipia I.I. Caiaeuei? a?aeiineie a Oepa?ii // Inai?iiy ?eieo i
?eieiaeo a?aeiinei a aa?ii?iieneiaiio eiiieaen? Oepa?ie: Iaoapiaee
Oepa?inueei-iiiaoeueeiai nai?ia?o aeiiiiinoia-aapapieeia, Ee?a, 15-22
aeiaoiy 1991 ?ieo. — E. 1992. -N.72-78.

35. Oaaeipia H.H. Yeiiiie/aneea e ipaaiaua iniiau ainipiecaiaenoaa
ieiaeipiaeey e iopaiu caiaeue //Niapaiaiiua ipiaeaiu iopaiu e
ainipiecaiaenoaa ii/aaiiai ieiaeipiaeey: yeieiaey, yeiiiieea, i?aai:
Iaoapeaeu Iaaeainoaeapnoaaiiiai iao/iiai naieiapa, Iaeanna, 19-21 iay
1994 aiaea. — E.: NIIN, 1994.- N.41-42.

36. Oaaeipia I.H. Ipiaeaiu paoipiepiaaiey caiaeueiuo ioiioaiee a
Oepaeia // Oepa?ia a na?oiaeo caiaeueieo, i?iaeiaieue/eo i ei?iiaeo
?ano?nao i aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiineiao: oace aeiiia?ae? ia Iiaeiapiaeiie
eiioa?aioe??, i. Aiiieoey, 11-14 a?oaeiy 1995 ?ieo. Aiiieoey: Aapapia
iaoea, 1995. — 2 n.

37. Oaaeipia H.H. Eioaineaiinoue eniieueciaaiey caiee a caaeneiinoe io
aa yeiiiie/aneie oeaiiinoe //Niapaiaiiia caieaonopienoai, eco/aiea e
ipaaiecaoeey paoeeiiaeueiiai eniieueciaaiey caiaeueiuo panopnia: Oacenu
aeieeaaeia e Ananithciie eiioapaioeee (26-28 naioyapy 1972 aiaea)- I.,
1972.- N. — 190-197.

38. Fedorov N., Snopok N. Problems of Land Relations reforming in the
Ukraine// Abstracts of reports and speaches of participants of
International Symposium of Agricultural Economists «Agricultural
Economics and Research Educational Agenda for Nations in Transition»,
Kiev, Ukraine, Oktober 11-16. — 1993. — ?.33-35, o o./. aaoi?a n.33-34
(aaoi?ii iaa?oioiaaii eiiieaen i?aaiaeo, i?aai?caoe?eieo, aeiiii?/ieo i
oaoi?/ieo caoiae?a ii cae?eniaiith caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie a Oepa?ii).

39. Ianaeue-Aanaeye A.ss., Oaaeipia I.I. Iaoiaeieia?/i? ? iaoiaee/i?
i?eioeeie a?ioiai? ioe?iee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue //Aeiiii?ea
AIE. — 1995. — ?2 — N.11-16, o o./. aaoi?a n. 11-13 (aaoi?ii
iaa?oioiaai? iaoiaeieia?/i? iniiae, ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee/i? i?eioeeie oa
oi?iae?ciaaii ii?yaeie ?ic?aooieo a?ioiai? ioe?iee caiaeue
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai i?ecia/aiiy).

40. Ianaeue-Aanaeye A.ss., Oaaeipia I.I. Caiaeueia ?aoi?ia — iniiaa
no?oeoo?ieo ia?aoai?aiue a aa?a?i?e noa?? Oepa?ie //Aeiiii?ea AIE. —
1996. — ?5. — N.10-17, o o./. aaoi?a n.10-14 (aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaii
iaoai?ci ia/eneaiiy a?ioiai? ioe?iee ? iathaaiiy
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue oa cai?iiiiiaaii iaa?aeeeaaei? caoiaee
uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy caiaeueieo a?aeiinei o ca’yceo ?c no?oeoo?ieie
ia?aoai?aiiyie aa?a?ii? aeiiii?ee).

41. Messel-Vesel’yak V.Ya., Feodorov M.M. Ukrainian Land for Investors
// Welcome. — 1995. — ?9. — N.9-10, o o./. aaoi?a n.10 (aaoi?ii
iaa?oioiaaii iniiai? iai?yie cae?eniaiiy caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie a Oe?a?ii).

42. Ianaeue-Aanaeye A.ss., Oaaei?ia I.I. Oi?ie ainiiaea?thaaiiy i
caiaeuei? a?aeiineie a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio ae?iaieoeoa? Oe?a?ie
//Aeiiiiiea AIE. — 1996. — ?12. — N. 12-19, o o./. aaoi?a n.17-19
(aaoi?ii iaa?oioiaai? iai?yie ?aoi?ioaaiiy eieaeoeaieo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa i ?ic?iaeai? i?iiiceoe?? uiaei
i?aiaee caiaeue, o oiio /ene? caiaeueieo /anoie (ia?a), iaea?aeaieo
a?iiaaeyiaie a ?acoeueoao? iathaaiiy caiaeue eieaeoeaii? aeaniino?).

43. Oaaeipia I.I., ssuoe I.A. Aiae?c ae?yeueiino? aini?ic?aooieiaeo
i?ae?icae?e?a eieaini?a ia iniia? aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee caiae? //Aeiiii?ea
? i?aai?caoe?y n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa. — 1979, aei.60. — N. 12-17, o
o./. aaoi?a 13-17 (aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaii i?eioeeie, ii?yaeie, noaia ?
oaoi?ea ?ic?aooie?a i?e cae?eniaii? iia?aoeaiiai aiae?co ainiiaea?nueei?
ae?yeueiino? aini?ic?aooieiaeo i?ae?icae?e?a o ?ineeiieoeoa? ia iniia?
aioo??oiueiainiiaea?nueei? aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee caiaeue).

44. Ianaeue-Aanaeye A.ss., Oaaeipia I.I. Caiaeuei? a?aeiineie
//N?euenuee? Iap??. — 1994. — ?11-12. — N. 35-37, o o./. aaoi?a n. 36-37
(aaoi?ii aeaii i?aaiaa ? aeiiii?/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy ii?yaeeo ia?aaea/?
caiaeue o eieaeoeaio ? i?eaaoio aeani?noue, ieaoe ca aeei?enoaiiy
caiaeue, i?eieiaiiy i?aaa aeaniino? ? ei?enooaaiiy caiaeueiith
ae?eyieith).

45. Oaaeipia I.I., Eapiaiei E.A. Canoinoaaiiy AII aeey oaeineiiaeaiy
oaoiieia?? caiaeueiiioe?ii/ieo ?ia?o //Aeiiii?ea ? i?aai?caoe?y
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa.- 1980, aei.63.- N.63-67, o o./. aaoi?a
n.63-64 ? 66-67 (aaoi?ii cae?eniaii iinoaiiaeo caaea/? aaaaoii?pii?
eeaneo?eaoe??, aeeth/ath/e oi?ioaaiiy a?oi n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
i?aei?e?inoa ca iaeii??aeieie aeiiii?/ieie ? i?e?iaeieie iciaeaie,
aiae?c, ?acoeueoao?a ?ica’ycaiiy caaea/?, aeniiaee).

46. Oaaeipia I.I., Oea/aiei A.I. Aei ieoaiiy i?i ae??aithaaiiy
aeiiii?/ieo iiaeeeainoae ?ioaineo?eaoe?? caiea?ianoaa //Aeiiii?ea ?
i?aai?caoe?y n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa. — 1973, aei. 38. — N.47-51, o
o./. aaoi?a n. 48-51 (aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaii aeiiii?/io ioe?ieo caiaeue,
cae?eniaii aiae?c ?aioaaaeueiino? ae?iaieoeoaa ca?ia a ainiiaea?noaao
aeaio ?aeii?a *apeanueei? iaeano?, cai?iiiiiaaii oeyoe oaeineiiaeaiiy
aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? caeoi?aaeueieo oe?i ia ca?ii c o?aooaaiiyi aeiiii?/ii?
ioe?iee caiaeue).

47. Oap/aiei A.C., Eapiaiei E.A., Oaaeipia I.I. Aecia/aiiy aeiiii?/ii?
aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy caiaeue eieaini?a a oiiaao
i?aeainiiaea?nueeiai eiiia?oaaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa //Aeiiii?ea ?
i?aai?caoe?y n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa. — 1979, aei. 60. — N. 35-42, o
o./. aaoi?a n. 35-38 (aaoi?ii ii?aoeueiaaii iaoiaee/i? i?eioeeie ?
ii?yaeie cae?eniaiiy aiae?co aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy caiaeue ia iniia?
?o aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee a oiiaao eiiia?oaaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa).

Eiioeaioei?, iaoiaeeee, ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, iaoiaee/i?

?aeiiaiaeaoe??, aeac?aee

48. Eiioeaiooaeuei? iniiae aa?a?ii? iie?oeee Oe?a?ie. (Eieaeoea
aaoip?a). — E., 1997. — 21 n., o o./. aaoi?a n.3-6 (aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaii
eiioeaioe?th ?aoi?ioaaiiy caiaeueieo a?aeiinei i iiaeaeueoiai ?o
?icaeoeo).

49. Iaoiaeeea a?ioiai? ioe?iee caiaeue n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
i?ecia/aiiy oa ianaeaieo ioieo?a (oei/aniaa). — E., 1995.- 6 n.
(ni?aaaoi?). Aaoipii iaa?oioiaaii iaoiaeieia?/i? i?eioeeie oa ?ic?iaeaii
iaoiaee ?ic?aooieo a?ioiai? ioe?iee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue.

50. Ii?yaeie a?ioiai? ioe?iee caiaeue n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
i?ecia/aiiy oa ianaeaieo ioieo?a. — E., 1995.- 56n. (ni?aaaoi?). Aaoi?ii
?ic?iaeaii i?eioeeie i oi?iae?ciaaii ii?yaeie ?ic?aooieo a?ioiai?
ioe?iee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue a Oe?a?ii, iaeanoyo,
aaeiii?aeiiao, i?aei?e?inoaao.

51. Iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei iathaaiiy caiaeue, ia?aaeaieo o
eieaeoeaio aeani?noue n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeei i?aei?e?inoaai ?
i?aai?caoe?yi. — E., 1996.- 8 n., o o./. aaoi?a n. 1-5 (aaoi?ii
?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo iathaaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue,
ia?aaeaieo o eieaeoeaio aeani?noue).

52. Iipyaeie a?ioiai? ioe?iee caiaeue ian?euenueeiainiiaeapnueeiai
i?ecia/aiiy (e??i caiaeue ianaeaieo ioieo?a).- E., 1997. — 41 n.
(eieaeoeaia i?aoey), o o./. aaoi?a n. 9-10 (aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaii ii?yaeie
?ic?aooieo a?ioiai? ioe?iee caiaeue caiano).

53. Oaoie/aneea oeacaiey ii ipiaaaeaieth yeiiiie/aneie ioeaiee caiaeue
(a oneiaeyo Oepaeineie NN?). — E., 1988. — 56 n. (eieaeoeaia i?aoey), o
o./. aaoi?a n. 9, 13-18, 26 (aaoi?ii aecia/aii ii?yaeie ia/eneaiiy
iieaciee?a aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee aa?ia?oi a?oio?a i?ae
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeie eoeueoo?aie, aeeth/ath/e aaaaoi??/i?
ianaaeaeaiiy).

54. Apaiaiiua oeacaiey ii aioopeoicyenoaaiiie ioeaiea caiaeue
Oepaeineie NN?. — E., 1989. — 33 n.(eieaeoeaia i?aoey), o o./. aaoipa n.
9-11, 13-16, 19-23, 26-28 (aaoi?ii ii?aoeueiaaii iaoiaeeeo
aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? cao?ao ia ae?iaieoeoai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
eoeueoo? i?e aioo??oiueiainiiaea?nuee?e iieiioopi?e aeiiii?/i?e ioe?ioe?
aa?ia?oi a?oio?a i?ae ??cieie n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeie eoeueoo?aie).

55. Iaoiaee/aneea paeiiaiaeaoeee ii ipeiaiaieth yeiiiie/aneie ioeaiee
caiaeue i?e iiaeaaaeaiee eoiaia oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe. — E.,
1983. — 17 n.

56. Iaoiaee/aneea paeiiaiaeaoeee ii ipeiaiaieth ioeaiee caiaeue a
eiiieaeniii aiaeeca ipiecaiaenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo ipaaeipeyoee. — Haaeaipiay, 1984, -24 n.(a
niaaoipnoaa n E.A. Eapiaiei, H.A. Aaieoeiui, ?.I.Heeeoipaeii, E.E.
Iuoetheii), o o./. aaoi?a n.3-7, 11-16, 18-20 (aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeai?
iaoiaee/i? iieiaeaiiy aiae?co aeei?enoaiiy caiaeueieo ?ano?n?a oa
eiiieaenii? ioe?iee ae?iaie/i? ae?yeueiino? eieaini?a c o?aooaaiiyi
a?aei?iiinoae o aeiiii?/i?e ioe?ioe? caiaeue).

57. ?aciauaiea ieaiia ainoaeapnoaaiiuo caeoiie naeuenueeioicyenoaaiiie
ipiaeoeoeee aioope iaeanoe (epay, ANN?) e paeiia (iaoiaee/aneea
paeiiaiaeaoeee). — ?inoia-ia-Aeiio: Ei. ecae-ai, 1985. — 80 n.
(eieaeoeaia i?aoey), o o./. aaoi?a n.25-27, 30-32 (aaoi?ii cai?iiiiiaaii
i?eioeei ia?a?aooieo ianya?a caeoi?aaeue ?c noia?iiai a iaoo?aeueiee
ae?ac oa i?eioeei ?ici?uaiiy aea?aeaaieo caeoi?aaeue ia iniia?
ii??aiyiii? ??ee?).

58. Iaoiaee/aneea oeacaiey ii aiaaepaieth a naeueneia oicyenoai
eiiieaena caaea/ «Ipeiaiaiea yeiiiie/aneie ioeaiee caiaeue i?e
panipaaeaeaiee iauaiia ipiecaiaenoaa e caeoiie naeuenueeioicye-noaaiiuo
ipiaeoeoia e aiaeeca oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe ipaaeipeyoee».- E.,
1982. — 21 n. (a niaaoipnoaa n E.A. Eapiaiei, E.E. Iacopii e H.N.
sspineaaneei), o o./. aaoipa n.5-9 (aaoipii iipaoeueiaaii noaio aiae?co
iaeapaeaieo ia AII picpaooie?a ca aeo?aeieie oipiaie).

59. ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii i?aai?caoe?? naeyinueeeo (oa?ia?nueeeo)
ainiiaea?noa a Oepa?i?. *anoeia ia?oa. — E., 1993. — 128 n.(eieaeoeaia
i?aoey), o o./. aaoi?a n.5-8, 13-17, 21-22 (aaoi?ii ii?aoeueiaai?
iniiai? iieiaeaiiy caiaeueieo a?aeiinei i?e aaaeaii? naeyinueeiai
(oa?ia?nueeiai) ainiiaea?noaa).

60. ?aeiiaiaeaoei? ii oi?ioaaiith i ooieoe?iioaaiith i?eaaoii-i?aiaeieo
i?aei?e?inoa /Ca ?aae. aeaae. OAAI I.O.Naaeoea. Eieaeoea aaoi?ia. — E.:
?AA, 1997. — 80 n., o o./. aaoi?a n.19-26, 28-31 (aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaia
iaoiaeieia?y i iaoiaeeea a?ioiai? ioe?iee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
oa?aeue oa ?o iathaaiiy).

I?iiiceoei? O?yaeo Oe?a?ie

1. I?iiiceoei? aei Eiaeaeno Oe?a?inueei? ?N? i?i caieth oa i?iaeoo
caeiiiaeaa/iai aeoo Oe?a?inueei? ?N? i?i ii?yaeie iaaeaiiy i aeeo/aiiy
caiaeueieo ae?eyiie. Iiaeai? Aea?aeaa?ii?iio O?N? i Aa?oiaiie ?aae? O?N?
21.08.90?., ?01-02/629.

2. I?iiiceoei? aei Caiaeueiiai eiaeaeno Oe?a?inueei? ?N?. Iiaeai?
Aa?oiaiie ?aae? Oe?a?inueei? ?N? 17.09.90?., ?01-02/693.

3. I?iiiceoei? aei “I?ia?aie iaaecae/aeieo caoiae?a uiaei noaa?e?caoe??
aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie oa aeoiaeo ?? c e?eciaiai noaio” a aaeoc?
aa?ii?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa. Iiaeai? Aa?oiaiie ?aae? Oe?a?inueei? ?N?
23.08.91?., ?01-02/701.

4. I?i eiioeaioe?th aeoiaeo aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno Oe?a?ie c
e?eciaiai noaio. Iiaeai? Iiiinoa?noao n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa
01.10.91?., ?01-02/800.

5. Iaa?aeeeaaei? ieoaiiy cae?eniaiiy aa?a?ii? ?aoi?ie. Iiaeaii Eaaiiaoo
Iiiino?ia Oe?a?ie 05.11.92?.

6. I?iaeo Aeae?aoo Eaaiiaoo Iiiino?ia Oe?a?ie “I?i ia?aaea/o
a?iiaaeyiai Oe?a?ie o i?eaaoio aeani?noue caiaeueieo ae?eyiie”. Iiaeaiee
Eaaiiaoo Iiiino?ia Oe?a?ie 27.11.92?., ?29/925.

7. I?iaeo Aeae?aoo Eaaiiaoo Iiiino?ia Oe?a?ie “I?i aaei?i?no?aoeaio
a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca ii?ooaiiy caiaeueiiai caeiii-aeaanoaa”. Iiaeaiee
Eaaiiaoo Iiiino?ia Oe?a?ie 02.12.92?., ?21/935.

8. I?iaeo Aeae?aoo Eaaiiaoo Iiiino?ia Oe?a?ie “I?i i?iaeaae caiaeueieo
ae?eyiie ianieuenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai i?ecia/aiiy i?ae aoae?aieoeoai
ia’?eo?a c ?iicaiiei ?iaanooaaiiyi.” Iiaeaiee Eaaiiaoo Iiiino?ia Oe?a?ie
29.12.92?., ?29/1035.

9. I?i iaiiaeeea?noue aaaaeaiiy a ae?th Caeiio Oe?a?ie “I?i
aaieooonoai” a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?. Iiaeaii Eaaiiaoo Iiiino?ia
Oe?a?ie 10.01.93?., ?01.02/12.

10. I?iaeo Oeaco I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie “I?i iaa?aeeeaaei? caoiaee ii
caaacia/aiith a?iiaaeyi caiaeueieie ae?eyieaie”. Iiaeaiee ?aaeieeo
I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie 29.03.93?., ?01-02/259.

11. I?iaeo Oeaco I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie “I?i iathaaiiy caiaeue”. Iiaeaiee
Aaeiiiino?aoei? I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie i Eaaiiaoo Iiiino?ia Oe?a?ie
14.12.93?., ?01-02/800.

12. I?i caoiaee uiaei i?enei?aiiy caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie a Oe?a?ii. Iiaeaii
Iiiino?o n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie 20.12.93?., ?01-02/815.

13. I?iaeo Oeaco I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie “I?i caiaeueio ?aoi?io a Oe?a?ii”.
Iiaeaiee Aaeiiiino?aoei? I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie 06.01.94?., ?01-02/11.

14. I?i ?icaeoie caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie a Oe?a?ii. Iiaeaii Aieia? Aa?oiaii?
?aaee Oe?a?ie 20.04.94?., ?179/16.

15. Iniiai? iai?yie ?aoi?ioaaiiy caiaeueieo a?aeiinei a Oe?a?ii
(I?iiiceoei? ii oaeineiiaeaiith caeiiiaeaa/eo aeo?a c ieoaiue ?icaeoeo
AIE Oe?a?ie). Iiaeai? Aa?oiaiie ?aae? Oe?a?ie o ea?oi? 1994?.

16. I?iaeo Oeaco I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie “I?i iathaaiiy
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue eieaeoeaieo n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
i?aei?e?inoa”. Iiaeaiee Aaeiiiino?aoei? I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie i Eaaiiaoo
Iiiino?ia Oe?a?ie 05.05.94?.

17. I?iaeo Aea?aeaaii? i?ia?aie caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie a Oe?a?ii.
(?ic?iaeaiee ?iai/ith a?oiith, ca o/anoth aaoi?a, noai?aiith
Aea?aeeiicaiii Oe?a?ie. A iniiaiiio noaaeaiee Eaaiiaoii Iiiino?ia
Oe?a?ie (i?ioieie ?3 a?ae 3 aeiaoiy 1994?.).

18. I?iaeo Oeaco I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie “I?i iaa?aeeeaaei? caoiaee uiaei
i?enei?aiiy caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie a Oe?a?ii”. Iiaeaiee Aaeiiiino?aoei?
I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie 22.08.94?., ?01-02/380.

19. I?iiiceoei? uiaei ci?i i aeiiiaiaiue aei Caiaeueiiai eiaeaeno
Oe?a?ie. Iiaeai? Eaaiiaoo Iiiino?ia Oe?a?ie 23.09.94?., ?16/424.

20. I?iiiceoei? aei I?ia?aie cae?eniaiiy ?aoi?ie a AIE. Iiaeai?
Eaaiiaoo Iiiino?ia Oe?a?ie 01.12.94?.

21. I?iiiceoei? uiaei i?iaeoo Caeiio Oe?a?ie “I?i aianaiiy ci?i i
aeiiiaiaiue aei Caiaeueiiai eiaeaeno Oe?a?ie”. Iiaeai? Eaaiiaoo
Iiiino?ia Oe?a?ie 16.01.95?., ?16/331.

22. I?iaeo Oeaco I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie “I?i i?aai?caoe?ei? ca-oiaee uiaei
cae?eniaiiy caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie o n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?-noa?”. Iiaeaiee
Eaaiiaoo Iiiino?ia Oe?a?ie 09.11.95?., ?17/565.

23. I?iiiceoei? uiaei i?iaeoo Caeiio Oe?a?ie “I?i aianaiiy ci?i i
aeiiiaiaiue aei Caiaeueiiai eiaeaeno Oe?a?ie”. Iiaeai? Eaaiiaoo
Iiiino?ia Oe?a?ie 13.11.95?., ?17/568.

24. Caiaeueia ?aoi?ia (Iaoa?iaee aei Anaoe?a?inueei? ia?aaee c ieoaiue
aa?a?ii? iie?oeee). Iiaeaii ?aaeieeo I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie 27.11.95?.,
?17/612.

25. I?iaeo Caeiio Oe?a?ie “I?i i?aiaeo caie?”. Iiaeaiee Aea?aeeiicaio
Oe?a?ie 16.08.95?.

26. I?i o?ae caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie. Iiaeaii Aaeiiiino?aoei? I?aceaeaioa
Oe?a?ie 16.04.96?.

27. Iieiaeaiiy i?i iaoai?ci aeiiii?/iiai noeioethaaiiy aeaniee?a caie?
oa caieaei?enooaa/?a o aaeoc? ioi?iie caiaeue oa naieoe?? i?e iia??oaii?
ye?niiai noaio caiaeue. Iiaeai? Aea?aeeiicaio Oe?a?ie 29.04.96?.,
?17/215.

28. I?iiiceoei? aei i?iaeoo Caeiio Oe?a?ie “I?i aianaiiy ci?i i
aeiiiaiaiue aei Caiaeueiiai eiaeaeno Oe?a?ie”. Iiaeai? Aaeiiiino?aoei?
I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie 15.05.96?., ?01-02/243.

29. I?i o?ae aa?a?ii? ?aoi?ie a Oe?a?ii. Ia?aaeaii Aaeiiiino?aoei?
I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie 04.06.96?., ?17/273-a.

30. Eiioeaioeey ?aoi?ie?iaaiey aa?a?ii-i?iiuoeaiiiai eiii-eaena
Aaoiiiiiie ?anioaeeee E?ui. Iai?aaeaia Aeoea-i?aiuea?-ieieno?o
Aaoiiiiiie ?anioaeeee E?ui 19.06.96a., ?17/300.

31. I?iaeo Oeaco I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie “I?i caoiaee uiaei ?icaeoeo
naeyinueeeo (oa?ia?nueeeo) ainiiaea?noa”. Iiaeaiee Aaeiiiino?aoei?
I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie oa Anioeiaoei? oa?ia??a Oe?a?ie 10.09.96?., ?17/437.

32. I?iaeo (aeiiiaiaiee) Caeiio Oe?a?ie “I?i i?aiaeo caie?”. Iiaeaiee
Oe?a?inueeie aeaaeai?? aa?a?ieo iaoe 07.10.96?., ?17/471.

33. I?iiiceoei? aei i?iaeoo Caeiio Oe?a?ie “I?i aianaiiy ci?i i
aeiiiaiaiue aei Caiaeueiiai eiaeaeno Oe?a?ie”. Iiaeai? Eaaiiaoo
Iiiino?ia Oe?a?ie 17.10.96?., ?17/483.

34. I?iaeo Oeaco I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie “I?i i?aiaeo caiaeueieo /anoie
(ia?a) a i?ioean? ?aoi?ioaaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa”.
Iiaeaiee I?aceaeaioo Oe?a?ie 31.01.97?., ?22-317/2.

35. I?i i?enei?aiiy caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie a Oe?a?ii. Iiaeaii
Aaeiiiino?aoei? I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie i Eaaiiaoo Iiiino?ia Oe?a?ie
03.02.97?., ?01-01/58.

36. I?i i?e/eie, ye? no?eiothoue cae?eniaiiy caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie.
Iiaeaii Aaeiiiino?aoei? I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie 24.03.97?., ?01-01/163.

37. I?i caiaeueio ?aoi?io i ?icaeoie oi?i ainiiaea?thaaiiy. Iiaeaii
Eaaiiaoo Iiiino?ia Oe?a?ie 25.04.97?., ?17/233.

38. I?iiiceoei? aei iaa?aeeeaaeieo caoiae?a uiaei i?enei?aiiy ?aoi?i i
aeaaaeaiiy aeiiii?ee c e?ece. Iiaeai? Aeuie aeiiii?/i?e ?aae?
I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie 24.07.97?., ?16/386.

39. I?iaeo Oeaco I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie “I?i caoiaee uiaei ?icaeoeo
iniaenoeo i?aeniaieo ainiiaea?noa ianaeaiiy”. Iiaeaiee Iiiaa?ii?iio
Oe?a?ie i Aaeiiiino?aoei? I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie 20.11.97?., ?17/531.

Aiioaoei?

Oaaei?ia I.I. Aeiiiii/ii i?iaeaie caiaeueieo aiaeiinei o

nieuenueeiio ainiiaea?noai (oai?iy, iaoiaeieiaiy, i?aeoeea).

Aeena?oaoei?th ? ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoeiy ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.07.02 — aeiiii?ea n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa i
AIE. ?inoeooo aa?a?ii? aeiiii?ee OAAI, Ee?a, 1998.

A aeena?oaoe?? ?icaeyioo? oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieiai/ii, iaoiaee/i? i
i?eeeaaei? aniaeoe oaeineiiaeaiiy caiaeueieo a?aeiinei o n?euenueeiio
ainiiaea?noa? a ia??iae ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee. Iaa?oioiaai?
iai?yie ?aoi?ioaaiiy caiaeueieo a?aeiinei, a oaeiae ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaa i
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ia caaacia/aiiy cae?eniaiiy caiaeueii? ?aoi?ie.
?ic?iaeai? i?aai?caoe?eia noaia, iaoai?ci ?aoi?ioaaiiy i aeiiii?/iiai
?aaoethaaiiy caiaeueieo a?aeiinei. Iaa?oioiaai? iai?yie ?icaeoeo i?aiaee
caie?, eiioeaiooaeuei? iniiae oi?ioaaiiy i ?icaeoeo ?eieo caiaeue.
Cai?iiiiiaai? i?eioeeie i ii?yaeie aeiiii?/iiai noeioethaaiiy aeaniee?a
caie? i caieaei?enooaa/?a ca ?aoe?iiaeueia aeei?enoaiiy i ioi?iio
caiaeue.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: caiaeuei? a?aeiineie, caiaeueia ?aioa, aeani?noue ia
caieth, caiaeueia ?aoi?ia, ?icaea?aeaaeaiiy caiaeue, i?eaaoecaoe?y
caiaeue, iathaaiiy caiaeue, ioe?iea caiaeue, i?aiaea caiaeue.

Oaaei?ia I.I. Yeiiiie/aneea i?iaeaiu caiaeueiuo ioiioa-

iee a naeueneii oicyenoaa (oai?ey, iaoiaeieiaey, i?aeoeea).

Aeenna?oaoeeae yaeyaony ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.07.02. — yeiiiieea naeueneiai oicyenoaa e AIE.
Einoeooo aa?a?iie yeiiiieee OAAI, Eeaa, 1998.

A aeenna?oaoeee ?anniao?eaathony oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieiae/aneea e
i?eeeaaeiua aniaeou niaa?oainoaiaaiey caiaeueiuo ioiioaiee a naeueneii
oicyenoaa a ia?eiae ia?aoiaea e ?uii/iie yeiiiieea. Iainiiaaiu
iai?aaeaiey ?aoi?ie?iaaiey caiaeueiuo ioiioaiee, a oaeaea
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaia e iao/ii-iaoiaee/aneia iaania/aiea i?iaaaeaiey
caiaeueiie ?aoi?iu. ?ac?aaioaiu i?aaiecaoeeiiiay noaia, iaoaieci
?aoi?ie?iaaiey e yeiiiie/aneiai ?aaoee?iaaiey caiaeueiuo ioiioaiee.
Iainiiaaiu iai?aaeaiey ?acaeoey a?aiaeu caiee, eiioeaiooaeueiua iniiau
oi?ie?iaaiey e ?acaeoey ?uiea caiaeue. I?aaeeiaeaiu i?eioeeiu e ii?yaeie
yeiiiie/aneiai noeioee?iaaiey nianoaaiieeia caiee e caieaiieueciaaoaeae
ca ?aoeeiiaeueiia eniieueciaaiea e io?aio caiaeue.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: caiaeueiua ioiioaiey, caiaeueiay ?aioa, nianoaaiiinoue
ia caieth, caiaeueiay ?aoi?ia, ?acainoaea?noaeaiea caiaeue,
i?eaaoecaoeey caiaeue, iaaaaiea caiaeue, ioeaiea caiaeue, a?aiaea
caiaeue.

FEDOROV M.M. Economic problems of land relations

in agriculture (theoric, methodologic, practice).

The thesis is a manuscript.

The thesis is submitted for the Scientific Degree of Doctor of
Economic Sciences on Speciality 08.07.02.- Economics of Agriculture
and the Agro-industrial Complex. The Institute of Agrarian Sciences,
Kyiv, 1998.

Theoretical, methodological, and applying aspects for improvement of
land relations in agriculture under transition to market economy are
considered in the thesis. Directions of land relations reformation and
normative and legal and scientific and methodical foundation for
implementation of the land reform are substantiated. The organization
scheme and mechanism of reforming and economic regulation of land
relations are developed. Directions of land leasing development,
conception foundations of forming and development of the land market are
substantiated. Principles and economic stimulation of landowners and
landusers to rationally use and protect land are proposed.

Key words: land relations, land rent, land owneship, land

reform, land demonopolization, land privatization, land sharing,

land assessment, land leasing.

Iiaeienaii aei ae?oeo 21.10.98?. Oi?iao 60o84/16. Oi. ae?oe. a?e. 2.0

Iaii? ae?oe. Iae.-aeae..a?e. 2.0. Oe?aae 100 i?ei. Cai. 115.

Aeieueieoey iia?aoeaii? iieia?aoi? ?inoeoooo aa?a?ii? aeiiiiiee

252127 Ee?a-127, aoe. Aa?i?a Iai?iie, 8

PAGE

PAGE 38

PAGE 260

Caiei, ui ia

iiaeeyaathoue

?icaea?aeaa-

eaiith

Ii?iaoeaii-

i?aaiaa

caaacia/aiiy

?aoi?ie

Oa?ia?nueeiio

aai iioiio

iiaei?e?inoao

Nai?io

iiaei?e?inoao

?icoe?aiiy

iniaenoiai

iiaeniaiiai

ainiiaea?noaa

ainiiaea?noaa

(oa?ia?nueeiai)

I?aaiicaoeiy

naeyinueeiai

Ia?aaea/a caiaeueii?

/anoee (iath) a i?aiaeo

(aeieyieith)

Aeoiae c

iiaei?e?inoaa ci

nai?i caiaeueiei

ia?i

Ia?aaea/a

caiaeueii?

/anoee (iath) o

niaaeueio

?aaeicaoeiy a?iiaaeyiaie

i?aaa ia caiaeueio

/anoeo (iae)

(?oo caiaeueieo ia?a)

O/anoue o

?aoi?ioaaiii

naiai

iiaei?e?inoaa

Aeaea/a na?oeoieaoia ia

i?aai ia caiaeueio

/anoeo (iae)

a?iiaaeyiai

n.-a. oaiaeue

A?ioiaa

ioeiiea

Iathaaiiy n.-a. oaiaeue

?aca?aiee

oiiae caiaeue

Ia?aaea/a caiaeue n.-a. iiaei?e?inoaai o

eieaeoeaio aeaniinoue

Caiei caiano

Ia?aaea/a

caiaeue o

aeaniinoue

a?iiaaeyiai

I?eaaoecaoeiy caiaeue

Aea?aeaaia

aeaniinoue

?icaea?aeaaeaiiy caiaeue

Iaoeiai-

iaoiaee/ia

caaacia/aiiy

?aoi?ie

Caiaeueia ?aoi?ia

?ioi caieaaeanieee i caieaei?enooaa/i

2.9%

Oa?ia?nueei

ainiiaea?noaa

2.5%

Eieaeoeaii nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueei iiaei?e?inoaa 66.6%

Nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueei eiiia?aoeae 2.0%

Nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueei aeoeiiia?ii

oiaa?enoaa

7.5%

A?iiaaeyie, yeei iaaeaii caiei o aeaniinoue i ei?enooaaiiy,

aac oa?ia?ia 13.8%

Aea?aeaaii nieue-nueeiainiiaea?nueei iiaei?e?inoaa 6.5%

aeey eieaeoeaiiai oa

2.3

1036.9

caieaei?enooaa/i

?ioi caieaaeanieee i

2.2

748.1

674.2

561.6

350.2

1036.9

ainiiaea?noaa

Oa?ia?nueei

2.1

4551.0

4282.8

3908.7

568.8

5788.7

oa?ia?ia)

aeaniinoue i ei?enooaaiiy (aac

A?iiaaeyie, yeei iaaeaii caiei o

2

5719.2

6753.1

7064.4

6922.1

2700.7

iiaei?e?inoaa

Aea?aeaaii nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueei

1.4

621.6

250.2

174.7

134.2

3161.0

oiaa?enoaa

Nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueei aeoeiiia?ii

1.3

56.9

83.7

91.2

56.4

95.2

Nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueei eiiia?aoeae

1.2

22039.8

21595.1

21460.4

20765.5

27869.8

iiaei?e?inoaa

Eieaeoeaii nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueei

1.1

28437.5

28682.1

28790.7

28447.1

28195.2

ei?enooaaiii)

(anueiai caiaeue o aeaniinoi i

Nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueei iiaei?e?inoaa

1

iiaeii?yaeeoaaiii

Caiei a aaeiiiino?aoeaiiio

I

1996

1995

1994

1993

A?iiaaeyie, yeei

iaaeaii caiei o

aeaniinoue i

ei?enooaaiiy

5.90%

Nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueei

eiiia?aoeae

0.02%

Aea?aeaaii

nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueei

iiaei?e?inoaa

23.62%

Eieainie

62.40%

?ioi caieaaeanieee i

caieaei?enooaa/i

8.06%

Caieaei?en-

ooaa/, o o./.

i?aiaea?

Aeaniee

Aeaniee,

ca ieaei?enooaa/,

o o./. i?aiaea?

Aeaniee,

caieaei?enooaa/,

o o./. i?aiaea?

Aieiaeiiiy

Ei?enooaaiiy

?icii?yaeaeaiiy

Aeaniee

Aeaniinoue ia caieth

Oi?aaeiiiy caiaeueiei oiiaeii

Noniieueii aiaeiineie

Caiaeueii aiaeiineie

Добавить комментарий

Ваш e-mail не будет опубликован. Обязательные поля помечены *