Еколого-біологічні особливості стеблової нематоди Ditylenchus destructor Thorne при паразитуванні на картоплі в зоні Полісся України: Автореф. дис…

IAOe?IIAEUeIEE AA?A?IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

EIOTHE

Ethaeieea Aiaoie??aia

OAeE 635.21:632.651

Aeieiai-a?ieia?/i? iniaeeaino? noaaeiai? iaiaoiaee Ditylenchus
destructor Thorne i?e ia?aceooaaii? ia ea?oiie? a cii? Iie?nny Oe?a?ie

06.01.11 – o?oiiaoieia?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa a?ieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? naeaeoe?? ? o?oiiaaeeoeeie Aea?aeaaii?
aa?iaeieia?/ii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie I?i?noa?noaa aa?ii?iieneiaiai
eiiieaeno Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?
Iieiaeaiaoeue A?eoi? Ieoaeeiae/, Aea?aeaaia aa?iaeieia?/ia aeaaeai?y
Oe?a?ie, i?i?aeoi? c iaoeiai? ?iaioe ? i?aeia?iaeieo ca’yce?a

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: — aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,
/eai-ei?aniiiaeaio OAAI N?aa?ueiaa Ae?ia Aeieo??aia, ?inoeooo
caiea?ianoaa OAAI, caa?aeoth/a eaai?aoi??? iaiaoieia??;

— eaiaeeaeao a?ieia?/ieo iaoe I?e?o?i A?eoi? Na?a?eiae/, ?inoeooo
caiea?ianoaa OAAI, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Ee?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana
Oaa/aiea

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 19 eenoiiaaea 1999 ?. i 10 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.004.02 a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio aa?a?iiio
oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 252041, i.Ee?a-41, aoe. Aa?i?a iai?iie, 15,
iaa/. ei?i. ? 3, aoae. ? 65.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: 252041 i. Ee?a-41, aoe. Aa?i?a
iai?iie, 11, iaa/. ei?i. ? 10.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 15 aeiaoiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Iaiaeaeoe A. ?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. A?aeiiino? i?i oeiaei/eii?noue noaaeiai? iaiaoiaee
ea?oiie? oa caoiaee icaei?iaeaiiy aoeuea a?ae ia? a cii? Iie?nny Oe?a?ie
aeoaea iaiaaeai?. Ia iiai?noth aea/ai? aeieiai-a?ieia?/i? iniaeeaino?
D.destructor oa ia?aa?a neeaaeieo a?io?i?/ieo ci?i, ye? i?ioiaeyoue a
aoeueaao ea?oiie? ca o?aaeaiiy ia?aceoii.

Iaaeinoaoi? aea/aiiy aiieiai? ia?aceoa, eiai ?iciianthaeaeaiiy oa
oeiaeeeainoi iiaeooue i?ecaanoe aei iaaacia/ii? neooaoei? a ianiiieoeoai
ea?oiiei, ai ii a aeioiiio ian?ii?, ii a aenieeo ?ai?iaeoeoeiyo ia
aeiionea?oueny iayaiinoue aoeuea, o?aaeaieo noaaeiaith iaiaoiaeith.
Aeei?enoaiiy no?eeeo ni?o?a a ii??aiyii? c o?i?/iei iaoiaeii ? a?eueo
no/aniei ? aeioe?eueiei caniaii caoenoo a?ae aeeoeeaioico.

I?ioyaii o?eaaeiai /ano a aieueoinoi iaoeiaeo onoaiia oeieani?yiiaaia
naeaeoeieia ?iaioa ia noieeinoue aei Ditylenchus destructor Thorne
iaeaea ia i?iaiaeeeanue , a i?e ?aeiioaaiii ni?oia oeth iciaeo ia
caaaeaee a?aee aei oaaae , ui i i?ecaaei aei cia/iiai iioe?aiiy a e?a?ii
ni?oia ea?oiiei, ianoieeeo i?ioe oeueiai o?oiaaeueiiioa. Oiio ioe?iea
?aeiiiaaieo ? ia?niaeoeaieo ni?oic?ace?a ea?oiie? oa aeae?eaiiy c ?o
/enea ?acenoaioieo aeicaieeoue i?aeaeueoe ?acoeueoaoeai?noue naeaeoe??
ii noai?aiith no?eeeo i?ioe noaaeiai? iaiaoiaee ni?o?a.

A ca’yceo c oei, ui aeeoeeaioe eieae?cothoueny a iniiaiiio a aoeueaao
ea?oiie?, a o?i?/i? caniae caoenoo a?ae aaeuei?io?a ye a
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo, oae ? a eieaeoeaieo ainiiaea?noaao iaeaea cian?i ia
canoiniaothoueny, iinoa? iaiao?aei?noue oaeineiiaeaiiy ian?iieoeueeeo
caoiae?a.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa aeeiiaia
a?aeiia?aeii c oaiaoe/iei ieaiii i?ia?aie iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo oa
aeine?aeii-eiino?oeoi?nueeeo ?ia?o Aea?aeaaii? aa?iaeieia?/ii? aeaaeai??
Oe?a?ie «Naeaeoe?y ea?oiie? ia no?ee?noue aei oe?aeeeaeo i?aai?ci?a ?
?ic?iaea oaoiieia?e uiaei aeae?eaiiy noeioeyoi??a ?inoo». Iiia?
Aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? 01960018644.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoa aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe — aea/aiiy
?iciianthaeaeaiiy i oeiaei/eiiino? noaaeiai? iaiaoiaee, iniaeeainoae
aca?iiaiaeiinei c ?ineeiith-ainiiaea?ai oa iaoiaaiieie i?aaiiciaie
a?eaiiai i aaeoa?iaeueiiai iioiaeaeaiiy , oaeineiiaeaiiy caoiaeia
caoenoo i?ioe oeueiai ia?aceoa. Aeey oeueiai aeeiioaaeenue oae?
caaaeaiiy:

— aeine?aeaeaiiy ?iciianthaeaeaiiy i oeiaei/eiiino? noaaeiai?
iaiaoiaee;

— aea/aiiy iaiaoiaeioaoie aoeuea ea?oiiei a oiiaao Iieinny Oe?a?ie ;

— ooi/iaiiy aiieiai/ieo iniaeeainoae D. destructor oa aieeao aeayeeo
a?ioe/ieo oaeoi??a ia noaaeiao iaiaoiaeo;

— aecia/aiiy ai?noo e?ioiaeth, a?aeiiaethth/eo oeoe??a oa aeoeaiino?
iie?oaiieieneaeace a caei?iaeo ? aeeoeeaioicieo aoeueaao ea?oiie?;

— aei?iaoaaiiy ?aeiiiaaieo oa ia?niaeoeaieo ni?oia ea?oiiei ia
noieeinoue i?ioe ea?oiieyiiai aeeoeeaioa;

— aeineiaeaeaiiy ?iei ianiiieoeueeeo caoiaeia oa iaoiaeo aa?o?aeiai?
ia?enoaie a icaei?iaeaii? ea?oiie? i?ioe D. destructor .

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe. Aia?oa a oiiaao Iieinny Oe?a?ie i?iaaaeaii
iaiaoieiai/io aenia?oeco a eieaeoeaieo ainiiaea?noaao oa i?eaaoiiio
naeoi?? i aeyaeaii oeiaei/eii?noue noaaeiai? iaiaoiaee. Aeine?aeaeaia
neiioiiaoeea o?aaeaiiy ie?aieo i?aaiia ea?oiiei aeeoeeaioaie ia
?aeiiiaaieo ni?oao ea?oiiei c ?iciei nooiaiai noieeinoi i?ioe ia?aceoa.
I?iaaaeaii ioe?ieo ?aca?aaoi??a noaaeiai? iaiaoiaee —
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo? ? ao?’yi?a ca ?o ni?eeiyoeea?noth.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui iiae iniaeiaie D.destructor i caoaeieeaie Phytopthora
infestans de Bary, Fysarium oxysporum Sch., Erwinia carotovora Holland,
Corynebacterium sepedonicum Scapt et Burkh iniothoue neia?a?/i? ca’ycee
— iiaaciy noaaeiai? iaiaoiaee iineeth? i?iya i?eic?a oa aaeoa??ic?a.

C’yniaaii, ui a ?acoeueoaoi oa?iaioaoeaiiai aieeao iaiaoiae a aoeueaao
ea?oiiei i?ioiaeyoue neeaaeii oiciieiai-aiioiii/ii i?ioeane ,
aeoeaiinoue yeeo caeaaeeoue aiae nooiaiy ?acenoaioiinoi aei D.
destructor. Aia?oa aecia/aii aeaye? iiina?aaeeiaai? oaeoi?e noieeinoi
?aeiiiaaieo ni?oia ciie Iieinny Oe?a?ie i?ioe noaaeiai? iaiaoiaee,
cie?aia aeoeaiinoue iieioaiieieneaeace, aiino aiaeiiaethth/eo oeoe?ia.

Ia iniiai i?iaaaeaiiy ioeiiee 70 ni?oia i aia?eaeia ea?oiiei ia
noieeinoue aei noaaeiai? iaiaoiaee aeaeieaii 8 ?acenoaioieo, yei
aeioeieueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe a naeaeoeieieo onoaiiaao Oe?a?ie ca
aeoiaeiee iaoa?iae ia oeth iciaeo.

Na?aae eiiieaeno ianiiieoeueeeo caoiaeia c iaoith icaei?iaeaiiy ea?oiiei
aiae aeeoeeaioico cai?iiiiiaaii i?iaiaeeoe ?aoaeueia ia?aae?aiiy c
aea?aeiaoaaiiyi oai?iai iinaaeeiaiai iaoa??aeo oa ianooiiei i?ia??aaiiyi
eiai i?e oaiia?aoo?? 15-17i N ? ae?oaei ia?aae?aiiyi, ui aeicaieeei
ciaioeoe e?euee?noue aeeoeeaioicieo aoeuea a iiaiio o?iaea? ia 19,4%.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeo aa?oiaeiai? ia?enoaie ?ineei
iiaiinoth icaei?iaeth? ea?oiieth aiae noaaeiai? iaiaoiaee.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aea/aiiy a?ieia?/ieo oa
aeieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae noaaeiai? iaiaoiaee aeaei iiaeeea?noue
iaa?oiooaaoe caoiaee uiaei iaiaaeaiiy /enaeueiino? iaiaoiae a cii?
Iie?nny Oe?a?ie.

Ia iniiai i?iaaaeaiiy iaiaoiaeiaenia?oece anoaiiaeaia nooiiiue
oeiaeeeainoi noaaeiai? iaiaoiaee ea?oiiei a eieaeoeaieo oa
iiaeeaiaeoaeueieo ainiiaea?noaao.

Aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae aca?iiaiaeiinei iiae iniaeiaie D.destructor i
caoaeieeaie a?eaieo oa aaeoa?iaeueieo oai?ia iieacaei, ui iaiaoiaee ,
aiaee?eaath/e oeyoe aeey i?iieeiaiiy iaoiaaiia, ni?eythoue iioe?aiith
iieicia i aaeoa?iicia , ui aeeeeea? cia/ii ao?aoe iinaaeeiaiai
iaoa?iaeo.

Iiaeeea?noue ?aca?aoaaiiy noaaeiai? iaiaoiaee ia ai?in? oa icei?e
ioaieoe? aeaco? ia iaiaoiaeiinoue i?i?iaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy ?o a
niaiciiie i?e caa?ic? o?aaeaiiy ea?oiie? noaaeiaith iaiaoiaeith.

Ai?no ?aaeoeoth/eo oeoe??a oa iie?oaiieieneaeacia aeoeai?noue iiaeooue
neoaoaaoe iiina?aaeeiaaieie e?eoa??yie ioe?iee naeaeoe?eiiai iaoa??aeo
ia no?ee?noue aei D.destructor. No?ee? ni?oe oa?aeoa?ecothoueny a?eueo
iecueeei ai?noii a?aeiiaethth/eo oeoe??a oa aenieith aeoeai?noth
iie?oaiieieneaeace.

A?n?i ni?oic?ace?a ea?oiie? — Ca?aai, Eiaca, Niiaoa, Nao??,
Aieiaaoeueea, I?ie?nie, Iaaea, I.86/611-2, yei aeyaeai? iaea?eueo
?acenoaioieie, cai?iiiiiaaii naeaeoeieiei onoaiiaai Oe?a?ie
aeei?enoiaoaaoe ye aeoiaeiee iaoa?iae ia oeth iciaeo.

A eaieao ia?aeiiiai ian?iieoeoaa, a oaeiae o i?eaaoieo ainiiaea?noaao
aeey icaei?iaeaiiy ea?oiie? a?ae D. destructor ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny
aeei?enoiaoaaoe i?iieaaiiy o aiaei oa ia?aae?aiiy c aea?aeiaeith oai?eo
aoeuea aei ? iiney ?o i?ia?iaaiiy.

Iaoiae aa?oiaeiai? ia?enoaie aeioe?eueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe a
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo oa ian?iieoeueeeo ainiiaea?noaao aeey icaei?iaeaiiy
?iaac?eiaaiiai iinaaeeiaiai iaoa??aeo.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiai? iniaenoi. O/anoue
caeiaoaa/a iieyaaea a iinoaiiaoe? caaaeaiue aenia?eiaio?a ? aecia/aii?
oeyo?a ?o ae??oaiiy, i?iaaaeaii? eaai?aoi?ieo ? iieueiaeo aeine?ae?a,
ocaaaeueiaii? oa noaoenoe/i?e ia?iaoe? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo,
i?aeaioiaoe? iaoa??ae?a aei ae?oeo.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe iia?aeiieai? ? io?eiaee iiceoeaio ioe?ieo ia i?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Iaoeiaa caaacia/aiiy aa?ii?iieneiaiai
ae?iaieoeoaa» (Iaeana, aea?aeaaia n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueea aeine?aeia
noaioe?y OAAI , 1999 ?.), ia i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? » Iaoeia? iniiae noaa?e?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoe??
?ineeiieoeoaa» ( Oa?e?a, ?inoeooo ?ineeiieoeoaa ?i. A. ss. TH?’?aa OAAI,
1999 ?. ), ia i?aeaoc?anuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? nooaeaio?a
oa iieiaeeo a/aieo (AEeoiie?nueeee ?iaeaia?ii-oaoiieia?/iee ?inoeooo ,
1999?.), ia can?aeaiiyo iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ii? ?aaee Aea?aeaaii?
aa?iaeieia?/ii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie (AEeoiie?, 1996-1999 ??.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii n?i
ae?oeiaaieo i?aoeue.

Ianya oa no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, iaoa??ae?a ? iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiue, ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiue — anueiai i’youe ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, ia?ae?eo
iineeaiue, aeiaeaoe?a. Caaaeueiee ianya — 117 noi??iie, aeeth/aa 15
oaaeeoeue, 25 ?enoie?a, c ieo 12 oioici?ie?a. Nienie e?oa?aoo?e i?noeoue
262 aeaea?aea, a oiio /ene? 80 ca?oa?aeieo aaoi??a.

I?NOeA, IAOA??AEE OA IAOIAeEEA I?IAAAeAIIss AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeiioaaeanue i?ioyaii 1995-1998 ?ie?a ia
eaoaae?? naeaeoe?? ? o?oiiaaeeoeeie Aea?aeaaii? aa?iaeieia?/ii?
aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie oa aeine?aeiiio iie? o/ainio «Oe?a?ia»
*a?iyo?anueeiai ?aeiio AEeoiie?nueei? iaeano?. E??i oiai, aoeueaia?
c?acee aeey i?iaaaeaiiy iaiaoiaenia?oece a?aeae?aee a eieaeoeaieo ?
i?eaaoieo ainiiaea?noaao Aieeinueei?, AEeoiie?nueei?, Ee?anueei? oa
??aiainueei? iaeanoae, ye? ciaoiaeyoueny a cii? Iie?nny Oe?a?ie.

Iaoa??aeii aeine?aeaeaiue i?aaeee aoeueae c iciaeaie o?aaeaiiy
noaaeiaith iaiaoiaeith, c?acee eoeueoo?ieo ?ineei, ao?’yi?a ? a?oioo,
a?ae?a?ai? a cii? Iie?nny Oe?a?ie.

Iaiaoiae aeae?eyee iiaeeo?eiaaiei iaoiaeii Aa?iaia ( Ee?ueyiiaa A.N.,
E?aeeue Y.E., 1969, Aeaeea? O., 1972), o?enoaaee OAOii ( Ee?ueyiiaa
A.N., E?aeeue Y.E., 1969, Ia?aiiiia A.A., A?thoeiaa O.E., 1956 ) oa
aecia/aee i?ae i?e?ineiiii IA?-15, IA?-3 ia oei/aniaeo
aiaeii-ae?oea?eiiaeo i?aia?aoao.

Aea/aiiy ?ineei-?aca?aaoi??a noaaeiai? iaiaoiaee i?iaiaeeee ia ooo/ii
noai?aiiio ?iaac?eiiio oii?. I?e oeueiio a a?oio aiineee oiaoi/ee
aeeoeeaioicieo aoeuea ni?oo Na?oaiie ee?anueeee a e?eueeino? 1,5 ea/i2
ia aeeaeio 10-12 ni (Eaaiiaa A.I., 1973). I?e?ineii?/i? ianoaaeaiiy a
i?aaiao ?ineei i?iaiaeeee iaoiaeii iaeiia?aiiaeo i?ia (Naaoieeiaa I.I.,
Oa?aioueaaa O.A., 1967). I?e i?iaaaeaii? iieueiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue
ei?enooaaeenue iaoiaeeeith iieueiaiai aeine?aeo (Aeiniaoia A.A., 1985).
Aeae?eaiiy a?ea?a ? aaeoa??e a /eno? eoeueoo?e i?iaiaeeee
caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie iaoiaeaie (Aaeueotheiaa E.E., 1968, *oiaeia A.A.,
1974, Iieiaeaiaoe A.I., 1985, Iiieiaa E.A., Oiuaey A.A., 1987), ooo/io
?iieoeyoe?th aoeuea cae?enithaaee ca iaoiaeeeith A.I. Iieiaeaioey (1985,
1989).

Ooo/iee ?iaac?eiee oii i?e aei?iaoaaii? ni?oic?ace?a ia no?ee?noue i?ioe
noaaeiai? iaiaoiaee noai?thaaee ca?aeii c ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie Goodey T.D.(
1935), *oiaeiaa A.A. ( 1974 ), Iieiaeaioey A.I. ( 1986 ). Aeey ioe?iee
aeo?aeiiai iaoa??aeo ea?oiie? aeei?enoiaoaaee ni?oe ? a?a?eaee c
eieaeoe?? ?inoeoooo ea?oiiey?noaa OAAI oa eiai ia?aae?.

Ai?no e?ioiaeth a aoeueaao ea?oiie? aecia/aee aaaiaei iaoiaeii,
aeoeai?noue iie?-oaiieieneaeace – oeo?iiao?e/iei iaoiaeii (Ii/eiie O.I.,
1976). Ai?no a?aeiiaethth/eo oeoe??a a aoeueaao ea?oiie? aecia/aee ca
iaoiaeeeith Aa?o?aia ( Ee?thoei A.I., Eaaeuaeia A.A.,1989 ).

Iae?ee o?aaeaiiy aoeuea i?e iieueiaeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo i?iaiaeeee /a?ac
i?nyoeue i?ney cae?aiiy o?iaeath. Noaoenoe/io ia?iaeo oeeo?iaeo aeaieo
cae?enithaaee iaoiaeaie iaeii- oa aaaaoioaeoi?iiai aeenia?n?eiiai ia
IAII iiaeae? ?O 486-DX c aeei?enoaiiyi i?ia?ai ARMSTAT oa ANOVA.

?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIUe

?ICIIANTHAeAEAIIss OA A?IEIA?*I? INIAEEAINO? D. DESTRUCTOR

?iciianthaeaeaiiy noaaeiai? iaiaoiaee

Ca aeaieie aaniyieo oa in?ii?o ianoaaeaiue anoaiiaeaii , ui ea?oiieyi?
aeeoeeaioe ?iciianthaeaeai? a on?o ianoaaeaieo ainiiaea?noaao, ui
a?aeiinyoueny aei ciie Iie?nny Oe?a?ie. Nooi?iue oe?aeeeaino? iaiaoiaee
Ditylenchus destructor caeaaeeoue a?ae yeino? iinaaeeiaiai iaoa??aeo,
no?eeino? ni?o?a, aeio?eiaiiy iniiaieo i?aaee aa?ioaoi?ee, ??aiy
i?iaaaeaiiy caoenieo caoiae?a i?ioe ia?.

Uiaei nooiaiy oe?aeeeaino? noaaeiai? iaiaoiaee a cii? Iie?nny Oe?a?ie
aeae?eaii o?e ciie ( ?en.1 ): aei ciie neeueiiai ?icaeoeo aeeoeeaioico
( e?euee?noue o?aaeaieo iaiaoiaeith aoeuea noaiiaeoue a?eueoa 10,1
a?aenioe?a ) a?aeianaii i?ai?/i? ?aeiie AEeoiie?nueei? iaeano?
(Ia?iaeeoeueeee, ?i?eue/einueeee), aeaye? ?aeiie Aieeinueei? (Eooeueeee,
Ethaiieeuenueeee) oa ??aiainueei? (Aieiaeeie?aoeueeee, Na?iainueeee)
iaeanoae. Ciia iii??iiai ?icaeoeo aeeoeeaioico (e?euee?noue o?aaeaieo
aoeuea neeaaea? 5,1-10,0%) aeeth/a? ainiiaea?noaa oeaio?aeueieo ?aeii?a
AEeoiie?nueei? ( *a?iyo?anueeee, Aeca?aeeinueeee, AEeoiie?nueeee,
Iiaia?aae-Aieeinueeee ), ainiiaea?noaa Ethaiieeuenueeiai ?aeiio
Aieeinueei? oa ?ieeoi?anueeiai ?aeiio ??aiainueei? iaeanoae. Ciia
iacia/iiai ?icaeoeo aeeoeeaioico ( e?euee?noue aeeoeeaioicieo aoeuea ia
ia?aaeuo? 5%) iaiaaeo?oueny ainiiaea?noaaie A?iaa?nueeiai ?aeiio
Ee?anueei? iaeano? oa Ca??/iyinueeiai ? Aeoa?iaeoeueeiai ?aeii?a
??aiainueei? iaeanoae.

??aaiue ?iaac?? aoeuea caeaaeeoue a?ae oi?ie aeaniino? ainiiaea?noaa —
o ii??aiyii? c eieaeoeaiei naeoi?ii a?i aeuee ( ia 0,4-3,1%) a
i?eaaoieo ainiiaea?noaao, aea ia aeio?eiothoueny oaoiieia?/i? aeiiae aei
ae?iuoaaiiy ea?oiie?. Iaiaeiaeiaa nooi?iue ca?aaeaiiy a eieaeoeaieo
ainiiaea?noaao iia’ycaia c aeei?enoaiiyi ??cieo ni?o?a, no?eeeo ?
iano?eeeo, a a i?eaaoiiio naeoi?? — a iniiaiiio ni?oinoi?o? oa
ae?iuoaaiiyi ea?oiie? a iiiieoeueoo??.

Iaiaoioaoia aoeuea ea?oiie? a oiiaao Iie?nny Oe?a?ie

O oai?eo aoeueaao aeyaeaii 6 aeae?a iaiaoiae, ye? iaeaaeaoue aei oanoe
?iaeei ? aeaio ?yae?a. Ie??i D. destructor, aeyaeaii aeae Pratylenchus
pratensis ( de Man) Filipjev, yeee oaeiae ? aiaeiia?aceoii ? oe?iei
?iciianthaeaeaiee ia oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie. Aei a?oie i?eiaaeuei?io?a
a?aeiineoueny Aphelenchus avenae Bastian, yeee ? einiiiie?oii ? aeineoue
oa?aeoa?iee aeey a?oio?a Oe?a?ie. A?oia nai?io?oieo iaiaoiae
i?aaenoaaeaia o?ueiia aeaeaie, ye? ? oaeiae cae/aeieie aeey
iaiaoiaeioaoie Oe?a?ie , a naia: Panagrolaimus rigidus Schneider,
Cephalobus persegnis Bastian i Rhabditis brevispina (Claus) Biitsyli.

A a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a o oai?eo aoeueaao ea?oiiei a Iieinueeie ciii
ia?aaaaeaee iaiaoiaee D. destructor, /anoioa aeyaeaiiy yeeo neeaaeaea
46,6 ( Ee?anueea iae.) -61,5% ( Aieeinueea iae ). E??i D. destructor,
yeee ? aacia?a/ii aeii?ioth/ei, aeineoue /anoi cono??/a?oueny ?ioee
ia?aceooth/ee aeae iaiaoiae — P. pratensis. *anoeia aoeuea canaeaia
iaiaoiaeaie ?c a?oie nai?ia?iio?a (a?ae 3,5 aei 16,9%) oa
i?eiaaeuei?io?a ( a?ae 0 aei 13,3%), ui na?ae/eoue i?i ?icaeoie
aiee?nieo i?ioean?a, iia’ycaieo c iiyaith nai?io?oieo a?ea?a oa
aaeoa??e, yeeie iaiaoiaee aeeaeyoueny.

Aieea D. destructor ia ??no, ?icaeoie ? o?iaeaei?noue ea?oiie?

I?ae nooiaiai no?eeino? ni?oo, ?inoii ? ?icaeoeii ?ineei oa ?o
i?iaeoeoeai?noth aeyaeaii i?yiee ca’ycie. ?c i?aeaeuaiiyi nooiaiy
no?eeino? c?inoa? i?iaeoeoeai?noue oa o?iaeaei?noue ea?oiie?.

O iano?eeiai aei o?aaeaiiy ni?oo Na?oaiie ee?anueeee niinoa??aaee
cao?eieo a oacao ?icaeoeo ia 4 aeiae, cieaeaiiy iieaciee?a iieueiai?
noiaeino? ia 26,8%, ciaioaiiy e?eueeino? noaaae a eou? ia 24,2%, aenioe
?ineei ia 14,9%, a oaeiae ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? oai?eo aoeuea a o?iaea?
aei 43,1% ? ciaioaiiy o?iaeaeiino? ia 35,4% (oaae.1). Na?aaeiuei-no?eeee
ni?o Eoaianueea oaeiae oa?aeoa?ecoaaany cieaeaiiyi iieueiai? noiaeino?
ia 13,3%, ciaioaiiyi e?eueeino? noaaae a eou? ia 6,5%, ca?eueoaiiyi
e?eueeino? oai?eo aoeuea a iiaiio o?iaea? aei 14,1% ? ciaioaiiyi
o?iaeaeiino? (ia 26,1%). O a?aeiinii no?eeiai ni?oo I?ie?nie ia i?ioyc?
aaaaoaoe?? /?oe? iciaee aeeoeeaioico ia niinoa??aaeenue, eeoa i?e
aiae?c? o?iaeath aoei aeyaeaii 5,8% oai?eo aoeuea, ui i?ecaaei aei
cieaeaiiy o?iaeaeiino? ia 10,1%.

A?eueo noieei ni?oe ? ai?oei oa?/iaei noano?aoii, iiae ni?eeiyoeeai, a
i?e?iaea noieeinoi e?e?oueny a neeaaeieo oiciieiai-aiioiii/ieo
i?ioeanao, yei aeieeathoue a nenoaii ?ineeia-ainiiaea? — iaiaoiaea.

Aeaye? a?ioeaiioe/i? ca’ycee D. destructor a aa?ioeaiic? ea?oiie?

I?a?aoe?ei? oeyoe noaaeiai? iaiaoiaee

Aeineiiaea ciaiiy oeyo?a iioe?aiiy D. destructor aeicaieeoue i?aaeeueii
? nai?/anii aeio?eioaaoeny iaiao?aeieo nai?oa?ieo oiia oa ?ioeo
i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a, ye? a caaacia/eee cieaeaiiy iaaeiai?o o?iaeath
a?ae oeueiai iaoiaaia.

Aea/aiiy i?a?aoe?eieo oeyo?a noaaeiai? iaiaoiaee a iieueaeo oiiaao
iieacaei, ui iniaeie D. destructor eieae?cothoueny a iniiaiiio a
aoeueaao, aea ?o e?euee?noue neeaaea? a?ae 10 aei1500 aec./a., oa
noieiiao (a?ae 3 aei 15 aec./a.), ?ieiee — a a?oio? (a?ae 3 aei 36
aec./a.) a caeaaeiino? a?ae oace ?icaeoeo ?ineeie. Ei?aiaaa nenoaia
?ineei ea?oiie? aoea a?eueia a?ae aeeoeeaio?a ia i?ioyc? an???
aaaaoaoe??. Oi/a iaaecaii? noaaea aeineoue ?ioaineaii canaeyeenue
iaiaoiaeaie ( a?ae 2 aei 9 aec./a.),iniaeie D. destructor ciaeaeaii ia
aeua 2 ni. iaae iiaa?oiath a?oioo, a a?eueo aenieeo /anoeiao ?ineei ?o
ia aeyaeaii. Iaeiae, io?eiai? iaie ?acoeueoaoe na?ae/aoue, ui aaaeeeey
ea?oiie? iiaea aooe aeaea?aeii ?iciianthaeaeaiiy ?iaac?? ? oiio eiai
o?aaa cieuoaaoe.

Oaeei /eiii, noaaeiaa iaiaoiaea c iaoa?einueei? aoeueae iia?o? a
i?i?inoee, noieiie, a iioii a aoeueae iiaiai o?iaeath, ?iaeoa — a a?oio,
a iieiee — o ieaeith /anoeio noaaea, aea ia aeua 2 ni.

?ineeie-ainiiaea?? noaaeiai? iaiaoiaee

Aea/aiiy iiaeeeaino? ?iaac?thaaiiy noaaeiaith iaiaoiaeith ?yaeo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo? ? ao?’yi?a iieacaei, ui D. destructor
ia iiiioaa ? i?e a?aenooiino? iniiaiiai ainiiaea?y -ea?oiie?, iiaea
ia?aiineoe iani?eyoeea? oiiae ia ?ioeo ?ineeiao.

Ani ianoaaeoaaii iaie eoeueoo?ii ?ineeie i ao?’yie ii ni?eeiyoeeainoi
aei D. destructor iiae?eaii ia aea? a?oie: ni?eeiyoeea?, a ei?aiyo yeeo
aeyaeaii an? noaae?? ?icaeoeo oa iaeiie/aiiy noaaeiaeo iaiaoiae ?
iani?eeiyoeea?, o yeeo a ei?aiyo oa ?ioeo i?aaiao ?ineei aeeoeeaio?a ia
aeyaeaii. Aei ni?eeiyoeeaeo a?aeianaii: ai?io, iceio ioaieoeth, ethiei,
?aaeen, ii?eao, iiaei?iaeiee aaeeeee, ie?ie iiaco/ee, ieoie necee,
a?aaaeueee cae/aeii, eoeo?oaeco, ieieio ?aaeueeo, eo?y/a i?ini, eiaiaeo
?iceiao, o?e?aaa?iee iaiaoo/ee. Aei iani?eeiyoeeaeo — y/iiiue, a?a/eo,
ai?/ae oi?noeee, eoeueaaao eiea?nueeo, no?iieo cae/aeio, oaiu
iieueiaee, uaaaeue eiinueeee, nii?eo cae/aeiee, ue?eoeth
eiaiaeiiiaeiaio.

Ia iaoo aeoieo, y/i?iue ? a?a/eo ne?ae aeei?enoiaoaaoe a n?aici?iao aeey
ciaioaiiy ?iaac?eiaaiino? a?oioo. Iniaeeao oaaao ne?ae i?eae?eyoe
cieuaiith oaeeo ao?’yi?a ye iiaei?iaeiee aaeeeee, ie??e iiaco/ee, ieo?e
necee, a?aaaeueee cae/aei?, ye? iiaeooue noaoe ?aca?aaoi?aie noaaeiai?
iaiaoiaee a aa?ioeaiic?.

Aca?iica’ycie c a?eaaie

A eaai?aoi?ieo oa iieueiaeo oiiaao aea/aii iniaeeaino? aca?iia?aeiinei
noaaeiai? iaiaoiaee ?c caoaeieeaie Fysarium oxysporum oa Phytophthora
infestans. Anoaiiaeaii, ui noaaeiaa iaiaoiaea caa??aa? naith
aeeoo?ae?yeuei?noue o i?enooiino? iacaaieo iaoiaai?a, a oaeiae ni?ey?
iioe?aiith ?ioaeoe?? nooi? aiee? oa o?oiooi?ico a oeaieiao aoeuea
ea?oiie?.

I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui noi?nia ca?aaeaiiy aoeuea
iaiaoiaeith ? caoaeieeii F. oxysporum i?ecaaei aei ca?eueoaiiy
e?eueeino? oai?eo aoeuea aei 27,9%, oiae? ye i?e ?iaacoaaii? aoeuea eeoa
iniaeiaie D. destructor oeae iieaciee neeaaeaa 14,9%, a i?e ?io?eoaaii?
eii?ae?yie a?eaa F. oxysporum — 8,3%. Iaaeia?? o?iaeath o ii??aiyii? c
eiio?ieai noaiiaea a?aeiia?aeii 13,2; 11,0; 3,3%. Ooo/ia ca?aaeaiiy
iinaaeeiaiai iaoa??aeo iniaeiaie D. destructor ? P. infestans iaeii/anii
ni?eyei ca?eueoaiith iieacieea o?aaeaiiy aoeuea aei 35,5% ? cieaeaiith
o?iaeaeiino? ia 14,4%. ?iaac?thaaiiy aoeuea noaaeiaith iaiaoiaeith
ni?e/eieei o?aaeaiiy 15,1% aoeuea ? cieceei o?iaeaei?noue ia 9,1%.
A?aenioie oai?eo aoeuea c o?iaeath ?io?eiaaiiai caoaeieeii P.infestans
iinaaeeiaiai iaoa??aeo neeaaeaa 10,6, a iaaeia?? o?iaeath — 4,6 %.

Iniaeeaino? aca?iia?aeiinei iaiaoiae c aaeoa??yie

Eaai?aoi?i? ? iieueia? aeine?aeaeaiiy na?ae/aoue, ui iaiaoiaee D.
destructor iineeththoue iaoiaaiio ae?th caoaeieea iie?i? aiee? Erwinia
carotovora. Oae, o aeiaaeeo ?io?eoaaiiy aoeuea caoaeieeii E.carotovora,
a?aenioie o?aaeaiiy aoeuea noaiiaea 7,4 , ui i?ecaaei aei cieaeaiiy
o?iaeaeiino? ia 14,5%. ?iaac?thaaiiy iinaaeeiaiai iaoa??aeo noaaeiaith
iaiaoiaeith ni?e/eieei o?aaeaiiy 17,5% aoeuea oa cieaeaiiy o?iaeaeiino?
ia 17,2%. I?e noi?niiio ca?aaeaii? ea?oiie? aeaiia iaoiaaiaie oe?
iieacieee a?aeiia?aeii c?inoaee aei 34,4 ? 29,7%.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue c aeei?enoaiiyi caoaeieea e?eueoeaai? aiee?
Corynebacterium sepedonicum noi?nii c? noaaeiaith iaiaoiaeith iieacaee,
ui cia/ii ca?eueoeeanue e?euee?noue oai?eo aoeuea — aei 44,2%, a
iaaeia?? o?iaeath neeaaeaa 21,9%. O oie aea /an i?e aeei?enoaii? a
aeine?ae? eeoa noaaeiai? iaiaoiaee oe? iieacieee a?aeiia?aeii noaiiaeee
17,5 ? 10,6%, a caoaeieea C. sepedonicum — 11,7 ? 12,2%.

Oaeei /eiii, noaaeiaa iaiaoiaea iiaea ni?a?nioaaoe oa i?iaeiaaeoaaoe
na?e aeeoo?aee oeeee a i?enooiino? caoaeiee?a aaeoa??aeueiiai ? a?eaiiai
iioiaeaeaiiy, ni?eyth/e ?o ?iciianthaeaeaiith. Oea iiynith?oueny
?ooeea?noth iaiaoiae oa ?o caeaoi?noth ia?aiineoe ia nai?e eooeeoey?i?e
iiaa?oi? ?ioaeoe?th a?eaieo oa aaeoa??aeueieo oai?ia. E??i oiai,
oa?iaioaoeaia ae?y o?aaieo aeae?eaiue iaiaoiae ia ee?oeie aoeuea
noai?th? ni?eyoeea? oiiae aeey aeeaeaiiy ? ?inoo eieii?e
i?e?ii?aai?ci?a, ui i?enei?th? caaieaaiiy oeaiei.

I?ae iniaeiaie D. destructor ? caoaeieeaie a?eaieo oa aaeoa??aeueieo
oai?ia (F. oxysporum, P. ?nfestans, E.carotovora, C. sepedon?cum )
aeyaeaii neia?a?/i? aca?iica’ycee.

A?IO?I?*I? CI?IE A AOEUeAAO EA?OIIE? I?Ae AIEEAII D. DESTRUCTOR

Aieea noaaeiai? iaiaoiaee ia ai?no e?ioiaeth a aoeueaao

Aea/aiiy ai?noo e?ioiaeth i?iaiaeeee a caei?iaeo oa o?aaeaieo noaaeiaith
iaiaoiaeith aoeueaao ea?oiie? ??cieo ca no?ee?noth ni?o?a : I?ie?nie,
Eoaianueea, Na?oaiie ee?anueeee . Anoaiiaeaii, ui a aeeoeeaioicieo
aoeueaao ea?oiie? an?o ianoaaeoaaieo ni?o?a oeae iieaciee ia?aaoaa? o
caeaaeiino? a?ae no?eeino? ni?oo aei D. destructor. O a?aeiinii no?eeiai
ni?oo I?ie?nie oa na?aaeiueino?eeiai Eoaianueea ciaioaiiy ai?noo
e?ioiaeth a aeeoeeaioicieo aoeueaao o ii??aiyii? ?c caei?iaeie ia
ia?aaeuoaaei 1,5 oa 2,1% ? aoei ia?noioiei. Aea o ni?oo Na?oaiie
ee?anueeee ai?no e?ioiaeth a aeeoeeaioicieo aoeueaao noaiiaea 13,4%, a a
caei?iaeo — 16,9%, ui ia 3,5% iaioa, ui nooo?ai aieeaa? ia aeo?ae
e?ioiaeth i?e ia?a?iaoe? aoeuea (?en. 2).

Aieea noaaeiai? iaiaoiaee ia ai?no ?aaeoeoth/eo oeoe??a a aoeueaao
ea?oiie?

Anoaiiaeaii cai?ioio caeaaei?noue i?ae ai?noii ?aaeoeoth/eo oeoe??a a
aoeueaao ? noeeuei?noth ni?o?a ea?oiie? aei o?aaeaiiy noaaeiaith
iaiaoiaeith (?en.3). ?c cieaeaiiyi no?eeino? ni?oo c?inoa? a?aenioie
a?aeiiaethth/eo oeoe??a a aoeueaao , iniaeeai a aeeoeeaioicieo. Oae, o
ni?eeiyoeeaiai ni?oo Na?oaiie ee?anueeee ai?no a?aeiiaethth/eo oeoe??a a
aeeoeeaioicieo aoeueaao neeaaeaa 1,71, a a caei?iaeo — 0,67%; o
na?aaeiueino?eeiai ni?oo Eoaianueea — 1,07 ? 0,49%; o no?eeiai ni?oo
I?ie?nie — 0,57 ? 0,45% . I?ae aieeaii aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? noaaeiaeo
iaiaoiae a?aeaoaa?oueny ?icuaieaiiy e?ioiaeth oa ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino?
a?aeiiaethth/eo oeoe??a a aoeueaao a caeaaeiino? a?ae nooiaiy no?eeino?
ni?o?a a?aeiia?aeii a 2,6; 2,1 oa 1,3 ?ace.

Iie?oaiieieneaeacia aeoeai?noue a aoeueaao ea?oiie?

Anoaiiaeaii ca’ycie i?ae aeoeai?noth iie?oaiieieneaeace a aoeueaao ?
nooiaiai ?acenoaioiino? ni?o?a ea?oiie? aei noaaeiai? iaiaoiaee —
iie?oaiieieneaeacia aeoeai?noue c?inoa? c i?aeaeuaiiyi nooiaiy no?eeino?
ni?oo.

Iaeieae/a aeoeai?noue oeueiai oa?iaioa niinoa??aaeanue o iano?eeiai
ni?oo Na?oaiie ee?anueeee. Oae, a caei?iaeo aoeueaao aiia noaiiaeea
38,9, a a o?aaeaieo noaaeiaith iaiaoiaeith — 47,2 a?aeiinieo iaeeieoeue
ia 1a. ?a/iaeie. Na?aaeiueino?eeee ni?o Eoaianueea oa?aeoa?ecoaaany
aeaui aeueie iieacieeaie iie?oaiieieneaeacii? aeoeaiino? — a caei?iaeo
aoeueaao a?i noaiiaea 60,4 , a a ?iaac?eieo — 73,9 a.i.. Iaeaeua
aeoeai?noue oa?iaioa aoea a?aei?/aia o a?aeiinii no?eeiai ni?oo I?ie?nie
, aea oeae iieaciee a caei?iaeo aoeueaao neeaaeaa 98,6, a oai?eo —
169,8 a.i. ( ?en.4 ).

Ne?ae a?aei?oeoe i?aeaeuaiiy aeoeaiino? IOI a aeeoeeaioicieo aoeueaao o
ii??aiyii? ?c caei?iaeie o ni?o?a Na?oaiie ee?anueeee oa Eoaianueea o
1,2 ?ace, a o ni?oo I?ie?nie — a 1,7 ?ace. Oea na?ae/eoue i?i a?eueo
?ioaineaiee neioac ?a/iaei, ui ? aaaeeeaeie oaeoi?aie aeoeaiiai
?ioi?oaoo o no?eeeo ni?o?a.

OAeINEIIAEAIIss CAOIAe?A CAOENOO I?IOE NOAAEIAI? IAIAOIAeE

Ioe?iea ni?oic?ace?a ea?oiie? ia no?ee?noue aei D. destructor

?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue na?ae/aoue, ui ni?oe ? a?a?eaee
ea?oiie? ye a?o/eciyii?, oae ? ca?oa?aeii? naeaeoe?? a?ae??ciythoueny ca
ni?eeiyoeea?noth aei o?aaeaiiy noaaeiaith iaiaoiaeith. Ae?aiacii
aeeoeeaioicieo aoeuea i?ney cae?aiiy a?iaeath ea?oiie? aoa a?aeiinii
oe?ieei ? neeaaeaa a na?aaeiueiio ca o?e ?iee a?ae 0,1 ( ni?oe Eiaca,
Nao??) aei 51,2% (Na?oaiie ee?anueeee). Aei /enea ni?oic?ace?a
a?o/eciyii? ? ca?oa?aeii? naeaeoe??, ye? i?iyaeee a?aeiinio no?ee?noue
aei D. destructor (a?aenioie o?aaeaiiy a?ae 0 aei 5,0) a?aeianaii 8
ni?oic?ace?a, ui neeaaea? 11,4% a?ae caaaeueii? e?eueeino?
aei?iaiaoaaieo.

Na?aaeiueith no?ee?noth aei noaaeiai? iaiaoiaee (nooi?iue o?aaeaiiy
5,1-10,0%) oa?aeoa?ecothoueny 29 c?ace?a, ui neeaaeaei a?ae caaaeueiiai
ianyao 41,5%.

Aei neaaini?eeiyoeeaeo ni?o?a ? a?a?eae?a ea?oiie? (o?aaeaii 10,1-15,0%
aoeuea) a?aeianaii 15, ui neeaaea? 21,4%, a aei ni?eeiyoeeaeo
ni?oic?ace?a a?aeianaii 11 ni?o?a aai 15,7% a?ae caaaeueiiai ianyao
c?ace?a ea?oiie?, ye? ciaoiaeeeenue o ni?oiaei?iaoaaii? ia oeth iciaeo.

Iaea?eueoo nooi?iue o?aaeaiiy aoeuea ea?oiie? noaaeiaith iaiaoiaeith (
a?eueoa 20%) iaee ni?oe a?o/eciyii? ? ca?oa?aeii? naeaeoe??, a naia :
Aiinoa, Aa?aaeiy, Samara, Aa?ian, Aa?oiaeia, Aae?aooa, Na?oaiie
ee?anueeee, ui noaiiaeei 10% a?ae caaaeueiiai ianyao aeine?aeaeoaaieo
ni?oic?ace?a.

Aeae?eai? iaie ?acenoaioi? ni?oic?acee ea?oiie? Eiaca, Niiaoa, Nao??,
Iaaea, I.86 611-2, I?ie?nie, Aieiaaoeueea, Ca?aai aeioe?eueii
aeei?enoiaoaaoe a naeaeoe?eieo onoaiiaao Oe?a?ie ye aeo?aeiee iaoa??ae
aeey noai?aiiy iaiaoiaeino?eeeo ni?o?a.

?ieue ian?iieoeueeeo caoiae?a a icaei?iaeaii? ea?oiie? a?ae noaaeiai?
iaiaoiaee

Aea/aiiy ?ie? i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a a ciaioaii? ?iaac?eiaaiino?
ea?oiie? noaaeiaith iaiaoiaeith iieacaei, ui aenaaeaeoaaiiy ia?aa?aieo
? aea?aeiaaieo, i?ia??oeo i?e oaiia?aoo?? 15-170 N oa ae?oaee ?ac
ia?aa?aieo aoeuea aeaei iiaeeea?noue cieceoe a?aenioie ?o o?aaeaiiy
noaaeiaith iaiaoiaeith aei 2,4%, ui ia 11,7% iaioa a ii??aiyii? c
aa??aioii, a yeiio aenaaeaeoaaee iinaaeeiaee iaoa??ae aac ia?aae?aiiy.
I?e oeueiio iaaeia?? o?iaeath cieceany ia 19,4%. Ia?aae?aiiy oa
icaeaiaiiy aoeuea aeicaiey? ciaioeoe e?euee?noue o?aaeaieo noaaeiaith
iaiaoiaeith aoeuea a ii??aiyii? c aa??aioii, o yeiio aoeueae ia
ia?aae?aee ia 10,3% oa ciaioeoe iaaeia?? o?iaeath ia 26,5%. Ne?ae
a?aei?oeoe, ui iaa?oue i?e iaeii?aciaiio ia?aae?aii? aoeuea ia?aae
iinaaeeith o?aaeai?noue iinaaeeiaiai iaoa??aeo ciaioo?oueny o 2 ?ace.

Icaei?iaeaiiy ea?oiie? iaoiaeii aa?o?aeiai? ia?enoaie

Aiae?c ?ineei ? aoeuea, iaea?aeaieo iaoiaeii eoeueoo?e aa?o?aeiai?
ia?enoaie, yeo aeae?eyee c ia?inoe?a, iaea?aeaieo a?ae aeeoeeaioicieo
aoeuea, iieacaa iiaio a?aenooi?noue a ieo ?iaac?? D. destructor. I?e
oeueiio o an?o aeiaaeeao e?euee?noue iaea?aeaieo caei?iaeo ?ineei ?
aoeuea neeaaeaea 100%. Oaeei /eiii, aeiaaaeaia iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy
iaoiaeo aa?o?aeiai? ia?enoaie aeey iaea?aeaiiy caei?iaeo ?ineei ?c
iinaaeeiaeo ia?o?e ea?oiie?, o?aaeaieo noaaeiaith iaiaoiaeith.

AENIIAEE

1. Noaaeiaa iaiaoiaea Ditylenchus destructor ?iciianthaeaeaia a on?o
ianoaaeaieo eieaeoeaieo oa i?eaaoieo ainiiaea?noaao ciie Iie?nny
Oe?a?ie, ??aaiue o?aaeaiiy aoeuea noaiiaeoue a?ae 0,6 aei 16,8%. A?eueo
aenieee ??aaiue ?iaac?? aoeuea aeyaeaii a ainiiaea?noaao i?ai?/ieo
?aa?ii?a AEeoiie?nueei? iaeano?, a aeayeeo ?aeiiao Aieeinueei? oa
??aiainueei? iaeanoae, iaio aenieee — a ainiiaea?noaao Ee?anueei?
iaeano?. ??aaiue ?iaac?? aeuee a i?eaaoiiio naeoi?? a ii??aiyii? c
eieaeoeaiei ia 2,5%, ui iiynith?oueny ii?ooaiiyi oaoiieia?/ieo aeiia aei
ae?iuoaaiiy oa caa??aaiiy ea?oiie?.

2. A oai?eo aoeueaao ea?oiie? aoei aeyaeaii ianooii? aeaee iaiaoiae :
Ditylenchus destructor, Pratylenchus pratensis, Panagrolamus rigidus
Aphelenchus avenae, Caphalobus persegnis, Rhabditis brevispina. Ca
o?io?/ieie ca’yceaie ?o a?aeiinyoue aei o?ueio a?oi : o?oiaaeuei?ioe (2
aeaee), i?eiaaeuei?ioe (1 aeae ), nai?ia?iioe (3 aeaee ).

3. Anoaiiaeaii, ui iaiaoiaea D. destructor aieeaa? ia ??no, ?icaeoie oa
o?iaeaei?noue ea?oiie?. O iano?eeiai ni?oo Na?oaiie ee?anueeee
niinoa??aaee cieaeaiiy iieaciee?a iieueiai? noiaeino?, cao?eieo a
i?ioiaeaeaii? oac ?icaeoeo, ciaioaiiy e?eueeino? noaaae o eou?, aenioe
?ineei oa o?iaeaeiino? ia 35,4%, a oaeiae ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? oai?eo
aoeuea a o?iaea? aei 43,1%. O no?eeiai ni?oo I?ie?nie ia i?ioyc?
aaaaoaoe?? /?oe? iciaee aeeoeeaioico ia niinoa??aaeenue, aea i?e aiae?c?
o?iaeath aoei aeyaeaii 5,8% oai?eo aoeuea, ui i?ecaaei aei cieaeaiiy
o?iaeaeiino? ia 10,1%.

4. Aeine?aeaeoaai? iaie n?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee? eoeueoo?e ? ao?’yie ca
nooiaiai ni?eeiyoeeaino? aei noaaeiai? iaiaoiaee iiaeooue aooe
?iciiae?eai? ia aea? a?oie: ni?eeiyoeea? oa iani?eeiyoeea?. Aei ia?oi?
a?oie iaie a?aeianaii ai?io, iceio ioaieoeth, ethiei, ?aaeen, ii?eao,
iiaei?iaeiee aaeeeee, ie?ie iiaco/ee, ieoie necee, a?aaaeueee cae/aeii,
eoeo?oaeco, ieieio ?aaeueeo, eo?y/a i?ini, eiaiaeo ?iceiao, o?e?aaa?iee
iaiaoo/ee; aei ae?oai? — y/i?iue, a?a/eo, a??/ae ui?noeee, a??/ae
ii/a/oeiee, eoeueaaao e?ea?nueeo, no??ieo cae/aeio, oaiu iieueiaee,
uaaaeue e?inueeee, nii?eo cae/aeiee, ue?eoeth eiaiaeiiiae?aio.

5. Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?ae iniaeiaie D. destructor ? caoaeieeaie i?eic?a
(Fusarium oxysporum, Phytophthora infestans) oa aaeoa??ic?a (Erwinia
carotovora, Coronebacterium sepedonicum) ?niothoue neia?a?/i? ca’ycee.
Iaiaoiaee ni?eythoue i?iieeiaiith ? ?iciianthaeaeaiith ?ioaeoe??, ui
i?ecaiaeeoue aei caaieaaiiy iinaaeeiaiai iaoa??aeo a ia??iae caa??aaiiy.
Noi?nia ae?y iaiaoiae ? caoaeiee?a oai?ia ni?e/eiy? iaaeia?? o?iaeath
ea?oiie? ia 9,1-29,7%, oiae? ye aieea eeoa iaeiiai iaoiaaia — ia
3,1-14,5%.

6. I?ae aieeaii o?aaieo oa?iaio?a noaaeiai? iaiaoiaee a aoeueaao
ea?oiie? ciaioo?oueny ai?no e?ioiaeth ia 1,1 — 3,5%, e?euee?noue
?aaeoeoth/eo oeoe??a ca?eueoo?oueny a 1,3 — 2,6 ?ac, a aeoeai?noue
iie?oaiieieneaeace c?inoa? a 1,2-1,7 ?ace.

7. Ioe?iea 70 ni?oic?ace?a ea?oiie? ia no?ee?noue i?ioe noaaeiai?
iaiaoiaee iieacaea, ui iaea?eueo no?eeeie aei o?aaeaiiy ia?aceoii
aeyaeeenue ni?oic?acee Eiaca, Niiaoa, Nao??, Iaaea, I.86 / 611-2,
I?ie?nie, Aieiaaoeueea ? Ca?aai.

8. Iiaea?eia ia?aae?aiiy c aea?aeoaaiiyi oai?eo aoeuea aei ? i?ney
i?ia??aaiiy ia i?ioyc? aeaio oeaei?a i?e oaiia?aoo?? 15-170 N cieaeo?
o 5,6 ?ace e?euee?noue aeeoeeaioicieo aoeuea.

9. Aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeo eoeueoo?e aa?o?aeiai? ia?enoaie aea?
iiaeeea?noue iiai?noth icaei?iaeoe ea?oiieth a?ae noaaeiai? iaiaoiaee.

?AEIIAIAeAOe?? AE?IAIEOeOAO

Ni?oic?acee Eiaca, Niiaoa, Nao??, Iaaea, I.86 / 611-2, I?ie?nie,
Aieiaaoeueea ? Ca?aai aeioe?eueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe a naeaeoe?eieo
onoaiiaao aeey iaea?aeaiiy aeeoeeaioicino?eeeo ni?o?a ea?oiie?.

ss/i?iue oa a?a/eo ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny aeeth/aoe a n?aici?ie aeey i/euaiiy
a?oio?a a?ae ?iaac?? noaaeiai? iaiaoiaee.

A eaieao ia?aeiiiai ian?iieoeoaa oa a i?eaaoieo ainiiaea?noaao aeey
i?io?eaeoeee aeeoeeaioico ea?oiie? ne?ae i?iaiaeeoe i?iieaaiiy
iinaaeeiaiai iaoa??aeo o aiae?, icaeaiaiiy, ia?aae?aiiy ? aea?aeiaeo
aoeuea aei ? i?ney ?o i?ia??aaiiy.

Iaoiae aa?o?aeiai? ia?enoaie i?iiiio?oueny aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeey
iaea?aeaiiy caei?iaeo ?ineei ?c ia?o?e iinaaeeiaiai iaoa??aeo,
?iaac?eiaaiiai noaaeiaith iaiaoiaeith.

Nienie ?ia?o, iioae?eiaaieo ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??

1. Iieiaeaiaoeue A.I., A?ea N.O., Aiiaea?aiei E.A., Eiothe E.A. ?iaac?y
aoeuea noaaeiaith iaiaoiaeith ? ?? aieea ia ca?aaeaiiy ?o caoaeieeaie
aaeoa??aeueieo oai?ia i?e caa??aaii? // Caoeno ?ineei. — 1997.- ?11. —
N.20. [Iniaenoee aianie — 25%. I?iaaaeaii /anoeio aenia?eiaioaeueii?
?iaioe oa noi?ioeueiaaii aeniiaee ].

2. Iieiaeaiaoeue A.I., Eiothe E.A. Ioe?iea ni?o?a ia no?ee?noue i?ioe
noaaeiai? iaiaoiaee // Caoeno ?ineei. — 1998. — ?5. — N.16 [Iniaenoee
aianie — 75%. I?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioo oa ocaaaeueiaiiy aeaieo].

3. Eiothe E.A. Aeeoeeaioici? aoeueae. Ai?no e?ioiaeth ? ?aaeoeoth/eo
oeoe??a ca o?aaeaiiy ?ineei noaaeiaith iaiaoiaeith // Caoeno ?ineei.-
1998. — ?7. — N.15.

4. Eiothe E.A. Iaiaoiaea — ia iiiioaa // Caoeno ?ineei. — 1998. — ?8. —
N.18-19.

5. Iieiaeaiaoeue A.I., ?aauaiei ?.A., Eiothe E.A. Aea/aiiy iiaeeeaino?
ia?aianaiiy ?ioaeoe?? caoaeiee?a aaeoa??aeueieo oai?ia ea?oiie?
noaaeiaith iaiaoiaeith // A?niee AeAAO. — 1998. — ?2. — N.44-45
[Iniaenoee aianie — 30%. I?iaaaeaii /anoeio aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe].

6. Eiothe E.A. ?ieue ian?iieoeueeeo caoiae?a a icaei?iaeaii? ea?oiie?
a?ae noaaeiai? iaiaoiaee // Iaeana. — Aa?a?iee a?niee I?e/i?iiii?’y.-
1999.- Aeione ?3 (6). *.II.- N.238-242

7. Eiothe E.A., ?aauaiei ?.A. Iie?oaiieieneaeacia aeaoeai?noue a
caei?iaeo ? aeeoeeaioicieo aoeueaao ea?oiie? // Oace aeiiia?aeae
I?aeia?iaeii? eiioa?aioe?? «Iaoeia? iniiae noaa?e?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa
i?iaeoeoe?? ?ineeiieoeoaa». — Oa?e?a. — 1999. — N.419-420 ( Iniaenoee
aianie — 75%. I?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue ? ocaaaeueiaiiy aeaieo).

Eiothe E.A. Aeieiai-a?ieia?/i? iniaeeaino? noaaeiai? iaiaoiaee
Ditylenchus destructor Thorne i?e ia?aceooaaii? ia ea?oiie? a cii?
Iie?nny Oe?a?ie.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa a?ieia?/ieo iaoe
c? niaoe?aeueiino? 06.01.11 — o?oiiaoieia?y. Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee
oi?aa?neoao. Ee?a. 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aea/aiith aeieiai-a?ieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae
noaaeiai? iaiaoiaee ea?oiie? a oiiaao Iie?nny Oe?a?ie.Aeyaeaii ??
iioe?aiiy oa oeiaei/eii?noue. I?iaiae?ciaaii aieea noaaeiai? iaiaoiaee
ia ai?no a aoeueaao e?ioiaeth, ?aaeoeoth/eo oeoe??a oa aeoeai?noue
iie?oaiieieneaeace. I?iaaaeaii ioe?ieo ?aeiiiaaieo ? ia?niaeoeaieo
ni?oic?ace?a ea?oiie? ia no?ee?noue aei ia?aceoa. Cai?iiiiiaai?
aoaeoeai? aeieia?/ii aacia/i? caoiaee icaei?iaeaiiy ea?oiie? a?ae
oeueiai o?oiaaeuei?ioa.

Eeth/ia? neiaa : o?oiiaiaoiaee, o?oiaaeuei?ioe, noaaeiaa iaiaoiaea,
aeeoeeaioic, ?ineeie-ainiiaea??, ?iciianthaeaeai?noue, ?iaac?y,
ni?eeiyoeea?noue.

Eiothe E.A. Yeieiai-aeieiae/aneea iniaaiiinoe noaaeaaie iaiaoiaeu
Ditylenchus destructor Thorne i?e ia?aceoe?iaaiee ia ea?oioaea a ciia
Iieanuey Oe?aeiu.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iiai noaiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 06.01.11 — oeoiiaoieiaey. Iaoeeiiaeueiue
aa?a?iue oieaa?neoao. Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia eco/aieth ?ani?ino?aiaiey e a?aaeiiiniinoe
noaaeaaie iaiaoiaeu ea?oioaey a ciia Iieanuey Oe?aeiu, aeieiae/aneeo
iniaaiiinoae, aeeyieth aeioe/aneeo oaeoi?ia ia aa aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoue,
eco/aieth iaeioi?uo aeioeie/aneeo eciaiaiee a eeoaiyo ea?oioaey e
i?eaiia caueou.

I?iaaaeaiiua ianeaaeiaaiey iieacaee, /oi iaiaoiaea D. destructor
?ani?ino?aiaia a Aieuineie, AEeoiie?neie, Eeaaneie e ?iaaineie iaeanoyo.
A caaeneiinoe io noaiaie a?aaeiiiniinoe iaiaoiaeu auaeaeaii o?e ciiu:
neeueiiai, oia?aiiiai e iacia/eoaeueiiai ?acaeoey aeeoeeaioica.

Ia?yaeo n Ditylenchus destructor a aieueiuo eeoaiyo iaia?oaeaiu e
ae?oaea aeaeu iaiaoiae, a eiaiii Pratylenchus pratensis (oeoiaaeueieio);
Aphelenchus avenae (ieeiaaeueieio); Panagrolamus rigidus, Caphalobus
persegnis e Rhabditis brevispina (nai?iaeiiou).

Ii?aaeae?i e?oa ?anoaiee-oicyaa noaaeaaie iaiaoiaeu n?aaee
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo eoeueoo? e ni?iyeia. Ii noaiaie canaeaiey eo
iaiaoiaeaie iie ioianaiu e a?oiiai aini?eei/eauo e iaaini?eeei/eauo.

Onoaiiaeaii, /oi D. destructor aeeyao ia ?acaeoea ?anoaiee ea?oioaey ,
nieaeay o?iaeaeiinoue ea?oioaey ia 10,2 (ni?o I?ieenie) -35,4% (ni?o
Naeoaiie eeaaneee ).

Ia iniiaaiee eaai?aoi?iuo e iieaauo iiuoia onoaiiaeaii, /oi iaaeaeo
iniayie D. destructor e aicaoaeeoaeyie a?eaiuo caaieaaaiee Fysarium
oxysporum, Phytophthora infestans, a oae aea aaeoa?eaeueiuo Erwinia
carotovora, Corynebacterium sepedonscum nouanoaotho neia?aaoe/aneea
acaeiinayce, niinianoaothuea ?acaeoeth aieeinoiuo i?ioeannia a eeoaiyo
ea?oioaey.

I?e ia?aceoe?iaaiee noaaeaauo iaiaoiae iaaethaeaeinue aieaa nouanoaaiiia
nieaeaiea niaea?aeaiea e?aoiaea a eeoaiyo aini?eei/eauo ni?oia. Ni
nieaeaieai noaiaie onoie/eainoe ni?oa aic?anoaao i?ioeaio
?aaeooee?othueo naoa?ia a aeeoeeaioiciuo eeoaiyo a n?aaiaiee ni
caei?iauie: o aini?eei/eaiai ni?oa Naeoaiie eeaaneee — a 2,6 ?ac, o
n?aaeiaonoie/eaiai Eoaianeie — a 2,1 ?aca, o ioiineoaeueii onoie/eaiai
I?ieenie — a 1,3 ?aca. Iai?ioea, iieeoaiieieneaeaciay aeoeaiinoue a
eeoaiyo ea?oioaey aic?anoaao n iiauoaieai onoie/eainoe ni?oa. A
aeeoeeaioiciuo eeoaiyo ii n?aaiaieth ni caei?iauie aeoeaiinoue IOI
iiauoaaony o ni?oa Naeoaiie eeaaneee ia 31,6%, a o ni?oa I?ieenie — ia
58%.

I?iaaaeaia ioeaiea 70 ni?oiia?acoeia ea?oioaey ii noaiaie onoie/eainoe e
D. destructor. Ioiineoaeueiie onoie/eainoueth e noaaeaaie iaiaoiaea
iaeaaeatho ni?oiia?acoeu: Eiaca, Niiaoa, Naoe?, Iaaea, I?ieenie,
Aieiaaoeeay, I. 86 611-2 e Ca?aai. E aini?eei/eaui ioianaiu ni?oa
Aiinoa, Aa?aaeiy, Samara, Aa?ian, Aa?oiaeia, Aae?aooa, Naeoaiie
eeaaneee.

Onoaiiaeaii, /oi ia?aai?ea n iineaaeothuei i?ia?aaii ia i?ioyaeaiee
aeaoo iaaeaeue i?e oaiia?aoo?a 15-170 N e aoi?ie ia?aai?eie aea?o
aiciiaeiinoue nieceoue iioa?e o?iaeay e ii?aae?iiinoue iinaaei/iiai
iaoa?eaea aeeoeeaioicii. Enneaaeiaaiey iieacaee, /oi iaoiae aa?oooa/iie
ia?enoaiu iieiinoueth icaei?aaeeaaao iinaaei/iue iaoa?eae ea?oioaey io
noaaeaaie iaiaoiaeu.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oeoiiaiaoiaeu, oeoiaaeueieiou, noaaeaaay iaiaoiaea,
aeeoeeaioic, ?ani?ino?aiaiea, ?anoaiea-oicyei, eiaacey,
aini?eei/eainoue.

L. A. Kotyuk. Ecological and biological peculiarities of Ditylenchus
destructor Thorne stem nematode as potato parasite in Ukrainian
Polissya. — Manuscript.

Thesis for the degree of Candidate of science (Biol.). Specialization:
06.01.11 — phytopathology. National Agrarian University. Kyiv, 1999.

The paper studies ecological and biological features of potato stem
nematode in Ukrainian Polissya. Its prevalence and harmfulness have been
revealed. The influence of stem nematode in the content of starch and
reducing sugars in tubers as well as on polyphenoloxidase activity has
been analysed.The evaluation of recognized and promising potato
varieties as to their resistance to the parasite has been conducted. The
author suggests effective ecologically safe measures for antihelminthic
treatment of potatoes.

Key words: phytonematodes, phytohelminths, stem nematode, ditylenhosis,
host plant, prevalence, invasion, perceptivity.

Добавить комментарий

Ваш e-mail не будет опубликован. Обязательные поля помечены *