Ефективні дренажні системи фільтрів: Автореф. дис… канд. техн. наук / О.Л. Зубко, Харк. держ. техн. ун-т буд-ва та архіт. — Х., 1999. — 19 с. — укp.

I?I?NOA?NOAI INA?OE OE?A?IE

OA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OAOI?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO AOAe?AIEOeOAA OA
A?O?OAEOO?E

COAEI IEAEN?E EAII?AeIAE*

OAeE 628.543.563:681

AOAEOEAI? Ae?AIAAEI? NENOAIE O?EUeO??A

05.23.04-aiaeiiinoa/aiiy, eaiae?caoe?y

AAOI?AOA?AO

AeENA?OAOe?? IA CAeIAOOOss A*AIIAI NOOIAIss

EAIAeEAeAOA OAOI?*IEO IAOE

OA?E?A-1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
aoae?aieoeoaa oa a?o?oaeoo?e.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

Aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? eaoaae?e

«Aiaeiiinoa/aiiy, eaiae?caoe?? ? a?ae?aae?ee»

Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?-

aa?neoaoo aoae?aieoeoaa oa a?o?oaeoo?e

Iaioaeyo Aa??? Naiaiiae/

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

Aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, caa?aeoth-

/ee eaoaae?ith «Ioi?iie i?aoe? oa aeieia?? o

aoae?aieoeoa?» ??aiainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai

oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

A??ieue Ieeiea Ieeieaeiae/

Eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio eaoaae?e

«Aiaeiiinoa/aiiy, aiaeia?aeaaaeaiiy oa i/eno-

ee aiaee» Oa?e?anueei? aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai??

i?nueeiai ainiiaea?noaa

Oea/ueia Ay/aneaa
Ieaenaiae?iae/

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Aeiiaanueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y aoae?aieoeoaa

oa a?o?oaeoo?e (i. Iae??aea)

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 2 eenoiiaaea 1999 ?ieo ia 11 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.056.03 i?e Oa?e?anueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? aoae?aieoeoaa oa a?o?oaeoo?e ca
aae?anith: 310002, i. Oa?e?a, aoe. Noinueea, 40.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? oi?aa?neoaoo.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 18 aa?aniy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee I.?.Eieioeei

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe. Oaeineiiaeaiiy aia?aoia, nii?oae oa ?ioiai
oaoiieia?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy aeey i/enoee oa aeii/enoee i?e?iaeieo aiae
aeey ieoieo iio?aa, a oaeiae no?/ieo aiae ??ciiiai?oieo eaoaai??e
yaey?oueny iaeiei c aieiaieo iai?yie?a a noai?aiii aoaeoeaieo
aeieia?/ieo nenoai aiaeiiinoa/aiiy oa aiaeia?aeaaaeaiiy i?no, ianaeaieo
ioieo?a oa i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa. Aeey i/enoee aiaee a?ae iaoai?/ieo
aeii?oie (caaaeaii ?a/iaeie, ia?ic/eiaii ianea oa iaooii?iaeoeoe),
iii(ya/aiiy oa cianiethaaiiy aiaee /ano?oa ca ana aeei?enoiaothoue
o?eueo?e ??ciiiai?oieo eiino?oeoe?e.

Iaae?ei?coue aenieoaoaoe?? o?eueo??a oa caaacia/aiiy noaa?eueiino? a
io?eiaiii aeniei? yeinoi i/euaii? aiaee o?nii iia`ycaii c oaoiieia??th
?aaaia?aoei? (i?iieaee) o?eueo?oth/iai caaaioaaeaiiy, yea caaacia/o?
iiaiioo ?? a?aeieaee a?ae caa?oaeiaiue c iaeii/aniith aeiiii??th aeo?ao
aiaee ia i?iieaeo.

Ia oeae /an iaeiei c iaea?eueo aeooaeueieo caieoaiue ? iie?ioaiiy yeinoi
ieoii? aiaee oa aeii/enoea no?/ieo aiae, yei neeaeathoue o aiaeieie /e
aeei?enoiaothoue a caieiooeo nenoaiao aiaeiiinoa/aiiy. ??oaiiy oeeo
caaea/ caeaaeeoue ianaiia?aae a?ae eiino?oeoeaieo oa oaoiieia?/ieo
iniaeeainoae ae?aiaaeieo nenoai aeey o?eueo??a, yei i?ecia/aii aeey
i/enoee aiaee.

?iaioo aeeiiaii a iaaeao aea?aeaaii? i?ia?aie «?ic?iaea oai?i?
aeieiai/ii? aaciaee oa iaaeieiinoi aeeoo?aeiyeueiinoi aeey ia`?eoia
aoaeiaieoeoaa, i?iieneiainoi oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aeieiai/ieo nenoai
iai?ioiiai aiaeiiinoa/aiiy iaoeiiaoaeiaieo oa iaoaeo?aieieo iiae?e?inoa,
yei aeeeth/athoue neeae no?/ieo aiae o aiaeieieua Oe?a?ie» oa
i?ae?aa?iiaeueii? i?ia?aie «Aeieia?/ia icaei?iaeaiiy aanaeia ??/ee
N?aa?nueeee Aeiiaoeue».

Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?, caaacia/aiiy
iaae?eiino? aenieoaoaoe??, oaeineiiaeaiiy eiino?oeoe?? oa
?ioaineo?eaoe?y ?iaioe ae?aiaaeii — ?iciiae?eue/eo nenoai o?eueo??a
??ciiiai?oiiai i?ecia/aiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe :

1.Aeine?aeaeaii ?iaioo ae?aiaaeii-?iciiae?eue/i? nenoaie (Ae?N) c
o?oa/anoeo iie?ia?ieo aeaiaio?a iiaeo eiino?oeoe?e, ?ic?iaeaieo
iaoeiai-ae?iaie/eie o??iaie «Aeioii» oa «Aeiiie?ia?» o o?eueo?ao
??ciiiai?oiiai i?ecia/aiiy.

2.?ic?iaeaii iiai eiino?oeoei? iie?ia?ieo o?oaio?eueo??a, yei
neeaaeathoueny c iie?aoeeaiiai? o?oae (ea?eano), aeenia?aoth/iai oa?o c
ii?enoiai iie?aoeeaio oa iia?o?yiiai i?ioa?eo.

3.Aecia/aii iai??ii-aeo?a/aeuei? oa?aeoa?enoeee iiaeo eiino?oeoe?e
o?oaio?eueo??a oa ae?aiaaeieo eiaia/e?a.

4.Aeeiiaii ni?aa?aeiiniee aiae?c iaoiae?a ?ic?aooieo ?ioaineaiino?
i?iieaee o?eueo?oth/iai iaoa??aeo, a caeaaeiino? a?ae eiai caa?oaeiaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe :

1.Ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co iniaeeainoae aenieoaoaoei? ae?aiaaeieo nenoai
??ciiiai?oieo eiino?oeoe?e a a?aee?eoeo oa iai??ieo o?eueo?ao ?ic?iaeaii
iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai? oaoi?/i? ??oaiiy oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii i?aeaeuaiith
aoaeoeaiino? oa iaae?eiino? ?o ?iaioe.

2.?ic?iaeaii oaoiieia?th aeaioiaeaiiy o?oa/anoeo iie?ia?ieo aeaiaio?a
Ae?N eiino?oeoe?? «Aeioii» aeey o?eueo??a, i?ecia/aieo aeey i/en-oee
i?e?iaeieo oa no?/ieo aiae, a oaeiae oaoi?/i? oiiae ia aeaioiaeaiiy
iie?ia?ieo o?eueo?oth/eo aeaiaio?a na??? AO (OO 7774-002-41901146-96).

3.?ic?iaeai? oaoi?/i? ??oaiiy ai?iaaaeaeaii ia 20 ia(?eoao
aiaeii?ia?aeiiai oa eaiae?caoe?eiiai ainiiaea?noaa i?no aeey i/enoee
i?e?iaeieo ? no?/ieo aiae.

4.?ic?iaeaii iia? eiino?oeoe?? Ae?N oa ?o aeaiaio?a, ye? aacothoueny ia
aeei?enoaii? o?oaio?eueo??a aeey i/enoee ieoii? aiaee oa aeii/enoee
i?nueeeo ? i?iieneiaeo aiae, a oaeiae eiaia/eiaiai ae?aiaaeo aeey
i/enoee ? aeii/enoee i?iieneiaeo no?/ieo aiae.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a :

1.Aeeiiaii aiae?c iniaeeainoae aenieoaoaoe?? ae?aiaaeieo nenoai
??ciiiai?oieo eiino?oeoe?e o a?aee?eoeo oa iai??ieo o?eueo?ao,
i?ecia/aieo aeey i/enoee i?e?iaeieo ? no?/ieo aiae.

2.Aeine?aeaeaii ?iaioo ae?aiaaeieo nenoai, aeaioiaeaieo c iie?ia?ieo
ieanoeeiaeo iaoa??ae?a.

3.Aecia/aii iai??ii-aeo?a/aeuei? oa?aeoa?enoeee iiaeo eiino?oeoe?e
o?oaio?eueo??a oa ae?aiaaeieo eiaia/e?a.

4.Cae?eniaii ao?eaiiy ae?aiaae?a ??ciiiai?oieo eiino?oeoe?e ia 20
ia(?eoao aiaeiiinoa/aiiy oa eaiae?caoe?? i?no.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe ? aieiai? iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeenue ia 53 ? 54 iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo
Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo aoae?aieoeoaa oa
a?o?oaeoo?e (OAeOOAA), ia 28 iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? aeeeaaea/?a,
ani??aio?a ? ni?a?ia?oiee?a Oa?e?anueei? aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? i?nueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa (OAeAIA) oa ia i?aeia?iaeieo eiia?anao «Aeieia?y,
oaoiieia?y, aeiiii?ea aiaeiiinoa/aiiy oa eaiae?caoe??» 15 -19 ea?oiy
1997?. ? 18 — 21 o?aaiy 1999 ?. a i. sseo?.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie ?iaioe iioae?eiaaii 6 ae?oeiaaieo ?ia?o o
??cieo aeaeaaieoeoaao Oe?a?ie, a oiio /ene? 4 aac ni?aaaoi??a.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio,
i(yoe ?icae?e?a, caaaeueieo aeniiae?a, nieneo e?oa?aoo?e ?c 106
iaeiaioaaiue, aeiaeaoe?a ? ai?uo? 122 noi??iee iniiaiiai oaenoo, 32
oaaeeoe?, 46 ?enoie?a, onueiai 134 noi??iee.

Ci?no ?iaioe

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe, noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo e
caaea/? aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaoeiao iiaecio, i?aeoe/io
oe?ii?noue.

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? iaaaaeaii aiae?c noaio ieoaiiy ?ic?iaee,
aeine?aeaeaiue oa aenieoaoaoe?? ae?aiaaeieo nenoai ca?ienoeo o?eueo??a.
Aeeiiaiee aiae?c iieacaa, /oi iaei??th c iniiaieo i?e/ei, ye?
ia?aoeiaeaeothoue io?eiaiith i/euaii? (i?io?eueo?iaaii?) aiaee
noaaeeueii? yeino?, yaey?oueny iaaeineiiae?noue
ae?aiaaeii-?iciiae?eue/eo nenoai (Ae?N) ca?ienoeo o?eueo??a. A
oaeineiiaeaiiy ae?aiaaeii — ?iciiae?eue/eo nenoai o?eueo??a aaeeeee
aianie c?iaeee a?aeii? a/ai?, oao?aoe? oa ?iaeaia?e: Iae?oaanueeee I.A.,
Iai?i A.I., I?ioe Ae.I., Ooaa?o N. A., Oaooiai TH.I., Aai?ia A.?.,
I?e?oi?ia A.I., ?oaenueeee A.A., E?i A.I.oa ?io?. Aea i?aeoeea
na?ae/eoue, ui ?nioth/? eiino?oeoe?? Ae?N o?eueo??a ia caaacia/othoue
??aiii??iee ?iciiae?e i?iieaii? aiaee i?e ?aaaia?aoe?? o?eueo?oth/iai
caaaioaaeaiiy, aeaioiaeaiiy ?o ?c ?yaeiaeo ia?ie noae? i?eaiaeeoue aei
ei?ic?eiiai aeniaaeaiiy, aeei?enoaiiy u?eeiieo o?oa ?c ia?aeaa?th/i?
noae? oa iie?aoeeaio ia aeeeth/athoue caa?oaeiaiiy iaoai?/ieie
aeii?oeaie oa aeiin ae??aieo o?aeoe?e o?eueo?oth/iai caaaioaaeaiiy
(iai?eeeaae, i?neo), aeei?enoaiiy iie?ia?aaoiio a aeayeeo aeiaaeeao
iia`ycaii c? neeaaeiinoyie, ye? iaoiiaeai? ei?ic?eiei ?oeioaaiiyi
(aeeoaeoaaiiyi), a a ?ioeo — c ca?inoaiiyi u?eueieie nieueiaeie
(caeaa?eueo ea?aiiaoieie) a?aeeeaaeiaiiyie.

Ia?niaeoeaiei iai?yieii ? aeaioiaeaiiy Ae?N c iie?ia?ieo iaoa??ae?a
(ciai?oi?e oa?) ia aacia?e ae??/ano?e iie?aoeeaiia?e o?oa?. Oe?
ae?aiaae? i?ino? o aeaioiaeaii?, iiioaae?, iaae?ei? a aenieoaoaoe??,
ii??aiyii iaaei?ia?, a?ae??ciythoueny iaeei a?ae?aae?/iei iii?ii oa ?i.

Aia?oa ?iaioe a oeueiio iai?yieo cae?eniai? o iaoeiai — ae?iaie/?e o??i?
(IAO) «Aeiiie?ia?» i?ae ea??aieoeoaii e.o.i. Iaoaiaenna?a TH. I. A
iiaeaeueo? ?iee ? a oeae /an IAO «Aeioii» (aee?aeoi? O?oiia I.A.) ca
o/anoth aaoi?a aeena?oaoe?? noai?aii ieceo i?ea?iaeueieo aaoi?nueeeo
eiino?oeoe?e oa oaoiieia?e aeaioiaeaiiy o?oaio?eueo??a, iath/eo
naiino?eia cia/aiiy.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? iaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue Ae?N,
aeaioiaeaieo ?c iie?ia?ieo iaoa??ae?a. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeee ia
aeaio noaiaeao aeey a?ae?aae?/ieo aei?iaoaaiue aeaiaio?a Ae?N ??cieo
eiino?oeoe?e: o?oaio?eueo??a c iie?ia?ieo iaoa??ae?a oa eiaia/eiaiai
ae?aiaaeo c ia?aeaa?th/eo ia?ie noae?. Ia iaeiiio ?c noaiae?a i?iaiaeeee
a?ae?aae?/i? aei?iaoaaiiy o?oaio?eueo??a oa ?o aeaiaio?a eiino?oeoe??
«Aeioii». Naia ooo aei?iaoaaee ia?oi?iaai? (ae??/ano?) iie?aoeeaiia?
o?oae (ea?eane o?oaio?eueo??a), o?oaio?eueo?e c aeenia?aoth/ei oa?ii,
iie?eoei aaciina?aaeiuei ia ia?oi?iaaio o?oao aac iia?o?yiiai i?ioa?eo,
o?oaio?eueo?e c iia?o?yiei i?ioa?eii oa ?io?. On? aenia?eiaioe
i?iaiaeeee c o?oaio?eueo?aie oa ?o aeaiaioaie, ye? aoee aeaioiaeai? c
?aaeueieo iaoa??ae?a. ?ici??e c?ace?a oaeiae ?aaeuei?.

Aieiai? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue iieyaaee o aecia/aii? oa ii??aiyii?
iai??ii- aeo?a/aeueieo oa?aeoa?enoee o?oaio?eueo??a ??cieo eiino?oeoe?e,
aecia/aii? eiao?oe??ioo aeo?aoe ( o?oaio?eueo??a oa aeaiaio?a Ae?N
??cieo eiino?oeoe?e. Iieacaii, ui aei inoaiiueiai /ano i?e ?ic?aooieo
?iciiae?eo ? cai?o aiaee ae??/anoeie o?oaaie eiao?oe??io aeo?aoe
i?eeiaee iino?eiei, ??aiei 0,62, ui, no?iai aiai?y/e, a?aeiia?aea? eeoa
oiia? aeoieo no?oiaiy ?c ioai?o e?oaei? oi?ie a oiie?e no?ioe?.
Aenia?eiaioaeueiei oeyoii aecia/ai? aaee/eie eiao?oe??io?a aeo?aoe aeey
Ae?N eiino?oeoe?? «Aeioii» ??cieo iiaeeo?eaoe?e. Anoaiiaeaii, ui
iaeneiaeuei? cia/aiiy ( oa?aeoa?i? aeey Ae?N c iie?ia?aaoiio, ( =
0,82-0,87 , aeey o?oaio?eueo??a c aeenia?aoth/ei oa?ii oa iia?o?yiei
i?ioa?eii ( = 0,72-0,81, aeey o?oaio?eueo??a c aeenia?aoth/ei oa?ii aac
iia?o?yiiai i?ioa?eo ( = 0,48-0,75, aeey ia?oi?iaaieo o?oa/anoeo
ae?aiaae?a ( = 0,49-0,73. I?e oeueiio aeo?aoe iaii?o neeaaeathoue
a?aeiia?aeii 3,5-4,0 i, 4,0-5,0 i, 5,8-7,4 i oa 7,1-8,4i (oaae.1).

Oaaeeoey 1 — Aecia/aiiy aaee/eie eiao?oe??ioo aeo?ao ( aeey Ae?N
??ciiiai?oieo eiino?oeoe?e.

??ciiiai?o-i?noue Ae?N Vc, i/n Vioa, i/n (

o?oae, i ( ioai?., i Oiaueia no?iee o?oae, i *enei Re ( h, i (

Ia?oi?iaaia iie?aoeeaii-aa o?oaa. 1,38

1,56

1,59

1,64 9,29

3,91

5,96

3,94 0,11

0,11

0,11

0,11 0,006

0,008

0,008

0,010 0,012

0,012

0,012

0,012 13,4

3,75

3,82

2,15 8,40

7,90

7,95

7,10 0,49

0,66

0,65

0,73

Ia?oi?iaaia iie?aoeeaii-aa o?oaa c aeenia?aoth-/ei oa?ii aac iia?o?yiiai
i?ioa?eo(neaaaei?noue 0,4 %) 0,97

1,37

1,14

1,37 6,56

3,43

4,33

3,28 0,11

0,11

0,11

0,11 0,006

0,008

0,008

0,010 0,012

0,012

0,012

0,012 11,20

4,62

4,79

3,62 7,40

6,75

6,66

4,93 0,48

0,56

0,62

0,68

Ia?oi?iaaia iie?aoeeaii-aa o?oaa c aeenia?aoth-/ei oa?ii aac iia?o?yiiai
i?ioa?eo(neaaaei?noue 0,8 %) 0,92

1,21

1,15

1,22 4,9

4,3

4,1

3,1 0,11

0,11

0,11

0,11 0,006

0,008

0,008

0,010 0,012

0,012

0,012

0,012 9,15

3,90

3,96

3,20 8,1

6,3

6,4

5,8 0,50

0,65

0,71

0,75

Ia?oi?iaaia iie?aoeeaii-aa o?oaa c aeenia?aoth-/ei oa?ii oa iia?o?yiei
i?ioa?eii 1,47

1,88

1,47

1,47 6,80

5,99

6,80

6,80 0,11

0,11

0,11

0,11 0,006

0,008

0,008

0,010 0,012

0,012

0,012

0,012 10,1

4,4

4,2

3,1 5,0

4,6

4,4

4,1 0,72

0,75

0,76

0,81

Ae?N c iie?-ia?aaoiio

4,5

4,2

4,15

4,00 0,82

0,84

0,85

0,87

aea Vc — oaeaee?noue aiaee o ea?ean? o?oaio?eueo?o, Vioa — oaeaee?noue
aiaee o ioai?? o?oaio?eueo?o, ( o?oae — ae?aiao? ea?eano o?oaio?eueo?o,
( ioai?. — ae?aiao? ioai??a ia ea?ean? o?oaio?eueo??a, ( h — ao?aoe
iaii?o o?oaio?eueo??a.

A iniiao aeine?aeaeaiue iieeaaeaia aoaeiaa i`?ciiao?e/ieo e?i?e
o?oaio?eueo??a eiino?oeoe?? «Aeioii» oa o?aaeeoe?eieo ?iciiae?e?a aiaee
(?en.1). I?e oeueiio a?aoiaoaaee, ui aeeiiaiiy caeiio caa?aaeaiiy
aia?a?? iaoiiaeth? ca?eueoaiiy aaee/eie oaeaee?niiai iaii?o ia ii/aoeo
?iciiae?eo iaae aaee/eiith i?e??noo i`?ciiao?e/iiai oeneo.

((2iaen./ 2g ( h L ; h L = ( ?E — ?I) / ( , (1)

aea (iaen. — na?aaeiy oaeaee?noue ?ooo aiaee o ii/aoeiaiio ia?aoei?
?iciiae?eueieea, i/n ;

(?E -?I) / ( = h L — ??cieoey i`?ciiao?e/ieo oene?a o
ii/aoeiaiio oa e?ioeaaiio ia?aoeiao ae??/anoi? ae?eueieoe?
?iciiae?eueieea, i ;

L — aeiaaeeia ae??/anoi? ae?eueieoe? ?iciiae?eueieea, i ;

g — i?enei?aiiy neee oyae?iiy, i2/ n;

( — ei?aeoea oaeaeeino?.

I?e oeueiio I = I 0 + I Ae ;

I — I 0 = I Ae . (2)

?en.1.a — Ci?ie i`?ciiao?e/iiai oeneo a ae??/anoiio ?iciiae?eueieeo

?en.1.a- Ci?ie i`?ciiao?e/iiai oeneo a Ae?N «Aeioii»

(ao — eiao?oe??io iii?o i?e aoiae? a o?oao; I-I0 — iayaiee iai??; hi —
ao?aoe iaii?o a ii/aoeiaiio ioai??; he — ao?aoe iaii?o a e?ioeaaiio
ioai??; ho? — ao?aoe iaii?o ia oa?oy oa caaeo?aiiy ii aeiaaeei? o?oae;
haen — ao?aoe iaii?o a aeenia?aoth/iio oa??.

I Ae = h AO + h 1 + h 2 + h L + h L 1+ haen , (3)

aea I 0 — aenioa noiaia aiaee o o?eueo?? i?e eiai i?iieaoe?, i;

I Ae — iai?? aiaee, ao?a/aiee o ?iciiae?eueieeo aiaee, i;

?ieiee IAe iaceaathoue iayaiei iaii?ii, i.

hAO -ao?aoe iaii?o i?e aoiae? o o?oao, i ;

h1 ,h 2 — ao?aoe iaii?o i?e aoiae? no?oiai?a c ia?oiai oa inoaiiueiai
ioai?o a ?iciiae?eueieeo aiaee;

h L — i?e?iuaiiy iaii?o ii aeiaaeei? o?oae, i ;

h L 1 — ao?aoe iaii?o ii aeiaaeei? o?oae, i;

haen — ao?aoe iaii?o a aeenia?aoth/iio oa??, i.

Aiae?c aeaieo ?en.1 oa oaae.1 iieaco?, ui i?i?iaeuei? ao?aoe iaii?o
iathoue i?noea o Ae?N ?c iie?ia?aaoiio — 4,0-4,5 i, noiae? c ieie
o?oaio?eueo?e, ye? neeaaeathoueny c ia?oi?iaaii? iie?aoeeaiiai? o?oae
(ea?eano) oa aeenia?aoth/iai oa?o iie?aoeeaio c iia?o?yiei i?ioa?eii, —
4,1-5,0 i, iio?i eaeooue o?oaio?eueo?e aac iia?o?yiiai i?ioa?eo — 4,93 —
8,1 i oa cae/aeia ia?oi?iaaia iie?aoeeaiiaa o?oaa — 7,0-8,4 i.

Aeeiiai? aeine?aee aeicaieeee c`ynoaaoe, ui iaea?eueo ia?niaeoeaiith
eiino?oeoe??th ? o?oaio?eueo?, yeee neeaaea?oueny c ia?oi?iaaii?
iie?aoeeaiiai? o?oae (ea?eano) oa aeenia?aoth/iai oa?o iie?aoeeaio c
iia?o?yiei i?ioa?eii (?en.2). Aeyaeaii, ui ao?aoe iaii?o a
o?oaio?eueo?ao cacia/aii? eiino?oeoe?? iaeiaio?, i?ae o o?oaio?eueo?ao
aac iia?o?yiiai i?ioa?eo, oa ?o iiaeeeai ua ciaioeoe aei aaee/eie ao?ao
o Ae?N ?c iie?ia?aaoiio oeyoii ca?eueoaiiy ia?oi?aoe?? ea?eano.

O?ao?e ?icae?e i?enay/aiee aeine?aeaeaiith ?iaioe eiaia/eiaeo
ae?aiaae?a, i?ecia/aieo aeey o?eueo??a, ye? i/euothoue no?/i? aiaee
i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa, caa?oaeiaieo caaaeaieie ?a/iaeiaie, ianeaie,
aee?aie oa iaooii?iaeoeoaie.

I?e i/enooe? oa aeii/enooe? oaeeo no?/ieo aiae aeieeathoue nooo?a?
oneeaaeiaiiy, iia`ycai? c ?aaaia?aoe??th o?eueo?oth/iai caaaioaaeaiiy,
caa?oaeiaiiai iaooii?iaeoeoaie. A oeeo oiiaao aeioe?euei?noue
aeei?enoaiiy Ae?N ?c iie?ia?aaoiio oa iie?ia??a aeceaathoue noii?a. A
oaeeo aeiaaeeao aeioe?eueii canoiniaoaaoe eiaia/eiaee ae?aiaae,
i?enoiniaaiee aeey iaeii/anii? /e iine?aeiaii? iiaea/? aiaee oa iia?o?y
aeey i?iieaee o?eueo??a. Iniiaiiieaaath/? aeine?aee a oeueiio iai?yieo
?ai?o i?iaaaeai? a ?inoeooo? IAI «Aia?ainoaeue» A.A. ??io?iei, A.N.
Iaioaeyoii oa ?i.

O oiae? aeeiiaiiy aeaii? ?iaioe i?iaaaeai? aeine?aee, iai?aaeai? ia
aecia/aiiy iai??ii-aeo?a/aeueii? oa?aeoa?enoeee ae?aiaaeieo eiaia/e?a,
oaeineiiaeaia ?o eiino?oeoe?y. Aeyaeaii, ui eiao?oe??io aeo?ao eiaia/e?a
ciaoiaeeoueny o iaaeao 0,4-0,6, ao?aoe iaii?o neeaaeathoue 5,0-6,0 i.

?en.2 — O?oa/anoee ae?aiaaeiee aeaiaio «Aeioii»

1-ioooa ?c aioo??oi?i ??cueaeaiiyi (i?yia); 2-ioooa ?c ciai?oi?i
??cueaeaiiyi (cai?ioiy);

3-ia?oi?iaaia o?oaa; 4-caoeniee oa?; 5-iia?o?yiee i?ioa?ie; 6-ioa??
ia?oi?aoe??; 7-ioa?? aeey ooeooo; 8-?aa?a aei?noeino?; 9-caa?iee oia;
10-??cueaeaia c`?aeiaiiy.

*aoaa?oee ?icae?e i?enay/aiee aeine?aeaeaiith iaoiae?a, ye?
caaacia/othoue ??aiii??i?noue i?iieaee o?eueo?oth/iai iaoa??aeo. A?aeii?
caeiiii??iino? i?ioeano i?iieaee o?eueo?oth/iai iaoa??aeo aacothoueny ia
aeaieo, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue «caaaeoaaiiy» /enoiai i?neo o aeno?aeiiio
iioioe? aiaee. Aeei?enoaiiy oeeo aeaieo aeey ?ic?aooieo i?iieaee
o?eueo??a, ca?ienoa iaaaioaaeaiiy yeeo caa?oaeiaii o i?ioean? ?iaioe,
iio?aao? a?aeiii? ei?aeoe??. Nooue oeueiai ieoaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui a
i?ioean? caa?oaeiaiiy ca?ienoiai caaaioaaeaiiy aiane?aeie i?eeeiaiiy
caaaeaieo /anoie aei eiai ca?ai ci?iththoueny iniiai? ?ic?aooieia?
ia?aiao?e : ae?aiao? ca?ai d, ?o u?euei?noue (2, ii?eno?noue
o?eueo?oth/iai iaoa??aeo m. Ae?aiao? ca?ai ca?eueoo?oueny, a
?ic?aooieiaa u?euei?noue oa ii?eno?noue ciaioothoueny.

C? neacaiiai aeo?ea?, ui ?ic?aooiie i?iieaee ca?ienoiai caaaioaaeaiiy
o?eueo??a iiaeiai a?aoiaoaaoe ?ioaineai?noue oa o?eaae?noue
iiia?aaeiuei? i/enoee aiaee. Aeacaia ei?aeoe?iaea, yea a?aoiao? oe?
oaeoi?e ? yaey? niaith aeiaeaoie aei iaoiaeo Ae.I. I?ioea, cai?iiiiiaaia
aaoi?ii.

Aei iniiae cai?iiiiiaaieo ?ic?aooie?a iieeaaeaiee iaoa??aeueiee aaeain
caaaeaieo ?a/iaei a oa?? o?eueo?oth/iai caaaioaaeaiiy. sseui a ye?enue
oa? iio?aiey? aiaea c eiioeaio?aoe??th caaaeaieo /anoie ?0, a c iueiai
aeoiaeeoue o?eueo?ao c eiioeaio?aoe??th ?, oi i/aaeaeii, ui ca
iaeeieoeth /ano aoaea cao?eiaii:

q =( ( ?0 -?(o,t) (. (4)

Oiae? ca a?ae??cie /ano dt aeeoa?aioe?ae a?oaeici?noo q aei??aith?:

dq = ( ( p0 -p( o, t)]dt. (5)

Aaaiaee a?oaeici?no aei e?ioey o?eueo?ioeeeeo neeaaea?:

(6)

?ioaa?oaaiiy ae?aco (6), ?aooth/e caeaaei?noue TH.I. Oaooiaia (7) aeey
ai?ieneiaoe?? aeine?aeaeaieo aeaieo, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue ?iciiae?e
eiioeaio?aoe?? caaaeaieo /anoie o o?eueo?ao?, aea? ae?ac aeey aecia/aiiy
aaaiaiai a?oaeici?noo:

; (7)

(8)

Oiae? a?aae??io aaaiaiai a?oaeici?noo ii o, iaiao?aeiee aeey iae?eo
ci?ie ia?aiao??a o?eueo?oth/iai caaaioaaeaiiy, aoaea aei??aithaaoe:

. (9)

Iath/e a?aae??io ia`?iiiai a?oaeici?noo q(x,to)/(in, iaaaaeei ciaeoe
iia? eiao?oe??ioe ii?enoino? m1, ae?aiao? ca?ai, ca?eueoaieo ca ?aooiie
i?eeeieaieo /anoie caa?oaeiaiue d1, oa ci?ie ia`?iii? aaae ca?ai ?2.
Ae?enii, aiane?aeie iaeiie/aiiy a?oaeo ia`?i ii? a iaeeieoe? ia`?io
ca?ienoiai caaaioaaeaiiy ciaioo?oueny ia aaee/eio a?aae??ioo ia`?iiiai
a?oaeici?noo, oa eiao?oe??io ii?enoinoe aecia/a?ii ae?acii:

, (10)

aea m0 — ii?eno?noue /enoiai caaaioaaeaiiy.

(in = 1,05-ia`?iia aaaa caa?oaeiaiue, ye? ciaoiaeyoueny o ca?ienoiio
caaaioaaeaii?.

I?eeiath/e /enei ca?ai n a iaeeieoe? ia`?io iaaaioaaeaiiy aei
caa?oaeiaiiy oa i?ney caa?oaeiaiiy iaci?iiei oa aeeiioth/e iaiao?aei?
ia?aoai?aiiy, aecia/a?ii ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ia`?iii? aaae a?oaeo ? i?neo:

. (11)

I?e/iio:

. (12)

Oaeei /eiii, iath/e oa?aeoa?enoeee aeo?aeii? aiaee ?0, o?eueo?oth/iai
caaaioaaeaiiy d, (, n, I, oaeaee?noue o?eueo?oaaiiy i?ae /an i/enoee ( ?
o?eaae?noue o?eueo?ioeeeea to, iiaeia ciaeoe iaiao?aei? ?ic?aooieia?
ia?aiao?e (?2, d 1, m1) aeey aecia/aiiy oaeaeeino? i?iieaee ?aaeueiiai
ca?ienoiai caaaioaaeaiiy o?eueo??a.

Aieea ci?i ia?aiao??a ca?ienoiai caaaioaaeaiiy ia aaee/eio oaeaeeino?
i?iieaee iaaeyaei?oa ca ana i?iaiae?coaaoe ia i?eeeaae? caeaaeiino? aeey
aecia/aiiy aaee/eie e?eoe/ii? oaeaeeino? i?iieaee ii Ae.I. I?ioeo:

. (13)

Aeey aeiaaeeo caa?oaeiaiiai caaaioaaeaiiy, i?aenoaaeaoe o (13) ae?ace
(10),(11), io?eia?ii:

(14)

Oiae?:

. (15)

Aiane?aeie oiai, ui m1 ( m 0, caaaeaee (10 ( (0. Iai?eeeaae, aeey m1 =
0,3 oa m 0 = 0,5 i?e ?2 = 2,64 e ?1 = 1,0 a?aeiioaiiy (01/ (0 = 0,71.

I?eiyoi ?aooaaoe, ui ae?aiaae? aenieiai iii?o aeicaieythoue caaacia/eoe
??aiii??iee ?iciiae?e i?iieaii? aiaee ii aeiaaeei? ?iciiae?eueieea.
Iaeiae, ia i?aeoeoe? oea ia oae. Aaaaoi a/aieo, ii/eiath/e c Aeae???
(NOA) oa I.A. Iae?oaanueeiai, aeacoaaee ia ia??aiii??i?noue ?iciiae?eo
i?iieaii? aiaee. Oea iia`ycaii c oei, ui ia aaea?oueny caaacia/eoe ??ai?
?ioaineaiino? i?iieaee ? iino?ei?noue i`?ciiao?e/ieo oene?a (?en.3).
Aeey eiino?oeoeaiiai ??oaiiy oe??? caaea/? aeioe?eueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe
cai?iiiiiaaiee A. I. Iai?iei i?eeeaae Ae?N ?c cono??/ieie iioieaie
aiaee o ni?aeieo o?oaio?eueo?ao.

?en.3-Noaia aeine?ae?a i?io. I.A.Iae?oaanueeiai

O i`yoiio ?icae?e? iaaeathoueny ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?iaee, aeaioiaeaiiy,
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oa aenieoaoaoe?? Ae?N c o?oaio?eueo?aie eiino?oeoe??
«Aeioii» i?e i/enooe? oa aeii/enooe? i?e?iaeieo oa no?/ieo aiae.

I?aai?ciaaii ae?iaieoeoai aeaiaio?a o?eueo?oth/eo na??? AO, ia iniia?
yeeo aeaioiaeythoue o?oaio?eueo?e (AOO), ye? i?ecia/ai? aeey aeaoooaaiiy
Ae?N o?eueo??a. ?o canoiniaothoue o neeaae? noaioe?? aeey i/enoee ieoii?
aiaee, aeii/enoee i?nueeeo ? i?iieneiaeo no?/ieo aiae, iao??e-
eao?ii?oiaeo o?eueo??a, ye? i?ecia/ai? aeey iii`yeoaiiy aiaee, oa ?i.

Oaoiieia?y ae?iaieoeoaa o?oaio?eueo??a na??? YO ?ic?iaeaia
iaoeiai-ae?iaie/ith o??iith (IAO) «Aeioii» ca o/anoth aaoi?a.
Ae?iaieoeoai cacia/aieo ae?ia?a cae?enith?oueny oeyoii aa?iaeeiai?/iiai
iaieeaiiy ?icieaao iie?ia?o ia noaiaea?oio iie?ia?io o?oao aai
oi?iioai?/ee aeaiaio caaeaiiai ae?aiao?o. Nooue iaoiaeo iieyaa? a oiio,
ui ?icieaaeaiee a?aioeueiaaiee iie?aoeeai i?ae oeneii aa?y/iai
iia?o?yiiai no?oiaiy iaieey?oueny ia iiaa?oith, yea iaa?oa?oueny ?c
cai?ioiuei-iinooiiaei ia?ai?uaiiyi o?oa/anoi? ii?aaee- oi?iioai?oey.
Aieieia, ui ni?eathoueny oa nie?oathoueny i?ae niaith, noai?ththoue i?ae
/an ioieiaeaeaiiy aieieienoi — ii?enoee o?oa/anoee aeaiaio ae?iaa c?
aioo??oi?i ae?aiao?ii, ??aiei ciai?oiueiio ae?aiao?o oi?iioai?oey.
Oiaueia iaieeaiiai oa?o ?aaoeth?oueny /anii eiai oi?ioaaiiy oa
u?euei?noth ooai?aiiai ae?iao. U?euei?noue caaea?oueny oaoiieia?/ieie
ia?aiao?aie i?ioeano. IAO «Aeioii» ?ic?iaeai? oaoiieia?/iee ?aaeaiaio ia
ae?iaieoeoai ? oaoi?/i? oiiae ia aeaiaioe o?eueo?oth/? na??? AO (OO
OI4-002-41901146-96, OOO 24125887.002 — 96).

O oiae? aeeiiaiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy c?noaaeee aeina?ae
aenieoaoaoe?? ae?aiaaeieo nenoai ??cieo eiino?oeoe?e, aeaooiaaieo a
ca?ienoeo o?eueo?ao, i?ecia/aieo aeey i/enoee i?e?iaeieo aiae aei ieoii?
yeino?, a oaeiae i/enoee ? aeii/enoee i?nueeeo ? i?iieneiaeo no?/ieo
aiae. Aeyaeai? ?o iiceoeai? oa iaaaoeai? yeino?, aecia/ai? iniiai?
ia?aiao?e ?o ?iaioe. Aea/aia ?iaioa 10 noaioe?e i/enoee aiaee aeey
ieoieo oe?eae, 5 nenoai aeey aeii/enoee i?nueeeo ? i?iieneiaeo no?/ieo
aiae, 3 noaioe?e ciacae?coaaiiy aiaee. Oe? noaioe?? iaeaaeiai?
ca?ienoeie o?eueo?aie c ae?aiaaeii-?iciiae?eue/eie nenoaiaie ??cieo
eiino?oeoe?e.

Ocaaaeueiaiiy oa aiae?c aeina?aeo aenieoaoaoe?? no/anieo eiino?oeoe?e
Ae?N iieacaee, ui aeey caaacia/aiiy iaiao?aeiiai nooiaiy i/enoee aiaee
oa aoaeoeaii? ?aaaia?aoe?? o?eueo?oth/iai caaaioaaeaiiy a?eueo
ia?niaeoeaieie ? nenoaie, aeaioiaeai? ?c iie?ia?aaoiio, a oaeiae ?c
ae??/anoeo iie?aoeeaiiaeo o?oa c aeenia?aoth/ei oa?ii ?c iie?aoeeaio.
Eiino?oeoe?? Ae?N, ye? aeaioiaeai? c iie?aoeeaio, ?ic?iaeai? IAO
«Aeiiie?ia?» ? «Aeioii» oa ai?iaaaeaeai? ia aaaaoueio aiaeii/enieo
noaioe?yo.

Ae?aiaaeia nenoaia o?eueo??a ?c o?oa/anoeo yeaiaio?a «Aeioii» ia?
nooo?a? a?aei?iiino? a?ae ?ioeo ae?aiaaeieo nenoai: ia aeiaaathoueny
i?aeo?eioth/? oa?e, caaacia/o?oueny ??aiii??iee ca?? o?eueo?aoo oa
?iciiae?e i?iieaii? aiaee, oa?aeoa?eco?oueny no?eeinoth aei ei?ic?eieo ?
aa?aceaieo aca?iiae?e, ia? ii??aiyii iecueeee a?ae?aaee/iee iai??, ia?
no?ee?noue aei a?ae?aae?/ieo oa aa?iae?iai?/ieo oaea??a, i?eoaiaiia
i?inoioa iiioaaeo ? aeaiiioaaeo aeaiaio?a ?iciiae?eue/i? nenoaie
aeicaieythoue i?iaiaeeoe i?io?eaeoe/i? oa ?aiiioi? ?iaioe aac iiaii?
aea?ocee o?eueo?oth/eo iaoa??ae?a, caaacia/othoue aeiaaee no?ie
aenieoaoaoe?? aac ci?ie.

Ae?N eiino?oeoe?? «Aeioii» ai?iaaaeaeai? ia 20 noaioe?yo i/enoee
i?e?iaeieo ? no?/ieo aiae a ?in?? oa Oe?a?i?.

Aeiiii?y aeaeo?iaia?a?? i?e aeei?enoaii? Ae?N eiino?oeoe?? «Aeioii» o
?ic?aooieo ia iaeio noaioe?th i/enoee ieoii? aiaee neeaaea? ( 11,4
oen.a?i.

CAAAEUeI? AENIIAEE

1.Aiae?c aeina?aeo aei?iaoaaiue, i?iaeooaaiiy ? aenieoaoaoe??
ae?aiaaeii-?iciiae?eue/eo nenoai (Ae?N) ca?ienoeo o?eueo??a, i?ecia/aieo
aeey i/enoee aiaee aeey ieoieo e oaoi?/ieo oe?eae, iieacaa, ui iaei??th
c aieiaieo i?e/ei, ye? ia?aoeiaeaeothoue io?eiaiith i/euaii?
(i?io?eueo?iaaii?) aiaee noaa?eueii? yeino?, ? iaaeineiiae?noue Ae?N.

2.?nioth/? eiino?oeoe?? Ae?N o?eueo??a ia caaacia/othoue ??aiii??iee
?iciiae?e i?iieaii? aiaee i?e ?aaaia?aoe?? (i?iieaoe?) o?eueo?oth/iai
caaaioaaeaiiy, aeaioiaeaiiy ?o c ?yaeiaeo ia?ie noae? i?eaiaeeoue aei
ei?ic?eiiai aeniaaeaiiy, canoinoaaiiy u?eeiieo o?oa c ia?aeaa?th/eo
noaeae ? iie?aoeeaio ia aeeeth/a? caaeooy ioai??a iaoai?/ieie noi?oaie ?
aeiin ae??aieo o?aeoe?e o?eueo?oth/iai caaaioaaeaiiy (iai?eeeaae,
i?neo), aeei?enoaiiy iie?ia?aaoiio a aeayeeo aeiaaeeao iia`ycaii c?
neeaaeiinoyie, ye? iaoiiaeai? ei?ic?eiei ?oeioaaiiyi (aeeoaeoaaiiyi), a
a ?ioeo — c ca?inoaiiyi u?eueieie nieueiaeie (caeaa?eueo ea?aiiaoieie)
a?aeeeaaeiaiiyie.

3.C?noaaeaii aeina?ae aenieoaoaoe?? Ae?N ??ciiiai?oieo eiino?oeoe?e,
canoiniaaieo a ca?ienoeo o?eueo?ao, i?ecia/aieo aeey i/enoee i?e?iaeieo
aiae aei ieoii? yeino?, a oaeiae i/enoee ? aeii/enoee i?nueeeo ?
i?iieneiaeo no?/ieo aiae. Aeyaeai? ?o iiceoeai? oa iaaaoeai? yeino?,
aecia/ai? ia?aiao?e eo ?iaioe. Aea/aia ?iaioa 10 noaioe?e i/enoee aiaee
aeey ieoieo oe?eae, 5 nenoai aeey aeii/enoee i?nueeeo ? i?iieneiaeo
no?/ieo aiae, 3 noaioe?e ciacae?coaaiiy aiaee.

4.Aeai aiae?c ?nioth/eo iaoiae?a ?ic?aooieo Ae?N ??cieo eiino?oeoe?e,
aeeth/ath/e Ae?N ?c ii?enoiai aaoiio oa iie?ia?aaoiio. Iieacaii, ui aei
inoaiiueiai /ano i?e ?ic?aooieo ?iciiae?eo ? cai?o aiaee ae??/anoeie
o?oaaie eiao?oe??io aeo?aoe i?eeiaee iino?eiei, ??aiei 0,62, ui, no?iai
aiai?y/e, a?aeiia?aea? eeoa oiia? aeoieo no?oiaiy ?c ioai?o e?oaei?
oi?ie a oiie?e no?ioe?. Aenia?eiaioaeueiei oeyoii aecia/ai? aaee/eie
eiao?oe??io?a aeo?aoe aeey Ae?N eiino?oeoe?? «Aeioii» ??cieo
iiaeeo?eaoe?e.

Aeyaeai? aaee/eie eiao?oe??ioa aeo?aoe ( aeey ??cieo iiaeeo?eaoe?e
o?oaioeeueo??a. Iaeneiaeuei? cia/aiiy oeueiai eiao?oe??ioo oa?aeoa?i?
aeey Ae?N ?c iie?ia?aaoiio, aaee/eia ( oeoa?oueny a iaaeao 0,82-0,86,
aeey o?oaio?eueo??a c aeenia?aoth/ei oa?ii ? iia?o?yiei i?ioa?eii ( =
0,72-0,81, aeey o?oaio?eueo??a c aeenia?aoth/ei oa?ii aac iia?o?yiiai
i?ioa?eo ( = 0,48-0,75, aeey ia?oi?iaaieo o?oa/anoeo ae?aiaae?a ( =
0,49-0,73 . I?e oeueiio ao?aoe iaii?o a o?oaio?eueo?ao neeaaeathoue
a?aeiia?aeii 3,5 — 4,0 i, 4,1 — 5,0 i, 4,94 — 8,1 i oa 7,0 — 8,4 i.

5.Aeine?aeaeaiiy o?oaio?eueo??a ??cieo iiaeeo?eaoe?e eiino?oeoe??
«Aeioii» iieacaei, ui iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiei ? o?oaio?eueo?, yeee
neeaaea?oueny ?c ia?oi?iaaii? iie?aoeeaiia? o?oae (ea?eano) c
aeenia?aoth/ei iie?aoeeaiiaei iie?eooyi. I?e oeueiio i?ae ea?eanii ?
iie?eooyi ? iia?o?yiee i?ioa?ie.

6.O?oaio?eueo?e eiino?oeoe?? «Aeioii» c iia?o?yiei i?ioa?eii
a?aeiia?aeathoue aeiiaai, ye? i?aae`yaeythoue aei no/anieo Ae?N
o?eueo??a aeey i/enoee ieoii? aiaee, i/enoee ? aeii/enoee no?/ieo aiae,
oae ye aeicaieththoue caaacia/eoe ??aiii??iee ?iciiae?e aiaee ye i?e
o?eueo?oaaii?, oae ? i?e i?iieaoe? (?aaaia?aoe??) o?eueo?oth/iai
caaaioaaeaiiy.

7.Aeey i/enoee ? aeii/enoee i?iieneiaeo no?/ieo aiae, caa?oaeiaieo
caaaeaieie ?a/iaeiaie, ianeaie, aee?aie oa iaooii?iaeoeoaie, aeioe?eueii
canoiniaoaaoe o?eueo?e c Ae?N ?c u?eeiieo eiaia/e?a, aeaioiaeaieo ?c
ia?aeaa?th/eo ia?ie noae?.

8.Aeyaeaia iai??ii-aeo?a/aeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ae?aiaaeiiai eiaia/ea:
ao?aoe iaii?o 5,0-6,0 i, eiao?oe?aio aeo?aoe ciaoiaeeoueny o iaaeao
0,4-0,6.

9.Aeeiiaii ni?aa?aeiiniee aiae?c iaoiae?a ?ic?aooieo ?ioaineaiino?
i?iieaee o?eueo?oth/iai iaoa??aeo a caeaaeiino? a?ae nooiaith eiai
caa?oaeiaiiy. Aeyaeaia no?oeoo?a ao?ao iaii?o a Ae?N eiino?oeoe??
«Aeioii».

10.O?oaio?eueo?e c iia?o?yiei i?ioa?eii eiino?oeoe?? «Aeioii»
aeicaieythoue cieceoe ao?aoe iaii?o a Ae?N, a oaeiae iie?aueoe iniiai?
oaoiieia?/i? ia?aiao?e ?iaioe o?eueo??a: ca?eueoeoe iiaiioo a?aeieaee
o?eueo?oth/iai iaoa??aeo, ca?eueoeoe aeiaaioo o?eueo?ioeeeeo oa ?i.

11.?ic?iaeai? oaoiieia?/iee ?aaeaiaio oa oaoi?/i? oiiae ia ae?iaieoeoai
iie?ia?ieo o?eueo?oth/eo aeaiaio?a na??? AO (OO 7774-002-41901146-96,
OOO 24125887.002 — 96).

12.Ae?N eiino?oeoe?? «Aeioii» ai?iaaaeaeai? ia 20 noaioe?yo i/enoee
i?e?iaeieo ? no?/ieo aiae a ?in?? oa a Oe?a?i?.

13.Aeei?enoaiiy o?oaio?eueo??a «Aeioii» aeicaiey? cieceoe yia?-aaoe/i?
cao?aoe ia aenieoaoaoe?th o?eueo??a. Aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae
ai?i-aaaeaeaiiy o?oaio?eueo??a «Aeioii» ii??aiyii c Ae?N ?c ia?oi?iaaieo
noa-eueieo o?oa neeaaea? 21844,93 ?oa.(noaioe?y o i.AEaeaciiai?nueeo),
ii??aiyii c Ae?N c eiaia/eiaei ae?aiaaeai — 131159,97 a?i.(noaioe?y o
i.*a?i?aoe?).

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??

1.Coaei A.E. Ae?aiaaeiua nenoaiu ca?ienouo oeeueo?ia aeey i/enoee
i?e?iaeiuo e noi/iuo aiae // Iaoeiaee a?niee aoae?aieoeoaa.—Oa?e?a:
Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao aoae?aieoeoaa oa
a?o?oaeoo?e, OIOA AAO. — 1999.- Aei.5.- n.111-115.

2.Coaei A.E. Iiuo yenieoaoaoeee ae?aiaaeii-?ani?aaeaeeoaeueiuo nenoai
oeeueo?ia aeey i/enoee i?e?iaeiuo aiae // Eiiioiaeueiia oicyenoai
ai?iaeia.-Eeaa. Oaoieea. 1999.-Aui.18.-n. 117-120.

3.Iaioaeyo A.N., Coaei A.E. Enneaaeiaaiea ae?aiaaeii-?ani?aaeaeeoaeueiuo
nenoai oeeueo?ia, ecaioiaeaiiuo ec iieeia?iuo iaoa?eaeia // Iaoeiaee
a?niee aoae?aieoeoaa.- Oa?e?a: Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee
oi?aa?neoao aoae?aieoeoaa oa a?o?oaeoo?e, OIOA AAO. — 1999.- Aui. 6 .-
n. 101-104.

4.Coaei I.E. Iniaeeaino? a?ae?iaeeiai?ee ? ?ic?aooiie ae?aiaaeieo nenoai
eiino?oeoe?? «Aeioii» // A?niee «?iaeaia?i? nenoaie ? oaoiiaaiia aaciaea
a aoae?aieoeoa?». — Iae??aea: Aeiiaanueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y
aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e. — 1999. — Aei. 3 (17). N.23 — 24.

5.Coaei A.E. Iiuo yenieoaoaoeee ae?aiaaeii-?ani?aaeaeeoaeueiuo nenoai
eiino?oeoeee «Yeioii» a oeeueo?ao aeey i/enoee i?e?iaeiuo aiae //
Aanoiee Oa?ueeianeiai ainoaea?noaaiiiai iieeoaoie/aneiai oieaa?neoaoa. —
Oa?ueeia: Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue iieeoaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao. —
1999.-Aui.49.-n.7 — 10

AIIOAOe?ss

Coaei A.E. Aoaeoeai? ae?aiaaei? nenoaie o?eueo??a.- ?oeiien

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaith eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.23.04 — aiaeiiinoa/aiiy, eaiae?caoe?y. –
Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao aoae?aieoeoaa oa
a?o?oaeoo?e. Oa?e?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ??oaiith aeooaeueii? caaea/? – i?aeaeuaiith
aoaeoeaiino? i/enoee i?e?iaeieo ? no?/ieo aiae oa caaacia/aiith
iaae?eiino? ?iaioe o?eueo??a ca ?aooiie aaeineiiaeaiiy eiino?oeoe?? oa
?ioaineo?eaoe?? ?iaioe ae?aiaaeii — ?iciiae?eue/eo nenoai. O ?iaio?
io?eiai? oae? ?acoeueoaoe: aecia/ai? aaee/eie eiao?oe?aio?a aeo?aoe aeey
??cieo iiaee-o?eaoe?e o?oaio?eueo??a, a oaeiae aeey eiaia/eiaiai
ae?aiaaeo, aeine?aeaeaii ?iaioo o?oaio?eueo??a ??cieo eiino?oeoe?e,
aeiaaaeaii, ui iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiei ? o?oaio?eueo?, yeee neeaaea?oueny
c ia?oi?iaaii? iie?aoeeaiiai? o?oae (ea?eana), iia?o?yiiai i?ioa?ea oa
aeenia?aoth/iai iie?aoeeaiiaiai oa?o, aecia/aii iai??ii- aeo?a/aeuei?
oa?aeoa?enoeee aeacaieo ae?aiaae?a, io?eiai? iia? iaoaiaoe/i?
caeaaeiino?, ye? a?aoiaothoue aieea caa?oaeiaiiy o?eueo?oth/iai
iaoa??aeo ia ?ioaineai?noue i?iieaee, ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe ai?iaaaeaeai?
ia 20 noaioe?yo i/enoee ieoii? aiaee.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ae?aiaaeii — ?iciiae?eue/? nenoaie, o?oaio?eueo?,
eiaia/eiaee ae?aiaae, eiao?oe?aio aeo?aoe, iai??ii — aeo?a/aeueia
oa?aeoa?enoeea.

AIIIOAOeEss

Coaei A.E.Yooaeoeaiua ae?aiaaeiua nenoaiu oeeueo?ia- ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.23.04 — aiaeiniaaaeaiea, eaiaeecaoeey. —
Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao no?ieoaeuenoaa e
a?oeoaeoo?u. Oa?ueeia, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ?aoaieth aeooaeueiie caaea/e — iiauoaieth
yooaeoeaiinoe i/enoee i?e?iaeiuo e noi/iuo aiae e iaania/aieth
iaaeaaeiie ?aaiou oeeueo?ia ca n/ao oniaa?oainoaiaaiey eiino?oeoeee e
eioaineoeeaoeee ?aaiou ae?aiaaeii — ?ani?aaeaeeoaeueiuo nenoai (Ae?N).
A ?aaioa auiieiaiu enneaaeiaaiey yeaiaioia Ae?N ?acee/iuo eiino?oeoeee:
o?oaioeeueo?ia ec iieeia?iuo iaoa?eaeia e eieia/eiaiai ae?aiaaea ec
ia?aeaaathueo ia?ie noaee. Iniiaiua caaea/e enneaaeiaaiee ninoiyee a
ii?aaeaeaiee e niiinoaaeaiee ?anoiaeii — iaii?iuo oa?aeoa?enoee
o?oaioeeueo?ia, ii?aaeaeaiee eiyooeoeeaioia ?anoiaea ( o?oaioeeueo?ia e
yeaiaioia Ae?N ?acee/iuo eiino?oeoeee. Iieacaii, /oi aei iineaaeiaai
a?aiaie i?e ?an/aoa ?ani?aaeaeaiey e nai?a aiaeu aeu?/aouie o?oaaie
eiyooeoeeaio ?anoiaea i?eieiaee iinoiyiiui, ?aaiui 0,62, /oi, no?iai
aiai?y, ioaa/aao eeoue oneiaeth enoa/aiey no?oe ec ioaa?noey e?oaeie
oi?iu a oiieie noaiea. Yenia?eiaioaeueiui iooai ii?aaeaeaiu aaee/eiu
eiyooeoeeaioia ?anoiaea aeey Ae?N eiino?oeoeee «Aeioii» ?aciuo
iiaeeoeeaoeee Onoaiiaeaii, /oi iaeneiaeueiua cia/aiey ( = 0,82 — 0,87
oa?aeoa?iu aeey Ae?N ec iieeia?aaoiia, aeey o?oaioeeueo?ia n
aeenia?ae?othuei neiai e aicaeooiie i?ineieeie (=0,72-0,81, aeey
o?oaioeeueo?ia n aeenia?ae?othuei neiai aac aicaeooiie i?ineieee ( =
0,48 — 0,75, aeey ia?oi?e?iaaiiuo o?oa/aouo ae?aiaaeae (=0,49-0,73. I?e
yoii iioa?e iaii?a ninoaaeytho niioaaonoaaiii 4,0-4,5 i, 4,1-5,0 i,
5,8-7,4 i, 7,1-8,4 i.

A iniiao enneaaeiaaiee iieiaeaii iino?iaiea iueaciiao?e/aneeo eeiee
o?oaioeeueo?ia eiino?oeoeee «Yeioii» e o?aaeeoeeiiiuo ?ani?aaeaeeoaeae
aiaeu. I?e yoii o/eouaaee, /oi niaethaeaiea caeiia nio?aiaiey yia?aee
iaoneiaeeaaao i?aauoaiea aaee/eiu nei?inoiiai iaii?a a ia/aea
?ani?aaeaeeoaey iaae aaee/eiie i?e?inoa iueaciiao?e/aneiai aeaaeaiey.
Ii?aaeaeaia no?oeoo?a iioa?ue iaii?a a Ae?N eiino?oeoeee «Yeioii ».

Onoaiiaeaii, /oi iioa?e iaii?a a aeenia?ae?othuai neia ia i?aauoatho 0,1
i.

Auiieiaiiua enneaaeiaaiey iicaieeee ii?aaeaeeoue, /oi iaeaieaa
ia?niaeoeaiie eiino?oeoeeae o?oaioeeueo?a yaeyaony o?oaioeeueo?,
ninoiyuee ec ia?oi?e?iaaiiie iieeyoeeaiiaie o?oau (ea?eana ) e
aeenia?ae?othuaai neiy iieeyoeeaia n aicaeooiie i?ineieeie. Onoaiiaeaii,
/oi iioa?e iaii?a a o?oaioeeueo?ao oeacaiiie eiino?oeoeee iaiueoa, /ai a
o?oaioeeueo?ao aac aicaeooiie i?ineieee, e eo aiciiaeii aua oiaiueoeoue
aei aaee/eiu iioa?ue iieeia?aaoiia iooai oaaee/aiey ia?oi?aoeee ea?eana.

Enneaaeiaaia ?aaioa eieia/eiauo ae?aiaaeae, i?aaeiacia/aiiuo aeey
oeeueo?ia, i/euathueo noi/iua aiaeu i?iiuoeaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee,
caa?yciaiiuo acaaoaiiuie aauanoaaie, ianeaie, aee?aie e
iaooai?iaeoeoaie. Ii?aaeaeaiu iaii?ii-?anoiaeiua oa?aeoa?enoeee
ae?aiaaeiuo eieia/eia, oniaa?oainoaiaaia eo eiino?oeoeey. Onoaiiaeaii,
/oi eiyooeoeeaio ?anoiaea eieia/eia iaoiaeeony a i?aaeaeao 0,4 — 0,6,
iioa?e iaii?a ninoaaeytho 5,0 — 6,0 i.

Iieo/aiu iaoaiaoe/aneea caaeneiinoe aeey ?an/aoa eioaineaiinoe i?iiuaee
oeeueo?othuaai iaoa?eaea a caaeneiinoe io noaiaie aai caa?yciaiiinoe.
I?aaeeiaeaiu oaoie/aneea ?aoaiey, iaania/eaathuea ?aaiiia?iinoue
i?iiuaee oeeueo?othuaai iaoa?eaea.

Iaiauaiea e aiaeec iiuoa yenieoaoaoeee nia?aiaiiuo eiino?oeoeee Ae?N
iieacaee, /oi aeey iaania/aiey iaiaoiaeeiie noaiaie i/enoee aiaeu e
yooaeoeaiie ?aaaia?aoeee oeeueo?othuae caa?ocee iaeaieaa ia?niaeoeaiuie
yaeythony nenoaiu, ecaioiaeaiiua ec iieeia?aaoiia, a oaeaea ec aeu?/aouo
iieeyoeeaiiauo o?oa n aeenia?ae?othuei neiai ec iieeyoeeaia.
Eiino?oeoeee Ae?N, ecaioiaeaiiua ec iieeyoeeaia, ?ac?aaioaiu iao/ii —
i?iecaiaenoaaiiuie oe?iaie «Yeiiieeia?» e «Yeioii » e aiaae?aiu ia
iiiaeo aiaeii/enoiuo noaioeeyo.

O?oaioeeueo?u n aicaeooiie i?ineieeie eiino?oeoeee «Yeioii» iicaieytho
nieceoue iioa?e iaii?a a Ae?N, a oaeaea oeo/oeoue iniiaiua
oaoiieiae/aneea ia?aiao?u ?aaiou oeeueo?ia: oaaee/eoue iieiioo ioiuaee
oeeueo?othuaai iaoa?eaea, oaaee/eoue i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue
oeeueo?ioeeeea e o. ae.

?ac?aaioaiu oaoiieiae/aneee ?aaeaiaio e oaoie/aneea oneiaey ia
i?iecaiaenoai iieeia?iuo oeeueo?othueo yeaiaioia na?ee YO (OO
7774-002-41901146-96, OOO 24125887.002 — 96). Ae?N eiino?oeoeee «Yeioii
» aiaae?aiu ia 20 noaioeeyo i/enoee i?e?iaeiuo e noi/iuo aiae a ?incee e
a Oe?aeia. Eniieueciaaiea o?oaioeeueo?ia «Yeioii» iicaieyao nieceoue
yia?aaoe/aneea cao?aou ia yenieoaoaoeeth oeeueo?ia. Yeiiiie/aneee yooaeo
io aiaae?aiey o?oaioeeueo?ia «Yeioii» ii n?aaiaieth n Ae?N ec
ia?oi?e?iaaiiuo noaeueiuo o?oa ninoaaeyao 21844,93 ?oa. (noaioeey
iaacaeaeaceaaiey a.AEaeaciiai?ne), ii n?aaiaieth n eieia/eiaui
ae?aia-aeii — 131159,97 a?i. (noaioeey aiaeiiiaeaioiaee a.*a?iiaoeu).

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ae?aiaaeii — ?ani?aaeaeeoaeueiay nenoaia, o?oaioeeueo?,
eieia/eiaue ae?aiaae, eiyooeoeeaio ?anoiaea, iaii?ii — ?anoiaeiay
oa?aeoa?enoeea.

RESUME

A.L. Zubko drain -Efficient distribution systems. — Manuscript

Ohesis for a Candidate(s of Technical Sciences degree by specialty
05.23.04- water supply, sewage.- Kharkov State Technical University of
Construction and Arhitekture, Kharkov, 1999.

This work is devoted to the decision of the present-day problem —
increasing of stagnant water refine efficiency and filters reliability
as a result of drain — distribution systems structure development and
operation intensification.

The following results were obtained: different tube filters types and
drain flow coefficients values; different tube filters operational
characteristics; flow pressure properties of drain; new mathematical
dependencies for filter material pollution and cleaning intensively
influence.

It was proved that filter with perforated polyethylene frame, air layer
and dispergent polyethylene layer is the most effective in comparison
with other structures.

Results of work were used at 20 water treatment plants.

The key words : drain — distribution systems, tube filter, flow
coefficient, flow-pressure properties.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 15.10.99?.

Oi?iao 60o841/16. Ianya 1,0 oiiai. ae?oe. a?e.

Oe?aae 100 i?ei. Caiiaeaiiy ?27.

Iaae?oeiaaii IAI «AEIOII». i.Oa?e?a, i?. Eai?ia, 50-A, e.3

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