Дослідження багатопроменевих антен для систем дистанційного зондування підстилаючої поверхні: Автореф. дис… канд. фіз.-мат. наук / В.І. Кийко, Харк.

OA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

Eeeei A?eoi? ?aaiiae/

OAeE 538.3: 621.396.677

AeINE?AeAEAIIss AAAAOII?IIAIAAEO AIOAI AeEss

AA?IEINI?*IEO NENOAI AeENOAIOe?EIIAI CIIAeOAAIIss

I?AeNOEEATH*I? IIAA?OI?

01.04.03 — ?aaeiioiceea

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoei? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oiceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

OA?E?A — 1999

Aeena?oaoei?th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Xa?eianueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oiiaa?neoao?

I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea?iaiee: aeieoi? oiceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ai?iaaoeue Ieeiea Ieeieaeiae/,

Xa?eianueeee aea?aeaaiee oiiaa?neoao,

caaiaeoaa/ eaoaae?e i?eeeaaeii? aeaeo?iaeeiai?ee.

Ioioeieii iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oiceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

Eie/ea?i Ieeiea Ieeieaeiae/,

Xa?eianueeee aea?aeaaiee oiiaa?neoao,

aeeiioth/ee iaia’ycee caa?aeoaa/a eaoaae?e oai?aoe/ii? ?aae?io?ceee,
i?ioani? eaoaae?e oai?aoe/ii? ?aae?io?ceee.

eaiaeeaeao oiceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Aeieaeeeia Aieiaeeie? Aaneeueiae/,

Oa?e?anueeee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ee,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e iniia ?aae?ioaoi?ee.

I?iaiaeia onoaiiaa: ?aae?iano?iiii?/iee ?inoeooo IAI Oe?a?ie,

a?aeae?e i?e?iao?iaeo ?aae?ioaeaneii?a, i. Oa?eia.

Caoeno aiaeaoaeaoueny » 01 » eeiiy 1999 ?. i 14 aiaeei? ia
caniaeaiii niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.051.02 Xa?eianueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oiiaa?neoaoo (310077, i. Xa?eia, iaeaeai Naiaiaee, 4, aoae.
3-9).

C aeena?oaoei?th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o Oeaio?aeueiie iaoeiaie
aiaeiioaoei Oa?eianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oiiaa?neoaoo (310077, i. Oa?eia,
iaeaeai Naiaiaee, 4).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?icineaiee » 1 » /a?aiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Eyoianueeee A.O.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. A caniaao aeenoaioe?eiiai ciiaeoaaiiy iiaa?oi?
Caie? ? ?? aoiinoa?e (AeCCA) aeei?enoiaothoue aanue aeinooiiee no/ani?e
oaoi?oe? niaeo? aeaeo?iiaai?oieo oaeeue — a?ae oeueoao?ieaoiaeo aei
?aae?ioaeeue. I?e oeueiio aeei?enoaiiy ?aae?iiao?e/ieo iaoiae?a, ui
a?oioothoueny ia aei??thaaii? ?aae?ioaieiaiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy a
ae?aiacii? oaeeue a?ae 1 aei 100 AAoe, aeicaiey? ca?eueoeoe ianya
iaea?aeoaaii? ?ioi?iaoe?? ? i?aeaeueoe iaae?ei?noue aeaieo i?i noai
aoiinoa?e ? iiaa?oi? Caie? ? ?iaeoue caniae AeCCA iacaeaaeieie a?ae
iiaiaee ? ina?oeaiino?. Iaeiae ia a?aei?io a?ae iioe/iiai ?
?io?a/a?aiiiai ae?aiacii?a caniae aei??thaaiiy a IA*-ae?aiacii? aeathoue
iaioa i?inoi?iaa ?icae?eaiiy, iaioo /ooeea?noue a aeaiaio? ?icae?eaiiy ?
iaioo oi/i?noue aei??o ?aae?iy?e?nii? oaiia?aoo?e.

Iaeiei c iniiaieo aeaiaio?a nenoai AeCCA, ui aecia/athoue oe?
oa?aeoa?enoeee, ? aioaie ?aae?iiao??a. I?e ?ici?uaii? ?aae?iiao??a ia
ai?oo aa?ieini?/ieo iin??a ia aaaa?eoe aioai iaeeaaeathoueny aei?noe?
iaiaaeaiiy. Oiio aeey i?aeaeuaiiy ?icae?ethaaeueii? ni?iiiaeiino? ?
/ooeeaino? ?aae?iiao??a ?aeooue ii oeyoo io?eiaiiy iaeneiaeueii
aeinyaeiiai eiao?oe??ioa aeei?enoaiiy iiaa?oi? (EAI) aioaie ?
i?i?iaeueieo ??ai?a aieiaeo iaethnoie (?AI). Caaea/a noai?aiiy oaeeo
aioai ua a?eueoa oneeaaeith?oueny o aeiaaeeo iaii?aiieo ?aae?iiao??a,
eiee iaiao?aeii aeei?enoiaoaaoe aaaaoii?iiaiaa? aioaii? nenoaie, ui
i?aoeththoue a aeae?eueeio /anoioieo ae?aiaciiao c oe?ieith nioaith
/anoio ? aeae?eaiiyi neaiae?a c i?oiaiiaeueieie iiey?ecaoe?yie. O
oeueiio aeiaaeeo iaiao?aeii caaacia/eoe ia?an?/aiiy ia?oe?aeueieo
ae?aa?ai iai?yieaiino? (AeI) ca ??aiai -3 aeA i?e ?AI, ui ia ia?aaeuo?
-20 aeA, ? aenie?e ?ica’ycoe? i?ae eaiaeaie.

Aeeiiaiiy an?o oeeo aeno?aiaeueieo aeiia i?ecaiaeeoue aei i?ioe??//y, ?
oiio iaiao?aeii ooeaoe eiii?ii?nia ??oaiiy iinoaaeaii? caaea/? noai?aiiy
aioai iaii?aiieo ?aae?iiao??a. O ca’yceo c oeei aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue a
?ic?iaoe? aoaeoeaieo ? a??ia?aeieo aeai?eoi?a ? i?ia?ai ?ic?aooieo
aia?aaoe/ieo ? iai?yieaieo oa?aeoa?enoee aei?ii?ithth/eo nenoai, ye? a
aeicaieeee i?iaiaeeoe iioei?caoe?th oeeo nenoai ca ?yaeii ia?aiao??a.
E??i oiai, iaiao?aeii ooeaoe iia? aeaiaioe aeey aei?ii?ithth/eo nenoai,
uia caaeiaieueieoe aeaeo?iaeeiai?/iei oa ianiaaaa?eoiei aeiiaai, ye?
i?aae’yaeythoueny aei ?aae?iiao?e/ieo nenoai aa?ieini?/iiai aacoaaiiy,
?ic?iaeyoe ?o iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? ? i?iaiaeeoe ?ic?aooiee oa?aeoa?enoee
aei?ii?ithaaiiy. Aaaeeeaei oaeiae ? i?aeaeuaiiy oi/iino? ?ic?aooieo
oa?aeoa?enoee iai?yieaiino? aei?ii?ithth/eo nenoai, iniaeeai a iaeano?
aieiaiai ? caaeiueiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy.

No/ani? aa?ieini?/i? iin?? iathoue ia nai?io ai?oo aaeeeo e?euee?noue
aioai, ui i?aoeththoue aiaeii/an ia ni?aiaaeath/eo /anoioao. Oea
i?ecaiaeeoue aei ii?ooaiiy ii?iaeueii? ?iaioe ?aae?iaeaeo?iiieo nenoai,
ui aeei?enoiaothoue oe? aioaie, ? oiio aeieea? caaea/a caaacia/aiiy
aeaeo?iiaai?oii? ?ica’ycee ai?oiaeo ?aae?iaei?ii?ithth/eo nenoai. Oey
caaea/a iiaea aooe ae??oaia ye oeyoii noai?aiiy aioai ?c niaoe?aeueiith
oi?iith AeI, ui aaaeei ?aae?coaaoe, oae ? aeaeo?iaeeiai?/ieie caniaaie
ineaaeaiiy ia?aceoii? oaee? i?e ?iciianthaeaeaii? ?? i?ae aioaiaie.

Oaeei /eiii, aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy ca’ycaia c i?aeoe/ieie
iio?aaaie a noai?aii? iaii?aiieo ?aae?iiao?e/ieo nenoai AeCCA c aenieei
i?inoi?iaei ?icae?eaiiyi ? aenieith /ooeea?noth a aeaiaio? ?icae?eaiiy a
oiiaao iaiaaeaiue, ui iaeeaaeathoueny ia ianiaaaa?eoi? ia?aiao?e aioai
i?e aeei?enoaii? ?o ia ai?oo aa?ieini?/ieo iin??a. Oae? nenoaie
aeicaieyoue io?eiaoe iaeneiaeueiee ianya ?ioi?iaoe?? i?e ?? ia?iaoe? a
?aaeueiiio ianooaa? /ano.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith aeine?aeaeaiue, i?iaaaeaieo a
Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? ca i?aeaoc?anueeith i?ia?aiith
“Aei?ii?ithaaiiy” (iiia?e aea?ae. ?a?no?aoe?? 8107462 (1981 — 1985 ??.)
? 0.187. 0004411 (1986 — 1990 ??.)), ca’ycaia c i??i?eoaoieie iai?yieaie
?icaeoeo iaoee ? oaoi?ee (i. 7 — “Ia?niaeoeai? ?ioi?iaoe?ei? oaoiieia??,
i?eeaaee eiiieaenii? aaoiiaoecaoe?? nenoai ca’yceo”) a ?aieao
eii?aeeiaoe?eieo ieai?a iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe
Oe?a?ie ? aea?aeathaeaeaoieie IAe? eaoaae?e i?eeeaaeii? aeaeo?iaeeiai?ee
(iiia?e aea?ae. ?a?no?aoe?? — UA01008658P, UA01008659P, 0194U018566,
0194U018563, 0197U001220, 197U015799 (1993 — 1998 ??.)).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?? ? aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeaeo?iaeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee aei?ii?ithth/eo nenoai aeey iaii?aiieo
?aae?iiao??a AeCCA aa?ieini?/iiai aacoaaiiy ? io?eiaiiy a?aie/ii
aeinyaeieo oa?aeoa?enoee ?o ii eiao?oe??ioo i?aeneeaiiy, oe?ei?
aieiaiiai iaethnoea AeI ? i?i?ioio aieiaiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy. Ca?aeii c
oeei a i?ioean? ?iaioe noaaeeeny ? ae??ooaaeeny oae? caaea/?:

?ic?iaea iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae aei?ii?ithth/eo nenoai ? ?o aeaiaio?a ?
noai?aiiy aenieiaoaeoeaieo aeai?eoi?a, ui caaacia/oththoue aenieo
oi/i?noue ?ic?aooieo oa?aeoa?enoee aei?ii?ithaaiiy oaeeo nenoai;

aeine?aeaeaiiy, iioei?caoe?y oa?aeoa?enoee aei?ii?ithaaiiy ? ?ic?iaea
c?ace?a aaaaoii?iiaiaaeo aaaaoiae?aiaciiieo aeca?eaeueieo aioai ?
ieineeo aaaaoii?iiaiaaeo ? neaioth/eo aioaiieo ?ao?oie c aenieei ??aiai
ia?an?/aiiy ia?oe?aeueieo AeI ? iecueeei ??aiai aieiaeo iaethnoie;

aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeeeaino? ciaioaiiy aieiaiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ieineeo
aioaiieo ?ao?oie oeyoii ci?iaiiy oi?ie aia?oo?e ?ao?oee ? aiie?ooaeiiai
?iciiae?eo aeaea?ae iiey a i?e;

caaacia/aiiy aeaeo?iiaai?oii? noi?niino? iaeii/anii i?aoethth/eo
?aae?iaeaeo?iiieo nenoai aa?ieini?/iiai aacoaaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

1. Ae??oaia caaea/a ?ic?aooieo oa?aeoa?enoee aei?ii?ithaaiiy
aeca?eaeueieo aioai c iiaa?oiath aeca?eaea, ui neeaaea?oueny c ieineeo
ai?ieneioth/eo o?eeooiee?a.

2. Aeine?aeaeai? oa?aeoa?enoeee iai?yieaiino? aaaaoie?eueoeaaeo aioai,
caoaeaeaieo no?oiii a?aeo/i? oaee?. Aeyaeai? iiaeeeaino? eii?/iiai
neaioaaiiy i?iiaiy ? oi?ioaaiiy AeI iaiao?aeii? oi?ie a oaeeo
aei?ii?ithth/eo nenoaiao.

3. Aeine?aeaeai? o?ce/i? caeiiii??iino? ineaaeaiiy aeaeo?iiaai?oii?
oaee?, ui ?iciianthaeaeo?oueny iaae ieiueiith a i?enooiino? ia??iaee/ii?
?aciiainii? a?aa?i/anoi? no?oeoo?e e?ioeaaeo iicaeiaaei?o ?ici???a, ui
aeicaiey? caaacia/eoe ?ica’yceo ai?oiaeo aioai.

4. Cai?iiiiiaaia ? aia?oa aeine?aeaeaia aioaia aeo?eath/i? oaee? c
eieiaith iiey?ecaoe??th iiey iaeeo iicaeiaaei?o ?ici???a ? aenieei EEAe.
Aenia?eiaioaeueii iaea?aeai? caeaaeiino? noaei? ?iciianthaeaeaiiy oaee?
acaeiaae aei?ii?ithth/i? no?oeoo?e, aeeiiaii? o aeaeyae?
oaeeaa?aeii-u?eeiii? aioaie aeo?eath/i? oaee?, ui neeaaea?oueny c
e?i?eieo ?ao?oie iicaeiaaei?o ? iiia?a/ieo u?eei, a?ae ia?aiao??a
?ao?oie.

5. ?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoi iioei?caoe?? ca ??aiai aieiaeo iaethnoie
aeaieaiaeueii? iaaea?aeenoaioii? aioaiii? ?ao?oee c aeaiiiey?ecaoe?eieie
aei?ii?ithth/eie aeaiaioaie, ui i?aoeth? a i?oiaiiaeueiiio
e?i?eii-iiey?eciaaiiio aacen?.

6. Aeyaeai? caeiiii??iino? ci?ie ?AI ? oe?eie AeI ieinei?
aei?ii?ithth/i? aia?oo?e c aea?aeenoaioiei ?icoaooaaiiyi ?cio?iiieo
aei?ii?ithaa/?a a?ae oi?ie aia?oo?e oa aeaeo ? i`?aeanoaeo aiie?ooaeiiai
?iciiae?eo aeaea?ae iiey ia ?? aeaiaioao.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

1. ?icaeyiooee a aeena?oaoe?? iaoiae ?ic?aooieo aeca?eaeueieo aioai,
iiaa?oiy yeeo ai?ieneiiaaia ieineeie o?eeooieeaie, aeicaiey? iaea?aeaoe
c aenieith oi/i?noth oa?aeoa?enoeee iai?yieaiino? aaeeeeo
aaaaoii?iiaiaaeo aeca?eaeueieo aioai, ui ?icai?oathoueny.

2. Aaaaoii?iiaiaa? aaaaoi/anoioi? aeca?eaeuei? aioaie ? ieine?
aaaaoii?iiaiaa? oa neaioth/? aioaii? ?ao?oee, ye? aoei ?ic?iaeaii,
aeaioiaeaii oa aeine?aeaeaii ca o/anoth aaoi?a, aeei?enoai? a iaii?aiieo
?aae?iiao?ao-iiey?eiao?ao AeCCA ia ai?oo e?oaea-eaai?aoi???. Iaeiie/aiee
aeina?ae aeicaiey? ?aae?coaaoe iaii?aii? ?aae?iiao?e ia o?eueee ia
iniia? neaioth/eo, aea e ia iniia? aaaaoieaiaeueieo aaaaoii?iiaiaaeo
aioaiieo nenoai.

3. ?ic?iaeaia a?aa?i/anoa ?ica’ycoth/a no?oeoo?a, yea iiaea aooe
aeei?enoaia ye aeaiaio aioaie aeey ciaioaiiy ?? aieiaiai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy.

4. Aeine?aeaeai? aioaii? ?ao?oee c e?oaeith oi?iith aia?oo?e ? ??
a?aa?i/anoei e?a?i i?e niaaeath/iio aiie?ooaeiiio ?iciiae?e? aeaea?ae
iiey iathoue /enei aeaiaio?a ?ao?oee a aeaa ?ace iaiueoa ii??aiyii c
aea?aeenoaioiith aioaiiith ?ao?oeith.

5. Cai?iiiiiaai? aaaaoie?eueoeaa? aioaie, ui caoaeaeothoueny no?oiii
a?aeo/i? oaee?, iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? ye ai?oia? iaeaiaaoe?ei?
aioaie c eii?/iei aeaeo?e/iei neaioaaiiyi i?iiaiy.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Caeiaoaa/ naiino?eii iaea?aeaa iniiai?
?acoeueoaoe, aeeeaaeai? a aeena?oaoe??. O ni?eueieo ?iaioao caeiaoaa/o
iaeaaeeoue ?ic?iaea aeai?eoi?a ? i?ia?ai ?ic?aooieo oa?aeoa?enoee
ae?aa?aiiooai?thth/eo noai ? ieineeo aioaiieo ?ao?oie oa ?o ?ic?aooiee,
a oaeiae caeiaoaa/ a?aa o/anoue o iinoaiiaoe? caaea/ aeine?aeaeaiiy,
i?iaaaeaii? ?ic?aooie?a, a i?iaeooaaii? ? aeaioiaeaii?
aenia?eiaioaeueieo iaeao?a, a i?iaaaeaii? aei???a, aiae?c? io?eiaieo
?acoeueoao?a aei???a ? ii??aiyii? ?o c ?acoeueoaoaie ?ic?aooie?a.

Aiae?c o?ce/ieo caeiiii??iinoae, ye? aeyaeaii a ?acoeueoao?
aeine?aeaeaiue, i?iaaaeaii ni?aaaoi?aie ni?eueii.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe aoee ai?iaiaai? ia oaeeo neiiic?oiao, eiioa?aioe?yo ? nai?ia?ao:
XXVI I?aea?aeii/?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? c oai??? ? oaoi?ee
aioai (Iineaa, 1990 ?.); IV Ananithciiio neiiic?oi? c i?e?iao?iaeo ?
noai?e?iao?iaeo oaeeue (Oa?e?a, 1984 ?.); I?aea?aeii/?e iaoeiai —
oaoi?/i?e ia?aae? (I?inuee, 1989 ?.); Ananithci?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? «OA?-90” (Eacaiue, 1990 ?.); I Oe?a?inueeiio neiiic?oi?
«O?ceea ? oaoi?ea i?e?iao?iaeo ? noai?e?iao?iaeo ?aae?ioaeeue» (Oa?e?a,
1991 ?.); III Oe?a?inuee?e eiioa?aioe?? «Aei??e a iaeano? AIN»
(A?iieoey, 1991 ?.); Ananithcieo neiiic?oiao «I?iaeaie aeaeo?iiaai?oii?
noi?niino? oaoi?/ieo cania?a» (Nocaeaeue, 1991?.) ? «Aeaeo?iiaai?oia
noi?ni?noue oaoi?/ieo cania?a» (N.-Iaoa?ao?a, 1992 ?.); IV I?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Caniae iiaeaiiy ? ia?iaee aeiaaeeiaeo
neaiae?a ? iie?a» (Oa?e?a, 1993 ?.); 12-th Int. Wroclav Symp. and
Exhibition on Electromagnetic Compatibility, (Wroclav, 1994 ?.);
I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «No/ania ?aae?ieieaoe?y»
(Ee?a, 1994?.); I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? c oai??? ? oaoi?ee aioai
‘IEOOA-97” (Ee?a, 1997 ?.); 7-e ? 8-e I?aeia?iaeieo E?einueeeo
i?e?ioaeeueiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo (Naaanoiiieue, 1997 ? 1998 ??.); 14 — Int.
Conf. Applied Electromag. and Communications ‘ICECOM-97” (Dubrovnik,
1997 ?.); 3-d Int. Kharkov Symp. “Physics and Engineering of Millimeter
and Submillimeter Waves”, ‘MSMW-98” (Kharkov, 1998?.)

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? a 5 noaooyo a
iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, 1 ?iaio?, aeaeai?e ia i?ai?eio?, iaoa??aeao ? oacao
cacia/aieo aeua iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?e ? neiiic?oi?a.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
/ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo e?oa?aoo?e, ui oeeoo?oueny, ?c
100 iaeiaioaaiue ia 11 noi?. ? /ioe?ueio aeiaeaoe?a ia 26 noi?. Ianya
?iaioe — 252 noi?., ?c ieo 149 noi?. iniiaiiai oaenoo, 60 noi?.
?ethno?aoe?e ? 1 noi?. oaaeeoeue.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaaaaeaii noeneee iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e, i?enay/ai?e no/aniiio
noaio AeCCA, iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe??,
noi?ioeueiaaii ?? iaoo ? iinoaaeaii caaea/?, aeaii caaaeueio
oa?aeoa?enoeeo aeena?oaoe??.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyioo? ieoaiiy noai?aiiy aeca?eaeueieo aioai
?aae?iiao??a ? ?oi?o ii?ii?ithth/eo nenoai. Ia iniia? iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e
aea?aii iioeiaeueio noaio iiaoaeiae aaaaoii?iiaiaaeo aeca?eaeueieo aioai
?aae?iiao??a c ?aoeaeoi?ii o aeaeyae? noa?i-ia?aaiei?aea ? aeianaiei
ii?ii?ithaaiiyi, a aeey ?ic?aooieo oa?aeoa?enoee iai?yieaiino?
aeca?eaeueieo aioai aea?aii no?oiiaee iaoiae. Aeey noai?aiiy aeai?eoio
?ic?aooieo io?eiaii ae?ace aeey iie?a aei?ii?ithaaiiy aeca?eaeueii?
aioaie o aeaeyae? aaeoi?ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee aei?ii?ithaaiiy ?
eiao?oe??ioa i?aeneeaiiy (EI). A ?iaio? aeei?enoaii iaoiae ?aciiae?eo
iiaa?oi? aeca?eaea ia i?yiieooi? iaeano? ? /enaeueiiai ?ioaa?oaaiiy
ana?aaeei? oeeo iaeanoae ca eaaae?aoo?iith oi?ioeith Aaona c n=4,
?ic?iaeaiee A. O. Eyoianueeei ? A. I. Niiiaei ? ?icaeiaiee aaoi?ii a
aeai?eoi? aeey iioei?caoe?? oa?aeoa?enoee iai?yieaiino? aeca?eaeueieo
aioai. ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooieo oa?aeoa?enoee iai?yieaiino? aeca?eaeueieo
aioai, iaea?aeai? ca aeiiiiiaith ?ic?iaeaiiai aeai?eoio, ii??aiththoueny
c aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeaieie aeey oeeo aea aioai, iaea?aeaieo aaoi?ii
oa ?ioeie aeine?aeieeaie.

Iaaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?ic?aoiaaieo ?
aeaioiaeaieo o?ueio aa??aio?a aaaaoii?iiaiaaeo aeca?eaeueieo aioai,
i?ecia/aieo aeey aeei?enoaiiy a iaii?aiieo ?aae?iiao?e/ieo nenoaiao
AeCCA ia ai?oo e?oaea-eaai?aoi???.

?icaeyiooi caaea/?, ui aeieeathoue i?e ?ic?iaoe? ii?ii?ithaa/?a
aaaaoiae?aiaciiieo aeca?eaeueieo aioai ?aae?iiao??a. A?aeiii, ui
oe?iei?ici??iee ?oii?iee aei?ii?ithaa/ i?e caoaeaeaii? a iaeiiiiaeiaiio
?aaeei? ?iaioe oaeeath ieae/iai oeio aeicaiey? io?eiaoe i?eaeecii
iaeiaeia? AeI a oe?ieiio ae?aiacii? /anoio. Iaeiae a oaeeo
aei?ii?ithaa/ao ?niothoue o?oaeiiu? o noai?aii? iaeiiiiaeiaiai ?aaeeio
?iaioe ? a?aeaaeoaeaii? c oe?ieinioaiaiai aaaaoiiiaeiaiai oaeeaaiaeo
neaiae?a o a?aeiia?aei? /anoioi? o?aeoe. A ?iaio? aenia?eiaioaeueii
aeine?aeaeothoueny aia?aaoe/i? ? iai?yieai? oa?aeoa?enoeee
oe?iei?ici??iiai o?eeaiaeueiiai ?oii?iiai aei?ii?ithaa/a c aia?oo?ith
e?oaei? ? eaaae?aoii? oi?ie, ui i?aoeth? a ae?aiaciiao aeiaaeei oaeeue
3,6 ni, 2,1 ni ? 8 ii.

Aeine?aeaeaii iiea aei?ii?ithaaiiy, noai?aia nenoaiith ?aae?aeueii
?icoaoiaaieo iane?i/aiii oiieeo e?eueoeaaeo aei?ii?ithaa/?a, caoaeaeaieo
no?oiii a?aeo/i? oaee?. Ia?eiao?e e?eaoeue a?aeiia?aeii ??ai? ((, 2((,
3(( ? o. ae., aea (( — aeiaaeeia oaee? a e?eueoe?. Oae? aei?ii?ithaa/?
oi?iothoue a?aeoeeaiee a?ae in? aioaie i?ii?iue.

C aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiaeo aaeoi?a aei?ii?ithaaiiy ? iaoiaeo aeca?eaeueieo
a?aeia?aaeaiue iaea?aeai? oi?ioee aeey ?ic?aooieo iie?a e?eueoeaaeo
aei?ii?ithaa/?a, ui ?icoaoiaai? iaae iane?i/aiei ae?aiii. Ca
?ic?iaeaieie ia ?o iniia? aeai?eoiii ? i?ia?aiith ?ic?aooieo i?iaaaeai?
aeine?aeaeaiiy oa?aeoa?enoee iai?yieaiino? aeaie?eueoeaaiai
aei?ii?ithaa/a a caeaaeiino? a?ae a?aeiioaiiy aiie?ooae no?oi?a a
e?eueoeyo, oaciai? oaeaeeino? oaeeue no?oi?a a e?eueoeyo ? aenioe
?icoaooaaiiy e?eaoeue iaae ae?aiii. C’ynoaaeiny, ui aeaie?eueoeaaa
aioaia ia? aeaiiaethnoeiao oi?io AeI a ia?aoei?, ui i?ieyaa? /a?ac a?nue
nenoaie ia?iaiaeeeoey?ii aei iai?yieo a?aeoeeaiiai i?iiaiy. Aeey
onoiaiiy aeaiiaethnoeiai? oi?ie AeI cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoaoe o?ao?
e?eueoea c ia?eiao?ii 3((. Ciaeaeaii a?aeiioaiiy aiie?ooae ? oac no?oi?a
a e?eueoeyo, ui caaacia/othoue oi?ioaaiiy iaeiiiaethnoeiai? AeI. Ia
i?aenoaa? ?ic?aooie?a io?eiai? ai?ieneiaoe?ei? oi?ioee, ui aeicaieythoue
?ic?aoiaoaaoe eoo a?aeoeeaiiy AeI, oe?eio AeI, e?oo?noue niaaeo AeI a
iai?yieo in? nenoaie a?ae a?aeiioaiue caoaeaeoth/eo no?oi?a a e?eueoeyo
? aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a nenoaie aei?ii?ithaa/?a. Ia
aenia?eiaioaeueiiio iaeao? aeaie?eueoeaai? aioaie a?aeo/i? oaee?
i?aeoaa?aeaeai? ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooie?a ? aecia/ai? i?i?iaeuei? ?ici??e
ae?aio, i?e yeiio caa??aa?oueny aeniea cia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioa
ae?ioe/iino?.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e i?enay/aii ?ic?aooieo ? aeine?aeaeaiith oa?aeoa?enoee
aei?ii?ithaaiiy neaioth/eo aeca?eaeueieo aioai c a?aeaeaath/ith
iiaa?oiath, ui ai?ieneio?oueny ieineeie o?eeooieeaie. sse iiaeaeue
aeine?aeaeaiiy aea?aii i?iaeo aioaie, ui ?icai?oa?oueny, eini?/iiai
?aae?ioaeaneiia E?O-30.

Ca iniiao iaoiaeo ?ic?aooieo oa?aeoa?enoee aei?ii?ithaaiiy oaeeo nenoai
i?eeiyoi ?icaeyiooee a ia?oiio ?icae?e? no?oiiaee iaoiae ?ic?aooieo c
cai?iith /enaeueiiai ?ioaa?oaaiiy ca oi?ioeith Aaona ia /enaeueia
?ioaa?oaaiiy ca iaoiaeii i?yiieooiee?a. I?e oeueiio aiie?ooaee ? oace
no?oi?a ia iiaa?oi? o?eeooieea i?eeiaeeny iino?eieie ? ??aieie ?oi?i
cia/aiiyi o oeaio?? o?eeooieea. Aeai?eoi ?ic?aooieo, ui a?oioo?oueny ia
oeueiio iaoiae?, a?aecia/a?oueny i?inoioith ? oaeaeeiae??th, iaeiae
oi/i?noue ?ic?aooieo caeaaeeoue a?ae a?aeiiniiai ?ici??o noi?iie
o?eeooieea l/(, aea (- aeiaaeeia oaee? o a?eueiiio i?inoi??. Iinoaaeaia
? ?ica’ycaia caaea/a i?i aei?ii?ithaaiiy ieineiai o?eeooieea ?c caaeaiei
aiie?ooaeii-oaciaei ?iciiae?eii (AO?) no?oi?a ia eiai iiaa?oi?. Aeey
io?eiaiiy ?ica’yceo a aiae?oe/iiio aeaeyae? AO? no?oio ia iiaa?oi?
o?eeooieea caaea?oueny o aeaeyae? ai?ieneioth/eo e?i?eieo ooieoe?e ca
a?aeiieie cia/aiiyie no?oi?a o aa?oeiao o?eeooiee?a. Aiie?ooaee no?oi?a
a?aeeny a ?oi?e aaeoi?i?e oi?i?, ui aeicaieyei a?aoiaoaaoe ia o?eueee
aaee/eio no?oio a eiaei?e oi/oe? ia iiaa?oi? o?eeooieea, aea ? eiai
iai?yiie. Iiea aei?ii?ithaaiiy an??? aioaie ciaoiaeeoueny noioaaiiyi
eiiieaenieo iie?a aei?ii?ithaaiiy on?o ai?ieneioth/eo noa?o ieineeo
o?eeooiee?a.

Iaaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooieo oa?aeoa?enoee aei?ii?ithaaiiy
neaioth/i? aeca?eaeueii? aioaie E?O-30. Aioaie oaeiai oeio iathoue oi?io
aia?oo?e aeca?eaea o aeaeyae? oanoeeooieea, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei
cieaeaiiy ?? aoaeoeaiino? ? niioai?aiiy ?? AeI o ii??aiyii? c
aea?aaeaioiith ?e ca ?ici??ii aioaiith c e?oaeith aia?oo?ith.
*enaeueieie ?ic?aooieaie i?iaaaeaii ioe?ieo aieeao oi?ie aia?oo?e
aeca?eaea, a oaeiae a?aeoeeaiiy iiaa?oi? aeca?eaea a oae?e aioai? a?ae
?aeaaeueii? noa?e, ia oa?aeoa?enoeee aei?ii?ithaaiiy.

sse a?aeiii, noa?e/i? aeca?eaea iathoue aaa?aoe?th, oiio a oaeeo
aioaiao iaiao?aeii i?iaiaeeoe iioei?caoe?th nenoaie
«aeca?eaei-ii?ii?ithaa/». Aeey ii?ii?ithaa/a o aeaeyae? i??ai?aeaeueiiai
?oii?a c ae?aaiiaeueiei caoaeaeaiiyi i?iaaaeaia iioei?caoe?y nenoaie
ci?iith ?ici???a ii?ii?ithaa/a ? oieonii? a?aenoai? aeca?eaea. A
?acoeueoao? iioei?caoe?? ciaeaeaii iaeneiaeueia cia/aiiy EI i?e
i?i?iaeueiiio cia/aii? ??aiy ia?oiai aieiaiai iaethnoea aeey
oeaio?aeueiiai i?iiaiy. Aeae? aea/aii ci?io oa?aeoa?enoee
aei?ii?ithaaiiy aioaie i?e neaioaaii? i?iiaiy. Ca a?aeiii? oiiae
ii?ii?iaiiy e?ath aeca?eaea ia ??ai? -10 aeA aecia/aii naeoi? neaioaaiiy
i?iiaiy, yeee aeey aioaie E?O-30 aei??aith? 60 oe?ei AeI. Aeey i?iiaiy,
a?aeoeeaiiai ia iaeneiaeueiee eoo naeoi?a neaioaaiiy, i?iaaaeaia
iioei?caoe?y aioaie ci?iith ?ici???a ii?ii?ithaa/a, oieonii? a?aenoai? ?
a?aeoeeaiiy in? ii?ii?ithaa/a ia iaaaeeeee eoo aei na?aaeeie aeca?eaea.

Aecia/aii ca’ycie i?ae aaee/eiith ?ice?eao aia?oo?e noa?e/iiai
aeca?eaea ? iaeneiaeueiei ?ici??ii naeoi?a neaioaaiiy i?iiaiy ca oiiae
ciaioaiiy EI ia e?ath naeoi?a a?aeiia?aeii ia 0,5 ? 3,0 aeA.

I?iaaaeaii ?ic?aooiie ? iioei?caoe?th ia?aiao??a aeca?eaeueii? aioaie c
o?aooaaiiyi cao?iaiiy aeca?eaea. A?aeiii, ui cao?iaiiy aeca?eaea
i?ecaiaeeoue aei ciaioaiiy EI aioaie. Iieacaii, ui iioei?caoe??th
nenoaie «aeca?eaei — ii?ii?ithaa/» iiaeia aeinyaoe oaeiai ae cia/aiiy
EI, ye ? a aioai? aac cao?iaiiy, aea oea aeinyaa?oueny ca ?aooiie
ca?eueoaiiy ??aiy aieiaeo iaethnoe?a AeI.

O?ao?e ?icae?e i?enay/aii aeine?aeaeaiith oa?aeoa?enoee aei?ii?ithaaiiy
aioaiieo ?ao?oie, i?ecia/aieo aeey noai?aiiy aaaaoii?iiaiaaeo aai
neaioth/eo iaii?aiieo ai?oiaeo ?aae?iiao??a. ?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoi ?
i?ia?aio ?ic?aooieo oa?aeoa?enoee iai?yieaiino? aioaiieo ?ao?oie c
aeia?eueiei /eneii aei?ii?ithaa/?a ? aeia?eueiei ?icoaooaaiiyi ?o o
?ao?ooe?. Aiie?ooaeiee ? oaciaee ?iciiae?e aeaea?ae iiey ia aeaiaioao
?ao?oee oaeiae iiaeia caaeaaaoe aeia?eueiei /eiii. Oa?aeoa?enoeee
iaeeii/iiai aei?ii?ithaa/a iiaeooue aooe caaeai? aiae?oe/ii aai o
aeaeyae? ianeao aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo. Ca aeiiiiiaith ?ic?iaeaiiai
aeai?eoio aeine?aeaeai? oa?aeoa?enoeee iai?yieaiino? eiiieaeniiai
iiiaeieea ieineeo aea?aeenoaioieo ?ao?oie. Aea/aii aieea oi?ie
aei?ii?ithth/i? aia?oo?e, caaeaii? o aeaeyae? eaaae?aoo, 8-eooieea,
?iiaa ? eiea ia oa?aeoa?enoeee aei?ii?ithaaiiy: ?AI ? oe?eio AeI. I?e
oeueiio e?a? aia?oo?e aeae?aeeny ye ?aaoey?ieie, oae ? a aeaeyae?
a?aa?iee. Aiie?ooaeiee ?iciiae?e aeaea?ae iiey ia aeaiaioao aia?oo?e
i?eeiaany ye iino?eiei, oae ? niaaeath/ei aei e?a?a ca neioni?aeaeueiei
aai aeniiiaioe?aeueiei caeiiii. A ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiiy ciaeaeai?
a?aie/ii aeinyaei? cia/aiiy ?AI a oaeeo aia?oo?ao. I?e i?aeoe/i?e
?aae?caoe?? a ieineeo aioaiieo ?ao?oeao ?ic??aeaeaiiy e?a?a aia?oo?e
aeicaiey? i?e aoaeoeaiiio cieaeaii? aieiaiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy aiaeii/an
ciaioeoe /enei aei?ii?ithth/eo aeaiaio?a.

Aeae? i?eaiaeyoueny ?acoeueoaoe oai?aoe/ieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ieinei? aaaaoii?iiaiaai? oaeeaa?aeii-u?eeiii? aioaiii?
?ao?oee c ae?aa?aii-ooai?thth/ith noaiith ia e?ic? ?ioiaia.
Aeine?aeaeai? caeaaeiino? ?AI ? ??aiy ia?an?/aiiy ia?oe?aeueieo AeI, ui
oi?iothoueny e?i?eiei aei?ii?ithth/ei ?ice?eaii c AO? aeaea?ae iiey a
iueiio, noai?aiei e?icith ?ioiaia, a?ae aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a e?ice.
Iieacaii, ui i?e i?i?iaeueieo ?ici??ao e?ice, ??aieo 6(, ui
caaacia/othoue aaaaoii?iiaiaaee ?aaeei ?iaioe a naeoi?? eoo?a (35( i?e
aeiionoeieo oaciaeo niioai?aiiyo ia aaea?oueny io?eiaoe aenieee
(ii?yaeeo -3 aeA) ??aaiue ia?an?/aiiy i?iiai?a i?e iaeii/aniiio
caaacia/aii? iecueeeo (ii?yaeeo -20 aeA) ?AI. Oeueiai iiaeia aeinyaoe
ca?eueoaiiyi ?ici???a e?ice. Iaeiae, i?e oeueiio ca?eueoothoueny ?ici??e
aieiaeo ae?eyiie e?ice, ui ia aa?ooue o/ano? o oi?ioaaii? iiey
aei?ii?ithaaiiy a ?ice?ea? aioaie. A e?icao ?ioiaia, i?ecia/aieo aeey
?aae?iiao?e/ieo nenoai AeCCA, aeey onoiaiiy oiiiaiai
?aae?iaei?ii?ithaaiiy oe? ae?eyiee cae?eaathoue ae?aiaie, ui
i?ecaiaeeoue aei a?aeaeooy oaeeue a?ae aieiaeo no?iie e?ice ?
niioai?aiiy AO? aeaea?ae iiey ia aeoiae? e?ice. A ?iaio? ?ic?aooieiaei
oeyoii aecia/athoueny ia?aiao?e e?ice ?ioiaia, ui aeathoue i?i?iaeuei?
?ici??e aieiaeo ae?eyiie ? caaacia/othoue i?e oeueiio i?i?iaeueiee ?AI
i?e aenieiio ??ai? ia?an?/aiiy ia?oe?aeueieo AeI. I?iaaaeai?
aeine?aeaeaiiy oaeeaa?aeii-u?eeiii? ?ao?oee, ui oi?io? a?aa?iue
i?iiai?a, a?aeoeeaiee a?ae ii?iae?, a oaeiae an??? aioaiii? nenoaie a
oe?eiio.

Oai?aoe/ii ? aenia?eiaioaeueii aeine?aeaeaia neaioth/a aeaieaiaeueia
aioaiia ?ao?oea c i?iiaiai, a?aeoeeaiei i?ae eooii 45( a?ae ii?iae? aei
aioaie, aeey ai?oiaiai ?aae?iiao?a 20-ni ae?aiaciio. Ca iniiao iiaoaeiae
aioaie aea?aia noaia ?ic??aeaeaii? ?ao?oee c iaaea?aeenoaioiei
?icoaooaaiiyi aei?ii?ithaa/?a ?c na?aaeiueith iai?yieai?noth. Oaea noaia
?ao?oee caaacia/o? aenie? oa?aeoa?enoeee iai?yieaiino? i?e iae?e ian? ?
aaaa?eoao aioaie.

I?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy aia?aaoe/ieo ? iai?yieaieo oa?aeoa?enoee
?yaeo aioai c aa?oeeaeueiith ? ai?eciioaeueiith iiey?ecaoe??th ye
aeaiaio?a aioaiii? ?ao?oee, ui aei?ii?iththoue i?ae eooii 45( aei
ae?aio. Iieacaii, ui e?au? oa?aeoa?enoeee caaacia/o? iaeiaaaa?eoiee
aeaiiiey?ecaoe?eiee ?oii?iee aei?ii?ithaa/, ?icoaoiaaiee i?ae eooii 45(
aei ae?aio. Ca aeiiiiiaith ?ic?iaeaii? eiii’thoa?ii? i?ia?aie i?iaaaeaii
iioei?caoe?th iaaea?aeenoaioii? ?ao?oee ca i?i?ioiii /enea
aei?ii?ithth/eo aeaiaio?a, ?oiueiai ?icoaooaaiiy ? aiie?ooaeiiai
?iciiae?eo a ?ao?ooe? aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaiao?aeiiai ?AI, ui ia ia?aaeuo?
-20 aeA. Iniiaia neeaaei?noue iieyaa? a oiio, ui a aeaiiiey?ecaoe?eieo
aei?ii?ithaa/ao iai?yiee aieiaeo iaethnoie AeI aeey i?oiaiiaeueieo
iiey?ecaoe?e ia ni?aiaaeathoue ? oea ia aeicaiey? aiaeii/an aeey iaio
eaiae?a io?eiaoe a?aie/ii aeinyaei? iecuee? cia/aiiy ?AI. ?ic?iaeaii
aeai?eoi iiooeo “eiii?ii?niiai” aa??aioo ?ao?oee, ui caaacia/o? caaeaiee
?AI aeey iaio eaiae?a a aeaio i?oiaiiaeueieo ieiueiao niinoa?aaeaiiy.

Aenia?eiaioaeueii aeine?aeaeaia e?i?eia aei?ii?ithth/a no?oeoo?a
aeo?eath/i? oaee?, aeeiiaia ia i?yiieooiiio oaeeaaiae?, yea oi?io?
aei?ii?ithaaiiy c eieiaith iiey?ecaoe??th. Aeey noai?aiiy iiey c
eieiaith iiey?ecaoe??th cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoaoe i?eioeei neeaaeaiiy
iie?a aei?ii?ithaaiiy, noai?aieo ie?aieie e?i?eeaie aeo?eath/i? oaee? c
i?oiaiiaeueieie e?i?eieie iiey?ecaoe?yie ? cnoaii oac i?ae ieie, ??aiei
90(. Oaea aioaia o ii??aiyii? c a?aeiieie aioaiaie aeo?eath/i? oaee?
(AAO) c eieiaith iiey?ecaoe??th ia o?anoiiiae?aieo u?eeiao aai e?oaeeo
ioai?ao i?e aei?ii?ithaaii? an??? iiooaeiino?, ui iaaeoiaeeoue ia ??
ao?ae, a ioaea aenieiio EEAe, ia? cia/ii iaio? iicaeiaaei? ?ici??e.
Aenia?eiaioaeueii aeine?aeaeaii caeaaei?noue noaei? ?iciianthaeaeaiiy a
no?oeoo?ao aeo?eath/i? oaee? c iicaeiaaei?ie ? iiia?a/ieie u?eeiaie a?ae
?ici???a u?eei ? ia??iaeo no?oeoo?e. Aecia/athoueny ia?aiao?e e?i?eie,
ui caaacia/othoue ni?aiaaeaiiy ia?oe?aeueieo AeI i?e aoaeue-yeiio
caaeaiiio eooo a?aeoeeaiiy i?iiaiy a?ae in? oaeeaaiaeo ? ??ai?noue ?oi?o
eiao?oe??io?a aei?ii?ithaaiiy. Aenia?eiaioaeueii i?aeoaa?aeaeaii, ui
oaea no?oeoo?a aei?ii?ith? iiea c eieiaith iiey?ecaoe??th. Aeine?aeaeaii
oaeiae aa??aio u?eeiii? aioaie aeo?eath/i? oaee?, niieo/aii? c e?i?eiith
aioaiiith ?ao?oeith ?c A-iiae?aieo a?a?aoi??a. Iaeaea? e?i?eee
aei?ii?iththoue i?oiaiiaeuei? e?i?eiiiiey?eciaai? iiey, ye? ni?eueii
noai?ththoue iiea c eieiaith iiey?ecaoe??th.

A /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyiooi ieoaiiy caaacia/aiiy aeaeo?iiaai?oii?
?ica’ycee ai?oiaeo aioai, ?icoaoiaaieo ia iaoaeaa?e iiaa?oi?
aa?ieini?/ieo iin??a ? i?aoethth/eo aiaeii/an ia i?eeii ? ia?aaea/o
?aae?ineaiae?a. Iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e ii iaoiaeai ?ica’ycee aioai iieacaa,
ui aeey aeiaaeeo aeecueei?ici?uaieo aioai iaea?eueo aoaeoeaieie ?
?ica’ycoth/? i?eno?i?, aeeiiai? o aeaeyae? a?aa?i/anoi? ?iiaaeainii?
no?oeoo?e, ?icoaoiaaii? i?ae aioaiaie, ui ?ica’ycothoueny. ?ic?aooiie
oaeeo no?oeoo? i?iaiaeeoueny a i?eiouaii? ?oi?o iane?i/aiieo ?ici???a o
iai?yi?, ia?iaiaeeeoey?iiio aei ?iciianthaeaeaiiy oaee?. A i?aeoe/i?e
?aae?caoe?? aiie iathoue iiia?a/i? ?ici??e a aeae?eueea aeiaaeei oaeeue,
ui /anoi ia aeicaiey? aeei?enoaoe ?o a oiiaao iaiaaeaieo ?ici???a
e?oaeueieo aia?ao?a ? a?aenoai? i?ae aioaiaie.

Aenia?eiaioaeueii aeine?aeaeaii ?iciianthaeaeaiiy aeaeo?iiaai?oii?
oaee? c aa?oeeaeueiith iiey?ecaoe??th iaae iaiaaeaiith a?aa?i/anoith
ia??iaee/iith no?oeoo?ith ?aciiainieo iiia?a/ieo ?ici???a (aeecueei 0.5
— 1.3(), ?icoaoiaaiith ia ieineiio iaoaeaaiio ae?ai?. Oaea no?oeoo?a i?e
iaaieo ia?aiao?ao iac?a a?aa?iee: aeeaeie h/(, oe?eie d/(, aeiaaeeie l/(
«a?aeooiaoo?» aeaeo?iiaai?oio oaeeth, ui ?iciianthaeaeo?oueny, a?ae
iiaa?oi? ae?aio. Oeae aoaeo aeei?enoaii aeey caaacia/aiiy
aeaeo?iiaai?oii? ?ica’ycee aioai, ?icoaoiaaieo ia iaoaeaaeo iiaa?oiyo.

Iienaia aenia?eiaioaeueia onoaiiaea, ui neeaaea?oueny ?c aeaio
iaeiiai?yieaieo aioai, ?icoaoiaaieo ia ieineiio ae?ai? ? ?ica’ycoth/i?
a?aa?iee, ui ?ici?uaia iiaeeco iaei??? c aioai ia a?aenoai? R a?ae ia?.
Aenia?eiaioaeueii aeine?aeaeai? caeaaeiino? aaee/eie iaeneiaeueii?
?ica’ycee ? aeiaaeeie oaee?, i?e ye?e aiia aeinyaa?oueny, a oaeiae
a?aenoai? R a?ae ia?aiao??a a?aa?iee.

Ca aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeaieie iiaoaeiaaia iiiia?aia ? io?eiai?
ai?ieneiaoe?ei? oi?ioee, ye? aeey caaeaii? aeiaaeeie oaee? ( iieacothoue
ca’ycie i?ae ia?aiao?aie h, l ? R , ui caaacia/othoue iaeneiaeueia
ineaaeaiiy oaee?.

O aeniiaeao i?eaiaeyoueny iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue, ye?
iaea?aeaii a aeena?oaoe??.

O aeiaeaoie A aeianaii aeeeaaeee, ui neeaaeathoue aeai?eoi ?ic?aooieo
aeca?eaeueieo aioai c aeei?enoaiiyi /enaeueiiai ?ioaa?oaaiiy ca iaoiaeii
Aaona.

O aeiaeaoie A aeianaii oi?ioee, ui neeaaeathoue iaoiae ?icaeaee
noa?e/ii? iiaa?oi? ia ieine? o?eeooieee.

O aeiaeaoie A aeianaii oi?ioee ia?aoai?aiue i?e ia?aoiae? ?c caaaeueii?
a «i?noeaao» nenoaio eii?aeeiao.

O aeiaeaoie Ae aeianaii oi?ioee, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey ?ic?aooieo
aaiiao??? e?ice ?ioiaia ? AO? iie?a ia ?? aeoiae?.

AENIIAEE

?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue caiaeyoueny aei ianooiiiai:

1. Ia iniia? no?oiiaiai iaoiaeo o?ce/ii? oai??? aeeo?aeoe?? ?ic?iaeai?
aeai?eoi ? eiii’thoa?ia i?ia?aia ?ic?aooieo aia?aaoe/ieo ? iai?yieaieo
oa?aeoa?enoee aeca?eaeueieo aioai. Aeey caaacia/aiiy aeniei? oi/iino?
?ic?aooie?a a aeai?eoi? aeei?enoaii /enaeueia ?ioaa?oaaiiy ca
eaaae?aoo?iith oi?ioeith Aaona. I?ia?aia, ui ?ic?iaeaia, aeicaiey?
i?iaiaeeoe ?ic?aooiee aaaaoii?iiaiaaeo aeca?eaeueieo aioai c
??ciiiai?oieie i?io?eyie ?aoeaeoi??a, a oaeiae i?iaiaeeoe /enaeueia
iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy nenoaie «aeca?eaei — ii?ii?ithaa/» ? ??
iioei?caoe?th ca iaeneioiii EI ? i?i?ioiii oe?eie AeI i?e caaeaiiio
??ai? aieiaeo iaethnoie.

2. I?iaaaeai? ?ic?aooiee aaaaoii?iiaiaaeo aaaaoi/anoioieo aeca?eaeueieo
aioai ?c noa?iia?aaie?/iei ?aoeaeoi?ii, ui i?aoeththoue a
/ioe?ueionaioe-iao?iaiio, aeainaioeiao?iaiio ? ainueiei?e?iao?iaiio
ae?aiaciiao oaeeue a i?oiaiiaeueiiio e?i?eiiiiey?eciaaiiio aacen?,
i?ecia/aieo aeey aeoeaieo ? ianeaieo ?aae?iaeaeo?iiieo nenoai AeCCA
aa?ieini?/iiai aacoaaiiy. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo
aioai ? ?acoeueoaoe aei?iaoaaiiy ?o a neeaae? ?aae?iiao??a ia ai?oo
e?oaea-eaai?aoi??? i?aeoaa?aeeee aenieo oi/i?noue ?ic?aooieo
aia?aaoe/ieo ? iai?yieaieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeca?eaeueieo aioai ii
?ic?iaeaiiio eiii’thoa?iiio caaacia/aiith.

3. Aenia?eiaioaeueii aeine?aeaeai? aia?aaoe/i? ? iai?yieai? aeanoeaino?
oe?iei?ici??ieo iaeiiiiaeiaeo o?eeaiaeueieo ?oii?ieo ii?ii?ithaa/?a
aeca?eaeueieo aioai. Anoaiiaeaii, ui oae? aei?ii?ithaa/? oi?iothoue
iaiao?aei? AeI aeey an?o /anoioieo eaiae?a, iaeiae ia aeicaieythoue
io?eiaoe aenieo ?ica’yceo i?e iaaaeeeiio ?icianaii? non?aei?o /anoioieo
ae?aiacii?a (aeecueei 6 %). Iieacaii, ui iie?aueoe ?ica’yceo ?
i?aeaeueoe iai?yieai? aeanoeaino? aei?ii?ithaa/a iiaeia ca aeiiiiiaith
ae?aeaeo?e/iiai noa?aeiy, ?icoaoiaaiiai a oeaio?? oaeeaaiaeo, ui
aeeaeoue ?oii?.

4. A ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiiy iie?a aei?ii?ithaaiiy aaaaoie?eueoeaaeo
nenoai, ui ?icoaoiaai? iaae ae?aiii ? caoaeaeai? no?oiii a?aeo/i? oaee?,
iieacaii, ui a?aeiioaiiyi aiie?ooae caoaeaeoth/eo no?oi?a a e?eueoeyo
iiaeia ci?ithaaoe oi?io AeI, cie?aia ci?ithaaoe e?oo?noue niaaeo AeI a
iai?yieo in?, a ci?iith a?aeiioaiiy oac no?oi?a iiaeia cae?enithaaoe
eii?/ia neaioaaiiy AeI. Aaaaeaiiy o?aoueiai e?eueoey aeiaea? naiaiaee a
oi?ioaaiiy iaiao?aeii? AeI, cie?aia onoiaiiy ?? aeaiiaethnoeiaiai
aeaeyaeo. Aaaaoie?eueoeaa? aioaie iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? ye aeaiaioe
neaioth/eo aioaiieo ?ao?oie, a oaeiae ye iaeaiaaoe?ei? aioaie.

5. Iaea?aeaii a aiae?oe/iiio aeaeyae? oi?ioee aeey ?ic?aooieo iie?a
aei?ii?ithaaiiy, noai?thaaieo ieineeie o?eeooieie aeaiaioaie ca
caaeaieie cia/aiiyie aiie?ooae ? oac no?oi?a a aa?oeiao o?eeooiee?a ?
ai?ieneiaoe??th AO? no?oi?a e?i?eieie ooieoe?yie ia iiaa?oi?
o?eeooiee?a. C aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiaeo o?ce/ii? oai??? aeeo?aeoe??
?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoi ?ic?aooieo iie?a aei?ii?ithaaiiy, noai?thaaieo
noa?e/iith aeca?eaeueiith aioaiith, iiaa?oiy yei? neeaaeaia c ieineeo
ai?ieneioth/eo o?eeooiee?a. Iiea aei?ii?ithaaiiy aeca?eaeueii? aioaie
ooea?oueny o aeaeyae? noie iie?a aei?ii?ithaaiiy ieineeo o?eeooiee?a.
Iieacaii, ui a?aeoeeaiiy oi?ie a?aeaeaath/i? iiaa?oi? ?aoeaeoi?a,
neeaaeaiiai ?c ieineeo o?eeooiee?a, a?ae ?aeaaeueii? noa?e ? ?aae?caoe?y
oi?ie aia?oo?e aeca?eaea a aeaeyae? oanoeeooieea ia ia? ?noioiiai aieeao
ia oa?aeoa?enoeee iai?yieaiino? aioaie a iaeano? aieiaiiai ? ia?oiai
aieiaiai iaethnoea, ? i?iyaey?oueny o?eueee a iaeano? aeaeuei?o
iaethnoie. Ciaeaeaia iaeanoue ci?ie ?ici???a ii?ii?ithaa/a ? oieonii?
a?aenoai?, a iaaeao yei? icia/ai? ia?aiao?e caaacia/othoue iaea?aeaiiy
iie?a aei?ii?ithaaiiy aeca?eaeueii? aioaie c iecueeei ?AI ? aenieith
iai?yieai?noth. Iaea?aeaii caeaaei?noue i?ae ?ici??aie ?ice?eao
noa?e/iiai aeca?eaea ? naeoi?ii neaioaaiiy i?iiaiy ca caaeaiei
cieaeaiiyi EI ia e?ath naeoi?a ia 0,5 ? 3,0 aeA. Iieacaii, ui
aeinyaiaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith iioei?caoe?? nenoaie «aeca?eaei-ii?ii?ithaa/»
a aioai? E?O-30 c cao?iaiiyi oaeiai ae cia/aiiy EI, ye ? a aioai? aac
cao?iaiiy, noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ca?eueoaiiyi ?? aieiaiai iaethnoea ia 4,1
aeA.

6. Aeyaeaii, ui ci?ia ?AI ieinei? aei?ii?ithth/i? aia?oo?e, ui
neeaaea?oueny c aea?aeenoaioii ?icoaoiaaieo ?cio?iiieo aei?ii?ithaa/?a,
a caeaaeiino? a?ae aaee/eie i’?aeanoaeo aeniiiaioe?aeueiiai
aiie?ooaeiiai ?iciiae?eo, iineoue ia?aaoey?iee oa?aeoa?, aeeeeeaiee
??ciith oaeaee?noth ciaioaiiy ia?ieo ? iaia?ieo aieiaeo iaethnoie.
Iieacaii, ui i?e aeiionoeiiio ??ai? aieiaiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy, aeuiai ca
-20 aeA, e?au? oa?aeoa?enoeee iai?yieaiino? ?ao?oee caaacia/o?
aeniiiaioe?aeueii niaaeath/ee aiie?ooaeiee ?iciiae?e, a i?e ?AI ieae/a
ca -20 aeA — neioni?aeaeueiee. Iieacaii, ui canoinoaaiiy aia?oo?e
8-eooii? ? e?oaei? oi?ie aai iaaeaiiy e?ayi aia?oo?e a?aa?i/anoiai
aeaeyaeo ca nai?i aieeaii ia oa?aeoa?enoeee aei?ii?ithaaiiy aea?aaeaioii
canoinoaaiith niaaeath/iai aiie?ooaeiiai ?iciiae?eo a eaaae?aoi?e
aia?oo??, aea i?e oeueiio /enei aei?ii?ithth/eo aeaiaio?a aia?oo?e
ciaioo?oueny aaeai?. Canoinoaaiiy a oaeeo aia?oo?ao niaaeath/iai aei
e?ath aiie?ooaeiiai ?iciiae?eo ciaioo? ?AI aei -29 aeA.

7. Aeine?aeaeai? ieine? aaaaoii?iiaiaa? aioaii? ?ao?oee c
ae?aa?aiiooai?thth/ith noaiith eaac?iioe/iiai oeio, aeeiiaiith o
aeaeyae? e?ice ?ioiaia. C’yniaaii, ui i?e ?aae?caoe?? i?i?iaeueieo
?ici???a a oaeeo e?icao aeieea? i?ioe??//y i?ae aeiiaaie aeinyaiaiiy
i?i?iaeueiiai ?AI ? caaacia/aiiy aenieiai (aei -3 aeA) ??aiy ia?an?/aiiy
ia?oe?aeueieo i?iiai?a. Ca?eueoaiiy ?ici???a e?ice i?ecaiaeeoue aei
ca?eueoaiiy ?? aieiaeo ae?eyiie, a?aeaeooy oaeeue a?ae yeeo ii?ooo?
?iaioo e?ice. Aecia/aii aaiiao?e/i? ia?aiao?e e?ice, i?e ?aae?caoe??
yeeo e?ica ia? i?i?iaeueiee ?ici?? aieiaeo no?iie ? caaacia/o?
oi?ioaaiiy i?iiai?a c aenieei ??aiai ia?an?/aiiy AeI ? iecueeei ?AI.
Aeey iiaiiai onoiaiiy a?aeaeooy oaeeue a?ae aieiaeo no?iie ?o iaiao?aeii
iie?eaaoe ?aae?iiiaeeiath/ei iaoa??aeii.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue e?ice ?ioiaia ?aae?ciaaii o 8-i?iiaiaa?e
aioaii?e ?ao?ooe? oanoenaioeiao?iaiai ae?aiaciio, i?ecia/ai?e aeey
aeei?enoaiiy a ?aae?iiao?e/ieo nenoaiao AeCCA ia ai?oo
e?oaea-eaai?aoi???.

8. ?ic?iaeaia ? oai?aoe/ii ? aenia?eiaioaeueii aeine?aeaeaia
aeaieaiaeueia neaioth/a aioaiia ?ao?oea iaei? aenioe 20-ni ae?aiaciio,
i?ecia/aia aeey ai?oiaiai ?aae?iiao?a-iiey?eiao?a. Aeey iaea?aeaiiy
aenieeo iai?yieaieo oa?aeoa?enoee aioaie cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoaoe
?ic??aeaeaio ?ao?oeo i?e iaaea?aeenoaioiiio ?icoaooaaii? a i?e
aei?ii?ithaa/?a ?c na?aaeiueith iai?yieai?noth. Ca aeiiiiiaith
?ic?iaeaiiai aeai?eoio ciaeaeaii iioeiaeueia ?icoaooaaiiy aeaieaiaeueieo
aei?ii?ithaa/?a a iaaea?aeenoaioi?e ?ao?ooe? ? aiie?ooaeiee ?iciiae?e
aeaea?ae iiey ia ieo, ui caaacia/o? oi?ioaaiiy AeI ?ao?oee c iecueeei
?AI (aei -20 aeA), aieiaiee i?ii?iue yei? aeey aeaio iiey?ecaoe?e
a?aeoeeaiee i?ae eooii 45( aei ieiueie aia?oo?e. Oea c?iaeaii ca oiiae,
ui AeI aeaio eaiae?a c ??cieie iiey?ecaoe?yie ia ni?aiaaeathoue a
iaeano? aieiaeo iaethnoie.

9. Aenia?eiaioaeueii i?aeoaa?aeaeaia iiaeeea?noue noai?aiiy iiey c
eieiaith iiey?ecaoe??th ca aeiiiiiaith oaeeaa?aeii-u?eeiii? AAO, ui
neeaaea?oueny c aeaio e?i?eie aeo?eath/i? oaee? c i?oiaiiaeueiei
e?i?eiiiiey?eciaaiei aei?ii?ithaaiiyi. I?e oeueiio, ia a?aei?io a?ae
a?aeiieo ?ai?oa AAO c eieiaith iiey?ecaoe??th, oaea aioaia, ca oiiae
aeinyaiaiiy aenieiai cia/aiiy EEAe ia? ?noioii iaio? iicaeiaaei?
?ici??e. Aenia?eiaioaeueii iaea?aeaia caeaaei?noue noaei?
?iciianthaeaeaiiy oaee? a no?oeoo?? a?ae ia?aiao??a u?eei aeey e?i?eie
i?oiaiiaeueieo iiey?ecaoe?e, ui aeicaiey? noai?eoe aei?ii?ithaaiiy c
eieiaith iiey?ecaoe??th i?ae aoaeue-yeei eooii aei in? aioaie a naeoi??
40… 60(.

10. Cai?iiiiiaaiee niin?a ?ica’yceo aioai ca aeiiiiiaith iaeiaeaiaioii?
a?aa?i/anoi? no?oeoo?e ?aciiainieo iiia?a/ieo ?ici???a aeicaiey?
iaea?aeaoe ?ica’ycie aei -40 aeA a aocuee?e nioc? /anoio. Iaea?aeaii
ai?ieneiaoe?ei? oi?ioee, ye? aeicaieythoue aecia/eoe aaee/eio ?ica’yceo,
aeiaaeeio oaee?, ia ye?e aeinyaa?oueny iaeneiaeueiee ?ica’ycie ?
a?aenoaiue a?ae a?aa?iee aei aioaie, ca yei? aeinyaa?oueny oeae
?ica’ycie, a?ae ia?aiao??a a?aa?iee — aeiaaeeie l ? aeeaeie h iac?a
a?aa?iee. Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?i?iaeueiee iicaeiaaei?e ?ici?? oaei?
a?aa?iee, ui caaacia/o? aoaeoeaiee ?ica’ycie, aei??aithth? 0.3(, a
a?aenoaiue i?ae aioaiith ? a?aa?ieith caeaaeeoue a?ae ia?aiao??a
a?aa?iee ? eaaeeoue a ?ioa?aae? a?ae 0.1 aei 0.25(. Iaei?ici??ia
a?aa?iea, ui aeine?aeaeoaaeany, iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia ye aocueeinioaiaa
?ica’ycoth/a no?oeoo?a ia ai?oo e?oaeueiiai aia?aoo a oiiaao iaiaaeaiiai
i?inoi?o aeey ?ici?uaiiy aioai, a oaeiae ye aeaiaio aioaie, ui ciaioo?
?? aieiaa aei?ii?ithaaiiy.

INIIAI? IOAE?EAOe?? CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Ai?iaaoe I.I., Eeeei A.E., Euoia TH.A., Niiia A.A. Iiiaieo/aaua
aieiiaiaeii — uaeaaua e iee?iiieineiaua aioaiiua ?aoaoee iaii?aiiuo
?aaeeiiao?ia ay?ieinie/aneiai aace?iaaiey // Eca. AOCia.
?aaeeiyeaeo?iieea. — 1998. — T. 41. — ?9. — C. 3-12.

2. Ai?iaaoe I.I., Ai?iaaoe TH.I., Eeeei A.E. Oiaiueoaiea aieiauo
eaianoeia ieineeo aioaiiuo ?aoaoie // Aanoiee Oa?uee. oi-oa.
?aaeeioeceea e yeaeo?iieea. — 1998. — ?405. — N. 3-10.

3. Ai?iaaoe I.I., Eeeei A.E. Yenia?eiaioaeueiia enneaaeiaaiea ?acaycee
aioaii n iiiiuueth a?aaai/aoie no?oeoo?u ia?aie/aiiuo iiia?a/iuo
?acia?ia // Aanoiee Oa?uee. oi-oa. ?aaeeioeceea e yeaeo?iieea. — 1999. —
?427. — N. 163-167.

4. Ai?iaaoe I.I., Eeeei A.E. Iee?iiieineiaay aioaiia n yeaeo?e/aneei
neaie?iaaieai eo/a // Aanoiee Oa?uee. oi-oa. ?aaeeioeceea e yeaeo?iieea.
— 1992. — ?371. — N. 41-45.

5. Ai?iaaoe I.I., Eeeei A.E. Aioaiia auoaeathuae aieiu n e?oaiaie
iiey?ecaoeeae // Aanoiee Oa?uee. oi-oa. ?aaeeioeceea e
yeaeo?iieea. — 1986. — ?285. — C. 57-59.

6. Yoeei A.N., Ieeeoeeee TH.A., Ai?nei I.I., *eieia I.I., Ai?iaaoe I.I.,
Eeeei A.E., Euoia TH.A., Niiia A.A. Iiiaieo/aaua iaii?aiiua
?aaeeiiao?e/aneea nenoaiu NA* — aeeaiaciia aeey ay?ieinie/aneiai
aace?iaaiey. -I.: 1993. -37 n. (I?ai?. / EEE ?AI; I? — 1870).

7. Gorobetz N.N., Kiyko V.I. Discrimination of weakly directed antennas
with a comb of small size // 12-th Int. Wroclav Symp. and Exhibition on
Electromagnetic Compatibility. — Wroclav (Poland). — 1994. — P. 35-38.

8. Ai?iaaoe I.I., Ai?iaaoe TH.I., AEieiaaiei A.A., Eao?e/ A.A., Eeeei
A.E. Iiiia A.N., Ooaaaa I.E. Neaie?othuay iayeaeaeenoaioiay aioaiiay
?aoaoea ?oii?iuo eceo/aoaeae // Iaoa?eaeu 7-e Iaaeaeoia?iaeiie E?uineie
Iee?i-aieiiaie eiioa?aioeee (E?uIeEi’97). — Naaanoiiieue, — 1997. — C.
553-555.

9. Gorobets N.N., Gorobets Yu.N., Zholobenko A.B., Katrich V.A., Kiyko
V.I., Popov V.S., Shugayev P.I. The Nonequidistant Array of Lz-band. //
14- Int. Conf. Applied Electromag. and Communications (ICECOM’97). —
Dubrovnik (Croatia). — 1997. — P. 59-62.

10. Gorobets N.N., Gorobets Yu.N., Kiyko V.I. Computer analysis of side
radiation of narrow-beam antenna array // 3-d Int. Kharkov Symp.
“Physics and Engineering of millimeter and submillimeter waves”
(MSMW’98). — Kharkov. — 1998. — P. 611-614.

11. Ai?iaaoe I.I., Eeeei A.E., Iiiia A.N. Aaoiiaoecaoeey ecia?aiee
iiey?ecaoeeiiiuo aeeaa?aii iai?aaeaiiinoe aioaii naa?oaunieeo /anoio //
Oacenu aeiee. III Oe?aeineie eiioa?aioeee «Ecia?aiey a iaeanoe YIN». —
Aeiieoea. — 1991. — N. 101-104.

12. Eeeei A.E. Aioaiiu auoaeathuae aieiu ia e?eaieeiaeiie iiaa?oiinoe //
Oacenu aeiee. IV Ananithciiai neiiiceoia ii ieeeeiao?iaui e
noaieeee-iao?iaui aieiai. — Oa?ueeia: Ecae. E?Y AI ONN?. — 1984. — C.
102-103.

13. Ai?iaaoe I.I., Eeeei A.E., Eyoianeee A.O., Niiia A.A. Iiuo
?ac?aaioee iiiaiaeeaiaciiiuo iaeo/aoaeae ca?eaeueiuo aioaii // Oacenu
aeiee. iaaeaaaeiinoaaiiiai iao/ii-oaoie/aneiai niaauaiey. — Ieine. —
1989. — C. 133-134.

14. Ai?iaaoe I.I., Eeeei A.E. O?aoeieueoeaaay iee?iiieineiaay aioaiia
e?oaiaie iiey?ecaoeee n yeaeo?e/aneei eiie/aneei neaie?iaaieai // Oacenu
aeiee. “XXVI Iaaeaaaeiinoaaiiay IOE ii oai?ee e oaoieea aioaii. Naeoe.
2.- Ca?eaeueiua e ae?. aioaiiu”. — Iineaa. — 1990. — N. 4-5.

15. Ai?iaaoe I.I., Eeeei A.E. E?oaiiiey?eciaaiiay aioaiia auoaeathuae
aieiu n ?aoaoeie aea?aoi?ia // Oacenu aeiee. I Oe?aeineiai neiiiceoia
“Oeceea e oaoieea ieeeeiao?iauo e noaieeeeiao?iauo ?aaeeiaiei”. —
Oa?ueeia. — 1991. — *. 1. — C. 351-352.

16. Ai?iaaoe I.I., Eeeei A.E. Oa?aeoa?enoeee ?acai?a/eaaaiuo ca?eaeueiuo
aioaii, iiaa?oiinoue eioi?uo aii?ieneie?iaaia ieineeie o?aoaieueieeaie
// Oacenu aeiee. Iaaeae. iao/ii-oaoi. eiioa?aioeee «Nia?aiaiiay
?aaeeieieaoeey». — Eeaa. — 1994. — N. 51-52.

17. Gorobets N.N., Gorobets Yu.N., Zholobenko A.B., Katrich V.A., Kiyko
V.I., Popov V.S., Shugayev P.I., Panitz V.A., Alesin A.M. Antenna array
for airborne scanning radiometer of decimetre band // Proc. of the 2nd
Int. Confer. on Antenna Theory and Techniques. — Kyiv. — 1997. — P.
70-71.

AIIOAOe??

Eeeei A. ?. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aaaaoii?iiaiaaeo aioai aeey aa?ieini?/ieo
nenoai aeenoaioe?eiiai ciiaeoaaiiy i?aenoeeath/i? iiaa?oi?. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 01.04.03 — ?aae?io?ceea. —
Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, Oa?e?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii aeine?aeaeaiith aaaaoii?iiaiaaeo ? neaioth/eo
aioai, ui ciaoiaeyoue aeei?enoaiiy a ?aae?iiao?e/ieo nenoaiao
aeenoaioe?eiiai ciiaeoaaiiy Caie? aa?ieini?/iiai aacoaaiiy. ?ic?iaeaii
aeai?eoie ?ic?aooieo ? iioei?caoe?? oa?aeoa?enoee aei?ii?ithaaiiy oaeeo
aioai. Aea/ai? o?ce/i? caeiiii??iino? ca?eueoaiiy ??aiy ia?an?/aiiy
ia?oe?aeueieo i?iiai?a ? cieaeaiiy ??aiy aieiaeo iaethnoie aeca?eaeueieo
aioai ? aioaiieo ?ao?oie. Aeine?aeaeai? aeaeo?iaeeiai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee
aei?ii?ithth/eo aeaiaio?a c eieiaith iiey?ecaoe??th o aeaeyae?
e?eueoeaaeo aioai a?aeo/i? oaee? ? aioai aeo?eath/i? oaee?.
Aeine?aeaeaia iiaeeea?noue ?ica’yceo aioai ca aeiiiiiaith ?aciiainii?
iaeiaeaiaioii? a?aa?i/anoi? no?oeoo?e.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: i?e?ioaee?, aei?ii?ithaaiiy, aeeo?aeoe?y, ?aae?iiao?e,
aeca?eaeuei? aioaie, aioaii? ?ao?oee, e?eueoeaa? aioaie, aioaie
aeo?eath/i? oaee?, aeaeo?iiaai?oia noi?ni?noue ?aae?iaeaeo?iiieo nenoai.

Eeeei A.E. Enneaaeiaaiea iiiaieo/aauo aioaii aeey ay?ieinie/aneeo
nenoai aeenoaioeeiiiiai ciiaee?iaaiey iiaenoeeathuae iiaa?oiinoe. —
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
oeceei-iaoaiaoe/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 01.04.03 — ?aaeeioeceea. —
Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao, Oa?ueeia, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth iiiaieo/aauo e neaie?othueo
aioaii, eniieuecoaiuo a ?aaeeiiao?e/aneeo nenoaiao aeenoaioeeiiiiai
ciiaee?iaaiey Caiee ay?ieinie/aneiai aace?iaaiey. Eco/aiu oece/aneea
caeiiiia?iinoe e aiciiaeiinoe iieo/aiey iaeneiaeueii aeinoeaeeiiai
eiyooeoeeaioa oneeaiey, ieieiaeueiiai o?iaiy aieiauo eaianoeia (OAE) e
aunieiai o?iaiy ia?ana/aiey ia?oeeaeueiuo aeeaa?aii iai?aaeaiiinoe (AeI)
iiiaieo/aauo aioaii iaii?aiiuo ?aaeeiiao?ia i?e ia?aie/aieyo,
iaeeaaeuaaaiuo ia ianniaaaa?eoiua ia?aiao?u aioaii.

Ii ?ac?aaioaiiiio ia iniiaa iaoiaea oece/aneie iioeee aeai?eoio
i?iaaaeaiu ?an/aou e iioeiecaoeey iiiaieo/aauo iiiai/anoioiuo
ca?eaeueiuo aioaii ii iaania/aieth aunieeo oa?aeoa?enoee iai?aaeaiiinoe
e EEI.

Aeey ?an/aoa oa?aeoa?enoee eceo/aiey noa?e/aneeo ca?eaeueiuo aioaii n
iiaa?oiinoueth, aii?ieneie?iaaiiie ieineeie o?aoaieueieeaie, ?aoaia
caaea/a ia eceo/aiee ieineiai o?aoaieueieea ii caaeaiiui cia/aieyi oieia
a aa?oeiao o?aoaieueieeia e aii?ieneiaoeeae eeiaeiuie ooieoeeyie
aiieeooaeii-oaciaiai ?ani?aaeaeaiey oieia ia iiaa?oiinoe o?aoaieueieea.
Iiea eceo/aiey oaeie aioaiiu euaony a aeaea noiiu iieae eceo/aiey
ieineeo o?aoaieueieeia, aii?ieneie?othueo iiaa?oiinoue ca?eaea.
I?iaaaeaia iioeiecaoeey noa?e/aneie ca?eaeueiie aioaiiu ii ieieioio
aaa??aoeee e ?ann/eoaiu oa?aeoa?enoeee neaie?iaaiey AeI.

Eco/aiu oa?aeoa?enoeee eceo/aiey ieineeo iiiaieo/aauo e neaie?othueo
aioaiiuo ?aoaoie. ?ac?aaioaia e enneaaeiaaia ainueieeo/aaay aioaiiay
?aoaoea n aeeaa?aiii-ia?acothuae noaiie eaaceiioe/aneiai oeia ia eeica
?ioiaia. Iaeaeaiu aaiiao?e/aneea ia?aiao?u eeicu ?ioiaia,
iaania/eaathuea iieo/aiea aunieiai o?iaiy ia?ana/aiey ia?oeeaeueiuo AeI
e ieceiai OAE.

?anniio?aiu niiniau oiaiueoaiey OAE ieineeo aioaiiuo ?aoaoie iooai
eciaiaiey oi?iu aia?oo?u e i?eaeaiey a? e?ayi a?aaai/aoiai aeaea, a
oaeaea i?eiaiaieai niaaeathuaai e e?ayi aiieeooaeiiai ?ani?aaeaeaiey
enoi/ieeia iiey. Iaeaeaiu oneiaey, iaania/eaathuea oiaiueoaiey OAE aei
-29 aeA i?e iaeiia?aiaiiii oiaiueoaiee /enea eceo/aoaeae a aeaa ?aca ii
n?aaiaieth n yeaeaeenoaioiie ?aoaoeie eaaae?aoiie oi?iu.

Eco/aiu oece/aneea caeiiiia?iinoe aeeyiey oiaiueoaiey /enea eceo/aoaeae
a aioaiiie ?aoaoea, eceo/athuae iiae oaeii 45( e ye?aio, n
iayeaeaeenoaioiui ?aniieiaeaieai eceo/aoaeae ni n?aaeiae
iai?aaeaiiinoueth. ?ac?aaioai aeai?eoi iioeiecaoeee aeaooeaiaeueiie
aioaiiie ?aoaoee, ?aaioathuae a i?oiaiiaeueiii eeiaeiiiiey?eciaaiiii
aacena ii ieieioio /enea eceo/aoaeae, eo ?aniieiaeaieth e aiieeooaeiiio
?ani?aaeaeaieth a ?aoaoea, iaania/eaathuae OAE ieaea -20 aeA.

I?aaeeiaeaiu aeaooeieueoeaaua aioaiiu aaaouae aieiu n e?oaiaie
iiey?ecaoeeae iiey aeey eiie/aneiai neaie?iaaiey eo/a. Eco/aiu
caaeneiinoe oa?aeoa?enoee eceo/aiey oaeeo aioaii io ioiioaiey aiieeooae
e oac oieia a eieueoeao. I?aaeeiaeaii aeey iaania/aiey oi?ie?iaaiey
iaeiieaianoeiaie oi?iu AeI a oaeeo aioaiiao eniieueciaaoue o?aouea
eieueoei.

Yenia?eiaioaeueii enneaaeiaaia aioaiia auoaeathuae aieiu (AAA) n
e?oaiaie iiey?ecaoeeae, auiieiaiiay a aeaea aeaoo eeiaeiuo ?aoaoie
auoaeathuae aieiu n i?oiaiiaeueiuie eeiaeiuie iiey?ecaoeeyie eceo/aiey,
?aniieiaeaiiuo ia oe?ieie noaiea i?yiioaieueiiai aieiiaiaea. Iieo/aiu
ia?aiao?u eeiaae, iaania/eaathuea oi?ie?iaaiea ioeeiiaiiiai io ine
aioaiiu eo/a a naeoi?a oaeia 40-60( n e?oaiaie iiey?ecaoeeae. A ioee/ee
io ecaanoiuo AAA n e?oaiaie iiey?ecaoeeae, oaeay aioaiia i?e aunieii
cia/aiee EIAe eiaao iaiueoea i?iaeieueiua ?acia?u.

Yenia?eiaioaeueii enneaaeiaaia yeaeo?iiaaieoiay ?acaycea aioaii,
?aniieiaeaiiuo ia ieineii i?iaiaeyuai ye?aia, n iiiiuueth ?aciiainiie
a?aaai/aoie no?oeoo?u iaeuo i?iaeieueiuo ?acia?ia, ?aniieiaeaiiie
iaaeaeo aioaiiaie. Iieo/aiu aii?ieneiaoeeiiiua oi?ioeu, au?aaeathuea
caaeneiinoue aaee/eiu ?acaycee e ?annoiyiey iaaeaeo a?aaaieie e
?acaycuaaaiie aioaiiie io ia?aiao?ia a?aaaiee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iee?iaieiu, eceo/aiea, aeeo?aeoeey, ?aaeeiiao?u,
ca?eaeueiua aioaiiu, aioaiiua ?aoaoee, eieueoeaaua aioaiiu, aioaiiu
auoaeathuae aieiu, yeaeo?iiaaieoiay niaianoeiinoue ?aaeeiyeaeo?iiiuo
nenoai.

V.I.Kiyko. Investigation of multibeam antennas for airspace systems of
remote sensing underlying surface.- Manuscript.

Thesis for a Candidate of Science Degree in Physics and Mathematics by
Speciality 01.04.03 — Radiophysics.- Kharkiv State University, Kharkiv,
1999.

The thesis is devoted to investigation of the multibeam and scanning
antennas which are used in radiometric systems of the Earth remote
sensing of airspace placing. The algorithms of calculation and
optimization of the radiation characteristics of such antennas was
designed. The physical laws of increasing the crossing levels of the
partial beams and decreasing the side lobes level of reflector antennas
and antenna arrays was discussed. The electrodynamic characteristics of
radiating elements of the circular polarization in the form of traveling
wave ring antenna and leaky wave antenna. Decoupling the antennas by the
resonance few element comb structure was investigated.

Key words: microwaves, radiation, diffraction, radiometers, reflector
antennas, antenna arrays, ring antennas, leaky wave antennas,
electromagnetic compatibility radioelectronic systems.

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