Державне регулювання діяльності підприємств електроенергетики в умовах ринкових перетворень: Автореф. дис… канд. екон. наук / О.О. Бірюков, Н.-д. ек

IAOEIAI-AeINEIAeIEE AEIIIII*IEE IINOEOOO

IIIINOA?NOAA AEIIIIIEE OE?A?IE

A??THEIA Ieaenaiae? Ieaenaiae?iae/

OAeE:338.93:621.31

AeA?AEAAIA ?AAOETHAAIIss Ae?ssEUeIINO? I?AeI?E?INOA AEAEO?IAIA?AAOEEE

A OIIAAO ?EIEIAEO IA?AOAI?AIUe

Niaoe?aeuei?noue: 08.02.03.

I?aai?caoe?y oi?aae?iiy, ieaioaaiiy

? ?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?eith

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiio aeiiii?/iiio ?inoeooo?
I?i?noa?noaa aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aanaae?i Aaneeue Oaaei?iae/

Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee aeiiii?/iee ?inoeooo

I?iaeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie, canooiiee aee?aeoi?a
(i.Ee?a)

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: — aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aii/a?ia TH??e A?eoi?iae/,

Eaa?iao I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie,

caa?aeoth/ee naeoi?ii (i. Ee?a)

— eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Iaeueiee Aaneeue ?aaiiae/

Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee aeiiii?/iee ?inoeooo

I?iaeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoth/ee a?aeae?eii
(i.Ee?a)

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y — ?inoeooo ?aa?iiaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue

Iaoe?iiaeueii? Aeaaeai?? Iaoe Oe?a?ie,

a?aeae?e aeiiii?ee ?icaeoeo i?iieneiaino?

?aa?iio (i.Euea?a)

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 29 a?oaeiy 1998 ?. i 14 30 aiae. ia
can?aeaii? Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.801.01 ii caoenoo
aeena?oaoe?e ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a aeiiii?/ieo
iaoe Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai aeiiii?/iiai ?inoeoooo I?i?noa?noaa aeiiii?ee
Oe?a?ie oa Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo
i?iaeai i?noa Ee?aa (252601, INI, Ee?a — 103, aoeueaa? Ae?oaeae
ia?iae?a, 28, 5-e iiaa?o, cae can?aeaiue).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe? IAeAI
I?i?noa?noaa aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 25 eenoiiaaea 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,
aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee

ni?a?ia?oiee A.A.Aaceethe

1. CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. E?eca a aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie cia/ii
caaino?eea noai ni?aa o aeaeo?iaia?aaoeoe?. Iaaaoeai? oaiaeaioe?? noaee
iaaoaaoe caa?iceeaiai oa?aeoa?o. Ia?aaeon?i oea oi?ea?oueny o?iainiaiai
caaacia/aiiy i?aei?e?inoa, iinoa/aiiy noaioe?e iaeeaii-aia?aaoe/ieie
?ano?naie, oaoi?/iiai noaio aia?aaoe/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy.

Iaei??th c i?e/ei nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? e?ece a e?a?i?, yea
i?eaaea aei na?eicieo ao?ao a aeiiii?oe?, noaea iaaeiioe?iea ?ie?
aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy, ye iaea?eueo iiooaeiiai aaaeaey aieeao ia
aanue o?ae aeiiii?/ieo ia?aoai?aiue a Oe?a?i?.

C ia?aoiaeii aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei nooo?ai iaiao?aeiith noaea iiaoaeiaa
nenoaie ?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?eith ia iia?e iniia? c o?aooaaiiyi
niaoeeo?ee ia?ao?aeiiai aei ?eieo ia??iaeo, oiaoi oeyoii i?aai?/iiai
ii?aeiaiiy aeoeaiiai aea?aeaaiiai aieeao, a iniiaiiio ?c canoinoaaiiyi
aeiiii?/ieo aaaeae?a, c ?eieiaeie caniaaie ?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?ee.
Na?oiaa i?aeoeea iieaco?, ui a aoaeue ye?e e?a?i? ? ye ae ia aoee
?icaeiai? iaoiaee ?eieiai? naii?aaoeyoe??, yeo a ieoiio aaao ia caeiaa a
aeiiii?oe? i?eaaoiee naeoi?, aea?aeaaa aenooia? eeth/iaei aaaeaeai
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo e?a?ie, ui ia o?eueee aeiiiaith?, a ?
?aaoeth? iaoai?ci ?eieiaeo aca?iia?aeiinei.

Aeine?aeaeaiith neeaaeieo i?iaeai aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
?icaeoeo aeiiii?ee a eiioaeno? ?? caaaeueii? ?icaoaeiae oa
?aoi?ioaaiiy o ia??iae ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieo i?enay/ai? aeineoue
/eneaii? ?iaioe i?ia?aeieo a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo o/aieo
aeiiii?no?a, niaoe?ae?no?a-i?aeoee?a.

?acii c oei, ii?aoethaaiiy iioae?eiaaieo oai?aoe/ieo eiioeaioe?e,
iaoiaee/ieo oa i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, ii?iaoeaieo iieiaeaiue
iieaco?, ui a?eueo?noue c ieo ni?yiiaai? eeoa ia ?icaeyae ie?aieo
cania?a aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy, oaeeo ye iiaeaoeiaa, oe?iiaa,
aioeiiiiiieueia, ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ia, ?aaoethaaiiy iaeiiaeo
a?aeiinei oiui. A oie aea /an, iii?oii a?aenoa? oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy
oa ?ic?iaea ia oe?e iniia? i?iiiceoe?e uiaei eiiieaeniiai
canoinoaaiiy ?ino?oiaio?a aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ia aaeocaaiio
??ai?.

Iaiao?aei?noue iiooeo cania?a ? oeyo?a i?aeoe/iiai ae??oaiiy oeeo
ieoaiue a aeaeo?iaia?aaoeoe? Oe?a?ie a oiiaao ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee
aecia/eei iaoo ? caaaeaiiy, i?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy, eiai eia?eo, a
oaeiae eiei ieoaiue, ye? ?icaeyaeathoueny a aeai?e aeena?oaoe?ei?e
?iaio?.

Iaoa oa caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?ic?iaea
nenoaie iaoiae?a ? cania?a aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ae?yeuei?no?
i?aei?e?inoa ? i?aai?caoe?e aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee oa i?aeaioiaea aeieoiaio?a
c iaoiaee/iiai ? i?aai?caoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy aeey ae??oaiiy ieoaiue ?o
aoaeoeaiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy a oiiaao ?eieiaeo ia?aoai?aiue.

A?aeiia?aeii aei iaoe a aeena?oaoe?? iinoaaeai? oa ae??ooaaeenue
ne?aeoth/? iniiai? caaaeaiiy:

aiae?c oa iaa?oiooaaiiy iaiao?aeiino? ?eieiaeo ia?aoai?aiue a
aeaeo?iaia?aaoeoe? a ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae;

ocaaaeueiaiiy aeina?aeo ?aaoethaaiiy ?icaeoeo ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
i?aei?e?inoa aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee a ca?oa?aeieo e?a?iao;

aecia/aiiy noaio ni?aa ? aeyaeaiiy iniiaieo iai?yie?a ?icaeoeo ?
?aaoethaaiiy i?aei?e?inoa aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee a Oe?a?i?;

?ic?iaea ? ocaaaeueiaiiy iaoiae?a aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy i?aei?e?inoa
? i?aai?caoe?e aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee, iniaeeai o /anoei? i?eaaoecaoe?? iaeia
? oe?iiooai?aiiy ia i?iaeoeoe?th aeaii? aaeoc?;

?ic?iaea iniiaieo oeyo?a ? caoiae?a uiaei ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee
ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai? o i?ioean? noaiiaeaiiy aia?aaoe/iiai ?eieo
Oe?a?ie ia i?eeeaae? «A?iieoeyiaeaia?ai».

I?aaeiao oa ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? eiiieaen
ieoaiue, iia’ycaieo c ?aaoethaaiiyi ae?yeuei?no? i?aei?e?inoa ?
i?aai?caoe?e aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee a ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae, c iaoiaeieia??th
aeei?enoaiiy ? aecia/aiiyi iaeano? canoinoaaiiy cania?a ?aaoethaaiiy, c
?ic?iaeith oeyo?a i?eeiyooy ia oe?e iniia? iaea?eueo aoaeoeaieo ??oaiue.

Ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiue — aeiiii?/iee eiiieaen ae?iaie/i? aaeoc? a
i?ioean? ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei ia i?eeeaae?
aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee.

Iaoiaeieia?/ia iniiaa ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoiaeieia?/iith
iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aeiiii?/ia oai??y oa iaoeia? i?aoe?
a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo-aeiiii?no?a. A i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiue
oa ai?iaaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a aeei?enoai? ??ci? iaoiaee aeiiii?/iiai
aiae?co ? iiaeaethaaiiy, eia?/iiai ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a,
i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaee i?aeo?ae aei ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaoiae?a ?aaoethaaiiy
oa ?ioe.

Iaoa??aee, aeei?enoai? a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiaieie aeaea?aeaie ?ioi?iaoe??
i?e aeeiiaii? aeine?aeaeaiue iineoaeeee Caeiie Oe?a?ie, caeiiiaeaa/? oa
ii?iaoeai? aeieoiaioe, noaoenoe/ia ca?oi?noue Aea?aeeiinoaoo Oe?a?ie.
E??i oiai aeei?enoiaoaaeenue iaoa??aee I?iaeiiii?ee, I?io?io, Oiiaeo
aea?aeaaiiai iaeia Oe?a?ie, a?o/eciyia oa ca?oa?aeia aeiiii?/ia
e?oa?aoo?a, a oaeiae aeine?aeaeaiiy IAeA? I?iaeiiii?ee oa ?ioeo iaoeiaeo
onoaiia ? aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue a i?ioean? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iniiaieo
iieiaeaiue aeena?oaoe??.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
iieyaa? a oiio, ui a ?iaio?:

— iaa?oioiaaia iaiao?aei?noue ?eieiaeo ia?aoai?aiue a aeaeo?iaia?aaoeoe?
ia ia?ao?aeiiio ia??iae?, ai a aaeoc? ? aeaee ae?yeueiino?, ye? iiaeooue
cae?enithaaoeny a oiiaao eiieo?aioe?? (aeaeiaooie, ia?a?iaea ?
?aae?caoe?y iaooe, aoa?eey, aaco, ae?iaieoeoai aeaeo?iaia?a?? ? oaiea),
? i?aei?e?inoaa, ui aoiaeyoue aei i?e?iaeieo iiiiiie?e (iaooii?iaiaee,
aacii?iaiaee, oaieiiinoa/aiiy) ? ye? iathoue i?aoethaaoe ia eiia?oe?ei?e
iniia? i?e iiia?aaeiueiio anoaiiaeaii? aea?aeaaith ia»?iieo ? o?iainiaeo
iieaciee?a;

— ocaaaeueiaiee aeina?ae ?aaoethaaiiy ?icaeoeo ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
i?aei?e?inoa aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee a ca?oa?aeieo e?a?iao. Aeey Oe?a?ie
ei?eniei ? aeina?ae aeiei??iii? ci?ie aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei i?ae ??cieie
no?oeoo?aie ana?aaeei? aaeoc? ? a?aeiinei ?c niiaeeaa/aie oeyoii
oi?ioaaiiy eiieo?aioiiai iioiaiai ?eieo aeaeo?iaia?a??;
aeaiiiiiie?caoe?? ? i?eaaoecaoe?? ie?aieo neeaaeiaeo aia?ainenoaie aeey
noai?aiiy ae?iaie/iai naeoi?o, iaea?eueo i?eaaaeeaiai aeey ?iaanooaaiiy,
a oaeiae aeina?ae iaae?eiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy oa caoenoo niiaeeaa/?a;

— ocaaaeueiai? ? aeiii?aoeueiaai? noiniaii aei aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee iaoiaee
aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy, ui aeyaeeiny o noi?ioaaii? noaie aea?aeaaiiai
?aaoethaaiiy i?aei?e?inoa aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee. Ii?yae c aecia/aiiyi
caaaeueieo ooieoe?e ? cania?a aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy? aecia/ai? ?
aaeineiiaeai? iniiai? iai?yiee ? ?ino?oiaioe ?aaoethaaiiy ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoa aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?;

— ?ic?iaeai? i?iiiceoe?? uiaei ?aaoethaaiiy i?eaaoecaoe?? ?
aeoe?iioaaiiy i?aei?e?inoa aia?aieiiieaeno. Ieaie i?eaaoecaoe??
i?aei?e?inoa iiaeii? aooe ?iaeea?aeoaeueieie, a?aoiaoth/eie iniaeeaino?
eiaeiiai eiie?aoiiai ia’?eoo. Iaia’yceiaith iiaeiia aooe
i?aaei?eaaoecaoe?eia i?aeaioiaea, iieeeeaia ca?eueoeoe aa?o?noue
ia’?eo?a;

— ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee uiaei aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
oe?iiooai?aiiy ? oa?eo?eaoe?? a aeaeo?iaia?aaoe/i?e nenoai?. Oa?eo
iiaeiai ?ic?aoiaoaaoeny aeoiaey/e c na?aaeiueii?ia?aneaieo aeo?ao ia
ae?iaieoeoai ? o?ainii?ooaaiiy aia?a??, ianyao iaiao?aeiiai i?eaooeo,
iiaeaoeo ia iueiai oa eiao?oe??io?a, ui a?aoiaothoue /an aeiae ?
naciii?noue. Aeo?aoe aeioe?eueii i?eeiaoe ye na?aaeiueii?ia?aneai? ii
e?a?i?, a ??cieoeth a nia?aa?oino? ae??aithaaoe ca ?aooiie
aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? iiaeaoeo ia i?eaooie. A?aeoeiaeoaaiiy i?euea ianaeaiith
? ie?aiei i?aei?e?inoaai iaiao?aeii cae?enithaaoe ca ?aooiie aea?aeaae;

— aecia/ai? iai?yiee oaoi?/iiai ia?aica?i?iiy ? oeyoe ni?eyiiy aea?aeaae
uiaei caeo/aiiy ?iaanoeoe?e ia ?aa?iiaeueiee ??aaiue. Ia i?eeeaae?
«A?iieoeyiaeaia?ai» iieacai? iiaeeeaino? ?aae?caoe?? oeeo iai?yie?a;

— iaa?oioiaai? aieiai? iai?yiee aeinyaiaiiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?
i?iaeoeoe?? aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee: ye?noue aeaeo?iaia?a?? (noaa?euei?noue
/anoioe); no?ee?noue iinoa/aiiy; oe?ia aeaeo?iaia?a??. Ii eiaeiiio
iai?yieo a ?iaio? iaaeai? i?iiiceoe?? ? caoiaee uiaei i?aeaeuaiiy
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? aaeoc? ? aenii?oo aeaeo?iaia?a??;

— ?ic?iaeai? i?iiiceoe?? uiaei a?eueo oe?ieiai canoinoaaiiy
io?eiaieo aaoi?ii ?acoeueoao?a o i?aeoeoe? ?aaoethaaiiy ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoa ? i?aai?caoe?e «A?iieoeyiaeaia?ai» ca ?aooiie
aii?yaeeoaaiiy iaoiaee/iiai oa i?aai?caoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui a iueiio:

i?iaaaeaii aiae?c aeiiii?/iiai iioaioe?aeo aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee oa eiai
aeei?enoaiiy ia no/aniiio aoai?, a oaeiae ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino?
aeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino? aaeoc?, ye? aeicaieeee ae??oeoe oae? ieoaiiy
i?aai?caoe?eiiai ? iaoiaee/iiai oa?aeoa?o, ye no?oeoo?a ? ooieoe??
iaeaniiai caaia aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee, i?eioeeie ? caniae aea?aeaaiiai
?aaoethaaiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa ? i?aai?caoe?e aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee,
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei iiaoaeiae oi?aae?inueei? nenoaie aeey
iio?aa aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy;

?ic?iaeai? eiie?aoi? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? oa i?iiiceoe?? ii
oaeineiiaeaiith ? a?eueo aoaeoeaiiio ?aaoethaaiith ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoa ? i?aai?caoe?e aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?,
cia/ia /anoeia yeeo i?e aaciina?aaei?e o/ano? aaoi?a caae?yia o
ae?iaieoeoa?.

Iieiaeaiiy oa aeniiaee aeaii? aeena?oaoe?? ca aaciin?aaeiueith o/anoth
aaoi?a aeei?enoai? i?e ?ic?iaoe? no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy ? aecia/aii?
cania?a ?aaoethaaiiy i?aei?e?inoa «A?iieoeyiaeaia?ai».

?yae i?eioeeiiaeo iieiaeaiue ?iaioe ciaeoee nai? a?aeia?aaeaiiy a
iaoiaee/ieo oa ?ino?oeoeaieo ?ic?iaeao i?i?noa?noaa i?e ?aoi?ioaaii?
oi?aae?inueei? no?oeoo?e, a oaeiae i?e ?ic?iaoe? ieai?a oa i?ia?ai
?icaeoeo ?aa?iiaeueieo no?oeoo? ia 1995 — 1998 ?iee, a ?ic?iaoe? yeeo
aaoi? a?aa aaciina?aaeith o/anoue.

Iniaenoee aianie iiooea/a. Aeena?oaoe?y ? naiino?eiith iaoeiaith
i?aoeath. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieythoue
a?eueo aoaeoeaii aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeiiii?/iee iioaioe?ae
aaeoc?, iioeiaeueii canoiniaoaaoe caniae ?aaoethaaiiy c iaoith
caaacia/aiiy aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy.

Iioae?eiaai? i?aoe? ? naiino?eieie ?iaioaie aaoi?a.

Ca’ycie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe c ieaiii iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o.
Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iaoiaeieia?/iiai, iaoiaee/iiai ?
i?eeeaaeiiai oa?aeoa?o ii oai? aeena?oaoe?? io?eiai? aaoi?ii a i?ioean?
?iaioe a nenoai? I?iaia?ai oa a IAeA? I?iaeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie a ia??iae
1993-1998 ?ie?a.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aaco?oueny ia iaoa??aeao I?i?noa?noaa aia?aaoeee
Oe?a?ie, I?i?noa?noaa aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie oa aeine?aeaeaiue, i?iaaaeaieo a
IAeA? I?iaeiiii?ee. Aei oaeeo aeine?aeaeaiue a?aeiinyoueny oaie

14-97. ?ic?iaea iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, i?iaiic iniiaieo
iae?iaeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a, i?aeaioiaea i?iiiceoe?e aei i?ia?aie
aeiiii?/iiai ? nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie ia 1998 ??e;

4-98. Uieaa?oaeueiee aiae?c nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe
aeiiia?aeaeenue ia ia?aaeao o I?iaia?ai, ?aa?iiaeueieo nai?ia?ao oa ia
i?aeia?iaeieo eiioa?aioe?yo.

Iieiaeaiiy oa aeniiaee aeaii? ?iaioe ii?aoeueiaoaaeenue i?e i?aai?caoe??
nenoaie aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy a aeaeo?iaia?aaoeoe?.

Aeinoia??i?noue io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aaco?oueny ia oiio, ui:

iaoeia? aeniiaee oa ?acoeueoaoe aecia/ai? ia iniia? aeaieo, ye? io?eiai?
aaciina?aaeiuei a?ae noa’?eo?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy ? ii?aoeueiaai? ia
i?aeoeoe? oi?aae?iiy ieie aea?aeaaieie i?aaiaie aeaaee, cie?aia
I?iaia?ai;

aeaye? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? o?ainoi?ioaaeenue a i?ioean? ai?iaaoe??
?o a i?aeoe/i?e ae?yeueiino? aea?aeaaieo i?aai?a aeaaee, cie?aia i?e
?aaoethaaii? ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee ?aa?iiaeueiiai
??aiy.

Aeinoia??i?noue iniiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue iaoiaeieia?/iiai,
iaoiaee/iiai ? i?eeeaaeiiai oa?aeoa?o ii oai? aeena?oaoe?? ai?iaoaaeenue
a i?ioean? ?iaioe a nenoai? I?iaia?ai Oe?a?ie oa a IAeA? o ia??iae c
1993 ii 1998 ?iee.

Ioae?eaoe?? ii ?acoeueoaoao aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeia?aaeai? a 4 iniaenoeo ioae?eaoe?yo
aaoi?a caaaeueiei ianyaii 1,8 ae?. a?e.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. Iaoa oa caaaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aecia/eee
ne?aeoth/o no?oeoo?o ?iaioe:

Anooi

?icae?e 1. ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee a oiiaao ?eieiaeo
ia?aoai?aiue

1.1. Iaiao?aei?noue ?eieiaeo ia?aoai?aiue a aeaeo?iaia?aaoeoe?

1.2. Aeina?ae ?aaoethaaiiy ?icaeoeo ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?aei?e?inoa
aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee a ca?oa?aeieo e?a?iao

1.3. Noai oa i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee a Oe?a?i?

?icae?e I. Iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei ?eieiaeo ia?aoai?aiue a
aeaeo?iaia?aaoeoe?

2.1. Iaoiaee aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee ? iaeanoue ?o
canoinoaaiiy

2.2. I?eaaoecaoe?y ? aeoe?iioaaiiy i?aei?e?inoa aia?aieiiieaeno

2.3. Aaeineiiaeaiiy oe?iiooai?aiiy oa oa?eo?eaoe?? a
aeaeo?iaia?aaoe/i?e nenoai? Oe?a?ie

?icae?e III. Iniiai? oeyoe ? caoiaee uiaei ?aoi?ioaaiiy
aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee o i?ioean? noaiiaeaiiy aia?aaoe/iiai ?eieo Oe?a?ie ia
i?eeeaae? “A?ii?oeyiaeaia?ai”

1.1. Oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe??

3.2. ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y i?aei?e?inoa “A?ii?oeyiaeaia?ai”

3.3. Iai?yiee oaoi?/iiai ia?aica?i?iiy ? oeyoe caeo/aiiy
?iaanoeoe?e

Aeniiaee

Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae

Aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue 170 noi??iie eiii’thoa?iiai iaai?o, a o./. 28
oaaeeoe? ? 2 ?enoiee.

Ei?ioeee ci?no aeena?oaoe??. O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue
aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/aiiy iaoe, caaaeaiue, i?aaeiaoo ? ia’?eoo
aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaoeiaa iiaecia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe??.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? ocaaaeueiai? oai?aoe/i? ieoaiiy, iia’ycai? c iniiaaie
aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo. Ocaaaeueiaii aeina?ae
ca?oa?aeieo e?a?i. Iniaeeao oaaao i?eae?eaii ?ie? aea?aeaae a
?aaoethaaii? ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee a oiiaao
ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee, oiaoi a ia??iae iiaeieaiiy e?eciaeo yaeu, yeee
ca?ac ia?aaeeaa? Oe?a?ia. Aecia/ai? ?ieue, i?noea oa ooieoe??
aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy a ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae a aeaii? aaeoc?.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? aeeeaaeai? iaoiaee/i? ieoaiiy, iia’ycai? c aee?eooyi
oa ioe?ieith iaoiae?a ? cania?a ?aaoethaaiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa
aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee, ye? cae?eniththoue naith ae?yeuei?noue ye iiiiiie?noe
? ye? iiaeooue ooieoe?iioaaoe ye a?ciania? no?oeoo?e. A?eueo aeaoaeueii
?icaeyioo? oae? i?aeoiaee aei ?aaoethaaiiy ye cae?eniaiiy i?eaaoecaoe???
oa aaeineiiaeaiiy oe?iiooai?aiiy a aeaeo?iaia?aaoe/i?e nenoai? Oe?a?ie.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? aeeeaaeai? ieoaiiy i?aeaeuaiiy
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? i?iaeoeoe?? aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee, iniiai? oeyoe oa
caoiaee uiaei aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa ia i?eeeaae?
«A?iieoeyiaeaia?ai». Na?aae ieo ieoaiiy ?ano?oeoo??caoe?? i?aei?e?inoa
«A?iieoeyiaeaia?ai», aecia/aiiy iai?yie?a oaoi?/iiai ia?aica?i?iiy ?
oeyo?a caeo/aiiy ?iaanoeoe?e ia ?aa?iiaeueiee ??aaiue.

O caeeth/i?e /anoei? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeeeaaeai? aeniiaee uiaei
?acoeueoao?a i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno. Ia iniia?
i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue ia caoeno aeiinyoueny:

— oe?e?, caaaeaiiy, ooieoe?? oa noaia aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee o ia?ao?aeiee aei ?eieo ia??iae cai?noue
iiiiiie?ciaaiiai, aee?aeoeaii oi?aaey?iiai na?aaeiaeua;

— caniae ? ?ino?oiaioe ?aaoethaaiiy ae?yeueiino? noa”?eo?a aia?aaoe/iiai
?eieo;

— neeaae ? i?aeoiaee aei iiaoaeiae ?aa?iiaeueii? nenoaie, ui
a?aeiia?aea? aeiiaai aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa
? i?aai?caoe?e aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee, ia i?eeeaae? «A?iieoeyiaeaia?ai».

2.INIIAI? IIEIAEAIIss AeENA?OAOe?EII? ?IAIOE

2.1. Iiaeieaiiy e?eciaeo yaeu, noaa?e?caoe?th iae?iaeiiii?/iiai noaio a
e?a?i? iiaeia caaacia/eoe eeoa ca oiia a?aeiiaeaiiy ea?iaaiino?
aeiiii?/ieie i?ioeanaie oa iiaoaeiae nenoaie aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
oeyoii ii?aeiaiiy aeoeaiiai aea?aeaaiiai aieeao (c aeei?enoaiiyi
ia?aaaaeii aeiiii?/ieo aaaeae?a) c ?eieiaeie i?aeieiaie. Aea?aeaaia
?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?ee aecia/aii ye aieea aea?aeaae ia a?aeoai?thaaeuei?
i?ioeane a aeiiii?/i?e nenoai? ca aeiiiiiaith oeo /e ?ioeo cania?a c
iaoith i???ioaoe?? ainiiaea?thth/eo noa’?eo?a ? a?iiaaeyi ia aeinyaiaiiy
oe?eae ? i??i?eoao?a aea?aeaaii? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee.

Nenoaia aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?icaeyaea?oueny aaoi?ii ye nenoaia
oeiiaeo caoiae?a caeiiiaeaa/iai, aeeiiaa/iai ? eiio?iethth/iai
oa?aeoa?o, ye? cae?eniththoueny i?aaiii/ieie aea?aeaaieie onoaiiaaie c
iaoith noaa?e?caoe?? ? i?enoinoaaiiy ?nioth/i? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii?
nenoaie aei oiia, ui ci?iththoueny.

2.2. I?e ?nioaaii? ??cieo oi?i aeaniino? ?ieue aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
iieyaa?, c iaeiiai aieo, a caaacia/aii? th?eaee/iiai iaoai?cio
?aae?caoe?? oi?i aeaniino?, a c ?ioiai aieo — o ni?yiiaoth/iio aieea? ia
?eieia? ia?aiao?e, ui caaacia/othoue i?aai?caoe?th ooieoe?iioaaiiy
aeiiii?ee c iaea?eueoith caaaeueiinenoaiiith aoaeoeai?noth. Ca?aene, c
iiceoe?? oiia ooieoe?iioaaiiy, aeaee aeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino? iiaeia
?icae?eeoe ia 2 a?oie.

Aei ia?oi? a?aeiinyoueny i?e?iaei? iiiiiie??, oiaoi ainiiaea?nueea
ae?yeuei?noue, yea c oaoi?/ieo aai ?ioeo i?e/ei aeeiio?oueny c
iaea?eueoith aoaeoeai?noth ?aeeiei i?aei?e?inoaii. A aia?aaoeoe? aei
oaei? a?oie iaeaaeaoue iaooii?iaiaee, ?iciiae?eue/? oa o?ainii?oi?
aacii?iaiaee, ae?iaieoeoai aeaeo?iaia?a?? ? aei aeayei? i??e
oeaio?ae?ciaaia oaieiiinoa/aiiy.

Aei ae?oai? a?oie a?aeiinyoue aeaee ae?yeueiino?, ye? iiaeooue
cae?enithaaoeny a oiiaao eiieo?aioe??. A aia?aaoeoe? oea aeaeiaooie ?
?iciiae?e aoa?eey, aeaeiaooie, ia?a?iaea ? ?iciiae?e iaooe, aeaeiaooie
aaco, ae?iaieoeoai aeaeo?iaia?a?? ? oaiea.

?oaeoeai?noue ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie caeaaeeoue a?ae
i?aaeeueiiai ii?aeiaiiy oiia a?eueii? eiieo?aioe?? ? oe?ieiianooaaiiai
aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?eieo a on?o noa?ao noni?eueiiai a?aeoai?aiiy,
oae ye /enoi ?eieiaee iaoai?ci ia caeaoiee caaacia/eoe caaeainiaai?noue
iaeii/anii ia an?o iae?iaeiiii?/ieo ?eieao, a iniaeeai a oiiaao
ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo.

Ca aeiiiiiaith i?aaiaeo ?aaoeyoi??a aea?aeaaa iiaea anoaiiaethaaoe
i?aaeea aca?iiae?? noa’?eo?a ia ?eieo, a /a?ac nenoaio aeiiii?/ieo
?aaoeyoi??a — oe?eani?yiiaaii “iano?ithaaoe“ ?eieiaee iaoai?ci, uia ia
eiai iniia? noeioethaaoe ae?eiao aeoeai?noue o ?aoe?iiaeueieo ?aieao.

2.3. Iaiao?aei?noue aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee
aeieeaa? c ia’?eoeaii i?eoaiaiieo aea?aeaa? aeiiii?/ieo ooieoe?e.
I?iaaaeaiee aaoi?ii aiae?c aeicaieea ?ic?iaeoe caaaeueio noaio
aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy i?aei?e?inoa aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee (?en. 1) ?
aeae?eeoe ne?aeoth/? caaaeuei? ooieoe?? aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy:

1. Noai?aiiy i?aaiaeo iniia ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?eieo. ?ic?iaea ?
caoaa?aeaeaiiy i?aaiaeo iniia aeiiii?ee aeicaiey? aecia/aoe i?aaeea
aca?iiae?? noa’?eo?a ?eieo. Caeiie iiaeii? iaoe noaeee oa?aeoa? ?
canoiniaoaaoeny aei an?o aac aeiyoeo. I?aaiaa aaca iiaeiia ia?aaeaa/aoe
oae? caoiaee, ye aa?aiooaaiiy i?aaa i?eaaoii? aeaniino? ? aeio?eiaiiy
eiio?aeo?a.

2.Oi?ioethaaiiy no?aoaa?/ieo ? oaeoe/ieo oe?eae ? i??i?eoao?a.
Aecia/aiiy oe?eae ? i??i?eoao?a iae?iaeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo icia/a?, ui
aea?aeaaa oi?ioeth? no?aoaa?/i? oe?e? ?icaeoeo aeiiii?ee, aecia/a?
iio??ai? ?ano?ne, ?o aoaeoeai?noue, nioe?aeuei?, aeiiii?/i? oa
na?oiainiiaea?nuee? iane?aeee oeeo ae?e.

3. Aeiaea?aeaiiy nioe?aeueieo oe?iiinoae. ?aae?caoe?y nioe?aeueieo
oe?iiinoae, yea i?iyaey?oueny a oiio, ui aea?aeaaa eiio?ieth?
?aae?caoe?th iinoaiia i?i i?i?iaeueio ca?ia?oio ieaoo, aeeiiaiiy caeii?a
i?i ??aia i?aai ia i?aoeth ? nioe?aeueia caaacia/aiiy, a?iiaaenuee?
?iaioe, anoaiiaeaiiy i?i?ioio oa iaeneioio oe?i ia ie?ai? aeaee oiaa??a.

4. Ae??aithaaiiy noeoiiiai iiieoo ? noeoiii? i?iiiceoe??. C oe??th
iaoith aeei?enoiaothoueny athaeaeaoii-iiaeaoeia? ? a?ioiai-e?aaeeoi?
i?aeieie ?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino?.

5. Caoeno eiieo?aioe?? ? ?aaoethaaiiy oe?i. C iaoith caoenoo
eiieo?aioe??, ye iniiaiiai ?aaoethth/iai iaoai?cio o ?eieia?e
aeiiii?oe?, aea?aeaaa ?ic?iaey? aioeiiiiiieueia caeiiiaeaanoai ?
eiio?ieth? eiai ?aae?caoe?th.

6. *anoeiaee ia?a?iciiae?e aeioiae?a. Ia?a?iciiae?e aeioiae?a
ni?yiiaaiee ia onoiaiiy iaaei??ieo a?aei?iiinoae o ??ai? aeioiae?a,
aeanoeaeo ?eieia?e nenoai?. C oe??th iaoith aea?aeaaa ?ic?iaey?
o?iainia? i?ia?aie aeiiiiiae, aeiea/oth/e aeiiiiiae, ?iciiae?eyth/e
aeioiaee /a?ac iiaeaoeiao nenoaio , ?aaoethth/e ?eieia? oe?ie ia
i?iaeoeoe?th iiiiiie?no?a.

7. O?iainoaaiiy noni?eueieo aeaa ? iineoa, ye? ? iaiiae?eueieie:
aeaaiono??e ianaeaieo ioieo?a, aoae?aieoeoai oeyo?a, ioca?a, a?ae?ioae,
iaoe?iiaeueia iai?iia oa ?ioa.

8. ?aaoethaaiiy ciai?oiueioi?a?aaeueieo a?aeiinei ? aaethoiiai ?eieo.
Aeey oeueiai cae?enith?oueny ?aaoethaaiiy ieao?aeiiai aaeaino oeyoii
aieeao ia ciai?oith oi?a?aeth ? aeaacaiiy eai?oaeo.

Ni?yioaaiiy ?icaeoeo ia iiaio caeiyo?noue ? noaa?euei?noue oe?i.

Noaa?e?caoe?y aeiiii?ee — aaaeeeaa ooieoe?y aea?aeaae, yea caaacia/o?
iiaio caeiyo?noue ? noaa?euei?noue oe?i. ?aae?co?oueny aiia ca
aeiiiiiaith i?iaaaeaiiy a?aeiia?aeii? o?neaeueii? ? e?aaeeoii-a?ioiai?
iie?oeee, ni?yiiaaiith ia ai?ioueao c ?ioeyoe??th oa aac?ia?ooyi.

2.4. C iaoith aeeiiaiiy nai?o ooieoe?e aea?aeaaa iiaea aeei?enoiaoaaoe
??ciiiai?oi? oi?ie ? iaoiaee aieeao ia aeiiii?eo. Aei iniiaieo a?oi
cania?a aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy aaoi?ii a?aeianai?:

— ?ic?iaea ? ?aae?caoe?y iie?oeee ?aaoethaaiiy ie?aieo naeoi??a
aeiiii?ee (aia?aaoe/ia iie?oeea);

-i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaa ia?aoai?aiiy no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy ? oi?i
aeaniino?;

— no?oeoo?ii-?iaanoeoe?eia ?aaoethaaiiy;

— i?iaiicoaaiiy, ?iaeeeaoeaia ieaioaaiiy ? ?ic?iaea i?ia?ai;

— athaeaeaoii-iiaeaoeiaa iie?oeea;

— a?ioiai-e?aaeeoia ?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?ee;

— oe?iiaa ?aaoethaaiiy;

— aioeiiiiiieueia iie?oeea;

— ?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?ee ca aeiiiiiaith nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo ii?i ?
ii?iaoea?a, (iai?eeeaae, anoaiiaeaiiyi i?i?iaeueii? ca?ia?oii? ieaoe oa
?i).

2.5. Eiaeia a?oia ia»?aeith? eiie?aoi? caniae, aeaoae?caoe?y aeayeeo c
ieo iaaaaeaia o oaae. 1. Iaoiaee ?aae?caoe?? oeeo cania?a, ye ? iaae? ?
iaiao?aei?noue ?o aeei?enoaiiy aecia/athoueny ?iaeea?aeoaeueieie oiiaaie
? oe?eyie nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo e?a?ie.

2.6. O inoaii?e /an i?ioean i?eaaoecaoe?? oa aeoe?iioaaiiy
aeaeo?iaia?aieiiieaeno Oe?a?ie aeoeaii noeioeth?oueny c aieo aea?aeaae.
Iaeiae, aiae?c iieaco?, ui ?yae iieiaeaiue iio?aao? aaeineiiaeaiue.

?iaanoeoe?eia i?eaaaeea?noue i?aei?e?inoa aia?aieiiieaeno aecia/a?oueny
ia?aaeon?i e?ea?aei?noth i?iaeoeoe??, ui ae?iaey?oueny ieie, yea, o
naith /a?ao, caaacia/o?oueny iaeii/ani?noth ae?iaieoeoaa oa niiaeeaaiiy.
Ua a?eueoa aeoea?cothoue ?eiie ?iicaii? ?iaanoeoe?ei? no?oeoo?e, ye?
cae?athoueny i?eeiaoe o/anoue o i?ioean? i?eaaoecaoe?? a?o/eciyii?
aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee. I?ioa, ?iicaii? ?iaanoi?e i?aaiooue aeaoaai neoiaoe
aeoe?? (ca?ac aiie i?iiiiothoue onueiai aeaa-o?e iii?iaee ca aeoe??, ye?
io?eiathoueny ia?niiaeii eiiiai?e ii i?eueaia?e i?aeienoe?).

O?yae, c? naiai aieo, iaiaaa?oueny oi?noaaoe i?ioean ae?iaee ?aeeieo
oiia i?eaaoecaoe?? aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee Oe?a?ie. Iaeiae aeina?ae ? aiae?c
i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue, ui ieaie i?eaaoecaoe?? i?aei?e?inoa iiaeii? aooe
?iaeea?aeoaeueieie, a?aoiaoth/eie iniaeeaino? eiaeiiai eiie?aoiiai
ia’?eoo. I?eionea?oueny iaia’yceiaa i?aaei?eaaoecaoe?eia i?aeaioiaea,
iieeeeaia ca?eueoeoe aa?o?noue ia’?eo?a. Aei ia? aoiaeyoue
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y (ae/eaiaiiy c iaeiiaiai eiiieaeno ia?aioaaaeueieo oa
cao?aoieo ia’?eo?a, ia?aaeon?i nioeeoeueoiiaooo), ei?ii?aoecaoe?y
(aeoe?iioaaiiy i?aei?e?inoa), naiaoe?y (o?iainiaa icaei?iaeaiiy, ye
i?aaeei, icia/a? nienaiiy ai?a?a ia?aae aea?aeaaith), a oaeiae i?iaiee
i?iaeaae aeoe?e ia a??aeao aeey aecia/aiiy eioe?iaie.

Na?eici? i?aoaic?? aenoaathoueny aei ?nioth/i? i?aeoeee
i?aaei?eaaoecaoe?eii? ioe?iee, ine?eueee a?eueo?noue ia»?eo?a
iaaeiioe?iaia.

Aiae?c oaiaeaioe?e ? ?acoeueoao?a, ui iathoue i?noea i?e ?aoi?ioaaii?
oi?i aeaniino?, aeicaieeee aaoi?o cai?iiiioaaoe ianooii? ci?ie o
i?ia?aio i?eaaoecaoe??, noiniaii eiiiai?e iaeaia?ai:

— ia aac? iaeanieo eiiiai?e canioaaoe oieaeeiaiao eiiiai?th ?
cae?enieoe ?ai?aai?caoe?th eiiiai?e oeyoii noai?aiiy ia ?o aac?
no?oeoo?ieo i?ae?icae?e?a a?aee?eoeo aeoe?iia?ieo oiaa?enoa o ii?yaeeo,
ia?aaeaa/aiiio caeiiiaeaanoaii i?i ei?ii?aoecaoe?th;

— iaaeaoe aei/??i?i i?aei?e?inoaai noaoon th?eaee/ii?
iniae, ui aeicaieeoue ?i iaoe i?aaa ? iaia’ycee o a?aeiia?aeiino? c
ae?th/ei caeiiiaeaanoaii;

— ia?aaeaa/eoe, ua ia iaioa 25% aeoe?e oieaeeiaiai? eiiiai?? iiaeiii
iaeaaeaoe aea?aeaa?. Oea ia aeanoue ?e i?aai aei?noei eiio?iethaaoe caoo
i?iaeoeoe?? aei/??i?o i?aei?e?inoa, ia?aaeaaaoe aei/??i?i i?aei?e?inoaai
i?aaa caooo i?iaeoeoe?? ?ioeo aei/??i?o i?aei?e?inoa (e??i aenii?oieo
iia?aoe?e), a oaeiae ?aaoethaaoe oe?iiooai?aiiy ia i?iaeoeoe?th
aei/??i?o i?aei?e?inoa;

— caa?aaoe ca oieaeeiaiaith eiiiai??th o i?iaeiaae o?ueio ?ie?a ia
iaioa 75% ?? /anoee o aei/??i?o i?aei?e?inoaao. Iniiaiei caaaeaiiyi
oieaeeiaiai? eiiiai?? ? iaeii/anii ?ino?oiaioii oi?aae?iiy iiaeiia noaoe
ae?iaea caaaeueii? no?aoaa?? ooieoe?iioaaiiy, iie?oeee ?icaeoeo,
o?iainiaeo, oaoi?/ieo ? ae?iaie/eo oe?eae ae?yeueiino? aei/??i?o
i?aei?e?inoa;

— iaaeaoe iiaeeea?noue aei/??i?i i?aei?e?inoaai i?eaeaaaaoe,
aae aei eiio?ieueieo, iaeaoe aeoe?e i?aei?e?inoa, ye? ?aa?iiaeueii aai
ooieoe?iiaeueii iia’ycai? c ieie.

2.7. Nenoaia ?aaoethaaiiy oe?i ia aia?a?th oa aia?aiiin??, ui ?nio? a
Oe?a?i?, aeineoue iaaoaeoeaia, oiio ui a ia? ia caeeaaeaii iaoai?cio
noeioethaaiiy aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy, eiieo?aioe??, ?aoe?iiaeuei?noue
?iciiae?eo ?ano?n?a oa ?i. Oiio iaeiei c aieiaieo oeyo?a
?aoi?ioaaiiy ?iaioe aeaeo?iaia?aaoe/iiai eiiieaeno Oe?a?ie ?
aaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie oe?iiooai?aiiy oa oa?eo?eaoe?? a aaeoc?,
i?eaaaeaiiy oa?eo?a ca aeaeo?iaia?a?th o a?aeiia?aei?noue c aeiiaaie
?eieiaeo a?aeiinei.

C /enoi ?eieiaeo iiceoe?e oe?ia iiaeiia aecia/aoenue ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi
iiieoo oa i?iiiceoe?? aeaeo?iaia?a??. Iaeiae o ia?ao?aeiee aei ?eieo
ia??iae

Oaaeeoey 1

Caniae aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy

Aeaiaioe (oi?ie) aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy

Caniae aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy

I?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaa ia?aoai?aiiy no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy ? oi?i
aeaniino? Ia?aaeyae i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiai? oi?ie i?aei?e?inoa, oi?i
aeaniino?, oii?yaeeoaaiiy ?a?no?o aeoe?e

I?iaiicoaaiiy ? ?ic?iaea i?ia?ai I?iaiice, i?ia?aie, no?aoaa?/i? ieaie,
a?cian-ieaie

Iiaeaoeiai-athaeaeaoia ?aaoethaaiiy Iiaeaoee, iiaeaoeia? i?eueae,
aea?aeaai? ?iaanoeoe??, aea?aeaai? caeoiee, aea?aeaai? e?aaeeoe, aeione
aea?aeaaieo oe?iieo iaia??a, aeioaoe??, noaneae??, noaaaioe??

A?ioiai-e?aaeeoia ?aaoethaaiiy E?aaeeoi? noae?, iia?aoe?? ia a?aee?eoiio
?eieo, ii?ie ?aca?aoaaiiy, iae?eia? noaaee, ai?n?y, aaethoiee eo?n

Oe?iiaa ?aaoethaaiiy O?eniaai?, iaiaaeai?, canoaai? oe?ie, oiiae
oe?iiooai?aiiy, eiio?ieue ca aeio?eiaiiyi oiia oe?iiooai?aiiy
iiiiiie?noaie

No?oeoo?ii-?iaanoeoe?eia ?aaoethaaiiy Aea?aeaai? eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiiy,
aaeocaa? ii?ie oa ii?iaoeae, ii?ie aii?oecaoe??, aea?aeaaia caiiaeaiiy,
noaiaea?oe yeino?, noai?aiiy ni?eyoeeaiai ee?iaoo

Aioeiiiiiieueia ?aaoethaaiiy Anoaiiaeaiiy a?aie/ieo ??ai?a oe?i;
a?aie/ieo ??ai?a ?aioaaaeueiino?; aeaeea?oaaiiy ci?ie oe?i; eiio?ieue ca
aeiaea?aeaiiyi oiia aioeiiiiiieueiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa; aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
aeyaeaiiy ooo/ii noai?aieo aa?’???a aeey anooio ainiiaea?/eo noa’?eo?a
ia ?eiee.

?aaoethaaiiy nioe?aeueieo a?aeiinei Nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? ii?ie oa
ii?iaoeae, ?iaeaenoaaiiy aeioiae?a ianaeaiiy, i?iaeeoeiaee i?i?ioi,
i?i?ioi ca?ia?oii? ieaoe, nenoaia iain?e, noeiaiae?e, aeiiiiia

?aaoethaaiiy aeieia?/iiai noaio Aeieia?/i? ii?ie oa ii?iaoeae,
aeiionee, caai?iie, e?i?oe caieaaiaeiei?enooaaiiy

Aaei?i?no?aoeaia ?aaoethaaiiy Caai?iie, eaioe, e?oeaic??, naieoe??,
oo?aoe

oaeee i?aeo?ae ua ia ? i?eeiyoiei, ai ua ia iiaeieai? e?eciae
yaeua oa ia iiaoaeiaai? ?eieia? a?aeiineie.

Aecia/ai? ianoaaeie coiiaeththoue iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaee ? aeei?enoaiiy
ia ia??iae noaa?e?caoe?? aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie “ia?ao?aeii?” nenoaie oa?eo?a
ia aeaeo?iaia?a?th. Oaea nenoaia oa?eo?a iiaeiia neoaeeoe ca’ycoth/ith
eaieith i?ae ae?th/eie o iao /an oa?eoaie ia aeaeo?iaia?a?th ? oa?eoaie,
ui o?aaeeoe?eii aeei?enoiaothoueny o e?a?iao c? noaa?eueiith oa
?icaeiooith aeiiii?eith. I?e oeueiio nenoaia oa?eo?a ia aeaeo?iaia?a?th
iiaeiia aeeiioaaoe ?yae ooieoe?e, iniiaieie c yeeo ne?ae aaaaeaoe:

-a?aeoeiaeoaaiiy cao?ao ia ae?iaieoeoai, ia?aaea/o ? ?iciiae?e
aeaeo?iaia?a??, a oaeiae io?eiaiiy i?eaooeo, iaiao?aeiiai aeey
ii?iaeueiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy oa ?icaeoeo aia?aaoeee;

-noeioethaaiiy niiaeeaa/?a aei iie?ioaiiy ?aaeei?a ?iaioe aia?ainenoaie;

-noeioethaaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa oa aeei?enoaiiy no/anieo oaoi?/ieo cania?a
iae?eo ? eiio?ieth aeaeo?iniiaeeaaiiy;

-noeioethaaiiy aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy o niiaeeaa/?a;

-noai?aiiy aeiiii?/ieo oiia aeey iie?ioaiiy aeieia?/ii? neooaoe?? o
aea?aeaa?.

Aiae?c iieaco?, ui nenoaia oa?eo?a iiaeiia a?aeiia?aeaoe iaaaaeaiei aeua
aeiiaai, a oa?eo iaiao?aeii ?ac?aoiaoaaoe ca oaeith oi?ioeith:

O = (C + I? + II) E1 E2,

aea C — ieoii? cao?aoe aia?ainenoaie;

I? — i?eaooie a?ae ae?iaieoeoaa ? ia?aaea/? aeaeo?iaia?a??;

II — iiaeaoie ia i?eaooie;

E1 — eiao?oe??io, ui a?aoiao? /an aeiae;

E2 — eiao?oe??io, ui a?aoiao? naciii?noue.

?ioa?ane aia?ainenoaie a?aoiaoaaoeiooueny ? aeae? ca ?aooiie
aeei?enoaiiy iiaea?eiiai oa?eoo. Ae?iaieoeoai aeaeo?iaia?a?? ? aeae?
iiaeiii aooe ca?eueiaii a?ae iiaeaoeo aei aeiaeaio aa?o?noue.

2.8. sseui aeaeo?iaaia?oth/? eiiiai?? ? i?eaooeiaeie ? ?o aoiaeaeaiiy o
?eieiaa na?aaeiaeua cae?enith?oueny aeinoaoiuei aa?iii?/ii, oi a
iaea?eueo ne?ooiiio noaiiaeu? iieieeeny aia?aiiinoa/aeuei?
i?aei?e?inoaa. Naia oiio aaoi? coieieany a?eueo aeaoaeueii ia oeueiio
ieoaii? ia i?eeeaae? Aea?aeaaii? aeoe?iia?ii? aeaeo?iiinoa/aeueii?
eiiiai?? (AeAAE) “A?iieoeyiaeaia?ai”.

AeAAE “A?iieoeyiaeaia?ai” caniiaaii o 1995 ?ioe? ia aac? AAI
“A?iieoeyaia?ai” c oaeeie no?oeoo?ieie iaeeieoeyie: iaeani?
oeaio?aeuei? ? no?aei? aeaeo?e/i? oa oaieia? ia?aae?, i?ae?icae?ee, ui
caeiathoueny aeaeo?io?ainii?ooaaiiyi oa caaacia/aiiyi niiaeeaa/?a, a
oaeiae aeaeo?iiaeaaeeith ? aeeiiaiiyi ?aiiioii-aoae?aaeueieo ?ia?o.

2.9. O?ainoi?iaoe?y oi?aae?iiy AeAAE “A?iieoeyiaeaia?ai” a iai?yieo
aaeaioaoe?? aei oiia ooieoe?iioaaiiy a ?eieiaiio na?aaeiaeu? ia?aaeaa/a?
cae?eniaiiy o?ueio aoai?a ?ia?o. Ia?oei aoaiii ia oeyoo aaeineiiaeaiiy
oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii aoea eiai ei?ii?aoecaoe?y, oiaoi ia?aoai?aiiy
o a?aee?eoa aeoe?iia?ia oiaa?enoai, ui caaacia/eei a?aeie?aieaiiy
o?iain?a i?aei?e?inoaa a?ae aea?aeaaieo, a oaeiae oi?ioaaii?
ei?ii?aoeaii? no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy.

Ia ae?oaiio aoai? ?acii c a?aeie?aieaiiyi ie?aieo ia’?eo?a
nioe?aeueii-eoeueoo?ii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e ? iaae?iaie/i? noa?e
cae?enith?oueny aaeineiiaeaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueieo neoaea i?aei?e?inoaa,
ci???ioiaaieo ia aaeaioaoe?th AeAAE aeey ooieoe?iioaaiiy a oiiaao
?eieiaeo a?aeiinei. Ia?o ca ana oea noino?oueny o?iainiai? neoaeae,
eiia?oe?eii? neoaeae i?aeia?iaeiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa, a?oie ia?eaoeiao,
neoaeae caooo aeaeo?i- oa oaieiaia?a?? oa th?eaee/ii? a?oie (?en. 2), a
oaeiae i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy eiii’thoa?ecaoe?? an?o i?ae?icae?e?a. Aeaia
noaia aoea ?ic?iaeaia ? cai?iiiiiaaia aaoi?ii ? ao?eaia a
«A?iieoeyiaeaia?ai».

Ia o?aoueiio aoai? ?aoi?ioaaiiy AeAAE ia?aaeaa/a?oueny i?aeaeuoaaoe
?ieue ie?aieo ae?iaie/eo i?ae?icae?e?a aeey iaaeaiiy ?i aeuiai nooiaiy
naiino?eiino?, a oaeiae o?iainiai? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ca ?acoeueoaoe
ae?yeueiino?. Oea iiaeeeai caaaeyee iaaeaiith no?oeoo?iei i?ae?icae?eai
noaoono oae caaieo oeaio??a o?iainiai? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? (iathoue
?aooiie a aaieo, iaae?eai? iniiaieie oiiaeaie, iae?eiaeie eiooaie, a ?o
ae?yeuei?noue ?aaoeth?oueny a?aeiia?aeiei iieiaeaiiyi), ia aeiioneath/e
i?e oeueiio ii?ooaiue o oaoiieia?/iiio i?ioean? i?aei?e?inoaa a oe?eiio,
a oaeiae noai?aiiy oieaeeiaiai? eiiiai??. ?acii c oei, o?ao?e aoai
?aoi?ioaaiiy iiaeeeaee eeoa i?e caaacia/aii? ii?iaeueieo aeey
ooieoe?iioaaiiy aaeoc? oiia oe?iiooai?aiiy ? o?iainiaeo aca?iia?aeiinei.

2.10. Iacaaaeath/e ia iaaeinoaoiuei aenieee ?aeoeia ?iaanoeoe?eii?
i?eaaaeeaino?, AeAAE “A?iieoeyiaeaia?ai” ?ic?iaeaii i?ia?aio ?icaeoeo,
i???ioiaaio ia 1998-2000 ??. I?e oeueiio a?aoiaai? ye ?aa?iiaeuei?
iniaeeaino? ?aa?iio, oae ? oaoi?/iiai noaio oa iai?yie?a eiai
iie?ioaiiy.

I?iaiic iniiaieo iieaciee?a ?icaeoeo AeAAE “A?iieoeyiaeaia?ai” iaaaaeaii
o oaae. 2. ?o aeinyaiaiiy iiaeeeaa eeoa ca oiia cae?eniaiiy
?iaanoeoe?eii? i?ia?aie.

2.11. Aeey ?aae?caoe?? ?ic?iaeaii? i?ia?aie AeAAE “A?iieoeyiaeaia?ai”
iaiao?aeii ia i?ioyc? eeoa 1998-2000 ??. caaacia/eoe ?iaanooaaiiy iiiaae
153,8 iei.a?i. (oaae. 3). ?ic?aooiee na?ae/aoue, ui ca ?aooiie
aioo??oi?o aeaea?ae o?iainoaaiiy iiaea aooe caaacia/aii eeoa 43,1%
eioo?a ( a oiio /ene? 24,5% ca ?aooiie i?eaooeo, 18,6% — aii?oecaoe?eieo
a?ae?aooaaiue), a aeey 56,9% iaiao?aeii caeo/eoe ciai?oi? aeaea?aea.

Oaaeeoey 2. I?iaiic iniiaieo iieaciee?a ?icaeoeo AeAAE
“A?iieoeyiaeaia?ai” ia 1998-2000??.

(a iaoiaeieia?? iae?eo 1997 ?.)

Iieacieee Iaeeieoey aei??o 1997 ?.

ca?o 1998 ?.

ioe?iea 1999 ?.

i?iaiic 2000 ?.

i?iaiic 2000 ?.

a ( aei 1997 ?.

Ianya i?iaeoeoe?? (?ia?o, iineoa) a iioiaeo oe?iao i?aei?e?inoa aac
IAeA, aeoeeciiai cai?o oen.a?i. 17214 22102,8 21190,0 22154,4 128,7

Ianyae ?aae?caoe?? oiaa?ii? i?iaeoeoe?? oen.a?i. 148976 191249 183353
191690 128,7

a oiio /ene?:

— aeaeo?iaia?a?y oen.a?i. 134719 177375 166663 175000 129,9

iei.eAo.a 2013,7 2282 2136,7 2243,6 111,4

— oaieiaia?a?y oen.a?i. 14257 13874 16690 16690 117,1

iei.eAo.a 359,3 337,7 406,3 406,3 113,1

?aioaaaeuei?noue i?iaeoeoe?? % -4,9 9,7 10,2 12,4 O

Na?aaeiuenienini/ia /enaeuei?noue i?aoe?aiee?a — anueiai /ie. 4465 4470
4470 4470 100,1

A oiio /ene? IAI /ie. 4234 4235 4235 4235 100,0

Iniiai? ae?iaie/? oiiaee oen.a?i. 411139 464966 496385 527781 128,4

I?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aoe? a?i//ie 4065,7 5219,1 5003,5 5231,3 128,7

Oiiaeia?aeaea/a eii/a?i 4,2 4,8 4,3 4,2 100,0

Oaaeeoey 3. ?iaanoeoe?eia i?ia?aia ?icaeoeo AeAAE “A?iieoeyiaeaia?ai”
ia 1998-2000 ??.

Iai?yiee ?iee Anueiai

?iaanoeoe?e 1998 ?. 1999 ?. 2000 ?. 1998-2000 ??.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aaoiiaoeciaaieo nenoai oi?aae?iiy AeAAE 295,8 285,7 48
629,5

A?aeiiaeaiiy AAN 10400 10440 10460 31300

?aeiino?oeoe?y OAOe-1 740 200 450 13900

I?eaeaaiiy cania?a caoenoo ia?niiaeo 400 400 400 1200

I?eaeaaiiy iaeaaeiaiiy aeey aiae?co noaio aeaeo?i- oa oaieiiaeaaeiaiiy
oa a?aeiiaeaiiy iaiiooaaeueiiai ae?ioo 225 105 45 375

Cai?ia iia?o?yieo e?i?e 10-0,4 eA (3069 ei) 21483 21483 21483 64449,0

?aeiino?oeoe?y iia?o?yieo e?i?e 10-0,4 eA (3705 ei) 12498,2 12498,2
12498,2 37494,6

Cai?ia o?ainoi?iaoi?ieo i?aenoaioe?e 10-0,4 eA (915 oo) 3089,04 3089,04
3089,04 9267,12

?aeiino?oeoe?y o?ainoi?iaoi?ieo i?aenoaioe?e 10-0,4 eA (973 oo) 1662,21
1662,21 1662,21 4686,63

Cai?ia aeieea/?a 10-110 eA (355 oo.) 870 870 860 2600

?aeiino?oeoe?y nenoaie iae?eo aeaeo?iaia?a?? 55 45 45 145

Anueiai ii AeAAE “A?iieoeyiaeaia?ai” 51718,25 51078,15 51040,45
153836,85

Ioe?iea oaiaeaioe?e ?icaeoeo AeAAE “A?iieoeyiaeaia?ai”, o?iainoaaiiy ??
oaoi?/iiai ia?aica?i?iiy aeicaiey? c?iaeoe aeniiaee, ui ?? aeina?ae
iiaea aooe aeei?enoaiee aeey ?ioeo aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo eiiiai?e.
Cie?aia, aeey caaacia/aiiy ni?eyoeeaeo oiia oaoi?/iiai ia?aica?i?iiy
aia?aiiinoa/aeueieo eiiiai?e aeioe?eueii ia?aaeaa/aoe i?iaaaeaiiy
iaeiia?oe?eieo eiieo?n?a c i?iaeaaeo iaeao?a aeoe?e i?ae ?iaanoeoe?ei?
ciaia’ycaiiy aeoiaey/e ?c ianya?a, ui iaiao?aei? aeey ?aae?caoe??
?iaanoeoe?eii? i?ia?aie.

3. AENIIAEE

3.1.. Ae?iaieoeoai ? caoo aeaeo?iaia?a?? a?eueo aoaeoeai? a oiiaao
a?eueiiai ?eieo, a ?? o?ainii?ooaaiiy (ia?aaea/a) iiaeiia ooieoe?iioaaoe
ye ?aaoeth?ia iiiiiie?y. Oni?oi?noue ia?aoai?aiue o oeueiio iai?yieo
iaa?oioiaaia a ?iaio? oei, ui a iniia? ?o noiyoue a??i? ia?aaeoiiae:
ae?iaea aeaeo?iaia?a?? ?, ii noo?, a?cianii, c nai?ie aeiiaaie ?
i?aaeeaie; ae?yeuei?noue aea, iia’ycaia c ?? ia?aaea/ath ? ?iciiae?eii,
ia’?eoeaii oyae?? aei iiiiiie?cio. Niaoeeo?ea ae?iaieoeoaa
aeaeo?iaia?a?? aea? iiaeeea?noue eiieo?aioe??, ui aaaea aei cieaeaiiy
aeo?ao, a oaeiae aei noai?aiiy no?oeoo?e i?aei?e?inoa, ye?
caaacia/othoue aa?aio?? aeey iaoe?iiaeueieo ? ca?oa?aeieo ?iaanoeoe?e ia
o?eaaeee ia??iae.

3.2. Aoaeoeai?noue ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie caeaaeeoue a?ae
i?aaeeueiiai ii?aeiaiiy oiia a?eueii? eiieo?aioe?? ? oe?ieiianooaaiiai
aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?eieo a on?o noa?ao noni?eueiiai a?aeoai?aiiy,
oae ye /enoi ?eieiaee iaoai?ci ia caeaoiee caaacia/eoe caaeainiaai?noue
iaeii/anii ia an?o iae?iaeiiii?/ieo ??aiyo, a iniaeeai a oiiaao
ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo. Ca aeiiiiiaith i?aaiaeo ?aaoeyoi??a aea?aeaaa
iiaeiia anoaiiaethaaoe i?aaeea aca?iiae?? noa’?eo?a ia ?eieo, a /a?ac
nenoaio aeiiii?/ieo ?aaoeyoi??a — oe?eani?yiiaaii iano?ithaaoe ?eieiaee
iaoai?ci, uia ia eiai iniia? noeioethaaoe ae?eiao aeoeai?noue o
?aoe?iiaeueieo ?aieao.

3.3. C iaoith aeeiiaiiy nai?o ooieoe?e aea?aeaaa iiaeiia aeei?enoiaoaaoe
??ciiiai?oi? oi?ie ? iaoiaee aieeao ia aeiiii?eo. Aei iniiaieo oi?i
aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy iaeaaeaoue: no?oeoo?ia iie?oeea; i?iaiicoaaiiy
? ?ic?iaea i?ia?ai; ?iaeeeaoeaia ieaioaaiiy (i?ia?aioaaiiy);
athaeaeaoii-iiaeaoeiaa iie?oeea; a?ioiai-e?aaeeoia ? oe?iiaa
?aaoethaaiiy; aioeiiiiiieueia iie?oeea; ?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?ee ca
aeiiiiiaith ca?ia?oii? ieaoe oa ?i.

Iaoiaee ?aae?caoe?? oeeo oi?i, ye ? iaae? ? iaiao?aei?noue ?o
aeei?enoaiiy aecia/athoueny ?iaeea?aeoaeueieie oiiaaie ? oe?eyie
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo e?a?ie.

3.4. Oe?ie ia aeaeo?iaia?a?th iiaeii? caaacia/oaaoe iiaia
a?aeoeiaeoaaiiy cao?ao c o?aooaaiiyi aii?oecaoe?? oa eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiue.
Oe?ia iieeeeaia caaacia/oaaoe ?icaeoie aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee ia no/aniiio
oaoiieia?/iiio ? oaoi?/iiio ??ai?, iaae?ei?noue ? aeieia?/io aaciaeo
?iaioe aeaeo?inoaioe?e ? ia?aae, aeinoaoi?e ??aaiue ca?ia?oii? ieaoe,
iaiaaeaiiy iiieoo ia aeaeo?iaia?a?th, noeioethaaiiy ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
aia?aicaa??aath/eo oaoiieia?e o i?iieneiaino? ? aeiiii?th aeaeo?iaia?a??
o iiaooiaiio naeoi??.

Anoaiiaeaiiy oa?eoo iiaeiii cae?enithaaoenue ia ii ciiao, a a oe?eiio ii
aea?aeaa?. A?aeoeiaeoaaiiy i?euea ie?aiei aa?noaai ianaeaiiy, a oaeiae
ie?aiei i?aei?e?inoaai iaiao?aeii cae?enithaaoe ca ?aooiie aea?aeaae, a
ia ae?iaiee?a. Cao?aoe ia ae?iaieoeoai ? o?ainii?ooaaiiy aia?a??
aeioe?eueii i?eeiaoe ye na?aaeiueii?ia?aneai? a oe?eiio ii e?a?i?, a
??cieoeth a nia?aa?oino? — i?aaethaaoe ca ?aooiie aeeoa?aioe?aoe??
iiaeaoeo ia i?eaooie.

3.5. Aeina?ae ?aoi?ioaaiiy ? i?iaiic ?icaeoeo AeAAE «A?iieoeyiaeaia?ai»
i?aeoaa?aeaeo? iaiao?aei?noue ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? i?aei?e?inoa
aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee, ci?ie oi?ie aeaniino?, aii?yaeeoaaiiy oe?iiooai?aiiy
?, aieiaia, caeo/aiiy ?iaanoeoe?e aeey oaoi?/iiai ia?aica?i?iiy ?
i?aeaeuaiiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiinoe. sse na?ae/aoue i?iaaaeai? i?ae
ea??aieoeoaii aaoi?a ?ic?aooiee, iaa?oue ia cian?i i?eaaaeeaa eiiiai?y,
ye AeAAE «A?iieoeyiaeaia?ai», i?e oiia? ?aae?caoe?? ?ic?iaeaii? i?ia?aie
?aoi?ioaaiiy iiaea noaoe eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiith.

4. Nienie iioae?eiaaieo ?ia?o ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??

A??theia I.I. Aaeineiiaeaiiy oe?iiooai?aiiy oa oa?eo?eaoe?? a
aeaeo?iaia?aaoe/i?e nenoai? Oe?a?ie. // Aeni?an-iiaeie: iaoea, oaoi?ea,
ae?iaieoeoai. ? 23-24, 1997. — 32 n. — n. 21-23.

A??theia I.I. ?aaoethaaiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee a
ca?oa?aeieo e?a?iao. // Aeni?an-iiaeie: iaoea, oaoi?ea, ae?iaieoeoai. ?
7-8, 1998. .- 40 n. — n. 31-33.

A??theia I.I. Aeayee aniaeoe i?eaaoecaoe?? oa aeoe?iioaaiiy i?aei?e?inoa
aia?aieiiieaeno. // Oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei a Oe?a?i?: Ca??iee
noaoae iieiaeeo o/aieo. Aei. 5. / Iaoe. ?aae. ?.E.Aiiaea?. — E., 1998.
n. 223 — 230.

A??theia I.I. Aea?aeaaia ?aaoethaaiiy aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee: ooieoe??,
caniae, iniiai? iai?yie. // Oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei a Oe?a?i?:
Ca??iee noaoae iieiaeeo o/aieo. Aei. 5. /Iaoe. ?aae. ?.E.Aiiaea?. — E.,
1998. n. 262 — 268.

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Noai?aiiy i?aaiaeo iniia ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?eieo

Oi?ioethaaiiy no?aoaa?/ieo ? oaeoe/ieo oe?eae ? i??i?eoao?a

Aeiaea?aeaiiy nioe?aeueieo oe?iiinoae

Aeio?eiaiiy ni?yiiaaiino? ia ae??aithaaiiy noeoiiiai iiieoo ? noeoiii?
i?iiiceoe??

Caoeno eiieo?aioe?? ? ?aaoethaaiiy oe?i

*anoeiaee ia?a?iciiae?e aeioiae?a

?aaoethaaiiy ciai?oiuei-aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei ? aaethoiiai ?eieo

Ni?yioaaiiy ?icaeoeo ia iiaio caeiyo?noue ? noaa?euei?noue oe?i

I?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaa ia?aoai?aiiy no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy ? oi?i
aeaniino?

I?iaiico-aaiiy ? ?ic?iaea i?ia?ai

Iiaeaoeiai-athaeaeaoia ?aaoethaaiiy

A?ioiai-e?aaeeoia ?aaoethaaiiy

Oe?iiaa ?aaoethaaiiy

No?oeoo?ii-?iaanoeoe?eia ?aaoethaaiiy

Aioeiiii-iieueia ?aaoethaaiiy

Nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? ii?ie ? ii?iaoeae

Aeieia?/i? ii?ie ? ii?iaoeae

Aaei?i?no?a-oeaia ?aaoethaaiiy

Noa?a oa ia’?eoe aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy

Iae?iaeiiii?/i? i?iii?oe??

Noa’?eoe ae?iaie/i? ae?yeueiino?

Noa’?eoe ?io?ano?oeoo?e ?eieo

Noa’?eoe iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? ae?yeueiino?

Nioe?aeueia noa?a

Iaaeieeoi? na?aaeiaeua

Iniiai? iai?yiee ?aaoethaaiiy i?aei?e?inoa aia?aaoeee

A?aeiineie aeaniino?

Eiieo?aioi? canaaee

Oe?iiooai?aiiy

Oaoi?/ia ia?aica?i-?iiy

Iaaeoiaeaeaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e

Aeicaiee, e?oeaic??

I?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?

Caniae aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy

?en 1. Noaia aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy i?aei?e?inoa aeaeo?iaia?aaoeee

CAAAEUeI? OOIEOe?? AeA?AEAAIIAI ?AAOETHAAIIss

AIEIAA I?AAE?IIss

AeE?AEOI?

Aieiaiee

?iaeaia?

Eiia?oe?eia neoaeaa i?aeia?iaeiiai ni?aoiaa?enoaa

Canooiiee aee?aeoi?a ii eai?oaeueiiio aoae?aieoeoao oa oaoi?/iiio
ia?a-ica?i?iith — ia/aeueiee a?aeae?eo

Cano. aee?aeoi?a ii ioi?ii? i?aoe?

Oeaio?aeuei? aeaeo?e/i? ia?aae?

Cano. aee?aeoi?a ii aeiiii?oe?

Cano. aee?aeoi?a ii aeoe?iioaaiith ?iaio? c oe?iieie iaia?aie-
ia/.a?aeae?eo iieaoe i?aoe?

Cano. aee?aeoi?a ii eaae?ao, caaaeueieo oa nioe?aeueieo ieoaiiyo

Cano. aee?aeoi?a ii caooo aeaeo?iaia?a?? oa aeaeo?iiaaeyaeo

Iii?/iee aee?aeoi?a

Cano. aie. ?iaeaia?a ii aeaeo?eo?eaoe?? oa aeaeo?i-ia?aaeai

Neoaeaa aeaeoeo?eaoe?? oa aeaeo?iia?aae

Iia?aoeaii-aeeniao/a?nueea neoaeaa c a?oiaie ca’yceo OI oa IO

Cano aie. ?iaeaia?a ii iao?aaeeoe?eiei aeaea?aeai, aia?aicaa?aaeaiith ?
aeieia??

Ae?iaie/i-oaoi?/ia neoaeaa

A?aeae?e ANO

TH?eaee/ia a?oia

A?aeae?e eai?oaeueiiai aoae?aieoeoaa oa oaoi?/iiai ia?a-ica?i?iiy

Neoaeaa ioi?iie i?aoe?

No?aei? aeaeo?e/i? ia?aae?

A?iieoeuee? oaieia? ia?aae?

A?iieoey-

aia?ai-aaoio?ain

A?iieoey-aia?ai-iaeaaeea

A?iieoey-

aia?ai-?aiaoae

A?iieoey-aia?ai-caaacia-/aiiy

Aooaaeoa??y

Aeiiii?/-iee a?aeae?e

Eiio?ieueii?aa?c?eiee a?aeae?e

A?aeae?e i?aai?caoe?? oa iieaoe i?aoe?

A?aeae?e aeoe?iioaai-iy oa ?iaioe c oe?iieie iaia?aie

A?aeae?e eaae??a oa nioe?aeueieo ieoaiue

A?oia ia?eaoeiao

Neoaeaa caooo aeaeo?i- oa oaieiaia?a??

Neoaeaa aia?ai-niiaeea-iaaeyaeo

Neoaeaa iao?ieia?? oa aenieoaoaoe?? cania?a iae?eo aeaeo?iaia?a??

A?aeae?e ?iciiae?eo ? eiio?ieth

Naeoi? ae?ei-ae?iaieoeoaa

?? a?aeae?e oa ooaa OeI

Noaia 2 No?oeoo?a oi?aae?iiy aea?aeaaii? aeoe?iia?ii?
aia?aiiinoa/aeueii? eiiiai?? “A?iieoeyiaeaia?ai”

Caaaeuei? cai?e aeoe?iia??a

?aa?c?eia

eii?n?y

Niinoa?aaeia ?aaea

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