Екологічна оцінка урболандшафтів за вмістом важких металів у системі грунт-рослина (на прикладі міста Харкова): Автореф. дис… канд. біол. наук / Л.М

Aei?i?iIAO?IANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

AI?OI?E EANss IEEIEA?AIA

OAeE 504.54 :(631.41:58.051)

AEIEIA?*IA IOe?IEA O?AIEAIAeOAOO?A CA AI?NOII AAAEEEO IAOAE?A O NENOAI?
A?OIO-?INEEIA

(ia i?eeeaae? i?noa Oa?eiaa)

03.00.16. aeieia?y

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa a?ieia?/ieo iaoe

Aei?i?iiao?ianuee — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? __ ?oeiien _________________________________

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? a?oioiciaanoaa oa aa?io?i??

?i. I.I.Nieieianueeiai, Oe?a?inueea aeaaeai?y aa?a?ieo iaoe.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, aeaaeai?e OAAI,

i?ioani? Iaaeaaae?a A?oae?e Aieiaeeie?iae/,

?inoeooo a?oioiciaanoaa oa aa?io?i?? ?i.I.I.Nieieianueeiai

OAAI, aee?aeoi?

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe

Aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oea?oeiaa I?ia Ieeiea?aia,
Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie,
eaoaae?a aaiaioai?ee, a?oioiciaanoaa oa aeieia??.

Eaiaeeaeao a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oaiaea Aieiaeeie? ?aaiiae/,
E?eai??cueeee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aioai?ee
oa aeieia??.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao I?i?noa?noaa
ina?oe Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a aioai?ee oa aeieia??

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny « 1 » a?oaeiy 1999 ?ieo i 10 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 08.051.04 ii i?enoaeaeaiith
iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa a?ieia?/ieo iaoe a Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 320625 INI, i.
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, i?iaoeie Iaoeiaee, 13, ei?ion 17, a?ieiai-aeieia?/iee
oaeoeueoao, aoae. 611.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? Aei?i?iiao?ianueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «28 » aeiaoiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio A.I. Aeoa?ia

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

A e o o a e ue i ? n o ue ? i a i o e. O ca’yceo c iia??oaiiyi /enoioe
iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua, ui a?aeaoaa?oueny a iei?oi?e /an aiane?aeie
o?aai?caoe??, ? caa?oaeiaiiy o?aieaiaeoaoo?a i?iieneiaeie a?aeoiaeaie
aeooaeueiith ? ?ic?iaea oa aeei?enoaiiy iaoiae?a, ye? a aeicaieeee
io?eiaoe ea?oeio ?iciianthaeaeaiiyi caa?oaeiaiiy. A ia?oo /a?ao oea
noino?oueny a?oioiai-?ineeiiiai iie?eao, yeee aenooia? a yeino?
aeoeaiiai oaeoi?o oa na?aaeiaeua aeaiiioaaiiy ? i?a?aoe?? o?i?/ieo
aeaiaio?a, cie?aia aaaeeeo iaoae?a. O iaaieo a?aeiioaiiyo noinoiee i?ae
a?oioii oa ?ineeiiei iie?eaii oae? iaa?aeae?euei?, ui i?aaii??iei noa?
ieoaiiy i?i aeine?aeaeaiiy naia nenoaie a?oio-?ineeia. I?ine?aeeoaaoe
ca nooiaiai aio?iiiaaiiiai aieeao iiaeia ca aeiiiiiaith ?ineei —
?iaeeeaoi??a, ye? a ?yae? aeiaaee?a a?eueo iaae?eii oa iaaeyaeii
oa?aeoa?ecothoue caa?oaeiaiiy aeinenoaie, i?ae ??ciiiai?oi? oaoi?/i?
i?eeaaee, ? neoaeaoue, oaeei /eiii, aaaeeeaei aeiiiaiaiiyi aei
o?aaeeoe?eieo ?ino?oiaioaeueieo iaoiae?a oa cania?a niinoa?aaeaiue ca
noaiii ?ineeiiino? oa a?oioo. sse?nia ioe?iea aeieia?/ii? neooaoe?? oa
aiae?c ia?a?iciiae?eo oe?aeeeaeo aeaiaio?a o nenoai? a?oio-?ineeia ?
iaaecae/aeii aeooaeueiei caaaeaiiyi c iaeyaeo ia eiioeaioe?th noaeiai
?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie. Aaaaoinoi?iii?e i?aeo?ae, yeee canoiniaaii o aeai?e
?iaio?, aeicaiey? aaeaeaaoii ioe?ieoe aio?iiiaaiiee aieea ia
o?aieaiaeoaooe.

I a o a ? c a a ae a i i y ? i a i o e. Ia iniia?
aaaaoinoi?iiiueiai aeine?aeaeaiiy caa?oaeiaiino? e?niia?eiai? ciie oa
noaio nenoaie a?oio-?ineeia cae?enieoe ioe?ieo noaio caa?oaeiaiiy
oa?eoi??? i?noa Oa?eiaa oa aecia/eoe ?iaeeeaoeaio ?ieue ?ineeiiino? (ye
iieacieea ai?noo aaaeeeo iaoae?a).

C oe??th iaoith aoei aeeiiaii ?yae ianooiieo caaaeaiue:

1. Aiae?c ? ii??aiyiiy ai?noo o?i?/ieo aeaiaio?a a a?oio? oa a ?ineeiao.

2. Neeaaeaiiy ea?oinoai ai?noo aaaeeeo iaoae?a o a?oio? aeey oa?eoi???
i?noa.

3. Aecia/aiiy /ooeeaino? oa oiea?aioiino? aei o?i?/ieo aeaiaio?a iaaieo
aeae?a ?ineei.

4. Nenoaiiee aiae?c ia?a?iciiae?eo caa?oaeiaiiy o nenoai? a?oio-?ineeia.

5. A?aei?aoethaaiiy eiiieaeno aeine?aeaeaiue aeey iii?oi?eiao
o?aieaiaeoaoo?a, ye? a aacoaaeeny ia iniia? aea/aiiy noaio ?ineeiiino? .

I a o e i a a oe ? i i ? n o ue ? i i a e c i a ? i a i o e

— canoiniaaii aaaaoinoi?iii?e i?aeo?ae aei aea/aiiy ai?noo aaaeeeo
iaoae?a (AI) o nenoai? a?oio-?ineeia aeey aeieia?/ii? ioe?iee
o?aieaiaeoaoo?a

— neeaaeaii ea?oinoaie ?iciiae?eo ai?noo AI ia oa?eoi??? i?noa

— anoaiiaeaii caeaaei?noue i?a?aoe?? AI o nenoai? a?oio-?ineeia ia
oa?eoi??? ?ae?aaoe?eieo cii o?aieaiaeoaoo?a (ia i?eeeaae? i.Oa?eiaa)

— aeyaeaii /ooeea? oa oiea?aioi? aeaee o?aa’yienoeo ?ineei aei
iiaeeiaiiy AI

I ? a e o e / i a c i a / e i ? n o ue ? i a i o e. I?iaaaeaiiy
aeieia?/ii? ioe?iee nenoaie a?oio-?ineeia ca ai?noii aaaeeeo iaoae?a o
aa?oiueiio oa?? a?oioo oa ?ineeiiino? aeioe?eueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeey
iii?oi?eiao i?nueeeo caiaeue, cie?aia aeey aeae?eaiiy i?ei??oaoieo
ia’?eo?a niinoa?aaeaiiy. Oea iiaea aooe ei?eniei i?e ieaioaaii?
?ici?uaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue iaaeiei i?iieneiaeo
ia’?eo?a, a oaeiae aeey aecia/aiiy ae?eyiie c i?aeaeuaiei ai?noii
caa?oaeithaa/?a ia i?ei?nueeeo caieyo (ae?eyiie i?aeaeuaiiai ?eceeo),
aea iathoue aooe iaiaaeaiiy aeei?enoaiiy a?oio?a aeey ae?iuoaaiiy
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe??. Aeyaeaiiy /ooeeaeo oa
oieneeioiea?aioieo aei aaaeeeo iaoae?a ?ineei aeiiiiiaea eiio?iethaaoe
iio?aieyiiy i?iaeoeo?a c iaaei??iei ?o ai?noii aei oa?/iaiai eaioethaa
oaa?ei oa ethaeeie.

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny ianooii? iieiaeaiiy:

Aeieac aeioe?eueiino? ?icaeyaeo o yeino? iieacieea noaio iie?aeaiaioiiai
caa?oaeiaiiy iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua i?noa Oa?eiaa nenoaie
«a?oio-?ineeia» ? iieac ca aeanieie aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeaieie
i?inoi?iaeo a?aei?i a oiiaao aaeeeiai i?noa.

Aecia/aiiy e?euee?nieo ni?aa?aeiioaiue o iayaiino? aaaeeeo iaoae?a o
?ineeiao ii??aiyii c caa?oaeiai?noth ieie a?oio?a (ia i?eeeaaeao
ia’?eo?a e?niia?eiai? ciie, ?icoaoiaaieo o ??cieo i?e?iaeii-oaoiiaaiieo
oiiaao).

Aecia/aiiy o?oi?iaeeeaoe?eii? caeaoiino? ?ineei, ui ?inoooue o
e?niia?eia?e cii?, uiaei aaaeeeo iaoae?a /a?ac ?o iaeiie/aiiy o a?iian?,
aeey aeieia?/ii? ioe?iee o?aieaiaeoaoo?a oa aeiiii?oi?eiao.

Iiaeaethaaiiy ia?aiino aaaeeeo iaoae?a o nenoai? «a?oio-?ineeia»

A i ? i a a oe ? y ? i a i o e. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ai?iaiaai?
ia can?aeaiiyo A/aii? ?aaee ?AA OAAI ia i?ioyc? o?ueio ?ie?a, ia
eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/ai?e aeooaeueiei ieoaiiyi aioai?ee oa aeieia??
(Oa?e?a, 1996), 2-e eiioa?aioe?? «Canoinoaaiiy ia?niiaeueieo
eiii’thoa??a a iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo oa iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean?»
(Oa?e?a, 1996), nai?ia?? c iaoaiaoe/ii? aeieia??, i. O???no, ?oae?y,
1996 ?., eiioa?aioe?? «Oai?aoe/i? oa i?eeeaaei? aniaeoe i?iaeai
aa?io?i?? oa a?oioiciaanoaa» (Oa?e?a, 1997), eieaaeae? c o?ceee a?oio?a,
?oae?y, 1998 ?., ia 5 c’?cae? a?oioiciaaoe?a ? aa?io?i?e?a (i. ?iaii,
1998 ?), ia eiioa?aioe?? «Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie no/anii? iaoee a
aeine?aeaeaiiyo iieiaeeo a/aieo i?noa Oa?eiaa» (1998?.).

I o a e ? e a oe ? ?. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii 12
iaoeiaeo ?ia?o, 3 c yeeo o ni?aaaoi?noa?, 7 c ieo noaoo?.

Ia?iaea ?acoeueoao?a i?iaiaeeeany c aeei?enoaiiyi no/aniiai
iaoaiaoe/iiai aia?aoo o iaeaoao i?ia?ai «Noaoenoeea 5.0», «Exceel»,
«Iaoaiaoeea».

Iniaenoee aianie. An? aenia?eiaioaeuei? iaoa??aee, iaa?oiooaaiiy
?acoeueoao?a, ea?oinoaie, oai?aoe/i? ?ic?iaee oa iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue
i?a?aoe?? AI io?eiai? iniaenoi aaoi?ii.

No?oeoo?a ? ia’?i ?iaioe. ?aaioa iae?/o? o?noue ?icae?e?a, aeniiaee,
aeiaeaoee, a?ae?ia?ao?th ?c 202 aeaea?ae, 37 c yeeo ?iicaii?. Iniiaiee
ci?no aeeeaaeaiee ia 150 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, i?noeoue 40
oaaeeoeue, 17 ?enoie?a oa aeiaeaoe?a ia 10 noi??ieao.

*an oa i?noea aeeiiaiiy ?iaioe. ?iaioa aeeiioaaeany c 1994 ii 1997 ??e
i?ae /an ia?aaoaaiiy a i/i?e ani??aioo?? ?inoeoooo a?oioiciaanoaa oa
aa?io?i?? ?i. I.I. Nieieianueeiai OAAI ? ia aac? aeine?aeii? eaai?aoi???
iii?oi?eiao iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo. ?iaioa i?iaiaeeeany o ?aieao caaaeaiiy IOI «?iaeth/?noue
a?oio?a» ca ?a?no?aoe?eiei iiia?ii 0196U012527 o naeoi??
aa?iaeieia?/iiai iii?oi?eiao.

AIAE?OE*IEE IAEssAe

Ia??oioiao?oueny canoinoaaiiy iaoiaeo a?i?iaeeeaoe?? aeey aeieia?/ii?
ioe?iee caa?oaeiaiiy o?aieaiaeoaoo?a aaaeeeie iaoaeaie, ui iaoiiaeaia
?ioaineaiei ?icaeoeii oa ?icoe?aiiyi ?iaeono??aeueieo oeaio??a ?,
aiane?aeie oeueiai, iia??oaiiyi noaio iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua.
I?iaiae?ciaaii ?yae ?ia?o, a yeeo aena?oeth?oueny ?ieue aaaeeeo iaoae?a
o a?oio? ? ?o iniiai? o?c?ieia?/i? ooieoe?? o ?ineeiiiio i?aai?ci?,
iciaee oiene/ii? ae?? oa iaaeinoa/? a ?ineeiao a oiiaao aio?iiiaaiiiai
aieeao. ?ineeie aenooiathoue i?ii?aeiei ?aca?aoa?ii, /a?ac yeee aaaee?
iaoaee ia?aoiaeyoue c a?oioo, aiaee ? iia?o?y a i?aai?ci oaa?ei oa
ethaeeie. ?ineeie iiaeooue ianeaii caoiiethaaoe eenoyi o?i?/i? aeaiaioe
c aoiinoa?iiai ieeo aai ei??iiyi c a?oioo oa ?aaoethaaoe ?o
iaaeoiaeaeaiiy /e aeaeaeaiiy oeyoii ??ciiiai?oieo o?c?ieia?/ieo
?aaeoe?e.

Aieiaiee oeyo iiaeeiaiiy ?ineeiaie aaaeeeo iaoae?a — aaeni?aoe?y
ei??iiyi, yea iiaea aooe ianeaiith (aeeooc?y) oa aeoeaiith, iia’ycaiith
c iaoaaie?/ieie i?ioeanaie. Iiaeeiaiiy caeaaeeoue a?ae ??ciiiai?oieo
oaeoi??a (eiioeaio?aoe?? a a?oioiaiio ?ic/ei?, ?I, oaiia?aoo?e, noaae??
?icaeoeo ?ineei, aeanoeainoae a?oioo). Iaia’yceiaith oiiaith iiaeeiaiiy
ei?aiaaith nenoaiith aoaeue-yeiai iaoaeo ? eiai ia?aaoaaiiy o ?ic/eiiiio
noai?.

?ioee oeyo iinooiaiiy aaaeeeo iaoae?a — oea iiaeeiaiiy eenoyi, yea ia?
aea? oace : iaiaoaaie?/io (i?ioiaeaeaiiy /a?ac eooeeoeo), oa iaoaaie?/io
(iinooiaiiy i?ioe a?aae??ioo eiioeaio?aoe?? a i?ioiieacio).

A oiiaao iino?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy aeaye? aeaee o?aa’yienoeo ?ineei
caeaoi? oi?ioaaoe iaoaeino?ee? iiioeyoe??, ye? ooai?ththoue ??ciiiai?oi?
nenoaie ciaoeiaeaeaiiy iaoae?a ana?aaeei? naieo ?ineei. (Eineoeui A.A.,
Aeaenaaaa-Iiiiaa, 1983, Eaaaoa-Iaiaeean, 1989 oa ?i.). O a?eueoino?
aeiaaee?a ai?no aaaeeeo iaoae?a, ui iaeiie/o?oueny a ei??iiyo, ei?aeth?
c ai?noii o a?oio? (Aeacianeay e ae?., 1961, Wu et. al., 1975, Eeueei,
1991), a i?e aaeeeeo eiioeaio?aoe?yo o ei??ii? ca?eueoo?oueny ?o ai?no o
eeno?. sse i?aaeei, ai?no aaaeeeo iaoae?a o ?ai?iaeoeoeaieo i?aaiao
aoaa? cia/ii iaioei (Eeueei, Noaiaiiaa, 1980, *a?iuo, 1991 oa ?i.). A
oie aea /an ei?aiaaa nenoaia ? iiooaeiei aa?’??ii, yeee cao?eio?
iaaeoiaeaeaiiy oiene/ieo eiioeaio?aoe?e aaaeeeo iaoae?a o iaaecaiio
/anoeio. A?aei?/a?oueny iaea?eueoa caoenia ?ieue ei?aiaai? nenoaie ii
a?aeiioaiith aei oaeeo aaaeeeo iaoae?a, ye naeiaoeue, i?eaeue, o?ii.

IA’?EO ? IAOIAeEEA AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiue ia?aii i?noi Oa?e?a, aaeeeee ?iaeono??aeueiee
oeaio?, aeey yeiai ieoaiiy aeieia?/ii? ioe?iee ? aeooaeueieie. I?noi
Oa?e?a ciaoiaeeoueny o E?aiaa?aaeiiio E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie ia i?aaeaii?e
iaae? c Noaiii. Eiai oa?eoi??y, yea caeia? iiiaae 400 ei2, ? ii?aeiaiiyi
ae?eyiie oe?iei eenoyiiai e?no, ci?oaiiai e?no oa noaio, ye?
aeeoa?aioe?ththoueny ca oeiaie ?aeue?oo ? oiiaaie caieiaeaiiy.

Ine?eueee aeooaeueii iaoe ea?oeio ae?? caa?oaeithth/eo ?a/iaei ia ie?ai?
aeaiaioe nenoaie o?aieaiaeoaooo oa ?o ia?a?iciiae?eo a nenoai?
a?oio-?ineeia, i?aaeiaoii iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiue aecia/aii iiaa?oiaaee oa?
a?oioo oa ?ineeii?noue ?ae?aaoe?eieo ianea?a ia oa?eoi??? i?noa.

Aei??thaaany ai?no o?i?/ieo aeaiaio?a: Ni, Cr, Mn, Co, Zn, Cu, Pb o
c?aceao a?oioo oa ?ineeiiino? aeni?aniei iaoiaeii, yeee ?ic?iaeaiee ia
aac? ?aiaai-oethi?anoeaioiiai niaeo?ioioiiao?o N?I-25. Oea
aaaaoieaiaeueiee niaeo?iiao?, yeee ia? aaeee? iiaeeeaino? aeey
aecia/aiiy o?i?/iiai neeaaeo a?oio?a oa ?ineei. An? aac aeiyoeo i?eeiie
?aioaaiiniaeo?aeueiiai aiae?co a?oioothoueny ia ii??aiyii?
?ioaineaiinoae aiae?oe/ii? e?i?? ?aioaai?anueeiai niaeo?o a?ae
noaiaea?oieo c?ace?a, aea ai?no aeaiaioo a?aeiiee, ii??aiyii ?c c?aceii,
yeee aecia/a?oueny. A aeai?e iaoiaeeoe? aeei?enoiaoaaeenue noaiaea?oe,
ye? aeaioiaeai? a NIA (NI-1, NI-2, NI-3). Aecia/aiiy ?ooiii? oi?ie AI o
a?oio? i?iaiaeeeinue aeey aiii?eii-aoeaoaoiiai ?ic/eio c ?I 4,8 ca
E?oinueeei-Ieaenaiae?iaith, aei yeiai a?aeiinyoueny aiaei?ic/eii? oa
?iiiiai?ii? oi?ie AI, ia aoiiii-aani?aoe?eiiio niaeo?ioioiiao?? N-115I.

AI?NO AAAEEEO IAOAE?A O A?OIOAO I?NOA

I?nuee? a?oioe ooai?ai? i?ae aieeaii oeo aea oaeoi??a, ui ? i?e?iaei?,
aea i?e cia/iiio aeii?ioaaii? aio?iiiaaiiiai oaeoi?o. O oe?e aeaa?
aea?oueny oa?aeoa?enoeea iniaeeainoae i?nueeeo a?oio?a, ?o ooieoe?e a
ii??aiyii? c iaoeaieie. Iieno?oueny aieea i?iieneiaeo caa?oaeiaiue ia
i?ioeane, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny o a?oio?. Iiaeaii aeaoaeueio
oa?aeoa?enoeeo ai?noo aaaeeeo iaoae?a o iiaa?oiaaiio oa?? a?oioo
e?niia?e?a i?noa Oa?eiaa.

Ca aeiiiiiaith noaoenoe/iiai aiae?co aecia/aii aeieia?/i? ioe?iee
caa?oaeiaiiy a?oioo cii ?ae?aaoe?? oa iaaeiaaio?i?/i? iieacieee
ia?aaeuaiiy oiiiaeo cia/aiue ai?noo aeaiaio?a-caa?oaeithaa/?a. Aeaia
ioe?iea ca ?ioaa?aeueieie iieacieeaie caa?oaeiaiiy ie?aieo e?niia?eiaeo
cii, ye? ia?aaoaathoue i?ae ai?oii iie?aeaiaioiiai caa?oaeiaiiy, ui
iieacaii a oaaeeoe? 1. Cia/iee ??aaiue iie?aeaiaioiiai caa?oaeiaiiy
aaaaoueia ?ia?aae??ioaie aeyaeaii aeey ia?e?a ?i. A?oaia, 40- ??//y
AEENI, Iieiae?, Ieaen??anueeiai eoaiia?eo. Iii??ia caa?oaeiaiiy i?enooi?
ia oa?eoi??? ia?e?a Iniiaa, THi?noue, Iayeianueeiai, ?i. Oaa/aiea,
AEoeiaa, Ai?ueeiai, A?eai??anueeiai ai?o.

Oaaeeoey 1. — ?ioaa?aeuei? iieacieee caa?oaeiaiiy e?niia?eiai? ciie i.
Oa?eiaa

? Oa?eoi??y a?aeai?o c?ace?a Iieaciee Neeaaeia? caa?oaeiaiiy

1 i. ?i. A?oaia 5 Ni, Cr, Cu, Pb

2 A?ae?iia?e 1.2 Pb

3 Iniia’yinueeee eoaiia?e 1.4 Pb

4 i. Iniiaa 2.2 Cr, Pb

5 i. THi?noue 2.6 Cr, Pb

6 i. ?i.Iayeianueeiai 2.4 Cr, Pb

7 i. 40-??//y AEENI 3.6 Cr, Cu, Pb

8 E?niia?e 1.3 Pb

9 Ieaen??anueeee eoaiia?e 3.9 Cr, Zn, Pb

10 A?eai??anueeee a?? 2.5 Zn, Pb

11 i. ?i. Oaa/aiea 2.6 Cr, Pb

12 i. ?i. AEoeiaa 2.2 Cr, Pb

13 i. ?i. Ai?ueeiai 2.4 Cr, Pb

14 i. Iieiae? 3.4 Cr, Pb

Aiae?c i?inoi?iaiai ?iciiae?eo caa?oaeithaa/?a ia oa?eoi??? i?noa
aeicaieea aecia/eoe iniiai? oaiaeaioe?? ?o iaeiie/aiiy. Niinoa??aa?oueny
??ciee ?iciiae?e aaee/eie ai?noo aaaeeeo iaoae?a o a?oioao. Iaaaaeai? a
oaaeeoe? iieacieee caa?oaeiaiiy a?oioo i?i?ethno?iaai? ia ?enoieao 1-3,
aea iieacai? oeiia? no?oeoo?e i?inoi?iaiai ?iciiae?eo o?i?/ieo aeaiaio?a
ia oa?eoi??? i?noa Oa?eiaa. Aeey oaeeo iaoae?a, ye i?eaeue,
ia?aaiaoeue, oeeie oa?aeoa?iee iiiioiiiee ?aae?aeueiee ?iciiae?e
aaee/eie ?o ai?noo a?aeiinii oeaio?o (?en. 1). No?oeoo?a i?inoi?iaiai
?iciiae?eo o?iio oa i?ae? ia? n?aeeiaeaeiee oa?aeoa?. Aeae?eythoueny 2
iai?yiee c i?ioeeaaeieie oaiaeaioe?yie c?inoaiiy (?en. 2).Oae? oeiia?
caa?oaeithaa/? o?aieaiaeoaoo?a ye naeiaoeue oa eiaaeueo iathoue
iie?oeaio?e/ia iioe?aiiy c aeae?eueeiia i?aieaie c iniaeeai aenieei
ai?noii (?en. 3).

NOAI ?INEEIIINO? i. OA?EIAA I?Ae AIEEAII AIO?IIIAAIIIAI IAAAIOAAEAIIss

Caaaeyee iaoiaeai o?oi?iaeeeaoe??, i?i caaaeueiee noai ?ineei iiaeia
noaeeoe niinoa??aath/e ca ii?oieia?/ieie ci?iaie ?ineeiieo oa?oioaaiue,
cie?aia aecia/ath/e nooi?iue iioeiaeaeaiiy eenoiai? iiaa?oi? (Ooaa?o,
1988). Ae?y caa?oaeithth/eo ?a/iaei noino?oueny, a ia?oo /a?ao, ?icaeoeo
eenoiaeo iae?ic?a oa oei?ic?a.

Ia?aeaeueii c o?i?/iei aiae?cii i?iaaaeaii ioe?ieo a?aaeaiiy eenoiaeo
ieanoeiie aea?aa oa o?aa’yienoeo aeae?a ?ineei oei?icii. O
iaeiiaeieueieo, oaeeo ye oiieii?a aocueeieenoee, oiieii?a eo/iee,
niinoa??aa?oueny oei?ic e?i/ee?a eenoy. O aeaiaeieueieo — eiithoeie
iiaco/i?, eoeueaaae e?ea?nueei?, a?aa?eaoo i?nueeiai — ieyienoee oei?ic
c ia?aoiaeii o iae?ic. Eenoy aea?aa, iniaeeai c aeaaeeith iiaa?oiath, o
i?iieneiaeo ?aeiiao aei 45 % a?aaeaia oei?icii. Ca niinoa?aaeaiiyie,
?ineeii?noue ia oa?eoi??? oaeeo caeaieo cii c iani?eyoeeaeie oiiaaie, ye
ia?e ?i. A?oaia, ?i.Oaa/aiea, Iieiae?, 40-??//y AEENI a?ae??ciy?oueny
a?ae i?e?iaeieo oa?oioaaiue ia aeio?c?ieia?/iiio ??ai?: cai?ci?eei
?icaeoeii, oei?i/aiiyi iaaii?a, i?eai?/ai?noth ?inoo, ii?oieia?/ieie
ci?iaie, ia a?ioeaiioe/iiio ??ai?: ?ic??aeaeaiei o?aa’yienoei iie?eaii
?, ye iane?aeie, cieaeaiiyi a?ii?iaeoeoeaiino?; iane/ai?noth ?ineeiieo
oa?oioaaiue ?oaea?aeueieie aeaeaie, na?aae yeeo /anoi cono??/athoueny
e?iieaa aeaiaeiiia, oeeeeaoaia cae/aeia, ie??e iiaco/ee, ?ic?ea-o?aaa
ae??aiiea?oeiaa oa ?i.

Aieea caa?oaeiaiiy a?oioo oa iia?o?y ia noai ?ineeiiino? ia caaaeaee ?
i?yiei. O?i?/i? aeaiaioe iiaeooue a?aaeaoe ?ioiio nenoaio i?aai?ci?a, ui
ci?ith? ?o no?ee?noue aei a?eaeiaeo, a??onieo caoai?thaaiue oa ?ioeo
i?e?iaeieo no?an?a. Ca iaoeie aeine?aeaeaiiyie a?aecia/aeiny a?aaeaiiy
a?eaeiaeie caoai?thaaiiyie, ye? a aeayeeo aeiaaeeao a?aaeaee aei 30-50 %
iiaa?oi? eenoiai? ieanoeiee. Oae? ii?iaee aea?aa, ye: eeai aino?ieenoee
aoee a?aaeai? /i?iith ieyieno?noth — Rhitisma acerinum (Pers) oa
io/ienoith ?inith Uncinula aceris Sacc., eeai oaoa?nueeee — Rhitisma
punctatum Fr, aeoa — io/ienoith ?inith Microsphaerella alphitoides
Griffiet Maubl. Ia oiiie? niinoa??aaeeny ao?? oa /i?i? ieyie —
Mycosphaerella maculiformis (Pers) ? Apiosporum salicinum (Pers.) Kze.,
ia /a?ain? — Gnomonia tiliae. Kleb., ia e?ooei? — Cylindrosporium rhamni
Ell. et Ev., ia eei? — Gnomonia tiliae (Oud). Oae? caoai?thaaiiy
i?ecaiaeyoue aei ciaioaiiy oioineioaoe/ii? iiaa?oi?, ineaaeaiiy ?ineei,
?, aiane?aeie, aei nooo?aiai iiieaeaiiy i?e?inoo iaaii?a oa aea?aaeie o
oe?eiio.

AI?NO AAAEEEO IAOAE?A O ?INEEIAO

Aeey i?iaaaeaiiy o?i?/iiai aiae?co ai?noo AI o ?ineeiao canoiniaaii
eenoiaee iaoiae, ca yeei aa?aoueny aei oaaae iieaciee AI o eeno? ?ineei
oa aea?aa (Ohki, 1984, Eeueei, 1985, Aieioei, 1998). Ia ai?no AI aoei
i?iaiae?ciaaii eenoy 23 aeae?a ?ineei, a?ae?a?aieo ia oa?eoi??? 20
?ae?aaoe?eieo cii.

O aeaa? aea?ii aeaoaeueio oa?aeoa?enoeeo i’yoe iaea?eueoeo ia?e?a i?noa,
aea a?aoiao?oueny aeaeiaee neeaae, ai?no AI a ??cieo aeaeao ?ineei,
ae?aiaciie aa??thaaiiy oa aeaee ?ineei c iaeneiaeueiei iaeiie/aiiyi
aeaiaio?a. I?iaiae?ciaaii aeaeiaee neeaae ?ineei ia caeaoi?noue aei
iiaeeiaiiy AI. A?eueoo e?euee?noue aeaiaio?a ia oa?eoi??? e?niia?eiai?
ciie iaeiie/othoue ceaee oa eenoy aeae?a aea?aa, a yeeo ?icn?/aia
aoaeiaa eenoiai? ieanoeiee, aai ae ? iiooaiiy /e aineiaee iae?o (ui
iiynith?ii neeuei?oith o?enaoe??th AI ia iiaa?oi?).

Aeaoaeueiee aiae?c aaee/ei o?i?/ieo aeaiaio?a aeaa iiaeeea?noue
anoaiiaeoe ianooii? caeiiii??iino? a ?ioaineaiino? aeoioeyoe?? ?o o
eenoia?e iiaa?oi? aeine?aeieo aea?aa. Aeey a?eueoino? aeae?a, a naia
eeaia aia?eeainueeiai, aino?ieenoiai, aeoaa cae/aeiiai, oiiie? /i?ii?,
ynaiy cae/aeiiai, eaooaia e?inueeiai, ninie cae/aeii? oa yeeie eieth/i?
a ?ioaineaiino? iaeiie/aiiy o?i?/ieo aeaiaio?a aeyaeai? oae?
caeiiii??iino?: Mn > Fe > Zn > Pb > Cu > Ni > Cr > Co. Aeey aeae?a a’yco
aieiai oa aeaaeeiai ? ?ia?i?? inaaaeiaeaoe??: Fe > Mn > Zn > Pb > Cu >
Ni > Cr > Co. Aeey aa?ae ieaeo/i?: Mn > Zn > Fe> Pb > Cu > Ni > Cr> Co.
Aeey eeie na?oeaeenoi? oeae ?yae noaiiaea aeiyoie: Mn >Fe > Zn > Pb > Cu
> Ni > Co > Cr.

?ioaineai?noue aeoioeyoe?? o?i?/ieo aeaiaio?a o ??cieo aeae?a
o?aa’yienoeo ?ineei aeaui a?ae??ciyoueny a?ae ?iciiae?eo ?o o aea?aaieo
ii??ae. An? aeaee aeine?aeaeaieo ?ineei a?aeaeathoue ia?aaaao
iiaeeiaiith cae?ca. Aeae? e?euee?noue ai?noo aaaeeeo iaoae?a ?icoaoiaaia
ca ne?aeoth/ith noaiith. A?aa?eao i?nueeee, iiaei?iaeiee aaeeeee oa
iieeiue cae/aeia aeoioeththoue o?i?/i? aeaiaioe o ne?aeoth/iio ii?yaeeo:
Fe > Zn > Mn > Pb > Cu > Ni > Cr > Co. Aeey an?o ?ioeo aeae?a oeae
?iciiae?e ia? aeaeyae: Fe > Mn > Zn > Pb > Cu > Ni > Cr > Co.

Aeey eiaeiiai aeaeo ?ineei ?ic?aoiaoaaee eiao?oe??io a?ieia?/iiai
iiaeeiaiiy (EAI), aai ?ineeiii-a?oioiaee eiao?oe??io (?AE), yeee
aei??aith? a?aeiioaiith ai?noo AI o ?ineeiao aei ?o ai?noo o a?oio?.
Oeae eiao?oe??io ? iieacieeii oiai, iane?eueee o?i?/iee aeaiaio ca
aeaieo oiia iiaea aooe iiaeeiooei ??cieie aeaeaie ?ineei. Oeiia?
ii??aiyeuei? ?acoeueoaoe aiae?co (EIA), eiao?oe??ioa ia?aoiaeo AI o
nenoai? a?oio-?ineeia ie iaaiaeeii o oaaeeoe? 3 aeey ??cieo aeae?a
?ineei a?ae?a?aieo ia oa?eoi??? c ??cieie oiiaaie. Ia aeeaey/enue ia oa,
ui, aaeiaee ai?no aeaiaio?a o a?oio? a aeae?eueea ?ac?a ia?aaeuo? oiiia?
cia/aiiy oa iiaeaeoaee ? AAeE, a ?ineeiao ?o ai?no aa??th? a iaoe?ieiio
ae?aiacii?. Ii ?AE iiaeia noaeeoe i?i iecueeo a?ieia?/io aeinooii?noue
o?i?/ieo aeaiaio?a aeey ?ineei o a?oio? ia aeine?aeaeoaai?e oa?eoi???, a
oaeiae i?i niaoeeo?eo ie?aieo aeae?a ?ineei aei iiaeeiaiiy o?i?/ieo
aeaiaio?a.

A?aeiii, ui aeayeei aeaeai ?ineei aeanoeaa iaeiie/aiiy aeineoue aaeeeeo
e?eueeinoae aeaiaio?a, a ?io? iacaeaoi? aei iaeiie/aiiy. I?iaaaeaiee
aiae?c o?aa’yienoeo ?ineei c i?eaiaeo aeieia?/ii? niaoeeo?ee iaeiie/aiiy
aeine?aeaeoaaieo aeaiaio?a a nenoai? a?oio-?ineeia.

Oaaeeoey 2. — Ai?no o?i?/ieo aeaiaio?a (ia/ea) oa ?AE o ??cieo aeae?a
o?aa’yienoeo ?ineei ia oa?eoi??? e?niia?e?a i Oa?eiaa

Aeaiaioe

? Ia?ee Ni Cr Mn Zn Cu Pb

?inee-

ia a?oio ?AE ?inee-

ia a?oio ?AE ?inee-

ia a?oio ?AE ?inee-

ia a?oio ?AE ?inee-

ia a?oio ?AE ?inee-

ia a?oio ?AE

1 ?i.Ai?ueeiai

0.65 19.3 0.03 0.66 94.8 0.006 15.96 500 0.03 12.00 164.2 0.07 1.65
52.2 0.03 6.05 142.0 0.04

2 Iieiae?

0.89 37.8 0.02 0.65 106.4 0.006 15.96 618 0.03 19.75 234.0 0.08 2.07
55.9 0.04 8.19 228.0 0.04

3 Ia?aiiae

1.24 43.8 0.02 0.81 99.8 0.008 20.16 693 0.03 18.00 93.20 0.19 2.55
36.0 0.07 10.45 70.9 0.14

4 THi?noue

0.86 32.2 0.03 0.79 95.6 0.008 26.88 588 0.05 13.25 92.40 0.14 1.88
32.9 0.06 7.36 154.9 0.05

5 ?i.Oaa/aiea

0.96 19.3 0.04 0.72 94.8 0.008 18.48 500 0.05 20.25 164.2 0.14 2.38
52.2 0.04 9.49 113.0 0.08

6 ?i. A?oaia

0.94 59.1 0.02 0.79 171.5 0.005 14.0 697 0.03 14.0 170.6 0.08 2.1 105.3
0.02 8.78 109.0 0.8

AAeE

ca A.A. ?eue?iei 20-30

1-2

>400

150-200

15-20

10

Oii

21

51

650

33

11

13.2

1. Eoeueaaaa e?ea?nueea (Taraxacum officinale Webb ex Wigg); 2. A?aa?eao
i?nueeee (Geum urbanum L.); 3. Oiieii?a aocueeieenoee (Poa
angustifolia L.); 4. A?ynoeoey cae/aeia (Dactylis glomerata L.);
5.Eino?eoey /a?aiia (Festuca rubra L.);

6. Ie??e iiaco/ee (Elitrigia repens (L). Nevski). A oaaeeoe? 3 iieacaiee
ae?aiacii aa??thaaiiy AI o o?aa’yienoeo aeae?a ?ineei.ia oa?eoi???
i?noa.Iaea?eueo ?ioi?iaoeaieie aeaeaie ca ai?noii AI o ?ineeiao
aaaaea?ii o?, aea ai?no aa??th? iaea?eueoa. Aei ieo a?aeiineii eoeueaaao
e?ea?nueeo iaeaea aei an?o aeine?aeaeoaaieo iaoae?a, e??i No oa Cu,
iiaei?iaeiee aaeeeee aei Nr oa Zn. ?o iiaeia aaaaeaoe /ooeeaeie aei
ci?ie ai?noo AI o a?oio? oa a?aeianoe aei ?iaeeeaoi??a noaio
caa?oaeiaiino? iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua.Aeaee, ye? iathoue iaeiaioo
??cieoeth aa??thaaiiy a?aeiineii aei oieneei-oiea?aioieo, no?eeeo aei
iaeiie/aiiy caa?oaeithaa/?a o ?ineeii?e ian?. Ca iaoeie aeaieie, oaeeie
aei aeayeeo iaoae?a ? ceaee, a naia — eino?eoey /a?aiia oa oiieii?a
aocueeieenoee no?ee? aei iiaeeiaiiy Ni, Cr, Co, Cu, Pb, ? ethoea?ia
?iiainueea (n?iaenoai aiaiaeo) — aei an?o aeine?aeaeoaaieo iaoae?a e??i
Mn).Oe? aeaee ?ineei iiaeia ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe aeey ae?iuoaaiiy caeaieo
ei?i?a ia i?ei?nueeeo oa?eoi??yo oa ae?eyieao a cii? oaoiiaaiii?
ae?yeueiino?.

Oaaeeoey 3.- Ae?aiaciie aa??thaaiiy AI o ??cieo aeae?a o?aa’yienoeo
?ineei ia oa?eoi??? e?niia?eiaeo cii i. Oa?eiaa

Aeae ?ineeie n ??cieoey ai?noo AI max/min, ?ac

Ni Cr Mn Co Zn Cu Pb

A?aa?eao i?nueeee

(Geum urbanum L.) 9 1.20 1.14 2.43 1.04 1.97 1.22 1.2

Eino?eoey /a?aiia

(Festuca rubra L.) 6 1.44 1.13 1.90 1.42 1.57 1.36 1.17

Eoeueaaaa e?ea?nueea

(Taraxacum officinale Webb ex Wigg.) 14 2.06 3.68 2.57 1.32 1.54 1.3 1.5

Ethoea?ia ?iiainueea

(Medicago romanica L.) 8 1.16 1.48 1.70 1.19 1.45 1.10 1.12

Oiieii?a aocueeieenoee

(Poa angustifolia L) 12 1.31 1.21 1.59 1.18 2.04 1.25 1.27

Iiaei?iaeiee aaeeeee

(Plantago major L.) 10 1.56 4.79 1.87 1.24 2.47 1.14 1.25

Iieei a??eee

(Artemisia absinthium L.) 8 1.12 1.32 1.86 1.14 1.83 1.23 1.13

Iieei cae/aeiee

(Artemisia vulgaris L.) 8 1.32 3.08 1.76 1.33 2.28 1.32 1.38

A??/ae cae/aeiee

(Polygonum aviculare L.) 9 1.27 1.46 1.67 1.2 1.43 1.16 1.28

Iaoaiaoe*ia iiaeaeue i?a?aoe?? AAAEEEO IAOAE?A O NENOAI? A?OIO-?INEEIA

Ia iniia? o?ceei-o?i?/ieo oa a?coaeueieo niinoa?aaeaiue aeae?eai? oae?
aoaie aaaaoaoe?eiiai ?icaeoeo uiaei caeaoiino? iiaeeiaiiy AI ?ineeiaie:

ia?inoaiiy ai?noo aaaeeiai iaoaeo a i?aai?ci? ui aeia?aaeaea?
ca?eueoaiiy o?oiiane;

noaa?e?caoe?y i?ioeano o oaiioac? cae?i/aiiy aeoeaiiai aaaaoaoe?eiiai
?icaeoeo /a?ac niia?eueiaiiy c?inoaiiy o?oiiane i?e oiio ae oaee oaii?
iiaeeiaiiy i?e?iaeaiaioo;

iaaei??i?noue a?aeiiniiai ai?noo aaaeeiai iaoaeo /a?ac coieieo
aaaaoaoe?? (cae/aeii i?ae /an aeic??aaiiy) e ia?aoai?aiiy i?e?iaeaiaioo
ia oienei; ni?aoethaaiiy caoenieo o?c?ieia?/ieo iaoai?ci?a caoenoo a?ae
oieneio;

noaa?e?caoe?y aai i?eai?/aiiy ?ineeie (noai, eiee aiia iaaoaa?
?iaeeeaoe?eiiai cia/aiiy).

Iaoiae nenoaiiiai aiae?co canoiniaaiee aeey e?euee?niiai aea/aiiy
iaaaaeaii? ye?nii? noaie aeeiai?ee ia?a?iciiae?eo aaaeeeo iaoae?a (AI) o
nenoai? a?oio-?ineeia i?ioyaii aaaaoaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo. Iiaoaeiaaia
aeaoaeueia eaia?ia iiaeaeue oaei? nenoaie, yea a?aoiao? an? iiaeeea?
iaoai?cie i?a?aoe?? caa?oaeithaa/?a i?ae ?? i?aenenoaiaie, oa i?ioeane
iai?io AI c ciai?oi?i na?aaeiaeuai. Aaaaeaia ? iaa?oioiaaia oai?aoe/ii
nenoaia iieaciee?a — eiao?oe??io?a ia?aoiaeo, ye? iienothoue
?ioaineai?noue iai?io AI i?ae eaieaie nenoaie a?oio-?ineeia

?en. 4. Eaia?ia iiaeaeue nenoaie a?oio — ?ineeia

, ia a?aei?io a?ae ?aooe eiao?oe??io?a ia?aoiaeo, nooo?ai caeaaeeoue
a?ae oeio ?ineei ? a?ae o?i?/ii? i?e?iaee caa?oaeithaa/a.

Iiaoaeiaaiee iia?aoi? (iao?eoey) aaiethoe?? ia?a?iciiae?eo caa?oaeiaiue
o nenoai? a?oio-?ineeia, ui i?aaenoaaeaiee o aeaeyae? noie aeaio
aeiaeaie?a. Ia?oee c ieo iieno? iiaeaeueoee ia?a?iciiae?e
caa?oaeithaa/?a, ui ciaoiaeeeenue o nenoai? a ii/aoeiaee iiiaio /ano, a
ae?oaee — aaiethoe?th /anoeie caa?oaeiaiue, ui iaae?eoea aei nenoaie
aa?aeueiei oeyoii. Cai?iiiiiaaiee iaoiae, ui aeicaiey? a?aooaaoe nooo?ai
ianoaoe?iia?iee oa?aeoa? iaaeoiaeaeaiiy a nenoaio caa?oaeiaiue c
iia?o?y.

Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeathoue ciiao aecia/eoe aaee/eie caa?oaeiaiiy
a?oioo oa ?ineei, ii?iiaai? ia ii/aoeiaa caa?oaeiaiiy a?oioo, a
aoaeue-yeee iiiaio aaaaoaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo. Aiie i?eaeaoi? aeey
aeia?eueieo ni?aa?aeiioaiue i?ae ?ioaineaiinoyie i?ioean?a iai?io
caa?oaeithaa/aie i?ae eaieaie nenoaie a?oio-?ineeia ? c ciai?oi?i
na?aaeiaeuai, ? aeicaieythoue aoaeoaaoe ??ciiiai?oi? iaaeeaeaiiy, ui
a?aoiaothoue o? /e ?io? aeanoeaino? eiie?aoieo nenoai. Aeiaaaeaii, ui
oa?aeoa? aaiethoe?? caa?oaeiaiiy iaeeieoe? ?ineeiii? iane nooo?ai
caeaaeeoue a?ae ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae ?ioaineaiinoyie iiaeeiaiiy
caa?oaeiaiue ?ineeiaie ? c?inoaiiyi ?o a?iiane. Oeiia? a?ao?ee, ui
?ethno?othoue oaeo caeaaei?noue, i?eaaaeai? ia ?en. 5 (a ? a). Ia
cia?aaeaieo a?ao?eao i?eeiyo? oae? iicia/aiiy:

— ai?no AI o iaeeieoe? ?ineeiii? iane. Iayai?noue aeno?aioi?a,
oa?aeoa?ia aeey iaio iaethie?a, iiynith?oueny i?ioeae??th aeaio
eiieo?oth/eo i?ioean?a: iiaeeiaiiy caa?oaeithaa/?a ? ?o ia?a?iciiae?eo
ii c?inoath/?e ?ineeii?e ian?. I?ioyaii I (?en. 5a) oa I, III (?en. 5a)
ia??iae?a ia?aaaaea? i?ioean oaeaeeiai iaeiie/aiiy AI o ?ineeiao. Aoai
II (?en. 5a, 5a) a?aeiia?aeath? a?eueo ?ioaineaiiio c?inoaiith a?iiane.
I?ioyaii III (?en. 5a) oa IV (?en. 5a) ia??iae?a iaeaeaa i?ioeane
noaa?e?cothoueny. ??cieoey i?ae aeaiia caeaaeiinoyie iiynith?oueny
??ciei oa?aeoa?ii ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ?ioaineaiinoae aeaio cacia/aieo
i?ioean?a o o?iiieia?/iiio ?icaeoeo.

Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeathoue ciiao aecia/eoe ia??iae, i?ioyaii yeiai
ai?no AI o iaeeieoe? a?iiane ?ineei ia? iaea?eueoa cia/aiiy ?
aiae?coaaoe ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaio?a ii iaeii/aniiio aea/aiith aaee/eie
caa?oaeiaiue a?oioo oa ?ineei. Iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe caeaaei?noue
caa?oaeiaiino? (e?eueeino? aaaeeiai iaoaeo o iaeeieoe? a?iiane) a?ae
/ano, ui ? aeoaea aeooaeueiei aeey aecia/aiiy oa?i?i?a n?iiein?iiy,
cai?o a?iaeath oiui. A ciiao ?ioaineaii? oaoiiaaiii? ae?yeueiino?
iio??aii a?aoiaoaaoe ia??iae, eiee a?iaeae i?eaeaoiee aeey aeei?enoaiiy,
a caa?oaeiai?noue ?ineeiii? ne?iaeie iaeiaioa.

?en.5a. Caeaaei?noue aaee/eie caa?oaeiaiiy a?ae /ano, ii?iiaaii? ia
iaeeieoeth iane ?ineeie eiee ?ioaineai?noue iiaeeiaiiy ?ineeiaie
caa?oaeiaiue c a?oioo ? a?eueoith aai oaeiai ae ii?yaeeo, ye
?ioaineai?noue iaeiie/aiiy ?ineeiii? iane.

?en.5a. Caeaaei?noue aaee/eie caa?oaeiaiiy a?ae /ano, ii?iiaaii? ia
iaeeieoeth iane ?ineeie eiee ?ioaineai?noue iiaeeiaiiy ?ineeiaie
caa?oaeiaiue c a?oioo ? iaioith i?ae ?ioaineai?noue iaeiie/aiiy
?ineeiii? iane.

AENIIAEE

Iniiaiei iaoiaeieia?/iei ?acoeueoaoii aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
aeieac iiaeeeaino? ioe?iee caa?oaeiaiino? i?nueeiai na?aaeiaeua aaaeeeie
iaoaeaie oeyoii aecia/aiiy noaio nenoaio «a?oio-?ineeia».

Ia iniia? aeanieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo anoaiiaeaii nooi?iue
caa?oaeiaiino? na?aaeiaeua aaaeeeie iaoaeaie. Ia a?eueoino? e?niia?eiai?
oa?eoi??? i?noa i?enooi? ?ioaineaia iaaeiaaio?i?/ia caa?oaeiaiiy (a
ii??aiyii? c oiiiaei ai?noii) oe?aeeeaeie ?ia?aae??ioaie, oaeeie ye Pb,
Zn, Cu, Cr, Ni.

Neeaaeaii na??th eiii’thoa?ieo ea?oinoai, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue oeie
?iciiae?eo ??cieo iaoae?a o iaaeao i?noa. Anoaiiaeaii iayai?noue o?ueio
oei?a: aeey oaeeo iaoae?a, ye Ni, Mn, Zn oa?aeoa?iee iiiioiiiee
?aae?aeueiee ?iciiae?e aaee/eie ?o ai?noo a?aeiinii oeaio?o; no?oeoo?a
i?inoi?iaiai ?iciiae?eo Cr oa Cu ia? n?aeeiaeaeiee oa?aeoa?, aea
aeae?eythoueny 2 iai?yiee c i?ioeeaaeieie oaiaeaioe?yie c?inoaiiy; aeey
naeioeth oa eiaaeueoo oa?aeoa?ia iie?oeaio?e/ia iioe?aiiy c aeae?eueeiia
i?aieaie c iniaeeai aenieei ai?noii.

?ioaa?aeuei? iieacieee iie?aeaiaioiiai caa?oaeiaiiy na?ae/aoue i?i
cia/iee ??aaiue caa?oaeiaiiy aaaaoueia ?ia?aae??ioaie ia?eo ?i. A?oaia,
40- ??//y AEENI, Iieiae? oa Ieaen??anueeiai eoaiia?eo. Iii??ia
caa?oaeiaiiy aeyaeaia aeey oa?eoi??? ia?e?a Iniiaa, THi?noue,
Iayeianueeiai, ?i. Oaa/aiea, AEoeiaa, Ai?ueeiai, A?eai??anueeiai ai?o.
Aeey ?aooe ?ae?aaoe?eieo cii i?noa iiaeia eiinoaooaaoe iacia/ia
caa?oaeiaiiy.

Anoaiiaeaii iayai?noue ii?oieia?/ieo, aeieia?/ieo ci?i oa ciai?oiueiai
aeaeyaeo ?iaeeeaoeaieo ?ineei, ui aeae?eai? aiane?aeie niinoa?aaeaiue
i?ioyaii 3 aaaaoaoe?eieo nacii?a. Ca aeyaeaiiyi nooiaiy iioeiaeaeaiiy
eenoiaeo ieanoeiie aea?aa aecia/eeeny no?ee? aeaee aei caa?oaeiaiiy
aoiinoa?e o i?no? – oiiiey a?ea, aeoa cae/aeiee, eeai aino?ieenoee.

Aecia/eeeny iioeiaeaeaiiy, ui iathoue iai?yia a?aeiioaiiy aei
ooeiaeaeaiiy caa?oaeithaa/aie iia?o?y, i?ioa ? iane?aeeii ciaioaiiy
?ioi?oaoo ?ineei aei caa?oaeithaa/?a — a?eaeia? caoai?thaaiiy, na?aae
yeeo /ano?oa anueiai cono??/athoueny io/ienoa ?ina oa /i?ia ieyieno?noue
??cieo aeae?a aea?aa.

I?iaaaeai? o?i?/i? aiae?ce c?ace?a a?oioo oa ?ineei, a?ae?a?aieo
ocaiaeaeaii, iieacaee iayai?noue ??cieo oei?a ca’yce?a iii?ae ai?noii o
ieo aaaeeeo iaoae?a. ?ineeiii-a?oioiaee eiao?oe??io ai?noo aaaeeeo
iaoae?a o a?oio? oa ?ineeii?e ne?iaei? aeicaiey? noaeeoe i?i iecueeo
aeinooii?noue oeeo aeaiaio?a ia aeine?aeaeoaai?e oa?eoi???. Iaaeniea
caeaaei?noue iaoae?a o ?ineeiao a?ae ?o ai?noo o a?oio? aiai?eoue oaeiae
i?i caoeni? iaoai?cie ?aaoethaaiiy iinooiaiiy caa?oaeithaa/?a o
?ineeiiee i?aai?ci oa aenieo aooa?i?noue a?oio?a Oa?eiaa.

Aiae?c o?aa’yienoeo ?ineei c i?eaiaeo aeieia?/ii? niaoeeo?ee iiaeeiaiiy
o?i?/ieo aeaiaio?a aeicaieea aeyaeoe aeaa oeie ?ineei ca a?aeiioaiiyi
aei iaeiie/aiiy iniiaieo caa?oaeithaa/?a: /ooeea? (eoeueaaao e?ea?nueeo
— iaeaea aei an?o aeine?aeaeoaaieo iaoae?a, iiaei?iaeiee aaeeeee — aei
Nr oa Zn); oieneei-oiea?aioi? (eino?eoey /a?aiia, oiieii?a aocueeieenoee
— aei Ni, Cr, Co, Cu, Pb, ethoea?ia ?iiainueea — aei an?o
aeine?aeaeoaaieo iaoae?a e??i Mn).

?ineeie, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny /ooeea?noth aei aaaeeeo iaoae?a iiaeia
a?aeianoe aei ?iaeeeaoi??a noaio caa?oaeiaiino?. No?ee? aeaee ?ineei aei
iiaeeiaiiy AI iiaeia ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe aeey ae?iuoaaiiy caeaieo ei?i?a ia
i?ei?nueeeo oa?eoi??yo oa ae?eyieao a cii? oaoiiaaiii? ae?yeueiino?.

8. Ia iniia? o?i?/iiai aiae?co oa a?coaeueieo niinoa?aaeaiue
cai?iiiiiaaia ye?nia noaia aeeiai?ee ia?a?iciiae?eo AI i?ae eaieaie
nenoaie a?oio-?ineeia ia ??cieo aoaiao aaaaoaoe?eiiai ?icaeoeo.
Iiaoaeiaaia a?aeiia?aeia oai?aoe/ia iiaeaeue i?a?aoe?? AI i?ae a?oioii
oa ?ineeii?noth i?ioyaii aaaaoaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo. Ciaeaeaiee ca’ycie
i?ae ai?noii AI o a?oio? oa ?ineeiao oa aeiaaaeaii, ui iai?ee?ioe?
aaaaoaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo nenoaia a?oio-?ineeia iieiy?oueny a
noaoe?iia?iiio noai?, eiee caa?oaeiaiiy o ?ineeiao ia?anoa?
iaeiie/oaaoenue. Oai?aoe/iee aiae?c aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo aeaa ciiao
aecia/eoe ? ciaeoe /enaeuei? cia/aiiy eiao?oe??io?a, ui iienothoue
i?ioeane iai?io AI i?ae a?oioii ? ?ineeiaie.

9. Iieacaii, ui oa?aeoa? iaeiie/aiiy AI o iaeeieoe? ?ineeiii? iane
nooo?ai caeaaeeoue a?ae ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae ?ioaineai?noth iinooiaiiy
AI aei ?ineei ? oaeaeeino? c?inoaiiy ?o a?iiane. Aeiaaaeaii, ui
caeaaei?noue ai?noo AI o iaeeieoe? ?ineeiii? iane a?ae /ano ia?
iaeneioi. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeaee ciiao aecia/eoe ia??iae, a yeee
caa?oaeiaiiy ia iaeeieoeth ?ineeiii? iane ? iaea?eueoei. Aeiaaaeaii, ui
iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe caeaaei?noue caa?oaeiaiino? (e?eueeino? aaaeeiai
iaoaeo o iaeeieoe? a?iiane) a?ae /ano. Oea aeooaeueii aeey aecia/aiiy
oa?i?i?a n?iiein?iiy, cai?o a?iaeath, ca oiiae aeai?o oaeiai ia??iaeo,
eiee a?iaeae i?eaeaoiee aeey aeei?enoaiiy, a caa?oaeiai?noue iaeiaioa,
iniaeeai a ciiao ?ioaineaii? oaoiiaaiii? ae?yeueiino?.

?AEIIAIAeAOe?? UIAeI AI?IAAAeAEAIIss ?ACOEUeOAO?A

1. Canoiniaaiee o ?iaio? eiiieaeniee i?aeo?ae uiaei i?iaaaeaiiy
aeieia?/ii? ioe?iee o?aieaiaeoaoo?a aeioe?eueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeey
iii?oi?eiao i?nueeeo caiaeue, cie?aia aeey aeae?eaiiy i?ei?eoaoieo
ia’?eo?a niinoa?aaeaiiy.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy nenoaie a?oio-?ineeia ca ai?noii aaaeeeo iaoae?a o
aa?oiueiio oa?? a?oioo oa ?ineeiiino? iiaea aooe ei?eniei i?e ieaioaaii?
?ici?uaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oa?aeue iaaeiei i?iieneiaeo
ia’?eo?a, a oaeiae aeey aecia/aiiy ae?eyiie c i?aeaeuaiei ai?noii
caa?oaeithaa/?a ia i?ei?nueeeo caieyo (ae?eyiie i?aeaeuaiiai ?eceeo),
aea iathoue aooe iaiaaeaiiy aeei?enoaiiy a?oio?a aeey ae?iuoaaiiy
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? i?iaeoeoe??.

?acoeueoaoe iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioean?a i?a?aoe?? aaaeeeo
iaoae?a o nenoai? a?oio-?ineeia i?ioyaii aaaaoaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo
aeiiiiiaeooue aecia/eoe iioeiaeuei? oa?i?ie aeey cae?aiiy a?iaeath, c
iaoith eiio?ieth iaaeoiaeaeaiiy i?iaeoeo?a c iaaei??iei ?o ai?noii aei
oa?/iaiai eaioethaa oaa?ei oa ethaeeie.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO ?IA?O CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??:

Ai?oi?e E.I. Aieea aio?iiiaaiiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ia ai?no AI o nenoai?
a?oio-?ineeia//A?niee aa?a?ii? iaoee.- Ee?a, 1999. -?10 – N. 78.

Ai?oi?e E.I. Ioe?iea iie?aeaiaioiiai caa?oaeiaiiy a?oioiaiai iie?eao
e?niia?e?a i. Oa?eiaa//A?ni. Euea?a. oi-oo. – Euea?a, 1999.- Aei. 25.–
N. 89-90.

*a?aaiueia. ?.A., Ai?oi?e E. I., ?e/ae I. E. Aieea caa?oaeiaiiy ia
ye?noue oa noai a?oio?a aaeeeiai i?noa oa canaaee eiai iii?oi?eiao (ia
i?eeeaae? Oa?eiaa)// Iaoe. A?ni. ?i-o iaiaaeaei. oa aeii.-?a-ii-O?-e.,
1999. — N. 195-202.

Ai?oiee E.I. Caa?oaeiaiiy a?oioo aaaeeeie iaoaeaie oa noai ?ineeiiino?
ia oa?eoi??? i?noa Oa?eiaa//Aa?io?i?y oa a?oioiciaanoai. Niaoe?aeueiee
aeione aei V c‘?caeo a?oioiciaaoe?a. -Oa?e?a, 1998.– /. IV.- N. 207-214.

Ai?oiee E.I., *a?aaiaa A.E. Iiaeaeue ?ani?aaeaeaiey caa?yciaiee a
nenoaia ii/aa-?anoaiea a i?eeiaeaiee e iaoiaeo aeieiaeeeaoeee// A?ni.
Oa?e. oi-oo.-Oa?e?a, 1998. — ?402. — N. 182-186.

Ai?oiee E.I. Niaea?aeaiea oyaeaeuo iaoaeeia a ii/aa e a ?anoaieyo
eaniia?eiaie ciiu a.Oa?ueeiaa// Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie no/anii? iaoee a
aeine?aeaeaiiyo iieiaeeo a/aieo i.Oa?eiaa: Ca. iaoe. i?.- Oa?e?a, 1998.
— N. 152-155.

*a?aaiueia ?.A., Ai?oi?e E.I,. ?e/ae I.E. Aieea caa?oaeiaiiy ia ye?noue
oa noai a?oio?a aaeeeiai i?noa (ia i?eeeaae? Oa?eiaa)//Oe?. aaia?.
aeo?i.- 1996.- ?1. — N.24-31.

Ai?oi?e E.I. Canoinoaaiiy iaoiaeo a?i?iaeeeaoe?? aeey iii?oi?eiao
aeieia?/iiai noaio i?nueeiai na?aaeiaeua//Iaoa??aee eiio. »Aeieia?/i?
i?iaeaie ?aa?iio: nooue ? oeyoe ae??oaiiy». — Iieoaaa. -1997.- N. 164.

Ai?oiee E.I. Caa?yciaiea ii/au a. Oa?ueeiaa oeie/aneeie yeaiaioaie//
Iaoa??aee IV I?aeia?iaeii? eiioa?aioe?? »O?aioe?y oa Oe?a?ia,
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iee aeina?ae o eiioaeno? ae?aeiao iaoe?iiaeueieo
eoeueoo?». — Aei?i?iiao?ianuee. — 1997. — N. 10.

Ai?oiee E.I. Ei??aeyoeey yeaiaioiiai caa?yciaiey ?acee/iuo aeaeia
?anoaiee e ii/au ia oa??eoi?ee ai?iaea Oa?ueeiaa// Iaoa??aee eiio.
»A?oioe Oe?a?ie: aeieia?y, aaiethoe?y, nenoaiaoeea, ieoeueoo?aiiy,
ioe?iea, iii?oi?eia, aaia?ao?y, aeei?enoaiiy». – Oa?e?a.- 1996. — N.
183.

Ai?oiee E.I. I?eiaiaiea iaoiaea aeieiaeeeaoeee ia i?eia?a niaea?aeaiey
oyaeaeuo yeaiaioia a Acer Campestre L.//Iaoa??aee eiio. «Aeooaeueiua
aii?inu aioaieee e yeieiaee». — Oa?ueeia.-1996.- N.21.

Ai?oiee E.I. Eaai?aoi?iay ia?aaioea aeaiiuo i caa?yciaiiinoe
?anoeoaeueiinoe ia oa??eoi?ee Oa?ueeiaa oyaeaeuie iaoaeeaie// Iaoa?eaeu
2-e eiio. «I?eiaiaiea ia?niiaeueiuo eiiiuethoa?ia a iao/iuo
enneaaeiaaieyo e o/aaiii i?ioeanna». -Oa?ueeia.-1996.- N.54.

AIIOAOe?ss

Ai?oi?e E.I. Aeieia?/ia ioe?iea o?aieaioaoo?a ca ai?noii aaaeeeo iaoae?a
o nenoai? a?oio-?ineeia (ia i?eeeaae? i.Oa?eiaa).-?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa a?ieia?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 03.00. 16 — aeieia?y. Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee
aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1999.

Aeine?aeaeaiee ai?no aaaeeeo iaoae?a o a?oioao oa ?ineeiao?
e?niia?eiai? ciie i?noa Oa?eiaa. I?iaaaeaia aeieia?/ia ioe?iea
caa?oaeiaiiy iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o a?oioiaiai iie?eao. Neeaaeai? ea?oinoaie
aaio?i?/ieo i?aie?a ?icn?thaaiiy iniiaieo caa?oaeithaa/?a aeinenoaie.
I?iaaaeaia ioe?iea noaio ?ineeiiiai iie?eao iaoiaeii a?i?iaeeeaoe??.
Aeyaeaii aeaee ?ineei, ye? oiea?aioi? aei caa?oaeiaiiy aaaeeeie
iaoaeaie. I?iaaaeaiee nenoaiiee aiae?c ia?a?iciiae?eo caa?oaeiaiiy o
nenoai? a?oio-?ineeia. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeicaieeee aea/eoe oa?aeoa?
?iciiae?eo caa?oaeiaiue o eaieao o?aiaeinenoaie i?noa Oa?eiaa.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: o?aieaiaeoaoo, caa?oaeiaiiy, aaaee? iaoaee,
a?i?iaeeeaoe?y, nenoaia a?oio-?ineeia.

AIIIOAOeEss.

Ai?oiee E.I. Aeieiae/aneay ioeaiea o?aieaiaeoaooia ii niaea?aeaieth
oyaeaeuo iaoaeeia a nenoaia ii/aa-?anoaiea (ia i?eia?a a.Oa?ueeiaa) —
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa aeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 03.00.16. yeieiaey, Aeiai?iiao?ianeee
ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao, Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1999.

Enneaaeiaaii niaea?aeaiea oyaeaeuo iaoaeeia a ii/aao e ?anoaieyo
eaniia?eiaie ciiu ai?iaea Oa?ueeiaa. I?iaaaeaia yeieiae/aneay ioeaiea
caa?yciaiey iiaa?oiinoiiai neiy ii/aaiiiai iie?iaa. Ia aieueoae /anoe
eaniia?eiaie oa??eoi?ee ai?iaea i?enoonoaoao eioaineaiia
iaaeiaaioeie/aneia caa?yciaiea (a n?aaiaiee n oiiiaui niaea?aeaieai)
a?aaeiuie aauanoaaie, oaeeie eae Pb, Zn, Cu, Cr, Ni.

Ninoaaeaiu eiiiuethoa?iua ea?oinoaiu, eioi?ua oa?aeoa?ecotho oeiu
?ani?aaeaeaiey ?aciuo iaoaeeia a ii/aao a /a?oa ai?iaea. Aeey Ni, Mn, Zn
oa?aeoa?ii iiiioiiiia ?ani?aaeaeaiea aaee/ei eo niaea?aeaiey
ioiineoaeueii oeaio?a ai?iaea. Aeey Cr oa Cu a no?oeoo?a ?ani?aaeaeaiey
auaeaeythony aeaa i?ioeaiiieiaeiuo oaiaeaioeee oaaee/aiey. Aeey naeioea
e eiaaeueoa oa?aeoa?ii iieeoeaio?e/aneia ?ani?ino?aiaiea n ianeieueeeie
i?aieaie aunieiai niaea?aeaiey.

Eioaa?aeueiua iieacaoaee iieeyeaiaioiiai caa?yciaiey naeaeaoaeuenoaotho
i cia/eoaeueiii o?iaia caa?yciaiey iiiaeie eia?aaeeaioaie ia?ea ei.
A?oaia, 40-eaoey AEENI, Iieiaeaaee e Aeaenaaaneiai eoaiia?ea. Oia?aiiia
caa?yciaiey ii?aaeaeeee ia oa??eoi?ee ia?eia Iniiaa, THiinoue, ei.
Iayeianeiai, ei. Oaa/aiea, ei. AEoeiaa, ei. Ai?ueeiai, A?eai?ianeiai
ai?a. Ia inoaeueiuo oa??eoi?eyo i?enoonoaoao iacia/eoaeueiia caa?yciaiea
oyaeaeuie iaoaeeaie.

Ii ?acoeueoaoai aecoaeueiuo iaaethaeaiee, onoaiiaeaiu ii?oieiae/aneea,
yeieiae/aneea eciaiaiey ?anoeoaeueiiai iie?iaa. Aiaeec ii?aaeaiiinoe
eenoiaie ieanoeiee ii oeaea ioeaiie iieacae onoie/eaua aeaeu e
aoiinoa?iiio caa?yciaieth — oiiieue /a?iue, aeoa iaueiiaaiiue, eeai
ino?ieenoiue. Ii?aaeaeeeenue ii?aaeaiey, eioi?ua eiatho einaaiiia
ioiioaiea e caa?ycieoaeyi aicaeooa — a?eaeiaua caaieaaaiey. N?aaee ieo
/aua anaai ano?a/athony io/ienoay ?ina e /a?iay iyoienoinoue ?aciuo
aeaeia aea?aaueaa.

Oeie/aneee aiaeec ?anoeoaeueiie iannu iieacae neaaeothuaa:
?anoeoaeueii-ii/aaiiue eiyooeoeeaio eee eiyooeoeeaio iiaeiuaiey oyaeaeuo
iaoaeeia ?anoeoaeueiinoueth ec ii/au iicaieyao aiai?eoue i ieceie
aeinooiiinoe yoeo yeaiaioia aeey ?anoaiee. Iaaunieay caaeneiinoue
iaoaeeia a ?anoaieyo io eo eiee/anoaa a ii/aa naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i ?aaioa
caueoiuo iaoaieciia ?aaoeyoeee iinooieaiey caa?ycieoaeae a ?anoeoaeueiue
i?aaieci e aunieoth aooa?iinoue ii/a ia oa??eoi?ee a. Oa?ueeiaa.

I?iaiaeeeny aiaeec o?aayienouo aeaeia ?anoaiee ia i?aaeiao niaoeeoeee
iiaeiuaiey ioaeaeueiuo oyaeaeuo iaoaeeia, n iiiiuueth eioi?iai
onoaiiaeaii aeaa iniiaiuo oeia ?anoaiee ii ioiioaieth e iaeiieaieth
caa?ycieoaeae – /oanoaeoaeueiua e onoie/eaua aeaeu ?anoaiee. E
/oanoaeoaeueiui aeaeai ioiinei iaeoaai/ee eaea?noaaiiue (ii/oe ei anai
enneaaeoaiui yeaiaioai) e iiaei?iaeiee aieueoie (e o?iio e oeeieo). E
oieneei-oiea?aioiui aeaeai i?eiaaeeaaeao: ceaeiaua — ianyieoea e?aniay,
iyoeee oceieenoiue (onoie/eau e ieeaeth, o?iio, eiaaeueoo, iaaee e
oeeieo); ec aiaiauo — ethoea?ia ?iiaineay (onoie/eaa ei anai
enneaaeoaiui yeaiaioai, e?iia ia?aaioea).

?anoaiey, eioi?ua oa?aeoa?ecothony /oanoaeoaeueiinoueth e caa?ycieoaeyi
iiaeii eniieueciaaoue eae eiaeeeaoi?u ninoiyiey caa?yciaiey. Onoie/eaua
aeae? ?anoaiee e iiaeiuaieth oyaeaeuo iaoaeeia iiaeii ?aeiiaiaeiaaoue
aeey au?aueaaiey caeaiuo ei?iia ia i?eai?iaeiuo caieyo e o/anoeao a ciia
oaoiiaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe.

Ia iniiaaiee oeie/aneiai aiaeeca e aecoaeueiuo iaaethaeaiee
i?aaeeiaeaia ea/anoaaiiay noaia aeeiaieee ia?a?ani?aaeaeaiey oyaeaeuo
iaoaeeia iaaeaeo caaiueyie nenoaiu ii/aa-?anoaiea ia ?aciuo yoaiao
aaaaoaoeeiiiiai ?acaeoey ?anoaiee. Iino?iaia niioaaonoaaiiay
oai?aoe/aneay iiaeaeue iea?aoeee oyaeaeuo iaoaeeia a ii/aa e a ?anoaieyo
ia i?ioyaeaiee aaaaoaoeeiiiiai ia?eiaea. Ii?aaeaeaia naycue iaaeaeo
niaea?aeaieai oyaeaeuo iaoaeeia e aeieacaii, /oi nenoaia ii/aa-?anoaiea
a eiioea aaaaoaoeeiiiiai ia?eiaea ieacuaaaony a noaoeeiia?iii ninoiyiee,
eiaaea iaeiieaiea caa?yciaiey i?ae?auaaony. Oai?aoe/aneee aiaeec
yenia?eiaioaeueiuo aeaiiuo aeae aiciiaeiinoue ii?aaeaeeoue e iaeoe
/eneaiiua cia/aiey eiyooeoeeaioia, eioi?ua iienuaatho i?ioeannu iaiaia
oyaeaeuie iaoaeeaie iaaeaeo ii/aie e ?anoaieyie.

Iieacaii, /oi oa?aeoa? iaeiieaiey oyaeaeuo iaoaeeia ia aaeeieoeo
?anoeoaeueiie iannu nouanoaaiii caaeneo io niioiioaiey iaaeaeo
eioaineaiinoueth iinooieaiey oyaeaeuo iaoaeeia a ?anoaiey e nei?inoueth
oaaee/aiey eo aeiiannu. Aeieacaii, /oi caaeneiinoue niaea?aeaiey
oyaeaeuo iaoaeeia ia aaeeieoeo ?anoeoaeueiie iannu io a?aiaie eiaao
iaeneioi.

Iieo/aiiua ?acoeueoaou aeaee aiciiaeiinoue ii?aaeaeeoue ia?eiae, a
eioi?ue caa?yciaiea ia aaeeieoeo ?anoeoaeueiie iannu yaeyaony
iaeaieueoei. Aeieacaii, /oi iaiaoiaeeii o/eouaaoue caaeneiinoue
caa?yciaiey (eiee/anoaa a?aaeiiai yeaiaioa a aaeeieoea ?anoeoaeueiie
iannu) io a?aiaie. ?acoeueoaou yaeythony i/aiue aeooaeueiuie aeey
ii?aaeaeaiey n?ieia naiieioaiey, nai?a o?iaeay e ae?. i?e oneiaee
ii?aaeaeaiey oaeiai ia?eiaea, eiaaea o?iaeae i?eaiaeai aeey
oiio?aaeaiey, a caa?yciaiiinoue iaeiaiueoay, iniaaiii a ciiao
eioaineaiie oaoiiaaiiie iaa?ocee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: o?aieaiaeoaoo, caa?yciaiea, oyaeaeua iaoaeeu,
aeieiaeeeaoeey, nenoaia ii/aa-?anoaiea.

ANNOTATION

Bortnik L.N. The ecological estimation of urbolandscape under the
contents of heavy metals in soil- plant system (as example for Kharkiv
city). — Manuscript.

The dissertation on competition of a scientific degree of the candidate
of biological sciences on a speciality ecology. Dnepropetrovsk state
university, Dnepropetrovsk, 1999.

The heavy metals content was investigated in both soil and plants of
Khark?v forest parks. The ecological estimation has been carried out for
pollution contents in the top layer of soil. The geochemical areas were
mapped out for distribution of main pollutants in ecosystem. The
condition of the plants was estimated by means of methods of
bioindication. The system analysis of the pollutant distribution in
soil-plant chain was carried out. The results made it possible to
investigate the pollutant distribution in the urboecological subsystems
of Khark?v city.

Key words: urbolandscape, pollution, heavy metal, bioindication,
soil-plant-system.

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