Динамічні характеристики виконавчих механізмів бурових і нафтопромислових установок та їх оптимізація: Автореф. дис… д-ра техн. наук / Б.Д. Малько,

?aaii-O?aie?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao iaooe ? aaco

Iaeueei Aiaaeai Aeieo?iae/

OAeE 622.242

Aeeiai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee aeeiiaa/eo iaoai?ci?a ao?iaeo ?
iaooii?iieneiaeo onoaiiaie oa ?o iioei?caoe?y

05.05.12.– Iaoeie iaooiai? oa aaciai? i?iieneiaino?

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai

nooiaiy aeieoi?a oaoi?/ieo iaoe

?aaii-O?aie?anuee – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?aaii-O?aie?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio
oi?aa?neoao? iaooe ? aaco I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? E?eaeai?anueeee
?anoao?e ?aaiiae/ , ?aaii-O?aie?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee
oi?aa?neoao iaooe ? aaco, ?aeoi?

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Cai?oianueeee Eaii?ae Ieoaeeiae/,
?aaii-O?aie?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao iaooe ? aaco,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aaoiiaoeciaaiiai oi?aae?iiy;

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, ?eaae Oeiio?e ?aaiiae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
oaoi?/ii? iaoai?ee Oa?iii?euenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ,i?i?aeoi?

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, Oa?/aiei ?aaai Aaeaioeiiae/, aeioeaio eaoaae?e
aeaoaeae iaoei aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”, i.
Euea?a

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa

AAO “Oe?a?inueeee iaooiaaciaee ?inoeooo” (i. Ee?a) I?i?noa?noaa
aia?aaoeee Oe?a?ie

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 1 aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 10.00 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 20.052.04 i?e ?aaii-O?aie?anueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? iaooe ? aaco, i. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee,
aoe. Ea?iaonueea, 15.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e a?ae?ioaoe?
?aaii-O?aie?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo iaooe ? aaco,
284019, i. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, aoe. Ea?iaonueea, 15.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 31 na?iiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee, aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani? Oeaiae E.N.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. I?iaeaia caaacia/aiiy ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa
Oe?a?ie iaeeaii-aia?aaoe/iith ne?iaeiith noaaeoue ia?aae iaooiaaciaith
i?iieneia?noth caaea/? ii ca?eueoaiith ianya?a ao??iiy ? aeaeiaooeo
iaooe ? aaco. Aeey oeueiai iaiao?aeii ?ic?iaeoe iiaa a?o/eciyia ao?iaa ?
iaooii?iieneiaa iaeaaeiaiiy, a oaeiae ?icaeaaoe iaoeia? iaoiaee eiai
iioeiaeueiiai i?iaeooaaiiy ? aenieoaoaoe??. Iinoaaeaia caaea/a oa?eoea a
iaoe?iiaeueio i?ia?aio “Iaooa ? aac Oe?a?ie aei 2010 ?ieo”, iaeiei c
?ic?iaiee?a yei? ? oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao iaooe ? aaco.

??no ia’?i?a oa iie?auaiiy oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a ao?iaeo ?ia?o
? aeaeiaooeo iaooe iiaeooue aooe caaacia/ai? ca ?aooiie canoinoaaiiy
eiiieaeno cania?a ii aaeineiiaeaiith ao?iaiai ? iaooii?iieneiaiai
iaeaaeiaiiy. Aaeee? cao?aoe, iia’ycai? ?c noai?aiiyi aeine?aeieo c?ace?a
ao?iaeo (AO) ? iaooii?iieneiaeo (IIO) onoaiiaie, ? aenie? aeiiae aei
yeino? ?o aeeiiaiiy i?aeaeuothoue a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue eiino?oeoi??a o
aeai?? noai ? iaoiae?a ?ic?aooieo. Aeeiiaa/? iaoai?cie onoaiiaie
i?aoeththoue a iaonoaeaieo ?aaeeiao, ui coiiaeth? ae?th cia/ieo
aeeiai?/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue. Aea?? ? ?ic?aooiie ?aoe?iiaeueieo cia/aiue
iniiaieo ia?aiao??a oeeo iaoai?ci?a ? aecia/aeueieie i?e noai?aii? ?
aaeineiiaeaii? ao?iaeo ? iaooii?iieneiaeo onoaiiaie. Ii?yae c oeei
caeeoa?oueny aeooaeueiith caaea/a aeinyaiaiiy iaea?eueoi?
i?iaeoeoeaiino? ?iaioe aeeiiaa/eo iaoai?ci?a i?e i?i?iaeueieo aeo?aoao
iiooaeiino?, iaeeaa oa ?ioeo aia?aaoe/ieo ?ano?n?a.

Aiae?c aeeiiaieo iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o, aea/aiiy i?eioeeiiaeo noai ?
eiino?oeoe?e aeeiiaa/eo iaoai?ci?a, a oaeiae ?aaeei?a ?o ?iaioe
iieacaee, ui aaaeeea? ? eeth/ia? caaea/? oae?, ye iaa?oiooaaiiy ? aea??
?aoe?iiaeueieo ia?aiao??a ? ?aaeei?a ?iaioe iaoai?ci?a ao?iaeo ?
iaooii?iieneiaeo onoaiiaie, aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiai?/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue,
ye? aeieeathoue i?e iaonoaeaieo ?aaeeiao ?ooo, aea?? ?aoe?iiaeueieo
ia?aiao??a oeiii-iiaaiaoe/ieo iooo (OII), eiiiainaoi??a ao?iaeo
ii?oiaaeo ianin?a oa ?io? aniaeoe, ua iaaeinoaoiuei aea/ai? ?
iio?aaothoue iiaeaeueoeo aeine?aeaeaiue.

A?aeii? ? /anoi aeei?enoiaoaai? iaoiaee ?ic?aooieo noaoe/ieo ?
aeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee iaaeinoaoiuei iiaii a?aoiaothoue niaoeeo?eo
iaaaioaaeaiiy onoaiiaie, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei iaaeiaeei?enoaiiy
aia?aaoe/ieo ?ano?n?a neeiaiai i?eaiaeo aai aei ia?aaaioaaeaiue ?
ia?aae/anii? ao?aoe ?iaioicaeaoiino? iniiaieo aoce?a.

Aaaeeea?noue ? aeooaeuei?noue ia?ae?/aieo caaea/ i?iaeaie aecia/eee
iaiao?aei?noue ?o aea/aiiy aeey ?ic?iaee iiaeo no/anieo onoaiiaie aeey
ao??iiy ? aeaeiaooeo iaooe, a oaeiae aoaeoeaii? aenieoaoaoe?? ?nioth/eo
onoaiiaie.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Oaiaoeea ?iaioe
? /anoeiith ieaiiaeo aea?aeaaieo iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo i?ia?ai ii ?icaeoeo
iaooii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno Oe?a?ie ? aaco?oueny ia ?acoeueoaoao
aea?aeathaeaeaoieo iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o “?ic?iaea ? aeine?aeaeaiiy
nenoaie ea?oaaiiy iaoai?ciaie i?ae?eiaeueiiai eiiieaeno ao?iai?
onoaiiaee”, iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? ? 0198U005778, “Iaoeia?
iaa?oiooaaiiy ?aoe?iiaeueieo ?aaeei?a ?iaioe oa aea?? iniiaieo
ia?aiao??a ao?iaiai iaeaaeiaiiy”, iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? ?
0195U026337, ye? aoiaeyoue a eii?aeeiaoe?eiee ieai i?i?noa?noaa ina?oe
“Iaoeia? iniiae ?ic?iaee iiaeo oaoiieia?e aeaeiaooeo iaooe ? aaco,
aacii?iieneiaiai iaeaaeiaiiy, iiaeeaeaii? ia?a?iaee iaooe ? aaco c
iaoith iaea?aeaiiy aenieiye?nieo iioi?ieo iaeea, ianoeeueieo iaoa??ae?a,
aeiiii?aeieo i?iaeoeo?a ? iaooio?i?/ii? ne?iaeie”. Oeae ieai aoiaeeoue a
iaoe?iiaeueio i?ia?aio “Iaooa ? aac Oe?a?ie”.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith ?iaioe ? ?ic?iaea oai?aoe/ieo
iieiaeaiue i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe aeeiiaa/eo iaoai?ci?a ao?iaeo
? iaooii?iieneiaeo onoaiiaie ia iniia? iioei?caoe?? ?oi?o aeeiai?/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue:

1. Aeeiiaoe aiae?c ?aaeei?a iaaaioaaeaiue aeeiiaa/eo iaoai?ci?a ao?iaeo
? iaooii?iieneiaeo onoaiiaie, iaoiae?a ?o ioe?iee ? iioei?caoe??.

2. Iaa?oiooaaoe oa aea?aoe e?eoa??? ? iaoiaee iioei?caoe?? ?iaioe
aeeiiaa/eo iaoai?ci?a ao?iaeo ? iaooii?iieneiaeo onoaiiaie. Neioacoaaoe
iioeiaeuei? caeiie ?o ?ooo ca aea?aieie e?eoa??yie.

3. ?ic?iaeoe aeeiai?/i? oa iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? i?ae?eiaeueiiai eiiieaeno
ao?iai? onoaiiaee, aa?noaoa-aieaeaeee, ao?iaiai ii?oiaaiai ianino.

4. I?iaiae?coaaoe ianoaoe?iia?i? ?aaeeie ?iaioe oeiii-iiaaiaoe/ii? ioooe
aeeiiaa/iai iaoai?cio i?ae?eiaeueiiai eiiieaeno ao?iai? onoaiiaee ?
aea?aoe ?aoe?iiaeuei? ?aaeeie aeeth/aiiy.

5. Aeine?aeeoe ?aaeeie ?ooo ? oa?aeoa? iaaaioaaeaiue aeaiaio?a oaeaai?
nenoaie a i?ioean? ?icaiio ? aaeueioaaiiy i?e aeeiiaii?
nionei-i?ae?eiaeueieo iia?aoe?e ? aea?aoe iioeiaeuei? ?aaeeie ?ooo ca
e?iaiaoe/ieie ? aeeiai?/ieie e?eoa??yie.

6. Aecia/eoe e?iaiaoe/i? ? aeeiai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee aeeiiaa/eo
iaoai?ci?a aa?noao?a-aieaeaeie ? aeine?aeeoe ?o aieea ia oa?aeoa?
eieeaaeueieo i?ioean?a a eieii? ooaia i?e ??cieo oaeaeeinoyo iaa?oaiiy
e?eaioeio.

7. Aeine?aeeoe ?iaioo ii?oiaaiai ao?iaiai ianino noi?nii c iiaaiaoe/iei
eiiiainaoi?ii ? aecia/eoe oiiae caeaaeaeaiiy ioeuenaoe?e ??aeeie.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia. Ia iniia? oai?aoe/ieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ae?noaee iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie iaoeia? iaoiaee aecia/aiiy
aeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeeiiaa/eo iaoai?ci?a ao?iaeo ?
iaooii?iieneiaeo onoaiiaie oa aeai?o ?aoe?iiaeueieo ?aaeei?a ?o ?iaioe,
ye? caaacia/othoue ciaioaiiy aeeiai?/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue, ciaioaiiy
aia?aaoe/ieo cao?ao ? aeicaieythoue nei?ioeoe /an ia aeeiiaiiy
oaoiieia?/ieo iia?aoe?e.

Aia?oa cai?iiiiiaai? aeeiai?/i? e?eoa??? aeey neioaco iioeiaeueieo
caeii?a ?ooo aeeiiaa/eo iaoai?ci?a ao?iaeo ? iaooii?iieneiaeo onoaiiaie.

Noi?ioeueiaai?, c aeei?enoaiiyi aa??aoe?eieo i?eioeei?a iaoai?ee ?
i?yieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy ooieoe?e ia aeno?aioi, oai?aoe/i?
iieiaeaiiy neioaco iioeiaeueieo caeii?a ?ooo aeeiiaa/eo iaoai?ci?a, a
oaeiae aeai?o ?aaeei?a aeeth/aiiy iiaaiaoe/ieo o?eeoe?eieo iooo c oiiae
i?i?iaeueieo ao?ao ia ?iaioo aoenoaaiiy ? iiooaeiinoae nee oa?oy.

Iaea?aeaa ?icaeoie iaoeiaee iaoiae aea/aiiy aeeiai?/ieo i?ioean?a a
ao?ia?e onoaiiaoe? i?e aieeaii? oeiii-iiaaiaoe/ii? ioooe, o
aa?noao?-aieaeaeoe? i?e ??cieo ?aaeeiao aenieoaoaoe??, a ao?iaeo ianinao
c ??cieie noaiaie eiiiainaoi??a. Aecia/ai? oiiae aeinyaiaiiy
?aoe?iiaeueieo ?aaeei?a ?iaioe oeeo iaoai?ci?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue i?eeiyo? aei ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a ?ic?iaeao:

1. ?ino?oe?? ii ?ic?aooieo eiao?oe??io?a aeeiai?/iino? aeey oaeaaeo
eaiao?a ? ao?eeueieo o?oa i?e aeeiiaii? nionei-i?ae?eiaeueieo iia?aoe?e
(ea??aiee aeieoiaio). Oe?ao?aac, AAO Oe?iaooa, 1998?.

2. Can?a eiio?ieth iaoyao aaio?ce/iiai eaaaeth CEIAE — 1. I?eeiyoee aei
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a ?aaii-O?aie?anuee?e aeniaaeeoe?? aaio?ce/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue naa?aeeiaei, 1996?.

3. I?eno??e cai??o aeiaaeeie eieiie ianinii-eiii?ani?ieo o?oa ICEO-1.
I?eeiyoee aei ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a iaooiaeaeiaoaiiio oi?aae?ii?
“*a?i?a?aiaooiaac” AO Oe?iaooa, 1996?.

4. Iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? a ?iai/?e i?ia?ai? aeenoeeie?ie “Aeeiai?ea
iaoei, a?a?aoe?? ? a?a?icaoeno” aeey nooaeaio?a niaoe?aeueiino?
7.09.02.17. /Iaeaaeiaiiy iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo i?iiene?a/.

5. Can?a ciaioaiiy ioeuenaoe?? i?iieaii? ??aeeie ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ia
ao?ia?e “908-Ian?/iyinueea” Iaaea??iyinueeiai OA?.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe io?eiai? aaoi?ii naiino?eii. Aiie iioae?eiaai? a
?iaioao aac ni?aaaoi??a: iaa?oioiaaia aeeiai?/ia iiaeaeue ?
aeine?aeaeaii ?oo iaoai?ci?a i?ae?eiaeueiiai eiiieaeno i?e i?ae?eiaii?
aeaaaoi?a [4, 8, 11, 23], neioaciaai? iioeiaeuei? caeiie ?ooo [5, 9, 14,
20], iaa?oioiaai? ?aoe?iiaeuei? ?aaeeie aeeth/aiiy o?eeoe?eieo iooo [7],
aecia/ai? aaiiao?e/i? ? e?iaiaoe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee aeeiiaa/eo iaoai?ci?a
aa?noao?a-aieaeaeie [17, 24]. A ?iaioao, iioae?eiaaieo o ni?aaaoi?noa?,
cai?iiiiiaai? ?ic?aooieia? noaie oa iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? iaoai?/ieo
nenoai, aeeiiai? iaoaiaoe/i? ia?aoai?aiiy ? oai?aoe/i? ocaaaeueiaiiy
iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe
aeiiia?aeaeenue oa iaaiai?thaaeenue ia:

cai?ia?? ii i?iaeaiao iioei?caoe?? a iaoeiiiaoaeoaaii?, Oa?e?a, 1982?.,
o?ao?e ananithci?e eiioa?aioe?? c aeeiai?ee, i?oeiino? ? iaae?eiino?
iaooii?iieneiaiai iaeaaeiaiiy, Aaeo, 1983?., iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “?ieue au/eneeoaeueiiai yenia?eiaioa i?e enneaaeiaaiee
oeceei-oeie/aneeo i?ioeannia”, Ee?a, 1987?., 1-io i?aeia?iaeiiio
neiiic?oi? oe?a?inueeeo ?iaeaia??a-iaoai?e?a, Euea?a, 1993?.,
i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?oei?noue ? iaae?ei?noue
eiino?oeoe?e iaooiaaciaiai iaeaaeiaiiy”, ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1994?., O??,
XIV i?aeia?iaei?e i?aeaoc?anuee?e oeie?-nai?ia?? “Iaoiaee ? caniae
oaoi?/ii? ae?aaiinoeee”, ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1995, 1999?., i?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Oaoi?/i? caniae, iaoiaee ?ic?aooieo
oa?aeoa?enoee, oaoiieia?e”, Eiiniiieuenuee-ia-Aio??, 1993?.,
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Noai, i?iaeaie ? ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo
iaooiaaciaiai eiiieaeno cao?aeiiai ?aa?iio Oe?a?ie”, OIAA, Euea?a,
1995?., iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iaooa ? aac Oe?a?ie — 96”,
Oa?e?a, 1996?., iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
iaooe ? aaco, ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1994-1998??., iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Noai ? ia?niaeoeae ?ica?aeoaaeueiiai oa aenieoaoaoe?eiiai
ao??iiy ? cae?i/aiiy naa?aeeiaei a Oe?a?i?”, Oa?e?a, 1998?.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 24 noaoo? ?
iaea?aeaii 2 aaoi?nueeeo na?aeioeoaa ia aeiaoiaee.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, naie
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo e?oa?aoo?e, yeee i?noeoue 274 iaeiaioaaiiy
oa aeiaeaoe?a. Iniiaiee oaeno aeeeaaeaii ia 245 noi??ieao ? e??i oiai
aeeth/a? 9 oaaeeoeue, 101 ?enoiie oa aeiaeaoee ia 48 noi??ieao.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Anooi. O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe??, aecia/ai?
iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue, noi?ioeueiaaia iaoeiaa iiaecia.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? aea?oueny oa?aeoa?enoeea ?aaeei?a ?iaioe aeeiiaa/eo
iaoai?ci?a ao?iaeo ? iaooii?iieneiaeo onoaiiaie. Aei aeeiiaa/eo
iaoai?ci?a AO ? IIO iaeaaeaoue eaa?aeee c oaeaaith nenoaiith, ii?oiaa?
ianine, aaae?euei? iaoai?cie aa?noao?a-aieaeaeie. Aiie iathoue oo
ni?eueio iniaeea?noue, ui i?aoeththoue a oeeee?/iiio ?aaeei? c
ia??iaeaie iaonoaeaiiai ?ooo – ?icaiio ? aaeueioaaiiy. E??i oiai,
ia’?eoii oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano ia?ai?uaiiy ? aeiaaee noa?aeaiue,
aiaeiaii yeiai iiaeia aaaaeaoe eieiio o?oa aai ooaia aeey ao?iaeo
onoaiiaie ? ??aeeio a a?ae?aae?/i?e e?i?? aeey ii?oiaaeo ianin?a.
Aieeaiiy ? aeieeaiiy aeeiiaa/eo iaoai?ci?a AO cae?enith?oueny iia?aoi?ii
ca aeiiiiiaith iooo aeeth/aiiy ii iaiao?aeiino? aeeiiaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai
i?ioeano i?ae?eiaiiy aai nioneo eieiie o?oa /e caea/oaaiiy ??aeeie o
naa?aeeiaeio. Aa?noaoe-aieaeaeee i?aoeththoue o iino?eiiio ?aaeei?, yeee
neeaaea?oueny c aaaaoi?aciaeo oeeee?a i?ae?eiaiiy ? iioneaiiy eieiie
ooaia. Oaeaee?noue ? i?enei?aiiy ?ooo eieiie o?oa aai ooaia iiaeii?
aeae?aoenue c a?aooaaiiyi noaoe/ieo ? aeeiai?/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue, ui
ae?thoue ia aeeiiaa/? iaoai?cie, aia?aaoe/ieo iiaeeeainoae i?eaiaeo oa
?yaeo ie?aieo oaoiieia?/ieo oiia.

A ao?iaeo onoaiiaeao nionei-i?ae?eiaeuei? iia?aoe?? (NII) caae?athoue
a?eueoo /anoeio /ano aoae?aieoeoaa naa?aeeiaeie. Oiio aeooaeueiith
caeeoa?oueny caaea/a ca?eueoaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? ?iaioe aeeiiaa/eo
iaoai?ci?a AO. A oea, a naith /a?ao, aaaea aei c?inoaiiy oaeaeeinoae ?,
a?aeiia?aeii, aeeiai?/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue. Aeine?aeaeaiiyie aeeiai?/ieo
i?ioean?a a ao?iaeo ? iaooii?iieneiaeo onoaiiaeao caeiaeenue aaaaoi
a?aeiieo a/aieo ye a?o/eciyieo oae ? ca?oa?aeieo: E.N. Ae?aa?ae?caaea,
A.A. A?oaiaaeuenueeee, E.?. A?o?iia, I.I. Aaa??ia, A.I. Aa?aeaoeue, A.?.
Aaea?ee, A.N. A??iianueeee, E.I. Cai?oianueeee, N.A. Eae?i?i, C.A.
Ea?oia, ?.?. E?eaeai?anueeee, A.O. I??caaeaeaicaaea, I.?. Iai?iaei?eia,
N.A. ?aaeaeaaia, A.?. ?iuoie?i, ?.A. Oa?/aiei, A.A. TH?oa?a oa ?i. A
?oi?o aeine?aeaeaiiyo iniiaia oaaaa ni?yiiaaia ia aea/aiiy aeeiai?/ieo
yaeu a aeaiaioao eiino?oeoe?e AO ? IIO ?, a ia?oo /a?ao, a eieii? o?oa
aai ooaia. Cia/ii a iaio?e i??? aea/ai? aeeiai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee
aeeiiaa/eo iaoai?ci?a ? ?o aieea ia aeeiai?/i? i?ioeane a AO ? IIO a
oe?eiio. A?aeiii, ui iaea?eueoa aaa??eieo neooaoe?e a ao?iaeo onoaiiaeao
ia? i?noea a ia??iae aeeiiaiiy NII. I?e/eiith ?o iiyae ? aeeiai?/i?
ia?aaaioaaeaiiy, ye? aeieeathoue a i?ioean? ?icaiio ? aaeueioaaiiy ?ooo
aeeiiaa/eo iaoai?ci?a i?e i?ae?eiaii? aai nioneo eieiie o?oa. A
a?eueoino? ?ia?o ii aeeiai?oe? AO i??ith ioe?iee aeeiai?/ii?
iaaaioaaeaiino? i?eeia?oueny eiao?oe??io aeeiai?/iino?. Aea, ye iieacaa
aiae?c a?aeiieo ?acoeueoao?a, iaea?aeaieo ??cieie aeine?aeieeaie,
??cieoey a cia/aiiyo eiao?oe??io?a aeeiai?/iino? aeey eieiie o?oa
iaeiaeiai? aeiaaeeie (aaae) a?ae??ciy?oueny a i?aoi?e – aeaa ?ace. Oea
na?ae/eoue i?i iaaeineiiae?noue iaoiae?a ?ic?aooieo. Iaei?aeoiee aea??
eiao?oe??ioo aeeiai?/iino? i?eaiaeeoue aei caaeuaiiy ?ic?aooieiaiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy ?, ye iane?aeie, aei iai?aaeeueiiai aeai?o iniiaieo
ia?aiao??a iaoai?ci?a ia noaae?? i?iaeooaaiiy ? ia?aoe?iiaeueieo
?aaeei?a ?ooo i?e ?o aenieoaoaoe??.

Aeeiiaa/? iaoai?cie IIO, aei yeeo iaeaaeaoue aa?noaoe-aieaeaeee, ca
oa?aeoa?ii ?ooo iiaeia a?aeianoe aei iaoai?ci?a oeeee?/ii? ae?? c
ia??iaee/iei iaaaioaaeaiiyi. Aiie ni?eeiathoue e??i noaoe/ieo ua e
ia??iaee/i? aeeiai?/i? iaaaioaaeaiiy. Iniiaieie i?iaeaiaie, ye?
i?eoaiaii? oeei iaoai?ciai, ? caaacia/aiiy iaee?auiai c??aiiaaaeaiiy,
ciaioaiiy aia?ainiiaeeaaiiy i?ea?aeieie aeaeaoiaie, aecia/aiiy ??aiy
iaaaioaaeaiue ia eieiio ooaia c a?aooaaiiyi aeeiai?/ieo yaeu.
?acoeueoaoe aea/aiiy ia?oi? i?iaeaie ciaeoee iaea?eueoa a?aeia?aaeiaiiy
a aeine?aeaeaiiyo ??cieo aaoi??a. Iaeiaioa iioae?eiaaii ?acoeueoao?a ii
aea/aiith aeeiai?/ieo i?ioean?a aa?noao?a-aieaeaeie.

Aei iaoai?ci?a oeeee?/ii? ae?? iiaeia a?aeianoe oaeiae ao?ia? ii?oiaa?
ianine. Ia??aiii??i?noue ?ooo ii?oi?a ianin?a aeeeeea? ia??aiii??i?noue
iiaea/? ??aeeie, ui ? i?e/eiith a?a?aoe?e aeaiaio?a a?ae?aae?/ii?
nenoaie ao?iaeo onoaiiaie. A ?acoeueoao? iia??oo?oueny ?iaioa aea?eiiai
aeaeaoia, ui ciaioo? oaeaee?noue ao??iiy, ca?eueoo? iaaaioaaeaiiy ia
ao?eeuei? o?oae. Onoiooe ioeuenaoe?th ??aeeie iiaeia canoinoaaiiyi
eiiiainoth/eo i?eno?i?a. Aeine?aei? ?iaioe, ye? aaaeooueny a iai?yieo
aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a eiiiainaoi??a, aacothoueny a a?eueoino? ia
e?iaiaoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoeeao ?ooo ??aeeie. Iaaeinoaoiuei aeine?aeaeaia
?iaioa eiiiainaoi?a a aeeiai?/iiio ?aaeei?.

Aiae?c ?ia?o ii iioei?caoe?? ia?aiao??a ? ?aaeei?a ?iaioe ao?iaiai ?
iaooii?iieneiaiai iaeaaeiaiiy iieacaa, ui a oeueiio iai?yieo c?iaeaii ua
aeineoue iaei. A?aenooi? ?iaioe a yeeo nenoaiaoeciaai? ? ocaaaeueiai?
caaea/?, e?eoa??? ? iaoiaee iioei?caoe?? aeey oeeo iaoei ? iaoai?ci?a. A
ie?aieo ?iaioao C.A. Ea??iiaa, N.A. ?aaeaeaaiaa, N.?. ?o?i/aiei, I.ss.
?oe?na, A.A. E?ooe?ia, I.A. ?aaeaeaaiaa a yeino? e?eoa??y iioei?caoe??
aeei?enoiao?oueny /an aeeiiaiiy iia?aoe?? i?ae?eiaiiy eieiie o?oa,
eiao?oe??io aeei?enoaiiy iiooaeiino? i?ea?aeieo aeaeaoi?a, e?euee?noue
oaieioe, yea iiaeeia?oueny aaeueiii i?e nioneo eieiie o?oa, iai?oaeaiiy
a oaeaaeo eaiaoao ? eieii? o?oa. ?ica’ycie caaea/ aeeiio?oueny iaoiaeaie
aeeiai?/iiai i?ia?aioaaiiy, iieii?aeeiaoiiai nioneo, a?aae??ioieie
iaoiaeaie. Caaea/? ?ica’ycothoueny aeey eiie?aoieo ?aaeei?a aac
ocaaaeueiaiiy, ui ciaioo? iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy ?o ?acoeueoao?a a
a?eueo oe?ieiio ?ioa?aae?.. E??i oiai a?aenooiy iaa?oioiaaia
iaoiaeieia?y aeai?o e?eoa???a iioei?caoe?? ? ?ica’yceo caaea/
iioei?caoe?? aeeiiaa/eo iaoai?ci?a AO ? IIO.

Ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaiiai aiae?co no/aniiai noaio i?iaeaie
noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo ? caaea/? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? cae?eniaii aea?? e?eoa???a oa iaoiae?a iioei?caoe??
ia?aiao??a ? ?aaeei?a ?ooo aeeiiaa/eo iaoai?ci?a ao?iaeo ?
iaooii?iieneiaeo onoaiiaie.

Noai?aiiy iiaeo iaoei o?aaeeoe?eieie iaoiaeaie aacoaaeinue ia
iie?auaii? ?o oa?aeoa?enoee o ii??aiyii? c ?nioth/eie iiaeaeyie. Oaeee
oeyo iiaoaiiiai aaeineiiaeaiiy aeoaea aeiaai aaaea aei noai?aiiy
iaea?eueo aeineiiaei? iiaeae?, oae ye iaa?aeii? o? ?aoe?iiaeuei?
iieacieee, ye? iiaeiia iaoe iaoeia. Canoinoaaiiy aia?aoo iioeiaeueiiai
i?iaeooaaiiy aeicaiey? noai?eoe ?aeaaeueio aoaeiiio iiaeaeue ? c iath
ii??aithaaoe oa?aeoa?enoeee iaoeie, yea i?iaeoo?oueny.

Ia aeaiee /an a?aeii? aeeiai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee iaoai?ci?a ie?aieo
aeae?a iaoei, ye? aeei?enoiaothoueny a iie?a?ao?/i?e, iaoaeiia?iai?e,
iaoeiiaoae?ai?e, a iniaeeaino? aaioaaei-i?ae?eiaeuei?e aaeoc?
iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy. Oea ?iaioe a?aeiieo a/aieo: ?.?. A?oiaieaanueeiai,
A.E. Aaeoena, E.I. Ai?enaiei, ss.E. Aa?ii?iona, A.A. Ai?nueeiai, I.A.
A?eai?iaa, A.N. Eiaaee?ia, A.A. Niaoiaa, I.I. Niaiey, ?.A. Noaoi?eiaa,
A.A.O?o?eea oa ?i.

Ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaiiai aiae?co ?ia?o ii i?iaeai? iioei?caoe??
noi?ioeueiaai? iniiai? e?eoa??? iioei?caoe?? aeeiiaa/eo iaoai?ci?a AO ?
IIO:

— aeeiai?/i? iaaaioaaeaiiy, ye? aeieeathoue ia aoaiao ?icaiio ?
aaeueioaaiiy;

— aeeiai?/i? iiooaeiino?, ye? aecia/athoue niiaeeaaiiy aia?a?? ia ?ica?i
iaoai?ci?a.

Aea?aiei e?eoa??yi a?aeiia?aeathoue aeiaeaoeia? oiiae: iaiaaeaiiy ia
/an ia?ai?uaiiy, iaiaaeaiiy ii oaeaeeino? aai i?enei?aiith.

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie ?ica’yceo caaea/ aecia/athoueny iioeiaeuei? caeiie ?ooo
aeeiiaa/eo iaoai?ci?a ia aoaiao ?icaiio ? aaeueioaaiiy. Oi?ioethaaiiy ?
?ica’ycie caaea/ aeeiio?oueny ca iaoiaeaie aa??aoe?eiiai /eneaiiy,
oiaoi ooea?oueny aeno?aioi ooieoe?iiaeo:

aea eiie?aoiee aeaeyae ooieoe?? F caeaaeeoue a?ae iinoaiiaee caaea/?.

?icaeyaeathoueny aei?noea oa i?oaei? noaie – iaeiiianiaa ? aeaiianiaa. A
aei?noe?e noai? an? iane ? neee caaaeai? aei aa?aaaia eaa?aeee. A
i?oaeieo noaiao a?aoiaaii aei?noe?noue oaeaaeo eaiao?a ? eieiie o?oa.

Aeey aei?noei? noaie neioaciaai? caeiie ?ooo aa?aaaio eaa?aeee ii
iacaaieo e?eoa??yo. Aiae?c iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieacaa, ui i?e
a?aeiia?aeiino? an?i a?aie/iei oiiaai iaee?au? iieacieee aea? caeii
?ooo, neioaciaaiee ii e?eoa??th aeeiai?/ii? iiooaeiino?. A oeueiio
aeiaaeeo, i?e iaeiaeiaeo aeo?aoao aeeiai?/ii? iiooaeiino?, ia??iae
?icaiio iiaeia nei?ioeoe ia 25%.

Aeey iaeiiianiai? i?oaeii? iiaeae? aecia/aii nii/aoeo iioeiaeueiee caeii
?ooo iane, a iio?i ?c caaaeueiiai ??aiyiiy ?ooo — caeii ?ooo aaaeo/iai
e?ioey eaiaoo. A aeaiiania?e noai? cae?eniaii ?iciiae?e ?ooo ia aea?
neeaaeia?: ia?aiiniee ?oo caaaeueiiai oeaio?o ian ? a?aeiiniee ?oo
eiaeii? iane ii a?aeiioaiith aei oeaio?o ian. ??aiyiiy ia?aiiniiai ?ooo
iaea?aeaee a ?acoeueoao? ?ica’yceo aa??aoe?eii? caaea/?. Ia i?aenoaa?
oeueiai ??aiyiiy iaea?aeaee caeii ci?ie ?oo?eii? neee, yea cae?enith?
oeae ?oo. A?aeiiniee ?oo ian ia? eieeaaeueiee oa?aeoa?. Aeei?enoiaoth/e
oiiao ciaioaiiy aiie?ooaee coneeey i?oaeii? aeaoi?iaoe??, aecia/aiee
ca’ycie i?ae a?aie/ieie ia?aiao?aie ia?aiiniiai ?ooo. Aeeiiaiee
ii??aiyeueiee ?ic?aooiie aeeiai?/iiai coneeey F a i?oaei?e nenoai? –
oaeaaee eaiao c ao?eeueieie o?oaaie aeey ??cieo caeii?a ?ooo ia aoai?
?icaiio iaoai?cio i?ae?eiaiiy AO. ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooieo iieacai? ia
?en. 1. Ooo e?eaa 1 iieaco? oa?aeoa? ci?ie F i?e ?icaii? c iino?eiei
i?enei?aiiyi, e?eaa 2 – a?aeiia?aea? caeiiia? ?ooo neioaciaaiiio ii
e?eoa??th na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/iiai i?enei?aiiy, e?eaa 3 – e?eoa??th
?eaea.

sse aa/eii, iaee?au? ?acoeueoaoe iaea?aeaee a o?aoueiio aeiaaeeo – ooo
aeeiai?/i? iaaaioaaeaiiy ia 20% iaio?, i?ae a ia?oiio. Oea na?ae/eoue
i?i ia?aaaae iioei?ciaaieo caeii?a ?ooo. C iaoith ?aae?caoe??
iaea?aeaieo caeii?a ?ooo aecia/ai? oa?aeoa?enoeee ea?oth/eo ooieoe?e,
yeeie ? iiiaio, eio?ee ?icaeaa? oeiii-iiaaiaoe/ia ioooa aeeth/aiiy i?e
?icaii? eaa?aeee, aai iiiaio aaeuei?aiiai i?eno?ith i?e coieioe?.

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaii iaa?oiooaaiiy ? aea?? ?ic?aooieiaeo
iiaeaeae ao?iaeo ? iaooii?iieneiaeo onoaiiaie.

A caeaaeiino? a?ae oiai, ye? caaea/? ?ica’ycothoueny i?e aeine?aeaeaii?
aeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeeiiaa/eo iaoai?ci?a, aeei?enoiaothoue ??ci?
aeeiai?/i? iiaeae?, ye aei?noe? oae ? i?oaei?. A ?iaio? aeeiiaii aiae?c
oeeo iiaeaeae, aecia/ai? oiiae ?o canoinoaaiiy. Iaea?eueo aeineiiaeeie ?
i?oaei? iiaeae?, a yeeo a?aoiaaia i?oaei?noue ie?aieo aeaiaio?a ?,
iniaeeai, eieiie o?oa aai ooaia, /e ??aeeie a a?ae?aae?/i?e nenoai?.

I?e aeine?aeaeaii? aeeiai?ee nioneo ? i?ae?eiaiiy eieiie o?oa
ei?enoothoueny aeaiia iaoiaeaie a?aooaaiiy ?? iane. A ia?oiio aeiaaeeo
aeei?enoiaothoue iiaeaeue c ?iciiae?eaiith ianith. Aea oeae ?ica’ycie
caiaeeoueny aei ia/eneaiiy a?ii?caeeeo ?yae?a, ui oneeaaeith? ?o
canoinoaaiiy a ?iaeaia?ieo ?ic?aooieao. A ae?oaiio aeiaaeeo aaoi?e
caiaeyoue eieiio aei nenoaie c iaei??th ianith, cae??ieaiith ia
i?oaeei?. Cia/aiiy caaaeaii? iane aecia/a?oueny ca iaoiaeii ?aeay.

A aeai?e ?iaio? aea?aii iaoiae caaaeaiiy iane eieiie o?oa aei
aeene?aoieo ian, ?icoaoiaaieo o aa?oiueiio ? ieaeiueiio ia?a??cao.
?icaeyaeathoueny noaie c e?i?eiith aeaoi?iaoe??th eieiie o?oa i?ae
ae??th neee aaae iaaaaeaiiai ieco ? noaie c iae?i?eiith aeaoi?iaoe??th
i?ae ae??th ?iciiae?eaii? neee aaae eieiie o?oa. Iaea?aeai? ??aiyiiy
aeey aecia/aiiy caaaeaieo ian aei aa?oiueiai ? ieaeiueiai ia?a??c?a:

aea mE, ma, m0 – a?aeiia?aeii iane eieiie o?oa aeaaaoi?a aaaeeiai ieco,
e1, e2, e12 – eiao?oe??ioe, ye? a?aoiaothoue ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae
oaeaeeinoyie ia?a??c?a i?e ?on? eieiie.

Aiae?c io?eiaieo ??aiyiue (2) ? (3) iieaco?, ui a caeaaeiino? a?ae
oa?aeoa?o ? iai?yieo ?ooo cae?enith?oueny ia?a?iciiae?e caaaeaieo ian
mB, mH. Oea a?aeiia?aea? oa?aeoa?o oaeeueiaeo i?ioean?a, ye? i?ioiaeyoue
a aeiaaeo noa?aeiyo i?e ?o eieeaaiiyo. ??aiyiiy (2), (3)
aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey caaaeaiiy iane eieiie ooaia ? ??aeeie a
a?ae?aae?/i?e e?i??.

Aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?ao?aeieo i?ioean?a, ye? iathoue i?noea a ia??iae
?icaiio aa?aaaia eaa?aeee ? oaeaaiai aeieo c o?oaaie, a?aoiaaii
aei?noe?noue ia?aaeaoi/ieo iaoai?ci?a, eaiao?a oaeaai? nenoaie ? eieiie
o?oa. Aeeiai?/ia iiaeaeue iaoai?cio i?ae?eiaiiy ao?iai? onoaiiaee
iieacaia ia ?en. 2, aea i?eeiyo? ianooii? iicia/aiiy : ? — caaaeaia aei
aaea aeaeaoia iana ?ooiieo /anoei i?eaiaeo; N I? — caaaeaia aei?noe?noue
i?eaiaeo; U I? — ia?aaeaoi/ia /enei i?eaiaeo; ? — iiiaio ?ia?oe??
aa?aaaio ? aaeo eaa?aeee ? ca’ycaieo c aaeii ?ooiieo /anoei; U ON —
e?aoi?noue iie?nieanoo; N ON — aei?noe?noue oaeaai? nenoaie; mT—
caaaeaia iana oaeaaiai aeieo oe?a?a ? eaiaoo; mBK — caaaeaia iana
aa?oiuei? /anoeie eieiie o?oa; mHK — caaaeaia iana ieaeiuei? /anoeie
eieiie o?oa; 1— i?ii?aeie i?ae aaeii ? oo?iiaie, aeaaaoi?ii ? caieiaei
c’?aeiaiiyi eieiie o?oa; 2 — aeaoi?iaoe?y i?oaeeie aaea; I — iiiaio ia
aaeo aeaeaoia; II — iiiaio OII eaa?aeee; IA — iiiaio aaeuei no??/eiaiai
? a?ae?iaeeiai?/iiai; R — ii?? ?ooia? eieiie o naa?aeeiaei?; , I, a —
eooe iiai?ioo aaea aeaeaoia, aaaeo/i? ? aaaeaii? i?aiooo OII; S1, S2 —
ia?ai?uaiiy oiaeiaiai e?ioey oaeaaiai eaiaoo ? oaeaaiai aeieo; S3, S4 —
ia?ai?uaiiy aa?oiueiai ? ieaeiueiai e?ioe?a eieiie o?oa; CTP, CAE —
aei?noe?noue eieiie o?oa ? i?oaeeie aaea.

I?oaeia iiaeaeue aeicaiey? aeine?aeeoe ia?ao?aei? i?ioeane a nenoai?
i?ae?eiaeueiiai eiiieaeno i?e ?icaii? ? aaeueioaaii? ?ooo a caeaaeiino?
a?ae oa?aeoa?o ci?ie iiiaio?a Iae, Ii, Ia. Caiene ??aiyiue aeeiai?ee
ao?iai? onoaiiaee ? ?o ?ica’ycee aeeiiaii a ?icae?e? 5.

Aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee aa?noaoa-aieaeaeee c
a?aooaaiiyi i?oaeiino? ooaia ? ??aeeie ?ic?iaeaia aeeiai?/ia iiaeaeue,
yea iieacaia ia ?en.3, aea iicia/aii: Ae – aeaeaoi; Ii? – i?ea?ae; I –
iiiaio aeaeaoia; ?e? — caaaeaiee aei aaea e?eaioeio iiiaio ?ia?oe??
i?eaiaeo, aeeiiaa/iai iaoai?cio ? c??aiiaaaeoth/i? iane; Iai — ooieoe?y
ia?ai?uaiiy aeeiiaa/iai iaoai?cio; S1 — ia?ai?uaiiy oi/ee e??ieaiiy
i?oaeii? i?aea?nee; S2 – ia?ai?uaiiy aa?oiueiai e?ioey eieiie ooaia; S3
— ia?ai?uaiiy ieoiaea?a iia?oaeaiiai ianino; S4 — ia?ai?uaiiy ??aeeie ia
aeoiae? c onoy naa?aeeiaeie; ma – caaaeaia aei iie??iaaiiai ooieo iana
aa?oiuei? /anoeie eieiie; mi – caaaeaia aei ieoiaea?a ianino iana
ieaeiuei? /anoeie eieiie ? iaaaaeaiiai ieco; m? – iana ??aeeie a
ianinii-eiii?ani?ieo o?oaao; Fi – neea oeneo ia ieoiaea? cieco; O – neea
oa?oy i?ae ieoiaea?ii ? oeee?iae?ii; Fi – neea iii?o aeo?eaiiy ??aeeie;
N12 – aei?noe?noue eaiaoii? i?aea?nee aai aii?oecaoi?a; N23 – caaaeaia
aei?noe?noue ooaia; N34 — caaaeaia aei?noe?noue ??aeeie; ae, 1 – eooe
iiai?ioo aaea aeaeaoia ? e?eaioeio aeeiiaa/iai iaoai?cio. ??aiyiy
aeeiai?ee ? ?o ?ica’ycee iiaeai? a ?icae?e? 6.

Aeeiiaa/eie iaoai?ciaie a ii?oiaaeo ianinao ? e?eaioeiii-iiacoii?
iaoai?cie. Oa?aeoa?iith iniaeea?noth oeeo iaoai?ci?a ? oa, ui i?e
??aiii??iiio iaa?oaeueiiio ?on? e?eaioeio ii?oaiue ?ooa?oueny
ia??aiii??ii. Oea noai?th? ioeuenaoe?th iiaea/? ??aeeie ? oeneo ia
aeoiae? c ianino. C iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiai?/ieo i?ioean?a,
aeeeeeaieo ia??aiii??i?noth ?ooo ii?oi?a, ?ic?iaeai? ?ic?aooieia?
iiaeae?, a yeeo a?aoiaai? i?oaei?noue ??aeeie ? eiiiainaoi?a (?en. 4). A
oeeo noaiao iicia/aii caaaeaiee iiiaio i?ea?aeiiai aeaeaoia I, caaaeaiee
iiiaio ?ia?oe?? e?eaioeiiiai aaeo ?1, ia?aaeaoi/ia ooieoe?y ia?ai?uaiiy
ii?oiy I1, caaaeaia iana ??aeeie m? a a?ae?aae?/i?e e?i??, caaaeai?
aei?noeino? ??aeeie a oeee?iae?ao ? a?ae?aae?/i?e ei?iaoe? n1,
noeniooiai iia?o?y a eiiiainaoi?? n2, ??aeeie a a?ae?aae?/i?e e?i?? ca
eiiiainaoi?ii. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiai?ee ao?iaeo ianin?a aeeiiai? a
?icae?e? 7.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? aeeiiaii aiae?c ?aaeei?a aieeaiiy
oeiii-iiaaiaoe/ii? ioooe, yea c’?aeio? aae aa?aaaio eaa?aeee c
i?eaiaeii. ?icaeyaea?oueny aei?noea ? i?oaeia iiaeae?. Iiiaio, yeee
iiaea ia?aaeaoe ioooa, caeaaeeoue a?ae oeneo iia?o?y a ?? eaia?? ? i?e
aieeaii? c?inoa? ca caeiiii:
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, (4)

aea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 — oa?aeoa?eoeea iiiaioo ioooe, IIE – iaeneiaeueiee iiiaio ioooe,
tMK – /an ia?inoaiiy iiiaioo a?ae II = 0 aei II=IIE, , —

eiao?oe??ioe, ye? aecia/athoue oa?aeoa? ia?inoaiiy iiiaioo ? iiaeooue
i?eeiaoe cia/aiiy =0, 1, 2;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.

Caienai? ??aiyiiy ?ooo i?aiooo a i?ioean? aieeaiiy i?e ??cieo aa??aioao
oa?aeoa?enoee ciai?oi?o iiiaio?a, i?eeeaaeaieo aei i?aiooo. Iaea?aeai?
?ica’ycee ??aiyiue c yeeo aecia/aii /an, ia i?ioyc? yeiai a?aeaoaa?oueny
aoenoaaiiy, aei iiaiiai cieeaiiy i?aiooo. C oiiae aaciaee ?iaioe
i?ae?eiaeueiiai eiiieaeno ao?iai? onoaiiaee caaea?oueny iaiaaeaiiy ia
i?enei?aiiy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 oaeaaiai
aeieo, yeiio a?aeiia?aea? i?enei?aiiy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 aa?aaaia eaa?aeee. Oey oiiaa
iaeeaaea? iaiaaeaiiy ia oa?aeoa?enoeeo iiiaioa ioooe
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 (5)

a i?e iaeii/aniiio aieeaii? ioooe ? aeieeaii? aaeueia:
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 (6)

aea ?2 – caaaeaiee aei aaaeaii? i?aioooe iiiaio ?ia?oe?? ?ooiieo /anoei
eaa?aeee, oaeaai? nenoaie ? o?oa; qa – oa?aeoa?enoeea iiiaioo aaeueia
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, (7)

aea Iai – iaeneiaeueiee aaeuei?aiee iiiaio; tai – /an ca yeee
aeinyaa?oueny eiai cia/aiiy; tp – /an ?icaiio i?aiooo.

Iaea?aeai? ae?ace aeey ?iaioe nee oa?oy a ia??iae aoenoaaiiy i?aiooo
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, (8)

aea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 — eiinoaioe, ye? caeaaeaoue a?ae ia?aiao??a ioooe ?
caaaeaieo iiiaio?a ?ia?oe?? aaaeo/i? ? aaaeaii? i?aiooo.

Aiae?c ??aiyiiy (8) iieaco?, ui ?iaioa oa?oy ia? aeno?aioi (?en.5),
yeiio a?aeiia?aea? oa?aeoa?enoeea ioooe
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. (9)

Aeey ciaioaiiy ao?ao ia oa?oy iaiao?aeii aea?aoe ia?aiao?e aeeth/aiiy
ioooe oaeei /eiii, uia cia/aiiy qi ia aoei aeecueeei aei qi iax.

A eiina?aaoeaieo nenoaiao ?iaioa oa?oy i?e aoenoaaii? aei??aith?
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 (10)

? ia caeaaeeoue a?ae oa?aeoa?enoeee ioooe qi, a aecia/a?oueny
ii/aoeiaith oaeaee?noth aaaeo/i? i?aioooe 10 ? caaaeaieie iiiaioaie
?ia?oe?? ?1, ?2 i?aiooo. A iaeiina?aaoeai?e nenoai? ?iaioa oa?oy

Ao?=Ao?1+ Ao?2

caeaaeeoue a?ae oa?aeoa?enoeee ioooe qI, a oaeiae a?ae oa?aeoa?o
ciai?oi?o iiiaio?a I1, I2, oae ye
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, (11)

aea I1, I2 – iiiaioe, ye? ae?thoue ia i?aioooe; ta – /an aei caaa?oaiiy
aoenoaaiiy; E – eiinoaioa, yea caeaaeeoue a?ae , .

?ioaineai?noue iaa??ao iiaa?oiiue oa?oy caeaaeeoue a?ae iiooaeiino? nee
oa?oy
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. (12)

Iaea?aeai? ??aiyiiy aeey a?aeiinieo iiooaeiinoae
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 (13)

? ii ieo aeeiiai? ?ic?aooiee aeey ??cieo aa??aio?a cia/aiue , (?en. 6).
A o?aoueiio ? /aoaa?oiio aa??aioao iaeneiaeueia cia/aiiy iiooaeiino?
oa?oy ia?aaeuo? a?aeiia?aei? cia/aiiy ia?oiai ? ae?oaiai aa??aio?a ia
27%.

A ca’yceo c oei, ui ia o?eeoe?ei? iaeeaaeee eieiaeie ae?thoue
a?aeoeaio?ia? neee, caienai? ? ?ica’ycai? ??aiyiiy ?ooo ioooe c ?o
a?aooaaiiyi. Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a ?ica’yceo iieacaa, ui o?eaae?noue
ia??iaeo ?icaiio aaaeaii? i?aioooe c?inoa?, ioaea c?inoathoue ao?aoe ia
oa?oy.

I?iaaaeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aaeeio aieeaiiy
oeiii-iiaaiaoe/ii? ioooe ia noaiaeia?e onoaiiaoe?. Anoaiiaeaii, ui
?aaoethaaiiyi ?aaeeio aieeaiiy iiaeia ciaioeoe aaee/eio iaae?iiy
oaeaeeino? aaaeo/i? i?aioooe ? i?enei?aiiy ?icaiio, aea i?e oeueiio
c?inoa? /an aoenoaaiiy.

O i’yoiio ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaii aiae?c ?aaeei?a ?ooo iaoai?ci?a
i?ae?eiaeueiiai eiiieaeno ao?iai? onoaiiaee ? aecia/ai? iioeiaeuei?
?aaeeie. ?icaeyaea?oueny iine?aeiai?noue ?ooo aeaiaio?a oaeaai? nenoaie
o a?aeiia?aeiino? c aeeiai?/iith iiaeaeeth, iieacaiith ia ?en.2: aea??
neaaeie 1 oaeaaiai eaiaoo ? caci?o i?ae aeaaaoi?ii ? ioooith o?oae;
aea?? aeaoi?iaoe?? 2 i?oaeeie oaeaaiai aaeo; ?ica?i aa?oiuei? /anoeie
o?oa; ?ica?i ieaeiuei? /anoeie o?oa.

Aei aieeaiiy OII aeaeaoie i?aoeththoue ia oieinoeo iaa?oao ?c
oaeaee?noth o i iiiaioii Io. Oaeaaee aeie ciaoiaeeoueny aieco a
ia?ooiiiio noai?. Aa?aaai eaa?aeee caaaeueiiaaiee no??/eiai-eieiaeeiaei
aaeueiii, iiiaio yeiai IA. ?oo oaeaai? nenoaie ii/eia?oueny i?ney
aieeaiiy e?aio OII c /ano t0, eiee iiiaio ioooe iiaeiea? noia?iee iiiaio
nee iii?o, yeee neeaaeathoue aaeuei?aiee iiiaio IA, a oaeiae iiiaioe
neee aaae, nee ?ia?oe??. Aei iiaiiai c/aieaiiy i?aiooo ?oo i?eaiaeo ?
aa?aaaio c oaeaaith nenoaiith cae?enith?oueny ie?aii. I?ney c/aieaiiy
OII i?ea?ae ? i?ae?eiaeueiee eiiieaen ?ooathoueny ye

iaeia nenoaia. Caienai? ??aiyiiy ?ooo ii aoaiao. Iaea?eueo caaaeueiee
aeiaaeie ia?ii i?e iiaiiio c/aieaii? i?aiooo OII ? aea?aieo i?ii?aeeao
1+2:

(14)

?ioaa?oaaiiy ??aiyiue aeeiio?oueny c a?aooaaiiyi oa?aeoa?o ci?ie
iiiaio?a o iooo? IM ? aaeuei? IA. Aeey nenoaie ea?oaaiiy AO iaiao?aeii
iaoe ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i eii?aeeiaoo iieiaeaiiy oaeaaiai aeieo ?
a?aeiia?aeiee ?e eoo iiai?ioo aa?aaaio eaa?aeee. ?ica’ycie ??aiyiue
cae?enithaaany i?e ??cieo cia/aiiyo eiao?oe??ioa caiano ii iiiaioo II
ioooe:
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,

aea MK — iiiaio ia aaeo eaa?aeee a?ae aaae eieiie. I?eeiaeenue
cia/aiiy: EI=1,84; EI=1,38; EI=1,15. ?c ca?eueoaiiyi eiao?oe??ioa EI ia
aoai? ?icaiio ca?eueoo?oueny i?enei?aiiy oaeaaiai aeieo ? eieiie
ao?eeueieo o?oa. Ioaea, ? iaaaciaea cia/iiai c?inoaiiy aeeiai?/ieo
iaaaioaaeaiue a i?ae?eiaeueiiio eiiieaen?, ui iiaea i?eaanoe aei
aaa??eii? neooaoe??.

I?e i?ae?eiaii? aai iioneaii? oaeaaiai aeieo a i?ioean? aeeiiaiiy
nionei-i?ae?eiaeueieo iia?aoe?e, iaiao?aeii cae?enieoe eiai coieieo
oaeei /eiii, uia caieiaa c’?aeiaiiy o?oa iiiaaeaei a ciio ae?? eeth/a
aeey ?ice?o/oaaiiy ??cueaiaiai c’?aeiaiiy. E??i oiai, iiaea aeieeiooe
iaiao?aei?noue oa?i?iiai? coieiee oaeaaiai aeieo uia caiia?aoe aaa??ei?e
neooaoe??. Aeey aeei?enoaiiy eiio?iethth/i? ? ea?oth/i? nenoai i?ioeanii
NII iaiao?aeii ciaoe caeaaei?noue i?ae oa?aeoa?enoeeaie ?ooo oaeaaiai
aeieo ? ia?aiao?aie i?ae?eiaeueiiai eiiieaeno. A oeueiio aeiaaeeo
aecia/aeueieie ? caaaeueiee ?oo iaoai?ci?a i?ae?eiaeueiiai eiiieaeno ?
oaeaaiai aeieo. Coieiea oaeaaiai aeieo cae?enith?oueny oeyoii
a?aeeeth/aiiy i?eaiaeo eaa?aeee ? aeeth/aiiyi no??/eiaiai aaeueia. Oe?
iia?aoe?? aeeiiothoueny noi?nii, aea iiaiee ca?a i?aeoe/ii i?eiee
iaiiaeeeaee. Oea iiynith?oueny iaaeineiiae?noth oaoi?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee
aeaiaio?a iiaaiinenoaie ea?oaaiiy OII ? no??/eiaei aaeueiii, a oaeiae
?iaeea?aeoaeueieie iiaeeeainoyie ao?eeueueea.

A ?iaio? aeine?aeaeothoueny ianooii? neooaoe??: ii/aoie aeeth/aiiy
aaeueia (IA) ? aeeeth/aiiy OII (IM) ca?aa?oueny; aeeeth/aiiy OII
cae?enith?oueny oaeaeoa a?ae aeeth/aiiy aaeueia; aaeueii aeeth/a?oueny
oaeaeoa a?ae ii/aoeo aeeeth/aiiy OII.

?icaeyaea?oueny aei?noea aeeiai?/ia iiaeaeue nenoaie, aeey yei? ??aiyiiy
?ooo iathoue aeaeyae:
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 (15)

aea ?1 — caaaeaiee aei aaeo aa?aaaia iiiaio ?ia?oe?? i?eaiaeo;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— caaaeaiee iiiaio
?ia?oe??, yeee a?aoiao? iiiaio ?ia?oe?? aa?aaaio ? ? iano mT oaeaaiai
aeieo c eieiiith ao?eeueieo o?oa; I — caaaeaiee aei aaeo eaa?aeee iiiaio
aeaeaoia; Ie – caaaeaiee iiiaio a?ae nee aaae oaeaaiai aeieo, eieiie
o?oa ? nee iii?o ?ooia? eieiie o?oa o naa?aeeiaei?.

Aeeiiaii ?ica’ycie ??aiyiue (15) aeey an?o aa??aio?a aca?iiae??
iiiaio?a. Aecia/ai? cia/aiiy oaeaeeinoae ? ia?ai?uaiue ia aoai?
aaeueioaaiiy, a oaeiae, /an oeueiai aoaio aei coieiee oaeaaiai aeieo.
Iaea?aeai? ??aiyiiy aeey aecia/aiiy oa?aeoa?enoee qA iiiaioo aaeueia.
Aecia/ai? oiiae caiia?aaiiy iaoeaooai?aiiy a oaeaaiio eaiao?.

Ioe?ieo aeeiai?/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy i?ae?eiaeueiiai iaoai?cio ao?iai?
onoaiiaee aeeiiothoue ca eiao?oe??ioii aeeiai?/iino?. A ?iaio?
?icaeyaeathoueny o?e noaie i?ae?eiaeueiiai iaoai?cio, ye?
cono??/athoueny i?e aeeiai?/iiio aeine?aeaeaii? ao?iaeo onoaiiaie: a –
iaeiiianiaa; a – aeaiianiaa; a – o?eianiaa.

A iaeiiiania?e noai? a?aoiaaii o?eueee iano eieiie o?oa, caaaeaio aei
ieaeiueiai ia?a??co. Aeaiianiaa noaia a?aoiao? caaaeai? aei oaeaaiai
aeieo iiiaioe ?ia?oe?e ?ooiieo /anoei eaa?aeee c i?eaiaeii ? caaaeaio
aei ieaeiueiai ia?a??co iano eieiie o?oa. A oeeo noaiao oaeaa? eaiaoe ?
eieiia o?oa ?icaeyaeathoueny ye iaeei i?oaeiee aeaiaio.

A o?eiania?e noai? ia?oa iana a?aoiao? iiiaioe ?ia?oe?? ?ooiieo /anoei
eaa?aeee c i?eaiaeii, ae?oaa – iano ?ooiieo /anoei oaeaai? nenoaie ?
aa?oiuei? /anoeie eieiie o?oa, o?aoy – ieaeiuei? /anoeie eieiie o?oa
a?aeiia?aeii ??aiyiiyi (2) ? (3). Ia?oa ? ae?oaa iane c’?aeiai? i?oaeiei
aeaiaioii, aei?noe?noue yeiai aea?aaeaioia aei?noeino? oaeaai? nenoaie,
ae?oaa ? o?aoy iane c’?aeiai? i?oaeiei aeaiaioii, yeei ? eieiia o?oa.

Iaea?aeai? oi?ioee aeey aecia/aiiy eiao?oe??io?a aeeiai?/iino?:

noaia — a
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 (16)

noaia – a

(19)

aea n12 – caaaeai? aei?noeino? oaeaaeo eaiao?a ? eieiie ao?eeueieo o?oa;
m1 – caaaeaia iana i?eaiaeo ? aa?aaaio eaa?aeee; m2 — caaaeaia iana
oaeaaiai aeieo ? o?oa; Q – aaaa o?oa; F – ?oo?eia neea i?ea?aeieo
aeaeaoi?a; S1, S2, S3 – ia?ai?uaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo ian; GE – aaaa
iaaaaeaiiai ieco.

A ??aiyiiy aoiaeyoue oaeaee?noue i?aeoaaoo eieiie ao?eeueieo o?oa,
ii/aoeiaa i?enei?aiiy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 oa aeania /anoioa eieeaaiue ?. Iino?ei? eiao?oe??ioe 1, 2,
A2, N2, I1I, I2I a?aoiaothoue ia?aiao?e nenoaie. ?acoeueoaoe
?ic?aooie?a, aeeiiai? ca ??aiyiiyie (16)-(19) aeey ao?iai? onoaiiaee
Ao-125, iieacai? ia ?en.7. Iaeiiianiaa ? aeaiianiaa noaie aeathoue
cia/aiiy E1 aeecuee? aei E23 a eieii? o?oa, aea aeaui iaio?. Aeeiiai?
?ic?aooiee aeey aecia/aiiy aieeao oaeaeeinoae i?aeoaaoo ia E.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e ca?eueoaii? oaeaeeino? i?aeoaaoo a?ae V=0 aei V=0,5
i/n eiao?oe??io aeeiai?/iino? oaeaaeo eaiao?a E12 ae??n a?eueo i?ae o 2
?ace, a E23 anueiai ia 5%. Cia/iee aieea ia eiao?oe??io aeeiai?/iino?
oaeaaeo eaiao?a iathoue iiiaioe ?ia?oe?? oe?a?a. I?e iaoooaaii? ieie
eiao?oe??io aeeiai?/iino? E12 ciaiueoo?oueny ia 15%.

Aecia/aii /an ?ooo oaeaaiai aeieo i?e i?ae?eiaii? ii o?eeooi?e oaoia?ai?

(20)

? o?aiaoeaaeaei?e
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 (21)

aea Vo – oaeaee?noue onoaeaiiai ?ooo; h – oeyo onoaeaiiai ?ooo; ae –
oaeaee?noue aaeo aeaeaoia; U1,U2 – ia?aaeaoi/i? a?aeiioaiiy i?eaiaeo ?
oaeaai? nenoaie c aa?aaaiii eaa?aeee.

Aiae?c ??aiyiue (20), (21) iieacaa, ui /an O caeaaeeoue a?ae
ia?aaeaoi/ieo a?aeiioaiue U1,U2 ? oaeaeeino? onoaeaiiai ?ooo Vo. Ia
?en.8 iieacai? caeaaeiino? O a?ae U1,U2, a ia ?en.9 – a?ae onoaeaii?
oaeaeeino?. Iaea?aeaia oi?ioea aeey aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueii? oaeaeeino?
onoaeaiiai ?ooo ii o?aiaoeaaeaei?e oaoia?ai?

, (22)

aea I – caaaeueia aenioa i?ae?eiaiiy oaeaaiai aeieo;
picscalex1000100090000038d0000000200150000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02800160011200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffff3700000020010000b70100000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000300015000000fb0240fe0000000000009001010000000402001054696d6573204e65
7720526f6d616e000083040000002d01000008000000320a200139000100000061000a00
000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc020000
00cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d01010004000000f0010000030000000000
000000000000I,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 – i?enei?aiiy ?icaiio ? aaeueioaaiiy.

Ia ?en.10 iieacaii a?ao?e ci?ie Viio a caeaaeiino? a?ae aaae eieiie
o?oa.

Ei?enooth/enue iaoiaeaie iioeiaeueiiai neioaco ?ooo, ?icaeyiooeie a
?icae?e?2, iaea?aeai? caeiie ?ooo oaeaaiai aeieo c eieiiith o?oa ia
aoai? ?icaiio i?e i?ae?eiaii?.

Aeey i?ioeano nioneo oaeaaiai aeieo c eieiiith o?oa caienai? ??aiyiiy
?ooo ia aoai? ?icaiio c oiiae iaiaaeaiiy a?ae?iaeeiai?/iiai oeneo a
naa?aeeiaei?. Aeaaaeai? oi?ioee aeey ?ic?aooieo iiiaioo ia aaeuei? c
a?aooaaiiyi iioeiaeueieo caeii?a ?ooo oaeaaiai aeieo ii e?eoa??yo
i?enei?aiiy, ?eaea ? aeeiai?/ii? iiooaeiino?. Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe
aeicaieythoue iiaoaeoaaoe ?aoe?iiaeuei? oaoia?aie ?ooo aeey i?ae?eiaiiy
oaeaaiai aeieo ? eiai nioneo. Aeey ?aae?caoe?? iaea?aeaieo iioeiaeueieo
caeii?a ?ooo oaeaaiai aeieo ?ic?iaeaia i?eioeeiiaa noaia nenoaie
eiio?ieth ? oi?aae?iiy i?ae?eiaeueiei eiiieaenii ao?iai? onoaiiaee. C
iaoith ia?aa??ee oai?aoe/ieo ?acoeueoao?a aeeiiai? aenia?eiaioaeuei?
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiai?ee i?ae?eiaeueiiai iaoai?cio ia eaai?aoi?i?e
ao?ia?e onoaiiaoe?. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaee a?aeoeeaiiy a?ae
oai?aoe/ieo ?ic?aooie?a a iaaeao aei 8%.

A oinoiio ?icae?e? aeeiiaii aiae?c e?iaiaoe/ieo ? aeeiai?/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee aa?noao?a-aieaeaeie. Iiia?aaeiuei i?iaaaeaii aiae?c
no?oeoo?ieo noai aeeiiaa/eo iaoai?ci?a oeiiaeo aaeaine?ieo
aa?noao?a-aieaeaeie. I?e oeueiio anoaiiaeaii, ui oe? iaoai?cie iathoue
aaeeeo e?euee?noue iaaeeeoeiaeo ca’yce?a – 6 ? a?eueoa. A ?acoeueoao?
c’yaeythoueny aeiaeaoeia? aeaoi?iaoe?? a ie?aieo eaieao, c?inoathoue
iai?oaeaiiy, ca?eueoothoueny ?aaeoe?? a e?iaiaoe/ieo ia?ao,

ciaioo?oueny e.e.ae. Aecia/ai? ooieoe?? iieiaeaiiy 2 = I2(1), 3 = I3(1)
oa ia?aaeaoi/i? ooieoe?? oaeaeeino? :

(24)

eaiie oeiiaeo aeeiiaa/eo iaoai?ci?a. Aeey aacei?iieneiaeo iaoai?ci?a
iaea?aeai? ??aiyiiy ?ooo oi/ee i?aea?no ooaia a caeaaeiino? a?ae eooa
iiai?ioo e?eaioeia. A a?ae?ii?ea?aeieo iaoai?ciao ia?ai?uaiiy oi/ee
i?aea?no ooaia aecia/a?oueny ?ooii ii?oiy a?aeiinii oeee?iae?a. Aeey
aeaieo noai oaeiae caienai? oi?ioee ia?aaeaoi/ieo ooieoe?e oaeaeeino? ?
i?enei?aiiy.

Iniiaiei oaoiieia?/iei iaaaioaaeaiiyi, yea ni?eeia? aeeiiaa/ee
iaoai?ci, ? coneeey F o oi/oe? i?aea?no ooaia. Oa?aeoa? ci?ie oe??? neee
caeaaeeoue a?ae aaaaoueio oaeoi??a, iniiaieie c yeeo ? ?iai/ee noai
iia?oaeiiai ianino, oaeaee?noue i?enei?aiiy ?ooo oi/ee i?aea?no,
iayai?noue ?ic/eiaiiai aaco a ??aeei? ? o.?. Aacoiiaii, ui i?e
i?iaeooaaii? ? aenieoaoaoe?? noaie?a-aieaeaeie i?aeoe/ii iaiiaeeeai
a?aooaaoe an? aa??aioe ci?ie F(S).

Oiio a?aeaea?oueny ia?aaaaa ?aeaaeuei?e aeeiaiia?ai?. I?e aeine?aeaeaii?
ia?ao?aeieo i?ioean?a a nenoai? i?ea?ae – aeeiiaa/ee iaoai?ci –
iia?oaeiee ianin aeei?enoiao?oueny i?oaeia iiaeaeue aa?noaoa-aieaeaeee,
a ye?e coneeey aecia/a?oueny ia aeeiaiia?aiith, a iaaaioaaeaiiyi ia
ieoiaea? ianino ? oa?aeoa?ii ?ooo ooaia, ??aeeie, eaiie aeeiiaa/iai
iaoai?cio, c??aiiaaaeoth/i? iane, aeaeaoia. A?aoiaoth/e, ui iaoai?cie
aa?noao?a-aieaeaeie ni?eeiathoue aaeee? iaaaioaaeaiiy, aeieea?
iaiao?aei?noue ?o neeiaiai ?ic?aooieo. ?nioth/? iaoiaee neeiaiai aiae?co
iaoai?ci?a, caniiaai? ia iine?aeiaiiio aeae?eaii? no?oeoo?ieo a?oi aai
ie?aieo eaiie ? ?ic?aooieo ?o c aeiiiiiaith ??aiyiue ??aiiaaae, iathoue
oe?eee ?yae iaaeie?e?a. Ii-ia?oa, iaiao?aeii neeaaeaoe ??aiyiiy
??aiiaaae aeey an?o no?oeoo?ieo a?oi aai ie?aieo eaiie; ii-ae?oaa, aeey

aecia/aiiy ?aaeoe?e a ye?e-iaaoaeue iaei?e e?iaiaoe/i?e ia??,
iaiao?aeii aeeiiaoe neeiaee aiae?c iaaii? /anoeie iaoai?cio; ii-o?ao?,
aaaeei ioe?ieoe aieea ie?aieo nee, ye? ae?thoue ia eaiee iaoai?cio, ia
?aaeoe?th a eiie?aoi?e e?iaiaoe/i?e ia??.

Ia?oa caoaaaeaiiy ia? nooo?aa cia/aiiy aeey aaaaoieaieiaeo iaoai?ci?a,
a o?ao? – aeey neeiaiai neioaco iaoai?ci?a. A ?iaio? cai?iiiiiaaiee
iaoiae neeiaiai aiae?co, yeee iicaaaeaiee aeacaieo iaaeie?e?a. A iniiao
?ic?aooieo iieeaaeaii iaoiae a??ooaeueieo ia?ai?uaiue.

Iaei??th c iniiaieo caaea/ aaeineiiaeaiiy aeeiiaa/eo iaoai?ci?a
aa?noao?a-aieaeaeie ? ?o c??aiiaaaeaiiy. O?aaeeoe?eii ?icaeyaeathoueny
aeaa iaoiaee c??aiiaaaeaiiy aaae?eueieo aeeiiaa/eo iaoai?ci?a —
iaoai?/ia c??aiiaaaeaiiy (e?eaioeiia, aaeaine?ia aai eiia?iiaaia) ?
a?ae?iiiaaiaoe/ia. A iniiao aeine?aeaeaiue iaoai?/iiai c??aiiaaaeaiiy
iieeaaeaii i?eioeei aecia/aiiy iane c??aiiaaaeoth/iai aaioaaeo. I?e
a?ae?iiiaaiaoe/iiio c??aiiaaaeaii? aecia/athoueny ia?aiao?e
a?ae?ioeee?iae?a, ia’?i iiaaiieaia?e. A?aenooi? ?iaioe, a yeeo
neioaco?oueny noaia iaoai?cio c oiiae iaee?auiai c??aiiaaaeaiiy. Caaea/a
c??aiiaaaeaiiy aoaea ?ica’ycaia, yeui cia/aiiy iiiaioo I1 ia e?eaioei? ?
iino?eiei ? i?i?iaeueiei.

C iaoith aeinyaiaiiy e?auiai c??aiiaaaeaiiy cai?iiiiiaaia noaia
iaoai?cio c ?ooiiei c??aiiaaaeoth/ei aaioaaeai, a oaeiae oaooiiei
c??aiiaaaeaiiyi .

Aeey ioe?iee c??aiiaaaeaiiy aaaaeaii iiiyooy eiao?oe??ioa c??aiiaaaeaiiy
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, (25)

aea I(F)iao – iaeneiaeueiee iiiaio neee iii?o; I1 – iaeneiaeueiee
?acoeueooth/ee iiiaio ia e?eaioei?.

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie ?ic?aooie?a aeey ?icaeyiooeo noai iaea?aeaee:
e?eaioeiia c??aiiaaaeaiiy – Ec? = 2,1; aaeaine?ia — Ec? = 4,02;
eiia?iiaaia — Ec? = 3,33; oaooia — Ec? = 3,18; iiacoieiaa — Ec? = 4,05;
aacaaeaine?ia – 3,5.

Aea?? cia/aiue c??aiiaaaeoth/eo aaioaae?a aeeiioaaany ca a?aeiieie
iaoiaeaie c oiiae ??aiino? ?ia?o ia ?iai/iio ? oieinoeo oiaeao. sse
iieacothoue ?ic?aooiee, iaee?auee eiao?oe??io c??aiiaaaeaiiy iathoue
noaie c aaeaine?iei ? iiacoieiaei c??aiiaaaeaiiyi, aea a ae?oaiio
aeiaaeeo iana c??aiiaaaeoth/iai aaioaaeo ia 20% iaioa, i?ae a ia?oiio.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiai?/ieo i?ioean?a aeeiioaaeinue ia iniia? aiae?co
?ooo i?oaeii? iiaeae? aa?noaoa-aieaeaeee, ye? iathoue aeaeyae:

Cia/aiiy ooieoe?? iieiaeaiiy IAI ? ia?aaeaoi/ii? ooieoe?? UAI
aeeiiaa/iai iaoai?cio aeae?athoueny a caeaaeiino? a?ae oeio iaoai?cio.
Iaea?aeaia nenoaia iae?i?eieo aeeoa?aioe?aeueieo ??aiyiue ?ica’ycaia
/eneiaeie iaoiaeaie. *eneia? ?ica’ycee nenoaie ??aiyiue (26) aeeiiai?
aeey aa?noaoa-aieaeaeee NE8-3,5-4000 i?e aeeaei? nioneo ieoiaea?iiai
ianino L=2000i, ae?aiao?? ieoiaea?o die=32 ii, ae?aiao?ao ooaia 25 ii
(30%), 22 ii (35%), 19 ii (35%), ae?aiao?? o?oa 3??(900м), 2,5??
(1100м). Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a ?ica’yceo nenoaie ??aiyiue (26) aeicaieea
?? ni?inoeoe, yeui i?eeiyoe 1=const. E??i oiai aeyaeaii, ui iana ??aeeie
ianooo?ai aieeaa? ia oa?aeoa? ?ooo. Oea aeicaieeei ni?inoeoe nenoaio
(26) aei aeaio ??aiyiue ? iaea?aeaoe aiae?oe/i? ?ica’ycee aeey
aecia/aiiy aeanieo /anoio eieeaaiue. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ?aciiain iiaea
ianooieoe a ae?oa?e aa?iii?oe? aeiooaieo eieeaaiue, yea aeeae/a aei
/anoioe aeanieo eieeaaiue eieiie ooaia. A eiei?aciiaini?e cii?
iaaethaea?oueny yaeua “aeooy” (?en. 11). sseui neee oa?oy a ieoiaea?iiio
ianin? aeinyaathoue cia/aiue O>500I, oi aiie iiaeeiathoue aeani?
eieeaaiiy ? onoaathoue ?aciiaini? yaeua.

A nueiiiio ?icae?e? i?aaenoaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeeiai?ee
ao?iaeo ii?oiaaeo ianin?a. Caienai? ??aiyiiy ooieoe?? iieiaeaiiy S=I(1)
ii?oiy a caeaaeiino? a?ae eooa iiai?ioo e?eaioeia 1, a oaeiae
ia?aaeaoi/ieo ooieoe?e oaeaeeino? U(1) ? i?enei?aiiy U?(1). Ia iniia?
oeeeeia?ai ?ooo aeaiii?oiaaeo ? o?eii?oiaaeo ianin?a iiaoaeiaai?
ae?aa?aie iiaea/. Noia?i? iiaea/? ianin?a ai?ieneiiaai? ae?acaie, ye?
aeey aeaiii?oiaaeo ianin?a aeainoi?iiiuei? ae?? iathoue aeaeyae:

Caienai? ? ?ica’ycai? ??aiyiiy ?ooo aeey aei?noei? iiaeae?. ?acoeueoaoe
?ica’yceo iieacaee aieea caaaeaii? iane ??aeeie ? ia??aiii??iino? ?ooo
ii?oiy ia ia??aiii??i?noue ?ooo e?eaioeio.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui eiao?oe??io ia??aiii??iino? ?ooo e?eaioeia
aeaiii?oiaaiai ianina iiaea aeinyaaoe cia/aiue =0,18 a ioneiaiio ?aaeei?
? 0,1 i?e onoaeaiiio ?on? ianino. Aeey o?eii?oiaaiai ianino
iaeiinoi?iiiuei? ae?? 0,04. Aeey aeine?aeaeaiue i?oaeii? iiaeae? ianino
ia i?aenoaa? ??aiyiue (30), (32) aeaiii?oiaa? ? o?eii?oiaa? noaie
caaaeai? aei iaeiiii?oiaai? (?en. 4).

Caienai? ? ?ica’ycai? ??aiyiiy ?ooo aac?ia?oe?eiiai eiiiainaoi?a, a
yeiio ia a?aoiaaia iana ??aeeie a eiiiainaoi??, ? aeey ?ia?oe?eiiai – c
a?aooaaiiyi iane ??aeeie a eiiiainaoi?? (?en. 12). Aecia/ai? ia?aiao?e
eiiiainaoi??a: aei?noe?noue aeey aac?ia?oe?eiiai; aei?noe?noue ? iana
??aeeie a eiiiainaoi?? – aeey ?ia?oe?eiiai. A?aoiaoth/e, ui caiia?aoe
iiiaaeaiith ??aeeie a eiiiainaoi? i?aeoe/ii iaiiaeeeai, oi a?eueo
?aaeueiith ? noaia ?ia?oe?eiiai eiiiainaoi?a, yeee i?aoeth? a ?aaeei?
aeeiai?/iiai a?a?iaanieea eieeaaiue.

I?e ca?eueoaii? iane ??aeeie a eiiiainaoi?? iiaeiia ca?eueooaaoenue
aei?noe?noue i?oaeiiai aeaiaioo. sseui oey oiiaa ia aeeiio?oueny, oi ca
?aooiie cnoao oac eieeaaiue ??aeeie a eiiiainaoi?? ? a?ae?aae?/i?e e?i??
ia?oee iiaea i?aoethaaoe ye aaia?aoi? eieeaaiue.

CAAAEUeI? AENIIAEE

A ?iaio? ae??oaia aaaeeeaa iaoeiaa i?iaeaia ii ?ic?iaoe? iaoiae?a
aeeiai?/ii? iioei?caoe?? ?aaeei?a ?ooo ? ia?aiao??a aeeiiaa/eo
iaoai?ci?a ao?iaeo ? iaooii?iieneiaeo onoaiiaie c iaoith ciaioaiiy
aeiaeaoeiaeo aeeiai?/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue i?e iaonoaeaieo ?aaeeiao,
i?aeaeuaiiy ?o aoaeoeaiino? oa iaae?eiino?. Aeey oeueiai c?iaeaii
ianooiia:

1. Aea?ai? e?eoa??? iioei?caoe?? ?ooo aeeiiaa/eo iaoai?ci?a, a yeino?
yeeo cai?iiiiiaai?: /an ?icaiio, i?enei?aiiy ? oaeaee?noue ci?ie
i?enei?aiiy, aeeiai?/ia iiooaei?noue. Iiooe iioeiaeueieo caeii?a ?ooo
iaoai?ci?a cae?enithaaany iaoiaeii aaciina?aaeiueiai ciaoiaeaeaiiy
aeno?aioio ooieoe?? aai ?? iioeioio ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiae?a
aa??aoe?eiiai /eneaiiy.

2. Neioaciaai? iioeiaeuei? caeiie ?ooo, ye? aeicaieythoue ciaioeoe
aia?ainiiaeeaaiiy aeeiiaa/eo iaoai?ci?a ia aoai? ?icaiio aai, i?e
iaeiaeia?e e?eueeino? aeei?enoaii? aia?a??, ca?eueoeoe ?o
i?iaeoeoeai?noue. I?e ?icaii? aeaiianiai? i?oaeii? nenoaie ii
iioeiaeueiiio caeiiia? ?ooo iaeneiaeuei? aeeiai?/i? coneeey a i?oaeiiio
aeaiaio? iaio? ia 10-20% i?ae i?e ?icaii? c iino?eiei i?enei?aiiyi.

3. Aeey ?aaeeio aieeaiiy aecia/ai? oa?aeoa?enoeee iiiaio?a qI iooo c
oiiae iaiaaeaiiy i?enei?aiiy ?icaiio aaaeaii? i?aioooe ? ca’ycaieo c
iath ian. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueii? caeaaeiino? ?iaioe nee oa?oy
Ao? a?ae oa?aeoa?enoeee ioooe qI a ia??iae aoenoaaiiy i?e aieeaii?
aeicaieeei anoaiiaeoe, ui ?nio? iaeanoue cia/aiue qI i?e yeeo ?iaioa Ao?
i?eeia? iaea?eueo? cia/aiiy, a oaeiae aeae?eeoe ?ioa?aaee cia/aiue
qIiao i?e yeeo ?iaioa oa?oy ? iaeneiaeueiith.

4. ?ic?iaeai? aeeiai?/i? ? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? ao?iaeo onoaiiaie,
aa?noao?a-aieaeaeie, ii?oiaaeo ianin?a, ye? aeicaieeee aeine?aeeoe aieea
oa?aeoa?enoee aeeiiaa/eo iaoai?ci?a ia aeeiai?eo ao?iaeo ?
iaooii?iieneiaeo onoaiiaie. I?oaei? iiaeae? aeathoue iiaeeea?noue
aecia/eoe oa?aeoa? ia?ao?aeieo i?ioean?a ? aeeiai?/i? iaaaioaaeaiiy a
i?oaeieo aeaiaioao, a aei?noe? iiaeae? – caaaeuei? caeiie ?ooo ie?aieo
eaiie iaoai?ci?a.

5. I?iaaaeai? oai?aoe/i? ? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui
eiao?oe??ioe aeeiai?/iino? oaeaaeo eaiao?a iathoue a?eueo? cia/aiiy i?ae
eiao?oe??ioe aeeiai?/iino? eieiie o?oa. Oey ??cieoey nooo?ai c?inoa? i?e
aac? eieiie o?oa Q<0,3Qiao ? ciaioo?oueny i?e ca?eueoaii? aaae eieiie o?oa. E??i oiai, cia/aiiy eiao?oe??io?a aeeiai?/iino? c?inoathoue i?e i?aeoaao? eieiie o?oa. Oae i?e i?aeoaao? eieiie o?oa aeiaaeeiith l=1000i c oaeaee?noth V=0,5i/n eiao?oe??io aeeiai?/iino? oaeaaeo eaiao?a ca?eueoeany iaeaea o aeaa ?ace, a eiao?oe??io aeeiai?/iino? eieiie o?oa – a 1,3 ?aca. I?e iaoooaaii? iiiaioaie ?ia?oe?? oe?a?a oaeaai? nenoaie cia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioo aeeiai?/iino? oaeaaeo eaiao?a ciaioo?oueny ia 15% a?ae ae?eniiai. Ia eiao?oe??io aeeiai?/iino? eieiie o?oa iiiaioe ?ia?oe?? oe?a?a i?aeoe/ii ia aieeaathoue. 6. Iaea?aeai? caeaaeiino? /ano O i?ae?eiaiiy oaeaaiai aeieo c eieiiith o?oa a?ae ia?aiao??a ia?aaeaoi/ieo ? aeeiiaa/eo iaoai?ci?a, a oaeiae onoaeaii? oaeaeeino? Vo ?ooo. Aecia/ai? iioeiaeuei? cia/aiiy ia?aaeaoi/ieo a?aeiioaiue oeeo iaoai?ci?a ? onoaeaii? oaeaeeino?, ye? caaacia/othoue i?i?iaeueiee /an O i?ae?eiaiiy oaeaaiai aeieo. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe, a noeoiiino? c neioaciaaieie iioeiaeueieie caeiiaie ?ooo ii aeeiai?/ieo ? aia?aaoe/ieo e?eoa??yo, aeicaieythoue iiaoaeoaaoe ?aoe?iiaeuei? oaoia?aie i?ae?eiaiiy oaeaaiai aeieo. 7. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeeiiaa/? iaoai?cie aa?noao?a-aieaeaeie iathoue iaaeineiiae? no?oeoo?i? noaie, ye? ia?aoiaothoue 6 ? a?eueoa iaaeeeoeiaeo ca’yce?a. Oea i?eaiaeeoue aei iiyae aeiaeaoeiaeo aeaoi?iaoe?e ? iai?oaeaiue a ie?aieo eaieao, aaaea aei ca?eueoaiiy ?aaeoe?e a e?iaiaoe/ieo ia?ao, ciaioaiiy e.e.ae. 8. Aeiaaaeaii, ui iaiiaeeeai ?nioth/eie iaoiaeaie aeinyaiooe iiaiiai c??aiiaaaeaiiy aeeiiaa/eo iaoai?ci?a. Cai?iiiiiaai? iia? noaie aeeiiaa/eo iaoai?ci?a c iie?auaiith noai?iith c??aiiaaaeaiino?. ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooie?a iieacothoue, ui iaee?au? iieacieee ii oeueiio e?eoa??th iathoue noaie c aaeaine?iei ? iiacoieiaei c??aiiaaaeaiiyi. Aea iana c??aiiaaaeoth/iai aaioaaeo a ae?oa?e noai? ia 20% iaioa, i?ae a ia?o?e. 9. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ?aciiaini? yaeua o aa?noaoao-aieaeaeeao i?iyaeythoueny a ae?oa?e aa?iii?oe? aeiooaieo eieeaaiue, yea iae/ano?oa ca?aa?oueny c /anoioith aeanieo eieeaaiue eieiie ooaia. I?e iayaiino? oa?oy a ieoiaea?i?e ia?? ?aciiaini? yaeua ciaioothoueny, a i?e O500I acaaae? cieeathoue. Eiao?oe??ioe aeeiai?/iino? a i?oaei?e i?aea?noe? ooaia ? a eieii? ooaia aeinyaathoue cia/aiue E=1,3-1,4 oa ciaioothoueny i?e ca?eueoaii? neee oa?oy a ieoiaea?i?e ia??, a oaeiae i?e ca?eueoaii? aaae (aeiaaeeie) eieiie ooaia. 10. Aeeiiai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiai?ee ao?iaeo ii?oiaaeo ianin?a iieacaee, ui a ioneiaiio ?aaeei? eiao?oe??io ia??aiii??iino? ?ooo e?eaioeiiiai aaeo aeaiii?oiaaeo ianin?a neeaaea? 20,18, o?eii?oiaaeo 30,04. A onoaeaiiio ?on? ia??aiii??i?noue ciaioo?oueny aei 2=0,083…0,085, 3=0,06…0,007. Oea aeicaiey? i?eeiaoe a ?ic?aooieao ii?oiaaeo ianin?a oaeaee?noue e?eaioeiiiai aaeo =const. 11. Anoaiiaeaii, ui a aac?ia?oe?eieo eiiiainaoi?ao aeey ciaioaiiy ioeuenaoe?? ??aeeie iaiao?aeii iaoe iaioo aei?noe?noue i?oaeiiai aeaiaioo. Aea ?aae?coaaoe noaio aac?ia?oe?eiiai eiiiainaoi?a aeey ao?iaeo onoaiiaie ianin?a i?aeoe/ii iaiiaeeeai. A ?ia?oe?eieo eiiiainaoi?ao iana ??aeeie aeeiio? ooieoe?? aeeiai?/iiai a?a?iaanieea. I?e ca?eueoaii? iane ??aeeie a eiiiainaoi?? iiaeiia a?aeiia?aeii ca?eueooaaoenue aei?noe?noue i?oaeiiai aeaiaioo. sseui aei?noe?noue iaaeinoaoiy, oi ca ?aooiie cnoao oac eieeaaiue ??aeeie a eiiiainaoi?? ? a a?ae?aae?/i?e e?i??, ia?oee iiaea i?aoethaaoe ye aaia?aoi? eieeaaiue. 12. Oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue aeinyaa?oueny ca ?aooiie ciaioaiiy aeeiai?/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue, nei?i/aiiy oa?i?io ?iai/iai oeeeeo i?e aeeiiaii? NII, ciaioaiiy aia?aiaeo?ao, ui i?eaiaeeoue aei i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? ? iaae?eiino? ao?iaeo ? iaooii?iieneiaeo onoaiiaie. INIIAI? IOAE?EAOe? II ?IAIO? 1. Iaeueei A.Ae., Eyo I.I. O?aaiaiea aeeiaieee iiaeuaiiiai eiiieaena ao?iaie onoaiiaee i?e aeeth/aiee OII eaaaaeee // Eca. aocia. Iaooue e aac. – 1986. - ?2. – N.19-23. 2. Iaeueei A.Ae., Nai/eoae A.I. Neeiaie aiaeec iaoaieciia iaoiaeii ae?ooaeueiuo ia?aiauaiee // Eca. aocia. Iaoeiino?iaiea, 1987. - ?5. – N. 55-60. 3. Iaeueei A.Ae., Aiae? A.I., Nai/eoae A.I. Ii?aaeaeaiea ia?aiao?ia neeiauo ?u/aaeiuo iaoaieciia n ea/athueiny aeae?ioeeeeiae?ii // Aanoiee iaoeiino?iaiey. - ?7. – 1990. – N. 32-34. 4. Iaeueei A.Ae. Caaaeaiiy iane eieiie o?oa // ?ica?aeea ? ?ic?iaea iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu. Na??y: Iaooii?iieneiaa iaeaaeiaiiy. – 1996. - ?33. – N. 80-86. 5. Iaeueei A.Ae. Aea?? iioeiaeueiiai caeiio ?ooo eieiie o?oa i?e ?icaii? // ?ica?aeea ? ?ic?iaea iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu. Na??y: Iaooii?iieneiaa iaeaaeiaiiy. – 1996. - ?33. – N. 87-90. 6. Iaeueei A.Ae., Niaaa A.?. ??aiyiiy ?ooo a?ae?aae?/ii? nenoaie ianinii? onoaiiaee c eiiiainaoi?ii // ?ica?aeea ? ?ic?iaea iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu. Na??y: Ao??iiy iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo naa?aeeiaei. Aeione 33. – 1996. – N. 145-150. 7. Iaeueei A.Ae. Aiae?c ?aaeei?a aeeth/aiiy o?eeoe?eieo iooo // ?ica?aeea ? ?ic?iaea iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu. Na??y: Ao??iiy iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo naa?aeeiaei. – 1996. - ?33. – N. 140-145. 8. Iaeueei A.Ae. ?ica?i oaeaaiai aeieo c eieiiith o?oa i?e i?ae?eiaii? // ?ica?aeea ? ?ic?iaea iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu. Na??y: Iaooii?iieneiaa iaeaaeiaiiy. – 1996. - ?33. – N. 91-96. 9. Iaeueei A.Ae. Iioei?caoe?y ia?aiao??a ?ooo aeeiiaa/eo iaoai?ci?a // Technologia i automatyzacja montazy. Iawor, 1997, ?4. – N. 12-13. 10. Iaeueei A.Ae., Iaania. A.I., Eicae O.N., Oa?ithe I.I. Eiao?oe??io aeeiai?/iino? i?ae?eiaeueiiai eiiieaeno ao?iai? onoaiiaee // ?ica?aeea ? ?ic?iaea iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu. Na??y: Ao??iiy iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo naa?aeeiaei. – 1997. - ?34. – N. 40-45. 11. Iaeueei A.Ae. Aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a ?ooo aa?aaaia eaa?aeee ? oaeaaiai aeieo i?e i?ae?eiaii? aeaaaoi?a // ?ica?aeea ? ?ic?iaea iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu. - Na??y: Iaooii?iieneiaa iaeaaeiaiiy. – 1997, - ?34. – N. 45-51. 12. E?eaeai?anueeee ?.?., Iaeueei A.Ae. Aeeiai?ea aa?noao?a-aieaeaeie. // ?ica?aeea ? ?ic?iaea iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu. - Na??y: Iaooii?iieneiaa iaeaaeiaiiy. – 1997, - ?34. – N. 8-15. 13. E?aae ?.Ae., Iaeueei A.Ae. Niaaa A.?. Aecia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioo noeneaiiy ??aeeiie a ao?iaiio ianin? // ?ica?aeea ? ?ic?iaea iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu. - Na??y: Iaooii?iieneiaa iaeaaeiaiiy. – 1997, - ?34. – N. 120-125. 14. Iaeueei A.Ae. Neioac iioeiaeueieo caeii?a ?ooo i?ae?eiaeueiiai eiiieaeno // ?ic?iaea ? ?ica?aeea iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu. - Na??y: Iaooii?iieneiaa iaeaaeiaiiy. – 1997, - ?34. – N. 113-120. 15. Iaeueei A.Ae., Oa?oi A.?. Ae?aaiinoeea aa?noao?a-aieaeaeie//Iaoiaee oa i?eeaaee eiio?ieth yeino?. Iaoeiai-oaoi?/iee aeo?iae ?OAeOOIA. – 1998, aei. 2. – N. 34-36. 16. Malko B.D., Kryzhanivsky Y.I. Choice of the optimym transmissional number of drive // The international meeting of the carpachian region specialists in the field of worm gears. Scsentific bulletin. Series, Volume XII. Baja Mare, 1998. 17. Iaeueei A.Ae. Aaiiao?e/i? ? e?iaiaoe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee iaoai?ci?a aa?noao?a-aieaeaeie // ?ica?aeea ? ?ic?iaea iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu.- Na??y: Iaooii?iieneiaa iaeaaeiaiiy. – 1998, - ?35. – N. 113-123. 18. Iaeueei A.Ae., Oa?oi A.?. Aiae?c oiia c??aiiaaaeaiiy iaoai?ci?a aa?noao?a-aieaeaeie // ?ica?aeea ? ?ic?iaea iaooiaeo ? aaciaeo ?iaeiaeu. - Na??y: Iaooii?iieneiaa iaeaaeiaiiy. – 1998, - ?35. – N. 124-130. 19. Niaoeeoeea eeiaiaoe/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee iaieioeyoi?ia n iaioia?aoii e aeae?ii?eaiaeii. // Aaniee iaoeiino?iaiey. / Ai?iaeia I.N., Iaeueei A.Ae., Aunieee E.I. e ae?. - ?7. – 1985. – N. 35-38. 20. Iaeueei A.Ae. Caaea/? aeeiai?/ii? iioei?caoe?? iaoei ? iaoai?ci?a // I?iaeooaaiiy, ae?iaieoeoai oa aenieoaoaoe?y aaoio?ainii?oieo cania?a ? ii?cae?a. Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. – Euea?a, 1998. – N.55-56. 21. Iaeueei A.Ae., E?aae ?.Ae., Eyo I.I. ??aiyiiy ?ooo ii?oiaaiai ao?iaiai ianina // Iaoiaee ? caniae oaoi?/ii? ae?aaiinoeee: iaoa??aee O?? i?aeia?iaeii? i?aeaoc?anueei? oeiee-nai?ia?o. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, ?OAeOOIA, 1995. – N. 175-180. 22. Iaeueei A.Ae., Eyo I.I., Ie?iaeaiei I.I. Aiae?c oiia aenieoaoaoe?? i?ae?eiaeueiiai eiiieaeno ao?iai? onoaiiaee // Iaoiaee ? caniae oaoi?/ii? ae?aaiinoeee: iaoa??aee O?? I?aeia?iaeii? i?aeaoc?anueei? oeiee-nai?ia?o. – ?aaii-O?aie?anuee. – 1995. – N. 198-199. 23. Iaeueei A.Ae. Aieea i?oaeieo aeaoi?iaoe?e ia iioeaeo i?ae ia?ai?uaiiyi eaa?aeee ? aeaaaoi?a // Iaoiaee ? caniae oaoi?/ii? ae?aaiinoeee: iaoa??aee O?V I?aeia?iaeii? i?aeaoc?anueei? oeiee-nai?ia?o. – ?aaii-O?aie?anuee. – 1999. – N. 221-223. 24. Iaeueei A.Ae. Ocaaaeueiaia aeeiai?/ia iiaeaeue aa?noaoa-aieaeaeee // Iaoiaee ? caniae oaoi?/ii? ae?aaiinoeee: iaoa??aee O?V I?aeia?iaeii? i?aeaoc?anueei? oeiee-nai?ia?o. – ?aaii-O?aie?anuee. – 1999. – N. 54-58. 25. A.n. ?1502801, A 21 A 19/08, 45/00. Ono?ienoai aeey ecia?aiey aeeiaie/aneie iaa?ocee a ao?eeueiie eieiiia / IaeueeiA.Ae., Eaanea A.I., Aeiiaeue/oe A.A. e ae?. - ?4259336 – Cayae. 10.06.87 – Iioae. 23.08.89 – Athe. ?31- 4n. 26. A.n. ? 1714995 AeNE F 04 A 9/02. Ii?oiaaie ianin n i?eaiaeii / Iaeueei A.Ae., Eyo I.I., Nu/aa TH.N. - ?4445941. – Cayae. 21.06.88.

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