Адміністративно-правове регулювання здійснення органами внутрішніх справ дозвільної системи: Автореф. дис… канд. юрид. наук / В.А. Гуменюк, Ун-т вну

OI?AA?NEOAO AIOO??OI?O NI?AA

AOIAITHE AIEIAeEIE? AIAOIE?EIAE*

OAeE 351. 75 (477)

AAeI?I?NO?AOEAII – I?AAIAA ?AAOETHAAIIss CAe?ENIAIIss I?AAIAIE
AIOO??OI?O NI?AA AeICA?EUeII? NENOAIE

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 12.00.07 — oai??y oi?aae?iiy; aaei?i?no?aoeaia i?aai ?
i?ioean; o?iainiaa ? aaieiaa i?aai

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe??

ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/ieo iaoe

OA?E?A — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai i?aaa ? aaei?i?no?aoeaii?
ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa Oi?aa?neoaoo aioo??oi?o ni?aa.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao th?eaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Eiicthe
Aiaoie?e O?ioeiiae/, ia/aeueiee eaoaae?e aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai i?aaa ?
aaei?i?no?aoeaii? ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa Oi?aa?neoaoo
aioo??oi?o ni?aa.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? th?eaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Inoaiaiei
Ieaen?e ?aaiiae/, Euea?anueeee ?inoeooo aioo??oi?o ni?aa i?e
Iaoe?iiaeuei?e aeaaeai?? aioo??oi?o ni?aa Oe?a?ie, ia?oee i?i?aeoi? c
iaa/aeueii? ?iaioe;

eaiaeeaeao th?eaee/ieo iaoe, Aioo???a Ieeiea ?aaiiae/, IAN Oe?a?ie,
canooiiee i?i?no?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa Oe?a?ie.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo aea?aeaae ? i?aaa ?i. A.I.
Ei?aoeueeiai IAI Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e i?iaeai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy oa
aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai i?aaa.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 5 ”_aa?aciy__1999 ?ieo i 13-00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae. 64.700.01 i?e Oi?aa?neoao?
aioo??oi?o ni?aa (310080, i. Oa?e?a, i?iniaeo 50 oe ??//y N?N?, 27).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Oi?aa?neoaoo
aioo??oi?o ni?aa (310080, i. Oa?e?a, i?iniaeo 50 oe ??//y N?N?, 27).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 5 ethoiai__ 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
A.ss. Aioe

2

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. Inoaii?ie ?ieaie, ?c i?eeiyooyi
Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie iiaiai ?iioeueno iaaoea ?icaoaeiaa aeaiie?aoe/ii?,
i?aaiai? aea?aeaae, aieiaiei caaaeaiiyi ? ci?noii ae?yeueiino? yei? ?
ooaa?aeaeaiiy, caaacia/aiiy ? caoeno i?aa oa naiaiae ethaeeie ?
a?iiaaeyieia. Aeeiiaiiy oeueiai caaaeaiiy iia’ycaia ?c ae??oaiiyi ?yaeo
neeaaeieo iie?oe/ieo, aeiiii?/ieo, nioe?aeueieo ? i?aaiaeo i?iaeai,
ine?eueee ?aaeueiee noai ni?aa a aea?aeaa? ? noni?euenoa? ua aeaeaeee
a?ae aeiia /ano. Oe?a?ia ia?aaeeaa? aaaeeo nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/io e?eco,
iaeiei c iaea?eueo iaaacia/ieo nioe?aeueieo eeo caeeoa?oueny
e?ei?iiaaiia neooaoe?y. Ana oea i?ecaiaeeoue aei iia??oaiiy aeeoo?aiai
??aiy ianaeaiiy, ??aiy eiai caoeuaiino?, c?inoaiiy e?eueeino?
i?ioei?aaieo iinyaaiue ia i?aaa ? naiaiaee a?iiaaeyi, aeani?noue,
a?iiaaenueeee ii?yaeie ? a?iiaaenueeo aaciaeo, ?io? ia’?eoe
i?aaiioi?iie, na?aae yeeo iniaeeao o?eaiao aeeeeeathoue cei/eie oa ?io?
i?aaiii?ooaiiy, iia’ycai? ?c ca?i?th, aeaooiaeie iaoa??aeaie,
ia?eioe/ieie, neeueiiae?th/eie, io?oeieie ?a/iaeiaie, niaoe?aeueieie
caniaaie, ye? /a?ac nai? iaaacia/i? aeanoeaino? aeeo/ai? aai iaiaaeai? o
oeea?eueiiio ia?ao.

Ca oeeo oiia aaeeea cia/aiiy c aieo aea?aeaae ? noni?euenoaa iaaea?oueny
i?aeaeuaiith aoaeoeaiino? i?aaiioi?iiii? ae?yeueiino?, i?ia?aeia ?ieue a
ye?e iaeaaeeoue i?aaiai aioo??oi?o ni?aa. Ia oe? i?aaie iieeaaea?oueny
oe?iea eiei caaaeaiue uiaei caaacia/aiiy iniaenoi? aaciaee a?iiaaeyi,
caoenoo ?o i?aa, naiaiae oa caeiiieo ?ioa?an?a, caiia?aaiiy
i?aaiii?ooaiiyi oa ?o i?eieiaiiy, ioi?iie ? caaacia/aiiy a?iiaaenueeiai
ii?yaeeo oa a?iiaaenueei? aaciaee, caoenoo aeaniino? a?ae i?ioei?aaieo
iinyaaiue, i?eoyaiaiiy i?aaiii?ooiee?a aei a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? oiui.
Ia?aaaaeio a?eueo?noue cacia/aieo caaaeaiue i?aaie aioo??oi?o ni?aa
aeeiiothoue i?ae /an cae?eniaiiy aaei?i?no?aoeaii? ae?yeueiino?, oiaoi
ae?yeueiino?, a?aaoeueiaaii? aaei?i?no?aoeaii-i?aaiaeie ii?iaie ?
ni?yiiaaii? ia ?o ?aae?caoe?th.

Aaei?i?no?aoeaia ae?yeuei?noue i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa ia? neeaaeiee,
??ciiieaiiaee oa?aeoa? ? aeeiio?oueny ca aaaaoueia iai?yieaie, ?c
aeei?enoaiiyi ??ciiiai?oieo cania?a ye i?aaiaiai, oae ? i?aai?caoe?eiiai
ci?noo. Iaeiei ?c oaeeo iai?yie?a ? cae?eniaiiy aeica?eueii? nenoaie,
i?ae /an yeiai caaacia/o?oueny eiio?ieue ca a?aee?eooyi oa
ooieoe?iioaaiiyi ia’?eo?a, ui noaiiaeyoue iioaioe?eio iaaaciaeo aeey
a?iiaaenueeiai ii?yaeeo. Aeaiie?aoecaoe?y noni?euenoaa ni?eyea ?icaeoeo
i?aaiaiai noaoono a?iiaaeyi, a oiio /ene? cia/iiio ?icoe?aiith ?o
iaeiiaeo i?aa, ui, a naith /a?ao, i?ecaaei aei nooo?aiai ca?eueoaiiy
ia?ao ??cieo aeae?a ca?i?, cania?a naiiiai?iie, ?ioeo i?aaeiao?a oa
?a/iaei, ia ye? iioe?th?oueny aeica?eueia nenoaia. ?acii c oei /eiia
caeiiiaeaanoai a ?aaoethaaii? aaaaoueio ieoaiue cae?eniaiiy cacia/aii?
nenoaie a?aenoaei a?ae iio?aa /ano, ia a onueiio eiai aeiiaai
a?aeiia?aea? ? i?aeoe/ia ae?yeuei?noue i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa o oe?e
noa??.

Iaiao?aei?noue ci?oeiaiiy i?aaiii?yaeeo, iineeaiiy ai?ioueae c
i?aaiii?ooaiiyie, oaeineiiaeaiiy c oe??th iaoith ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a
aioo??oi?o ni?aa iaoiiaeth? aeooaeuei?noue ? aaaeeea?noue aeeaieiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeai aaei?i?no?aoeaii-i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy
cae?eniaiiy cacia/aieie i?aaiaie aeica?eueii? nenoaie, ?? nooiino? oa
cia/aiiy, ci?noo oa ia’?eo?a, iiaiiaaaeaiue i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa
uiaei ?? cae?eniaiiy oa caaacia/aiiy aeeiiaiiy ?? i?aaee oiui. Oaea
aeine?aeaeaiiy iaiao?aeia oaeiae c oi/ee ci?o iio?aa ?icaeoeo oa
oaeineiiaeaiiy aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa, ?ic?iaee i?iaeo?a
?yaeo ii?iaoeaieo aeo?a, cie?aia, Caeiio Oe?a?ie “I?i ca?ith”, i?eeiyooy
yeiai iaaoei iniaeeai? aino?ioe.

O a?o/eciyi?e aaei?i?no?aoeaii-i?aaia?e e?oa?aoo?? caaaeueiei i?iaeaiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy a noa?? ioi?iie a?iiaaenueeiai ii?yaeeo ?,
cie?aia, aaei?i?no?aoeaii? ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa
i?enay/aii /eiaei iaoeiaeo i?aoeue (A.A. Aaa?’yiiaa, I.? Aioo???aa, I.I.
Aaiaeo?ee, I.E. Aacnia?oiiai, TH.I. A?oyea, A.N.Aaneeue?aa, ?.I.
Aieini?/aiea, N.O. Aii/a?oea, ?.A. Aeiae?ia, I.I. Aei?iaeo, I.?.
??iie?ia, I.I. Eethoie/aiea, E.A. Eiaaey, A.O. Eiicthea, I.I. Ei?ai?aa,
TH.O. E?aa/aiea, ?.A. Ia?oueyiiaa, A.O. Ii?eoea, I.?. Inoaiaiea, ?.N.
Iaaeianueeiai, A.I. I?oeiaa, E.E. Iiiiaa, A.I. Nainiiiaa, I.?. Nai/eea,
A.I. Nae?aaiiaa, A.A. Oeaaoeiaa, TH.N. Oaioo/aiea, I.I. Oa?a?ia, O.I.
ss?iaee oa ?i.), ye? iiaeooue neoaoaaoe aa?iei iaoeiaei ooiaeaiaioii
aeey iiaeaeueoeo aeine?aeaeaiue cacia/aieo i?iaeai. Aeania i?iaeaiai
cae?eniaiiy aeica?eueii? nenoaie aoei i?enay/aii i?aoe? A.A. Ianoe, ?.A.
Ee?e/aiea oa N.Ae. Iiaee?i?aa, iaeiae ia?o? aeaa aaoi?e nai?
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeee ua aei ooai?aiiy iacaeaaeii? Oe?a?inueei?
aea?aeaae ia aac? caeiiiaeaanoaa, yea a iao /an ia ?nio?, ui ae
noino?oueny i?aoeue N.Ae. Iiaee?i?aa, oi aiie i?enay/ai?, ia?aaaaeii,
i?ioeaaeo?ai aeaea/? i?aaiaie aioo??oi?o ni?aa aeicaie?a, /ei
ae?yeuei?noue uiaei cae?eniaiiy aeica?eueii? nenoaie aeaeaei ia
ae/a?io?oueny. An?i neacaiei ? iaoiiaeaii aea?? oaie aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ca’ycie c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioo aeeiiaii a
?aieao ieai?a iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue I?i?noa?noaa aioo??oi?o ni?aa
Oe?a?ie (i. 4.10.5 I??i?eoaoieo iai?yie?a ooiaeaiaioaeueieo ?
i?eeeaaeieo aeine?aeaeaiue iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a oa iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo
onoaiia IAN Oe?a?ie ia ia??iae 1995 – 2000 ??.) ? Oi?aa?neoaoo
aioo??oi?o ni?aa (i. 4.10.5 Aieiaieo iai?yie?a iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue
Oi?aa?neoaoo aioo??oi?o ni?aa ia 1996 – 2000 ??.). E??i oiai, oeae
iai?yiie aeine?aeaeaiue a?aeiia?aea? Eiiieaeni?e oe?eueia?e i?ia?ai?
ai?ioueae ?c cei/eii?noth ia 1996 – 2000 ??., caoaa?aeaeai?e Oeacii
I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie a?ae 17 aa?aniy 1996 ?.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ae?yeuei?noue i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa Oe?a?ie
uiaei cae?eniaiiy aeica?eueii? nenoaie.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaeathoue aaei?i?no?aoeaii–i?aaia? iniiae,
oi?ie oa iaoiaee cae?eniaiiy i?aaiaie aioo??oi?o ni?aa aeica?eueii?
nenoaie.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
? aecia/aiiy nooiino?, cia/aiiy, ci?noo oa i?aaiaeo iniia cae?eniaiiy
i?aaiaie aioo??oi?o ni?aa aeica?eueii? nenoaie, eiai oi?i oa iaoiae?a, a
oaeiae ae?iaeaiiy ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy i?aaiaiai
?aaoethaaiiy oa i?aeoe/ii? ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa o oe?e
noa??. Aeoiaey/e ?c iinoaaeaii? iaoe, caaaeaiiyie aeine?aeaeaiiy ?:

— aecia/aiiy nooiino? aeica?eueii? nenoaie, ?? i?noey a
aaei?i?no?aoeai?e
ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa;

— aecia/aiiy nenoaie oa aeae?a ia’?eo?a, aeica?eueio nenoaio uiaei yeeo
cae?eniththoue i?aaie aioo??oi?o ni?aa;

— aiae?c i?aaiaeo iniia cae?eniaiiy i?aaiaie aioo??oi?o ni?aa
aeica?eueii? nenoaie;

— oa?aeoa?enoeea i?ioeaaeo? aeaea/? aeicaie?a ia ooieoe?iioaaiiy
ia’?eo?a aeica?eueii? nenoaie;

— aecia/aiiy eiio?ieueieo iiaiiaaaeaiue i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa uiaei
ia’?eo?a aeica?eueii? nenoaie;

— aecia/aiiy i?aenoaa oa ci?noo aaei?i?no?aoeaii? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?
ca ii?ooaiiy i?aaee aeica?eueii? nenoaie;

— ae?iaeaiiy ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, ni?yiiaaieo ia oaeineiiaeaiiy i?aaiaiai
?aaoethaaiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa uiaei cae?eniaiiy
aeica?eueii? nenoaie.

A?aeiia?aeii aei iaoe ? caaaeaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy a ?iaio? aeei?enoaii ye
caaaeueiiiaoeia? iaoiaee (ae?aeaeoe/iee, nenoaiiiai aiae?co,
no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueiee, ?noi?e/iee oiui), oae ? niaoe?aeuei?
(ii??aiyeueii-i?aaiaee, noaoenoe/iee, aeieoiaioaeueiiai aiae?co,
aenia?oieo ioe?iie oa ?i.) Ii?iaoeaio aaco aeena?oaoe?? neeaaeathoue
Eiinoeoooe?y Oe?a?ie, caeiie oa ?io? caeiiiaeaa/? aeoe Oe?a?ie, aeoe
I?aceaeaioa oa Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae ii?iaoeaii-i?aaia?
aeoe IAN Oe?a?ie.

O i?ioean? aeeiiaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoaii iaoeia? i?aoe? ?yaeo
a/aieo a aaeoc? oai??? aea?aeaae ? i?aaa, eiinoeoooe?eiiai,
aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai, e?ei?iaeueiiai i?aaa, a oaeiae ioae?eaoe??
ioae?oeenoe/iiai oa?aeoa?o a ae?oeiaaieo caniaao ianiai? ?ioi?iaoe??.
Aii??e/io aaco aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaee iaoa??aee i?i cae?eniaiiy
aeica?eueii? nenoaie i?aaiaie aioo??oi?o ni?aa Oa?e?anueei?,
Iieoaanueei? oa Noinueei? iaeanoae ca inoaii? ?iee. Ianya ii?aoeueiaaii?
e?oa?aoo?e, aea/aieo ? ocaaaeueiaieo i?aeoe/ieo iaoa??ae?a aeicaiey?
noaa?aeaeoaaoe i?i a??ia?aei?noue ? iaoeiao iaa?oioiaai?noue
?acoeueoao?a aeeiiaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aecia/a?oueny oei, ui aei
iaoiai /ano i?iaeaie aaei?i?no?aoeaii-i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy cae?eniaiiy
i?aaiaie aioo??oi?o ni?aa Oe?a?ie aeica?eueii? nenoaie eiiieaenii ia
aeine?aeaeoaaeenue. ?nioth/? aeine?aeaeaiiy cacia/aieo i?iaeai
a?oiooaaeenue ia caeiiiaeaanoa? eieeoiueiai Nithco, a no/ani? i?aoe?
ca/?iathoue eeoa ie?ai? noi?iie ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa
uiaei cae?eniaiiy aeica?eueii? nenoaie. Cia/io /anoeio ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy iaea?aeaii aia?oa, ie?ai? iieiaeaiiy (cie?aia, oyaeaiiy
i?i nooi?noue aeica?eueii? nenoaie, aeaee ?? ia’?eo?a, oi?ie oa iaoiaee
eiio?iethth/i? ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa, i?aenoaae
aaei?i?no?aoeaii? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? oa ?? ci?no oiui) ae?noaee
iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie. Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny oae? iniiai? iaoeia?
iieiaeaiiy, cai?iiiiiaai? aeena?oaioii:

1) aecia/aiiy aeica?eueii? nenoaie o oe?ieiio ? aocueeiio ?icoi?ii?, a
oaeiae ?? cia/aiiy oa i?noey a aaei?i?no?aoeai?e ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a
aioo??oi?o ni?aa;

2) aecia/aiiy nenoaie, aeae?a oa iniaeeainoae ia’?eo?a, aeica?eueio
nenoaio uiaei yeeo cae?eniththoue i?aaie aioo??oi?o ni?aa;

3) aiae?c aaei?i?no?aoeaii-i?aaiaeo iniia cae?eniaiiy i?aaiaie
aioo??oi?o ni?aa aeica?eueii? nenoaie oa i?iiiceoe?? uiaei ?o
oaeineiiaeaiiy;

4) oa?aeoa?enoeea i?aai?caoe?eieo aniaeo?a cae?eniaiiy aeica?eueii?
nenoaie, eiea iiaiiaaaeaiue i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa o oe?e noa??;

5) aiae?c oi?aae?inueeeo i?ioeaaeo?, iia’ycaieo ?c cae?eniaiiyi
aeica?eueii? nenoaie, i?iiiceoe?? uiaei ?o iie?ioaiiy;

6) aecia/aiiy oa oa?aeoa?enoeea i?aenoaa aaei?i?no?aoeaii?
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? o noa?? cae?eniaiiy aeica?eueii? nenoaie, a oaeiae
?? ci?noo oa ianyao;

7) ?ic?iaeaiee aeena?oaioii aa??aio i?iaeoo Caeiio Oe?a?ie “I?i ca?ith ?
caniae naiiiai?iie”;

8) eiie?aoi? i?iiiceoe?? uiaei aianaiiy ci?i ? aeiiiaiaiue aei ?yaeo
/eiieo ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeo aeo?a Oe?a?ie, cie?aia, Eiaeaeno i?i
aaei?i?no?aoeai? i?aaiii?ooaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aeena?oaoe?eia
aeine?aeaeaiiy ?icoe?th? oa iiaeeaeth? ?nioth/? oyaeaiiy i?i nooi?noue,
iniaeeaino?, nenoaio ? aeaee ia’?eo?a aeica?eueii? nenoaie oa i?i
ae?yeuei?noue i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa uiaei ?? cae?eniaiiy.
?aeiiaiaeaoe??, noi?ioeueiaai? aeena?oaioii, iiaea aooe aeei?enoaii aeey
iie?ioaiiy i?aaioai?/i? ae?yeueiino? ??cieo aea?aeaaieo i?aai?a, a
oaeiae aeey oaeineiiaeaiiy i?aeoe/ii? ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a aioo??oi?o
ni?aa. Iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeioe?eueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe i?e
i?aeaioiaoe? i?ae?o/iee?a ? iaa/aeueieo iin?aiee?a, iaoiaee/ieo
iaoa??ae?a, i?iaaaeaii? eaeoe?e oa ?ioeo caiyoue ?c nooaeaioaie oa
neooa/aie th?eaee/ieo caeeaae?a ina?oe, a nenoai? i?aeaeuaiiy
eaae?o?eaoe?? i?aoe?aiee?a i?aaiioi?iiieo i?aai?a.

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiiy caeiaoaa/ai ?ic?iaeaii i?iaeo Caeiio
Oe?a?ie “I?i ca?ith ? caniae naiiiai?iie”, yeee iiaeaii a Aa?oiaio ?aaeo
Oe?a?ie ? a?aoiaaii a ?aaeaeoe?? oeueiai caeiiii?iaeoo, i?aeaioiaeaii
aeiiia?aeio caieneo i?i iaiao?aei?noue aianaiiy ci?i oa aeiiiaiaiue aei
?yaeo /eiieo ii?iaoeaieo aeo?a, a oaeiae i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei
cae?eniaiiy i?aaiaie aioo??oi?o ni?aa aeica?eueii? nenoaie, ye?
iaae?neaii aei IAN Oe?a?ie. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeei?enoiaothoueny oaeiae a iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? a Oi?aa?neoao?
aioo??oi?o ni?aa c aeenoeeie?i “Aaei?i?no?aoeaia i?aai” oa
“Aaei?i?no?aoeaia ae?yeuei?noue i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa”. ?o a?aoiaaii
oaeiae o iaa/aeueii — iaoiaee/ieo ?ic?iaeao, i?aeaioiaeaieo ca o/anoth
aeena?oaioa.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a a iaea?aeaiiy iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a,
aeeeaaeaieo o aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiaia
caeiaoaa/ai naiino?eii, an? noi?ioeueiaai? a iueiio iieiaeaiiy oa
aeniiaee iaa?oioiaai? ia aac? iniaenoeo aeine?aeaeaiue aaoi?a. O
ni?aaaoi?noa? iioae?eiaaii iaa/aeueiee iin?aiee “Aaei?i?no?aoeaia
a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue a Oe?a?i?” (aaoi?nueea o/anoue caeiaoaa/a – 0,5 ae.
a.), iaoeiao noaooth “Aeaye? i?iaeaie ?aoi?ioaaiiy caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i
aaei?i?no?aoeaio a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue” (aaoi?nueea o/anoue –
30 %) oa oace iaoeiaiai iia?aeiieaiiy “Aeaye? i?iaeaie oaeineiiaeaiiy
caeiiiaeaanoaa, ui ?aaoeth? aeica?eueio nenoaio” (aaoi?nueea o/anoue –
50 %).

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. I?aenoiee ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie a
oe?eiio, ie?ai? ?? aniaeoe, iaea?aeai? ocaaaeueiaiiy ? aeniiaee aoei
ii?eethaeiaii aeena?oaioii ia /ioe?ueio iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo
— “I?iaeaie ioi?iie a?iiaaenueeiai ii?yaeeo ? aaeineiiaeaiiy
caeiiiaeaanoaa” (Oa?e?a, a?oaeaiue 1993 ?.), “I?aaiaa aea?aeaaa Oe?a?ia:
i?iaeaie, ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo” (Oa?e?a, eenoiiaae 1995 ?.),
“Eiioeaioe?y ?icaeoeo caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie aei 2005 ?ieo” (Ee?a,
o?aaaiue 1996 ?.), “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie no/anii? iaoee a aeine?aeaeaiiyo
iieiaeeo a/aieo” (Oa?e?a, eenoiiaae 1996 ?.), a oaeiae ia can?aeaiiyo
eaoaae?e aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai i?aaa ? aaei?i?no?aoeaii? ae?yeueiino?
i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa Oi?aa?neoaoo aioo??oi?o ni?aa.

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii o A?nieeo
oi?aa?neoaoo aioo??oi?o ni?aa, a ca??oe? “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie no/anii?
iaoee a aeine?aeaeaiiyo iieiaeeo a/aieo” (Oa?e?a, oi?aa?neoao aioo??oi?o
ni?aa), iaa/aeueiiio iin?aieeo “Aaei?i?no?aoeaia a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue
a Oe?a?i?”.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, ye? ia?aeiothoue a?n?i i?ae?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, aeiaeaoeo ?
nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e. Iiaiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? —200 noi??iie,
c ieo aeiaeaoie ? nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae caeia? 42 noi??iee.
Nienie aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae neeaaea?oueny ?c 169
iaeiaioaaiue. Iacae ? ?icoaooaaiiy ?icae?e?a oa i?ae?icae?e?a coiiaeai?
eia?eith aeeeaaeaiiy ? ?acoeueoaoaie aeeiiaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe

O anooi? iiaeaii ei?ioeo aiioaoe?th aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, a
oaeiae oa?aeoa?ecothoueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy, ca’ycie c
iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie, iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy,
eiai iaoiaeieia?/i? ? iaoiaee/i? iniiae, iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo
?acoeueoao?a, ?o i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy, iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a a
iaea?aeaiiy iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a, ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??.

Ia?oee ?icae?e – “Iiiyooy oa cia/aiiy aeica?eueii? nenoaie a
aaei?i?no?aoeai?e ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa” – neeaaea?oueny
?c o?ueio i?ae?icae?e?a. O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? “Nooi?noue
aaei?i?no?aoeaii? ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa, iiiyooy oa
cia/aiiy aeica?eueii? nenoaie ye iaeiiai c ?? iai?yie?a” aea?oueny
caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea aaei?i?no?aoeaii? ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a
aioo??oi?o ni?aa, ?ice?eaathoueny iiiyooy, cia/aiiy oa iniaeeaino?
aeica?eueii? nenoaie.

A aeena?oaoe?? aiae?co?oueny ?icaeoie oyaeaiue i?i nooi?noue oa
iniaeeaino? aaei?i?no?aoeaii? ae?yeueiino?, aaoi? i?aeo?eio?
caaaeueiiaeciaio oi/eo ci?o, ca?aeii c yeith a aaei?i?no?aoeai?e
ae?yeueiino? ?nio? aeaa iniiaieo iai?yiee: ia?oee – noni?euei?
a?aeiineie, ye? oi?iothoueny a nai?e nenoai? i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa
(aioo??oiuei-i?aai?caoe?eia aaei?i?no?aoeaia ae?yeuei?noue); ? ae?oaee –
a?aeiineie, ye? oi?iothoueny o ciai?oi?e noa?? (ciai?oiy
aaei?i?no?aoeaia ae?yeuei?noue).

Aaaeeeaa i?noea a ciai?oi?e aaei?i?no?aoeai?e ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a
aioo??oi?o ni?aa caeiathoue a?aeiineie, ni?yiiaai? ia cae?eniaiiy
aeica?eueii? nenoaie. Aiae?c /eiieo ii?iaoeaieo aeo?a aeicaieea c?iaeoe
aeniiaie, ui aeica?eueia nenoaia a oe?ieiio ?icoi?ii? oeueiai iiiyooy
ia iiaea aooe caaaeaia o?eueee aei iniaeeai? oi?ie aaei?i?no?aoeaii?
ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa. Aiia iiaea cae?enithaaoeny
aaaaoueia aea?aeaaieie i?aaiaie, yeei iaaeaii i?aai aeaeaaaoe aeicaiee
(e?oeaic??) ia aeeiiaiiy oeo /e ?ioeo ae?e, aecia/aieo caeiiiaeaanoaii.
Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai, aeica?eueio nenoaio a oe?ieiio ?icoi?ii? aeena?oaio
aecia/a? ye ia’?eoeaii ?nioth/o ? iaae?eaio iaaieie ye?nieie
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie noeoii?noue i?aaiaeo a?aeiinei, ye? aeieeathoue i?ae
o?ce/ieie oa th?eaee/ieie iniaaie, c iaeiiai aieo, a oaeiae noa’?eoaie
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy ? ?ioeie eiio?aaaioaie – c ?ioiai, ? ni?yiiaai?
ia ?aae?caoe?th noa’?eoeaieo i?aa c i?eaiaeo cae?eniaiiy a?aeiinii
aeicaieaieo caeiiii ae?e uiaei oaeeo i?aaeiao?a, noai??iue, i?ioean?a o
i?e?iae? /e noni?euenoa?, iaa?aaoeueiaaia aeei?enoaiiy aai
ooieoe?iioaaiiy yeeo iiaea caaaeaoe oeiaee aea?aeaaiei aai noni?eueiei
?ioa?anai.

Caaaeath/e ia cia/io e?euee?noue noa’?eo?a, ye? cae?eniththoue
aeica?eueio nenoaio, a aeena?oaoe?? aeoeaioiaaii oaaao ia iniaeeainoyo,
i?noe? oa ?ie? i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa o caaacia/aii? aeeiiaiiy ??
i?aaee. Aiae?c cacia/aieo iniaeeainoae aeicaieea aecia/eoe aeica?eueio
nenoaio o aocueeiio ?icoi?ii? ye i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiao ae?yeuei?noue
i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa uiaei caaacia/aiiy anoaiiaeaiiai ii?yaeeo
oi?aae?iiy, a?iiaaenueeiai ii?yaeeo oa a?iiaaenueei? aaciaee, yea
?aae?co?oueny oeyoii eiio?ieth oa iaaeyaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi
caaaeueiiiaia’yceiaeo i?aaee a?aee?eooy oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy noai?i
aecia/aieo ia’?eo?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy, aeaioiaeaiiy, i?eaeaaiiy,
?aae?caoe??, iae?eo, caa??aaiiy, ia?aaacaiiy, aeei?enoaiiy oa cieuaiiy
i?aaeiao?a ? ?a/iaei, iacaeiiia aeei?enoaiiy yeeo iiaea caaaeaoe cia/ii?
oeiaee a?iiaaenueeei oa aea?aeaaiei ?ioa?anai, a oaeiae aaciina?aaeiuei
aeeooth oa caei?ia’th a?iiaaeyi.

Ae?oaee i?ae?icae?e – “Iiiyooy oa aeaee ia’?eo?a, aeica?eueio nenoaio
uiaei yeeo cae?eniththoue i?aaie aioo??oi?o ni?aa” – i?enay/aii
oa?aeoa?enoeoe? cacia/aieo ia’?eo?a. A?aeiineie, ye? aeieeathoue a noa??
cae?eniaiiy aeica?eueii? nenoaie, iia’ycai? c ae??th, ae?yeuei?noth
noa’?eo?a uiaei iaaieo i?aaeiao?a, ?a/iaei oa ia’?eo?a (i?eaeaaiiy,
caa??aaiiy, ?aae?caoe?y oiui). Oiio caaaeueia aecia/aiiy ia’?eo?a
aeica?eueii? nenoaie o oe?ieiio ?icoi?ii? iiaeia noi?ioethaaoe ye ae?th,
ae?yeuei?noue o?ce/ieo aai th?eaee/ieo in?a uiaei oaeeo i?aaeiao?a,
noai??iue /e i?ioean?a o noa?? aeeai? oa iaaeeai? i?e?iaee, a oaeiae
noni?euenoa?, iaa?aaoeueiaaia aeei?enoaiiy aai ooieoe?iioaaiiy yeeo
iiaea caaaeaoe oeiaee ?ioa?anai, ui ioi?iiythoueny i?aaiaeie ii?iaie. O
iaaaaeaiiio aecia/aii? a?aoiaaii neeaaei?noue ia’?eoa aeica?eueii?
nenoaie, ?nioaaiiy a eiai no?oeoo?? aeaio neeaaeiaeo /anoei –
iaoa??aeueii? (i?aaeiaoe, ?a/iaeie oiui) ? iaiaoa??aeueii? (ae??,
ae?yeuei?noue). O ?iaio? aeine?aeaeaii oa?aeoa? i?aaeiao?a
iaoa??aeueiiai na?oo, ia ye? iioe?th?oueny aeica?eueia nenoaia, oiio
oa?i?i “ia’?eoe” a i?e aeei?enoiao?oueny noiniaii iaoa??aeueii? /anoeie
iiiyooy. Oiaoi, o aocueeiio ?icoi?ii? ia’?eoaie, aeica?eueio nenoaio
uiaei yeeo cae?eniththoue i?aaie aioo??oi?o ni?aa, aeciathoueny oae?
i?aaeiaoe (?a/iaeie), a oaeiae i?aei?e?inoaa ? iaenoa?i?, ye?
noaiiaeyoue iioaioe?eio noni?eueio iaaaciaeo, o ca’yceo c /ei aeeo/ai?
aai iaiaaeai? o oeea?eueiiio ia?ao ? aeey yeeo caeiiiaeaanoaii
anoaiiaeaii niaoe?aeueiee ?aaeei aeei?enoaiiy oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy.

Aiae?c /eiieo ii?iaoeaieo aeo?a aeicaieea aeena?oaioo a?aeianoe aei
cacia/aieo ia’?eo?a : aeaooia? iaoa??aee, aiaiaiaeueio ca?ith (ia??cio
a?enueeiaeo c?ace?a, iano/anio no??eaoeueeo, nii?oeaio, iaa/aeueio,
aeoieiuaio, ieneeanueeo ia??cio ? aeaaeeinoaieueio), aieia? i?eiane aei
ia?, aacia? i?noieaoe ? ?aaieueaa?e oa iao?iie aei ieo, ca?yaeaeai?
?a/iaeiaie neueicioi/eai? oa ae?ao?aii? ae??, ia’?eoe aeaioiaeaiiy ?
?aae?caoe?? niaoe?aeueieo cania?a naiiiai?iie, ca?yaeaeaieo ?a/iaeiaie
neueicioi/eai? oa ae?ao?aii? ae??, oieiaeio ca?ith (a?aaeaoe,
ieneeanuee? iiae? oiui), iiaaiaoe/io ca?ith eae?a?o iiiaae 4,5 i?e?iao?a
? oaeaee?noth iieueioo eoe? iiiaae 100 iao??a ca naeoiaeo, noiaeua,
neeaaee ? aace aea aiie caa??aathoueny, no??eaoeuee? oe?e ? no??eueaeua,
ieneeanueei — nii?oeai? noaiaee, a oaeiae i?aei?e?inoaa ? iaenoa?i? ii
aeaioiaeaiith ? ?aiiioo aiaiaiaeueii? oa oieiaeii? ca?i?, i??ioaoi?/i?
iaenoa?i?, iaaaceie, a yeeo cae?enith?oueny i?iaeaae ca?i? oa aieiaeo
i?eian?a aei ia?, ooaiiaeueii-a?aaa?i? iaenoa?i?, ia/aoee ? ooaiie.

O o?aoueiio i?ae?icae?e? – “I?iaeaie i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy ae?yeueiino?
i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa ii cae?eniaiith aeica?eueii? nenoaie” —
aiae?cothoueny i?aaia? canaaee cae?eniaiiy i?aaiaie aioo??oi?o ni?aa
aeica?eueii? nenoaie. I?aaiaa ?aaoethaaiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a
aioo??oi?o ni?aa o oe?e noa?? cae?enith?oueny cia/iith e?euee?noth
ii?iaoeaieo aeo?a, ye? a?ae??ciythoueny iaeei a?ae iaeiiai ca aaaaoueia
iciaeaie — iacaith, th?eaee/iith neeith, ii?yaeeii i?eeiyooy, iaa?aiiy
/eiiino? oa ae?? oiui. Aaeeea cia/aiiy aeey ?icaeoeo i?aaiai? nenoaie
Oe?a?ie iaei i?eeiyooy Aeaeea?aoe?? i?i aea?aeaaiee noaa?ai?oao, yea
iieeaea ii/aoie noai?aiith iiaiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa.
I?aaiao iniiao ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa, a oiio /ene? e
uiaei cae?eniaiiy aeica?eueii? nenoaie, noaiiaeyoue ii?ie Eiinoeoooe??
Oe?a?ie, caeii?a “I?i aeani?noue”, “I?i i?e?oe?th”, “I?i aei?iaei?e
?oo”, “I?i iia?aoeaii–?icooeiao ae?yeuei?noue”, “I?i
i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaia? iniiae ai?ioueae c i?aai?ciaaiith cei/eii?noth”,
“I?i iaaecae/aeiee noai”, Eiaeaeno i?i aaei?i?no?aoeai? i?aaiii?ooaiiy
oa ?ioeo caeiiiaeaa/eo aeo?a Oe?a?ie, iinoaiia Aa?oiaii? ?aaee, aeo?a
I?aceaeaioa oa Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie, ii?iaoeaieo aeo?a
I?i?noa?noaa aioo??oi?o ni?aa Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae ii?iaoeaieo aeo?a,
aeaeaieo iei ni?eueii c ?ioeie oeaio?aeueieie i?aaiaie aeeiiaa/i?
aeaaee, i?aeia?iaeieo oaiae, ?aoeo?eiaaieo o anoaiiaeaiiio ii?yaeeo.
?aae?cothoueny cacia/ai? ii?ie a aaei?i?no?aoeaieo i?aaia?aeiineiao,
aeey yeeo oa?aeoa?iith ? iaia’yceiaa o/anoue a ieo i?aai?a aeeiiaa/i?
aeaaee aai ?o i?aaenoaaiee?a, yeeo iaae?eaii aeaaeieie iiaiiaaaeaiiyie
uiaei cae?eniaiiy aeeiiaa/eo ooieoe?e. Naia oaeeie aeaaeieie noa’?eoaie
? i?aoe?aieee i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa o i?aaia?aeiineiao, ye?
aeieeathoue c i?eaiaeo cae?eniaiiy aeica?eueii? nenoaie.

A aeena?oaoe?? cia/ia i?noea a?aeaaaeaii aiae?cia? i?iaeai
oaeineiiaeaiiy i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy cae?eniaiiy i?aaiaie aioo??oi?o
ni?aa aeica?eueii? nenoaie. Iaiao?aeii cacia/eoe, ui ia?oi/a?aiaa
cia/aiiy aeey ?icaeoeo i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a
aioo??oi?o ni?aa a ??cieo noa?ao ia? cae?eniaiiy a Oe?a?i?
aaei?i?no?aoeaii? ?aoi?ie, iaeiei c iniiaieo caaaeaiue yei? ?
oaeineiiaeaiiy caeiiiaeaa/i? aace aaei?i?no?aoeaieo i?aaia?aeiinei,
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ae?eiaeo iaoeiai caaaeaieo i?ioeaaeo?, aeey /iai
iaiao?aei? i?aeaioiaea oa i?eeiyooy iiaiai aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai
caeiiiaeaanoaa.

Iniiaieo iai?yie?a iaeaeeae/iai oaeineiiaeaiiy caeiiiaeaanoaa, yea
?aaoeth? cae?eniaiiy i?aaiaie aioo??oi?o ni?aa aeica?eueii? nenoaie, a
aeena?oaoe?? aecia/aii aeaa. Ia?oee — oea ?ic?iaea ? i?eeiyooy iiaeo
ii?iaoeaieo aeo?a, a yeeo a?eueo aeaoaeueii ? /?oei aoei a cae??ieaii
iiaiiaaaeaiiy i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa a cacia/ai?e noa??. O ca’yceo c
oeei aeena?oaio aaaaea? iaiao?aeiei i?enei?eoe ?iaioo iaae i?iaeoii
caeiio “I?i ca?ith” ? i?iiiio? na?e aa??aio i?iaeoo oaeiai Caeiio.
Cai?iiiiiaaii ia’?aeiaoe, iane?eueee oea iiaeeeai, ?nioth/? iaeace IAN
Oe?a?ie, ye? ?aaoeththoue cae?eniaiiy aeica?eueii? nenoaie, a iaeiiio.
?acoeueoaoii oaei? nenoaiaoecaoe?? iiaea a aooe ?ino?oeoe?y i?i ii?yaeie
cae?eniaiiy aeica?eueii? nenoaie i?aaiaie aioo??oi?o ni?aa, i?eaeeciee
ci?no oa no?oeoo?o yei? iaaaaeaii a aeena?oaoe??.

Ae?oaee iai?yiie iieyaa? o aianaii? ci?i oa aeiiiaiaiue aei /eiieo
ii?iaoeaieo aeo?a c iaoith a?eueo /?oeiai ?aaoethaaiiy ii?yaeeo
cae?eniaiiy i?aaiaie aioo??oi?o ni?aa aeica?eueii? nenoaie. A
aeena?oaoe?? aeneiaeaii eiie?aoi? i?iiiceoe?? uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy
?nioth/i? i?aaiai? aace ?aaoethaaiiy aeica?eueii? nenoaie, aianaiiy ci?i
oa aeiiiaiaiue aei ?yaeo ii?iaoeaieo aeo?a.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? — “Aaei?i?no?aoeaii-i?aaiaa ?aaoethaaiiy
iiaiiaaaeaiue i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa ii cae?eniaiith aeica?eueii?
nenoaie ” — aeaoaeueii aiae?cothoueny iniiai? aeiiae uiaei i?aai?caoe??
ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa ii cae?eniaiith aeica?eueii?
nenoaie, a oaeiae oi?ie oa iaoiaee eiio?ieth ca ia’?eoaie aeica?eueii?
nenoaie ? i?aaeea aeaea/? aeicaie?a ia ?o ooieoe?iioaaiiy. Ia?oee
i?ae?icae?e – “I?aai?caoe?y ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa ii
cae?eniaiith aeica?eueii? nenoaie” – i?enay/aii caaaeueiei
i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaei ieoaiiyi cae?eniaiiy aeica?eueii? nenoaie.

I?aaie aioo??oi?o ni?aa i?aai?cothoue ?iaioo ii cae?eniaiith
aeica?eueii? nenoaie /a?ac no?oeoo?i? i?ae?icae?ee aaei?i?no?aoeaii?
neoaeae i?e?oe??. A aeena?oaoe?? i?aee?aneth?oueny cia/aiiy a
cae?eniaii? aeica?eueii? nenoaie a?aeae?eo aeica?eueii? nenoaie
Aieiaiiai oi?aae?iiy aaei?i?no?aoeaii? neoaeae i?e?oe?? IAN Oe?a?ie,
oi?aae?iue (a?aeae?e?a) aaei?i?no?aoeaii? neoaeae i?e?oe??
oi?aae?iue(aieiaieo oi?aae?iue) IAN Oe?a?ie a Aaoiiiii?e ?anioae?oe?
E?ei, iaeanoyo, i?noao Ee?a? oa Naaanoiiie?, a neeaae? yeeo noai?aii
a?aeae?eaiiy (a?oie) aeica?eueii? nenoaie, oi?aae?iue aioo??oi?o ni?aa
ia o?ainii?o?, a?aeae?e?a ii i?aai?caoe?? ?iaioe i?aai?a aioo??oi?o
ni?aa ia cae?eoeo ia’?eoao, i?nuee?aee?ii?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa,
noa?oeo ?iniaeoi??a, ?iniaeoi??a aeica?eueii? nenoaie a
i?nuee?aei?aaiao, a oaeiae ae?eueie/ieo ?iniaeoi??a i?e?oe??.

Iniiaieie iai?yieaie cae?eniaiiy aeica?eueii? nenoaie a ?iaio? iacaaii
ioi?ieaiiy oa aeaea/o a?aeiia?aeieo aeicaie?a, i?aeaioiaeo oa aaaeaiiy
aeieoiaioaoe?? ia ia’?eoe aeica?eueii? nenoaie, i?iaaaeaiiy ieaiiaeo oa
iicaieaiiaeo ia?aa??ie ia’?eo?a, i?aai?caoe?th i?io?eaeoeee ii?ooaiue
i?aaee aeica?eueii? nenoaie, i?aai?caoe?th oa cae?eniaiiy i?eeiio
a?iiaaeyi, ?icaeyae oa ia?aa??ea ?o caya, nea?a, cae?eniaiiy aca?iiae??
c ?ioeie neoaeaaie i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa, a oaeiae c ?ioeie
aea?aeaaieie i?aaiaie oa a?iiaaenueeeie i?aai?caoe?yie, aiae?c noaio
?iaioe ia cae??ieaieo i?aei?e?inoaao oa a onoaiiaao, neeaaeaiiy ca?o?a,
?ioi?iaoe?e ? o. ?.

Ooieoe?? ii cae?eniaiith aeica?eueii? nenoaie ?aae?cothoueny i?aaiaie
aioo??oi?o ni?aa, /ano?o ca ana, oeyoii i?eeiyooy oa ?aae?caoe??
oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue. A aeena?oaoe?? ?icaeyiooi caaaeuei? aeiiae, yeei
iiaeii? a?aeiia?aeaoe oi?aae?inuee? ??oaiiy, ui i?eeiathoueny i?aaiaie
aioo??oi?o ni?aa ia ??cieo ??aiyo. Iniiaio oaaao a aeine?aeaeaii?
aeoeaioiaaii ia aeaeao ??oaiue i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa c ieoaiue
aeica?eueii? nenoaie.

A ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? – “Oa?aeoa?enoeea i?aaee aeaea/? aeicaie?a ia
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ia’?eo?a aeica?eueii? nenoaie” – ?icaeyaeathoueny
i?aaeea aeaea/? a?aeiia?aeieo aeicaie?a, yea caeia? cia/io /anoeio
ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa ii cae?eniaiith aeica?eueii?
nenoaie. I?ae aeaea/ath aeicaie?a aeena?oaio ?icoi?? eiiieaen iaaieo
i?aai?caoe?eii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia iaaeiiouaiiy
oe?aeeeaeo iane?aee?a, ye? iiaeooue ianoaoe a ?ac? iaaeio?eiaiiy
caaaeueiiiaia’yceiaeo i?aaee a?aee?eooy oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy ia’?eo?a
aeica?eueii? nenoaie.

I?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy ?nioth/eo i?aaee aeaea/? aeicaie?a ia
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ia’?eo?a aeica?eueii? nenoaie aeicaieeei aeae?eeoe a ieo
oiiae aeaea/? (oiaoi noeoii?noue an?o iaiao?aeieo i?aenoaa aeey aeaea/?
aeicaieo – a?aeiia?aei?noue noa’?eoa anoaiiaeaiei aeiiaai, iaoe
a?aeiia?aeii? ae?yeueiino?, iayai?noue oaoi?/ieo iiaeeeainoae oiui) ?
ii?yaeie (i?ioeaaeo?o) aeaea/? (ioi?ieaiiy iaiao?aeieo aeieoiaio?a,
i?noea, no?iee i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy, eiai aeeiiaiiy oiui). A aeena?oaoe??
aeaoaeueii aiae?cothoueny i?aaeea aeaea/? aeicaie?a caeaaeii a?ae
ia’?eo?a aeica?eueii? nenoaie (aiaiaiaeueia ca?iy, aeaooia? iaoa??aee,
aacia? i?noieaoe ? ?aaieueaa?e oiui), noa’?eo?a, yeei aeaeathoueny
aeicaiee (a?iiaaeyie Oe?a?ie, ?iicaii? a?iiaaeyie, aea?aeaai? i?aaie,
i?aei?e?inoaa, i?aai?caoe?? oa ?i.), a oaeiae iaoe, aeey yei? aiie
aeaeathoueny (ae?iaieoeoai, ?aae?caoe?y, i?eaeaaiiy, caa??aaiiy ? o.
?.).

A o?aoueiio i?ae?icae?e? – “Nooi?noue, oi?ie oa iaoiaee eiio?ieth ca
ia’?eoaie aeica?eueii? nenoaie” – i?aee?aneth?oueny cia/aiiy eiio?ieth a
oi?aae?inuee?e ae?yeueiino?, a oiio /ene? o noa?? cae?eniaiiy
aeica?eueii? nenoaie. Oa?aeoa?ecoth/e eiio?ieue i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa
ca ia’?eoaie aeica?eueii? nenoaie, aeena?oaio aeoiaeeoue c oiai, ui a?i
aeeth/a? a naaa ye ia?aa??ee oaeeo ia’?eo?a, oae ?
?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/io ?iaioo uiaei aea/aiiy ? ioe?iee noaio ni?aa ia
oeeo ia’?eoao, a oaeiae aaeeooy caoiae?a aei iiia?aaeaeaiiy ? aeyaeaiiy
ii?ooaiue a?aeiia?aeieo i?aaee, ?o onoiaiiy oa iiea?aiiy aeiieo o ?o
a/eiaii?.

Iniiaiei niiniaii caaacia/aiiy aeeiiaiiy i?aaee aeica?eueii? nenoaie ?
aeaniee eiio?ieue, yeee aeeth/a? iiia?aaeith ia?aa??eo ia’?eo?a ia?aae
aeaea/ath a?aeiia?aeieo aeicaie?a (e?oeaic?e), ianooii? nenoaiaoe/i?
ianoaaeaiiy oeeo ia’?eo?a, ia?aa??eo oa aeiione in?a aei ?iaioe,
iia’ycaii? c i?aaeiaoaie oa ?a/iaeiaie, ia ye? iioe?th?oueny aeica?eueia
nenoaia, ianooiiee eiio?ieue ca ?o ae?yeuei?noth, a oaeiae iae?e
cacia/aieo ia’?eo?a. A aeena?oaoe?? i?iaiae?ciaaii eiaeio ?c cacia/aieo
oi?i eiio?ieth, aeiiae, ye? aei ieo noaaeyoueny oa iniaeeaino?
aeei?enoaiiy ?o i?aaiaie aioo??oi?o ni?aa.

Iniiaieie iaoiaeaie, ui canoiniaothoueny i?aaiaie aioo??oi?o ni?aa i?ae
/an cae?eniaiiy aeica?eueii? nenoaie, ? ia?aeiiaiiy oa i?eion.
Caa?oath/e oaaao ia cia/aiiy ia?aeiiaiiy a caaacia/aii? aeeiiaiiy i?aaee
aeica?eueii? nenoaie, iniiaia i?noea aeena?oaio a?aeaiaeeoue aiae?co
caoiae?a aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai i?eiono (caai?iia iaaiiai aeaeo
ae?yeueiino?, cae?eooy ia’?eo?a, aioethaaiiy aai coieiaiiy ae??
aeicaie?a (e?oeaic?e), i?eiene i?i onoiaiiy ii?ooaiue iaaieo i?aaee,
iaaeiiouaiiy aei ?iaioe ia ia’?eoao ie?aieo in?a oiui), ine?eueee ?o
canoinoaaiiy iia’ycaia ?c iaiaaeaiiyi i?aa a?iiaaeyi oa th?eaee/ieo
in?a.

O?ao?e ?icae?e — “Aaei?i?no?aoeaia a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca ii?ooaiiy
i?aaee aeica?eueii? nenoaie ” – i?noeoue aeaa i?ae?icae?ee. A ia?oiio
i?ae?icae?e? – “Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea aaei?i?no?aoeaii?
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ca ii?ooaiiy i?aaee aeica?eueii? nenoaie” –
aiae?cothoueny caaaeuei? ieoaiiy aaei?i?no?aoeaii? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? a
noa?? cae?eniaiiy aeica?eueii? nenoaie.

Oa?aeoa?ecoth/e nooi?noue oa ci?no aaei?i?no?aoeaii? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?
ca ii?ooaiiy caaaeueiiiaia’yceiaeo i?aaee cae?eniaiiy aeica?eueii?
nenoaie aeena?oaio aeoeaiooaaa oaaao ia iaiao?aeiino? i?aeaeuaiiy ??
?ie? a ioi?ii? noni?eueieo a?aeiinei, a?aoiaoth/e oie aniaeo, ui
aaei?i?no?aoeai? i?inooiee — iaei? c iaeiioe?ai?oeo na?aae ?nioth/eo
aeae?a i?aaiii?ooaiue. Aeena?oaioii aeneiaeaii nai? noaaeaiiy aei
ae??oaiiy aeeneon?eiiai ieoaiiy uiaei noa’?eo?a aaei?i?no?aoeaii?
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?, a?i aaaaea?, ui oaeei noa’?eoii iiaea aooe o?eueee
o?ce/ia iniaa. Aaoi?ii aeneiaeaii oaeiae na?e i?aeo?ae uiaei ?nioth/iai
ii?iaoeaiiai i?ioe??//y o canoinoaaii? oaeiai aeaeo noyaiaiiy ye
eiio?neaoe?y, yea, ia eiai aeoieo, iiaeia onoiooe oeyoii aianaiiy
a?aeiia?aeieo aeiiiaiaiue aei EiAI Oe?a?ie.

A aiae?c? i?aenoaa aaei?i?no?aoeaii? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? aeae?eythoueny
aeaa aniaeoe. Ii–ia?oa, a caaaeueiiio ii?iaoeaiiio ieai? – oea
noeoii?noue i?aaiaeo ii?i, a?aeiia?aeii aei yeeo aiia anoaiiaeth?oueny
oa canoiniao?oueny. Caeii aecia/ea iiiyooy aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai
i?aaiii?ooaiiy, aeaee aaei?i?no?aoeaieo noyaiaiue, ui iaeeaaeathoueny ca
eiai a/eiaiiy, caaaeuei? i?aaeea ?o iaeeaaeaiiy, i?aea?aeii/?noue ni?aa
i?i aaei?i?no?aoeai? i?aaiii?ooaiiy oa ii?yaeie i?iaaaeaeaiiy o ieo.
Ii–ae?oaa, a eiaeiiio eiie?aoiiio aeiaaeeo ?? canoinoaaiiy i?aenoaaith,
ye i?aaeei, ? a/eiaiiy iniaith iniaeeaiai aeaeo i?aaiii?ooaiiy –
aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai. A aeine?aeaeaii? aia?oa aea?oueny aecia/aiiy
aeaeiaiai ia’?eoo aaei?i?no?aoeaieo i?aaiii?ooaiue a noa?? cae?eniaiiy
aeica?eueii? nenoaie ye a?aeiinei, ye? aeieeathoue a i?ioean? ia?ao
ia’?eo?a aeica?eueii? nenoaie o aocueeiio ?icoi?ii? ? ioi?iiythoueny
ii?iaie aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai i?aaa. E??i oeueiai, cacia/ai? i?aaiii?ooaiiy
iinyaathoue, oi/a ? iai?yii, ia a?iiaaenueeo aaciaeo, ine?eueee
iaiaeaaeia ooieoe?iioaaiiy ia’?eo?a aeica?eueii? nenoaie iiaea caaaeaoe
oeiaee aeeooth oa caei?ia’th a?iiaaeyi, a oaeiae iaeio.

A caeeth/iiio i?ae?icae?e? – “Aaei?i?no?aoeai? i?inooiee a noa??
cae?eniaiiy aeica?eueii? nenoaie oa a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca ?o a/eiaiiy”
– aecia/athoueny nenoaia oa aeaee oaeeo i?inooie?a, a oaeiae aea?oueny
th?eaee/iee aiae?c ?o neeaae?a. Aeena?oaioii c?iaeaii aeniiaie i?i oa,
ui oi?ioethaaiiy cacia/aieo neeaae?a a EiAI Oe?a?ie aaaaoi a /iio ia
a?aeiia?aeathoue aeiiaai /ano. O ca’yceo c oeei cai?iiiiiaaii aeeeanoe a
iia?e ?aaeaeoe?? no. 189, /. 1 no. 191, no. 192, no. 195 EiAI, aei no.
no. 174, 190, 193, 194, 1951, 1953, 1954 aianoe nooo?a? ci?ie oa
aeiiiaiaiiy, a no. 1952 ?c EiAI Oe?a?ie aeeeth/eoe.

O aeniiaeao iaaaaeaii i?aenoiee i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeeeaaeaii
iaea?eueo aaaeeea? iaoeia? oa i?aeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe, iaea?aeai? a
aeena?oaoe??.

A E N I I A E E

A ?acoeueoao? aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeeiiaiiai ia iniia?
aiae?co /eiiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie oa i?aeoeee eiai ?aae?caoe??,
oai?aoe/iiai inieneaiiy ?yaeo iaoeiaeo i?aoeue a ??cieo aaeocyo ciaiue,
aaoi?ii noi?ioeueiaaii ?yae aeniiae?a, i?iiiceoe?e oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e,
ni?yiiaaieo ia oaeineiiaeaiiy aaei?i?no?aoeaii-i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?
i?aeoe/iiai cae?eniaiiy i?aaiaie aioo??oi?o ni?aa aeica?eueii? nenoaie.
Iniiai? c ieo oae?:

1. Aeica?eueia nenoaia caeia? aaaeeeaa i?noea a aaei?i?no?aoeai?e
ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa, i?ioa aiia ia iiaea aooe caaaeaia
o?eueee aei iniaeeai? oi?ie oe??? ae?yeueiino?. Aeica?eueio nenoaio
ne?ae ?icaeyaeaoe a oe?ieiio ? aocueeiio ?icoi?ii?. C iaeiiai aieo oea
aeica?eueiee ii?yaeie, yeee ?aaeaiaioo? iaai? th?eaee/i? ae??, ui
cae?eniththoueny ??cieie noa’?eoaie, c ?ioiai – niaoeeo?/ia
ae?yeuei?noue i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa c i?aai?caoe?? iaaeyaeo ca
aeeiiaiiyi niaoe?aeueieo i?aaee ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeayeeo ia’?eo?a
ainiiaea?thaaiiy, a oaeiae iiaiaeaeaiiy c i?aaeiaoaie oa ?a/iaeiaie
i?aeaeuaii? iaaaciaee, aaceiio?ieueia caa??aaiiy oa aeei?enoaiiy yeeo
iiaea caaaeaoe nooo?ai? oeiaee noni?eueiei ?ioa?anai. Cacia/ai?
i?aaeiaoe ? ?a/iaeie ? ? ia’?eoaie, uiaei yeeo cae?enith?oueny
aeica?eueia nenoaia o aocueeiio ?icoi?ii?.

2. A ?iaio? i?iiiio?oueny a?aeianoe aei ia’?eo?a aeica?eueii? nenoaie
oaeiae ai?i?eiane aei a?aaeao?a oa iiaaiaoe/ii? ca?i? eae?a?o iiiaae
4,5 i?e?iao?a oa oaeaee?noth iieueioo eoe? iiiaae 100 iao??a ca
naeoiaeo, a oaeiae ii?iaoeaii a?aaoethaaoe ieoaiiy, ye? noinothoueny
ooieoe?iioaaiiy oe??a aai no??eueaeu aeey iaa/aiiy no??euea? ?c
cacia/aii? ca?i?, ? ii?yaeie ?? ae?iaieoeoaa, ?aiiioo oa ?aae?caoe??.

3. Iiaiiaaaeaiiy i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa o noa?? caaacia/aiiy aeeiiaiiy
i?aaee aeica?eueii? nenoaie a?aaoeueiaaii /eneaiieie ii?iaoeaieie aeoaie
??cii? th?eaee/ii? neee, o?eueee iaeac?a IAN Oe?a?ie na?aae ieo
ia?aoiao?oueny a?eueoa aeaaaeoeyoe. ?o iaiao?aeii nenoaiaoecoaaoe, ui
aeicaieeoue oi?o?eoaaoe ?yae iieiaeaiue, onoiooe ?ica?aeiino?,
iiaoi?aiiy, i?iaaeeie ?, a?aoo?-?aoo, iieaaoeoe aeei?enoaiiy i?aaiaeo
ii?i, ye? ?aaoeththoue cae?eniaiiy aeica?eueii? nenoaie. ?acoeueoaoii
oaei? nenoaiaoecaoe?? iiaea a aooe ?ino?oeoe?y «I?i ii?yaeie cae?eniaiiy
aeica?eueii? nenoaie i?aaiaie aioo??oi?o ni?aa». Oaeo ?ino?oeoe?th,
iaeaaeiei /eiii i?aeaioiaeaio ? ocaiaeaeaio, aeioe?eueii iiaeaoe ia
caoaa?aeaeaiiy I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie aai Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a, ui cia/ii
i?aeaeueoue ??aaiue i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy cae?eniaiiy i?aaiaie
aioo??oi?o ni?aa aeica?eueii? nenoaie.

4. Iaiao?aei?noue o i?eeiyoo? Caeiio “I?i ca?ith” iac??ea aeaaii.
Aeena?oaioii ?ic?iaeaii aeaniee aa??aio i?iaeoo oaeiai Caeiio, a yeiio
cai?iiiiiaaii i?ea?iaeueio eeaneo?eaoe?th ca?i?, i?iiiio?oueny iniiaio
oaaao cina?aaeeoe ia ?aaoethaaii? ia?ao ca?i?, a oaeiae aeae?eeoe
iiiyooy cania?a naiiiai?iie oa a?aaoethaaoe ?o ia?a ii?yae ?c ia?aii
ca?i?.

5. Iio?aao? oaeineiiaeaiiy i?aaiaa ?aaoethaaiiy ii?yaeeo aeaea/?
aeicaie?a i?aaiaie aioo??oi?o ni?aa, ine?eueee a iao /an oaeee ii?yaeie
a iaeieo aeiaaeeao aecia/a?oueny a?aeii/eie ii?iaoeaieie aeoaie, a ?ioeo
— iinoaiiaaie Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie, ui, cae/aeii, iaeia?/ii.

6. Aei iaoiai /ano ii?iaoeaieie aeoaie Oe?a?ie ia a?aaoeueiaaii i?aaeea
ia?aaacaiiy i?aaeiao?a oa ?a/iaei, ia ye? iioe?th?oueny aeica?eueia
nenoaia, aaoiiia?eueiei o?ainii?oii. Oiio ?nio? iio?aaa o aeaeaii?
niaoe?aeueii? ?ino?oeoe?? IAN Oe?a?ie c oeueiai ieoaiiy.

7. Iaiao?aeii aeaui ci?ieoe ?nioth/ee ii?yaeie caa??aaiiy niaaeei?iieo
aaciaeo i?noieao?a ? ?aaieueaa??a, ine?eueee a?i ia a?aeiia?aea? /eiiei
ii?iai oeea?eueiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa uiaei niaaeeoaaiiy iaeia.

8. A?eueo /?oeiai ii?iaoeaiiai a?aaoethaaiiy iio?aaothoue iiaiiaaaeaiiy
i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa uiaei cae?eniaiiy eiio?ieth ca ia?aii
ia?eioe/ieo, ineoio?iiieo, neeueiiae?th/eo ? io?oeieo ?a/iaei, aeicaiee
ia ae?iaieoeoai, ?aae?caoe?th, i?eaeaaiiy, caa??aaiiy oa aeei?enoaiiy
yeeo aeaeathoueny ?ioeie aea?aeaaieie i?aaiaie, iaeiae eiio?iethth/?
ooieoe?? iieeaaeathoueny oaeiae ia i?aaie aioo??oi?o ni?aa.

9. Iaiao?aeii aianoe iaai? ci?ie oa aeiiiaiaiiy aei no. 29 EiAI Oe?a?ie,
yea ?aaoeth? ii?yaeie canoinoaaiiy eiio?neaoe?? ye aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai
noyaiaiiy. Ia?o ca ana, ia aeeiiaiiy iieiaeaiue Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie
iio??aii cae??ieoe noaeiaee ii?yaeie canoinoaaiiy oeueiai noyaiaiiy.
E??i oiai, aeioe?eueii, ia aeoieo aeena?oaioa, anoaiiaeoe iieiaeaiiy, ui
eiio?neaoe?y i?aaeiao?a ia canoiniao?oueny aei in?a, ye? a/eieee
aaei?i?no?aoeai? i?aaiii?ooaiiy i?ae /an aeeiiaiiy neoaeaiaeo
(o?oaeiaeo) iaia’yce?a.

10. Iio?aaothoue oaeineiiaeaiiy oi?ioethaaiiy neeaae?a aaei?i?no?aoeaieo
i?inooie?a o noa?? cae?eniaiiy aeica?eueii? nenoaie, aeey /iai
iaiao?aeii aianoe cai?iiiiiaai? aeena?oaioii ci?ie oa aeiiiaiaiiy aei
a?aeiia?aeieo noaoae EiAI Oe?a?ie.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO AAOI?II I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Caaacia/aiiy a?iiaaenueeiai ii?yaeeo caniaaie aeica?eueii? nenoaie.//
I?iaeaie ioi?iie a?iiaaenueeiai ii?yaeeo ? oaeineiiaeaiiy
caeiiiaeaanoaa: Iaoa??aee iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? (Oa?e?a, 1993
). — Oa?e?a: Oi-o aioo?. ni?aa, 1994. — N. 174-175.

2. I?aaiaia ?aaoee?iaaiea ecaioiaeaiey ia/aoae e ooaiiia.// “Market .
doc” – aeiaeaoie aei aeo?iaeo “Aecian Eioi?i” . – Oa?e?a, 1995. – N. 7
– 8.

3. I?aai?caoe?y eiio?ieth i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa ca ia’?eoaie
aeica?eueii? nenoaie. // Ei?ioe? oace aeiiia?aeae oa iaoeiaeo
ia?aeiieaiue ?anioae?eainueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? (Oa?e?a
1995). – Oa?e?a: Iaoe?iiaeueia th?eaee/ia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie, 1995. – N.
143-144.

4. Oiiae oa ii?yaeie aeaea/? i?aaiaie aioo??oi?o ni?aa aeicaie?a ia
i?eaeaaiiy oa caa??aaiiy aiaiaiaeueii? ca?i?. // Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie
no/anii? iaoee a aeine?aeaeaiiyo iieiaeeo a/aieo: Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue.
Aei. 1. — Oa?e?a: Oi-o aioo?. ni?aa, 1996. — N. 46-48.

5. Aeaye? i?iaeaie ?aoi?ioaaiiy caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i aaei?i?no?aoeaio
a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue, // A?niee Oi?aa?neoaoo aioo??oi?o ni?aa. Aei. 1. –
Oa?e?a: Oi-o aioo?. ni?aa, 1996. – N. 76 — 79. (o ni?aaaoi?noa? c
eaiae. th?eae. iaoe Eiictheii A.O. oa Naeiaiiaith I. TH.).

6. Aeaye? i?iaeaie oaeineiiaeaiiy caeiiiaeaanoaa, ui ?aaoeth?
aeica?eueio nenoaio. // Eiioeaioe?y ?icaeoeo caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie aei
2005 ?ieo: Iaoa??aee iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? (Ee?a, 1996). —
Ee?a: ?inoeooo caeiiiaeaanoaa Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie, 1996. — N.
121-124 (o ni?aaaoi?noa? ?c eaiaeeaeaoii th?eaee/ieo iaoe Aacnia?oiei I.
E.).

7. Oi?ie oa iaoiaee cae?eniaiiy i?aaiaie aioo??oi?o ni?aa eiio?ieth ca
ooieoe?iioaaiiyi ia’?eo?a aeica?eueii? nenoaie. // Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie
no/anii? iaoee a aeine?aeaeaiiyo iieiaeeo a/aieo: Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue.
Aei. 2. — Oa?e?a: Oi-o aioo?. ni?aa, 1997. — N. 151-156.

8. Aaei?i?no?aoeaia a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue a Oe?a?i?: Iaa/. iin?aiee / Ca
caa. ?aae. aeioe. A. O. Eiicthea. – Oa?e?a: Oi-o aioo?. ni?aa, 1998. –
78 n.

9. Aei i?eeiyooy Caeiio Oe?a?ie “I?i ca?ith”: aeaye? i?iaeaie no?oeoo?e
oa ci?noo. // A?niee Oi?aa?neoaoo aioo??oi?o ni?aa. Aei. 5. – Oa?e?a:
Oi-o aioo?. ni?aa, 1999.

A I I O A Oe ? ?

Aoiaithe A.A. Aaei?i?no?aoeaii-i?aaiaa ?aaoethaaiiy cae?eniaiiy i?aaiaie
aioo??oi?o ni?aa aeica?eueii? nenoaie. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 12.00.07 – oai??y oi?aae?iiy; aaei?i?no?aoeaia i?aai
? i?ioean; o?iainiaa ? aaieiaa i?aai. – Oi?aa?neoao aioo??oi?o ni?aa,
Oe?a?ia, Oa?e?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii oai?aoe/iei ? i?aeoe/iei ieoaiiyi cae?eniaiiy
i?aaiaie aioo??oi?o ni?aa aeica?eueii? nenoaie, i?iaeaiai
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy ?o ae?yeueiino? a oe?e noa??.
I?iaiae?ciaaii nooi?noue, cia/aiiy oa i?noea aeica?eueii? nenoaie a
aaei?i?no?aoeai?e ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa, iniaeeaino? oa
aeaee ?? ia’?eo?a, ?o oaoi?ei-th?eaee/i? aeanoeaino? Aeaia
oa?aeoa?enoeea i?aaiaeo iniia oa i?aai?caoe?? ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a
aioo??oi?o ni?aa uiaei cae?eniaiiy aeica?eueii? nenoaie, i?aaee aeaea/?
a?aeiia?aeieo aeicaie?a, iae?eo ia’?eo?a aeica?eueii? nenoaie, oi?i oa
iaoiae?a eiio?ieth i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa ca ?o ooieoe?iioaaiiyi,
aecia/aii iniaeeaino?, i?aenoaae oa iaae? aaei?i?no?aoeaii?
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ca ii?ooaiiy i?aaee aeica?eueii? nenoaie.
Noi?ioeueiaaii i?iiiceoe?? uiaei oaeineiiaeaiiy
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-i?aaiaiai ?aaoethaaiiy oa i?aeoe/iiai cae?eniaiiy
i?aaiaie aioo??oi?o ni?aa aeica?eueii? nenoaie.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aeica?eueia nenoaia, i?aaie aioo??oi?o ni?aa,
iiaiiaaaeaiiy, cae?eniaiiy, aaei?i?no?aoeaii-i?aaiaa ?aaoethaaiiy.

Aoiaithe A.A. Aaeieieno?aoeaii-i?aaiaia ?aaoee?iaaiea inouanoaeaiey
i?aaiaie aioo?aiieo aeae ?ac?aoeoaeueiie nenoaiu. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 12. 00. 07 – oai?ey oi?aaeaiey; aaeieieno?aoeaiia
i?aai e i?ioeann; oeiainiaia e aaieianeia i?aai. – Oieaa?neoao
aioo?aiieo aeae, Oe?aeia, Oa?ueeia, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia oai?aoe/aneei e i?aeoe/aneei aii?inai
inouanoaeaiey i?aaiaie aioo?aiieo aeae ?ac?aoeoaeueiie nenoaiu,
i?iaeaiai aaeieieno?aoeaii-i?aaiaiai ?aaoee?iaaiey eo aeayoaeueiinoe a
yoie noa?a. I?iaiaeece?iaaiu nouiinoue, cia/aiea e ianoi ?ac?aoeoaeueiie
nenoaiu a aaeieieno?aoeaiie aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaiia aioo?aiieo aeae,
iniaaiiinoe e aeaeu aa iauaeoia, eo oaoieei-th?eaee/aneea naienoaa.
Aeaia oa?aeoa?enoeea i?aaiauo iniia e i?aaiecaoeee aeayoaeueiinoe
i?aaiia aioo?aiieo aeae ii inouanoaeaieth ?ac?aoeoaeueiie nenoaiu,
i?aaee auaea/e niioaaonoaothueo ?ac?aoaiee, o/aoa iauaeoia
?ac?aoeoaeueiie nenoaiu, oi?i e iaoiaeia eiio?iey i?aaiia aioo?aiieo
aeae ca eo ooieoeeiie?iaaieai, ii?aaeaeaiu iniaaiiinoe, iniiaaiey e
i?aaeaeu aaeieieno?aoeaiie ioaaonoaaiiinoe ca ia?ooaiey i?aaee
?ac?aoeoaeueiie nenoaiu. Noi?ioee?iaaiu i?aaeeiaeaiey ii
niaa?oainoaiaaieth aaeieieno?aoeaii-i?aaiaiai ?aaoee?iaaiey e
i?aeoe/aneiai inouanoaeaiey i?aaiaie aioo?aiieo aeae ?ac?aoeoaeueiie
nenoaiu.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ?ac?aoeoaeueiay nenoaia, i?aaiu aioo?aiieo aeae,
iieiiii/ey, inouanoeaiea, aaeieieno?aoeaii-i?aaiaia ?aaoee?iaaiea.

Gumenyuk V. A. Administrative and law regulation of licensing system by
law enforcement bodies. – Manuscript.

Dissertation for the degree of Candidate of Science in Law,
speciality 12. 00.07 – theory of administration, administrative law and
procedure, financial and banking law. — University of Internal Affairs,
Ukraine, Kharkov, 1999.

The thesis is devoted to theoretical and practical problems of
maintaining the licensing system by the law enforcement bodies, to
problems of administrative and law regulation of activities in this
field. The thesis analyses the essence, significance and place of the
licensing system as a part of administrative activities of the law
enforcement bodies, its peculiarities and objects, their technical and
legal properties. It gives characteristics of legal grounds and
organisation of activities of the law enforcement bodies in maintaining
the licensing system, regulations for granting permissions, record of
the licensing system objects, forms and methods of exercising control by
the law enforcement bodies, peculiarities, grounds and limits of
administrative responsibility for violating the regulations of the
licensing system are determined. Proposals are put forward to improve
the administrative and legal regulation and practical implementation of
the licensing system by the law enforcement bodies.

Key words: licensing system, law enforcement bodies, powers,
maintaining, administrative and legal regulation.

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