Ефективність різних систем основного обробітку грунту в ланці зерно-бурякової сівозміни в умовах правобережного Лісостепу України: Автореф. дис… кан

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IAOe?IIAEUeIEE AA?A?IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?IAEEI AAEAIOEIA IEOAEE?AIA

OAeE 631.582.:633 /1-924.
85/

AOAEOEAI?NOUe ??CIEO NENOAI INIIAIIAI IA?IA?OEO A?OIOO A EAIOe?
CA?II-AO?ssEIAI? N?AICI?IE A OIIAAO I?AAIAA?AAEIIAI E?NINOAIO OE?A?IE

06.01.01 — caaaeueia caiea?ianoai

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao?, Eaa?iao
I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?,

Caneoaeaiee i?aoe?aiee ia?iaeii? ina?oe,

aeaaeai?e AI AO

Aoaecue Aieiaeeie? Iaaeiae/, Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e caaaeueiiai caiea?ianoaa

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe — aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe,

?aauaiei Ieaenaiae? Ieaen?eiae/, ?inoeooo oeoe?iaeo ao?ye?a OAAI,
caa?aeoaa/ eaai?aoi??? ai?ioueae c ao?’yiaie

eaiaeeaeao n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe,

Eieii??oeue Ieeiea Aieiaeeie?iae/, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee
eaai?aoi??? ia?ia?oeo a?oioo ? ai?ioueae c ao?’yiaie ?inoeoooo
caiea?ianoaa OAAI

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: A?eioea?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee
oi?aa?neoao, eaoaae?a caiea?ianoaa, I?i.AIE Oe?a?ie

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 20 “ o?aaiy 1999 ?. i 10 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.00.4.10 a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio aa?a?iiio
oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 252041, i.Ee?a, aoe. Aa?i?a iai?iie, 15,
iaa/aeueiee ei?ion 3, aoaeeoi??y 65.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo: Ee?a — 41, aoe. Aa?i?a iai?iie, 11, iaa/aeueiee
ei?ion 10.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 20 “ ea?oiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Aeieo?eoae I.ss.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Ia?aoe?iiaeueia aeei?enoaiiy a?oio?a o iao /an
coiiaeei ?ioaineaiee ?icaeoie i?ioean?a aeaa?aaeaoe?? ia a?eueo?e
/anoei? i?ieo caiaeue a Oe?a?i?. A ?acoeueoao? oeueiai iia??oothoueny
aiaeiee oa iiaeeai? ?aaeeie, cieaeo?oueny ?o a?ieia?/ia aeoeai?noue ?,
ye iane?aeie, ciaioo?oueny o?iaeaei?noue n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
eoeueoo? i?e cia/iiio i?aeaeuaii? cao?ao ia ae?iaieoeoai i?iaeoeoe??.

Oaeineiiaeaiith oa ?ic?iaoe? iiaeo caoiae?a oa nenoai iniiaiiai
ia?ia?oeo a?oioo i?eae?ey?oueny aeineoue aaeeea oaaaa, iniaeeai
ieinei??ci?e oa iiaa?oiaa?e nenoaiai. Aeiaaio?eaae? aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeiiiiiaee anoaiiaeoe, ui ia no/aniiio aoai? iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiith ?
iieeoeaai-ieinei??cia nenoaia c a?aooaaiiyi aeanoeainoae a?oioo,
eoeueoo?e caiea?ianoaa, iiia?aaeiee?a oa oeio caao?’yiaiiy. Oaea nenoaia
yaey? niaith eiia?iaoe?th ia??iaee/ieo iieeoeaaeo oa aaciieeoeaaeo
aeeaieeo ? i?eeeo ia?ia?oe?a o n?aici?i?.

Aea/aiiy oeeo nenoai iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo a noaoe?iia?ieo
aeine?aeao aea? iiaeeea?noue anoaiiaeoe aieea o?eaaeiai ?o canoinoaaiiy
ia ??ci? ia?aiao?e a?oioiai? ?iaeth/ino?. ?icaeyae oeueiai ieoaiiy a
eiiieaen? c ?ioeie oaeoi?aie iio?aao? cia/iiai ooi/iaiiy a cii?
i?aaiaa?aaeiiai E?ninoaio ia /i?iicaiao aeeaieeo iaeiaoionieo.

A?eueo aeooaeueii iinoathoue oe? ieoaiiy a oaia??oi?e /an ia?aoiaeo ia
?eieia? a?aeiineie ? aeiaaathoue aeeaiei? aeiiii?/ii?, aa?iaeieia?/ii?
oa a?iaia?aaoe/ii? ioe?iee.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith oaiaoe/ii? i?ia?aie aeine?aeaeaiue
eaoaae?e caaaeueiiai caiea?ianoaa Iaoe?iiaeueiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
c oaie “?ic?iaea iiaeaeae ii?iaoeaiiai caiea?ianoaa i?e ae?iuoaaii?
iieueiaeo eoeueoo? o E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie”, iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe??
0194 U 001957.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiue iieyaa? o
anoaiiaeaii? iniiaieo caeiiii??iinoae oi?ioaaiiy noaeeo a?iaea?a
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo? eaiee n?aici?ie ai?io-iceia ioaieoey-
oeoe?ia? ao?yee-y/i?iue c i?aen?aii eiithoeie i?e ??cieo nenoaiao
iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo a oiiaao i?aaiaa?aaeiiai E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie.

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue: 1) aeyaeoe iniaeeaino? ci?ie iniiaieo
iieaciee?a ?iaeth/ino? a?oioo (aiaeii-o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae, iiaeeaiiai
?aaeeio, a?ieia?/ii? aeoeaiino?) a caeaaeiino? a?ae nenoai iniiaiiai
ia?ia?oeo a?oioo; 2) anoaiiaeoe aieea ??cieo nenoai iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo
a?oioo ? aa?a?oeeae?a ia caao?’yiai?noue iin?a?a eoeueoo? eaiee
n?aici?ie; 3) ii??aiyoe o?iaeaei?noue eoeueoo? a caeaaeiino? a?ae nenoai
iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo oa canoinoaaiiy aa?a?oeeae?a; 4) anoaiiaeoe
aieea ??cieo nenoai iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo oa aa?a?oeeae?a ia
iieacieee oaoiieia?/ii? yeino? i?iaeoeoe??; 5) aeaoe aeiiii?/io oa
aia?aaoe/io ioe?ieo nenoai iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo, ui aea/athoueny.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiue iieyaa? a eiiieaeniiio aea/aii?
aeiaaio?eaaeiai aieeao (ia i?ioyc? 17 ?ie?a) canoinoaaiiy ??cieo nenoai
iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo ia oii? aianaiiy aa?a?oeeae?a ? aac ieo ia
aieiai? oaeoi?e a?oioiai? ?iaeth/ino? ? o?iaeaei?noue
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo? a eaioe? ca?iiao?yeiai? n?aici?ie.
Anoaiiaeaia caeaaei?noue aiaeiiai oa iiaeeaiiai ?aaeei?a, aa?io?ce/ieo ?
a?ieia?/ieo aeanoeainoae oa caao?’yiaiino? a?oioo a?ae nenoai iniiaiiai
ia?ia?oeo. Ca eiiieaenii aa?iaeiiii?/ieo, aia?aaoe/ieo ia?aaaa
aeiaaaeaia iaiao?aei?noue canoinoaaiiy iieeoeaai-ieinei??ciiai ia?ia?oeo
a?oioo a n?aici?i?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Anaa?/ia ioe?iea i?iaaaeaieo
aeine?aeaeaiue aeicaieeea anoaiiaeoe, ui i?e canoinoaaii? o ae?iaie/eo
oiiaao i?aaiaa?aaeiiai E?nioaio Oe?a?ie iieeoeaai-ieinei??cii? nenoaie
iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo caaacia/o?oueny i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy a?oioiai?
?iaeth/ino?, aenieee i?ioeao?’yiiaee aoaeo, cia/ia nei?i/aiiy
aia?aaoe/ieo cao?ao ? iaea?aeaiiy noaa?eueieo a?iaea?a
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo? c aenieeie iieacieeaie oaoiieia?/ii?
yeino?.?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ai?iaaaeaeai? a ENI ?i.Oaa/aiea
Ee?anueei? iaeano? Aaneeuee?anueeiai ?aeiio oa a ainiiaea?noa? AAeN IAO.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a a iaea?aeaii? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue
iieyaa? o naiino?eiiio ieaioaaii? oa cae?eniaii? iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo
?ia?o, ia?iaoe? oa aiae?c? aenia?aiaioaeueiiai iaoa??aeo, a oaeiae
ocaaaeueiaii? ?acoeueoao?a aeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
aeiiia?aeaeenue ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? c aa?aieia?? (Ee?a,
1996), iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo IAO
(1996 — 1998) oa can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e caaaeueiiai caiea?ianoaa.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii 4 iaoeia?
i?aoe?, a oiio /ene? 3 — noaoo? a iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, 1 — noaooy a
ca??ieeo iaoeiaeo i?aoeue.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 153 noi??ieao
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, aeeth/a? 39 oaaeeoeue, 9 ?enoie?a ? neeaaea?oueny
?c anooio, 6 ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ae?iaieoeoao. Nienie
aeei?enoaieo iaoeiaeo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae ioiieth? 251 iaeiaioaaiiy,
a oiio /ene? 15 ca?oa?aeieo aaoi??a.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

1. IAEssAe E?OA?AOO?E

O ?icae?e? iiaea?oueny ei?ioeee iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e c ieoaiue ?noi?e/iiai
?icaeoeo, no/aniiai noaio oa ia?niaeoea oaeineiiaeaiiy nenoai iniiaiiai
ia?ia?oeo a?oioo. ?icaeyaea?oueny anaa?/iee aieea ??cieo nenoai
iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo ia aieiai? aeaiaioe eiai ?iaeth/ino?,
caao?’yiai?noue iin?a?a, o?iaeaei?noue oa ye?noue
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo?, aia?aaoe/io oa aeiiii?/io
aoaeoeai?noue.

2. OIIAE OA IAOIAeEEA I?IAAAeAIIss AeINE?AeAEAIUe

2.1. Iiaiaeii-ee?iaoe/i? oa a?oioia? oiiae i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue i?ioyaii 1996 — 1998 ?ie?a o noaoe?iia?i?e
n?aici?i? eaoaae?e caaaeueiiai caiea?ianoaa Aa?iiii?/ii? aeine?aeii?
noaioe?? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo a n.Ioaie/ia
Aaneeuee?anueeiai ?aeiio Ee?anueei? iaeano?, oa?eoi??y yei? ?ici?uaia a
i?ai?/ii — no?aei?e /anoei? i?aaiaa?aaeiiai E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie.

Ee?iao aeaiiai ?aeiio iii??ii-eiioeiaioaeueiee. Na?aaeiy aaaaoi??/ia
oaiia?aoo?a iia?o?y ca ??e noaiiaeoue 6,5 — 70C c a?aeiiniith aieia?noth
89,4 %. O na?aaeiueiio ca ??e aeiaaea? 540 — 560 ii iiaae?a, a a
na?aaeiueiio ca aaaaoaoe?eiee ia??iae — 333 ii, aai 65 % ??/ii? ?o
e?eueeino?.

O?eaae?noue ia??iaeo c oaiia?aoo?ith aeua +50N neeaaea? 210 — 218 aei?a
? 155 — 180 aei?a — c oaiia?aoo?ith aeua +100N. Ca e?euee?noth iiaae?a o
?iee aeine?aeaeaiue ia niinoa??aaeinue cia/iiai a?aeoeeaiiy a?ae
na?aaei?o aaaaoi??/ieo cia/aiue. I?ioa ?o ?iciiae?e ii i?nyoeyo aoa
aeoaea ia ??aiii??iei. Niinoa??aaeanue aino?a iio?aaa a iiaaeao o o?aai?
— /a?ai? oa iaaei??ia ?o e?euee?noue a eeii? — na?ii?.

A?oio aeine?aeii? ae?eyiee — /i?iicai oeiiaee iaeiaoioniee
eaaeinoaeeieiaee. Ai?no aoiono a i?iiio oa?? noaiiaeoue 4,6 % (ii
Oth??io), ai?no ?ooiiiai oinoi?o — 4,5 — 5,5 ia (ii Ia/ea?io), iai?iiiai
eae?th — 9,8 — 10,3 ia/ 100a a?oioo.

2.2. Iaoiaeeea i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue

Aenia?aiaioaeueia /anoeia ?iaioe aeeiioaaeanue i?ioyaii 1996 -1998 ?.?.
a noaoe?iia?iiio aeine?ae? ii aea/aiith ??cieo nenoai iniiaiiai
ia?ia?oeo a?oioo a ca?iiao?yeia?e n?aici?i? c ianooiiei /a?aoaaiiyi
eoeueoo?: eiithoeia — iceia ioaieoey — oeoe?ia? ao?yee — eoeo?oaeca ia
nenein — iceia ioaieoey — eoeo?oaeca ia ca?ii — ai?io ia ca?ii — iceia
ioaieoey — oeoe?ia? ao?yee — y/i?iue c i?aen?aii eiithoeie.

Aieea nenoai iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo ia iieacieee a?oioiai? ?iaeth/ino?,
o?iaeaei?noue ? ye?noue aea/aee a eaioe? n?aici?ie: ai?io — iceia
ioaieoey — oeoe?ia? ao?yee — y/i?iue c i?aen?aii eiithoeie.

?ici?? iin?aii? ae?eyiee aeine?aeaeaiue noaiiaeoue 280 i2, iae?eiai? —
240 i2. Iieiaeia ieiu? oeeo ae?eyiie ia?iaeyeanue ?aeiiaiaeiaaieie aeey
ciie ? eoeueoo? aa?a?oeeaeaie a?aeiia?aeii aei e?eoa??th
aeieiai-aeiiii?/iiai ii?iao caao?’yiaiiy, a ia ?io?e aa?a?oeeaee ia
aiineee. Iiaoi?i?noue aeine?aeo /ioe?e?aciaa, ?ici?uaiiy iine?aeiaia.

Nenoaia oaeia?aiiy ? canoinoaaiiy ianoeoeeae?a oa?aeoa?i? aeey no/aniiai
?ioaineaiiai caiea?ianoaa. Aa?ioaoi?ea ae?iuoaaiiy eoeueoo?
caaaeueiii?eeiyoa.

I?ia?aia aeine?aeaeaiue ia?aaeaa/a? aea/aiiy /ioe?ueio nenoai iniiaiiai
ia?ia?oeo a?oioo: 1) iieeoeaaa ??ciiaeeaeiia (eiio?ieue) i?ae an?
eoeueoo?e; 2) ieinei??cia ??ciiaeeaeiia i?ae an? eoeueoo?e; 3)
iieeoeaai-ieinei??cia, yea ia?aaeaa/a? i?ae iceio ioaieoeth i?ney ai?ioo
— iiaa?oiaaee ia?ia?oie aeeneiaeie cia?yaeaeyie ia 8 — 10 ni oa 10 — 12
ni, i?ae oeoe?ia? ao?yee — aeeaiea i?aiea ia 28 — 30 ni, i?ae y?ee
y/i?iue — ieinei??ciee ia?ia?oie ia 20 — 22 ni; 4) iiaa?oiaaa-
aeeneiaeie cia?yaeaeyie ia 8 — 10 ni i?ae an? eoeueoo?e.

O aeine?aeao aen?aaee iceio ioaieoeth ni?oo Ie?ii?anueea — 61, oeoe?ia?
ao?yee sseoooe?anuee?, y?ee y/i?iue I??ac?.

I?ia?aia aeine?aeaeaiue aeeth/aea aea/aiiy ne?aeoth/eo iieaciee?a:
iioa?iaa u?euei?noue 0 — 10, 10 — 20, 20 — 30 ni iaoiaeii
I.A.Ea/einueeiai ia /an iin?ao eoeueoo?, a iniiai? ia??iaee ?icaeoeo oa
ia?aae cae?aiiyi o?iaeath. Ai?no aeinooiii? aieiae a oa?ao a?oioo 0 —
10, 10 — 20, 20 — 30 oa 0 — 100 ni iaoiaeii aenoooaaiiy i?e oaiia?aoo??
105 0N a o? ae no?iee. Aiaeii?iieee?noue a?oioo iaoiaeii ?cieueiaaieo
oeee?iae??a (i?eeaae Ianoa?iaa) ia?aae aoiaeii a ceio iceii? ioaieoe?,
ia?aae cieeaiiyi ?yaee?a oeoe?iaeo ao?ye?a oa o oaco aeoiaeo a o?oaeo
y?iai y/iaith. No?oeoo?ii-aa?aaaoiee neeaae a?oioo ca iaoiaeii Naa?iiaa.
Ai?no i?o?aoiiai acioo ii A?aiaeaaeue — Eyaeo, ?ooiieo oi?i
oinoi?o (ii Ia/ea?io), iai?iiai eae?th (ii *e??eiao) a oa?? a?oioo 0 —
10, 10 — 20, 20 — 30 ni a o? ae ia??iaee, ui ? u?euei?noue a?oioo.
A?ieia?/ia aeoeai?noue a?oioo ca iaoiaeeeith ?ioeaaa, I?oono?ia,
Iao?iai? (?iceeaae eeyiiai iieioia) ii oa?ao 0 — 10, 10 — 20, 20 — 30
ni. E?euee?noue aeiuiaeo /a?a’ye?a a i?iiio oa?? a?oioo ia ieiu? 0,5 i2
ii oa?ao 0 — 10, 10 — 20, 20 — 30 ni a oaco aeoiaeo a o?oaeo iceii?
ioaieoe? oa y?iai y/iaith, a ia??iae cieeaiiy ?yaee?a oeoe?iaeo ao?ye?a
ca?aeii c iaoiaeeeith E?noye?anueeiai, Iacaie. Iae?e ao?’yi?a-
e?euee?nii-aaaiaei iaoiaeii. Ieiuo eenoiai? iiaa?oi?- iaoiaeii aen?/ie,
/enoo i?iaeoeoeai?noue oioineioaco- ca iaoiaeeeaie A.A.Ie/eii?iae/a oa
?i. Iae?e o?iaeath i?iaiaeeee iaoiaeii nooe?eueiiai cae?aiiy iae?eiai?
ae?eyiee c ia?a?aooieii ia aaeoa?. sse?noue iaea?aeaii? i?iaeoeoe??
aecia/aee oa ioe?ithaaee ca?aeii ne?aeoth/eo AINO?a: iceii? ioaieoe?-
AeNOO 2422-94; oeoe?iaeo ao?ye?a- AINO 17421- 82; y/iaith ieaiaa?iiai-
AINO 5060- 86. Aia?aaoe/io aoaeoeai?noue ai?iaiaaieo nenoai ia?ia?oeo
a?oioo aecia/aee ca?aeii c iaoiaeeeith, ?ic?iaeaiith A.I.Aieiae?iei,
A.A.Ei??ioeai, A.O.Eiceiaoeaaei oa I.A.Ii?icii. Noaoenoe/iee aiae?c
iaea?aeaieo aenia?aiaioaeueieo aeaieo i?iaiaeeee ca iaoiaeeeith
A.I.Aeiniaoiaa.

3. AIEEA NENOAI INIIAIIAI IA?IA?OEO A?OIOO IA AIEIAI? OAEOI?E A?OIOIAI?
?IAeTH*INO?

3.1. U?euei?noue a?oioo

C iaoeiaeo aeaea?ae a?aeiii, ui u?euei?noue neeaaeaiiy i?iiai oa?o
a?oioo a i?ioean? iaoai?/iiai ia?ia?oeo cacia? cia/ieo ci?i. I?ney
i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue iai aaeaeinue anoaiiaeoe, ui nenoaie
iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo aieeaathoue ia ci?io oeueiai iieacieea
o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae a?oioo.

Ia /an iin?ao eoeueoo? eaiee n?aici?ie a?oio aoa iooeee ? eiai
u?euei?noue aa??thaaea a iaaeao 1,00 — 1,24 a/ni3 caeaaeii a?ae oa?o
a?oioo oa eiai ia?ia?oeo. I?ae /an aaaaoaoe?? ?ineei u?euei?noue i?iiai
oa?o ca?eueooaaeanue, aea ia aeoiaeeea ca iaae? iaea?eueo ni?eyoeeai?
aeey aeaieo eoeueoo? ? noaiiaeea 1,15 — 1,25 a/ni3. Ia /an cae?aiiy
a?iaeath niinoa??aaeinue aeaui i?aeaeuaia ou?eueiaiiy i?ae aieeaii
a?oioiia?iaieo cia?yaeue, aoiinoa?ieo iiaae?a, a oaeiae ca ?aooiie
aeanoeaiai aoaeue-yeiio a?oioo naiiou?eueiaiith. Ia’?iia iana a oeae
ia??iae ciaoiaeeeanue a iaaeao 1,19 — 1,32 a/ni3.

A on? ia??iaee niinoa?aaeaiue a?aei?/a?oueny a?eueoa ou?eueiaiiy oa??a
a?oioo 10 — 20 oa 20 — 30 ni o aa??aioao c aaciieeoeaaeie ia?ia?oeaie
(ieinei??ciei ? iiaa?oiaaei). Ca oeeo nenoai iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo
ia caaacia/o?oueny iaoai?/ia ia?ai?ooaaiiy ? ?iciooaiiy a?oioiia?iaieie
cia?yaeaeyie. Iaeaeuee iieaciee ia’?iii? iane niinoa??aa?oueny o
aa??aio? c iiaa?oiaaei ia?ia?oeii a oa?? a?oioo 20 — 30 ni (1,29 — 1,32
a/ni3), aea iaeaea aea? ?ioaoe?? a?oio ia ia?iaeyany. I?ioa aeyaeaio
ci?io u?eueiino? a i?iiio oa?? a?oioo ia ne?ae aaaaeaoe nooo?aith, oae
ye aiia ia aeoiaeeoue ca iaae? aeiionoeieo iieaciee?a.

3.2. Aeeiai?ea aeinooiii? aieiae a a?oio? ca ??cieo nenoai iniiaiiai
ia?ia?oeo

Aieia?noue a?oioo /anoi aenooia? iaiaaeoaaeueiei oaeoi?ii o oi?ioaaii?
a?iaeaeiino?. Aaaeeeaa ia o?eueee iaaeoiaeaeaiiy aieiae o aeaeyae?
iiaae?a, aea ? caeaoi?noue a?oioo caa?aaoe ? iaeiie/eoe ??. O oeueiio
aeiaaeeo nooo?aiai cia/aiiy iaaoaathoue caoiaee iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo.

O iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo ia /an iin?ao iceii? ioaieoe?, oeoe?iaeo ao?ye?a
oa y?iai y/iaith a?eueoa e?euee?noue aieiae iaeiie/oaaeanue ca
ieinei??ciiai oa iiaa?oiaaiai ia?ia?oeo ye a iao?iaiio, oae ? a i?iiio
oa?? a?oioo. I?ioyaii aaaaoaoe?? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo?
niinoa??aaeanue aino?a iio?aaa o aieic? a e?ioe? aanie — ia ii/aoeo
e?oa. Ca oaeeo oiia i?e ieinei??ci?e oa iiaa?oiaa?e nenoaiao iniiaiiai
ia?ia?oeo a a?oio? i?noeeanue a?eueoa e?euee?noue aiaee, i?ae ia
eiio?ie? (a na?aaeiueiio aei 10 ii).

Ia /an cae?aiiy a?iaeath ca aeaieo nenoai caa?aaeinue aeaui a?eueoa
iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy aieiae a i?iiio oa iao?iaiio oa?ao. I?e canoinoaaii?
iieeoeaai-ieinei??cii? nenoaie anoaiiaeaia oaiaeaioe?y ca?eueoaiiy
caian?a aieiae a ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieai.

Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iieacothoue, ui i?e iiaa?oiaa?e
nenoai? noai?ththoueny oiiae aeey a?eueoiai iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy oa
?aoe?iiaeuei?oiai aeei?enoaiiy aieiae ca ?aooiie ae??aii-a?oaei/eoaaoiai
neeaaeo, yeee caiia?aa? aeia?iaoaaiith. I?e iieeoeaaiio ia?ia?oeo ?eoea
aoaeiaa i?iiai oa?o coiiaeea iai?iaeoeoeai? ao?aoe aiaee c a?oioo.

3.3. Aiaeii?iieee?noue a?oioo

Iioei?caoe?y aa?io?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae a?oioo caaacia/o? iaeneiaeueia
iiaeeiaiiy aoiinoa?ieo iiaae?a, ui ni?ey? iaeiie/aiith a ei?aiaai?noiiio
oa?? ?ineei aeinoaoi?o caian?a aieiae.

Aea/aiiy aiaeii?iieeeino? iieacaei, ui ca ia?o? 5 oa. niinoa?aaeaiue
e?euee?noue aiaee, ui aa?a?aeanue a?oioii, cia/ii caeaaeaea a?ae
ou?eueiaiiy oa??a a?oioo 10 — 20 oa 20 — 30 ni. Iaea?eueoa e?euee?noue
aiaee aoea iiaeeiooa a?oioii ca oiia iieeoeaaiai ia?ia?oeo (3,9 — 4,6
ii/oa), a iaeiaioa — i?e iiaa?oiaaiio (2,6 ii/oa). A ianooii? 20 oa.
?ioaineai?noue aae?aiiy aieiae ciaioeeanue, aea ia?aaaaa ca eiio?ieai
caa?aaeanue.

?ioaineai?noue iiaeeiaiiy aieiae i?ioyaii 30 oa. a oe?eiio ciaioeeanue,
a caeaaei?noue iiaeeiaiiy a?ae ia?ia?oeo a?oioo ci?ieeanue. Ia aa??aioao
c ieinei??ciei oa iiaa?oiaaei ia?ia?oeaie aieiaa ii/eia? aae?aoenue
a?eueo ?ioaineaii (2,1 — 2,2 ii/oa), i?ae ia eiio?ie? (1,9 — 2,0 ii/oa).

*a?ac aiaeeio niinoa?aaeaiue iaea?eueoa e?euee?noue aiaee aae?a?oueny
i?e iiaa?oiaaiio ia?ia?oeo- 98,0 ii a iie? iceii? ioaieoe?, 101,0 a iie?
oeoe?iaeo ao?ye?a oa 99,0 a iin?aao y?iai y/iaith. I?ioyaii aeaio aiaeei
oaiaeaioe?y e?aui? o?eueo?aoe?? aieiae i?e iiaa?oiaa?e nenoai?
caa?aaeanue a on?o iieyo eaiee n?aici?ie c ia?aaaaith iaae eiio?ieai
a?ae 5 aei 16 ii caeaaeii a?ae eoeueoo?e. Ia aa??aioao ieinei??ciiai oa
iieeoeaai-ieinei??ciiai ia?ia?oeo a?aei?/aeanue iiae?aia oaiaeaioe?y.

Aeyaeaiee iaie oa?aeoa? aiaeii?iieeeino? a?oioo ca oiia aaciieeoeaaeo
ia?ia?oe?a caeaaeeoue a?ae iaioi? ?oeiaoe?? u?eei a ii??aiyii? c
iieeoeaaei ia?ia?oeii, ui ? iaoiiaeth? i?aeaeuaio caaeaoi?noue
o?eueo?oaaoe a?eueoo e?euee?noue aiaee.

Anoaiiaeaia a?ae’?iia ei?aeyoe?eia caeaaei?noue i?ae aiaeii?iieee?noth
a?oioo oa u?euei?noth (r ciaoiaeeoueny a iaaeao -0,63; -0,91).

3.4. No?oeoo?ii-aa?aaaoiee noai a?oioo

?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue na?ae/aoue, ui nenoaie iniiaiiai
ia?ia?oeo a?oioo nooo?ai ia aieeaathoue ia no?oeoo?ii-aa?aaaoiee neeaae.
Iaeaeuee eiao?oe??io no?oeoo?iino? (2,1 — 2,9 %) a on?o iieyo eaiee
n?aici?ie caaacia/o? iieeoeaai-ieinei??cia nenoaia ia?ia?oeo. Iaee?aua
no?oeoo?a a?oioo a?aei?/aia a iie? oeoe?iaeo ao?ye?a, ia ui iiceoeaiee
aieea iaei aianaiiy i?aai?/ieo aeia?ea oa a?eueoa aeeaeia ?icioooaaiiy.

O aa??aioao c ieinei??ciei oa iiaa?oiaaei ia?ia?oeaie niinoa??aa?oueny
aeayea ca?eueoaiiy ai?noo aeeaenoi? o?aeoe?? (a na?aaeiueiio ia 5 — 8 %)
a oa?ao a?oioo 10 — 20 oa 20 — 30 ni ? o?aeoe?? ieeo a oeeo aea
ai?eciioao (ia 3 — 4 %) a ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieai. I?ioa aiane?aeie
naiiou?eueiaiiy a?oioo iii?/aia ??cieoey i?ae aa??aioaie i?aeoe/ii
i?aaeth?oueny.

3.5. Iiaeeaiee ?aaeei a?oioo

Ai?no o a?oio? iiaeeaieo aeaiaio?a o aeinooii?e aeey ?ineei oi?i? ia?
aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy aeey iaea?aeaiiy aenieeo a?iaea?a
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo?. Aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii, ui
nenoaie iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo ia iathoue nooo?aiai aieeao ia caiane
aeaiaio?a i?ia?aeueeiiai aeeaeaiiy.

Iaeiaioee ai?no i?o?aoiiai acioo a i?iiio oa?? a?oioo ia /an iin?ao
eoeueoo? a?aei?/aii ca iiaa?oiaaiai ia?ia?oeo c iacia/iei a?aeoeeaiiyi
a?ae eiio?ieth. I?ae /an aaaaoaoe?? oey ??cieoey ua ciaioo?oueny ? ia
/an cae?aiiy a?iaeath neeaaea? 0,2 — 0,3 ia/100 a a?oioo caeaaeii a?ae
eoeueoo?e. Iaea?eueoa oeueiai aeaiaioa i?noeoueny a a?oio? i?e
canoinoaaii? iieeoeaai-ieinei??ciiai ia?ia?oeo.

Ii ai?noo ?ooiiiai oinoi?o niinoa??aa?oueny aiaeia?/ia caeaaei?noue. O
aa??aioao c ia?ia?oeii aac iaa?oaiiy neeae aeyaeaii ca/ii iaioee eiai
ai?no a ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieai ( o na?aaeiueiio ia 1,2 — 1,9 ia/100 a
a?oioo ) ia /an iin?ao oa 0,2- 0,5 ia/100 a a?oioo ia /an cae?aiiy.
Iaea?eueoa e?euee?noue ?ooiiiai oinoi?o a i?iiio oa?? a?aei?/aia i?e
iino?eiiio canoinoaaii? a n?aici?i? iieeoeaai-ieinei??cii? nenoaie
ia?ia?oeo.

Ai?no iai?iiiai eae?th ia? aiaeia?/io caeaaei?noue, ye ? ii i?o?aoiiio
acioo oa ?ooiiiio oinoi?o.

Iaie aeyaeaii, ui nenoaie iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo aieeaathoue ia
ia?a?iciiae?e ?ooiieo oi?i iiaeeaieo aeaiaio?a ii i?io?eth i?iiai oa?o.
I?e canoinoaaii? iieeoeaai? oa iieeoeaai-ieinei??cii? nenoai iaea?eueoa
?o e?euee?noue cina?aaeaeo?oueny a oa?ao a?oioo 10 — 20 oa 20 — 30 ni, a
i?e ieinei??ci?e oa iiaa?oiaa?e — o aa?oiueiio 0 — 10 ni oa??. Oaeee
oa?aeoa? ia?a?iciiae?eo aeaiaio?a aeeaeaiiy ie aaaaea?i ia cian?i
ni?eyoeeaei aeey aeia?iai ?icaeoeo ei?aiaai? nenoaie ?ineei, iniaeeai
i?e a?aooaaii? oaeaeeiai ia?aneoaiiy aeaiiai oa?o a?oioo.

3.6. A?ieia?/ia aeoeai?noue a?oioo

A?ieia?/i? aeanoeaino? a?oio?a ? iaeiei ?c iaeaaaeeea?oeo iieaciee?a
iiaeeeai? iia?e?caoe?? ?aca?a?a a?oioiai? ?iaeth/ino?. Iaoeie
aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaia caeaaei?noue aeoeaiino? a?oioiaeo
i?e?ii?aai?ci?a a?ae o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae a?oioo, yeeo a?i iaaoaa? i?e
iniiaiiio ia?ia?oeo. Iaeaeuee i?ioeaio ?iceeaaeo eeyiiai iieioia a
i?iiio oa?? a?oioo aoa ca iieeoeaai-ieinei??ciiai ia?ia?oeo (oaae.1). O
aa??aioao c ieinei??ciei ? iiaa?oiaaei ia?ia?oeaie oeae iieaciee iaa
iaio? cia/aiiy c a?aeoeeaiiyi a?ae eiio?ieth ia 3 — 6 %.

Ii i?io?eth i?iiai oa?o ca iieeoeaaiai ? iieeoeaai-ieinei??ciiai
ia?ia?oe?a niinoa??aa?oueny ??aiii??i?oee ?iceeaae eeyiiai iieioia c
iacia/iei i?aeaeuaiiyi a oa?? 10 — 20 ni. Ca ieinei??ciiai ?
iiaa?oiaaiai ia?ia?oe?a aeua aeoea?caoe?y a?ieia?/ieo i?ioean?a
a?aeaoaa?oueny a oa?? 0 — 10 ni. c iinooiiaei cieaeaiiyi o aeeaoeo
oa?ao. Canoinoaaiiy aa?a?oeeae?a oiia?eueith? ae?yeuei?noue
i?e?ii?aai?ci?a a ii??aiyii? c aacaa?a?oeeaeiei oiiii o na?aaeiueiio ia
3 — 7 %.

Anoaiiaeaia a?ae’?iia ei?aeyoe?eia caeaaei?noue i?ae u?euei?noth oa
a?ieia?/iith aeoeai?noth a?oioo (r aa??th? a iaaeao -0,79; -0,98).
Ioaea, a?ieia?/ia

Oaaeeoey 1- Aieea nenoai iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo oa aa?a?oeeae?a ia
?ioaineai?noue ?iceeaaeo eeyiiai iieioia ca 45 ae?a, %,

(na?aaei? ca 1996 — 1998 ?.?.).

Oa?Nenoaie iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oiooa?oioo,

niiieeoeaaaieinei??ciaiieeoeaai-

ieinei??ciaiiaa?oiaaaA*A.a*AA.aAA.aAA.aIceia ioaieoey0-10

10-20

20-3047,9

49,8

42,451,4

56,0

47,849,0

42,1

40,150,9

49,1

42,747,5

48,1

46,352,5

55,3

50,851,0

43,2

38,453,1

45,2

41,40-3046,751,743,847,647,352,944,246,5Oeoe?ia? ao?yee0-10

10-20

20-3044,3

50,1

37,150,1

52,8

42,145,1

44,3

37,550,0

48,2

43,246,2

47,9

44,648,9

53,2

45,646,9

40,4

38,653,3

42,1

39,80-3043,848,342,347,146,249,241,945,0ss?ee y/i?iue0-10

10-20

20-3044,6

45,5

42,149,8

52,1

44,245,3

43,1

36,047,9

44,2

38,146,8

48,6

40,952,6

53,0

46,343,9

42,0

38,355,6

42,0

33,80-3044,148,741,543,345,550,641,143,8 A — aa?a?oeeaeiee oii; A.a —
aacaa?a?oeeaeiee oii.

aeoeai?noue cia/ii caeaaeeoue a?ae aieiaino?, u?eueiino?, ii?enoino? oa
iiaeeaiiai ?aaeeio a?oioo. I?e canoinoaaii? iieeoeaai-ieinei??ciiai
ia?ia?oeo oe? oaeoi?e ciaoiaeyoueny a e?auiio ni?aa?aeiioaii?, ia ui ?
aeaco? aeuee i?ioeaio ?iceeaaeo eeyiiai iieioia ca 45 ae?a oa
??aiii??i?noue eiai ii i?io?eth i?iiai oa?o a?oioo.

3.7. Aeiuia? /a?a’yee a a?oio? ca ??cieo nenoai eiai ia?ia?oeo

A?ieia?/i? aeanoeaino? a?oio?a i?iyaeythoueny oaeiae ca aeaeiaei
neeaaeii ? /enaeuei?noth ianaeyth/eo ?o ??ciiiai?oieo aaco?aaaoieo
oaa?ei. I?iaaaeaiee iaie e?euee?niee iae?e aeiuiaeo /a?a’ye?a a i?iiio
oa?? a?oioo iieacaa, ui iaea?eueoa ?o /enaeuei?noue ia?aoiao?oueny ca
iieeoeaai-ieinei??ciiai ia?ia?oeo ? cia/ii iaioa o aa??aioao c
ieinei??ciei oa iiaa?oiaaei (oaae. 2).

I?e canoinoaaii? nenoai iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo aac iai?ioo ieanoa
niinoa??aa?oueny iiaa?oiaaa cina?aaeaeaiiy aeiuiaeo /a?a’ye?a a oa??
a?oioo 0 — 10 ni, oiaoi oai, aea ? iayai?noue a?eueoi?
e?eueeino? i?aai?/ii? ?a/iaeie.

Oaaeeoey 2- Aieea nenoai iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo ? aa?a?oeeae?a ia
/enaeuei?noue aeiuiaeo /a?a’ye?a, oo/i2 (na?aaei? ca 1996-1998 ?.?.).

Oa?

a?oioo,

niNenoaie iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oiooiieeoeaaaieinei??ciaiieeoeaai-

ieinei??ciaiiaa?oiaaaAA.aAA.aAA.aAA.aIceia ioaieoey0-10

10-20

20-3019

32

1423

36

1331

16

639

21

722

35

1229

38

1131

12

735

19

90-306572536769785063Oeoe?ia? ao?yee0-10

10-20

20-304

9

67

12

47

5

310

6

56

10

59

13

59

4

211

5

20-301923152121271518ss?ee y/i?iue0-10

10-20

20-3010

18

1016

22

715

10

721

12

811

25

615

27

613

9

719

11

70-303845324142482937

I?e iieeoeaaiio oa iieeoeaai-ieinei??ciiio ia?ia?oeao ?o ?ici?uaiiy a
a?oio? ??aiii??i?oa c aeaui a?eueoith eiioeaio?aoe??th a oa?? 10 — 20
ni.

Ia ae?eyieao, aea canoiniaoaaeenue aa?a?oeeaee, /enaeuei?noue aeiuiaeo
/a?a’ye?a cia/ii nei?i/o?oueny (a na?aaeiueiio ia 10 — 15 iniaei),
iniaeeai o aa?oi?e /anoei? i?iiai oa?o a?oioo.

3.8. Caao?’yiai?noue iin?a?a

Iao? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui i?e canoinoaaii? iieeoeaai-ieinei??cii?
nenoaie iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo o eaioe? ca?ii-ao?yeiai? n?aici?ie
noai?th?oueny iaeaeuee i?ioeao?’yiiaee aoaeo. Ia oea aeaco? cia/ia
ciaioaiiy e?eueeino? ao?’yi?a (ia 11 %) ? ?o iane ( ia 29 %) ii
aa?a?oeeaeiiio oiio oa ii aacaa?a?oeeaeiiio ia 20 ? 24 % a?aeiia?aeii.

I?e canoinoaaii? iino?eiiai ieinei??ciiai oa iiaa?oiaaiai ia?ia?oeo
a?aeaoaa?oueny cia/ia ca?eueoaiiy caao?’yiaiino?. Ca ieinei??ciiai
ia?ia?eo ia aa?a?oeeaeiiio oii? e?euee?noue ? iana ao?’yi?a
ia?aaaaeathoue eiio?ieue ia 21 oa 20 %, ii aacaa?a?oeeaeiiio — ia 9 oa
16 %. Ca iiaa?oiaaiai ia?ia?oeo oe? iieacieee noaiiaeyoue 32 ? 18 % ii
aacaa?a?oeeaeiiio oiio oa 21 ? 39 % a?aeiia?aeii ii aa?a?-

oeeaeiiio oiio.

Canoinoaaiiy aa?a?oeeae?a cieaeo? caao?’yiai?noue iin?a?a i?e
canoinoaaii? an?o nenoai iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo. E?euee?noue ao?’yi?a o
na?aaeiueiio nei?i/o?oueny ia 46 %, a ?o iana — ia 58 % a ii??aiyii? c
aacaa?a?oeeaeiei oiiii.

4. ??NO ? ?ICAEOIE ?INEEI

4.1. Eenoiaa iiaa?oiy

Ieiua eenoiai? iiaa?oi? eoeueoo? eaiee n?aici?ie ci?ithaaeanue caeaaeii
a?ae nenoai iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo, ia ui aeaco? ??ciee eenoiaee
?iaeaen. I?ae /an aaaaoaoe?? a?i aa??th? a iaaeao a?ae 2,0 aei 5,4
caeaaeii a?ae eoeueoo?e oa ia?ia?oeo. Ia i?ioyc? an?o ia??iae?a
niinoa?aaeaiiy aeaui aeuei a?ae eiio?ieth aeyaeany oeae iieaciee ca
iieeoeaai-ieinei??ciiai ia?ia?oeo. I?e canoinoaaii? ieinei??ciiai oa
iiaa?oiaaiai ia?ia?oe?a a?aei?/aeinue eiai cieaeaiiy.

Ia i?aenoaa? iaea?aeaieo aeaieo iiaeia noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui i?e
canoinoaaii? iieeoeaai-ieinei??cii? nenoaie iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo
noai?ththoueny n?eyoeea?o? oiiae aeey oi?ioaaiiy a?eueoi? eenoiai?
iiaa?oi? ?ineei.

4.2. Ai?no oei?io?eo a eeno? ?ineei

Aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e canoinoaaii? ??cieo nenoai
iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo e?euee?niee ai?no oei?io?eo o eeno? ?ineei
aeyaeany ia iaeiaeiaei ? eieeaaany a?ae 100,3 aei 189,8 ia/ %.
Iaea?eueoa e?euee?noue oei?io?eo i?ioyaii aaaaoaoe?? a?aei?/aeanue o
?ineei i?e canoinoaaii? iieeoeaaiai oa ieieeoeaai-ieinei??ciiai
ia?ia?oe?a. I?e ieinei??ciiio oa iiaa?oiaaiio ia?ia?oeao eiai
e?euee?noue aoea cia/ii iaioith, ui iia’ycaii c ??ciei ??aiai
iioei?caoe?? a?oioiaeo oiia aeeooy ?ineei.

Canoinoaaiiy aa?a?oeeae?a o iin?aao eoeueoo? eaiee n?aici?ie ni?eyei
aeoea?caoe?? i?ioiaeaeaiiy oioineioaoe/ieo ?aaeoe?e, oae ye ?ineeie ia
oeeo ae?eyieao iaioa cao?iyeenue ao?’yiaie. Ia aacaa?a?oeeaeiiio oii?
e?euee?noue oei?io?eo o eeno? aoea a na?aaeiueiio ieae/a ia 5 — 10 ia/
%.

4.3. *enoa i?iaeoeoeai?noue oioineioaco

Nenoaie iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo aieeioee ia i?e??no nooi? a?iiane ca
aeiao o ?ineei eaiee n?aici?ie. Iaeaeua i?iaeoeoeai?noue oioineioaco
niinoa??aaeanue o ?ineei ca iieeoeaai-ieinei??ciiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo a
n?aici?i? ? noaiiaeea a na?aaeiueiio ca aaaaoaoe?th: o iin?aao iceii?
ioaieoe? — 6,4; oeoe?iaeo ao?ye?a — 5,25; y?iai y/iaith — 5,75 a/i2.

I?e canoinoaaii? iiaa?oiaaiai ia?ia?oeo i?e??no nooi? a?iiane
ciaiooaaany. O ?ineei iceii? ioaieoe? *IO noaiiaeea 5,75 a/i2,
oeoe?iaeo ao?ye?a — 4,85 oa y?iai y/iaith — 5,6.

5. O?IAEAEI?NOUe OA ssE?NOUe N?EUeNUeEIAINIIAeA?NUeEEO EOEUeOO? CAEAAEII
A?Ae NENOAI INIIAIIAI IA?IA?OEO A?OIOO ? AA?A?OeEAe?A

5.1. O?iaeaei?noue n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo?

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ??cieo nenoai iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo
iieacaee, ui o?iaeaei?noue eoeueoo? eaiee n?aici?ie cia/iith i??ith
caeaaeaea a?ae ia?ia?oeo a?oioo oa canoinoaaiiy aa?a?oeeae?a. sse
na?ae/aoue aeai? oaaeeoe? 3,

Oaaeeoey 3- O?iaeaei?noue n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo? eaiee
n?aici?ie caeaaeii a?ae nenoai iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo ?
aa?a?oeeae?a, oe/aa,

(na?aaeia ca 1996 — 1998 ?.?.).

?ieeNenoaie iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oiooI?? 0,5

aeey

oaeoi?a:iieeoeaaaieinei??ciaiieeoeaai-ieinei??ciaiiaa?oiaaaA.A.a.A.A.
a.A.A. a.A.A. a.AAAoAIceia
ioaieoey199645,542,142,142,444,841,240,138,61,190,840,84199739,940,839,0
36,443,241,840,939,71,471,041,04199852,351,650,048,456,254,250,046,33,51
2,482,48na?aaei?45,944,843,742,448,145,743,641,5Oeoeia?
ao?yee1996414,0385,0319,0326,0408,0414,0322,0312,09,967,047,041997401,33
39,4336,5264,2420,5345,0347,5243,434,7924,6024,601998418,3408,8422,8392,
7440,6410,4381,6389,012,083,543,54na?aaei?411,2377,7359,4327,7423,0389,8
350,3314,8ss?ee
y/i?iue199618,316,014,112,318,715,317,714,40,800,570,57199724,118,922,31
9,825,821,725,022,32,211,561,56199828,926,426,425,531,428,225,023,11,000
,700,70na?aaei?23,820,420,919,225,321,722,619,9iaeaeuee o?iaeae
noi?ioaaany o aa??aioao c iieeoeaai-ieinei??ciei ia?ia?oeii, iaeieae/ee
— c iiaa?oiaaei.

Ii aa?a?oeeaeiiio oiio ca iieeoeaai-ieinei??ciiai ia?ia?oeo aoei
iaea?aeaii iceii? ioaieoe? ia 2,2, oeoe?iaeo ao?ye?a — ia 11,8, y?iai
y/iaith — ia 1,5 oe/aa a?eueoa a?ae eiio?ieth a na?aaeiueiio ca o?e
?iee. I?e canoinoaaii? iiaa?oiaaiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo o?iaeaei?noue
eoeueoo? aoea ieae/ith (iceii? ioaieoe? — ia 2,3, oeoe?iaeo ao?ye?a — ia
27,4 oa y?iai y/iaith — ia 1,3 oe/aa) a ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieai.

Ia ae?eyieao, aea ia canoiniaoaaeenue aa?a?oeeaee, o?iaeaei?noue
eoeueoo? ca ??cieo nenoai iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo aoea cia/ii
ieae/ith a ii??aiyii? c aa?a?oeeaeiei oiiii. I?ioa, aeii?ioaaiiy
iieeoeaai-ieinei??ciiai ia?ia?oeo iiai?noth caa?aaeinue.

Ioaea, i?e canoinoaaii? iieeoeaai-ieinei??cii? nenoaie iniiaiiai
ia?ia?oeo a?oioo caaacia/othoueny iioeiaeuei?
aa?io?ce/i? oiiae oa iiaeeaiee ?aaeei, iaiao?aei? aeey oi?ioaaiiy
iaeaeui? o?iaeaeiino? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo?.

5.2. sse?noue o?iaeath

Nenoaie iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo ia oii? canoinoaaiiy aa?a?oeeae?a ?
aac ieo nooo?ai ia ci?ithaaee ye?noue iaea?aeaiiai a?iaeath. I?ioa
niinoa??aa?oueny oaiaeaioe?y aei iie?auaiiy ye?nieo iieaciee?a o
aa??aioao c iieeoeaai-ieinei??ciei ia?ia?oeii.

O ca?i? iceii? ioaieoe? i?e iieeoeaai-ieinei??ciiio ia?ia?oeo aeaui aeu?
iana 1000 ca?ai, iaoo?a oa ?io? iieacieee a ii??aiyii? c ieinei??ciei oa
iiaa?oiaaei ia?ia?oeaie. Ia’?i oe?aa oa neea ai?ioia iaee aeaui ieae/a
cia/aiiy i?e ia?ia?oeao aac iaa?oaiiy ieanoa.

Nenoaie iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo i?aeoe/ii ia aieeioee ia
oeoe?eno?noue, ai?no nooi? ?a/iaeie, aeia?iye?ni?noue i/euaiiai nieo oa
oaoi?/io ye?noue oeoe?o. I?ioa i?e canoinoaaii? iiaa?oiaaiai oa
ieinei??ciiai ia?ia?oe?a ooai?th?oueny cia/ia e?euee?noue aeaoi?iiaaieo
ei?aiaieiae?a (oei?i/aieo, ?icaaeoaeaieo ? o.?.), yeeo o oeeo aa??aioao
aoei a?eueoa a na?aaeiueiio ia 5 — 9 %, i?ae ia eiio?ie?.

sse?ni? iieacieee ca?ia y?iai y/iaith neaai caeaaeaee a?ae ia?ia?oeo
a?oioo. Iaoo?a oa iana 1000 ca?ai iaee aeaui aeo? iieacieee ca
iieeoeaai-ieinei??ciiai ia?ia?oeo, oae naii, ye ? aia?a?y i?i?inoaiiy oa
neea ?inoo. Nenoaie iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo aac iai?ioo ieanoa
caaacia/eee ieae/ee ai?no a?eeo a ca?i? y/iaith.

6. AIA?AAIOE*IA OA AEIIII?*IA AOAOEAI?NOUe AeINE?AeAEOAAIEO NENOAI
INIIAIIAI IA?IA?OEO A?OIOO

6.1. Aia?aaoe/iee aiae?c

Iaeaeua i?iaeoeoeai?noue a oiiaao iaoiai aeine?aeo aoea aeinyaiooa i?e
iieeoeaai-ieinei??ciiio ia?ia?oeo a?oioo. Eiao?oe??io aia?aaoe/ii?
aoaeoeaiino? o eaioe? n?aici?ie a oeueiio aa??aio? aoa aeuee ia 4 — 14
%, i?ae i?e canoinoaaii? ?ioeo aeae?a ia?ia?oeo.

A?iaia?aaoe/ia ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? nenoai iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo,
ui aea/aee, i?aeoaa?aeaeo? nooo?a? ia?aaaae aeei?enoaiiy
iieeoeaai-ieinei??ciiai iai?ia?oeo (oaae. 4). Eeoa ca oe???
nenoaie ia?ia?oeo o

Oaaeeoey 4- A?iaia?aaoe/ia aoaeoeai?noue nenoai iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo
a?oioo oa aa?a?oeeae?a (na?aaei? ca 1996-1998 ?.?.).

Nenoaie iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeoAia?a?y

i?ia?ae?-

ciaaii?Iaaeoiaeaeaiiy aoi?o?eiaaii? i?aai?/ii? ?a/iaeie
oen.IAeae/aaAia?aaoe/iee aaeain i?aai?/ii?

?a/iaeiea?oioo?a/iaeie

a?oioo, oen. IAeae/aao aeaeyae? aiith o aeaeyae? ei?aiaaeo

? noa?iaaeo ?aooie

iin?a?aoen.

IAeae/aaaea?aaeaio aoiono,
eaIieeoeaaa79,248,028,6-2,6120Ieinei??cia79,248,026,6-4,6200Iieeoeaai-ie
inei??cia79,248,031,4+0,210Iiaa?oiaaa79,248,026,9-4,3200

a?oio? aeinyaa?oueny iiceoeaia a?aeoai?aiiy. I?e ?ioeo aea aeao?oeeo
aoiono aeinyaa? ca o?e ?iee a?ae 120 aei 200 ea.

6.2. Aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea

Ioe?iea ??cieo nenoai iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo iieacaea, ui iaea?eueo
aeiiii?/ii aoaoeaiei ? canoinoaaiiy iieeoeaai-ieinei??ciiai ia?ia?oeo
a?oioo, ca yeiai aoea iaeieae/ith nia?aa?o?noue 1 oe. i?iaeoeoe?? oa
iaeaeu? i?eaooie ? ?aioaaaeuei?noue (oaae. 5).

Oaaeeoey 5- Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue nenoai iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo
i?e ae?iuoaaii? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo? a eaioe? n?aici?ie

iceia ioaieoey — oeoe?ia? ao?yee — y/i?iue , i?e canoinoaaii?

aa?a?oeeae?a,( a na?aaeiueiio ca 1996-1998 ?.?.)

Nenoaie iniiaiiai

ia?ia?oeo a?oioo

Cao?aoe,

a?i / aaI?eao-oie,

a?i / aa?aioaaaeue-i?noue,

%Nia?aa?-o?noue 1 oe

i?iaeoeoe??,

a?i.Cao?aoe i?aoe?,

ethae/aiae.ia

1 aaia 1 oe i?iaeoe.A na?aaeiueiio ii eaioe?
n?aici?ieIieeoeaaa950430458,129,30,32Ieinei??cia900335378,428,50,33Iieeo
eaai-ieinei??cia

919

514

56

7,3

28,8

0,30Iiaa?oiaaa878351407,828,30,32

Aeinyaiooee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo i?e aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiio
(iieeoeaai-ieinei??ciiio) ia?ia?oeo a ca?iiao?yeia?e n?aici?i? iiaeia
ioe?ieoe ye aeineoue aaaiiee, ui ? aeicaiey? ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe eiai aei
oe?ieiai aeei?enoaiiy o ae?iaieoeoa?.

AENIIAEE

Iaea?aeai? iaie ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeaee iiaeeea?noue
noi?ioethaaoe ianooii? aeniiaee:

1. Canoinoaaiiy a eaioe? ca?ii-ao?yeiai? n?aici?ie — ai?io — iceia
ioaieoey — oeoe?ia? ao?yee — y/i?iue c i?aen?aii eiithoeie — ??cieo
nenoai iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo ia aeeeeea? nooo?aeo ci?i aa?io?ce/ieo
aeanoeainoae i?iiai oa?o. Eeoa aacci?iiee ieinei??ciee oa iiaa?oiaaee
ia?ia?oie i?ecaiaeeoue aei iaaiiai i?aeaeuaiiy u?euei?no? a?oioo (a
na?aaeiueiio ia 0,03 — 0,05 a/ni3).

2. Canoinoaaiiy ieinei??cii? oa iiaa?oiaai? nenoai iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo
a?oioo noai?th? ni?eyoeea? oiiae aeey a?eueoiai iaeiie/aiiy caian?a
aiaee oa ?aoe?iiaeuei?oiai ?? aeei?enoaiiy caaaeyee ioeue/oth/?e ae??
i?neyaeieaieo ?aooie, ui caeeoathoueny ia iiaa?oi? i?ney i?iaaaeaiiy
oaeeo ia?ia?oe?a.

3. Aiaeii?iieee?noue a?oioo ia ii/aoeo niinoa?aaeaiue i?ioiaeeoue a?eueo
?ioaineaii ia aa??aioao c iieeoeaaei oa iieeoeaai-ieinei??ciei
ia?ia?oeaie, ui iaoiiaeth?oueny a?eueo iooeith aoaeiaith. C ia?aoiaeii
aiaeii?iieeeino? a noaae?th o?eueo?aoe?? a?eueoa aiaee aae?a?oueny i?e
ieinei??ciiio ? iniaeeai iiaa?oiaaiio ia?ia?oeao aiane?aeie no?ee?oeo
u?eeiiino? oa eai?ey?iino? a?oioo.

4. Canoinoaaiiy aacci?iiiai ieinei??ciiai oa iiaa?oiaaiai iniiaiiai
ia?ia?oeo a?oioo i?ecaiaeeoue aei iiaeeaeaiiy aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? i?iiai
oa?o ca ?iaeth/?noth. Iiaeeai? aeaiaioe i?e oeueiio a?eueoa
eiioeaio?othoueny o aa?oiueiio 0 — 10 ni oa?? a?oioo, ui ia caaaeaee
a?aeiia?aea? iioeiaeueiei oiiaai ?inoo ? ?icaeoeo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo ?ineei.

Aeei?enoaiiy iieeoeaai-ieinei??ciiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo iaaiaee iaoiiaeth?
??aiii??i?oa ?ici?uaiiy aeaiaio?a aeeaeaiiy ii i?io?eth i?iiai oa?o,
oiaoi oai, aea ?ici?uaia iniiaia iana ei?ai?a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
eoeueoo?.

5. A?ieia?/ia aeoeai?noue a?oioo i?e canoinoaaii? ieinei??ciiai oa
iiaa?oiaaiai ia?ia?oe?a oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aeuith ?ioaineai?noth a oa?? 0
— 10 ni, aea cina?aaeaeaia a?eueoa e?euee?noue iiaeeaieo aeaiaio?a. Ca
oiia iieeoeaai-ieinei??ciiai iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo ?iceeaae eeyiiai
iieioia i?ioiaeea ??aiii??ii a onueiio i?iiio oa??.

Canoinoaaiiy aa?a?oeeae?a o n?aici?i? a iiai?e i??? iaaaoeaii aieeaa? ia
?ioaineai?noue aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? i?e?ii?aai?ci?a o a?oio?.

6. *enaeuei?noue oa canaeai?noue aeiuiaeo /a?a’ye?a ii i?io?eth i?iiai
oa?o caeaaeeoue a?ae nenoai iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo oa aianaiiy
aa?a?oeeae?a. Iaea?eueoa ?o /enaeuei?noue, a oaeiae ??aiii??i?oa ?o
?ici?uaiiy ii i?io?eth i?iiai oa?o niinoa??aa?oueny ia aa??aioao c
iieeoeaaei oa iieeoeaai-ieinei??ciei ia?ia?oeaie. Canoinoaaiiy
aa?a?oeeae?a iaaaoeaii aieeioei ia /enaeuei?noue aeiuiaeo /a?a”ye?a.

7. Iaeaeuo i?ioeao?’yiiao aoaeoeai?noue caaacia/o? iieeoeaai-ieinei??cia
nenoaia iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo, i?i ui na?ae/eoue ciaioaiiy
e?eueeino? ao?’yi?a ia 11% oa ?o iane ia 29% ia oii? aa?a?oeeae?a oa 20
? 24% aac ieo. I?e canoinoaaii? aaciieeoeaaeo ia?ia?oe?a oe? iieacieee
c?inoathoue a iaaeao 20 ? 32 oa 9 ? 39% a caeaaeiino? a?ae oiio.

8. O i?ioean? ?inoo ? ?icaeoeo eoeueoo? a eaioe? ca?ii-ao?yeiai?
n?aici?ie anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e canoinoaaii? iieeoeaai-ieinei??ciiai
ia?ia?oeo a?oioo ?ineeie oi?iothoue iii?oii a?eueoo eenoiao iiaa?oith c
i?aeaeuaiei ai?noii oei?io?eo. Oaeee oa?aeoa? oi?ioaaiiy anei?eyoe?eii?
iiaa?oi? iaoiiaeth? c?inoaiiy /enoi? i?iaeoeoeaiino? oioineioaco ?ineei
? ye iane?aeie aeniei? ?o a?iaeaeiino?.

9. Iaeaeuee o?iaeae iceii? ioaieoe?, oeoe?iaeo ao?ye?a oa y?iai y/iaith
noi?ioaaany i?e canoinoaaii? iieeoeaai-ieinei??cii? nenoaie iniiaiiai
ia?ia?oeo a?oioo.

10. Canoinoaaiiy ??cieo nenoai iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo nooo?ai ia
aieeaa? ia iieacieee oaoiieia?/ieo yeinoae ca?ia iceii? ioaieoe?, y?iai
y/iaith oa ei?aiaieiae?a oeoe?iaeo ao?ye?a.

Canoinoaaiiy iiaa?oiaaiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo iii?oii ca?eueoo? e?euee?noue
aeaoi?iiaaieo ei?aiaieiae?a a ii??aiyii? c iieeoeaaei ia?ia?oeii ( ia 7
— 9 % ), ui iaoiiaeaia c?inoaiiyi oaa?aeino? oa u?eueiino? a?oioo a
iaia?iaethaaieo ieaei?o oa?ao.

11. Iieeoeaai-ieinei??cia nenoaia iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo a
ca?ii-ao?yeiaeo n?aici?iao E?ninoaio iaoiiaeth? iaeaeuo aeiiii?/io oa
aia?aaoe/io aeioe?euei?noue.

12. A oiiaao i?aaiaa?aaeiiai E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie ia /i?iicaiao oeiiaeo
iaeiaoionieo a eaioe? iieueiai? ca?ii-ao?yeiai? n?aici?ie
?aeiiaiaeo?oueny ianooiia nenoaia iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo: i?ae iceio
ioaieoeth i?ney ai?ioo ia ca?ii- iiaa?oiaaee ia?ia?oie aeeneiaeie
cia?yaeaeyie ia aeeaeio 8-10 ni oa 10-12 ni; i?ae oeoe?ia? ao?yee-
aeeaiea i?aiea ia 28 — 30 ni; i?ae y?ee y/i?iue- ieinei??ciee ia?ia?oie
ia 20 — 22 ni.

Ioae?eaoe?? ii oai? aeena?oaoe??

1. Iaenei/oe ?. I., Oethe I.A., ?iaeei A.I. Iceia ioaieoey.
Cani?/ai?noue iin?a?a caeaaeii a?ae iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo// Caoeno
?ineei.-1997.- ?8.- N 6-7 (I?iaiae?ciaaia oaeoe/ia ? iioaioe?eia
caao?’yiai?noue iin?a?a).

2. Aoaecue A.I., ?iaeei A.I. Ia?ia?oie a?oioo ? caao?’yiai?noue oa
o?iaeaei?noue iceii? ioaieoe?// Caoeno ?ineei.- 1998.- ?4.-N 19
(Ioa?aeoa?eciaai? caao?’yiai?noue, a?ieia?/ia aeoeai?noue ?
o?iaeaei?noue iceii? ioaieoe?).

3. ?iaeei A.I., I??ioiee ?.A., ?aaithe I.O. Aieea nenoai iniiaiiai
ia?ia?oeo a?oioo ia eiai aa?io?ce/i? aeanoeaino? oa i?iaeoeoeai?noue
oeoe?iaeo ao?ye?a a eaioe? ca?iiao?yeiai? n?aici?ie a oiiaao AAeN IAO//
Ca. iaoe. i?. — Iaoeiaee a?niee IAO.- E., 1998.- ?9.- N 64-69 (Aecia/ai?
o?ce/i? iieacieee a?oioo).

4. ?iaeei A.I. Aieea niinia?a iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo ia eiai
a?ieia?/io aeoeai?noue oa a?iaeaei?noue eoeueoo? a eaioe? ca?iiao?yeiai?
n?aici?ie// A?niee aa?a?ii? iaoee.- 1998.- ?9.- N 68-69 (Aeine?aeaeaia
a?ieia?/ia aeoeai?noue a?oioo eaiee n?aici?ie).

?iaeei A.I. Aoaeoeai?noue ??cieo nenoai iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo a
eaioe? ca?iiao?yeiai? n?aici?ie a oiiaao i?aaiaa?aaeiiai E?ninoaio
Oe?a?ie.- ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaith eaiaeeaeaoa
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 06.01.01.- caaaeueia
caiea?ianoai. Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao. Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?ena’y/aia aea/aiith aeiaaio?eaaeiai aieeao ??cieo nenoai
iniiaiiai ia?ia?oeo a?oioo ia aeeoa?aioe?aoe?th a?oioiai? ?iaeth/ino?,
o?iaeaei?noue ? ye?noue n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo? a eaioe?
ca?iiao?yeiai? n?aici?ie a oiiaao i?aaiaa?aaeiiai E?ninoaio Oe?a?ie.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ia?ia?oie a?oioo, n?aici?ia, iceia ioaieoey, oeoe?ia?
ao?yee, y?ee y/i?iue, ?iaeth/?noue, o?iaeaei?noue.

?iaeei A.I. Yooaeoeaiinoue ?aciuo nenoai iniiaiie ia?aaioee ii/au a
caaia ca?iinaaeeiae/iiai naaiiai?ioa a oneiaeyo i?aaiaa?aaeiie Eaninoaie
Oe?aeiu .- ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 06.01.01.- iauaa
caieaaeaeea. Iaoeeiiaeueiue aa?a?iue oieaa?neoao. Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia eco/aieth aeeeoaeueiiai aeeyiey ?acee/iuo nenoai
iniiaiie ia?aaioee ii/au ia eciaiaiea ii/aaiiiai ieiaei?iaeey,
o?iaeaeiinoue e ea/anoai naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo eoeueoo? a caaia
ca?iinaaeeiae/iiai naaiiai?ioa a oneiaeyo i?aaiaa?aaeiie Eaninoaie
Oe?aeiu.

A ?aaioa i?eaaaeaiu ?acoeueoaou eiiieaeniuo Yenia?eiaioaeueiuo
enneaaeiaaiee ?aciuo nenoai iniiaiie ia?aaioee ii/au a caaia
ca?ii-naaeeiae/iiai naaiiai?ioa- ai?io- iceiay ioaieoea- naoa?iay
naaeea- y?iaie y/iaiue.

Onoaiiaeaii, /oi ioaaeueii-aacioaaeueiay nenoaia aeaaii?eyonoaoao
oeo/oaieth aa?ioece/aneeo naienoa ii/au. Iia ia aucuaaao oaaee/aiey
ieioiinoe neiaeaiey iaoioiiai neiy a n?aaiaiee n aacioaaeueiie e
iiaa?oiiniie nenoaiaie. I?e i?iaaaeaiee Yoie ia?aaioee ii/au nicaeathony
aeaaii?eyoiua oneiaey aeey iaeiieaiey e ?aoeeiiaeueiiai oiio?aaeaiey
ii/aaiiie aeaae. Ioaaeueii-aacioaaeueiay nenoaia iniiaiie ia?aaioee
ii/au ia aeeyao ia no?oeoo?ii-aa?aaaoiue ninoaa ii/au a ieaia oaaee/aiey
a iae aeuaenoie o?aeoeee e o?aeoeee iuee. EiYooeoeeaio no?oeoo?iinoe a
Yoeo aa?eaioao iiuoa naiue aunieee e eieaaeaony a i?aaeaeao 2,1 — 2,9 a
caaeneiinoe io eoeueoo?u. Ii/aaiiua aa?aaaou ioee/athoueny aunieie
aiaeii?i/iinoueth. I?e i?eiaiaiee nenoai aac iai?ioa ieanoa
(aacioaaeueiie e iiaa?oiiniie) nicaeathony oneiaey aeey aieaa neeueiiai
oieioiaiey ii/au, oiaioaiey eiYooeoeeaioa no?oeoo?iinoe e
aiaeii?i/iinoe.

I?eiaiaiea ioaaeueii-aacioaaeueiie nenoaiu ia aucuaaao aeeooa?aioeeaoeee
ii/au ii niaea?aeaieth NPE a ioee/ee io aacioaaeueiuo nenoai.
Aeieiae/aneay aeoeaiinoue e eiee/anoai aeiaeaeaauo /a?aae a ii/aa
ioee/aaony iiauoaiiuie eioaineaiinoueth e niaea?aeaieai a aa?oiai
ai?eciioa iaoioiiai neiy i?e i?iaaaeaiee aacioaaeueiuo ia?aaioie. I?e
ioaaeueii-aacioaaeueiie nenoaia Yoiai ia i?ienoiaeeo.

Ioaaeueii-aacioaaeueiay nenoaia iniiaiie ia?aaioee ii/au ioee/aaony
aunieie Yooaeoeaiinoueth a ai?ueaa n ni?iyeaie e nieaeaao eo eiee/anoai,
a oaeaea ianno ia 11 e 29% ia oiia aa?aeoeeaeia e ia 20 e 24% aac ieo.
Aacioaaeueiay e iiaa?oiinoiay ia?aaioee iaiai?io, nicaeatho oneiaey aeey
oaaee/aiey e eiee/anoaa, e iannu ni?iyeia a i?aaeaeao 20 — 32 e 9 — 39%
a caaeneiinoe io oiia.

Aeaaii?eyoiua ii/aaiiua oneiaey aeey ?inoa e ?acaeoey
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo ?anoaiee nicaeaao ioaaeueii-aacioaaeueiay
ia?aaioea, /oi e ii?aaeaeyao oi?ie?iaaiea aunoae o?iaeaeiinoe.

Iaeaieaa aunieee Yeiiiie/aneee e Yia?aaoe/aneee Yooaeo iieo/ai i?e
ioaaeueii-aacioaaeueiie nenoaia iniiaiie ia?aaioee ii/au aeaaiaea?y
cia/eoaeueiie Yeiiiiee cao?ao e Yia?aee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ia?aaioea ii/au, naaiiai?io, iceiay ioaieoea, naoa?iay
naaeea, y?iaie y/iaiue, ieiaei?iaeea, o?iaeaeiinoue.

Rozhko V.M. Different systems efficiency of soil cultivation for beet
and grain rotation under conditions of Right-Bank Forest-Steppe Zone of
thte Ukraine. Manuskript.

Thesis for the Degree of candidate of Agricultural Science. Mator
06.01.01- Landcultivation. NAU, Kyiv, 1999.

Thesis emphasized a sustained influence of soil cultivation upon its
fertility differenciation, yields and crops quality in crops rotation
under conditions of Right-Bank Forest-Steppe Zone of the Ukraine.

Key words: soil cultivation, rotation, winter wheat, sugar beat, spring
barley, fertility, yields.

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