Бізнес-планування розвитку акціонерного товариства: Автореф. дис… канд. екон. наук / А.В. Гриньов, Харк. держ. екон. ун-т. — Х., 1999. — 16 с. — укp

2

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aeiiii?/iee oi?aa?neoao

OAeE 65. (2) 658.62

A?EIUeIA AIAe??E AAEAIOEIIAE*

A?CIAN-IEAIOAAIIss ?ICAEOEO

AEOe?IIA?IIAI OIAA?ENOAA

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.06.01 — Aeiiii?ea i?aei?e?inoaa ?

i?aai?caoe?y ae?iaieoeoaa

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a-1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aeiiii?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?,
I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Oioeia Ieeiea Iaioaeaeiiiiae/

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aeiiii?/iee oi?aa?neoao,

caa. eaoaae?ith aeiiii?ee, i?eaaoecaoe?? oa i?aaa

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe : aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ai??eia Aeieo?i Ieaenaiae?iae/

Aea?aeaaiee ?inoeooo i?aoe? oa nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo

aeine?aeaeaiue (i. Oa?e?a),

aieiaiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

I?aeia Iaioaeae Iao?iae/

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aaoiiia?eueii-aei?iaei?e

oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao,

caa. eaoaae?ith aeiiii?ee i?aei?e?inoaa

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao,

eaoaae?a aeiiii?ee oa iaiaaeaeiaioo,

I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 29 ea?oiy 1999 ?. i 13-00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee, oeo? Ae 64.055.01 o Oa?e?anueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio

aeiiii?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 310001. i. Oa?e?a, i?. Eai?ia,
9a

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai aeiiii?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: 310001, i. Oa?e?a.
i?.Eai?ia, 9-a

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 23 aa?aciy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Aei?ii?ia I.N.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aeo?ae c aeiiii?/ii? e?ece ia?ic?eaii iia‘ycaiee c
aaeaioaoe??th aei ?iaioe a iiaeo oiiaao. I?eaaoecaoe?y iiaea i?eianoe
iiceoeaiee aoaeo eeoa oiae?, eiee ia?aoai?aiiy aeaniino? ia
i?aei?e?inoa? aoaea i?aai?/ii niieo/aoeny c i?aeaeuaiiyi naiino?eiino?
oa a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? no?oeoo?ieo ae?iaie/eo i?ae?icae?e?a, c?
noai?aiiyi iaiao?aeieo ia?aaeoiia aeey caeo/aiiy ?ia?oiee?a o i?ioean
oi?aae?iiy aeani?noth oa ae?iaieoeoaii.

Aeina?ae ?iaioe aaeeeeo i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui
iaea?eueo aeioe?eueiei c oi/ee ci?o oi?ioaaiiy aoaeoeaiiai aeanieea ?
ia?ao?ae aei eieaeoeaii? aeaniino? ia canaaeao aeoe?iia?ii? oi?ie
ainiiaea?thaaiiy. Naia aiia aeaea iii?oia iineeaiiy o?oaeiai?
iioeaaoe??, i?aeaeuaiiy caoe?eaaeaiino? i?aoe?aiee?a o e?ioeaaeo
?acoeueoaoao ae?yeueiino? aeoe?iia?iiai oiaa?enoaa. A i?ioean?
i?eaaoecaoe?? iaiao?aeii i?eeiaoe oae? iaoiaee/i? oa i?aeoe/i? ??oaiiy,
ye? caaacia/eee a caa?aaeaiiy ae?iaie/iai eiiieaeno, iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai
? eaae?iaiai iioaioe?aeo, iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie ? ia?iuoaaiiy
ae?iaieoeoaa eiieo?aioini?iiiaeii? ia ?eieo i?iaeoeoe??. Oea coiiaeth?
iaiao?aei?noue na?eicieo ye?nieo ci?i o oa?aeoa?? ieaioaaiiy
ae?yeueiino? aeoe?iia?iiai oiaa?enoaa. O?eueee caaaeyee no?aoaa?/i?e
ni?yiiaaiino? ?icaeoeo aeoe?iia?iiai oiaa?enoaa iiaeia aeiaeoeny
eiinie?aeaoe?? an?o ae?iaie/eo i?ioean?a oa caaacia/eoe iaea?aeaiiy
neia?aaoe/iiai aoaeoo — io?eiaiiy iiaiai a?eueo aenieiai ?acoeueoaoo
a?ae noi?nii? ae?? /eiiee?a ae?iaieoeoaa.

Aaaeeeaei aeaiaioii no?aoaa?/iiai ieaioaaiiy, yeee o ae??oaeuei?e i???
iiaea ia?aaeaa/aoe ?aaeoe?th aeoe?iia?iiai oiaa?enoaa ia aeiiae
ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua oa i?aeo?eioaaoe eiai a?aeiia?aeio iiaaae?ieo
ia ?eieo, ? a?cian-ieaioaaiiy. Ieoaiiyi neeaaeaiiy a?cian-ieai?a
i?enay/aii aeoaea aaaaoi ?ia?o ca?oa?aeieo oa a?o/eciyieo
o/aieo-aeiiii?no?a: E?ia?iaia E., E?eeiai? I., E?in?na ?.A.,
Eueaianueeiai A.Ae., Ia?eiai? A.Ae., Ioeeae I., Iaeue/ee I.?., I?oa?na
A., Iieyeiaa A.?., ?iocaia O., Nee?ei TH.?., Oioa?iaia ?., O?ooeueeiai
A. oa ?i.

?acii c oei aaaaoi i?iaeai, ui iia‘ycai? c a?cian-ieaioaaiiyi, ia
o?eueee ia aeine?aeaeai?, aea e ia iinoaaeai?. Oae, o iaoeiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiiyo ua iaaeinoaoiuei ae?acii aecia/ai? iiceoe?y uiaei
aca?iiae?? ieaio ? ?eieo, i?noea a?aeiinei ieaiii??iino? a ?icaeiai?e
?eieia?e nenoai?. A?aenooi? ?iaioe, ye? a eiiieaenii ?icaeyaeaee
i?iaeaio a?cian-ieaioaaiiy ?icaeoeo aeoe?iia?ieo oiaa?enoa o no/anieo
oiiaao. Ia ?ic?iaeai? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei neeaaeaiiy
oaoiieia?/ii? no?aoaa?? ye neeaaeiai? iaaieo ?icae?e?a a?cian-ieaio, ia
aeine?aeaeaiee aieea a?cian-ieaio ia ?icaeoie aeoe?iia?iiai oiaa?enoaa,
a?cian-ieaie ia a?aoiaothoue eiai ?iaanoeoe?eiiai iioaioe?aeo, ia
aeei?enoiao?oueny ooieoe?iiaeueii-aa?o?niee aiae?c ye aoaeoeaiee iai?yi
?icaeoeo aeoe?iia?iiai oiaa?enoaa.

Iaaeinoaoiuei iaa?oioiaai? eiioeaiooaeuei? iieiaeaiiy ?icaeoeo
aeoe?iia?ieo oiaa?enoa o iiaeo oiiaao ainiiaea?thaaiiy. sse iane?aeie —
noeo?eiee ?icaeoie aeoe?iia?iiai oiaa?enoaa, ui aeanoaa?e?co? neooaoe?th
ia ?eieo. Oaeei /eiii, aeooaeuei?noue, iaoeiaa iaaeine?aeaeai?noue
i?iaeaie aecia/eee aea?? oaie, iaoo ? caaea/? aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy, a oaeiae eiai oai?aoe/io oa iaoiaee/io iniiao.

Ca‘ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?th
aeeiiaii ca?aeii c oaiaoeeith iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai aeiiii?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca oaiaie A?cian-ieaioaaiiy
?icaeoeo aeoe?iia?ieo oiaa?enoa (?7/1997) oa Aeiiii?/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy
aeei?enoaiiy ae?aiaaeieo aiae (?5/1998).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa ?iaioe — ia i?aenoaa? ocaaaeueiaiiy
oai?aoe/ieo eiioeaioe?e, iiaycaieo c iaa?oiooaaiiyi a?cian-ieaioaaiiy
?icaeoeo aeoe?iia?ii? oi?ie ainiiaea?thaaiiy, aeine?aeeoe i?ioean
?icaeoeo aeoe?iia?ieo oiaa?enoa oa aecia/eoe iai?yie aoaeoeaiiai
ooieoe?iioaaiiy, a oaeiae ?ic?iaeoe iaoeiai-i?eeeaaei? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
uiaei ?o ?aae?caoe??.

Aeinyaiaiiy iaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy cae?enithaaeiny
iine?aeiaiei ae??oaiiyi oaeeo caaea/:

cynoaaiiy nooiino? oa ?ie? ieaioaaiiy o ?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa ia
no/aniiio aoai? ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee;

?ice?eooy iniaeeainoae a?cian-ieaioaaiiy o ?icaeoeo aeoe?iia?ii? oi?ie
ainiiaea?thaaiiy;

aeine?aeaeaiiy noaio i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa, a oiio /ene?
aeoe?iia?ieo oiaa?enoa (AO);

ioe?iea no?aoaa?/ii? i???ioaoe?? a?cian-ieaioaaiiy;

aecia/aiiy iiaeeeainoae ioe?iee ?iaanoeoe?eiiai iioaioe?aeo
aeoe?iia?iiai oiaa?enoaa;

cynoaaiiy iniaeeainoae aeei?enoaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueii-aa?o?niiai aiae?co
(OAA) c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeoe?iia?iiai
oiaa?enoaa oa iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoiaeeee ooieoe?iiaeueii-aa?o?niiai aiae?co
aeey aaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie oi?aae?iiy AO;

anoaiiaeaiiy iiaeeeaino? aaeineiiaeaiiy ?iciiae?eo i?eaooeo
aeoe?iia?iiai oiaa?enoaa a oiiaao iaaecia/aiino?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a iaa?oiooaaii?
a?cian-ieaioaaiiy ye aeiaaino?ieiaiai eo?no ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueei?
ae?yeueiino? aeoe?iia?ieo oiaa?enoa a oiiaao ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei, a naia:

ia iniia? aeine?aeaeaiue eaoaai??e, ui a?aeaeaathoue aaiethoe?th
ieaiii??iino? a ?eieia?e aeiiii?/i?e nenoai?, iaa?oioiaaii
iaiao?aei?noue ?icaeoeo aeoe?iia?ii? oi?ie ainiiaea?thaaiiy ia oeyoo
iineeaiiy ieaiiaeo canaae o ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nuee?e ae?yeueiino? a
no/aniiio eiieo?aioiiio na?aaeiaeu?;

oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii no?aoaa?th ?icaeoeo aeoe?iia?ieo oiaa?enoa ye
iniiao ae?iaeaiiy aeiaaino?ieiaiai eo?no ?o ae?yeueiino? e aaeaioaoe??
nenoaie a?cian-ieaioaaiiy aei iayaieo oiia ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua;

aena?oeaii iiao ?ieue oaoiieia?? oa cai?iiiiiaaii i?aeoiaee aei
ae?iaeaiiy oaoiieia?/ii? no?aoaa?? aeoe?iia?ieo oiaa?enoa ia aac? iio?aa
?eieo a eiie?aoieo aeaeao i?iaeoeoe??, oaoiieia?/ieo iiaeeeainoae c
o?aooaaiiyi ?iiiaaoe?e ? ia?eaoeiaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue;

cai?iiiiiaaii no?aoaa?/io i???ioaoe?th ? ?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoi
a?cian-ieaioaaiiy ?icaeoeo aeoe?iia?iiai oiaa?enoaa, yeee aeeth/a?
aecia/aiiy ianyao ae?iaieoeoaa, aea?? a?aeiia?aeii? oaoiieia??,
anoaiiaeaiiy ianyao iaiao?aeieo ?ano?n?a oa ?iaanoeoe?e;

?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee/iee i?aeo?ae aei iiaeaethaaiiy ioe?iee
?iaanoeoe?eiiai iioaioe?aeo aeoe?iia?iiai oiaa?enoaa c o?aooaaiiyi
cai?iiiiiaaii? noaie aca?iica‘yceo ?iaanoeoe?eii? no?aoaa?? c oe?eyie,
oiiaaie, iai?yiaie oa oeyoaie ?? oi?ioaaiiy;

cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei canoinoaaiiy
ooieoe?iiaeueii-aa?o?niiai aiae?co ia no/aniiio aoai? ?icaeoeo
aeoe?iia?ieo oiaa?enoa, yeee caaacia/o? iiaeeea?noue i?aeaeuaiiy yeino?
i?iaeoeoe??, cieaeaiiy aeo?ao ia ?? ae?iaieoeoai, ?aae?caoe?th oa
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ainiiaea?thaaiiy AOO;

io?eiaea iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie iaoiaeeea OAA a ia?niaeoeai?e aaeoc? ??
canoinoaaiiy — nenoai? oi?aae?iiy aeoe?iia?iei oiaa?enoaii, yea
aaco?oueny ia aea/aii? ooieoe?e ? iiooeo i?eioeeiiai iiaeo ??oaiue c
i?aeo?eiee eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? AO;

?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee/iee i?aeo?ae aei i?eeiyooy ainiiaea?nueeeo ??oaiue a
oiiaao iaaecia/aiino?, yeee aeicaiey? oi?ioaaoe no?aoaa?th ?iciiae?eo
i?eaooeo.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui ?o
aeei?enoaiiy o ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nuee?e ae?yeueiino? aeoe?iia?iiai
oiaa?enoaa aeicaieeoue i?aeaeueoe ??aaiue ieaioaaiiy. I?aeoe/ia
oe?ii?noue ?iaioe iieyaa? a iaa?oiooaaii? eiie?aoieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e
uiaei aeei?enoaiiy a?cian-ieaioaaiiy ye ?ino?oiaioa a caaacia/aii?
no?aoaa?/iiai ?icaeoeo aeoe?iia?iiai oiaa?enoaa, a oaeiae o ?ic?iaoe?
iai?yi?a eiai aoaeoeaiiai ?icaeoeo.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Eiie?aoia iniaenoa o/anoue aaoi?a a
iaea?aeaii? iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a, aeeeaaeaieo o aeena?oaoe??, iieyaa? a
iinoaiiaoe? i?iaeaie a?cian-ieaioaaiiy ?icaeoeo aeoe?iia?iiai
oiaa?enoaa, ?ic?iaoe? oai?aoe/ieo iniia oa i?aeoe/ieo caoiae?a ??
ae??oaiiy. Iniaeeai iaiao?aeii a?aei?oeoe, ui iniaenoi aaoi?ii:

oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii iaiao?aei?noue no?aoaa?/iiai ieaioaaiiy ?icaeoeo
aeoe?iia?iiai oiaa?enoaa, a oiio /ene? a?cian-ieaioaaiiy;

cai?iiiiiaaii cae?enithaaoe ?ic?iaeo oaoiieia?/ii?, ?iaanoeoe?eii? oa
o?iainiai? no?aoaa?? ?icaeoeo aeoe?iia?iiai oiaa?enoaa ye neeaaeiaeo
/anoei a?cian-ieaio;

cae?eniaii oayceo aeai?eoio a?cian-ieaio ?icaeoeo aeoe?iia?iiai
oiaa?enoaa c iaiao?aeiith ?ioi?iaoe??th aeey eiai neeaaeaiiy;

iaa?oioiaaii iaiao?aei?noue canoinoaaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueii-aa?o?niiai
aiae?co c iaoith ?icaeoeo AO ? aaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie oi?aae?iiy iei;

?ic?iaeaii no?aoaa?th ?iciiae?eo i?eaooeo aeoe?iia?iiai oiaa?enoaa.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ciaeoee i?aeoe/ia canoinoaaiiy a AO AAO?AIAO
(i.Oa?e?a) ? a OIA IAI I?iioaoaia?aiiao (i.Oa?e?a), ui i?aeoaa?aeaeaii
aeoaie ai?iaaaeaeaiiy.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei aeeeaaeaii ? noaaeaii ia i?aeia?iaeieo
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo I?iaeaie oa ia?niaeoeae oi?ioaaiiy
oeea?e?ciaaiiai noni?euenoaa a Oe?a?i? (Oa?e?a, 1996), No/ani? i?iaeaie
?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa (Oa?e?a, 1996-1997), I?iaeaie ?icaeoeo
i?aei?e?inoa ?aa?iio a oiiaao ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee (Eoaainuee, 1998).

Ie?ai? iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe aeei?enoai? i?e /eoaii? eaeoe?e oa i?iaaaeaii?
i?aeoe/ieo caiyoue c eo?no Aeiiii?ea i?aei?e?inoaa o Oa?e?anueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio aeiiii?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?.

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ciaeoee a?aeia?aaeaiiy o 9
iaoeiaeo ioae?eaoe?yo caaaeueiei ianyaii — 2,89 oi.-ae?oe. a?e., o oiio
/ene? — 2,36 oi.-ae?oe. a?e. iaeaaeeoue iniaenoi aaoi?ia?.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (112 iaeiaioaaiue),
aeaio aeiaeaoe?a. ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai
oaenoo, i?noeoue 15 oaaeeoeue oa 24 ?enoiee.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? ?ice?eaathoueny nooi?noue oa noai iaoeiai? i?iaeaie, ??
cia/ei?noue; iaa?oioiaaii iaiao?aei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy,
eiai aeooaeuei?noue; noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy,
iaoeiao iiaecio oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? — Oai?aoe/i? iniiae a?cian-ieaioaaiiy aeoe?iia?ii?
oi?ie ainiiaea?thaaiiy— aecia/a?oueny aeiiii?/ia nooi?noue ieaioaaiiy
ye aaaiiiai /eiieea ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? a ?eieia?e aeiiii?oe?;
iaa?oioiao?oueny ?ieue no?aoaa?/iiai ieaioaaiiy oa iaiao?aei?noue
?ic?iaee oaoiieia?/ii? no?aoaa??.

?icaeiaiee, ??ciiiai?oiee ?eiie iiaeiai aacoaaoeny ia aaeaeaaoiiio
ae?iaieoeoa?, ui ia?aaeaa/a? ei??ii? ci?ie o an?o eiai noa?ao, a oiio
/ene? e o ae?iaie/?e. O oeeo oiiaao a?cian-ieai noa? iaeaaaeeea?oei
?ino?oiaioii aoaeoeaiiai ainiiaea?thaaiiy. A ieaioaaii? aeoeaio ?ieue
a?ae?a?a? oe?eani?yiiaaia ae?yeuei?noue ainiiaea?thth/iai noa‘?eoa a
oiiaao iaiaaeaiino? ?ano?n?a. Oaeee i?aeo?ae aei ieaioaaiiy
ei?aniiiaeo?oueny c ?icoi?iiyi ieaiii??iino? ye na?aeiii i?aeo?eioaaii?
i?iii?oe?iiaeueiino? o ?icaeoeo an?o /eiiee?a ae?iaieoeoaa. Neeith, yea
i?ioeae?? ?icoe?aiith ieaiii??iino?, ia aeoieo aaoi?a, ? ia ?eiie, a
aeaiaio noeo?eiino?. ?eiie i?ioeae?? ieaiii??iiio ainiiaea?thaaiith
eeoa a o?e i???, a ye?e i?noeoue a nia? noeo?eiee aeaiaio. Oiiaaie
noeo?eiiai i?io?eaiiy i?ioean?a ? ia o?eueee nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i?
neeaaeia?, a aieiaiei /eiii neaaea ieaioaaiiy oeeo i?ioean?a c aieo
ainiiaea?thth/iai noa‘?eoa, iaaeinoaoi?noue ciaiue oa ?ioi?iaoe?? ?
iaiiaeeea?noue nai?/anii? ?? ia?a?iaee ?nioth/eie oaoi?/ieie caniaaie,
neaaea iaoiaeieia?/ia caaacia/aiiy. Oe?a?inuee? i?aei?e?inoaa, ye? ia
iathoue no/anieo cania?a cai?o, ia?a?iaee ? aiae?co aaeeei? e?eueeino?
?ioi?iaoe?? i?i ae?iaie/? i?ioeane, iani?iiiaei? ye?nii nieaioaaoe naith
ae?yeuei?noue iaa?oue ia ei?ioeee i?ii?aeie /ano, ia eaaeo/e i?i
na?aaeiuei- oa aeiaaino?ieiaa ieaioaaiiy.

Ia??aeiei eaiaiai eiioeaioe?? ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee a Oe?a?i?
? ?icaea?aeaaeaiiy oa i?eaaoecaoe?y a?eueoi? /anoeie aea?aeaaii?
aeaniino?, ye? ia?aaeaa/athoue cia/ia i?aeaeuaiiy naiino?eiino? e
aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe i?aei?e?inoa. I?e oeueiio ooieoe?? ieaioaaiiy
(no?aoaa?/iiai ? iioi/iiai) iiai?noth ia?aoiaeyoue aei noa‘?eo?a
ainiiaea?thaaiiy. Aiie aeeth/athoue aea/aiiy oa iiooe ?eie?a caooo
i?iaeoeoe??, ui aeaioiaey?oueny, ?ic?iaeo iiaeo oiaa??a ia i?aenoaa?
iio?aa niiaeeaa/?a, aiae?co ia?aaaa oa iaaeie?e?a i?iaeoeoe??
eiieo?aio?a. Oiio a?cian-ieaioaaiiy ? ia‘?eoeaiith aeiiaith oni?oii?
ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? a oiiaao no/anii? ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee.
Caaaeyee a?cian-ieaiai iiaeia i?aeiyoe ci?no ieaiiai? ?iaioe ia
i?aei?e?inoa? ca aeiiiiiaith no/anii? oaoi?/ii? aace, ?ioaeaeooaeueii?
i?aoe?, eiii‘thoa?ecaoe??, ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy iaeiie/aiiai
aeina?aeo a iaeano? ieaioaaiiy oa i?aai?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa.

A ?iaio? iieacaii, ui iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaia no?aoaa?/ia ieaioaaiiy
?icaeoeo aeoe?iia?ieo oiaa?enoa caaacia/o? iiaeeea?noue ?o noaa?eueiiai
noaiiaeua ia ?eieo. Iai?aaii??ii aoei a i?eioneaoe, ui iiyaa oaei? oi?ie
ainiiaea?thaaiiy a aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie, ye aeoe?iia?ia oiaa?enoai,
a?ae?aco ?noioii ci?ieoue nenoaio i?aei?e?inoa c aea?aeaaiith oi?iith
aeaniino?, ui ?nioaaea ?ai?oa, oa onoia i?eoaiaii? ?e i?ioe??//y. A
oeueiio ca‘yceo iinooiiaee ?icaeoie aeoe?iia?ieo oiaa?enoa ?
ia‘?eoeaiith iaiao?aei?noth; a?i iiaeiai aacoaaoeny ia a?eueo
aoaeoeaiiio aeei?enoaii? ia?aaaa oe??? i?aai?caoe?eii? oi?ie
ainiiaea?thaaiiy a oiiaao ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei.

Ia i?ioean ?icaeoeo AO aieeaathoue ??ciiiai?aaeai? oa iaeii/anii ae?th/?
/eiieee, na?aae yeeo aaaeeeaei ? ieaioaaiiy ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueei?
ae?yeueiino?. ?icaeoie aeoe?iia?ieo oiaa?enoa ?aaeueii cae?enith?oueny
aiane?aeie ai?iaaaeaeaiiy caoiae?a i?e ??cieo aa??aioao niieo/aiiy ?o
oa?aeoa?enoee. Aiie coiiaeththoue ??ci? iiaeeea? oeyoe ?icaeoeo, ui
aecia/a? iaiao?aei?noue iaa?oiooaaiiy oa eiie?aoecaoe?? a?aeiia?aeieo
oe?eae, /?oeiai aeae?eaiiy aaia?aeueiiai iai?yieo c o?aooaaiiyi
caaaeueieo caeiiii??iinoae ? niaoeeo?/ieo iniaeeainoae ?icaeoeo AO ye ia
aeecueeo, oae ? ia iaeaooith ia?niaeoeao. I?e oeueiio aeoe?iia?ia
oiaa?enoai iiaea aooe i?aaenoaaeaii o aeaeyae? neeaaeii? oa
naii?icaeiooi? a?aee?eoi? nenoaie, ye?e i?eoaiaii? iai?aaeai?noue,
caeiiii??i?noue oa ye?niee noai.

O i?ioean? oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei ieaioaaiiy aaciina?aaeiuei a
aeoe?iia?iiio oiaa?enoa? iaaoaa? iiaiai oa?aeoa?o ii??aiyii c nenoaiith,
yea ?nioaaea ?ai?oa. Naiino?ei?noue AO a iaeano? ieaioaaiiy ? iniaeeai
aaaeeeaith a oiiaao, eiee o?aaa aeinyaoe: a?aeiia?aeiiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
i?ae iiieoii ? i?iiiioaaiiyi ia i?iaeoeoe?th ye i?iieneiaiai, oae ?
niiaeea/iai i?ecia/aiiy; aecia/aii? ??aiiaaae i?ae o?iainiaith oa
iaoa??aeueii-?a/iaith noi?iiaie ae?iaieoeoaa; ?aaeueii? iiaeeeaino?
i???iooaaoe ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueeo ae?yeuei?noue ia caaeiaieaiiy
iio?aa niiaeeaa/?a. Ieaioaaiiy ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? AO
iaoiiaeaii iaiao?aei?noth aacia?a?aii? aaeaioaoe?? aei iaaeieeoiueiai
na?aaeiaeua, noeeueia aei /anoeo ci?i, ye? aaaeei ia?aaeaa/eoe, a oaeiae
iiooeii aeeiai?/ieo oi?i ? iaoiae?a aeyaeaiiy caeiiii??iinoae eiai
ooieoe?iioaaiiy.

A aeena?oaoe?? iaa?oioiaaii, ui no?aoaa?/ia ieaioaaiiy ye neeaaeiaa
/anoeia a?cian-ieaio aeicaiey? cae?enithaaoe ?ic?iaeo aeiaaino?ieiai?
no?aoaa??, ui caaacia/o? ia?aiiao a eiieo?aioi?e ai?iouea?, oa
noai?thaaoe a?aeiia?aeiee ?ino?oiaioa??e uiaei ?aae?caoe?? no?aoaa?? o
iioi/ieo ae?iaie/eo ieaiao, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?o o i?aeoe/io ae?yeuei?noue
aeoe?iia?iiai oiaa?enoaa.

Iniaeeaa ?ieue o ia??iae ?ioi?iaoe?eii? a?e iaeaaeeoue oaoiieia??, yea
aecia/a? no?aoaa?/ia iaeaooi? AO. Oaiie ci?i, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny o
ae?yeueiino? aeoe?iia?iiai oiaa?enoaa, aeyaeythoueny a i?ioean?
aeinyaiaiiy iaiao?aeiiai ??aiy ?icaeoeo, eiee ?eieia? iiceoe??
i?aeaeathoueny caa?ic? c aieo oaoiieia?/ii ia?aaeiaeo eiieo?aio?a. Oea
ciooo? AO iino?eii i?aoethaaoe ia ??ai? no/anieo oaoiieia?e,
cae?enithth/e oaeaeea i?inoaaiiy ia ?eieo. Aeey aeoe?iia?ieo oiaa?enoa,
ye? i?aoeththoue ia ??ai? oaeeo oaoiieia?e, aeinoaoiuei aenieith ?
nooi?iue iaia?aaeaa/aiino?, ui coiiaeth? iaiao?aei?noue aio/eiai
ieaioaaiiy i??i?eoaoieo iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo oa
aeina?aeii-eiino?oeoi?nueeeo ?ic?iaie (IAeAeE?), oiaoi ?iiiaaoe?e.

O i?ioean? ?iciianthaeaeaiiy iiai? oaoiieia?? aaaeeeaa ?ieue o
i?aeaioiaoe? aei oaoiieia?/ieo ci?i, no?aoaa?? ?icaeoeo iaeaaeeoue
i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy. AEeoo?aee oeeee iiieoo oa oaoiieia?? iaiaaeo?
aeeoo?aee oeeee oiaa??a, aeaioiaeaieo o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei oaoiieia??,
yeo aoei ?ic?iaeaii c iaoith caaeiaieaiiy iiieoo a ieo. Iiaeaeueoa
aaeineiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?? aea? iiaeeea?noue ?ic?iaeyoe iia? oiaa?e ia
aac? ?iiiaaoe?e, cae?enithth/e no?aoaa?/iee ?icaeoie AO. O aeiaaeeo
cieaeaiiy aoaeoeaiino? oaoiieia??, oiaoi a oiiaao oe?aaeoaaiiy
i?iaeoeoe??, yea noa? iaeiieo?aioini?iiiaeiith ia ?eieo, iaiao?aeia iiaa
oaoiieia?y, caeaoia onoiooe oaea oe?aaeoaaiiy aac ?noioiiai cieaeaiiy
?ici??o i?eaooeo. Oea aeiaaa? oaeiai ??aiy oi?aae?iiy AO, yeee iiaeiai
a?aeiia?aeaoe ia?ai?e no?aoaa?? ?icaeoeo ca ?aooiie aeniei? ieoiii? aaae
?iaanoeoe?e a i??i?eoaoi? IAeAeE? oa aeei?enoaiiy eiioeaioe??
neia?a?cio.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e — Iaoiaee/i? iniiae no?aoaa?? ?icaeoeo aeoe?iia?iiai
oiaa?enoaa oa ?ieue a?cian-ieaio a ?? caaacia/aii?— i?enay/aii aiae?co
noaio ?icaeoeo aeoe?iia?ii? oi?ie ainiiaea?thaaiiy, iaa?oiooaaiith ?ie?
a?cian-ieaio a caaacia/aii? no?aoaa?? ?icaeoeo AO oa iiaeaethaaiith
ioe?iee eiai ?iaanoeoe?eiiai iioaioe?aeo.

Noai?aiiy ??ciiiai?oieo oi?i ainiiaea?thaaiiy i?eaaei a i?ioean?
i?eaaoecaoe?? aei ia?aoai?aiiy i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa o aeoe?iia?i?
oiaa?enoaa. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioeano i?eaaoecaoe?? aea?aeaaii? aeaniino?
a Oa?e?anueeiio ?aa?ii? na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
i?aei?e?inoa aea?aeaaii? oa eieaeoeaii? oi?i aeaniino? ia e?iaoeue 1997
?ieo noaiiaeei, a?aeiia?aeii, 29,8 ? 70,2 %, i?e/iio na?aae i?aei?e?inoa
eieaeoeaii? oi?ie aeaniino? 55,3% — oea aeoe?iia?i? oiaa?enoaa (?en.
1). Oeae i?ioean i?ioiaeeoue a oiiaao oyaeei? aeiiii?/ii? e?ece, ye?e
i?eoaiaiiee niaae ae?iaieoeoaa (o 1997 ?. a?aeiinii aei 1990 ?.
ae?iaieoeoai i?iaeoeoe?? noaiiaeei 32% a oe?eiio ii i?iieneiaino?
Oa?e?anueeiai ?aa?iio oa 21% — ii iaoeiiaoaeoaaiith oa iaoaeiia?iaoe?).

wmetafile8? ??¶?? ???????? ???????yyy????????????
UP???

???/???????????????????????????????AAA?U?—??en.1. Aeeiai?ea
i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa Oa?e?anueeiai

?aa?iio c ??cieie oi?iaie aeaniino?

Ia i?ioyc? oeueiai i?ii?aeeo /ano caciaea ci?i aaeocaaa no?oeoo?a
i?iieneiaino?. Oae, /anoea iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy oa iaoaeiia?iaee a
caaaeueiiio ianyc? i?iieneiaino? ciaioeeany ia 24,3%, aea a 1997 ?ioe?
niinoa??aaany i?e??no ianyao i?iaeoeoe?? a AO ia 4,7%. A oe?eiio
i?iaaaeaiee aiae?c ia aac? aeaieo naie aeoe?iia?ieo oiaa?enoa aeicaieea
c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui i?iaeiaaeo?oueny cieaeaiiy ae?iaie/iai iioaioe?aeo
aeoe?iia?ieo oiaa?enoa, ia iiaeieaia ? caeoeia?noue ?o ?iaioe, a oea
coiiaeth? iaiao?aei?noue iiooeo oa ?ic?iaee aoaeoeaieo oeyo?a ?o
?icaeoeo a ?eieiaeo oiiaao.

O aeena?oaoe?? iaa?oioiaaii, ui iaeiei c iai?yie?a caaacia/aiiy
aeeoo?caeaoiino? oa i?eaooeiaino? AO iiaea aooe a?cian-ieaioaaiiy, yea
iiaeiia aeei?enoiaoaaoeny aeey ?ic?iaee eiioeaioe?? ?icaeoeo caaaeyee
iiaeeeaino? ?aoaeueiiai iaa?oiooaaiiy no?aoaa?? c iiceoe?e
ia?eaoeiaiai?, ae?iaie/i? oa o?iainiai? ae?yeueiino?. O ?iaio?
cai?iiiiiaaii noaio aca?iiae?? o/aniee?a o i?ioean? ?ic?iaee
a?cian-ieaio. Iaoa ?? ?ic?iaee iia‘ycaia c iaaecia/ai?noth ciai?oiueiai
na?aaeiaeua ? a?aoiao? iiaeeea?noue caeo/aiiy eai?oaeo, ?iiiaaoe?ei?
aoaeoe oa ci?io aeanieea. Na?aae o/aniee?a ?ic?iaee a?cian-ieaio
?icaeyaeathoueny iaiaaeaea?e, aeoe?iia?e, e?aaeeoi?e oa ia?oia?e. Oaeee
a?cian-ieai a?aeia?aaea? on? noi?iie ae?yeueiino? aeoe?iia?iiai
oiaa?enoaa; a iueiio ia?aaeaa/a?oueny aiae?c i?iaeai, c yeeie
noeeathoueny AO ia ?eieo, ?ic?iaea oeyo?a ae??oaiiy oeeo i?iaeai, a
oaeiae ioe?iea ia o?eueee ia?aaaa, a e iaaeie?e?a o ae?yeueiino?. E??i
oiai, iaiao?aei?: ?aoaeueia aea/aiiy ia?niaeoea ?ic-aeoeo iioaioe?eiiai
?eieo caooo, ioe?iea iaiao?aeieo aeo?ao ia aeaioiaeaiiy oa ?aae?caoe?th
oiaa??a, ? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy c ia?aaeaa/aieie oe?iaie ?aae?caoe?? aeey
aecia/aiiy iiaeeeaiai i?eaooeo. I?e/iio ?ic?iaea a?cian-ieaio iaiao?aeia
ia o?eueee a i?ioean? i?eaaoecaoe??, a e o iiaeaeueo?e
o?iainiai-ainiiaea?nuee?e ae?yeueiino? aeoe?iia?iiai oiaa?enoaa. Oea
iia‘ycaii c oei, ui i?aeoe/ii a a?cian-ieaiao a no/anieo oiiaao
a?aenooiy i?ia?aia ?icaeoeo AO, a ieoaiiy caeo/aiiy e?aaeeo?a ia
?icaeyaeathoueny acaaae?.

O ?iaio? cai?iiiiiaaii no?oeoo?o a?cian-ieaio ia iniia? no?aoaa??
?icaeoeo AO oa aeai?eoi no?aoaa?/iiai a?cian-ieaioaaiiy (?en. 2).

*e

i? caaacia/aii eiieo?aioini?iiiaei?noue

niieo/aiue?

oae

?en. 2. Aeai?eoi no?aoaa?/iiai a?cian-ieaioaaiiy ?icaeoeo AO

Aeai?eoi no?aoaa?/iiai a?cian-ieaioaaiiy aeicaiey?:

aeyaeoe neaae? i?noey no?aoaa?/iiai ieaioaaiiy ua aei ii/aoeo eiai
?aae?caoe?? oa nai?/anii aianoe iaiao?aei? ei?aeoeae;

ioe?ieoe iioaioe?ei? oaoi?/i?, ?ano?ni? oa o?iainia? iiaeeeaino?
?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa;

ioe?ieoe aoaeoeai?noue ia?aieo oeyo?a ?icaeoeo, aeio?aei?noue caoiae?a
oa ieoii?noue eioo?a;

/?oei nieaioaaoe ae?? ooieoe?iiaeueieo i?ae?icae?e?a oa caaacia/eoe ?o
aca?iica‘ycie;

caaacia/eoe aio/e?noue, iia?euei?noue oa oaeaeeo ?aaeoe?th ia
iaiao?aei?noue ia?aaoaeiae ae?iaieoeoaa i?ae aieeaii ciai?oi?o /eiiee?a.
Aaaeeeaei ? aiae?c ? aecia/aiiy cae?eniaiiino? ?ic?iaeaiiai
a?cian-ieaio.

Iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie aeoe?iia?iiai oiaa?enoaa aecia/a?oueny aaeeeith
e?euee?noth /eiiee?a, iaeaaaeeea?oei c yeeo ? ?iaanoeoe??. Iniiaiei
iai?yiii ?iaanoeoe?eiiai i?ioeano ?, ia?o ca ana, i?aai?caoe?y oaeeo
ae?iaieoeoa, ye? cae?eniththoue a?o/eciyi? ?ic?iaee na?oiaiai ??aiy. Oea
aeiaaa? oi?aae?iiy ?iaanoeoe?eiith ae?yeuei?noth AO, caniiaaiiai ia
ioe?ioe? noaio oa i?iaiicoaaii? ?icaeoeo ?o ?iaanoeoe?eiiai iioaioe?aeo,
aiae?c? ?iaanoeoe?eii? i?eaaaeeaino? aeoe?iia?ieo oiaa?enoa, ye? iiaeii?
?icaeyaeaoeny ye iioaioe?ei? ia‘?eoe ?iaanooaaiiy.

O aeena?oaoe?? cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei
iiaeaethaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eiiai iioaioe?aeo AO, yeee aecia/a? iiaeeeaino?
oa caoe?eaaeai?noue a ?iaanooaaii? aeanieo eioo?a, a oaeiae caeo/aiiy
iiceeiaeo eioo?a. Oea aeicaiey? iia‘ycoaaoe iai?yie ?iaanoeoe?eii?
ae?yeueiino? aeoe?iia?iiai oiaa?enoaa c ?iaanoeoe?eieie ?ano?naie.
?ic?iaea no?aoaa?? oi?ioaaiiy oaeeo ?ano?n?a aeeth/a? i?iaiicoaaiiy ?o
caaaeueiiai ianyao ca ?aooiie ??cieo aeaea?ae, o?iainoaaiiy ie?aieo
?iaanoeoe?eieo i?iaeo?a oa iioei?caoe?th no?oeoo?e aeaea?ae oi?ioaaiiy
?iaanoeoe?eieo ?ano?n?a. I?e oeueiio ?ic?iaea no?aoaa?? ia?aaeaa/a?
aacia?a?aio ?iaanoeoe?eio ae?yeuei?noue AO, aoaeoeaia aeei?enoaiiy
aeanieo o?iainiaeo eioo?a, o?iainiao no?ee?noue ia o?eueee a
ei?ioeino?ieia?e, aea e o aeiaaino?ieia?e ia?niaeoea?. Nooi?noue
?iaanoeoe?eii? no?aoaa?? — oea iioe?aiiy aoaeoeaieo ?iaanoeoe?e, ye?
noai?ththoue eiieo?aioi -ni?iiiaeia ae?iaieoeoai.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? — Iai?yie aaeineiiaeaiiy a?cian-ieaioaaiiy a
aeoe?iia?ieo oiaa?enoaao— iaa?oioiaaii aeioe?euei?noue aeei?enoaiiy
ooieoe?iiaeueii-aa?o?niiai aiae?co ia no/aniiio aoai? ?icaeoeo AO,
cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie
oi?aae?iiy aeoe?iia?iei oiaa?enoaii ia iniia? canoinoaaiiy OAA oa
oi?ioaaiiy no?aoaa?? ?iciiae?eo i?eaooeo AO.

Ia?ao?ae aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei aeiaaa? iiaiai aeiiii?/iiai ieneaiiy,
iniiaieie ?enaie yeiai ? aio/e?noue, aeueoa?iaoeai?noue, iaoe?eai?noue
ia e?ioeaa? ?acoeueoaoe, i???ioaoe?y ia ethaenueeee /eiiee oa ae??oaiiy
nioe?aeueieo i?iaeai. O ?iaio? iaa?oioiaaii, ui iaeiei c aoaeoeaieo
iaoiae?a, yeee caaacia/o? i?aeoe/io ?aae?caoe?th oeeo ?en, ?
ooieoe?iiaeueii-aa?o?niee aiae?c. . A?i ?aae?co? no?aoaa?th
aeoe?iia?iiai oiaa?enoaa ia iaaiiio ?eieo c o?aooaaiiyi ineoieia?? oa
ia?aaaa niiaeeaa/?a. Iai?aaeai?noue OAA a no/anieo oiiaao ia iiaea
iaiaaeoaaoeny eiino?oeoe??th ae?iao oa oaoiieia??th eiai ae?iaieoeoaa.
Naiino?eia cia/aiiy ia? cieaeaiiy aeo?ao, ye? aaciina?aaeiuei ia
iia‘ycai? c aeiiii??th iaoa??ae?a. Oea — ?aae?caoe?y iinoa/aeueieoeueei?
oa caooiai? ae?yeueiino?, iiooe iiaeo niiaeeaa/?a ia o?eueee ia iniiaio
i?iaeoeoe?th, a e ia a?aeoiaee ae?iaieoeoaa oiui. Oe? caoiaee iiaeooue
caaacia/eoe ?noioia cieaeaiiy caaaeueieo aeo?ao.

Aaaeeeaei ieoaiiyi, yea ae??oothoue iaeaea an? aeoe?iia?i? oiaa?enoaa, ?
aecia/aiiy aeaea?ae o?iainoaaiiy. A oiiaao ?eieo i?aeoe/ieie aeaea?aeaie
iiaeooue aooe aeani? iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy (aii?oecaoe?ei? a?ae?aooaaiiy,
i?eaooie), aeoe??, iae?aaoe??, iiceee, a?aenioee a?ae aeanieo a?ioae,
aeeaaeaieo aei aaieo aai iice/aieo ?ioei i?aei?e?inoaai. Aaeeeo
aeiiiiiao i?e aecia/aii? o?iainiaeo aeaea?ae oa iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiiai
?o aeei?enoaiiy iiaea iaaeaoe OAA.

?icaeoie aeiiii?/ieo iaoiae?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy aaaea aei ci?i o
iinoaiiaoe? oe?eae ? caaea/ OAA, ui coiiaeth? iaiao?aei?noue eiai
aaeineiiaeaiiy a oiae? ia?aaoaeiae ainiiaea?/iai iaoai?cio oi?aae?iiy
AO. Oea aeiaaa? ?ic?iaee no?aoaa?? naiiai aiae?co. Oaea no?aoaa?y
ia?aaeaa/a? anoaiiaeaiiy oe?eae eiai aeei?enoaiiy, ye? ?aae?cothoueny o
iaaieo oiiaao c o?aooaaiiyi ia?aaaa ? iaaeie?e?a. O aeena?oaoe??
iieacaii, ui ooieoe?iiaeueii-aa?o?niee aiae?c caaacia/o?:

io?eiaiiy cia/iiai aeiiii?/iiai aoaeoo ca ?aooiie ooieoe?iiaeueiiai
i?aeoiaeo;

eiiieaeni?noue, yea ia?aaeaa/a? iiaeyae ia ?icaeoie e??cue i?ecio
aeoe?iia?iiai oiaa?enoaa a oe?eiio;

ioiieaiiy on?o noaae?e ?iiiaaoe?eiiai i?ioeano;

eiia??i?noue noaei? ?iaioe AO aac cia/iiai ?eceeo ca ?aooiie iiaeeeaino?
io?eiaiiy aoaeoo.

Iiaeaeue nenoaie oi?aae?iiy aeoe?iia?iei oiaa?enoaii iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe
o aeaio aniaeoao: ye neeaae ? a?aeiineie no?oeoo?ieo i?ae?icae?e?a
(i?aai?caoe?eia no?oeoo?a) oa ye ?o aca?iiae?? (ooieoe??). Ia?aeiieie
a?aeiinii no?oeoo?e ? ooieoe??, ye? aecia/athoue aeeiai?/i?noue nenoaie
oi?aae?iiy c oi/ee ci?o aeinyaiaiiy oe?eae. Ia nenoaio oi?aae?iiy
aieeaa? no?oeoo?a, yea ni?iuo? aai oneeaaeith?, i?enei?th? aai
niia?eueith? ?? ?icaeoie. I?iaaaeaiiy OAA nenoaie oi?aae?iiy
aeoe?iia?iei oiaa?enoaii iiaeiia cae?enithaaoenue o oae?e
iine?aeiaiino?:

iien i?eioeei?a iiaoaeiae nenoaie oi?aae?iiy;

aeyaeaiiy oa oi?ioethaaiiy oe?eae ? ooieoe?e oi?aae?iiy;

aa?o?nia ioe?iea e inoaoi/iee aea?? aa??aioa.

Iaiao?aeiith oiiaith aeeth/aiiy oiai /e ?ioiai aa??aioa nenoaie
oi?aae?iiy aei aeueoa?iaoeaiiai neoaeeoue eiai ni?iiiaei?noue ni?eyoe
?aae?caoe?? aeiaaeueii? oe?e? nenoaie. I?e oeueiio ne?ae ?icaeyaeaoe
oae? iai?yie aaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie oi?aae?iiy:

cieaeaiiy aeo?ao i?e iaa?oioiaaiiio cieaeaii? ooieoe?iiaeueieo aeaiaio?a
? (aai) ooieoe?iiaeuei?noue iaaeeeoeiaino? ie?aieo aeaiaio?a;

ciaioaiiy aeo?ao i?e caa?aaeaii? e?eueeino? ooieoe?iiaeueieo aeaiaio?a;

nei?i/aiiy aeo?ao i?e iaeii/aniiio ca?eueoaii? /enea ooieoe?iiaeueii?
iaaeinoaoiino? ie?aieo aeaiaio?a;

ca?eueoaiiy /enea ooieoe?iiaeueieo aeaiaio?a ? (aai) ciaioaiiy
ooieoe?iiaeueii? iaaeinoaoiino? ie?aieo aeaiaio?a i?e iaci?iieo aeo?aoao
ia oo?eiaiiy aia?aoo oi?aae?iiy aai i?e aeayeiio aeiiii?/ii
aei?aaaeaiiio ca?eueoaii? aeo?ao.

E?ea? ?iciiae?eo aeo?ao ca ?o aeaiaioaie o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei oai???
OAA, a naia AAN-aiae?co, iaaaaeaii ia ?en.3.

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yyy???????????uAEy?????Aaaaeaiiy iiaeo oa ?icoe?aiiy ?nioth/eo
i?ae?icae?e?a, ca?eueoaiiy noaaie ? ieeaae?a, i?eaeaaiiy i?aoaoi?ee,
iie?ioaiiy oiia i?aoe? — ana oea i?eionoeia eeoa o aeiaaeeao, eiee
caaacia/o?oueny iaea?aeaiiy aeiaeaoeiaiai i?eaooeo. Oaeee i?eaooie iiaea
aooe io?eiaiee ye ca ?aooiie iie?ioaiiy ?iaioe aeoe?iia?iiai oiaa?enoaa
a oe?eiio, oae ? aiane?aeie aeanii? eiia?oe?eii? ae?yeueiino?
i?ae?icae?e?a, ui ooai?ththoueny. Aei oiai ae a oiiaao ?icaeoeo
ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? AO ? ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei
aianie nenoaie oi?aae?iiy o aeioiaee caeaaeeoue a?ae a?aooaaiiy
aeiiii?/ii? neooaoe?? (??aiy aeiaia??ieo oe?i, nai?/aniiai caaacia/aiiy
iinoaaie, oi?ioaaiiy iiieoo iieoioe?a oiui).

O aeena?oaoe?? iaa?oioiaaii, ui ainiiaea?nueea ae?yeuei?noue AO
ciaoiaeeoueny o o?niiio aca?iica‘yceo c iiaaae?ieith aeoe?iia??a
a?aeiinii ?iciiae?eo iaea?aeaiiai i?eaooeo. Iiaaae?iea aeoe?iia??a i?e
oeueiio ia? oa?aeoa? iaaecia/aiino?. Oiio iia?aoeai? ??oaiiy i?aae?iiy
aeoe?iia?iiai oiaa?enoaa aeiooaia i?eeiaoe a oiiaao iaaecia/aiino?. C
iaoith ae?iaeaiiy aoaeoeaieo ??oaiue a oaeeo oiiaao o aeena?oaoe??
aeei?enoaii oai??th ?ai?. Ne?ae a?aei?oeoe, ui c?oeiaiiy ?ioa?an?a
i?aae?iiy e aeoe?iia??a oiiaia, oiio ui i?aaiaiiy AO caaacia/eoe noaea
c?inoaiiy i?eaooeo a?aeiia?aea? ei??iiei ?ioa?anai aeoe?iia??a. Oe?e? o
aeoe?iia??a ? i?aae?iiy iaeiaeia?, aea ?icoi?iiy aca?iia?aeiinei ?
cania?a aeinyaiaiiy oe?eae ??ci?, ai i?aae?iiy AO a?eueoa i?aaia aei
a?aooaaiiy aeiaaino?ieiaeo iane?aee?a ??oaiue uiaei ?iciiae?eo i?eaooeo,
a aeoe?iia?e — ei?ioeino?ieiaeo, iaaaeieo. Cai?iiiiiaaiee o ?iaio?
i?aeo?ae aeicaiey? ciaoiaeeoe iioeiaeueia ??oaiiy c ?iciiae?eo i?eaooeo
a eiie?aoieo neooaoe?yo.

AENIIAEE

1. A no/anieo oiiaao a?cian-ieaioaaiiy iaaoaa? cia/aiiy aaaeeeaiai
?ino?oiaioo aoaeoeaiiai ainiiaea?thaaiiy. Canoinoaaiiy oai?aoe/ieo iniia
a?cian-ieaioaaiiy, iiaeeeainoae eiai i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy aeicaiey?
caaacia/oaaoe ieaiiao ?iaioo a aeoe?iia?ieo oiaa?enoaao ia iniia?
aeinyaiaiue no/anii? oaoi?/ii? aace eiii‘thoa?ecaoe??, ?aoe?iiaeueiiai
aeei?enoaiiy na?oiai? oa a?o/eciyii? iaoee a iaeano? ieaioaaiiy e
i?aai?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa. Ia?ao?ae aei iiai? iaoiaeieia?? ieaioaaiiy
aeiaaa? i?iaaaeaiiy iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue, na?aae yeeo aaaeeeaa ?ieue
iaeaaeeoue no?aoaa?/iiio a?cian-ieaioaaiith. Eiai iaoeiaa iaa?oiooaaiiy
caaacia/o? iiaeeea?noue noaa?eueiiai noaiiaeua AO ia ?eieo. Eiai
iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie aaco?oueny ia noeoiiino? aca?iica‘yce?a, ye?
aecia/athoue iniiai? eiai oaiaeaioe??. I?e oeueiio aeoe?iia?ia
oiaa?enoai iiaea aooe i?aaenoaaeaii o aeaeyae? neeaaeii? i?aai?ciaaii?
nenoaie, ui naii?icaeaa?oueny, ye?e aeanoea? iai?aaeai?noue,
caeiiii??i?noue oa a?aeiia?aeiee ye?niee noai.

2. Iniaeeaa ?ieue a ia??iae ?ioi?iaoe?eii? a?e iaeaaeeoue oaoiieia??,
yea aecia/a? no?aoaa?/ia iaeaooi? AO. Aeey aeoe?iia?iiai oiaa?enoaa c
a?aeiinii aenieei ??aiai ?iiiaaoe?e aaaeeeaith ? ni?iiiaei?noue
aaeaioaoe?? aei iiaeo oaoiieia?e, ye? caaacia/othoue aeione iiai?
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeii? i?iaeoeoe??, ui ei?enoo?oueny no?eeei iiieoii ia
?eieo. Oea ia?aaeaa/a? iaiao?aei?noue anoaiiaeaiiy aieeao oaoiieia?? ia
no?aoaa?th ?icaeoeo aeoe?iia?iiai oiaa?enoaa. Aeey oeo c ieo, ye?
i?aoeththoue ia ??ai? i?ia?aneaieo oaoiieia?e, aeinoaoiuei aenieei ?
nooi?iue iaaecia/aiino?, ui iio?aao? a??ii? ioe?iee ?ici??o i?eaooeo,
aeioe?eueiino? ?iaanooaaiiy iaaiiai aeaeo i?iaeoeoe??. Oea ia?aaeaa/a? o
i?ioean? ci?ie oaoiieia?? iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaee no?aoaa?? ?icaeoeo AO,
yea a naith /a?ao aeiaaa? a?aeiia?aeii? i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy oeeie
i?ioeanaie.

3. AEeoo?caeaoi?noue oa i?eaooeia?noue AO iiaea aooe caaacia/aia
caaaeyee no?aoaa?/iiio a?cian-ieaioaaiith eiai ae?yeueiino?, yea
aeeth/a?: iaa?oiooaaiiy nenoaie aeieac?a aeioe?eueiino? iaaiiai aeaeo
ae?yeueiino?; anoaiiaeaiiy ia?niaeoea nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo;
i?iaiicoaaiiy aeiiii?/ieo ?ecee?a. ?ic?iaeo a?cian-ieaio cai?iiiiiaaii
i?iaiaeeoe a o?e aca?iiiia‘ycai? aoaie, ui aeicaiey?: ioe?ithaaoe
iioaioe?ei? oaoi?/i?, ?ano?ni? oa o?iainia? iiaeeeaino? AO;
iaa?oioiaoaaoe aoaeoeai?noue ia?aiiai oeyoo ?icaeoeo, aeio?aeiino? oa
ieoiiino? eioo?a; /?oei ieaioaaoe ae?yeuei?noue an?o ooieoe?iiaeueieo
i?ae?icae?e?a oa caaacia/oaaoe ?o aca?iica‘ycie; iaaeaaaoe aio/eino? oa
iia?eueiino? o ia?aaoaeia? ae?iaieoeoaa i?ae aieeaii ciai?oi?o /eiiee?a.

4. Iaoiaeii iiooeo oa e?ea?aeaoe?? caeaeo aeo?ao, niiniaii
iiia?aaeaeaiiy iaaoaeoeaieo ??oaiue ? ooieoe?iiaeueii-aa?o?niee aiae?c.
Iaea?eueo ia?niaeoeaiith noa?ith canoinoaaiiy OAA ? i?aai?caoe?ei?
no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy, a naia: i?ioean i?eeiyooy ??oaiue i?e ?ic?iaoe?
i?aai?caoe?eiiai ?icae?eo a?cian-ieaio.

5. Ainiiaea?nueea ae?yeuei?noue aeoe?iia?iiai oiaa?enoaa ciaoiaeeoueny o
o?niiio aca?iica‘yceo c iiaaae?ieith aeoe?iia??a a?aeiinii ?iciiae?eo
i?eaooeo, ui iaea?aeo?oueny, yea iana a nia? iaaecia/ai?noue. Iaeiei c
iaoiae?a ae?iaeaiiy aoaeoeaieo ainiiaea?nueeeo ??oaiue ca oaeeo oiia ?
oai??y ?ai?, yea aeicaiey? oi?ioaaoe no?aoaa?th ?iciiae?eo i?eaooeo ye
neeaaeiao /anoeio o?iainiaiai ?icae?eo a?cian-ieaio.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO ?IA?O CA OAIITH

AeENA?OAOe??

1. A?eiaa A.A. Aecian-ieai ioe?uoiai aeoeeiia?iiai iauanoaa.//
Yooaeoeaiue iaiaaeaeiaio ( na. iao/iuo noaoae) — Oa?ueeia,
Aecian-eioi?i, 1996, n. 42-44.

2. A?eiaa A.A. Oeiainiaue aiaeec a iaania/aiee ?acaeoey aeoeeiia?iiai
iauanoaa.// No/ani? i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo ae?iaieoeoaa. Ca. aeiiia?aeae
ae?oai? i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo
aeiiii?no?a. -Oa?e?a, A?cian-?ioi?i,1997, n. 52-53.

3. A?eiaa A.A. Iaoiaee/aneea iniiau i?eiaiaiey
ooieoeeiiaeueii-noieiinoiiai aiaeeca ia nia?aiaiiii yoaia ?acaeoey
aeoeeiia?iiai iauanoaa. // A?niee, ? 1 (5). — Oa?e?a, OAeAO, 1998, n.
55-59.

4. A?eiaa A.A. Oi?ie?iaaiea no?aoaaee ?ani?aaeaeaiey i?eauee
aeoeeiia?iiai iauanoaa.// A?niee, ? 2 (6). — Oa?e?a, OAeAO, 1998, n.
67-69.

5. A?eiaa A.A. Iaoiaee/aneea iiaeoiaeu e auai?o aaiea.// I?iaeaiu e
ia?niaeoeau oi?ie?iaaiey oeeaeeeciaaiiiai iauanoaa a Oe?aeia. Na.
iao/iuo ?aaio iaaeaeoia?iaeiie eiioa?aioeee-naieia?a, /.3. 19-21 iiya?y
1996. — Oa?ueeia, Iniiaa, 1996, n. 115-117.

6. A?eiaa A.A., Aoaeiee I.I. Oaoiieiae/aneay no?aoaaey ?acaeoey
aeoeeiia?iuo iauanoa.// Aecian-eioi?i, ? 21, 1997, n. 52-55.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: ?ic?iaeaii eiioeaiooaeuei? iniiae
oaoiieia?/ii? no?aoaa?? ?icaeoeo aeoe?iia?iiai oiaa?enoaa.

7. A?eiaaa A.I., Eieanie/aiei E.I., A?eiaa A.A. Yooaeoeaiinoue
i?aaiecaoeeiiiuo oi?i oicyenoaiaaiey i?aaei?eyoee a oneiaeyo
Oa?ueeianeiai ?aaeiia. // I?iaeaiu ?acaeoey i?aaei?eyoee ?aaeiia a
oneiaeyo ?uii/iie yeiiiieee. Na. iao/iuo o?oaeia. — Eoaaine, EIO, 1998,
n. 23-25.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: iaa?oiooaaii aoaeoeai?noue aeoe?iia?ii? oi?ie
ainiiaea?thaaiiy.

8. A?eiaaa A.I., Eieanie/aiei E.I., A?eiaa A.A.
Yeiiiieei-iaoaiaoe/aneia iiaeaee?iaaiea eiaanoeoeeiiiie aeoeaiinoe
i?aaei?eyoee // Aeoeeiia?iia aeaei, ? 1-2 ( 16-17), 1996, Oa?ueeia, n.
27-38.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: aeaii ioe?ieo ?iaanoeoe?eiiai iioaioe?aeo
aeoe?iia?iiai oiaa?enoaa.

9. A?eiaa A.A., Eieanie/aiei E.I. Eiaanoeoeeiiiay aeoeaiinoue
i?aaei?eyoee e iooe aa ?acaeoey. // I?iaeaiu e ia?niaeoeau oi?ie?iaaiey
oeeaeeeciaaiiiai iauanoaa a Oe?aeia. Na. iao/iuo ?aaio iaaeaeoia?iaeiie
eiioa?aioeee — naieia?a, /. 2., 19-21 iiya?y 1996. — Oa?ueeia, Iniiaa,
1996, n. 164-166.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: iaaeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ioe?iee
?iaanoeoe?eii? aeoeaiino? aeoe?iia?iiai oiaa?enoaa.

A?eiueia A.A. A?cian-ieaioaaiiy ?icaeoeo aeoe?iia?iiai oiaa?enoaa. —
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.06.01 — Aeiiii?ea i?aei?e?inoaa ? i?aai?caoe?y
ae?iaieoeoaa. — Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aeiiii?/iee oi?aa?neoao,
Oa?e?a, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy aeiiii?/iiai ci?noo
a?cian-ieaioaaiiy ?icaeoeo aeoe?iia?ii? oi?ie ainiiaea?thaaiiy,
iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aecia/aiiy iai?yi?a aoaeoeaiiai
ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeoe?iia?ieo oiaa?enoa a oiiaao ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei.
?icaeyiooi oai?aoe/i? iniiae ?icaeoeo aeoe?iia?ieo oiaa?enoa ia iniia?
aoaeoeaiiai niieo/aiiy ia?aaaa oe??? oi?ie ainiiaea?thaaiiy oa
a?cian-ieaioaaiiy. Iaa?oioiaaii ?ieue a?cian-ieaioaaiiy ye /eiieea
ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? a ?eieia?e aeiiii?oe?. Aeae?eaii
oaoiieia?/io no?aoaa?th ?icaeoeo AO ye eiai no?aoaa?/iiai iaeaooiueiai.

I?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy noaio ?icaeoeo aeoe?iia?ii? oi?ie
ainiiaea?thaaiiy. Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ?ic?iaee
a?cian-ieaio c iaoith caaacia/aiiy no?aoaa?? ?icaeoeo AO, a oaeiae
iiaeaethaaiiy ioe?iee eiai ?iaanoeoe?eiiai iioaioe?aeo.

Iaa?oioiaaii iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? a?aeiinii canoinoaaiiy
ooieoe?iiaeueii-aa?o?niiai aiae?co i?e ?ic?iaoe? a?cian-ieaio, a oaeiae
oaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie oi?aae?iiy AO. Cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoaiiy oai???
?ai? c iaoith oi?ioaaiiy no?aoaa?? ?iciiae?eo i?eaooeo aeoe?iia?iiai
oiaa?enoaa.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aeoe?iia?ia oiaa?enoai, a?cian-ieai, no?aoaa?/ia
ieaioaaiiy, no?aoaa?y ?icaeoeo, ?iaanoeoe?eiee iioaioe?ae, no?aoaa?y
?iciiae?eo i?eaooeo, iai?yie aoaeoeaiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy,
ooieoe?iiaeueii-aa?o?niee aiae?c.

A?eiaa A.A. Aecian-ieaie?iaaiea ?acaeoey aeoeeiia?iiai iauanoaa. —
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.06.01 — Yeiiiieea i?aaei?eyoey e i?aaiecaoeey
i?iecaiaenoaa.— Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue yeiiiie/aneee oieaa?neoao,
Oa?ueeia, 1998.

A ?aaioa ?anniio?aii ieaie?iaaiea eae oaeoi? oicyenoaaiiie
aeayoaeueiinoe a ?uii/iie yeiiiieea; ?ane?uoi niaea?aeaiea e
acaeiinaycue eaoaai?ee ieai e ?uiie; aeieacaii, /oi ?acaeoie e
?aciiia?aciue ?uiie aeieaeai aace?iaaoueny ia ?acaeoii i?iecaiaenoaa e a
oi aea a?aiy neoaeeoue iiuiui oaeoi?ii i?ia?anna. Ia iniiaa iaiauaiey
ie?iaiai iiuoa iieacaii, /oi yeiiiie/aneay iieeoeea auaiaea ainoaea?noaa
ec e?eceniiai ninoiyiey o?aaoao iiaeeecaoeee anao ?ano?nia,
eioaeeaeooaeueiiai iioaioeeaea, aunieie i?aaieciaaiiinoe e iie?aaony ia
eino?oiaioa?ee ieaiiaiai ?aaoee?iaaiey ia iae?io?iaia, caaeathuaai
i?eaioe?u ieaie?iaaiey oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe ia iee?io?iaia.
Iieacaii, /oi i?eaaoecaoeey ainoaea?noaaiiie nianoaaiiinoe i?aaeiieaaaao
cia/eoaeueiia iiauoaiea naiinoiyoaeueiinoe e ia yoie iniiaa —
yooaeoeaiinoe ?aaiou i?aaei?eyoee, /oi i?eaiaeeo e aicieeiiaaieth iiauo
ooieoeee, aeeth/athueo eco/aiea e iiene iiauo ?uieia nauoa aeey
i?iecaiaeeiie i?iaeoeoeee, ?ac?aaioeo iiauo oiaa?ia e ae?. Aeieacaii,
/oi ?aaeecaoeey yoeo ooieoeee aiciiaeia eeoue n iiiiuueth iinoaaeaiiiai
ia iao/ioth iniiao ia?niaeoeaiiai, oaeouaai e iia?aoeaiiai
aecian-ieaie?iaaiey.

A aeenna?oaoeee iainiiaaia ?ieue no?aoaae/aneiai aecian-ieaie?iaaiey a
?acaeoee aeoeeiia?iiai iauanoaa. ?anniio?aiu yoaiu no?aoaae/aneiai
ieaie?iaaiey, eo acaeiinaycue n aeaeaie aeayoaeueiinoe AI. Iainiiaai
ninoaa no?aoaae/aneeo ieaiia e eo acaeiinaycue n ?acaeaeaie
aecian-ieaia. Aeieacaia iaiaoiaeeiinoue ia?aniio?a iiaeoiaeia e
?ac?aaioea e ?aaeecaoeee ieaiia, i?aaeoniao?eaathueo aaeaioaoeeth
nenoaiu ieaie?iaaiey e eciaiythuaeny, neaai i?aaeneacoaiie aiaoiae
n?aaea. Iieacaii, /oi i?ioeann no?aoaae/aneiai ieaie?iaaiey neaaeoao
inouanoaeyoue n iiiiuueth nenoaiiiai e neooaoeeiiiiai iiaeoiaeia,
i?aaeiieaaathueo ?anniio?aiea aeoeeiia?iiai iauanoaa eae ioe?uoie
nenoaiu, iniiauaathuaeny ia oaycea yooaeoeaiiai ooieoeeiie?iaaiey n
aiaoiae n?aaeie. Iainiiaaii, /oi iniaay ?ieue a ia?eiae eioi?iaoeeiiiie
y?u i?eiaaeeaaeeo oaoiieiaee, eioi?ay noaiiaeony aeaeaeouae neeie,
ii?aaeaeythuae no?aoaae/aneia aoaeouaa AI. Iieacaii aeeyiea oaoiieiaee
ia no?aoaaeth ?acaeoey aeoeeiia?iiai iauanoaa; i?aaeeiaeaiu noaiu auai?a
no?aoaae/aneeo iai?aaeaiee aeayoaeueiinoe e ioeaiee i?eaeaeaoaeueiinoe
ia?niaeoeaiuo aeaeia aeayoaeueiinoe. Aeieacaii, /oi ioeaiea acaeiinayce
anao aeaeia aeayoaeueiinoe aeoeeiia?iiai iauanoaa aiciiaeia ia iniiaa
eiioeaioeee neia?aecia.

I?iaaaeai aiaeec ninoiyiey ?acaeoey aeoeeiia?iie oi?iu oicyenoaiaaiey.

I?aaeeiaeaiu noaiu i?ioeanna aecian-ieaie?iaaiey e acaeiinaycae
?ac?aaioee aecian-ieaia n aai o/anoieeaie. ?ac?aaioaiu no?oeoo?a e
i?ioeaaeo?u ioi?ieaiey aecian-ieaia a oaycea n oa?aeoa?enoeeie
iaiaoiaeeiie eioi?iaoeee. ?anniio?aiu iniaaiiinoe ?ac?aaioee
aecian-ieaia aeaenoaothueo aeoeeiia?iuo iauanoa. ?ac?aaioai aeai?eoi
no?aoaae/aneiai aecian-ieaie?iaaiey ?acaeoey AI.

Iieacaii, /oi yeiiiie/aneee ?ino ai iiiaii ii?aaeaeyaony iaee/eai
eiaanoeoeee. I?aaeeiaeaia noaia acaeiioaycee yoaiia eiaanoeoeeiiiie
no?aoaaee AI n oeaeyie, oneiaeyie, iai?aaeaieyie e iooyie aa
oi?ie?iaaiey. ?ac?aaioaiu iaoiaee/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii
eniieueciaaieth /enoie i?eauee, inoathuaeny a ?anii?yaeaiee
aeoeeiia?iiai iauanoaa, iiaeaee?iaaieth aai eiaanoeoeeiiiiai
iioaioeeaea. I?eaaaeaia noaia iienaiey enoi/ieeia oeiaine?iaaiey
aecian-i?iaeoia.

Iainiiaaiu iai?aaeaiey yooaeoeaiiai ?acaeoey aeoeeiia?iuo iauanoa,
auyaeyaiua a i?ioeanna inouanoaeaiey aecian-ieaie?iaaiey. I?aaeeiaeaiu
iaoiaee/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii i?eiaiaieth ooieoeeiiaeueii-noieiinoiiai
aiaeeca ia nia?aiaiiii yoaia ?acaeoey AI. ?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea
i?iaaaeaiey ONA n oeaeueth niaa?oainoaiaaiey nenoaiu oi?aaeaiey
aeoeeiia?iui iauanoaii, aeeth/athuae /aou?a iai?aaeaiey nie?auaiey
cao?ao i?e oaaee/aiee, nio?aiaiee eee nie?auaiee eiee/anoaa
ooieoeeiiaeueiuo yeaiaioia nenoaiu oi?aaeaiey.

Iieacaii, /oi i?iecaiaenoaaiii-oicyenoaaiiay aeayoaeueiinoue AI
iaoiaeeony a oaniie acaeiinayce n niaea?aeauei a naaa yeaiaiou
iaii?aaeaeaiiinoe iiaaaeaieai aeoeeiia?ia ii iiaiaeo ?ani?aaeaeaiey
iieo/aiiie i?eauee. I?aaeeiaeaii n oeaeueth au?aaioee yooaeoeaiuo
?aoaiee a oneiaeyo iaii?aaeaeaiiinoe eniieueciaaoue oai?eth ea?,
iicaieythuoth oi?ie?iaaoue no?aoaaeth ?ani?aaeaeaiey i?eauee AI eae
ninoaaiie /anoe oeiainiaiai ?acaeaea aecian-ieaia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeoeeiia?iia iauanoai, aecian-ieai, no?aoaae/aneia
ieaie?iaaiea, no?aoaaey ?acaeoey, eiaanoeoeeiiiue iioaioeeae, no?aoaaey
?ani?aaeaeaiey i?eauee, iai?aaeaiey yooaeoeaiiai ooieoeeiie?iaaiey,
ooieoeeiiaeueii-noieiinoiue aiaeec.

A.V.Grinyov. Business Planning of theJoint-Stock Company
Development. — Manuscript.

The thesis is competed for a scientific deqree -Candidate Science in
Economics in the speciality 08.06.01 — Economy of Enterprise and
Orqanization of Production The Kharkiv State University of Economics,
Kharkiv, 1998.

The thesis contains theoretical substantiation of a business planning
content for the development of the joint stock form of ekonomic
management, methodical recommendations for determination the trends of
the joint-stock companies effective functioning in conditions of market
relations.

Theoretical bases for the development of the joint-stock companies
includingsubstantiation of planning as a factor of economic activity in
the market ekonomy, strategic planning in particular.Technoloqical
strategy of the development as technological future of the joint-stock
companies was defined.

The analysis of the state for the development of the joint-stock form
of economic management was made. Methodical recommendations for
working ont a business plan to ensure the development strategy of a
joint-stock company as well as its investment potential modelling were
suqqested.

The trends for effective development of the joint-stock companies in
present conditions such as: methodical recommendations for application
of the functional — cost analysis in working out a business plan,
perfection of the joint-stock companies management system were
substantiated.

Theory of games for forming of a joint-stock company profit
distribution strategi was suqqested.

Key words: joint-stock company, business plan, strategic planning,
development strategy, investment potential, strategy of profit
distribution, trends of effective functioning, functional-cost
analysis.

A?EIUeIA AIAe??E AAEAIOEIIAE*

A?CIAN-IEAIOAAIIss ?ICAEOEO

AEOe?IIA?IIAI OIAA?ENOAA

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.06.01 — Aeiiii?ea i?aei?e?inoaa ?

i?aai?caoe?y ae?iaieoeoaa

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

A?aeiia?aeaeueiee ca aeione A?eue N.?.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo Oi?iao 60o84
1/16

Iai?? ae?oea?nueeee ? 1. Ae?oe ionaoiee. Ianya 1,0 oi.-ae?oe. a?e.

Oe?aae 100 i?ei. Cai. ? Aaceiooiaii.

Iaae?oeiaaii o o/aiai-ae?iaie/iio aeaeaaie/i-iie?a?ao?/iiio oeaio??
OOO?A

310726, Oa?e?a, i?ini.Eai?ia,14

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