Аномальний тепловий потік та його геотермічна інтерпретація в центральній частині Українського щита: Автореф. дис… канд. геол. наук / І.В. Гордієнко

IAOeIIIAEUeIA AEAAeAIIss IAOE OE?A?IE

IINOEOOO AAIOICEEE ii. N.I.NOAAIOIIA

OAeE 550.36 551.2

Ai?ae??iei ?aai Aaaeeiiae/

AIIIAEUeIEE OAIEIAEE IIO?E

OA EIAI AAIOA?I?*IA ?IOA?I?AOAOe?ss

A OeAIO?AEUeI?E *ANOEI?

OE?A?INUeEIAI UEOA

(04.00.22 — Aaio?ceea)

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aaieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? aaio?ceee ?i. N.?.Noaaio?ia Iaoe?iiaeueii?
Aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee Aeieoi? aaieiai-i?ia?aeia?/ieo iaoe

Eoeee Na?a?e Ieeieaeiae/

?inoeooo aaio?ceee Iaoe?iiaeueii? Aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie

I?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe

Inaae/ee A.A., ae.a.-i.i., aeeiioth/ee iaia’ycee aieiaiiai iaoeiaiai

ni?a?ia?oieea (?inoeooo aaieia?? oa aaio?i?? ai?th/eo eiiaeei IAI

Oe?a?ie, Euea?a)

I?iaaoeueeee TH.I., ae.a.-i.i., caaaaeoaa/ a?aeae?eo aaieia?/ieo

i?iaeai aeeaeiii? aaio?ceee (?inoeooo aaio?ceee

?i. N.?.Noaaio?ia IAI Oe?a?ie)

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?i. Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 27 ” aa?aniy 1999 ?. i 14.30 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.26.200.01 i?e ?inoeoooi
aaio?ceee Iaoe?iiaeueii? Aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: i.Ee?a,
i?. Iaeeaae?ia 32.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo aaio?ceee
IAIO.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii

A/aiee nae?aoa?

Niaoe?ae?ciaaiii? a/aii? ?aaee

aeieoi? oiceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe A.N.Aaeei
CAAAEUeIA
OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aaeeea cia/aiiy aaioa?i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeey
ae??oaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo i?iaeai aeeaeii? aaieia?? oa o?ceee Caie? aaea
aeaaii ia aeeeeea? noii?a?a. *aa?oue noi??//y oiio A.A.A?eionia ienaa,
ui “ … caaaeueiith i?e/eiith aeey oaeoii?/ieo, iaaiaoe/ieo e
iaoaii?o?/ieo i?ioean?a iiaea aooe o?eueee oaiei”. Caea?oueny yaiith
?ieue aea/aiiy oaieiaiai iioieo (OI) a ?yaeo aaioa?i?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue: naia oeae ia?aiao? iaea?eueo iiaii oa?aeoa?eco? oaieiao
neooaoe?th a ?aa?iii, aea? iiaeeea?noue ?ic?aoiaoaaoe oaiia?aoo?e (O) ia
aeeaeiao, iaaeinyaeieo aeey naa?aeeiaei, aoaeoaaoe oaieia? iiaeae? ei?e
oa iaio?? Caie?, aea/aoe ?aa?iiaeueio oa caaaeueio oaieiao ?noi??th
ieaiaoe.

Aea aea/aiiy oaieiaiai iioieo ia i?eaa?oa? o??? ae oaaae oa nee, ui
eiioeaio?othoueny a ?ioeo aaeocyo aeeaeiii? aaio?ceee, iaeiie/aiiy
?ioi?iaoe?? ia eiioeiaioao oa ieaaiao eaea aeiaie? iia?eueii, ia
caaaeath/e ia ni?iea??/io ?noi??th no/anii? aaioa?i?? eeoa a inoaii?e
/an oaaaa i?eaa?iooa aei aecia/aiiy aeeaeiieo (ia ci?iaieo
i?eiiaa?oiaaeie aieeaaie) cia/aiue OI. A iane?aeie oeueiai a aaaaoueio
?aa?iiao iaiiaeeeai /?oea aecia/aiiy iaa?oue na?aaei?o (oiiiaeo)
cia/aiue, ia eaaeo/e aaea i?i aeae?eaiiy oa ?ioa?i?aoaoe?th aiiiae?e.
Oe? oaeoi?e ni?eythoue oiio, ui aaioa?i?/i? aeai? a aaniethoii
iaaeinoaoi?e i??? aeei?enoiaothoueny ye i?e ?ic?iaoe? aiiioac aeeaeiieo
i?ioean?a o iaae?ao Caie? oae ? i?ae /an aaieia?/ii? ?ioa?i?aoaoe??
naeni?/ieo, a?aa?iao?e/ieo, iaai?oieo oa aaiaeaeo?e/ieo aeaieo. Acaaae?
?o aeei?enoaiiy ia? /anii aaniethoii noa’?eoeaiee oa?aeoa?.

C?iaeaii caoaaaeaiiy a?aeiineoueny i aei aeieaia??enueeeo ieaooi?iaieo
?aa?ii?a oa ueo?a, aea ia cia/ieo oa??oi??yo a?aenooi? (oi/i?oa — aein?
ia aecia/ai?) iii?oi? caoaeaeaiiy OI, a iayai? aa??aoe?? iiaeooue aooe,
ca aeineoue iioe?aiith, aea ia aeoaea a?aoiaioiaaiith oi/eith ci?o,
i?eaeecii aei?aaaeiaoaaoeny aa??aoe?yie ?aae?iaaiii? neeaaeiai?
oaieiaiai iioieo ? oaeei /eiii ia iio?aaothoue oyaeaiiy i?i aeoeaii
aeeaeiii i?ioeane. Oi/ caaaeueiia?aeiii, ui a iaaeao aeieaia??eneeo
ieaooi?i aoee ?icoaoiaai? a aaieia?/iiio ieioeiio aeoeai? (a oiio /ene?
?eooia?) no?oeoo?e, a yeeo i?ioiaeeee ?ioaineaia i?iaeiaiiy, ooai?aiiy
?iceii?a, iaaiaoeci. Iiaeia iaaanoe i?eeeaaee ? no/anieo yaeu oeueiai
oeio — No?aeii-Ao?eeainueea ?eooiaa nenoaia, Aaeeaeuenueea ?eooiaa ciia
oa ?io?. Iaio a?aaeath/eie, aea anaae oaee aeiaie? aeinoia??ieie
i?iyaaie no/anii? aeoea?caoe?? iiaeooue aooe aeciaii aaeee? iicia/ee
?aeue?oo aaaaoueio /anoei Aeaeainueeiai oa Aiaaa?nueeiai, Eaiaaenueeiai
oa Cao?aeii-Aano?ae?enueeiai ueoia ? o.i..

A i?eioeei? aeineoue ?aaeueiith caea?oueny neooaoe?y c ua a?eueo
iieiaeei, aaieia?/ii cian?i iaaeaaii ?icii/aoei aeoeaiei i?ioeanii ia
aeieaia??enuee?e ieaooi?i?, a oiio /ene? ia ueo?. Aoaeue-ye? aaieia?/ii
caoieniaai? i?iyae oaeiai i?ioeano acaaae? a?aenooi?, aea aeeaeiiee
oaieiianiia?aiin aaea ii/aany oa i?ea?a aei ci?i oaiia?aoo? (oa e on?o
?ioeo o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae ?a/iaeie) o cia/ieo ?ioa?aaeao aeeaei.
Iiaeeeaa ? iii?oia ci?ia oaieiaiai iioieo, yeui aeaea?aei oaiea
noi?ioaaeiny aeineoue /ano oiio (aeey ?aaeueii? aeeaeie aeaea?aea) aai
i?ioean ia?aiino oaiea aei iiaa?oi? aoa i?enei?aiee eiiaaeoeaii. A oaeeo
?aeiiao no/anii? aeoea?caoe?? aaieia?/ii aeiaai ianeaieo ieaooi?i
aaio?ce/iei iaoiaeai ?, ianaiia?aae, aaioa?i?? iiaeiia iaeaaeaoe
i?iaiaeia ?ieue o ae?aaiinoeoe? oa aea/aii? aeeaeiieo i?ioean?a,
o?aaeeoe?ei? aaieia?/i? i?aeoiaee ooo i?inoi iaaei?a/?.

Aea/aiith iaeiiai c oaeeo ?aeiiia ? i?enay/aia aeaia ?iaioa.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeeiioaaeeny a iaaeao ?iaio ca ieaiiaeie oaiaie a?aeae?eo oaeoiiinoa?e
?AO IAIO “Aea/aiiy oaeoiiinoa?e cii iieiaei? aeoea?caoe?? Oe?a?ie“
(1992-1996?.?.) oa “Aaio?ce/i? oa aaiaeeiai?/i? iiaeae? oaeoiiinoa?e
Oe?a?ie“ (c 1997?.), a oaeiae a iaaeao ?ia?o ii a?aioo U 59000
I?aeia?iaeiiai iaoeiaiai oiiaeo “Aeae?eaiiy oa aeine?aeaeaiiy cii
iieiaei? aeoea?caoe?? Oe?a?ie”, a?aioai 6.3/21 (“Aea/aiiy oaeoiiinoa?e
cii aeoea?caoe?? Oe?a?inueeiai ueoa oa Aeiiaano”) oa 6.4/6
(“Aaioa?i?/iee Aoean Oe?a?ie”) Aea?aeaaiiai oiiaeo ooiaeaiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue Oe?a?ie, i?iaeoai 1/96 (“Aaio?ce/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy oa
aaio?ce/i? iiaeae? cieioi?oaeieo ae?eueieoeue ia Oe?a?inueeiio ueo? oa a
Aeiiaan?”) oa 3/97 (“?ic?iaea oaoiieia?? aeae?eaiiy ii aaio?ce/iei
aeaiei ae?eueieoeue, ui ia?niaeoeai? ia cieioa c?oaeaiiiiy, a iaaeao
?oaeieo iie?a Aeiiaano”) Aea?aeaaii? i?ia?aie “Cieioi Oe?a?ie”, a?aioo
I?aceae?? Iaoe?iiaeueii? Aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie “Aaie aaioa?i?/ieo
aeaieo Oe?a?ie“.

Iaoa oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith ?iaioe ? aecia/aiiy oa aea/aiiy o
oeaio?aeueiie /anoeii OU aeineoue ?aaoey?ieo ia oa??oi??? Oe?a?ie
aiiiaeie oaieiaiai iioieo cii no/anii? aeoeaicaoei?, ?o iiaeeeai?
i?e?iaee, oa aiaeiiaiaeieo aeeaeiieo i?ioeania i ?o aiaeia?aaeaiiy o
iioeo oice/ieo iieyo.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?ic?iaeaia iiaa iaoiaeeea
ia/eneaiiy OI ca aeaieie aei???a oaiia?aoo? ia caaiyo iaaeeaieeo
naa?aeeiaei. Aia?oa aeinyaiooa ia aeineoue cia/i?e oa??oi??? (i?eaeecii
12 oen. ei2) aeniea u?euei?noue ia?aae? aecia/aiue OI (1530 cia/aiue),
ui aeicaieeei aea/aoe aein? iaa?aeii? iniaeeaino? no?oeoo?e oaieiaiai
iiey.

I?iaaaeaii ?ioa?i?aoaoe?th aiiiae?e OI aeey iiaiai oeio aeaea?aea oaiea
— a?ae?ioa?iaeueii? eiiaaeoe?? oeth?aeo o cii? aeeaeiiiai ?iceiio.
Iiaoaeiaaii oaieiao iiaeaeue ei?e oa aa?oi?o ai??ciio?a iaio??
E??iaia?aaenueei? ciie aeoea?caoe??. Aecia/aii a?aeiia?aei?noue iiaeae?
an?i aeaiei aeeaeiii? aaio?ceee. Aenoiooa a?iioaca no/aniiai aeeaeiiiai
i?ioeano o cii? ii/aoeiaiai aoaio oaeoiii-iaaiaoe/iiai i?ioeano.

Aeinoiai?iinoue io?eiaieo ?acoeueoaoia caaacia/o?oueny aaeeeei ianyaii
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo, ui aeicaiey? ?iaeoe noaoenoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii
aeniiaee, ?c aeei?enoaiiyi onio aiaeiieo iaoiaeee ?aaeoeoei? OI oa
no/anieo iaoiaeia iioa?i?aoaoei? aiiiaeie aeey o?ueioii?ieo aeaea?ae,
eiiieaeniei iiaeoiaeii, yeee caaacia/o? ?iciiai/iee eiio?ieue oaieiaeo
iiaeaeae.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?acoeueoaoe aeei?enoai? i?e
aecia/aiii ia?niaeoeaieo aeieyiie cieioiai c?oaeaiiiiy oa iiaeooue
ciaeoe canoinoaaiiy aeey ioeiiee iinoeaai? naenii/iinoi. ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue, ui iaaaaeai? a aeena?oaoe??, aaea aeei?enoiaothoueny
iaoeiaeie oa ae?iaie/eie i?aai?caoe?yie aaieia?/iiai iai?yeo ia Oe?a?i?:
ia’?aeiaiiyi “E??iaaaieia?y” oa “I?ai?/oe?aaieia?y” Aea?aeaaieeiia
Oe?a?ie, IAeI? O?ainaac, ?AI? IAIO, a oaeiae A?I ?AI.

Ioaeieaoei? oa ai?iaaoeiy. ?acoeueoaoe iioaeieiaaii o 12 noaooyo,
iaae?oeiaaieo o ni?aaaoi?noa?, oa 3 naiinoieieo (iiaeaieo aei ae?oeo),
oa aeiiia?aeae

eny ia i?aeia?iaeieo ia?aaeao: “Oai??y oa i?aeoeea iaai?oioaeo?e/iiai
ciiaeoaaiiy” (1994, Iineaa), “Aeeaeiia aoaeiaa e?oinoa?e oa
iao?aaeeoe?eia aeei?enoaiiy iaae? Caie?” (1996, Ee?a), “Oaieiaa iiea
Caie? oa iaoiaee eiai aea/aiiy”(1997, 1998, Iineaa).

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. A?eueo?noue ?ia?o ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??
aoei iaae?oeiaaii o ni?aaaoi?noa?, ui a?aeia?aaea? noeeue eiiieaenieo
aaioice/ieo aeineiaeaeaiue o a?aeae?e? oaeoiiinoa?e — eeoa iaaaeeea
e?euee?noue aenia?eiaioaeueieo iia?aoe?e iiaea aooe aeeiiaia
iaeiiiniaii, a on? ?io? iio?aaothoue o/anoi eieueeio oaoiaoeia ?icieo
niaoeiaeueiinoae. Iioa?i?aoaoeiy aaioa?ii/ieo aeaieo, ocaiaeaeaiiy ?o c
iioith aaieiai-aaioice/iith iioi?iaoei?th oa aeniiaee ?iaioe aoee
aeeiiai? iniaenoi aaoi?ii. Cae/aeii, ?iaioa ia iiaea aooe aeeiiaia aac
iiaeo?eiee niia?iaioieeia aiaeaeieo, yeei aaoi? aeneiaeth? naith ue?o
iiaeyeo.

Ianya I no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, i’yoe
?icae?e?a, caeeth/ii? /anoeie oa ia?ae?eo iineeaiue (80 iaeiaioaaiue).
?iaioa i?noeoue 120 noi??iie oaenoo, 2 oaaeeoe? oa 19 iaethie?a.

EI?IOEEE CIINO ?IAIOE

Aeaaa 1. Ei?ioea aaieiai-aaio?ce/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?aeiio
aeine?aeaeaiue.

A aeaa? iaaaaeaii noeneee iaeyae aaieiae/ieo aeaieo i?i aoaeiao,
?noi??th ?icaeoeo oa neeaae ii??ae no?aeii? /anoeie E??iaia?aaenueeiai
aeieo ueoa oa Cao?aeii-?iaoeaoeei? ciie, ui ? iaiao?aeiei aeey aiae?co
oaieiaiai iiey, ?icoi?iiy i?e?iaee aiiiae?e oa anoaiiaeaiiy ca’yce?a c
?ioeie iieyie oa i?ioeanaie o iaae?ao. ?c aeaieo aeeaeiii? aaio?ceee
iaaaaeai? o?eueee aeai? ii aoaeia? caiii? ei?e, io?eiai? ANC. ?ioa
aaio?ce/ia ?ioi?iaoe?y iaaea?oueny o iioeo ?icaeieao ?iaioe, aea aiia
aieueo aei?a/ia.

?icaeyiooi no?oeoo?i? oi?ie oa neeaae i?ioa?icienueeeo ii??ae
aio?aie?oiai? oaoe?? iaoaii?o?cio ?iaoei-?iaoeaoeueei? na???
(iiooaei?noth aei 10 ei), ?o caeaoi?noue ooai?thaaoe ia?o? a?aenioee
?icieaao ca ?O-oiia, ui a?aeiia?aeathoue aeeaei? aei 10 ei oa
oaiia?aoo?? eiei 6000N, oa cia/iee a?aenioie a?ao?oiaeo aiaen?a o
neeaae? na???. Oae? ae ii?iaee (oi/a ? a cia/ii iaio?e e?eueeino?)
anoaiiaeai? ? o a?oaenueeiio ooiaeaiaio?, aeey yeiai a?eueo oa?aeoa?iee
a?aioe?oiaee ??aaiue iaoaii?o?cio.

Iaaaaeai? aeai? i?i aeeaeii? ?iceiie, ?o ?ieue o ?icaeoeo ie?aieo /anoei
aeieo, i?i ia??iaee/i? aeoea?caoe??, ui a?aeia?aaeaeeny o oaeoii?/ieo oa
iaaiaoe/ieo iiae?yo. Aeoea?caoe?? ca aeayeeie aeaieie
?iciianthaeaeoaaeeny ? ia oaia?icie — aei iacicith aeeth/ii. Oiio
no/ania aeoea?caoe?y ia aeaeyaea? aeeaiith.

O aeoea?ciaaiiio ?aa?ii? (e??i oeaio?aeueii? /anoeie ueoa aei eiai
neeaaeo aoiaeyoue oaeiae ?aeiie ia i?ai?/ oa i?aaeaiue a?ae iueiai)
eiinoaoiaai? aeoaea cia/i? ci?ie iiooaeiino? caiii? ei?e ca aeaieie ANC,
ui iiaeooue aooe iia`ycai? c aeeaeiiei i?ioeanii.

Aeaaa 2. Aea/aiiy oaieiaiai iioieo oeaio?aeueii? /anoeie Oe?a?inueeiai
ueoa.

A aeaa? neiioeaio?iaaii iniiaiee oaeoe/iee iaoa??ae, ui
aeei?enoiao?oueny a ianooiieo aeaaao aeena?oaoe??., a oaeiae iieacaia
aoaeoeai?noue canoiniaaii? iaoiaeeee, ui iii?oii a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae
o?aaeeoe?eii?.

Aea/aiiy OI ueoa ii/aeiny ?.A.Ethaeiiaith. Aoee anoaiiaeai? cia/aiiy OI
a 9 naa?aeeiaeiao — a?ae 25 aei 40 iAo/i2. Oiae? aia?oa aoa aecia/aiee
iecueeee OI OU, ui aeiaai aaaaeaeiny ii?iith aeey iueiai. Iiaeaeueo?
?iaioe i?iaiaeeeeny A.A.Ai?ae??iei, Eooanii ?.?., I.A.Caaai?iaei?th oa
?ioeie. Ia?oa a?aeiinii aaeeea cia/aiiy aoei anoaiiaeaii o 1988 ?ioe?
—78 iAo/i2. Ia 1994 ??e na?aaei?e OI ia ueo? aei??aithaaa 38 iAo/i2.

Eeoa iaaaeeea /anoea cia/aiue OI o ?aa?ii? anoaiiaeaia ca o?aaeeoe?eiith
iaoiaeeeith. Oaieiaee iioie ? aeiaooie aaioa?i?/iiai a?aae??ioo oa
oaieii?ia?aeiino? ii??ae, ui aeiea? naa?aeeiaeia. Oaieii?ia?aei?noue
ae?aoiaothoue ye na?aaeith ii ?ioa?aaeo c o?aooaaiiyi iiooaeiino? oa??a
ii??ae. A ia?aaaaei?e a?eueoino? iaaeeaieeo (15-160 i) naa?aeeiaei aoee
o?eueee aei??e O ia caai?. Aeey ?ic?aooieo a?aae??ioo iaiao?aeia aoei
aeineoue oi/ia aecia/aiiy O iiaa?oi?. Ca aeaieie iaoainoaioe?e oa
aeno?aiieyoe?e O o iaaeeaieeo naa?aeeiaeiao aoa anoaiiaeaiee aeiaaeueiee
“o?aiae” oa a?aeoeeaiiy a?ae iueiai.

Iaeiie/aiiy aeaieo i?i oaieii?ia?aei?noue ii/aeiny aeecueei 30 ?ie?a
oiio oa o?eaa? ? nueiaiaei?. Ia iniia? aaeeeiai ianeao aeaieo (a?eueoa
500 c?ace?a) aaeaeiny anoaiiaeoe caeiiii??iino? ci?i ia?aiao?o o
?aaeueieo oiiaao aeey ?aa?iio.

Aaaaoi i?ioean?a aieeaa? ia oaiia?aoo?o o naa?aeeiaei?: ?io?eueo?aoe?y
aiaee c iiaa?oi? ia aeeaeio, ci?ia oaieii?ia?aeiino? ia iaae?
e?enoae?/iiai ooiaeaiaioo oa inaaeiaiai oa?o, iaeaiee?iao oa ?io?.
Inoaii?e oaeoi? aeyaeany iaea?eueo cia/iei. O cia/aiiy OI aianai?
a?aeiia?aei? iii?aaee.

Ia oa??oi??? aeine?aeaeaiue aoea aeinyaiooa u?euei?noue ia?aae?
aei??thaaiue o 50 ?ac?a aeua ca na?aaeith ii Oe?a?i? ca aeiyoeii
Aeiiaano, aea oaae ? aaeeea e?euee?noue aeaieo.

Aeey anueiai ianeao ?ioi?iaoe?? iio??aia aoea ioe?iea iiieeie
aei??thaaiue oa ?ic?aooie?a. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie ia/eneaiue o ?aa?ii?
aaniethoia iiieeea aecia/aiue OI neeaaea? i?eaeecii 3 iAo/i2, ui
aei??aith? cae/aei?e iiieeoe? ?ic?aooieo ca o?aaeeoe?eiith iaoiaeeeith.
O oe?eiio ii ?aa?iio aiia iaioa ca ?aooiie a?oiiaeo aecia/aiue, aea
ia/eneeoe oea aeiaie? neeaaeii ? aeei?enoiao?oueny oaea. 310 a?oiiaeo
cia/aiue aoee io?eiai? oeyoii ia’?aeiaiiy o a?oie 1530
“?iaeea?aeoaeueieo” OI.

Oiiiaa cia/aiiy OI ?aa?iio aei??aith? i?eaeecii 45 iAo/i2. Oaeei /eiii
aiiiaeueieie iiaeii aaaaeaoe cia/aiiy, ui ieae/? ca 38,5 oa aeu? ca 57
iAo/i2. Na?aaei? cia/aiiy iaaaoeaii? aiiiae?? 38 iAo/i2, a iiceoeaii? —
63 iAo/i2.

Oiiiaee oaieiaee iio?e oeaio?aeueii? /anoeie OU ocaiaeaeo?oueny ?c OI
?ioeo /anoei oa noee?a ueoa. Oie aea ??aaiue oiio niinoa??aa?oueny o
AeAeC oa ia /anoei? Aieeii-Iiae?euenei? ieeoe. Oaeei /eiii, Oe?a?inueeee
ueo ia? cia/aiiy OI, ui i?aeoe/ii ia a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae oaieiaiai
iioieo ?ioeo /anoei No?aeii-?a?iiaenueei? ieaooi?ie a Oe?a?i?. Oea
aeiaie? iiaee ?acoeueoao, ai aeiaaee /an aaaaeaeiny, ui ooo OI iii?oii
ieae/ee.

Ia aeacaiiio oii? /?oei ae??ciy?oueny eaioethaeie iiceoeaieo aiiiae?e
noaia??ae?iiaeueiiai i?inoyaaiiy, aea OI nyaa? cia/aiue 70-80 iAo/i2,
ye? ?ai?oa aaaaeaeeny iiaeeeaeie o?eueee a iieiaeeo aeoea?ciaaieo
?aa?iiao Ea?iao, E?eio ? o.ae.. Oea oaeiae cian?i iiaee ?acoeueoao.

Aiiiae?y aeia?a ocaiaeaeo?oueny ?c aecia/aiith aeae?eueea ?ie?a oiio
nioaith i?aeaeuaieo OI, ui i?inoyaathoueny /a?ac i?aaeaiiee noee ueoa oa
I?aaeaiiioe?a?inueeo iiiieeeiaeue aei ocaa?aaeaey *a?iiai ii?y. Ia
i?ai?/iee no?ae a?ae oeaio?o OU ciaoiaeeoueny a?aeiinii neaaea (OI ia
a?eueoa 55 iAo/i2) iiceoeaia aiiiae?y oaieiaiai iioieo, ui oyaiaoueny
aei oeaio?aeueii? /anoeie Aeiai?ianueei-Aeiiaoeueei? caiaaeeie. Oaeei
/eiii, aiiiae?y OI oeaio?aeueii? /anoeie OU ? o?aaiaioii aeoaea
aeiaaiai (a?ey 300 ei) i?aeaeuaiiy OI, ui ia?aoeia? e?eueea ??ciia?eiaeo
no?oeoo? c nooo?ai ??ciith aaieia?/iith ?noi???th. A iaaeao OU iiceoeaia
aiiiae?y i?eo?i/aia aei E??iaia?aaenueeiai aeeaeiiiai ?iceiio.
I?eo?i/aii?noue aiiiae?? aei ?iceii?a ia iaiaaeo?oueny
E??iaia?aaenueeei: ? ua aeaa a?aeaaeoaeaiiy. I?i i?ai?/ia aaea neacaii
aeua. A ?aa?ii? ii eini?/iei ci?ieai aecia/aia na??y e?iaaiaio?a, ui
iiaeooue o?anoaaoe no/anii aeoeai? ?iceiie. Oaea ae neooaoe?y
neeaaea?oueny ia i?aaeaiiiio aioe? ?aaeiio, ui aeine?aeaeo?oueny.
Iiceoeaia aiiiae?y OI i?ai?/ii-no?aeiiai i?inoyaaiiy ooo oaeiae ei?aeth?
?c nenoaiith e?iaaiaio?a, ui aecia/ai? ca eini?/ieie ci?ieaie.

Iaaaoeai? aiiiae?? noi?iaiaeaeothoue iiceoeai? ia aeaye?e a?aenoai?.

Aeaaa 3. Ca’ycie cia/aiue OI c ?ioeie ia?aiao?aie.

Aaioa?i?/iee Aaie aeaieo c(yaeany /a?ac iaiao?aei?noue caa??aaiiy oa
aeei?enoaiiy aaeeeiai ianeao aaioa?i?/ieo aeaieo. A?i aeicaiey?
ii??aiyii i?inoi aeeiioaaoe ??ciiiai?oi? iia?aoe?? c ni?ooaaiiy, ia?iaee
oa ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ia o?eueee oaieiaiai iioieo, a e aaaaoueio ?ioeo
ia?aiao??a. A iaaeao Oe?a?ie oa Iieaeiae anoaiiaeaii OI (aac a?aooaaiiy
a?eueoino? aeaieo ii Aeiiaano) i?eaeecii o 5000 naa?aeeiaeiao. Aiie
c?a?ai? o 2083 ioieoao aecia/aiiy oaieiaiai iioieo.

Noaiaea?oi? oi?iaoe aac aeaieo ii OI i?noyoue aeiaie? iaiaaeaiee iaa??
?ioi?iaoe??, ui noino?oueny ?icoaooaaiiy ioieoo, i?ioeano ia/eneaiiy OI
oa eiai ?acoeueoaoo. Aeey Aaieo iio??aai iaaaaaoi a?eueoee ianya aeaieo
ii eiaei?e naa?aeeiaei? aeey ae??oaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo caaea/. A Aaieo
caa??aathoueny aeai?, ui a?aeni?oiaai?, a ia?oo /a?ao, ii oaeoii?/iei
?aa?iiai (oaeeo a Oe?a?i? 16). E?euee?noue ioieo?a aecia/aiiy OI o
eiaeiiio — a?ae 4 a Acianueeiio ii?? aei 643 a AeAeC.

Aei?aaaeaiiy oiiiaeo oa aiiiaeueieo cia/aiue oaieiaiai iioieo ?aa?iio
aeiaaa? ia?o ca ana ii??aiyiiy ?o ?c a?aeiieie aeaieie i?i ?aae?iaaiio
oaieiaaia?aoe?th a??nueeeo ii??ae (OA). I?ioyaii aaaaoueio ?ie?a
aaaaeaeiny, ui oaieiaee iio?e iiaeia ?iciiae?eeoe ia aea? /anoeie. Iaeia
c ieo — iino?eia — iaaeoiaeeoue cieco ia aeayeo aeeaeiio iaaeo, aeua
yei? ? oa? o iiaa?oi? ?c ci?iiith aaee/eiie OA, ae?oaa — aaia?o?oueny o
oeueiio oa??. Iaa?oue o caaaeueiiio aeaeyae? oaea noaia ia a?aoiao?
iiaeeeai? iayaiino? ianoaoe?iia?ii? neeaaeiai? oaieiaiai iioieo.

O aeine?aeaeoaaiiio ?aa?ii? iiaeia i?iaanoe noaoenoe/ii aeinoia??ia
ii??aiyiiy i?e iayaiino? aeinoaoiuei iiaii? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i OA
iiaa?oiaaeo ii??ae. Ia E??iaia?aaenueeiio aeioe? OU aeey iaeaea an???
oa?eoi??? aoee iiaoaeiaai? eiioo?e o?e ?c ??ciei ??aiai OA — ea?oa OA.
?ic?aoiaaiee ??aaiue oaieiaaia?aoe?? ci?ith?oueny a aeoaea oe?ieeo
iaaeao — a?ae 0,5 aei 8-10 ieAo/i3, ia iaiaaeaieo ae?eyieao nyaa? ua
a?eueoeo cia/aiue. A iaaee ea?oe iio?aieee i?eaeecii 80% ioieo?a
aecia/aiiy OI. Aiie i?aaenoaaeythoue aanue ae?aiacii OI. I?iaaaeai?
ia/eneaiiy aeiaaee, ui ca(ycie oaieiaiai iioieo oa oaieiaaia?aoe??
i?eiiaa?oi?o ii??ae a?aenooi?e.

Iiooe ca(yceo oaieiaiai iioieo c eiioeaio?aoe?yie ?ioeo aeaiaio?a
i?iaeaiiino?oaaa neaaeo ei?aeyoe?th, yea ia iiaea iiynieoe aiiiaeuei?
OI. Oaeei /eiii, ca(yceo ?c o?i?/iei neeaaeii ii??ae ia iii?/aii, ui
aeaco? ia i?eiaeaaei?noue aiiiae?e OI aei eeano ia iaoiiaeaieo OA.

A oeaio?aeuei?e /anoei? ueoa aeyaeai? aaaaoi/enaeuei? i?iyae cieioa. ?i
noaaeeenue o a?aeiia?aei?noue o?eueee cia/aiiy OI, ui anoaiiaeai? ia
a?aenoai? aei ia?oeo e?eiiao??a a?ae ieo. Oea c?iaeaii ia 32 ae?eyieao,
ia yeeo OI aecia/aii o 50 ioieoao. Na?aaei? cia/aiiy OI i?eaeecii 52
iAo/i2 (ia 7 iAo/i2 a?eueoa oiio). Oaeei /eiii, cieioi eiioeaio?o?oueny
ia?aaaaeii a ?aeiiao, aea oaieiaee iio?e a na?aaeiueiio aeaui
i?aeaeuaiee. Oeae aeniiaie ia iiaeia a?aeianoe aei a?eueoi? /anoeie
ueoa, aea aeine?aeaeaiiy iio??aii? aeaoaeueiino? ia i?iaiaeeeeny. sse
iieacaee niaoe?aeuei? ?ic?aooiee, aeyaeai? caoaeaeaiiy caaia’ycai?
iieiae?e (nei??o ca ana — c no/aniei i?iaeiaaeaiiyi) aeoea?caoe??.
Iaiaeii?acia?noue iiae?aieo i?ioean?a ia Eeeioe?anueeiio ?iaeiaeu?
aeiaaaeaia ii aaniethoiiio a?eo i?ia?ae?a, ui iia(ycai? c ??cieie
aoaiaie a?ae?ioa?iaeueii? ae?yeueiino?. Ne?ae aaaaeaoe, ui a on?o
aeiaaeeao aeei?enoiaoaaeeny iaei? eaiaee aeey ?ooo a?ae?ioa?i (aeoaea
iaei? iiooaeiino?), ia aeeaey/enue ia aeeaeaiiy ?o c cian?i ??cieo
aeaea?ae oaiea oa oeth?ae?a. Cae/aeii, iaoai?ci oaei? aeoea?caoe??, ui
aeicaiey? noai?thaaoe eieaeuei? aiiiae?? OI, iiaeiai aooe niaoe?aeueii
?icaeyiooee.

g oa OI i?iaaaeaii aeey 49 ia? cia/aiue, ui io?eiai? ye na?aaei? o
iaaeao o?aiaoe?e 10o10 oaeeei aaia?ao?/ieo eii?aeeiao. Ia?iaea iaoiaeii
iaeiaioeo eaaae?ao?a aeyaeea, ui aeeaiacii OI, ui a?aeiia?aea? ?aaeueiei
cia/aiiyi neee oyae?iiy, eeoa iacia/iith i??ith aeoiaeeoue ca iaae?
i?e?iaeieo eieeaaiue oiio: 43-52 iAo/i2.

?icaeyiooi o?eueee eieaeueiee ??aaiue aiiiae?e iaai?oiiai iiey. I?e
ii??aiyii? aiiiae?? iiaeoey iiaiiai aaeoi?a iaai?oiiai iiey ?c OI aoee
oaeiae aeei?enoai? na?aaei? cia/aiiy o iaaeao o?aiaoe?e. Io?eiaii 38 ia?
cia/aiue, ia?iaea yeeo iaoiaeii iaeiaioeo eaaae?ao?a i?ieacaea, ui ? oey
caeaaei?noue iieno? oaieiaee iio?e o?eueee ia ??ai? oiio, i?ye ia
iiynithth/e eiai aiiiae?e.

U?eueia ia?aaea i?io?e?a ANC o ?aa?ii? aeicaiey? ia aeinoia??iiio ??ai?
i?iaanoe ii??aiyiiy OI c ia?aiao?aie oaeaee?niiai ?ic??co — ?c
iiooaei?noth ei?e oa ?? oa??a. Ni?anoaaeaiiy OI c iiooaei?noth
aa?oiueiai oa?o ei?e i?iaaaeaii aeey 123 ia? cia/aiue. Iiooaei?noue
ci?ith?oueny a?ae 10 aei 19 ei. A ?acoeueoao? ia?iaee aeaieo iaoiaeii
iaeiaioeo eaaae?ao?a anoaiiaeaii, ui o aeeaiacii? ?aaeueieo
iiooaeiinoae oa?o eieeaaiiy OI iaaaeeee ? oe?eeii iaeaaeaoue aei oiiiai?
iaeano?.

Iiooaei?noue ieaeiueiai oa?o ei?e aecia/aia ia iaiueo?e ieiu?, aiia
ni?anoaaeaia ?c OI o 114 ioieoao. Ci?ie iiooaeiino? aeoaea aaeee? — a?ae
20 aei 45 ei, aea ?o aieea ia OI i?aeoe/ii a?aenooi?e.

?icaeyiaii oaeaeeino? (Vp) a?ey iiaa?oi? oa OA i?eiiaa?oi?o ii??ae. Ia
aeeaey/enue ia cia/i? ia?aiaaee iaio ia?aiao??a, ei?aeyoe?? ia aeyaeaii.
Ia aeeeth/aii, ui aeinoia??iith iiaeia aaaaeaoe o?eueee iaeio ia?o
cia/aiue: na?aaei? aaee/eie iaio ia?aiao??a o iiaa?oi? — 2 ieAo/i3 oa
5,75 ei/n. Oe? oeeo?e a?aeiia?aeathoue caeaaeiino?, ui aeei?enoiaoaaeany
?ai?oa: OA = 1,35ao?A(6 — Vp). Oiio i?aeae?a?ii o?eueee A.

1 iAo/i2. OIi noaoe?iia?iee oa iiaeiai aooe iaoiiaeaiee aeaea?aeaie
oaiea ?aae?iaaiiiai oa?aeoa?o aai ia?aa??oeie eieenue ia(?eoaie
aeieaia??eneiai a?eo, ye? iathoue caaacia/eoe iio??ai? ci?ie OI e??cue
iiaa?oith i?e o?eniaaiiio ?ici??? aiiiae?e (ia?o? aeanyoee ei). Caaea/a
a oae?e iinoaiiaoe? ia ia? ??oaiiy, ne?ae aaaaeaoe, ui aiiiaeueiee OI
?aa?iio ianoaoe?iia?iee. Iiaeia eacaoe i?i aeae?eaiiy ii aaioa?i?/iei
aeaiei iiai? — E??iaia?aaenueei? — ciie iieiaei? aeoea?caoe??.

?icaeyiaii ca(ycie OA oa u?eueiino? ei?iaeo ii??ae. Aeeaiacii ci?i
u?eueiino? aeiaie? cia/iee — 2,6-2,76 a/ni3. Aaea?oueny anoaiiaeoe
ca(ycie ia?aiao??a, /a?ac yeee, aeei?enoiaoth/e aaea aeai? i?i
u?euei?noue, i?eoiaeeii aei ??aiyiiy OA = 1,35ao?1,62(6,05 — Vp). OA
noa? iaioith a on?o /anoeiao ei?e, i?ae ?ic?aoiaaia aeua. Ei?iaa
neeaaeiaa oaieiaiai iioieo — ia ??ai? 23 iAo/i2, a oiiiaiai iaio?eiiai —
i?eaeecii 22 iAo/i2. Oaea aae?/eia oa?aeoa?ia aeey ieaooi?iaieo
?aa?ii?a, ui ni?iiiaei? aei aeoea?caoe??.

Aeaaa 4. ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y aiiiae?e oaieiaiai iioieo.

Iaoa??aee, ui iaaaaeai? a aeaaao 2 oa 3, ooai?ththoue aeia?o iniiao aeey
ii/aoeo aiae?ca ?iciiae?eo oaieiaiai iioieo a ?aa?ii? oa i?iaaaeaiiy
?ioa?i?aoaoe??. I?e?iaeiuei, ae??oaiiy cai?ioiuei? caaea/? aaioa?i?? o
iiaiiio ianyc? i?eioeeiiai iaiiaeeeaa. A oeeo oiiaao iaiao?aeia
aeei?enoaiiy ??cii? ai??i?ii? ii a?aeiioaiith aei aaioa?i?? ?ioi?iaoe??,
ui caeaoia ?aaoey?eciaaoe ae??oaiiy cai?ioiuei? caaea/?.

Anoaiiaeaia i?aeaeuaiiy oaieiaiai iioieo yaey? niaith eaioetha iaaaeeeeo
aiiiae?e, ui i?inoyaioany caeiaae E??iaia?aaenueeiai ?aceiio. *a?ac
iaeee ?ici?? aiiiae?e on? aeai? aoee c?a?ai? ia iaeei i?io?eue, ui
i?ioiaeeoue ao?ano i?inoyaaiiy eiaeii? aiiiae??. Aaaaeaeiny, ui on?
caoaeaeaiiy OI iia(ycai? c iaeiaeiaeie aeaea?aeaie oaiea. Aaeeeee ?ica?a
aae?/ei OI cia/iith i??ith iia(ycaiee c oei, ui ?aaeueia oe?oeia oa
?ioaineai?noue ie?aieo aiiiae?e cia/ii ci?ith?oueny (a?ae 60-65 aei
80-85 iAo/i2).

A i?ioean? aiae?co ?icaeyiooi o?e aa??aioe aeaea?ae oaiea: ?aae?iaaiiee,
?io?oceaiee oa a?ae?ioa?iaeueiee. ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y aeey ia?oiai aa??aioo
aeiaaea, ui i?e aeiaaeei? aeaea?aea i?eaeecii 10-20 ei iio??aia aeeaeia
ieaeiuei? iaae? o?ea ia 2,5 ei oa oe?oeia ia(?eoo o ia?o? nioi? iao??a
(200 i). OA aeyaey?oueny ia ii?yaeee aeua ?aaeueii? aeey ii??ae ei?e.
Oaeei /eiii ?aae?iaaiia i?e?iaea aeaea?aea iai?eeiyoia.

I?aea?? aoi?aiaiiy o ei?o iieiaeiai ia?aa??oiai ia(?eoo aeaa i?aeoe/ii
oie aea ?acoeueoao: aeoaea aocueea o?ei (100 i) aeecueei aei iiaa?oi? (1
ei aei iie??ae?) c oaiia?aoo?ith ia?aa??ao iaaaaaoi aeua nie?aeono
ei?iaeo ii??ae (aeua oeny/? a?aaeon?a) oa a?eii — aeanyoee oeny/ ?ie?a
(35 oen. ?ie?a). I?e?iaeiuei, ui oaeee aa??aio oaeiae iai?eeiyoiee.

? ua iiaeeea?noue, ui aiiiae?? c(yaeeeny /a?ac i?aeo?eaiiy ia?aa??oi?
aiaee aei iiaa?oi?. ?iaioe ii aeyaeaiith oaei? neooaoe?? aoee i?iaaaeai?
ca o/anoth aaoi?a o Aeiiaan?, a ?aeii? Aieiaii? aioeee?iae?. Iayai?noue
a?ae(?iieo aiiiae?e ii iaio aieao iiceoeaii? aeiaiaeeoue a??i?noue
i?eiouaiiy i?i oaeo i?e?iaeo. Ia aaeath/enue o iiae?iaeoe?
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? i?eaaaeaii iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe: ia(?i ii?iaiai i?inoi?o,
aea ia?ai?uoaaany oeth?ae, aeoaea iacia/iee — i?eaeecii 1%, /an
ia?aaoaaiiy iaei??? ii?oe?? ??aeeie a iaaeao iioieo, ui cae?eia?oueny —
i?eaeecii 600 ?ie?a. Aeeaeia ieaeiuei? iaae? “eiiaaeoeaii? aeaeee” —
i?eaeecii 6 ei. Aiia caea?oueny iioeiaeueiith aeey aoi?aiaiiy
a?ai?oi?aeiiai ?anieaaa.

*a?ac ci?ie oiiiai? oaiia?aoo?e ii aeeaei? (a?ae 10 aei 1000N),
aiiiaeueia O aeaea?aea oaae ci?ith?oueny. I?ae /an i?aeai?o aiiiae??
aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui oaiia?aoo?e o cii? a?ey iiaa?oi? noaa?e?cothoueny
ca ia?o? aeanyoee oeny/ ?ie?a. I?e?iaeiuei, ui i?aeoe/ii
aeei?enoiaoaaeany oaiia?aoo?a aeaea?aea oeth?ae?a, na?aaeiy ca aeoeaiee
ia??iae (2000N ia 6 ei). Oaiia?aoo?a aiaee, ui aeinyaa? iiaa?oi?,
iacia/ii (ia ia?o? 0N) a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae oiiiai?. Oi?ia aiiiae??
iiynith?oueny aeiaie? neeaaeiei ?iciiae?eii ii?enoino? a i?iieei?e cii?
(aiia iaea neiao?e/io no?oeoo?o): a?ae oeaio?o 0-100 i — 0,8%, 100-1000
i — 0,2%, 1000-2000i — 0,1 %. E??i ?iciiae?eo OI iiaeaeue eiio?ieth? ?
?iciiae?e O o naa?aeeiaei? aeineoue cia/ii? aeeaeie (2,8 ei) ia
a?aenoai? 1,5-2 ei a?ae in? aiiiae??. Caa?eia aei??yia oa ?ic?aoiaaia
oaiia?aoo?e iathoue a?aei?ii?noue i?eaeecii 50N. Oea i?e?iaeiuei, ai
naa?aeeiaeia ciaoiaeeoueny iiaeeco iaeiaio ?ioaineaii? oa oe?iei?
/anoeie aiiiae??.

1500N. Aa?oi?e e?ae aeaea?aea ?icoaoiaaiee i?eaeecii ia 10-11 ei.

Ieaeiy /anoeia iiaeiia iaoe a?eueoee a?e — i?eaeecii 5 iei. ?ie?a oa
iiooaei?noue ? oe?oeio 60-70 ei. Cae/aeii, oaieiaee iio?e ia iana
?ioi?iaoe?? i?i oaeee ia(?eo, oiio ia? nain aeei?enoaiiy naeniieia?/ieo,
aaiiaai?oieo oa aaiaeaeo?e/ieo aeaieo. ?ic?aoiaai? iiaeae? nani?/iiai
?ic??co ?c a?aooaaiiyi aieeao iieiaei? aeoea?caoe?? aeia?a
ocaiaeaeothoueny c ?nioth/eie ii i?io?eyi A?ai/a — I?aaeaiii-Oe?a?inueea
AAN oa A?ai/a — *i?iiaeeue, ui ?icoaoiaai? iaiiaeae?e. Oiiia? Vp ia 50
ei — 8,15, 100 ei — 8,25, 150 ei — 8,30 ei/n, iaaaoeaia oaeaee?nia
aiiiae?y — aei 0,4 ei/n. ?ic?aooiee iieacothoue iiaeeea?noue eieaeueieo
caieao?on?a aaeuei?noth aei 3-4 ca ?aooiie oa?iiiai?oa, ui ?
niinoa??aa?oueny.

Aeeiiai? 5 AIOC. Ia?iaea iieacaea iayai?noue aenieii?ia?aeii? ciie ia
aeeaeiao 70-120 ei. Oea aeia?a ni?aiaaea? ?c noaiith, ui i?eeiyoa a
iaaeao aaeaaeoe?iiii-iie?ii?oii? a?iioace. Ia?aa??oa ?a/iaeia ?c iaio??
(200-400 ei) i?aei?ia?oueny a i?aeei?iaee i?ino?? (40-100 ei). Ia ??
i?noea iionea?oueny oieiaeiee “anoaiie?o” a?aeiia?aeiiai ia(?ia. Oiiiaa
O ia aeeaei? aoi?aiaiiy eaaioo oaeoii?/ii? ae?? (EOAe) a?ae 550 aei
9500N, aiiiaeueia oaiia?aoo?a — 8500N. Aeae? ?a/iaeia i?iieea? o ei?o oa
cai?ith? /anoeio ?? ii??ae /ei aeua oei iaiueoa. ?io?oc?y inoeaa?, a
ei?a i?ia??aa?oueny (aiiiaeuei? O a?ae 300 aei 5300N). I?ia??a aeeeeea?
ieaaeaiiy ii??ae. Noathoue iiaeeea? eieaeuei? ?io?oc?? eenei? iaaie ia
aeeaeii? ??ai? iaae iie??aeath aa?oiueiai iiaa?oo iaio?eieo aoi?aiaiue.
Eiaeia ?io?oc?y iiaea aooe aeaea?aeii “eiiaaeoeaii? aeaeee” o cii?
aeeaeiiiai ?iceiio. Oae? i?noey ? o?enothoueny no/anieie aiiiae?yie OI.
Cae/aeia oe?oeia EOAe 60-70 ei.

Ea?oa OI E??iaia?aaenueei? ciie aeoea?caoe?? iieaco?, ui aieiaia
(ia??ae?iiaeueia) E??iaia?aaenueea aiiiae?y oaieiaiai iioieo ?icoaoiaaia
ia cao?aei?i e?ath EOAe, ia no?ae a?ae ia? cono??/athoueny ua
i?e?iceiii? aiiiae?? o nioc? oe?oeiith eiei 70 ei. A?e aeeaeiiiai
ei?iaiai aeaea?aea iiaeiai aooe aeineoue iaeei, uia caaacia/eoe
a?aenooi?noue aiiiae?e eiiaeoeoeaii? i?e?iaee iica ciiaie ?iceii?a.

Oiiiaa oaieiaa iiaeaeue ?ic?aoiaaia ia iniia? na?aaeiueiai naeni?/iiai
?ic??co ?aa?iio: ia iaaaeee?e aeeaei? — 6,1 ei/n, ia Iioi — 7,3 ei/n.
Iiooaei?noue ei?e — 40 ei. OA neeaaeaea: ia iiaa?oi? — 1,06 ieAo/i3, 10
ei — 0,76 ieAo/i3, 20 ei — 0,47 ieAo/i3, 30 ei — 0,29 ieAo/i3, 40 ei —
0,18 ieAo/i3. ?iciiae?e O: 10 ei — 190, 20 — 310, 30 — 430, 40 — 530, 50
— 620, 60 — 710, 70 — 800, 80 — 880, 90 — 950, 100 — 1010, 110 — 1070,
120 — 11200C.

Aiiiaeueiee ei?iaee oaieiaee ia`?eo, ui caaacia/o? aeeiiaiiy aeacaieo
aeua oiia, neeaaea?oueny c o?ueio /anoei: iaeaeeaoi? (40-30 ei) a?eii
500 oen. ?ie?a, na?aaeiuei? — 100 oen. ?ie?a, aa?oiuei? eieaeueii?
?io?oc?? (6-20 ei) — 35 oen. ?ie?a. Iaio?eiee ia`?eo ?icoaoiaaiee ia
aeeaeiao i?eaeecii 40-100 ei ia? a?e 5 iei. ?ie?a.

?acoeueoaoeaia oaieiaa iiaeaeue i?noeoue O aeua nie?aeono ia aeeaeiao
i?eaeecii 20-30 ei, 53-83 ei, ia a?eeth/aia iiaeeea?noue ?nioaaiiy
oiieiai i?ioa?eo /anoeiaiai ieaaeaiiy ia aeeaeiao 35-38 ei.

Aeaaa 5. Eiiieaenia aaio?ce/ia iiaeaeue ei?e oa aa?oiuei? iaio??
?aa?iia.

A ?aeii? aeine?aeaeaiue ?icoaoiaaia oeaio?aeueia /anoeia
E??iaia?aaenueei? aiiiae?? aeaeo?ii?ia?aeiino? a ei??. Ca inoaii?ie
aeaieie aiiiaeueia o?ei ia 15-30 ei i?inoyaa?oueny ia iaiueoa i?ae ia
700 ei i?eaeecii ii ia??ae?aio. Noia?ia iiacaeiaaeiy
aeaeo?ii?ia?aei?noue ia(?eoo (S) — 10-20 oen. Ni, aae?/eia i.a.i. (() —
1 Ii(i. Oea oi?eaeueia yaeua /a?ac naith ?ioaineai?noue — oaei? aae?/eie
S ia aeinyaa? iaa?oue ieaai?/ia anoaiinoa?a. Aeey iiyniaiiy oeueiai
yaeua nooei ?icieaaii i?e e?eueeio a?aenioeao eiai ai?noo iio??aai oa?
iiooaei?noth i?eaeecii 600 ei.

Ii??aiyiiy eiioo??a aiiiae?? OI oa ciie aeaeo?ii?ia?aeiino? aeyaey?
aeiaie? ??ciiiai?oio ea?oeio: a i?noeyo aeia?a aea/aiiai OI aiiiae?y
eiio?ieth? cao?aeiee e?ae aiiiae?? S. A ?aeiiao ?c a??oith aea/ai?noth
aiiiae?? OI eeoa /anoeiai ni?aiaaeathoue c aiiiae??th S. Oaeei /eiii,
ei?aeyoe?y o aeaieo oiiaao caaeia?eueia. Aiia noa? a?eueo iaaeyaeiith
i?e ii??aiyii? i?ia?aeieea c oaieiaith iiaeaeeth ei?e oa aa?oiuei?
iaio??.

Neooaoe?y c i.a.i. a i?ia?aeieeo oaea: ( nooeo c?ace?a ii??ae — 106-7
Ii(i, a aiaee (ai?no yei? — i?eaeecii 0,2%) — 1-2 Ii(i. I?e iiai?e
ca(yciino? aeinyaa?oueny ( ii??ae i?eaeecii 1 oen. Ii(i. A?ao?o (ui
?iciianthaeaeaiee o aiaenao ?iaoei-?iaoeaoeueei? na???) oaeiae neeueii
cieaeo? aeaeo?e/iee ii??: c?acee ?c E?eai??cueei? iaaeaeeaeiii?
naa?aeeiaeie i?e i?e?iaei?e aieiaino? aeyaeythoue ieoiiee ii?? ia ??ai?
100 Ii(i. O iaoiio aeiaaeeo iiaia ca(yci?noue ia aeinyaa?oueny, aea
iii?oii c?inoa?, ui iiaea ciaioeoe ii?? aei 0,5-1 Ii(i. I?e iiooaeiino?
ia(?eoo 10-15 ei io?eia?ii S i?eaeecii 10-20 oen. Ni. Aea iio??aia
aieia?noue o na?aaeei? ei?e, a?eueoa ca cae/aeio. ?? iiaea caaacia/eoe
i?e aeinyaiaii? nie?aeono a?ioeoo, ui neeaaea? cia/io /anoeo ia(?io oa
ia? aaaaoi no?oeoo?ii? aiaee.

?ic?aooiee iai?oaeaiue, ui aeeeeeai? oi?ioaaiiyi oaieiaiai iiey,
iieacaee, ui o eiaei?e iaeeieoe? ia(?io ia?aaeuoaaeeny iai?oaeaiiy, ui
caa/aeii ci?iathoueny caieao?onaie ?c iaaaeeeith iaai?ooaeith. Ca?aene
iiaea c(yaeoeny o?aueioaao?noue. I?e ia?aoiae? a?ioeoo /a?ac aio?aie aei
i??ienaio (ia?ao?ae aio?aie-i??ienai oaae iia(ycaiee c aeae?eaiiyi
aiaee) u?euei?noue i?ia?aeo c?inoa? i?eaeecii ia 3%, ui iiaeiii
caaacia/eoe noiae?e ia(?i ii?. Oaeei /eiii, o na?aaeiaeu? c(yaey?oueny
n(0,1-1% aeeth/aiue ?c iecueeei iii?ii. I.a.i. na?aaeiaeua — i?eaeecii
n(1-10 Ii(i.

Ii??aiyiiy oaieiai? oa aaiaeaeo?e/ii? iiaeaeae ?aa?iio i?eaiaeeoue aei
i?eiouaiiy, ui aa?oiy /anoeia aeaeo?ii?ia?aeii? ciie ni?e/eiaia, nei??oa
ca ana, ie?aieie aoi?aiaiiyie oeth?aeo oa ?icieaao o ii?iaee ei?e iaae
aieiaiei ina?aaeeii ieaaeaiiy. O?eueee aeaye? c ieo ?icoaoiaai? a oiiaao
(o ineaaeaieo i?iieeieo ciiao, noiaeeo ia ciio E??iaia?aaenueeiai
?iceiio), eiee iiaeeeaee eiiaaeoeaiee oaieiianiia?aiin aei iiaa?oi?.
Naia ?o ? o?enothoue aiiiae?? OI iii?oii? ?ioaineaiino?.

Oeae ?acoeueoao iaiiaaii ocaiaeaeo?oueny c naeni?/ieie aeaieie:
?ioi?iaoe??th aeeaeiii? naeniieia?? oa ANC. Ia?oa i?aaenoaaeaia
oaeaee?nieie iiaeaeyie iaio?? ?a?iie. Oea nooi ?aa?iiaeuei? iiaeae? ?
aeathoue o?eueee caaaeueio oyao i?i iiaeeea?noue ?nioaaiiy aiiiae?e, ui
iathoue a?aeiioaiiy aei aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ia(?eoo. O iiaeaeueiiio
?iciiae?e? oaeaeeinoae iiia?a/ieo naeni?/ieo oaeeue (Vs) ia aeeaeiao
200-400 ei aeae?ey?oueny aaeeea ciia cieaeaieo oaeaeeinoae, ui iiaeeeai
iia(ycaia ?c ?aca?aoa?ii /anoeiai ?icieaaeaieo ii??ae. Naia eiai
iayai?noue ?iaeoue iiaeeeaith no/anio aeoea?caoe?th. ?aa?ii, ui
aea/a?oueny, ?icoaoiaaiee o nai???aei?e “caoioe?” iecueeeo aaee/ei Vs.

O ?aa?ii? ? o?e aaio?aaa?ne — IV, VI, VIII oa i?io?eue ANC XXV.
?ioi?iaoe?y ia ieo aeoaea ??ciiieaiiaa c aaaaoueio i?e/ei, oiio
?aoe?iiaeuei?oa ?icaeyiooe na?aaei? cia/aiiy naeni?/ieo oaeaeeinoae a
iaaeao aiiiaeueii? /anoeie oaieiai? iiaeae? ei?e oa iica iath. Oae
iiaoaeiaai? aea? caeaaeiino? Vp a?ae aeeaeie. ?acoeueoao oaeee: a?ey
iiaa?oi? oaeaeeino? ca?aathoueny, a c aeeaeiith ??cieoey aeinyaa?
i?eaeecii 0,2-0,25 ei/n oa eeoa?oueny oaeith aei iaae? Iioi. Aiae?c
iieacaa, ui aiiiae?y oaeaeeino? a?aeiia?aea? aeoaea iecueeiio nooiaith
ieaaeaiiy — i?eaeecii 1%. I?e oaeee e?eueeino? ?icieaao (?,
a?aeiia?aeii, oeth?aeo) iaiiaeeeai aeinyaoe iio??aii? aaee/eie S,
iio??aai oaeiae ? aieea a?ao?oo ia aeaeo?ii?ia?aei?noue.

2 ei (ui a?aeiia?aea? na?aaei?e iiooaeiinoe ei?e OU).

Oaeei /eiii, anoaiiaeai? aea? aiiiae?? iiooaeiino? ei?e ??ciiai ciaeo,
ui i?inoi?iai iia(ycai? ?c aeoeaiei aeeaeiei i?ioeanii. ?o ?icoaooaaiiy
iiynith?oueny noaiith aaeaaeoe?eiiai i?ioeano, a yeiio cono??/i? ?ooe
?a/iaeie i?ioiaeyoue ii?o/. Ia?aa??a oa /anoeiaa ieaaeaiiy ieaeiuei?
/anoeie ei?e i?ecaiaeyoue aei i?e?aeiaiiy /anoeie ?? ?a/iaeie aei ?ooo
iaio?eii?, a oeaio?? nei?i/o?oueny iiooaei?noue ei?e, ia ia??oa??? aiia
c?inoa?, ai nthaee ia?aianaii ci?oaiee iaoa??ae, yeee ia caio?th?oueny o
iaio?th (ia? iaaeinoaoith u?euei?noue). Oiio nei?i/aiiy oa c?inoaiiy
iiooaeiino? iiaeii? aooe noiaeeie, ui i?eaeecii ? niinoa??aa?oueny.
A?aeiia?aeathoue i?iaiico ? oaeaeeino? naeni?/ieo oaeeue o ieaei?o
/anoeiao iiooaeii? ei?e: aiie cia/ii aeu? ca oeiia?, oa?aeoa??cothoue
oa? ei?i-iaio?eii? noi?o?, a ia cae/aeio ?a/iaeio ieco ei?e OU.

O ?aa?ii?, ui aea/a?oueny, aeoeaiee i?ioean aeyaeaii o?eueee ca aeaieie
aeeaeiii? aaio?ceee, aea i?yeeo i?iya?a aaieia?/ii? aeoeaiino? ia
niinoa??aa?oueny (e??i aeayeeo aeaieo i?i aiiiae?? ?cioii?? aae?th). O
i?noeyo, aea ?ai?oa aeine?aeaeoaaeeny noiae? aaio?ce/i? aiiiae??, iayai?
iii?oi? i?aeiyooy iiaa?oi? ca inoaii? 5 iei. ?ie?a. O E??iaia?aaenuee?e
cii? oaea i?aeiyooy a?aenooi?. I?ioean aac i?aeiyooy iiaeeeaee, aea aeey
iaa?oiooaaiiy oaeiai aa??aioo iio??aia niaoe?aeueia a?aoiaioaoe?y.

Ni?iao?ii ioe?ieoe ?acoeueoaoe ae?? i?ioean?a, ui cae?eiathoue oa
iioneathoue iiaa?oith Caie?. Oa? ?a/iaeie, ui ia?aa??any, iiooaei?noth o
100 ei, aea? i?aeiyooy i?eaeecii ia 1-2(10-5 0N-1, ui aei??aith? 350-700
i. ?aaeueiee aoaeo aoaea iii?oii iaiueoa /a?ac oa, ui ae??ooaaeany
iaeiiaei??ia caaea/a, oa aa?o/e aei oaaae aaeeeo aeeaeio aeaea?ae
i?ioeano.

Ciaioaiiy iiooaeiino? ei?e ciie iiaeiii i?ecaanoe aei ?cinoaoe/iiai
iioneaiiy iiaa?oi? o oiio aea ?ici??? — i?eaeecii 600 i. Oaeei /eiii,
iiaeeeaa iiaia eiiiainaoe?y, ci?i ??aiy iiaa?oi? i?ae /an oiaeo i?ioeano
iiaea ia aooe.

?ioa neooaoe?y ia ia??oa??? aeoeaii? ciie: oaiia?aoo?e o iaae?ao oeeo
?aeii?a aaea aeecueee aei oiiiaeo, a iiooaei?noue ei?e iii?oii a?eueoa.
?ici?? i?aeiyooy — ia?o? nioi? iao??a, aea ?o aaaeei aecia/eoe /a?ac
a?eueo oaeaee? iaaaoeai? ?ooe iiaa?oi? ia ia??oa??? *i?iiii?nueei?
caiaaeeie aai /a?ac iaaeinoaoith aea/aii?noue no/anieo ?oo?a oa??oi??e
OU. Aeayee iciaee no/aniiai i?aeiyooy ana ae anoaiiaeai? (ia?aaaaeii ia
no?aei?e ia??oa??? ciie).

Ca aaio?ce/ieie iciaeaie E??iaia?aaenueeo ciio aeoea?caoe?? eaaoa ca ana
ioioiaeieoe c ?aeiiii ii/aoeiaiai ??ooiaaiaco. ?? iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye
“caoieo” O?ain?a?iiaenueei? ciie. Aea aeei?enoiaoaaoe ii a?aeiioaiith
aei ia?oi? iiaiee iaa?? aaio?ce/ieo a?aoiaio?a ia aaea?oueny: aeey
?aa?iiaeueii? aiiiae?? oaeaeeino? iiia?a/ieo naeni?/ieo oaeeue ?aa?ii
caiaaeoi iaeee, a aea/aiiy aaiaeaeo?e/ii? anoaiinoa?e ua ia cae?i/aii.

2 ei. Aeoiaey/e c iiooaeiino? ei?e ca iaaeaie nioae ci?i, iiaeia
i?eionoeoe, ui iaeaea? no?oeoo?e ?icaeaaeeny ia ia?aeii?e ei?? iaei???
iiooaeiino?, ui iii?oii ia a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae na?aaeiuei? ia OU.

INIIAI? ?ACOEUeOAOE ?IAIOE

1.Noai?aii oa canoiniaaii ia cia/i?e oa??oi??? iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooie?a OI
ca aeaieie aei???a caa?eieo O o iaaeeaieeo naa?aeeiaeiao oa ei?aeoe??
oeeo OI, ui aeaei ciiao o aeanyoee ?ac?a ca?eueoeoe u?euei?noue ia?aae?
niinoa?aaeaiue, aecia/eoe aein? iaa?aeii? aeaiaioe no?oeoo?e oaieiaiai
iiey OU.

2.Aecia/aia oa i?i?ioa?i?aoiaaia E??iaia?aaenueea aiiiae?y OI,
iiaoaeiaaia oaieiaa iiaeaeue ei?e oa aa?oi?o ai??ciio?a iaio??.

3.I?iaaaeaii e?euee?nia ii??aiyiiy ia?aiao??a oaieiai? iiaeae? n on?ia
aeaieie aeeaeiii? aaio?ceee, aeiaaaeaia ?o aca?iia a?aeiia?aei?noue.

4.Noi?ioeueiaaia a?iioaca i?i oa?aeoa? aiaeiaaiiiai ?aaeeio
E??iaia?aaenueei? ciie aeoea?caoe?? ye ii/aoeiai? noaae??
oaeoiii-iaaiaoe/iiai i?ioeano.

I?e?iaeiuei, ui oea ia e?iaoeue aeine?aeaeaiue E??iaia?aaenueei? ciie,
? aeey eiio?ieth aenoiooi? a?iioace iaiao?aeii ua i?iaanoe: aeeaeii?
naeniieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy ii i?ioeeyo c i?eaeeciei iai?yieii
A?ai/a-Ia??oiieue oa A?ai/a-*a?eane; aeeaeii? aaiaeaeo?e/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui aeicaieeee a aeyaeoe aeaeo?ii?ia?aei? ciie o iaio??;
aea/aiiy ?cioii?? aae?th, ui aeiiiaieoue ?acoeueoaoe iiia?aaei?o ?ia?o;
aeine?aeaeaiiy no/anieo ?oo?a iiaa?oi? Caie? (aeaoaeuei?oa, i?ae o
ieioeiio) oa i?e?inaeni; ?icoe?aiiy (ia?o ca ana — ia cao?ae) ?aeiio
aeaoaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue OI, i?iaeiaaeaiiy oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiaeee
?ic?aooieo aeeaeiieo cia/aiue oa ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? aiiiae?e OI, ui
aeicaieeoue iaaeeceoeny aei ioe?iee ?aaeueieo aaee/ei oa?iii?oaei?o
iai?oa oa iai?oa ?ioi? i?e?iaee, aei ?icoi?iiy nooiaiy naeni?/ii?
iaaaciaee a ?aa?ii?.

INIIAI? IAOA??AEE AeENA?OAOe?? IIOAE?EIAAI? O ?IAIOAO:

1.Ai?aeeaiei A.A., Ai?aeeaiei E.A., Caaai?iaeiyy I.A. e ae?. Oaieiaie
iioie naaa?i-caiaaeiiai I?e/a?iiii?uey //Aeiee. AIO, 1993. — 3. —
N.109-112.

2.Ai?aeeaiei A.A., Ai?aeeaiei E.A., Caaai?iaeiyy I.A. Iiaua ii?aaeaeaiey
oaieiaiai iioiea ia thaa Oe?aeie e *a?iiii?nei-Acianeii oaeueoa //
Aeiee. AIO,1993.- 5. — N.105-108.

3.Ai?aeeaiei A.A., Ai?aeeaiei E.A., Caaai?iaeiyy I.A. Oaieiaie iioie
Ea?/aineiai iieoino?iaa // Aeiee. AIO, 1993. — 7. — N.85-88.

4.Ai?aeeaiei A.A., Ai?aeeaiei E.A., Caaai?iaeiyy I.A. Oaieiaua iiaeaee
cii eeiia?eeneie e nia?aiaiiie aeoeaecaoeee // Aeiee. IAIO,1994. — 2. —
N.106-110.

5.Ao?aoiae/ O.E., Ai?aeeaiei A.A., Ai?aeeaiei E.A. e ae?. Oaieiaie iioie
Caea?iaouey // Aeiee. IAIO, 1995. — 10. — N.85-88.

6.Ai?aeeaiei A.A., Ai?aeeaiei E.A., Caaai?iaeiyy I.A. e ae?. Oaieiaia
iiea Iieaeiau // Aaioec. aeo?iae, 1995. — 5. — N.3-10.

7.Ai?aeeaiei A.A., Ai?aeeaiei E.A., Caaai?iaeiyy I.A. Oaieiaia iiea
oeaio?aeueiie /anoe Oe?aeineiai ueoa. *anoue I // Aaioec. aeo?iae, 1996.
— 1. -N.52-61.

8.Ai?aeeaiei A.A., Ai?aeeaiei E.A., Caaai?iaeiyy I.A. Oaieiaia iiea
oeaio?aeueiie /anoe Oe?aeineiai ueoa. *anoue II // Aaioec. aeo?iae,
1996. — 2. — N. 12-19.

9.Ai?aeeaiei A.A., Ai?aeeaiei E.A., Caaai?iaeiyy I.A. Oaieiaia iiea
oeaio?aeueiie /anoe Oe?aeineiai ueoa. *anoue III // Aaioec. aeo?iae,
1996. -3. — N. 12-19.

10.Ai?aeeaiei A.A., Ai?aeeaiei E.A., Caaai?iaeiyy I.A. Oaieiaia iiea
oeaio?aeueiie /anoe Oe?aeineiai ueoa. *anoue IV // Aaioec. aeo?iae,
1996. — 4. N.52-60.

11.Ai?aeeaiei A.A., Ai?aeeaiei E.A., Caaai?iaeiyy I.A. e ae?. Ei?iaua
oaiia?aoo?u oa??eoi?ee Oe?aeiu // Aeoaeiiia no?iaiea eeoinoa?u e
iao?aaeeoeeiiiia eniieueciaaiea iaae? Caiee. -Eeaa: Ainaaieeii, 1996. —
N.192-193.

12.Ai?aeeaiei A.A., Ai?aeeaiei E.A., Caaai?iaeiyy I.A. Aeoaeiiue
oaieiaie iioie Oe?aeiu e Iieaeiau // Aeiee. IAIO, 1996. -12. —
N.119-123.

13.Ai?aeeaiei E.A., Onaiei I.A. Oaieiaie iioie e ianoi?iaeaeaiey cieioa
ia Oe?aeia // Oaieiaia iiea Caiee e iaoiaeu aai eco/aiey.- I.: ?OAeI,
1997. — N.184-186.

14.Ao?aoiae/ O.E., Ai?aeeaiei E.A., Eoeee N.I. e ae?.
Iaaieoioaeeo?e/aneea enneaaeiaaiey ciiu iieiaeie aeoeaecaoeee
oaeoiiinoa?u naaa?iie /anoe Iieaeaaneie ieeou // Aaioec. aeo?iae, 1997.
— 5. — N.44-49.

15.Ao?aoiae/ O.E., Eoeee N.I., Eiaaeiia E.I., Ai?aeeaiei E.A. e ae?.
Yeaeo?ii?iaiaeiinoue caiiie ei?u naaa?i-caiaaea Oe?aeineiai ueoa //
Aeiee. IAIO, 1997. — 10. — N.125-128.

16.Gordienko I.V., Gordienko V.V., Zavgorodnyaya O.V. Thermal field of
the central Ukrainian shield // The Earth`s thermal field and related
research methods. — M.: RUFP. — 1998. — P.103-105.

17.Usenko O.V., Gordienko V.V., Gordienko I.V. at al. The heat flow of
the Donets basin // The Earth`s thermal field and related reserch
methods. — M.: RUFH. -1998. -P.266-267.

Aiioaoe?y

Ai?ae??iei ?.A. Oaieiaee iio?e oeaio?aeueii? /anoeie Oe?a?inueeiai ueoa.
— ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
aaieiai-i?ia?aeia?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 04.00.22. — Aaio?ceea.-
?inoeooo aaio?ceee IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

O aeena?oaoe?? i?aeaaaeaii i?aenoiee aaaaoi??/ii? ?iaioe o oeaio?aeuei?e
/anoei? Oe?a?inueeiai ueoa, aea aeeiiaii aeaoaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy
oaieiaiai iioieo. Aeyaeaii eaioethaeie aiiiae?e, yeee i?i?ioa?i?aoiaaii,
iiaoaeiaai? i?eiiaa?oiaaa (0-6 ei) oa aeeaeiia (0-90 ei) iiaeae? ei?e oa
aa?oi?o oa??a iaio??. Oe? iiaeae? aoee ii??aiyi? ?c ?nioth/eie aeaieie
naeniieia??, a?aa?iao???, iaai?oiiao???, ?cioii?? aae?th oa iia?oi?o oa
no/anieo ?oo?a iiaa?oi? Caie?. Ia iniia? oeeo ?ia?o aoei aeneiaeaii
a?iioaco i?i aiaeiaaiiee ?aaeei E??iaia?aaenueeiai aeieo — ii/aoeiao
noaae?th oaeoiii-iaaiaoe/iiai i?ioeano. Aeey i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy a?iioace
i?iaaaeaii ii??aiyiiy iiooaeiino? ei?e o E??iaia?aaenuee?e cii?
aeoeaecaoe?? oa o iaeaeeae/iio aeciaiiio ?eoo? — AeAeC.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: oaieiaee iio?e, aiiiae?y oaieiaiai iioieo, Oe?a?inueeee
ueo, aeeaeiia oaieiaa iiaeaeue, ei?a, aa?oiy iaio?y, naeniieia?y,
aaiaeaeo?eea, a?aa?iao??y, iaai?oiiao??y, ?cioii?y aae?th.

Aiiioaoeey

Ai?aeeaiei E.A. Oaieiaie iioie oeaio?aeueiie /anoe Oe?aeineiai ueoa. —
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
aaieiai-ieia?aeiae/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 04.00.22. — Aaioeceea.
— Einoeooo aaioeceee IAI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1998.

?aaioa i?aaenoaaeyao ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee oeaio?aeueiie /anoe
Oe?aeineiai ueoa, aaea i?iaaaeaiu aeaoaeueiua enneaaeiaaiey oaieiaiai
iioiea. Iie noaee aiciiaeiu aeaaiaea?y i?eiaiaiiiio eiiieaeno iia?aoeee
n aeaiiuie, iieo/aiiuie a iaeeeo neaaaeeiao. Nthaea aoiaeyo:
ii?aaeaeaiea oaieii?iaiaeiinoe ii?iae, i?ieaeaiiuo neaaaeeiaie, aianaiea
iii?aaie a ecia?aiiua ia caaia oaiia?aoo?u. Oaieii?iaiaeiinoue
ii?aaeaeyeanue ii aieaa /ai 500 ia?acoeai, ioia?aiiuo a i?aaeaeao
?aaeiia. Iii?aaee aaiaeeeenue ca iaeaieeeiao (auea eniieueciaaia oi?ioea
aeey aeaoneieiie n?aaeu), eioeeueo?aoeeth aiae n iiaa?oiinoe e ae?.
Oaeaea auea ooi/iaia iiaa?oiinoiay oaiia?aoo?a a ?aaeiia. Ieioiinoue
naoe aic?inea, noaa a 17 ?ac auoa n?aaeiae ii Oe?aeia. Ooi/iaiea
iicaieeei iaaethaeaoue iniaaiiinoe iiey, eioi?ua auee iaaeinooiiu ?aiaa.
Iiea a ?aaeiia ?acaeaeaii ia oii e aiiiaeee iieiaeeoaeueioth e
io?eoeaoaeueioth. Iaia?oaeaiiua iieiaeeoaeueiua aiiiaeee auoyioou a
noaia?eaeeaiaeueiii iai?aaeaiee n aeaoiy ioaaoaeaieyie ia naaa?i-ainoie
a thaeiie e naaa?iie /anoyo oeaii/ee. Iie ?aniieiaathony aaeieue
Ee?iaia?aaeneiai ?aceiia e eeiaaiaioia einiinieieia, io?aaeathueo
nia?aiaiioth oaeoiieeo. Yoi iicaieyao i?aaeiiaeeoue, /oi iie aucaaiu
noiaeeie eee iaeeiaeiauie enoi/ieeaie. Aiiiaeueiua cia/aiey oaieiaiai
iioiea auee nianaiu ia iaeei eioa?i?aoaoeeiiiue i?ioeeue,
i?ieioa?i?aoe?iaaiu e iino?iaiu i?eiiaa?oiinoiay (0-6 ei) e aeoaeiiay
(0-90 ei) iiaeaee ei?u e aa?oieo neiaa iaioee. I?e iiaeai?a
eniieueciaaeenue iau/iua aeey ueoa enoi/ieee — eio?oceaiay aeaeea e
iiauoaiea niaea?aeaiey ?aaeeiaeoeaiuo yeaiaioia a ei?a. Iie ia aeaee
oaeiaeaoai?eoaeueiiai niaiaaeaiey ia?aiao?ia. Iiyoiio auea i?eaea/aia
iiaeaeue “aiaeyiie aeaeee”. Yoio oei enoi/ieea aue iaia?oaeai e
i?ieioa?i?aoe?iaai i?e ?aaioao ia Aeaaiie aioeeeeiaee Aeiiaanna.
Iiaeaeueiua i?aaenoaaeaiey auee n?aaiaiu n nouanoaothueie aeaiiuie
iaaieoioaeeo?e/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee, naeniieiaee, a?aaeiao?ee,
iaaieoiiao?ee, ecioiiee aaeey e iiaaeoeo e nia?aiaiiuo aeaeaeaiee
iiaa?oiinoe Caiee. Ii aeaiiui ANC auee auaeaeaiu ciiu iiieaeaiiuo
nei?inoae (i?eia?ii ia 0,2 ei/n) ia/eiay n 10-15 ei e aei iecia ei?u. N
yoeo-aea aeoaei ia/eiathony ciiu iiieaeaiiiai nii?ioeaeaiey. Yoi
naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i iaee/ee i?ioeanna, ?acia?aaathuaai ei?o e
oieioiythuaai ii?iaeu. Iineaaeiaa i?eaiaeeo e aeaaeae?ioaoeee e
?anoyaeaaieth aaa?o ciiu aeeyiey i?ioeanna. Eioa?i?aoaoeey aeaiiuo
a?aaeiao?ee naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i iaee/ee ?acoieioiaiiiai iauaeoa iiae
ei?ie. Ii aeaiiui iaaieoiiao?ee aeaeii, /oi ia oa??eoi?ee caieiaaiie
aeoeaiui aeoaeiiui i?ioeannii ionoonoaotho enoi/ieee ?aaeiiaeueiuo
iaaieoiuo aiiiaeee (aeoaaea 20 ei), /oi naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i i?ia?aaa
caeanue eae ieieioi aei 6500N. Iaee/ea cia/aiee ioiioaiey niaea?aeaiey
aaeey-3 e aaeeth-4 a aeoaeiiuo aiaeao a ?aaeiia ia o?iaia caiaoii
i?aauoathuai oii naeaeaoaeuenoaoao ia eiathuaeny nayce n iaioeeiuie
enoi/ieeaie aaeey. Iiuiinoue ei?u a ciia aiiiaeee nie?auaia i?eia?ii ia
5 ei. Ionoonoaea nia?aiaiiuo aeaeaeaiee iiaa?oiinoe iiaeii iauynieoue
eee eo iaeie eioaineaiinoueth ia oiia aieaa iiuiuo aeaeaeaiee eee
ecinoaoe/aneei iioneaieai aneaaenoaea ooiiaiey ei?u (ii aaee/eia
iiaeiyoea e iioneaiea i/aiue aeecee).

Oaeei ia?acii, n?aaiaiea aeaei oi?ioaa niaiaaeaiea iaaeaeo iiaeaeueiuie
i?aaenoaaeaieyie e oaeoe/aneei iaoa?eaeii. Ia iniiaa iieo/aiiuo
?acoeueoaoia auea auneacaia aeiioaca ia yiaeiaaiiii ?aaeeia
Ee?iaia?aaeneiai aeiea — ia/aeueiie noaaeee oaeoiii-iaaiaoe/aneiai
i?ioeanna. Aeey iiaeoaa?aeaeaiey aeiioacu i?iaaaeaii n?aaiaiea iiuiinoe
ei?u a Ee?iaia?aaeneie ciia aeoeaecaoeee e a ?eooao Aa?acee e Ao?eee.
Iiae?iaiaa (ec-ca iaiiiai eo/oae eco/aiiinoe) auea ?anniio?aia AeAeA.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oaieiaie iioie, aiiiaeey oaieiaiai iioiea, Oe?aeineee
ueo, aeoaeiiay oaieiaay iiaeaeue, ei?a, aa?oiyy iaioey, naeniieiaey,
aaiyeaeo?eea, a?aaeiao?ey, iaaieoiiao?ey, ecioiiey aaeey.

Gordienko I.V. Heat flow of the central Ukrainian shield.-Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidat’s degree by a speciality 04.00.22 — geophysics.-
Institute of Geophysics of National Academy of Sciences of the Ukraine,
Kyiv, 1998.

The thesis summarises longterm work in the central Ukrainian shield,
where detailed investigations of the heat flow have been made. A new
chain of anomalies was detected and interpreted. A near-surface (0-6 km)
and deep (0-90 km) models of the crust and upper mantle layrs have been
set up. These models were compared with seismological, geoelectrical,
gravimetrical, magnitometrical, helium isotopes and the newest and
recent movements of the Earth’s surface data available. On the basis of
these works a hypothesis of the endogenic regime of the Kirovograd zone
— the beginning phase of the riftogenesis was expressed. To corroborate
the hypothesis a comparison of the crustal thicness of the Kirovograd
activization zone with that of the nearest acknowleged rift — DDD — was
made.

Key words: heat flow, heat flow anomaly, Ukrainian shield, deep heat
model, core, upper mantle, seismology, geoelectrics, gravimetry,
magnitometry, helium isotops.

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